JP4832317B2 - Combined operation type input device - Google Patents

Combined operation type input device Download PDF

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JP4832317B2
JP4832317B2 JP2007003718A JP2007003718A JP4832317B2 JP 4832317 B2 JP4832317 B2 JP 4832317B2 JP 2007003718 A JP2007003718 A JP 2007003718A JP 2007003718 A JP2007003718 A JP 2007003718A JP 4832317 B2 JP4832317 B2 JP 4832317B2
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operating
slide
holding case
rotation
rotor
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JP2008171679A (en
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淳 八代
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アルプス電気株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H25/00Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part
    • H01H25/06Operating part movable both angularly and rectilinearly, the rectilinear movement being along the axis of angular movement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/02Details
    • H01H13/12Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon
    • H01H13/14Operating parts, e.g. push-button
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/50Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member
    • H01H13/54Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member the contact returning to its original state a predetermined time interval after removal of operating force, e.g. for staircase lighting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/50Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member
    • H01H13/64Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a single operating member wherein the switch has more than two electrically distinguishable positions, e.g. multi-position push-button switches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H15/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for actuation in opposite directions, e.g. slide switch
    • H01H15/02Details
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H19/00Switches operated by an operating part which is rotatable about a longitudinal axis thereof and which is acted upon directly by a solid body external to the switch, e.g. by a hand
    • H01H19/02Details

Description

本発明は、回転操作と多方向へのスライド操作とが行える複合操作型入力装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a composite operation type input device capable of rotating operation and sliding operation in multiple directions.

回転操作と多方向へのスライド操作とが行える複合操作型入力装置の従来例として、回転操作時にはコイルばねを介してロータリエンコーダのロータ部が回転駆動され、スライド操作時にはロータリエンコーダの周囲に配設された複数のプッシュスイッチが横方向から押圧駆動されるように構成したものが提案されている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。かかる従来例において、回転操作およびスライド操作が行われる操作部材は、ロータリエンコーダのロータ部を覆うように配置され、このロータ部と操作部材の天井部との間にコイルばねが介設されている。また、操作部材の外周部にはその回転動作を阻害しないように環状スライダが係合させてあり、操作部材がスライド操作されると、環状スライダが一体的にスライド移動するようになっている。さらに、ロータリエンコーダが実装されているプリント基板上には、このロータリエンコーダのステータ部の周囲に4個のプッシュスイッチが互いに等間隔な配置(周方向に90度ずつずらした位置関係)で実装されている。これらプッシュスイッチにはそれぞれ上方へ突出して押下可能な作動部が設けられており、ロータリエンコーダよりも大径に形成されている環状スライダの下端部の径方向外側に、所要のクリアランスを存して各プッシュスイッチの作動部が位置するようになっている。そして、この環状スライダの下端部に各作動部と対向する傾斜部を設けることによって、環状スライダがスライド移動すると、その移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチの作動部が該傾斜部に当接して押下されるようになっている。   As a conventional example of a combined operation type input device capable of rotating operation and sliding operation in multiple directions, the rotor portion of the rotary encoder is rotationally driven via a coil spring during rotating operation, and is arranged around the rotary encoder during sliding operation. A configuration has been proposed in which a plurality of push switches are pressed and driven from the side (see, for example, Patent Document 1). In such a conventional example, the operation member that performs the rotation operation and the slide operation is disposed so as to cover the rotor portion of the rotary encoder, and a coil spring is interposed between the rotor portion and the ceiling portion of the operation member. . Further, an annular slider is engaged with the outer peripheral portion of the operation member so as not to hinder the rotational operation, and when the operation member is slid, the annular slider is slid integrally. Furthermore, on the printed circuit board on which the rotary encoder is mounted, four push switches are mounted at equal intervals around the stator portion of the rotary encoder (positional relationship shifted by 90 degrees in the circumferential direction). ing. Each of these push switches is provided with an operating portion that protrudes upward and can be pressed down, and there is a required clearance on the radially outer side of the lower end portion of the annular slider that has a larger diameter than the rotary encoder. The operation part of each push switch is located. Then, by providing an inclined portion facing each operating portion at the lower end portion of the annular slider, when the annular slider slides, the operating portion of the push switch located in the moving direction is pressed against the inclined portion. It has become so.

このように概略構成される従来の複合操作型入力装置は、操作部材が回転操作されるとコイルばねに引っ張り力または圧縮力が作用するため、ロータリエンコーダのロータ部が操作部材に連動して回転する。それゆえ、ステータ部に対するロータ部の回転位置の変化に基づいて、操作部材の回転動作を検出することができる。また、操作部材がスライド操作された場合には、環状スライダが操作部材と一体的にスライド移動するため、その移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチの作動部が環状スライダの傾斜部に押圧駆動されてオン動作し、これにより操作部材のスライド移動方向を検出することができる。なお、こうして操作部材がスライド操作されると、ロータリエンコーダのロータ部と操作部材の天井部との間に介設されているコイルばねが横ずれするように伸長するため、スライド操作力が除去されると、該コイルばねの弾性復帰力によって操作部材は初期位置へ自動復帰する。
特開2005−317377号公報(第4−7頁、図5)
In the conventional composite operation type input device schematically configured in this way, when the operating member is rotated, a tensile force or a compressive force acts on the coil spring, so the rotor portion of the rotary encoder rotates in conjunction with the operating member. To do. Therefore, it is possible to detect the rotational motion of the operation member based on the change in the rotational position of the rotor portion with respect to the stator portion. Further, when the operating member is slid, the annular slider slides integrally with the operating member, so that the operating portion of the push switch located in the moving direction is pressed and driven by the inclined portion of the annular slider. It operates, and it is possible to detect the slide movement direction of the operation member. When the operation member is slid, the coil spring interposed between the rotor portion of the rotary encoder and the ceiling portion of the operation member extends so as to be laterally displaced, so that the slide operation force is removed. Then, the operating member automatically returns to the initial position by the elastic return force of the coil spring.
Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2005-317377 (page 4-7, FIG. 5)

前述した従来の複合操作型入力装置では、操作部材をロータリエンコーダのロータ部に対してスライド移動可能とするために、これら操作部材とロータ部との間にコイルばねを介設しており、回転操作時には該コイルばねの弾性変形を利用して操作部材にロータ部を連動させるようになっている。つまり、操作部材の回転動作に伴って弾性変形するコイルばねの弾性復帰力によって、ロータ部を操作部材に追動させるという構造になっている。しかしながら、このような構造の複合操作型入力装置では、回転操作時に操作部材の回転動作を瞬時に検出することが困難なため使い勝手が悪く、また、操作部材の回転量とロータ部の回転量とが必ずしも合致しないため高信頼性が得にくいという問題があった。   In the conventional composite operation type input device described above, a coil spring is interposed between the operation member and the rotor portion so that the operation member can slide relative to the rotor portion of the rotary encoder. During operation, the rotor is interlocked with the operation member by utilizing the elastic deformation of the coil spring. That is, the structure is such that the rotor member is caused to follow the operating member by the elastic return force of the coil spring that is elastically deformed in accordance with the rotation operation of the operating member. However, the composite operation type input device having such a structure is not easy to use because it is difficult to instantaneously detect the rotation of the operation member during the rotation operation, and the rotation amount of the operation member and the rotation amount of the rotor portion There is a problem that it is difficult to obtain high reliability because the values do not necessarily match.

本発明は、このような従来技術の実情に鑑みてなされたもので、その目的は、回転操作時に信頼性の高い検出が行える複合操作型入力装置を提供することにある。   The present invention has been made in view of the actual situation of the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide a composite operation type input device capable of performing highly reliable detection during a rotation operation.

上記の目的を達成するため、本発明の複合操作型入力装置では、回転可能かつ回転軸線と直交する多方向へスライド移動可能な操作体と、この操作体をスライド移動可能に保持すると共に該操作体と一体的に回転可能な保持ケースと、前記操作体のスライド動作を検出するスライド検出機構と、ロータ部と該ロータ部を回転可能に支持するステータ部とを有して前記操作体の回転動作を検出する回転検出機構とを備え、前記保持ケースには、前記操作体を保持する部位の径方向外側に前記ロータ部と凹凸係合する係合部が設けてあり、前記操作体の回転動作に伴って前記保持ケースと前記ロータ部とが前記係合部を介して一体的に回転するように構成した。   In order to achieve the above object, in the composite operation type input device of the present invention, an operation body that is rotatable and slidable in a plurality of directions orthogonal to the rotation axis, and the operation body is slidably held and the operation body is operated. Rotation of the operating body having a holding case rotatable integrally with the body, a slide detection mechanism for detecting a sliding motion of the operating body, a rotor portion and a stator portion for rotatably supporting the rotor portion A rotation detecting mechanism for detecting an operation, and the holding case is provided with an engaging portion that engages with the rotor portion on the radially outer side of a portion that holds the operating body, and the rotation of the operating body With the operation, the holding case and the rotor portion are configured to rotate integrally through the engaging portion.

このように操作体をスライド移動可能に保持する保持ケースと回転検出機構のロータ部とを凹凸係合させて、回転操作時に操作体および保持ケースとロータ部とが一体的に回転するようにしてあると、操作体の回転動作を回転検出機構によって瞬時に検出することができるため、使い勝手が良好となる。また、操作体とロータ部の回転量がずれる虞がなくなるため、回転検出の信頼性が高まる。   In this way, the holding case that holds the operating body so as to be slidable and the rotor portion of the rotation detecting mechanism are engaged with each other so that the operating body, the holding case, and the rotor portion rotate integrally during the rotating operation. If it exists, since the rotation operation of the operating body can be instantaneously detected by the rotation detection mechanism, the usability is improved. In addition, since there is no possibility that the rotation amount of the operating body and the rotor portion is deviated, the reliability of rotation detection is increased.

