JP5761883B2 - LED bulbs for replacing halogen bulbs for automobiles - Google Patents

LED bulbs for replacing halogen bulbs for automobiles Download PDF

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JP5761883B2
JP5761883B2 JP2015022871A JP2015022871A JP5761883B2 JP 5761883 B2 JP5761883 B2 JP 5761883B2 JP 2015022871 A JP2015022871 A JP 2015022871A JP 2015022871 A JP2015022871 A JP 2015022871A JP 5761883 B2 JP5761883 B2 JP 5761883B2
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light
led
light source
bulb
reflector
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JP2015122328A (en
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キジン キム
キジン キム
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アサヒライズ株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/04Optical design
    • F21V7/06Optical design with parabolic curvature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V17/00Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages
    • F21V17/10Fastening of component parts of lighting devices, e.g. shades, globes, refractors, reflectors, filters, screens, grids or protective cages characterised by specific fastening means or way of fastening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/003Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array
    • F21V23/004Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array arranged on a substrate, e.g. a printed circuit board
    • F21V23/006Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array arranged on a substrate, e.g. a printed circuit board the substrate being distinct from the light source holder
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V3/00Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses
    • F21V3/02Globes; Bowls; Cover glasses characterised by the shape
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V7/00Reflectors for light sources
    • F21V7/22Reflectors for light sources characterised by materials, surface treatments or coatings, e.g. dichroic reflectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2102/00Exterior vehicle lighting devices for illuminating purposes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/80Light emitting diode

Description

本発明は、自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球に関するもので、もっと詳しく言うと、高電力非効率のハロゲン電球を低電力高効率のLED電球に交代はするが、上記LED電球から照射された光を反射して光を拡張し、外部に照射される光の範囲を一定に維持できる自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an LED bulb as a substitute for a halogen bulb for automobiles. More specifically, the present invention replaces a high-power and inefficient halogen bulb with a low-power and high-efficiency LED bulb, but is irradiated from the LED bulb. The present invention relates to an LED bulb as an alternative to a halogen bulb for automobiles that can reflect the reflected light to expand the light and maintain a constant range of light irradiated to the outside.
二輪車を含む自動車は、外部環境および時間によって前方に光を照射して運転者の視野を確保し、他の車両に車両の進行経路を知らせる目的で照明(ランプ)が備わる。   Automobiles including two-wheeled vehicles are equipped with illumination (lamps) for the purpose of ensuring the driver's field of view by irradiating light forward depending on the external environment and time, and notifying other vehicles of the traveling route of the vehicle.
このような照明は使用する目的によって区分されるが、前方を照らす目的のヘッドランプと、車両の進行経路を知らせる目的の方向指示燈(ターンシグナル)、霧・雨天時にヘッドランプとともに運転者の視野確保および車両の位置を知らせるためのフォグランプと、車両の後進時に点灯される後進燈などがある。   Such lighting is classified according to the purpose of use, but the headlamp that illuminates the front, the direction indicator (turn signal) that informs the traveling path of the vehicle, and the driver's field of view along with the headlamp in fog or rainy weather There are fog lights for securing and notifying the position of the vehicle, and a reverse lamp that is turned on when the vehicle moves backward.
従来の照明に使用される光源としては普通ハロゲン(Halogen)電球が使用されている。ハロゲン電球は220Vを12Vに変換して使用するもので、値段が安いため多様に使用されているが、使用中に発生する熱が多く、使用する電気量に比べて低輝度を持ち、寿命が短いため交代周期が短い問題点があった。   As a light source used for conventional illumination, a halogen bulb is normally used. Halogen bulbs are used by converting 220V to 12V, and are used in a variety of ways because of their low price. However, they generate a lot of heat during use, have lower brightness than the amount of electricity used, and have a long life. There was a problem that the alternation cycle was short because it was short.
上記ハロゲン電球を利用した従来技術としては大韓民国特許第10−259788号があるが、上記従来技術は図1に図示されたように光源としてハロゲンランプを使用し、上記ハロゲンランプから照射された光を反射させる反射板を通じて照射された光を前方に照射することになる。   Korean Patent No. 10-259788 is a conventional technique using the halogen bulb. However, the conventional technique uses a halogen lamp as a light source as shown in FIG. The light irradiated through the reflecting plate to be reflected is irradiated forward.
