JP4633128B2 - Manufacturing method of liquid crystal display device - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of liquid crystal display device Download PDF

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JP4633128B2
JP4633128B2 JP2008041758A JP2008041758A JP4633128B2 JP 4633128 B2 JP4633128 B2 JP 4633128B2 JP 2008041758 A JP2008041758 A JP 2008041758A JP 2008041758 A JP2008041758 A JP 2008041758A JP 4633128 B2 JP4633128 B2 JP 4633128B2
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liquid crystal
voltage
substrate
common electrode
bus line
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JP2008123007A (en
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祐治 中畑
雄一 井ノ上
弘康 井上
洋平 仲西
正和 柴崎
一孝 花岡
徹也 藤川
洋二 谷口
謙一 長岡
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シャープ株式会社
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  The present invention relates to a liquid crystal display device such as a television or a display and a manufacturing method thereof, and more particularly to a liquid crystal display device including a liquid crystal material including a photosensitive material and a manufacturing method thereof.

  A liquid crystal display device is a display device in which liquid crystal is sealed between two opposing substrates, and electrical stimulation is used for optical switching by utilizing the electro-optical anisotropy of the liquid crystal. . By utilizing the refractive index anisotropy of the liquid crystal and applying a voltage to the liquid crystal to change the direction of the axis of this refractive index anisotropy, the brightness of the transmitted light of the liquid crystal panel is controlled.

  In such a liquid crystal display device, it is very important to control the arrangement of liquid crystal molecules when no voltage is applied to the liquid crystal. If the initial arrangement is not stable, the direction of the liquid crystal molecules becomes unstable when a voltage is applied to the liquid crystal, and as a result, the refractive index cannot be controlled. Typical methods for controlling the alignment of liquid crystal molecules include a method for controlling the initial formation angle (pretilt angle) between the alignment film and the liquid crystal, and a horizontal electric field formed between the bus line and the pixel electrode. And a method for controlling the above.

  The same can be said for the case of using a liquid crystal material including a photosensitive material. For example, as described in Patent Document 1, the initial alignment state is controlled by sensitizing in a state where a voltage is applied. For the liquid crystal display mode, the voltage application method during the exposure is important. This is because when the voltage is different, a difference is generated in the pretilt angle formed in the initial stage, resulting in a cause part having different transmittance characteristics.

  In the description of the first aspect of the present invention, when driving the liquid crystal, a method called a simple matrix or a method called an active matrix is usually used. Recently, due to a demand for higher definition, A liquid crystal display mode using an active matrix using a thin film transistor (TFT) has become the mainstream. In such a liquid crystal device having a TFT, when light is applied while applying a voltage to the liquid crystal, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. There is a method of irradiating light while applying a desired voltage to the line.

  However, when such a liquid crystal photosensitive method is adopted, as shown in FIG. 3, a line defect portion due to a bus line disconnection or a short circuit occurs, and the liquid crystal is exposed in a state where the liquid crystal cannot be driven. In this case, a different pretilt angle is formed in the case of the line defect portion, and there is a problem that only this portion has different brightness.

  Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 4, in the TFT channel ON state, a TFT threshold value shift occurs due to ultraviolet light exposure, and in this case, a failure occurs in which a region where the TFT can be stably driven is shifted.

  On the other hand, as will be described in relation to the second aspect of the present invention, the active matrix type liquid crystal display is mainly in the TN mode, but has a drawback that the visual characteristics are narrow. Therefore, at present, technologies called MVA mode and IPS mode are adopted for the wide viewing angle liquid crystal panel.

  In the IPS mode, liquid crystal molecules are switched in a horizontal plane by a comb-shaped electrode. However, since the comb-shaped electrode significantly reduces the aperture ratio, a strong backlight is required. In the MVA mode, the liquid crystal molecules are aligned perpendicular to the substrate, and the alignment of the liquid crystal molecules is defined by a protrusion or a slit provided in a transparent electrode (for example, an ITO electrode). Although the substantial aperture ratio due to protrusions and slits in MVA is not as high as that of comb electrodes in IPS, the light transmittance of the liquid crystal panel is lower than that of the TN mode, and therefore, for notebook computers that require low power consumption. Has not been adopted.

  If a fine slit is introduced into the ITO electrode, liquid crystal molecules fall parallel to the fine slit, but there are two directions. If the fine slit is sufficiently long, the liquid crystal molecules far from the structure that defines the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules fall, such as the bank, will randomly fall in two directions at the moment when a voltage is applied. At the boundary between the liquid crystal molecules that have fallen in different directions, the liquid crystal molecules cannot fall in either direction, and a dark portion is generated as shown in FIG. In addition, in the structure in which the liquid crystal molecules are tilted in two directions in order to improve the viewing angle characteristics as shown in FIG. 29, if there are liquid crystal molecules tilted in the opposite directions, the viewing angle characteristics deteriorate.

To explain in relation to the third aspect of the present invention, the N-type liquid crystal is vertically aligned, and the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules when a voltage is applied is divided into several directions using alignment protrusions and electrode slits. In an LCD (MVA-LCD), liquid crystal molecules are almost completely vertically aligned when no voltage is applied, but tilt in various directions when a voltage is applied. The tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules is regulated to be 45 ° with respect to the polarizer absorption axis in all cases, but the liquid crystal molecules as a continuum also tilts in the middle direction. In addition, there is always a region where the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules deviates from a predetermined direction due to the influence of a lateral electric field during driving and the unevenness of the structure. This means that in normally black with a polarizer made of crossed Nicols, a darkened area appears when white is displayed, and the brightness of the screen is lowered. Therefore, a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a thermopolymerizable component is sandwiched between two substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while applying a voltage, thereby tilting liquid crystal molecules during voltage application. Use technology to define direction.

  With this technique, seizure occurs when polymerization is insufficient. This is considered to be because the polymerized polymer lacks rigidity and deforms due to rearrangement of liquid crystal molecules by voltage application. On the other hand, long-time light irradiation or heating is required for sufficient polymerization, and tact during mass production becomes a problem.

  Describing in relation to the fourth aspect of the present invention, in the conventional liquid crystal display device, the TN mode in which horizontally aligned liquid crystal is twisted between the upper and lower substrates is mainstream, but the tilt angle of the liquid crystal depends on the viewing direction, that is, the viewing angle. Therefore, gradation inversion occurs in halftone. In view of this, a technique called MVA mode has been proposed in which vertically aligned liquid crystal is tilted in a symmetric direction to perform viewing angle compensation. In this technique, the orientation of the liquid crystal is defined by forming an alignment control member made of an insulator on the electrode. However, since the liquid crystal molecules are tilted 180 degrees different from each other with the alignment control member as a boundary, dark lines are generated and the transmittance is lowered. In order to secure a sufficient transmittance, it is preferable to reduce the occupation ratio of the orientation control member, that is, to form the orientation control member separately, but this slows the propagation of the slope and slows the response speed.

  In view of this, a technique has been proposed in which a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied to thereby define the tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules. This makes it possible to increase the transmittance while ensuring the response speed.

  However, in a liquid crystal display device that defines the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules by polymerizing the polymerizable component dispersed in the liquid crystal while applying a voltage, when the liquid crystal is injected at a high speed in the initial stage of liquid crystal injection or near the frame The separation of the liquid crystal and the polymerizable component caused by a rapid change in speed causes a problem in that the display after polymerization of the polymerizable component is uneven.

  Referring to the fifth aspect of the present invention, in the conventional liquid crystal display device, the orientation orientation of the vertical orientation panel is conventionally achieved by a TFT substrate having a pixel electrode slit structure and a color filter substrate having an insulating protrusion structure. Therefore, it is necessary to form a dielectric protrusion structure on one of the substrates. Therefore, when manufacturing such a liquid crystal display device, there was a problem that the number of processes increased.

  Further, since a protruding structure is formed in the display pixel, there are disadvantages such as a decrease in aperture ratio and a decrease in transmittance. Therefore, it has been proposed to realize multi-domain without using the protrusions of the dielectric layer by defining the orientation direction of the liquid crystal molecules by the polymerizable component added to the liquid crystal. That is, the liquid crystal to which the polymerizable component is added is injected into the panel, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while applying a voltage, thereby defining the alignment direction of the liquid crystal molecules.

  However, if the polymer composition that defines the orientation orientation does not have a sufficient cross-linked structure, the polymer has flexibility and the restorability becomes weak. With such a polymer, when the voltage is applied to the liquid crystal and the liquid crystal is kept in a tilted state, the pretilt angle of the liquid crystal will not return to the original state even if the voltage application is canceled. End up. That is, the voltage-transmittance characteristic changes, and it appears as a problem such as pattern burn-in.

  In the sixth aspect of the present invention, the liquid crystal having negative dielectric anisotropy is vertically aligned, and the liquid crystal when the voltage is applied without rubbing by utilizing the banks and slits provided on the substrate. The MVA-LCD that controls the orientation direction to several orientations is superior in viewing angle characteristics as compared with the conventional TN type, but has the disadvantage that the white luminance is low and the display is dark. This is mainly because the banks and slits are the division boundaries of the liquid crystal alignment, and this portion appears to be optically dark, resulting in low white display transmittance. In order to improve this, the gap between the banks and slits should be wide enough, but in this case the number of banks and slits that control the liquid crystal alignment is reduced, so it takes time to stabilize the alignment. Response speed becomes slower.

  In order to improve this and obtain a bright and fast-responsive MVA panel, a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized by applying a voltage while polymerizing the polymerizable component. A technique for defining the inclination direction is effective. As the polymerizable component, a monomer material that is polymerized by ultraviolet rays or heat is generally used. However, it has been clarified that this method has several problems related to display unevenness.

That is, this method is rubbing-less, and a slight change in structure and change in the lines of electric force cause the liquid crystal molecules not to be oriented in a desired orientation. For this reason, contact holes outside the display region disturb the alignment of the liquid crystal molecules, and the disturbance affects the alignment of the liquid crystal molecules in the display region to cause abnormal domains, and the alignment may be maintained as it is. . Furthermore, when the structure that disturbs the alignment of the liquid crystal molecules is arranged in the same divided region at the time of alignment division, the abnormal domains generated from each are connected, and the abnormal domain is maintained in a larger region. As a result, the liquid crystal molecules inside and outside the display region are aligned in directions other than the desired orientation, and the polymerizable component is polymerized as it is, causing problems such as a decrease in luminance, a deterioration in response speed, and display unevenness. . FIG. 44 is a plan view of a pixel in the prior art. In such a pixel, there is no contact hole that causes cell thickness fluctuation at the liquid crystal domain boundary, and two contact holes exist in the same alignment division. As a result, an anomalous domain occurs in the form of connecting the contact hole and the contact hole is polymerized, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while maintaining the orientation as it is, resulting in a decrease in display characteristics such as a decrease in luminance, response speed, and display unevenness. It was causing.

  In addition, when a metal electrode such as a source electrode or a Cs intermediate electrode is stretched in a display pixel, a decrease in luminance due to a decrease in aperture ratio becomes a problem. Further, when an electrode having the same potential as that of the pixel electrode is stretched in the display pixel, an abnormal domain due to an undesired electric field line is generated, and in the same manner as described above, luminance reduction, response speed deterioration, and display unevenness occur.

