JP2010511971A - LED lighting for fluorescent lamps with ballast - Google Patents

LED lighting for fluorescent lamps with ballast Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2010511971A
JP2010511971A JP2009532307A JP2009532307A JP2010511971A JP 2010511971 A JP2010511971 A JP 2010511971A JP 2009532307 A JP2009532307 A JP 2009532307A JP 2009532307 A JP2009532307 A JP 2009532307A JP 2010511971 A JP2010511971 A JP 2010511971A
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led
ballast
light emitting
light
fluorescent lamp
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JP2010511971A5 (en
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パク、ソング−ムーン
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エスエムクリエーション リミテッド
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Priority to KR1020070093876A priority Critical patent/KR100821975B1/en
Priority to KR1020080012577A priority patent/KR100844538B1/en
Application filed by エスエムクリエーション リミテッド filed Critical エスエムクリエーション リミテッド
Priority to PCT/KR2008/003149 priority patent/WO2009035203A1/en
Publication of JP2010511971A publication Critical patent/JP2010511971A/en
Publication of JP2010511971A5 publication Critical patent/JP2010511971A5/ja
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/502Cooling arrangements characterised by the adaptation for cooling of specific components
    • F21V29/507Cooling arrangements characterised by the adaptation for cooling of specific components of means for protecting lighting devices from damage, e.g. housings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/27Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with two fittings for each light source, e.g. for substitution of fluorescent tubes
    • F21K9/272Details of end parts, i.e. the parts that connect the light source to a fitting; Arrangement of components within end parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/27Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with two fittings for each light source, e.g. for substitution of fluorescent tubes
    • F21K9/275Details of bases or housings, i.e. the parts between the light-generating element and the end caps; Arrangement of components within bases or housings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/27Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with two fittings for each light source, e.g. for substitution of fluorescent tubes
    • F21K9/278Arrangement or mounting of circuit elements integrated in the light source
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/70Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks
    • F21V29/74Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades
    • F21V29/75Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades with fins or blades having different shapes, thicknesses or spacing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V29/00Protecting lighting devices from thermal damage; Cooling or heating arrangements specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • F21V29/50Cooling arrangements
    • F21V29/70Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks
    • F21V29/74Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades
    • F21V29/76Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades with essentially identical parallel planar fins or blades, e.g. with comb-like cross-section
    • F21V29/763Cooling arrangements characterised by passive heat-dissipating elements, e.g. heat-sinks with fins or blades with essentially identical parallel planar fins or blades, e.g. with comb-like cross-section the planes containing the fins or blades having the direction of the light emitting axis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B45/00Circuit arrangements for operating light emitting diodes [LED]
    • H05B45/30Driver circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B45/00Circuit arrangements for operating light emitting diodes [LED]
    • H05B45/30Driver circuits
    • H05B45/37Converter circuits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2103/00Elongate light sources, e.g. fluorescent tubes
    • F21Y2103/10Elongate light sources, e.g. fluorescent tubes comprising a linear array of point-like light-generating elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/30Semiconductor lamps, e.g. solid state lamps [SSL] light emitting diodes [LED] or organic LED [OLED]

Abstract

本発明の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯は、安定器を具備した蛍光灯ソケットに取付けられる照明灯において、基板に多数のLEDを接続して構成された発光本体と、前記安定器の出力電源を直流電源に変換させる変換器と、前記発光本体に面する側面に形成されて発光本体を固定する基板固定溝と反対側の側面に形成される多数の放熱羽とを有して発光本体から発生する熱を放出する放熱板と、前記変換器の変換回路と接続されて前記発光本体の両端に固定されて蛍光灯ソケットに突出状態で取付けられる電極端子を有する端子キャップを備えていることを特徴とする。
An LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast according to the present invention is an illuminating lamp that is attached to a fluorescent lamp socket equipped with a ballast, a light-emitting main body configured by connecting a number of LEDs to a substrate, and the ballast A converter for converting the output power source into a direct current power source, and a plurality of heat dissipating blades formed on the side surface opposite to the substrate fixing groove formed on the side surface facing the light emitting body to fix the light emitting body. A heat dissipation plate for releasing heat generated from the light emitting body, and a terminal cap having electrode terminals connected to the converter circuit of the converter and fixed to both ends of the light emitting body and attached to the fluorescent lamp socket in a protruding state. It is characterized by being.

Description

本発明は、照明灯に関し、より詳しくは、既に設置された蛍光灯ソケットに取り付けられた安定器の電源をLEDに適合する直流電源に変換してLEDに供給するように構成することで、既に設置された蛍光灯用ソケットから安定器を分離したり、別途のソケットを設置することなく使用可能な安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯に関する。   The present invention relates to an illuminating lamp, and more specifically, by converting a power source of a ballast attached to an already installed fluorescent lamp socket into a DC power source suitable for the LED and supplying the LED to the LED, The present invention relates to an LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast that can be used without separating a ballast from an installed fluorescent lamp socket or installing a separate socket.
