JP4154492B2 - Pile head connection structure of ready-made piles - Google Patents

Pile head connection structure of ready-made piles Download PDF

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JP4154492B2
JP4154492B2 JP2002328602A JP2002328602A JP4154492B2 JP 4154492 B2 JP4154492 B2 JP 4154492B2 JP 2002328602 A JP2002328602 A JP 2002328602A JP 2002328602 A JP2002328602 A JP 2002328602A JP 4154492 B2 JP4154492 B2 JP 4154492B2
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pile
ready
pile head
reinforcing
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JP2004162346A (en
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正登 渡辺
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三谷セキサン株式会社
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【0001】
【発明の属する技術分野】
この発明は、既製杭の杭頭部と建造物の下端部としての基礎とを結合する既製杭の杭頭結合構造に関する。既製杭の杭頭と基礎との接合構造を簡素化し、現場の接合作業も簡略化すると共に、杭頭の接合強度を低下させず、強化できるものである。従って、最近実施されつつある杭基礎で、従来より高品質ソイルセメント層あるいは根固め部等で従来より拡径部を造成することにより、1杭基礎当りの耐荷重が従来より2倍近く向上した高支持力のコンクリート杭を使用した杭基礎においては、基礎に要求される曲げモーメントの強度も大きいため特に効果がある。
【0002】
【従来の技術】
従来の基礎では、一般的には、既製杭の上端板を外し、上端部のコンクリートを崩して軸鉄筋を露出させ、軸鉄筋に、基礎に配筋される鉄筋を溶接していた。また、補強鉄筋として既製杭の杭頭部の中空部に鉄筋篭の下部を挿入しコンクトトを充填し固定する構造が成されていた(特許文献1に記載の従来例。特許文献1の図7、図8。非特許文献1)。
【0003】
そこで、円筒下篭状の接合筋で既製杭の杭頭部を囲み、あるいは、杭頭部に接合筋を溶接して取付けて地中に建て込み、構造物躯体(基礎)を構築する構造が提案されている(特許文献1)。
【0004】
【特許文献1】
特開平11−21915号
【0005】
【非特許文献1】
「杭基礎の調査・設計から施工まで」,第2回改訂版,土質工学会,平成5年5月25日,214〜220頁
【0006】
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
最近、杭1本当りの耐荷重が改善され、特にコンクリート製の既製杭において従来の杭径当り2倍程度の高支持力が得られ実用化されており、基礎と基礎杭との接合強度(曲げモーメント)を増して、建造物全体としての強度の増加を図ることが求められていた。
【0007】
この場合、前記従来の技術では、鉄筋のかぶりを確保する観点から隣接する鉄筋の本数を増やすことに限界があり、また、鉄筋の太さを太くした場合には、1本の重量が重くなり、運搬等取扱いが面倒であると共に、現場溶接作業においても鉄筋の保持、所定強度を得る現場溶接作業自体が困難になる問題点があった。
【0008】
また、前記鉄筋の制限下においては、基礎用のコンクリートも、通常の建築構造物の躯体に使用するものより強度が高い特殊なコンクリートを採用しなればならない問題点があった。
【0009】
即ち、前記従来技術には、以下のような問題点があった。
(1) 杭基礎の杭頭部において、基礎コンクリート内での接合鉄筋の配置間隔が狭く、コンクリート及び接合(定着)筋それぞれの強度が充分生かされていないため、コンクリートと接合(定着)筋との一体性が良くなかった。このため、使用材料強度の割に基礎としての曲げ強度が低かった。基礎において、コンクリート中での接合筋の配置(配筋)間隔が接近し過ぎており、コンクリート強度と接合(定着)筋の強度のバランスが悪く接合部の曲げモーメントの増強が限られていた。
(2) 接合(定着)筋と杭頭の接合作業が複雑で経験が必要であるので、接合品質の安定性および接合作業者の習熟性の維持・管理が面倒であった。
(3) (1) (2) の要因が絡んで、基礎杭及び基礎コンクリートを造成するために、資材コスト及び作業コストが掛かり、更に溶接点数が多い場合には溶接作業がが天候に左右されるので、更に作業日数の短縮を妨げる要因の一つになっていた。
【0010】
【課題を解決するための手段】
然るにこの発明では、杭外径より大径の円周状に補強鉄筋を突設した杭頭補強具を、既製杭の杭端板に固定したので、前記問題点を解決した。
【0011】
即ちこの発明は、杭頭部を露出させた既製杭の上端板に、杭頭補強具の基部を固定してなる構造であって、前記既製杭の中空部に連通する開口を有する基部に、前記既製杭の外径より大径の位置で並列して透孔を形成し、前記基部の下面に前記透孔に連通するナットを固定して、該ナットに下端部に螺糸を形成した補強鉄筋を固定して、前記基部の上方に前記補強鉄筋を突設して、前記杭頭補強具を構成したことを特徴とする既製杭の杭頭結合構造である。
