JP2020084493A - Simple building - Google Patents

Simple building Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2020084493A
JP2020084493A JP2018217618A JP2018217618A JP2020084493A JP 2020084493 A JP2020084493 A JP 2020084493A JP 2018217618 A JP2018217618 A JP 2018217618A JP 2018217618 A JP2018217618 A JP 2018217618A JP 2020084493 A JP2020084493 A JP 2020084493A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
roof
longitudinal direction
attached
screen
simple building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2018217618A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP7258519B2 (en
Inventor
勝 利根川
Masaru Tonegawa
勝 利根川
北斗 奥井
Hokuto Okui
北斗 奥井
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sankyo Tateyama Inc
Original Assignee
Sankyo Tateyama Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sankyo Tateyama Inc filed Critical Sankyo Tateyama Inc
Priority to JP2018217618A priority Critical patent/JP7258519B2/en
Publication of JP2020084493A publication Critical patent/JP2020084493A/en
Priority to JP2022193335A priority patent/JP7426464B2/en
Priority to JP2023060504A priority patent/JP2023078482A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP7258519B2 publication Critical patent/JP7258519B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]

Abstract

To provide a simple building capable of freely mounting a roof and a decorative material in the longitudinal direction of a beam.SOLUTION: A beam 1, a roof 7, and a decorative material 8 are provided; the roof 7 is mounted on the upper surface of the beam 1 or suspended and supported on the lower surface of the beam 1 and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1; the decorative material 8 is provided over the ground surface G from the lower surface of the beam 1 within the range where the roof 7 is not attached in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1.SELECTED DRAWING: Figure 1

Description

本発明は、カーポート等の簡易建物に関する。 The present invention relates to a simple building such as a carport.

従来より、カーポート(例えば、非特許文献1参照)の梁の長手方向に屋根や化粧材(スクリーン等)を自由に取付けたいという要望がある。 Conventionally, there is a demand to freely attach a roof or a decorative material (screen or the like) to a longitudinal direction of a beam of a carport (see Non-Patent Document 1).

三協立山株式会社 三協アルミ社発行のカタログ「エクステリア 総合カタログ」(カタログNo.STX1175A KY.18.02−3000)、2018年2月、p.914Sankyo Tateyama Co., Ltd. Catalog “Exterior General Catalog” issued by Sankyo Aluminum Co., Ltd. (Catalog No. STX1175A KY. 18.02-3000), February 2018, p. 914

本発明は以上に述べた実情に鑑み、梁の長手方向に屋根や化粧材を自由に取付けできる簡易建物の提供を目的とする。 The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and an object thereof is to provide a simple building in which a roof and a decorative material can be freely attached in the longitudinal direction of a beam.

上記の課題を達成するために請求項1記載の発明による簡易建物は、梁と、屋根と、化粧材とを備え、屋根は、梁の上面に載置するか、梁の下面に吊り下げて支持してあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であり、化粧材は、梁の長手方向のうち、屋根が取付けてない範囲の梁の下面から地面にわたって設けてあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であることを特徴とする。 In order to achieve the above object, a simple building according to the invention of claim 1 comprises a beam, a roof and a decorative material, and the roof is placed on the upper surface of the beam or hung on the lower surface of the beam. It is supported and movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam, and the decorative material is provided from the lower surface of the beam in the range where the roof is not attached in the longitudinal direction of the beam to the ground, and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam. Is characterized in that

請求項1記載の発明による簡易建物は、屋根が梁の上面に載置するか、梁の下面に吊り下げて支持してあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であり、化粧材は、梁の長手方向のうち、屋根が取付けてない範囲の梁の下面から地面にわたって設けてあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であるため、梁の長手方向に屋根や化粧材を自由に取付けできるので、家々の敷地の形状や玄関の位置等に合わせた最適な簡易建物を提供できる。 In the simple building according to the invention described in claim 1, the roof is placed on the upper surface of the beam or is hung and supported on the lower surface of the beam, and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam. In the longitudinal direction, the roof is installed from the bottom surface of the beam in the area where the roof is not attached, and it is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam, so the roof and the decorative material can be freely attached in the longitudinal direction of the beam. It is possible to provide the optimum simple building according to the shape of the site and the position of the entrance.