特に、LEDの設置される基板をアルミニウムからなるPCB(printed circuit board)にて構成し、放熱板を設置して放熱効果を高めるだけでなく、このような基板を多数に分離して製作し、これを組立てて構成することにより製作が容易な安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯に関する。   In particular, the board on which the LEDs are installed is made of PCB (printed circuit board) made of aluminum, and not only the heat dissipation plate is installed to enhance the heat dissipation effect, but also a large number of such boards are manufactured separately. The present invention relates to an LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast that can be easily manufactured by assembling and configuring the same.
また、LEDの代わりにツェナーダイオード等のような電圧減殺素子を設置できるように構成することにより明るさの調節が容易な安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯に関するものである。   The present invention also relates to an LED illumination lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast that can be easily adjusted in brightness by being configured so that a voltage reducing element such as a Zener diode can be installed instead of an LED.
白熱電球と比べて眩しさが少なく、発光効率が高く、寿命が長いために多く使用されている照明器具のうちの一つが蛍光灯である。   Fluorescent lamps are one of the lighting fixtures that are often used because they have less glare than incandescent bulbs, have high luminous efficiency, and have a long lifetime.
この蛍光灯は、気体や気体内の放電による光を光源として利用するものであり、真空ガラス管に少量の水銀蒸気と放電し易くするためのアルゴンガスを入れて密閉させた後、両端に電極を設けて構成されている。   This fluorescent lamp uses gas or light from the discharge in the gas as a light source. After a small amount of mercury vapor and argon gas are placed in a vacuum glass tube for easy discharge, it is sealed at both ends. Is provided.
このように構成された蛍光灯は、白熱電球に比べて熱による損失が少なくて効率が高く、寿命も長い。   The fluorescent lamp configured in this manner has less loss due to heat and higher efficiency than an incandescent lamp, and has a long life.
このような蛍光灯は、負性抵抗特性を有する水銀放電管の一種であり、電源だけ供給する場合、点灯されずに点灯を誘導し、点灯後に安定的に電源を供給するための手段として安定器が具備されている。   Such a fluorescent lamp is a kind of mercury discharge tube having a negative resistance characteristic. When only power is supplied, the fluorescent lamp is not lit but induces lighting without being turned on, and is stable as a means for stably supplying power after lighting. A vessel is provided.
即ち、安定器を設置して、初めは蛍光灯の点灯に必要な放電開始用の高電圧を印加し、点灯後に安定的な電圧と電流が供給されるようになっている。   That is, a ballast is installed, and a high voltage for starting discharge necessary for lighting a fluorescent lamp is first applied, and a stable voltage and current are supplied after lighting.
このように構成された蛍光灯は、上記のように真空ガラス管を利用して構成されていることにより、製造時に真空ガラス管を十分に密閉しなければならないため、製作上の多くの難点があるだけでなく、突発的に点灯されない場合があり、寿命がほとんど尽きた場合にチラツキ等が生じてしまうという問題もあった。   Since the fluorescent lamp configured as described above is configured by using the vacuum glass tube as described above, the vacuum glass tube must be sufficiently sealed at the time of manufacture. In addition, there is a problem that the light may not be suddenly lit and flickering may occur when the life is almost exhausted.
また、蛍光灯から発生する光は、色褪を生じさせたり劣化させる紫外線を含んでいるため、冷蔵庫などに使用する場合、食品を劣化させてしまうという問題があった。   In addition, since the light generated from the fluorescent lamp contains ultraviolet rays that cause or deteriorate the color fading, there is a problem that the food is deteriorated when used in a refrigerator or the like.
その他にも、頻繁なスイッチング作動が行われる場合、寿命が急激に短縮されたり、消費電力が多くなったりするという問題があった。   In addition, when a frequent switching operation is performed, there is a problem that the lifetime is rapidly shortened or the power consumption is increased.
このため、LEDを利用した蛍光灯が開発・使用されており、このようなLEDを利用した蛍光灯を構成する回路基板は、伝導性の金属ではなく絶縁体を使用しており、従来のLED蛍光灯は、LEDから発生する熱を放出する効果が極めて低いため、長期間に亘って使用する際、LEDから発生する熱による密閉されたハウジング内部の過熱によって、ハウジング外形の変形及びLEDの効率の急激な低下が生じ、LED蛍光灯の寿命を短縮させてしまうという問題があった。   For this reason, fluorescent lamps using LEDs have been developed and used, and circuit boards that make up such fluorescent lamps using LEDs use insulators instead of conductive metals. Since the fluorescent lamp has an extremely low effect of releasing heat generated from the LED, when it is used for a long period of time, deformation of the outer shape of the housing and efficiency of the LED are caused by overheating inside the sealed housing due to heat generated from the LED. There has been a problem that the rapid decrease of the LED occurs and the life of the LED fluorescent lamp is shortened.
本発明の目的は、前述したような従来の技術の問題点を解決することであり、真空を要しないために製作が容易であり、突発的な不良を減らすことができ、寿命末期のチラツキがなく、特に、既存の蛍光灯ソケットに設置可能な安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯を提供することである。   The object of the present invention is to solve the problems of the prior art as described above, and since it does not require a vacuum, it is easy to manufacture, can reduce sudden failures, and flickers at the end of its life. In particular, an LED illumination lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast that can be installed in an existing fluorescent lamp socket is provided.
