JP5042792B2 - Ventilation block and vent structure - Google Patents

Ventilation block and vent structure Download PDF

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JP5042792B2
JP5042792B2 JP2007310869A JP2007310869A JP5042792B2 JP 5042792 B2 JP5042792 B2 JP 5042792B2 JP 2007310869 A JP2007310869 A JP 2007310869A JP 2007310869 A JP2007310869 A JP 2007310869A JP 5042792 B2 JP5042792 B2 JP 5042792B2
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ventilation
building
ground
ventilation block
underfloor
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JP2009133562A (en
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聡史 根上
大輔 伊藤
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a vent block and a ventilating opening structure using it capable of securing an underfloor ventilation function of a building even if soil higher than the ground is provided adjacent to the building. <P>SOLUTION: A ventilating opening 7 is formed on a side plate 10b being a vertical part corresponding to an underfloor ventilating opening 8 of the building 1, an opening is formed for mounting a lid member 10e capable of carrying out ventilation is provided on a top face, and an interval adjustment device 6 capable of adjusting an interval with the ground 5 is provided on a bottom plate 10a being a bottom so that the bottom face may be in a position lower than the underfloor ventilating opening 8. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&amp;INPIT

Description

本発明は、建物に近接して地面よりも高い地盤を設けた場合でも該建物の床下換気口の換気機能を確保し得る通気ブロック及びこれを用いた換気口構造に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a ventilation block capable of ensuring the ventilation function of a lower floor ventilation opening of the building even when a ground higher than the ground is provided in the vicinity of the building, and a ventilation opening structure using the ventilation block.

従来、高齢者向け住宅として、高齢者の生活動線を考慮して住戸内の居室と浴室、トイレ、台所の配置・連結の仕方に関して高齢者が介護を受け易く、或いは利用し易いように配慮する技術が提案されており、屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入可能な建物の提案もなされている。   Conventionally, as a housing for the elderly, taking into account the lifeline of the elderly, consideration is given to making it easy for elderly people to receive nursing care and how to place and connect living rooms, bathrooms, toilets, and kitchens Techniques to do this have been proposed, and there are also proposals for buildings that can be accessed without barriers from indoors to outdoors.

しかしながら、屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入するために地面よりも嵩上げしたポーチ等を設けようとすると、出入したい場所の建物基礎には床下換気口が設けられており、そのような床下換気口をポーチにより塞いでしまい、建物の床下換気機能が低下するという問題があった。   However, if you want to install a porch or the like that is raised above the ground in order to enter and exit from the indoor to the outside without barrier-free access, there is an underfloor vent on the building foundation where you want to go in and out. There was a problem that the underfloor ventilation function of the building deteriorated due to the blockage by the porch.

例えば、特開2006−200206号公報(特許文献1)には、外廊下側に配置された居室とバルコニーに隣設する居室とが直線状の通路で結ばれ、該通路に面して浴室、トイレ及び台所が配置された集合住宅が提案されている。   For example, in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2006-200206 (Patent Document 1), a room arranged on the side of the outer corridor and a room adjacent to the balcony are connected by a linear passage, and the bathroom facing the passage, An apartment house with a toilet and kitchen has been proposed.

特開2006−200206号公報JP 2006-200206 A

しかしながら、前述の特許文献1の技術は、集合住宅において高齢者が車椅子で移動を容易にする技術であるものの、住戸内の部屋の配置に限定された工夫であったため、住棟と住戸、部屋という大きな枠組みでの配慮がなされておらず、住戸外の高齢者の移動に関しては、十分な対応ができていなかった。また、建物の床下換気についての解決は何ら記載されていない。   However, although the technique of the above-mentioned patent document 1 is a technique that makes it easy for an elderly person to move with a wheelchair in an apartment house, the technique is limited to the arrangement of the room in the dwelling unit. However, due to the lack of consideration in the large framework, the movement of elderly people outside the dwelling was not adequately addressed. In addition, there is no description of any solution for underfloor ventilation of buildings.

本発明は前記課題を解決するものであり、その目的とするところは、建物に近接して地面よりも高い地盤を設けた場合でも該建物の床下換気口の換気機能を確保し得る通気ブロック及びこれを用いた換気口構造を提供せんとするものである。なお、建物に近接して地面よりも高くする地盤は、屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入可能にする住戸出入口近傍だけでなく、車椅子移動が必要な建物の周囲の近傍などを含む。   The present invention solves the above-mentioned problems, and the object of the present invention is to provide a ventilation block capable of ensuring the ventilation function of the underfloor ventilation port of the building even when a ground higher than the ground is provided close to the building, and It is intended to provide a vent structure using this. In addition, the ground close to the building and higher than the ground includes not only the vicinity of the dwelling doorway that allows entry and exit from the indoor to the outside, but also the vicinity of the building that requires wheelchair movement.