本発明の簡易建物の一実施形態を示す正面図である。It is a front view showing one embodiment of a simple building of the present invention. 同簡易建物の平面図である。It is a top view of the same simple building. (a)はスクリーン部を拡大して示す正面図であり、(b)は同側面図である。(A) is an enlarged front view of the screen portion, and (b) is a side view thereof. 図3のA−A断面図である。FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line AA of FIG. 3. 図2のB−B断面図である。It is a BB sectional view of FIG. 図5のC−C断面図である。It is CC sectional drawing of FIG. 梁下面の取付溝への回転金具の取付け方を示す梁の縦断面図及び底面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view and a bottom view of the beam showing how to attach the rotary fitting to the mounting groove on the lower surface of the beam. 本発明の簡易建物の他の実施形態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows other embodiment of the simple building of this invention. 本発明の簡易建物のさらに別の実施形態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows another embodiment of the simple building of this invention. 本発明の簡易建物の施工手順を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the construction procedure of the simple building of this invention. 屋根を梁に吊り下げて支持する場合の縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view in the case of suspending and supporting a roof on a beam. 図11のD−D断面図である。It is DD sectional drawing of FIG. 柱にスクリーンを連結した実施形態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the embodiment which connected the screen to the pillar. 図13のE−E断面図である。FIG. 14 is a sectional view taken along line EE of FIG. 13. スクリーンを柱の見付面に連結した場合の横断面図である。It is a cross-sectional view at the time of connecting a screen to the facing surface of a pillar.

以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面に基づいて説明する。図1〜6は、本発明の簡易建物の一実施形態を示している。本簡易建物は、住宅の敷地内における建物の前方に設置されるもので、図1,2に示すように、梁1の両端を柱9,9で支持した門型の前フレーム10a及び後フレーム10bと、前後のフレーム10a,10bの梁1上に設置した二つの屋根7,7と、前フレーム10aの梁1の下面から地面Gの間に設けた二つのスクリーン(化粧材)8,8を有している。
梁1は、図1に示すように、2本の同じ長さの中空アルミ形材1a,1bを中空部内に配置した連結材11で連結して長くしたものであり、全長が約12mある。各屋根7は、それぞれ1台の乗用車12をカバーするのに十分な大きさを有しており、梁1の全長のうちの右半分の上面に2つ並べて取付けてある。スクリーン8は、梁1の長手方向のうちの屋根7が取付けてない範囲に設置されるもので、一つは左側の柱9に隣接して配置され、もう一つは梁1の左半分のほぼ中間位置に設けてある。建物の玄関13は、簡易建物を正面から見た時に、簡易建物の間口の中央部左寄りの位置にあって、玄関13の右側に左側の屋根7が、玄関13の左側に右側のスクリーン8がそれぞれ位置するように、梁1に屋根7とスクリーン8を取付けてある。
本簡易建物は、図1,8,9に示すように、家々の敷地の形状や玄関13の位置等に応じて、屋根7とスクリーン8の位置を梁1の長手方向に移動できるものである。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 1-6 has shown one Embodiment of the simple building of this invention. This simple building is installed in front of the building on the premises of a house, and as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a gate-shaped front frame 10a and a rear frame in which both ends of a beam 1 are supported by columns 9 and 9. 10b, two roofs 7 and 7 installed on the beams 1 of the front and rear frames 10a and 10b, and two screens (decorative materials) 8 and 8 provided between the lower surface of the beam 1 of the front frame 10a and the ground G. have.
As shown in FIG. 1, the beam 1 is formed by connecting two hollow aluminum profiles 1a and 1b having the same length by a connecting member 11 arranged in the hollow portion, and has a total length of about 12 m. Each roof 7 is large enough to cover one passenger car 12, and two roofs 7 are mounted side by side on the upper surface of the right half of the entire length of the beam 1. The screen 8 is installed in a range where the roof 7 is not attached in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, one is arranged adjacent to the left side pillar 9, and the other is the left half of the beam 1. It is provided at approximately the middle position. The entrance 13 of the building is located at the left side of the center of the frontage of the simple building when viewed from the front, and the roof 7 on the left side is on the right side of the entrance 13 and the screen 8 on the right side is on the left side of the entrance 13. A roof 7 and a screen 8 are attached to the beam 1 so as to be located respectively.
As shown in FIGS. 1, 8 and 9, this simple building is capable of moving the positions of the roof 7 and the screen 8 in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1 according to the shape of the site of each house, the position of the entrance 13, and the like. .

梁1は、図6に示すように、上面の左右両側に屋根7を取付けるための鉤状の係合部14を長手方向に有している。梁1の下面には、屋根7又は化粧材8を取付けるための取付溝(係合部)6を長手方向に有している。 As shown in FIG. 6, the beam 1 has hook-shaped engaging portions 14 for attaching the roof 7 on the left and right sides of the upper surface in the longitudinal direction. The lower surface of the beam 1 has a mounting groove (engaging portion) 6 for mounting the roof 7 or the decorative material 8 in the longitudinal direction.

