JP5859073B2 - Air treatment equipment - Google Patents

Air treatment equipment Download PDF

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JP5859073B2
JP5859073B2 JP2014159797A JP2014159797A JP5859073B2 JP 5859073 B2 JP5859073 B2 JP 5859073B2 JP 2014159797 A JP2014159797 A JP 2014159797A JP 2014159797 A JP2014159797 A JP 2014159797A JP 5859073 B2 JP5859073 B2 JP 5859073B2
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air
air passage
passage
path
chamber
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JP2014224675A (en
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三浦 良隆
良隆 三浦
文彦 曽根
文彦 曽根
博 青木
博 青木
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三菱電機株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an air treatment device, such as a kitchen air treatment device.

  Conventionally, kitchen ventilation fans that are installed in the upper part of a heating cooker and exhaust to the outside have been common. However, a lot of air-conditioning loss occurs because the room air is discharged, and it is necessary to provide an air supply port in order to reduce the negative pressure in the room due to the exhaust air. For this reason, the contaminated air generated from the cooking object heated by the heating cooker is purified and circulated indoors without exhausting to the outside. Techniques are disclosed that pass through and purify a porous structure filter or the like, blow the air indoors, and maintain the deodorization performance by activating the catalyst by a photocatalyst deodorization apparatus or heater heating (see, for example, Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2). ).

JP 2006-322648 A JP 2010-207658 A

  However, according to the above-described conventional technology, in the case where the photocatalytic deodorizing device is provided in order to maintain the performance, the discharging device is expensive and the structure is complicated, and the filter for removing ozone harmful to the human body is provided. There was a need. In addition, in the case where the heater is provided, in order to prevent the heat and odor generated during heating from diffusing into the room, it is necessary to cover the periphery of the heating element with a heat insulating material, or to provide an exhaust port shutter, etc. There was a problem that the equipment was complicated and expensive.

  In addition, there is a problem that it is necessary to open a window to ventilate because the humidity generated during cooking cannot be discharged, or that air conditioning is required more than ventilation because the heat of cooking stays indoors during cooling in summer. When these kitchen air treatment devices are provided with auxiliary ventilation equipment, it is necessary to supply air simultaneously with exhaust by ventilation, and there are problems such as coldness due to supply air and an increase in air conditioning load in winter.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above, and in an air treatment device that circulates contaminated air generated during cooking into a room, the deodorizing performance is maintained with a simple structure, and is not limited to a heating cooker used. The purpose of the present invention is to obtain an air treatment device that can save energy throughout the year regardless of the time of heating.

  In order to solve the above-described problems and achieve the object, the present invention provides a suction port for collecting contaminated air generated from an object to be cooked heated by a heating cooker located below, and an upper side of the suction port. An air passage disposed in parallel to the air passage, and a blower that blows the contaminated air upward from the air passage; An exhaust air passage that communicates, a circulation air passage that is connected to a room in a lateral direction with an indoor opening directed, and an air supply air passage that is connected to the circulation air passage in parallel with the exhaust air passage and connected to the circulation air passage in the upward direction. A chamber having a built-in air path switching damper that switches a wind direction to the exhaust air path and the circulation air path, and an air supply opening / closing damper that opens and closes the air supply air path, and the circulation air path of the indoor opening. Deodorizing equipment with deodorant and heater located on the side A first space separated by a partition plate on the side of the exhaust air passage outside the chamber, and a partition space on a side of the air supply air passage outside the chamber, and the exhaust air passage and the first space A second space provided on the opposite side of the first space so as to sandwich the air supply air passage, and the opening and closing device of the air passage switching damper, the supply air in the first and second spaces. An opening / closing device of an air opening / closing damper and a wiring portion of the heater are arranged.

