JP4028369B2 - Cosmetics for flooring - Google Patents

Cosmetics for flooring Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4028369B2
JP4028369B2 JP2002362973A JP2002362973A JP4028369B2 JP 4028369 B2 JP4028369 B2 JP 4028369B2 JP 2002362973 A JP2002362973 A JP 2002362973A JP 2002362973 A JP2002362973 A JP 2002362973A JP 4028369 B2 JP4028369 B2 JP 4028369B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
layer
flooring
surface
decorative
decorative material
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2003239517A (en
Inventor
康夫 中井
寛章 中山
孝志 土井
義昭 根津
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大日本印刷株式会社
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Priority to JP2001-380946 priority Critical
Priority to JP2001380946 priority
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Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a flooring decorative material provided on a floor surface of a house or the like, and more particularly to a flooring decorative material excellent in caster resistance, impact resistance and water resistance.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Conventionally, as a flooring material, a wood veneer veneer is applied to a surface of a laminated body in which a wood veneer veneer is bonded to a plywood or a laminate in which a plywood and a medium density fiber veneer (MDF) are laminated. Those that are pasted and painted are widely known and widely used. In addition, it is widely known and widely used to improve the design by providing grooves and chamfering depths that reach the plywood and medium density fiberboard (MDF) from the wood veneer veneer side to provide grooves and chamfering. Has been.
[0003]
However, the wood veneer veneer is a thin slice of solid natural wood. The price of wood and the quality of the wood have risen due to the depletion of wood resources and the rise of the global resource protection movement. New wood has become difficult to obtain.
[0004]
Therefore, as an alternative to the wooden veneer, a decorative sheet having a beautiful print such as a wood grain pattern has come to be used. As this typical thing, the thing which stuck the decorative sheet on the plywood, or the thing which stuck the decorative sheet on the said medium density fiber board surface of the laminated body which laminated | stacked the plywood and the medium density fiber board (MDF). Although the former is a problem that casters and impact resistance are inferior as when using a wood veneer veneer, fluffing or crusting occurs in grooves and chamfers, socks and stockings fibers In the latter case, the medium density fiberboard is inferior in water resistance, as in the case of using a wood veneer veneer. There was a problem of swelling and impairing the design.
[0005]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and its purpose is to take into account environmental problems such as incineration disposal, while scratch resistance, abrasion resistance required for flooring, An object of the present invention is to provide a decorative material for flooring that has various physical properties such as stain resistance and is particularly excellent in caster resistance, impact resistance, and water resistance.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to achieve the above object, the inventors of the present invention provide a floor covering decorative material in which a synthetic resin layer and a decorative layer are sequentially laminated on a base material made of plywood. Resin layer
(1) Yield point load: 9kgf or more
(2) Tensile modulus: 50 kgf / mm 2 more than
(3) Yield elongation: 3-8%
It is characterized by having the following characteristics.
[0007]
Moreover, the present invention according to claim 2 is the floor covering decorative material according to claim 1, wherein the synthetic resin layer is
(4) Yield point load: 12kgf or more
(5) Yield elongation: 3-5%
It is characterized by having the following characteristics.
[0008]
By setting it as the structure in any one of the said Claim 1, 2, it can be set as the decorative material for flooring materials excellent in caster resistance and impact resistance. Tensile modulus 50kgf / mm 2 If it is less than 1, the synthetic resin layer is cracked by impact, and if the yield point load is less than 9 kgf, the dent of the decorative material for flooring is noticeable due to the impact, and the yield point load is 9 kgf or more, more preferably 12 kgf or more. . Further, if the yield elongation is less than 3%, cracks occur in the synthetic resin layer due to impact, and if it exceeds 8%, the amount of deformation due to impact is large and cracks in the decorative layer laminated on the synthetic resin layer become significant. A more preferable upper limit of the yield elongation is 5% or less.
[0009]
Moreover, the present invention according to claim 3 is the floor covering decorative material according to any one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the synthetic resin layer is a polyester resin layer. By comprising in this way, it can be set as the decorative material for flooring materials excellent in coloring property and cutting workability.
[0010]
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the decorative material for flooring according to the third aspect, the polyester resin layer is a biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film. By comprising in this way, since a synthetic resin layer can be made thin and can be handled by roll shape, productivity at the time of bonding with a plywood improves.
[0011]
Moreover, the present invention according to claim 5 is characterized in that in the decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 4, a groove is formed from the decorative layer side. By comprising in this way, it can be set as the decorative material for flooring excellent in the designability.
[0012]
Moreover, the present invention according to claim 6 is characterized in that in the decorative material for flooring according to claim 5, the groove is formed so that the bottom thereof is positioned in the synthetic resin layer. . By comprising in this way, it can be set as the decorative material for flooring which has the groove part excellent in water resistance which is comparatively smooth without fuzzing or a crust.
[0013]
Moreover, this invention of Claim 7 is a flooring decorative material in any one of Claims 1-6, The said synthetic resin layer is a colored resin layer, It is characterized by the above-mentioned. By comprising in this way, it can respond also to the dispersion | variation in the surface hue of a base material, and can be set as the decorative material for flooring of a stable color tone.
[0014]
The present invention according to claim 8 is characterized in that in the decorative material for flooring according to claim 5, a coating material is applied to the groove portion. By comprising in this way, it can be set as the decorative material for flooring which has a deep groove part.
[0015]
The present invention according to claim 9 is characterized in that in the decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 8, a surface protective layer is formed on the surface of the decorative layer. is there. By comprising in this way, it can be set as the flooring cosmetics excellent in surface physical properties, such as abrasion resistance, abrasion resistance, and contamination resistance.