前記目的を達成するための本発明に係る通気ブロックの第1の構成は、形状であり、長辺側の側板の建物の床下換気口に対応する位置から底面に至る通気口設けられ短辺側は端板で閉塞され、上面に通気可能な蓋部材を載置するための開口部設けられ、底面が前記床下換気口よりも低い位置になるように底部に地面との間隔を調整し得る間隔調整具を設けられたことを特徴とする。 The first configuration of the vent block according to the present invention for achieving the above object, a substantially box-shaped, the vent is provided extending to the bottom from the position corresponding to the underfloor vents building side plate of the long side The short side is closed with an end plate, and an opening is provided on the top surface for mounting a breathable lid member, and the bottom is spaced from the ground so that the bottom surface is lower than the underfloor vent. It is characterized in that an interval adjusting tool capable of adjusting the distance is provided.

また、本発明に係る通気ブロックの第2の構成は、前記第1の構成において、前記間隔調整具は、ボルトと、該ボルトに螺合されて前記底板を挟む複数のナットと、により構成されており、前記複数のナットの螺合位置の調整により、間隔が調整されることを特徴とする。 According to a second configuration of the ventilation block of the present invention, in the first configuration, the spacing adjuster includes a bolt and a plurality of nuts that are screwed to the bolt and sandwich the bottom plate. The interval is adjusted by adjusting the screwing positions of the plurality of nuts .

また、本発明に係る換気口構造は、建物と、該建物の床下換気口よりも高い位置が上面となるように地面よりも嵩上げした地盤との間に溝部を設け、前記溝部内に前記第1、第2の構成の通気ブロックを設置し、前記地面よりも嵩上げした地盤の上面と、前記通気ブロックの上面の開口部に載置した蓋部材の上面とが略面一になるように設定されたことを特徴とする。   Further, the vent structure according to the present invention is provided with a groove portion between the building and the ground raised above the ground so that a position higher than the under-floor ventilation port of the building is the upper surface, and the first groove is formed in the groove portion. 1. The ventilation block having the first and second configurations is installed, and the upper surface of the ground raised above the ground is set to be substantially flush with the upper surface of the lid member placed on the opening of the upper surface of the ventilation block. It is characterized by that.

本発明に係る通気ブロックの第1の構成によれば、長辺側の側板の建物の床下換気口に対応する位置垂直部に通気口を設け、上面に通気可能な蓋部材を載置するための開口部を設けたことにより建物の床下空間から床下換気口、通気ブロックの垂直部の通気口、通気可能な蓋部材を介して換気可能に構成される。また、底面が建物の床下換気口よりも低い位置になるように底部に地面との間隔を調整し得る間隔調整具を設けたことで通気ブロックの高さ位置を自在に調節できる。また、蓋部材、通気ブロックは取り外しが容易なので、掃除もし易い。 According to the 1st structure of the ventilation block which concerns on this invention, in order to mount a vent in the position perpendicular | vertical part corresponding to the underfloor ventilation of the building of the side board of a long side , and to ventilate on the upper surface By providing the opening, it can be ventilated from the underfloor space of the building through the underfloor vent, the vent in the vertical portion of the vent block, and the lid member that can be vented. Moreover, the height position of the ventilation block can be freely adjusted by providing a distance adjusting tool capable of adjusting the distance from the ground at the bottom so that the bottom surface is lower than the underfloor ventilation opening of the building. Moreover, since the lid member and the ventilation block are easy to remove, they are easy to clean.

また、底部に至る通気口を設けたことにより、建物の床下空間の換気のみならず排水も可能である。また、短辺側を端板で閉塞したことで通気ブロックの強度を確保することが出来る。また、同一形状に保つことができるので、蓋部材の着脱が容易である。 Further, by providing the vent leading to the bottom, the waste water not ventilated floor space of the building only it is also possible. Moreover, the intensity | strength of a ventilation block can be ensured by obstruct | occluding the short side with an end plate . Further, since the same shape can be maintained, the lid member can be easily attached and detached.