  According to the present invention, an air treatment device includes a suction port that collects contaminated air generated from an object to be cooked heated by a heating cooker, an air passage disposed above the suction port, and a rear side of the air passage. Contaminated air is blown from the room to the chamber above the blower by a blower that is arranged at the top and blows upward. The chamber is located directly above the blower outlet and is connected to the exhaust air passage that communicates with the outside in the upward direction, the circulation air passage that faces the room, the air supply air passage that communicates with the outdoors and takes air into the room, and these An air path switching damper that switches the air direction to the exhaust air path and the circulation air path, and an air supply opening and closing damper that opens and closes the air supply air path. By switching the direction of the air path switching damper and the air supply opening / closing damper, the air is blown outdoors or indoors. The air blowing to the outside or the room is switched depending on the air condition in the room. When the air path switching damper closes the exhaust air path and the air supply opening / closing damper closes and blows air into the room, it is located inside the air path switching damper and the chamber opening, and absorbs oil smoke and odors. -Purified air is sent out by the deodorizing device that decomposes. After the deodorizer is used repeatedly, before the performance of the deodorizer deteriorates, the heater is energized to heat the deodorizer and restore the performance.

  Since the heat and odor generated during heating are higher than room temperature, they are discharged naturally through the exhaust air passage of the chamber, so the indoor diffusion of heat and odor should be prevented at a low cost using a simple structure. Can do. Also, if the air path damper closes the circulation air path and the air supply damper is open at the same time, the contaminated air is discharged to the outside, and the outside air passes through the air supply air path and the deodorizing device due to the negative air pressure caused by the exhaust. Since it can be taken indoors, the supply air can be cleaned, and the supply air can be warmed by a heater and taken into the room.

  Therefore, by using the air treatment device while switching between ventilation and circulation, it is possible to prevent the condensation in the room, and it is possible to obtain the effect of having energy saving, applicability, and convenience.

FIG. 1 is a side sectional view showing a configuration of an air processing apparatus according to a conventional embodiment. FIG. 2 is a side sectional view showing a configuration of an air processing apparatus according to a conventional form. FIG. 3 is a front view showing the air treatment device according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a side sectional view showing the air treatment apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIGS. 5-1 is a figure which shows the damper position and the flow of a wind at the time of ventilation concerning embodiment of this invention. FIG. 5-2 is a diagram illustrating a damper position and a wind flow during circulation according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a diagram schematically illustrating the configuration of the control circuit according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing air flow characteristics of the air treatment device according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a diagram showing the temperature characteristics of the activities of the deodorizer (manganese oxide) and Pd (palladium) according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of fins constituting the heater according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing the odor removal performance of the deodorizing apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating a grease filter according to an embodiment of the present invention.

  Embodiments of an air treatment device according to the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings. Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.

Embodiment.
1 and 2 are side cross-sectional views showing an air treatment apparatus according to a conventional embodiment. FIG. 3 is a front view showing the air treatment device according to the embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 4 is a side sectional view showing the air treatment device according to the embodiment of the present invention.

  In the air processing apparatus according to the conventional form, for example, as shown in FIG. 1, the contaminated air generated from the cooking object heated by the heating cooker passes through the deodorizer and the photodeodorization catalyst via the blower. The purified air is circulated and discharged into the room. The photocatalyst device activates the photocatalyst by discharge, and maintains the deodorization performance by the oxidizing action of ozone generated at the time of discharge. However, the discharge device is expensive and has a complicated structure, and a filter for removing ozone harmful to the human body is provided. There is a need.

In addition, as in the air treatment device shown in FIG. 2, in the air treatment device that is provided with a heater and a deodorizing agent and is activated by heating, the heat and odor generated during heating are prevented from diffusing into the room. Therefore, it is necessary to cover the periphery of the heating element with a heat insulating material or to provide an exhaust port shutter or the like. Therefore, there is a problem that the configuration of the device is complicated and expensive. Furthermore, since these air treatment apparatuses do not have a function of ensuring indoor O 2 concentration or a function of exhausting moisture, a gas cooker that generates CO 2 cannot be used as a heating cooker. Limited to halogen heaters and electromagnetic cookers. Moreover, since the humidity generated during cooking cannot be discharged, it is necessary to open a window for ventilation. Furthermore, since the heat of cooking stays indoors during cooling in summer, there is a problem that air conditioning is required more than ventilation. In these cases, when ventilation equipment is provided as an auxiliary, air supply is required simultaneously with exhaust by ventilation, and there are problems such as cold due to air supply and an increase in air conditioning load in winter.

