JP5973749B2 - Folded plate roof system - Google Patents

Folded plate roof system Download PDF

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JP5973749B2
JP5973749B2 JP2012047457A JP2012047457A JP5973749B2 JP 5973749 B2 JP5973749 B2 JP 5973749B2 JP 2012047457 A JP2012047457 A JP 2012047457A JP 2012047457 A JP2012047457 A JP 2012047457A JP 5973749 B2 JP5973749 B2 JP 5973749B2
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folded
folded plate
plate
ceiling
width direction
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JP2013181355A (en
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義治 末次
義治 末次
福原 正
正 福原
広明 森本
広明 森本
彰 荒木
彰 荒木
大野 文義
文義 大野
靖之 中島
靖之 中島
大西 正晃
正晃 大西
和 長井
和 長井
史隆 熊谷
史隆 熊谷
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三晃金属工業株式会社
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本発明は、金属製の天井折板体を備えつつ金属製の折板屋根体が設置された折板屋根システムに関する。   The present invention relates to a folded plate roof system in which a metal folded plate roof is provided while having a metal ceiling folded plate.

従来より、金属屋根は、雨仕舞などを目的として、外覆いの構成として多数の実績を有している。この場合の天井構造は、一般に、屋根工事とは、別々に行われている。特に、屋根工事を施工後に、体育館などで、天井施工を行おうとすると、その天井施工のみで、足場などが必要であった。   Conventionally, a metal roof has many achievements as a structure of an outer covering for the purpose of raining. The ceiling structure in this case is generally performed separately from the roof construction. In particular, if a ceiling construction was to be performed at a gymnasium or the like after the construction of the roof, only the ceiling construction would require a scaffolding.

特許文献1では、「梁(2)又は柱(22)に、帯状平板部(10a)(24a)と一対の立ち上り部(10b)(10c)とから成るパネル(10)(24)を複数並列配置し、前記各パネル(10)(24)の帯状平板部(10a)(24a)を止着具によって前記梁(2)又は柱(22)に固定し、前記並列状の各パネル(10)(24)上に屋根材(16)又は壁材(30)などの外囲板を配置し、該外囲板を止着具によって前記パネル(10)(24)に固定され、該パネル(10)(24)内には、断熱・防音材(14)(28)が嵌合して配置されてなる外囲体。」が開示されている。   In Patent Document 1, “a plurality of panels (10) and (24) composed of strip-like flat plate portions (10a) and (24a) and a pair of rising portions (10b) and (10c) are arranged in parallel on the beam (2) or the column (22). The strip-like flat plate portions (10a) and (24a) of the panels (10) and (24) are fixed to the beams (2) or the pillars (22) by fasteners, and the parallel panels (10). (24) An enclosure plate such as a roofing material (16) or a wall material (30) is disposed on the panel, and the enclosure plate is fixed to the panels (10) and (24) by fastening devices. ) (24) discloses an enclosure in which heat insulating and soundproofing materials (14) and (28) are fitted and arranged.

引用文献1では、C型鋼などから成る胴縁材8を用いることなく、建物の下地溝造を構成しているが、構造物上の横梁は並列状態に複数設置されているが、その隣接する横梁の間隔は、数mとなっているため、そのパネル(10)(24)では、強度上において、問題視されている。つまり、天井したパネル(10)(24)では、実用化には向かない構造である。   In Cited Document 1, a foundation gutter structure of a building is configured without using a frame member 8 made of C-shaped steel or the like. Since the distance between the horizontal beams is several meters, the panels (10) and (24) are regarded as problems in terms of strength. That is, the ceiling panels (10) and (24) are not suitable for practical use.

特開平9−32211号公報JP-A-9-32211

このため、本発明が解決しようとする課題(技術的課題又は目的等)は、強度上の点を確保するとともに、金属折板屋根を施工すると同時に、天井部をも同時に施工することができ、施工性が優れるのみならず、母屋をも不要にして、安価な施工費にて構築でき、且つ、優美なる天井構造を実現することである。   For this reason, the problem (technical problem or purpose) to be solved by the present invention is to secure a point on the strength, and at the same time to construct the metal folded plate roof, it is also possible to construct the ceiling part at the same time, It is not only excellent in workability, but also eliminates the need for a main building, can be constructed at a low construction cost, and realizes an elegant ceiling structure.

そこで、発明者は上記課題を解決すべく鋭意,研究を重ねた結果、請求項1の発明を、建造物上部に、隣接して適宜の間隔を有して平行状に設置された横梁と、水平状部と密閉状の空隙を有する立骨状部とが交互に連続して形成される金属板製の天井折板体と、山部と谷部とが連続して金属板製の折板屋根体とからなり、前記立骨状部の長手方向が前記横梁の長手方向と交叉しつつ、前記天井折板体が前記横梁上に載置固定されると共に、前記天井折板体と前記折板屋根体との間に折板支持具が介在されつつ、該折板支持具が前記横梁上に載置固定され、前記折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   Therefore, as a result of intensive studies and researches to solve the above problems, the inventor has found that the invention of claim 1 is installed on the upper part of the building, adjacent to each other with a suitable interval in parallel, Metal plate ceiling folded plate body in which horizontal portions and standing bone-like portions having sealed air gaps are alternately and continuously formed, and peak portions and valley portions in continuous metal plate folded plates The folded folded ceiling body is placed and fixed on the transverse beam while the longitudinal direction of the standing erected portion intersects the longitudinal direction of the transverse beam. The folded plate support is placed and fixed on the cross beam while the folded plate support is interposed between the folded plate support and the folded plate roof is mounted and fixed on the folded plate support. The problem was solved by using the folded-plate roof system characterized by this.

請求項2の発明を、請求項1において、前記天井折板体は、同一断面の単位天井折板の幅方向の両側端部相互が上下又は左右側とで重ね合わせてなり、該重ね合わせ箇所が前記立骨状部として構成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, the folded folded ceiling body is formed by overlapping both end portions in the width direction of the unit ceiling folded plate having the same cross section vertically or horizontally. The above-mentioned problem has been solved by providing a folded plate roof system characterized in that it is configured as the erected portion.

請求項3の発明を、請求項1又は2において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 3, in claim 1 or 2, the erected portion is a portion to be polymerized on one side in the width direction of a horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body, and the horizontal portion. The above-mentioned problem has been solved by providing a folded plate roof system characterized by having a hermetic gap between the overlapping portion on the other side in the width direction of the shape portion and having a rectangular cross section.

請求項4の発明を、請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面三角形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 4, in any one of claims 1, 2 and 3, the standing portion is on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body. By having a folded plate roof system characterized by having a hermetic gap between the portion to be polymerized and the overlapping portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and having a triangular cross section, Solved the problem.

請求項5の発明を、請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面略円形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 5, in any one of claims 1, 2, or 3, the standing bone-like portion is located on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body. By having a folded plate roof system characterized by having a hermetic gap between the polymerized part and the polymerized part on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal part, and having a substantially circular cross section, The said subject was solved.

請求項6の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5又は5のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部の両側に段部が形成され、隣接する立骨状部の対向する段部間に、断熱板が載置され、該断熱板の下面箇所に空隙が形成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、上記課題を解決した。   According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and fifth aspects, a step portion is formed on both sides of the standing bone-like portion, and the adjacent standing bone-like portions face each other. The above problem has been solved by providing a folded plate roof system characterized in that a heat insulating plate is placed between the stepped portions, and a gap is formed at a lower surface portion of the heat insulating plate.