[0016]
Further, the present invention according to claim 10 is characterized in that in the decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 8, a surface protective layer is formed on the surface of the decorative material for flooring. To do. By comprising in this way, the whole surface including a groove part or a chamfering part can be made into the flooring cosmetics excellent in abrasion resistance, abrasion resistance, stain resistance, etc.
[0017]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a basic layer structure of a decorative material for flooring according to the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific first embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific second embodiment of the decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention, and FIG. 4 shows the decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. Sectional drawing which shows specific 3rd Embodiment, FIG. 5 is sectional drawing which shows concrete 4th Embodiment of the olefin resin layer which has the pattern which comprises the decorative material for flooring concerning this invention, FIG. Is a diagram showing the relationship between the dent depth of each test specimen and the yield point load, FIG. 7 is a diagram showing the relationship between the yield point load of each test specimen and the tensile modulus, and FIG. 8 is the yield point load of each test specimen. It is a figure which shows the relationship with yield elongation rate, in the figure, 1 is a decorative material for flooring, 2 is a base material, 3 is a synthetic resin layer, 4, 4 ', 4 " , 4 ''', 4 "" are decorative layers, 40, 40' are olefinic thermoplastic resin sheets, 40 "is an olefinic thermoplastic resin layer, 41 is an uneven pattern, 42 is wiping ink, 43, 45 are primers Reference numeral 44 denotes a surface protective layer, 46 denotes a picture layer, 47 denotes a solid printing layer, and 48 denotes an adhesive layer.
[0018]
First, FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing the basic layer structure of a decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. The decorative material for flooring 1 has a yield point load of 9 kgf or more on a base material 2 made of plywood. Tensile modulus 50kgf / mm 2 As described above, the synthetic resin layer 3 having a yield elongation of 3 to 8% is provided via an adhesive layer (not shown), and the decorative layer 4 is provided on the synthetic resin layer 3. When the yield point load of the synthetic resin layer 3 does not satisfy the above numerical values, the caster resistance and the impact resistance are inferior. When the tensile elastic modulus and / or the yield elongation does not satisfy the above numerical values, the above numerical values are satisfied. There is no problem in practical use, but the impact resistance is poor.
[0019]
Next, the synthetic resin layer 3 constituting the decorative material 1 for flooring will be described. The resin forming the synthetic resin layer 3 has a yield point load of 9 kgf or more, more preferably a tensile elastic modulus of 50 kgf / mm. 2 If the yield elongation is 3 to 8%, the type and thickness are not particularly limited. For example, polyethylene terephthalate, polyalkylene terephthalate having high heat resistance [for example, a part of ethylene glycol is 1 Polyethylene terephthalate substituted with 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol or diethylene glycol, so-called trade name PET-G (manufactured by Eastman Chemical Company)], polyester resins such as polybutylene terephthalate, polycarbonate, polyarylate, and the like. These resins may be used singly or as a mixture, and the synthetic resin layer 3 composed of these resins may be a single layer or multiple layers. Is.
[0020]
Next, the decorative layer 4 constituting the flooring decorative material 1 will be described. Cosmetic base materials that make up the decorative layer 4 include thin paper, fine paper, kraft paper, Japanese paper, titanium paper, resin-impregnated paper, paper reinforced paper, wood fiber, glass fiber, asbestos, polyester fiber, vinylon One type or two or more types of laminates such as woven fabrics and non-woven fabrics made of fibers such as fibers and rayon fibers, or synthetic resin sheets such as polyolefin, polyester, polyacryl, polyamide, polyurethane, and polystyrene can be used. The thickness is generally 20 to 300 μm. In addition, the cosmetic base material used for the decorative layer 4 may be colored by adding a pigment or the like to a necessary layer as necessary, and corona discharge treatment, plasma treatment, ozone treatment, etc. on a necessary surface. The easy adhesion treatment may be performed.
[0021]
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific first embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. The decorative layer 4 ′ is one of the transparent olefinic thermoplastic resin sheets 40. The surface is embossed to provide a concavo-convex pattern 41, and after wiping is performed to fill the concave portion of the concavo-convex pattern 41 with a wiping ink 42, a primer layer 43 is provided on the entire exposed surface, and the primer layer A surface protective layer 44 is formed on 43, and a pattern layer 46 and a solid print layer 47 are formed on the other surface of the olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet 40 via a primer layer 45.
[0022]
FIG. 3 is a sectional view showing a second embodiment of the decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention, wherein the decorative layer 4 ″ is one of the colored olefinic thermoplastic resin sheets 40 ′. A primer layer 45 is provided on this surface, and a solid print layer 47 and a pattern layer 46 are printed on the primer layer 45 in order, and a well-known dry lamination adhesive such as a two-component curable urethane resin is further formed on the pattern layer 46. A transparent olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet 40 or a transparent olefin-based thermoplastic resin layer 40 ″ is laminated by a well-known dry lamination method or T-die extrusion method through an adhesive layer 48 formed of an agent. A primer layer 43 is provided on the entire exposed surface of the plastic resin sheet 40 or the olefin-based thermoplastic resin layer 40 ″, and a surface protective layer 44 is formed on the primer layer 43. It is a thing.
