JP5058550B2 - Exposure apparatus, exposure method, device manufacturing method, and liquid recovery method - Google Patents

Exposure apparatus, exposure method, device manufacturing method, and liquid recovery method Download PDF

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JP5058550B2
JP5058550B2 JP2006274330A JP2006274330A JP5058550B2 JP 5058550 B2 JP5058550 B2 JP 5058550B2 JP 2006274330 A JP2006274330 A JP 2006274330A JP 2006274330 A JP2006274330 A JP 2006274330A JP 5058550 B2 JP5058550 B2 JP 5058550B2
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liquid
substrate
optical system
exposure
projection optical
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JP2007059929A (en
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勝志 中野
壮一 大和
直行 小林
恭志 水野
健一 白石
昭一 谷元
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株式会社ニコン
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The present invention relates to an exposure apparatus and exposure method for exposing a pattern to a substrate via a projection optical system and a liquid, a device manufacturing method , and a liquid recovery method .

Semiconductor devices and liquid crystal display devices are manufactured by a so-called photolithography technique in which a pattern formed on a mask is transferred onto a photosensitive substrate. An exposure apparatus used in this photolithography process has a mask stage for supporting a mask and a substrate stage for supporting a substrate, and a mask pattern is transferred via a projection optical system while sequentially moving the mask stage and the substrate stage. It is transferred to the substrate. In recent years, in order to cope with higher integration of device patterns, higher resolution of the projection optical system is desired. The resolution of the projection optical system becomes higher as the exposure wavelength used becomes shorter and the numerical aperture of the projection optical system becomes larger. Therefore, the exposure wavelength used in the exposure apparatus is shortened year by year, and the numerical aperture of the projection optical system is also increasing. The mainstream exposure wavelength is 248 nm of the KrF excimer laser, but the 193 nm of the shorter wavelength ArF excimer laser is also being put into practical use. Also, when performing exposure, the depth of focus (DOF) is important as well as the resolution. The resolution R and the depth of focus δ are each expressed by the following equations.
R = k 1 · λ / NA (1)
δ = ± k 2 · λ / NA 2 (2)
Here, λ is the exposure wavelength, NA is the numerical aperture of the projection optical system, and k 1 and k 2 are process coefficients. From the equations (1) and (2), it can be seen that the depth of focus δ becomes narrower when the exposure wavelength λ is shortened and the numerical aperture NA is increased in order to increase the resolution R.

If the depth of focus δ becomes too narrow, it becomes difficult to match the substrate surface with the image plane of the projection optical system, and the margin during the exposure operation may be insufficient. Therefore, as a method for substantially shortening the exposure wavelength and increasing the depth of focus, for example, a liquid immersion method disclosed in Patent Document 1 below has been proposed. In this immersion method, the space between the lower surface of the projection optical system and the substrate surface is filled with a liquid such as water or an organic solvent, and the wavelength of the exposure light in the liquid is 1 / n (n is the refractive index of the liquid). The resolution is improved by utilizing the fact that the ratio is usually about 1.2 to 1.6), and the depth of focus is expanded about n times.
International Publication No. 99/49504 Pamphlet

  By the way, the above-described prior art has the following problems.

  The exposure apparatus disclosed in Patent Document 1 is configured to supply and recover the liquid so that the liquid immersion area is formed on a part of the substrate. If the substrate stage is moved to the load / unload position in order to unload the substrate on the substrate stage and load a new substrate in a state where the substrate is not sufficiently collected, for example, the tip of the projection optical system, the liquid supply nozzle, or the recovery nozzle There is a possibility that the liquid remaining (attached) on the substrate falls to surrounding devices or members, for example, a guide surface of the stage or a reflection surface for the interferometer of the stage.

  Further, if liquid remains in the optical element at the tip of the projection optical system, after the remaining liquid is vaporized, an adhesion mark (so-called watermark) is left on the optical element at the tip of the projection optical system. There is a possibility of adversely affecting the pattern formed on the substrate during the exposure process. In addition to the exposure process, it is conceivable to form an immersion area when using a reference plane member or a reference mark member arranged around the substrate on the substrate stage. There is a possibility that the ink cannot be sufficiently collected, and adhesion marks remain on these members, or the liquid remaining on these members may be scattered.

  The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and when a pattern is projected onto a substrate via a projection optical system and a liquid and exposed, a desired device pattern is obtained by sufficiently removing unnecessary liquid. It is an object of the present invention to provide an exposure apparatus and an exposure method capable of forming a substrate on a substrate, and a device manufacturing method using the exposure apparatus and the exposure method.

  In order to solve the above-described problems, the present invention employs the following configuration corresponding to FIGS. 1 to 27 described in the embodiment. However, the reference numerals with parentheses attached to each element are merely examples of the element and do not limit each element.

  The exposure apparatus (EX) of the present invention exposes the substrate (P) by irradiating the substrate (P) with exposure light (EL) via the projection optical system (PL) and the liquid (1). The apparatus includes a detection device (100) for detecting a surface state of a component (2, 151, 152, etc.) disposed in the vicinity of the image plane side of the projection optical system (PL).

  According to the present invention, it is possible to detect the surface state of a component arranged near the image plane of the projection optical system (such as whether or not a foreign substance such as a liquid is attached) using the detection device. Depending on the result, an appropriate treatment, for example, removal of foreign matter from the component surface can be performed.

  The device manufacturing method of the present invention uses the above-described exposure apparatus (EX). According to the present invention, it is possible to manufacture a device having desired performance in a state in which environmental changes and generation of adhesion marks on optical elements near the image plane of the projection optical system are suppressed.

  The exposure method of the present invention is an exposure method in which a substrate (P) is exposed with exposure light (EL) through an optical element (2) and a liquid (1). 2, 151, 152, etc.).

  According to the present invention, since the surface state of the component (such as whether or not a foreign substance such as a liquid is attached) is detected on the exit surface side of the optical element, an appropriate treatment is performed according to the result, for example, a foreign substance on the component surface. Removal can be performed.

  The device manufacturing method of the present invention is characterized by using the exposure method described above. According to the present invention, it is possible to manufacture a device having desired performance in a state in which environmental changes and generation of adhesion marks on optical elements near the image plane of the projection optical system are suppressed.

  According to the present invention, by removing unnecessary liquid remaining on the components arranged near the image plane of the projection optical system, it is possible to prevent environmental changes and rusting of the apparatus due to falling of the remaining liquid. Can be prevented. In particular, by removing the liquid remaining on the optical element at the tip of the projection optical system, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of adhesion marks (watermarks) on the optical element. Therefore, a desired pattern can be formed on the substrate with high accuracy.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the exposure apparatus of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram showing an embodiment of the exposure apparatus of the present invention.

<Embodiment of exposure apparatus using first and second liquid removing apparatus>
In FIG. 1, an exposure apparatus EX includes a mask stage MST that supports a mask M, a substrate stage PST that supports a substrate P, and an illumination optical system IL that illuminates the mask M supported by the mask stage MST with exposure light EL. A projection optical system PL that projects and exposes an image of the pattern of the mask M illuminated by the exposure light EL onto the substrate P supported by the substrate stage PST, and a control device CONT that controls the overall operation of the exposure apparatus EX. It has.

  The exposure apparatus EX of the present embodiment is an immersion exposure apparatus to which an immersion method is applied in order to improve the resolution by substantially shortening the exposure wavelength and substantially increase the depth of focus. A liquid supply mechanism 10 for supplying the liquid 1 to the substrate P, and a liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery mechanism) 30 for recovering the liquid 1 on the substrate P. In the present embodiment, pure water is used as the liquid 1. The exposure apparatus EX transfers at least a part of the substrate P including the projection area AR1 of the projection optical system PL by the liquid 1 supplied from the liquid supply mechanism 10 while at least transferring the pattern image of the mask M onto the substrate P. A liquid immersion area AR2 is formed. Specifically, the exposure apparatus EX fills the liquid 1 between the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL and the surface (exposure surface) of the substrate P, and between the projection optical system PL and the substrate P. The pattern image of the mask M is projected onto the substrate P through the liquid 1 and the projection optical system PL, and the substrate P is exposed.

  Here, in the present embodiment, the pattern formed on the mask M is exposed to the substrate P while the mask M and the substrate P are synchronously moved in different directions (reverse directions) in the scanning direction (predetermined direction) as the exposure apparatus EX. An example of using a scanning exposure apparatus (so-called scanning stepper) will be described. In the following description, the synchronous movement direction (scanning direction, predetermined direction) of the mask M and the substrate P in the horizontal plane is the X axis direction, and the direction orthogonal to the X axis direction is the Y axis direction (non-scanning direction) in the horizontal plane. A direction perpendicular to the X-axis and Y-axis directions and coincident with the optical axis AX of the projection optical system PL is defined as a Z-axis direction. Further, the directions around the X axis, the Y axis, and the Z axis are defined as θX, θY, and θZ directions, respectively. Here, the “substrate” includes a semiconductor wafer coated with a resist, and the “mask” includes a reticle on which a device pattern to be reduced and projected on the substrate is formed.

The illumination optical system IL illuminates the mask M supported by the mask stage MST with the exposure light EL, and the exposure light source, and an optical integrator and an optical integrator for uniformizing the illuminance of the light beam emitted from the exposure light source A condenser lens that collects the exposure light EL from the light source, a relay lens system, a variable field stop that sets the illumination area on the mask M by the exposure light EL in a slit shape, and the like. A predetermined illumination area on the mask M is illuminated with the exposure light EL having a uniform illuminance distribution by the illumination optical system IL. As the exposure light EL emitted from the illumination optical system IL, for example, far ultraviolet light (g-line, h-line, i-line) and KrF excimer laser light (wavelength 248 nm) emitted from a mercury lamp, DUV light), vacuum ultraviolet light (VUV light) such as ArF excimer laser light (wavelength 193 nm) and F 2 laser light (wavelength 157 nm), or the like is used. In this embodiment, ArF excimer laser light is used. As described above, the liquid 1 in this embodiment is pure water, and can be transmitted even if the exposure light EL is ArF excimer laser light. Further, pure water can transmit ultraviolet rays (g-rays, h-rays, i-rays) and far-ultraviolet light (DUV light) such as KrF excimer laser light (wavelength 248 nm).

  The mask stage MST supports the mask M, and can move two-dimensionally in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis AX of the projection optical system PL, that is, in the XY plane, and can be slightly rotated in the θZ direction. The mask stage MST is driven by a mask stage driving device MSTD such as a linear motor. The mask stage driving device MSTD is controlled by the control device CONT. A movable mirror 50 is provided on the mask stage MST. A laser interferometer 51 is provided at a position facing the moving mirror 50. The two-dimensional position and rotation angle of the mask M on the mask stage MST are measured in real time by the laser interferometer 51, and the measurement result is output to the control device CONT. The control device CONT drives the mask stage driving device MSTD based on the measurement result of the laser interferometer 51, thereby positioning the mask M supported by the mask stage MST.

  The projection optical system PL projects and exposes the pattern of the mask M onto the substrate P at a predetermined projection magnification β, and includes a plurality of optical elements including an optical element (lens) 2 provided at the front end portion on the substrate P side. These optical elements are supported by a lens barrel PK. In the present embodiment, the projection optical system PL is a reduction system having a projection magnification β of, for example, 1/4 or 1/5. Note that the projection optical system PL may be either an equal magnification system or an enlargement system. Further, the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL of the present embodiment is provided so as to be detachable (replaceable) with respect to the lens barrel PK. The optical element 2 at the tip is exposed from the lens barrel PK, and the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 comes into contact with the optical element 2. Thereby, corrosion etc. of the lens barrel PK made of metal are prevented.

  The optical element 2 is made of fluorite. Since fluorite has a high affinity with pure water, the liquid 1 can be brought into close contact with almost the entire liquid contact surface 2 a of the optical element 2. That is, in the present embodiment, the liquid (water) 1 having a high affinity with the liquid contact surface 2a of the optical element 2 is supplied, so that the liquid contact surface 2a of the optical element 2 and the liquid 1 are highly adhered. Can be secured. The optical element 2 may be quartz having a high affinity with water. Further, the liquid contact surface 2a of the optical element 2 may be subjected to a hydrophilization (lyophilic treatment) to further increase the affinity with the liquid 1.

  The exposure apparatus EX has a focus detection system 4. The focus detection system 4 includes a light emitting unit 4a and a light receiving unit 4b. The light detection unit 4a projects detection light from the light emitting unit 4a through the liquid 1 onto the surface (exposure surface) of the substrate P from an oblique direction, and receives the reflected light from the light receiving unit. Light is received at 4b. The control device CONT controls the operation of the focus detection system 4 and detects the position (focus position) in the Z-axis direction of the surface of the substrate P with respect to the predetermined reference plane based on the light reception result of the light receiving unit 4b. Further, the focus detection system 4 can also determine the posture of the substrate P in the tilt direction by determining the focus positions at a plurality of points on the surface of the substrate P. As the configuration of the focus detection system 4, for example, the one disclosed in JP-A-8-37149 can be used.

  The substrate stage PST supports the substrate P and includes a Z stage 52 that holds the substrate P via a substrate holder, an XY stage 53 that supports the Z stage 52, and a base 54 that supports the XY stage 53. It has. The substrate stage PST is driven by a substrate stage driving device PSTD such as a linear motor. The substrate stage driving device PSTD is controlled by the control device CONT. Needless to say, the Z stage and the XY stage may be provided integrally. By driving the XY stage 53 of the substrate stage PST, the position of the substrate P in the XY direction (position in a direction substantially parallel to the image plane of the projection optical system PL) is controlled.

