JP3974667B2 - Manufacturing method of semiconductor light emitting device - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of semiconductor light emitting device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP3974667B2
JP3974667B2 JP21367695A JP21367695A JP3974667B2 JP 3974667 B2 JP3974667 B2 JP 3974667B2 JP 21367695 A JP21367695 A JP 21367695A JP 21367695 A JP21367695 A JP 21367695A JP 3974667 B2 JP3974667 B2 JP 3974667B2
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layer
gallium nitride
semiconductor
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compound semiconductor
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JPH08116090A (en
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幸男 尺田
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ローム株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L33/00Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L33/005Processes
    • H01L33/0062Processes for devices with an active region comprising only III-V compounds
    • H01L33/0079Processes for devices with an active region comprising only III-V compounds wafer bonding or at least partial removal of the growth substrate

Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a semiconductor light emitting device. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a semiconductor light emitting device using a gallium nitride compound semiconductor suitable for blue light emission.
[0002]
Here, the gallium nitride compound semiconductor is a compound in which a group III element Ga and a group V element N or a part of a group III element Ga is substituted with another group III element such as Al or In, and / or Alternatively, it refers to a semiconductor formed of a compound in which a part of N of the group V element is substituted with another group V element such as P or As.
[0003]
A semiconductor light emitting element is a semiconductor element that generates light, such as a light emitting diode (hereinafter referred to as LED) having a double heterojunction such as a pn junction or a pin, a super luminescent diode (SLD), or a semiconductor laser diode (LD). Say.
[0004]
[Prior art]
Conventionally, blue LEDs have lower brightness than red and green, and there were difficulties in practical use. Recently, gallium nitride compound semiconductors were used, and a low-resistance p-type semiconductor layer doped with Mg was obtained. , The brightness has been improved and attracted attention.
[0005]
A conventional gallium nitride LED has a structure as shown in FIG. 5, for example. In order to manufacture this LED, first, an organic metal and a carrier gas H 2 are formed on a sapphire (Al 2 O 3 single crystal) substrate 21 at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C. by a metal organic compound vapor deposition method (hereinafter referred to as MOCVD method). trimethylgallium a compound gas (hereinafter, TMG hereinafter), trimethyl aluminum (hereinafter, referred to as TMA), trimethyl indium (hereinafter, TMI hereinafter) supplies and ammonia (NH 3), Al x Ga y in 1-xy (0 ≦ x <1, 0 <y ≦ 1, x + y ≦ 1) is formed to a thickness of about 0.01 to 0.2 μm, and then the same gas is supplied at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. A high-temperature buffer layer 23 made of Al x Ga y In 1-xy N is formed to a thickness of about 2 to 4 μm.
[0006]
Next, an n-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N layer 24 having the same composition is formed by supplying a gas in the same ratio as described above to a thickness of about 0.1 to 0.3 μm, and an n-type cladding for forming a double heterojunction is formed. Form a layer. In order to form these n-type layers, in the case of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor, the property of becoming n-type without doping with n-type impurities is utilized.
[0007]
Next, Al p Ga q In 1-pq N (0 ≦ p <1, 0 <), in which the amount of Al is decreased from the composition of the cladding layer and the amount of In is increased to make the band gap energy smaller than that of the cladding layer. An active layer 25 made of q ≦ 1, p + q ≦ 1, p <x, 1-pq> 1-xy) is formed.
[0008]
Next, an organic material such as biscyclopentadienylmagnesium (hereinafter referred to as Cp 2 Mg) or dimethylzinc (hereinafter referred to as DMZn) for Mg or Zn as a p-type impurity is added to the same source gas as that for forming the n-type cladding layer. A metal compound gas is added and introduced into the reaction tube to form a p-type cladding layer 26 made of p-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N.
[0009]
Further, in order to form the cap layer 27, the same gas as described above is supplied to vapor-phase grow the p-type Al x Ga y In 1 -xy N layer.