スクリーン8は、図3,4に示すように、梁1の下面と地面Gとの間に跨って取付けた複数本の格子3,3,…と柱2を備えている。格子3及び柱2が取付く位置の梁1の下面の取付溝6内には、回転金具5がそれぞれ設けてある。回転金具5は、図7(a)に示すように、略長方形の板状の部材であり、回転金具5の幅は取付溝6の開口寸法Xより僅かに小さく、長辺の長さは取付溝6の開口寸法Xよりも長く、且つ取付溝6奥側の幅広部の寸法Yより僅かに短くなっており、対角の位置にある角部を斜めに面取りしてある。また回転金具5は、幅方向の中心に対して前後方向に偏心した位置に雌ねじ孔15が設けてある。回転金具5は、図7(a)に示すように、長手方向を取付溝6の長手方向に沿わせた向きで、取付溝6に下方より挿入し、その後、図7(b)に示すように、垂直回りに90°回転させることで、取付溝6に係止する。取付溝6が梁1の長手方向に設けてあり、回転金具5を後から幾つでも、取付溝6の任意の位置に取付けることができる。よって、スクリーン8が移動可能で格子3や柱2のピッチや本数を自由に設定できる。
図3,4に示すように、回転金具5の下方には、コ字形の取付金具4が回転金具5の雌ねじ孔15に螺入するねじ16で取付けてある。格子3と柱2は、アルミ形材よりなる角パイプ状の部材であり、上端部に取付金具4を挿入して上端を梁1下面に当接し、前後からのねじ17で取付金具4に固定してある。格子3と柱2の下部は、地中に埋め込んである。柱2は、内部に補強材49を挿入してあり、また、前後面に目板50を取付けてねじ17を隠してある。
このように格子3と柱2を取付けることで、スクリーン8は梁1の長手方向に位置を移動できると共に、格子3の本数やピッチを自由に設定することができる。また、回転金具5を用いたことで、既存の簡易建物に後からスクリーン8を取付けることも可能である。
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the screen 8 includes a plurality of lattices 3, 3,... And pillars 2 mounted between the lower surface of the beam 1 and the ground G. Rotating metal fittings 5 are provided in the mounting grooves 6 on the lower surface of the beam 1 where the lattice 3 and the pillars 2 are mounted. As shown in FIG. 7A, the rotary fitting 5 is a substantially rectangular plate-shaped member, the width of the rotary fitting 5 is slightly smaller than the opening dimension X of the mounting groove 6, and the length of the long side is set to the mounting length. It is longer than the opening dimension X of the groove 6 and slightly shorter than the dimension Y of the wide portion on the inner side of the mounting groove 6, and diagonally chamfered corner portions. Further, the rotary fitting 5 is provided with a female screw hole 15 at a position eccentric in the front-back direction with respect to the center in the width direction. As shown in FIG. 7A, the rotating metal fitting 5 is inserted into the mounting groove 6 from below with its longitudinal direction aligned with the longitudinal direction of the mounting groove 6, and then as shown in FIG. 7B. Then, it is locked in the mounting groove 6 by rotating 90° around the vertical. The mounting groove 6 is provided in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, and any number of rotating metal fittings 5 can be mounted at any position of the mounting groove 6 afterward. Therefore, the screen 8 can be moved, and the pitch and the number of the lattices 3 and the columns 2 can be freely set.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a U-shaped mounting bracket 4 is attached below the rotary bracket 5 with a screw 16 that is screwed into the female screw hole 15 of the rotary bracket 5. The grid 3 and the pillars 2 are square pipe-shaped members made of an aluminum shape, and the mounting metal fitting 4 is inserted into the upper end portion so that the upper end is brought into contact with the lower surface of the beam 1 and fixed to the mounting metal fitting 4 with screws 17 from the front and rear. I am doing it. The lower part of the grid 3 and the pillar 2 is buried in the ground. The pillar 2 has a reinforcing material 49 inserted therein, and has eye plates 50 attached to the front and rear surfaces to hide the screws 17.
By mounting the grid 3 and the pillars 2 in this way, the position of the screen 8 can be moved in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, and the number and pitch of the grids 3 can be freely set. Further, by using the rotating fitting 5, the screen 8 can be attached to an existing simple building later.

各屋根7は、図2に示すように、左右両側に桁18,18を有し、左右の桁18,18の前側の端部間と後側の端部間に妻垂木19,19を取付け、前後の妻垂木19,19の間の左右の桁18,18間に複数の垂木20,20,…を前後方向に間隔をおいて取付け、妻垂木19と垂木20の間、垂木20同士の間に樹脂製の屋根パネル21,21,…を取付けて構成してある。妻垂木19と垂木20は、図5に示すように、上側に膨らむようにR状に湾曲している。桁18の外側には桁破風22aが、妻垂木19の外側には妻破風22bがそれぞれ取付けてあり、簡易建物の周囲から見ると屋根7がこれらの破風22a,22bに隠れて見えないようになっている。 As shown in FIG. 2, each roof 7 has girders 18 and 18 on both left and right sides, and mounts rafters 19 and 19 between front and rear ends of the left and right girders 18 and 18, respectively. , A plurality of rafters 20, 20,... Are attached between the left and right girders 18, 18 between the front and rear wife rafters 19, 19 at intervals in the front-rear direction, and between the rafters 19 and rafters 20 between rafters 20. The roof panels 21, 21,... Made of resin are mounted in between. As shown in FIG. 5, the wife rafters 19 and the rafters 20 are curved in an R shape so as to bulge upward. Girder gables 22a are attached to the outside of the girders 18 and gable gables 22b are attached to the outside of the gables 19, so that the roof 7 cannot be seen by being hidden by these gables 22a and 22b when viewed from the periphery of the simple building. Is becoming