If it demonstrates in relation to the 7th surface of this invention, the liquid crystal composition containing the polymeric component which the present inventors performed is pinched | interposed between board | substrates, and superpose | polymerizes a polymeric component, applying a voltage. When the same pattern is displayed for a certain period of time during the study of the technology for defining the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules, there may be a problem that the portion is burned. This is thought to be due to insufficient polymerization and deformation of the polymer. On the other hand, in order to fully polymerize, light irradiation or heating for a long time is necessary, and tact during mass production becomes a problem.
JP-A-7-120728

  The present invention solves the problems of the prior art as described above, and in the production of a liquid crystal display device by adjusting the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules when exposing a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material, the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules It is an object of the present invention to provide a method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device that can be made substantially constant and can be driven stably, and a liquid crystal display device obtained thereby.

  In the first aspect of the present invention, in order to solve the above-described problems, a method based on a concept that can be roughly classified into three as follows is proposed.

  1. The liquid crystal is driven using the electric capacity by applying an alternating current to avoid the influence of wiring defects.

  2. The potentials of wirings and electrodes on the second substrate are aligned to avoid the influence of wiring defects.

  3. The influence of wiring defects is avoided while shielding the TFT channel portion.

That is, in the first aspect of the present invention, based on the first concept,
(1) A common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate is formed on the first substrate,
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
A liquid crystal display device manufacturing method, wherein an alternating voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying an alternating voltage to the common electrode and the Cs bus line, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light. Provide a method.

The present invention is based on the second concept.
(2) forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
Insulating or connecting with high resistance between the common electrode and the three bus lines,
A DC voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying a DC voltage between the common electrode and three bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, and Cs bus line) on the second substrate. And (3) forming a common electrode for applying a voltage to the entire surface of the first substrate, and irradiating the liquid crystal layer with light.
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a repair line crossing at least one of the line and the data bus line or the gate bus line;
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
By applying a DC voltage between the common electrode and four bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, Cs bus line, and repair line) on the second substrate, the common electrode and the pixel electrode are connected. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein a direct current voltage is applied to the liquid crystal layer and light is applied to the liquid crystal layer, or (4) a common electrode for applying a voltage to the entire surface of the first substrate. Forming,
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
The common electrode and four bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, and Cs bus line) on the second substrate are connected with high resistance, and between at least one bus line and the common electrode. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device is provided, in which a direct current voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode to apply light to the liquid crystal layer.

Furthermore, the present invention is based on the above third concept.
(5) forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Form a CF resin or light blocking pattern in the channel part of the thin film transistor,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
Each of adjacent data bus lines is electrically connected at both ends, and a transistor ON voltage is applied to the gate bus line, and an AC voltage is applied between the common electrode and the data bus line. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein an alternating voltage is applied between the electrode and the pixel electrode, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light; or (6) a voltage is applied to the entire surface of the first substrate. Forming a common electrode to apply,
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a repair line crossing the data bus line,
Form a CF resin or light blocking pattern in the channel part of the thin film transistor,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
At least one data bus line and at least one repair line are connected by a method such as laser irradiation, and a transistor ON voltage is applied to the gate bus line, and the common electrode, the data bus line, and the repair are applied. A liquid crystal characterized in that an alternating voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying an alternating voltage between the line (the same potential as the data bus line) and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light. A method for manufacturing a display device is provided.
In the second aspect of the present invention,
(7) Filled with a liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy and containing a polymerizable monomer between two substrates provided with a transparent electrode and an alignment control film for vertically aligning liquid crystal molecules To form a liquid crystal layer,
In the method for producing a vertical alignment liquid crystal display device in which a monomer is polymerized while applying a voltage between opposing transparent electrodes, and the liquid crystal molecules have a pretilt angle.
Before polymerizing the monomer, between the opposing transparent electrodes, after applying a constant voltage not less than the threshold voltage and not more than the saturation voltage for a certain period of time, the liquid crystal composition is changed while maintaining the voltage by changing to a predetermined voltage There is provided a method for producing a liquid crystal display device, wherein a monomer is polymerized by irradiating a product with ultraviolet rays or applying heat.

  That is, when polymerizing a polymerizable monomer, a voltage slightly higher than the threshold voltage is applied to wait for the liquid crystal molecules to fall in the forward direction, and then the voltage is increased and the polymerizable monomer is polymerized while maintaining the voltage. To make it happen.

In the third aspect of the present invention,
(8) filling a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable monomer between two substrates provided with a transparent electrode to form a liquid crystal layer;
In the method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, the monomer is polymerized while applying a voltage to the opposing transparent electrode, the liquid crystal molecules have a pretilt angle, and the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of applying the voltage is specified.
There is provided a method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein the light irradiation for polymerization of the polymerizable monomer is performed at least twice.

In the fourth aspect of the present invention,
(9) A liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is photopolymerized or thermally polymerized while applying a voltage, whereby liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application are In the liquid crystal display device in which the tilt direction is defined, a plurality of injection ports for injecting the liquid crystal composition containing the polymerizable component are provided, and the interval between the injection ports is 1 / of the dimension of the side where the injection ports exist. Or (10) a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a thermopolymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while applying a voltage. In the liquid crystal display device in which the inclination direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application is defined, the cell gap of the BM portion of the frame is equal to or less than the cell gap of the display region, or (11) A liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while applying a voltage, thereby defining the tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules during voltage application. In the liquid crystal display device, a main seal or auxiliary seal is formed in the BM portion of the frame to eliminate the cell gap in the frame BM portion, or (12) a photopolymerizable component or thermal polymerization An auxiliary seal is formed in a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal composition containing an ionic component is sandwiched between substrates and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied, thereby defining a tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules when the voltage is applied. Thus, there is provided a liquid crystal display device characterized in that the material in which the concentration distribution of the polymerizable component and the liquid crystal is generated is guided to the BM portion.

In a fifth aspect of the invention,
(13) forming a common electrode and a color filter layer on the first substrate;
The second substrate is composed of an array substrate on which a gate bus line layer, a gate insulating film layer, a drain bus line layer, a protective film layer and a pixel electrode layer are formed,
A fine slit is formed in the pixel electrode layer in a direction in which the slit divides the inside of the pixel into at least two regions,
A vertical alignment film for vertically aligning liquid crystal molecules is formed on the two substrates,
Filling a gap between the two substrates with an n-type liquid crystal composition having negative dielectric anisotropy containing an ultraviolet curable resin having a liquid crystal skeleton to form a liquid crystal layer;
By irradiating the liquid crystal molecules with ultraviolet rays while applying a voltage higher than the threshold value of the liquid crystal molecules, the inclination direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application is defined,
A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, characterized in that two polarizing plates are arranged in crossed Nicols on the upper and lower surfaces of the device such that the absorption axis forms an angle of 45 degrees with the orientation direction of liquid crystal molecules. Provided.

In a sixth aspect of the invention,
(14) In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, the design is 10%. A liquid crystal display device characterized in that the portion where the cell thickness fluctuates is disposed at the liquid crystal domain boundary, or (15) a polymer in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and polymerized by heat or light A liquid crystal display device in which a pretilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a liquid crystal display device, wherein a contact hole for connecting a source electrode and a pixel electrode is provided at a liquid crystal domain boundary portion Or (16) A liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes, and a liquid crystal molecule is pre-polymerized by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light. In a liquid crystal display device in which a tilt angle and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined, a contact hole for connecting a Cs intermediate electrode and a pixel electrode is provided at a liquid crystal domain boundary, or 17) A liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes, a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, and the alignment is divided into two or more. Or (18) a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and is heated or irradiated by light. In the liquid crystal display device in which the pretilt angle of the liquid crystal molecules and the tilt direction at the time of voltage application are defined by the polymer to be polymerized and the alignment is divided into two or more, (19) A liquid crystal display device characterized by not having a plurality of contact holes in one divided region, or (19) A liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes, and a liquid crystal molecule is polymerized by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light. A liquid crystal display device that defines a pretilt angle and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied, wherein the pixel electrode, the source electrode, and the Cs intermediate electrode are connected by one contact hole, or (20) having an electrode In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, a metal electrode is located at a liquid crystal domain boundary in a display pixel. (21) A liquid crystal between a pair of substrates having electrodes In a liquid crystal display device in which the pretilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and the tilt direction when voltage is applied are regulated by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, an electrode having the same potential as the pixel electrode is formed in the slit portion of the pixel electrode in the display pixel. A liquid crystal display device is provided that is not wired.
In the seventh aspect of the present invention,
(22) A liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable monomer is filled between a pair of substrates having electrodes to form a liquid crystal layer, and a predetermined liquid crystal driving voltage is applied between the opposing electrodes while the liquid crystal composition is applied to the liquid crystal composition. In a method for producing a liquid crystal display device comprising polymerizing a monomer by irradiating ultraviolet rays, after applying the monomer, without applying a liquid crystal driving voltage or applying a voltage that does not substantially drive the liquid crystal, A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device is provided, wherein the liquid crystal composition is subjected to additional ultraviolet irradiation.

  In the first aspect of the present invention, the following method is exemplified as a specific form of the method.

  1) The method according to (1) above, wherein the common electrode and the Cs bus line are insulated or connected with high resistance at the time when the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.

  2) The method according to (1), wherein the common electrode and the Cs bus line are electrically connected after the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.

  3) The method of (1) above, wherein the transistor OFF voltage is applied to the gate bus line.

  4) In the initial stage, the liquid crystal layer is vertically aligned, and light is applied to the liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material while applying voltage, so that the average angle of the liquid crystal with respect to the alignment film is less than 90 ° polar angle. The method of (1) above.

  5) The method according to (1) above, wherein the AC frequency when the AC voltage is applied is set to 1 to 1000 Hz.

  6) The method of (2) above, wherein each of adjacent gate bus lines or data bus lines is electrically connected at both ends thereof.

  7) The method according to (2) above, wherein the liquid crystal layer is electrically connected between the common electrode and the Cs bus line after being irradiated with light.

  8) In the initial stage, the liquid crystal layer is vertically aligned, and light is applied to the liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material while applying voltage, so that the average angle of the liquid crystal with respect to the alignment film is less than 90 ° polar angle. The method of (2) above.

  Usually, a TFT liquid crystal panel has electrical coupling as shown in FIG. At this time, the two electrodes of the common electrode and the pixel electrode hold a material such as a liquid crystal or an alignment film in the gap, thereby forming an electric capacitance Clc. The Cs bus line in the figure forms a capacitance Cs between the pixel electrode and controls the amount of charge written to the pixel electrode and the amount of voltage fluctuation.

  Usually, charge is written to the pixel electrode through a thin film transistor (TFT), whereby a gate bus line serving as a write switch and a data bus line for writing a voltage to the pixel electrode sandwich the pixel electrode. In the form of a matrix.

As fatal pattern defects (wiring defects) that occur in TFT liquid crystal panels,
a. Disconnection of gate bus line b. Disconnection of data bus line c. Disconnection of Cs bus line d. Same layer short circuit between gate bus line and Cs bus line e. Inter-layer short between gate bus line and data bus line f. There is an interlayer short circuit between the Cs bus line and the data bus line, which causes a decrease in yield. Although redundant design is performed for these defects, the repair work is frequently performed not only immediately after pattern formation but also in a cell state after filling with liquid crystal. At this time, since the above-mentioned a, c, d are defects of the first layer formed on the substrate, rework is easy, and they are not normally subjected to rework after cell formation. In particular, for c, since the Cs bus line is a common electrode, pattern redundancy can be easily achieved by bundling both sides of the LCD panel as shown in FIG. 6, and the electrical conductivity of the film can be reduced. If it is above a certain level, it can be avoided. However, b, e, and f are often to be reworked after being made into cells, and when the liquid crystal is irradiated with light, normal driving cannot be performed by writing from the data bus line.