【0012】
また、前記において、外周を既製杭の外径より大径とし、内周を前記既製杭の内径と略同一とした開口を有するドーナツ状の基部を形成し、該基部の外周に沿って、補強鉄筋を上方に向けて並列して突設して杭頭補強具を構成し、前記基部に形成した透孔と前記既製杭の上端板の螺孔とを使用して前記基部と既製杭とを固定したことを特徴とする杭頭結合構造である。また、既製杭の外径より大径の外径を有する上筒に、前記既製杭の内周と略同一とした開口を有する底板を形成して、基部とし、前記上筒の側面に補強鉄筋を上方に向けて並列して突設して、杭頭補強具を構成したことを特徴とする杭頭補強構造である。
【0013】
更に、前記において、基部に形成した透孔と既製杭の上端板に形成されている螺孔とを使用して、前記杭頭補強具と前記既製杭とを固定したことを特徴とする杭頭補強構造である。
【0014】
【発明の実施の形態】
(1) 杭頭部13を地上に露出させて、既製杭12を沈設する。既製杭12の上端板14に、補強鉄筋8、8を上方に向けて突設した杭頭補強具10を固定する(図2)。補強鉄筋8、8は、径Dの円周に沿って、杭頭補強具10の基板1に固定されている(図1)。基板1は、既製杭12の上端板14にボルト19、19で固定されている。補強鉄筋8を並列した円周の径Dは、基板1の外径Dを大きくすれば、既製杭12の外径D11に比して十分大きな径Dで形成できる。
【0015】
(2) 既製杭12(外径D11=700mm)を、拡底根固め部1100φを形成した杭穴31内に沈設した場合であって、20N/mm 程度の先端支持力を確保した基礎杭を構築できる。この場合で、拡底根固め部の高支持力に対応する曲げ強度で、杭頭連結構造20を構築する際に必要な補強鉄筋8の数を算定する。ここでは、例えば、曲げモーメントを、1580kN・m とする。
【0016】
基礎コンクリート32を、FC24(圧縮強度24N/mm)とし、補強鉄筋8としてSD390(降伏強度390N/mm)を採用した場合、D寸法を変えた場合の補強鉄筋8の必要本数、その本数の場合の隣接する補強鉄筋8の間隔Dは、下記表1の通りである。
【0017】
杭頭に位置する既製杭としてもとしても、曲げモーメントの大きいSC杭を使用した場合、ほぼ同様の曲げモーメントを得ることができる。
【0018】
【表1】
【0019】
表1において、D=700mmの場合が従来例の場合である。従って、鉛直支持力が従来比約2倍で、使用されても曲げモーメントとしても容易に増強できることが分かる。
【0020】
(3) 従って、補強鉄筋8をSD390として、長さL=900〜1100mm程度、とすれば、補強鉄筋8を
=(既製杭12の外径D11)+300mm
程度で形成すれば、補強鉄筋の本数が約2分の1で、必要な強度を満たすことができる。また、この場合、補強鉄筋8、8の間隔を4倍以上に広げることができる。
【0021】
【実施例1】
図1、図2に基づきこの発明の実施例を説明する。
【0022】
(1)杭頭補強具10の構成
【0023】
内径D、外径Dの円盤状の基板(基部)1の外周2側に、外径D(D>D11)の円周に沿って、鉄筋固定用の透孔4、4をほぼ等間隔で並列して形成する。基板1の下面に、透孔4に連通するナット5を固定する。基板1の内周3に沿って、適用する既製杭12の上端板14の上面の螺孔15、15に対応する透孔6、6を複数箇所に形成する。
【0024】
透孔に、下端部外周に螺糸を形成した補強鉄筋8を上方から、挿入して、ナット5にねじ込み、固定する。総ての透孔に補強鉄筋8、8を固定すれば、補強鉄筋8、8は、基板1の上方に長さLだけ突出し、かつ径Dの円周に沿って等間隔に並列して配置される。
【0025】
以上のようにして、杭頭補強具10を構成する(図1(a)(b))。図中31は杭穴である。
【0026】
前記において、
の場合、杭頭補強具10は、例えば、
= 700mm
=1100mm
=1000mm
で形成し、また、補強鉄筋8は、
L=1100mm
外径φ=29mm
本数 23
で形成する。
【0027】
従って、Dを拡大することにより補強鉄筋8の本数を半分以下に低減している。
【0028】
(2)杭頭結合構造20
【0029】
内径D00、外径D11の既製杭12を従来の方法により埋設し、杭頭部13を地上に露出させる。既製杭12を埋設する方法は、予め杭穴31を掘削した後に既製杭12を沈設する先掘工法、既製杭12の下方で掘削しながら既製杭12を徐々に沈設する中掘工法、打撃や回転により既製杭12を押し込む工法等いずれの工法を適用しても可能である。
【0030】
続いて、既製杭12の上端板14に、杭頭補強具10の基板1の下面を載置し、透孔6と上端板14に形成されている螺孔15とを一致させる。透孔6から螺孔15に向けてボルト19を螺合緊結して、基板1と上端板14とを固定すれば、既製杭12に杭頭補強具10が一体に固定される。
【0031】
次に、建造物(上部構造部物)の基礎用の型枠、基礎用の鉄筋を構築し、必要ならば、基礎用の鉄筋と補強鉄筋とを接合する(図示していない)。
【0032】
続いて、型枠内に基礎用コンクリート32を打設すれば、杭頭補強具10と既製杭12の杭頭部13とがコンクリート32内に一体に埋設された杭頭結合構造20を構築する(図2)。
【0033】
(3)他の実施例
【0035】
また、前記実施例において、補強鉄筋8は、予め固定したが、既製杭12に基板1を固定した後に取り付けることもできる(図示していない)。
【0036】
また、前記実施例において、既製杭12の埋設後に杭頭補強具10を取り付けたが、予め既製杭12の上端板14に杭頭補強具10を固定した状態で、既製杭12を埋設することもできる(図示していない)。