しかし、上記従来技術はハロゲン電球から照射された光の照射角度が正面の上方および下方に同時に照射されて光の凝集度が落ち、さらに自動車のヘッドランプの場合、反対側の方向から来る運転者の視野を妨害する問題点があった。   However, in the above prior art, the angle of light emitted from the halogen bulb is simultaneously irradiated above and below the front to reduce the degree of light aggregation, and in the case of an automobile headlamp, the driver coming from the opposite direction There was a problem that disturbed the field of vision.
また、上述したように、ハロゲン電球は使用中に発熱量が多くて寿命が短い短所のため、交代周期が頻繁になって維持保守による費用が増加し、使用後ハロゲン電球の廃棄による環境汚染および廃棄費用増加のような問題点があった。   In addition, as mentioned above, halogen bulbs have a disadvantage that they generate a large amount of heat during use and have a short life span. There were problems such as increased disposal costs.
また、上記ハロゲン電球は輝度が低いため、前方に照射される光の明るさが落ち、特に反射板を通じて反射された後、照射される光の明るさが弱い問題点があった。   In addition, since the halogen bulb has a low luminance, the brightness of the light irradiated forward decreases, and in particular, the brightness of the light irradiated after being reflected through the reflecting plate is weak.
大韓民国特許第10−259788号公報Korean Patent No. 10-259788
本発明は上記のような問題点を解決するために提案されたもので、二輪車を含む自動車で使用されていたハロゲン電球を低電力高輝度の特徴を持った低価額のLED電球に代替し、上記LED電球から照射される光を反射鏡で伝達して、伝達された光が反射鏡を通じて必要な角度に照射できるようにする自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球を提供するのがその目的である。   The present invention has been proposed to solve the above-described problems, and replaces the halogen bulb used in automobiles including two-wheeled vehicles with low-cost LED bulbs having low-power and high-luminance characteristics. An object of the present invention is to provide an LED bulb as an alternative to an automotive halogen bulb, in which light emitted from the LED bulb is transmitted by a reflecting mirror so that the transmitted light can be emitted through a reflecting mirror at a necessary angle. It is.
上記のような目的を達成するために本発明は、自動車の照明部に挿入されるプラグが備わり、内側にPCBが収納された本体と、上記本体の片側に結合されて、上記PCBを通じて制御されて点灯するLEDを含む光源部と、両側端が貫通された円筒形の形状で作られ、片側は上記本体に結合されるものの、上記光源部が内側に配置されたカバーと、上記カバーの片側に結合されて上記光源部から照射された光を反射し、上記照明部の後方に配置される半球形の反射鏡で伝達する反射体を含めて行われる。   In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is provided with a plug that is inserted into an illuminating unit of an automobile, and a main body in which a PCB is housed, and is connected to one side of the main body and controlled through the PCB. A light source part including an LED to be turned on, a cylindrical shape with both side ends penetrating, and one side coupled to the main body, but the light source part disposed on the inner side, and one side of the cover And a reflector that reflects the light emitted from the light source unit and transmits it with a hemispherical reflector disposed behind the illumination unit.
また、上記反射体は、上記光源部と向き合う方向に突出され、断面形状がおおよそ´<´字の形状を持つのが特徴である。   Further, the reflector is characterized in that it protrudes in a direction facing the light source part and has a cross-sectional shape of approximately '<'.
また、上記反射体は、中央は外側に突出された突出面が形成され、上記突出面の両端から緩やかな曲面で下向きに傾いた湾曲面でできているのが特徴である。   In addition, the reflector is characterized in that a projecting surface projecting outward is formed at the center, and is formed of a curved surface that is inclined gently downward from both ends of the projecting surface.
また、上記反射体は、上記光源部と向き合う面が銀とアルミ中の一つにメッキされたことが特徴である。   Further, the reflector is characterized in that the surface facing the light source part is plated on one of silver and aluminum.
