JP4994101B2 - LED illumination lamp and lamp fixture using the LED illumination lamp - Google Patents

LED illumination lamp and lamp fixture using the LED illumination lamp Download PDF

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JP4994101B2
JP4994101B2 JP2007121065A JP2007121065A JP4994101B2 JP 4994101 B2 JP4994101 B2 JP 4994101B2 JP 2007121065 A JP2007121065 A JP 2007121065A JP 2007121065 A JP2007121065 A JP 2007121065A JP 4994101 B2 JP4994101 B2 JP 4994101B2
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led
fluorescent lamp
terminal
resistor
fixture
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JP2008277188A (en
JP2008277188A5 (en
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信也 境田
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シャープ株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an LED illumination lamp including a light emitting diode (hereinafter abbreviated as LED) and a lamp fixture using the LED illumination lamp.

  Fluorescent lamp fixtures using fluorescent lamps having filament electrodes are roughly classified into a glow starter type, a rapid start type, and an inverter type. In the glow starter type, the lighting circuit is generally composed of a ballast and a glow starter. When the power is turned on, current flows in the order of the ballast, one filament, the glow starter, and the other filament, and both filaments are heated. The glow starter then operates and the circuit is turned off. At this time, a high voltage (thousands of volts) pulse voltage is generated between both filaments of the fluorescent lamp, and discharge (fluorescent lamp is lit). The current flowing by this discharge is regulated by the ballast.

  In the rapid start type, the lighting circuit and the fluorescent lamp are devised so that the fluorescent lamp can be started (discharged) without a glow starter. The lighting circuit is provided with a circuit for supplying a heating current for heating both filaments of the fluorescent lamp. For example, the 40-type fluorescent lamp is designed so that a voltage of 200 V or more is supplied between both filaments. When the power is turned on, both filaments are heated (preheated), and a voltage of 200 V or more is supplied to both filaments. On the other hand, since the fluorescent lamp corresponding to the rapid start type has a conductive film formed mainly on the inner surface of the glass tube, it can start (discharge) at a lower voltage than the glow starter type.

  The inverter type rectifies and smoothes a commercial AC power source, converts it into a high frequency AC of 20000-100000 Hz, and turns on a fluorescent lamp. Accordingly, the demand has been increasing in recent years because it has features such as reduction in the size and weight of the ballast, reduction in power loss, improvement in efficiency accompanying reduction in electrode loss in fluorescent lamps, and reduction in light flicker. In addition, although there are some differences depending on the manufacturer, in many cases, control is performed such as detecting the current flowing through the filament and applying a voltage to the light source when the current value is a certain value or more.

  On the other hand, with the development of blue LEDs, a single-chip white LED composed of a blue LED and a phosphor that emits yellow light when excited by blue light, a multi-chip method that utilizes mixed light of two or more LEDs White LEDs such as white LEDs have been commercialized. Recently, the use of LEDs as a light source for illumination has been increasing rapidly due to the characteristics of LEDs that are small and power-saving.

  As an example of application of the LED as described above, there is an LED illumination lamp that maintains the appearance of an existing fluorescent lamp and enables the use of an existing fluorescent lamp apparatus.

  In this way, when an LED illumination lamp is provided in a fluorescent lamp fixture in place of an existing fluorescent lamp, a filament of a base that is necessary for discharge in the existing fluorescent lamp, and a heating current circuit for heating the filament ( For example, a glow starter is not necessary, and any terminal pin connected to the glow starter in the terminal pin pair of the base is not necessary. In this case, the terminal pin pair may be simply shorted and connected to the LED light source. However, when the terminal pin pair is shorted, the high voltage applied to the LED light source is also applied to the glow starter as it is. In addition to the failure of the glow starter, there were problems that would hinder the subsequent use of the existing fluorescent lamp.

  For example, Patent Document 1 proposes an LED lighting device having a circuit configuration that can be used for an existing fluorescent lamp apparatus having a filament heating circuit (electric element) for lighting a fluorescent lamp. .