更に、本発明の目的は、LEDから発生する熱を効率的に放出させることによって、ハウジングの変形等を防止するだけでなく、LEDの効率の低下を回避し、所望の照度に調節し易い安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯を提供することである。   Furthermore, the object of the present invention is not only to prevent the deformation of the housing by efficiently releasing the heat generated from the LED, but also to avoid a decrease in the efficiency of the LED and to easily adjust to a desired illuminance. It is providing the LED illumination light for fluorescent lamps which has a vessel.
また、少ない電力で作動して電力消費を低減し、頻繁なスイッチング作動にも寿命が短縮されない安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯を提供することを目的とする。   It is another object of the present invention to provide an LED lighting for a fluorescent lamp that has a ballast that operates with a small amount of power to reduce power consumption and does not have a shortened life even with frequent switching operations.
このような本発明の目的を達成するための安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯は、安定器を具備した蛍光灯ソケットに取付けられる照明灯において、基板に多数のLEDを接続して構成された発光本体と、前記安定器の出力電源を直流電源に変換させる変換器と、発光本体に面する側面に形成されて発光本体を固定する基板固定溝と反対側の側面に形成される多数の放熱羽とを有して発光本体から発生する熱を放出する放熱板と、変換器の変換回路と接続されて発光本体の両端に固定されて蛍光灯ソケットに突出状態で取付けられる電極端子を有する端子キャップを備えていることを特徴とする。   An LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast for achieving the object of the present invention is configured by connecting a large number of LEDs to a substrate in an illuminating lamp attached to a fluorescent lamp socket equipped with a ballast. A light emitting body, a converter for converting the output power of the ballast to a DC power source, and a plurality of parts formed on a side surface opposite to a substrate fixing groove formed on a side surface facing the light emitting body and fixing the light emitting body. A heat sink that releases heat generated from the light emitting body, and an electrode terminal that is connected to the conversion circuit of the converter and fixed to both ends of the light emitting body and attached to the fluorescent lamp socket in a protruding state. A terminal cap is provided.
本発明は、多数のLEDを配列して構成されているため、真空状態を必要とすることなく製作が容易であり、突発的な不良を低減でき、寿命末期のチラツキを回避できる。   Since the present invention is configured by arranging a large number of LEDs, it can be easily manufactured without requiring a vacuum state, sudden failures can be reduced, and flicker at the end of life can be avoided.
特に、既存の蛍光灯ソケットに設置可能なため、ソケットの交換を必要とすることなく使用でき、ソケット設置費用を節減できる。   In particular, since it can be installed in an existing fluorescent lamp socket, it can be used without requiring replacement of the socket, and the socket installation cost can be reduced.
また、本発明の照明灯を構成するLEDを多数一組で構成し、これを並列に連結するだけでなく、一部のLEDをツェナーダイオード等のような発光機能のないダイオードに替えて構成しているため、光の明るさを自由に調節できる。   In addition, the LED constituting the illuminating lamp of the present invention is configured as a set of many, and not only is this connected in parallel, but also a part of the LED is replaced with a diode having no light emitting function such as a Zener diode. The brightness of the light can be adjusted freely.
また、少ない電力で作動することが可能なため、電力消費を減らすことができ、頻繁なスイッチング作動にも寿命の短縮がなく長期間に亘って使用することができる。   In addition, since it is possible to operate with a small amount of electric power, power consumption can be reduced, and frequent switching operations can be used over a long period of time without shortening the lifetime.
本発明の一実施例であるLED照明灯を正面から示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the LED illumination lamp which is one Example of this invention from the front. 本発明の他の実施例であるLED照明灯を背面から示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the LED illumination lamp which is the other Example of this invention from the back. 図2に示すLED照明灯の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the LED illuminating lamp shown in FIG. 図3のA−Aの断面図である。It is sectional drawing of AA of FIG. 本発明のLED照明灯を構成するソケットの断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the socket which comprises the LED lighting lamp of this invention. 本発明のLED照明灯を構成する基板の一例を示した平面図である。It is the top view which showed an example of the board | substrate which comprises the LED lighting lamp of this invention. 本発明のLED照明灯を構成する基板の他の一例を示した平面図である。It is the top view which showed another example of the board | substrate which comprises the LED lighting lamp of this invention. 本発明のLED照明灯の回路図である。It is a circuit diagram of the LED lighting lamp of this invention.
図1は、本発明の一実施例であるLED照明灯を正面から示す分解斜視図であり、図2は、本発明の他の実施例であるLED照明灯を背面から示す分解斜視図であり、図3は、図2に示すLED照明灯の斜視図であり、図4は、図3のA−Aの断面図であり、図5は、本発明のLED照明灯を構成するソケットの断面図であり、図6は、本発明のLED照明灯を構成する基板の一例を示す平面図であり、図7は、本発明のLED照明灯を構成する基板の他の一例を示す平面図であり、図8は、本発明のLED照明灯の回路図である。   FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view showing an LED illuminating lamp according to an embodiment of the present invention from the front, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view showing an LED illuminating lamp according to another embodiment of the present invention from the back. 3 is a perspective view of the LED illuminating lamp shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA of FIG. 3, and FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the socket constituting the LED illuminating lamp of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a plan view showing an example of a substrate constituting the LED illumination lamp of the present invention, and FIG. 7 is a plan view showing another example of the substrate constituting the LED illumination lamp of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram of the LED illumination lamp of the present invention.