また、上記反射体は上記カバーにむりやり挟む形で結合され、カバーの内側に挿入する程度を制限する段差が形成されたことを特徴とする。   The reflector is coupled to the cover so as to be sandwiched between the reflectors, and a step is formed to limit the degree of insertion inside the cover.
上記のように作られた本発明は、上記LEDから照射された光が反射体を通じて外部と反射鏡に伝達されて光が照射される範囲を調節し、値段が安くて低電力高輝度の性質を持ったLEDを光源として使用することで維持保守費用が節減できる効果がある。   The present invention made as described above adjusts the range in which the light emitted from the LED is transmitted to the outside and the reflecting mirror through the reflector, and is inexpensive and has low power and high brightness. The use of an LED with a light source as a light source has the effect of reducing maintenance costs.
図1は従来ハロゲン電球の使用状態を図示した概略図。FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating the state of use of a conventional halogen bulb. 図2は本発明による自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球を図示した斜視図。FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating an LED bulb as an alternative to an automotive halogen bulb according to the present invention. 図3は図2の分解斜視図。3 is an exploded perspective view of FIG. 図4は本発明の使用状態を図示した断面図。FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the usage state of the present invention. 図5−Aは本発明によるLED電球から照射された光の経路を図示した概略図。FIG. 5A is a schematic diagram illustrating a path of light emitted from an LED bulb according to the present invention. 図5−Bは本発明によるLED電球から照射された光の経路を図示した概略図。FIG. 5B is a schematic diagram illustrating a path of light emitted from the LED bulb according to the present invention.
以下、添付された図面を参照して、本発明による自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球(以下´LED電球´という)の正しい具現例を説明すべきである。 Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of an LED bulb (hereinafter referred to as an “LED bulb”) for replacing a halogen bulb for an automobile according to the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
図2ないし図5に図示されたように、本発明によるLED電球1は、本体10と、光源部20と、カバー30および反射体40を含めて作られる。 As shown in FIGS. 2 to 5, the LED bulb 1 according to the present invention includes a main body 10, a light source unit 20, a cover 30 and a reflector 40.
上記本体10は、自動車の照明部2に挿入されるプラグ11が備わり、内側にPCB12を備え、片側に後述する光源部20が結合されるねじ孔13が形成され、外周面に多数の放熱突起14が備わり、上記光源部20で発生した熱を外部に排出するようになる。   The main body 10 is provided with a plug 11 to be inserted into an illumination unit 2 of an automobile, includes a PCB 12 on the inside, a screw hole 13 to which a light source unit 20 to be described later is coupled is formed on one side, and a large number of heat dissipation protrusions on an outer peripheral surface 14 is provided, and heat generated by the light source unit 20 is discharged to the outside.
この時、上記本体10は、耐久性を向上させて上述した放熱突起14とともに熱の排出効率を高めるために、熱伝統率が高い金属材で作るのが望ましく、熱伝統率が高い金属材の代表的な素材としてアルミがある。   At this time, the main body 10 is preferably made of a metal material having a high heat tradition rate in order to improve durability and increase the heat discharge efficiency together with the heat dissipation protrusion 14 described above. A typical material is aluminum.
上記本体10に具備さえたPCB12は、本体10の片側に具備されたプラグ11と連結され、自動車の照明部2にプラグ11が挿入されることで、PCB12で電源を承認され、承認された電源を通じてPCB12は光源部20を制御することになる。   The PCB 12 provided in the main body 10 is connected to the plug 11 provided on one side of the main body 10, and the power is approved by the PCB 12 by inserting the plug 11 into the lighting unit 2 of the automobile. Through this, the PCB 12 controls the light source unit 20.
上記ねじ孔は本体10の片側に少なくとも一つ以上形成され、光源部20が配置された後に光源部20に貫通結合された結合ボルト22がねじ結合される。   At least one screw hole is formed on one side of the main body 10, and after the light source unit 20 is disposed, a coupling bolt 22 penetratingly coupled to the light source unit 20 is screwed.