In addition, in consideration of the current situation that only one of the terminal pin pairs of the fluorescent lamp is connected to the power source, and which one is connected to the power source differs depending on the manufacturer, By providing a wired OR circuit in one of the caps, an LED lighting device has been proposed that can be safely lit without being affected by the mounting direction when mounted on a socket of an existing fluorescent lamp fixture.
JP 2004-192833 A JP 2006-100036 A

  However, the LED illumination device of Patent Document 1 and the LED illumination device of Patent Document 2 can be used for glow starter fluorescent lamp fixtures and rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixtures, but cannot be used for inverter type fluorescent lamp fixtures. .

  That is, since the LED lighting device of Patent Document 1 has no filament and the terminal pin pair is open, when it is used in an inverter-type fluorescent lamp fixture, the current flowing through the filament can be detected. However, there is a problem that a failure in use occurs such that a voltage to be applied to the LED lighting device is not applied.

  Further, in the LED illumination device of Patent Document 2, since only one of the caps is provided with a wired OR circuit and is short-circuited, the current between the terminal pins can be detected, but the two terminal pins of the cap are each provided. Since the power supply and the electronic ballast are connected, a high voltage applied from the power supply to the fluorescent lamp compatible LED lighting tube is also applied to the heating circuit of the electronic ballast as it is, which may cause a failure of the electronic ballast. there were.

  The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and the object of the present invention is to any fluorescent lamp apparatus such as a glow starter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, an inverter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, and a rapid start type fluorescent lamp apparatus. However, it is to provide an LED illumination lamp that does not cause any trouble and can be applied to any fluorescent lamp apparatus.

  In addition, another object of the present invention is that for a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, an inflow of a large current (overcurrent) from a power source to a glow starter which is an electric element for heating a filament is performed. It can prevent current detection between the two terminal pins of the base for inverter type fluorescent lamp fixtures, and does not cause any trouble for rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixtures. It is in providing the LED lighting which can do.

  Furthermore, another object of the present invention is to provide an LED illuminating lamp capable of reducing flickering of the LED and improving the conversion efficiency from AC to DC.

  Still another object of the present invention is to provide a lamp fixture including the above-mentioned LED illumination lamp.

LED lighting according to the present invention, the LED lighting lamp having a L ED, glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture and rapid start type to also be able to use for any of the fluorescent lamp fixture An impedance element is provided , and the impedance element has an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .

LED lighting according to the present invention includes a LED, the LED lighting lamp used in fluorescent light fixtures that have a starting circuit includes an impedance element to prevent shorting of the starting circuit, said impedance element Is characterized in that the impedance value falls within the range of 10Ω to 100Ω .

LED lighting according to the present invention, the LED lighting lamp comprising a LED connected to the power supply via two die having a pair of terminals, between a pair of terminals of the mouthpiece, Ri tare connect the impedance element The impedance element includes an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .

The LED illuminating lamp according to the present invention is used in a fluorescent lamp apparatus having an electrical element for heating a filament, and includes a power source, two bases each having a pair of terminals connected to the electrical element, and the base. An LED illuminating lamp including an LED connected to the power source, each of which includes an impedance element that performs a connection between a pair of terminals of each base and restricts a current from the power source flowing through the electrical element by the connection , The impedance element is characterized in that an impedance value is included in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .

  In the present invention, when used in a glow starter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, a large current (overcurrent) from a power source is limited by the impedance element and then supplied to the glow starter, and a large current to the glow starter Supply of (overcurrent) is prevented. Moreover, when used for an inverter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, the current between the two pins of the base can be detected, and the voltage is normally applied to the LED. When used in a rapid start type fluorescent lamp apparatus, the current for heating from the electronic ballast flows to the impedance element and is consumed, so that the lighting of the LED is not hindered.

  The LED illumination lamp according to the present invention is characterized in that the impedance element has an impedance value of 10Ω to 100Ω.