請求項7の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4又は5のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、部分的に前記立骨状部箇所を囲むようにして前記横梁に固定されると共に、前記立骨状部箇所の頂部が前記折板支持具に固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth aspects, the folded plate support is fixed to the transverse beam so as to partially surround the standing bone portion. And the said subject was solved by setting it as the folded-plate roof system characterized by the top part of the said standing-bone-shaped part location being fixed to the said folded-plate support tool.

請求項8の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、隣接する両立骨状部間で相互に連結するようにして構成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to an eighth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh aspects, the folded plate support is connected to each other between adjacent compatible bone-shaped portions. The above-mentioned problem has been solved by providing a folded-plate roof system characterized by being configured as described above.

請求項9の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、下部側と上部側とが分離され、該上部側の折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh aspects, the folded plate support has a lower side separated from an upper side, The said subject was solved by setting it as the folded-plate roof system characterized by mounting and fixing the said folded-plate roof body on a folded-plate support tool.

請求項10の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、左右側とが分離され、該折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a tenth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh aspects, the folded plate support is separated from the left and right sides, and is placed on the folded plate support. The said subject was solved by setting it as the folded-plate roof system characterized by mounting and fixing the said folded-plate roof body.

請求項11の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、下部側支持具と上部側支持具とが分離され、且つ隣接する前記下部側支持具間は連結杆にて連結され、該連結杆上に前記上部側支持具が固着され、該上部側支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 11, in any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7, the folded plate support is separated into a lower support and an upper support, The adjacent lower support members are connected by a connecting rod, the upper support member is fixed on the connecting rod, and the folded plate roof is placed and fixed on the upper support member. The problem was solved by using the folded-plate roof system characterized by this.

請求項12の発明を、請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 12, in any one of claims 1, 2, or 3, the erected portion is on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body. By having a folded plate roof system characterized by having a sealed gap between the fitted portion and the fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and having a rectangular cross section The problem has been solved.

請求項13の発明を、請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面三角形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 13, in any one of claims 1, 2, or 3, the erected portion is on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body. By having a folded plate roof system characterized by having a sealed gap between the fitted portion and the fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and having a triangular cross section The problem has been solved.

請求項14の発明を、請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面略円形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システムとしたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In the invention of claim 14, in any one of claims 1, 2, or 3, the standing bone-like portion is located on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the ceiling folded plate body. A folded plate roof system characterized by having a sealed gap between the fitted portion and the fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and having a substantially circular cross section. The above-mentioned problem has been solved.

請求項1の発明においては、金属屋根を施工すると同時に、天井部をも同時に施工することができ、施工性が優れるのみならず、母屋をも不要にして、それでも、屋根としては比較的強固に施工できる最大の利点がある。さらに、折板支持具を構成部材としたことにより、さらに強固なる折板屋根システムを提供できる。   In the invention of claim 1, simultaneously with the construction of the metal roof, it is possible to construct the ceiling portion at the same time, not only the workability is excellent, but also eliminates the need for a purlin, yet it is relatively strong as a roof There is the biggest advantage that can be constructed. Furthermore, by using the folded plate support as a constituent member, a further stronger folded plate roof system can be provided.

請求項2の発明では、単位天井折板の幅方向の両側端部相互が上下又は左右側とで重ね合わせることで、簡単に施工でき、施工費を格安にしつつ、早期に施工できる利点がある。請求項3の発明では、重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしている折板屋根システムとしたことにより、強固で簡易な構成にしつつ、施工費も比較的格にできる利点がある。   According to the invention of claim 2, there is an advantage that construction can be done easily by making the both sides of the unit ceiling folded plate in the width direction overlap each other on the upper and lower sides or the left and right sides, and the construction cost can be reduced at an early stage. . In the invention of claim 3, the folded roof system that has a hermetic gap with the overlapping portion and has a rectangular cross-section has a strong and simple structure and a relatively low construction cost. There are advantages that can be made.

請求項4の発明では、断面三角形状としつつ、簡易なる施工にて、強固なる構成にしつつ、比較的安価に提供できる。請求項5の発明では、密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面略円形状をなしているために、外観的には、審美的であり、比較的施工を簡易にできる。   In invention of Claim 4, it can provide comparatively cheaply, making it a firm structure by simple construction, making it a cross-sectional triangle shape. In invention of Claim 5, since it has the airtight space | gap and has comprised the cross-sectional substantially circular shape, it is aesthetic in appearance and can be constructed comparatively easily.

請求項6の発明では、断熱板を複数設置し、その下側に空隙を形成したことで、室内のみで、施工できると共に、照明器具などへの取り付けもできる。請求項7の発明においては、折板支持具は、部分的であるが、比較的強固にできると共に、比較的簡易に施工できる利点がある。   In the invention of claim 6, by installing a plurality of heat insulating plates and forming a gap below the heat insulating plate, it can be constructed only in the room and can be attached to a lighting fixture or the like. In the invention of claim 7, the folded plate support is partial, but has the advantage that it can be relatively strong and can be constructed relatively easily.

請求項8の発明では、前記折板支持具は強固に施工できる。請求項9の発明では、折板支持具の下部側と上部側とを分離し、この間に断熱板片などを介在しておけば、内部の天井折板体には、外気が入らないように施工できる利点がある。   In the invention of claim 8, the folded plate support can be firmly constructed. In invention of Claim 9, if the lower part side and upper part side of a folded-plate support tool are isolate | separated and a heat insulation board piece etc. will interpose in this, outside air will not enter into an inside ceiling folded-plate body. There is an advantage that it can be constructed.

請求項10の発明では、折板支持具の左右側が分離可能としたことにより、立骨状部を両側から包持するのに包持し易く施工できることもある。請求項11の発明では、特に、天井折板の立骨状部のピッチと、折板屋根体の働き幅のピッチとが異なっている場合には、本発明の場合には、この異なるピッチに良好に対応できる利点がある。   In the invention of claim 10, by making the left and right sides of the folded plate support member separable, it may be possible to construct the standing bone-like portion so as to be easily held even from both sides. In the invention of claim 11, in particular, when the pitch of the standing bone-like portion of the ceiling folded plate and the pitch of the working width of the folded plate roof body are different, in the case of the present invention, this different pitch is used. There is an advantage that it can cope well.

請求項12の発明では、嵌合タイプであって、密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしているため、立骨状部の構成が、単なる重合部よりは格段と強固に構成できる利点がある。請求項13の発明では、請求項12の発明と同等の効果が発揮できるのみならず、断面三角状とした最少の部材にて構成できる効果がある。   In the invention of claim 12, since it is a fitting type and has a hermetic gap, it has a square shape in cross section, so that the structure of the erected part is much stronger than a simple superposed part. There are advantages you can do. The invention of claim 13 has not only the same effect as that of the invention of claim 12 but also the effect that it can be constituted by the minimum number of members having a triangular cross section.

