JP4918922B2 - Crew protection device - Google Patents

Crew protection device Download PDF

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JP4918922B2
JP4918922B2 JP2008158142A JP2008158142A JP4918922B2 JP 4918922 B2 JP4918922 B2 JP 4918922B2 JP 2008158142 A JP2008158142 A JP 2008158142A JP 2008158142 A JP2008158142 A JP 2008158142A JP 4918922 B2 JP4918922 B2 JP 4918922B2
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vehicle
occupant
protection device
ecu
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JP2009301492A (en
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敏宣 沖田
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トヨタ自動車株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an occupant protection device suitable for application to automobiles such as passenger cars, trucks, and buses.

  In recent vehicles, an occupant is restrained to a seat, and the occupant is moved from the seating position of the seat by an impact acting on the vehicle, and excessively approaches an instrument panel lower panel, a steering column, a windshield, etc. inside the vehicle. An occupant protection device including a seat belt for prevention is provided. In addition, this occupant protection device applies a tension larger than the normal retracting force of the retractor to the belt-shaped member constituting the seat belt, that is, the webbing when an impact occurs, thereby removing the slack of the webbing. In addition, a pretensioner is provided to ensure the restraint of the passenger on the seat.

In such an occupant protection device, as described in Patent Document 1, when the vehicle speed is high before a curve or an intersection where an impact is expected to occur, the retractor winding described above is performed. It has been proposed to increase the force to alert the occupant to alert the front curve or intersection. Thus, the control for alarming the occupant is a vehicle provided with an approach avoidance device that performs approach avoidance control for avoiding excessive approach of the vehicle to the front obstacle based on the distance to the front obstacle, or The present invention can also be applied to a vehicle including a lane keeping device that keeps the vehicle in the vicinity of the lane center or in the lane.
JP 2001-10447 A

  However, in the occupant protection device having such a configuration, in order to issue a warning to the occupant regardless of the degree of consciousness reduction, without gradually evaluating how much the occupant consciousness has decreased, Even when the occupant's consciousness is extremely low and the occupant is not conscious or sleeping, an alarm is given to the occupant. In this way, when the consciousness of the occupant is extremely low, warning the occupant may cause an operation that the occupant originally does not intend, and the occupant is not necessarily prompted to perform a safe operation. There was a problem that proper occupant protection was not achieved.

  In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide an occupant protection device that can perform more appropriate occupant protection.

In order to solve the above problem, an occupant protection device according to the present invention provides:
Consciousness detecting means for detecting an item indicating numerical improvement or decrease in consciousness of an occupant of the vehicle, and when the item falls within a first region defined by a first threshold, A retraction means for retreating the vehicle when the item is in the second area; a determination means for determining whether the retraction means is operable; and the item is defined by a second threshold value. In the case where it falls within two areas, the judging means comprises a prohibiting means for prohibiting awakening by the awakening means when the judging means judges that the retracting means is operable.

Here, in the occupant protection device,
A belt-like member for restraining the occupant to the seat; a tension applying means for applying tension to the belt-like member; and when the item is within the first region, the tension applied by the tension applying means is a first increment. It is preferable that adjustment means for increasing is provided, and the adjustment means constitutes the awakening means.

  Here, the belt-like member is specifically a webbing constituting a seat belt, and the tension applying means is one end of the webbing, the consciousness of the occupant is not lowered, and the item is the first item. In a normal time that is greater than or equal to one threshold, the retractor includes a spool that winds with a winding force that does not awaken the occupant and a motor that rotates the spool. The retracting force of the retractor is controlled by a seat ECU (Electronic Control Unit). When the item is in the first area, the seat ECU applies a tension larger than the retracting force by the first increment. It also constitutes an adjusting means to be applied to.

  In addition, the item indicating the increase or decrease in the occupant's consciousness as a numerical value is obtained, for example, by processing an image obtained by imaging the occupant's eyes and calculating the ratio of the time during which the occupant's eyes are open within a predetermined time. Front gaze degree calculated by processing the image of the eye or face of the occupant and calculating the proportion of time that the direction of the occupant's eye or face is directed forward within a certain period Both of them may be positive values, both of which are positive values, and the numerical value is lowered when the consciousness is lowered. Alternatively, the item may be direct biological information such as a pulse or an electroencephalogram frequency, and in this case, the numerical value is lowered when the consciousness is lowered.

  Therefore, in this case, the first region is obtained by experimentally determining the first threshold value as a value for which the consciousness is recognized to be reduced, and the item is less than or less than the first threshold value. What is necessary is just to define as a certain area | region. Similarly, the second region is obtained by experimentally obtaining the second threshold value in advance as a value that is recognized as a state in which the consciousness further decreases and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep. What is necessary is just to determine as an area | region where the said item is less than the said 2nd threshold value below the said 1st threshold value, or less.

  In addition, when the degree of eye closure is defined as that obtained by processing an image obtained by capturing an image of the occupant's eyes and calculating the proportion of time during which the occupant's eyes are closed within a certain period of time, When defining the information obtained by processing the image obtained by imaging the occupant's eye or face and calculating the ratio of the time in which the direction of the occupant's eye or face is deviated from the front within a certain period, biometric information If, for example, the movement frequency of the eyeball, the item is improved as the consciousness is lowered. For this reason, the first area may be defined as an area where the item is greater than or equal to the first threshold, and similarly, the second area is greater than the second threshold where the item is greater than the first threshold. Alternatively, the region may be determined as the above.

  The normal tension is a value that does not awaken the occupant, and the tension increased by the first increment is a value that awakens the occupant.

  According to this, when the item is in the first region, the consciousness is lowered, so that the tension by the awakening means, that is, the adjusting means, is adjusted with respect to the normal tension. When the occupant's consciousness is reduced by causing the occupant to exert a greater restraining force than normal due to the belt-like member, the occupant is fatigued and is alert The passenger can be awakened when the vehicle is falling or is asleep.

  At the same time, if the item is in the second region, the decrease in consciousness is further unconscious, i.e. the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely sleeping, When it is determined by the determining means that the retracting means is operable, the retracting means automatically retracts the vehicle without operation of the occupant, and the awakening means, that is, the adjusting means. Increasing the tension by the first increment is prohibited by the prohibiting means. This prevents the occupant from performing an unintended operation by unexpectedly awakening the unoccupied or sleeping occupant without intentionally awakening the occupant. it can.