  In the present invention, an impedance element having an impedance value of 10Ω to 100Ω is used to connect between a pair of terminals of each base. When the impedance value is too high, the current cannot be detected and the impedance value is low. To prepare for inflow of a large current (overcurrent) to an electrical element for heating a filament such as a glow starter when it is too high.

  The LED illuminating lamp according to the present invention is characterized in that a full-wave rectifier circuit portion connected in parallel to the pair of terminals is provided.

  In the present invention, the full-wave current circuit unit connected in parallel to the pair of terminals is provided to reduce flickering of the LED and improve the conversion efficiency from alternating current to direct current as compared with the case of lighting with alternating current.

The LED illumination lamp according to the present invention is characterized in that the impedance element is formed by connecting a resistor and a capacitor in parallel .
In addition, the LED illumination lamp according to the present invention is provided on the other surface of the light source unit having a substrate on which the LED is mounted on one surface, a protective cylinder that accommodates the light source unit, and provides AC power for a commercial power source And a circuit unit that converts the current into a direct current and supplies it to the LED.

  In the present invention, by using the resistor or the capacitor as the impedance element, a large current (overcurrent) from a power source supplied to the glow starter is used in the case of a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture. The glow starter is protected by limiting via the resistor or capacitor. In the case of use in an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, the current flowing through the resistor or the capacitor can be detected, and the voltage is normally applied to the LED. When used in a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture, the current for heating from the electronic ballast flows only to the resistor or the capacitor and is consumed, and does not hinder the lighting of the LED.

  A lamp fixture according to the present invention includes any one of the above-described LED illumination lamps and a circuit for supplying electric power to the LED illumination lamps.

  In this invention, the electric power from a power supply is supplied to the said LED illumination light via the said circuit, and an LED illumination lamp lights.

  The lamp fixture according to the present invention includes any one of a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, or a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture.

  According to the present invention, there is no problem for any fluorescent lamp apparatus including an electrical element for heating the filament, such as a glow starter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, an inverter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, and a rapid start type fluorescent lamp apparatus. It does not occur, and an LED illuminating lamp that can be applied to any fluorescent lamp fixture can be obtained.

  According to the present invention, for a glow starter type fluorescent lamp apparatus, a large current (overcurrent) is prevented from flowing into the glow starter, which is an electrical element for heating the filament. Therefore, it is possible to detect the current between the two terminal pins of the base, and there is no problem with the rapid start type fluorescent lamp apparatus, and any fluorescent lamp apparatus can be supported.

  Further, according to the present invention, since the full-wave rectifier circuit unit connected in parallel to the pair of terminals is provided, the flicker of the LED is reduced, and the conversion efficiency from AC to DC is improved.

(Embodiment 1)
Hereinafter, the case where the LED illumination lamp according to the first embodiment of the present invention is attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture arranged on the ceiling will be described in detail as an example of the lamp fixture according to the first embodiment of the present invention. . FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a state in which an LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention is attached to a fluorescent lamp fixture A, and FIG. 2 is an LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line III-III in FIG.

  The LED illuminating lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 includes a cylindrical protective tube 2, a light source unit 10 accommodated in the protective tube 2, and caps 30 and 30 that cover both ends of the protective tube 2. Yes. The protection cylinder 2 is made of milky white acrylic, and the caps 30, 30 are made of aluminum.

  The light source unit 10 includes an LED module 16 including a circuit board 12 on which a plurality of white LEDs 11, 11, 11,. A plurality of series circuits of white LEDs 11, 11, 11,... Are connected in parallel to the LED module 16. The circuit board 12 has a rectangular shape whose length direction is the facing direction of the caps 30, 30, and has a length slightly shorter than the length of the protective cylinder 2 and a width smaller than the inner diameter of the protective cylinder 2. On the other hand, a constant current circuit 13 and full-wave rectifiers 14 and 14 are provided on the other surface of the circuit board 12 facing the ceiling. The full-wave rectifiers 14 and 14 for converting the alternating current of the commercial power supply from the caps 30 and 30 into direct current, and the current supplied to the white LEDs 11, 11, 11,. A constant current circuit 13 to be controlled is connected. The full-wave rectifiers 14 and 14 include full-wave rectifier circuits 141a and 141b described later. Both ends of the protective cylinder 2 are reduced in diameter toward the tip, and are covered with the caps 30 and 30.