  As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, the air treatment apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a suction port 1 that collects contaminated air generated from an object to be cooked heated by a heating cooker. Contaminated air is blown from the room to the chamber 4 above the blower 3 by the air passage 2 disposed above 1 and the blower 3 disposed behind the air passage 2 and blowing upward.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the chamber 4 is located immediately above the outlet of the blower 3 and is connected to the exhaust air passage 5 that communicates with the outside in the upward direction, and the circulation air passage that is connected to the indoor side with the indoor opening facing the room. 6, an air supply air passage 14 that communicates with the outdoor and circulation air passages 6 and takes air into the room, an air passage switching damper 7 that switches the air direction to the exhaust air passage 5 and the circulation air passage 6, and an air supply air passage An air supply opening / closing damper 15 that opens and closes is provided. As shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, depending on the direction of the air path switching damper 7 and the air supply opening / closing damper 15 that opens and closes the air supply air path, the outdoor (FIG. 5-1) or indoor (FIG. 5-2) The ventilation is switched to FIG. 5A shows the wind path switching damper 7 during ventilation, its position 7a, the direction of the air supply opening / closing damper 15, and the flow of wind. FIG. 5B shows the wind path switching damper 7 during circulation, its position 7b, the direction of the air supply opening / closing damper 15, and the flow of wind.

  The air blowing to the outside or the room is switched to the air blowing path that provides an energy saving effect depending on the air condition in the room, such as ventilation in the summer and circulation in the winter. As shown in FIG. 5B, when the air path switching damper 7 closes the exhaust air path 5 and at the same time the air supply opening / closing damper 15 closes and blows air into the room, the inside of the indoor opening (circulation air path) Clean air is sent out by the deodorizing device 8 that is located on the 6th side) and has a deodorizing agent that adsorbs and decomposes oil smoke and odor.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 5A, when the air path switching damper 7 closes the circulation air path 6 and at the same time the air supply opening / closing damper 15 is open, the polluted air is discharged to the outside and the room is exhausted. Since the outside air is taken into the room through the air supply passage 14 and the deodorizing device 8 due to the negative pressure, the air supply can be cleaned, and the air supply can be warmed by the heater 20 and taken into the room.

  In the embodiment according to the present invention, the activity of the deodorant is heated by heating the deodorant by energizing the heater 20 before the oily smoke / odor is deposited on the deodorizer provided in the deodorizer 8 after repeated use. To decompose oil smoke and odor. The energizing means for the heater 20 may be periodically performed by the user by pressing a heater energizing switch installed in an apparatus operation unit (not shown), or periodically by a timer installed in the apparatus. It is also possible to use a method of energizing the battery. FIG. 6 shows a schematic diagram of the configuration of the control circuit 12 according to the embodiment of the present invention.

  Since the heat and odor generated at the time of heating by the heater 20 is higher than room temperature, the air is naturally discharged to the outside by the draft effect through the exhaust air passage 5 of the chamber 4 without blowing air. It has a simple structure and can be prevented at low cost. Further, since the exhaust air passage 5 communicating with the outdoors is located immediately above the outlet of the blower 3, the pressure loss to the outdoors is small, and the amount of exhaust air to the outdoors can be secured.

The pressure loss at the opening of the chamber 4 and the exhaust air passage 5 in the present embodiment is about 20 Pa when the air volume is 400 m 3 / h. FIG. 7 shows the air flow characteristics of the air processing apparatus and the exhaust type kitchen fan according to the present embodiment. As shown in FIG. 7, it is possible to secure an air volume substantially equal to that of the air processing apparatus according to the present embodiment by using a blower 3 of a kitchen ventilation fan that performs exhaust.

