JP5802016B2 - Inkjet printer - Google Patents

Inkjet printer Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5802016B2
JP5802016B2 JP2011014970A JP2011014970A JP5802016B2 JP 5802016 B2 JP5802016 B2 JP 5802016B2 JP 2011014970 A JP2011014970 A JP 2011014970A JP 2011014970 A JP2011014970 A JP 2011014970A JP 5802016 B2 JP5802016 B2 JP 5802016B2
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nozzle
suction hole
plastic template
print head
ink
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JP2012153048A (en
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衛 齋藤
衛 齋藤
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理想科学工業株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an ink jet printer, and more particularly to an ink jet printer that performs printing by ejecting ink from a print head onto a recording medium adsorbed and conveyed in an image forming unit.

  Inkjet printers that can perform high-speed color printing at a low price are remarkable. The ink jet printer is connected to a terminal such as a personal computer, captures image data such as characters, illustrations, and symbols produced at the terminal, and prints on paper. Further, in a composite ink jet printer integrated with a scanner or a facsimile, it is possible to print image data captured from a scanner unit, or to print image data transferred by a facsimile.

  This type of ink jet printer includes a mechanism for adsorbing and transporting recording paper onto a plastic template at a position facing the print head of the image forming unit. The recording paper is conveyed by a conveyance belt that slides on the plastic template, and is sucked onto the plastic template by using a suction force via the conveyance belt. By providing such a mechanism, the recording paper can be prevented from wrinkling or wavy (cockling) in the image forming unit, and the recording paper can be prevented from curling. It can be lost. As a result, interference between the recording paper and the print head (for example, clogging of the recording paper) can be prevented, and a distance (head gap) between the print head and the recording paper can be stably secured. Stable prints and print image quality can be obtained.

  In order to obtain a more stable print and print image quality, the suction force of the recording paper may be increased. However, as the suction force near the print head increases, the air flow becomes faster. This air flow affects the trajectory of the ink droplets ejected from the print head and causes the print image quality to deteriorate. Further, when the air flow becomes fast, mist is easily induced from the ink droplets, and the mist causes the recording paper to be contaminated, and the ink jet printer is contaminated (contamination inside the apparatus).

  Patent Document 1 listed below includes an ink jet printer that includes an air flow control unit that controls to reduce the air flow in the paper conveyance direction that occurs in the vicinity of an ink jet head and that can suppress the occurrence of the ink mist. A paper transport mechanism used for the above is disclosed. As the air flow control means of this paper transport mechanism, there are disclosed an example in which the air circulation holes on the platen are blocked, an example in which the formation density of the air circulation holes is reduced, and an example in which the air circulation holes have a small diameter. By providing the control means, it is possible to prevent paper contamination due to ink mist generated at the leading edge of the paper.

JP 2007-31007 A

  However, in the paper transport mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 described above, it is possible to reduce the air flow downstream in the paper transport direction that occurs in the vicinity of the ink jet head, but it is directly under the ink jet head that most affects print image quality. No consideration has been given to the fact that no air circulation holes are provided and the sheet floats in this area. When the sheet floats directly under the inkjet head, it is difficult to stably secure a head gap between the ink discharge nozzle and the sheet conveyed immediately below, and the sheet may come into contact with the ink discharge nozzle. . For this reason, there is a concern about deterioration of print image quality.

  Therefore, an attempt has been made to arrange an air circulation hole directly under the ink jet head. However, air flows from the periphery of the ink jet head through the narrow head gap between the ink jet head and the paper and flows into the air circulation hole, and the air flow immediately below the ink jet head is accelerated. For this reason, it is inevitable that mist is generated from the ink droplets, the paper is soiled by the mist, and the ink jet printer is contaminated.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above problems. Therefore, according to the present invention, it is possible to prevent contamination of the recording medium and the apparatus by suppressing the generation of mist of ink droplets without accelerating the air flow accompanying the suction of the recording medium directly under the print head, and further, the print head. An object of the present invention is to provide an ink jet printer capable of preventing the recording medium directly below from floating.

  It is another object of the present invention to provide an ink jet printer that can prevent interference between a print head and a recording medium and can improve print image quality.

In order to solve the above problems, a first feature of the present invention is that, in an ink jet printer, an ink jet print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on a nozzle surface, and a back surface opposite to the nozzle surface. A plurality of recesses regularly arranged in the entire region that does not overlap the nozzle surface of the surface to be dug down and a suction hole penetrating from a part of the bottom surface of the recess to the back surface, and the suction hole is in the region overlapping the nozzle surface And an auxiliary suction hole penetrating from the front surface to the back surface. The auxiliary suction hole has a smaller opening area than the suction hole in a region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template. The auxiliary suction holes are arranged between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle. It is that are disposed respectively on and between the nozzle.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the inkjet printer according to the first aspect, the plastic template has a head gap between the nozzle surface and a recording medium conveyed on the surface of the plastic template around the contour of the nozzle surface. The suction hole is not provided in the region up to the position where the dimension is added.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, in an ink jet printer, an ink jet type print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on a nozzle surface, and from a surface on the nozzle surface side to a back surface opposite to the nozzle surface in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface. A plurality of recesses regularly arranged on the digging surface and a suction hole penetrating from the bottom surface of a part of the recess to the back surface, and a plastic template in which suction holes are not disposed in a region overlapping the nozzle surface; In the region overlapping with the nozzle surface of the plastic template, an auxiliary suction hole penetrating from the front surface to the back surface is provided with an opening area smaller than the opening area of the suction hole. It is between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle. Re is that are provided.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the ink jet printer, an ink jet type print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on a nozzle surface, and a surface on the nozzle surface side in a region that does not overlap with the nozzle surface, toward the back surface facing it. It has a plurality of recesses regularly arranged on the digging surface and a suction hole penetrating from a part of the bottom surface of the recess to the back surface. In the region up to the position where the head gap dimension is added to the recording medium conveyed on the surface of the template, and in the region overlapping with the nozzle surface of the plastic template An auxiliary suction hole that has a smaller opening area than the suction hole and penetrates from the front surface to the back surface is provided. The auxiliary suction holes are disposed between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, respectively. is there.

According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the ink jet printer, an ink jet type print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on the nozzle surface, and a regular arrangement on the surface dug down from the surface on the nozzle surface side to the back surface facing it. A plurality of recessed portions and a plastic template having a suction hole penetrating from the bottom surface of the concave portion to the back surface, and a suction hole that slides along the back surface of the plastic template and is disposed in an area overlapping the nozzle surface A shutter mechanism that opens and closes and a control unit that controls the opening and closing operation of the shutter mechanism. The shutter mechanism opens the suction hole when the printing rate is low, and the suction hole when the printing rate is high. Is to perform the closing operation.