  A movable mirror 55 is provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52). A laser interferometer 56 is provided at a position facing the movable mirror 55. The two-dimensional position and rotation angle of the substrate P on the substrate stage PST are measured in real time by the laser interferometer 56, and the measurement result is output to the control device CONT. The control device CONT drives the XY stage 53 via the substrate stage drive device PSTD based on the measurement result of the laser interferometer 56, thereby positioning the substrate P supported by the substrate stage PST in the X axis direction and the Y axis direction. I do.

  Further, the control device CONT drives the Z stage 52 of the substrate stage PST via the substrate stage driving device PSTD, so that the position (focus position) of the substrate P held by the Z stage 52 in the Z-axis direction, and θX , ΘY position is controlled. That is, the Z stage 52 operates based on a command from the control device CONT based on the detection result of the focus detection system 4, and controls the focus position (Z position) and tilt angle of the substrate P to control the surface of the substrate P (exposure). The surface) is aligned with the image plane formed via the projection optical system PL and the liquid 1.

  An auxiliary plate 57 is provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52) so as to surround the substrate P. The auxiliary plate 57 has a flat surface substantially the same height as the surface of the substrate P held by the substrate holder. Here, there is a gap of about 0.1 to 2 mm between the edge of the substrate P and the auxiliary plate 57, but the liquid 1 hardly flows into the gap due to the surface tension of the liquid 1, and the periphery of the substrate P Even when the vicinity is exposed, the liquid 1 can be held under the projection optical system PL by the auxiliary plate 57.

  A substrate alignment system 5 for detecting an alignment mark on the substrate P or a reference mark provided on the Z stage 52 is provided near the tip of the projection optical system PL. A mask alignment system 6 for detecting a reference mark provided on the Z stage 52 via the mask M and the projection optical system PL is provided in the vicinity of the mask stage MST. As the configuration of the substrate alignment system 5, for example, the one disclosed in JP-A-4-65603 can be used, and the configuration of the mask alignment system 6 is disclosed in JP-A-7-176468. Can be used.

  In the vicinity of the substrate alignment system 5, there is provided a first liquid removing device 40 for removing the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member having the reference mark provided on the Z stage 52. The substrate stage PST is provided with a second liquid recovery apparatus 20 that recovers the liquid 1.

  The liquid supply mechanism 10 supplies a predetermined liquid 1 onto the substrate P in order to form the liquid immersion area AR2, and the first liquid supply unit 11 and the second liquid supply unit 12 that can deliver the liquid 1 are used. And a first supply nozzle having a supply port connected to the first liquid supply unit 11 via a supply pipe 11A having a flow path and supplying the liquid 1 delivered from the first liquid supply unit 11 onto the substrate P. 13, a second supply having a supply port connected to the second liquid supply unit 12 via a supply pipe 12A having a flow path and supplying the liquid 1 delivered from the second liquid supply unit 12 onto the substrate P. Nozzle 14. The first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 are in contact with the liquid 1 in the immersion area AR2 during the immersion exposure. The first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 are disposed close to the surface of the substrate P, and are provided at different positions in the surface direction of the substrate P. Specifically, the first supply nozzle 13 of the liquid supply mechanism 10 is provided on one side (−X side) in the scanning direction with respect to the projection area AR1, and the second supply nozzle 14 is provided on the other side (+ X side). ing.

  Each of the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12 includes a tank for storing the liquid 1 and a pressurizing pump. The substrate P is connected to each of the supply pipes 11A and 12A and the supply nozzles 13 and 14, respectively. Supply liquid 1 above. The liquid supply operations of the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12 are controlled by the control device CONT, and the control device CONT uses the liquids per unit time on the substrate P by the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12. The supply amount can be controlled independently. Each of the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12 has a temperature adjustment mechanism for the liquid 1, and the liquid 1 having a temperature of about 23 ° C., which is substantially the same as the temperature in the chamber in which the apparatus is accommodated, is placed on the substrate P. It comes to supply.

  Moreover, it is preferable that the pure water (liquid) supplied from the liquid supply units 11 and 12 has a transmittance of 99% / mm or more. In that case, an organic compound among the carbon compounds dissolved in the pure water. It is desirable to keep TOC (total organic carbon) indicating the total amount of carbon within less than 3 ppb.

  The liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery device) 30 recovers the liquid 1 on the substrate P, and includes first and second recovery nozzles 31 having recovery ports arranged close to the surface of the substrate P. 32, and first and second liquid recovery sections 33 and 34 connected to the first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32 via recovery pipes 33A and 34A having flow paths, respectively. The first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32 are in contact with the liquid 1 in the immersion area AR2 during the immersion exposure. The first and second liquid recovery units 33 and 34 include, for example, a suction device such as a vacuum pump and a tank for storing the recovered liquid 1. The first and second recovery nozzles 31 store the liquid 1 on the substrate P. 32 and the recovery pipes 33A and 34A. The liquid recovery operation of the first and second liquid recovery units 33 and 34 is controlled by the control device CONT, and the control device CONT can control the liquid recovery amount per unit time by the first and second liquid recovery units 33 and 34. is there.

  FIG. 2 is a plan view showing a schematic configuration of the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30. As shown in FIG. 2, the projection area AR <b> 1 of the projection optical system PL is set in a slit shape (rectangular shape) whose longitudinal direction is the Y-axis direction (non-scanning direction), and the liquid immersion area filled with the liquid 1. AR2 is formed on a part of the substrate P so as to include the projection area AR1. The first supply nozzle 13 of the liquid supply mechanism 10 for forming the immersion area AR2 of the projection area AR1 is provided on one side (−X side) in the scanning direction with respect to the projection area AR1, and the second supply nozzle 14 Is provided on the other side (+ X side). Each of the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 is formed in a straight line in plan view with the Y-axis direction as the longitudinal direction, and the supply port is provided so as to face the surface of the substrate P. It is formed in a slit shape in the longitudinal direction. The liquid supply mechanism 10 supplies the liquid 1 simultaneously from the supply ports of the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 on both sides of the projection area AR1.

  Each of the first and second recovery nozzles 31, 32 of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 has a recovery port formed continuously in an arc shape so as to face the surface of the substrate P. The first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32 arranged to face each other form a substantially annular recovery port. The recovery ports of the first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32 are arranged so as to surround the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 of the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the projection area AR1. In addition, a plurality of partition members 35 are provided inside a collection port that is continuously formed so as to surround the projection area AR1.

  The liquid 1 supplied onto the substrate P from the supply ports of the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 soaks and spreads between the lower end surface of the front end portion (optical element 2) of the projection optical system PL and the substrate P. To be supplied. Further, the liquid 1 supplied from the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 is recovered from the recovery ports of the first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of the Z stage 52 of the substrate stage PST as viewed from above. A movable mirror 55 is disposed on two side surfaces of the rectangular Z stage 52 that are perpendicular to each other, and the substrate P is held at a substantially center of the Z stage 52 via a holder (not shown). Around the substrate P, as described above, the auxiliary plate 57 having a plane substantially the same height as the surface of the substrate P is provided. Around the auxiliary plate 57, a liquid absorbing member 21 that constitutes a part of the second liquid recovery apparatus 20 that recovers the liquid 1 is provided. The liquid absorbing member 21 is an annular member having a predetermined width, and is disposed in a groove portion (recovery port) 23 formed in an annular shape on the Z stage 52. The liquid absorbing member 21 is made of a porous material such as porous ceramics. Alternatively, a sponge that is a porous material may be used as a material for forming the liquid absorbing member 21. The liquid absorbing member 21 made of a porous material can hold a predetermined amount of the liquid 1.

  FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the second liquid recovery apparatus 20. The second liquid recovery apparatus 20 includes the above-described liquid absorbing member 21 disposed in a groove (collection port) 23 formed in an annular shape on the Z stage 52, and a flow formed inside the Z stage 52 and continuous with the groove 23. A passage 26 and a pipe 26 provided outside the Z stage 52 and having one end connected to the flow path 22; a tank 27 connected to the other end of the pipe 26 and provided outside the Z stage 52; A pump 29 which is a suction device connected to the tank 27 via a valve 28 is provided. The tank 27 is provided with a discharge flow path 27A so that when a predetermined amount of liquid 1 is accumulated, it is discharged from the discharge flow path 27A. Then, the liquid recovery apparatus 20 drives the pump 29 and collects the liquid 1 recovered by the liquid absorbing member 21 so as to be sucked into the tank 27.

  A reference member 7 is provided at one corner of the Z stage 52. The reference member 7 is provided with a reference mark PFM detected by the substrate alignment system 5 and a substrate mark MFM detected by the mask alignment system 6 in a predetermined positional relationship. In addition, the surface of the reference member 7 is substantially flat and serves as a reference surface for the focus detection system 4. Note that the reference surface of the focus detection system 4 may be provided on the Z stage 52 separately from the reference member 7. Further, the reference member 7 and the auxiliary plate 57 may be provided integrally.

  On the Z stage 52, a liquid absorbing member 42 constituting a part of the first liquid removing device 40 that removes the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 is provided in the vicinity of the reference member 7. Further, a second liquid removing device 60 for removing the liquid 1 remaining in the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL and the lens barrel PK near the tip is provided at another corner of the Z stage 52.

  Next, the procedure for exposing the pattern of the mask M onto the substrate P using the exposure apparatus EX described above will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

  Before the liquid 1 is supplied from the liquid supply mechanism 10, measurement processing is first performed in a state where there is no liquid 1 on the substrate P. The control device CONT moves the XY stage 53 while monitoring the output of the laser interferometer 56 so that the optical axis AX of the projection optical system PL advances along the wavy arrow 43 in FIG. During the movement, the substrate alignment system 5 detects a plurality of alignment marks (not shown) formed on the substrate P according to the shot areas S1 to S11 without using the liquid 1 (step SA1). When the substrate alignment system 5 detects the alignment mark, the XY stage 53 is stopped. As a result, position information of each alignment mark in the coordinate system defined by the laser interferometer 56 is measured. The detection of the alignment marks by the substrate alignment system 5 may detect all the alignment marks on the substrate P or only a part of them.

  Further, during the movement of the XY stage 53, the surface information of the substrate P is detected without passing through the liquid 1 by the focus detection system 4 (step SA2). The surface information is detected by the focus detection system 4 for every shot region S1 to S11 on the substrate P, and the detection result is stored in the control device CONT in correspondence with the position of the substrate P in the scanning direction (X-axis direction). Is done. Note that the detection of surface information by the focus detection system 4 may be performed only for a part of the shot areas.

  When the detection of the alignment mark on the substrate P and the detection of the surface information on the substrate P are completed, the control device CONT moves the XY stage 53 so that the detection region of the substrate alignment system 5 is positioned on the reference member 7. The substrate alignment system 5 detects the reference mark PFM on the reference member 7 and measures the position information of the reference mark PFM within the coordinate system defined by the laser interferometer 56 (step SA3).

  When the detection process of the reference mark PFM is completed, the positional relationship between the reference mark PFM and the plurality of alignment marks on the substrate P, that is, the positional relationship between the reference mark PFM and the plurality of shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P is changed. Each would have been requested. Further, since the reference mark PFM and the reference mark MFM are in a predetermined positional relationship, the positional relationship between the reference mark MFM and the plurality of shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P in the XY plane is determined. .

  Further, before or after the detection of the reference mark PFM by the substrate alignment system 5, the control device CONT detects the surface information of the surface (reference surface) of the reference member 7 by the focus detection system 4 (step SA4). With the completion of the detection process of the surface of the reference member 7, the relationship between the surface of the reference member 7 and the surface of the substrate P is obtained.

  Next, the control unit CONT moves the XY stage 53 so that the reference mark MFM on the reference member 7 can be detected by the mask alignment system 6. As a matter of course, in this state, the tip of the projection optical system PL and the reference member 7 are opposed to each other. Here, the control device CONT starts supply and recovery of the liquid 1 by the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30, and fills the space between the projection optical system PL and the reference member 7 with the liquid 1 to form an immersion region. . The size of the reference member 7 in the XY direction is sufficiently larger than the supply nozzles 13 and 14 and the recovery nozzles 31 and 32, so that the liquid immersion area AR2 is smoothly formed on the reference member 7.

  Next, the control device CONT detects the reference mark MFM through the mask M, the projection optical system PL, and the liquid 1 by the mask alignment system 6 (step SA5). As a result, the position of the mask M in the XY plane, that is, the projection position information of the pattern image of the mask M is detected using the reference mark MFM via the projection optical system PL and the liquid 1.

  When the measurement process as described above is completed, the control device CONT stops the operation of supplying the liquid 1 onto the reference member 7 by the liquid supply mechanism 10. On the other hand, the control device CONT continues the recovery operation of the liquid 1 on the reference member 7 by the liquid recovery mechanism 30 for a predetermined period (step SA5.1). Then, after the predetermined period has elapsed, the control device CONT stops the recovery operation by the liquid recovery mechanism 30 and removes the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 without being recovered by the liquid recovery mechanism 30. The substrate stage PST is moved.