  Therefore, in the present invention, in the method based on the first concept, when a voltage is applied to the liquid crystal, a voltage is not applied from the data bus line but is applied between two common electrodes. The writing is performed by. This makes it possible to ignore to some extent the problems that occur when writing from the data bus line as described above.

This is because the pixel electrode is handled as a floating layer, and is not affected by defects such as b and e. This is because by applying an AC voltage between the common electrode and the Cs bus line, a circuit for applying an AC voltage to both ends of the series connection in which the pixel potential is approximately Clc and Cs is formed, and the respective impedances are Zlc, This is because the applied voltage to the liquid crystal part is given by Zc. The applied voltage to the liquid crystal part = Zlc / (Zlc + Zc) × AC voltage.

  At this time, if the voltage of the gate bus line is floating, the TFT is almost in an OFF state, and avoidance of threshold shift, which is another object of the present invention, is automatically performed. At this time, it is actually possible to positively apply an OFF voltage to the gate bus line. In this case, the capacitance Cgc formed by the gate bus line and the common electrode, or the gate bus line and the pixel electrode are formed. Capacitance Cgs formed by this affects the value of the voltage applied to the liquid crystal portion.

  In the method based on the second concept of the present invention, the above-described defects b, e, and f are avoided by applying a DC voltage and aligning the potentials of the wiring and electrodes on the second substrate defined in the present invention. Propose to do.

  The defects e and f can realize a state in which the short circuit is not visible at all if the voltages of the data bus line, the Cs bus line, and the gate bus line are all the same. Of course, this is intended to be realized only during photosensitivity. For example, if a DC voltage of 0V, 5V is applied to the common electrode, the data bus line, the Cs bus line, and the gate bus line, 5V is applied to the pixel electrode as a result. This is because the data bus line and the pixel electrode are connected by the TFT, but after a sufficient amount of time has passed, the charge gradually flows into the pixel electrode, resulting in 5V. That is, the common electrode (0V) -pixel electrode (5V) state is realized, and a voltage can be applied to the liquid crystal. Usually, since the liquid crystal used in the TFT has a high resistance, the movement of ions in the liquid crystal layer can be almost ignored.

  According to this concept, a means for avoiding defects of b can be obtained. That is, as shown in FIG. 6, normally, in the case of a TFT panel, an ESD circuit (electrostatic countermeasure circuit) is often formed in order to avoid a failure due to static electricity. It can be said that each bus line is connected with a high resistance. As in the case of FIG. 6, even if the data bus line is disconnected, if there is an input path for some voltage on the opposite side, even if the connection state is high resistance, A desired voltage application can be realized.

  The method based on the third concept of the present invention aims to irradiate the liquid crystal while avoiding the wiring defect while directly preventing the irradiation of the ultraviolet light to the channel portion of the TFT. In this case, normal driving is possible when applying a voltage to the liquid crystal. However, here, for the purpose of avoiding the influence of line defects, it is proposed to apply a voltage from both sides to the bus line. This makes it possible to avoid the influence of b defects.

  Recently, with the advance of inspection technology, it is possible to detect defect coordinates with high accuracy before cell formation. As long as the defect coordinates can be confirmed, it is possible to convert the defects of type e and f into defects of type b by the process shown in FIG. Further, if this repair process can be performed at a stage before irradiating the liquid crystal with light, the effect of line defects can be avoided by using it together with the method proposed here.

  The method of the present invention can also be applied to the following cases.

One is a case of application to a TFT design called a Cs on gate, as shown in FIG. In this case, although the Cs bus line does not exist, the method of the present invention based on the second and third concepts described above can be similarly applied. Also in the method of the present invention based on the first concept, if the capacitances of the pixel electrodes as the gate bus lines are Cgs1 and Cgs2, respectively, the impedance is Zgs (= 1 / jω (Cgs1 + Cgs2)), and the liquid crystal portion This is because it is expected that the voltage applied to is substantially determined by the voltage applied to the liquid crystal portion = Zlc / (Zlc + Zgs) × AC voltage.

  The second is a manufacturing process of a liquid crystal display device in which a uniform DC voltage is applied to the liquid crystal during the manufacturing process. For example, when determining the initial alignment state of the ferroelectric liquid crystal, it may be required to apply a DC voltage uniformly across the entire surface. However, as in the method of the present invention, the line defect portion is regarded as a problem. It is expected that

  The third is when the IPS mode and the photosensitive material are combined. In the case of IPS, the direction of forming an electric field during exposure is assumed not only between the upper and lower substrates but also between the comb electrodes. In such a case, the method of the present invention stipulates that the common electrode is on the first substrate, but it is also possible to cope with voltage application assuming the common electrode on the second substrate and the pixel electrode. Can do it.

  In the liquid crystal display device manufactured by the method of the present invention, the distance between the first substrate and the second substrate is generally set by a structure that supports them or plastic beads as shown in FIG. The gap support member holds the liquid crystal material in a predetermined size, and the liquid crystal material held between them is hermetically sealed in the gap between the two substrates by fixing the periphery with an adhesive layer. ing.

  In the second aspect of the present invention, the following method is exemplified as a specific form of the method.

  1) Between a pair of transparent electrodes, after applying a constant voltage not lower than the threshold voltage and not higher than the threshold value +1 V for 10 seconds or more, change the voltage by applying a voltage higher than the voltage applied during white display, and change the voltage. The method of (7) above, wherein the monomer is polymerized by irradiating the liquid crystal composition with ultraviolet rays or applying heat while maintaining.

  2) The method according to (7) above, wherein the transparent electrode on at least one substrate has a fine slit structure of 0.5 to 5 microns.

  3) The method according to (7) above, wherein the fine slit structure comprises fine ITO slits formed in the vertical direction.

  4) The method according to (7) above, wherein the fine ITO slit is approximately half the length of the pixel electrode in the vertical direction.

  5) The method according to (7) above, wherein the fine slit structure comprises fine ITO slits formed in the lateral direction.

  6) The method according to (7) above, wherein the fine ITO slit has a length substantially equal to the horizontal length of the pixel electrode.

  7) The method according to (7) above, wherein at least one of the substrates has a protrusion having a height of 0.1 to 5 microns protruding into a gap between the substrates.

  In the current MVA, the light transmittance is low because the banks and the ITO slits are arranged in a complicated manner so that the liquid crystal molecules are tilted in four directions when a voltage is applied in order to widen the viewing angle. To simplify this, a structure as shown in FIGS. 30 and 31 was considered in which the liquid crystal molecules tilted in two directions when a voltage was applied. In MVA, the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules are tilted is defined in order from the liquid crystal molecules near the bank and the slit by the electric field created by the bank and the ITO slit. As shown in FIGS. 30 and 31, when the gap between the bank and the ITO slit is very wide, it takes time to propagate the tilt of the liquid crystal molecules, so that the panel response is very slow when a voltage is applied.

  Therefore, a technique has been introduced in which a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable monomer is injected, the monomer is polymerized with a voltage applied, and the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules fall is stored.

  Further, since the liquid crystal molecules are tilted in a direction different from the intended direction by 90 ° due to the electric field generated at the pixel electrode end in the vicinity of the data bus line, a large dark portion is generated in the pixel as in the pixel microscope observation view shown in FIG. End up. Therefore, it was decided to provide a fine slit in the ITO pixel electrode on the substrate side where the TFT is provided to define the orientation by an electric field. If the ITO pixel electrode is provided with a fine slit, the liquid crystal molecules fall parallel to the fine slit. In addition, since the direction of all liquid crystal molecules is determined by the electric field, the influence of the electric field generated at the pixel end can be minimized.

  When a high voltage is applied suddenly, the liquid crystal molecules are greatly tilted by electrostatic energy. Since the liquid crystal molecules that have fallen in the direction opposite to the direction in which they originally fall are unstable in energy, they try to tilt in the forward direction. In the process of re-tilting, in order to counter electrostatic energy, a large elastic energy is required to return to the forward direction. Therefore, if the electrostatic energy is not overcome, the liquid crystal molecules are tilted in the opposite direction and metastable. However, if a voltage slightly higher than the threshold is applied, even if the liquid crystal molecules are tilted in the reverse direction, the electrostatic energy can be overcome with a small elastic energy and returned to the forward direction. Once the liquid crystal molecules fall in the forward direction, they will not fall in the reverse direction even if the voltage is increased. If the monomer is polymerized in a state of being tilted in the forward direction, the alignment state in the forward direction is memorized, and the liquid crystal molecules are not tilted in the reverse direction when a voltage is applied next time.

  Therefore, if the alignment is adjusted at a voltage slightly higher than the threshold voltage and then raised to a predetermined voltage, and the polymerizable monomer is polymerized in that state, a good alignment can be obtained.

  If the fine ITO slit width is too thin, it may be cut, and if it is too thick, the liquid crystal molecules will not fall in the direction parallel to the slit. If the fine slit is too narrow, the fine ITO may be short-circuited, and if it is too wide, the liquid crystal molecules will not fall in the direction parallel to the slit. Therefore, it is preferable to set the width of the fine slit and the fine electrode to 0.5 to 5 microns.

  In the third aspect of the present invention, the following method is exemplified as a specific form of the method.

  1) The method according to (8), wherein at least one of the plurality of light irradiations is performed in a state where a voltage is applied to the liquid crystal layer.

  2) The method according to (8), wherein the light irradiation is performed a plurality of times without applying a voltage either before or after the light irradiation performed by applying the voltage.

  3) The method according to (8), wherein the plurality of times of light irradiation are performed with a plurality of different light intensities.

4) The method according to (8), wherein the light irradiation performed by applying the voltage is performed at a light intensity of 50 mW / cm 2 or more.

5) The method according to (8) above, wherein the light irradiation performed without applying the voltage is performed with a light intensity of 50 mW / cm 2 or less.

  6) The method according to (8), wherein the liquid crystal is an N-type liquid crystal, and the liquid crystal molecules are aligned substantially vertically without applying a voltage.

  7) The method according to (8), wherein the liquid crystal display device is an active matrix LCD in which a TFT array as a switching element is formed on one of two substrates.

  8) The method according to (8) above, wherein the polymerizable monomer is a liquid crystalline or non-liquid crystalline monomer and is polymerized by ultraviolet irradiation.

  9) The method according to (8) above, wherein the polymerizable monomer is a bifunctional acrylate or a mixture of a bifunctional acrylate and a monofunctional acrylate.

In order to suppress the seizure of the polymer, it is preferable that no monomer remains and all the monomers are polymerized. It has been experimentally found that it is preferable to perform polymerization for a long time at a low UV intensity, because a monomer that does not react with time is left in a short period of polymerization with insufficient UV irradiation or high UV intensity. However, if the irradiation amount is increased so that no unreacted monomer remains, this causes a problem that the contrast is lowered. This is a problem that occurs because the voltage is continuously applied during the UV irradiation. Therefore, in the present invention, the UV irradiation at the time of polymerization is divided into a plurality of times. By performing each irradiation step in a state where a voltage is applied and a state where a voltage is not applied, the pretilt of the liquid crystal molecules is not lowered excessively and the residual monomer can be eliminated. Further, the UV irradiation intensity should be varied each time. For example, after the pre-stage irradiation with low UV intensity, high-intensity UV irradiation is performed with a voltage applied, and then post-irradiation is performed with low intensity UV. Irradiation without voltage application can process multiple sheets at once, so the increase in irradiation time is not a problem. Therefore, the irradiation time during voltage application, which is the rate-determining step, is shortened by using high-intensity UV. can do.