  The caps 30, 30 have a cylindrical shape following the end of the protective cylinder 2, and have a bottom on one end side to cover the end of the protective cylinder 2. The bases 30 and 30 include two terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 for connecting the light source unit 10 to a commercial power source, respectively. The terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 pass through the bottom from the inside to the outside of the protective cylinder 2, and one ends of the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 are connected to the full-wave rectifiers 14 and 14 through resistors 17a and 17b described later. The full-wave rectifiers 14 and 14 are connected to the constant current circuit 13. The other ends of the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 are connected to socket portions A1 and A1 described later. One of the two terminals of the terminal pin pair 15 and 15 is connected to a glow starter (not shown) via socket parts A1 and A1, and the other is connected to socket parts A1 and A1 and a ballast (see FIG. It is connected to commercial power through (not shown).

  The fluorescent lamp fixture A includes socket portions A1 and A1 that are connected to the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 of the caps 30 and 30, respectively. The socket portions A1 and A1 include socket-side terminals A2 and A2 into which the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15 are fitted at positions corresponding to the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15, respectively. The socket side terminals A2 and A2 are fitting holes for electrical and mechanical connection shaped like the terminal pin pairs 15 and 15.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic circuit diagram when the LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 is attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture. In the figure, the portion surrounded by the alternate long and short dash line indicates the LED illumination lamp 1 according to the first embodiment.

  The LED illuminating lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 includes an LED module 16, a constant current circuit 13, a first full-wave rectifier 14a, a second full-wave rectifier 14b, a first resistor 17a, a second resistor 17b, a first base 30a, A second base 30b is provided. The terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are connected to the glow starter A3, and the terminal 151a and the terminal 151b are connected to the commercial power source P. The terminal 151a is connected to the commercial power source P through the ballast A4. The LED module 16 of the LED illuminating lamp 1 according to Embodiment 1 can be lit without being affected by the mounting direction when being mounted on a fluorescent lamp fixture, with respect to the first terminal pin pair 15a and the second terminal pin pair 15b. An OR circuit.

  The terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first base 30a are connected by a first resistor 17a having an impedance of, for example, 10Ω as an impedance element, and the input terminal of the first full-wave rectifier 14a is connected to the first resistor 17a. ing. The terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second base 30b are also connected by a second resistor 17b having an impedance of 10Ω, and the input terminal of the second full-wave rectifier 14b is connected to the second resistor 17b. The anode side terminal of the LED module 16 is connected to the output side positive terminal of the first full wave rectifier 14a through the constant current circuit 13, and the cathode side terminal of the LED module 16 is connected to the output side of the second full wave rectifier 14b. Is connected to the negative terminal. The positive terminals on the output side of the first full-wave rectifier 14a and the second full-wave rectifier 14b are interconnected, and the negative terminals on the output side are also interconnected.

  FIG. 5 is a circuit diagram showing a specific example of the LED illuminating lamp 1 according to FIG. 5 includes an LED module 16 including 369 white LEDs 11, 11, 11,... And a fuse 19 (or a protector that repeatedly cuts off and joins). The first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are further provided. The impedances of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are 10Ω, respectively. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the part same as FIG. 4, and the detailed description is abbreviate | omitted.

  Hereinafter, based on FIG. 4, lighting of the LED lighting lamp 1 which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention is demonstrated. When a switch (not shown) is turned on, an alternating current from the commercial power source P flows through the ballast A4 to the terminal 151a of the first terminal pin pair 15a. The alternating current flows to the first full-wave rectifier 14a via the terminal 151a, is full-wave rectified by the first full-wave rectifier 14a, and is converted into a direct current. The converted direct current flows to the constant current circuit 13, and the current is appropriately adjusted by the constant current circuit 13. The adjusted current flows to the LED module 16, and the white LEDs 11, 11, 11,... Emit white light.