上記の構成において、操作体の回転軸部に設けた非円柱形状部を挿通して係合せしめる長孔が設けられた回転伝達部材を備えており、操作体のスライド移動の向きが前記長孔の長手方向に沿うときには前記回転伝達部材に駆動力が伝達されず、該スライド移動の向きがそれ以外のときには前記回転伝達部材にスライド駆動力が伝達されるようになすと共に、保持ケースには前記長孔の短手方向に沿って延びるガイド壁が設けてあり、操作体のスライド駆動力が前記回転伝達部材に伝達されたときは該回転伝達部材が前記ガイド壁に沿って移動するようになし、かつ、操作体の回転動作時には、前記回転伝達部材を介して前記ガイド壁に回転駆動力が伝達されることにより、該回転伝達部材および保持ケースが操作体と一体的に回転するように構成してあると、操作体および保持ケースを一体的に回転させるリンク部材として機能する回転伝達部材が、操作体のスライド操作時には移動しないか、もしくは保持ケースのガイド壁に沿って移動するだけとなるため、保持ケースによってスライド操作が阻害される虞がなくなる。それゆえ、回転操作とスライド操作とが円滑に行える簡素で信頼性の高い構造を実現できる。   In the above configuration, the rotation transmission member provided with the long hole through which the non-cylindrical portion provided in the rotation shaft portion of the operation body is inserted and engaged is provided, and the direction of the sliding movement of the operation body is the long hole. The driving force is not transmitted to the rotation transmitting member when the direction of the sliding movement is along, and the sliding driving force is transmitted to the rotation transmitting member when the direction of the slide movement is other than that. A guide wall extending along the short direction of the long hole is provided, and when the slide driving force of the operating body is transmitted to the rotation transmission member, the rotation transmission member moves along the guide wall. In addition, when the operating body is rotated, a rotational driving force is transmitted to the guide wall via the rotation transmitting member so that the rotation transmitting member and the holding case rotate integrally with the operating body. If configured, the rotation transmission member that functions as a link member that integrally rotates the operating body and the holding case does not move during the sliding operation of the operating body, or only moves along the guide wall of the holding case. Therefore, there is no possibility that the slide operation is hindered by the holding case. Therefore, it is possible to realize a simple and reliable structure that can smoothly perform the rotation operation and the slide operation.

また、上記の構成において、操作体には回転軸部の周囲に径方向外側へ突出する鍔部が設けてあり、かつ、保持ケースには前記回転軸部の一端側を外方へ突出させる第1の開口と他端側を逆向きに突出させる第2の開口とが設けてあり、前記第1の開口の周縁部分と前記第2の開口の周縁部分との間に前記鍔部をスライド移動可能に配置させていると共に、前記第2の開口の周縁部分のうち該第2の開口を介して前記鍔部と対向する空間を臨む壁面に前記ガイド壁を設けて、該空間に前記回転伝達部材を配置させておけば、スライド操作時に操作体の鍔部を第1および第2の開口の周縁部分で案内することができて、該鍔部と回転伝達部材との干渉も第2の開口の周縁部分によって回避できるため、操作性を向上させやすくなる。この場合において、保持ケースが、第1の開口が設けられた第1の保持ケースと、第2の開口が設けられた第2の保持ケースとを有し、これら両開口の周囲で第1および第2の保持ケースが環状空間を存して対向していると共に、該環状空間に操作体の鍔部が配置されていると、別体の第1の保持ケースと第2の保持ケースとを組み合わせることによって所望形状の保持ケースとなすことができるため、該保持ケースの組立性が良好なものとなり安価に形成できる。   Further, in the above configuration, the operating body is provided with a flange portion that protrudes radially outward around the rotation shaft portion, and the holding case has a first protrusion that projects one end side of the rotation shaft portion outward. 1 opening and the 2nd opening which protrudes the other end side in the opposite direction are provided, The said collar part is slid and moved between the peripheral part of the said 1st opening, and the peripheral part of the said 2nd opening The guide wall is provided on a wall surface of the peripheral portion of the second opening facing the flange portion through the second opening, and the rotation is transmitted to the space. If the member is arranged, the collar portion of the operating body can be guided by the peripheral portions of the first and second openings during the slide operation, and interference between the collar portion and the rotation transmitting member is also caused by the second opening. Since it can avoid by the peripheral part, it becomes easy to improve operativity. In this case, the holding case has a first holding case provided with a first opening and a second holding case provided with a second opening, and the first and When the second holding case is opposed to the annular space and the collar portion of the operating body is disposed in the annular space, the first holding case and the second holding case are separated. By combining them, a holding case having a desired shape can be obtained, so that the assembling property of the holding case becomes good and can be formed at low cost.

また、上記の構成において、スライド検出機構が、操作体のスライド移動に伴って接点切換えが行われる複数のスイッチ素子と、前記操作体のスライド駆動力が伝達されるように前記操作体と係合するスライド伝達部材と、このスライド伝達部材をスライド移動可能に支持する支持部材とを有しており、前記操作体に駆動されて一体的にスライド移動する前記スライド伝達部材によって前記スイッチ素子の接点切換えが行われるように構成してあると、スライド操作時に操作体がスライド伝達部材を介してスイッチ素子の接点切換えを行うことになり、スライド駆動力の伝達経路が簡素化できるため、信頼性を向上させやすくなる。この場合において、スライド伝達部材の中央部に設けられた開口に操作体の回転軸部を回転可能に挿通させることによって、操作体のスライド移動時に該回転軸部が前記開口の周縁部を駆動するようにしてあると、該回転軸部の回転動作を阻害しないスライド伝達部材にスライド駆動力を確実に伝達させるという係合関係が、極めて簡素な構造で実現できる。   Further, in the above configuration, the slide detection mechanism is engaged with the operating body so that a plurality of switch elements that perform contact switching as the operating body slides and the slide driving force of the operating body are transmitted. And a support member that supports the slide transmission member so as to be slidable. The contact point of the switch element is switched by the slide transmission member that is driven by the operation body to slide integrally. When the slide is operated, the operating body switches the contact of the switch element via the slide transmission member, and the transmission path of the slide drive force can be simplified, improving reliability. It becomes easy to let you. In this case, the rotary shaft portion of the operating body is rotatably inserted into the opening provided in the center portion of the slide transmission member so that the rotary shaft portion drives the peripheral portion of the opening when the operating body slides. If it does in this way, the engagement relationship of transmitting a slide drive force reliably to the slide transmission member which does not inhibit the rotation operation of this rotating shaft part is realizable with a very simple structure.

また、上記の構成において、スライド検出機構の構成要素である固定部材に、スライド伝達部材に設けられたスリット状または溝状のガイド部に係合して該スライド伝達部材のスライド移動方向を規制する規制突起を突設しておけば、操作体のスライド操作時にスライド伝達部材が不所望方向へスライド移動する虞がなくなる。   Further, in the above-described configuration, the fixing member that is a component of the slide detection mechanism is engaged with a slit-shaped or groove-shaped guide portion provided on the slide transmission member to regulate the slide movement direction of the slide transmission member. If the restricting protrusion is provided, there is no possibility that the slide transmitting member slides in an undesired direction when the operating body is slid.

また、上記の構成において、保持ケースと回転検出機構のステータ部との間に介設されて該保持ケースを昇降可能に保持する弾性部材と、スライド検出機構に付設されて前記操作体の回転軸部の先端部と対向するプッシュスイッチとを備えており、前記弾性部材の弾性反発力に抗して操作体を押下させることによって保持ケースが一体的に押下されると共に、前記プッシュスイッチが前記回転軸部の先端部に押圧駆動されるように構成してあると、装置全体の大型化や構造の複雑化を回避しつつ、回転操作とスライド操作に加えて押下操作を行える多機能な複合操作型入力装置が得られる。その際、弾性部材が圧縮コイルばねであり、かつ、保持ケースには外周部に該圧縮コイルばねの一端部を保持する環状のばね受け部が前記係合部と連結された状態で設けられていると、押下操作後に圧縮コイルばねによって操作体および保持ケースを初期位置まで確実に押し上げることができると共に、該圧縮コイルばねの組み付けが容易に行えて組み付け後の脱落も防止しやすくなる。また、環状のばね受け部が係合部で連結されて保持ケースの外周部に設けられているので、保持ケースとばね受け部を連結するための部材を係合部で兼ねることができると共に、簡単な構成でばね受け部を保持ケースに精度良く設けることができる。   Further, in the above configuration, an elastic member interposed between the holding case and the stator portion of the rotation detection mechanism and holding the holding case so as to be movable up and down, and a rotation shaft of the operation body attached to the slide detection mechanism And a push switch that opposes the front end of the unit, and the holding case is pressed together by pressing the operating body against the elastic repulsive force of the elastic member, and the push switch is rotated Multi-function combined operation that can be pressed in addition to rotating and sliding operations while avoiding the increase in size and complexity of the entire device if it is configured to be driven to the tip of the shaft. A mold input device is obtained. In this case, the elastic member is a compression coil spring, and the holding case is provided with an annular spring receiving portion that holds one end of the compression coil spring on the outer peripheral portion in a state of being connected to the engagement portion. In this case, the operating body and the holding case can be surely pushed up to the initial position by the compression coil spring after the pressing operation, and the compression coil spring can be easily assembled and can be prevented from falling off after the assembly. In addition, since the annular spring receiving portion is connected to the engaging portion and provided on the outer peripheral portion of the holding case, the engaging portion can serve as a member for connecting the holding case and the spring receiving portion, The spring receiving portion can be accurately provided on the holding case with a simple configuration.

また、上記の構成において、回転検出機構のロータ部が筒状に形成されていると共に、該ロータ部の内方の中空部分に前記スライド検出機構を配置させれば、装置全体がコンパクトな構成になって小型化が図りやすくなる。   Further, in the above configuration, the rotor portion of the rotation detection mechanism is formed in a cylindrical shape, and if the slide detection mechanism is arranged in the hollow portion inside the rotor portion, the entire apparatus has a compact configuration. This makes it easier to reduce the size.

本発明の複合操作型入力装置は、操作体をスライド移動可能に保持する保持ケースと回転検出機構のロータ部とを凹凸係合させて、回転操作時に操作体および保持ケースとロータ部とが一体的に回転するようにしてあるため、操作体の回転動作を回転検出機構によって瞬時に検出することができて使い勝手が良好となる。また、操作体とロータ部の回転量がずれる虞がなくなるため、回転検出の信頼性が高まる。   In the composite operation type input device of the present invention, the holding case that holds the operating body so as to be slidable and the rotor portion of the rotation detecting mechanism are engaged with each other so that the operating body, the holding case, and the rotor portion are integrated during the rotation operation. Therefore, the rotation operation of the operating body can be instantaneously detected by the rotation detection mechanism, and the usability is improved. In addition, since there is no possibility that the rotation amount of the operating body and the rotor portion is deviated, the reliability of rotation detection is increased.