[0023]
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a third embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. The decorative layer 4 ′ ″ is a colored olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet 40 ′. A primer layer 45 is provided on one surface of the substrate, and a solid print layer 47 and a pattern layer 46 are printed on the primer layer 45 in order, and a known dry lamination such as a two-component curable urethane resin is further formed on the pattern layer 46. A transparent olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet 40 or a transparent olefin-based thermoplastic resin layer 40 "is laminated by a well-known dry lamination method or T-die extrusion method through an adhesive layer 48 formed of an adhesive for the above-mentioned use. The surface of the thermoplastic resin sheet 40 or the olefinic thermoplastic resin layer 40 "is embossed to provide a concavo-convex pattern 41, and a wiping treatment is performed thereon. After filling the recesses of the concavo-convex pattern 41 with the wiping ink 42, a primer layer 43 is provided on the entire exposed surface, and a surface protective layer 44 is formed on the primer layer 43. In addition, although the cosmetic layer 4 using the base material for makeup | decoration was demonstrated until now, the decorative layer 4 is not restricted to this, For example, a veneer may be sufficient. In this case, the surface of the veneer is usually coated with a UV (ultraviolet curable) resin as a transparent protective layer, and furthermore, the decorative layers 4 ′ and 4 ″ as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 are used. The surface protective layer 44 of 4 ″ is used such that it is subjected to processing such as sticking to the surface of the protruding plate via a urethane adhesive.
[0024]
The primer layer 43 is provided for the purpose of improving the adhesive strength between the olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet 40 or the olefin-based thermoplastic resin layer 40 ″ and the surface protective layer 44. 2 to 4, the primer layer 45 shown in FIGS.2 to 4 has an adhesive property between the olefinic thermoplastic resin sheets 40 to 40 'and a printing layer such as the pattern layer 46 and the solid printing layer 47. In the same meaning as the primer layer 43, it is preferable to use the same resin as the primer layer 43.
[0025]
The primer layers 43 and 45 are for improving the adhesion of the surface of the olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheets 40, 40 ′, and 40 ″ as described above. As resins used for the primer layers 43 and 45, ester resins, urethane resins, Acrylic resin, polycarbonate resin, vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyvinyl butyral resin, nitrocellulose resin and the like can be mentioned. These resins can be used alone or mixed to form a coating composition or an ink composition, and a roll It can be formed using an appropriate application means such as a coating method or a gravure printing method.
[0026]
The uneven pattern 41 can be formed by a hot press, a hairline process, or the like. Examples of the concavo-convex pattern 41 include a conduit groove, a stone plate surface unevenness, a cloth surface texture, a satin finish, a grain, a hairline, and a striated groove.
[0027]
The pattern layer 46 and the solid print layer 47 can be generally formed using ink by a known printing method such as gravure printing, offset printing, silk screen printing, or the like. Examples of the pattern layer 46 include a wood grain pattern, a stone pattern, a fabric pattern, a crest pattern, a geometric pattern, characters, symbols, line drawings, and various abstract pattern patterns. The solid print layer 47 has a concealing property. Solid-printed with colored ink having 2 to 4 show a configuration in which both the pattern layer 46 and the solid print layer 47 are provided, but any one of the configurations may be used.
[0028]
The ink used for the pattern layer 46 and the solid print layer 47 includes, as a vehicle, chlorinated polyolefin such as chlorinated polyethylene and chlorinated polypropylene, polyester, polyurethane composed of isocyanate and polyol, polyacryl, polyvinyl acetate, Polyvinyl chloride, vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer, cellulose-based resin, polyamide-based resin, etc. are used in a mixture of one or more types, and pigments, solvents, various adjuvants, etc. are added to make this ink However, in consideration of environmental problems and adhesiveness with the printing surface, polyester, polyurethane composed of isocyanate and polyol, polyacryl, polyamide resin, or the like is a mixture of one or more. . The wiping ink 42 can also be formed with the same ink as that used for the picture layer 46 and the solid print layer 47 described above.
[0029]
The decorative layers 4 ′, 4 ″, 4 ′ ″ shown in FIGS. 2 to 4 are examples of specific examples of the decorative layer 4 constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention. However, the present invention is not limited to this as long as it does not depart from the gist of the present invention.For example, a solid print layer and a pattern layer are sequentially printed on one surface of a thin paper, and the entire surface on which the pattern layer is formed is formed. It may be a decorative layer having a structure provided with a surface protective layer.
[0030]
Next, the surface protective layer 44 provided on the surface of the decorative layer 4 will be described. The surface protective layer 44 is provided for imparting surface properties such as scratch resistance, abrasion resistance, water resistance, and stain resistance required for the decorative material 1 for flooring (see FIG. 1). The resin for forming the surface protective layer 44 is suitably formed using a curable resin such as a thermosetting resin or an ionizing radiation curable resin.
[0031]
As thermosetting resins, unsaturated polyester resins, polyurethane resins (including two-component curable polyurethane), epoxy resins, amino alkyd resins, phenol resins, urea resins, diallyl phthalate resins, melamine resins, guanamine resins, melamine-ureas Examples thereof include a cocondensation resin, a silicon resin, and a polysiloxane resin. If necessary, a curing agent such as a crosslinking agent or a polymerization initiator, or a polymerization accelerator is added to the resin. For example, as a curing agent, isocyanate or organic sulfonate is added to unsaturated polyester resin or polyurethane resin, organic amine is added to epoxy resin, peroxide such as methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, azoisobutyl nitrile, etc. The radical initiator is added to the unsaturated polyester resin. As a method of forming the surface protective layer with the thermosetting resin, for example, the above thermosetting resin is made into a solution, applied by a known coating method such as a roll coating method or a gravure coating method, dried and cured. Can be formed. As a coating amount, about 5-30 micrometers is suitable for solid content, and it is preferably 15-25 micrometers.