  On the other hand, the terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a and the terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are interconnected through the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b, respectively. Alternatively, a large current (overcurrent) from the commercial power source P flowing into the terminal 151b also flows to the terminal 152a or 152b through the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b, and thus the glow starter A3 connected to the terminals 152a and 152b. Will flow. That is, the large current (overcurrent) from the commercial power supply P does not flow directly to the glow starter A3 but is limited by flowing through the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b. Failure is prevented in advance.

  In the first embodiment described above, the case where the impedance of the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b is 10Ω has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and from 10Ω that approximates the impedance of the filament of the existing fluorescent lamp. Any impedance in the range up to 100Ω may be used.

  In the first embodiment described above, the case where the LED illumination lamp 1 is attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture is described as an example, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, when attached to a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture, even if the heating current from the electronic ballast flows to any terminal of the first terminal pin pair 15a, any terminal of the second terminal pin pair 15b However, the heating current is only consumed by the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b, and the LED lighting is turned on without causing any trouble.

  In Embodiment 1 described above, the case where the LED illumination lamp 1 is attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture has been described as an example, but the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, when it is attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, the heating current from the electronic ballast that flows to any one of the first terminal pin pair 15a and any one of the second terminal pin pair 15b is generated. The current flows to the other terminal through the first resistor 17a and the second resistor 17b. Therefore, the current between the two terminals can be detected for both the first terminal pin pair 15a and the second terminal pin pair 15b, and the application of the discharge voltage of the electronic ballast is continued. The light is turned on.

(Embodiment 2)
Hereinafter, the case where the LED illumination lamp 1 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture will be described as an example of the lamp fixture according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The same parts as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals.

  FIG. 6 is a schematic circuit diagram when the LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 2 is attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture. The part enclosed by the dashed-dotted line in the figure shows the LED illumination lamp 1 according to the second embodiment.

  The LED illuminating lamp 1 according to Embodiment 2 includes an LED module 16, a constant current circuit 13, a first full-wave rectifier 14a, a second full-wave rectifier 14b, a first resistor 171a, a second resistor 171b, a first capacitor 172a, A second capacitor 172b, a first base 30a, and a second base 30b are provided, and the LED module 16 constitutes an OR circuit for the first terminal pin pair 15a and the second terminal pin pair 15b.

  The terminals 151a and 152b of the first terminal pin pair 15a and the terminals 151b and 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are both connected to the commercial power source P through the electronic ballast A5. In the inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, the electronic ballast A5 includes both a heating circuit (not shown) for heating the filament and a voltage application circuit (not shown) for discharging the fluorescent lamp. Further, in the inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, only when the electronic ballast A5 detects the current between the two terminals of either the first terminal pin pair 15a or the second terminal pin pair 15b and is more than a certain value. When a voltage for discharge (hereinafter referred to as a discharge voltage) is applied and the voltage is below a certain level, that is, when the filament is broken, control for stopping the application of the discharge voltage is performed.

  A first resistor 171a and a first capacitor 172a are connected in parallel to the terminals 151a and 152a of the first base 30a, and an input side terminal of the first full-wave rectifier 14a is connected to the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a. Connected. The impedance of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a is 10Ω. The terminals 151b and 152b of the second base 30b are also connected in parallel with a second resistor 171b and a second capacitor 172b. The second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are connected to the input terminal of the second full-wave rectifier 14b. Is connected. The impedance of the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b is 10Ω. The anode side terminal of the LED module 16 is connected to the output side positive terminal of the first full wave rectifier 14a through the constant current circuit 13, and the cathode side terminal of the LED module 16 is connected to the output side of the second full wave rectifier 14b. Is connected to the negative terminal. The positive terminals on the output side of the first full-wave rectifier 14a and the second full-wave rectifier 14b are interconnected, and the negative terminals on the output side are also interconnected.