【0037】
【実施例2】
図3〜図5に基づきこの発明の実施例を説明する。
【0038】
(1)杭頭補強具10の構成
【0039】
外径Dで、上方に開いた上筒22は、径Dの開口(円形)25が形成されている底板24を有する。上筒22の底板24に、内径Dの下筒26の上端を同軸に連設する。下筒26の内径Dは、使用する既製杭12の外径D11と略同一に形成され、下筒26が既製杭12の杭頭部(上端板14)13に嵌装できるようになっている。また、上筒22の開口25の径Dは、使用する既製杭12の内径D00と略同一に形成され、既製杭12の中空部に連通できるようになっている。
【0040】
また、底板24に、既製杭12の上端板14の螺孔15、15と連通できる透孔6、6を穿設する。以上のようにして、基部28を形成する。
【0041】
基部28の上筒22の側板23の外面に、縦に配置した補強鉄筋8、8の下端部を溶接して固定する。補強鉄筋8は、底板24の上面から上方に長さLだけ突出し、径Dの円に沿って(外径Dの上筒の外周に沿って)等間隔(間隔D)に並列して配置される。以上のようにして、杭頭補強具10を構成する(図3(a)(b))。
【0042】
前記において、
の場合、杭頭補強具10は、例えば、
=560mm
=1100mm
で形成し、また、補強鉄筋8は、
L=1100mm
外径φ=29mm
本数 25
で形成する。補強鉄筋を並べた円の径D=杭径D11+300mm程度とすることにより、補強鉄筋の本数を半分以下に削減できる(表1参照)。
【0043】
(2)杭頭結合構造20
【0044】
実施例1と同様に、内径D00、外径D11の既製杭12を従来の方法により埋設し、杭頭部13を地上に露出させる。
【0045】
続いて、既製杭12の上端板14に、杭頭補強具10の基部28の底板24を載置し、上筒22の底板24の透孔6、6と上端板14の螺孔15、15を一致させる。透孔6から螺孔15に向けてボルト19を螺合緊結して、基部28と上端板14とを固定し、既製杭12に杭頭補強具10を一体に固定する(図4)。尚、図中16は、上端板に連設された補強筒である。
【0046】
次に、前記実施例1と同様に、建造物(上部構造部物)の基礎用の型枠、基礎用の鉄筋を構築し(図示していない)、必要ならば、基礎用の鉄筋と補強鉄筋8、8とを接合する。
【0047】
続いて、型枠内に基礎用のコンクリート32を打設すれば、杭頭補強具10と既製杭12の杭頭部13とがコンクリート32内に一体に埋設された杭頭結合構造20を構築する(図4)。
【0048】
(3)他の実施例
【0049】
また、前記実施例において、上筒22の外面に、補強鉄筋8、8を入れる位置に予め、補強鉄筋8を嵌挿できる凹部を形成しておくこともできる(図示していない)。この場合には、溶接の位置合わせが容易である。
【0050】
また、前記実施例において、下筒26を既製杭12の上端板14に嵌装させたが、下筒26を既製杭12の上端板14の内側18に嵌挿することもできる(図5(a))。更に、前記実施例において、下筒26を省略することもできる(図5(b))。これらの場合も同様に、基部28の底板24に上端板14の螺孔15に対応した透孔6、6を穿設しておき、透孔6からボルト19をねじ込んで既製杭12と杭頭補強具10とを固定する(図5(a)(b))。
【0051】
【発明の効果】
(1) この発明では、既製杭の上端板に固定する基部に、補強鉄筋を固定したので、基部を大径とすれば、既製杭の外径より大径の位置で補強鉄筋を突設することができ、基礎用のコンクリート強度を適宜に設定すれば、隣接する補強鉄筋の間隔を適正化して、補強鉄筋の使用本数を大幅に削減できる。この場合、補強鉄筋の使用本数を半減させることがが可能であり、杭頭補強具の製造コスト、製造工数、総じて、杭頭連結構造のコスト削減、施工期間の短縮の効果が期待できる。
【0052】
(2) また、前記のように、基礎用のコンクリート強度を適宜に設定し、接合筋間隔の適正化することにより、使用する補強鉄筋の長さを短くでき、総じて、構築される基礎を小型化できる効果がある。
【0053】
(3) また、杭頭補強具と基礎杭の上端板とをボルトで接合できるので、接合品質が安定化し、接合作業者も習熟が容易となり、施工が確実かつ均一化し、施工期間が短縮できる効果がある。また、補強鉄筋の間隔が広いので、接合作業も容易となる。
【0054】
(4) 基礎用のコンクリートの強度、補強鉄筋の強度及び太さ、長さ、本数などを適正化することにより、構築される基礎の強度を高めることができると共に、基礎のの増減も容易に調節でき、求める建築物に応じて、所望強度の基礎を容易に構築できる効果がある。隣接する補強鉄筋の間隔を容易に2倍以上に拡げることができるので、補強鉄筋の太さを例えば2倍にして、基礎の強度を増強するすることも容易である。
【0055】
(5) 補強鉄筋間隔を従来に比して4倍以上に拡大できることにより、杭頭部に形成する建築構造物用の生コンクリートの骨材の粒径の選定範囲に制約を受けず、任意の骨材を選定できる効果がある。
【図面の簡単な説明】
【図1】この発明の実施例1に使用する杭頭補強具で、(a)は平面図、(b)は(a)のA−A線における断面図である。
【図2】この発明の杭頭連結構造の縦断面図である。
【図3】この発明の実施例2に使用する他の杭頭補強具で、(a)は平面図、(b)は(a)のB−B線における断面図である。
【図4】この発明の他の杭頭連結構造の縦断面図である。
【図5】(a)(b)は、この発明の実施例2に使用する他の杭頭補強具の一部拡大図である。
【符号の説明】
1 基板(基部)
2 基板の外周
3 基板の内周
4 透孔(補強鉄筋用)
5 ナット
6 透孔(端板固定用)
8 補強鉄筋
