JP4712367B2 - Thermal print head - Google Patents

Thermal print head Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4712367B2
JP4712367B2 JP2004358649A JP2004358649A JP4712367B2 JP 4712367 B2 JP4712367 B2 JP 4712367B2 JP 2004358649 A JP2004358649 A JP 2004358649A JP 2004358649 A JP2004358649 A JP 2004358649A JP 4712367 B2 JP4712367 B2 JP 4712367B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
heat generating
pair
width
paired
main scanning
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JP2004358649A
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JP2006159866A (en
Inventor
宏治 西
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ローム株式会社
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/335Structure of thermal heads
    • B41J2/33505Constructional details
    • B41J2/3351Electrode layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/335Structure of thermal heads
    • B41J2/33505Constructional details
    • B41J2/33515Heater layers

Description

  The present invention relates to a thermal print head used as a component of a thermal printer.

  A conventional thermal print head is shown in FIG. 6 (see, for example, Patent Document 1). In the illustrated thermal print head B, a plurality of heat generating portions 92 are formed side by side in the main scanning direction on a substrate 91. One end portions of the plurality of heat generating portions 92 that are paired in the main scanning direction are connected to each other by the intermediate electrode 93, and thus the heat generating portions 92 that are paired with each other are electrically connected in series. Each of the plurality of individual electrodes 94 and 95 is connected to the other end of each heat generating portion 92. When energization is performed between the individual electrodes 94 and 95, a current flows from one of the paired heat generating portions 92 to the other heat generating portion 92 via the intermediate electrode 93, and both the paired heat generating portions 92 generate heat. As a result, one print dot is formed. The demand for higher definition of thermal printers is increasing year by year, and in the thermal print head B, the heat generating portion 92 is miniaturized.

  However, when the heat generating portion 92 is miniaturized, the individual electrodes 94 and 95 and the intermediate electrode 93 also become fine. When the widths of the individual electrodes 94 and 95 and the intermediate electrode 93 are narrowed, these electric resistances are increased, thereby preventing a large current from flowing. If the current supplied to the heat generating portion 92 is not sufficiently large, it is difficult to shorten the time required for the heat generating portion 92 to rise to a temperature suitable for printing. In such a case, there is a case where the request for high-speed printing in the thermal printer cannot be sufficiently satisfied.

Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2003-165239 (FIG. 6)

  The present invention has been conceived under the circumstances described above, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a thermal print head capable of achieving high definition and high speed in printing.

  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention takes the following technical means.

A thermal print head provided by the present invention includes a plurality of heat generating parts formed on a substrate and arranged at intervals in the main scanning direction, and a plurality of electrodes connected to the plurality of heat generating parts,
A thermal print head comprising, each heating unit has a small width in the main scanning direction than the respective electrodes, the plurality of electrodes are arranged across the heat generating portion in the sub-scanning direction, said The plurality of electrodes includes a pair of individual electrodes connected to one side in the sub-scanning direction with respect to the heat generating portion that forms a pair adjacent in the main scanning direction, and the pair of individual electrodes includes the pair. A width changing portion having a width that decreases toward the heat generating portion formed, a heat generating portion that forms the pair, and a width in the main scanning direction that is interposed between the width changing portion and the heat generating portion that forms the pair a narrow portion is, and have a, and the width change part and the narrow portion of the individual electrode to be paired, the main scanning of the sides of both ends in the main scanning direction of the heating unit, to be paired Anything closer to the inside of the direction is sub-scanned The distance between the width change parts of the individual electrodes forming the pair and the distance between the narrow parts of the individual electrodes forming the pair are the distance between the heat generating parts forming the pair. It is characterized by the same der Rukoto with.