In addition, since the air treatment apparatus according to the present embodiment can secure a sufficient air volume, for example, if a control for adjusting the ventilation volume according to the amount of gas generated is provided, the O 2 concentration can be secured. For this reason, a heating cooker is not limited to a halogen heater or an electromagnetic cooker, but can be applied to a gas cooker that generates CO 2 . In addition, in the case where condensation occurs due to indoor and outdoor air conditions and cooking conditions, it is possible to suppress condensation by performing indoor dehumidification by ventilation. In order to suppress this dew condensation, it is considered that an air volume of about 400 m 3 / h is necessary. However, the exhaust type air duct 5 is positioned immediately above the outlet of the blower 3 to reduce the pressure loss. An air volume of 400 m 3 / h or more can be secured by using the blower 3 of the kitchen ventilation fan, and condensation can be suppressed. In addition, when ventilation is performed in winter, the temperature inside the room decreases due to the supply air, but the supply air can be warmed and introduced into the room by energizing the heater 20.

  Furthermore, in the prior art, since the heat of the cooking device stays indoors even during the cooling in summer, air conditioning is required more than ventilation. However, according to the configuration of the air treatment device according to the present embodiment, it is possible to switch between ventilation and circulation by changing the direction of the air path switching damper 7 and the air supply opening / closing damper 15, so that the ventilation in the summer and the winter By switching to a condition such as circulation, energy saving effects can be secured throughout the year regardless of the season. Further, by adding a dust filter or a dehumidifying agent to the deodorizing device 8, the air supply cleaning function can be improved.

  As a deodorizing agent used in the deodorizing apparatus 8, it is possible to activate at a low temperature in addition to being cheaper than using noble metal by using manganese oxide. For this reason, the attached oil smoke and odor can be decomposed by heating at an oil ignition temperature of 360 ° C. or less, and can be safely regenerated. As an example, a temperature characteristic of each activity is shown in FIG. 8 using a Pd (palladium) catalyst as a comparison target.

  As shown in FIG. 8, a Pd (palladium) catalyst requires a high temperature of about 300 ° C., but a manganese dioxide catalyst exhibits a large activity at a temperature of about 100 ° C., so that oil smoke is regenerated and decomposed at a temperature of 180 ° C. In addition, the performance of the catalyst can be maintained even when used for a long time.

  In addition, the heater 20 used in the deodorizing device has a self-temperature controllability if a PTC heater having a positive temperature coefficient resistance change characteristic is used, so that the heater 20 can be safely and energy-saving without being abnormally high in temperature. it can. That is, by using the heater 20 having the characteristic that the electric resistance suddenly increases at 180 ° C. or higher, even when the control circuit 12 of the heater 20 fails, the heater 20 does not rise to 180 ° C. or higher and is safe.

  The deodorizing agent used in the deodorizing device 8 can reduce heat loss when it is carried on the metal fins 21 in contact with the heater 20 than the method in which the heater 20 and the deodorizing agent are indirectly heated via air, thereby saving energy. Sex can be secured. Specifically, as shown in the upper left of FIG. 9, a manganese oxide catalyst is supported on the fins 21 made of aluminum sheet metal together with zeolite. Furthermore, as the size of the deodorizing device 8 is reduced, it can be easily incorporated into the product and the overall size can be reduced. However, since the air passage area is reduced accordingly, the pressure loss is large and the air volume is reduced. Further, since the area where the odor is adsorbed and brought into contact with the deodorizer is reduced, the deodorization performance is reduced.