発明の実施の形態を図面を参照して説明すると、図1は本発明の実施形態例に係る複合操作型入力装置の外観図、図2は該入力装置の平面図、図3は該入力装置を裏面側から見た外観図、図4は該入力装置の分解斜視図、図5は該入力装置を裏面側から見た分解斜視図、図6は該入力装置の断面図、図7は図6と異なる位置で断面した該入力装置の断面図、図8は該入力装置に用いられた駆動ユニットの分解斜視図、図9は該駆動ユニットを裏面側から見た分解斜視図、図10は該入力装置に用いられたスイッチユニットの分解斜視図、図11は該スイッチユニットを裏面側から見た分解斜視図、図12は該スイッチユニットの基台にスイッチ群を取り付けた状態を示す斜視図、図13は該入力装置に用いられたロータリエンコーダの分解斜視図、図14は該ロータリエンコーダを裏面側から見た分解斜視図、図15は該入力装置が非操作状態にあるときの内部構造説明図、図16は該入力装置がスライド操作された状態を示す内部構造説明図である。   An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is an external view of a composite operation type input device according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan view of the input device, and FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the input device, FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the input device viewed from the back side, FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the input device, and FIG. FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the drive unit used in the input device, FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the drive unit viewed from the back side, and FIG. FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective view of the switch unit used in the input device, FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective view of the switch unit as viewed from the back side, and FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing a state in which a switch group is attached to the base of the switch unit. FIG. 13 is an exploded oblique view of the rotary encoder used in the input device. FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view of the rotary encoder as viewed from the back side, FIG. 15 is an explanatory diagram of the internal structure when the input device is in a non-operating state, and FIG. 16 is a state in which the input device is slid. It is internal structure explanatory drawing shown.

図1〜図7に示す複合操作型入力装置は、操作体1に対して回転操作と4方向のスライド操作と押下操作とが選択的に行えるという多機能な入力装置であり、図示せぬプリント基板に実装して使用される。この複合操作型入力装置は駆動ユニット2とロータリエンコーダ3とスイッチユニット4と圧縮コイルばね5とによって主に構成されており、操作体1は駆動ユニット2に組み込まれている。また、この複合操作型入力装置の外観は略円柱状であり、操作体1が上面中央部から上方へ突出している。   The composite operation type input device shown in FIGS. 1 to 7 is a multifunctional input device that can selectively perform a rotation operation, a four-direction slide operation, and a pressing operation with respect to the operation body 1. Used by mounting on a board. This composite operation type input device is mainly composed of a drive unit 2, a rotary encoder 3, a switch unit 4, and a compression coil spring 5, and an operation body 1 is incorporated in the drive unit 2. The external appearance of the composite operation type input device is substantially cylindrical, and the operation body 1 protrudes upward from the center of the upper surface.

図8と図9に詳細に示すように、駆動ユニット2は、回転軸部1aおよび鍔部1bを有する操作体1と、操作体1をスライド移動可能に保持する第1の保持ケース6および第2の保持ケース7と、長孔8aが設けられた回転伝達部材8と、回転伝達部材8を摺動可能に支持する底板9と、鍔部1bの周囲に配置された環状の復帰ばね10とによって構成されている。   As shown in detail in FIGS. 8 and 9, the drive unit 2 includes an operating body 1 having a rotating shaft portion 1 a and a flange portion 1 b, a first holding case 6 that holds the operating body 1 slidably, and a first holding case 6. Two holding cases 7, a rotation transmission member 8 provided with a long hole 8a, a bottom plate 9 that slidably supports the rotation transmission member 8, and an annular return spring 10 disposed around the flange 1b. It is constituted by.

操作体1は合成樹脂製であり、回転軸部1aの上部と下部は断面形状が小判形等の互いに平行な外側面を有する非円柱形状部となっており、軸線方向に延びる回転軸部1aの長手方向(軸線方向)の略中央の円柱部分から径方向外側へ鍔部1bが円板状に突設されている。この操作体1は、回転軸部1aの軸心を回転軸線(回転中心線)として回転可能であると共に、回転軸線と直交する平面に沿ってスライド移動可能であり、かつ回転軸線に沿って昇降可能である。ここで、操作体1は、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7を含む駆動ユニット2全体として回転および昇降可能となっている。回転軸部1aの上端側の非円柱形状部には図示せぬ操作ノブが圧入等により冠着可能であり、回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部は回転伝達部材8の長孔8aに摺動可能に挿通されている。また、鍔部1bは第1および第2の保持ケース6,7間にこれら保持ケース6,7に対してスライド移動可能に保持されている。   The operating body 1 is made of synthetic resin, and the upper and lower portions of the rotating shaft portion 1a are non-cylindrical portions having outer surfaces parallel to each other such as an oval cross section, and the rotating shaft portion 1a extends in the axial direction. A flange portion 1b is projected in a disk shape from the substantially central cylindrical portion in the longitudinal direction (axial direction) to the outside in the radial direction. The operating body 1 is rotatable with the axis of the rotation shaft 1a as a rotation axis (rotation center line), is slidable along a plane orthogonal to the rotation axis, and is moved up and down along the rotation axis. Is possible. Here, the operating body 1 can be rotated and moved up and down as the entire drive unit 2 including the first and second holding cases 6 and 7. An operation knob (not shown) can be attached to the non-cylindrical portion on the upper end side of the rotating shaft portion 1a by press fitting or the like, and the non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotating shaft portion 1a is a long hole 8a of the rotation transmitting member 8. It is slidably inserted in. The flange 1b is held between the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 so as to be slidable relative to the holding cases 6 and 7.

第1の保持ケース6と第2の保持ケース7は合成樹脂製であり、両保持ケース6,7は底板9と一体化されている。第1の保持ケース6には、回転軸部1aの上端側の非円柱形状部を上方へ突出させる中央開口6aと、裏面側で中央開口6aの周縁部に位置する環状突堤部6bと、円筒状の外壁部6cと、外壁部6cの外側面の複数箇所に突設された抜け止めフック6dと、外壁部6cの底面の複数箇所に垂設されたかしめ突起6eとが形成されており、各かしめ突起6eが第2の保持ケース7および底板9を貫通して該底板9にかしめ固定されている。この第1の保持ケース6よりも大径な第2の保持ケース7には、回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部を下方へ突出させる中央開口7aと、上面側で中央開口7aの周縁部に位置する環状突堤部7bと、裏面側で中央開口7aを露出させている正方形状の凹所7cと、前記かしめ突起6eを挿通させる複数の挿通孔7eと、各挿通孔7eの径方向外側に立設された係合突部7fと、各係合突部7fを包囲する円筒状の外壁部7gとが形成されている。また、この第2の保持ケース7は、凹所7cの相対向する一対の平行な内壁を、回転伝達部材8の一方向のスライド移動を案内するガイド壁7dとなしていると共に、各係合突部7fと外壁部7gとの間に画成される空間を、圧縮コイルばね5の上端部を保持するばね受け部7hとなしている。すなわち、環状のばね受け部7hが係合部となる複数の係合突部7fと連結された状態で第2の保持ケース7の外周部と一体に設けられている。これら両保持ケース6,7は、第1の保持ケース6の天板部分と第2の保持ケース7の底板部分との間に環状空間Sが画成されるように組み合わされており、この環状空間Sに操作体1の鍔部1bと環状コイルばねからなる復帰ばね10とが配置されている(図6,図7参照)。そして、環状突堤部6bと環状突堤部7bとによって操作体1の鍔部1bがスライド移動可能に保持されていると共に、復帰ばね10が環状突堤部6b,7bによって内方への移動を規制された状態で鍔部1bの外周面に弾接可能となっている。したがって、両保持ケース6,7間で鍔部1bがスライド移動すると、この鍔部1bが復帰ばね10を移動方向へ押し込むため、復帰ばね10に弾性反発力が生起されることとなる。   The first holding case 6 and the second holding case 7 are made of synthetic resin, and the holding cases 6 and 7 are integrated with the bottom plate 9. The first holding case 6 includes a central opening 6a for projecting the non-columnar portion on the upper end side of the rotating shaft portion 1a upward, an annular jetty portion 6b positioned on the peripheral edge of the central opening 6a on the back side, and a cylindrical shape. An outer wall portion 6c, a retaining hook 6d projecting from a plurality of locations on the outer surface of the outer wall portion 6c, and a caulking projection 6e suspended from a plurality of locations on the bottom surface of the outer wall portion 6c are formed. Each caulking projection 6 e passes through the second holding case 7 and the bottom plate 9 and is caulked and fixed to the bottom plate 9. The second holding case 7 having a diameter larger than that of the first holding case 6 includes a central opening 7a for projecting the non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotating shaft 1a downward, and a central opening 7a on the upper surface side. An annular jetty portion 7b positioned at the peripheral edge, a square recess 7c exposing the central opening 7a on the back surface side, a plurality of insertion holes 7e through which the caulking projections 6e are inserted, and diameters of the respective insertion holes 7e Engagement protrusions 7f erected outward in the direction and cylindrical outer wall parts 7g surrounding the engagement protrusions 7f are formed. The second holding case 7 has a pair of parallel inner walls facing each other in the recess 7c as a guide wall 7d for guiding the one-way sliding movement of the rotation transmitting member 8 and each engagement. A space defined between the projecting portion 7f and the outer wall portion 7g serves as a spring receiving portion 7h that holds the upper end portion of the compression coil spring 5. That is, the annular spring receiving portion 7h is provided integrally with the outer peripheral portion of the second holding case 7 in a state where the annular spring receiving portion 7h is connected to the plurality of engaging protrusions 7f serving as engaging portions. These holding cases 6 and 7 are combined so that an annular space S is defined between the top plate portion of the first holding case 6 and the bottom plate portion of the second holding case 7. In the space S, a flange 1b of the operating body 1 and a return spring 10 including an annular coil spring are disposed (see FIGS. 6 and 7). The flange portion 1b of the operating body 1 is slidably held by the annular jetty portion 6b and the annular jetty portion 7b, and the return spring 10 is restricted from moving inward by the annular jetty portions 6b and 7b. In this state, it can be elastically contacted with the outer peripheral surface of the flange 1b. Therefore, when the flange portion 1b slides between the holding cases 6 and 7, the flange portion 1b pushes the return spring 10 in the moving direction, so that an elastic repulsive force is generated in the return spring 10.