請求項14の発明では、請求項12及び13の発明と同等技術であるというのみならず、円筒状の立骨状部にでき、施工性を良好にできる。さらに、嵌合タイプとしたことにより、横梁と横梁との間隔箇所における立骨状部は、重合タイプよりは、格段と強固に施工できる。この点は、請求項12及び13の発明でも同様である。   In the invention of claim 14, not only is the technique equivalent to that of the inventions of claims 12 and 13, but also a cylindrical erected portion can be formed, and workability can be improved. Further, by adopting the fitting type, the standing portion at the space between the cross beam can be constructed much more firmly than the superposed type. This also applies to the inventions of claims 12 and 13.

(A)は、本発明の縦断側面図、(B)は(A)のY1−Y1矢視拡大断面図、(C)は(B)の(ア)部拡大図である。(A) is a longitudinal side view of the present invention, (B) is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along the line Y1-Y1 of (A), and (C) is an enlarged view of part (A) of (B). (A)は、本発明の一部断面とした要部縦断側面図、(B)は(イ)部拡大図、(C)は一部切除した要部拡大斜視図である。(A) is the principal part vertical side view made into the partial cross section of this invention, (B) is the (a) part enlarged view, (C) is the principal part enlarged perspective view which partially cut away. (A)は、重合タイプの単位天井折板の断面図、(B)は、折板支持具の斜視図、(C)は(B)の正面図、(D)は(C)のY2−Y2矢視断面図である。(A) is a cross-sectional view of a unit type folded ceiling plate, (B) is a perspective view of a folded plate support, (C) is a front view of (B), and (D) is Y2- of (C). It is Y2 arrow sectional drawing. (A)〜(D)は、別の実施形態の折板支持具の正面図である。(A)-(D) are front views of the folded-plate support of another embodiment. (A)は、重合タイプの単位天井折板を用いた本発明の縦断正面図、(B)は(A)に用いた折板支持具の正面図、(C)は(B)の変形例の折板支持具の正面図である。(A) is a longitudinal front view of the present invention using a superposed unit ceiling folded board, (B) is a front view of the folded plate support used in (A), and (C) is a modification of (B). It is a front view of the folded-plate support tool. (A)は、重合タイプの単位天井折板に、別の実施形態の折板支持具を用いた本発明の縦断正面図、(B)は(A)の要部拡大図、(C)は(B)のY3−Y3矢視断面図である。(A) is a vertical front view of the present invention in which a folded plate support of another embodiment is used for a unit type folded ceiling plate of the polymerization type, (B) is an enlarged view of the main part of (A), (C) is It is Y3-Y3 arrow sectional drawing of (B). (A)は、変形例の重合タイプの単位天井折板に、別の実施形態の折板支持具を用いた本発明の縦断正面図、(B)は(A)に用いた単位天井折板の断面図である。(A) is a vertical front view of the present invention in which the folded plate support of another embodiment is used for the modified unit ceiling folded plate of the modification, and (B) is the unit ceiling folded plate used in (A). FIG. (A)は、略三角状型で重合タイプの天井折板体の立骨状部箇所の縦断面図、(B)は略丸形状で重合タイプの天井折板体の立骨状部箇所の縦断面図である。(A) is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of an upright portion of a superficially-folded type folded ceiling plate, and (B) is a substantially round shape of a stand-up-like portion of a superposed type folded ceiling plate. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view. (A)は、断熱板が設置できる重合タイプの天井折板体を用いた本発明の縦断正面図、(B)は(A)の(ウ)部拡大図、(C)は(A)の単位天井折板の断面図である。(A) is a longitudinal front view of the present invention using a superposed folding ceiling plate on which a heat insulating plate can be installed, (B) is an enlarged view of (A) of (A), and (C) is of (A). It is sectional drawing of a unit ceiling folded board. (A)は、本発明の別の実施形態の縦断側面図、(B)は(A)のY4−Y4矢視断面図、(C)は(B)の(エ)部拡大図である。(A) is a longitudinal side view of another embodiment of the present invention, (B) is a cross-sectional view taken along arrow Y4-Y4 of (A), and (C) is an enlarged view of part (D) of (B). (A)は、嵌合タイプの一部切除した要部拡大斜視図、(B)は(A)に用いた嵌合タイプの単位天井折板の要部断面図である。(A) is the principal part expansion perspective view which a part cut of the fitting type, (B) is principal part sectional drawing of the unit type ceiling folded board of the fitting type used for (A). (A)は、嵌合タイプの単位天井折板の断面図、(B)及び(C)は別の実施形態の単位天井折板の要部断面図である。(A) is sectional drawing of a fitting type unit ceiling folded board, (B) and (C) are principal part sectional drawings of the unit ceiling folded board of another embodiment. (A)は、さらに別の実施形態の略方形状型で嵌合タイプの天井折板体の立骨状部箇所の縦断面図、(B)は略三角状型で嵌合タイプの天井折板体の立骨状部箇所の縦断面図、(C)は略丸形状で重合タイプの天井折板体の立骨状部箇所の縦断面図である。(A) is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the standing part of the substantially square shape and fitting type folded ceiling plate body of another embodiment, and (B) is a substantially triangular shape and fitting type ceiling folding. FIG. 4C is a longitudinal sectional view of the standing bone-like portion of the plate body, and FIG. 5C is a longitudinal sectional view of the standing bone-like portion of the superficially folded ceiling folded plate body. (A)は、本発明の別の実施形態の縦断側面図、(B)は、(A)のY4−Y4矢視拡大断面図、(C)は中間箇所の押え状態の要部断面図、(D)は(C)の要部斜視図である。(A) is a longitudinal side view of another embodiment of the present invention, (B) is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along arrow Y4-Y4 of (A), (C) is a cross-sectional view of a main part in a pressing state at an intermediate position, (D) is a principal part perspective view of (C). (A)は、別の実施形態の折板屋根体で重合タイプの本発明の縦断側面図、(B)は(A)の(オ)部拡大図である。(A) is a vertical side view of the present invention of a folded plate roof body according to another embodiment, and (B) is an enlarged view of part (e) of (A). (A)は、さらに別の実施形態の折板屋根体で重合タイプの本発明の縦断側面図、(B)は(A)の(カ)部拡大図である。(A) is a vertical side view of the present invention of a folded plate roof body according to another embodiment, and (B) is an enlarged view of the (F) part of (A). (A)は、さらに別の実施形態の重合タイプの天井折板体の本発明の縦断側面図、(B)は(A)の(キ)部拡大図、(C)はさらに別の実施形態の天井折板体の重合箇所の一部断面図である。(A) is a longitudinal sectional side view of the present invention of a folded type ceiling folded plate body of still another embodiment, (B) is an enlarged view of (A) part of (A), and (C) is yet another embodiment. It is a partial cross section figure of the superposition | polymerization location of the ceiling folded-plate body.

以下、本発明の複数の実施形態について図面に基づいて説明する。本発明の主要構成としては、図1及び図2に示すように、横梁1と、金属板製の天井折板体Aと、金属板製の折板屋根体Cと、必要に応じて折板支持具Bとから構成されている。前記横梁1は、壁又は柱等が設けられた建造物又は構造物において、その上部に設けられている。その建造物又は構造物は、壁又は柱等が鉄骨系又は鉄筋コンクリート系で構成され、天井部側が開放された構成をなしている。   Hereinafter, a plurality of embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the main configuration of the present invention is a horizontal beam 1, a ceiling folded plate body A made of a metal plate, a folded plate roof body C made of a metal plate, and a folded plate as necessary. It is comprised from the support tool B. The said cross beam 1 is provided in the upper part in the building or structure provided with the wall or the pillar. The building or structure has a structure in which walls or columns are made of steel or reinforced concrete, and the ceiling side is open.