  In the method of the present invention, the pretilt decreases with UV irradiation when a voltage is applied, and the pretilt does not change with UV irradiation when no voltage is applied. Therefore, if the UV irradiation is performed in a plurality of times, the time of UV irradiation performed by applying a voltage is shortened, and the time of UV irradiation when no voltage is applied is increased, the pretilt angle does not become too large. A state in which the monomer sufficiently reacts and does not remain is obtained. Alternatively, the residual monomer can be further reduced by performing preliminary irradiation as a pre-stage of UV irradiation with voltage application and slightly promoting the monomer reaction in advance.

  Here, the effect of performing UV irradiation at intervals will be described. In the case of a TFT-LCD, an unirradiated part is generated due to the presence of a light shielding part regardless of whether UV is applied from the TFT side or the CF side. Then, the unreacted monomer in this portion oozes out to the display portion with time and causes seizure. However, by providing a certain time interval between the irradiations as described above, the unreacted monomer oozes out to the display portion each time and is irradiated with UV, so the monomer in the light shielding portion is finally It is thought that most of them react, and as a result, an LCD with less image sticking is obtained.

  That is, according to the present invention, a polymer-stabilized MVA-LCD having high contrast and no burn-in can be obtained, and the polymerization process time can be shortened compared to the conventional method.

  In the 4th surface of this invention, the following apparatus is illustrated as a specific form of the apparatus.

  1) The apparatus according to (9), wherein a distance between the inlet and the display end is 2/5 or less of a dimension of the side where the inlet exists.

  2) The apparatus according to (10), wherein a distance between a region having a cell gap equal to or smaller than the cell gap of the display region and a cell forming seal is 0.5 mm or less.

  3) The device according to any one of the above (9) to (12), wherein the liquid crystal composition contains a non-liquid crystal component, or a liquid crystal composition containing a component having a molecular weight and surface energy different from that of the liquid crystal component.

  In the apparatus (9) of the present invention, in order to reduce display unevenness after polymerization of the polymerizable component due to separation of the liquid crystal and the polymerizable component, the liquid crystal composition is sufficient at the initial stage of injection of the liquid crystal composition. The number and position of the injection ports should be optimized so that there is no formation of an abnormal concentration portion of the polymerizable component and the liquid crystal and the local speed increase does not occur during the injection process. This is possible.

  In addition, in the apparatuses (10) and (11) of the present invention, in order to reduce display unevenness after polymerization of the polymerizable component due to separation of the liquid crystal and the polymerizable component, the polymerizable property may be reduced at the initial stage of liquid crystal injection. It is necessary to suppress the agglomeration of the abnormal part due to the abnormal density part of the component and the liquid crystal and the wraparound from the frame to the display part, and the separation of the liquid crystal and the polymerizable component due to the increase in the speed at the frame. Therefore, display unevenness can be reduced by setting the cell thickness of the frame to be equal to or less than the display area, setting the distance between the frame edge and the seal to a certain value, and filling the frame portion with the auxiliary seal.

  Further, in the apparatus of (12) of the present invention, display unevenness is generated by guiding the portion where the concentration of the polymerizable component and the liquid crystal becomes abnormal outside the display area before polymerization of the polymerizable component. It is possible not to let it.

In the liquid crystal display device of the present invention, in the liquid crystal display device in which the polymerizable component dispersed in the liquid crystal is subjected to photopolymerization or thermal polymerization while applying voltage, the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application is defined. Since display unevenness does not occur in the vicinity of the side where the injection port for the composition exists, a liquid crystal display device with high display quality can be provided.
In the fifth aspect of the present invention, the following method is exemplified as a specific form of the method.

  1) The method according to (13) above, wherein the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates is irradiated with ultraviolet rays in two or more stages by ultraviolet rays having different light intensities.

  2) A step of irradiating the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates with ultraviolet rays while applying a voltage higher than the threshold value of the liquid crystal molecules to the liquid crystal molecules, and without applying voltage to the liquid crystal molecules. The method according to the above (13), which is performed by dividing the irradiation into two stages.

  3) The method according to (13) above, wherein the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates is irradiated with ultraviolet rays in two steps while applying different voltages to the liquid crystal molecules.

  4) In order to polymerize an ultraviolet polymerizable component in a liquid crystal composition injected between two substrates, a plurality of ultraviolet irradiation units having different light intensities are used, and ultraviolet irradiation is performed in two or more stages. Method (13).

  5) The method of (13), wherein the liquid crystal molecules injected between the two substrates are irradiated with ultraviolet rays from the array substrate side.

  6) The second substrate is composed of an array substrate on which a color filter layer is formed, a common electrode is formed on the first substrate, and ultraviolet irradiation is performed on liquid crystal molecules injected between the two substrates. The method of (13), which is performed from the first substrate side.

  According to the present invention, the polymer material for regulating the tilt angle and azimuth angle of the liquid crystal molecules can take a structure that moderately regulates the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules relative to the liquid crystal molecules.

  For example, when light is sufficiently irradiated with a voltage applied, a hard cross-linked structure is formed. However, it takes too much processing time, and in mass production, the cost increases in terms of an increase in the number of devices and a decrease in processing capacity. .

  As described above, according to the present invention, the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules is regulated by the polymer with a wide viewing angle by the highly reliable four domains, high contrast by vertical alignment, and no seizure. A liquid crystal display device capable of high-speed response can be obtained.

  In the sixth aspect of the present invention, the following apparatus is exemplified as a specific form of the apparatus.

  1) Any of the above (14) to (21), wherein a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a substrate on which a color filter layer composed of red, blue and green is formed on a TFT substrate and a substrate on which a common electrode is formed. Equipment.

  In the apparatuses (14) to (16) of the present invention, in order to prevent the occurrence of abnormal domains of liquid crystals and to align them in a desired orientation, the cell thickness variation that is the starting point of the abnormal domains is made to have a desired orientation. It is essential to place it at the domain boundary. As a result, it is possible to improve luminance reduction, response speed degradation, and display unevenness due to abnormal domains.

  In the devices (17) and (18) of the present invention, even when a liquid crystal domain is generated, it is necessary to minimize the area. For this purpose, it is necessary not to have a structure serving as a starting point of a plurality of abnormal domains in divided regions having the same orientation. As a result, it is possible to improve luminance reduction, response speed degradation, and display unevenness due to abnormal domains.

  Further, in the apparatus (19) of the present invention, by using one contact hole as the starting point of the abnormal domain, it is possible to reduce the abnormal domain and improve the aperture ratio.

  In the device (20) of the present invention, in order to prevent a decrease in the aperture ratio due to the metal electrode in the display pixel, the metal electrode is wired along a region that becomes a dark line even when a voltage is applied in the display pixel. Becomes effective.

  Furthermore, in the device of the above (21) of the present invention, in order to prevent the occurrence of abnormal liquid crystal domains and align them in a desired orientation, it is essential not to wire electrodes having the same potential as the pixel electrodes to the pixel electrode slits. It becomes. Thereby, the occurrence of abnormal domains due to the electric field from the electrode having the same potential as the pixel electrode can be prevented, and the reduction in luminance, response speed, and display unevenness can be improved.

  As described above, according to the present invention, in the liquid crystal display device in which the photopolymerizable component dispersed in the liquid crystal is subjected to photopolymerization while applying a voltage, the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application is defined. It is possible to prevent the occurrence of abnormal domains and to orient the film in a desired direction, to reduce the luminance, the response speed, and the display unevenness, thereby obtaining a liquid crystal display device with high display quality.

In the seventh aspect of the present invention, the following method is exemplified as a specific form of the method.
1) The method according to (22) above, wherein in the additional ultraviolet irradiation, an ultraviolet ray having a wavelength different from that of the ultraviolet ray used for the polymerization treatment of the monomer before the additional ultraviolet irradiation is used.
2) The method according to (22) above, wherein the ultraviolet ray irradiated in the additional ultraviolet ray irradiation has a maximum energy peak at 310 to 380 nm in its spectrum.
3) The method according to (22) above, wherein the ultraviolet ray irradiated in the additional ultraviolet ray irradiation has a maximum energy peak at 350 to 380 nm in its spectrum.
4) The method according to (22) above, wherein the ultraviolet light irradiated in the additional ultraviolet irradiation has a maximum energy peak at 310 to 340 nm in its spectrum.
5) The method according to (22) above, wherein the irradiation time is 10 minutes or more in the additional ultraviolet irradiation.
6) The method according to (22), wherein the substrate surface is in a vertical alignment mode in which the vertical alignment treatment is performed, and the liquid crystal in the non-display portion is also substantially vertically aligned.

In the method of the present invention, after the polymerization process for regulating the orientation is performed, additional irradiation with ultraviolet rays is performed as a subsequent process for reacting the remaining monomer. During the additional irradiation, the liquid crystal composition is irradiated with only ultraviolet light without driving the liquid crystal panel. This irradiation is preferably performed for a long time using an ultraviolet light that efficiently emits only ultraviolet light having a wavelength necessary for polymerization (not having a visible light region or the like) and is not so strong. Although the irradiation time depends on the intensity of ultraviolet rays, it is generally preferable to be 10 minutes to 24 hours. In this method, since the irradiation light has almost no light region having a wavelength longer than that of the ultraviolet light, there is no temperature rise due to the irradiation, and it is possible to apply light having an effective wavelength to a certain extent. As a result, the remaining monomer can be polymerized without increasing the temperature, and a panel with very little image sticking can be obtained. In addition, since this additional ultraviolet irradiation does not require panel driving and a simple device is sufficient, it is possible to install a large number of devices for irradiation, and even when long-time irradiation is required, a large number of panels can be installed. Since they can be processed simultaneously, the entire panel manufacturing process is not delayed and productivity is not reduced.

  Examples according to the first aspect of the present invention will be further described below.

Example 1
As shown in FIG. 9, gate bus lines and data bus lines are arranged in a matrix on the first substrate side, and each line is bundled on one side. A TFT is disposed at a cross portion between the bus lines, and a pixel electrode is formed through the TFT. On the second substrate on the opposite side, a common electrode that forms an electric capacity with each of the above-described pixel electrodes is formed, and a pad for applying a voltage to the common electrode is taken out to the lower left.

  In addition, the pixel electrode forms a layer called a Cs bus line and an auxiliary capacitor Cs in the first substrate. It can be said that the Cs bus line is another common electrode. The Cs bus line is taken out as a pad (Cs) at the upper right.

  The cross section of the liquid crystal panel thus configured is as shown in FIG. 2, where the first substrate corresponds to the lower substrate, and the second substrate corresponds to the substrate on which the color filter is formed. .

  An alignment film for determining the initial alignment state of the liquid crystal (the state before irradiating the liquid crystal with light) is formed on the surface of each substrate. Here, a polyimide alignment film exhibiting vertical alignment is used. .

  As the liquid crystal, a negative liquid crystal material having a dielectric anisotropy Δε of −3 to −5 and a mixture of a liquid crystal acrylate material showing photosensitivity in a small amount (0.1 to 1.0%) is used. It was.