  FIG. 5 shows a state in which the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52) is being removed by the first liquid removing device 40 constituting a part of the liquid removing mechanism. 5A is a schematic perspective view, and FIG. 5B is a cross-sectional view. In FIG. 5, the first liquid removing device 40 includes a spraying device 41 that blows gas against the reference member 7, and a liquid absorbing member 42 that is provided adjacent to the reference member 7. The spraying device 41 includes a gas supply unit 41A capable of delivering a gas, and a nozzle unit 43 connected to the gas supply unit 41A. The outlet 43 </ b> A of the nozzle portion 43 is formed in a slit shape and is disposed in the vicinity of the reference member 7. The liquid absorbing member 42 is provided at a position facing the outlet 43A of the nozzle portion 43 with the reference member 7 interposed therebetween. The gas supply part 41A and the nozzle part 43 are supported by a support part (not shown) independent of the projection optical system PL, and the liquid absorbing member 42 is disposed in a groove part 44 that is a recovery port provided in the Z stage 52. ing. Like the liquid absorbing member 21 of the second liquid recovery apparatus 20, the liquid absorbing member 42 is made of, for example, a porous material such as porous ceramics or sponge, and can hold a predetermined amount of the liquid 1. By sending the gas from the gas supply part 41A, high-speed gas is blown to the reference member 7 from an oblique direction through the slit-shaped outlet 43A of the nozzle part 43. The control device CONT blows and removes the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 by blowing gas to the reference member 7 from the nozzle portion 43 of the first liquid removing device 40 (step SA5.2). . At this time, the control device CONT blows gas to the reference member 7 from the nozzle portion 43 while moving the substrate stage PST (that is, the reference member 7) with respect to the nozzle portion 43 of the first liquid removing device 40, whereby the reference member 7 is moved. The gas can be sprayed evenly over the entire surface. The liquid 1 blown off is held (recovered) by the liquid absorbing member 42 disposed at a position facing the outlet 43A of the nozzle portion 43.

  As shown in FIG. 5B, a flow path 45 continuous with the groove 44 is formed inside the Z stage 52, and the bottom of the liquid absorbing member 42 disposed in the groove 44 is connected to the flow path 45. Has been. The flow path 45 connected to the groove part 44 in which the liquid absorbing member 42 is disposed is connected to one end part of a pipe line 46 provided outside the Z stage 52. On the other hand, the other end of the conduit 46 is connected to a pump 49 which is a suction device via a tank 47 and a valve 48 provided outside the Z stage 52. The tank 47 is provided with a discharge flow path 47A, and when a predetermined amount of liquid 1 is accumulated, it is discharged from the discharge flow path 47A. Then, the first liquid removing device 40 drives the gas supply unit 41 </ b> A and drives the pump 49 to collect the liquid 1 collected by the liquid absorbing member 42 so as to be sucked into the tank 47.

  Next, in order to expose each of the shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P, the control device CONT moves the XY stage 53 so that the projection optical system PL and the substrate P face each other (step SA6). When the projection optical system PL and the substrate P are opposed to each other, the control device CONT drives the liquid supply mechanism 10 to start a liquid supply operation on the substrate P. The liquid 1 delivered from each of the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12 of the liquid supply mechanism 10 to form the liquid immersion area AR2 flows through the supply pipes 11A and 12A, and then the first and second liquids are supplied. A liquid immersion area AR2 is formed between the projection optical system PL and the substrate P by being supplied onto the substrate P via the supply nozzles 13 and 14. At this time, the supply ports of the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 are arranged on both sides of the projection area AR1 in the X-axis direction (scanning direction), and the control device CONT receives the projection area from the supply port of the liquid supply mechanism 10. The liquid 1 is simultaneously supplied onto the substrate P on both sides of the AR1. As a result, the liquid 1 supplied onto the substrate P forms on the substrate P a liquid immersion area AR2 in a range wider than at least the projection area AR1. The control device CONT controls the first and second liquid recovery units 33 and 34 of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 and performs the liquid recovery operation on the substrate P in parallel with the liquid 1 supply operation by the liquid supply mechanism 10. Do. That is, the control device CONT simultaneously performs the liquid supply by the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery by the liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery mechanism) 30 in order to form the liquid immersion area AR2 during the exposure of the substrate P ( Step SA7). As a result, the liquid 1 on the substrate P flowing outward from the supply ports of the first and second supply nozzles 13 and 14 with respect to the projection area AR1 is recovered from the recovery ports of the first and second recovery nozzles 31 and 32. The As described above, the liquid recovery mechanism 30 recovers the liquid 1 on the substrate P by the recovery port provided so as to surround the projection area AR1.

  Then, the respective shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P are scanned and exposed using the information obtained during the above-described measurement process (step SA8). That is, during scanning exposure for each shot area, information on the positional relationship between the reference mark PFM and each shot area S1 to S11 obtained before the liquid 1 is supplied, and the reference mark MFM is used after the liquid 1 is supplied. Based on the projection position information of the pattern image of the mask M obtained in this way, the alignment of the shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P and the mask M is performed.

  Further, during the scanning exposure for each of the shot areas S1 to S11, the surface information of the substrate P obtained before the supply of the liquid 1 and the surface information of the surface of the substrate P detected by using the focus detection system 4 during the scanning exposure. Based on this, the positional relationship between the surface of the substrate P and the image plane formed via the liquid 1 is adjusted without using the focus detection system 4.

  In this embodiment, when supplying the liquid 1 to the substrate P from both sides in the scanning direction of the projection area AR1, the control device CONT performs the liquid supply operation of the first and second liquid supply units 11 and 12 of the liquid supply mechanism 10. The liquid supply amount per unit time supplied from the front of the projection area AR1 is set to be larger than the liquid supply amount supplied on the opposite side in the scanning direction. For example, when the exposure processing is performed while moving the substrate P in the + X direction, the control device CONT sets the amount of liquid from the −X side (that is, the first supply nozzle 13) to the + X side (that is, the second supply nozzle 13) with respect to the projection area AR1. When the exposure process is performed while moving the substrate P in the -X direction while increasing the amount of liquid from the supply nozzle 14), the amount of liquid from the + X side is set to the amount of liquid from the -X side with respect to the projection area AR1. Do more.

  When the scanning exposure of each of the shot areas S1 to S11 on the substrate P is completed, the control device CONT stops the liquid supply by the liquid supply mechanism 10 and also collects the recovery port of the second liquid recovery device 20 provided on the substrate stage PST. The substrate stage PST is moved so that 23 faces the projection optical system PL. Then, the control device CONT uses the liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery device) 30 and the second liquid recovery device 20 together to recover the liquid 1 formed under the projection optical system PL (step). SA9). Thus, the liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery device) 30 in which the recovery port is disposed above the substrate stage PST and the second liquid recovery device 20 in which the recovery port is disposed on the substrate stage PST. At the same time, since the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 is collected, it is possible to reduce the remaining liquid 1 on the tip of the projection optical system PL and the substrate P.

  The second liquid recovery apparatus 20 recovers the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 after the exposure of the substrate P, but it flows out of the substrate P (auxiliary plate 57) during the liquid immersion exposure. The liquid 1 may be recovered. Further, the recovery port 23 of the second liquid recovery apparatus 20 is provided in an annular shape (annular shape) around the substrate P, but taking into account the moving direction of the substrate stage PST after the exposure of the substrate P is completed. Alternatively, it may be partially provided at a predetermined position in the vicinity of the substrate P (auxiliary plate 57). In addition, before and after immersion exposure, even if the vibration associated with the recovery operation increases, it is acceptable. Therefore, the recovery power of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 may be larger than that during immersion exposure.

  Further, if the liquid 1 on the substrate P cannot be recovered after the immersion exposure, the substrate P is not a component, but for example, the substrate stage PST supporting the substrate P is moved to project the substrate P onto the projection optical system PL. It may be arranged at a position away from the substrate, specifically below the spraying device 41, spraying gas onto the substrate P, and recovering the blown liquid 1 by the second liquid recovery device 20. Of course, this gas blowing operation can be performed not only on the substrate P but also on the auxiliary plate 57 and the surface of the Z stage 52 outside the auxiliary plate 57.

  In other words, the first liquid removing device 40 removes the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7, but it is also possible to remove the liquid 1 remaining on components other than the reference member 7 on the substrate stage PST. It is. For example, when the liquid 1 flows out or scatters outside the substrate P during the immersion exposure and the liquid 1 is disposed on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52), the substrate P is exposed on the substrate stage PST after the exposure of the substrate P is completed. The liquid 1 can be recovered by the first liquid removing device 40. In this case, the liquid 1 blown off by the spraying device 41 of the first liquid removing device 40 may be recovered by the liquid absorbing member 21 disposed in the groove (recovery port) 23 of the second liquid recovery device 20.

  Further, the nozzle portion 43 of the spraying device 41 is provided so as to be movable with respect to the substrate stage PST, and the liquid 1 that has flowed out of the substrate P during the exposure of the substrate P or after the exposure is recovered. Good.

  As described above, since the first liquid removing device 40 for removing the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52) is provided, the liquid 1 on the reference member 7 is removed. Remaining can be prevented. Further, since the liquid 1 is recovered using the recovery port on the substrate stage PST after the exposure of the substrate P is completed, it is possible to prevent the liquid 1 from remaining on the projection optical system PL, the tip of the nozzle, or the substrate P. The liquid 1 can be prevented from falling or scattering.

  In the above-described embodiment, the first liquid removing device 40 includes the liquid absorbing member 42 disposed in the vicinity of the reference member 7, but the liquid absorbing member 42 may be omitted. In this case, the liquid 1 removed from the reference member 7 can be left in a predetermined region on the substrate stage PST that does not affect the exposure operation and the measurement operation.

  FIG. 6 is a view showing another embodiment of the first liquid removing device 40. In the following description, the same or equivalent components as those of the above-described embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is simplified or omitted. In FIG. 6, the first liquid removing device 40 includes a suction device 81 that sucks the liquid 1 adhering to the reference member 7. The suction device 81 includes a suction part 81A including a tank and a pump, and a suction nozzle 82 connected to the suction part 81A. The suction port 82 </ b> A of the suction nozzle 82 is disposed close to the reference member 7. When removing the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7, the spraying device 41 blows gas against the reference member 7, and the suction device 81 sucks the liquid 1 on the reference member 7.

  In the example described with reference to FIG. 6, the first liquid removing device 40 is provided with the spraying device 41 and the suction device 81, but only the suction device 81 is provided. Also good. The suction device 81 can remove (collect) the liquid 1 by sucking the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 from the suction port 82A. The nozzle portion 82 of the suction device 81 may be provided so as to be movable with respect to the substrate stage PST, and the liquid 1 that has flowed out of the substrate P during or after the exposure of the substrate P may be collected.

  Also in the embodiment of FIG. 6, the first liquid removing device 40 has the liquid absorbing member 42 disposed in the vicinity of the reference member 7, but the liquid absorbing member 42 may be omitted.

  FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view showing another embodiment of the first liquid removing device 40. As shown in FIG. 7, the first liquid removing device 40 includes a cover member 84 that covers the reference member 7 (arranged above the reference member 7), and a dry gas that supplies a dry gas to the internal space of the cover member 84. And a supply unit 85. The dry gas supply unit 85 supplies the dry gas to the internal space of the cover member 84 in which the reference member 7 is disposed via the pipe line 86. By doing so, vaporization of the liquid 1 remaining on the reference member 7 is promoted, and the liquid 1 is removed.

  The first liquid removing device 40 removes the liquid of components such as the reference member 7 mounted on the substrate stage PST. However, as disclosed in JP-A-11-135400, exposure is performed. When the apparatus EX is equipped with a stage having a measurement member and a reference unit in addition to the substrate stage PST, the liquid of components on the stage can be removed.

  Next, the second liquid removing device 60 that removes the liquid 1 remaining in the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL and the lens barrel PK near the tip will be described with reference to FIG. In FIG. 8, the second liquid removing device 60 includes a spraying device 61 that blows gas against the optical element 2 constituting the tip component of the projection optical system PL and a lens barrel PK in the vicinity thereof, and the tip of the projection optical system PL. And a recovery device (suction device) 62 that recovers the liquid that has been blown off by the gas spraying by the spraying device 61 and dropped. The spraying device 61 includes a gas supply unit 63 and a nozzle unit 64 that is connected to the gas supply unit 63 and provided in the recess 64B of the Z stage 52, and the outlet 64A of the nozzle unit 64 faces upward. Thus, it can be arranged in the vicinity of the tip of the projection optical system PL. On the other hand, the recovery device 62 is formed in a recovery port (groove portion) 65 provided in the Z stage 52, a liquid absorbing member 66 made of a porous material disposed in the recovery port 65, and the Z stage 52. A continuous flow path 67 and a pipe 68 provided at the outside of the Z stage 52, one end of which is connected to the flow path 67, and a tank provided at the other end of the pipe 68 and provided outside the Z stage 52 69 and a pump 71 which is a suction device connected to the tank 69 via a valve 70. The tank 69 is provided with a discharge channel 69A, and when a predetermined amount of the liquid 1 has accumulated, it is discharged from the discharge channel 69A. Then, the recovery device 62 drives the pump 71 and collects the liquid 1 recovered by the liquid absorbing member 66 so as to be sucked into the tank 69.