具体的には、強固なる前記横梁1が所定間隔(例えば、数mなど)おいて平行状に多数設置されている。特に、前記天井折板体Aの板厚が厚い(例えば、1mm程度)場合、前記折板支持具Bを使用しないで、前記天井折板体A上に直接に前記折板屋根体Cを敷設することもある。前記折板屋根体Cは、山部91aと谷部91bとが交互に連続するように構成されている。この山,谷は部位は屋根の仮想中立線軸の上下を指している。   Specifically, a large number of the transverse beams 1 that are strong are arranged in parallel at a predetermined interval (for example, several meters). In particular, when the plate thickness of the ceiling folded plate body A is thick (for example, about 1 mm), the folded plate roof body C is directly laid on the ceiling folded plate body A without using the folded plate support B. Sometimes. The folded plate roof C is configured such that the mountain portions 91a and the valley portions 91b are alternately continued. These peaks and valleys point up and down the virtual neutral axis of the roof.

図1乃至図2は本願発明の第1実施形態である。前記横梁1と、金属板製の天井折板体Aと、金属板製の折板屋根体Cと、折板支持具Bとから構成されている。前記天井折板体Aは、同一断面形状の金属板製の長尺の単位天井折板2の多数枚にて構成されている。   1 and 2 show a first embodiment of the present invention. It is comprised from the said horizontal beam 1, the ceiling folded-plate body A made from a metal plate, the folded-plate roof body C made from a metal plate, and the folded-plate support B. The folded ceiling plate body A is composed of a large number of long unit ceiling folded plates 2 made of metal plates having the same cross-sectional shape.

該単位天井折板2の幅の略全体に水平状部21が形成され、該水平状部21の幅方向一側[図1(B)及び図3(A)において右側]の被重合部22と、前記水平状部21の幅方向他側[図1(B)及び図3(A)において左側]に、前記被重合部22に重合する重合部23が形成されている。このような構成形式を重合タイプの立骨状部3という。   A horizontal portion 21 is formed over substantially the entire width of the unit folded ceiling plate 2, and a portion to be polymerized 22 on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion 21 [right side in FIGS. 1B and 3A]. On the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion 21 [left side in FIG. 1 (B) and FIG. 3 (A)], a polymerization portion 23 that is superposed on the polymerization target portion 22 is formed. Such a configuration form is referred to as a polymerized standing erected portion 3.

前記水平状部21は、リブ状の僅かな高さの膨出部21aが形成されたり[図1(B)及び(C)参照]、或いは、波形状21bに形成されることもある[図7(B)参照]。   The horizontal portion 21 may be formed with a rib-like bulging portion 21a having a slight height [see FIGS. 1B and 1C] or a wave shape 21b [FIG. 7 (B)].

前記被重合部22に前記重合部23が重合した状態が、立骨状部3と称し、密閉状(図2及び図2参照)又は非密閉状[図17(C)参照]の空隙30を有している。前記天井折板体Aは、同一断面形状の長尺の単位天井折板2の多数にて構成されている。前記天井折板体Aは、水平状部21と密閉状(図2及び図2参照)又は非密閉状[図17(C)参照]の空隙30を有する立骨状部3とが交互に連続して形成されている。該立骨状部3の長手方向が前記横梁1の長手方向と交叉(直角又はクロス状)しつつ、前記天井折板体Aが前記横梁1上に載置固定されている。   A state in which the polymerized portion 23 is superposed on the polymerized portion 22 is referred to as an erected portion 3, and a void 30 in a sealed state (see FIGS. 2 and 2) or a non-sealed shape (see FIG. 17C) is formed. Have. The folded ceiling plate body A is composed of a large number of long unit ceiling folded plates 2 having the same cross-sectional shape. In the folded ceiling plate A, the horizontal portions 21 and the standing bone-like portions 3 having gaps 30 that are sealed (see FIGS. 2 and 2) or non-sealed [see FIG. Is formed. The folded folded plate body A is placed and fixed on the transverse beam 1 while the longitudinal direction of the standing erected portion 3 intersects (perpendicular or cross) with the longitudinal direction of the transverse beam 1.

前記立骨状部3は、図1(C)及び図2(C)等に示すように、前記被重合部22に前記重合部23が上下で重合した状態で、密閉状の空隙30を有して構成されているのが通常である。また、前記被重合部22と前記重合部23が同一形状となって、左右で重合した状態で、密閉状の空隙30を有している場合[図17(A)及び(B)参照]や、非密閉状の空隙30を有している場合もある[図17(C)参照]。このように、左右側で重合している場合の立骨状部3は、単に左右側が接触した状態で構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 1 (C), FIG. 2 (C) and the like, the standing bone-like portion 3 has a sealed gap 30 in a state where the polymerization portion 23 is superposed on the polymer portion 22 in the vertical direction. Usually, it is configured. Further, when the polymerized portion 22 and the polymerized portion 23 have the same shape and are polymerized on the left and right sides and have a sealed gap 30 [see FIGS. 17 (A) and (B)] In some cases, a non-sealed void 30 may be provided [see FIG. 17C]. Thus, the standing bone-like part 3 in the case of overlapping on the left and right sides is configured in a state where the left and right sides are in contact with each other.

上下で重合状態[図7(A)及び図8(A),(B)参照]で、密閉状の空隙30を有して構成されている立骨状部3は、断面係数としての数値も高く、かなり強固な構造材としての機能も備えている。この密閉状の空隙30を有している場合には、設置された下側、すなわち、部屋側から見た場合には、前記横梁1は除いて、フラットな天井面のみの外観を提供できる最大の効果がある。   In the upper and lower polymerization states [see FIG. 7 (A) and FIG. 8 (A), (B)], the erected portion 3 having a sealed gap 30 has a numerical value as a section modulus. It also has a function as a high and fairly strong structural material. In the case of having this sealed air gap 30, when viewed from the lower side where it is installed, that is, from the room side, it is the maximum that can provide the appearance of only a flat ceiling surface, excluding the horizontal beam 1. There is an effect.

また、左右で重合した状態(図17参照)で、密閉状の空隙30を有した構成として、図17(A)及び(B)に示すように、単位天井折板2と樋状材26とで構成されている。該樋状材26は、通し部材として、前記単位天井折板2と同等の長さに形成されている。この場合の立骨状部3は、樋状材26の存在もあり、断面係数としての数値も高く、かなり強くできる利点もある。この場合、勿論、下側(室内側)からは平坦状の外観をなしている。   Also, as shown in FIGS. 17A and 17B, the unit ceiling folded plate 2 and the bowl-shaped material 26 are formed as a configuration having a sealed gap 30 in a state of being polymerized on the left and right (see FIG. 17). It consists of The bowl-like material 26 is formed as a through member with a length equivalent to that of the unit ceiling folded plate 2. In this case, the erected portion 3 has the advantage that it can be considerably strengthened due to the presence of the saddle-like material 26 and a high numerical value as a section modulus. In this case, of course, a flat appearance is formed from the lower side (inside the room).