回転伝達部材8は長方形状の金属板からなり、その長手方向に長孔8aが開設されていると共に、長孔8aを挟んで短手方向に延びる一対の突条8bが形成されている。この回転伝達部材8は第2の保持ケース7の裏面側で凹所7c内に配置されて、突条8bを底板9に摺接させた状態で該底板9上に支持されている。回転伝達部材8の長辺は正方形状の凹所7cの一辺の長さと略同等であり、短辺はガイド壁7dに摺接している。これにより、底板9上の回転伝達部材8が凹所7c内でガイド壁7dに沿って安定的にスライド移動できるようになっている。また、回転伝達部材8の長孔8a内には、回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部が回転不能かつ長手方向に沿ってスライド移動可能に挿通されている。   The rotation transmitting member 8 is made of a rectangular metal plate. A long hole 8a is formed in the longitudinal direction of the rotation transmitting member 8, and a pair of protrusions 8b extending in the short direction across the long hole 8a are formed. The rotation transmitting member 8 is disposed in the recess 7 c on the back surface side of the second holding case 7, and is supported on the bottom plate 9 with the ridges 8 b being in sliding contact with the bottom plate 9. The long side of the rotation transmitting member 8 is substantially the same as the length of one side of the square recess 7c, and the short side is in sliding contact with the guide wall 7d. Thereby, the rotation transmission member 8 on the bottom plate 9 can be stably slid along the guide wall 7d in the recess 7c. Further, a non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotation shaft portion 1a is inserted into the long hole 8a of the rotation transmitting member 8 so as not to rotate and to be slidable along the longitudinal direction.

底板9は開口9aを有する略円形の金属板からなり、その外周縁部には複数箇所にかしめ孔9bが形成されている。開口9aには回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部が遊挿される。各かしめ孔9bには第1の保持ケース6のかしめ突起6eが挿通されており、底板9の裏面側で該かしめ突起6eをかしめ固定することによって、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7と底板9とが位置決め状態で一体化されている。   The bottom plate 9 is made of a substantially circular metal plate having an opening 9a, and caulking holes 9b are formed at a plurality of locations on the outer peripheral edge thereof. A non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotary shaft portion 1a is loosely inserted into the opening 9a. The caulking projections 6e of the first holding case 6 are inserted into the caulking holes 9b, and the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 are fixed by caulking and fixing the caulking projections 6e on the rear surface side of the bottom plate 9. And the bottom plate 9 are integrated in a positioned state.

このように構成された駆動ユニット2は、圧縮コイルばね5および円環状のばね受け部材11を介してロータリエンコーダ3に保持されている。図13と図14に詳細に示すように、このロータリエンコーダ3は、筒状体14の裏面側に摺動子15が取り付けられたロータ部12と、導電パターン16や端子17が設けられてロータ部12を回転可能に支持しているステータ部13と、円環状のクリックばね18と、クリックばね18をステータ部13に固定している固定金具19とによって構成されており、前記第1および第2の保持ケース6,7がロータ部12に昇降可能かつ回転不能に連結されている。   The drive unit 2 configured as described above is held by the rotary encoder 3 via the compression coil spring 5 and the annular spring receiving member 11. As shown in detail in FIGS. 13 and 14, the rotary encoder 3 includes a rotor portion 12 having a slider 15 attached to the back side of the cylindrical body 14, a conductive pattern 16, and terminals 17. The stator portion 13 that rotatably supports the portion 12, an annular click spring 18, and a fixing bracket 19 that fixes the click spring 18 to the stator portion 13, the first and first The two holding cases 6 and 7 are connected to the rotor portion 12 so as to be movable up and down and non-rotatable.

ロータ部12の筒状体14は合成樹脂製であり、複数箇所に凹状切れ込み14aや縦長スリット14bを有している。ここで、凹状切れ込み14aおよび縦長スリット14bは、駆動ユニット2を昇降可能とするために、ロータ部12の回転軸線方向に沿って切り欠かれた溝部あるいは長孔で構成されている。筒状体14の下端部には鍔状部14cが形成されている。この鍔状部14cの上面側には全周に亘ってクリック突起12aが設けられており、鍔状部14cの裏面側には円環状の摺動子15が固着されている。ステータ部13はインサート成形品であり、ロータ部12の筒状体14の内周面を摺接させる内側円筒部13aと、端子17を外方へ突出させている外側円筒部13bと、両円筒部13a,13bの間に露出する導電パターン16と、導電パターン16から導出された端子17とを有している。なお、内側円筒部13aは中空状の回転軸である筒状体14を回転可能に案内する軸受け部として機能するものである。このステータ部13の両円筒部13a,13bの間にロータ部12の鍔状部14cが挿入されて、摺動子15が導電パターン16に弾接するようになっている。ステータ部13の内側円筒部13aの内周面には、スイッチユニット4を取り付けるための保持突起13cが複数箇所に形成されている。また、外側円筒部13bの外周面から底面に至る複数箇所には、固定金具19の脚片19aをかしめつけるための係合段部13dが形成されている。   The cylindrical body 14 of the rotor portion 12 is made of synthetic resin, and has concave cuts 14a and vertically long slits 14b at a plurality of locations. Here, the concave cut 14a and the vertically long slit 14b are configured by a groove or a long hole cut out along the direction of the rotation axis of the rotor 12 so that the drive unit 2 can be moved up and down. At the lower end portion of the cylindrical body 14, a flange portion 14 c is formed. A click protrusion 12a is provided on the upper surface side of the hook-shaped portion 14c over the entire circumference, and an annular slider 15 is fixed to the rear surface side of the hook-shaped portion 14c. The stator portion 13 is an insert-molded product, and an inner cylindrical portion 13a that makes sliding contact with the inner peripheral surface of the cylindrical body 14 of the rotor portion 12, an outer cylindrical portion 13b that protrudes terminals 17 outward, and both cylinders. The conductive pattern 16 exposed between the portions 13a and 13b and the terminal 17 derived from the conductive pattern 16 are provided. The inner cylindrical portion 13a functions as a bearing portion that rotatably guides the cylindrical body 14 that is a hollow rotating shaft. A flange-like portion 14c of the rotor portion 12 is inserted between the cylindrical portions 13a and 13b of the stator portion 13 so that the slider 15 is in elastic contact with the conductive pattern 16. On the inner circumferential surface of the inner cylindrical portion 13a of the stator portion 13, holding projections 13c for attaching the switch unit 4 are formed at a plurality of locations. In addition, engagement step portions 13d for caulking the leg pieces 19a of the fixing bracket 19 are formed at a plurality of locations from the outer peripheral surface to the bottom surface of the outer cylindrical portion 13b.

クリックばね18はロータ部12の筒状体14に外挿されて、その鍔状部14c上に配置されている。固定金具19はクリックばね18上に配置され、複数の脚片19aを係合段部13dに位置合わせしてかしめつけることによって、ステータ部13に固定されている。こうして固定金具19をステータ部13にかしめ固定することにより、外側円筒部13b上にクリックばね18の一対の耳部18aが固定されると共に、当接部18bがクリック突起12aと係脱可能に弾接するようになっている。   The click spring 18 is extrapolated to the cylindrical body 14 of the rotor portion 12 and is disposed on the flange portion 14c. The fixing bracket 19 is disposed on the click spring 18 and fixed to the stator portion 13 by aligning and crimping a plurality of leg pieces 19a to the engaging step portion 13d. By fixing the fixing bracket 19 to the stator portion 13 in this manner, the pair of ear portions 18a of the click spring 18 is fixed on the outer cylindrical portion 13b, and the contact portion 18b is elastically detachable from the click projection 12a. It comes to touch.

このように構成されたロータリエンコーダ3の固定金具19上に、ロータ部12の筒状体14に外挿されたばね受け部材11が搭載されて、このばね受け部材11上に筒状体14に外挿された圧縮コイルばね5が搭載されている。また、筒状体14に包囲される空間を蓋閉するように駆動ユニット2が取り付けられており、圧縮コイルばね5の上端部が第2の保持ケース7のばね受け部7hに保持されている。ロータリエンコーダ3に対する駆動ユニット2の取付構造は、第2の保持ケース7の各係合突部7fを筒状体14の各凹状切れ込み14aに嵌入させると共に、第1の保持ケース6の各抜け止めフック6dを筒状体14の各縦長スリット14bの上端部に係止させるというものである。これにより、係合突部7fが凹状切れ込み14aに、抜け止めフック6dが縦長スリット14bにそれぞれ案内され、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7はロータ部12に対してロータ部12の回転軸線方向に沿って昇降可能となる。また、凹凸係合される係合部である係合突部7fと凹状切れ込み14aは略同幅に形成されているため、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7はロータ部12と一体的に回転可能である。なお、駆動ユニット2をロータリエンコーダ3に取り付ける際には、圧縮コイルばね5を押し撓めながら各係合突部7fを上方から各凹状切れ込み14a内へ挿入していき、各抜け止めフック6dを各縦長スリット14bにスナップインさせればよい。これにより、圧縮コイルばね5の弾性反発力で抜け止めフック6dが対応する縦長スリット14bの上端部に係止されるため、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7が抜け止め状態で筒状体14に装着されることとなる。   On the fixing bracket 19 of the rotary encoder 3 configured in this manner, a spring receiving member 11 that is extrapolated to the cylindrical body 14 of the rotor portion 12 is mounted, and the cylindrical body 14 is externally mounted on the spring receiving member 11. The inserted compression coil spring 5 is mounted. The drive unit 2 is attached so that the space surrounded by the cylindrical body 14 is closed, and the upper end portion of the compression coil spring 5 is held by the spring receiving portion 7 h of the second holding case 7. . The mounting structure of the drive unit 2 to the rotary encoder 3 is such that each engagement protrusion 7f of the second holding case 7 is fitted into each concave cut 14a of the cylindrical body 14, and each retaining prevention of the first holding case 6 is performed. The hook 6d is locked to the upper end of each longitudinal slit 14b of the cylindrical body 14. As a result, the engaging projection 7f is guided by the concave cut 14a and the retaining hook 6d is guided by the longitudinal slit 14b, and the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 rotate the rotor 12 with respect to the rotor 12. It can be moved up and down along the axial direction. Further, since the engaging protrusion 7f and the concave cut 14a, which are engaging portions that are engaged with the concave and convex portions, are formed to have substantially the same width, the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 are integrated with the rotor portion 12. Can be rotated. When the drive unit 2 is attached to the rotary encoder 3, the engaging projections 7f are inserted into the concave notches 14a from above while pushing and bending the compression coil spring 5, and the retaining hooks 6d are connected. What is necessary is just to make it snap into each longitudinally long slit 14b. Accordingly, the retaining hook 6d is locked to the upper end portion of the corresponding longitudinal slit 14b by the elastic repulsive force of the compression coil spring 5, so that the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 are in a tubular shape in a retaining state. It will be attached to the body 14.