桁18は、図5に示すように、屋根パネル21から流れてきた雨水を受ける樋部23を有している。また、桁18の下面には溝状の被取付部24が長手方向に設けてある。被取付部24には、ボルト25を通した裏板26が保持してあり、ボルト25の頭が被取付部24と係合することでボルト25が回り止めされている。そして、図6に示すように、梁1上面に屋根受けピース27を置き、屋根受けピース27上に桁18を載置すると共に、梁1上面両側の係合部14に係合させた屋根固定金具28に前記ボルト25を通し、ボルト25にナット29を螺合させて締付けることで、屋根7を梁1上に固定している。梁1上面に係合部14が長手方向に設けてあることで、屋根7を梁1の長手方向に移動することができる。また、桁18に被取付部24が長手方向に設けてあることで、屋根7の位置を前後に移動することができる。 As shown in FIG. 5, the girder 18 has a trough portion 23 that receives rainwater flowing from the roof panel 21. Further, a groove-shaped attached portion 24 is provided on the lower surface of the girder 18 in the longitudinal direction. A back plate 26, through which the bolt 25 passes, is held by the attached portion 24, and the head of the bolt 25 engages with the attached portion 24 to prevent the bolt 25 from rotating. Then, as shown in FIG. 6, the roof receiving piece 27 is placed on the upper surface of the beam 1, the girder 18 is placed on the roof receiving piece 27, and the roof fixing is engaged with the engaging portions 14 on both sides of the upper surface of the beam 1. The roof 7 is fixed on the beam 1 by passing the bolt 25 through the metal fitting 28 and screwing and tightening the nut 29 on the bolt 25. Since the engaging portion 14 is provided on the upper surface of the beam 1 in the longitudinal direction, the roof 7 can be moved in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1. Further, since the attached portion 24 is provided on the girder 18 in the longitudinal direction, the position of the roof 7 can be moved back and forth.

次に、本簡易建物の施工手順を説明する。まず、図10(a)に示すように、前後のフレーム10a,10bの柱9の下部を地面Gに開けた穴30に挿入し、柱9に支え棒(図示省略)を縛り付けて、前後のフレーム10a,10bを自立させる。地面Gには、柱9の位置に加え、スクリーン8を配置する位置にも穴30を開けておく。次に、図10(b)に示すように、梁1下面の取付溝6に回転金具5を下方より挿入し、回転して回転金具5を取付溝6に係止させた後(図7参照)、回転金具6に取付金具4をねじ16で取付ける。次に、図10(c)に示すように、格子3及び柱2の上端部を取付金具4に下方より嵌め、前後からねじ17で固定する。その後、図10(d)に示すように、格子3及び柱2の下部に添え木31を当てて動かないように固定してから、地面の穴30にモルタル32を流し込む。モルタル32が固まったら、支え棒と添え木31を取外す。その後、梁1の上に屋根7を取付ける。屋根7の取付け手順は、まず左右の桁18,18を梁1の上面に屋根固定金具28等を用いて取付け、左右の桁18,18間に妻垂木19と垂木20を取付け、妻垂木19と垂木20の間、垂木20同士の間に屋根パネル21を取付ける。その後、屋根7の周囲を囲むように破風22a,22bを取付ける。 Next, the procedure for constructing this simple building will be described. First, as shown in FIG. 10(a), the lower portions of the pillars 9 of the front and rear frames 10a and 10b are inserted into the holes 30 formed in the ground G, and a support rod (not shown) is tied to the pillars 9 so that the front and rear The frames 10a and 10b are made independent. In addition to the positions of the pillars 9, holes 30 are formed in the ground G at positions where the screen 8 is arranged. Next, as shown in FIG. 10B, after inserting the rotary fitting 5 into the mounting groove 6 on the lower surface of the beam 1 from below and rotating the locking fitting 5 to lock the rotary fitting 5 in the mounting groove 6 (see FIG. 7). ), and attach the mounting bracket 4 to the rotating bracket 6 with the screw 16. Next, as shown in FIG. 10C, the upper ends of the lattice 3 and the pillar 2 are fitted into the mounting member 4 from below and fixed by screws 17 from the front and the rear. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 10D, a splint 31 is applied to the lower portions of the lattice 3 and the pillar 2 so as not to move, and a mortar 32 is poured into the hole 30 in the ground. When the mortar 32 has hardened, the support rod and splint 31 are removed. Then, the roof 7 is mounted on the beam 1. First, the left and right girders 18, 18 are attached to the upper surface of the beam 1 using the roof fixing metal fittings 28, etc., the roof rafter 19 and the rafter 20 are mounted between the left and right girders 18, 18, and the roof rafter 19 is attached. The roof panel 21 is attached between the rafters 20 and the rafters 20. Then, gables 22a and 22b are attached so as to surround the periphery of the roof 7.