さらに、図17(C)に示すように、非密閉状の空隙30を有し、左右で重合した状態でも、立骨状部3が構成されており、断面係数としての数値も比較的高く、強くできる利点もある。左右で重合した場合は、左右対称の重合部22,22のみで構成されており、垂直状辺221、頂辺222、垂下状縁223にて形成され、該垂下状縁223,223相互が押厚接触するものである。   Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 17 (C), the erected portion 3 is formed even in a state of having a non-sealed void 30 and being polymerized on the left and right sides, and the numerical value as the section modulus is relatively high, There is also an advantage that can be strengthened. When they are overlapped on the left and right, they are composed only of the symmetrical overlapping portions 22 and 22, which are formed by the vertical side 221, the top side 222, and the hanging edge 223, and the hanging edges 223 and 223 are pushed by each other. Thick contact.

密閉状の空隙30を有して、上下で前記重合タイプの立骨状部3には、3種類が存在している。1つ目は、断面方形状型である。具体的には、図3(A),図7(A)及び(B)に示すように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図7(B)において、単体として右側]からの被重合部22は、垂直状辺221の上端より前記水平状部21側に頂辺222が屈曲形成され、その端部より下方に、垂下状端辺223(傾斜状も含む)が形成されて構成されている。   There are three types of the erected portion 3 of the polymerization type at the top and bottom with a sealed gap 30. The first is a square-shaped section. Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 3 (A), 7 (A) and 7 (B), one side end of the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 [in FIG. In the polymerized portion 22 from the right side, the apex side 222 is bent toward the horizontal portion 21 from the upper end of the vertical side 221, and the drooping end side 223 (including an inclined shape) is formed below the end. Is formed.

また、前記垂直状辺221の基部箇所にアングル状の屈曲縁221aが形成されたり[図3(A)参照] 、或いは、前記垂直状辺221の基部箇所に傾斜縁221bが形成されることもある[図7(b)参照]。このような屈曲縁221a又は傾斜縁221bは、天井として施工後において、下からの目視された場合に、目地部に該当するものである。   Also, an angle-shaped bent edge 221a is formed at the base portion of the vertical side 221 [see FIG. 3A], or an inclined edge 221b is formed at the base portion of the vertical side 221. Yes (see FIG. 7 (b)). Such a bent edge 221a or an inclined edge 221b corresponds to a joint portion when viewed from below after construction as a ceiling.

また、断面方形状型の重合部22は、前記被重合部22に重合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図3(A),図7(B)において、単体として左側]より、垂直状辺231の上端より外側に向かって頂辺232が屈曲形成され、その端部より下方に、垂下状辺233が形成されて構成されている。上下で重合した場合には、該垂下状辺233の下端片233aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されている。   Further, the superposed portion 22 having a square cross-sectional shape has a shape superposed on the portion to be polymerized 22, and the other end of the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 so as to increase by the plate thickness [ 3A and 7B, the top side 232 is bent outward from the upper end of the vertical side 231 from the left side as a single unit, and a hanging side 233 is formed below the end. Formed and configured. When superposed vertically, the lower end piece 233a of the hanging side 233 is formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

密閉状の空隙30を有して前記重合タイプの立骨状部3の2つ目は、断面三角形状型である。具体的には、図8(A)に示すように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図8(A)箇所において、前記単位天井折板2の右側]より被重合部22は、上向き傾斜状辺224の上端より下方に、下向き傾斜端辺225が形成されて構成されている。   The second of the superposition type erected portions 3 having a sealed gap 30 is a triangular cross section. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 8 (A), one side end of the horizontal part 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 [the right side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 at the location shown in FIG. 8 (A)] is covered. The overlapping portion 22 is configured such that a downward inclined end side 225 is formed below the upper end of the upward inclined side 224.

また、断面三角形状型の重合部22は、図8(A)に示すように、前記被重合部22に重合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図8(A)において、単体として左側]より、上向き傾斜状辺234の上端より下方に、下向き傾斜状辺235が形成されて構成されている。上下で重合した場合には、該下向き傾斜状辺235の下端片235aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されることもある。   Further, as shown in FIG. 8 (A), the overlapping section 22 having a triangular cross section has a shape superposed on the portion to be polymerized 22, and the unit ceiling folded plate 2 is formed so as to increase by the plate thickness. A downward inclined side 235 is formed below the upper end of the upward inclined side 234 from the other end of the horizontal portion 21 [left side as a single unit in FIG. 8A]. When superposed vertically, the lower end piece 235a of the downward inclined side 235 may be formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

密閉状の空隙30を有して前記重合タイプの立骨状部3の3つ目は、断面円形状型である。具体的には、図8(B)に示すように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図8(B)箇所において、前記単位天井折板2の右側]より被重合部22は、約4分の3形の円形辺226が形成されている。また、図示しないが、1個分の円形に円形辺226を形成することもある   A third of the superposition type erected portions 3 having a sealed gap 30 is a circular cross section. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 8 (B), one side end of the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 [the right side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 at the location shown in FIG. 8 (B)]. The overlapping portion 22 has a circular side 226 having a shape of about three quarters. In addition, although not shown, the circular side 226 may be formed in one circular shape.

また、断面円形状型の重合部22は、図8(B)に示すように、前記被重合部22に重合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図8(B)において、単体として左側]より、Ω状の円形辺236が形成されている。上下で重合した場合には、該円形辺236の下端片236aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されることもある。   Further, as shown in FIG. 8 (B), the overlapped portion 22 having a circular cross-section has a shape that is overlapped with the portion to be polymerized 22, and the unit ceiling folded plate 2 has a shape that is increased by the plate thickness. An Ω-shaped circular side 236 is formed from the other end of the horizontal portion 21 [left side as a single unit in FIG. 8B]. When superposed vertically, the lower end piece 236a of the circular side 236 may be formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

図9に示すように、上下で重合タイプの立骨状部3は、断熱板28が載置可能な段部22a,23aが、前記被重合部22及び重合部23箇所に屈曲形成されている。このようにして、断熱板28が敷設されても、該断熱板28と前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21との間には、空隙部29が形成されることどなり、このスペースを利用して、照明器具を取り付ける部位にすることも可能である。   As shown in FIG. 9, in the vertical type erected portion 3, the step portions 22 a and 23 a on which the heat insulating plate 28 can be placed are bent at the portions to be polymerized 22 and the superposed portions 23. . In this way, even when the heat insulating plate 28 is laid, a gap 29 is formed between the heat insulating plate 28 and the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2, and this space is utilized. And it is also possible to make it the site | part which attaches a lighting fixture.

前記折板支持具Bは、種々の形状、構造のタイプが存在するが、部分的に構成される場合、つまり、帯板状となって形成される場合[図2(C)及び図3(B)参照]と、図示しないが、前記立骨状部の長手方向と同等長さの長尺に形成される場合がある。部分的でも、長尺でも、前記立骨状部3箇所を囲むようにして前記横梁1に固定されている。以下、帯板状となっている部分として構成された前記折板支持具Bについて説明する。   The folded plate support B has various shapes and types of structures, but when it is partially configured, that is, when it is formed in a strip shape [FIG. 2 (C) and FIG. (See B)], although not shown, it may be formed in a length that is the same length as the longitudinal direction of the standing bone-like portion. It is fixed to the cross beam 1 so as to surround the three erected portions, whether partially or long. Hereinafter, the folded plate support B configured as a strip-shaped portion will be described.