次に、スイッチユニット4の構成について説明する。図10〜図12に詳細に示すように、このスイッチユニット4は、合成樹脂製の基台20と、基台20上に十字状の配置で4個組み付けられた平面視長方形状のプッシュスイッチ21と、基台20上の中央部に組み付けられた平面視正方形状のプッシュスイッチ22と、このプッシュスイッチ22上に載置されたスペーサ23と、基台20の上部平坦面20a上に載置された金属板からなる支持部材24と、支持部材24上にスライド移動可能に搭載された合成樹脂製のスライド伝達部材25と、スライド伝達部材25の外周部を覆うようにして基台20に取り付けられた金属板からなる取付板26とによって構成されている。このスイッチユニット4はロータリエンコーダ3の内方の中空部分に配置されて、基台20がステータ部13に保持・固定されるため、スイッチユニット4の真上に駆動ユニット2が配置されることになる。   Next, the configuration of the switch unit 4 will be described. As shown in detail in FIGS. 10 to 12, the switch unit 4 includes a base 20 made of synthetic resin, and a push switch 21 having a rectangular shape in plan view, which is assembled on the base 20 in a cross-like arrangement. A push switch 22 having a square shape in plan view assembled at the center of the base 20, a spacer 23 placed on the push switch 22, and an upper flat surface 20a of the base 20. A support member 24 made of a metal plate, a synthetic resin slide transmission member 25 slidably mounted on the support member 24, and attached to the base 20 so as to cover the outer periphery of the slide transmission member 25. And a mounting plate 26 made of a metal plate. Since the switch unit 4 is disposed in the hollow portion inside the rotary encoder 3, and the base 20 is held and fixed to the stator portion 13, the drive unit 2 is disposed directly above the switch unit 4. Become.

固定部材である基台20には、スライド検出用の各プッシュスイッチ21および押下検出用のプッシュスイッチ22が配設される十字状の溝部20bが形成されている。この溝部20bによって分割されている上部平坦面20aには、基台20の中央部を挟んで位置する2箇所に規制突起となる規制ピン20cが突設されている。また、基台20の外周面には複数箇所に、ステータ部13の保持突起13cを嵌入させるための嵌合凹部20dと、取付板26の脚片26aを係止するための係止突起20eとが形成されている。基台20に配設された各プッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aは、基台20の径方向内側から外側へ向かう横向きの力を受けると筐体21b内へ没入して接点切換えを行うようになっており、各プッシュスイッチ21の端子部21cは基台20を貫通して下方へ突出している。また、基台20の中央部に配設されたプッシュスイッチ22の作動部22aは、上方からスペーサ23を介して押下されることにより接点切換えを行うようになっており、このプッシュスイッチ22の端子部22bも基台20を貫通して下方へ突出している。   The base 20 that is a fixing member is formed with a cross-shaped groove 20b in which the slide detection push switches 21 and the push detection push switches 22 are arranged. On the upper flat surface 20a divided by the groove portion 20b, restriction pins 20c serving as restriction protrusions are projected at two positions sandwiching the central portion of the base 20. Further, a fitting recess 20d for fitting the holding projection 13c of the stator portion 13 into a plurality of locations on the outer peripheral surface of the base 20, and a locking projection 20e for locking the leg piece 26a of the mounting plate 26, Is formed. The actuating portions 21a of the push switches 21 disposed on the base 20 are inserted into the housing 21b and perform contact switching when receiving a lateral force from the inner side to the outer side in the radial direction of the base 20. The terminal portion 21c of each push switch 21 penetrates the base 20 and protrudes downward. In addition, the operation part 22a of the push switch 22 disposed in the center part of the base 20 is configured to perform contact switching by being pressed through the spacer 23 from above. The part 22b also penetrates the base 20 and protrudes downward.

支持部材24には、スペーサ23が露出する中央開口24aと、中央開口24aの近傍に穿設されて規制ピン20cが挿通されるピン挿通孔24bと、各プッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aと対向する周縁部の4箇所を切り欠いて該作動部21aを露出させる切欠き部24cとが形成されている。この支持部材24の中央開口24aには操作体1の回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部が遊挿されて、該回転軸部1aの下端部がスペーサ23を介してプッシュスイッチ22の作動部22aを押圧駆動できるようになっている。   The support member 24 is opposed to the central opening 24a through which the spacer 23 is exposed, the pin insertion hole 24b that is formed in the vicinity of the central opening 24a and through which the restriction pin 20c is inserted, and the operating portion 21a of each push switch 21. A notch portion 24c is formed by notching the four peripheral edge portions to expose the operating portion 21a. A non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotary shaft portion 1 a of the operating body 1 is loosely inserted into the central opening 24 a of the support member 24, and the lower end portion of the rotary shaft portion 1 a is connected to the push switch 22 via the spacer 23. The actuating portion 22a can be pressed and driven.

スライド伝達部材25は支持部材24よりも小径な円板状の合成樹脂成形品であり、支持部材24の中央開口24aよりも小径な中央開口25aと、中央開口25aの径方向両側に穿設された十字形スリットからなるガイド孔25bと、表裏両面の周縁部の複数箇所に突設された摺動突起25cとが形成されている。図15と図16に示すように、スライド伝達部材25の中央開口25aには操作体1の回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部が回転可能に嵌入されており、ガイド部であるガイド孔25bには基台20の規制ピン20cが挿通されている。そのため、このスライド伝達部材25は回転軸部1aによってスライド移動可能であると共に、その移動方向が規制ピン20cによって規制されるようになっている。また、スライド伝達部材25の外周面は4個のプッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aと接離可能に対向しており、回転軸部1aに駆動されてスライド伝達部材25がスライド移動すると、その移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aが該スライド伝達部材25の外周面に押し込まれて該プッシュスイッチ21がオン動作するようになっている。ただし、スライド伝達部材25のスライド移動量は、その中央開口25aが取付板26の後述する中央開口26cから外れない範囲内に設定されている。また、図6と図7に示すように、このスライド伝達部材25は、表裏両面の摺動突起25cを取付板26と支持部材24に摺接させているため、上下方向にガタを生じることなく円滑にスライド移動させることができる。   The slide transmission member 25 is a disc-shaped synthetic resin molded product having a diameter smaller than that of the support member 24, and is formed in a central opening 25a having a smaller diameter than the central opening 24a of the support member 24 and on both radial sides of the central opening 25a. A guide hole 25b formed of a cross-shaped slit and sliding protrusions 25c projecting at a plurality of locations on the peripheral portions of both the front and back surfaces are formed. As shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, a non-cylindrical portion on the lower end side of the rotation shaft portion 1 a of the operating body 1 is rotatably fitted in the central opening 25 a of the slide transmission member 25, and serves as a guide portion. The restriction pin 20c of the base 20 is inserted through the hole 25b. For this reason, the slide transmission member 25 is slidable by the rotating shaft 1a, and its moving direction is regulated by the regulation pin 20c. Further, the outer peripheral surface of the slide transmission member 25 is opposed to the operating portions 21a of the four push switches 21 so as to be able to come into contact with and away from each other. The actuating portion 21a of the push switch 21 located at the position is pushed into the outer peripheral surface of the slide transmission member 25 so that the push switch 21 is turned on. However, the slide movement amount of the slide transmission member 25 is set within a range in which the central opening 25a does not deviate from a later-described central opening 26c of the mounting plate 26. Further, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the slide transmission member 25 has the sliding projections 25c on both the front and back surfaces in sliding contact with the mounting plate 26 and the support member 24, so that there is no backlash in the vertical direction. Smooth sliding movement is possible.

取付板26には、係止孔26bが穿設された複数の脚片26aと、スライド伝達部材25の中央開口25aを常時露出させる中央開口26cとが形成されており、中央開口26cには操作体1の回転軸部1aの下端側の非円柱形状部が遊挿される。この取付板26は、各脚片26aの係止孔26bに基台20の係止突起20eを挿入して係止させることにより、スライド伝達部材25の高さ位置を規定した状態で基台20に取り付けられている。   The mounting plate 26 is formed with a plurality of leg pieces 26a each having a locking hole 26b and a central opening 26c that always exposes the central opening 25a of the slide transmission member 25. The non-cylindrical part on the lower end side of the rotating shaft part 1a of the body 1 is loosely inserted. The mounting plate 26 has the base 20 in a state where the height position of the slide transmission member 25 is defined by inserting and locking the locking projections 20e of the base 20 into the locking holes 26b of the leg pieces 26a. Is attached.

以下、上記の如くに構成された複合操作型入力装置の動作について説明する。まず、操作体1が回転操作された場合の動作について説明すると、回転軸部1aが回転伝達部材8の長孔8aに回転不能に挿通されているため、回転操作力が付与された操作体1と一体的に回転伝達部材8が回転し、この回転伝達部材8がガイド壁7dを介して第1および第2の保持ケース6,7を回転駆動する。また、第2の保持ケース7(係合突部7f)はロータリエンコーダ3のロータ部12(凹状切れ込み14a)と回転不能に凹凸係合しているため、結局、ロータ部12が操作体1と一体的に回転することになり、導電パターン16に対する摺動子15の位置変化に基づいて操作体1の回転動作が検出される。なお、ロータ部12の回転時にはクリックばね18の当接部18bがクリック突起12a群と係脱するため、操作体1を回転操作する操作者の手指にはクリック感が感得される。   Hereinafter, the operation of the composite operation type input device configured as described above will be described. First, the operation when the operating body 1 is rotated will be described. Since the rotating shaft 1a is inserted through the elongated hole 8a of the rotation transmitting member 8 so as not to rotate, the operating body 1 to which a rotational operating force is applied. The rotation transmission member 8 rotates integrally with the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 via the guide wall 7d. In addition, since the second holding case 7 (engagement protrusion 7f) is engaged with the rotor portion 12 (concave notch 14a) of the rotary encoder 3 so as not to rotate, the rotor portion 12 and the operation body 1 are eventually joined. The rotation of the operating body 1 is detected based on the change in the position of the slider 15 relative to the conductive pattern 16. Since the contact portion 18b of the click spring 18 is disengaged from the click projection 12a group when the rotor portion 12 is rotated, a click feeling is felt on the fingers of the operator who rotates the operation body 1.