図1に示すように、本発明の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯は、LED12の設置された基板11にて構成された発光本体1を安定器100(図8を参照)を具備したソケットに取り付け、LED12に電源を供給するように構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 1, an LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast according to the present invention includes a light emitting body 1 composed of a substrate 11 on which an LED 12 is installed, and a ballast 100 (see FIG. 8). It is configured to be attached to the socket and to supply power to the LED 12.
即ち、本発明のLED照明灯は、安定器100(図8を参照)を具備した蛍光灯ソケットに取付けられ、基板11に多数のLED12を接続して構成される発光本体1と、安定器100(図8を参照)の出力電源を直流電源に変換させる変換器2と、発光本体1に面する側面に発光本体1を固定する基板固定溝31を有するとともに反対側の側面に多数の放熱羽33を有して発光本体1から発生する熱を放出する放熱板3と、変換器2の変換回路と接続されるとともに、発光本体1の両端に固定されて蛍光灯ソケットに取付けられた電極端子41を突出状態で有する端子キャップ4とを備えている。   That is, the LED illuminating lamp of the present invention is attached to a fluorescent lamp socket having a ballast 100 (see FIG. 8), and the light emitting body 1 configured by connecting a number of LEDs 12 to the substrate 11, and the ballast 100. A converter 2 that converts the output power source (see FIG. 8) into a DC power source, a substrate fixing groove 31 that fixes the light emitting body 1 on the side surface facing the light emitting body 1, and a large number of radiating blades on the opposite side surface The electrode terminal which is connected to the heat radiation plate 3 which releases heat generated from the light emitting body 1 and the converter 2 and which is fixed to both ends of the light emitting body 1 and attached to the fluorescent lamp socket And a terminal cap 4 having 41 in a protruding state.
発光本体1は、図1及び図2に示すように、基板11の底面、即ち、光を照射する面に多数のLED12を設置しており、このような基板11は、図6に示すように、多数に分離して構成しても良い。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the light emitting body 1 has a large number of LEDs 12 installed on the bottom surface of the substrate 11, that is, the surface that irradiates light. Alternatively, a large number of parts may be separated.
本発明のLED照明灯を構成する基板11は、アルミニウムからなるPCB(printed circuit board)にて構成されており、こうしてアルミニウムからなるPCBで基板11を構成することによって、LED12の発光時に発生する熱をより早く放熱させ、LED12の過熱を防止することはもちろん、照明灯を構成する他の構成要素の変形を防止することができる。   The substrate 11 constituting the LED illumination lamp of the present invention is composed of a PCB (printed circuit board) made of aluminum. Thus, by forming the substrate 11 with a PCB made of aluminum, heat generated when the LED 12 emits light. Can be dissipated faster and the LED 12 can be prevented from overheating, as well as deformation of other components constituting the illuminating lamp.
即ち、従来のLED照明灯の場合、基板として絶縁体を使用しており、このように絶縁体を使用した場合、LEDから発生する熱を放出する効果が極めて低く、このため、LED照明灯を長期間続けて点灯する際、LEDから発生する熱によってハウジングが過熱され、ハウジングの外形変形はもちろん、LED効率が急激に低下し、LED照明灯の寿命が短縮されるという問題があった。   That is, in the case of a conventional LED lighting, an insulator is used as a substrate. When an insulator is used in this way, the effect of releasing heat generated from the LED is extremely low. When lighting continuously for a long period of time, the housing is overheated by the heat generated from the LED, and there is a problem that the LED efficiency is abruptly lowered as well as the outer shape of the housing, and the life of the LED lighting lamp is shortened.
そこで、本発明は、熱伝導率の高いアルミニウムからなるPCBを使用して熱を早く外部へ放出させ、熱によるハウジングの変形やLED12の効率低下を防止することができる。   Therefore, according to the present invention, heat is quickly released to the outside by using a PCB made of aluminum having a high thermal conductivity, so that deformation of the housing due to heat and reduction in efficiency of the LED 12 can be prevented.
基板11には、図7及び図8に示すように、LED12に電源を供給するための回路パターン13が形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, a circuit pattern 13 for supplying power to the LEDs 12 is formed on the substrate 11.
特に、本発明のLED照明灯を構成する回路パターン13は、図示すように、基板11の端に沿って長さ方向に長く形成されたGNDパターン及びVccパターンと、GNDパターン及びVccパターンの間に形成されたLED接続部13a及び短絡部13b及びLEDブロック13cとにより構成されている。   In particular, the circuit pattern 13 constituting the LED lighting lamp of the present invention has a GND pattern and a Vcc pattern formed long in the length direction along the edge of the substrate 11, and a GND pattern and a Vcc pattern, as shown in the figure. The LED connection portion 13a, the short-circuit portion 13b, and the LED block 13c are formed.