10 杭頭補強具
12 既製杭
13 既製杭の杭頭部
14 既製杭の上端板
15 既製杭の螺孔(上端板の上面)
19 ボルト
20 杭頭連結構造
22 上筒
26 下筒
27 下筒の透孔
28 基部
31 杭穴
32 基礎のコンクリート
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a pile head coupling structure of a ready-made pile that joins a pile head of the ready-made pile and a foundation as a lower end portion of a building. This simplifies the joint structure between the pile head and foundation of the ready-made pile, simplifies the on-site joining work, and can strengthen the pile head without reducing the joint strength. Therefore, with pile foundations that are being implemented recently, the load-carrying capacity per pile foundation has improved nearly twice as much as before by creating a larger-diameter part than before with a high-quality soil cement layer or rooting part. Pile foundations using high bearing capacity concrete piles are particularly effective because the strength of the bending moment required for the foundation is high.
[0002]
[Prior art]
In the conventional foundation, generally, the upper end plate of the ready-made pile is removed, the concrete at the upper end is broken to expose the shaft reinforcing bar, and the reinforcing bar arranged on the foundation is welded to the shaft reinforcing bar. Moreover, the structure which inserts the lower part of a reinforcing bar rod in the hollow part of the pile head part of a ready-made pile as a reinforcing reinforcing bar, and was filled and fixed was comprised (conventional example of patent document 1. FIG. 7 of patent document 1). Fig. 8. Non-patent document 1).
[0003]
Therefore, there is a structure that constructs the structure body (foundation) by enclosing the pile head of a pre-made pile with a cylindrical lower rod-shaped joint, or by welding the joint to the pile head and mounting it in the ground. It has been proposed (Patent Document 1).
[0004]
[Patent Document 1]
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-21915
[Non-Patent Document 1]
"From investigation and design of pile foundation to construction", 2nd revised edition, Japan Society for Geotechnical Engineering, May 25, 1993, pages 214-220.
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
Recently, the load capacity per pile has been improved, especially in the case of ready-made concrete piles, which has achieved a high bearing capacity about twice the conventional pile diameter and has been put into practical use. It has been demanded to increase the strength of the entire building by increasing the bending moment.