According to the first feature of the present invention, since the suction hole is not provided in the plastic template in the region overlapping with the nozzle surface immediately below the print head, air accompanying suction between the nozzle surface and the recording medium is provided. Since the flow of the ink is not accelerated, the influence on the trajectory of the ink droplet can be suppressed. Furthermore, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of ink droplet mist. Accordingly, the print quality can be improved, and contamination in the recording medium and the apparatus can be prevented. Further, since the concave portion and the suction hole are provided in the plastic template in the entire area around the print head and not overlapping with the nozzle surface, the recording medium is inserted into the plastic template until immediately before the recording medium is conveyed directly under the print head. Can be reliably sucked to the side to prevent the recording medium just below the print head from floating. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction hole is provided in the plastic template in the area overlapping the nozzle surface directly under the print head, the recording medium directly under the print head is reliably sucked toward the plastic template side, and the recording medium directly under the print head is lifted. Can be prevented. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction holes are arranged at positions symmetrical to the transport direction around the ink discharge nozzles directly under the print head, the air flow directly under the print head is kept stable, and the turbulence generated in the ink droplet trajectory. Can be reduced.

  According to the second feature of the present invention, in addition to the effect obtained by the ink jet printer according to the first feature, the suction holes are arranged in the region from the nozzle surface contour to the position where the head gap dimension is added. Since the air flow accompanying the suction around the nozzle surface does not accelerate the air flow directly under the print head, the influence of the ink droplet trajectory directly under the print head can be suppressed. Generation of mist of ink droplets can be prevented.

According to the third feature of the present invention, since the suction hole is not provided in the plastic template in the region overlapping with the nozzle surface directly below the print head, air accompanying suction between the nozzle surface and the recording medium is provided. Since the flow of the ink is not accelerated, the influence on the trajectory of the ink droplet can be suppressed. Furthermore, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of ink droplet mist. Accordingly, the print quality can be improved, and contamination in the recording medium and the apparatus can be prevented. Furthermore, since the concave portion and the suction hole are provided in the plastic template in the area around the print head and not overlapping with the nozzle surface, the recording medium is placed on the plastic template side until just before the recording medium is conveyed directly under the print head. Therefore, the recording medium can be reliably sucked to prevent the recording medium immediately below the print head from floating. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction hole is provided in the plastic template in the area overlapping the nozzle surface directly under the print head, the recording medium directly under the print head is reliably sucked toward the plastic template side, and the recording medium directly under the print head is lifted. Can be prevented. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction holes are arranged at positions symmetrical to the transport direction around the ink discharge nozzles directly under the print head, the air flow directly under the print head is kept stable, and the turbulence generated in the ink droplet trajectory. Can be reduced.

According to the fourth feature of the present invention, the suction hole is not provided in the plastic template in the region overlapping the nozzle surface and the region from the nozzle surface contour to the position where the head gap dimension is added. It is possible to suppress the influence of the trajectory of the ink droplets directly under the print head without accelerating the air flow directly under the print head due to the air flow accompanying suction between the surface and the recording medium and around the nozzle surface. In addition, generation of mist of ink droplets can be prevented. Accordingly, the print quality can be improved, and contamination in the recording medium and the apparatus can be prevented. Furthermore, since the concave portion and the suction hole are provided in the plastic template in the area around the print head and not overlapping with the nozzle surface, the recording medium is placed on the plastic template side until just before the recording medium is conveyed directly under the print head. Therefore, the recording medium can be reliably sucked to prevent the recording medium immediately below the print head from floating. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction hole is provided in the plastic template in the area overlapping the nozzle surface directly under the print head, the recording medium directly under the print head is reliably sucked toward the plastic template side, and the recording medium directly under the print head is lifted. Can be prevented. Furthermore, since the auxiliary suction holes are arranged at positions symmetrical to the transport direction around the ink discharge nozzles directly under the print head, the air flow directly under the print head is kept stable, and the turbulence generated in the ink droplet trajectory. Can be reduced.

According to the fifth feature of the present invention, the shutter mechanism and the control unit are provided, and the suction hole disposed in the region overlapping the nozzle surface can be opened and closed by the shutter mechanism based on the control from the control unit. As a result, this is equivalent to the fact that the suction holes are not provided in the region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template, so that the same effect as that obtained by the ink jet printer according to the first feature can be obtained. Furthermore, if a suction hole disposed in a region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template is opened by the shutter mechanism, the suction effect of the recording medium can be enhanced immediately below the print head. This is effective for conveying a recording medium such as a curled sheet which is easily floated and easily interferes with the print head. Furthermore, the opening / closing operation of the shutter mechanism can be automatically performed based on the printing rate.

1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an inkjet printer according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG. 3A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the main part of the basic structure of the image forming unit of the ink jet printer according to the first embodiment, and FIG. FIG. 2 is a plan view of an image forming unit of the ink jet printer shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 2A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a main part of a specific structure including a pressing roller of an image forming unit of the ink jet printer according to the first embodiment, and FIG. (A) thru | or (D) is a schematic diagram which shows the relationship between the change of the position of the suction hole of a plastic template with respect to the nozzle surface of a print head, and the state of an air flow in the inkjet printer which concerns on Example 1. FIG. (A) And (B) is a figure which shows the relationship between the nozzle surface-plastic template distance of a print head, and the flow velocity of air in the inkjet printer which concerns on Example 1. FIG. FIG. 4A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a main part of an image forming unit of an ink jet printer according to a first modification of the first embodiment, and FIG. FIG. 6A is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a main part of an image forming unit of an ink jet printer according to a second modification of the first embodiment, and FIG. (A) is a principal part expanded sectional view of the image formation part of the inkjet printer which concerns on Example 2 of this invention, (B) is a principal part enlarged plan view of the same location of an image formation part. FIGS. 7A and 7B are enlarged bottom views of main parts of an image forming unit of an ink jet printer according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention, FIG. 5A shows a state in which a shutter mechanism is closed, and FIG. Indicates the open state. FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating a shutter mechanism and a driving system thereof according to Embodiment 3. 6 is a bottom view of an image forming unit of an ink jet printer according to Embodiment 3. FIG. (A) And (B) is the principal part expanded bottom view of the image formation part of the inkjet printer which concerns on the modification of Example 3, (A) shows the state which closed the shutter mechanism, (B) is a shutter mechanism. Indicates the open state.

  Next, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the following description of the drawings, the same or similar parts are denoted by the same or similar reference numerals. However, the drawings are schematic and different from actual ones.

  Further, the following embodiments exemplify apparatuses and methods for embodying the technical idea of the present invention, and the technical idea of the present invention specifies the arrangement of each component as follows. It is not what you do. The technical idea of the present invention can be variously modified within the scope of the claims.

(Example 1)
Embodiment 1 of the present invention describes an example in which the present invention is applied to a color inkjet printer that performs printing using cyan ink, magenta ink, yellow ink, and black ink. The present invention is not necessarily applied only to a color inkjet printer, but can also be applied to a monochrome inkjet printer including a gray scale.

[Inkjet printer configuration]
As shown in FIG. 1, the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment has a transport mechanism that supplies a recording medium 100 to be printed, prints on the recording medium 100, and discharges the printed recording medium 100. In the inkjet printer 10, a detachable paper feed base 101 that protrudes outward from the housing is disposed on the left side surface of a housing that is not labeled, and a plurality of paper feed trays 102 and 103 are disposed inside the housing. , 104 and 105 are arranged. In these paper feed table 101 and paper feed trays 102 to 105, an unprinted (before printing) recording medium 100 is stored. A paper discharge table 110 is disposed on the upper left side of the casing of the inkjet printer 10. The printed recording medium 100 (after printing) is discharged to the paper discharge table 110. Here, a recording sheet is used for the recording medium 100. The recording medium 100 is not limited to this recording paper, and may be a paper coated with a recording film, an OHP film (OHP sheet) used for an overhead projector (OHP), a resin disc, or the like. Good.