LEDブロック13cは、多数のLED12を相互に直列に連結できるように形成された導電性パターンであり、LED12を一個から数十個まで直列に連結でき、このような直列連結が可能なLED12の数は、蛍光灯の安定器100の種類や容量によって異なるため、これを制限することはできない。   The LED block 13c is a conductive pattern formed so that a large number of LEDs 12 can be connected to each other in series. One to several tens of LEDs 12 can be connected in series, and the number of LEDs 12 that can be connected in series. Is different depending on the type and capacity of the fluorescent lamp ballast 100, and cannot be limited.
上述したように、基板11を多数に分離して構成する理由は、通常の蛍光灯の長さが多様であり、長いものは1.2mにもなるからである。   As described above, the reason why the substrate 11 is divided into a large number is that the lengths of ordinary fluorescent lamps are various, and long ones can be as long as 1.2 m.
このような長い蛍光灯を使用するソケットに設置することのできるLED照明灯を製作する時、単一の基板11で製作した場合、全長が長すぎて変形の恐れがあるだけでなく、製作も難しいという問題があるため、図6に示すように、基板11を多数に分離して製作し、連結部をハンダ付けで連結して一体化するのが好ましい。   When manufacturing an LED illuminating lamp that can be installed in a socket that uses such a long fluorescent lamp, if it is manufactured with a single substrate 11, the total length is too long and there is a risk of deformation, as well as manufacturing. Since there is a problem that it is difficult, as shown in FIG. 6, it is preferable to manufacture the substrate 11 by separating it into a large number, and to connect and integrate the connecting portions by soldering.
多数に分離された基板11を電気的に接続する時は、フィルムケーブル又は一般的な被覆タイプのケーブルを使用しても良く、基板11間の間隔を狭めた後、直接的にハンダ付けのみで基板11間を電気的に接続しても良い。   When electrically connecting a large number of separated substrates 11, film cables or general coated type cables may be used. After narrowing the distance between the substrates 11, only by soldering directly. The substrates 11 may be electrically connected.
また、アルミニウムからなるPCBにて構成された基板11は、LED12の設置される前面部を白又は反射が容易な色でペインティング又はコーティングして光を外部に反射することにより、効率を最大限に高めることができる。   In addition, the substrate 11 made of PCB made of aluminum maximizes efficiency by painting or coating the front part where the LED 12 is installed with white or an easily reflective color to reflect light to the outside. Can be increased.
一方、短絡部13bは、LEDブロック13cの間、LEDブロック13cとGNDパターンとの間、LEDブロック13cとVccパターンとの間を短絡するように形成されている。   On the other hand, the short circuit part 13b is formed so as to short circuit between the LED block 13c, between the LED block 13c and the GND pattern, and between the LED block 13c and the Vcc pattern.
このように形成された短絡部13bを選択的に通電することで、各LEDブロック13cは、相互に直列又は並列に連結されている。   By selectively energizing the short-circuit portion 13b thus formed, the LED blocks 13c are connected in series or in parallel to each other.
この時、短絡部13bを通電する方法は、フィルムケーブル又は一般的な被覆タイプのケーブルを連結したり、ハンダを広く広げてハンダ付けする等の方法を利用することができ、電気素子として0Ω(ohm)の抵抗を利用することができる。   At this time, as a method of energizing the short-circuit portion 13b, a method such as connecting a film cable or a general coated type cable, or widening and soldering a solder can be used. ohm) resistance can be used.
このように選択的に通電され得るように短絡部13bを構成したのは、安定器100から出力される電流と電圧がLED12の特性をオーバーしてLED12の寿命を縮めるという欠点を改善し、LED12の破損を防止するためである。
即ち、多様な種類の安定器100に合わせて選択的にLED12の接続数を調節できるようにするためである。
The short-circuit portion 13b is configured to be selectively energized in this way, which improves the disadvantage that the current and voltage output from the ballast 100 exceed the characteristics of the LED 12 and shorten the life of the LED 12. This is to prevent damage to the machine.
That is, the number of connected LEDs 12 can be selectively adjusted according to various types of ballasts 100.
また、本発明の実施例では照明灯としてのLED12を利用したが、変形例としてLED12の代わりに非発光性のツェナーダイオードを設置して発光量を調節しても良い。   In the embodiment of the present invention, the LED 12 is used as an illuminating lamp. However, as a modification, a light emitting amount may be adjusted by installing a non-light emitting Zener diode instead of the LED 12.
即ち、照明の設置場所が過度に明るさを必要としない場所である場合、安定器100から供給される電源は一定しているため、これを消費させねばならず、これを消費させるためにツェナーダイオードをLED12の代わりに設置して構成している。   That is, when the installation location of the lighting does not require excessive brightness, since the power supplied from the ballast 100 is constant, it must be consumed, and the Zener is required to consume it. A diode is installed instead of the LED 12.
このような場合、必要なLED12を先に配置し、足りないLED12の数に該当するツェナーダイオード又は電圧を減殺させる電子部品をLED12の搭載位置に代替搭載して安定器の特性に合致させ、LED12を点灯するようになっている。   In such a case, the necessary LEDs 12 are arranged first, and Zener diodes corresponding to the number of the missing LEDs 12 or electronic components for reducing the voltage are alternatively mounted at the mounting positions of the LEDs 12 to match the characteristics of the ballasts. Lights up.