[0032]
The ionizing radiation curable resin is a resin that undergoes a cross-linking polymerization reaction upon irradiation with ionizing radiation and changes to a three-dimensional polymer structure. Ionizing radiation means an electromagnetic wave or charged particle beam having an energy quantum capable of polymerizing and crosslinking molecules, such as visible light, ultraviolet light (near ultraviolet light, vacuum ultraviolet light, etc.), X-ray, electron beam, ion beam, etc. is there. Usually, ultraviolet rays or electron beams are used. As the ultraviolet light source, a light source such as an ultra-high pressure mercury lamp, a high pressure mercury lamp, a low pressure mercury lamp, a carbon arc lamp, a black light fluorescent lamp, or a metal halide lamp can be used. As the wavelength of the ultraviolet light, a wavelength range of 190 to 380 nm can be used. As the electron beam source, various electron beam accelerators such as a cockcroft-wald type, a bandegraft type, a resonant transformer type, an insulated core transformer type, a linear type, a dynamitron type, and a high frequency type can be used. The electron beam used is 100 to 1000 keV, preferably 100 to 300 keV. The irradiation amount of the electron beam is usually about 2 to 15 Mrad.
[0033]
And the ionizing radiation curable resin is a monomer having a cation polymerizable functional group such as a radical polymerizable unsaturated group such as (meth) acryloyl group, (meth) acryloyloxy group or epoxy group in the molecule, It consists of a prepolymer or a polymer (hereinafter collectively referred to as a compound). These monomers, prepolymers, and polymers are used alone or in combination. In this specification, (meth) acrylate is used in the meaning of acrylate or methacrylate.
[0034]
Examples of the prepolymer having a radically polymerizable unsaturated group include polyester (meth) acrylate, urethane (meth) acrylate, epoxy (meth) acrylate, melamine (meth) acrylate, triazine (meth) acrylate, and polyvinylpyrrolidone. This prepolymer usually has a molecular weight of about 10,000 or less. When the molecular weight exceeds 10,000, the cured resin layer has insufficient surface properties such as scratch resistance, abrasion resistance, chemical resistance, and heat resistance. The acrylate and methacrylate can be used in common, but the acrylate is more advantageous for the purpose of curing efficiently at a high speed and in a short time because the acrylate is faster in terms of the crosslinking curing rate with ionizing radiation.
[0035]
Examples of the prepolymer having a cationically polymerizable functional group include epoxy resins such as bisphenol type epoxy resins, novolac type epoxy resins, and alicyclic epoxy resins, aliphatic vinyl ethers, aromatic vinyl ethers, urethane vinyl ethers, and ester vinyl ethers. And prepolymers such as vinyl ether resins, cyclic ether compounds, and spiro compounds.
[0036]
Examples of monomers having a radically polymerizable unsaturated group include (meth) acrylate compound monofunctional monomers such as methyl (meth) acrylate, ethyl (meth) acrylate, butyl (meth) acrylate, methoxyethyl ( (Meth) acrylate, methoxybutyl (meth) acrylate, butoxyethyl (meth) acrylate, 2-ethylhexyl (meth) acrylate, N, N-dimethylaminomethyl (meth) acrylate, N, N-dimethylaminoethyl (meth) acrylate, N , N-diethylaminoethyl (meth) acrylate, N, N-diethylaminopropyl (meth) acrylate, N, N-dibenzylaminoethyl (meth) acrylate, lauryl (meth) acrylate, isobornyl (meth) acrylate, ethyl carbitol ( Me ) Acrylate, phenoxyethyl (meth) acrylate, phenoxypolyethylene glycol (meth) acrylate, tetrahydrofurfuryl (meth) acrylate, methoxypropylene glycol (meth) acrylate, 2- (meth) acryloyloxyethyl-2-hydroxypropyl phthalate, 2 -(Meth) acryloyloxypropyl hydrogen terephthalate and the like.
[0037]
In addition, as a polyfunctional monomer having a radical polymerizable unsaturated group, ethylene glycol di (meth) acrylate, diethylene glycol di (meth) acrylate, triethylene glycol di (meth) acrylate, propylene glycol di (meth) acrylate, di Propylene glycol (meth) acrylate, neopentyl glycol di (meth) acrylate, 1,6 hexanediol di (meth) acrylate, 1,9-nonanediol di (meth) acrylate, tetraethylene glycol di (meth) acrylate, tripropylene Glycol di (meth) acrylate, bisphenol-A-di (meth) acrylate, trimethylolpropane tri (meth) acrylate, trimethylolpropane ethylene oxide tri (meth) acrylate Pentaerythritol tri (meth) acrylate, pentaerythritol tetra (meth) acrylate, dipentaerythritol penta (meth) acrylate, dipentaerythritol hexa (meth) acrylate, glycerin polyethylene oxide tri (meth) acrylate, tris (meth) acryloyloxyethyl A phosphate etc. are mentioned. As the monomer having a cationic polymerizable functional group, a prepolymer monomer having the cationic polymerizable functional group can be used.
[0038]
The ionizing radiation curable resin is sufficiently cured when irradiated with an electron beam. However, when cured by irradiation with ultraviolet rays, a photopolymerization initiator is added as a sensitizer. In the case of a resin system having a radically polymerizable unsaturated group, photopolymerization initiators are acetophenones, benzophenones, thioxanthones, benzoin, benzoin methyl ether, Michler benzoylbenzoate, Michler ketone, diphenyl sulfide, dibenzyl disulfide, diethyl Oxite, triphenylbiimidazole, isopropyl-N, N-dimethylaminobenzoate and the like can be used alone or in combination. In the case of a resin system having a cationic polymerizable functional group, an aromatic diazonium salt, an aromatic sulfonium salt, a metallocene compound, a benzoin sulfonic acid ester, a freeloxysulfoxonium diallyl iodosyl salt, or the like is used alone or as a mixture. be able to. In addition, generally the addition amount of these photoinitiators is about 0.1-10 weight part with respect to 100 weight part of ionizing radiation curable resins. In addition, as a method of forming a protective layer with this ionizing radiation curable resin, for example, the ionizing radiation curable resin is formed into a solution and applied by a known coating method such as a gravure coating method or a roll coating method. be able to. As a coating amount in this case, about 5-30 micrometers is suitable as solid content, More preferably, it is 15-25 micrometers.