Aタイプは、図3(B),(C)及び(D)に示すように、上下が個別で、下部側支持具4と上部側支持具5とから構成され、上下はボルト・ナット44にて固着されている。その上下間には、断熱板43が介在されることもある。前記下部側支持具4は、門形状部41と両側の取付部42,42から構成されている。さらに、扁平門形状部45が介在されることもある。前記上部側支持具5は、閉鎖状の方形枠部として形成されている。上部側には吊子を取り付ける台座部51aが形成されることもある。このAタイプは、前記立骨状部3箇所ごとに設けられる。   As shown in FIGS. 3 (B), 3 (C) and 3 (D), the A type is composed of a lower support 4 and an upper support 5, and the top and bottom are bolts and nuts 44. It is fixed. A heat insulating plate 43 may be interposed between the upper and lower sides. The lower support 4 includes a gate-shaped portion 41 and attachment portions 42 and 42 on both sides. Furthermore, the flat gate-shaped part 45 may be interposed. The upper support 5 is formed as a closed rectangular frame. A pedestal portion 51a to which a suspension is attached may be formed on the upper side. This A type is provided for every three standing bone-like portions.

Bタイプは、図4(A),(B)及び(D)に示すように、上下が連続した状態に構成され、門形の縦長支持具6が構成されている。つまり、縦長門形状部61とこの両側の取付部62,62とから構成されている。押え杆63が必要に応じて設けられている。   As shown in FIGS. 4 (A), (B) and (D), the B type is configured in a state where the top and bottom are continuous, and a portal-shaped vertically long support 6 is configured. That is, it is composed of a vertically long gate-shaped portion 61 and attachment portions 62 and 62 on both sides thereof. A presser foot 63 is provided as necessary.

Cタイプは、図4(C)に示すように、左右が分離した状態の右側部71、左側部72とで構成されている。該右側部71、左側部72は、垂直状片71a,72aと、この下側より外方に、取付片71b,72bとが形成され、前記垂直状片71a,72aの上端より、コ字状片71c,72cの上片が外向きになるようにして構成されている。該コ字状片71c,72cの垂直状片箇所でボルと・ナットにて固着されている。   As shown in FIG. 4C, the C type includes a right side 71 and a left side 72 in a state where the left and right sides are separated. The right side 71 and the left side 72 are formed with vertical pieces 71a and 72a and mounting pieces 71b and 72b outwardly from the lower side, and are U-shaped from the upper ends of the vertical pieces 71a and 72a. The upper pieces of the pieces 71c and 72c are configured to face outward. The U-shaped pieces 71c and 72c are fixed by bolts and nuts at vertical portions.

Dタイプは、図5(A)及び(B)に示すように、上下が個別で、下部側支持具4と上部側支持具5とから分離構成され、上下はボルト・ナット44にて固着されている。その上下間には、断熱板43が介在されることもある。隣接する前記下部側支持具4,4相互は、接続部材46に一体的に接続されている。   As shown in FIGS. 5 (A) and 5 (B), the D type is configured separately from the lower support 4 and the upper support 5, and the upper and lower are fixed by bolts and nuts 44. ing. A heat insulating plate 43 may be interposed between the upper and lower sides. Adjacent lower supporters 4 and 4 are integrally connected to a connecting member 46.

また、Eタイプは、図5(C)に示すように、上下間及び左右間が一体形成されているものである。この場合にも、左右間は、接続部材46に一体形成されている。の高さ位置は、中間の適宜の高さ位置であるが、取付部62の高さ位置とされる場合もある。図5(A)及び(B)参照]。   In addition, as shown in FIG. 5C, the E type is integrally formed between the upper and lower sides and the left and right sides. Also in this case, the left and right are integrally formed with the connection member 46. The height position is an appropriate intermediate height position, but may be the height position of the mounting portion 62. See FIGS. 5A and 5B].

Fタイプは、図6(A)〜(C)に示すように、前記折板支持具Bは、下部側支持具4と上部側支持具5とが分離され、且つ隣接する前記下部側支持具4,4間は連結杆47にて連結され、該連結杆47上に前記上部側支持具5が固着されて構成されている。前記連結杆47の両端は、前記下部側支持具4の頂部箇所にボルトなどにて固着されている。   In the F type, as shown in FIGS. 6A to 6C, the folded plate support B is configured such that the lower support 4 and the upper support 5 are separated from each other and the lower support is adjacent to the lower support 4. 4 and 4 are connected by a connecting rod 47, and the upper support 5 is fixed on the connecting rod 47. Both ends of the connecting rod 47 are fixed to the top portion of the lower support 4 with bolts or the like.

前記嵌合タイプの立骨状部3にて構成された折板屋根システムは、図10(A),(B)及び(C),図11(A)及び(B)に図示されている。特に、嵌合タイプの立骨状部3であるために、重合タイプの立骨状部3の場合に比較して、横梁1,1間の中間部の強度を強固にできる効果がある。この理由として、被嵌合部24及び嵌合部25とが、互いに引き合ったり、押圧したりして弾性的に結合しているためである。   The folded plate roof system constituted by the erected portion 3 of the fitting type is shown in FIGS. 10 (A), (B) and (C), and FIGS. 11 (A) and (B). In particular, since the erected portion 3 is of the fitting type, there is an effect that the strength of the intermediate portion between the cross beams 1 and 1 can be strengthened as compared with the case of the erected portion 3 of the polymerization type. This is because the fitted portion 24 and the fitted portion 25 are elastically coupled to each other by pulling or pressing each other.

前記嵌合タイプの立骨状部3には、3種類が存在している。1つ目は、図10,図11,図12(A)及び図13(A)に示すように、断面方形状型である。具体的には、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図12(A)の右側参照]より被嵌合部24は、垂直状辺241の上端より前記水平状部21側に頂辺242が屈曲形成され、その端部より下方に、下向きの傾斜端辺243が形成されて構成されている。   There are three types of the erected portion 3 of the fitting type. The first is a rectangular cross-section type as shown in FIGS. 10, 11, 12 (A) and 13 (A). Specifically, the fitted part 24 is connected to the horizontal part 21 from the upper end of the vertical side 241 from one end of the horizontal part 21 of the folded unit ceiling plate 2 (see the right side in FIG. 12A). The apex side 242 is bent and formed on the side, and a downward inclined end side 243 is formed below the end.

該下端に折返し端縁243aが屈曲形成されている。また、前記垂直状辺241の基部箇所にアングル状の屈曲縁241aが必要に応じて形成されている。また、傾斜縁241bが形成されることもある。この屈曲縁241a,傾斜縁241b箇所は、天井施工された後において、下からの目視にて目地部に該当することがある。   A folded edge 243a is bent at the lower end. In addition, an angled bent edge 241a is formed at the base portion of the vertical side 241 as necessary. In addition, an inclined edge 241b may be formed. The bent edge 241a and the inclined edge 241b may correspond to the joint portion by visual inspection from below after the ceiling construction.