  The ink jet printer 10 has a large number of ink ejection nozzles (FIGS. 2A and 2B) in a direction (here, a direction orthogonal) intersecting the transport direction of the recording medium 100 supplied from the paper feed table 101 or the like. ) Are provided with reference numerals 21 and 22, and a plurality of inkjet printheads 2 are provided. These print heads 2 are connected to an ink supply system 7. Although not necessarily limited to this method, and the configuration thereof is not shown, the ink jet printer 10 according to the first embodiment supplies ink to the print head 2 and excess ink that has not been used for printing. An ink circulation system is employed in which the collected ink is circulated again. The ink supply system 7 is connected to the control unit 6, and the operations of the ink supply system 7 and the print head 2 are controlled by the control unit 6. Each print head 2 discharges black ink, cyan ink, magenta ink, and yellow ink, and performs printing in line units. That is, the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment is a color inkjet printer that employs a line printing method.

  In the image forming unit of the ink jet printer 10, a plastic template 4 is disposed at a position facing the print head 2 (nozzle surface 2S thereof) with a conveying belt 3 interposed therebetween (FIG. 2A, FIG. 3, etc.). reference.). The conveyance belt 3 is a traveling belt without a terminal, slides on the plastic template 4 (runs on the surface), conveys (supplies) the recording medium 100 onto the plastic template 4, and the plastic template 4 after printing. The recording medium 100 is conveyed (discharged) from above. The detailed configuration of the transport belt 3 and the plastic template 4 will be described later.

  A suction device 5 is disposed below the plastic template 4, that is, on the side opposite to the print head 2 (the lower back surface in FIG. 2A). The suction device 5 has a function of adsorbing the recording medium 100 conveyed to the image forming unit and printed on the plastic template 4 via the conveyance belt 3. In the first embodiment, an air suction fan is used for the suction device 5. In the first embodiment, the suction device 5 is built in the housing of the ink jet printer 10. However, the suction device 5 is installed as an external device outside the housing of the ink jet printer 10 and is placed under the plastic template 5 using a suction duct. You may pipe. The suction device 5 is connected to the control unit 6, and the suction operation of the suction device 5 is controlled by the control unit 6.

  Note that the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment is not limited to a system that performs printing in line units, and may be applied to a serial system that performs printing by scanning in the line direction.

[Printing operation of inkjet printer]
The printing operation of the inkjet printer 10 shown in FIG. 1 is as follows. First, an unprinted recording medium 100 supplied from one of the paper feed tray 101 and the paper feed trays 102 to 105 is not particularly designated by a reference numeral, but is encased by a drive mechanism constructed by rollers or the like. It is transported along a paper feed system transport path in the body and guided to the resist unit 121. The registration unit 121 has a function of aligning the leading end of the transported recording medium 100 in the supply direction, correcting skew, and the like. I have. The recording medium 100 conveyed to the registration unit 121 is temporarily stopped and then conveyed toward the image forming unit (printing unit) where the print heads 2 are arranged at a predetermined timing.

  An annular conveying belt 3 is disposed in a region facing the print head 2 via the paper feeding system conveying path, and the conveying belt 3 conveys the recording medium 100 at a speed determined by printing conditions. The print head 2 ejects each color ink onto the recording medium 100 conveyed on the plastic template 4 using the conveyance belt 3, and color printing, monochrome printing, or gray scale printing is performed.

  The printed recording medium 100 is transported along a paper discharge system transport path by a drive mechanism, and in the case of single-sided printing, is directly guided to a paper discharge tray 110 and discharged. In the case of double-sided printing, the recording medium 100 on which single-sided printing has been performed is guided to the switchback path 111 through the switching mechanism 122 from the paper discharge system conveyance path. Returned to the transport path. As in the case of single-sided printing, the recording medium 100 returned to the paper feed system transport path is transported from the registration unit 121 to the image forming unit, and after printing is performed, the paper discharge platform 110 passes through the paper discharge system path. To be discharged.

[Basic configuration of image forming unit]
As shown in FIGS. 1, 2A, 2B, and 3, the image forming unit of the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment has ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 arranged on the nozzle surface 2S. Ink jet type print head 2, a plurality of recesses 41 regularly arranged on the surface digging down from the surface on the nozzle surface 2 S side toward the back surface facing it in a region not overlapping with nozzle surface 2 S, and the bottom surface of this recess 41 And a plastic template 4 having a suction hole 42 penetrating from the portion to the back surface and not provided with a suction hole 42 in a region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S.

  Here, the surface of the plastic template 4 is the surface on the nozzle surface 2S side (upper surface in FIG. 1) as described above in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2A, and is the surface on the print head 2 side. . Further, the back surface of the plastic template 4 is a surface (a lower surface in the figure) facing the surface of the plastic template 4 as described above in FIG. 1 and FIG. The surface.

  The plastic template 4 is a resin plate manufactured using the injection molding method in the first embodiment. The resin plate is easy to process and the material cost is easy, and as a result, the manufacturing cost can be greatly reduced. The plastic template 4 may be a metal plate.

  The thickness (the dimension from the front surface to the back surface) of the plastic template 4 shown in FIG. 2A is set to, for example, 2.5 mm-7.0 mm. Here, the planar shape (opening shape) of the concave portion 41 disposed on the surface of the plastic template 4 is an elongated rectangular shape along the conveyance direction of the recording medium 100. The length in the conveyance direction of the recess 41 shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B (the groove length from one end 41E1 to the other end 41E2) is set to 16 mm to 68 mm, for example. The length of the recess 41 is set to the interval between print heads 2 arranged in the transport direction (the direction from left to right in FIGS. 2A and 2B) or a multiple thereof. The length (groove width) in the direction intersecting the conveying direction of the recess 41 shown in FIG. 2B is set to 3 mm to 10 mm, for example. The depth of the recess 41 shown in FIG. 2A (the dimension from the surface of the plastic template 4 to the bottom surface of the concave 41) is about 1 / 3.5-1 / 4 smaller than the thickness of the plastic template 4, for example. It is set to 0.5 mm-2.0 mm. Here, in FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B, the left side in the transport direction with the print head 2 as the center is the side for supplying the recording medium 100 in an unprinted state, and the upstream side in the transport direction. is there. The right side in the transport direction with the print head 2 as the center is the side on which the printed recording medium 100 is discharged, and the downstream side in the transport direction.

  As shown in FIGS. 2B and 3, a region 43 overlapping with the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2 (a region obtained by projecting the nozzle surface 2S perpendicularly from the surface) and a predetermined range from the outer edge of the nozzle surface 2S ( Here, except for the region within the range corresponding to the head gap dimension G between the nozzle surface 2S and the surface of the recording medium 100 conveyed on the surface of the plastic template 4, the concave portion 41 is regulated by a constant pitch in the conveying direction. Are arranged. The next-stage recesses 41 adjacent in the direction intersecting (orthogonal to) the transport direction are regularly arranged at the same constant pitch in the transport direction with a half-pitch shift from the previous-stage pitch. That is, the recesses 41 are arranged in a staggered pattern on the surface of the plastic template 4.