また、本発明に係る換気口構造によれば、溝部内に収容した通気ブロックの蓋部材の上面と、地面よりも嵩上げした地盤の上面とを略面一になるように設定することで、通気ブロックを介して建物の屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入することが出来、同時に建物の床下換気機能も確保出来る。また、建物周囲、或いは一部の地盤を嵩上げしたとき、建物の床下換気機能を確保できる。   In addition, according to the vent hole structure of the present invention, the upper surface of the lid member of the ventilation block accommodated in the groove and the upper surface of the ground raised above the ground are set to be substantially flush with each other. Through the block, you can go in and out of the building from the inside of the building without barriers, and at the same time, you can secure the under floor ventilation function of the building. Moreover, when the surroundings of a building or a part of ground is raised, the underfloor ventilation function of a building can be ensured.

図により本発明に係る通気ブロック及びそれを備えた換気口構造の一実施形態を具体的に説明する。図1は本発明に係る通気ブロックの構成を示す斜視説明図、図2(a)は通気ブロックの構成を示す正面説明図、図2(b)は通気ブロックの構成を示す平面説明図、図2(c)は通気ブロックの構成を示す側面説明図、図3及び図4は本発明に係る通気ブロックを備えた換気口構造の構成を示す断面説明図、図5(a),(b)は本発明に係る通気ブロックの他の使用例を示す斜視説明図及び断面説明図である。   An embodiment of a ventilation block according to the present invention and a vent structure having the same will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a perspective explanatory view showing the structure of the ventilation block according to the present invention, FIG. 2A is a front explanatory view showing the structure of the ventilation block, and FIG. 2B is an explanatory plan view showing the structure of the ventilation block. 2 (c) is a side explanatory view showing the structure of the ventilation block, FIGS. 3 and 4 are cross-sectional explanatory views showing the structure of the vent structure provided with the ventilation block according to the present invention, and FIGS. 5 (a) and 5 (b). These are perspective explanatory drawing and sectional explanatory drawing which show the other usage example of the ventilation block which concerns on this invention.

図1及び図2において、10は通気ブロックであり、底部となる底板10aと、該底板10aから起立した垂直部となる一対の側板10bと、該垂直部の高さ方向の所定位置には該一対の側板10bを連結する連結部材となる連結板10cとを有して構成され、底板10a及び一対の側板10bには水平方向に所定のピッチで複数の通気口7が連続して設けられ、上面に通気可能な蓋部材10eを載置するための開口部が設けられている。一対の側板10bの天部には断面L字形状の蓋受部10dが設けられており、該蓋受部10dによりグレーチング材等により構成された通気可能な蓋部材10eが着脱自在に載置支持される。図中10fは通気ブロック10の長手方向両端部を閉塞すると共に該通気ブロック10を安定して自立させるための端板である。また、連結板10cも該通気ブロック10を安定して自立させるのに寄与する。尚、図2(b),(c)では間隔調整具6を構成するボルト12、ナット13〜15を省略している。   1 and 2, reference numeral 10 denotes a ventilation block, which includes a bottom plate 10a serving as a bottom portion, a pair of side plates 10b serving as vertical portions standing up from the bottom plate 10a, and predetermined positions in the height direction of the vertical portions. A plurality of vent holes 7 are continuously provided at a predetermined pitch in the horizontal direction on the bottom plate 10a and the pair of side plates 10b, and a connecting plate 10c serving as a connecting member for connecting the pair of side plates 10b. An opening for placing a breathable lid member 10e is provided on the upper surface. A lid receiving portion 10d having an L-shaped cross section is provided at the top of the pair of side plates 10b, and a breathable lid member 10e made of a grating material or the like is detachably placed and supported by the lid receiving portion 10d. Is done. In the figure, reference numeral 10f denotes an end plate for closing the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the ventilation block 10 and stably allowing the ventilation block 10 to stand by itself. Further, the connecting plate 10c also contributes to making the ventilation block 10 stable and independent. 2B and 2C, the bolt 12 and the nuts 13 to 15 constituting the interval adjusting tool 6 are omitted.