また、上記本体10には後述するカバー30が挿入固定される結合溝15が形成され、上記結合溝15はカバー30に形成された結合突起31が内側に挿入固定される。   The main body 10 is formed with a coupling groove 15 into which a cover 30 to be described later is inserted and fixed. In the coupling groove 15, a coupling protrusion 31 formed on the cover 30 is inserted and fixed inside.
上記光源部20は、PCB12の制御を通じて点灯されて光を前方に照射するもので、値段が安くて低電力、高輝度の長所があり、照射される光の直進性が高いLED(Light Emitting Diode)21が使用され、上記LED21は上記本体10の片側に形成されたねじ孔13に結合ボルト22を通じて一体に固定される。   The light source unit 20 is lit through the control of the PCB 12 and irradiates light forward. The light source unit 20 has advantages such as low price, low power, and high brightness, and has high straightness of the irradiated light (Light Emitting Diode). ) 21 is used, and the LED 21 is integrally fixed to a screw hole 13 formed on one side of the main body 10 through a coupling bolt 22.
上記光源部20を構成するLED21は少なくとも一つ以上具備され、青、赤、黄色など様々な色相が単独または混合されて使用できるが、これは本発明によるLED電球1が使用される位置によって選択的に使用される。つまり、自動車の制動燈(ストップライト)のように赤で表現するべき部分に使用される場合は赤のLEDを使用し、方向指示燈(ターンシグナル)のように黄色で表現するべき部分に使用される場合は黄色のLEDを使用し、前照燈(ヘッドライト)のように前方に向けて多くの量の光が必要な場合は複数のLEDを配置して使用することができる。   At least one LED 21 constituting the light source unit 20 is provided, and various hues such as blue, red, and yellow can be used alone or in combination, and this is selected according to the position where the LED bulb 1 according to the present invention is used. Used. In other words, if it is used for a part that should be expressed in red, such as a car's braking light (stoplight), use a red LED, and use it for a part that should be expressed in yellow, such as a turn signal. In this case, a yellow LED is used, and when a large amount of light is required toward the front, such as a headlight, a plurality of LEDs can be arranged and used.
上記カバー30は本体10の片側に結合され、上記光源部20を通じて照射された光が前方に向けて照射できるようにするもので、光が通過する透明な素材で作られ、両側端が貫通された円筒形の形状で作られ、片側端は上記本体10に結合され、他側端には上記光源部20の光を反射させる反射体40が結合される。   The cover 30 is coupled to one side of the main body 10 so that the light emitted through the light source unit 20 can be emitted forward, and is made of a transparent material through which light passes, and both side ends are penetrated. The one end is coupled to the main body 10 and the other end is coupled to a reflector 40 that reflects the light from the light source unit 20.
上記カバー30は光が通過できる透明な素材で作られたもので、代表的な素材としてはポリメチルメタクリレート(PMMA)、ポリカーボネート(PC)などがある。   The cover 30 is made of a transparent material through which light can pass. Typical materials include polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polycarbonate (PC).
上記カバー30には本体10との結合のための結合突起31が具備されるものの、上記本体10に結合される片側に放射状に多数が具備されて本体10の結合溝15に挿入固定され、この時、上記結合突起31は上記結合溝15に挿入された後、使用者がカバー30の外周面を加圧した後に離脱させる形で着脱できるように結合される。   Although the cover 30 is provided with coupling protrusions 31 for coupling with the main body 10, a large number are radially provided on one side coupled to the main body 10 and inserted and fixed in the coupling groove 15 of the main body 10. At this time, after the coupling protrusion 31 is inserted into the coupling groove 15, the coupling protrusion 31 is detachably coupled in such a manner that the user presses the outer peripheral surface of the cover 30 and then removes it.
また、上記カバー30の内側には光源部20から照射された光を屈曲させて後述する反射体40で光を伝達するための屈曲面32が形成されるが、上記屈曲面32はカバー30の内壁から中央に向けて突出形成され、中央部に光源部20から照射された光が前方に向けて通過するように貫通孔33が形成される。   In addition, a bent surface 32 is formed on the inner side of the cover 30 to bend light emitted from the light source unit 20 and transmit light by a reflector 40 described later. A through hole 33 is formed so as to protrude from the inner wall toward the center, and so that light emitted from the light source unit 20 passes forward at the center.