  The suction hole 42 is disposed in the center (part) of the bottom surface of the recessed portion 41, and the suction hole 42 is connected to the suction device 5 disposed under the plastic template 4. Here, the planar shape (opening shape) of the suction hole 42 is an oblong shape that is elongated in the transport direction and has an arc shape at both ends in the transport direction. 2A and 2B, the length in the transport direction of the suction hole 42 (the groove length from one end 42E1 to the other end 42E2) is the length of the recess 41 in the same transport direction. For example, it is set to 4 mm-30 mm, which is shorter. The length (groove width) in the direction intersecting the conveying direction of the suction hole 42 shown in FIG. 2B is set to 3 mm-8 mm, which is shorter than the groove width in the same direction of the recess 41. The depth of the suction hole 42 shown in FIG. 2A (the dimension from the bottom surface of the recess 41 to the back surface of the plastic template 4) is set to, for example, 2 mm-5 mm, which occupies most of the entire thickness of the plastic template 4. Yes.

  As shown in FIGS. 2B and 3, the plastic template 4 according to the first embodiment includes a recess 41 and a suction hole 42 in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface 2 </ b> S of the print head 2. The suction force from the suction device 5 acting on the recording medium 100 transported on the surface through the recess 41, the suction hole 42 and the belt hole 31 of the transport belt 3 (in FIG. The recording medium 100 is prevented from floating. That is, in the concave portion 41 and the suction hole 42 of the plastic template 4 and the suction device 5, it is possible to prevent a conveyance failure (occurrence of a jam) due to the interference between the print head 2 and the recording medium 100, and the nozzle surface 2S. Since the head gap G with the surface of the recording medium 100 conveyed immediately below can be ensured appropriately, the print quality can be improved.

  Further, as shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B, the plastic template 4 according to the first embodiment is provided with the recess 41 and the suction hole 42 in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2. The air flow generated by suction in the gap of the head gap G between the nozzle surface 2S and the recording medium 100 transported immediately below the nozzle surface 2S (in FIG. 2A, an arrow is used although not indicated by a symbol). Not to accelerate). As a result of not accelerating the air flow, it is possible to reduce the influence of the trajectory of the ink discharged from the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 and to prevent the generation of mist, thereby improving the print quality. Can do.

  The region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 is a region on the surface of the plastic template 4 obtained by projecting the effective nozzle surface 2S in parallel to the vertical direction, and is viewed from directly above the print head 2. This is a region on the surface of the plastic template 4 where the nozzle surface 2S overlaps. Here, the effective nozzle surface 2S is the surface of the print head 2 on which the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 are disposed, facing the surface of the plastic template 4 and forming a surface substantially parallel to the surface. .

  In the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the concave portion 41 and the suction hole 42 are not provided in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S, but in the vicinity of the region 43 and in the outer peripheral region of the region 43. Also, the recess 41 and the suction hole 42 are not provided. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2 (A), a region from the contour (outer edge) 2E of the nozzle surface 2S to the position where the dimension L1 is added to the periphery thereof (in the upstream and downstream in the transport direction with the print head 2 as the center). Similarly, the recess 41 and the suction hole 42 are not provided. When the suction hole 42 exists in the area around the nozzle surface 2S (area of the dimension L1), most of the air around the nozzle surface 2S is sucked through the suction hole 42, and the flow of air immediately below the nozzle surface 2S is reduced. Accelerates, affects the ink trajectory, and induces mist. Therefore, the suction hole 42 is not provided in the region of the dimension L1 from the outline of the nozzle surface 2S, and it is necessary not to affect the flow of air immediately below the nozzle surface 2S. The dimension L1 is set to the dimension of the head gap G between the nozzle surface 2S and the recording medium 100 conveyed on the surface of the plastic template 4 in the first embodiment. It has been experimentally confirmed that when the suction hole 42 is provided in a region having a dimension exceeding the head gap G from the outline of the nozzle surface 2S, the flow of air immediately below the nozzle surface 2S is not accelerated.

  In Example 1, since the position of the print head 2 can be changed in the vertical direction with respect to the plastic template 4, the head gap G can be changed, but the dimension L1 from the contour of the nozzle surface 2S is changed. Therefore, the dimension L1 is set to the minimum head gap G.

  Furthermore, in the plastic template 4 according to the first embodiment, the suction hole 42 is of course provided in the region 43 (and a partial region corresponding to the dimension L1 around the same) that overlaps the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2. The concave portions 41 regularly arranged in the non-overlapping region are not provided. That is, the surface of the region 43 that overlaps the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 can be configured as a flat surface that does not have the concave portions 41 and the suction holes 42 that coincide with the surface of the plastic template 4. Since the plastic template 4 configured in this way does not need to make the surface shape of the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S particularly complicated, it is possible to easily manufacture a mold for resin injection molding of the plastic template 4. it can. Note that the plastic template 4 is not limited to being manufactured on a resin plate, but can be manufactured using simple machining even when it is manufactured on a metal plate.

  In the plastic template 4 according to the first embodiment, the concave portions 41 and the suction holes 42 are arranged in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S while the concave portions 41 and the suction holes 42 are arranged in a staggered pattern in the region not overlapping the nozzle surface 2S. As shown in FIG. 2 (B), the concave portions 41S that are shortened in the transport direction of the concave portions 41 that overlap the nozzle surface 2S are originally arranged. The concave portion 41S is set to a half length (1/2) in the same direction with respect to the length of the concave portion 41 in the transport direction, and immediately before it overlaps the nozzle surface 2S (print head 2) in the transport direction (upstream). Side) and immediately after (downstream side). In the recess 41S, the same suction hole 42S having the same planar shape (opening shape) and the same cross-sectional shape as the suction hole 42 disposed in the recess 41 is disposed. Here, the center position of the suction hole 42S matches the center position of the recess 41S.

  In the plastic template 4 configured in this way, the concave portion 41S having a short length is arranged just before the nozzle surface 2S in the transport direction, in particular, immediately before the recording medium 100 is transported immediately below the print head 2. The arrangement density of the suction holes 42S per unit area is higher than the arrangement density of the suction holes 42 per unit area in other areas. That is, the suction force can be increased immediately before the leading end of the recording medium 100 in the transport direction is transported to the print head 2, and interference between the recording medium 100 and the print head 2 can be prevented. From another viewpoint, the suction force can be increased immediately before the leading end of the recording medium 100 in the transport direction is transported to the print head 2, and thus the suction device 5 can be reduced in size.

  The conveyor belt 3 is made of a material such as rubber or resin that has plasticity and generates an appropriate frictional force with the recording medium 100. 2A and 3, a belt hole 31 is provided in the transport belt 3, and the air flow (suction force) A <b> 1 due to the negative pressure of the suction device 5 through the belt hole 31 causes the transport belt 3. The recording medium 100 can be adsorbed on the surface. The planar shape of the belt hole 31 of the conveyance belt 3 is formed, for example, in a circular shape, and the diameter (opening diameter) of the belt hole 31 shown in FIG. 2A is set to 1 mm-3 mm, for example. The pitch of the belt holes 31 in the conveying direction is set smaller than the pitch of the concave portions 41 of the plastic template 4 in the same direction, for example, 6 mm-18 mm. Further, the pitch in the direction intersecting with the conveying direction of the belt hole 31 is set to be the same as the pitch in the same direction of the recess 41 as shown in FIG. Further, the arrangement pitch in the conveyance direction of the belt hole 31 in the next stage adjacent to the arrangement direction in the conveyance direction of the belt holes 31 is shifted by a half pitch with respect to the preceding stage. That is, the belt holes 31 are arranged in a staggered pattern as in the arrangement of the concave portions 41 of the plastic template 4.