図3〜図5に示すように、建物1の床下換気口8に対応して垂直部となる側板10bに設けられた通気口7が配置される。通気ブロック10の底部となる底板10aには、底面が床下換気口8の下面8aよりも低い位置になるように地面5との間隔を調整し得る間隔調整具6が設けられている。   As shown in FIGS. 3 to 5, vents 7 provided on the side plate 10 b which is a vertical portion corresponding to the underfloor vents 8 of the building 1 are arranged. The bottom plate 10a that is the bottom of the ventilation block 10 is provided with a distance adjuster 6 that can adjust the distance from the ground 5 so that the bottom surface is positioned lower than the lower surface 8a of the underfloor ventilation port 8.

本実施形態の間隔調整具6の具体的構成としては、通気ブロック10の底部となる底板10aに貫通孔10a1が形成されており、該貫通孔10a1に下方から予めナット13が螺合されたボルト12が挿入される。ナット13の螺合位置は、通気ブロック10の高さが地盤4の上面4aに一致する高さになるように設定される。そして、底板10aの上方からナット14をボルト12に螺合締結して底板10aにボルト12を固定する。ナット15はロックナットである。   As a specific configuration of the spacing adjuster 6 of the present embodiment, a through hole 10a1 is formed in a bottom plate 10a that is a bottom portion of the ventilation block 10, and a bolt 13 in which a nut 13 is screwed in advance to the through hole 10a1 from below. 12 is inserted. The screwing position of the nut 13 is set so that the height of the ventilation block 10 coincides with the upper surface 4a of the ground 4. Then, the nut 14 is screwed and fastened to the bolt 12 from above the bottom plate 10a to fix the bolt 12 to the bottom plate 10a. The nut 15 is a lock nut.

図3及び図4に示すように、建物1と、該建物1の床下換気口8よりも高い位置が上面4aとなるように地面5よりも嵩上げした地盤4との間に溝部9が設けられており、該溝部9内に通気ブロック10が設置される。そして、通気ブロック10の底部に設けられた間隔調整具6を調節することにより、地面5よりも嵩上げした地盤4の上面4aと、通気ブロック10の上面開口部に設けられた蓋受部10dに載置した蓋部材10eの上面10e1とが略面一になるように設定されている。溝部9は他の排水通路につなげることで、大雨のときなどでも、床下換気口8に水が浸入することがない。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a groove 9 is provided between the building 1 and the ground 4 raised above the ground 5 so that a position higher than the underfloor ventilation opening 8 of the building 1 is the upper surface 4 a. A ventilation block 10 is installed in the groove 9. Then, by adjusting the distance adjuster 6 provided at the bottom of the ventilation block 10, the upper surface 4 a of the ground 4 raised above the ground 5 and the lid receiving portion 10 d provided at the upper surface opening of the ventilation block 10 are provided. It is set so that the upper surface 10e1 of the placed lid member 10e is substantially flush. By connecting the groove 9 to another drainage passage, water does not enter the underfloor ventilation port 8 even during heavy rain.

図3は建物1の外壁3の外側に通気ブロック10を設置した一例であり、図4は建物1の開口サッシ2の外側に通気ブロック10を設置した一例である。尚、図4において、開口サッシ2を開放して建物1の屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入する場合、開口サッシ2と通気ブロック10との隙間が車椅子の車輪径で支障なく通れる場合は良いが、開口サッシ2と通気ブロック10との隙間が大きい場合には開口サッシ2側或いは通気ブロック10側に図示しない回動式等のフラッパを設けて橋渡しすることでも良いし、開口サッシ2と通気ブロック10との隙間に別途、ブロック部材等を挿入して橋渡しすることも出来る。   FIG. 3 is an example in which the ventilation block 10 is installed outside the outer wall 3 of the building 1, and FIG. 4 is an example in which the ventilation block 10 is installed outside the opening sash 2 of the building 1. In FIG. 4, when the opening sash 2 is opened and the building 1 enters and leaves the building from the inside to the outside without any barriers, the gap between the opening sash 2 and the ventilation block 10 can pass through the wheel diameter of the wheelchair without any trouble. When the gap between the opening sash 2 and the ventilation block 10 is large, it may be bridged by providing a flapper (not shown) on the opening sash 2 side or the ventilation block 10 side. It is also possible to insert a block member or the like in the gap with 10 and bridge it.

図5は図3、図4に示したような溝部9を設けることなく、地面5上に直接、通気ブロック10を設置し、該通気ブロック10の外周部に化粧板16を施して、蓋部材10e上に観賞用の鉢植17等を載置したものである。このような通気ブロック10は縁台としても利用できる。   FIG. 5 shows that the ventilation block 10 is installed directly on the ground surface 5 without providing the groove 9 as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, and the decorative plate 16 is applied to the outer periphery of the ventilation block 10. The ornamental pot plant 17 and the like are placed on 10e. Such a ventilation block 10 can also be used as an edge base.