For a liquid crystal panel having such a configuration, when 0 V is applied to a common electrode pad (C) with an AC voltage (square wave) pad (Cs) of ± 20 V, as described above, the voltage applied to the liquid crystal portion is as follows. Given that Zlc / (Zlc + Zc) × AC voltage, where the liquid crystal capacitance Clc = 250 fF and the auxiliary capacitance Cs = 250 fF, it can be calculated that a voltage of about ± 10 V is applied to the liquid crystal portion. When the liquid crystal panel is irradiated with UV in this state, the liquid crystal acrylate material is polymerized by tilting in the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules are tilted.

When the voltage application after the exposure is released, a state where the initial alignment is slightly inclined from the vertical alignment state can be realized. The display characteristics of the panel thus obtained are as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, which are influenced by the applied voltage during polymerization of the liquid crystalline acrylate, and have a white luminance of 320 cd / d upon application of an alternating voltage (square wave) of ± 20V. It can be seen that a panel with m 2 and black luminance of 0.53 cd / m 2 (backlight 5000 cd / m 2 ) can be obtained.

Example 2
Instead of the configuration of Example 1 shown in FIG. 9, as shown in FIG. 12, the common electrode and the Cs bus line are completely insulated (usually by conductive particles or silver paste). Shorted). As a result, the dullness of the applied AC voltage can be reduced, and thus it is desirable that the common electrode and the Cs bus line are completely insulated in this way.

  In particular, the resistance per Cs bus line is often on the order of several kΩ, and the applied voltage decreases depending on the magnitude of the leak.

Example 3
As described above, it is desirable that the common electrode and the Cs bus line are electrically insulated when a voltage is applied when light is applied to the liquid crystal. However, in this method, it is necessary to form a pattern different from the voltage supply to the Cs bus line for the common electrode that needs to be supplied with current from all sides.

  Therefore, as in this example, if it is considered that the common electrode and the Cs bus line are short-circuited after light irradiation, current supply from four directions can be easily realized.

  That is, as shown in FIG. 13, there is a method in which a portion to be short-circuited with a laser is provided in advance in the structure of the panel. For this purpose, generally, conduction between the upper and lower substrates is performed using a silver paste or a conductive spacer.

  On the other hand, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 14, the connection at the terminal portion is performed. Here, an example is shown in which the connection between the common electrode and the Cs bus line is performed outside the panel.

Example 4
For a liquid crystal panel having the configuration shown in FIG. 15 similar to that described in the first embodiment, an AC voltage (square wave) of ± 8 V is applied to the common electrode pad (C), and the pad (Cs) is applied. 0V is applied, and further -5V is applied to the gate bus line.

As described above, the voltage applied to the liquid crystal portion is given by Zlc / (Zlc + Zc) × AC voltage.

  Further, since a voltage is applied to the gate bus line, a current flowing from the transistor to the data bus line can be suppressed.

  Further, when the liquid crystal panel is exposed to UV in the same manner as in Example 1, the liquid crystal acrylate material is polymerized by dragging the liquid crystal molecules in the tilted direction.

Example 5
In the above-described embodiment, the case where a liquid crystal acrylate material is blended in a liquid crystal is described. However, the methods described in these examples can be applied to those containing a photosensitive material such as a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal display panel and to ferroelectric panels that require alignment treatment.

Example 6
In the method of the first embodiment, when the frequency when the AC voltage is applied is increased, the resistance of the Cs bus line is high, and writing is insufficient. On the other hand, when the frequency is lowered, voltage leakage occurs in a portion connected with a high resistance, and it becomes impossible to write a uniform voltage on the entire display surface of the panel. Here, the relationship between the frequency and the luminance was measured by varying the AC voltage in consideration of the fact that the wiring resistance varies depending on the material and the like. The results are shown in FIG. Therefore, the AC frequency when the AC voltage is applied is preferably about 1 Hz to 1 kHz.

Example 7
In this example, wiring defects on the second substrate are made uniform by applying a DC voltage with the potentials of the wirings and electrodes aligned.

In this example, as shown in FIG. 17, a DC voltage is applied between the common electrode and three bus lines. Here, 10 V is applied to the common electrode, and 0 V is applied to the three bus lines. Then, since the voltage actually applied to the liquid crystal is the same as the model shown in the description of the first embodiment, a similar panel can be obtained with respect to display characteristics (white luminance 320 cd / m 2 , black luminance 0.53 cd). / M 2 ). In this case, it goes without saying that a short circuit between bus lines is not a problem because the voltage is the same.

Example 8
In the case of the seventh embodiment, as shown in FIG. 18, the opposite side of the data bus line is bundled. As a result, even if the data bus line is disconnected, the voltage wraps around and is input. In this case, the bundled portion may be cut and cut off later.

Example 9
In Example 8, in order to avoid the separation process, as shown in FIG. 19, a method of connecting with high resistance instead of bundling on the opposite side can be mentioned. In the case of a direct current, as described with reference to FIG. 5, if a sufficient amount of time elapses, the potential becomes equal even with a high resistance connection. By utilizing this, it is possible to form a pattern as shown in FIGS. 20 and 21 and apply a DC voltage.

  In FIG. 20, the data bus line, the gate bus line, the Cs bus line (including a repair line described later), and the common electrode are all connected with high resistance via an ESD circuit or the like. Here, 10 V is applied to the data bus line, 10 V to the gate bus line (including a repair line described later), and 0 V to the common electrode, and the liquid crystal is irradiated with light.

  In FIG. 21, the data bus line, the gate bus line, and the Cs bus line (including other repair lines described later) are all connected with high resistance via an ESD circuit or the like. However, the common electrode is in an insulated state. Here, 10 V is applied to the data bus line, 0 V is applied to the common electrode, and the liquid crystal is irradiated with light.

  In each of the examples of FIGS. 20 and 21, the potentials of the bus lines on the second substrate are all made equal.

Example 10
In this example, as shown in FIG. 22, a voltage is applied to the repair line in addition to the data bus line, the gate bus line, the Cs bus line, and the common electrode.

  The repair line is usually arranged on both sides of the data bus line or on the opposite side of the signal input side, but in the apparatus of this figure, it is arranged on the opposite side of the signal input side.

  As described in the explanation of FIG. 7, the repair process includes b. A typical example is a method of converting the data bus line to a broken state and connecting it to a repair line as shown in FIG. In such a case, since no voltage is input from the signal input side to the disconnected portion, as in the previous embodiment, it is also possible to wrap around the voltage using an ESD circuit or the like inside the panel. However, applying the voltage directly to the repair line is a fairly reliable method.

  In the apparatus of FIG. 22, a voltage is applied to a repair line directly or indirectly via a high resistance connection based on the above concept. In the figure, the respective bus lines and TFTs are arranged on the second substrate. A transparent electrode as a common electrode is formed on the first substrate. An alignment film is formed on each substrate by a technique such as printing or a spinner. In addition, a liquid crystal to which a small amount of a liquid crystalline acrylate material is added is sandwiched between the two substrates.

  Next, 0 V is applied to the common electrode, and a DC voltage of 10 V is applied to the portion connected to each of the gate bus line, data bus line, and repair line with high resistance. And after applying a voltage to a liquid crystal in this way, UV light is irradiated to a liquid crystal part.

Example 11
In this example, as shown in FIG. 23, a CF-ON-TFT structure is used as a panel structure. As shown in FIG. 4, the threshold shift of the TFT is caused by direct irradiation with ultraviolet light when the TFT is in the ON state. By forming the color filter on the TFT substrate side so as to cover the TFT portion, it is possible to cut most of the reaching UV light, and as a result, it is possible to suppress the threshold shift.

  In FIG. 23, a TFT is arranged on a second substrate, a color filter is formed thereon, and a pixel electrode is further formed thereon. A transparent electrode as a common electrode is formed on the first substrate. An alignment film is formed on each substrate by a technique such as printing or a spinner. In addition, a liquid crystal to which a small amount of a liquid crystalline acrylate material is added is sandwiched between the two substrates.

  Next, an AC 30 Hz square wave of 0 V is applied to the common electrode, 20 V to the gate bus line, and ± 10 V to the data bus line. Both sides of the data bus line are bundled on both sides as shown in FIG.

  After applying a voltage to the liquid crystal in this way, UV light is irradiated from the first substrate side.

Example 12
In this example, as shown in FIG. 24, in order to suppress the threshold shift of the TFT, a light shielding film is prepared on the TFT, and at the same time, a voltage is applied uniformly to the line defect portion. In this example, the same signal as that input to the data bus line is applied. As in the case of Example 11, a TFT is arranged on the second substrate, a color filter is formed thereon, and a pixel electrode is further formed thereon. A transparent electrode as a common electrode is formed on the first substrate. An alignment film is formed on each substrate by a technique such as printing or a spinner. In addition, a liquid crystal to which a small amount of a liquid crystalline acrylate material is added is sandwiched between the two substrates.

  Next, an AC 30 Hz square wave of 0 V is applied to the common electrode, 20 V to the gate bus line, and ± 10 V to the data bus line and the repair line. At this time, it is assumed that the repair line is connected to the bus line to be repaired.

  After applying a voltage to the liquid crystal in this way, UV light is irradiated from the first substrate side.

  Next, an example of the second aspect of the present invention will be described. In these examples, a vertical alignment film is used, the liquid crystal has a negative dielectric anisotropy, and the polarizing plate is attached to both sides of the liquid crystal panel in crossed nicols, so the change axis of the polarizing plate is the bus line. With respect to the direction of 45 °. The panel size is 15 inches and the resolution is XGA. In addition, a liquid crystal acrylate monomer UCL-001 manufactured by Dainippon Ink Co., Ltd. was used as the polymerizable monomer, and a liquid crystal having a negative Δε was used as the liquid crystal.

Example 13
A liquid crystal panel having an ITO pattern as shown in FIG. 25 was produced.

  Since the width of the fine ITO slit and the gap between the data bus line and ITO are almost equal, the liquid crystal molecules tilt in the direction parallel to the data bus line even in the gap between the data bus line and ITO. The occurrence of dark areas can be prevented. In order to make the viewing angle characteristic symmetric, the area of the region where the liquid crystal molecules are tilted downward in FIG. 25 is substantially equal to the area of the region where the liquid crystal molecules are tilted upward in FIG.

  In FIG. 25, fine electrodes are connected at the center of the pixel. 26, which is a cross-sectional view of an example of the apparatus of FIG. 25, can control the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules are tilted only by an electric field, but is a cross-sectional view of another example of the apparatus of FIG. In order to more clearly define the direction in which the liquid crystal molecules are tilted, a protruding bank may be provided. Further, instead of the bank, it is possible to rub the alignment film in the direction of the drawing or use photo-alignment.

  Apply a voltage 0.1V higher than the threshold voltage to the liquid crystal composition sealed in the panel, wait for 1 minute, and after confirming that the orientation is controlled in a predetermined direction by observation with a microscope, the voltage is increased to 3V every second. The voltage was increased to 0.01 V and 10 V at a rate of 0.1 V per second, and the monomer was polymerized by irradiating ultraviolet rays while a voltage of 10 V was applied. Thereby, the liquid crystal panel without alignment disorder was able to be produced.