  In the present embodiment, the outlet 64A of the nozzle portion 64 of the spraying device 61 has a slit shape whose longitudinal direction is the Y-axis direction (see FIG. 3), and the recovery port 65 of the recovery device 62 is on the + X side of the outlet 64A. It is formed in a rectangular shape with the Y-axis direction as the longitudinal direction at adjacent positions. Then, after the exposure of the substrate P, the second liquid removing device 60 not only supplies the tip of the projection optical system PL that contacts the liquid 1 in the immersion area AR2 during the exposure of the substrate P, but also the supply nozzle of the liquid supply mechanism 10. (Parts) 13, 14 and the liquid 1 remaining in the recovery nozzles (parts) 31, 32 of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 are also removed. Of course, only the tip of the projection optical system PL or only the nozzle can be removed.

  After immersion exposure on the substrate P (after completion of step SA8), the control device CONT uses the liquid recovery mechanism (first liquid recovery device) 30 to recover the liquid 1 on the substrate P (step SA9). Then, after the recovery of the liquid 1 on the substrate P by the liquid recovery mechanism 30 is completed, the control device CONT moves the substrate stage PST and arranges the second liquid removal device 60 under the projection optical system PL. Then, the second liquid removing device 60 blows gas from the oblique direction from the nozzle portion 64 of the spraying device 61 to the tip of the projection optical system PL, and blows off and removes the liquid 1 remaining at the tip of the projection optical system PL. (Step SA10). The liquid 1 blown off falls and is collected in the collection port 65 in which the liquid absorbing member 66 of the collection device 62 is arranged. Here, the control device CONT drives the second liquid removal device 60 while moving the substrate stage PST in, for example, the X-axis direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction (Y-axis direction) of the blowout port 64A and the recovery port 65. By doing so, gas is blown not only to the tip of the projection optical system PL but also to the supply nozzles 13 and 14 of the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the recovery nozzles 31 and 32 of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 arranged around the projection optical system PL. The liquid 1 remaining in the supply nozzles 13 and 14 and the recovery nozzles 31 and 32 can also be removed.

  As described above, by removing the liquid 1 remaining on the tip of the projection optical system PL, the supply nozzles 13 and 14 and the recovery nozzles 31 and 32 that are in contact with the liquid 1 in the immersion area AR2 during exposure, FIG. As shown in the schematic diagram of FIG. 9, even if the substrate stage PST moves from below the projection optical system PL (exposure processing position A) to a position for loading / unloading the substrate P (load / unload position B), The occurrence of inconveniences such as the liquid 1 remaining at the tip of the projection optical system PL falling and affecting peripheral devices or causing environmental changes can be suppressed. In particular, by preventing the liquid 1 from remaining in the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, the occurrence of adhesion marks (watermarks) can be suppressed.

  By providing the second liquid removing apparatus 60 on the substrate stage PST, if the second liquid removing apparatus 60 is driven while moving the substrate stage PST, the projection optical system PL or the like can be obtained without providing a new actuator. Gas can be sprayed while scanning the second liquid removing device 60 with respect to the supply nozzle and the recovery nozzle. For example, as shown in FIG. 9, after the immersion exposure is completed, a gas blowing operation is performed by the second liquid removing device 60 while moving from the exposure processing position A to the load / unload position B. Thus, the liquid removing operation (gas blowing operation) and the stage moving operation can be performed simultaneously, and the time efficiency can be improved. Therefore, the second liquid removing apparatus 60 is preferably provided in advance at a position where the substrate stage PST passes under the projection optical system PL while moving from the exposure processing position A to the load / unload position B.

  10 and 11 are modifications of the second liquid removing device 60. FIG. As shown in FIG. 10, a large groove portion 72 is formed on the Z stage 52, and the nozzle portion 64 of the spray device 61 and the flow path (recovery port) 67 of the recovery device 62 are arranged in the groove portion 72. Also good. In the example shown in FIG. 10, the liquid absorbing member 66 is not provided. As described above, a configuration in which the liquid absorbing member 66 is not provided is also possible. Further, as shown in FIG. 11, a plurality (two in the example shown in FIG. 11) of nozzle portions 64 of the spraying device 61 may be provided in the groove portion 72. Further, as in the example shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the groove portion 72 that is larger than the tip of the projection optical system PL is provided, and the nozzle portion 64 and the recovery port 67 are disposed therein. 1 can be suppressed by the groove 72.

  Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 12, a cover member 73 can be provided around the outlet 64 </ b> A and the recovery port 65 of the nozzle portion 64 to prevent the liquid 1 sprayed with gas from being scattered around the nozzle 1. The cover member 73 shown in FIG. 12 is formed in a U-shape in plan view in which the tip of the projection optical system PL can be arranged, and the tip of the projection optical system PL enters and exits the cover member 73 from the U-shaped opening side. It is supposed to be. And the longitudinal direction of this cover member 73 is made to correspond with the moving direction (X-axis direction) of the substrate stage PST, and the outlet 64A and the collection | recovery port 65 which set the Y-axis direction as a longitudinal direction in this cover member 73 are provided. Thus, the liquid can be efficiently removed while preventing the liquid 1 from being scattered by a single scanning movement.

  The liquid 1 that has flowed out of the substrate P during the exposure of the substrate P can also be recovered through the recovery port 65 of the recovery device 62 of the second liquid removal device 60. At this time, it is preferable to provide a plurality of recovery ports 65 of the recovery device 62 around the substrate P at predetermined intervals.

  8 to 12, the second liquid removing device 60 includes the recovery device 62 in the vicinity of the nozzle portion 64, but this may be omitted. In this case, the liquid 1 removed from the tip of the projection optical system PL can be left in a predetermined region on the substrate stage PST that does not affect the exposure operation or the measurement operation.

  8 to 12, the second liquid removal apparatus 60 is disposed on the substrate stage PST. However, the second liquid removal apparatus 60 may be disposed on a member different from the substrate stage PST. good. For example, a stage capable of moving the image plane side of the projection optical system PL may be further mounted independently of the substrate stage PST, and the second liquid removing device 60 may be disposed on the stage.

  Further, a suction port may be provided in the vicinity of the blowing port 64A of the nozzle portion 64 of the projection optical system PL, the supply nozzle, and the recovery nozzle second liquid removing device 60. Alternatively, a suction port may be provided in place of the blowout port 64A, and the liquid adhering to the tip surface, the supply nozzle, and the recovery nozzle of the projection optical system PL may be recovered.

  By the way, even if the liquid 1 at the tip of the projection optical system PL is removed, impurities or foreign matters contained in the liquid 1 may adhere to the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, and the optical element 2 may be contaminated. is there. Here, the impurities and foreign substances include photoresist fragments, electrolyte deposits contained in the photoresist, and the like. Therefore, it is preferable to clean the optical element 2 before or after removing (blowing or sucking) the liquid 1 remaining on the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL.

  FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram showing a state where the tip of the projection optical system PL is cleaned. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 13, a cleaning station 90 is provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52) at a position different from the substrate P held by the substrate holder. A cleaning plate 91 is provided in the cleaning station 90. The cleaning plate 91 is a plate member having substantially the same size as the substrate P, for example.

  In order to clean the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL after (or before) the immersion exposure, the control device CONT moves the substrate stage PST and moves the cleaning plate 91 (cleaning station 90) to the projection optical system. Place under the PL. Then, the control device CONT drives the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30 to form a liquid immersion area AR2 between the projection optical system PL and the cleaning plate 91. The optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL is cleaned by the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 formed on the cleaning plate 91. After the cleaning process is completed, as described above, the liquid 1 remaining on the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL is removed using the second liquid removing device 60.

  In the cleaning station 90 shown in FIG. 13, a liquid immersion area AR2 is formed on the cleaning plate 91 using the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30, and the projection optical system PL is formed with the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2. As shown in FIG. 14, the cleaning station 90 is provided with a cleaning mechanism 95, and this cleaning mechanism 95 is used to clean the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL. It is possible. The cleaning mechanism 95 of the cleaning station 90 shown in FIG. 14 is connected to the cleaning liquid supply unit 96 and the cleaning liquid supply unit 96, and the cleaning liquid sent from the cleaning liquid supply unit 96 is supplied to the projection optical system PL. An injection unit 97 having an injection port 97A for injecting the optical element 2 at the tip, a recovery pipe 98 having a recovery port 98A for recovering waste water after washing the optical element 2, and a recovery pipe 98 connected to the pump and tank And a recovery unit 99 including the above. The ejection port 97A and the recovery port 98A are disposed in a groove portion 94 formed on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52). After the immersion exposure, the cleaning station 90 is disposed under the projection optical system PL, and the cleaning liquid is ejected to the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL by the ejection unit 97 of the cleaning mechanism 95, whereby the optical element 2 is washed. At this time, by disposing the ejection port 97 </ b> A and the recovery port 98 </ b> A in the groove portion 94, scattering of the cleaning liquid around is prevented.

  Further, although the cleaning station 90 (cleaning plate 91) is disposed on the substrate stage PST, it may be disposed on a member different from the substrate stage PST. For example, a stage that can move the image plane side of the projection optical system PL may be further mounted independently of the substrate stage PST, and a cleaning station may be arranged on the stage.

  In addition, it is preferable to confirm by a foreign matter detection system whether or not foreign matter has adhered to the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL after the cleaning operation and the liquid removing operation. FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of the foreign object detection system 100. Here, the foreign matter includes the remaining liquid (droplet) 1 in addition to the above-mentioned pieces of photoresist and electrolyte deposits contained in the photoresist.

  In FIG. 15, the foreign matter detection system 100 is provided on a substrate stage PST (Z stage 52), and a light emitting unit 118 that irradiates predetermined irradiation light obliquely downward to the surface of the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL. And a branch mirror 119 disposed on the optical path connecting the surface of the optical element 2 and the light emitting unit 118, and the reflected light from the surface of the optical element 2 based on the irradiation from the light emitting unit 118. And a second light receiving unit 121 that is disposed above the substrate stage PST and receives the branched light from the branch mirror 119 based on the irradiation from the light emitting unit 118. . Here, the light emitting unit 118, the first light receiving unit 120, and the like constituting the foreign object detection system 100 are provided on the substrate stage PST at positions other than the substrate holder and the cleaning station. And the light reception result of the 1st, 2nd light-receiving parts 120 and 121 is output to the control apparatus CONT which comprises some foreign material detection systems 100 as a photoelectric signal. The control device CONT calculates the light reflectance of the surface of the optical element 2 as the actual reflectance based on the photoelectric signals output from the first and second light receiving units 120 and 121, and stores the calculated actual reflectance in advance. The degree of contamination on the surface of the optical element 2 is measured based on the comparison result with the predetermined reflectance. That is, if a foreign substance is attached to the optical element 2, scattered light is generated due to the foreign substance, the reflectance is changed, and the amount of light received by the first light receiving unit 120 is changed. The control device CONT stores in advance the light reflectance of the surface of the optical element 2 measured at the completion of the present device, which is assumed that the surface of the optical element 2 is not contaminated so as to affect the optical characteristics, as a predetermined reflectance. .

As described with reference to FIGS. 13 and 14, after finishing the cleaning process of the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, the control device CONT moves the substrate stage PST to project the foreign object detection system 100. It arrange | positions under the optical system PL. When a predetermined irradiation light is irradiated from the light emitting unit 118, the irradiation light transmitted through the branch mirror 119 is reflected on the surface of the optical element 2 after being irradiated on the surface of the optical element 2, and the reflected light is the first light. Light is received by the light receiving unit 120. On the other hand, the irradiation light (branched light) branched by the branch mirror 119 is received by the second light receiving unit 121 without reaching the surface of the optical element 2. And the photoelectric signal photoelectrically converted by both the light-receiving parts 120 and 121 is each output to the control apparatus CONT. The control device CONT calculates the reflectance of the surface of the optical element 2 based on the photoelectric signal from the first light receiving unit 120 and the photoelectric signal from the second light receiving unit 121. That is, in general, when light is incident at a certain incident angle with respect to the boundary surface between two media, the reflectance R is such that the energy intensity of the incident light beam is I 0 and the energy intensity of the reflected light beam is Ir. when a is expressed by R = Ir / I 0. Therefore, in the control device CONT, the intensity of energy based on the photoelectric signal from the first light receiving unit 120 is Ir, and the intensity of energy based on the photoelectric signal from the second light receiving unit 121 is I 0. The actual reflectivity Rr is obtained. Next, the control device CONT reads a predetermined reflectance R 0 stored in advance, and calculates a difference ΔR (= R 0 −Rr) between the predetermined reflectance R 0 and the actual reflectance Rr. Then, a display signal based on the obtained difference ΔR between both the reflectances R 0 and Rr is output to the display device 126. Then, the display device 126 numerically displays the degree of contamination on the surface of the optical element 2 based on this display signal. When the degree of contamination exceeds a predetermined allowable value, the control device CONT determines that there is more foreign material than the allowable value on the surface of the optical element 2 and controls the cleaning device to perform the cleaning process again.

  Here, the optical element 2 is irradiated with irradiation light and the scattered light on the surface of the optical element 2 is detected. However, when a foreign object is attached to the optical element 2, the image plane side of the projection optical system PL is used. Irradiance unevenness or telecentric displacement is observed in the case, so that by using the illuminance sensor provided on the substrate stage PST, the illuminance is measured on each of the focal plane and the defocus plane to determine whether foreign matter is attached. Can be detected.

  In the embodiment of FIG. 15, the liquid and foreign matter (impurities) attached to the surface of the optical element 2 are detected by irradiating the optical element 2 with light and receiving the scattered light. The detection method is not limited to this. For example, the detection may be performed using the mask alignment system 6 described above.