また、断面方形状型の嵌合部25は、図10,図11,図12(A)及び図13(A)に示すように、前記被重合部24に重合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図12(A)の左側参照]より、垂直状辺251の上端より外側に向かって頂辺252が屈曲形成され、その端部より下方に、垂下状辺253が形成されて構成されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 10, FIG. 11, FIG. 12 (A) and FIG. 13 (A), the fitting section 25 having a square cross section has a shape superposed on the polymerized portion 24 and has a plate thickness. The top side 252 is bent outward from the upper end of the vertical side 251 from the other end of the horizontal part 21 of the folded unit ceiling plate 2 (see the left side of FIG. A hanging side 253 is formed below the end portion.

該垂下状辺253の中間位置に、前記被重合部24の傾斜端辺243の下端箇所に嵌合する嵌合端縁254が屈曲形成されている。嵌合した場合には、前記垂下状辺253の下端片253aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されている。   A fitting end edge 254 that is fitted to the lower end portion of the inclined end side 243 of the portion to be polymerized 24 is bent at an intermediate position of the hanging side 253. When fitted, the lower end piece 253a of the hanging side 253 is formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

前記嵌合タイプの立骨状部3の2つ目は、図12(B)及び図13(B)に示すように、断面三角形状型である。具体的には、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図12(B)の単位天井折板2の右側]より被嵌合部24は、上向き傾斜状辺244の上端より下方に下向き傾斜端辺245が形成されて構成されている。該下端に折返し端縁245aが屈曲形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 12 (B) and 13 (B), the second of the fitting-type standing skeleton 3 has a triangular cross section. Specifically, the fitted portion 24 is at the upper end of the upward inclined side 244 from one side end of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 at the one side end [the right side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 in FIG. A downward inclined end 245 is formed further downward. A folded edge 245a is bent at the lower end.

また、断面三角形状型の嵌合部25は、前記被嵌合部24に嵌合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図12(B)の単位天井折板2の左側]より、上向き傾斜状辺255の上端より下方に、下向き傾斜状辺256が形成されて構成されている。嵌合した場合には、該下向き傾斜状辺256の中間位置に、前記被嵌合部24の下向き傾斜端辺245の下端箇所に嵌合する嵌合端縁257が屈曲形成されている。嵌合した場合には、前記下向き傾斜状辺256の下端片256aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されている。   In addition, the fitting section 25 having a triangular cross-section has a shape that is fitted to the fitted section 24, and other than the horizontal section 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 so as to increase by the plate thickness. A downward inclined side 256 is formed below the upper end of the upward inclined side 255 from the side end [left side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 in FIG. 12B]. When fitted, a fitting end edge 257 that is fitted to the lower end portion of the downward inclined end side 245 of the fitted portion 24 is bent at the intermediate position of the downward inclined side 256. When fitted, the lower end piece 256a of the downward inclined side 256 is formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

前記嵌合タイプの立骨状部3の3つ目は、図12(C)及び図13(C)に示すように、断面円形状型である。具体的には、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の一側端[図12(C)の単位天井折板2の右側]より被嵌合部24は、約4分の3形の円形辺246が形成されている。該円形辺246の端に屈曲端縁246aが形成されることがある。また、図示しないが、1個分の円形に円形辺246を形成することもある   As shown in FIGS. 12 (C) and 13 (C), the third of the fitting-type standing skeleton 3 is a circular cross section. Specifically, the fitted portion 24 has a shape of approximately three-quarters from one end of the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 [the right side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 in FIG. 12C]. A circular side 246 is formed. A bent edge 246 a may be formed at the end of the circular side 246. In addition, although not shown, the circular side 246 may be formed in one circular shape.

また、断面円形状型の嵌合部25は、前記被嵌合部24に嵌合される形状をなし、板厚分だけ大きくなるように、前記単位天井折板2の水平状部21の他側端[図12(C)の単位天井折板2の右側]より、略Ω状の円形辺258が形成されている。該円形辺258の中間位置に、前記被嵌合部24の円形辺246の下端箇所に嵌合する嵌合突片259が屈曲形成されている。嵌合した場合には、前記円形辺258の外側下端片258aが前記水平状部21面上に当接するように形成されている。   In addition, the circular cross-section type fitting portion 25 is shaped to be fitted to the fitted portion 24, and the horizontal portion 21 of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 is formed so as to increase by the plate thickness. A substantially Ω-shaped circular side 258 is formed from the side end [the right side of the unit ceiling folded plate 2 in FIG. 12C]. A fitting projecting piece 259 that is fitted to the lower end portion of the circular side 246 of the fitting portion 24 is bent at an intermediate position of the circular side 258. When fitted, an outer lower end piece 258a of the circular side 258 is formed so as to abut on the surface of the horizontal portion 21.

横梁1,1間においては、立骨状部3,3間においては、前記単位天井折板2,2間において、相互に上下にズレが発生する問題点が存在するために、図2(A)及び(B)に示すように、適宜の間隔(例えば、約1m内外)で連結ボルト35を装着することがある。天井折板Aの上面から、立骨状部3の頂辺相互を連結することで、撓み量を僅かにして強固な構成にできる。   Between the horizontal beams 1 and 1, there is a problem that the vertical standing portions 3 and 3 are displaced from each other between the unit ceiling folded plates 2 and 2, so that FIG. ) And (B), the connecting bolt 35 may be attached at an appropriate interval (for example, about 1 m inside or outside). By connecting the apexes of the standing erected part 3 from the upper surface of the folded ceiling plate A, the amount of flexure can be reduced and the structure can be made strong.

また、図14(A)及び(B)に示したように、重合部23箇所に、断面くの字状の屈曲縁231aを形成し、前記被重合部22の箇所に形成された屈曲縁221aに、前記屈曲縁231aが挿入状態となって構成されている。このような構成によって、撓みにくくすることができ、簡易な構成にて、強固な天井折板体Aを提供できる。   Further, as shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B, a bent edge 231a having a U-shaped cross section is formed at 23 overlapping portions, and a bent edge 221a formed at the portion to be polymerized 22 is formed. Further, the bent edge 231a is in an inserted state. With such a configuration, it is possible to make it difficult to bend and to provide a strong ceiling folded plate A with a simple configuration.

さらに、図14(C)及び(D)に示したように、その立骨状部3箇所に、孔233hを開けておき、そこを利用して、2ピースからなる万力部材36にて被重合部22及び重合部23を強固に固定することある。具体的には、コ字型部36aと押え部37bと締付ボルト36cとからなり、該締付ボルト36cの締付にて立骨状部3を固定状態にできる。   Further, as shown in FIGS. 14 (C) and 14 (D), holes 233h are formed in three standing bone-like portions, and the two-piece vise member 36 is used by using holes 233h. The superposition | polymerization part 22 and the superposition | polymerization part 23 may be fixed firmly. Specifically, it comprises a U-shaped portion 36a, a presser portion 37b, and a tightening bolt 36c, and the standing skeleton 3 can be fixed by tightening the tightening bolt 36c.