  Hereinafter, lighting of the LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be described. When a switch (not shown) is turned on, a heating current for heating flows to the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a or the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b by the action of the electronic ballast A5, A discharge voltage is applied and flows to the terminal 151a or the terminal 151b. The alternating current that has passed through the terminal 151a or the terminal 151b flows to the first full-wave rectifier 14a or the second full-wave rectifier 14b, and is full-wave rectified by the first full-wave rectifier 14a or the second full-wave rectifier 14b. Is converted to The converted direct current flows to the constant current circuit 13, and the current is appropriately adjusted by the constant current circuit 13. The adjusted current flows to the LED module 16, and the white LEDs 11, 11, 11,... Emit white light.

  Meanwhile, the terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a are connected to each other through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are connected to the second resistor 171b. And the second capacitor 172b. For example, when a heating current flows from the electronic ballast A5 to the terminal 152a or the terminal 152b, the heating current flows through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, or through the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b, to the terminal 151a or the terminal 151b. And eventually flows to the electronic ballast A5 connecting the terminals 151a and 151b. Therefore, the current between the two terminals can be detected for both the first terminal pin pair 15a and the second terminal pin pair 15b. At this time, since the impedances of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are 10Ω, which approximates the filament of the existing fluorescent lamp, the electronic ballast A5 applies the discharge voltage. to continue. Further, a large current (overcurrent) from the commercial power supply P does not flow directly to the heating circuit of the electronic ballast A5, but flows through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b). Therefore, failure of the heating circuit of the electronic ballast A5 due to a large current (overcurrent) is prevented.

  In the second embodiment, the case where the impedance of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b) is 10Ω has been described as an example, but the present invention is not limited to this. Current detection between the terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a or between the terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b is possible from 10Ω that approximates the impedance of the filament of the existing fluorescent lamp. Any impedance in the range up to 100Ω may be used.

  In the second embodiment, the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b) are provided between the first terminal pin pair 15a (or the second terminal pin pair 15b). Although the case where they are connected in parallel has been described as an example, the present invention is not limited to this and may be provided in series.

  In above-mentioned Embodiment 2, although the case where the LED lighting 1 was attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture was demonstrated as an example, it does not restrict to this. For example, when attached to a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture, even if the heating current from the electronic ballast flows to any terminal of the first terminal pin pair 15a, any terminal of the second terminal pin pair 15b However, only the heating current is consumed by the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b, and the LED lighting is turned on without causing any trouble. .

  In above-mentioned Embodiment 2, although the case where the LED illumination lamp 1 was attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture was demonstrated as an example, it does not restrict to this. For example, when it is attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, the commercial power supply P that flows to any one terminal of the first terminal pin pair 15a or any one terminal of the second terminal pin pair 15b is used. A large current (overcurrent) does not flow directly to the glow starter, but flows to the glow starter through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b. Accordingly, a large current (overcurrent) is limited by the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b, so that a failure of the glow starter due to the large current (overcurrent) can be prevented. The LED lighting is turned on without causing any trouble.

(Embodiment 3)
Hereinafter, the case where the LED illumination lamp according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention is attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp apparatus will be described as an example of the lamp apparatus according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the part same as Embodiment 1 and Embodiment 2. FIG.

  FIG. 7 is a schematic circuit diagram when the LED illumination lamp 1 according to Embodiment 3 is attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture. In the figure, the portion surrounded by the alternate long and short dash line indicates the LED illumination lamp 1 according to the third embodiment.

  The LED illuminating lamp 1 according to Embodiment 3 includes an LED module 16, a constant current circuit 13, a first half-wave rectifier 18a, a second half-wave rectifier 18b, a first resistor 171a, a second resistor 171b, a first capacitor 172a, A second capacitor 172b, a first base 30a, and a second base 30b are provided. The first half-wave rectifier 18a and the second half-wave rectifier 18b are provided with half-wave rectifier circuits 181a and 181b, respectively, and obtain direct current using only an alternating half-cycle.