[0007]
In this case, in the conventional technique, there is a limit to increasing the number of adjacent reinforcing bars from the viewpoint of securing the covering of the reinforcing bars, and when the thickness of the reinforcing bars is increased, the weight of one reinforcing bar increases. In addition to troublesome handling such as transportation, there is a problem in that it is difficult to maintain the reinforcing bars and to obtain a predetermined strength in the field welding work itself.
[0008]
In addition, under the restriction of the reinforcing bars, there is a problem that the concrete for the foundation must be a special concrete having higher strength than that used for a normal building structure.
[0009]
That is, the prior art has the following problems.
(1) In the pile head of the pile foundation, the interval between the joint reinforcing bars in the foundation concrete is narrow, and the strength of the concrete and the joint (fixing) bars is not fully utilized. The integrity of was not good. For this reason, the bending strength as a basis was low for the strength of the material used. In the foundation, the arrangement (bar arrangement) intervals of the joint bars in the concrete are too close, and the balance between the strength of the concrete and the joint (fixing) bars is poor, and the increase in the bending moment of the joint is limited.
(2) Joining (fixing) The joining work of the reinforcing bar and the pile head is complicated and requires experience, so it was troublesome to maintain and manage the stability of the joining quality and the proficiency of the joining operator.
(3) Due to the factors in (1) and (2), the foundation pile and the foundation concrete are created, so material costs and work costs are incurred, and if there are many welding points, the welding work depends on the weather. Therefore, it was one of the factors that hindered the reduction of working days.
[0010]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
However, in this invention, since the pile head reinforcement which protruded the reinforcing bar in the shape of the circumference larger than the outer diameter of the pile was fixed to the pile end plate of the ready-made pile, the above problem was solved.
[0011]
That is, this invention is a structure formed by fixing the base of the pile head reinforcement to the upper end plate of the ready-made pile with the pile head exposed, and the base having an opening communicating with the hollow portion of the ready-made pile. Reinforcement in which a through hole is formed in parallel at a position larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made pile, a nut communicating with the through hole is fixed to the lower surface of the base, and a thread is formed on the lower end of the nut The pile head coupling structure of a pre-made pile , wherein a reinforcing bar is fixed and a reinforcing bar is projected above the base to constitute the pile head reinforcing tool.
[0012]
Further, in the above, the outer periphery is larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made pile, the inner periphery is substantially the same as the inner diameter of the ready-made pile, a donut-shaped base is formed, and the outer periphery of the base is reinforced. A pile head reinforcement is constructed by projecting rebars in parallel upward, and the base and ready-made piles are formed using through holes formed in the base and screw holes in the upper end plate of the ready-made pile. It is a pile head connection structure characterized by being fixed. In addition, a bottom plate having an opening substantially the same as the inner periphery of the ready-made pile is formed on the upper cylinder having an outer diameter larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made pile, and is used as a base. The pile head reinforcing structure is characterized in that a pile head reinforcing tool is configured by projecting in parallel upward.
[0013]
Further, in the above, the pile head characterized in that the pile head reinforcing tool and the ready-made pile are fixed using a through hole formed in the base and a screw hole formed in the upper end plate of the ready-made pile. Reinforcement structure.
[0014]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
(1) The pile head 13 is exposed to the ground, and the ready-made pile 12 is sunk. A pile head reinforcing tool 10 is fixed to the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12 with the reinforcing bars 8 and 8 protruding upward (FIG. 2). Reinforcing rebar 8, 8 along the circumference of diameter D 2, it is fixed to the substrate 1 of the pile head brace 10 (Fig. 1). The substrate 1 is fixed to the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12 with bolts 19 and 19. Diameter D 2 of the circle in parallel reinforcing rebar 8, by increasing the outer diameter D 1 of the substrate 1 can be formed with a sufficiently large diameter D 2 than the outer diameter D 11 of the ready-made pile 12.
[0015]
(2) A foundation pile with a ready-made pile 12 (outer diameter D 11 = 700 mm) set in the pile hole 31 formed with the bottomed root consolidation part 1100φ and having a tip supporting force of about 20 N / mm 2 Can be built. In this case, the number of reinforcing reinforcing bars 8 necessary for constructing the pile head connection structure 20 is calculated with a bending strength corresponding to the high supporting force of the bottom-floored root solidified portion. Here, for example, the bending moment is 1580 kN · m 2.
[0016]
When the basic concrete 32 is FC24 (compressive strength 24 N / mm 2 ) and SD390 (yield strength 390 N / mm 2 ) is adopted as the reinforcing reinforcing bar 8, the required number of reinforcing reinforcing bars 8 when the D 2 dimension is changed, distance D 6 between adjacent reinforcing rebar 8 when the number is shown in table 1 below.
[0017]
Even if it is based on an off-the-shelf pile located at the head of the pile, if an SC pile with a large bending moment is used, substantially the same bending moment can be obtained.