屋根7は、図11,12に示すように、梁1の下に吊り下げて支持することもできる。この場合、左右の桁18,18がそれぞれ2本の吊り下げ金具33a,33bで梁1に取付けられる。吊り下げ金具33a,33bの上部は、梁1下面の取付溝6に取付けた金具34に取付けてあり、吊り下げ金具33a,33bの下部は、桁18の上面側に設けた被取付部35に取付けた金具36に取付けてある。梁1下面に取付溝6が長手方向に設けてあり、桁18に被取付部35が長手方向に設けてあることで、梁1の上に載せる場合と同様に、屋根7を梁1の長手方向に移動することができ、また、屋根7の位置を前後に移動することもできる。 The roof 7 can be suspended and supported under the beam 1 as shown in FIGS. In this case, the left and right girders 18, 18 are attached to the beam 1 by two hanging metal fittings 33a, 33b, respectively. The upper portions of the hanging metal fittings 33a and 33b are attached to the metal fittings 34 attached to the mounting grooves 6 on the lower surface of the beam 1, and the lower portions of the hanging metal fittings 33a and 33b are attached to the attached portion 35 provided on the upper surface side of the girder 18. It is attached to the attached metal fitting 36. Since the mounting groove 6 is provided on the lower surface of the beam 1 in the longitudinal direction and the mounted portion 35 is provided on the girder 18 in the longitudinal direction, the roof 7 can be mounted on the beam 1 in the longitudinal direction in the same manner as when mounted on the beam 1. The position of the roof 7 can be moved back and forth.

図8は、本発明の簡易建物の他の実施形態を示している。本実施形態は、2つの屋根7,7が梁1の全長の中央寄りの位置に並べて取付けてあり、前フレーム10aの左右の柱9,9に隣接してスクリーン8,8を取付けてある。建物の玄関13は、簡易建物を正面から見た時に、簡易建物の間口の右寄りの位置にあって、玄関13の右側に右側のスクリーン8が、玄関13の左側に右側の屋根7がそれぞれ位置するように、梁1に屋根7とスクリーン8を取付けてある。
図9は、本発明の簡易建物のさらに別の実施形態を示している。本実施形態は、梁1の全長のうちの左右両側に寄せて2つの屋根7,7が取付けてあり、梁1の中央寄りの位置に2つのスクリーン8,8を隣接して設けてある。
FIG. 8 shows another embodiment of the simple building of the present invention. In this embodiment, two roofs 7, 7 are mounted side by side at positions near the center of the entire length of the beam 1, and screens 8, 8 are mounted adjacent to the left and right columns 9, 9 of the front frame 10a. The entrance 13 of the building is located on the right side of the frontage of the simple building when the front side of the simple building is viewed. The right side screen 8 is on the right side of the entrance 13 and the right roof 7 is on the left side of the entrance 13. A roof 7 and a screen 8 are attached to the beam 1 so as to do so.
FIG. 9 shows still another embodiment of the simple building of the present invention. In this embodiment, two roofs 7 and 7 are attached to the left and right sides of the entire length of the beam 1, and two screens 8 and 8 are provided adjacent to each other at a position near the center of the beam 1.