この時に使用するツェナーダイオード及び電子部品は、SMDタイプのLED12とサイズが同じであるか、搭載可能なサイズでなければならず、適切な部品がない場合、他の形態の部品を選定して使用しても良い。   The Zener diode and electronic components used at this time must be the same size as the SMD type LED 12 or be of a size that can be mounted. If there are no suitable components, select and use other types of components. You may do it.
また、発光本体1は、図8に示すように、第一発光部1aと第二発光部1bを相互に並列に連結し、第一発光部1a及び第二発光部1bと安定器100との間に変換器2をそれぞれ連結して構成しても良い。   Further, as shown in FIG. 8, the light emitting body 1 connects the first light emitting unit 1a and the second light emitting unit 1b in parallel to each other, and the first light emitting unit 1a, the second light emitting unit 1b, and the ballast 100 are connected. The converters 2 may be connected in between.
このように第一発光部1aと第二発光部1bとを並列に連結して単一の発光本体1を構成することにより、一方の発光部が故障を起した場合であっても、他方の発光部によって照明を行うことができる。   Thus, by connecting the first light emitting unit 1a and the second light emitting unit 1b in parallel to form a single light emitting body 1, even if one light emitting unit fails, the other Illumination can be performed by the light emitting unit.
上記のように構成された発光本体1に整流された電源を供給する変換器2は、図1及び図2及び図5に示すように、端子キャップ4の内部に設置され、図8に示すように構成されている。   The converter 2 for supplying rectified power to the light emitting body 1 configured as described above is installed inside the terminal cap 4 as shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 5, and as shown in FIG. It is configured.
このように変換器2の設置された端子キャップ4の内部は、図示するようにコーティング材42にてモールディングされて回路を保護するようになっており、電極端子41を露出した部分の外径が、発光本体1と連結される部分の外径より小さく形成されて既存の蛍光灯ソケットに容易に差し込めるようになっている。   Thus, the inside of the terminal cap 4 in which the converter 2 is installed is molded with the coating material 42 to protect the circuit as shown in the figure, and the outer diameter of the portion where the electrode terminal 41 is exposed is The outer diameter of the portion connected to the light emitting body 1 is smaller than the outer diameter so that it can be easily inserted into an existing fluorescent lamp socket.
端子キャップ4の内側に延長された電極端子41の端部は、変換器2に構成された回路と電気的に接続された状態になるようにハンダ付け41aされている。   An end portion of the electrode terminal 41 extended to the inside of the terminal cap 4 is soldered 41a so as to be in a state of being electrically connected to a circuit configured in the converter 2.
変換器2は、図8に示すように、放電器としての安定器100から供給される交流を直流に変換するためのブリッジ整流回路2aと、ブリッジ整流回路2aの入力端に並列連結された抵抗2bと、ブリッジ整流回路2aの出力端に並列連結されたコンデンサー2cとで構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 8, the converter 2 includes a bridge rectifier circuit 2a for converting alternating current supplied from a ballast 100 as a discharger into direct current, and a resistor connected in parallel to the input terminal of the bridge rectifier circuit 2a. 2b and a capacitor 2c connected in parallel to the output terminal of the bridge rectifier circuit 2a.
ここで、ブリッジ整流回路2aを構成するダイオードとして、高周波用ダイオードを使用している。   Here, a high-frequency diode is used as the diode constituting the bridge rectifier circuit 2a.
電子式の安定器100の場合、60Hzの常用電源を高周波(数十KHz)で出力するようになっている。
このような高周波電流及び電圧は、過電圧保護のためのヒューズ(FUSE)を設置した後、このヒューズを通過してダイオードを介して直流に変換されるが、この時に使用するダイオードの部品として一般汎用ダイオードを使用した場合、部品に熱が発生して破損される可能性があるため、高周波用ダイオードにて構成するのが好ましい。
In the case of the electronic ballast 100, a normal power supply of 60 Hz is output at a high frequency (several tens of KHz).
Such a high-frequency current and voltage are converted into direct current through a diode after passing a fuse (FUSE) for overvoltage protection. When a diode is used, heat may be generated in the component and it may be damaged. Therefore, it is preferable to use a high-frequency diode.
変換器2の出力の安定化のために、直流変換の最終端、即ち、ブリッジ整流回路2aの出力端にコンデンサー2cを更に並列に設置して電圧を安定化させている。   In order to stabilize the output of the converter 2, a capacitor 2c is further arranged in parallel at the final end of the direct current conversion, that is, the output end of the bridge rectifier circuit 2a to stabilize the voltage.
上記では本発明のLED照明灯の主要構成要素である発光本体1と電源供給手段である変換器2の構成に関して説明したが、以下に、これら構成要素を相互に連結するとともに発光本体1の熱を放熱するための構成要素である放熱板3と、保護手段である2つの正面カバー5及び背面カバー6とに関して詳しく説明する。   In the above description, the configuration of the light-emitting body 1 which is a main component of the LED lighting lamp of the present invention and the converter 2 which is a power supply means have been described. The heat radiating plate 3 that is a component for radiating heat and the two front covers 5 and the back cover 6 that are protective means will be described in detail.