  Accordingly, the occupant is encouraged to perform a safe operation, and the item is in the second region, and the determination unit determines that the retracting unit is operable. In the case where it is not preferable to awaken, it is possible to give priority to evacuation by the evacuation means and perform more appropriate occupant protection.

Furthermore, in the occupant protection device,
When the item is in the second region and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable, the adjusting means reduces the tension applied by the tension applying means to be smaller than the first increment. Preferably it is increased by a second increment. Here, it is assumed that the tension increased by the second increment does not awaken the occupant.

  According to this, when the item is within the second area, the vehicle is automatically retracted by the retracting means without depending on the operation of the occupant, and the occupant is not consciously awakened. It is possible to prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation by suddenly awakening the occupant in a state where there is no air or sleeping. At the same time, the effect of preventing the passenger from excessively approaching the instrument panel lower panel, the steering column, the windshield, etc. inside the vehicle by restraining the passenger with the seat with a binding force larger than normal is provided. it can.

In addition, in the occupant protection device,
When the item is in the second region and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable, a moving means for moving the seat to the rear of the vehicle, and a standing position for raising the back of the seat Preferably means are provided.

  According to this, by raising the back portion of the seat, the effect of restraining the occupant to the seat by the tension increased by the second increment can be further enhanced. At the same time, even if the seat is too close to the instrument panel lower panel or steering column in the vehicle before the consciousness is lowered, the seat can be moved to the rear of the vehicle. It is possible to further enhance the effect of preventing excessive access to the internal instrument panel panel, steering column, windshield, and the like.

In the occupant protection device,
The retracting means preferably includes a stopping means for stopping the vehicle.

  According to this, when the item is in the second area and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep, the vehicle can be promptly stopped. Protection can be performed more appropriately.

Furthermore, in the occupant protection device,
A front imaging means for imaging the front of the vehicle and a rear imaging means for imaging the rear of the vehicle, and a stopping distance required for the stopping means to stop the vehicle in front of the vehicle can be secured. When the other vehicle is not located within a predetermined distance behind the vehicle, the determination unit preferably determines that the retracting unit is operable.

  According to this, the prohibiting means prohibits the awakening means from awakening the occupant only when the retracting means is operable in advance and the retreating by the retracting means can be surely realized. The safety of the occupant protection device can be further improved.

Furthermore, in the occupant protection device,
The retracting means preferably includes a steering means for moving the vehicle to a shoulder of a road.

  According to this, when the item is in the second area and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep, the vehicle is quickly stopped and the vehicle is moved to the road shoulder. In addition, the passengers can be protected more appropriately in consideration of smooth passage of other vehicles on the road.

In addition, in the occupant protection device,
It is preferable that the determination unit determines that the retracting unit is operable when the road shoulder that allows the steering unit to move the vehicle exists in front of the vehicle.

  According to this, when the retracting means is operable in advance, the retracting by the retracting means can be surely realized, and the vehicle can be moved to the road shoulder to ensure smooth passage of other vehicles. In addition, the prohibiting means can be prohibited from awakening the occupant by the awakening means, and the safety of the occupant protection device can be further enhanced.

Furthermore, in the occupant protection device,
The steering device controlled by the steering means is such that the steering side and the steered side are not mechanically connected, and the item is in the second region, and the determining means is the retracting means. In the case where it is determined that the operation is possible, it is preferable that the steering means controls a steering force of the steering device.

  According to this, when the item is in the second region and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable, that is, when it is not preferable to wake up the occupant, It is possible to prevent the occupant from being awakened by operating the steering side of the steering device, that is, the steering wheel, by the steering means.

  That is, the effect of preventing the occupant from performing an unintended operation when the occupant in a state of losing consciousness or sleeping is unexpectedly awakened without awakening the occupant. Can be further enhanced.

  The occupant protection device according to the present invention described above is a lane keeping device that keeps a vehicle in a lane, an approach avoidance device that performs approach avoidance control based on a distance from a preceding vehicle or a front obstacle, or a vehicle In the case where the prohibiting means prohibits the awakening by the awakening means, the occupant protection device or the lane keeping is controlled. It is preferable that the warning to the occupant by the device or the approach avoidance device is also prohibited to prevent the occupant from awakening unexpectedly.

That is, in the occupant protection device,
In the image in front of the vehicle imaged by the front imaging means, the vehicle includes first alarm means for warning the occupant when the vehicle is separated from the center of the lane by a predetermined separation distance. In the second area, it is preferable that the prohibiting unit prohibits the alarm of the first alarm unit when the determining unit determines that the retracting unit is operable.

  According to this, in the vehicle including the lane keeping device, when the occupant protection device is applied, the item is in the second region, and the determination unit determines that the retracting unit is operable. In this case, that is, when it is not preferable to wake up the occupant, the alarm by the first alarm means including the lane keeping device can also be prohibited by the prohibit means.

  That is, it is possible to prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation by unexpectedly awakening the occupant in a state of losing consciousness or sleeping without awakening the occupant. Can be increased.

Alternatively, in the occupant protection device,
Distance detecting means for detecting a distance between the vehicle and a front obstacle; and when the distance is less than a first distance, the vehicle is controlled to increase the distance so that the vehicle and the obstacle are approached. And avoiding means to avoid, and when the distance is less than the second distance greater than the first distance, and a second alarm means for warning the occupant, the item is in the second region, When the determination unit determines that the retracting unit is operable, it is preferable that the prohibiting unit prohibits the alarm of the second alarm unit.

  According to this, when the occupant protection device is applied to a vehicle including the approach avoidance device, the item is in the second region, and the determination unit determines that the retraction unit is operable. In this case, that is, when it is not preferable to wake up the occupant, the alarm by the second alarm means including the access avoidance device can also be prohibited by the prohibit means.

  That is, also here, it is possible to prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation by unexpectedly awakening the occupant in a state of losing consciousness or sleeping without awakening the occupant. The effect can be further enhanced.

Alternatively, in the occupant protection device,
The retraction means includes a control means for controlling the speed of the vehicle or the time between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle, a maintenance means for maintaining the vehicle in the center of the lane, a route and position of the vehicle, and a position on the route. It is preferable to provide a search means for searching for a parking area, and for the determination means to determine that the retracting means is operable based on a positional relationship between the position of the vehicle and the parking area on the route.