[0018]
[Table 1]
[0019]
In Table 1, the case of D 2 = 700 mm is a conventional example. Therefore, it can be seen that the vertical supporting force is about twice that of the conventional one, and it can be easily increased as a bending moment even if it is used.
[0020]
(3) Accordingly, assuming that the reinforcing reinforcing bar 8 is SD390 and the length L is about 900 to 1100 mm, the reinforcing reinforcing bar 8 is D 2 = (outer diameter D 11 of ready-made pile 12) +300 mm.
If it is formed to the extent, the number of reinforcing bars is about one half and the required strength can be satisfied. In this case, the interval between the reinforcing reinforcing bars 8 can be increased four times or more.
[0021]
[Example 1]
An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
[0022]
(1) Configuration of pile head reinforcement 10 [0023]
Through holes 4 and 4 for fixing reinforcing bars along the circumference of the outer diameter D 2 (D 2 > D 11 ) on the outer circumference 2 side of the disc-shaped substrate (base) 1 having the inner diameter D 0 and the outer diameter D 1. Are formed in parallel at substantially equal intervals. A nut 5 communicating with the through hole 4 is fixed to the lower surface of the substrate 1. Along the inner periphery 3 of the substrate 1, through holes 6, 6 corresponding to the screw holes 15, 15 on the upper surface of the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12 to be applied are formed at a plurality of locations.
[0024]
A reinforcing reinforcing bar 8 having a thread formed on the outer periphery of the lower end is inserted into the through hole 4 from above, screwed into the nut 5 and fixed. It is fixed to the reinforcing rebar 8,8 to all through holes 4, 4, reinforcing rebar 8, 8 by a length L over the substrate 1 projects, and at equal intervals along the circumference of the diameter D 2 Arranged in parallel.
[0025]
The pile head reinforcement 10 is comprised as mentioned above (FIG. 1 (a) (b)). In the figure, 31 is a pile hole.
[0026]
In the above,
In this case, the pile head reinforcement 10 is, for example,
D 0 = 700 mm
D 1 = 1100 mm
D 2 = 1000 mm
In addition, the reinforcing bar 8 is
L = 1100mm
Outer diameter φ = 29mm
Number 23
Form with.
[0027]
Therefore, it is reduced to less than half the number of reinforcing rebar 8 by enlarging the D 2.
[0028]
(2) Pile head connection structure 20
[0029]
A ready-made pile 12 having an inner diameter D 00 and an outer diameter D 11 is embedded by a conventional method, and the pile head 13 is exposed to the ground. The method of burying the ready-made pile 12 includes a pre-excavation method in which the pre-made pile 12 is sunk after excavating the pile hole 31 in advance, an intermediate excavation method in which the pre-made pile 12 is gradually submerged while excavating under the pre-made pile 12, It is possible to apply any method such as a method of pushing the ready-made pile 12 by rotation.
[0030]
Subsequently, the lower surface of the substrate 1 of the pile head reinforcement 10 is placed on the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12, and the through holes 6 and the screw holes 15 formed in the upper end plate 14 are made to coincide with each other. If the board 19 and the upper end plate 14 are fixed by screwing the bolt 19 from the through hole 6 toward the screw hole 15, the pile head reinforcing tool 10 is integrally fixed to the ready-made pile 12.
[0031]
Next, the formwork for the foundation of the building (upper structure part) and the reinforcement for the foundation are constructed, and the reinforcement for the foundation and the reinforcing reinforcement are joined if necessary (not shown).
[0032]
Subsequently, when the foundation concrete 32 is placed in the formwork, the pile head joint structure 20 in which the pile head reinforcing tool 10 and the pile head 13 of the ready-made pile 12 are embedded integrally in the concrete 32 is constructed. (FIG. 2).
[0033]
(3) Other embodiments [0035]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the reinforcement reinforcement 8 was fixed previously, it can also be attached after fixing the board | substrate 1 to the ready-made pile 12 (not shown).
[0036]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the pile head reinforcement tool 10 was attached after embedding the ready-made pile 12, embedding the ready-made pile 12 in the state which fixed the pile head reinforcement tool 10 to the upper end board 14 of the ready-made pile 12 previously. (Not shown).
[0037]
[Example 2]
An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
[0038]
(1) Configuration of pile head reinforcement 10
An outer diameter D 4, upper cylinder 22 open upward has a bottom plate 24 which opening (round) 25 is formed in the diameter D 0. The bottom plate 24 of the upper cylinder 22, is continuously provided to the upper end of the lower tubular 26 having an inner diameter D 5 coaxially. The inner diameter D 5 of the lower cylinder 26 is formed substantially the same as the outer diameter D 11 of the ready-made pile 12 to be used, and the lower cylinder 26 can be fitted to the pile head (upper end plate 14) 13 of the ready-made pile 12. ing. The diameter D 0 of the opening 25 of the upper cylinder 22 is formed substantially the same as the inner diameter D 00 of the ready-made pile 12 to be used, and can communicate with the hollow portion of the ready-made pile 12.