[0039]
Further, in the case of further imparting scratch resistance and abrasion resistance to the surface protective layer 44 formed from an ionizing radiation curable resin, powdered aluminum oxide, silicon carbide, silicon dioxide, calcium titanate, This can be achieved by adding an abrasive such as barium titanate, magnesium pyroborate, zinc oxide, silicon nitride, zirconium oxide, chromium oxide, iron oxide, boron nitride, diamond, gold sand and glass fiber. The ratio of this abrasive to 100 parts by weight of ionizing radiation curable resin is suitably 1 to 80 parts by weight.
[0040]
Heretofore, the surface protective layer 44 has been described as being provided on the surface of the decorative layer 4, but the surface protective layer 44 is not only provided on the surface of the decorative layer 4, but, for example, in the embodiment shown in FIG. The primer layer 43 and the surface protective layer 44 are not provided. The decorative layer 4 "" is configured as shown in FIG. 5, and although not shown, the decorative layer 4 "", the synthetic resin layer 3 and the base material 2 made of plywood are provided. And a primer layer 43 and a surface protective layer 44 may be provided on the surface of the laminate. In this way, by providing the primer layer 43 and the surface protective layer 44 on the surface of the laminated body, although not shown in the drawings, the final step of the process is usually intended to improve the design of the flooring decorative material. In the stage, grooves and chamfers (not shown) are formed by cutting, but in the first to third embodiments shown in FIGS. 2 to 4, the surface protective layer 44 is formed on the grooves and chamfers (not shown). However, by providing the primer layer 43 and the surface protective layer 44 on the surface of the laminate as described above, a groove or chamfered portion (not shown) is formed from the decorative layer 4 ″ ″ side. The primer layer 43 and the surface protective layer 44 are provided on the entire surface where the groove portion and the chamfered portion (not shown) are provided and the surface protective layer is also provided on the groove portion and the chamfered portion (not shown). Can form the groove part Scratch resistance of the chamfer (not shown), abrasion resistance, stain resistance, it is possible to improve the surface properties such as water resistance. Further, for example, by applying a colored paint or a colored paint having water resistance to the groove part or the chamfered part (not shown), a deep groove part or a deep groove part having water resistance can be obtained. It is possible to improve the design and water resistance of the groove. In addition, the formation method of a groove part and a chamfer part (not shown) is not restricted to the above-mentioned cutting process, For example, even if a groove part and a chamfer part (not shown) are provided by embossing from the outermost layer side. It ’s good.
[0041]
【Example】
Next, a test conducted for completing the present invention will be described.
First, the surface layer material A shown below was prepared as a decorative layer.
Surface material A
A 2 μm-thick urethane primer layer was provided on one surface of a colored polypropylene film having a thickness of 60 μm subjected to double-sided corona discharge treatment, and a woodgrain printed layer was formed on the other surface with a two-component curable urethane printing ink. Next, an intermediate laminate was produced by extruding a transparent propylene-based resin onto the printed layer with a T-die extruder through a urethane-based adhesive so as to have a thickness of 80 μm. Thereafter, a urethane primer layer having a thickness of 2 μm is formed on the transparent propylene resin surface of the intermediate laminate, and an ionizing radiation curable resin is dried on the urethane primer layer by a gravure reverse coating method to a thickness of 15 μm. An uncured electron radiation curable resin layer is formed by coating and drying as described above, and an electron beam (acceleration voltage 175 KeV, irradiation amount 5 Mrad) is applied to the uncured electron radiation curable resin layer in an environment having an oxygen concentration of 200 PPM or less. ) Is cured to form a surface protective layer made of an electron radiation curable resin, and embossing is performed from the surface protective layer side with a grain depth embossed plate having a plate depth of 50 μm to form a grained textured pattern. The formed decorative sheet was produced as surface layer material A.
[0042]
Next, 24 types of test specimens (decorative materials for flooring materials) to be used for the test were prepared by changing the resin type and thickness used in the synthetic resin layer as described below, and the surface layer material A was bonded to the test. Body 1-24 was obtained.
Specimen 1
A 300 μm thick ester-based resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer is provided on the 2 μm-thick urethane primer layer provided on one surface of the colored polypropylene film of the surface layer material A via a urethane-based adhesive. At the same time, a 12 mm thick lauan plywood is bonded to the ester resin layer surface via a urethane-based adhesive, and the surface protective layer surface is parallel to the flow direction of the wood grain pattern with a width of 3.0 mm and a depth of 0 mm. A decorative material for flooring to be used for the test was formed by forming a 3 mm V groove by cutting.
[0043]
Specimen 2-0
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester resin layer of the test body 1 has a thickness of 400 μm.
[0044]
Specimen 3
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is a biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film (Toyobo: A4300) having a thickness of 188 μm.
[0045]
Specimen 4
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is a 125 μm thick biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film (Toyobo: A4300).
[0046]
Specimen 5
Specimen 1 is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer is a 100 μm thick biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film (Toyobo: A4300).
[0047]
Specimen 6
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is a 75 μm thick biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film (Toyobo: A4300).
[0048]
Specimen 7
Specimen 1 is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer is a 50 μm thick biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film (Toyobo: A4300).