放熱板3は、発光本体1の熱を外部に放出する役割と同時に、発光本体1の形状を維持する骨組みの役割を果たしている。   The heat radiating plate 3 plays the role of a framework for maintaining the shape of the light emitting body 1 at the same time as releasing the heat of the light emitting body 1 to the outside.
このような放熱板3には、図1及び図2に示すように、発光本体1に面する側面に発光本体1を安着する基板固定溝31が形成されており、反対側の側面に多数の放熱羽33が形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the heat sink 3 is formed with a substrate fixing groove 31 for seating the light emitting body 1 on the side surface facing the light emitting body 1, and a large number on the opposite side surface. Are formed.
放熱板3に形成された放熱羽33の表面には、放熱効果を高めるために凹凸33aが更に形成されている。
即ち、放熱板3に伝達された基板11の熱をより早く外部に伝達されるためには放熱面積が広くなければならず、そのため、放熱羽33の外面に多数の凹凸33aを形成して放熱面積を広くしている。
On the surface of the heat radiating blade 33 formed on the heat radiating plate 3, unevenness 33a is further formed in order to enhance the heat radiating effect.
That is, in order to transfer the heat of the substrate 11 transmitted to the heat radiating plate 3 to the outside more quickly, the heat radiating area must be large. The area is widened.
また、放熱板3には、上述したように正面カバー5と背面カバー6とが固定されており、このように2つの正面カバー5及び背面カバー6を固定するための構造として、放熱板3の両端には、掛け部35が形成されて正面カバー5の両端に形成された放熱板挿入溝53に差し込まれて結合されている。   Further, as described above, the front cover 5 and the back cover 6 are fixed to the heat radiating plate 3. As a structure for fixing the two front covers 5 and the back cover 6 as described above, Hang portions 35 are formed at both ends, and are inserted into and coupled to heat sink insertion grooves 53 formed at both ends of the front cover 5.
また、背面カバー6を固定させる手段として、放熱板3の背面に形成された放熱羽33のうち本体部と垂直をなして形成された放熱羽33の端部には、背面カバー6の中央に形成された放熱板挿入溝63に差し込まれる掛け羽36が形成されている。   Further, as a means for fixing the back cover 6, the end of the heat radiating feather 33 formed perpendicular to the main body portion of the heat radiating feather 33 formed on the back surface of the heat radiating plate 3 is placed at the center of the back cover 6. A hanging blade 36 to be inserted into the formed heat sink insertion groove 63 is formed.
このような2つの正面カバー5及び背面カバー6の結合方法を簡単に説明すると、まず、掛け部35の端部に放熱板挿入溝53の端部を対向させ、正面カバー5を押して掛け部35を放熱板挿入溝53に差し込んで固定する。   The method of joining the two front covers 5 and the back cover 6 will be described briefly. First, the end of the heat sink insertion groove 53 is opposed to the end of the hook 35, and the front cover 5 is pushed to press the hook 35. Is inserted into the heat sink insertion groove 53 and fixed.
そして、掛け羽36の端部を放熱板挿入溝63の端部に対向させた後、背面カバー6を押して掛け羽36を放熱板挿入溝63に差し込むことで、放熱板3と2つの正面カバー5及び背面カバー6とを相互に結合する。   And after making the edge part of the hanging blade 36 oppose the edge part of the heat sink insertion groove | channel 63, the rear cover 6 is pushed and the hanging blade 36 is inserted in the heat sink insertion groove | channel 63, thereby the heat radiation plate 3 and the two front covers. 5 and the back cover 6 are coupled to each other.
一方、正面カバー5に形成された光拡散凹凸52は、正面カバー5の内面に形成されたものを一例として図示しているが、外面に形成しても良く、この光拡散凹凸52は、LED12から照射された光を拡散させてより明るく見えるようにする効果を有している。   On the other hand, although the light diffusion unevenness 52 formed on the front cover 5 is illustrated as an example formed on the inner surface of the front cover 5, it may be formed on the outer surface. It has the effect of diffusing the light irradiated from, making it appear brighter.
この光拡散凹凸52は、図示するように外形上カバーとしての正面カバー5の長さ方向に長く形成しても良いが、半球形状の突起を稠密に形成して構成しても良い。   The light diffusion unevenness 52 may be formed long in the length direction of the front cover 5 as an outer cover as shown in the figure, but may be configured by forming hemispherical projections densely.
背面カバー6は、前述したように放熱板3の外面を覆って、加熱された放熱板3が人体と接触することを防止する機能を有し、また、放熱板3全体を覆うと放熱板3の放熱効果が落ちる可能性があるため、図1及び図2及び図4に示すように、放熱板3の一部だけを覆うように設置している。






As described above, the back cover 6 has a function of covering the outer surface of the heat sink 3 and preventing the heated heat sink 3 from coming into contact with the human body. Therefore, as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, and 4, it is installed so as to cover only a part of the heat radiating plate 3.