この時、上記屈曲面32は環形で形成された多数の突起で作られることもあるが、おおよそ凹状を持つ円形で作られることもある。   At this time, the bent surface 32 may be made of a large number of projections formed in an annular shape, but may be made of a circular shape having a substantially concave shape.
また、上記屈曲面32で、光源部20から照射された光が進入する一面は、外側から中央に前方に向けて漸進的に斜めに形成された傾斜面34がもっと形成されるが、上記傾斜面34は光源部20から照射された光の進入角度に相応する角度で形成され、屈曲時に損失される光を減すためにしたものである。   In addition, the curved surface 32 on which the light irradiated from the light source unit 20 enters is further formed with an inclined surface 34 that is gradually inclined from the outside toward the center toward the front. The surface 34 is formed at an angle corresponding to the incident angle of the light emitted from the light source unit 20, and is for reducing light lost at the time of bending.
上記反射体40は上記カバー30の片側に固定結合され、上記屈曲面32と向き合う方向に光源部20および屈曲面32を通じて照射された光を、照明部2に備わった半球形の反射鏡3で再反射させるためのもので、カバー30に挟み結合され、屈曲面32と向き合う方向に突出され、断面形状がおおよそ´<´字形状を持つが、屈曲面32と向き合う面を光を反射させる銀、アルミなどのような素材でメッキさせて形成される。   The reflector 40 is fixedly coupled to one side of the cover 30, and light irradiated through the light source unit 20 and the bent surface 32 in a direction facing the bent surface 32 is reflected by the hemispherical reflecting mirror 3 provided in the illumination unit 2. Silver for re-reflection, which is sandwiched between the cover 30 and protruded in a direction facing the bent surface 32. The cross-sectional shape is approximately '<', but the surface facing the bent surface 32 reflects light. It is formed by plating with a material such as aluminum.
この時、上記反射体40で上記屈曲面32と向き合う一面は、中央は外側に突出された突出面41aが形成され、上記突出面41aの両端から緩やかな曲面で下向きに傾いた湾曲面41Bが形成される。   At this time, one surface of the reflector 40 that faces the bent surface 32 is formed with a projecting surface 41a projecting outward at the center, and a curved surface 41B that is gently curved from both ends of the projecting surface 41a and tilted downward is formed. It is formed.
上記突出面41aは上記光源部20から照射された光の中、屈曲面32に形成された貫通孔33を通過して直接伝達される光を反射させる面で、屈曲面32と向き合う方向に向けて突出形成されて貫通孔33を通過した光源部20の光が突出面41aに当った後に反射されて半球形の反射鏡3に伝達され、上記湾曲面41bは上記光源部20から照射された光と屈曲面32を通過した光を反射させて上記反射鏡3に伝達する面で、上記突出面41aの突出方向と反対方向に緩やかな曲線で形成され、相接した光を後方に配置された反射鏡3に伝達することである。   The protruding surface 41a is a surface that reflects the light directly transmitted through the through hole 33 formed in the bent surface 32 out of the light emitted from the light source unit 20, and faces the direction facing the bent surface 32. Then, the light of the light source unit 20 that has been formed and passed through the through hole 33 is reflected after being impinged on the projecting surface 41 a and transmitted to the hemispherical reflecting mirror 3, and the curved surface 41 b is irradiated from the light source unit 20. A surface that reflects the light and the light that has passed through the bent surface 32 and transmits the reflected light to the reflecting mirror 3, is formed in a gentle curve in the direction opposite to the protruding direction of the protruding surface 41a, and the adjacent light is disposed rearward. Is transmitted to the reflecting mirror 3.