According to such a configuration, the electrode can be made wide and low in resistance while miniaturizing the heat generating portion. For this reason, in addition to shortening the time required for the heat generating portion to rise to a temperature suitable for printing due to the downsizing of the heat generating portion itself, the power supply to the heat generating portion is increased in current. Thus, it is possible to further shorten the heating time. Therefore, it is possible to increase the printing speed while increasing the printing definition. In addition, the wider the electrode is, the more the occurrence of problems such as disconnection of the electrode can be suppressed. Further, when current flows from the electrode to the heat generating portion, the width of the electrode gradually decreases in the width changing portion, so that the current flowing direction is locally unjustly disturbed. Can be suppressed. Therefore, in each of the heat generating portions, it is possible to prevent the heat distribution from becoming non-uniform, and to prevent the printed dots from becoming faint or distorted. Moreover, according to such a structure, it is possible to arrange | position the said several heat-emitting part near the one end of the said board | substrate. Therefore, it is suitable for pressing the plurality of heat generating portions against the thermal paper or thermal ribbon to be printed with a high pressure, which is advantageous for making the printing clearer and faster. In addition, according to such a configuration, it is suitable for bringing the pair of heat generating parts close to each other, and when the pair of heat generating parts are energized, both of them generate heat and can be raised in temperature. . Therefore, it is possible to shorten the time required for the pair of heat generating portions to rise to a temperature suitable for printing, which is advantageous when speeding up printing.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the plurality of electrodes further include an intermediate electrode connected to the other side in the sub-scanning direction with respect to the pair of heat generating portions, and the intermediate electrode has a U-shape. The pair of heat generating parts are electrically connected to each other, and the width changing part forming a pair whose width becomes smaller toward the heat generating part forming the pair, the width changing part forming the pair, and the pair main scanning direction width with are interposed between the heat-generating portion forming the can that having a, a narrow portion forming the same in which pair the heating unit to be paired.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, among the both ends in the main scanning direction of the width changing portion forming the pair of the intermediate electrodes and the narrow width portion forming the pair, those located closer to the inner side in the main scanning direction extends in the same direction as the scanning direction, the interval of the width varying portions to each other to be paired of the intermediate electrodes, and the spacing of the narrow portion to be paired of the intermediate electrodes, the heat generating portion to each other to be paired Ru same der and spacing.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, out of both ends in the main scanning direction of the width changing portion of the pair of individual electrodes and the width changing portion of the pair of the intermediate electrodes closer to the outside in the main scanning direction. those in the you are inclined with respect to the sub-scanning direction.

  Other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the detailed description given below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be specifically described with reference to the drawings.

  1 and 2 show an example of a thermal print head according to the present invention. The thermal print head A1 includes a substrate 1, a plurality of heat generating portions 2, a plurality of individual electrodes 31, 32, a plurality of intermediate electrodes 33, a glaze layer 4, and a protective layer 5. In FIG. 1, the protective layer 5 is omitted.

  The substrate 1 is a flat plate having a rectangular shape in plan view extending in the main scanning direction X, and is formed of an insulator such as alumina ceramic.

As clearly shown in FIG. 1, the plurality of heat generating portions 2 are arranged at regular intervals in the main scanning direction X, and are formed of, for example, a sputtering film of TaSiO 2 or another metal film. . As will be described later, two of these heat generating portions 2 that are paired so as to be adjacent to each other in the main scanning direction X form one print dot.

  The plurality of individual electrodes 31, 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 are made of a metal such as aluminum or gold having a smaller electric resistance than the heat generating part 2, and are for supplying power to the heat generating part 2. The individual electrodes 31 and 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 are separated from each other in the sub-scanning direction Y so as to sandwich the heat generating portion 2.

  The intermediate electrode 33 is substantially U-shaped in a plan view, is located downstream of the heat generating portion 2 in the sub-scanning direction Y, and is adjacent to each other in the main scanning direction X to form two heat generating portions 2 that make a pair. Are connected to each other by being connected to one end of each other.

  Each of the individual electrodes 31 and 32 has a strip shape extending in the sub-scanning direction Y, is located on the upstream side of the plurality of heat generating units 2 in the sub-scanning direction Y, and is the other end of the two heat generating units 2 that are paired with each other. It is connected to the. The individual electrode 31 is electrically connected to a common wiring (not shown), and the individual electrode 32 is connected to a driving IC (not shown). By the switching operation of the drive IC, energization to each heat generating part 2 and its stop can be switched.

  The individual electrodes 31, 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 are formed with constant width portions 31A, 32A, 33A, narrow width portions 31B, 32B, 33B, and width changing portions 31C, 32C, 33C. The constant width portions 31A, 32A, and 33A have a constant width in the sub-scanning direction Y. In particular, in the individual electrodes 31 and 32, the constant width portions 31A and 32A occupy most of the portions, and the electric resistance of the individual electrodes 31 and 32 is substantially determined by the width of these portions. In the present embodiment, the constant width portions 31 </ b> A, 32 </ b> A, 33 </ b> A are wider than the heat generating portion 2. On the other hand, the narrow width portions 31B, 32B, and 33B are portions connected to the heat generating portion 2 and have the same width as the heat generating portion 2.