  Further, not only after cleaning the surface of the optical element 2 but also at a predetermined timing such as during the exchange of the substrate P, it is confirmed by a foreign substance detection system whether or not the foreign substance is attached to the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, A cleaning operation may be performed when a foreign object is detected.

  Further, the foreign object detection system 100 performs foreign object detection of the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, but detects foreign objects on the surface of other components that come into contact with the liquid on the image plane side of the projection optical system PL. It may be.

<Another Embodiment of Exposure Apparatus Using First Liquid Removal Apparatus>
FIG. 16 is a view showing another embodiment of the exposure apparatus using the first liquid removing apparatus. In the present embodiment, a plate member constituting a part of an illuminance unevenness sensor (measuring system) 138 that receives light irradiated on the image plane side (substrate P side) via the projection optical system PL on the Z stage 52. A (upper plate) 138A is provided, and a liquid absorbing member 142 for collecting the liquid removed from the plate member 138A is further added in the vicinity thereof. The liquid absorbing member 142 is disposed in a groove 144 formed in the Z stage 52. Further, the plate member 138A is formed by patterning a glass plate with a thin film containing a light-shielding material such as chrome on the surface thereof and providing a pinhole 138P at the center thereof. The upper surface of the plate member 138A has liquid repellency. In the present embodiment, a material having liquid repellency such as a fluorine compound is coated on the surface of the plate member 138A.

  FIG. 17 is a diagram illustrating a state where the liquid attached to the plate member 138A provided on the substrate stage PST and constituting a part of the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 is removed. In the present embodiment, the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 has a plurality of illuminances (intensities) of exposure light irradiated to the image plane side via the projection optical system PL as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 57-117238. The measurement is performed at the position, and the illuminance unevenness (illuminance distribution) of the exposure light irradiated on the image plane side of the projection optical system PL is measured. The illuminance unevenness sensor 138 is provided on the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52), and a light shielding film is patterned on the surface of the glass plate, and a plate member 138A in which a pinhole 138P is formed at the center and embedded in the Z stage 52. The optical system 138C is irradiated with light that has passed through the pinhole 138P, and a light receiving element (light receiving system) 138B that receives the light that has passed through the optical system 138C. For example, a relay optical system may be provided between the optical system 138C and the light receiving element 138B, and the light receiving element 138B may be disposed outside the Z stage 52.

  When the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 measures the illuminance distribution, the projection optical system PL and the plate member 138A of the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 face each other and the projection optical system PL and the plate member 138A are filled with liquid, The pinhole 138P is sequentially moved at a plurality of positions in the irradiation area irradiated with the exposure light, and the illuminance distribution (illuminance unevenness) is obtained (measured) by measuring the illuminance of the exposure light at each position as described above. . After the illuminance distribution measurement is completed, the control device CONT moves the substrate stage PST and arranges the plate member 138A of the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 under the nozzle portion 43 of the first liquid removing device 40.

  As described above, the liquid absorbing member 142 that recovers the liquid removed from the plate member 138A by the first liquid removing device 40 is provided on the Z stage 52 at a position adjacent to the plate member 138A. Like the liquid absorbing member 42 described above, the liquid absorbing member 142 is made of a porous material such as porous ceramics or sponge, and can hold a predetermined amount of liquid.

  The control device CONT blows and removes the liquid adhering to the plate member 138A by blowing gas to the plate member 138A from the nozzle portion 43 of the first liquid removing device 40. The liquid blown off is held (recovered) by the liquid absorbing member 142 disposed at a position facing the outlet 43A of the nozzle portion 43 of the first liquid removing device 40. Since the surface of the plate member 138A is liquid-repellent, not only can the liquid be prevented from entering the pinhole 138P, but also the gas can be blown to remove the liquid better than the plate member 138A. it can.

  A flow path 145 that is continuous with the groove 144 is formed inside the Z stage 52, and the bottom of the liquid absorbing member 142 disposed in the groove 144 is connected to the flow path 145. The flow path 145 is connected to one end of a pipe 146 provided outside the Z stage 52. On the other hand, the other end of the conduit 146 is connected to the pump 149 via a conduit 148 having a tank 147 and a valve 148A provided outside the Z stage 52. The tank 147 is provided with a discharge flow path 147A, and when a predetermined amount of the liquid 1 is accumulated, it is discharged from the discharge flow path 147A. Then, the control device CONT drives the gas supply unit 41A of the first liquid removing device 40 and drives the pump 149 to collect the liquid collected by the liquid absorbing member 142 so as to be sucked into the tank 147.

  In addition, as a liquid removal method of the plate member 138A by the first liquid removal device 40, liquid suction, dry air blowing, or the like as described in the previous embodiment may be used, or a combination thereof may be used as appropriate. May be. Further, the entire surface of the plate member 138A does not need to be liquid repellent, and only a part thereof, for example, only the periphery of the pinhole 138P may be made liquid repellent. Further, not only the upper surface of the plate member 138A of the illuminance unevenness sensor 138, the surfaces of other components on the substrate stage PST may be made liquid repellent. However, when the removal capability is sufficiently high by the first liquid removing device 40, the liquid repellency is not necessarily required.

  On the substrate stage PST, not only the illuminance unevenness sensor but also an irradiation amount monitor as disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-16816, an imaging characteristic disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2002-14005, and the like. Other sensors such as an aerial image measurement sensor for measuring the exposure light that receive the exposure light that has passed through the projection optical system PL and the liquid via the light transmission part are also arranged. Since these sensors also have the possibility of liquid remaining and adhering to the surface of the flat part where the light transmission part is formed, even if the removal of the liquid using the first liquid removing device 40 is applied to those sensors. Good. Further, when a reflecting member as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. Sho 62-183522 is disposed on the substrate stage PST, the first liquid removing mechanism 40 is used to leave or adhere to the surface. The liquid that has been removed may be removed.

  Further, when a sensor that can be attached to and detached from the substrate stage PST as disclosed in JP-A-11-238680 and JP-A-2000-97616 is removed from the substrate stage PST, the first liquid removing device is used. Alternatively, the liquid may be removed using 40, and then removed.

<Embodiment of exposure apparatus using third liquid removing apparatus>,
FIG. 18 is a schematic view showing another embodiment of the exposure apparatus using the third liquid removing apparatus. In FIG. 18, the focus detection system 4 includes a light emitting unit 4a and a light receiving unit 4b. In the present embodiment, the first optical member 151 capable of transmitting the detection light emitted from the light emitting portion 4a of the focus detection system 4 and the detection light reflected on the substrate P are provided near the tip of the projection optical system PL. A transmissive second optical member 152 is provided. The first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152 are supported in a state separated from the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, and the first optical member 151 is disposed on the −X side of the optical element 2, The second optical member 152 is disposed on the + X side of the optical element 2. The first and second optical members 151 and 152 are provided at positions where the optical path of the exposure light EL and the movement of the substrate P can be prevented from contacting the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 18, for example, during the exposure process of the substrate P, the optical path of the exposure light EL that has passed through the projection optical system PL, that is, the optical element 2 and the substrate P (projection area AR1 on the substrate P). In the meantime, the liquid 1 is supplied and recovered by the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30 so that the optical path of the exposure light EL is completely filled with the liquid 1. Further, the entire optical path of the exposure light EL between the optical element 2 and the substrate P is filled with the liquid 1, and the liquid immersion area AR2 is formed on the substrate P in a desired state so as to cover the entire projection area AR1. At this time, the liquid 1 forming the liquid immersion area AR2 is in close contact (contact) with each of the end surfaces of the first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152. In a state where the liquid immersion area AR2 is formed on the substrate P and the liquid 1 is in close contact with each of the end surfaces of the first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152, the light is emitted from the light emitting unit 4a of the focus detection system 4. Of the optical paths of the detected light and the reflected light on the substrate P, the optical paths between the first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152 are all filled with the liquid 1. Further, when all of the optical path of the detection light is filled with the liquid 1, the detection light emitted from the light emitting unit 4a of the focus detection system 4 is applied to the projection area AR1 of the projection optical system PL on the substrate P. Is set to

  Further, the liquid contact surfaces that are the end surfaces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152 are lyophilic, for example, by being lyophilic. By doing so, the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 can easily adhere to the liquid contact surfaces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152, and the shape of the liquid immersion area AR2 can be easily maintained.

  In FIG. 18, the liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30 are illustrated in a simplified manner. The liquid supply mechanism 10 illustrated in FIG. 18 includes a liquid supply unit 171 that can deliver the liquid 1 and a supply pipe 172 that connects the supply nozzle 173 and the liquid supply unit 171. The liquid 1 delivered from the liquid supply unit 171 passes through the supply pipe 172 and is then supplied onto the substrate P from the liquid supply port 174 of the supply nozzle 173. Further, the liquid recovery mechanism 30 shown in FIG. 18 includes a liquid recovery unit 175 that can recover the liquid 1 and a recovery pipe 176 that connects the recovery nozzle 177 and the liquid recovery unit 175. The liquid 1 on the substrate P is recovered from the recovery port 178 of the recovery nozzle 177 and then recovered to the liquid recovery unit 175 via the recovery tube 176.

  Here, the first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152 are described as being independent from each other. However, for example, an annular optical member is provided so as to surround the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL. It is also possible to irradiate a part of the annular optical member with detection light and receive the detection light that has passed through the liquid immersion area AR2 and the surface of the substrate P via the annular optical member. By providing the optical member in an annular shape and bringing the liquid 1 in the immersion area AR2 into close contact with the inner surface of the annular optical member, the shape of the immersion area AR2 can be favorably maintained. In the present embodiment, the first optical member 151 and the second optical member 152 are separated from the projection optical system PL, but may be provided integrally with the optical element 2 of the projection optical system PL.

  After performing the immersion exposure process in the state shown in FIG. 18, the control device CONT arranges the cleaning plate (or dummy substrate) under the projection optical system PL as described with reference to FIG. The liquid supply mechanism 10 and the liquid recovery mechanism 30 are used to form the liquid immersion area AR2 on the cleaning plate, and the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 is used for the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL and the first and first elements. 2. The optical members 151 and 152 or the vicinity of the supply port 174 of the supply nozzle 173 and the vicinity of the recovery port 178 of the recovery nozzle 177 are washed. After this cleaning is completed, the control device CONT recovers the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 using the liquid recovery mechanism 30 or the like.

  After the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 is collected, the control unit CONT uses a driving device (not shown) below the projection optical system PL to bring out a gas nozzle 160 (third liquid removal device) that blows out the gas, as shown in FIG. To place. At this time, the substrate stage PST is moved to the load / unload position (see FIG. 9) in order to unload the substrate P, and the gas nozzle 160 is arranged below the projection optical system PL by a driving device (not shown). Is done. A liquid receiving member 280 that receives the liquid 1 dropped from the optical element 2 or the like is disposed under the projection optical system PL. The gas nozzle 160 may be provided at a position other than the substrate holder that holds the substrate P on the substrate stage PST.

  The control device CONT blows out gas from the outlet 161 of the gas nozzle 160, and adheres to the optical element 2, the first and second optical members 151 and 152, the supply nozzle 173, and the recovery nozzle 177 using the blown-out gas. The position of the liquid 1 is moved. For example, as shown in FIG. 19, the control device CONT first (in the X direction) parallels the substrate surface to a position facing the region through which the exposure light EL of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 passes through the outlet 161 of the gas nozzle 160. Ii) After moving, gas is blown out from the outlet 161. With the gas blown out, the gas nozzle 160 moves outside the region through which the exposure light EL passes. As a result, the liquid (droplet) 1 adhering to the region through which the exposure light EL passes on the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2, that is, the region corresponding to the projection region AR1 of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 is removed outside the region. Can be moved to. In the present embodiment, since the region through which the exposure light EL passes is the substantially central portion of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2, the gas 1 adhered (residual) to the central portion of the lower surface 2a by the above-described method is removed from the lower surface 2a. (See reference numeral 1 'in FIG. 19). In other words, the control device CONT uses the blown-out gas to retreat the liquid 1 adhering to the region through which the exposure light EL passes without drying out the region, thereby allowing the exposure light EL to pass therethrough. The liquid adhering to is removed. Thereby, it is possible to prevent the disadvantage that the watermark is formed at least in the region through which the exposure light EL passes on the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2. In this embodiment, the gas nozzle 160 and its attached device function as a third liquid removing device.

  In the present embodiment, the liquid is retracted (removed) from the region through which the exposure light EL passes. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the liquid may be retracted from a desired region as necessary. Good.

  FIG. 20A is a diagram illustrating an example of the air outlet 161. As shown in FIG. 20A, in the present embodiment, the air outlet 161 is formed in a slit shape whose longitudinal direction is the Y-axis direction. FIG. 20B is a diagram illustrating the lower surface 2 a of the optical element 2. The projection area AR1 has a slit shape (rectangular shape) whose longitudinal direction is the Y-axis direction. Further, the size of the air outlet 161 is smaller than the lower surface 2 a of the optical element 2. When the liquid 1 adhering to the central portion of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 is withdrawn, the control device CONT first opposes the air outlet 161 of the gas nozzle 160 and the substantially central portion of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2. The gas nozzle 160 is moved to the + X side (or -X side) in a state where the gas is blown out in a state where the gas is blown and the gas blow-out is maintained. That is, the control device CONT moves the gas nozzle 160 along the X-axis direction. By doing so, the control device CONT can smoothly move (retreat) the liquid 1 to the outside of the area corresponding to the projection area AR1 of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2. The liquid 1 adhering to the central portion of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 (the central portion of the region corresponding to the projection region AR1) is moved along the Y-axis direction so as to be outside the region corresponding to the projection region AR1. In this case, since the projection area AR1 has the Y-axis direction as the longitudinal direction, the movement distance becomes long. In this case, it may be difficult to smoothly move the liquid 1 to the outside of the region. Therefore, the liquid 1 adhering to the central portion (the central portion of the region corresponding to the projection region AR1) of the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 is aligned along the X-axis direction so as to be placed outside the region corresponding to the projection region AR1. The liquid 1 can be smoothly moved to the outside of the region.