Example 14
A liquid crystal panel having an ITO pattern as shown in FIG. 28 was produced.
After applying a voltage 0.1V higher than the threshold voltage to the liquid crystal composition sealed in the panel and waiting for 1 minute to stabilize the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules, the voltage is 0.01V per second up to 3V and every second up to 10V. The monomer was polymerized by irradiating with ultraviolet rays in a state where a voltage of 10 V was applied while a voltage of 10 V was applied. Thereby, the liquid crystal panel without alignment disorder was able to be produced.

  Next, an example of the third aspect of the present invention will be described.

Examples 15 to 17, Comparative Examples 1 and 2
FIG. 33 shows a comparative example using a conventional method using a 15-inch XGA-LCD and an example of the present invention. As the liquid crystal, an N-type liquid crystal having a negative Δε was used. Moreover, Dainippon Ink Co., Ltd. acrylate monomer UCL-001 was used as a polymerizable monomer. The monomer mixing concentration was 0.1 to 2% of the weight of the liquid crystal composition. Further, the photopolymerization initiator was added at a concentration of 0 to 10% based on the monomer weight. Table 1 shows the UV irradiation conditions and the results obtained.

In Comparative Example 1, the applied voltage during UV irradiation was 10 V, the UV intensity was 10 mW / cm 2 , and the irradiation amount was 4000 mJ / cm 2 . The irradiation time is about 400 seconds, and a contrast of about 600 is obtained, but there are residual monomers, and seizure is as large as 18%. As in Comparative Example 2, when the UV irradiation amount is 8000 mJ / cm 2 , the image sticking becomes as small as 6%, but in this case, the contrast is lowered and the irradiation time becomes as long as about 800 seconds.

The method of Example 15 is a method in which a voltage of 10 V is applied during the first irradiation to give a pretilt, and the second irradiation is performed without an electric field to eliminate residual monomers. As shown in Table 1, the UV intensity at the first irradiation may be high intensity or low intensity. In the case of high intensity (100 mW / cm 2 ), the irradiation time when applying the voltage was about 40 seconds, and both image sticking and contrast were good. In the case of low intensity (10 mW / cm 2 ), the irradiation time at the time of voltage application is slightly longer as 200 seconds, but it is 1/2 or less compared with the comparative example, and both the image sticking and the contrast showed good results. .

  The method of Example 16 is a method in which the first irradiation is performed without an electric field and a voltage is applied during the second irradiation. In this method, the first irradiation is carried out in a small amount to allow the monomer to react to some extent, lead the monomer in the light-shielding part to a state where it can easily react, and then irradiate under application of a voltage. Although the amount of image sticking without post-irradiation is slightly larger, the contrast is further improved.

  The method of Example 17 is a method for performing both the post-irradiation and the pre-irradiation. Both image sticking and contrast were good.

  Next, examples according to the fourth aspect of the present invention will be described.

Example 18
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A color layer and a common electrode were formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded together via a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. As shown in FIG. 34, three inlets of this panel were formed and arranged at positions of 68 to 80 mm, 110 to 122 mm, and 152 to 164 mm, respectively, of the sides having a length of 232 mm.

The panel was irradiated with 2000 mJ / cm 2 of ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 300 to 450 nm from the common substrate side while applying a gate voltage DC30V, a data voltage DC10V, and a common voltage DC5V and tilting the liquid crystal of the panel. Thereby, the ultraviolet polymerizable monomer was polymerized. Next, a polarizing plate was applied to complete a liquid crystal panel. It was recognized that the liquid crystal panel thus produced was a liquid crystal display device with high display quality without display defects such as unevenness at the corners.

Example 19
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A color layer and a common electrode were formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded together via a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. As shown in FIG. 35, the BM part of the frame of this panel is formed by laminating CF resin, its cell gap is 2.4 μm (display part gap = 4.0 μm), and the distance from the seal is 0.2 mm. It was.

The panel was irradiated with 2000 mJ / cm 2 of ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 300 to 450 nm from the common substrate side while applying a gate voltage DC30V, a data voltage DC10V, and a common voltage DC5V and tilting the liquid crystal of the panel. Thereby, the ultraviolet polymerizable monomer was polymerized. Next, a polarizing plate was applied to complete a liquid crystal panel. It was recognized that the liquid crystal panel thus produced was a liquid crystal display device with high display quality without display defects such as unevenness at the corners.

  In the above, the same effect can be obtained by forming a film with a CF resin or the like on a metal BM such as Cr instead of using the resin BM as the BM portion of the panel.

Example 20
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A color layer and a common electrode were formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded together via a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. As shown in FIG. 36, an auxiliary seal is formed on the BM portion of the frame of the panel, and the cell gap of the BM portion of the frame is not formed.

The panel was irradiated with 2000 mJ / cm 2 of ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 300 to 450 nm from the common substrate side while applying a gate voltage DC30V, a data voltage DC10V, and a common voltage DC5V and tilting the liquid crystal of the panel. Thereby, the ultraviolet polymerizable monomer was polymerized, and a polymer network was formed in the panel. Next, a polarizing plate was applied to complete a liquid crystal panel. It was recognized that the liquid crystal panel thus produced was a liquid crystal display device with high display quality without display defects such as unevenness at the corners.

Example 21
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A color layer and a common electrode were formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded together via a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. As shown in FIG. 37, a pocket is formed with an auxiliary seal in the BM portion of the frame of this panel, and the liquid crystal having an abnormal density enters into the pocket.

The panel was irradiated with 2000 mJ / cm 2 of ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 300 to 450 nm from the common substrate side while applying a gate voltage DC30V, a data voltage DC10V, and a common voltage DC5V and tilting the liquid crystal of the panel. Thereby, the ultraviolet polymerizable monomer was polymerized. Next, a polarizing plate was applied to complete a liquid crystal panel. It was recognized that the liquid crystal panel thus produced was a liquid crystal display device with high display quality without display defects such as unevenness at the corners.

  Next, examples according to the fifth aspect of the present invention will be described.

Example 22
A cross-sectional view of the panel of this example is shown in FIG. The layer structure of the TFT substrate is, from below, a gate metal layer made of Al-Nd / MoN / Mo, a gate insulating film made of SiN, an a-Si layer, a drain metal layer made of n + / Ti / Al / MoN / Mo, and protected by SiN It consists of a film layer and a pixel electrode layer made of ITO. The structure of the CF substrate is composed of red, blue, and green color filter layers and an ITO film layer serving as a common electrode. FIG. 39 is a plan view of this panel. According to this pixel electrode pattern, the liquid crystal molecules are inclined in the four directions a, b, c, and d in the figure when a voltage is applied. By doing so, a wide viewing angle can be realized. The counter substrate is made of a common electrode made of ITO. A vertical alignment film was applied to these two substrates, bead spacers were scattered on one substrate, a panel peripheral seal was formed on the other substrate, and the two substrates were bonded together. Liquid crystal was injected into this bonded panel. As the liquid crystal, a negative liquid crystal having negative dielectric anisotropy and an ultraviolet curable monomer added in an amount of 0.2 wt% was used. This panel was subjected to voltage application and ultraviolet irradiation to regulate the alignment of the liquid crystal. FIG. 40 shows the regulation of liquid crystal alignment by a polymer. When no voltage is initially applied, the liquid crystal molecules are aligned vertically and the monomer exists as a monomer. Here, when a voltage is applied, the liquid crystal molecules are inclined in the direction of the fine pattern of the pixel electrode, and the monomer is similarly inclined. When ultraviolet irradiation is performed in this state, the monomer is polymerized with an inclination. In this way, the monomer is polymerized with an inclination, whereby the alignment of the liquid crystal molecules is regulated.

  As a pattern of voltage application and ultraviolet irradiation, a method as shown in FIG. 41 can be considered. Here, the high ultraviolet irradiation intensity is a case of 30 mW or more by ultraviolet rays having a wavelength of 300 to 450 nm, and the low ultraviolet irradiation intensity is an intensity of 30 mW or less by the ultraviolet rays. Further, the high voltage is a voltage that is equal to or higher than the threshold voltage of the liquid crystal in the voltage applied to the liquid crystal layer, and the low voltage is a voltage that is equal to or lower than the threshold voltage of the liquid crystal and no voltage is applied.

  The liquid crystal panel thus obtained was of high quality, high brightness, wide field of view and no image sticking.

Example 23
As shown in FIG. 42, in order to perform the panel manufacturing method of Example 22, two ultraviolet irradiation units are connected, and in the first unit, voltage application and ultraviolet irradiation can be performed. Then, the manufacturing apparatus with the structure which irradiates an ultraviolet-ray while conveying a panel on a conveyance roller was used. With this apparatus, it is possible to manufacture panels with high throughput and low space.

Example 24
A panel cross-sectional view of this example is shown in FIG. A color filter layer and an overcoat layer are formed on the TFT array, whereby high transmittance can be realized.

  Next, an example in the sixth aspect of the present invention will be described.

Example 25
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A color layer and a common electrode were formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded to each other through a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. This panel has a pixel plane and a cross section as shown in FIG. 45, and the source electrode and the contact hole of the pixel electrode, and the Cs intermediate electrode and the contact hole of the pixel electrode are arranged at the liquid crystal domain boundary portion by the pixel slit. For this reason, the occurrence of abnormal domains due to contact holes can be prevented, and the liquid crystal display device thus created has no display of abnormal domains, and has high display quality with no reduction in brightness, response speed, or display unevenness. It becomes a liquid crystal display device.

Example 26
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. On the other substrate, a color layer, a common electrode and an orientation control bank were formed. These substrates were bonded to each other through a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. This panel has a pixel plane as shown in FIG. 46, and both the source electrode and pixel electrode contact holes and the Cs intermediate electrode and pixel electrode contact holes are arranged at the cross of the bank. Hit the border. In addition, when the source electrode and the Cs intermediate electrode are stretched into the display area, they are demarcated by the boundary of the liquid crystal domain that is intentionally generated by the pixel electrode slit, which does not cause an abnormal domain and also reduces the aperture ratio. Not. The liquid crystal display device produced in this way has high display quality without occurrence of abnormal domains, no reduction in brightness, deterioration in response speed, and display unevenness.

Example 27
A liquid crystal panel was produced in the same manner as in Example 25. The pixel plan view is as shown in FIG. 47. The source electrode, the contact hole of the pixel electrode, the Cs intermediate electrode, and the contact hole of the pixel electrode are in different alignment division regions. It does not lead to the generation of a wider range of anomalous domains by interaction. The liquid crystal display device thus obtained has high display quality with few occurrences of abnormal domains, low luminance, response speed, and display unevenness.

Example 28
A TFT element, a data bus line, a gate bus line, a color layer, and a pixel electrode were formed on one substrate. A common electrode was formed on the other substrate. These substrates were bonded to each other through a spacer having a diameter of 4 μm to produce an empty cell. Into the cell thus obtained, an acrylic photopolymerizable component exhibiting nematic liquid crystal properties was mixed with a negative liquid crystal in an amount of 0.3 wt%, and a liquid crystal composition containing the obtained photopolymerizable component was injected. A liquid crystal panel was produced. A pixel plan view and a cross-sectional view of this panel are as shown in FIG. 48, and contact holes that cause abnormal domains such as cell thickness fluctuations are arranged at the boundaries of the liquid crystal domains. Further, the pixel electrode, the source electrode, and the Cs intermediate electrode are connected by one contact hole, the cause of the abnormal domain disappears, and the aperture ratio is improved. The source electrode is wired at a boundary portion of the liquid crystal domain intentionally generated by the pixel electrode slit and other than the pixel slit portion, does not cause an abnormal domain, and does not lower the aperture ratio. The liquid crystal display device produced in this way has high display quality without occurrence of abnormal domains, no reduction in brightness, deterioration in response speed, and display unevenness.