  The width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C are sandwiched between the constant width portions 31A, 32A, and 33A and the narrow width portions 31B, 32B, and 33B, and the width decreases toward the heat generating portion 2. The width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C have sides 31Ca, 32Ca, and 33Ca that are closer to the inside of the heat generating portion 2 that are paired with each other, extend in the sub-scanning direction Y, and are closer to the outer side of the heat generating portion 2 that is paired with each other. The sides 31Cb, 32Cb, and 33Cb are inclined with respect to the sub-scanning direction Y.

  As clearly shown in FIG. 2, a glaze layer 4 is formed on the substrate 1. The glaze layer 4 is made of, for example, glass, and is for forming a smooth surface suitable for forming the resistor film 21, the individual electrodes 31 and 32, the intermediate electrode 33, and the like constituting the heat generating portion 2. A resistor film 21 is formed on the glaze layer 4, and a portion of the resistor film 21 that is exposed without being covered by the individual electrodes 31 and 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 is a plurality of heating portions 2. . Such a heat generating portion 2 can be formed, for example, by etching using a photolithography method. These heat generating portions 2 are formed in a portion of the glaze layer 4 that bulges upward, and are arranged so as to be in contact with the thermal paper via the protective layer 5. The protective layer 5 is made of, for example, glass, and is formed so as to cover the plurality of heat generating portions 2, the individual electrodes 31, 32, and the intermediate electrode 33, and is for protecting them. Thus, the thermal print head A1 is configured as a so-called thin film type thermal print head.

  Next, the operation of the thermal print head A1 having the above configuration will be described.

  According to the present embodiment, the constant width portions 31A, 32A, 33A of the individual electrodes 31, 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 can be widened regardless of the width of the heat generating portion 2. First, by reducing the size of the heat generating portion 2 to a small size, the temperature rising rate of the heat generating portion 2 can be increased when the heat generating portion 2 is energized. On the other hand, if the constant width portions 31A, 32A, 33A are wide, it is advantageous to reduce the resistance of the individual electrodes 31, 32 and the intermediate electrode 33, and increase the current for power supply to the heat generating portion 2. be able to. Therefore, it is possible to shorten the time required for the heating unit 2 to raise the temperature to a temperature suitable for printing, and to achieve both high definition and high speed printing. Furthermore, it is possible to reduce the fineness of the individual electrodes 31 and 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 while achieving high-definition printing by reducing the size of the plurality of heat generating portions 2, and problems such as inappropriate disconnection of these electrodes. Can be avoided.

  In addition, since only the sides 31Cb, 32Cb, 33Cb on the outer side are inclined in the width changing portions 31C, 32C, 33C, the heat generating portions 2 that are paired with each other can be brought close to each other. As the distance between the heat generating portions 2 is shorter, it is possible to exert an effect that the heat generating portions 2 rise in temperature due to both heat generation when energized. Therefore, even if the magnitudes of the energized currents are the same, it is possible to shorten the time required to raise the temperature of these heat generating portions 2, which is advantageous for increasing the printing speed.

  Further, since the width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C are provided and the widths of the individual electrodes 31, 32 and the intermediate electrode 33 are gradually changed, the direction of current flow in the width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C is localized. Can be prevented from being unjustly disturbed. For this reason, it is possible to make the direction of the current flowing through the heat generating portion 2 uniform along the sub-scanning direction Y. Therefore, it is possible to avoid uneven distribution of heat generation in the heat generating portion 2 and to prevent the printed dots from becoming faint or distorted.

3 to 5 show a thermal print head as a reference example . In these drawings, the same or similar elements as those in the above embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as those in the above embodiment.

  In the thermal print head A2 shown in FIG. 3, the sides 31Ca, 31Cb, 32Ca, 32Cb, 33Ca, and 33Cb of the width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C are all inclined with respect to the sub-scanning direction Y. , Different from the above embodiment.

  The sides 31Ca, 32Ca, 33Ca and the sides 31Cb, 32Cb, 33Cb of the width changing portions 31C, 32C, 33C are inclined at the same angle on the opposite sides with respect to the sub-scanning direction Y. Thus, the width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C are line symmetric with respect to the center line C of each heat generating portion 2 positioned on the narrow width portions 31B, 32B, and 33B side.