  According to this, in the vehicle including the vehicle control device, when the occupant protection device is applied, only when the vehicle can be reliably retracted to the parking area by the control means and the maintenance means. The prohibiting means can be prohibited from awakening the occupant by the second alarm means, and the security of the occupant protection device can be further enhanced.

The occupant protection device further includes third alarm means for alarming the occupant when the inter-vehicle time is less than a third threshold, the item is in the second area, and the determination means is When it is determined that the retracting unit is operable, it is preferable that the prohibiting unit prohibits the alarm of the third alarm unit.

  According to this, when the item is in the second region and the determination unit determines that the retraction unit is operable, the alarm by the third alarm unit included in the vehicle control device is also It can be prohibited by prohibition means.

  That is, also here, it is possible to prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation by unexpectedly awakening the occupant in a state of losing consciousness or sleeping without awakening the occupant. The effect can be further enhanced.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to provide an occupant protection device that can perform more appropriate occupant protection.

  The best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of an occupant protection device according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, an occupant protection device 1 according to the present invention includes an in-vehicle camera 2, a retracting ECU 3 (Electronic Control Unit), a webbing 4, a retractor 5, a seat ECU 6, a seat actuator 7, and a seat back. The actuator 8, the front camera 9, the rear camera 10, the engine ECU 11, the brake ECU 12, the transmission ECU 13, the EPS ECU 14 (Electronic Power Steering Electronic Control Unit), and the EPS 15 (Electronic Power Steering) are provided.

  The retraction ECU 3, the seat ECU 6, the front camera 9, the rear camera 10, the engine ECU 11, the brake ECU 12, the transmission ECU 13, and the EPS ECU 14 are connected to each other by a CAN (Controller Area Network).

  The in-vehicle camera 2 is provided on the front panel of a vehicle (not shown) so as to be directed toward the driver's eyes, captures the image including the driver's face, and outputs the captured image information to the evacuation ECU 3.

  The evacuation ECU 3 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and performs the processing described below. Consciousness detection means 3a, stop means 3b, steering means 3c, determination means 3d, and prohibition means 3e are configured.

  The seat ECU 6 also includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and performs the processing described below. The adjusting means 6a, the moving means 6b, and the standing means 6c are configured.

  The engine ECU 11 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing in accordance with a program stored in the ROM. Etc., and the engine speed is mainly controlled to control the acceleration / deceleration of the vehicle.

  The brake ECU 12 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and is provided on each wheel of the vehicle. The brake device is controlled to brake the vehicle.

  The transmission ECU 13 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM. Shift control of the gear ratio of the machine is performed.

  The EPS ECU 14 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and the steering unit 3c of the retreat ECU 3 steers the steering ECU 3c. The steering force generated by the EPS 15 is controlled based on the command.

  The EPS 15 is of a steer-by-wire type, and has a configuration in which a steering wheel, that is, a steering wheel and a mechanism including an electric motor that generates a turning force are not mechanically connected, and driving that is input to the steering wheel. The steering device generates a turning force by driving an electric motor under the control of the EPS ECU 14 based on the steering force of the person or the steering command of the steering means 3c. Here, the force input by the steering wheel (not shown) by the driver is distinguished as the steering force, and the force output from the steering device is distinguished as the steering force.

  The consciousness detection means 3a of the retreat ECU 3 processes the image information output from the in-vehicle camera 2 to detect the closed degree C as an item indicating numerically the improvement or decrease in the consciousness of the vehicle occupant, and the closed degree C is detected by CAN communication. To the seat ECU 6.

  The webbing 4 is a belt-like member that constitutes a seat belt provided in a vehicle seat, that is, a seat belt, and restrains an occupant seated on the seat to the back portion of the seat, that is, the seat back and the seat portion. Is. One end of the webbing 4 is wound around the retractor 5, and the other end is inserted through an outer through anchor (not shown) and fixed to the vehicle body or the seat. A tongue plate is provided at an intermediate portion of the webbing 4 through the through anchor. Thus, the tongue plate is engaged with the buckle on the vehicle body side.

  The retractor 5 is a spool that winds up at one end of the webbing 4 with a winding force F0 that does not wake up the occupant during normal times when the occupant's consciousness is not lowered and the eye-closing degree C is equal to or greater than the first threshold value α. And a motor for rotating the spool to constitute tension applying means for applying a tension F0 to the webbing 4, and this motor has a built-in tension detection sensor for detecting the tension F of the webbing 4. Note that the first threshold value α is experimentally obtained and determined in advance as the value of the degree of eye closure C at which consciousness is lowered. Accordingly, the first area is determined as an area where the eye-closing degree C is less than the first threshold value α.

  The retracting force F0 of the retractor 5 is controlled by the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6. The adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 has a first value higher than the tension F0 when the eye-closing degree C is in the first region smaller than the first threshold value α. The motor of the retractor 5 is controlled so that the retracting force of the retractor 5 is set to F0 + ΔF1 so that the tension F0 + ΔF1 that is larger by the increment ΔF1 is applied to the webbing 4. That is, here, the adjusting means 6a constitutes an awakening means that prompts the passenger to awaken when the awakening degree C falls within the first region determined by the first threshold value α.

  Further, the retracting ECU 3 includes a stopping means 3b and a steering means 3c as retracting means for retracting the vehicle when the eye-closing degree C falls within the second region that is less than the second threshold value β. Note that the second threshold value β is experimentally determined and determined in advance as a value of the degree of eye closure C that is recognized as a state in which the consciousness is further lowered and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep. Along with this, the second region is determined as a region in which the eye-closing degree C is less than the second threshold β that is smaller than the first threshold α.

  Stop means 3b of retreat ECU 3 outputs a command for reducing the throttle opening to engine ECU 11, outputs a braking command to brake ECU 12, and outputs a down-shift command to transmission ECU 13, thereby stopping the vehicle. The steering means 3c outputs a steering command to the EPS ECU 14, and moves the vehicle to the road shoulder.

  Further, the determination unit 3d of the retreat ECU 3 determines whether the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c constituting the retreat unit are operable. At the same time, the prohibiting means 3e of the retracting ECU 3 is the case where the eye closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determining means 3d operates the stopping means 3b and the steering means 3c that constitute the retracting means. When it is determined that it is possible, the tension by the adjusting means 6a is set to F0 + ΔF1, and the wake-up of the occupant is prohibited.

  Further, when the eye-closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, in the second region, and the determination unit 3d determines that the retracting unit, that is, the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c are operable, the adjustment of the seat ECU 6 The means 6a increases the tension applied to the webbing 4 by the retractor 5 by a second increment ΔF2 which is smaller than the first increment ΔF1.