以上に述べたように本簡易建物は、梁1の下面に取付溝6を長手方向に有し、回転金具5を取付溝6に下方より挿入してから回転すると回転金具5が取付溝6に係止し、その回転金具5に取付金具4をねじ止めし、取付金具4に柱2又は格子3の上端部を取付けることで、梁1の長手方向の任意の位置に柱2又は格子3を自由に取付けることができ、施工性が良い。また、梁1下に柱2又は格子3を後付けすることもできる。回転金具5と取付金具4は外から見えず、梁1の下面に直接柱2又は格子3を取付けできるので、意匠性も良い。
柱2又は格子3は、下部を地中に埋め込んであるので、予め地面Gに穴30を開けておくことで、柱2又は格子3を梁1下面に取付けた取付金具4に下方より容易に取付けでき、地面Gの穴30にモルタル32を流し込むことで、柱2又は格子3の下部を容易に且つ確実に固定できる。
As described above, this simple building has the mounting groove 6 on the lower surface of the beam 1 in the longitudinal direction, and when the rotary fitting 5 is inserted into the mounting groove 6 from below and then rotated, the rotary fitting 5 is fitted into the mounting groove 6. The pillar 2 or the grid 3 is locked at any position, the mounting bracket 4 is screwed to the rotating bracket 5, and the upper end of the pillar 2 or the grid 3 is mounted on the mounting bracket 4, so that the pillar 2 or the grid 3 is located at any position in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1. It can be installed freely and has good workability. Further, the pillar 2 or the lattice 3 may be attached below the beam 1. The rotating metal fitting 5 and the mounting metal fitting 4 are not visible from the outside, and the pillar 2 or the grid 3 can be directly attached to the lower surface of the beam 1, so that the design is good.
Since the lower portion of the pillar 2 or the grid 3 is embedded in the ground, by making a hole 30 in the ground G in advance, the pillar 2 or the grid 3 can be easily attached to the mounting bracket 4 attached to the lower surface of the beam 1 from below. It can be attached, and by pouring the mortar 32 into the hole 30 in the ground G, the lower portion of the pillar 2 or the lattice 3 can be easily and surely fixed.

本発明の簡易建物の製造方法は、下部を地面Gに開けた穴30に挿入した状態で、柱2又は格子3を梁1の長手方向の任意の位置に梁1の下面より吊り下げて取付ける工程と、地面Gの穴30にモルタル32を充填して、柱2又は格子3の下部を固定する工程を有するので、柱2又は格子3を梁1の長手方向のどの位置にも取付けることができ、しかも柱2又は格子3を取付ける際の施工性が良い。 According to the method for manufacturing a simple building of the present invention, the pillar 2 or the grid 3 is attached by suspending it from the lower surface of the beam 1 at an arbitrary position in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1 with the lower part inserted in the hole 30 formed in the ground G. Since the step and the step of filling the hole 30 of the ground G with the mortar 32 and fixing the lower part of the pillar 2 or the grid 3 can be installed at any position in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1. In addition, the workability when mounting the pillar 2 or the grid 3 is good.

また、本簡易建物は、屋根7が梁1の上面に載置するか、梁1の下面に吊り下げて支持してあり、梁1の長手方向に移動可能であり、化粧材(スクリーン)8は、梁1の長手方向のうち、屋根7が取付けてない範囲の梁1の下面から地面Gにわたって設けてあり、梁1の長手方向に移動可能であるため、梁1の長手方向に屋根7や化粧材8を自由に取付けできるので、家々の敷地の形状や玄関13の位置等に合わせた最適な簡易建物を提供できる。
さらに本簡易建物は、梁1に屋根7が2つ以上、化粧材8を1つ以上取付けてあるので、屋根7と化粧材8のレイアウトを自由に組み合わせて、多様なバリエーションを持たせることができ、敷地対応力が一段と向上する。
本簡易建物は、梁1の上面及び下面に、屋根7又は化粧材8を取付けるための係合部6,14を長手方向に有するので、梁1の長手方向のいろいろな位置に屋根7又は化粧材8を取付けできる。
In addition, in this simple building, the roof 7 is placed on the upper surface of the beam 1 or is hung and supported on the lower surface of the beam 1, is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, and has a decorative material (screen) 8 Is provided from the lower surface of the beam 1 in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1 to the ground G in a range where the roof 7 is not attached, and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1, the roof 7 is arranged in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1. Since the decorative material 8 can be freely attached, it is possible to provide a simple building that is optimal for the shape of the site of each house and the position of the entrance 13.
Further, in this simple building, two or more roofs 7 and one or more decorative materials 8 are attached to the beam 1, so that the layouts of the roof 7 and the decorative materials 8 can be freely combined to have various variations. It is possible, and the site adaptability is further improved.
Since this simple building has the engaging portions 6 and 14 for attaching the roof 7 or the decorative material 8 in the longitudinal direction on the upper surface and the lower surface of the beam 1, the roof 7 or the decorative material is arranged at various positions in the longitudinal direction of the beam 1. The material 8 can be attached.