上記構成によれば、建物1の床下換気口8に対応する垂直部となる側板10bに通気口7を設け、上面に通気可能な蓋部材10eを載置するための開口部を設けたことにより建物1の床下空間11から床下換気口8、通気ブロック10の垂直部となる側板10bの通気口7、通気可能な蓋部材10eを介して換気可能に構成される。また、底面が建物1の床下換気口8よりも低い位置になるように底部となる底板10aに地面5との間隔を調整し得る間隔調整具6を設けたことで通気ブロック10の高さ位置を自在に調節できる。   According to the above configuration, the vent 7 is provided in the side plate 10b which is a vertical portion corresponding to the underfloor vent 8 of the building 1, and the opening for placing the lid member 10e capable of venting is provided on the upper surface. The building 1 is configured to be ventilated from the underfloor space 11 through the underfloor vent 8, the vent 7 of the side plate 10 b serving as the vertical portion of the vent block 10, and the ventable lid member 10 e. Further, the height position of the ventilation block 10 is provided by providing the space adjusting tool 6 that can adjust the space from the ground 5 on the bottom plate 10a as the bottom so that the bottom surface is positioned lower than the underfloor ventilation port 8 of the building 1. Can be adjusted freely.

また、一対の垂直部となる側板10b及び底部となる底板10aに複数の通気口7を水平方向に所定のピッチで連続して設けたことにより、建物1の床下空間11の換気のみならず排水も可能である。また、垂直部の高さ方向の所定位置に該一対の垂直部となる側板10bを連結する連結部材となる連結板10cを設けたことで通気ブロック10の強度を確保することが出来る。   In addition, a plurality of vent holes 7 are continuously provided at a predetermined pitch in the horizontal direction on the side plate 10b and the bottom plate 10a serving as the bottom, so that not only the ventilation of the underfloor space 11 of the building 1 but also the drainage. Is also possible. Further, the strength of the ventilation block 10 can be ensured by providing the connecting plate 10c serving as a connecting member for connecting the side plates 10b serving as the pair of vertical portions at a predetermined position in the height direction of the vertical portion.

また、溝部9内に収容した通気ブロック10の蓋部材10eの上面10e1と、地面5よりも嵩上げした地盤4の上面4aとを略面一になるように設定することで、通気ブロック10を介して建物1の屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入することが出来、同時に建物1の床下換気機能も確保出来る。   Further, by setting the upper surface 10e1 of the lid member 10e of the ventilation block 10 accommodated in the groove portion 9 and the upper surface 4a of the ground 4 raised above the ground 5 to be substantially flush with each other, the ventilation block 10 is interposed. It is possible to enter and leave the building 1 indoors and outdoors without barriers, and at the same time, it is possible to secure the underfloor ventilation function of the building 1.

また、通気ブロック10の側板10b及び底板10aに通気口7を設けたことで、雨水等の排水を妨げることがない。また、蓋部材10eを蓋受部10dから着脱自在に構成することで、通気ブロック10内部の清掃が容易である。また、通気ブロック10を溝部9から着脱自在に構成することで、溝部9内部の清掃も容易となる。通気ブロック10内は通気性が良く、カビ等の発生がない。   Further, the vent holes 7 are provided in the side plate 10b and the bottom plate 10a of the ventilation block 10, so that the drainage of rainwater and the like is not hindered. Further, the inside of the ventilation block 10 can be easily cleaned by configuring the lid member 10e to be detachable from the lid receiving portion 10d. In addition, since the ventilation block 10 is configured to be detachable from the groove portion 9, the inside of the groove portion 9 can be easily cleaned. The ventilation block 10 has good air permeability and does not generate mold or the like.

本発明の活用例として、建物に近接して地面よりも高い地盤を設けた場合でも該建物の床下換気機能を確保し得る通気ブロック及びこれを用いた換気口構造に適用出来、庭への踏み石、縁台、物置等の設置用基礎、花台等に適用することが出来る。   As an application example of the present invention, even when a ground higher than the ground is provided in the vicinity of a building, it can be applied to a ventilation block that can secure the underfloor ventilation function of the building and a ventilation port structure using the ventilation block. It can be applied to foundations for installation such as edge tables and storerooms, flower stands and the like.