  Next, an example of the seventh aspect of the present invention will be described.

Example 29
A panel in which a nematic liquid crystal having a negative Δε is filled between two substrates including a TFT substrate and a color filter substrate and vertically aligned is used. To the liquid crystal layer, a liquid crystal monoacrylate monomer UCL-001-K1 manufactured by Dainippon Ink Co., Ltd. was added as a polymerizable monomer in an amount of 0.25% by weight. This panel is irradiated with UV light having a maximum energy peak wavelength of 365 nm for 300 seconds while driving the liquid crystal by applying a driving voltage to the liquid crystal layer so that the effective voltage is 5.0 V, and in a predetermined liquid crystal alignment state. The monomer was polymerized and cured. Here, a vertical alignment polyamic acid alignment film was used. The cell gap of the panel was set to 4.0 μm. The drive mode is normally black.
Then, as shown in FIG. 49, the panel was further irradiated with ultraviolet rays. A commercially available black lamp (manufactured by Toshiba Lighting & Technology) was used as an additional irradiation light source. The wavelength of the maximum energy peak was 352 nm, and five lamps were arranged at 10 cm intervals to form surface emission, and irradiation was performed at an intensity of 5 mW / cm 2 from a distance of 10 cm. Next, when the seizure rate of the panel before the additional UV irradiation and the panel after the irradiation was measured, the seizure rate of the panel before the additional UV irradiation was 12%, whereas the seizure rate after the irradiation was 12%. The rate was reduced to 3%. Further, after these panels were left for 24 hours, the former did not return, whereas the latter did not completely burn-in.
Moreover, the ultraviolet irradiation amount in the additional ultraviolet irradiation with respect to a panel was changed, and the relationship between the ultraviolet irradiation amount and the image sticking rate was calculated | required. The result was as shown in FIG. It can be seen that the seizure rate decreases as the amount of ultraviolet irradiation increases.
Here, the image sticking rate was determined as follows. That is, the black and white checker pattern is displayed in the display area for 48 hours. Thereafter, a predetermined intermediate color tone (gray) was displayed over the entire display area, and the difference (β−γ) between the brightness β of the area that was white and the brightness γ of the area that was black was black. Divide by the luminance γ of the area to obtain the burn-in rate.
Image sticking rate α = ((β−γ) / γ) × 100 (%)
Example 30
The operation described in Example 29 was repeated except that a commercially available fluorescent lamp for health rays (manufactured by Tozai Electric Cable Co., Ltd.) was used as the additional irradiation light source instead of the black lamp. The wavelength of the maximum energy peak of this fluorescent lamp was 310 nm. As a result, the obtained panel after the additional UV irradiation had a seizure rate reduced to 2.5%, and the seizure completely disappeared after standing for 24 hours.

The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device according to the first aspect of the present invention described above can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 1)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
A liquid crystal display device manufacturing method, wherein an alternating voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying an alternating voltage to the common electrode and the Cs bus line, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light. Method.
(Appendix 2)
The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 1, wherein the common electrode and the Cs bus line are insulated or connected with high resistance at the time when the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
(Appendix 3)
The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display panel according to appendix 1, wherein the common electrode and the Cs bus line are electrically connected after the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
(Appendix 4)
Initially, the liquid crystal layer is vertically aligned, and the liquid crystal composition containing the photosensitive material is irradiated with light while applying a voltage, so that the average angle of the liquid crystal with respect to the alignment film is less than 90 ° polar angle. The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device of Claim 1.
(Appendix 5)
The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device of appendix 1 which sets the alternating current frequency at the time of an alternating voltage application to 1-1000Hz.
(Appendix 6)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
Insulating or connecting with high resistance between the common electrode and the three bus lines,
A DC voltage is applied between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying a DC voltage between the common electrode and three bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, and Cs bus line) on the second substrate. Is applied, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
(Appendix 7)
The manufacturing method of a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 6, wherein each of adjacent gate bus lines or data bus lines is electrically connected at both ends thereof.
(Appendix 8)
The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device of Claim 7 which electrically connects between the said common electrode and Cs bus line, after irradiating light to a liquid crystal layer.
(Appendix 9)
Initially, the liquid crystal layer is vertically aligned, and the liquid crystal composition containing the photosensitive material is irradiated with light while applying a voltage, so that the average angle of the liquid crystal with respect to the alignment film is less than 90 ° polar angle. The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device of Claim 6.
(Appendix 10)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a repair line crossing at least one of the line and the data bus line or the gate bus line;
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
By applying a DC voltage between the common electrode and four bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, Cs bus line, and repair line) on the second substrate, the common electrode and the pixel electrode are connected. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein a direct current voltage is applied to the liquid crystal layer and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
(Appendix 11)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
The common electrode and four bus lines (gate bus line, data bus line, and Cs bus line) on the second substrate are connected with high resistance, and between at least one bus line and the common electrode. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, comprising: applying a direct current voltage between the common electrode and the pixel electrode to apply light to the liquid crystal layer.
(Appendix 12)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a line,
Form a CF resin or light blocking pattern in the channel part of the thin film transistor,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
Each of the adjacent data bus lines is electrically connected at both ends thereof, a transistor ON voltage is applied to the gate bus line, and an AC voltage is applied between the common electrode and the data bus line, thereby providing a common electrode. A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein an alternating voltage is applied between the pixel electrode and the pixel electrode, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
(Appendix 13)
Forming a common electrode for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
A gate bus line and a data bus line arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor at an intersection of the two bus lines, and a Cs bus forming an electric capacity between the pixel electrode Forming a repair line crossing the data bus line,
Form a CF resin or light blocking pattern in the channel part of the thin film transistor,
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a photosensitive material in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate to form a liquid crystal layer;
An electric capacity is formed by sandwiching the liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
At least one data bus line and at least one repair line are connected by a method such as laser irradiation,
A transistor ON voltage is applied to the gate bus line, and an AC voltage is applied between the common electrode, the data bus line, and the repair line (the same potential as the data bus line), thereby causing a gap between the common electrode and the pixel electrode. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, comprising applying an alternating voltage to the liquid crystal layer and irradiating the liquid crystal layer with light.
(Appendix 14)
A liquid crystal display device manufactured by the method according to any one of appendices 1 to 13.

The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device according to the second aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 15)
A liquid crystal filled with a liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy and containing a polymerizable monomer between two substrates provided with a transparent electrode and an alignment control film for vertically aligning liquid crystal molecules Forming a layer,
In the method for producing a vertical alignment liquid crystal display device in which a monomer is polymerized while applying a voltage between opposing transparent electrodes, and the liquid crystal molecules have a pretilt angle.
Before polymerizing the monomer, between the opposing transparent electrodes, after applying a constant voltage not less than the threshold voltage and not more than the saturation voltage for a certain period of time, the liquid crystal composition is changed while maintaining the voltage by changing to a predetermined voltage A method for producing a liquid crystal display device, wherein a monomer is polymerized by irradiating an object with ultraviolet rays or applying heat.
(Appendix 16)
Between the opposing transparent electrodes, after applying a constant voltage that is higher than the threshold voltage and lower than the threshold value + 1 V for 10 seconds or more, change the voltage by applying a voltage that is higher than the voltage applied during white display, and maintain the voltage. The method for producing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 15, wherein the monomer is polymerized by irradiating the liquid crystal composition with ultraviolet light or applying heat.
(Appendix 17)
The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 15 or 16, further comprising a step of forming a slit structure in the transparent electrode on at least one substrate.
(Appendix 18)
18. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 15 to 17, further comprising a step of forming a protrusion that protrudes into a gap between the substrates on at least one substrate.
(Appendix 19)
A liquid crystal display device manufactured by the method according to any one of appendices 15 to 18.

The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device according to the third aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 20)
Filling a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable monomer between two substrates provided with a transparent electrode to form a liquid crystal layer;
In the method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, the monomer is polymerized while applying a voltage to the opposing transparent electrode, the liquid crystal molecules have a pretilt angle, and the tilt direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of applying the voltage is specified.
A method for producing a liquid crystal display device, wherein the light irradiation for polymerizing the polymerizable monomer is performed at least twice.
(Appendix 21)
The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 20, wherein at least one of the plurality of light irradiations is performed in a state where a voltage is applied to the liquid crystal layer.
(Appendix 22)
The manufacture of the liquid crystal display device according to appendix 20 or 21, wherein the plurality of times of light irradiation is performed without applying a voltage either before or after the light irradiation performed by applying the voltage. Method.
(Appendix 23)
The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 20 to 22, wherein the light irradiation is performed a plurality of times with a plurality of different light intensities.
(Appendix 24)
24. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 20 to 23, wherein the light irradiation performed by applying the voltage is performed at a light intensity of 50 mW / cm 2 or more.
(Appendix 25)
The method for producing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 20 to 24, wherein the light irradiation performed without applying the voltage is performed with a light intensity of 50 mW / cm 2 or less.
(Appendix 26)
The method for producing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 20 to 25, wherein the polymerizable monomer is a liquid crystalline or non-liquid crystalline monomer and is polymerized by ultraviolet irradiation.
(Appendix 27)
27. The method for producing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 20 to 26, wherein the polymerizable monomer is a bifunctional acrylate or a mixture of a bifunctional acrylate and a monofunctional acrylate.
(Appendix 28)
A liquid crystal display device manufactured by the method according to any one of appendices 20 to 27.

The liquid crystal display device according to the fourth aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 29)
A liquid crystal display in which a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied, thereby defining a tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules when the voltage is applied. In the apparatus, a plurality of injection ports for injecting the liquid crystal composition containing the polymerizable component are provided, and the interval between the injection ports is 1/5 or less of the dimension of the side where the injection ports exist. A liquid crystal display device.
(Appendix 30)
The liquid crystal display device according to appendix 29, wherein a distance between the injection port and the display end is 2/5 or less of a dimension of a side where the injection port exists.
(Appendix 31)
A liquid crystal display in which a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied, thereby defining a tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules when the voltage is applied. In the liquid crystal display device, the cell gap of the BM portion of the frame is equal to or less than the cell gap of the display region.
(Appendix 32)
32. The liquid crystal display device according to appendix 31, wherein a distance between a region having a cell gap equal to or smaller than the cell gap of the display region and a cell forming seal is 0.5 mm or less.
(Appendix 33)
A liquid crystal display in which a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied, thereby defining a tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules when the voltage is applied. In the apparatus, a main seal or an auxiliary seal is formed in a BM portion of the frame to eliminate a cell gap in the frame BM portion.
(Appendix 34)
A liquid crystal display in which a liquid crystal composition containing a photopolymerizable component or a heat-polymerizable component is sandwiched between substrates, and the polymerizable component is polymerized while a voltage is applied, thereby defining a tilt direction of liquid crystal molecules when the voltage is applied. In the device, a liquid crystal display device characterized in that an auxiliary seal is formed to induce a material in which a concentration distribution between the polymerizable component and the liquid crystal is generated to a BM portion.
(Appendix 35)
The liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 29 to 34, wherein the liquid crystal composition contains a non-liquid crystal component or a liquid crystal composition containing a component having a molecular weight and surface energy different from that of the liquid crystal component.