According to this reference example , the heat generating portion 2 and the constant width portions 31A, 32A, and 33A can be arranged on the same line. Furthermore, the heat generating portion 2 and the constant width portions 31A, 32A, and 33A are electrically connected via the width changing portions 31C, 32C, and 33C that are line-symmetric. Accordingly, it is suitable for flowing a current uniformly along the sub-scanning direction Y through the constant width portions 31A, 32A, 33A having a wide width and the heat generating portion 2 having a narrow width. Is suitable for suppressing problems such as local disturbance. Accordingly, it is possible to further prevent the printed dots from becoming faint or distorted by avoiding the heat generation in the heat generating portion 2 from being non-uniform.

Moreover, according to this reference example , the space | interval of the heat generating parts 2 which mutually make a pair can be made comparatively large. If the interval between the heat generating parts 2 is large, it is possible to avoid excessive heating due to the temperature rising due to the heat generation of both when energized. As described in the thermal print head A1 of the above-described embodiment, in order to increase the printing speed, it is desirable to bring the heating portions 2 that are paired with each other close to each other. However, when it is desired to increase the durability of the thermal print head. As in the thermal print head A2 of this reference example , it is possible to improve durability by avoiding that the heat generating portion 2 becomes too hot. Also in this embodiment, the effect of speeding up printing is expected by downsizing each heat generating portion 2.

In the thermal print head A3 shown in FIG. 4, the side 31Ca, 31Cb, the side 32Ca, 32Cb, and the side 33Ca, 33Cb of the width changing portions 31C, 32C, 33C are inclined to the same side. Different from form. According to such a reference example , it is possible to bring the heat generating parts 2 that are paired with each other closer to each other, which is suitable for increasing the printing speed. Further, the individual electrodes 31 and 32 can be relatively separated from each other, and it is possible to avoid problems such as inappropriate conduction.

According to the configuration having the electrode pattern of the folded shape at the intermediate electrode 33 like the above-described thermal print heads A1 to A3, the heat generating part 2 can be arranged near one end of the substrate 1, and the heat generating part 2 Is preferably pressed against thermal paper or the like with a high pressure so that printing is sharpened and speeded up . Thermal printhead A4 shown in Figure 5 is configured to include a common electrode 34 which is a comb-like.

  The thermal print head according to the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment. The specific configuration of each part of the thermal print head according to the present invention can be varied in design in various ways.

  The heat generating portion is not limited to a thin film formed by a so-called thin film forming method such as a sputtering method, and is a thick film formed by a so-called thick film forming method such as a thick film printing method. Also good. The electrode may be a thin film or a thick film.

It is a principal part top view which shows an example of the thermal print head which concerns on this invention. It is principal part sectional drawing in alignment with the II-II line of FIG. It is a fragmentary plan view showing a reference example of service over multi printhead. It is a fragmentary plan view showing another reference example of service over multi printhead. It is a fragmentary plan view showing another reference example of service over multi printhead. It is a principal part top view which shows an example of the conventional thermal print head.

A1, A2, A3, A4 Thermal print head 1 Substrate 2 Heat generating portion 21 Resistor films 31, 32 Individual electrode 33 Intermediate electrodes 31C, 32C, 33C Width changing portions 31Ca, 32Ca, 33Ca Sides 31Cb, 32Cb, 33Cb on the inner side Near side 4 Glaze layer 5 Protective layer

Claims (4)