  The terminals 151a and 152b of the first terminal pin pair 15a and the terminals 151b and 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are both connected to the commercial power source P through the electronic ballast A5. A first resistor 171a and a capacitor 172a are connected in parallel to the terminals 151a and 152a of the first base 30a, and an input side terminal of the first half-wave rectifier 18a is connected to the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a. ing. The impedance of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a is 10Ω. The second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are also connected in parallel to the terminals 151b and 152b of the second base 30b, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are connected to the output side of the second half-wave rectifier 18b. The terminal is connected. The impedance of the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b is 10Ω. The output side of the first half wave rectifier 18a is connected to the anode side terminal of the LED module 16 through the constant current circuit 13, and the cathode side terminal of the LED module 16 is connected to the input side terminal of the second half wave rectifier 18b. Has been.

  Hereinafter, lighting of the LED lighting lamp 1 according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention will be described. When a switch (not shown) is turned on, a heating current for heating flows to the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a and a discharge voltage is applied by the action of the electronic ballast A5. The alternating current from the commercial power source P via the terminal 151a flows to the first half-wave rectifier 18a, is half-wave rectified by the first half-wave rectifier 18a, and is converted into a direct current. The converted direct current flows to the constant current circuit 13, and the current is appropriately adjusted by the constant current circuit 13. The adjusted current flows to the LED module 16, and the white LEDs 11, 11, 11,... Emit white light. Thereafter, the current flows through the second half-wave rectifier 18b and the terminals 151b and 152b.

  Meanwhile, the terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a are connected to each other through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b are connected to the second resistor 171b. And the second capacitor 172b. For example, when a heating current flows from the electronic ballast A5 to the terminal 152a or the terminal 152b, the heating current flows through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, or through the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b, to the terminal 151a or the terminal 151b. And eventually flows to the electronic ballast A5 connected to the terminals 151a and 151b. Therefore, the current between the two terminals can be detected for both the first terminal pin pair 15a and the second terminal pin pair 15b. At this time, the impedances of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b are 10Ω that approximates the filament of the existing fluorescent lamp, and the electronic ballast A5 continues to apply the discharge voltage. . Further, a large current (overcurrent) from the commercial power supply P does not flow directly to the heating circuit of the electronic ballast A5, but flows through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b). Therefore, failure of the heating circuit of the electronic ballast A5 due to a large current (overcurrent) is prevented.

  In the above-described third embodiment, the case where the impedance of the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b) is 10Ω has been described as an example, but the present invention is not limited to this. Current detection between the terminal 151a and the terminal 152a of the first terminal pin pair 15a or between the terminal 151b and the terminal 152b of the second terminal pin pair 15b is possible from 10Ω that approximates the impedance of the filament of the existing fluorescent lamp. Any impedance in the range up to 100Ω may be used.

  In the third embodiment, the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a (or the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b) are provided between the first terminal pin pair 15a (or the second terminal pin pair 15b). Although the case where they are connected in parallel has been described as an example, the present invention is not limited to this and may be provided in series.

  In above-mentioned Embodiment 3, although the case where the LED lighting 1 was attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture was demonstrated as an example, it does not restrict to this. For example, when attached to a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture, even if the heating current from the electronic ballast A5 flows to any terminal of the first terminal pin pair 15a, any one of the second terminal pin pair 15b Even if it flows to the terminal, only the heating current is consumed by the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the second resistor 171b and the second capacitor 172b, and the LED lighting is turned on without causing any trouble. The

  In above-mentioned Embodiment 3, although the case where the LED lighting 1 was attached to an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture was demonstrated as an example, it does not restrict to this. For example, when attached to a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, a large current (overcurrent) from the commercial power source P flowing through one of the terminals of the first terminal pin pair 15a does not flow directly to the glow starter. It will flow to the glow starter through the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a. Accordingly, the large current (overcurrent) is limited by the first resistor 171a and the first capacitor 172a, and the failure of the glow starter due to the large current (overcurrent) can be prevented in advance, and the LED illumination lamp can be turned on without causing any trouble. Is done.