The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device according to the fifth aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 36)
Forming a common electrode and a color filter layer on the first substrate;
The second substrate is composed of an array substrate on which a gate bus line layer, a gate insulating film layer, a drain bus line layer, a protective film layer and a pixel electrode layer are formed,
A fine slit is formed in the pixel electrode layer in a direction in which the slit divides the inside of the pixel into at least two regions,
A vertical alignment film for vertically aligning liquid crystal molecules is formed on the two substrates,
Filling a gap between the two substrates with an n-type liquid crystal composition having negative dielectric anisotropy containing an ultraviolet curable resin having a liquid crystal skeleton to form a liquid crystal layer;
By irradiating the liquid crystal molecules with ultraviolet rays while applying a voltage higher than the threshold value of the liquid crystal molecules, the inclination direction of the liquid crystal molecules at the time of voltage application is defined,
A method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, comprising: two polarizing plates arranged in crossed Nicols on the upper and lower surfaces of the device so that the absorption axis forms an angle of 45 degrees with the orientation direction of liquid crystal molecules.
(Appendix 37)
37. The method for producing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 36, wherein the ultraviolet ray irradiation to the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates is performed by dividing the liquid crystal composition into two or more stages with ultraviolet rays having different light intensities.
(Appendix 38)
A step of irradiating the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates with ultraviolet rays while applying a voltage higher than the threshold value of the liquid crystal molecules to the liquid crystal molecules, and irradiating the liquid crystal molecules without applying a voltage. 37. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 36, wherein the method is performed in two steps of the process.
(Appendix 39)
37. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 36, wherein the ultraviolet irradiation of the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates is performed in two stages while applying different voltages to the liquid crystal molecules.
(Appendix 40)
In addition 36, in order to polymerize the ultraviolet polymerizable component in the liquid crystal composition injected between the two substrates, a plurality of ultraviolet irradiation units having different light intensities are used, and ultraviolet irradiation is performed in two or more stages. The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device of description.
(Appendix 41)
37. The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 36, wherein the liquid crystal molecules injected between the two substrates are irradiated with ultraviolet rays from the array substrate side.
(Appendix 42)
The second substrate is composed of an array substrate on which a color filter layer is formed, a common electrode is formed on the first substrate, and the liquid crystal molecules injected between the two substrates are irradiated with ultraviolet rays. 37. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 36, which is performed from the substrate side.
(Appendix 43)
45. A liquid crystal display device manufactured by the method according to any one of appendices 36 to 42.

The liquid crystal display device according to the sixth aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 44)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, a cell thickness of 10% or more is designed. A liquid crystal display device characterized in that a portion where fluctuation occurs is arranged at a liquid crystal domain boundary.
(Appendix 45)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, a source electrode is provided at a liquid crystal domain boundary A liquid crystal display device comprising a contact hole connecting the pixel electrode and the pixel electrode.
(Appendix 46)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, a Cs intermediate is provided at the liquid crystal domain boundary. A liquid crystal display device comprising a contact hole for connecting an electrode and a pixel electrode.
(Appendix 47)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes, a pretilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction at the time of voltage application are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, and alignment is divided into two or more divisions. A liquid crystal display device characterized by not having a plurality of portions where the cell thickness fluctuates by 10% or more in design.
(Appendix 48)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes, a pretilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction at the time of voltage application are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, and alignment is divided into two or more divisions. A liquid crystal display device characterized by not having a plurality of contact holes in the same divided region.
(Appendix 49)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, a pixel electrode is formed by one contact hole, A liquid crystal display device characterized by connecting a source electrode and a Cs intermediate electrode.
(Appendix 50)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, the metal electrode is a liquid crystal in a display pixel. A liquid crystal display device characterized by being wired along a domain boundary.
(Appendix 51)
In a liquid crystal display device in which a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a pair of substrates having electrodes and a pre-tilt angle of liquid crystal molecules and a tilt direction when a voltage is applied are defined by a polymer that is polymerized by heat or light, an electrode having the same potential as a pixel electrode A liquid crystal display device characterized by not being wired in a slit portion of a pixel electrode in a display pixel.
(Appendix 52)
52. The liquid crystal display according to any one of appendices 44 to 51, wherein a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between a substrate on which a color filter layer composed of red, blue, and green is formed on a TFT substrate and a substrate on which a common electrode is formed. apparatus.

The manufacturing method of the liquid crystal display device according to the seventh aspect of the present invention can be summarized as follows.
(Appendix 53)
A liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable monomer is filled between two substrates each having an electrode and an alignment film to form a liquid crystal layer, and the liquid crystal is applied while applying a predetermined liquid crystal driving voltage between the opposing electrodes. In a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device comprising polymerizing a monomer by irradiating the composition with ultraviolet rays, a voltage that does not substantially drive the liquid crystal is applied without applying a liquid crystal driving voltage after the polymerization treatment of the monomer. However, a method for producing a liquid crystal display device, wherein the liquid crystal composition is subjected to additional ultraviolet irradiation.
(Appendix 54)
54. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 53, wherein in the additional ultraviolet irradiation, an ultraviolet ray having a wavelength different from that of the ultraviolet ray used for the polymerization process of the monomer before the additional ultraviolet irradiation is used.
(Appendix 55)
55. The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 53 or 54, wherein the ultraviolet ray irradiated in the additional ultraviolet ray irradiation has a maximum energy peak at 310 to 380 nm in its spectrum.
(Appendix 56)
56. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 55, wherein the ultraviolet ray irradiated in the additional ultraviolet ray irradiation has a maximum energy peak at 350 to 380 nm in its spectrum.
(Appendix 57)
56. The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to appendix 55, wherein the ultraviolet rays irradiated in the additional ultraviolet irradiation have a maximum energy peak at 310 to 340 nm in the spectrum.
(Appendix 58)
58. The method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 53 to 57, wherein the irradiation time is 10 minutes or longer in the additional ultraviolet irradiation.
(Appendix 59)
59. The method of manufacturing a liquid crystal display device according to any one of appendices 53 to 58, wherein the substrate surface is in a vertical alignment mode in which a vertical alignment process is performed, and the liquid crystal in the non-display portion is also substantially vertically aligned.

The schematic plan view of an example of the liquid crystal display device obtained by the conventional method. FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the liquid crystal display device of FIG. 1. The schematic plan view of an example of the liquid crystal display device obtained by the conventional method. The graph which shows an example of the TFT threshold value shift in the liquid crystal display device obtained by the conventional method. The schematic plan view which shows an example of the electrical coupling of the conventional TFT liquid crystal panel. The schematic top view which shows the other example of the electrical coupling | bonding of the conventional TFT liquid crystal panel. FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view illustrating an example of a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view illustrating an example of a method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device of the present invention. 1 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 1. FIG. 3 is a graph of display characteristics of the liquid crystal display device of Example 1. 3 is a graph of display characteristics of the liquid crystal display device of Example 1. FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 2. Explanatory drawing of the short method of the common electrode and Cs bus line which were used in Example 3. FIG. FIG. 10 is an explanatory diagram of another example of a method for shorting the common electrode and the Cs bus line used in the third embodiment. FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 4. The graph which shows the result of Example 6. FIG. 9 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 7. FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device according to an eighth embodiment. FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 9. 10 is a schematic plan view of another example of the liquid crystal display device of Example 9. FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of another example of the liquid crystal display device of Example 9. FIG. FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 10. 10 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a liquid crystal display device of Example 11. FIG. 20 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal display device according to Example 12. FIG. 14 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal panel created in Example 13. FIG. FIG. 26 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating an example of the liquid crystal panel of FIG. FIG. 26 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating another example of the liquid crystal panel of FIG. FIG. 16 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal panel created in Example 14. The schematic plan view for demonstrating a prior art example. The schematic plan view for demonstrating a prior art example. The schematic cross section of the liquid crystal panel of FIG. The schematic diagram for demonstrating a prior art example. The schematic diagram which shows the UV irradiation method employ | adopted in Comparative Examples 1 and 2 and Examples 15-17. 20 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 18. FIG. 20 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 19. FIG. 20 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 20. FIG. FIG. 25 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 21. FIG. 24 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 22. FIG. 24 is a schematic plan view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 22. FIG. 25 is a schematic diagram for explaining a state of alignment regulation of liquid crystal molecules in Example 22. FIG. 22 is a process flow diagram in Example 22. FIG. 25 is a schematic diagram of an apparatus used in Example 23. FIG. 25 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a liquid crystal panel of Example 24. The pixel top view of the conventional liquid crystal display device. FIG. 26 is a pixel plan view and a cross-sectional view of the liquid crystal display device of Example 25. 27 is a pixel plan view of a liquid crystal display device according to Example 26. FIG. 44 is a pixel plan view of a liquid crystal display device according to Example 27. FIG. FIG. 44 is a pixel plan view and a cross-sectional view of the liquid crystal display device of Example 28. The schematic plan view and side view which show the method of the additional ultraviolet irradiation used in Example 29. FIG. The graph which shows the relationship between the irradiation amount of the additional ultraviolet irradiation obtained in Example 29, and the image sticking rate.

Claims (3)

  1. Forming a common electrode on the first substrate for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
    And the gate bus lines and data bus lines are arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, the thin film transistor, a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor, and a Cs bus line to form a capacitance between said pixel electrode Forming,
    The liquid crystal layer is formed by filling a liquid crystal composition containing a gap to the photosensitive material of the first substrate and the second substrate,
    Wherein the common electrode and the pixel electrode, the capacitance formed by sandwiching a liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
    The common electrode and the gate bus line, the data bus line, and the Cs bus line are insulated or connected with high resistance,
    The common electrode and the second of said gate bus lines on the substrate, said data bus lines, and the DC voltage between the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying a DC voltage between the Cs Basurai down Is applied, and the liquid crystal layer is irradiated with light.
  2. Forming a common electrode on the first substrate for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
    And the gate bus lines and data bus lines are arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, the thin film transistor, a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor, and the Cs bus line to form a capacitance between the pixel electrode, the data bus lines or said gate bus lines form a repair line that intersects with at least one,
    The liquid crystal layer is formed by filling a liquid crystal composition containing a gap to the photosensitive material of the first substrate and the second substrate,
    Wherein the common electrode and the pixel electrode, the capacitance formed by sandwiching a liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
    The common electrode and the second of said gate bus lines on the substrate, said data bus lines, the Cs bus line, and the common electrode and the pixel electrode by applying a DC voltage between said Ripearai down A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, wherein a direct current voltage is applied between the liquid crystal layer and light is irradiated to the liquid crystal layer.
  3. Forming a common electrode on the first substrate for applying a voltage across the entire surface of the first substrate;
    And the gate bus lines and data bus lines are arranged in a matrix on the second substrate, the thin film transistor, a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor, and a Cs bus line to form a capacitance between said pixel electrode Forming,
    The liquid crystal layer is formed by filling a liquid crystal composition containing a gap to the photosensitive material of the first substrate and the second substrate,
    Wherein the common electrode and the pixel electrode, the capacitance formed by sandwiching a liquid crystal layer between the common electrode and the pixel electrode,
    The common electrode and the second of said gate bus lines on the substrate, said data bus lines, and between the Cs Basurai emissions and high resistance connection, the gate bus line, the data bus lines, and the Cs bus characterized in that the DC voltage is applied between the pixel electrode and the common electrode by applying a DC voltage between at least one bus line and the common electrode line, applying light to the liquid crystal layer A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device.
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