  As shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B, the print head 2 has a nozzle surface 2S that faces the surface of the plastic template 4 and generates a head gap G. The ink discharge nozzle 21 is provided on the nozzle surface 2S. And 22 are arranged. In the first embodiment, two rows of ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 are arranged in the transport direction on the nozzle surface 2S of one print head 2, and each of the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 has a direction intersecting the transport direction. A plurality of nozzles are arranged at regular intervals. Further, since the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 are disposed on the nozzle surface 2S, the concave portion 41 and the suction hole 42 are not disposed immediately below the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22.

[Specific Configuration of Image Forming Unit]
In the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the basic configuration of the image forming unit is as illustrated in FIGS. 2A, 2B, and 3 described above. The specific configuration of the image forming unit is as follows. As shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, a pressing roller 401 is further provided to further reduce the floating of the recording medium 100 immediately before being conveyed to the print head 2.

  The pressing roller 401 is arranged on the upstream side of the print head 2 in the conveyance direction of the recording medium 100 (the direction from the left side to the right side in the same figure, see also FIG. 3 described above). The pressing roller 401 rotates while pressing the floating of the recording medium 100 immediately before being transported to the print head 2 onto the surface of the transport belt 3. The surface (roller surface) closest to the plastic template 4 of the pressing roller 401 is disposed with a certain gap from the surface of the conveying belt 3. By appropriately setting this gap, the recording medium 100 can be smoothly passed between the pressing roller 401 and the conveying belt 3. Further, the floating generated in the recording medium 100 due to curling or the like can be suppressed using the pressing roller 401, and interference between the recording medium 100 and the print head 2 can be prevented. Here, the gap is set to, for example, 0.3 mm-0.7 mm, preferably 0.5 mm.

  The pressing roller 401 has a perfect circular cross-sectional shape as shown in FIG. 4A, and is elongated in the direction intersecting the conveying direction as shown in FIG. 4B and has a constant diameter over the same direction. It is comprised by the cylindrical shape which has. The diameter of the pressing roller 401 is set within a range of, for example, 3.5 mm to 5.0 mm, and the pressing roller 401 is reduced in diameter. In the first embodiment, a pressing roller 401 having a diameter of 3.8 mm or 4.8 mm is used. Here, a single pressing roller 401 is disposed along a plurality of print heads 2 arranged in a direction crossing the conveyance direction, that is, from one end to the other end in the width direction of the plastic template 4. A plurality of rollers 401 are arranged in the transport direction. As shown in FIG. 3 described above, the print heads 2 that eject ink for one color in a row in a zigzag manner are arranged in a direction crossing the transport direction, and four colors of cyan ink, magenta ink, yellow ink, and black ink are arranged. When the print heads 2 for ejecting the ink are arranged, the print heads 2 are arranged in four rows and eight rows in a zigzag manner in a plan view. The pressing rollers 401 are arranged.

  As shown in FIG. 4 (B), at least one of the one end (left side in the figure) and the other end (not shown but configured in the same manner as the one end) of the pressing roller 401 is a dependent rotation roller 402. Are attached, and the pressure roller 401 and the subordinate rotation roller 402 are rotatably attached to the casing 130 of the inkjet printer 10. The pressing roller 401 is made of, for example, a metal cylinder, a resin cylinder, or the like. The dependent rotation roller 402 is manufactured by, for example, a rubber roller, a resin roller, or the like, and is mechanically fixed to the pressing roller 401 using a screw or the like, or is tightened to the pressing roller 401 by using its own elasticity. It is attached. The dependent rotation roller 402 is in contact with the surface of the conveyor belt 3 at an appropriate pressure (friction force) at at least one of the one end and the other end in the width direction of the conveyor belt 3 and follows the movement of the conveyor belt 3 in the conveyance direction. Rotate. The rotation of the dependent rotation roller 402 is transmitted to the pressing roller 401, and the pressing roller 401 is rotated in accordance with the rotation of the dependent rotation roller 402. The rotational speed of the roller surface of the pressing roller 401 is the same as the sliding speed of the conveyor belt 3.

[Relationship between the suction hole position under the print head and the air flow velocity]
Next, the simulation results carried out to verify the effects of the ink jet printer 10 according to Example 1 are as follows. 5A to 5D have the shape of the plastic template 4 having the recess 41 and the suction hole 42 and the shape of the print head 2 that creates the head gap G, and the inflow air A1 and A2 are constant. Thus, a cross section of the head model 450 in which a constant interval is set between the surface of the plastic template 4 is shown. Reference sign A is outflow air (suction air) A in which inflow air A1 and A2 flowing from between the plastic template 4 and the head model 450 flows to the suction device 5 side through the recess 41 and the suction hole 42. In the figure, striped thin lines represent the flow states of the inflow air A1 and A2 and the outflow air A. Here, in order to clarify only the influence of suction, elements of the air flow accompanying the belt conveyance are not considered.

  FIG. 5A shows the center position of the ink ejection nozzles 21 and 22 of the head model 450 (the center in the transport direction of the print head 2) from one end (position corresponding to 42E1) of the suction hole 42 of the plastic template 4 in the transport direction. The flow state of the inflowing air A1, A2 and the outflowing air A when shifted by 3 mm to the corresponding position) is shown. FIG. 5B shows the flow of the inflowing air A1, A2 and the outflowing air A when shifted from the end of the suction hole 42 of the plastic template 4 by 8 mm to the center position of the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 of the head model 450. Represents the state. Each of the states shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B is a state in which the suction holes 42 are provided in a region 43 overlapping with the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2.

  FIG. 5C shows the flow of the inflowing air A1, A2 and the outflowing air A when shifted from the one end of the suction hole 42 of the plastic template 4 to the center position of the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 of the head model 450 by 13 mm. Represents the state. The state shown in FIG. 5C is a state in which the position of the contour of the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2 matches the position of one end of the suction hole 42.

  FIG. 5D shows the flow of the inflowing air A1, A2 and the outflowing air A when shifted from the one end of the suction hole 42 of the plastic template 4 to the center position of the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 of the head model 450 by 18 mm. Represents the state. The state shown in FIG. 5D is a state in which the suction hole 42 is not provided in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2.

  FIG. 6A shows the result of calculating the air flow velocity in the head gap G between the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2 and the plastic template 4 in FIGS. 5A to 5D. The head gap G is set to 1.5 mm.