次に、操作体1がスライド操作された場合の動作について説明する。図15は非操作時における回転軸部1aとスイッチユニット4の位置関係を示しており、図示省略されている回転伝達部材8の長孔8aは同図の上下方向に延びている。したがって、操作体1が長孔8aの長手方向に沿ってスライド操作されると、回転軸部1aは長孔8aに沿って移動するため、回転伝達部材8にはスライド駆動力が伝達されないが、スライド伝達部材25の中央開口25aの周縁部が回転軸部1aに駆動されるため、このスライド伝達部材25が操作体1と同じ向き(図15の上方または下方)へスライド移動する。その結果、スライド移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aがスライド伝達部材25に押圧駆動されて、該プッシュスイッチ21がオン動作するため、操作体1がどの向きへスライド操作されたのかが検出される。また、操作体1が長孔8aの短手方向に沿ってスライド操作されたときには、回転伝達部材8は回転軸部1aに駆動されるため、第2の保持ケース7に阻害されることなくガイド壁7dに沿ってスライド移動することとなり、それゆえスライド伝達部材25が回転軸部1aに駆動されて操作体1と同じ向き(図15の右方または左方)へスライド移動する。その結果、例えば図16に示すように、スライド移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチ21の作動部21aがスライド伝達部材25に押圧駆動されて、該プッシュスイッチ21がオン動作するため、操作体1がどの向きへスライド操作されたのかが検出される。また、かかるスライド操作時に操作体1の鍔部1bが環状の復帰ばね10を伸長させるため、スライド操作力が除去されると、復帰ばね10の弾性復帰力によって操作体1は元の位置まで自動復帰する。なお、スライド伝達部材25がスライド移動すると、ガイド孔25bに沿って規制ピン20cが相対的に移動して移動方向を規制するため、スライド操作時に操作体1やスライド伝達部材25が不所望方向へスライド移動する虞はない。なお、スライド伝達部材25のスライド移動方向を位置規制するために、スリット状のガイド孔25bに代えて平面視同形状の有底のガイド溝を設け、このガイド溝に基台20等の固定部材に突設した適宜形状の規制ピンを係合させるようにしてもよい。   Next, the operation when the operating tool 1 is slid will be described. FIG. 15 shows the positional relationship between the rotating shaft portion 1a and the switch unit 4 when not being operated, and a long hole 8a of the rotation transmitting member 8 (not shown) extends in the vertical direction in the figure. Therefore, when the operating body 1 is slid along the longitudinal direction of the long hole 8a, the rotary shaft 1a moves along the long hole 8a, so that the sliding force is not transmitted to the rotation transmitting member 8. Since the peripheral edge of the central opening 25a of the slide transmission member 25 is driven by the rotary shaft 1a, the slide transmission member 25 slides in the same direction as the operating body 1 (upward or downward in FIG. 15). As a result, the operating portion 21a of the push switch 21 positioned in the slide movement direction is pressed and driven by the slide transmission member 25, and the push switch 21 is turned on, so which direction the operating body 1 is slid. Detected. Further, when the operating body 1 is slid along the short direction of the long hole 8a, the rotation transmitting member 8 is driven by the rotating shaft 1a, so that the second holding case 7 does not obstruct the guide. Therefore, the slide transmission member 25 is driven by the rotary shaft 1a and slides in the same direction as the operation body 1 (right or left in FIG. 15). As a result, for example, as shown in FIG. 16, the operating portion 21 a of the push switch 21 positioned in the slide movement direction is pressed by the slide transmission member 25 and the push switch 21 is turned on. It is detected whether the slide operation is performed in the direction. Further, since the flange portion 1b of the operating body 1 extends the annular return spring 10 during the slide operation, the operating body 1 is automatically returned to the original position by the elastic return force of the return spring 10 when the slide operating force is removed. Return. When the slide transmission member 25 is slid, the restriction pin 20c is relatively moved along the guide hole 25b to restrict the movement direction, so that the operating body 1 and the slide transmission member 25 are moved in an undesired direction during the slide operation. There is no risk of sliding. In order to restrict the slide movement direction of the slide transmission member 25, a bottomed guide groove having the same shape in plan view is provided in place of the slit-shaped guide hole 25b, and a fixing member such as the base 20 is provided in this guide groove. You may make it engage the regulation pin of the suitable shape protrudingly provided in this.

次に、操作体1が押下操作された場合の動作について説明する。図6と図7から明らかなように、押下操作された操作体1は圧縮コイルばね5を押し撓めながら第1および第2の保持ケース6,7と一体的に下降するため、回転軸部1aの下端部がスペーサ23を介して中央のプッシュスイッチ22の作動部22aを押圧駆動する。その結果、プッシュスイッチ22がオン動作するため、操作体1に対する押下操作が検出される。また、かかる押下操作力が除去されると、圧縮コイルばね5の弾性復帰力によって操作体1と第1および第2の保持ケース6,7は元の高さ位置まで押し上げられる。   Next, an operation when the operating tool 1 is pressed is described. As apparent from FIGS. 6 and 7, the operating body 1 that has been pushed down is lowered integrally with the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 while pressing and bending the compression coil spring 5. The lower end portion of 1a presses and drives the operating portion 22a of the central push switch 22 via the spacer 23. As a result, since the push switch 22 is turned on, a pressing operation on the operating tool 1 is detected. When the pressing operation force is removed, the operating body 1 and the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 are pushed up to the original height position by the elastic return force of the compression coil spring 5.

このように本実施形態例に係る複合操作型入力装置は、操作体1をスライド移動可能に保持する第1および第2の保持ケース6,7とロータリエンコーダ3のロータ部12とが、係合突部7fを凹状切れ込み14aに嵌入させることによって凹凸係合させてあり、回転操作時に操作体1と両保持ケース6,7とロータ部12とが一体的に回転するようにしてあるため、操作体1の回転動作をロータリエンコーダ3によって瞬時に検出することができ、それゆえ使い勝手が良好となる。また、操作体1とロータ部12の回転量がずれる虞がなくなるため、回転検出の信頼性が高まっている。なお、両保持ケース6,7とロータ部12との係合構造は適宜選択可能であり、例えば、ロータ部12側に突部を設け、保持ケース6,7側に凹部を設けるようにして凹凸関係が本実施形態例とは逆であってもよい。   As described above, in the composite operation type input device according to this embodiment, the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 that hold the operating body 1 slidably and the rotor portion 12 of the rotary encoder 3 are engaged. Since the protrusion 7f is engaged with the concave cut 14a so as to engage with the concave and convex portions, the operating body 1, both the holding cases 6 and 7, and the rotor portion 12 are rotated together during the rotation operation. The rotary motion of the body 1 can be detected instantaneously by the rotary encoder 3, and therefore the usability is improved. Moreover, since there is no possibility that the rotation amount of the operating body 1 and the rotor portion 12 is shifted, the reliability of rotation detection is increased. The engagement structure between the holding cases 6 and 7 and the rotor portion 12 can be selected as appropriate. For example, the protrusions are provided on the rotor portion 12 side and the recesses are provided on the holding cases 6 and 7 side. The relationship may be opposite to that in the present embodiment.

また、この複合操作型入力装置の駆動ユニット2には、回転軸部1aおよびガイド壁7dと係合して回転操作時に操作体1と第1および第2の保持ケース6,7と一体的に回転する回転伝達部材8が組み込まれている。この回転伝達部材8は、操作体1のスライド操作時には移動しないか、もしくはガイド壁7dに沿って移動するだけなので、両保持ケース6,7によってスライド操作が阻害されることはない。このように、操作体1および両保持ケース6,7を一体的に回転させるリンク部材として回転伝達部材8を用いていることから、回転操作とスライド操作が円滑に行える簡素で信頼性の高い構造が実現されている。   Further, the drive unit 2 of this composite operation type input device is engaged with the rotary shaft 1a and the guide wall 7d so as to be integrated with the operating body 1 and the first and second holding cases 6 and 7 during the rotation operation. A rotation transmission member 8 that rotates is incorporated. Since the rotation transmitting member 8 does not move during the sliding operation of the operating body 1 or only moves along the guide wall 7d, the sliding operation is not hindered by the holding cases 6 and 7. As described above, since the rotation transmitting member 8 is used as a link member for integrally rotating the operating body 1 and the holding cases 6 and 7, a simple and reliable structure capable of smoothly performing a rotating operation and a sliding operation. Is realized.

また、この複合操作型入力装置では、操作体1の鍔部1bが環状突堤部6b,7bによってスライド移動可能に保持されていると共に、環状突堤部7bの裏面側の凹所7cに回転伝達部材8を配置させて鍔部1bとの干渉を確実に回避しているため、操作体1を円滑にスライド移動させることができる。なお、本実施形態例のように、別体の第1の保持ケース6と第2の保持ケース7とを組み合わせて、両保持ケース6,7間の環状空間Sに操作体1の鍔部1bと環状の復帰ばね10とを配置させるという構造にしてあると、操作体1をスライド移動可能に保持できて復帰ばね10も容易に組み込めるという所望の保持ケースが安価に形成できる。   Further, in this composite operation type input device, the flange portion 1b of the operation body 1 is slidably held by the annular jetty portions 6b and 7b, and the rotation transmitting member is provided in the recess 7c on the back surface side of the annular jetty portion 7b. Since 8 is disposed to reliably avoid interference with the flange 1b, the operating body 1 can be smoothly slid. Note that, as in the present embodiment, the first holding case 6 and the second holding case 7 are combined separately, and the collar 1b of the operating body 1 is placed in the annular space S between the holding cases 6 and 7. And the annular return spring 10 are arranged at a low cost, it is possible to form a desired holding case that can hold the operating body 1 in a slidable manner and can easily incorporate the return spring 10 at a low cost.

また、本実施形態例に係る複合操作型入力装置では、第1および第2の保持ケース6,7と一体的に回転するロータ部12の内方の中空部分にスイッチユニット4を配置させ、その基台20をステータ部13にて保持・固定するという構造を採用している。このように駆動ユニット2を保持するロータリエンコーダ3の内部空間に、スライド操作や押下操作を検出するスイッチユニット4が組み込んであると、コンパクトな構成が実現できるため、複合操作型入力装置の小型化が図りやすくなる。また、装置全体をモジュール品としてプリント基板に実装できるため、実装前の取扱い性および実装時の作業性が良好となる。   Further, in the composite operation type input device according to the present embodiment, the switch unit 4 is arranged in the hollow portion inside the rotor portion 12 that rotates integrally with the first and second holding cases 6, 7, A structure in which the base 20 is held and fixed by the stator portion 13 is adopted. When the switch unit 4 that detects the slide operation and the pressing operation is incorporated in the internal space of the rotary encoder 3 that holds the drive unit 2 in this way, a compact configuration can be realized, and thus the composite operation type input device can be downsized. Is easier to plan. Further, since the entire apparatus can be mounted on a printed circuit board as a module product, handling before mounting and workability during mounting are improved.