  1. A plurality of heat generating portions formed on the substrate and arranged at intervals in the main scanning direction;
    A plurality of electrodes connected to the plurality of heat generating parts;
    A thermal print head comprising:
    Each heating part has a smaller width in the main scanning direction than each electrode,
    The plurality of electrodes are arranged across the heat generating portion in the sub-scanning direction,
    The plurality of electrodes includes a pair of individual electrodes connected to one side in the sub-scanning direction with respect to the heat generating portion forming a pair adjacent in the main scanning direction,
    Individual electrodes to be paired in the main scanning direction and the width change part having a width becomes smaller as it goes to the heat generating portion, with interposed between the heating section and the width varying portions to be paired to be paired width has to have a, a narrow portion is the same as the heat generating portion to be paired,
    Of the both ends in the main scanning direction of the width changing portion and the narrow width portion of the paired individual electrodes and the heat generating portion forming the pair, any of them located closer to the inner side in the main scanning direction Extending in the same direction as
    The spacing of the narrow portion to each other of the individual electrodes constituting the width varying portions each other in the spacing of the individual electrodes to be paired, and the pairs, and wherein the same der Rukoto and spacing of the heat generating portion to each other to be paired A thermal print head.
  2. The plurality of electrodes further includes an intermediate electrode connected to the other side in the sub-scanning direction with respect to the pair of heat generating portions,
    The intermediate electrode is formed in a U-shape so that the heat generating parts forming the pair are electrically connected to each other, and a pair of width changing parts having a width that decreases toward the heat generating part forming the pair, a narrow portion of the main scanning direction of the width with are interposed between the heat-generating portion forming the width change part and the pair form a pairs which is identical to the heat generating portion to be paired to form a, that having a, wherein Item 2. The thermal print head according to Item 1.
  3. Of both end sides in the main scanning direction of the narrow portion forming the width change part and the pair that constitute the pair of the intermediate electrode, which is in the main scanning direction inboard extends in the sub-scanning direction and the same direction ,
    The said pair spacing width varying portions to each other forming the intermediate electrode, and the spacing of the narrow portion to be paired of the intermediate electrode, Ru same der and spacing of the heat generating portion to each other to be paired, to claim 2 The thermal print head described.
  4. Of the both ends in the main scanning direction of the pair of width changing portions of the pair of individual electrodes and the pair of width changing portions of the intermediate electrode, those located on the outer side in the main scanning direction you are inclined Te, thermal print head according to claim 3
JP2004358649A 2004-12-10 2004-12-10 Thermal print head Expired - Fee Related JP4712367B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004358649A JP4712367B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2004-12-10 Thermal print head
CN200580042275A CN100575097C (en) 2004-12-10 2005-12-08 Thermal printing head
US11/792,636 US7629990B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2005-12-08 Thermal print head
PCT/JP2005/022530 WO2006062151A1 (en) 2004-12-10 2005-12-08 Thermal print head

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JP2006159866A JP2006159866A (en) 2006-06-22
JP4712367B2 true JP4712367B2 (en) 2011-06-29

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WO (1) WO2006062151A1 (en)

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JP4859662B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2012-01-25 京セラ株式会社 Thermal head and thermal printer equipped with the same
JP5106089B2 (en) * 2007-12-26 2012-12-26 京セラ株式会社 Recording head and recording device having the same
JP5049894B2 (en) * 2008-06-24 2012-10-17 アルプス電気株式会社 Thermal head
JP2011161640A (en) * 2010-02-04 2011-08-25 Toshiba Hokuto Electronics Corp Thermal print head and thermal printer
JP5832743B2 (en) * 2010-12-16 2015-12-16 ローム株式会社 Manufacturing method of thermal print head
JP2012152902A (en) * 2011-01-21 2012-08-16 Canon Inc Liquid discharge head substrate
JP6189714B2 (en) * 2013-10-30 2017-08-30 京セラ株式会社 Thermal head and thermal printer equipped with the same

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JPS62117763A (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-05-29 Victor Co Of Japan Ltd Thermal head and printing method
JPH02283462A (en) * 1988-12-23 1990-11-20 Canon Inc Recording head and thermal recorder using the same recording head
JPH07314755A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-12-05 Rohm Co Ltd Thermal print head
JPH1170658A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-03-16 Canon Inc Recording element unit, ink jet recording element unit, ink jet cartridge, and ink jet recording apparatus
JP2001105644A (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-17 Toshiba Corp Thermal head and thermal transfer printer using the same
JP2001341311A (en) * 2000-05-30 2001-12-11 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Ink jet recording head and ink jet recorder
JP2003165239A (en) * 2001-11-29 2003-06-10 Kyocera Corp Manufacturing method for thermal head

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JPS62117763A (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-05-29 Victor Co Of Japan Ltd Thermal head and printing method
JPH02283462A (en) * 1988-12-23 1990-11-20 Canon Inc Recording head and thermal recorder using the same recording head
JPH07314755A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-12-05 Rohm Co Ltd Thermal print head
JPH1170658A (en) * 1997-06-20 1999-03-16 Canon Inc Recording element unit, ink jet recording element unit, ink jet cartridge, and ink jet recording apparatus
JP2001105644A (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-17 Toshiba Corp Thermal head and thermal transfer printer using the same
JP2001341311A (en) * 2000-05-30 2001-12-11 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Ink jet recording head and ink jet recorder
JP2003165239A (en) * 2001-11-29 2003-06-10 Kyocera Corp Manufacturing method for thermal head

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CN101072685A (en) 2007-11-14
US7629990B2 (en) 2009-12-08
JP2006159866A (en) 2006-06-22
WO2006062151A1 (en) 2006-06-15
US20080100686A1 (en) 2008-05-01
CN100575097C (en) 2009-12-30

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