  As apparent from FIG. 6A, in the state where the suction hole 42 is disposed in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIG. 5A and FIG. The flow rate of air is quite fast, and the fastest value reaches about 870 mm / s to 1640 mm / s. On the other hand, in the state where the position of the contour of the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIG. 5C and the position of one end of the suction hole 42 coincide with each other, the air flow rate in the head gap G is greatly reduced, and the fastest value is obtained. Is about 320 mm / s to 330 mm / s. The flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5C is greatly reduced to about 19% to 20% with respect to the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5A, and the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. Is also significantly reduced to about 36% -37%.

  Further, in the state where the suction hole 42 is not provided in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIG. 5D, the air flow rate in the head gap G is drastically reduced, and the maximum speed is about 32 mm / s to 33 mm / s. The flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5D is significantly reduced to about 1.9% to 2.0% with respect to the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5A, and the state shown in FIG. The flow rate is drastically reduced to about 3.6% to 3.7% and approaches zero.

  FIG. 6B shows the result of calculating the air flow velocity in the head gap G when the head gap G is set to 3.0 mm. As apparent from FIG. 6B, in the state where the suction hole 42 is disposed in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the head gap G The fastest value of the air flow rate reaches about 640 mm / s to 1075 mm / s. On the other hand, when the position of the contour of the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIG. 5C and the position of one end of the suction hole 42 coincide with each other, the air flow rate in the head gap G is about 310 mm / s to 320 mm / s. s. The flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5C is greatly reduced to about 28% to 29% with respect to the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5A, and the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. Is also significantly reduced to about 49-50%.

  Further, in the state where the suction hole 42 is not provided in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S shown in FIG. 5D, the air flow rate in the head gap G is about 7.4 mm / s to 7.7 mm / s. Become. The flow rate in the state shown in FIG. 5D is significantly reduced to about 0.6% to 0.7% with respect to the flow rate in the state shown in FIG. The flow rate is drastically reduced to about 1.1% to 1.2%, and approaches zero.

[Features of Example 1]
As described above, in the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, since the suction hole 42 is not provided in the plastic template 4 in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S immediately below the print head 2, the nozzle surface 2S. The air flow accompanying the suction between the ink and the recording medium 100 is not accelerated, and the influence on the trajectory of the ink droplet can be suppressed. Furthermore, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of ink droplet mist. Therefore, it is possible to improve the print quality and prevent the recording medium 100 and the apparatus from being contaminated. Furthermore, since the concave portion 41 and the suction hole 42 are provided in the plastic template 4 in a region around the print head 2 and not overlapping with the nozzle surface 2S, immediately before the recording medium 100 is conveyed directly under the print head 2. It is possible to reliably suck the recording medium 100 toward the plastic template 4 and prevent the recording medium 100 just below the print head 2 from floating. By preventing the recording medium 100 from floating, it is possible to prevent a conveyance failure such as a jam.

  Further, in the ink jet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the air flow is fast in the region obtained by adding the head gap G dimension (L1) from the contour of the nozzle surface 2S, just like the print head 2 below. By not providing the suction hole 42 in the region where the dimensions are added, the air flow in this portion is not accelerated (the air flow can be made constant).

  Furthermore, in the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the surface of the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 can be a flat surface where the concave portion 41 and the suction hole 42 do not exist. As a result, in the production of the plastic template 4, a resin injection mold for the plastic template 4 can be easily produced.

[Modification 1]
Modification 1 describes an example in which the shape of the plastic template 4 of the image forming unit is changed in the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment. As shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B, the inkjet printer 10 according to the first modification of the first embodiment is similar to the first embodiment in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4. Similar to the plastic template 4, the suction hole 42 is not provided, but a recess 41 </ b> D is provided. The concave portion 41D basically has the same shape as the concave portion 41 disposed in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface 2S.

  In the inkjet printer 10 according to the modified example 1 configured as described above, in addition to the effects obtained by the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the concave portion 41D of the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 is obtained. And the recess 41 in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface 2S can be evenly aligned. As a result, when the resin injection molding method is used in the production of the plastic template 4, it is possible to achieve uniform resin flow and uniform resin curing speed. It is possible to manufacture a high-quality plastic template 4 that does not cause unevenness due to sink mark).

[Modification 2]
The modified example 2 describes another example in which the shape of the plastic template 4 of the image forming unit is changed in the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment. As shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B, the inkjet printer 10 according to the second modification of the first embodiment is similar to the first embodiment in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4. Similar to the plastic template 4, the suction hole 42 is not provided, but a recess 41 BD is provided on the back surface. The recess 41BD basically overlaps the nozzle surface 2S with respect to the thickness of the plastic template 4 (thickness from the bottom surface to the back surface of the recess 41) in the recess 41 disposed in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface 2S. The plastic template 4 is formed to have a uniform thickness in the region 43 to be processed.

  In the inkjet printer 10 according to the modified example 1 configured as described above, the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 is formed as a flat surface in the same manner as the plastic template 4 of the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment. In addition, the plastic template 4 can be easily manufactured in the same manner as the plastic template 4 of the ink jet printer 10 according to the first modification.

(Example 2)
Embodiment 2 of the present invention describes an example in which the ink jet printer 10 according to Embodiment 1 described above further prevents interference between the print head 2 of the image forming unit and the recording medium 100 conveyed to the print head 2. .

[Configuration of image forming unit]
As shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the inkjet printer 10 according to the second embodiment includes a recess 41 and a suction hole in an area 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 in the image forming unit. 42 is not provided, but an auxiliary suction hole 42SH having an opening area smaller than the opening area of the suction hole 42 and penetrating from the front surface to the back surface is provided. The auxiliary suction hole 42SH is connected to the suction device 5, generates a suction force smaller than the suction force generated in the suction hole 42, and suppresses the air flow rate immediately below the print head 2, while the recording medium 100 is plugged. It has a function of adsorbing to the template 4 side.

  In order to suppress the air flow rate in the head gap G between the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2 and the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4, the opening area of the auxiliary suction hole 42SH is It is set to less than half the opening area. That is, the added opening area of the two or more auxiliary suction holes 42SH is set smaller than the opening area of one suction hole 42. The auxiliary suction hole 42SH has, for example, a perfect circular planar shape (opening shape), and is set to, for example, 0.5 mm to 4.0 mm.

  The auxiliary suction holes 42SH are disposed between the front end of the nozzle surface 2S in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle 21, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface 2S in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle 22, respectively. Yes. That is, the auxiliary suction holes 42SH are disposed at two positions around the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 at the front end and the rear end in the transport direction of the nozzle surface 2S, avoiding the position immediately below the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22. Since the auxiliary suction hole 42SH is disposed so as to avoid being directly under the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22, the trajectory of the ink discharged from the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 is not affected. Further, since the auxiliary suction holes 42SH are disposed at two positions, the front end and the rear end in the transport direction of the nozzle surface 2S with the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 as the center, the air flow velocity near both ends becomes uniform, and the air The flow of is stabilized.

  Note that the planar shape of the auxiliary suction hole 42SH according to the second embodiment is not limited to a perfect circle shape, and an elliptical shape having a long dimension in a direction intersecting the transport direction within the width dimension of the recess 41. It may be a slit shape or the like. Further, the auxiliary suction hole 42SH according to the second embodiment may be disposed in the plastic template 4 in the inkjet printer 10 according to the first or second modification of the first embodiment.