また、この複合操作型入力装置では、操作体1の回転軸部1aがスイッチユニット4のスライド伝達部材25の中央開口25aに回転可能に嵌入させてあり、スライド操作時に操作体1と一体的にスライド移動するスライド伝達部材25によってプッシュスイッチ21の接点切換えが行われるようになっている。それゆえ、スライド駆動力の伝達経路を簡素化できて、スライド検出の信頼性が高めやすくなっている。   Further, in this composite operation type input device, the rotary shaft portion 1a of the operation body 1 is rotatably fitted in the central opening 25a of the slide transmission member 25 of the switch unit 4, and is integrated with the operation body 1 during the slide operation. The contacts of the push switch 21 are switched by the slide transmission member 25 that slides. Therefore, the transmission path of the slide driving force can be simplified and the reliability of slide detection can be easily improved.

また、本実施形態例のようにスライド操作や押下操作を検出する機構がユニット化されており、該ユニット品(スイッチユニット4)がロータリエンコーダ3の内部空間に組み込めるようになっていると、該ユニット品のバラエティを増やすことが容易となる。例えば、スイッチユニット4に前記スライド伝達部材25に代えて図17に示すようなスライド伝達部材30を組み込んでおけば、操作体1のスライド検出方向を増やして分解能を高めることができる。すなわち、操作体1の回転軸部1aを図17の上下左右のいずれかへスライド移動させたときには、前述したスライド操作時の動作と同様にスライド移動方向に位置するプッシュスイッチ21がスライド伝達部材30を介して個別にオン動作されるが、回転軸部1aを図17の斜め上方や斜め下方へスライド移動させたときには、図18に一例を示すように、スライド移動方向の近傍に位置する2個のプッシュスイッチ21がスライド伝達部材30を介して共にオン動作される。したがって、4個のプッシュスイッチ21のうち、どの1個または2個がオン動作されたかに基づいて、操作体1の8方向のスライド操作を検出することが可能となる。なお、図17と図18において、符号30aはスライド伝達部材30の中央開口、30bはスライド伝達部材30の表裏両面の周縁部に突設された環状の摺動突部であって、図15と図16と対応する部分には同一符号が付してある。   Further, as in this embodiment, the mechanism for detecting the sliding operation and the pressing operation is unitized, and when the unit product (switch unit 4) can be incorporated in the internal space of the rotary encoder 3, It becomes easy to increase the variety of unit products. For example, if a slide transmission member 30 as shown in FIG. 17 is incorporated in the switch unit 4 in place of the slide transmission member 25, the resolution can be improved by increasing the slide detection direction of the operating body 1. That is, when the rotary shaft portion 1a of the operating body 1 is slid to any one of up, down, left and right in FIG. 17, the push switch 21 positioned in the slide movement direction is the slide transmission member 30 as in the above-described operation during the slide operation. However, when the rotary shaft 1a is slid and moved obliquely upward and obliquely downward in FIG. 17, two pieces located in the vicinity of the sliding movement direction are shown as an example in FIG. The push switches 21 are both turned on via the slide transmission member 30. Therefore, based on which one or two of the four push switches 21 are turned on, it is possible to detect the eight-direction sliding operation of the operating body 1. In FIGS. 17 and 18, reference numeral 30a denotes a central opening of the slide transmission member 30, and 30b denotes annular slide projections protruding from the peripheral edges of both the front and back surfaces of the slide transmission member 30. Portions corresponding to those in FIG. 16 are denoted by the same reference numerals.

また、本実施形態例にあっては、駆動ユニット2とロータリエンコーダ3との間に圧縮コイルばね5が介設されていると共に、スイッチユニット4の基台20に回転軸部1aによって押圧駆動可能なプッシュスイッチ22が配設されているため、装置全体の大型化や構造の複雑化を回避しつつ、回転操作とスライド操作に加えて押下操作が行える多機能な複合操作型入力装置が実現されている。しかも、押下操作時に復帰ばねとして機能する圧縮コイルばね5は第2の保持ケース7のばね受け部7hとステータ部13上のばね受け部材11との間に組み込まれているので、組み付けが容易に行えて組み付け後の脱落も防止しやすい。さらに、環状のばね受け部7hは複数の係合突部7fで連結された状態で保持ケース7の外周部に設けられているため、保持ケース7にばね受け部7hを連結させるための部材を係合突部7fで兼ねることができると共に、両者が同一部材であることから、簡単な構成で精度良くばね受け部7hを保持ケース7に設けることができる。また、プッシュスイッチ22がスライド検出用の各プッシュスイッチ21の取付位置に悪影響を及ぼす虞もない。   In the present embodiment, the compression coil spring 5 is interposed between the drive unit 2 and the rotary encoder 3, and the base 20 of the switch unit 4 can be pressed and driven by the rotating shaft 1a. Since the push switch 22 is provided, a multifunctional composite operation type input device that can perform a pressing operation in addition to a rotating operation and a sliding operation while avoiding an increase in the size of the entire device and a complicated structure is realized. ing. In addition, since the compression coil spring 5 that functions as a return spring at the time of the pressing operation is incorporated between the spring receiving portion 7h of the second holding case 7 and the spring receiving member 11 on the stator portion 13, the assembly is easy. It is easy to prevent falling off after assembly. Further, since the annular spring receiving portion 7h is provided on the outer peripheral portion of the holding case 7 in a state of being connected by the plurality of engaging protrusions 7f, a member for connecting the spring receiving portion 7h to the holding case 7 is provided. Since the engaging projection 7f can serve as both, and both are the same members, the spring receiving portion 7h can be provided in the holding case 7 with a simple configuration and high accuracy. Further, there is no possibility that the push switch 22 adversely affects the mounting position of each push switch 21 for slide detection.

ただし、操作体の押下操作が不要な複合操作型入力装置に本発明を適用してもよく、その場合は、操作体をスライド移動可能に保持する保持ケースをロータリエンコーダのロータ部に昇降不能に凹凸係合させると共に、圧縮コイルばねや押下検出用のプッシュスイッチ等を省略した構成にすればよい。その際、操作体1とスライド伝達部材25との係合関係を逆にしてもよい。すなわち、スライド伝達部材25の上面の中央部に非円柱形状の突起を突出させ、操作体1の鍔部1bの中央部に該突起が挿入される円形状の凹部を設けることにより、操作体1のスライド移動をスライド伝達部材25に伝達するように構成することも可能である。   However, the present invention may be applied to a composite operation type input device that does not require a pressing operation of the operating body. In this case, the holding case that holds the operating body in a slidable manner cannot be moved up and down on the rotor portion of the rotary encoder. What is necessary is just to make it the structure which made it engage with uneven | corrugated and abbreviate | omitted the compression coil spring, the push switch for pressing detection, etc. At that time, the engagement relationship between the operating body 1 and the slide transmission member 25 may be reversed. That is, a non-cylindrical protrusion is protruded from the center of the upper surface of the slide transmission member 25, and a circular recess into which the protrusion is inserted is provided at the center of the flange 1b of the operation body 1. It is also possible to transmit the slide movement to the slide transmission member 25.

また、本実施形態例においては、スライド検出機構として、複数のスイッチ素子(プッシュスイッチ21)を備えたスイッチユニット4を用いたもので説明したが、本発明はこれに限られるものではない。例えば、スイッチユニットの代わりに直交する方向に独立して移動可能な一対の可変抵抗器を用い、これにより操作体のスライド移動を検出してもよく、さらには磁気式や光学式のスライド検出機構とすることも可能である。   In the present embodiment, the description has been given of the case where the switch unit 4 including a plurality of switch elements (push switches 21) is used as the slide detection mechanism, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, instead of the switch unit, a pair of variable resistors that can be moved independently in the orthogonal direction may be used to detect the slide movement of the operating body, and furthermore, a magnetic or optical slide detection mechanism It is also possible.

本発明の実施形態例に係る複合操作型入力装置の外観図である。1 is an external view of a composite operation type input device according to an embodiment of the present invention. 該入力装置の平面図である。It is a top view of the input device. 該入力装置を裏面側から見た外観図である。It is the external view which looked at this input device from the back side. 該入力装置の分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of this input device. 該入力装置を裏面側から見た分解斜視図である。It is the disassembled perspective view which looked at this input device from the back side. 該入力装置の断面図である。It is sectional drawing of this input device. 図6と異なる位置で断面した該入力装置の断面図である。FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the input device taken along a position different from that in FIG. 6. 該入力装置に用いられた駆動ユニットの分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the drive unit used for this input device. 該駆動ユニットを裏面側から見た分解斜視図である。It is the disassembled perspective view which looked at this drive unit from the back side. 該入力装置に用いられたスイッチユニットの分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the switch unit used for this input device. 該スイッチユニットを裏面側から見た分解斜視図である。It is the disassembled perspective view which looked at this switch unit from the back side. 該スイッチユニットの基台にスイッチ群を取り付けた状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the switch group to the base of this switch unit. 該入力装置に用いられたロータリエンコーダの分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the rotary encoder used for this input device. 該ロータリエンコーダを裏面側から見た分解斜視図である。It is the disassembled perspective view which looked at this rotary encoder from the back side. 該入力装置が非操作状態にあるときの内部構造説明図である。It is explanatory drawing of an internal structure when this input device is in a non-operation state. 該入力装置がスライド操作された状態を示す内部構造説明図である。It is internal structure explanatory drawing which shows the state by which this input device was slid. スイッチユニットの変形例を示す非操作状態の内部構造説明図である。It is internal structure explanatory drawing of the non-operation state which shows the modification of a switch unit. 図17に示すスイッチユニットの動作を示すスライド操作状態の内部構造説明図である。It is internal structure explanatory drawing of the slide operation state which shows operation | movement of the switch unit shown in FIG.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 操作体
1a 回転軸部
1b 鍔部
2 駆動ユニット
3 ロータリエンコーダ
4 スイッチユニット
5 圧縮コイルばね
6 第1の保持ケース
6a 中央開口(第1の開口)
6b 環状突堤部
6d 抜け止めフック
7 第2の保持ケース
7a 中央開口(第2の開口)
7b 環状突堤部
7c 凹所(空間)
7d ガイド壁
7f 係合突部(係合部)
7h ばね受け部
8 回転伝達部材
8a 長孔
9 底板
10 復帰ばね
11 ばね受け部材
12 ロータ部
13 ステータ部
14 筒状体
14a 凹状切れ込み
14b 縦長スリット
15 摺動子
18 クリックばね
19 固定金具
20 基台(固定部材)
20c 規制ピン(規制突起)
21 (スライド検出用)プッシュスイッチ
22 (押下検出用)プッシュスイッチ
24 支持部材
25,30 スライド伝達部材
25a 中央開口
25b ガイド孔(ガイド部)
26 取付板
S 環状空間
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Operation body 1a Rotating shaft part 1b ridge part 2 Drive unit 3 Rotary encoder 4 Switch unit 5 Compression coil spring 6 1st holding case 6a Center opening (1st opening)
6b Annular jetty 6d Retaining hook 7 Second holding case 7a Center opening (second opening)
7b Annular jetty 7c Recess (space)
7d guide wall 7f engagement protrusion (engagement portion)
7h Spring receiving portion 8 Rotation transmitting member 8a Long hole 9 Bottom plate 10 Return spring 11 Spring receiving member 12 Rotor portion 13 Stator portion 14 Cylindrical body 14a Concave cut 14b Long slit 15 Slider 18 Click spring 19 Fixing bracket 20 Base ( Fixed member)
20c Restriction pin (regulation protrusion)
21 (for slide detection) push switch 22 (for press detection) push switch 24 support member 25, 30 slide transmission member 25a central opening 25b guide hole (guide portion)
26 Mounting plate S Annular space