また、上記湾曲面41bの端41cはカバー30の内面と相接するが、反射体40がカバー30にむりやり挟む形で結合されるように上記端41cがカバー30の内面直径に比べて大きく形成されるが、加圧された力によって弾性変形されることでむりやり挟まれた後に任意に離脱されるのを防ぎ、さらに反射体40にはカバー30の内面に挿入される深さを制限する段差42が形成され、反射体40から外側に露出される一面に広告用文句または図形などを具備された広告部43がもっと形成される。   The end 41c of the curved surface 41b is in contact with the inner surface of the cover 30, but the end 41c is formed to be larger than the inner surface diameter of the cover 30 so that the reflector 40 is coupled to the cover 30 so as to be pinched. However, it is prevented from being arbitrarily separated after being pinched by being elastically deformed by a pressurized force, and further, the reflector 40 has a step that limits the depth of insertion into the inner surface of the cover 30. 42 is formed, and an advertisement part 43 having an advertising phrase or a figure on one surface exposed to the outside from the reflector 40 is further formed.
上記のように作られた本発明によるLED電球1の使用状態を、図4および図5a、図5bを参照してよく見ると以下のとおりである。   The use state of the LED bulb 1 according to the present invention produced as described above will be described below with reference to FIGS. 4, 5a, and 5b.
まず、反射鏡3を含めて作られた自動車の照明部2に本体10のプラグ11を通じて結合し、上記プラグ11を通じて承認された電源が本体10内側のPCB12を通じて光源部20のLED21に伝達され、LED21が点灯される。   First, it is coupled to the lighting unit 2 of the automobile including the reflecting mirror 3 through the plug 11 of the main body 10, and the approved power supply is transmitted to the LED 21 of the light source unit 20 through the PCB 12 inside the main body 10, The LED 21 is turned on.
点灯されたLED21から照射された光は、図5aおよび図5bに図示されたように照射される光の角度によって反射体40の突出面41aに再反射された後、反射鏡に伝達されるか(図5a参照)、屈曲面32に引き込まれた角度および反射された角度によって上記反射体40の湾曲面41bを通じて再反射された後、反射鏡3に伝達されてから外部に伝達される。(図5b参照)   Whether the light emitted from the lit LED 21 is re-reflected by the projecting surface 41a of the reflector 40 according to the angle of the irradiated light as shown in FIGS. 5a and 5b, and then transmitted to the reflecting mirror. (Refer to FIG. 5a) After being re-reflected through the curved surface 41b of the reflector 40 by the angle drawn into the bent surface 32 and the reflected angle, it is transmitted to the reflecting mirror 3 and then transmitted to the outside. (See Figure 5b)
したがって、上記LED21で照射された光が屈曲面32および反射体40を通じて外部と反射鏡3に伝達され、光が照射される範囲を一定範囲に形成して前方に照射される光の明るさを高め、照射される光の範囲が一定に形成でき、値段が安くて低電力高輝度の性質を持ったLEDを光源として使用することで維持保守費用が節減できる効果がある。   Therefore, the light irradiated by the LED 21 is transmitted to the outside and the reflecting mirror 3 through the bent surface 32 and the reflector 40, and the brightness of the light irradiated forward is formed by forming a range in which the light is irradiated in a certain range. The range of irradiated light can be increased, and the maintenance cost can be reduced by using a low-cost, high-brightness LED as a light source.
以上、本発明の特定実施例について説明した。しかし、本発明の思想および範囲はこのような特定実施例に限られるものではなく、本発明の要旨を変形しない範囲内で多様に修正および変形できるということを、本発明が属された技術分野で通常の知識を持っている者であれば理解できる。   The specific embodiments of the present invention have been described above. However, the spirit and scope of the present invention are not limited to such specific embodiments, and various modifications and variations can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention. Anyone with ordinary knowledge can understand.
したがって、以上で記述した実施例たちは、本発明が属された技術分野で通常の知識を持っている者に発明の範疇を完全に知らせるために提供されるものであるため、すべての面で例示的なものであり、限定的ではないものと理解しなければならないし、本発明は請求項の範疇によって定義されるだけである。   Accordingly, the embodiments described above are provided in order to fully inform the person of ordinary skill in the technical field to which the present invention belongs to the scope of the invention. It should be understood as illustrative and not restrictive, and the invention is only defined by the scope of the claims.