図13,14は、本発明による簡易建物の参考例であって、フレーム10a,10bの柱9の見込面37にスクリーン38を連結した実施形態を示している。スクリーン38は、図14に示すように、柱9側の端部に半円柱状断面の角度調整材39を有しており、角度調整材39の円弧面40に一側端部を当接してねじ止めすることで、角度を調整できるものとなっている。
柱9の見込面37には、中空アルミ形材よりなる連結材41が取付けてあり、連結材41により柱9とスクリーン38とを連結している。連結材41は、柱取付面42とスクリーン取付面43を有しており、柱取付面42の幅がスクリーン取付面43の幅よりも狭くなっている。柱取付面42の幅は、柱9の見付面44の幅と同じになっている。柱取付面42には、柱9と梁1を連結する連結金具45を固定するためのボルト46(図3参照)の頭を逃がすために、溝47が形成してある。スクリーン取付面43の幅は、角度調整材39の幅と同じになっている。柱取付面42とスクリーン取付面43との間の連結壁48は、角度調整材39と対称になるように円弧状に形成してある。
13 and 14 are reference examples of a simple building according to the present invention, and show an embodiment in which a screen 38 is connected to the prospective surface 37 of the pillar 9 of the frames 10a and 10b. As shown in FIG. 14, the screen 38 has an angle adjusting member 39 with a semi-cylindrical cross section at the end on the column 9 side, and one end of the angle adjusting member 39 is brought into contact with the arc surface 40 of the angle adjusting member 39. The angle can be adjusted by screwing.
A connecting member 41 made of a hollow aluminum shape member is attached to the expected surface 37 of the pillar 9, and the connecting member 41 connects the pillar 9 and the screen 38. The connecting member 41 has a column mounting surface 42 and a screen mounting surface 43, and the width of the column mounting surface 42 is narrower than the width of the screen mounting surface 43. The width of the pillar mounting surface 42 is the same as the width of the finding surface 44 of the pillar 9. A groove 47 is formed on the column mounting surface 42 in order to allow the head of a bolt 46 (see FIG. 3) for fixing a coupling fitting 45 coupling the column 9 and the beam 1 to escape. The width of the screen mounting surface 43 is the same as the width of the angle adjusting member 39. A connecting wall 48 between the column mounting surface 42 and the screen mounting surface 43 is formed in an arc shape so as to be symmetrical with the angle adjusting member 39.

図15は、同じ連結材41を使用して、柱9の見付面(後面)44にスクリーン38を連結した場合を示している。連結材41は、柱取付面42の幅をスクリーン取付面43の幅よりも小さくしてあることで、スクリーン38の幅よりも狭い柱9の見付面44にスクリーン38を体裁良く連結できる。
このように、本連結材41を用いることで、柱9の見込面37と見付面44の何れにもスクリーン38を体裁良く連結できる。
FIG. 15 shows a case where the screen 38 is connected to the found surface (rear surface) 44 of the column 9 using the same connecting member 41. Since the width of the column mounting surface 42 of the connecting member 41 is smaller than the width of the screen mounting surface 43, the screen 38 can be satisfactorily connected to the found surface 44 of the column 9 that is narrower than the width of the screen 38.
As described above, by using the connecting member 41, the screen 38 can be connected to both the expected surface 37 and the found surface 44 of the pillar 9 in a good appearance.

本発明は以上に述べた実施形態に限定されない。屋根及び化粧材の構造は問わない。屋根又は格子の梁に対する取付部の構造は、適宜変更することができる。屋根は、一つで複数台の乗用車の上をカバーできるものであってもよい。化粧材の柱又は格子は、下部を地面に埋め込まないもの、例えばアングル状の金具で地面に固定するものであってもよい。本発明は、カーポートに限らず、例えば通路用のシェルター、テラスの屋根など、あらゆる簡易建物に適用することができる。 The invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. The structure of the roof and the decorative material does not matter. The structure of the attachment portion of the roof or the beam of the grid can be appropriately changed. The roof may be capable of covering the tops of multiple passenger cars. The columns or lattices of the decorative material may be those whose lower part is not embedded in the ground, for example, those which are fixed to the ground by angled metal fittings. INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY The present invention can be applied not only to carports but also to any simple building such as a shelter for passages or a roof of a terrace.

1 梁
2 柱
3 格子
4 取付金具
5 回転金具
6 取付溝
7 屋根
8 スクリーン(化粧材)
1 Beam 2 Pillar 3 Lattice 4 Mounting Bracket 5 Rotating Bracket 6 Mounting Groove 7 Roof 8 Screen (Decorative Material)

Claims (1)

梁と、屋根と、化粧材とを備え、屋根は、梁の上面に載置するか、梁の下面に吊り下げて支持してあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であり、化粧材は、梁の長手方向のうち、屋根が取付けてない範囲の梁の下面から地面にわたって設けてあり、梁の長手方向に移動可能であることを特徴とする簡易建物。 A beam, a roof, and a decorative material are provided.The roof is placed on the upper surface of the beam or is hung and supported on the lower surface of the beam and is movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam. A simple building characterized by being provided from the lower surface of the beam in the longitudinal direction of the beam to the area where the roof is not attached, and being movable in the longitudinal direction of the beam.
JP2018217618A 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 simple building Active JP7258519B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2018217618A JP7258519B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 simple building
JP2022193335A JP7426464B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2022-12-02 simple building
JP2023060504A JP2023078482A (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-04 simple building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2018217618A JP7258519B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 simple building