[0049]
Specimen 8
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of Specimen 1 is an amorphous polyester having a thickness of 400 μm (Eastman Chemical Company: Ester PETG6763).
[0050]
Specimen 9
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of Specimen 1 is an amorphous polyester (Eastman Chemical Company: Easter PETG6763) having a thickness of 300 μm.
[0051]
Specimen 10
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of the test body 1 is ABS having a thickness of 300 μm (Technopolymer: TECNO ABS810).
[0052]
Specimen 11
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 200 μm thick ABS (manufactured by Technopolymer: TECNO ABS810).
[0053]
Specimen 12
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester resin layer of the test body 1 is made of ABS having a thickness of 100 μm (manufactured by Technopolymer: TECNO ABS810).
[0054]
Specimen 13
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of the test body 1 is 160 μm thick polycarbonate (Mitsubishi Engineering Plastics: Iupilon S2000).
[0055]
Specimen 14
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester resin layer of the test body 1 is a 135 μm thick polycarbonate (Mitsubishi Engineering Plastics: Iupilon S2000).
[0056]
Specimen 15
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of Specimen 1 is 85 μm thick polycarbonate (Mitsubishi Engineering Plastics: Iupilon S2000).
[0057]
Specimen 16
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 330 μm thick polypropylene (Nippon Polychem: Novatec PPFY3).
[0058]
Specimen 17
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 200 μm-thick polypropylene (Nippon Polychem: Novatec PPFY3).
[0059]
Specimen 18
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 350 μm thick polypropylene (manufactured by Nippon Polychem: TX1950).
[0060]
Specimen 19
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 60 μm thick polypropylene (manufactured by Nippon Polychem: TX1950).
[0061]
Specimen 20
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 380 μm thick polypropylene (Idemitsu Petrochemical: F3900).
[0062]
Specimen 21
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester-based resin layer of Specimen 1 is 200 μm thick polypropylene (Idemitsu Petrochemical: F3900).
[0063]
Specimen 22
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 60 μm thick polypropylene (Idemitsu Petrochemical: F3900).
[0064]
Specimen 23
It is the same as Specimen 1 except that the ester resin layer of Specimen 1 is 330 μm thick polystyrene (A & M polystyrene: HF77).
[0065]
Specimen 24
It is the same as the test body 1 except that the ester resin layer of the test body 1 is made of polystyrene having a thickness of 60 μm (A & M polystyrene: HF77).
[0066]
The 24 test specimens prepared above were subjected to a Dupont impact test (weight: 500 g, drop height: 300 mm, striking diameter R: 6.3 mm) from the surface layer material A side, and the depth of dent of each test specimen at that time The thickness (unit: μm) was measured, and the relationship between the dent depth and the physical properties of the synthetic resin layer was investigated.
[0067]
As a result, the relationship shown in FIG. 6 was found between the dent depth and the yield point load of each specimen. That is, the depth of the dent where the dent is inconspicuous is 450 μm or less, and the synthetic resin layer at this time has a resin type with a yield point load of 9 kgf or more and a thickness, and the yield point load shown in FIG. From the chart showing the relationship of tensile modulus, the tensile modulus is 50 kgf / mm. 2 From the chart showing the relationship between the yield point load and the yield elongation shown in FIG. 8, it is found that the yield elongation is 3 to 8%, and further, the dent is not noticeable and the makeup is applied. It is more preferable that the layer is hard to crack, and the present invention has been completed by finding that the layer is a synthetic resin layer having a yield point load of 12 kgf or more and a yield elongation of 3 to 5% and a resin type and thickness. It is a thing. In addition, the number described in FIGS. 6-8 is a test body number. In the figure, the ● mark indicates the most suitable decorative material for flooring, the ▲ mark indicates that there is no practical problem as a decorative material for flooring, and the X mark is used as a decorative material for flooring. Indicates an unsuitable thing.
[0068]
Furthermore, the synthetic resin layer was narrowed down to a 400 μm-thick ester-based resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer used for Specimen 2-0, which had good results as a result of the above test, and used as a decorative layer. Specimens 2-1 to 2-6 were obtained by replacing the surface layer material A with another surface layer material and separately bonding six types of surface layer materials to the resin layer.
[0069]
Specimen 2-1
A 2 μm-thick urethane primer layer is provided on one side of a 80 μm-thick transparent polypropylene film subjected to double-sided corona discharge treatment, and a wood-grain pattern printing layer is formed on the other side with a two-component curable urethane printing ink. Thereafter, an ionizing radiation curable resin is applied onto the urethane primer layer by a gravure reverse coating method and dried to a thickness of 15 μm to form an uncured electron radiation curable resin layer. The electron radiation curable resin layer is irradiated with an electron beam (acceleration voltage 175 KeV, irradiation amount 5 Mrad) in an environment having an oxygen concentration of 200 PPM or less to be cured to form a surface protective layer made of an electron radiation curable resin, and the surface A surface layer material is formed by embossing from a protective layer side with an embossing plate having a grain depth of 50 μm to form a grain-like uneven pattern, A 400 μm thick ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer is provided on the printed layer surface of the surface layer material via a urethane adhesive and a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive (BA manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.) is provided on the ester resin layer surface. -10L), 12mm thick lauan plywood is pasted, and V-grooves with a width of 3.0mm and a depth of 0.3mm are cut at 75mm pitch parallel to the flow direction of the grain pattern on the surface protective layer surface A decorative material for flooring which was formed by the above and used for the test was prepared.