[Features of Example 2]
As described above, in the ink jet printer 10 according to the second embodiment, in addition to the effects obtained by the ink jet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, the plastic template 4 in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S immediately below the print head 2. Since the auxiliary suction hole 42SH is provided, the recording medium 100 directly under the print head 2 can be reliably sucked toward the plastic template 4 side, and the recording medium 100 directly under the print head 2 can be prevented from floating. As a result, since interference between the print head 2 and the recording medium 100 can be prevented, conveyance failure can be prevented.

  Further, in the ink jet printer 10 according to the second embodiment, the auxiliary suction holes 42SH are disposed directly below the print head 2 at positions symmetrical with respect to the transport direction with the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 as the center. The air flow direction can be kept stable, and the turbulence generated in the ink droplet trajectory can be reduced. As a result, the print quality can be improved.

(Example 3)
The third embodiment of the present invention describes an example in which the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment includes a shutter mechanism that adjusts the suction force in the image forming unit.

[First Configuration of Image Forming Unit (First Shutter Mechanism)]
As shown in FIGS. 10A, 10B, 11 and 12, in the inkjet printer 10 according to the third embodiment, the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 are arranged on the nozzle surface 2S in the image forming unit. Inkjet print head 2 and a plurality of recesses 41 regularly arranged on the front surface from the surface on the nozzle surface 2S side toward the back surface, and suction penetrating from the part of the bottom surface of the recess 41 to the back surface A plastic template 4 having a hole 42, a shutter mechanism that slides along the back surface of the plastic template 4 and opens / closes a suction hole 42 disposed in a region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S, and an opening / closing operation of the shutter mechanism And a control unit 6 that performs the above control. The ink jet printer 10 according to the third embodiment is slightly different from the shape of the plastic template 4 of the ink jet printer 10 according to the first embodiment, and has a concave portion as well as a non-overlapping region 43 that overlaps the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4. 41 and a suction hole 42 are provided. In the third embodiment, the shutter mechanism includes a shutter 460 illustrated in FIGS. 10A, 10B, and 12, and a drive mechanism 602 and a drive source 601 illustrated in FIG.

  The shutter 460 of the shutter mechanism corresponds to all the suction holes 42 disposed in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S, and is slidably disposed on the back surface of the plastic template 4. Here, the sliding direction of the shutter 460 is a direction that intersects the conveyance direction of the recording medium 100. The shutter 460 performs reciprocal sliding for a distance corresponding to one arrangement pitch of the suction holes 42 in a direction crossing the transport direction. The shutter 460 is configured by, for example, a resin plate or a metal plate that closes the suction hole 42 during the closing operation illustrated in FIG. 10B and has an opening communicating with the suction hole 42 during the opening operation illustrated in FIG. Has been. As shown in FIG. 12, the shutters 460 disposed below the plurality of print heads 2 are connected to each other and integrated.

  The driving mechanism 602 is mechanically connected to the shutter 460 and opens / closes the shutter 460. In the third embodiment, although not shown, the drive mechanism 602 is based on an eccentric cam that pushes (slides) the shutter 460 in a direction that intersects the transport direction, and the shutter 460 that is moved by the eccentric cam. An elastic member (for example, a tension spring or a compression spring) that returns to the position of FIG. 5 and a guide member that guides the sliding of the shutter 460 as necessary.

  The drive source 601 drives the drive mechanism 602 based on a control signal from the control unit 6. As the drive source 601, for example, a conductive motor, an electromagnetic solenoid, or the like that rotates the eccentric cam of the drive mechanism 602 described above can be used practically.

[Operation of shutter mechanism]
The operation of the shutter mechanism of the inkjet printer 10 according to the third embodiment is as follows. In the inkjet printer 10 according to the third embodiment, the printer driver (not shown) of the control unit 6 calculates the printing rate of the leading end region or the entire region of the recording medium (for example, plain paper) 100 to be printed based on the image information of the print job. To do. When the printing rate is low, the control unit 6 outputs a control signal for executing the opening operation of the shutter 460 to the driving source 601, and the driving source 601 receives this control signal and drives the driving mechanism 602 to open the shutter 406. I do. In the region 43 that overlaps the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2, the suction hole 42 and the opening of the shutter 460 communicate with each other, and the suction force from the suction device 5 acts, so that the recording medium 100 is attracted to the surface of the transport belt 3. In this state, it is conveyed under the print head 2. Then, ink is ejected from the ink ejection nozzles 21 and 22 of the print head 2, and printing is performed on the recording medium 100.

  When the printing rate is low, the amount of ink ejected from the ink ejection nozzles 21 and 22 is fundamentally small, so there is little generation of mist of ink droplets and there is little effect on print quality. Further, when the recording medium 100 is curled, a suction force acts on the recording medium 100 from immediately before reaching the print head 2 to below the print head 2, so that the recording medium 100, the print head 2, Thus, the conveyance failure can be reduced.

  On the other hand, when the printing rate is high, the control unit 6 outputs a control signal for executing the closing operation of the shutter 460 to the driving source 601, and the driving source 601 receives this control signal and drives the driving mechanism 602 to drive the shutter 406. Close operation is performed. In the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the print head 2, the suction hole 42 is blocked by the shutter 460, and the suction force from the suction device 5 does not work. The recording medium 100 is conveyed to the position immediately before the print head 2 while being attracted to the surface of the conveyance belt 3. Then, the recording medium 100 is conveyed under the print head 2, and ink is ejected from the ink ejection nozzles 21 and 22 in a state where no suction force is applied, that is, in a state where the air flow rate is not accelerated, and printing is performed on the recording medium 100.

  When the printing rate is high, the amount of ink ejected from the ink ejection nozzles 21 and 22 is fundamentally increased, and the generation of mist of ink droplets is induced, but overlaps below the print head 2, that is, the nozzle surface 2S. Since the air flow is not accelerated in the region 43, the generation of mist can be prevented and the printing quality can be improved. In addition, since the suction force acts on the recording medium 100 until just before reaching the print head 2, there is no interference between the recording medium 100 and the print head 2, and no conveyance failure occurs.

[Features of Example 3]
As described above, the inkjet printer 10 according to the third embodiment includes the shutter mechanism and the control unit 6 and is disposed in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S by the shutter mechanism based on the control signal from the control unit 6. The suction hole 42 can be opened and closed. As a result, this is equivalent to the fact that the suction holes 42 are not provided in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4, so that the same effect as that obtained by the inkjet printer 10 according to the first embodiment is obtained. be able to. Furthermore, if the suction hole 42 disposed in the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S of the plastic template 4 is opened by the shutter mechanism, the suction effect of the recording medium 100 can be enhanced immediately below the print head 2. It is effective for transporting a recording medium 100 that easily floats and interferes with the print head 2, such as curled paper. The opening / closing operation of the shutter mechanism can be automatically performed based on the printing rate.

[Modification]
A modification of the third embodiment is an example of a shutter mechanism that can further prevent interference between the print head 2 of the image forming unit and the recording medium 100 conveyed thereto in the inkjet printer 10 according to the third embodiment. Is described.