  In the first to third embodiments described above, the case where a resistor and a capacitor are used as the impedance element has been described as an example. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and a coil may be used as the impedance element. In addition, each of a resistance, a capacitor | condenser, and a coil may be used individually, and if the impedance range is 10ohm-100ohm, the combination which connected these in parallel or in series may be sufficient.

It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the state by which the LED illumination lamp which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention was attached to the fluorescent lamp fixture A. It is a broken sectional view of the LED illumination lamp which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention. It is an expanded sectional view by the III-III line of FIG. It is a schematic circuit diagram at the time of the LED illuminating lamp which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention being attached to the glow starter type | mold fluorescent lamp fixture. It is a circuit diagram which shows the specific example of the LED illumination light which concerns on FIG. It is a schematic circuit diagram at the time of the LED illumination lamp which concerns on Embodiment 2 of this invention being attached to the inverter type | mold fluorescent lamp fixture. It is a schematic circuit diagram at the time of the LED illumination lamp concerning Embodiment 3 of this invention being attached to the inverter type | mold fluorescent lamp fixture.

Explanation of symbols

1 LED lighting 11 LED
15 terminal pin pair 15a first terminal pin pair 15b second terminal pin pair 151a, 152a, 151b, 152b terminal 17a first resistor 17b second resistor 171a first resistor 172a first capacitor 171b second resistor 172b second capacitor 14 all Wave rectifier 14a First full wave rectifier 14b Second full wave rectifier 141a, 141b Full wave rectifier circuit 18a First half wave rectifier 18b Second half wave rectifier 181a, 181b Half wave rectifier circuit 30 Base 30a First base 30b Second base A fluorescent lamp fixture A3 glow starter A5 electronic ballast

Claims (7)

  1. In LED lighting with LED
    It includes an impedance element for enabling use with any of a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, an inverter type fluorescent fixture, and a rapid start type fluorescent fixture ,
    The LED illumination lamp according to claim 1, wherein the impedance element includes an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .
  2. In an LED illuminating lamp having an LED and used in a fluorescent lamp fixture having a starting circuit,
    Comprising an impedance element for preventing a short circuit of the starting circuit ;
    The LED illumination lamp according to claim 1, wherein the impedance element includes an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .
  3. In an LED illuminating lamp comprising an LED connected to a power source via two caps having a pair of terminals,
    Between a pair of terminals of the mouthpiece, Ri tare connect the impedance element,
    The LED illumination lamp according to claim 1, wherein the impedance element includes an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .
  4. A fluorescent lamp apparatus having an electrical element for heating a filament, and a power source and two bases each having a pair of terminals connected to the electrical element, and an LED connected to the power source via the base. In the LED lighting with which
    Each of the caps is provided with an impedance element for making a connection between a pair of terminals and limiting a current from a power source flowing through the electrical element by the connection ,
    The LED illumination lamp according to claim 1, wherein the impedance element includes an impedance value in a range of 10Ω to 100Ω .
  5. The LED illumination lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the impedance element is formed by connecting a resistor and a capacitor in parallel.
  6. A light source unit having a substrate on which the LED is mounted;
      A protective cylinder for housing the light source unit;
    A circuit unit provided on the other surface of the substrate, which converts AC of commercial power to DC and supplies the LED to the LED;
    The LED illumination lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising:
  7. LED lighting according to any one of claims 1 to 6 ;
    One of a glow starter type fluorescent lamp fixture, an inverter type fluorescent lamp fixture, and a rapid start type fluorescent lamp fixture.
JP2007121065A 2007-05-01 2007-05-01 LED illumination lamp and lamp fixture using the LED illumination lamp Expired - Fee Related JP4994101B2 (en)

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JP2007121065A JP4994101B2 (en) 2007-05-01 2007-05-01 LED illumination lamp and lamp fixture using the LED illumination lamp
PCT/JP2008/058194 WO2008136458A1 (en) 2007-05-01 2008-04-28 Illumination device and lamp using the same

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