  When the eye closure degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d determines that the retracting unit, that is, the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c are operable, the seat ECU 6 The moving means 6b operates a seat actuator 7 provided between the seat and the vehicle body to move the seat rearward of the vehicle. The seat actuator 7 has a built-in position detection sensor for detecting the position of the seat in the front-rear direction relative to the vehicle body, that is, the seat position X. When the seat position X is in front of the initial position X0, the seat is moved backward. Move.

  The standing means 6c of the seat ECU 6 operates the seat back actuator 8 provided at the hinge portion between the seat back and the seat that is the back of the seat to raise the seat back. In this case as well, the seat back actuator 8 has a built-in angle detection sensor for detecting the inclination angle of the seat back with respect to the seat portion of the seat, that is, the seat back angle θ, and the seat back angle θ is larger than the initial angle θ0. In other words, the seat back is raised from a state where the seat back is inclined rearward.

  Note that the determination by the determination means 3d of the retreat ECU 3 is performed as follows to determine whether or not the retraction means is operable. That is, the camera includes a front camera 9 that constitutes a front imaging unit that images the front of the vehicle, and a rear camera 10 that constitutes a rear imaging unit that images the rear of the vehicle. The determination unit 3d acquires the image information captured by the CAN communication, and based on the image information, a stop distance required for the stop unit 3b to stop the vehicle in front of the vehicle can be secured, and the rear of the vehicle When no other vehicle is located within a predetermined distance and there is a road shoulder that allows the steering means 3c to move the vehicle in front of the vehicle, the determination means 3d is a retracting means, that is, a stopping means. It is determined that 3b and the steering means 3c are operable.

  Further, here, the EPS 15 which is a steering device controlled by the steering means 3c via the EPS ECU 14 is of a steer-by-wire type in which the steering side and the steered side are not mechanically connected, so the eye-closing degree C is When the determination means 3d determines that the retracting means is operable within the second region less than the second threshold β, the steering means 3c controls the turning force of the EPS 15.

  Next, the control content of the occupant protection device 1 of the first embodiment will be described using a flowchart. FIG. 2 is a flowchart showing the control contents of the occupant protection device 1 according to the present invention. FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a subroutine expressing in detail the control contents of S6 of FIG.

  In S1, the retraction ECU 3 detects the front image information captured by the front camera 9, and the retraction ECU 3 detects the rear image information captured by the rear camera 9 in S2. Furthermore, in S3, the consciousness detection means 3a of the evacuation ECU 3 detects the eye closure degree C from the image information including the occupant's eye imaged by the in-vehicle camera 2.

  Subsequently, in S4, the consciousness detection means 3a determines whether or not the eye-closing degree C is less than the first threshold value α. If yes, proceed to S5, and if not, proceed to S25. In S5, the consciousness detection means 3a determines whether or not the eye-closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β. If yes, the process proceeds to S6, and if not, the process proceeds to S19.

  In S25, that is, in S51 shown in FIG. 3, the determination means 3d of the retreat ECU 3 determines whether a stop distance necessary for retraction can be secured based on the image information captured by the front camera 9, and affirmative If YES, the process proceeds to S52. If NO, the process proceeds to S55 and it is determined that the operation is not possible.

  In S52, the determination unit 3d determines whether another vehicle is located within a predetermined distance behind the vehicle based on the image information captured by the rear camera 10, and proceeds to S53 if affirmative. If the determination is negative, the process proceeds to S55 and it is determined that the operation is not possible.

  In S53, the determination means 3d determines whether there is a road shoulder that can move the vehicle in front of the vehicle based on the image information captured by the front camera 9, and proceeds to S54 if affirmative, In S54, it is determined that the operation is possible. When the determination is negative, the process proceeds to S55 and it is determined that the operation is not possible. In this way, in S6, it is determined whether or not the retracting means is operable. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S7, and if the result is negative, the process proceeds to S19.

  In S7, the seat actuator 7 detects the position of the seat in the front-rear direction relative to the vehicle body, that is, the seat position X by a built-in position detection sensor, and outputs it to the seat ECU 6. In S8, the moving means 6b of the seat ECU 6 It is determined whether the position X is ahead of the initial position X0. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S9, and the moving means 6b of the seat ECU 6 outputs a movement command to the seat actuator 7, and the seat, the vehicle body, The seat actuator 7 provided between the two is operated to move the seat rearward of the vehicle.

  Subsequently, in S10, the seat back actuator 8 detects the inclination angle of the seat back with respect to the seat portion of the seat, that is, the seat back angle θ by the built-in angle detection sensor, and outputs it to the seat ECU 6. In S11, the seat back actuator 8 It is determined whether or not the angle θ is larger than the initial angle θ0. If the determination is affirmative, the process proceeds to S12, and the standing means 6c outputs a standing command to the seat back actuator 8 so that the seat back angle θ becomes the initial angle θ0. The seat back is erected so that the seat back is tilted backward and the seat back is erected.

  Subsequently, in S13, the tension detection sensor built in the retractor 5 detects the tension F of the webbing 4, and outputs it to the seat ECU 6. In S14, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 does not awaken the occupant. It is determined whether or not the value obtained by adding the second increment ΔF2 to the normal tension F0 is less than the value obtained by subtracting the control hysteresis ε. The tension F is increased by controlling the motor.

  If the result in S14 is negative, the program proceeds to S16. In S16, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 controls the tension F from a value obtained by adding the second increment ΔF2 to the normal tension F0 that does not awaken the occupant. It is determined whether or not the value is greater than the value obtained by adding hysteresis ε. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S17, and the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to decrease the tension F. If the result in S16 is negative, the program proceeds to S18, where the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to maintain the tension F. The tension F is adjusted in the range of F0 + ΔF2-ε <F <F0 + ΔF2 + ε by the processing of S14 to S18. Thereafter, in S31, the vehicle is retracted by the stopping means 3b and the steering means 3c.

  If NO in S5 or S6, the process proceeds to S19, and the tension detection sensor built in the retractor 5 detects the tension F of the webbing 4 and outputs it to the seat ECU 6. In S20, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 It is determined whether or not the tension F is smaller than the value obtained by adding the first increment ΔF1 to the normal tension F0 that does not awaken the occupant, and if yes, proceed to S21. Thus, the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to increase the tension F.