  In this embodiment, the gas blown out from the blowout port 161 of the gas nozzle 160 is blown out as clean gas through a filter device (not shown) including a chemical filter and a particle removal filter. Therefore, contamination of the optical element 2 and the like is prevented. Further, as the gas, it is preferable to use substantially the same gas as the environment in which the exposure apparatus EX is located, specifically, substantially the same gas as the gas inside the chamber in which the exposure apparatus EX is accommodated. In the present embodiment, air (dry air) is used. Nitrogen gas (dry nitrogen) may be used as the gas to be blown out. When a gas different from the environment in which the exposure apparatus EX is used is used, a measurement error such as a change in the optical path of the measurement light of the interferometer that performs stage position measurement is caused by a difference in refractive index between the gases. Although there is a possibility of inconvenience, the above-mentioned inconvenience can be prevented by making the gas blown out from the outlet 161 substantially the same as the environment where the exposure apparatus EX is placed.

  The liquid 1 that has moved (retreated) outside the region through which the exposure light EL passes is vaporized (dried) by, for example, a gas blown from the gas nozzle 160 or a predetermined drying device and removed.

  Even if the liquid moved to the outside of the region through which the exposure light EL passes is dried, the component (the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2) is cleaned before the gas is blown from the gas nozzle 160. Impurities and the like can be prevented from adhering to the dried liquid outside the region through which the light EL passes.

  Further, the liquid moved outside the region through which the exposure light EL passes may be sucked (collected).

  Similarly, the control device CONT removes the liquid (droplet) attached to at least the region through which the detection light of the focus detection system 4 passes among the end surfaces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152 by the gas nozzle 160. Move (retreat) using the gas blown from. By doing so, it is possible to prevent the disadvantage that a watermark is formed (impurities are attached) in at least a region through which the detection light passes among the end faces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152.

  Similarly, the control device CONT retreats the liquid 1 adhering (residual) to the supply nozzle 173 and the recovery nozzle 177 by the gas blown out from the gas nozzle 160. By doing so, it is possible to prevent the inconvenience of forming a watermark on the supply nozzle 173 and the recovery nozzle 177. Since the watermark becomes a foreign matter (impurity), for example, when the watermark is formed in the supply nozzle 173 (supply port 174) or the recovery nozzle 177 (recovery port 178), the liquid immersion area AR2 is formed by the watermark. There is a possibility that foreign matter (impurities) may enter the immersion area AR2. In that case, exposure accuracy and measurement accuracy are deteriorated. Further, it is conceivable that the recovery capability of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 changes depending on the contact angle (affinity) of the recovery nozzle 177 (recovery port 178) with respect to the liquid 1, and a watermark is formed on the recovery nozzle 177 and the liquid 1 If the contact angle changes, the recovery capability of the liquid recovery mechanism 30 may deteriorate. However, the inconvenience can be prevented by removing the liquid 1 adhering to the nozzles 173 and 177 as in this embodiment.

  As described above, the liquid adhering to the predetermined region (the region irradiated with the exposure light and the detection light) of the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152 is supplied to the gas nozzle 160 with respect to the predetermined region. By moving (retracting) the outside of the predetermined area by blowing the gas while relatively moving the (outlet 161), it is possible to prevent the disadvantage that the watermark is formed in the predetermined area.

  In this embodiment, when the liquid 1 adhering to the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 is retreated to the end portion, the gas nozzle is first sprayed on the central portion of the lower surface 2a, and then the gas nozzle is maintained in the state where the gas is maintained. Although 160 is configured to move substantially linearly toward the end of the lower surface 2a, the gas nozzle 160 may be moved so that the air outlet 161 draws a spiral trajectory with respect to the lower surface 2a. Moreover, the shape of the blower outlet 161 is not restricted to a slit shape, For example, arbitrary shapes, such as circular shape, may be sufficient. Moreover, you may arrange | position a porous body in the blower outlet 161. FIG.

  In the present embodiment, the number of gas nozzles 160 (air outlets 161) is one, but of course, a plurality of gas nozzles 160 (air outlets 161) may be provided and used in combination. Further, for example, the liquid 1 attached to the optical element 2 is removed using the gas blown from the first gas nozzle 160 among the plurality of gas nozzles 160, and the first gas is used using the gas blown from the second gas nozzle 160. The liquid 1 attached to the optical member 151 or the second optical member 152 may be removed, and the removing operation may be performed in parallel. As described above, the liquid removing operation can be efficiently performed by performing the liquid removing operation on each of the plurality of predetermined regions in parallel using the plurality of gas nozzles 160.

  Further, in order to move (retreat) the liquid 1 adhering to the end surfaces of the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152, for example, the second liquid removing device 60 described with reference to FIG. A gas blown from the blowout port 64A may be used.

  In the above-described embodiment, the gas is blown from below to the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152. However, the gas may be blown from above. For example, as shown in FIG. 21, the air outlet 161 of the gas nozzle 160 may be formed to face downward, and the liquid 1 attached to the end surface of the second optical member 152 may be removed (retracted). Of course, the liquid 1 adhered to the end surface of the first optical member 151 can also be removed using the gas nozzle 160. Alternatively, the flow path 163 is formed in a part of the first optical member 151 (or the second optical member 152), and the gas nozzle 164 connected to the flow path 163 is provided on the end surface of the first optical member 151, and the flow path 163 is provided. It is also possible to blow the gas through the gas nozzle 164 onto the end surface of the first optical member 151 from above. The flow path 163 is formed at a position that does not interfere with the optical path of the detection light of the focus detection system 4.

  In the above-described embodiment, the optical element 2 at the tip of the projection optical system PL, the first and second optical members 151 and 152, the vicinity of the supply nozzle 173, the vicinity of the recovery port 178, and the vicinity of the recovery nozzle 177 of the recovery nozzle 177 are used. After cleaning, the liquid is removed using the gas nozzle 160, but the cleaning step may be omitted.

  Further, the gas nozzle 160 may be provided on the substrate stage PST as in the second embodiment, and the gas nozzle 160 may be moved by moving the substrate stage PST.

  As disclosed in JP-A-11-135400, a stage that can move on the image plane side of the projection optical system PL is further mounted independently of the substrate stage PST, and a gas nozzle 160 is mounted on the stage. May be arranged.

  In the above-described embodiment, gas is blown out from the outlet 161 and the liquid 1 attached to the optical element 2, the first and second optical members 151 and 152, or the nozzles 173 and 177 is moved. It is also possible to move (remove or retract) the liquid 1 remaining (attached) on the substrate stage PST by spraying. For example, the air outlet 161 is arranged so as to face the upper surface of the substrate stage PST, the gas is blown against the reference member 7 described with reference to FIG. Can be moved (retracted) outside the reference member 7 (or outside the detection target region on the reference member 7) without drying. Similarly, the liquid 1 adhered on the upper plate 138A of the illuminance unevenness sensor 138 described with reference to FIG. 16 or the like, a dose monitor as disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-16816, The liquid 1 adhered on the upper plate of the aerial image measurement sensor as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2002-14005 can be moved (retreated) without blowing a gas and drying.

<Embodiment of exposure apparatus using fourth liquid removing apparatus>
FIG. 22 is a view showing an embodiment of an exposure apparatus including a fourth liquid removing apparatus. In FIG. 22, one end of a gas supply pipe 181 is connected to a supply pipe 172 via a flow path switching device 182 such as a three-way valve. On the other hand, the other end of the gas supply pipe 181 is connected to the gas supply unit 180. The flow path switching device 182 closes the flow path connecting the gas supply section 180 and the supply port 174 when the flow path connecting the liquid supply section 171 and the supply port 174 is opened. On the other hand, the flow path switching device 182 opens the flow path connecting the gas supply section 180 and the supply port 174 when the flow path connecting the liquid supply section 171 and the supply port 174 is closed. Similarly, one end of the gas supply pipe 184 is connected to the middle of the recovery pipe 176 via the flow path switching device 185, and the other end is connected to the gas supply section 183. The channel switching device 185 closes the channel connecting the gas supply unit 183 and the recovery port 178 when the channel connecting the liquid recovery unit 175 and the recovery port 178 is opened. On the other hand, the channel switching device 185 opens the channel connecting the gas supply unit 183 and the recovery port 178 when the channel connecting the liquid recovery unit 175 and the recovery port 178 is closed.

  In this embodiment, the gas supply units 180 and 183, the supply port 174 and the recovery port 178, the flow path switching device 182 and the like operate as a fourth liquid removal device (liquid mechanism mechanism) that removes residual liquid.

  For example, when forming the liquid immersion area AR2 on the substrate P, the control device CONT drives the flow path switching devices 182 and 185 to open the flow path connecting the liquid supply unit 171 and the supply port 174, and A flow path connecting the collection unit 175 and the collection port 178 is opened. At this time, the flow path connecting the gas supply unit 180 and the supply port 174 and the flow path connecting the gas supply unit 183 and the recovery port 178 are closed.

  After the immersion exposure of the substrate P is completed, the control device CONT stops the liquid supply operation by the liquid supply mechanism 10 and continues the liquid recovery operation by the liquid recovery mechanism 30 only for a predetermined period after the liquid supply operation is stopped. Then, the liquid 1 forming the liquid immersion area AR2 is recovered. When stopping the liquid supply operation by the liquid supply mechanism 10, the control device CONT drives the flow path switching device 182 to close the flow path connecting the liquid supply unit 171 and the supply port 174, and to connect the gas supply unit 180. A flow path connecting the supply port 174 is opened. Then, after the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 is almost exhausted, the control device CONT drives the gas supply unit 180 to start supplying gas. The gas supplied from the gas supply unit 180 is blown out from the supply port 174 of the supply nozzle 173 via the gas supply pipe 181 and the flow path switching device 182. Accordingly, the liquid 1 remaining in the flow path between the flow path switching device 182 and the supply port 174 can be blown out to the outside via the supply port 174 and removed. Note that the gas 1 supplied from the gas supply unit 180 and blown out from the supply port 174 is used, for example, the liquid 1 attached to the end surfaces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152, the substrate stage PST (measurement member, etc.). It is also possible to remove the liquid 1 adhering thereto.

  Similarly, after the operation of recovering the liquid 1 in the liquid immersion area AR2 by the liquid recovery mechanism 30 is completed, the control device CONT drives the flow path switching device 185 to connect the liquid recovery unit 175 and the recovery port 178. The channel is closed and a channel connecting the gas supply unit 183 and the recovery port 178 is opened. Then, the control device CONT uses the gas supplied from the gas supply unit 183 to remove the liquid 1 remaining in the flow path between the flow path switching device 185 and the recovery port 178 via the recovery port 178. Remove by blowing out. The gas blown from the recovery port 178 is used to adhere to the liquid 1 attached to the end surfaces of the first and second optical members 151 and 152 and the substrate stage PST (including the measurement member). It is also possible to remove the liquid 1 that is present.

  As described above, by supplying clean gas from the gas supply units 180 and 183 when the supply or recovery of the liquid 1 is not performed, the vicinity of the internal flow paths and supply ports 174 of the supply pipe 172 and the supply nozzle 173 Alternatively, it is possible to prevent a disadvantage that a watermark is formed in the vicinity of the internal flow path of the recovery pipe 176 and the recovery nozzle 177 and the recovery port 178.

<Another Embodiment of Exposure Apparatus Using Third Liquid Removal Apparatus>
FIG. 23 is a view showing another embodiment of the exposure apparatus using the third liquid removing apparatus. In FIG. 23, the gas nozzle 160 having the air outlet 161 is attached to the liquid receiving member 190. The liquid receiving member 190 is a dish-like member and is formed larger than the area occupied by the optical element 2, the nozzles 173 and 177, and the first and second optical members 151 and 152. The liquid 1 can be received. In addition, a liquid absorbing member 199 made of a porous body or a sponge-like member is provided at the bottom of the liquid receiving member 190 in a replaceable manner. The liquid absorbing member 199 can collect and hold the liquid 1 satisfactorily. Further, the liquid receiving member 190 has a peripheral wall portion 191, and the outflow of the collected liquid 1 is prevented by the peripheral wall portion 191.

  The liquid receiving member 190 is movably provided by a drive mechanism 193. The drive mechanism 193 includes an arm part 194, an actuator part 195, and a shaft part 196. One end of the arm part 194 is connected to the side surface of the liquid receiving member 190, and the other end is connected to the actuator part 195. The actuator unit 195 is attached via a shaft unit 196 so as to be suspended from a predetermined support unit CL such as a column that supports the body of the exposure apparatus EX or the projection optical system PL. When the actuator portion 195 is driven, the liquid receiving member 190 attached to one end portion of the arm portion 194 turns in the θZ direction with the shaft portion 196 as the turning center. The control device CONT drives the actuator unit 195 of the drive mechanism 193 to turn the liquid receiving member 190, thereby moving the liquid receiving member 190 forward and backward with respect to the lower region of the projection optical system PL. In addition, the actuator unit 195 can move the liquid receiving member 190 in the Z-axis direction via the arm unit 194 and can also move in the XY direction.