Claims (5)

  1. 安定器を具備した蛍光灯ソケットに取付けられる照明灯において、
    熱伝導性に優れたアルミニウムのPCBからなる基板に多数のLEDを接続して構成される発光本体と、前記安定器の出力電源を直流電源に変換させて高周波用ダイオードからなるブリッジ整流回路の入力端に抵抗を並列に連結するとともに出力端にコンデンサーを並列に連結してなる変換器と、前記発光本体に面する側面に発光本体を固定する基板固定溝を有するとともに反対側の側面に多数の放熱羽を有して発光本体から発生する熱を放出する放熱板と、前記変換器の変換回路に接続されて前記発光本体の両端に固定されて蛍光灯ソケットに突出状態で取付けられる電極端子を有する端子キャップとを備え、
    前記発光本体の全面を覆ってLEDを保護するとともに前記LEDから照射された光を拡散させる光拡散凹凸を任意の一面に有する正面カバーが、前記放熱板の前面に設置され、
    前記放熱板の熱気から使用者が照明灯を握った際に使用者の手を保護する背面カバーが、前記放熱板の背面に設置されていることを特徴とする安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯。
    In an illuminating lamp attached to a fluorescent light socket equipped with a ballast,
    A light-emitting body constructed by connecting a number of LEDs to a substrate made of an aluminum PCB having excellent thermal conductivity, and an input of a bridge rectifier circuit comprising a high-frequency diode by converting the output power of the ballast to a DC power source A converter having a resistor connected in parallel to the end and a capacitor connected in parallel to the output end, a substrate fixing groove for fixing the light emitting body on the side facing the light emitting body, and a large number on the opposite side A heat sink having a heat dissipating blade and releasing heat generated from the light emitting body; and an electrode terminal connected to the conversion circuit of the converter and fixed to both ends of the light emitting body and attached to the fluorescent lamp socket in a protruding state. A terminal cap having
    A front cover that covers the entire surface of the light emitting body and protects the LED and has light diffusion unevenness on an arbitrary surface that diffuses the light emitted from the LED is installed on the front surface of the heat radiating plate,
    For a fluorescent lamp having a ballast, characterized in that a back cover for protecting a user's hand when a user grips an illuminating lamp from the heat of the heat sink is installed on the back of the heat sink. LED lighting.
  2. 前記放熱板に形成された放熱羽の表面が、放熱効果を高める凹凸を有していることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯。   2. The LED lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast according to claim 1, wherein the surface of the heat radiating blade formed on the heat radiating plate has irregularities for enhancing a heat radiating effect.
  3. 前記放熱板の両端に形成された掛け部が、前記正面カバーの両端に形成された放熱板挿入溝に差し込まれて結合されているとともに、
    前記放熱板の背面に形成された放熱羽のうち本体部と垂直をなす放熱羽の端部に設けられる掛け羽が、前記背面カバーの中央に形成された放熱板挿入溝に差し込まれていることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯。
    The hooks formed at both ends of the heat sink are inserted and coupled to the heat sink insertion grooves formed at both ends of the front cover,
    Of the radiating wings formed on the back surface of the radiating plate, the hanging wing provided at the end of the radiating wing perpendicular to the main body is inserted into the radiating plate insertion groove formed in the center of the back cover. An LED illuminating lamp for a fluorescent lamp comprising the ballast according to claim 2.
  4. 前記発光本体が、相互に並列に連結されて前記安定器との間に変換器をそれぞれ連結された第1発光部と第2発光部とを有し、
    前記基板が、多数に分離して構成され、
    前記分離された基板に形成された回路パターンが、前記基板の長さ方向に形成されたGNDパターンとVccパターンとの間に多数のLEDブロックパターンを形成して構成され、
    前記LEDブロックパターンとGNDパターンとVccパターンとの間に形成された短絡部が、選択的に通電されるように構成されていることを特徴とする請求項3に記載の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯。
    The light-emitting body includes a first light-emitting unit and a second light-emitting unit that are connected in parallel to each other and a converter is connected between the ballast and the ballast;
    The substrate is configured to be separated into a large number,
    The circuit pattern formed on the separated substrate is configured by forming a number of LED block patterns between a GND pattern and a Vcc pattern formed in the length direction of the substrate,
    The fluorescent lamp having a ballast according to claim 3, wherein a short-circuit portion formed between the LED block pattern, the GND pattern, and the Vcc pattern is selectively energized. LED lighting for
  5. 前記LEDブロックに非発光性のツェナーダイオードが更に設置されていることを特徴とする請求項4に記載の安定器を有する蛍光灯用のLED照明灯。   The LED illumination lamp for a fluorescent lamp having a ballast according to claim 4, wherein a non-luminous Zener diode is further installed in the LED block.
JP2009532307A 2007-09-14 2008-06-05 LED lighting for fluorescent lamps with ballast Granted JP2010511971A (en)

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KR1020070093876A KR100821975B1 (en) 2007-09-14 2007-09-14 Led lamp usable fluorescent socket with the ballast
KR1020080012577A KR100844538B1 (en) 2008-02-12 2008-02-12 Led lamp using the fluorescent socket with the ballast
PCT/KR2008/003149 WO2009035203A1 (en) 2007-09-14 2008-06-05 Led lighting of fluorescent lamp with ballaster

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