  If the result in S20 is negative, the program proceeds to S22. In S22, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 controls the tension F from a value obtained by adding the first increment ΔF1 to the normal tension F0 that does not awaken the occupant. It is determined whether or not the value is larger than the value obtained by adding hysteresis ε. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S23, and the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to decrease the tension F. If the result in S22 is negative, the program proceeds to S24, where the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to maintain the tension F. The tension F is adjusted to a range of F0 + ΔF1−ε <F <F0 + ΔF1 + ε by the processing of S19 to S24.

  If the result in S4 is negative, the program proceeds to S25, in which the tension detection sensor built in the retractor 5 detects the tension F of the webbing 4 and outputs it to the seat ECU 6. In S26, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 Is smaller than the value obtained by subtracting the control hysteresis ε from the normal tension F0 that does not awaken the occupant. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S27, and the adjusting means 6a activates the motor of the retractor 5. Control to increase tension F.

  If the result in S26 is negative, the program proceeds to S28. In S28, the adjusting means 6a of the seat ECU 6 determines that the tension F is greater than the value obtained by adding the control hysteresis ε to the normal tension F0 that does not awaken the passenger. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S29, where the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to reduce the tension F. If the result in S28 is negative, the program proceeds to S30, and the adjusting means 6a controls the motor of the retractor 5 to maintain the tension F. The tension F is adjusted to a range of F0−ε <F <F0 + ε by the processing of S25 to S30.

  According to the occupant protection device 1 of the first embodiment described above, the following operational effects can be obtained. That is, when the degree of eye closure C is less than the first threshold value α and within the first region, the consciousness of the occupant is reduced, so that the tension F is adjusted to the normal time by the awakening means, that is, the adjusting means 6a. The first increment ΔF1 is increased with respect to the tension F0, and a greater restraining force is applied to the occupant than the normal time by the webbing 4, and the consciousness of the occupant is reduced, the occupant is fatigued and the attention is reduced. The passenger can be awakened when the vehicle is sleeping or sleeping.

  At the same time, when the closed eye degree C is less than the second threshold value β and is within the second region, the state of consciousness is further reduced and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep. Therefore, when it is determined by the determination means 3d that the stop means 3b and the steering means 3c constituting the retraction means are operable, the stop means 3b and the steering means 3c make the vehicle independent of the occupant's operation. Evacuate automatically.

  At the same time, the prohibiting means 3e prohibits the adjusting means 6a from increasing the tension F by the first increment ΔF1. As a result, it is possible to prevent the occupant from being awakened, and it is possible to prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation due to an unexpected awakening of an unconscious or sleeping occupant.

  As a result, the occupant is encouraged to perform a safe operation, and the eye closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the stop means 3b and the steering means 3c, which constitute the retracting means, are operated. If it is determined that it is possible, it is not preferable to awaken the occupant, so that the evacuation by the evacuation means can be prioritized and more appropriate occupant protection can be performed.

  Further, when the eye closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d determines that the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c constituting the retraction unit are operable, the adjustment unit 6a However, the tension F applied to the webbing 4 by the retractor 5 is increased by a second increment ΔF2 smaller than the first increment ΔF1, and the tension F0 + ΔF2 increased by the second increment ΔF2 is set so as not to awaken the occupant. Thus, the following operational effects can be obtained.

  In other words, when the degree of eye closure C is less than the second threshold β and within the second region, the vehicle is automatically retracted by the retracting means without depending on the operation of the occupant, and the occupant is not intentionally awakened. The webbing 4 and the retractor 5 constituting the existing seatbelt prevent the occupant from performing an unintended operation due to the unawareness of the occupant in an unconscious or sleeping state. This can be realized by using the seat ECU 6 that controls the retractor 5.

  At the same time, it is possible to enhance the effect of preventing the occupant from excessively approaching the instrument panel lower panel, the steering column, the windshield, and the like inside the vehicle by restraining the occupant to the seat by the restraining force F0 + ΔF2 that is larger than normal.

  Further, when the eye closure degree C is within the second region and the determination means 3d determines that the retracting means is operable, the seat is moved backward by the moving means 6b and the seat back is raised by the standing means 6c. , The effect of restraining the occupant to the seat by the tension F0 + ΔF2 increased by the second increment ΔF2 can be further enhanced.

  At the same time, even if the seat is positioned too close to the instrument panel or steering column inside the vehicle before the consciousness drops, the seat can be moved to the rear of the vehicle. Further, it is possible to further enhance the effect of preventing excessive approach to the steering column and the windshield.

  Furthermore, when the stop means 3b can stop the vehicle in front of the vehicle and the stop distance can be secured, and when no other vehicle is located within a predetermined distance behind the vehicle, the determination means 3d When the retracting means, that is, the stopping means 3b and the steering means 3c can be actuated in advance, and the retracting by the retracting means can be surely realized, the prohibiting means 3e is adjusted by the adjusting means 6a. As a result, it is possible to prohibit the awakening of the occupant by increasing the first increment ΔF1 of the tension of the webbing 4 and to further improve the safety of the occupant protection device.

  Further, the vehicle is provided with a steering means 3c for moving the vehicle to the shoulder of the road, and when the eye-closing degree C is in the second region and the occupant has lost consciousness or is completely asleep, the vehicle is quickly stopped. At the same time, the vehicle can be moved to the road shoulder, and the passengers can be protected more appropriately after ensuring the smooth passage of other vehicles on the road.

  In addition, when there is a road shoulder that allows the steering means 3c to move the vehicle in front of the vehicle, the determining means 3d determines that the retracting means is operable, so that the retracting means can be activated in advance. In addition to the fact that the retreating by the retreating means can be surely realized, the prohibiting means 3e is tensioned by the adjusting means 6a only when the vehicle can be moved to the road shoulder and the smooth passage of the other vehicle can be secured. The increase of the first increment ΔF1 of F can prohibit the occupant from being awakened, and can further enhance the safety of the occupant protection device.

  Further, in the first embodiment, the EPS 15 controlled by the steering means 3c via the EPS ECU 14 is a steer-by-wire type in which the steering side and the steered side are not mechanically connected, and the eye-closing degree C is the second. When the determination means 3d determines that the retracting means is operable within the region, the steering means 3c controls the steering force of the steering device. It is done.