[0040]
Further, through holes 6 and 6 that can communicate with the screw holes 15 and 15 of the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12 are formed in the bottom plate 24. As described above, the base 28 is formed.
[0041]
The lower ends of the reinforcing bars 8 and 8 arranged vertically are welded and fixed to the outer surface of the side plate 23 of the upper tube 22 of the base portion 28. The reinforcing reinforcing bars 8 protrude upward from the upper surface of the bottom plate 24 by a length L, and are arranged in parallel at regular intervals (interval D 6 ) along a circle having a diameter D 2 (along the outer periphery of the upper cylinder of the outer diameter D 4 ). Arranged. The pile head reinforcement 10 is comprised as mentioned above (FIG. 3 (a) (b)).
[0042]
In the above,
In this case, the pile head reinforcement 10 is, for example,
D 0 = 560 mm
D 2 = 1100 mm
In addition, the reinforcing bar 8 is
L = 1100mm
Outer diameter φ = 29mm
Number 25
Form with. By setting the diameter D 2 of the reinforcing bars to be equal to the pile diameter D 11 +300 mm, the number of reinforcing bars can be reduced to half or less (see Table 1).
[0043]
(2) Pile head connection structure 20
[0044]
As in Example 1, the ready-made pile 12 having an inner diameter D 00 and an outer diameter D 11 is embedded by a conventional method, and the pile head 13 is exposed to the ground.
[0045]
Subsequently, the bottom plate 24 of the base 28 of the pile head reinforcement 10 is placed on the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12, and the through holes 6 and 6 of the bottom plate 24 of the upper cylinder 22 and the screw holes 15 and 15 of the upper end plate 14. Match. A bolt 19 is screwed and tightened from the through hole 6 toward the screw hole 15 to fix the base portion 28 and the upper end plate 14, and the pile head reinforcing tool 10 is fixed integrally to the ready-made pile 12 (FIG. 4). In the figure, reference numeral 16 denotes a reinforcing cylinder connected to the upper end plate.
[0046]
Next, in the same manner as in the first embodiment, a formwork for a foundation of a building (upper structure part) and a reinforcing bar for the foundation are constructed (not shown), and if necessary, reinforcing bars and reinforcement for the foundation. The reinforcing bars 8 and 8 are joined.
[0047]
Then, if the concrete 32 for foundations is laid in a formwork, the pile head joint structure 20 by which the pile head reinforcement 10 and the pile head 13 of the ready-made pile 12 were embed | buried integrally in the concrete 32 will be constructed. (FIG. 4).
[0048]
(3) Other embodiments
Moreover, in the said Example, the recessed part which can insert the reinforcing bar 8 in the position which inserts the reinforcing bar 8 in the outer surface of the upper cylinder 22 previously can also be formed (not shown). In this case, welding positioning is easy.
[0050]
Moreover, in the said Example, although the lower cylinder 26 was fitted in the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12, the lower cylinder 26 can also be inserted in the inner side 18 of the upper end plate 14 of the ready-made pile 12 (FIG. 5 ( a)). Further, in the above embodiment, the lower cylinder 26 can be omitted (FIG. 5B). In these cases as well, through holes 6 and 6 corresponding to the screw holes 15 of the upper end plate 14 are formed in the bottom plate 24 of the base portion 28, and bolts 19 are screwed through the through holes 6 to prepare the ready-made pile 12 and the pile head. The reinforcing tool 10 is fixed (FIGS. 5A and 5B).
[0051]
【The invention's effect】
(1) In this invention, since the reinforcing steel bars are fixed to the base part fixed to the upper end plate of the ready-made pile, if the base part has a large diameter, the reinforcing steel bars project at a position larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made piles. If the concrete strength for the foundation is set appropriately, the interval between adjacent reinforcing bars can be optimized and the number of reinforcing bars used can be greatly reduced. In this case, it is possible to halve the number of reinforcing bars used, and it can be expected that the manufacturing cost and manufacturing man-hours of the pile head reinforcing tool, and overall, the cost reduction of the pile head connection structure and the shortening of the construction period can be expected.
[0052]
(2) In addition, as mentioned above, by setting the concrete strength for the foundation appropriately and optimizing the joint spacing, it is possible to shorten the length of the reinforcing bars to be used. There is an effect that can be made.
[0053]
(3) In addition, since the pile head reinforcement and the upper end plate of the foundation pile can be joined with bolts, the joining quality is stabilized, the joining operator becomes easy to learn, the construction is reliable and uniform, and the construction period can be shortened. effective. Moreover, since the space | interval of a reinforcing bar is wide, joining work becomes easy.