[0070]
Specimen 2-2
General thin paper (30 g / m 2 ), A surface layer material in which a colored solid pattern layer, a pattern printing layer, and a urethane primer layer are sequentially formed with urethane-based ink on one surface is prepared, and 400 μm is formed on the non-printing surface of the surface layer material via a urethane-based adhesive. A thick ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer is provided, and a 12mm thick lauan plywood is attached to the ester resin layer surface via a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive (BA-10L, manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo). Furthermore, a V-groove with a width of 3.0 mm and a depth of 0.3 mm is formed by cutting on the urethane primer layer surface in parallel with the flow direction of the wood grain pattern, and then the entire surface subjected to the cutting processing. Polymedic SKS-087 (2) [Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.] after drying 2.0 g / 900 cm 2 And an undercoat layer is formed by irradiating with ultraviolet rays and cured, and Polymedic SKS-327Y (manufactured by Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Inc.) is dried on the undercoat layer to 2.5 g / 900 cm. 2 Then, an intermediate coating layer is formed by irradiating with UV rays and curing, and then the intermediate coating layer surface is polished with a wide sander (# 400). Polymedic SK164-40A [ Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.] after drying 1.2g / 900cm 2 Then, the coating material was applied and cured by irradiating with ultraviolet rays to form a top coat layer to prepare a decorative material for flooring used for the test.
[0071]
Specimen 2-3
A surface layer material similar to the surface layer material A was prepared except that the thickness of the colored polypropylene film of the surface layer material A was 100 μm and the extrusion film thickness of the transparent propylene-based resin was 100 μm. An ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer having a thickness of 400 μm is provided on the surface of the urethane primer layer having a thickness of 2 μm provided on one surface via a urethane adhesive, and a water-soluble urethane is provided on the ester resin layer surface. A 12mm-thick lauan plywood is pasted through an emulsion adhesive (BA-10L manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), and the surface protective layer surface is parallel to the flow direction of the wood grain pattern with a width of 3.0mm and a depth of 75mm. A decorative material for flooring was prepared by forming a 0.3 mm V-groove by cutting.
[0072]
Specimen 2-4
A surface layer material similar to the surface layer material A was prepared except that the thickness of the colored polypropylene film of the surface layer material A was 150 μm and the extrusion film thickness of the transparent propylene-based resin was 150 μm. An ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer having a thickness of 400 μm is provided on the surface of the urethane primer layer having a thickness of 2 μm provided on one surface via a urethane adhesive, and a water-soluble urethane is provided on the ester resin layer surface. A 12mm-thick lauan plywood is pasted through an emulsion adhesive (BA-10L manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), and the surface protective layer surface is parallel to the flow direction of the wood grain pattern with a width of 3.0mm and a depth of 75mm. A decorative material for flooring was prepared by forming a 0.3 mm V-groove by cutting.
[0073]
Specimen 2-5
Application amount 5g / m on a 0.2mm thick veneer 2 A 400 μm-thick ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer is provided via a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive (BA-10L manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.) and a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive ( Lauan plywood with a thickness of 12mm is pasted via BA-10L (Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), and V-grooves with a width of 3.0mm and a depth of 0.3mm are cut at a 75mm pitch parallel to the flow direction of the grain pattern. After forming Polymedic SKS-088 (Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.) on the surface of the veneer, 0.4 g / 900 cm 2 Then, an ultraviolet ray is applied and cured to form a sealing layer, and then a mirasol color (Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.) is dried on the sealing layer to 1.3 g. / 900cm 2 1. After coating with UV light and curing it to form a colored layer, Polymedic SKS-087 (2) [Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.] is dried on the colored layer. 0g / 900cm 2 And an undercoat layer is formed by irradiating with ultraviolet rays and cured, and Polymedic SKS-327Y (manufactured by Dainippon Ink & Chemicals, Inc.) is dried on the undercoat layer to 2.5 g / 900 cm. 2 Then, an intermediate coating layer is formed by irradiating with UV rays and curing, and then the intermediate coating layer surface is polished with a wide sander (# 400). Polymedic SK164-40A [ Dainippon Ink Chemical Co., Ltd.] after drying 1.2g / 900cm 2 Then, the coating material was applied and cured by irradiating with ultraviolet rays to form a top coat layer to prepare a decorative material for flooring used for the test.
[0074]
Specimen 2-6
Application amount 5g / m on a 0.2mm thick veneer 2 A 400 μm thick ester resin (Mitsubishi Chemical: NOVAPEX GM700) layer is provided through a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive (BA-10L manufactured by Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.) and a water-soluble urethane emulsion adhesive ( Lauan plywood with a thickness of 12mm is pasted via BA-10L (Chuo Rika Kogyo Co., Ltd.), and V-grooves with a width of 3.0mm and a depth of 0.3mm are cut at a 75mm pitch parallel to the flow direction of the grain pattern. After forming the above, a 2 μm-thick urethane-based primer layer is provided on one side of an 80 μ-thick transparent polypropylene film prepared separately on the surface of the veneer and subjected to double-sided corona discharge treatment, and a two-component curable urethane is provided on the other side. After forming a print pattern with a wood grain pattern with a printing ink, ionizing radiation curable resin is coated on the urethane primer layer. The uncured electron radiation curable resin layer is formed by applying and drying to a thickness of 15 μm after drying by the rabia reverse coating method, and the uncured electron radiation curable resin layer is formed in an environment having an oxygen concentration of 200 PPM or less. An electron beam (acceleration voltage 175 KeV, irradiation amount 5 Mrad) is irradiated and cured to form a surface protective layer made of an electron radiation curable resin, and embossed from the surface protective layer side with a wood grain conduit embossed plate having a plate depth of 50 μm A flooring decorative material to be used for the test was prepared by laminating a sheet formed with a textured relief pattern by processing through a urethane adhesive so that the printed layer of the sheet is positioned on the veneer side. .