Claims (11)

回転可能かつ回転軸線と直交する多方向へスライド移動可能な操作体と、この操作体をスライド移動可能に保持すると共に該操作体と一体的に回転可能な保持ケースと、前記操作体のスライド動作を検出するスライド検出機構と、ロータ部と該ロータ部を回転可能に支持するステータ部とを有して前記操作体の回転動作を検出する回転検出機構とを備え、
前記保持ケースには、前記操作体を保持する部位の径方向外側に前記ロータ部と凹凸係合する係合部が設けてあり、前記操作体の回転動作に伴って前記保持ケースと前記ロータ部とが前記係合部を介して一体的に回転するように構成したことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。
An operating body that is rotatable and slidable in multiple directions orthogonal to the rotational axis, a holding case that holds the operating body so as to be slidable and can rotate integrally with the operating body, and a sliding operation of the operating body A slide detection mechanism for detecting the rotation, and a rotation detection mechanism that has a rotor portion and a stator portion that rotatably supports the rotor portion, and detects a rotation operation of the operating body,
The holding case is provided with an engaging portion that engages with the rotor portion on the outer side in the radial direction of the portion that holds the operating body, and the holding case and the rotor portion are rotated along with the rotation of the operating body. And a multi-operation type input device that is configured to rotate integrally with the engaging portion.
請求項1の記載において、前記操作体の回転軸部に設けた非円柱形状部を挿通して係合せしめる長孔が設けられた回転伝達部材を備えており、前記操作体のスライド移動の向きが前記長孔の長手方向に沿うときには前記回転伝達部材に駆動力が伝達されず、該スライド移動の向きがそれ以外のときには前記回転伝達部材にスライド駆動力が伝達されるようになすと共に、前記保持ケースには前記長孔の短手方向に沿って延びるガイド壁が設けてあり、前記操作体のスライド駆動力が前記回転伝達部材に伝達されたときは該回転伝達部材が前記ガイド壁に沿って移動するようになし、かつ、前記操作体の回転動作時には、前記回転伝達部材を介して前記ガイド壁に回転駆動力が伝達されることにより、該回転伝達部材および前記保持ケースが前記操作体と一体的に回転するように構成したことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   The rotation transmission member provided with the long hole which inserts and engages the non-columnar part provided in the rotating shaft part of the said operation body in Claim 1 is provided, The direction of the slide movement of the said operation body Is not transmitted to the rotation transmission member when the longitudinal direction of the elongated hole is along the longitudinal direction of the long hole, and the slide driving force is transmitted to the rotation transmission member when the direction of the slide movement is otherwise, The holding case is provided with a guide wall extending along the short direction of the long hole, and when the slide driving force of the operating body is transmitted to the rotation transmission member, the rotation transmission member extends along the guide wall. When the operating body rotates, the rotational transmission force is transmitted to the guide wall via the rotational transmission member, so that the rotational transmission member and the holding case are moved forward. Compound operation input device characterized by being configured to rotate the operation member and integrally. 請求項2の記載において、前記操作体には前記回転軸部の周囲に径方向外側へ突出する鍔部が設けてあり、かつ、前記保持ケースには前記回転軸部の一端側を外方へ突出させる第1の開口と他端側を逆向きに突出させる第2の開口とが設けてあり、前記第1の開口の周縁部分と前記第2の開口の周縁部分との間に前記鍔部をスライド移動可能に配置させていると共に、前記第2の開口の周縁部分のうち該第2の開口を介して前記鍔部と対向する空間を臨む壁面に前記ガイド壁を設けて、該空間に前記回転伝達部材を配置させたことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   3. The operating body according to claim 2, wherein the operating body is provided with a flange portion protruding radially outward around the rotating shaft portion, and one end side of the rotating shaft portion faces outward in the holding case. A first opening for projecting and a second opening for projecting the other end side in the opposite direction are provided, and the flange portion is provided between a peripheral portion of the first opening and a peripheral portion of the second opening. The guide wall is provided on a wall surface of the peripheral portion of the second opening facing the flange portion through the second opening, and the guide wall is provided in the space. A compound operation type input device in which the rotation transmitting member is arranged. 請求項3の記載において、前記保持ケースが、前記第1の開口が設けられた第1の保持ケースと、前記第2の開口が設けられた第2の保持ケースとを有し、前記両開口の周囲で前記第1および第2の保持ケースが環状空間を存して対向していると共に、該環状空間に前記鍔部が配置されていることを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   4. The holding case according to claim 3, wherein the holding case includes a first holding case provided with the first opening and a second holding case provided with the second opening, and the both openings. A multi-operation type input device characterized in that the first and second holding cases are opposed to each other with an annular space around and the collar portion is disposed in the annular space. 請求項1〜4のいずれか1項の記載において、前記スライド検出機構が、操作体のスライド移動に伴って接点切換えが行われる複数のスイッチ素子と、前記操作体のスライド駆動力が伝達されるように前記操作体と係合するスライド伝達部材と、このスライド伝達部材をスライド移動可能に支持する支持部材とを有しており、前記操作体に駆動されて一体的にスライド移動する前記スライド伝達部材によって前記スイッチ素子の接点切換えが行われるように構成したことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   5. The slide detection mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the slide detection mechanism transmits a plurality of switch elements that perform contact switching as the operating body slides and a slide driving force of the operating body. The slide transmission member that engages with the operation body and a support member that supports the slide transmission member so as to be slidable, and the slide transmission that is slid integrally with the operation body is driven. A composite operation type input device, wherein the switching of the contact point of the switch element is performed by a member. 請求項5の記載において、前記スライド伝達部材の中央部に設けられた開口に前記操作体の回転軸部を回転可能に挿通させることによって、前記操作体のスライド移動時に該回転軸部が前記開口の周縁部を駆動するようにしたことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   6. The rotary shaft portion according to claim 5, wherein the rotary shaft portion of the operating body is rotatably inserted into an opening provided in a central portion of the slide transmission member so that the rotary shaft portion is opened when the operating body slides. A multi-operation type input device characterized in that the peripheral edge portion of the head is driven. 請求項5または6の記載において、前記スライド検出機構の構成要素である固定部材に、前記スライド伝達部材に設けられたスリット状または溝状のガイド部に係合して該スライド伝達部材のスライド移動方向を規制する規制突起を突設したことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   7. The sliding movement of the slide transmission member according to claim 5 or 6, wherein a fixed member that is a component of the slide detection mechanism is engaged with a slit-shaped or groove-shaped guide portion provided on the slide transmission member. A compound operation type input device, characterized in that a regulating projection for regulating the direction is provided. 請求項1〜7のいずれか1項の記載において、前記保持ケースと前記ステータ部との間に介設されて該保持ケースを昇降可能に保持する弾性部材と、前記スライド検出機構に付設されて前記操作体の回転軸部の先端部と対向するプッシュスイッチとを備えており、前記弾性部材の弾性反発力に抗して前記操作体を押下させることによって前記保持ケースが一体的に押下されると共に、前記プッシュスイッチが前記回転軸部の先端部に押圧駆動されるように構成したことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   8. The elastic member according to claim 1, which is interposed between the holding case and the stator portion and holds the holding case so as to be movable up and down, and is attached to the slide detection mechanism. A push switch that opposes the tip of the rotating shaft of the operating body, and the holding case is pressed down integrally by pressing the operating body against an elastic repulsion force of the elastic member. In addition, the push switch is configured to be pressed and driven by the tip end portion of the rotating shaft portion. 請求項8の記載において、前記弾性部材が圧縮コイルばねであり、かつ、前記保持ケースには外周部に前記圧縮コイルばねの一端部を保持する環状のばね受け部が前記係合部と連結された状態で設けられていることを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   9. The elastic member according to claim 8, wherein the elastic member is a compression coil spring, and an annular spring receiving portion that holds one end portion of the compression coil spring is connected to the engagement portion on the outer peripheral portion of the holding case. A composite operation type input device, characterized in that the input device is provided in a state of being attached. 請求項1〜9のいずれか1項の記載において、前記ロータ部が筒状に形成されていると共に、該ロータ部の内方の中空部分に前記スライド検出機構を配置させたことを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   The rotor according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the rotor portion is formed in a cylindrical shape, and the slide detection mechanism is disposed in an inner hollow portion of the rotor portion. Compound operation type input device. 請求項1〜10のいずれか1項の記載において、前記ロータ部と前記ステータ部は、いずれか一方が摺動子を有し、いずれか他方が該摺動子と摺接する導電パターンを有することを特徴とする複合操作型入力装置。   11. The rotor according to claim 1, wherein one of the rotor portion and the stator portion has a slider, and the other has a conductive pattern in sliding contact with the slider. A composite operation type input device.
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