本発明に係る通気ブロックの構成を示す斜視説明図である。It is a perspective explanatory view showing the composition of the ventilation block concerning the present invention. (a)は通気ブロックの構成を示す正面説明図、(b)は通気ブロックの構成を示す平面説明図、(c)は通気ブロックの構成を示す側面説明図である。(A) is front explanatory drawing which shows the structure of a ventilation block, (b) is plane explanatory drawing which shows the structure of a ventilation block, (c) is side explanatory drawing which shows the structure of a ventilation block. 本発明に係る通気ブロックを備えた換気口構造の構成を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing the composition of the vent structure provided with the ventilation block concerning the present invention. 本発明に係る通気ブロックを備えた換気口構造の構成を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing the composition of the vent structure provided with the ventilation block concerning the present invention. (a),(b)は本発明に係る通気ブロックの他の使用例を示す斜視説明図及び断面説明図である。(A), (b) is the perspective explanatory drawing and sectional explanatory drawing which show the other usage example of the ventilation block which concerns on this invention.

1…建物
2…開口サッシ
3…外壁
4…地盤
4a…上面
5…地面
6…間隔調整具
7…通気口
8…床下換気口
8a…下面
9…溝部
10…通気ブロック
10a…底板
10a1…貫通孔
10b…側板
10c…連結板
10d…蓋受部
10e…蓋部材
10e1…上面
10f…端板
11…床下空間
12…ボルト
13〜15…ナット
16…化粧板
17…鉢植
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Building 2 ... Opening sash 3 ... Outer wall 4 ... Ground 4a ... Upper surface 5 ... Ground 6 ... Space | interval adjustment tool 7 ... Ventilation hole 8 ... Underfloor ventilation port 8a ... Lower surface 9 ... Groove part
10 ... Ventilation block
10a ... Bottom plate
10a1 ... through hole
10b ... side plate
10c ... Connecting plate
10d ... Lid receiving part
10e ... Lid member
10e1… Top surface
10f ... end plate
11… Underfloor space
12 ... Bolt
13-15 ... Nut
16 ... Decorative plate
17 ... potted plant

Claims (3)

形状であり、長辺側の側板の建物の床下換気口に対応する位置から底面に至る通気口が設けられ短辺側は端板で閉塞され、上面に通気可能な蓋部材を載置するための開口部設けられ、底面が前記床下換気口よりも低い位置になるように底部に地面との間隔を調整し得る間隔調整具設けられたことを特徴とする通気ブロック。 It has a substantially box shape and is provided with vents from the position corresponding to the underfloor vent of the building on the side plate on the long side to the bottom, and the short side is closed with an end plate, and a lid member that allows ventilation is mounted on the top surface. an opening is provided for location, ventilation blocks, wherein a bottom surface is provided spacing adjuster interval can adjust the with the ground at the bottom so that a position lower than the underfloor vents. 前記間隔調整具は、ボルトと、該ボルトに螺合されて前記底板を挟む複数のナットと、により構成されており、前記複数のナットの螺合位置の調整により、間隔が調整されることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の通気ブロック。 The spacing adjuster is composed of a bolt and a plurality of nuts that are screwed to the bolt and sandwich the bottom plate, and the spacing is adjusted by adjusting the screwing positions of the plurality of nuts. The ventilation block according to claim 1. 建物と、該建物の床下換気口よりも高い位置が上面となるように地面よりも嵩上げした地盤との間に溝部を設け、
前記溝部内に請求項1または請求項2に記載の通気ブロックを設置し、
前記地面よりも嵩上げした地盤の上面と、前記通気ブロックの上面の開口部に載置した蓋部材の上面とが略面一になるように設定されたことを特徴とする換気口構造。
A groove is provided between the building and the ground raised above the ground so that the position higher than the underfloor ventilation opening of the building is the upper surface,
The ventilation block according to claim 1 or claim 2 is installed in the groove,
The ventilating hole structure, wherein the upper surface of the ground raised above the ground and the upper surface of the lid member placed in the opening of the upper surface of the ventilation block are set to be substantially flush with each other.
JP2007310869A 2007-11-30 2007-11-30 Ventilation block and vent structure Active JP5042792B2 (en)

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JP2000274767A (en) * 1999-03-24 2000-10-06 Asahi Solar Kogyo Kk Underfloor air guiding assisting device
JP3730896B2 (en) * 2001-09-26 2006-01-05 積水化学工業株式会社 building
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