前記折板屋根体Cにおいては、施工性から前記単位折板屋根板材91のみで使用される馳締タイプが主流であるが(図1等参照)、これに限定されない。つまり、図15(A)及び(B)に示すように、単位折板屋根板材91と、必要に応じてキャップ材92が使用されることもある。つまり、嵌合タイプの折板屋根体Cが施工例である。また、図16(A)及び(B)に示すように、重合タイプの単位折板屋根板材91が用いられることもある。   In the folded plate roof body C, a tightening type used only by the unit folded plate roof plate material 91 is mainstream from the viewpoint of workability (see FIG. 1 and the like), but is not limited thereto. That is, as shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B, the unit folded plate roof plate material 91 and the cap material 92 may be used as necessary. That is, the fitting type folded-plate roof body C is a construction example. In addition, as shown in FIGS. 16A and 16B, a superposed unit folded plate roof material 91 may be used.

A…天井折板体、B…折板支持具B、C…折板屋根体、1…横梁、2…単位天井折板、
21…水平状部、22…被重合部、23…重合部、22a,23a…段部、
24…被嵌合部、25…嵌合部、3…立骨状部、30…空隙、4…下部側支持具、
5…上部側支持具。
A ... Folded ceiling plate, B ... Folded plate support B, C ... Folded plate roof, 1 ... Cross beam, 2 ... Unit ceiling folded plate,
21 ... Horizontal part, 22 ... Polymerized part, 23 ... Superposed part, 22a, 23a ... Step part,
24 ... mated part, 25 ... fitting part, 3 ... standing bone-like part, 30 ... gap, 4 ... lower side support,
5 ... Upper side support tool.

Claims (14)

建造物上部に、隣接して適宜の間隔を有して平行状に設置された横梁と、水平状部と密閉状の空隙を有する立骨状部とが交互に連続して形成される金属板製の天井折板体と、山部と谷部とが連続して金属板製の折板屋根体とからなり、前記立骨状部の長手方向が前記横梁の長手方向と交叉しつつ、前記天井折板体が前記横梁上に載置固定されると共に、前記天井折板体と前記折板屋根体との間に折板支持具が介在されつつ、該折板支持具が前記横梁上に載置固定され、前記折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。 A metal plate in which cross beams installed in parallel with an appropriate interval adjacent to each other at the top of the building, and horizontal portions and standing bone-like portions having sealed gaps are alternately formed. Made of a folded plate roof made of a metal plate and a folded plate roof made of a metal plate, the longitudinal direction of the erected portion intersecting the longitudinal direction of the transverse beam, ceiling folding plate body is fixedly mounted on the cross beam Rutotomoni, wherein while folded plate support between ceiling folding plate member and the folded plate roof member is interposed,該折plate support is on the cross beam A folded plate roof system , wherein the folded plate roof body is placed and fixed, and the folded plate roof body is placed and fixed on the folded plate support . 請求項1において、前記天井折板体は、同一断面の単位天井折板の幅方向の両側端部相互が上下又は左右側とで重ね合わせてなり、該重ね合わせ箇所が前記立骨状部として構成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   In Claim 1, the said folded folding board body is formed by overlapping both end portions in the width direction of the unit ceiling folded board having the same cross section on the upper and lower sides or on the left and right sides, and the overlapping portion is the erected portion. A folded-plate roof system characterized by comprising. 請求項1又は2において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   3. The standing portion according to claim 1, wherein the standing portion is a portion to be polymerized on one side in the width direction of the horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the folded folding plate body, and the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion. A folded plate roof system characterized in that it has a hermetic gap between the overlapping portions and a rectangular cross section. 請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面三角形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   4. The vertical portion according to claim 1, wherein the standing portion is a portion to be polymerized on one side in a width direction of a horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the folded ceiling plate body, and the horizontal portion. The folded-plate roof system characterized by having a cross-sectional triangle shape, having a sealed space | gap with the superposition | polymerization part of the width direction other side of a shape part. 請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被重合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の重合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面略円形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   4. The vertical portion according to claim 1, wherein the standing portion is a portion to be polymerized on one side in a width direction of a horizontal portion of the unit ceiling folded plate constituting the folded ceiling plate body, and the horizontal portion. A folded plate roof system characterized by having a substantially airtight cross-section while having an airtight gap between the overlapping portion on the other side in the width direction of the shape portion. 請求項1,2,3,4又は5のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部の両側に段部が形成され、隣接する立骨状部の対向する段部間に、断熱板が載置され、該断熱板の下面箇所に空隙が形成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根。   6. A step according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, wherein stepped portions are formed on both sides of the standing erected portion, and a heat insulating plate is placed between the stepped portions of adjacent erected portions. A folded plate roof, wherein a gap is formed in a lower surface portion of the heat insulating plate. 請求項1,2,3,4又は5のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、部分的に前記立骨状部箇所を囲むようにして前記横梁に固定されると共に、前記立骨状部箇所の頂部前記折板支持具に固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。 6. The folded plate support according to claim 1, wherein the folded plate support is fixed to the transverse beam so as to partially surround the standing rib portion, and the standing rib portion. The folded-plate roof system characterized by the top part of being fixed to the said folded-plate support tool. 請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、隣接する両立骨状部間で相互に連結するようにして構成されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   In any one of Claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7, the said folded-plate support is comprised so that it may mutually connect between adjacent bone-like parts. Characteristic folded plate roof system. 請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、下部側と上部側とが分離され、該上部側の折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   8. The folded plate support according to claim 1, wherein a lower side and an upper side of the folded plate support are separated from each other on the folded plate support on the upper side. A folded plate roof system, wherein a folded plate roof is mounted and fixed. 請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、左右側とが分離され、該折板支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   8. The folded plate support according to claim 1, wherein the folded plate support is separated from the left and right sides, and the folded plate roof is mounted on the folded plate support. A folded roof system characterized by being fixed. 請求項1,2,3,4,5,6又は7のいずれか1項において、前記折板支持具は、下部側支持具と上部側支持具とが分離され、且つ隣接する前記下部側支持具間は連結杆にて連結され、該連結杆上に前記上部側支持具が固着され、該上部側支持具上に前記折板屋根体が載置固定されてなることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   The lower plate support according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7, wherein the folded plate support is separated from a lower support and an upper support. Folded plates characterized in that the members are connected by a connecting rod, the upper support member is fixed on the connecting member, and the folded plate roof body is mounted and fixed on the upper support member. Roof system. 請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面方形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   In any one of Claim 1, 2, or 3, the said standing part is a to-be-fitted part on the width direction one side of the horizontal part of the unit ceiling folded board which comprises the said ceiling folded board body, A folded plate roof system characterized by having a hermetically sealed gap with a fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and having a rectangular cross section. 請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面三角形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   In any one of Claim 1, 2, or 3, the said standing part is a to-be-fitted part on the width direction one side of the horizontal part of the unit ceiling folded board which comprises the said ceiling folded board body, A folded plate roof system characterized by having a hermetically sealed gap with a fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion and having a triangular cross section. 請求項1,2又は3のいずれか1項において、前記立骨状部は、前記天井折板体を構成する単位天井折板の水平状部の幅方向一側の被嵌合部と、前記水平状部の幅方向他側の嵌合部とで密閉状の空隙を有しつつ、断面略円形状をなしていることを特徴とする折板屋根システム。   In any one of Claim 1, 2, or 3, the said standing part is a to-be-fitted part on the width direction one side of the horizontal part of the unit ceiling folded board which comprises the said ceiling folded board body, A folded plate roof system characterized in that it has a sealed gap with a fitting portion on the other side in the width direction of the horizontal portion, and has a substantially circular cross section.
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