1:LED電球
2:照明部
3:反射鏡
10:本体
11:プラグ
12:PCB
13:ねじ孔
14:放熱突起
15:結合溝
20:光源部
21:LED
22:結合ボルト
30:カバー
31:結合突起
32:屈曲面
33:貫通孔
34:傾斜面
40:反射体
42:段差
43:広告部
41a:突出面
41b:湾曲面
41c:端


1: LED bulb 2: Illumination unit 3: Reflector 10: Body 11: Plug 12: PCB
13: Screw hole 14: Heat dissipation protrusion 15: Coupling groove 20: Light source 21: LED
22: Coupling bolt 30: Cover 31: Coupling protrusion 32: Bending surface 33: Through hole 34: Inclined surface 40: Reflector 42: Step 43: Advertising portion 41a: Protruding surface 41b: Curved surface 41c: End


Claims (5)

  1. 自動車の照明部(2)に挿入されるプラグ(11)が備わり、内側にPCB(12)が収納された本体(10)と、
    上記本体(10)の片側に結合されて上記PCB(12)を通じて制御され、点灯するLED(21)を含む光源部(20)と、
    両端が貫通された円筒型の形状で作られ、片側は上記本体(10)に結合され、上記光源部(20)が内側に配置されたカバー(30)と、
    上記カバー(30)の片側に結合されて上記光源部(20)から照射された光を反射し、上記照明部(2)の後方に配置される半球形の反射鏡(3)で伝達する反射体(40)を含めて作られた自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球。
    A main body (10) provided with a plug (11) to be inserted into an illumination part (2) of an automobile, and containing a PCB (12) inside;
    A light source unit (20) including an LED (21) which is coupled to one side of the main body (10) and controlled and lighted through the PCB (12);
    A cover (30) having a cylindrical shape with both ends penetrated, one side coupled to the main body (10), and the light source part (20) disposed inside;
    A reflection that is coupled to one side of the cover (30), reflects light emitted from the light source unit (20), and is transmitted by a hemispherical reflecting mirror (3) disposed behind the illumination unit (2). LED bulbs for replacing halogen bulbs for automobiles, including the body (40).
  2. 上記反射体(40)は、上記光源部(20)と向き合う方向に突出され、断面形状がおおよそ´<´字形状を持つのが特徴である請求項1に記載の自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球。   The said reflector (40) protrudes in the direction facing the said light source part (20), and the cross-sectional shape has a substantially '<' shape, The substitute for the halogen light bulb for motor vehicles of Claim 1 characterized by the above-mentioned. LED bulb.
  3. 上記反射体(40)は、中央は外側に突出された突出面(41a)が形成され、上記突出面(41a)の両端から緩やかな曲面で下向きに傾いた湾曲面(41b)で作られたのが特徴である請求項1に記載の自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球。   The reflector (40) is formed with a curved surface (41b) which is formed at the center with a protruding surface (41a) protruding outward and is gently curved from both ends of the protruding surface (41a) and inclined downward. The LED light bulb as a substitute for a halogen light bulb for automobiles according to claim 1, characterized in that:
  4. 上記反射体(40)は、上記光源部(20)と向き合う面が銀、アルミ中の一つでメッキされたことが特徴である請求項1に記載の自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球。   2. The LED bulb as an alternative to an automotive halogen bulb according to claim 1, wherein the reflector (40) has a surface facing the light source section (20) plated with one of silver and aluminum. .
  5. 上記反射体(40)は上記カバー(30)にむりやり挟む形で結合され、カバー(30)の内側に挿入される程度を制限する段差(42)が形成されたのを特徴とする請求項1に記載の自動車用ハロゲン電球代替のためのLED電球。
    The reflector (40) is coupled to the cover (30) so as to be sandwiched between the reflectors (30), and a step (42) is formed to limit the degree of insertion into the cover (30). LED bulbs for automotive halogen bulb replacement as described in 1.
JP2015022871A 2012-03-02 2015-02-09 LED bulbs for replacing halogen bulbs for automobiles Active JP5761883B2 (en)

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