[Second Configuration of Image Forming Unit (Second Shutter Mechanism)]
As shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B, in the image forming unit of the inkjet printer 10 according to the modification, the shutter 460 of the shutter mechanism is a part of the region 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S. An opening for opening and closing the suction hole 42 disposed immediately below the discharge nozzles 21 and 22 is provided. When air flows through the suction holes 42 immediately below the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22, the trajectory of the ink discharged from the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 is affected, and ink droplet mist is likely to occur. Accordingly, only the suction holes 42 in the area where the print quality is affected are opened and closed by the shutter 460, and the other part of the area 43 overlapping the nozzle surface 2S is disposed directly below the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22. The non-suction holes 42 are always adapted to work a suction force. As a result, the suction force is applied to the recording medium 100 under the print head 2 and immediately before reaching the ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22, so that there is no interference between the recording medium 100 and the print head 2, and the conveyance failure is reduced. can do. In particular, the shutter mechanism according to the modified example is effective when the recording medium 100 is curled regardless of the initial curled state or the curled state caused by printing conveyance, or when the recording medium 100 is a thick envelope. is there.

  The operation of the shutter mechanism is the same as the operation of the shutter mechanism of the ink jet printer 10 according to the above-described third embodiment, and thus the description thereof is omitted here.

(Other examples)
As described above, the present invention has been described with reference to the first to third embodiments. However, the description and the drawings which constitute a part of this disclosure do not limit the present invention. The present invention can be applied to various alternative embodiments, examples, and operational technologies. For example, in the first to third embodiments described above, the ink jet printer 10 in which the print head 2 includes the two rows of ink discharge nozzles 21 and 22 has been described. The present invention can be applied to an ink jet printer having a print head having

  Furthermore, the present invention can be applied to a composite ink jet printer having a scanner function and a facsimile function, not a printer function alone.

  Since the present invention does not accelerate the air flow accompanying the suction of the recording medium directly under the print head, it is possible to suppress the occurrence of ink droplet mist and prevent contamination of the recording medium and the apparatus. The present invention is widely applicable to ink jet printers that can prevent the recording medium from floating.

2 ... Print head, 2S ... Nozzle surface, 21, 22 ... Ink ejection nozzle, 3 ... Conveyor belt, 31 ... Belt hole, 4 ... Plastic template, 41, 41S, 41D, 41BD ... Recess, 42, 42S ... Suction hole, 42SH ... auxiliary suction hole, 43 ... area overlapping the nozzle surface, 401 ... pressing roller, 41E1, 41E2, 42E1, 42E2 ... open end, 5 ... suction device, 6 ... control unit, 601 ... drive source, 602 ... drive mechanism 7, ink supply system, 10 ... inkjet printer.

Claims (5)

  1. An ink jet print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on the nozzle surface;
    It digs down from the surface on the nozzle surface side toward the back surface opposite to it, and penetrates the back surface from a plurality of concave portions regularly arranged in the entire region not overlapping the nozzle surface on the surface and a part of the bottom surface of the concave portion. A plastic template having a suction hole, wherein the suction hole is not disposed in a region overlapping the nozzle surface ,
    In the region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template, there is an auxiliary suction hole penetrating from the front surface to the back surface, having an opening area smaller than the opening area of the suction hole,
    The auxiliary suction hole is disposed between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, respectively. An ink jet printer characterized by being made .
  2.   In the plastic template, the suction holes are arranged in a region from the outline of the nozzle surface to a position where the head gap dimension between the nozzle surface and the recording medium conveyed on the surface of the plastic template is added to the periphery. The inkjet printer according to claim 1, wherein the inkjet printer is not provided.
  3. An ink jet print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on the nozzle surface;
    Suction penetrating from the surface on the nozzle surface side toward the back surface opposite to the nozzle surface in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface, and a plurality of recesses regularly arranged on the surface and a part of the bottom surface of the recess through the back surface A plastic template that has a hole and is not provided with the suction hole in a region overlapping the nozzle surface,
    In the region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template, there is an auxiliary suction hole penetrating from the front surface to the back surface, having an opening area smaller than the opening area of the suction hole,
    The auxiliary suction hole is disposed between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, respectively. An ink jet printer characterized by being made.
  4. An ink jet print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on the nozzle surface;
    Suction penetrating from the surface on the nozzle surface side toward the back surface opposite to the nozzle surface in a region that does not overlap the nozzle surface, and a plurality of recesses regularly arranged on the surface and a part of the bottom surface of the recess through the back surface From the region overlapping the nozzle surface and the outline of the nozzle surface to the position where the nozzle gap and the head gap dimension of the recording medium conveyed on the surface of the plastic template are added to the periphery of the nozzle surface In the region, comprising a plastic template not provided with the suction hole,
    In the region overlapping the nozzle surface of the plastic template, there is an auxiliary suction hole penetrating from the front surface to the back surface, having an opening area smaller than the opening area of the suction hole,
    The auxiliary suction hole is disposed between the front end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, and between the rear end of the nozzle surface in the transport direction and the ink discharge nozzle, respectively. An ink jet printer characterized by being made.
  5. An ink jet print head in which ink discharge nozzles are arranged on the nozzle surface;
    A plastic template having a plurality of recesses regularly arranged on the front surface from the surface on the nozzle surface side facing the back surface and a suction hole penetrating from the part of the bottom surface of the recess to the back surface;
    A shutter mechanism that slides along the back surface of the plastic template and opens and closes the suction hole disposed in a region overlapping the nozzle surface;
    A control unit that controls the opening and closing operation of the shutter mechanism,
    The ink jet printer, wherein the shutter mechanism opens the suction hole when the printing rate is low, and closes the suction hole when the printing rate is high.
JP2011014970A 2011-01-27 2011-01-27 Inkjet printer Active JP5802016B2 (en)

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US9227432B2 (en) 2014-03-03 2016-01-05 Kyocera Document Solutions Inc. Conveyor device and inkjet recording device including conveyor device
JP6078015B2 (en) * 2014-03-03 2017-02-08 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying apparatus and inkjet recording apparatus
JP6078016B2 (en) * 2014-03-05 2017-02-08 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying device and inkjet recording apparatus provided with conveying device
JP6050774B2 (en) * 2014-03-05 2016-12-21 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying device and inkjet recording apparatus provided with conveying device
JP6043311B2 (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-12-14 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying apparatus and inkjet recording apparatus
JP5980832B2 (en) * 2014-04-01 2016-08-31 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying apparatus and inkjet recording apparatus
JP6204254B2 (en) * 2014-04-04 2017-09-27 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying apparatus and inkjet recording apparatus
JP6204264B2 (en) * 2014-05-20 2017-09-27 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Conveying apparatus and inkjet recording apparatus
JP6081977B2 (en) * 2014-11-06 2017-02-15 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
JP6217602B2 (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-10-25 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
JP6248905B2 (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-12-20 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
JP6380135B2 (en) * 2015-01-30 2018-08-29 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
JP6256375B2 (en) * 2015-02-18 2018-01-10 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
JP6369358B2 (en) * 2015-03-05 2018-08-08 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Inkjet recording device
US20180154659A1 (en) * 2015-04-30 2018-06-07 Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation Tablet printing apparatus and tablet printing method

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JP4500227B2 (en) * 2005-07-22 2010-07-14 オリンパス株式会社 Paper transport mechanism
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JP5195266B2 (en) * 2008-10-15 2013-05-08 株式会社リコー Image forming apparatus

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