  In order to solve this problem, in the present embodiment, the air passage composed of the metal fins 21 is bent as shown in FIG. Performance can be ensured. The size of the blower 3 used in the present embodiment is 360 mm in width, 350 mm in height, and 225 mm in depth in consideration of blowing performance and the like. At this time, as described above, in the present embodiment, the deodorizing device 8 is configured in the upper portion of the blower 3, and the upper portion of the blower 3 is a space of the chamber 4 connected to the exhaust air passage 5 and the circulation air passage 6.

  In addition, the deodorizing device 8 has a width of 400 mm × a height of 125 mm × a depth of about 45 mm so that the height of the product of the entire air treatment device is kept within 600 mm and the top of the blower 3 has no irregularities and has a good design appearance. Is necessary. The reason for keeping the height of the product within 600 mm is that the air treatment device is separated from the top surface of the heating cooker when combined with a heating cooker with a height of 800 mm in a room with a ceiling height of 2200 mm from the floor. This is because the distance of 800 mm sufficient for disaster prevention can be secured.

As shown in FIG. 9, the shape of the fin 21 in the present embodiment is bent twice at each of the inlet and outlet portions of the air passage of the fin 21 to ensure the above-mentioned size and ensure pressure loss and deodorizing performance. We were able to. The pressure loss is about 26 Pa when the air volume is 200 m 3 / h. As a result of confirming the deodorizing performance by a test of the removal rate of 100 ppm of acetaldehyde in a 1 m 3 box, it was confirmed that the odor was removed in a short time as compared with the fin without bending as shown in FIG.

  By installing a grease filter 9 for removing oil smoke and steam in front of the suction port 1 and preventing contamination of components leeward from the suction port 1, maintenance can be further reduced and energy saving can be obtained. Since the grease filter 9 is located at a low position, it is easy to clean by the user, and by removing oily smoke having a large particle diameter, the contamination of the blower 3 and the deodorant that are high and difficult to maintain is reduced. Can do. In addition, since the amount of oil smoke and the like attached to the heater deodorizer is suppressed, power consumption during heating can be suppressed.

  It was found that when two or more layers of 10-mesh filters were installed as the grease filter 9, the amount of oil smoke adhering to the leeward blower 3 or the like was extremely small, so that it could be suppressed to a level that would not bother without cleaning. If the size of the mesh is fine, the oil smoke collection rate is good, but clogging due to steam generated during cooking occurs. In order to prevent clogging, the opening size should be 10 mesh or more. However, if the opening is large, one layer does not provide sufficient trapping properties, so two layers are used. In addition, since 10 meshes can be layered on two layers, there is no problem with cleanability. As shown in Fig. 11, the two layers are collected and fixed with a protective frame such as a metal frame. The filter can be easily handled without being bulky.

  As shown in FIG. 3, a partition plate is provided on the side of the deodorizing device 8 in the chamber 4, and spaces 10a and 10b outside the air passage are separated from the contaminated air on the side from the partition plate. By installing damper opening and closing devices and heater wiring sections in the spaces 10a and 10b outside these air passages, these electrical components have no contact with polluted air, ensuring long-term reliability without being treated for water and dust. can do.

  Further, a partition plate is provided between the air passage 2 and the blower 3, and a space 11 outside the air passage that is separated from the contaminated air is provided, and a control circuit 12 that controls the operation of the blower 3, the heater 20, and the like is disposed here. By doing so, these electrical components are free from contact with contaminated air, and long-term reliability can be ensured without waterproofing and dustproofing. Since the casing of the blower 3 has a shape close to a circle, a space is generated when the air passage is rectangular, and the control circuit 12 can be disposed.

  In addition, by providing a heat-sensing fireproof damper 13 in the exhaust air passage 5 communicating with the outdoors, when ignited from a pan or the like when cooking tempura, etc., or ignited from the heater 20 in the deodorizer 8 It can sense heat and block the air path. As a result, it is possible to prevent the spread of fire through the piping, and to ensure safety. The heat detection method of the fire damper 13 may be a method using a sensor such as a thermistor, but a simpler structure can be realized by adopting a method in which a spring is operated by a thermal fuse in which metal is melted.