  The liquid receiving member 190 is provided with an imaging device 198 made of, for example, a CCD. The imaging device 198 can output surface information of the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152 as an image.

  When the control device CONT moves (removes) the liquid 1 attached to the optical element 2, the first and second optical members 151, 152, etc., the control unit CONT drives the actuator unit 195 to provide the optical element 2, the liquid receiving member 190, and the like. The gas nozzle 160 is moved along with the liquid receiving member 190 to the optical element 2 and gas is blown against the optical element 2. The liquid 1 adhering to the region corresponding to the optical path of the exposure light EL in the optical element 2 moves by the sprayed liquid 1 and eventually falls. The liquid 1 dropped from the optical element 2 is held by the liquid receiving member 190. Thus, for example, even when the substrate stage PST is disposed under the projection optical system PL and the liquid receiving member 190, the liquid 1 is received by the liquid receiving member 190 and is removed from the optical element 2 and the like. The disadvantage that the liquid 1 adheres to the substrate stage PST can be prevented.

  Further, the control device CONT controls the gas blowing operation of the gas nozzle 160 based on the imaging result of the imaging device 198. For example, the control device CONT obtains the position where the liquid 1 adheres based on the imaging result of the imaging device 198, aligns the position where the liquid 1 adheres and the gas nozzle 160, and sprays the gas. You can do it. By doing so, the liquid 1 can be more reliably removed. When it is determined that the liquid 1 has been removed from the optical element 2, the control device CONT ends the gas blowing operation by the gas nozzle 160.

  A positioning mechanism that positions the liquid receiving member 190 and, for example, the first and second optical members 151 and 152 may be provided. As the positioning mechanism, a leaf spring member 192 indicated by a broken line in FIG. 23 can be used. In the example shown in FIG. 23, the leaf spring member 192 is provided on the upper surface 191 </ b> A of the peripheral wall portion 191 of the liquid receiving member 190. When the liquid receiving member 190 moves in the + Z direction by driving the actuator unit 195 and approaches the first and second optical members 151 and 152, the leaf spring member (positioning mechanism) 192 is moved to the first and second optical members 151 and 152. Sandwich the outside. As a result, the first and second optical members 151 and 152 and the liquid receiving member 190 are positioned. In this case, although it is difficult to move the gas nozzle 160 attached to the liquid receiving member 190 relative to the optical element 2 (first and second optical members 151 and 152), the gas blown out from the gas nozzle 160 Can be sprayed onto a desired region of the optical element 2 (in this case, a region corresponding to the projection region AR1), and the liquid 1 attached to that region can be satisfactorily retreated.

<Another Embodiment of Exposure Apparatus Using Third Liquid Removal Apparatus>
FIG. 24 is a side view showing another embodiment of the exposure apparatus using the third liquid removing apparatus. In FIG. 24, the substrate stage PST is provided with a center table 250 which is provided in a substantially central portion in plan view of the substrate stage PST and is movable in the Z-axis direction. The center table 250 can be moved in the Z-axis direction by a drive mechanism (not shown), and is provided so as to be able to appear and retract from the upper surface of the substrate stage PST (Z stage 52). An adsorption hole 251 is provided on the upper surface 250 </ b> A of the center table 250. The suction hole 251 is connected to one end of a flow path 252 provided inside the substrate stage PST. On the other hand, the other end of the channel 252 can be connected to either one end of the first channel 254 or one end of the second channel 255 via the channel switching device 253. The other end of the first channel 254 is connected to the vacuum system 256, and the other end of the second channel 255 is connected to the gas supply unit 257. When the flow path switching device 253 connects the flow path 252 and the first flow path 254 and opens a flow path that connects the vacuum system 256 and the suction hole 251, the flow switching device 253 connects the gas supply unit 257 and the suction hole 251. Close the connecting channel. On the other hand, when the flow path switching device 253 connects the flow path 252 and the second flow path 255 and opens a flow path that connects the gas supply unit 257 and the suction hole 251, the vacuum system 256 and the suction hole 251. Close the flow path connecting the two.

  When loading the substrate P onto the substrate stage PST, the control device CONT raises the center table 250, places the substrate P on the center table 250, drives the vacuum system 256 to drive the substrate P through the suction holes 251. Adsorb and hold the back of the. Then, the control device CONT lowers the center table 250 while holding the substrate P by suction, and holds the substrate P on the substrate holder on the Z stage 52. For example, a pin chuck mechanism is provided in the substrate holder, and the substrate holder sucks and holds the substrate P by the pin chuck mechanism. On the other hand, when unloading the substrate P from the substrate stage PST, the control device CONT releases the suction holding of the substrate P by the substrate holder and lifts the substrate P by suction holding the center table 250. When the center table 250 is lifted while holding the substrate P by suction, the substrate P is separated from the Z stage and can be unloaded.

  In the present embodiment, gas is blown out from the suction holes 251 provided in the center table 250, and the liquid attached to the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152 using the blown-out gas. Move 1 (retreat). That is, when the controller CONT removes the liquid 1 adhering to the optical element 2 and the first and second optical members 151 and 152, the controller CONT drives the flow path switching device 253 to connect the gas supply unit 257 and the suction hole 251. Open the connecting channel. Then, the control device CONT blows out gas from the suction hole 251 while moving the substrate stage PST along the XY plane. When the gas is blown, for example, the liquid 1 attached to the region corresponding to the optical path of the exposure light EL in the lower surface 2a of the optical element 2 is moved and eventually falls.

  In the present embodiment, a liquid receiving member DP capable of collecting the liquid 1 is held on the Z stage 52 (substrate holder). The liquid receiving member DP has substantially the same size as the substrate P, and can be held by the substrate holder. The liquid 1 dropped from the optical element 2 is held by the liquid receiving member DP held by the substrate holder. A liquid holding member 261 is provided at the bottom of the liquid receiving member DP, and the liquid 1 is held by the liquid holding member 261. Further, the liquid receiving member DP has a peripheral wall portion 262 and prevents the held liquid 1 from flowing out.

  FIG. 25 is a view of the liquid receiving member DP held by the substrate holder as viewed from above. In FIG. 25, a plurality of suction holes 251 are provided on the upper surface 250A of the center table 250, and three suction holes are provided in the present embodiment. The liquid receiving member DP is provided with a plurality (three) of openings 264 corresponding to the plurality of suction holes 251. That is, the suction hole 251 is exposed even when the liquid receiving member DP is held by the substrate holder. Therefore, the gas blown out from the suction hole 251 can be blown onto the optical element 2 or the like. Further, a plurality (three) of groove portions 258 extending in the radial direction from the center portion of the upper surface 250A are formed on the upper surface 250A of the center table 250, and the plurality of groove portions 258 are continuously formed at the center portion of the upper surface 250A. Yes. And the suction hole 251 is arrange | positioned inside the groove part 258. FIG. When the back surface of the substrate P to be exposed is attracted and held by the upper surface 250A of the center table 250, the vacuum system 256 is driven in a state where the back surface of the substrate P and the upper surface 250A are in contact with each other, The substrate P can be sucked and held by the center table 250 by setting the space formed by the H.258 to a negative pressure. On the other hand, when the liquid receiving member DP is held by the center table 250, the shape and size of the opening 264 and the groove 258 or the size and position of the suction hole 251 are optimally set, so that the liquid receiving member DP is adjusted. It can be held by the center table 250. Alternatively, a dedicated suction hole for sucking and holding the liquid receiving member DP different from the suction hole 251 and a corresponding groove portion are provided on the upper surface 250A of the center table 250 (reference numerals 251 ′ and 258 ′ in FIG. 25). The liquid receiving member DP may be sucked and held on the upper surface 250A using the suction hole 251 ′. Then, using this center table 250, the liquid receiving member DP can be loaded / unloaded with respect to the substrate stage PST in the same manner as the substrate P to be exposed. When the liquid removal operation for the optical element 2 or the like is performed, the liquid receiving member DP is loaded on the substrate stage PST, and when the liquid removal operation is completed, the liquid receiving member DP on the substrate stage PST is unloaded. The Further, when the liquid receiving member DP is sucked and held by the pin chuck mechanism of the substrate holder, a substantially sealed space can be formed between the liquid receiving member DP and the back surface other than the opening 264, for example, in the pin chuck mechanism. By dividing the negative pressure region into a plurality of regions and selectively performing negative pressure in a region other than the region corresponding to the opening 264, the liquid receiving member DP can be sucked and held on the substrate holder. it can.

  Note that the liquid 1 held in the liquid receiving member DP may enter between the back surface of the liquid receiving member DP and the upper surface 250A of the center table 250 (and thus the upper surface of the substrate holder) through the opening 264. Therefore, it is preferable to provide a seal member for preventing the liquid 1 from entering, for example, on the back surface of the liquid receiving member DP or in the vicinity of the opening 264.

  Before the gas blown out from the suction hole 251 is blown onto the optical element 2 or the like, the substrate stage PST is moved to a position away from the projection optical system PL such as the load / unload position B (see FIG. 9), for example. It is preferable to blow out gas from the suction hole 251 at the position. There is a possibility that foreign matter (dust) exists in or near the suction hole 251, but after removing the foreign matter by performing a gas blowing operation in advance at a position away from the projection optical system PL, the optical element 2 or the like By injecting gas onto the optical element 2, it is possible to prevent the optical element 2 and the like from being contaminated.

  In the above-described embodiment, the first to fourth liquid removal apparatuses have been described. However, these removal apparatuses may be mounted alone in the exposure apparatus EX, or exposure is performed by appropriately combining these removal apparatuses. You may make it mount in the apparatus EX.

  Also in the embodiment shown in FIG. 24, the blowing port 64A described with reference to FIG. 8 and the like is provided at a position other than the substrate holder that holds the substrate P on the substrate stage PST, and the blowing port 64A blows out. The liquid 1 attached to the optical element 2 or the like can be moved using the gas.

  As described above, the liquid 1 in the present embodiment is composed of pure water. Pure water has an advantage that it can be easily obtained in large quantities at a semiconductor manufacturing factory or the like, and has no adverse effect on the photoresist, optical element (lens), etc. on the substrate P. In addition, pure water has no adverse effects on the environment, and since the impurity content is extremely low, it can be expected to clean the surface of the substrate P and the surface of the optical element provided on the front end surface of the projection optical system PL. .

  The refractive index n of pure water (water) with respect to the exposure light EL having a wavelength of about 193 nm is said to be approximately 1.44. When ArF excimer laser light (wavelength 193 nm) is used as the light source of the exposure light EL, On the substrate P, the wavelength is shortened to 1 / n, that is, about 134 nm, and high resolution is obtained. Furthermore, since the depth of focus is enlarged by about n times, that is, about 1.44 times compared with that in the air, the projection optical system PL can be used when it is sufficient to ensure the same depth of focus as that in the air. The numerical aperture can be further increased, and the resolution is improved in this respect as well.

  In the present embodiment, the optical element 2 is attached to the tip of the projection optical system PL, and the optical characteristics of the projection optical system PL, for example, aberration (spherical aberration, coma aberration, etc.) can be adjusted by this lens. The optical element attached to the tip of the projection optical system PL may be an optical plate used for adjusting the optical characteristics of the projection optical system PL. Alternatively, it may be a plane parallel plate that can transmit the exposure light EL.

  When the pressure between the optical element at the tip of the projection optical system PL generated by the flow of the liquid 1 and the substrate P is large, the optical element is not exchangeable but the optical element is moved by the pressure. It may be fixed firmly so that there is no.

  In the present embodiment, the space between the projection optical system PL and the surface of the substrate P is filled with the liquid 1. For example, the liquid is obtained with a cover glass made of a plane parallel plate attached to the surface of the substrate P. 1 may be satisfied.

Although the liquid 1 of the present embodiment is water, a liquid other than water may be, for example, when the light source of exposure light EL is an F 2 laser, the F 2 laser beam is not transmitted through water The liquid 1 may be, for example, a fluorinated fluid such as perfluorinated polyether (PFPE) or fluorinated oil that can transmit F 2 laser light. In this case, the lyophilic treatment is performed by forming a thin film with a substance having a molecular structure having a small polarity including fluorine, for example, in a portion in contact with the liquid 1. In addition, as the liquid 1, there are other materials that are transmissive to the exposure light EL, have a refractive index as high as possible, and are stable with respect to the photoresist applied to the projection optical system PL and the surface of the substrate P (for example, Cedar). Oil) can also be used. Also in this case, the surface treatment is performed according to the polarity of the liquid 1 to be used.