  That is, when the degree of eye closure C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d determines that the retracting unit is operable, that is, when it is not preferable to wake up the occupant Further, it is possible to prevent the steering side of the EPS 15, that is, the steering wheel from being operated by the steering means 3 c and stimulating the occupant to awaken the occupant. In other words, the effect of preventing the passenger from performing an unintended operation when the passenger who has lost consciousness or is sleeping is unexpectedly awakened without awakening the passenger is increased. be able to.

  The passenger protection device 1 of the first embodiment described above is combined with a lane keeping device that keeps the vehicle in the lane, or an approach avoidance device that performs approach avoidance control based on the distance from the preceding vehicle or the front obstacle. It can be configured. The second embodiment will be described below.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an embodiment of an occupant protection device according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, an occupant protection device 31 according to the present invention includes an in-vehicle camera 2, a retracting ECU 3, a webbing 4, a retractor 5, a seat ECU 6, a seat actuator 7, a seatback actuator 8, a front Camera 9, rear camera 10, engine ECU 11, brake ECU 12, transmission ECU 13, EPSECU 14, EPS 15, LDWECU 16 (Lane Departure Warning Electronic Control Unit), buzzer 17, distance sensor 18, PCSECU 19 (Pre Crush Electronic Control Unit).

  The evacuation ECU 3, the seat ECU 6, the front camera 9, the rear camera 10, the engine ECU 11, the brake ECU 12, the transmission ECU 13, the EPS ECU 14, the LDWECU 16, the buzzer 17, the distance sensor 18, and the PSC ECU 19 are arranged by a CAN (Controller Area Network). Are connected to each other. In addition, the same thing as the component of the passenger | crew protection apparatus 1 shown in Example 1 attaches | subjects the same code | symbol, and omits the overlapping description.

  The LDWECU 16 includes, for example, a CPU, ROM, RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and performs processing described below. It is.

  The LDWECU 16 first sounds the buzzer 17 to alert the occupant when the vehicle is separated from the center of the lane by a predetermined distance in the image in front of the vehicle imaged by the front camera 9 constituting the front imaging means. Configure alarm means. In addition, when the eye closure degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d of the retraction ECU 3 determines that the retraction unit, that is, the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c are operable, the retraction is performed. The prohibiting means 3e of the ECU 3 prohibits the alarm of the LDWECU 16. The LDWECU 16 functions only when the operation is permitted by the operation of a selection switch (not shown) of the occupant.

  The PCSECU 19 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and avoids performing the processing described below. The means 19a and the 2nd alarm means 19b are comprised.

  The avoidance means 19a of the PCSECU 19 obtains the distance between the vehicle and the front obstacle from the distance measuring sensor 18 constituting the distance detection means for detecting the distance between the vehicle and the front obstacle, and this distance is less than the first distance. In order to increase the distance, a command to reduce the throttle opening is output to the engine ECU 11, a braking command is output to the brake ECU 12, and a downshift command is output to the transmission ECU 13, thereby controlling the vehicle. To avoid approaching the vehicle with obstacles. The PCSECU 19 also functions only when the operation is permitted by the operation of a selection switch (not shown) of the occupant.

  The second warning means 19b of the PCSECU 19 sounds the buzzer 17 to warn the occupant when the distance is greater than the first distance and less than the second distance. The prohibiting means 3e of the retreat ECU 3 is configured to provide an alarm for the second alarm means 19b when the eye-closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determining means 3d determines that the retracting means is operable. Is prohibited.

  Next, the control content of the occupant protection device 31 of the second embodiment will be described using a flowchart. FIG. 5 is a flowchart showing the control contents of the occupant protection device 1 according to the present invention. FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing a subroutine expressing in detail the control contents of S32 of FIG.

  In the flowchart shown in FIG. 5, the processing contents from S1 to S31 are the same, and therefore redundant description is omitted. In the second embodiment, after the evacuation process of S31 is performed, the prohibition means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 prohibits other alarms in S32.

  That is, as shown in FIG. 6, in S61, the prohibiting means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether the operation of the LDWECU 16 is permitted by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. Proceed to S62 and prohibit the buzzer 17 from ringing by the LDWECU 16, that is, an alarm.

  Further, in S63, the prohibiting means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the PCSECU 19 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S64. The buzzer 17, that is, the alarm, is prohibited by the PCSECU 19.

  According to the occupant protection device 31 of the present embodiment 21 described above, the following operations and effects can be obtained in addition to the operations and effects of the occupant protection device 1 shown in the first embodiment. That is, when the eye-closing degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d determines that the retracting unit is operable, and it is not preferable to wake up the occupant, The alarm by the LDWECU 16, that is, the first alarm means can also be prohibited. Similarly, the alarm by the PCSECU 19, that is, the second alarm means can be prohibited.

  That is, the effect of preventing the occupant from performing an unintended operation when the occupant in a state of losing consciousness or sleeping is unexpectedly awakened without intentionally awakening the occupant is further enhanced. be able to.

  The occupant protection device 41 of the second embodiment described above can also be configured in combination with a vehicle control device and a car navigation device that control the speed of the vehicle or the time between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle. The third embodiment will be described below.

  FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram showing an occupant protection device according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 7, an occupant protection device 41 according to the present invention includes an in-vehicle camera 2, a retracting ECU 3, a webbing 4, a retractor 5, a seat ECU 6, a seat actuator 7, a seat back actuator 8, and a front side. Camera 9, rear camera 10, engine ECU 11, brake ECU 12, transmission ECU 13, EPS ECU 14, EPS 15, LKA ECU 26 (Lane Keep Assist Electronic Control Unit), buzzer 17, ranging sensor 18, and PCSECU 19 And an ACCUCU20 (Adaptive Cruise Control Electronic Control Unit) and a car navigation ECU21 (Car Navigation Electronic Control Unit).

  The evacuation ECU 3, the seat ECU 6, the front camera 9, the rear camera 10, the engine ECU 11, the brake ECU 12, the transmission ECU 13, the EPS ECU 14, the LKA ECU 26, the buzzer 17, the distance measuring sensor 18, and the PSC ECU 19 are provided by a CAN (Controller Area Network). Are connected to each other. A GPS antenna 22, a yaw rate sensor 23, a receiver 24, a database 25, and a display 26 are connected to the car navigation ECU 21. In addition, the same thing as the component of the passenger | crew protection apparatus 1 shown in Example 1 attaches | subjects the same code | symbol, and omits the overlapping description.

  The LKA ECU 26 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs a predetermined process according to a program stored in the ROM, and performs a process described below. It is the same as the information detection means 16a.