[0075]
For the six types of test specimens 2-1 to 2-6 prepared above, a deyupon-type impact test (weight: 500 g, drop height: 300 mm, striking diameter R: 6.3 mm) was performed from the decorative layer side. In addition to measuring the dent depth (unit: μm) of each of the test pieces, the decorative layer was visually evaluated for cracks. The results are summarized in Table 1 and plotted in FIG.
[0076]
[Table 1]
[0077]
As is apparent from Table 1, the synthetic resin layer is made of a resin type and thickness comprising the yield point load, tensile elastic modulus, and yield elongation specified in the present invention. It can be used as a decorative material for flooring that is difficult to crack.
[0078]
【The invention's effect】
As described above, the present invention is environmentally friendly and has various physical properties such as scratch resistance, abrasion resistance, stain resistance, and water resistance required for the flooring material, and in particular, the flooring material of the present invention. Synthetic resin layer constituting cosmetic material for load is yield point load: 9 kgf or more, tensile elastic modulus: 50 kgf / mm 2 The yield elongation: 3 to 8%, more preferably, the yield point load: 12 kgf or more, and the yield elongation: 3 to 5%. This has an excellent effect that a decorative material for flooring excellent in impact resistance can be provided.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a basic layer structure of a decorative material for flooring according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific first embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific second embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific third embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing a specific fourth embodiment of a decorative layer constituting the decorative material for flooring according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a diagram showing the relationship between the dent depth of various test specimens and the yield point load.
FIG. 7 is a graph showing the relationship between the yield point load and the tensile modulus of elasticity of various test specimens.
FIG. 8 is a diagram showing the relationship between yield point load and yield elongation of various test specimens.
[Explanation of symbols]
1 Cosmetics for flooring
2 Base material
3 Synthetic resin layer
4,4 ', 4 ", 4'", 4 "" makeup layer
40,40 'Olefin-based thermoplastic resin sheet
40 "olefin-based thermoplastic resin layer
41 Uneven pattern
42 Wiping ink
43, 45 Primer layer
44 Surface protective layer
46 picture layer
47 Solid printing layer
48 Adhesive layer

Claims (10)

  1. A decorative material for flooring, in which a synthetic resin layer and a decorative layer are sequentially laminated on a base material made of plywood, wherein the synthetic resin layer has the following characteristics.
    (1) Yield point load: 9 kgf or more (2) Tensile modulus: 50 kgf / mm 2 or more (3) Yield elongation: 3-8%
  2. The decorative material for flooring according to claim 1, wherein the synthetic resin layer has the following characteristics.
    (4) Yield point load: 12kgf or more (5) Yield elongation: 3-5%
  3. The decorative material for flooring according to claim 1, wherein the synthetic resin layer is a polyester resin layer.
  4. The decorative material for flooring according to claim 3, wherein the polyester resin layer is a biaxially stretched polyethylene terephthalate film.
  5. The flooring decorative material according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a groove is formed from the decorative layer side.
  6. 6. The flooring decorative material according to claim 5, wherein the groove is formed such that a bottom thereof is positioned in the synthetic resin layer.
  7. The decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the synthetic resin layer is a colored resin layer.
  8. The decorative material for flooring according to claim 5, wherein a paint is applied to the groove.
  9. The decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein a surface protective layer is formed on a surface of the decorative layer.
  10. The decorative material for flooring according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein a surface protective layer is formed on the surface of the decorative material for flooring.
JP2002362973A 2001-12-14 2002-12-13 Cosmetics for flooring Active JP4028369B2 (en)

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014034847A (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-24 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Decorative material for floor

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JP2005127124A (en) * 2003-03-31 2005-05-19 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Laminated wood for floor member
KR100707040B1 (en) * 2003-03-31 2007-04-13 다이니폰 인사츠 가부시키가이샤 Laminate for flooring material
JP5028743B2 (en) * 2005-02-14 2012-09-19 凸版印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
JP4707438B2 (en) * 2005-03-31 2011-06-22 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
JP4679206B2 (en) * 2005-03-31 2011-04-27 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
KR100750479B1 (en) * 2005-04-13 2007-08-22 주식회사 엘지화학 Anti-caster wood flooring
JP2006336452A (en) * 2005-05-06 2006-12-14 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Floor surface construction method
JP4936691B2 (en) * 2005-05-06 2012-05-23 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material and method for producing the same
JP4792809B2 (en) * 2005-05-11 2011-10-12 凸版印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
JP4645904B2 (en) * 2005-11-22 2011-03-09 Dic株式会社 Laminate and method for producing laminate
JP4775633B2 (en) * 2005-11-29 2011-09-21 Dic株式会社 Laminate and method for producing laminate
WO2007091614A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-16 Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd. Flooring material
JP2009127298A (en) * 2007-11-22 2009-06-11 Toppan Cosmo Inc Decorative material for floor
JP5589510B2 (en) * 2010-03-31 2014-09-17 大日本印刷株式会社 Cosmetic material and decorative sheet
JP6403937B2 (en) * 2012-09-07 2018-10-10 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
JP6060765B2 (en) * 2013-03-26 2017-01-18 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material
IN2013MU03488A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-07-31 Zep Internat Ltd
JP2015217620A (en) * 2014-05-19 2015-12-07 ダイヤプラスフィルム株式会社 Base film for polyolefin resin cosmetic sheets, cosmetic sheet and building interior decorative material
JP6102989B2 (en) * 2015-06-25 2017-03-29 大日本印刷株式会社 Floor decorative material

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JP2014034847A (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-24 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Decorative material for floor

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