  As described above, when the liquid immersion method is used, the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system may be 0.9 to 1.3. When the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system becomes large in this way, the imaging performance may deteriorate due to the polarization effect with random polarized light conventionally used as exposure light. desirable. In that case, linearly polarized illumination is performed in accordance with the longitudinal direction of the line pattern of the mask (reticle) line-and-space pattern. From the mask (reticle) pattern, the S-polarized component (TE-polarized component), that is, the line pattern It is preferable that a large amount of diffracted light having a polarization direction component is emitted along the longitudinal direction. When the space between the projection optical system PL and the resist applied on the surface of the substrate P is filled with a liquid, the space between the projection optical system PL and the resist applied on the surface of the substrate P is filled with air (gas). Compared with the case where the transmittance of the diffracted light of the S-polarized component (TE-polarized component) contributing to the improvement of the contrast is high on the resist surface, the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system exceeds 1.0. Even in this case, high imaging performance can be obtained. Further, it is more effective to appropriately combine a phase shift mask or an oblique incidence illumination method (particularly a die ball illumination method) or the like according to the longitudinal direction of the line pattern as disclosed in JP-A-6-188169. For example, when illuminating a halftone phase shift mask with a transmittance of 6% (a pattern with a half pitch of about 45 nm) using both the linearly polarized illumination method and the dieball illumination method, a dieball is formed on the pupil plane of the illumination system. If the illumination σ defined by the circumscribed circle of the two luminous fluxes is 0.95, the radius of each luminous flux on the pupil plane is 0.125σ, and the numerical aperture of the projection optical system PL is NA = 1.2, the randomly polarized light is The depth of focus (DOF) can be increased by about 150 nm rather than using it.

  Further, for example, an ArF excimer laser is used as the exposure light, and a fine line and space pattern (for example, a line and space of about 25 to 50 nm) is formed on the substrate by using the projection optical system PL with a reduction magnification of about 1/4. When exposing on P, depending on the structure of the mask M (for example, the fineness of the pattern and the thickness of chromium), the mask M acts as a polarizing plate due to the Wave guide effect, and the P-polarized component (TM polarized light) that lowers the contrast More diffracted light of the S-polarized component (TE polarized component) is emitted from the mask M than the diffracted light of the component. In this case, it is desirable to use the above-mentioned linearly polarized illumination, but even if the mask M is illuminated with random polarized light, it is high even when the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system PL is as large as 0.9 to 1.3. Resolution performance can be obtained.

  When an extremely fine line-and-space pattern on the mask M is exposed on the substrate P, the P-polarized component (TM-polarized component) is larger than the S-polarized component (TE-polarized component) due to the Wire Grid effect. For example, an ArF excimer laser is used as exposure light, and a line and space pattern larger than 25 nm is exposed on the substrate P using the projection optical system PL with a reduction magnification of about 1/4. In this case, since the diffracted light of the S polarization component (TE polarization component) is emitted from the mask M more than the diffracted light of the P polarization component (TM polarization component), the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system PL is 0.9. High resolution performance can be obtained even when the value is as large as -1.3.

  Furthermore, not only linearly polarized illumination (S-polarized illumination) matched to the longitudinal direction of the line pattern of the mask (reticle) but also a circle centered on the optical axis as disclosed in JP-A-6-53120. A combination of the polarization illumination method that linearly polarizes in the tangential (circumferential) direction and the oblique incidence illumination method is also effective. In particular, when a mask (reticle) pattern includes not only a line pattern extending in a predetermined direction but also a plurality of line patterns extending in different directions, the same is disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-53120. In addition, by using the polarization illumination method that linearly polarizes in the tangential direction of the circle centered on the optical axis and the annular illumination method, high imaging performance can be obtained even when the numerical aperture NA of the projection optical system is large. it can. For example, a polarized illumination method and an annular illumination method (annular ratio) in which a half-tone phase shift mask having a transmittance of 6% (a pattern having a half pitch of about 63 nm) is linearly polarized in a tangential direction of a circle around the optical axis. 3/4), when the illumination σ is 0.95 and the numerical aperture of the projection optical system PL is NA = 1.00, the depth of focus (DOF) is more than that of using randomly polarized light. If the projection optical system has a numerical aperture NA = 1.2 with a pattern with a half pitch of about 55 nm, the depth of focus can be increased by about 100 nm.

  The substrate P in each of the above embodiments is not only a semiconductor wafer for manufacturing a semiconductor device, but also a glass substrate for a display device, a ceramic wafer for a thin film magnetic head, or an original mask or reticle used in an exposure apparatus. (Synthetic quartz, silicon wafer) or the like is applied.

  As the exposure apparatus EX, in addition to the step-and-scan type scanning exposure apparatus (scanning stepper) that scans and exposes the pattern of the mask M by moving the mask M and the substrate P synchronously, the mask M and the substrate P Can be applied to a step-and-repeat type projection exposure apparatus (stepper) in which the pattern of the mask M is collectively exposed while the substrate P is stationary and the substrate P is sequentially moved stepwise. The present invention can also be applied to a step-and-stitch type exposure apparatus that partially transfers at least two patterns on the substrate P.

  The present invention can also be applied to a twin stage type exposure apparatus disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-163099, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 10-214783, and Japanese Translation of PCT International Publication No. 2000-505958.

  In the above-described embodiment, an exposure apparatus that locally fills the liquid between the projection optical system PL and the substrate P is employed. However, the present invention is disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-124873. It is also applicable to an immersion exposure apparatus that moves a stage holding a substrate to be exposed in a liquid tank.

  The type of the exposure apparatus EX is not limited to an exposure apparatus for manufacturing a semiconductor element that exposes a semiconductor element pattern on the substrate P, but an exposure apparatus for manufacturing a liquid crystal display element or a display, a thin film magnetic head, an image sensor (CCD). ) Or an exposure apparatus for manufacturing reticles or masks.

  When using a linear motor (see USP5,623,853 or USP5,528,118) for the substrate stage PST and mask stage MST, use either an air levitation type using air bearings or a magnetic levitation type using Lorentz force or reactance force. Also good. Each stage PST, MST may be a type that moves along a guide, or may be a guideless type that does not have a guide.

  As a driving mechanism for each stage PST, MST, a planar motor that drives each stage PST, MST by electromagnetic force with a magnet unit having a two-dimensionally arranged magnet and an armature unit having a two-dimensionally arranged coil facing each other is provided. It may be used. In this case, either one of the magnet unit and the armature unit may be connected to the stages PST and MST, and the other of the magnet unit and the armature unit may be provided on the moving surface side of the stages PST and MST.

  As described in JP-A-8-166475 (USP 5,528,118), the reaction force generated by the movement of the substrate stage PST is not transmitted to the projection optical system PL, but mechanically using a frame member. You may escape to the floor (ground).

  As described in JP-A-8-330224 (US S / N 08 / 416,558), a frame member is used so that the reaction force generated by the movement of the mask stage MST is not transmitted to the projection optical system PL. May be mechanically released to the floor (ground).

  As described above, the exposure apparatus EX according to the present embodiment maintains various mechanical subsystems including the respective constituent elements recited in the claims of the present application so as to maintain predetermined mechanical accuracy, electrical accuracy, and optical accuracy. Manufactured by assembling. In order to ensure these various accuracies, before and after assembly, various optical systems are adjusted to achieve optical accuracy, various mechanical systems are adjusted to achieve mechanical accuracy, and various electrical systems are Adjustments are made to achieve electrical accuracy. The assembly process from the various subsystems to the exposure apparatus includes mechanical connection, electrical circuit wiring connection, pneumatic circuit piping connection and the like between the various subsystems. Needless to say, there is an assembly process for each subsystem before the assembly process from the various subsystems to the exposure apparatus. When the assembly process of the various subsystems to the exposure apparatus is completed, comprehensive adjustment is performed to ensure various accuracies as the entire exposure apparatus. The exposure apparatus is preferably manufactured in a clean room where the temperature, cleanliness, etc. are controlled.

  As shown in FIG. 27, a microdevice such as a semiconductor device includes a step 201 for designing a function / performance of the microdevice, a step 202 for producing a mask (reticle) based on the design step, and a substrate which is a substrate of the device. Manufacturing step 203, exposure processing step 204 for exposing the mask pattern onto the substrate by the exposure apparatus EX of the above-described embodiment, device assembly step (including dicing process, bonding process, packaging process) 205, inspection step 206, etc. It is manufactured after.

It is a schematic block diagram which shows one Embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic block diagram which shows the liquid supply mechanism and liquid collection | recovery mechanism for forming a liquid immersion area | region. It is a top view of a substrate stage. It is a figure which shows an example of a 2nd liquid collection | recovery apparatus. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 1st liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 1st liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 1st liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 2nd liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating a mode that a substrate stage moves. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 2nd liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 2nd liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of the 2nd liquid removal apparatus which is a liquid removal mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of a washing | cleaning mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of a washing | cleaning mechanism. It is the schematic which shows an example of a foreign material detection system. It is a top view which shows another embodiment of a substrate stage. It is the schematic which shows an example of a 1st liquid removal apparatus. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the liquid removal operation | movement which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the relationship between a gas nozzle and an optical element. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a schematic diagram which shows another embodiment of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is the top view which looked at the principal part of the substrate stage of FIG. 24 from upper direction. It is a flowchart figure which shows an example of the operation | movement procedure of the exposure apparatus of this invention. It is a flowchart figure which shows an example of the manufacturing process of a semiconductor device.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Liquid, 2 ... Optical element (component), 7 ... Reference | standard member, 10 ... Liquid supply mechanism, 13, 14 ... Supply nozzle (component), 20 ... 2nd liquid recovery apparatus, 30 ... Liquid recovery mechanism (1st liquid) Recovery device), 31, 32 ... recovery nozzle (parts), 40 ... first liquid removal device, 41 ... spraying device, 60 ... second liquid removal device, 61 ... spraying device, 62 ... suction device, 65 ... recovery port, 81: suction device, AR1: projection region, AR2: immersion region, EX: exposure device, P: substrate, PL: projection optical system, PST: substrate stage

Claims (13)

  1. In an exposure apparatus that exposes the substrate by irradiating the substrate with exposure light via the projection optical system and the liquid in the immersion area,
    A component that is in contact with the liquid in the immersion area near the image plane side of the projection optical system;
    A liquid supply mechanism for supplying a liquid to form the immersion area on the image plane side of the projection optical system;
    A liquid recovery mechanism capable of recovering the liquid in the immersion area formed on the image plane side of the projection optical system;
    A detection device that detects liquid remaining on the surface of the component without being completely recovered by liquid recovery by the liquid recovery mechanism;
    An exposure apparatus comprising: a liquid removal apparatus that controls an operation of removing liquid remaining on the surface of the component based on a detection result of the detection apparatus.
  2.  The exposure apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an operation of removing the liquid by the liquid removal apparatus is executed based on a detection result of the detection apparatus.
  3.  The exposure apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the detection apparatus is capable of detecting a position of the remaining liquid on the component surface.
  4.  The exposure apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the component surface includes an optical element surface closest to the image plane of the projection optical system.
  5.  A device manufacturing method using the exposure apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
  6. In an exposure method in an exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with exposure light via an optical element and a liquid in an immersion area,
    Bringing a part of the exposure apparatus into contact with the liquid in the immersion area on the exit surface side of the optical element;
    Recovering the liquid in the immersion area formed on the exit surface side of the optical element;
    Detecting liquid remaining on the surface of the component without being recovered by the liquid recovery;
    Removing the liquid remaining on the surface of the component based on the detection result.
  7.  The exposure method according to claim 6, wherein the component surface includes an exit surface of the optical element.
  8.  The exposure method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the detection and the removal of the remaining liquid are performed after the operation of collecting the liquid is performed.
  9.  A device manufacturing method using the exposure method according to any one of claims 6 to 8.
  10. A liquid recovery method in an exposure apparatus that exposes the substrate by irradiating the substrate with exposure light via a projection optical system and a liquid in an immersion region,
    Bringing a part of the exposure apparatus into contact with the liquid in the immersion area near the image plane side of the projection optical system;
    Collecting the liquid in the immersion area;
    Detecting whether or not liquid remains on the surface of the part after the liquid recovery is performed;
    Removing the liquid remaining on the surface of the component based on the detection result.
  11.  The liquid recovery method according to claim 10, wherein after the liquid in the immersion area formed on the image plane side of the projection optical system is recovered, an operation of removing the liquid remaining on the surface of the component is performed.
  12.  12. The detection of whether or not liquid remains on the surface of a part of the exposure apparatus includes irradiating the part with detection light and receiving light from the part. Liquid recovery method.
  13. The liquid recovery method according to claim 10, wherein the component includes an optical element closest to the image plane of the projection optical system.
JP2006274330A 2003-05-23 2006-10-05 Exposure apparatus, exposure method, device manufacturing method, and liquid recovery method Active JP5058550B2 (en)

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TWI245163B (en) 2003-08-29 2005-12-11 Asml Netherlands Bv Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
JP5018277B2 (en) * 2007-07-02 2012-09-05 株式会社ニコン Exposure apparatus, device manufacturing method, and cleaning method
CN102414782B (en) 2009-02-22 2014-11-05 迈普尔平版印刷Ip有限公司 Preparation unit for lithogrpahy machine
GB2469112A (en) * 2009-04-03 2010-10-06 Mapper Lithography Ip Bv Wafer support using controlled capillary liquid layer to hold and release wafer

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JPH0695511B2 (en) * 1986-09-17 1994-11-24 大日本スクリ−ン製造株式会社 Washing drying processing method
JPH06124873A (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-05-06 Canon Inc Liquid-soaking type projection exposure apparatus
JPH08195375A (en) * 1995-01-17 1996-07-30 Sony Corp Spin-drying method and spin-dryer
WO1999049504A1 (en) * 1998-03-26 1999-09-30 Nikon Corporation Projection exposure method and system
JPH11283903A (en) * 1998-03-30 1999-10-15 Nikon Corp Projection optical system inspection device and projection aligner provided with the device

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