  The LDWECU 26 first sounds the buzzer 17 to warn the occupant when the vehicle is separated from the center of the lane by a predetermined distance in the image in front of the vehicle imaged by the front camera 9 constituting the front imaging means. The alarm means 26a and the maintenance means 26b which outputs a steering command to EPSECU14 and maintains a vehicle in the center of a lane are comprised.

  In addition, when the eye closure degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination unit 3d of the retraction ECU 3 determines that the retraction unit, that is, the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c are operable, the retraction is performed. The prohibiting means 3e of the ECU 3 prohibits the alarm of the first alarm means 26a of the LKA ECU 26. The LKA ECU 26 functions only when the operation is permitted by the operation of a selection switch (not shown) of the occupant.

  The ACC ECU 20 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus connecting them, and an input / output interface. The CPU performs predetermined processing according to a program stored in the ROM, and performs control described below. The means 20a and the 3rd alarm means 20b are comprised.

  The control means 20a of the ACC ECU 20 detects the vehicle speed of the vehicle from the brake ECU 12 via the CAN, detects the inter-vehicle time obtained by dividing the inter-vehicle distance between the vehicle detected by the distance measuring sensor 18 and the preceding vehicle by the vehicle speed, and Either the speed or the inter-vehicle time between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle is controlled to be a set value selected by the occupant. The ACCULKAECU 26 functions only when the operation is permitted by the operation of a selection switch (not shown) of the occupant.

  Further, the third alarm means 20b of the ACC ECU 20 alerts the occupant by sounding the buzzer 17 when the inter-vehicle time is less than the third threshold value. At the same time, when the eye closure degree C is less than the second threshold value β, that is, within the second region, and the determination means 3d of the retreat ECU 3 determines that the retraction means is operable, the prohibition means 3e is the third alarm of the ACCUCU 20 The alarm of the means 20b is prohibited.

  The car navigation ECU 21 includes, for example, a CPU, a ROM, a RAM, a data bus that connects them to each other, and an input / output interface. The car navigation ECU 21 performs a search unit 21a and a display unit that perform each control described below in accordance with a program stored in the ROM. It functions as 21b.

  The search means 21a of the car navigation ECU 21 measures the current position where the vehicle is located, that is, the longitude and latitude based on the radio wave received by the GPS antenna 22, for example, based on the principle of triangulation. When measuring altitude as well as longitude and latitude, four satellites are used. In addition, the search means 21a of the car navigation ECU 21 acquires the vehicle speed of the vehicle from the brake ECU 11 via the CAN.

  In addition, when the GPS antenna 22 cannot receive radio waves from the satellite, the search means 21a of the car navigation ECU 21 calculates the vehicle speed acquired from the brake ECU 11, the yaw rate detected by the yaw rate sensor 23, and the steering angle acquired from the EPS ECU 14. Based on this, the moving distance and direction of the vehicle are calculated and the current position of the vehicle is measured by autonomous navigation.

  The search means 21a of the car navigation ECU 21 uses the map information for search in the database 25 for the planned route connecting the current position measured in this way and the destination input by the driver through the touch panel, that is, the display 26. Search by a method such as Dijkstra method. The search means 21a searches the map information for search whether or not the service area, that is, the parking area exists on the road for exclusive use when the road for exclusive use exists on the route. Further, the search means 21 a of the car navigation ECU 21 acquires road information ahead such as traffic jam information from the road information received from the VICS by the receiver 24.

  The display means 21b of the car navigation ECU 21 includes map information for display in the database 25, the current position of the vehicle measured by the above-described method, the destination input by the touch panel, that is, the display 26, and search means. The planned route from the current position searched for by 21a to the destination is also displayed on the display 26.

  In the occupant protection device 41 of the third embodiment, when the vehicle is traveling on an automobile-only road, the LKA ECU 26 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant selection switch, and the ACC ECU 20 is also occupant's When the operation is permitted by the operation of the selection switch, and there is a service area, that is, a parking area, in front of the automobile exclusive road, the retreating means for retreating the vehicle may be configured by the LKAECU 26 and the ACCUCU 20. it can. In this case, the retreating unit is configured by giving priority to the functions of the LKAECU 26 and the ACCUCU 20 without causing the stop unit 3b and the steering unit 3c of the retraction ECU 3 to function.

  In this case, the determination means 3d of the evacuation ECU 3 detects whether the LKA ECU 26 and the ACC ECU 20 are permitted to operate on the CAN, and from the car navigation ECU 21, the service area, that is, the parking area is located on the front of the automobile exclusive road. When the service area, that is, the parking area, is present in front of the car-only road in a state where the operation is permitted in both the LKA ECU 26 and the ACCU ECU 21, the retracting means can be operated. Is determined.

  Next, the control content of the occupant protection device 41 of the third embodiment will be described using a flowchart. The main flowchart is the same as that shown in FIG. 5, FIG. 8 is a flowchart showing a subroutine expressing the details of the control in S6 in FIG. 5, and FIG. 9 shows the details of the control in S32 in FIG. It is a flowchart which shows the subroutine represented to (4).

  As shown in FIG. 8, in S71, the determination means 3d of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the LKA ECU 26 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. The process proceeds to S72, and if the result is negative, the process proceeds to S75, and it is determined in S75 that the retracting means is not operable.

  In S72, the determination means 3d of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the ACC ECU 20 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. If the determination is affirmative, the process proceeds to S73 and the determination is negative. If yes, the process proceeds to S75, and it is determined in S75 that the retracting means is not operable.

  In S73, the determination means 3d of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether there is a service area ahead of the road for exclusive use of the vehicle based on the information acquired from the search means 21a of the car navigation ECU 21 by CAN communication. After proceeding to S74, it is determined that the retracting means is operable. When the determination is negative, the process proceeds to S75, and it is determined at S75 that the retracting means is not operable.

  In addition, as shown in FIG. 9, in S81, the prohibiting means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the LKA ECU 26 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. In S82, the buzzer 17 is not sounded by the LKA ECU 26, that is, the alarm is prohibited.

  Further, in S83, the prohibiting means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the PCSECU 19 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant's selection switch on the CAN. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S84. The buzzer 17, that is, the alarm, is prohibited by the PCSECU 19.