  Furthermore, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention in the implementation stage. Further, the above embodiments include inventions at various stages, and various inventions can be extracted by appropriately combining a plurality of disclosed constituent requirements.

  For example, even if some constituent elements are deleted from all the constituent elements shown in each of the above embodiments, the problem described in the column of the problem to be solved by the invention can be solved, and described in the column of the effect of the invention. In the case where the obtained effect can be obtained, a configuration in which this configuration requirement is deleted can be extracted as an invention. Furthermore, you may combine the structural requirements in the said embodiment suitably.

  As described above, the air treatment apparatus according to the present invention is useful for energy saving, and particularly includes a deodorizing apparatus that does not require maintenance, and the cooking device is not limited, so that it can be used in a wide range of kitchens. It is suitable for a kitchen air treatment apparatus capable of ensuring a comfortable space.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Inlet, 2 Air path, 3 Blower, 4 Chamber, 5 Exhaust air path, 6 Circulation air path, 7 Air path switching damper, 7a Air path switching damper position in ventilation, 7b Air path switching damper position in circulation, 8 Deodorizing device, 9 Grease filter, 10a, 10b, 11 Space outside the air passage, 12 Control circuit, 13 Fire damper, 14 Air supply air passage, 15 Air supply opening / closing damper, 20 Heater, 21 Fin.

Claims (2)

  1. A suction port for collecting contaminated air generated from the cooking object heated by the cooking device located below;
    An air passage disposed above the inlet;
    A blower that is arranged in parallel with the air path and blows the contaminated air from the air path upward from the air path;
    A chamber connected over the blower outlet ;
    An exhaust air passage installed at the upper part of the chamber and connected to the outdoor in the upward direction;
    An air supply air path installed in parallel with the exhaust air path at the top of the chamber and connected to the outdoor in the upward direction;
    A circulating air passage connected to the interior of the chamber in the lateral direction of the chamber with the indoor opening facing ;
    A wind installed in the chamber and capable of switching the wind direction so as to close the exhaust air passage or the circulation air passage against the flow of the contaminated air from the outlet. A road switching damper,
    Is installed in the supply air flow path and air supply opening damper for open- or closed sealing the supply air flow path,
    Placed in front Symbol air circulation duct, a deodorizing device having a deodorant and a heater,
    A first space separated by a partition plate on a side of the exhaust air passage outside the chamber;
    A second space that is isolated by a partition plate to the side of the air supply air passage outside the chamber, and is provided on the opposite side of the first space so as to sandwich the exhaust air flow passage and the air supply air passage;
    With
    In the first and second spaces, an opening / closing device of the air path switching damper, an opening / closing device of the air supply opening / closing damper, and a wiring portion of the heater are arranged ,
    At the time of ventilation, the air path switching damper opens the exhaust air path and closes the circulation air path, the air supply opening and closing damper opens the air supply air path,
    An air processing device characterized in that, during circulation, the air passage switching damper opens the circulation air passage and closes the exhaust air passage, and the air supply opening / closing damper closes the air supply air passage .
  2. The third space separated from the air passage by a partition plate is provided on a side of the air passage, and the blower and the heater control circuit are arranged in the third space. 2. The air treatment device according to 1.
JP2014159797A 2014-08-05 2014-08-05 Air treatment equipment Active JP5859073B2 (en)

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Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03286943A (en) * 1990-03-31 1991-12-17 Toshiba Corp Ventilation system for kitchen
JP3653306B2 (en) * 1995-07-31 2005-05-25 富士工業株式会社 Cooking odor treatment equipment
JPH0979640A (en) * 1995-09-08 1997-03-28 Fuji Kogyo Kk Supply and exhaust type range hood
JP2004215879A (en) * 2003-01-15 2004-08-05 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Hand drier
KR100577256B1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2006-05-10 엘지전자 주식회사 air-cleaner having ventilation

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