[0054]
(4) By optimizing the strength of concrete for the foundation and the strength and thickness, length, number, etc. of reinforcing bars, the strength of the foundation to be constructed can be increased and the number of foundations can be easily increased or decreased. It can be adjusted and has the effect of easily building the foundation of the desired strength depending on the desired building. Since the interval between adjacent reinforcing bars can be easily doubled, it is easy to increase the strength of the foundation by doubling the thickness of the reinforcing bars, for example.
[0055]
(5) The space between reinforcing bars can be expanded by more than 4 times compared to the conventional method, so there is no restriction on the particle size range of the raw concrete aggregate for building structures formed on the pile head. There is an effect that the aggregate can be selected.
[Brief description of the drawings]
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a pile head reinforcement tool used in Embodiment 1 of the present invention, in which (a) is a plan view and (b) is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA in (a).
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a pile head coupling structure according to the present invention.
FIGS. 3A and 3B are other pile head reinforcing tools used in Embodiment 2 of the present invention, in which FIG. 3A is a plan view and FIG. 3B is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG.
FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of another pile head coupling structure of the present invention.
FIGS. 5A and 5B are partially enlarged views of other pile head reinforcing tools used in Embodiment 2 of the present invention. FIGS.
[Explanation of symbols]
1 Substrate (base)
2 Outer perimeter of substrate 3 Inner perimeter of substrate 4 Through hole (for reinforcing steel bars)
5 Nut 6 Through hole (for fixing the end plate)
8 Reinforcing bar 10 Pile head reinforcement 12 Ready-made pile 13 Pile head 14 of ready-made pile Upper end plate 15 of ready-made pile Screw hole (upper surface of upper end plate)
19 Bolt 20 Pile head connection structure 22 Upper cylinder 26 Lower cylinder 27 Lower hole through hole 28 Base 31 Pile hole 32 Foundation concrete

Claims (4)

杭頭部を露出させた既製杭の上端板に、杭頭補強具の基部を固定してなる構造であって、
前記既製杭の中空部に連通する開口を有する基部に、前記既製杭の外径より大径の位置で並列して透孔を形成し、前記基部の下面に前記透孔に連通するナットを固定して、該ナットに下端部に螺糸を形成した補強鉄筋を固定して、前記基部の上方に前記補強鉄筋を突設して、前記杭頭補強具を構成したことを特徴とする既製杭の杭頭結合構造。
It is a structure formed by fixing the base of the pile head reinforcement to the upper end plate of the ready-made pile with the pile head exposed,
A through hole is formed in parallel with the base having an opening communicating with the hollow portion of the pre-made pile at a position larger than the outer diameter of the pre-made pile, and a nut communicating with the through hole is fixed to the lower surface of the base. And the reinforcing bar which formed the screw in the lower end part was fixed to this nut, and the said reinforcing bar protruded above the base, and the above- mentioned pile head reinforcing implement was constituted, Pile head connection structure.
外周を既製杭の外径より大径とし、内周を前記既製杭の内径と略同一とした開口を有するドーナツ状の基部を形成し、該基部の外周に沿って、補強鉄筋を上方に向けて並列して突設して杭頭補強具を構成し、
前記基部に形成した透孔と前記既製杭の上端板の螺孔とを使用して前記基部と既製杭とを固定したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の杭頭結合構造。
A donut-shaped base having an opening whose outer periphery is larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made pile and whose inner periphery is substantially the same as the inner diameter of the ready-made pile is formed, and the reinforcing steel bars are directed upward along the outer periphery of the base The pile head reinforcement is constructed by projecting in parallel.
The pile head coupling structure according to claim 1, wherein the base and the ready-made pile are fixed using a through hole formed in the base and a screw hole of an upper end plate of the ready-made pile.
既製杭の外径より大径の外径を有する上筒に、前記既製杭の内周と略同一とした開口を有する底板を形成して、基部とし、前記上筒の側面に補強鉄筋を上方に向けて並列して突設して、杭頭補強具を構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の杭頭補強構造。  On the upper cylinder having an outer diameter larger than the outer diameter of the ready-made pile, a bottom plate having an opening substantially the same as the inner circumference of the ready-made pile is formed, and the base is formed, and the reinforcing bars are disposed on the side surfaces of the upper cylinder. The pile head reinforcement structure according to claim 1, wherein the pile head reinforcement is configured by projecting in parallel toward the head. 基部に形成した透孔と既製杭の上端板に形成されている螺孔とを使用して、前記杭頭補強具と前記既製杭とを固定したことを特徴とする請求項1乃至請求項3のいずれか1項記載の杭頭補強構造。  The said pile head reinforcement tool and the said ready-made pile were fixed using the through-hole formed in the base and the screw hole formed in the upper end plate of the ready-made pile. The pile head reinforcement structure of any one of these.
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