  Further, in S85, the prohibiting means 3e of the evacuation ECU 3 determines whether or not the LKA ECU 20 is permitted to operate by operating the occupant selection switch on the CAN. If the result is affirmative, the process proceeds to S86. The ACC ECU 20 prohibits the buzzer 17 from ringing, that is, an alarm.

  According to the occupant protection device 41 of the third embodiment described above, the following operational effects can be obtained in addition to the operational effects of the occupant protection device 31 shown in the second embodiment. That is, when the eye closure degree C is in the second region and the determination unit 3d determines that the retracting unit is operable, the alarm by the third alarm unit 20b of the ACC ECU 20 can also be prohibited by the prohibition unit 3e. .

  In other words, the effect of preventing the occupant from performing an unintended operation by suddenly awakening the occupant who has lost consciousness or is sleeping without awakening the occupant. Can be increased. In addition to this, when the vehicle is traveling on an automobile-only road, the vehicle is automatically guided to the nearest service area, that is, the parking area, by using the evacuation means as the LKA ECU 26 and the ACC ECU 20. It is possible to ensure the safety of the vehicle occupant and to prevent the vehicle from stopping on the shoulder of the automobile exclusive road, thereby ensuring smooth running of other vehicles.

  Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications and substitutions are made to the above-described embodiments without departing from the scope of the present invention. be able to.

  For example, in the first to third embodiments described above, the retractor 5 is of a type that applies the normal tension F0 by the motor. However, the tension F0 is applied by the spring, and the first increment ΔF1 and the second increment ΔF2 are applied by the motor. It is good also as what gives by.

  The present invention relates to an occupant protection device for a vehicle, and can provide an occupant protection device capable of performing more appropriate occupant protection, and thus can be applied to various vehicles such as passenger cars, trucks, and buses. Is.

It is a mimetic diagram showing one embodiment of a crew member protection device concerning the present invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is a mimetic diagram showing one embodiment of a crew member protection device concerning the present invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is a mimetic diagram showing one embodiment of a crew member protection device concerning the present invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart which shows the control content of one Embodiment of the passenger | crew protection apparatus which concerns on this invention.

Explanation of symbols

1 Crew Protection Device 2 Car Camera 3 Retractable ECU
4 Webbing 5 Retractor 6 Seat ECU
7 Seat Actuator 8 Seat Back Actuator 9 Front Camera 10 Rear Camera 11 Engine ECU
12 Brake ECU
13 Transmission ECU
14 EPSECU
15 EPS
31 occupant protection device 16 LDWECU
17 Buzzer 18 Distance sensor 19 PCSECU
41 Crew Protection Device 26 LKAECU
20 ACCUCU
21 Car navigation ECU

Claims (13)

  1.   Consciousness detecting means for detecting an item indicating numerical improvement or decrease in consciousness of an occupant of the vehicle, and when the item is in a first region determined by a first threshold, an awakening means for urging the occupant, A retraction means for retreating the vehicle and a determination means for determining whether the retraction means is operable when the item falls within a second region defined by a second threshold; An occupant protection device comprising prohibiting means for prohibiting wake-up by the wake-up means when the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable in the case of being in two areas.
  2.   A belt-like member for restraining the occupant to the seat; a tension applying means for applying tension to the belt-like member; and when the item is within the first region, the tension applied by the tension applying means is a first increment. The occupant protection device according to claim 1, further comprising an adjusting unit that increases, and the adjusting unit constitutes the awakening unit.
  3.   When the item is in the second region and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable, the adjusting means reduces the tension applied by the tension applying means to be smaller than the first increment. The occupant protection device according to claim 2, wherein the occupant protection device is increased by a second increment.
  4.   When the item is in the second region and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable, a moving means for moving the seat to the rear of the vehicle, and a standing position for raising the back of the seat The occupant protection device according to claim 3, further comprising means.
  5.   The occupant protection device according to claim 4, wherein the retracting unit includes a stopping unit that stops the vehicle.
  6.   A front imaging means for imaging the front of the vehicle and a rear imaging means for imaging the rear of the vehicle, and a stopping distance required for the stopping means to stop the vehicle in front of the vehicle can be secured. The occupant protection device according to claim 5, wherein when the other vehicle is not located within a predetermined distance behind the vehicle, the determination unit determines that the retracting unit is operable. .
  7.   The occupant protection device according to claim 6, wherein the retracting unit includes a steering unit that moves the vehicle to a shoulder of a road.
  8.   8. The determination unit determines that the retraction unit is operable when there is a road shoulder that allows the steering unit to move the vehicle in front of the vehicle. The occupant protection device described in 1.
  9.   The steering device controlled by the steering means is such that the steering side and the steered side are not mechanically connected, and the item is in the second region, and the determining means is the retracting means. The occupant protection device according to claim 7 or 8, wherein when it is determined that the steering device is operable, the steering means controls a steering force of the steering device.
  10.   In the image in front of the vehicle imaged by the front imaging means, the vehicle includes first alarm means for warning the occupant when the vehicle is separated from the center of the lane by a predetermined separation distance. The inside of a 2nd area | region, When the said determination means determines with the said evacuation means being operable, the said prohibition means prohibits the alarm of the said 1st alarm means. The occupant protection device according to any one of the above.
  11.   Distance detecting means for detecting a distance between the vehicle and a front obstacle; and when the distance is less than a first distance, the vehicle is controlled to increase the distance so that the vehicle and the obstacle are approached. And avoiding means to avoid, and when the distance is less than the second distance greater than the first distance, and a second alarm means for warning the occupant, the item is in the second region, The said prohibiting means prohibits the alarm of said 2nd alarm means, when the said determination means determines that the said retracting means is operable, The alarm according to any one of claims 1 to 10, Crew protection device.
  12.   The retraction means includes a control means for controlling the speed of the vehicle or the time between the vehicle and the preceding vehicle, a maintenance means for maintaining the vehicle in the center of the lane, a route and position of the vehicle, and Searching means for searching for a parking area is provided, and the determination means determines that the retracting means is operable based on a positional relationship between the position of the vehicle and the parking area on the route. The occupant protection device according to any one of claims 1 to 11.
  13.   When the inter-vehicle time is less than a third threshold, the vehicle is provided with third alarm means for warning the occupant, the item is in the second area, and the determination means is operable with the retracting means. 13. The occupant protection device according to claim 12, wherein when it is determined that there is, the prohibiting unit prohibits the alarm of the third alarm unit.
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US9505411B2 (en) * 2012-07-24 2016-11-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Drive assist device
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