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2022193335A Division JP7426464B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2022-12-02 simple building
JP2023060504A Division JP2023078482A (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-04 simple building

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2020084493A true JP2020084493A (en) 2020-06-04
JP7258519B2 JP7258519B2 (en) 2023-04-17

Family

ID=70906820

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2018217618A Active JP7258519B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2018-11-20 simple building
JP2022193335A Active JP7426464B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2022-12-02 simple building
JP2023060504A Withdrawn JP2023078482A (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-04 simple building

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2022193335A Active JP7426464B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2022-12-02 simple building
JP2023060504A Withdrawn JP2023078482A (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-04 simple building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (3) JP7258519B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP7258519B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-17 三協立山株式会社 simple building

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS613802U (en) * 1984-06-12 1986-01-10 立山アルミニウム工業株式会社 Coupling device between columns and girders
JP2002322832A (en) * 2001-04-24 2002-11-08 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Exterior lattice member
JP2003268998A (en) * 2002-03-15 2003-09-25 Sankyo Alum Ind Co Ltd Car port
JP2013014896A (en) * 2011-07-01 2013-01-24 Toyota Home Kk Partition structure of building
JP1562928S (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-11-14
JP1562924S (en) * 2016-02-12 2016-11-14
JP1562925S (en) * 2016-02-12 2016-11-14
JP2017155555A (en) * 2016-03-04 2017-09-07 Ykk Ap株式会社 Outdoor structure

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3613187B2 (en) 2001-03-01 2005-01-26 三協アルミニウム工業株式会社 Simple building
JP5530378B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2014-06-25 三協立山株式会社 Assembly building
JP5847604B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2016-01-27 三協立山株式会社 Building structure
JP1564462S (en) 2016-02-12 2016-11-28
JP1564461S (en) 2016-02-12 2016-11-28
JP7258519B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2023-04-17 三協立山株式会社 simple building
JP7351612B2 (en) 2018-11-20 2023-09-27 三協立山株式会社 simple building

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS613802U (en) * 1984-06-12 1986-01-10 立山アルミニウム工業株式会社 Coupling device between columns and girders
JP2002322832A (en) * 2001-04-24 2002-11-08 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Exterior lattice member
JP2003268998A (en) * 2002-03-15 2003-09-25 Sankyo Alum Ind Co Ltd Car port
JP2013014896A (en) * 2011-07-01 2013-01-24 Toyota Home Kk Partition structure of building
JP1562924S (en) * 2016-02-12 2016-11-14
JP1562925S (en) * 2016-02-12 2016-11-14
JP1562928S (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-11-14
JP2017155555A (en) * 2016-03-04 2017-09-07 Ykk Ap株式会社 Outdoor structure

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
エクステリア 総合カタログ, vol. カタログNo.STX1175A KY.18.02-3000, JPN6022022832, February 2018 (2018-02-01), pages 921, ISSN: 0004792197 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2023014332A (en) 2023-01-26
JP7426464B2 (en) 2024-02-01
JP7258519B2 (en) 2023-04-17
JP2023078482A (en) 2023-06-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JPH102018A (en) Building unit, unit building, and its constructing method
JP6054117B2 (en) Exterior wall structure with siding exterior wall panel
JP7426464B2 (en) simple building
JP2020084492A (en) Simple building
JP5354785B2 (en) Simple building
KR100437865B1 (en) A Structure for Installing Curtain Wall in a Building having High Height of Story
JP2010222953A (en) Simple building and method for assembling the same
JP5563351B2 (en) Building unit
JP6535199B2 (en) Roof construction
JP6857039B2 (en) Local manufacturing method for simple structures
JP2007224586A (en) Composite structural building and method of constructing composite structural building
JPH055982B2 (en)
JP6835533B2 (en) Simple structure
EP3580408A1 (en) A resuable modular building and a method for erecting the same
JP7160634B2 (en) Joint structure of outer wall slab and building
JP7138759B2 (en) Simple structure
JP2019039180A (en) Portal frame and its construction method
JP6990066B2 (en) Building balcony structure
JP2008196264A (en) Structure of balcony
KR102233905B1 (en) Light weight noise protection tunnel
JP2008285833A (en) Simple building
JP5967895B2 (en) Floor structure
JP3644449B2 (en) Simple building
JP2024051487A (en) Structure
JPS5846979B2 (en) Assembly type handrail

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20210525

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20220527

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20220607

A521 Request for written amendment filed

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20220722

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20221101

A521 Request for written amendment filed

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20221205

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20230314

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20230405

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 7258519

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150