[0010]
After that, a protective film such as SiO 2 on the semiconductor growth layer over the entire surface, 400 to 800 ° C., subjected to annealing at about 20 to 60 minutes, p-type cladding made of p-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N The layer 26 is activated. Next, in order to form an n-type electrode after removing the protective film, a resist is applied and patterned, and as shown in FIG. 5, a part of each grown semiconductor layer is dry-etched by chlorine plasma or the like. The n-type Al x Ga y In 1 -xy N layer 23 is exposed. Next, a metal film such as Au or Al is formed by sputtering or the like to form both electrodes 28 and 29, and an LED chip is formed by dicing.
[0011]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
Since a conventional semiconductor light emitting device using a gallium nitride compound semiconductor has a sapphire substrate on the back side and is an insulator, a complicated process such as etching is required to form an electrode on the back side.
[0012]
The sapphire substrate can withstand high temperatures and can be adjusted to relatively various crystal planes, so that it is advantageously used. However, the lattice constants of the sapphire substrate and the gallium nitride semiconductor crystal are 4.75875 each. And 3.189mm, and the coefficient of thermal expansion is also different. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 6A, dislocations and crystal defects are generated in the buffer layer in contact with the sapphire substrate, and the crystal defects are the active layer. There is also a problem that the gallium-based compound semiconductor single crystal layer progresses and the operating region becomes narrower, and the optical quality of the semiconductor layer also deteriorates.
[0013]
Furthermore, since a sapphire substrate cannot be cleaved and a semiconductor light emitting device chip cannot be produced by cleaving with the above-described structure, a device that requires two mirror surfaces with parallel end faces with high accuracy, such as a semiconductor laser. Has the problem of being unsuitable.
[0014]
An object of the present invention is to solve such problems and to provide a method for manufacturing a semiconductor light emitting device in which generation of crystal defects and dislocations based on mismatch of lattice constants and differences in thermal expansion coefficients is suppressed as much as possible.
[0015]
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a semiconductor light emitting device capable of obtaining a mirror surface of an end surface by cleaving using a gallium nitride compound semiconductor for a semiconductor light emitting device that requires two mirror surfaces parallel to the end surface, such as a semiconductor laser. It aims at providing the manufacturing method of an element.
[0016]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
The method for producing a semiconductor light emitting device of the present invention comprises: (a) at least one semiconductor selected from the group consisting of GaAs, GaP, InP and Si, and a crystal plane on a semiconductor single crystal substrate having a (111) plane. Forming a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer by MOCVD at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. after forming a low temperature buffer layer comprising a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C. , (b) (C) removing the semiconductor single crystal substrate and the low-temperature buffer layer by polishing, and (c) removing the semiconductor crystal substrate and the low-temperature buffer layer and leaving the remaining gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer as a new substrate, And a step of further growing a gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer including at least an n-type layer and a p-type layer.
[0018]
In the step (a), by forming a gallium nitride based compound semiconductor layer at a high temperature before SL 700 to 1200 ° C. after forming the low temperature buffer layer, the low-temperature buffer layer is a mismatch between the substrate serves as a buffer layer to relieve, Ru can prevent the occurrence of crystal defects and dislocations.
[0019]
Before the growth of the gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer in the step (c), a low temperature buffer layer made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor is formed at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C., and further at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. Forming a high-temperature buffer layer made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor and then growing the gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer may cause crystal defects and dislocations generated in the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate. This is preferable because the influence can be minimized.
[0020]
The gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer including at least the n-type layer and the p-type layer has a sandwich structure of an n-type clad layer, an active layer, and a p-type clad layer, and each layer of the sandwich structure is composed of the active layer. The n-type cladding layer, the p-type cladding layer, the high-temperature buffer layer, and the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer are made of a semiconductor material having a band gap energy smaller than that of the n-type and p-type cladding layers. It is preferable to form the substrate using a semiconductor material having the same composition because a light-emitting element with high emission efficiency can be obtained.
[0021]
It is preferable to chip the semiconductor wafer on which the gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor single crystal layer is formed by cleaving because the end surface can be mirror-finished.
[0022]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Next, a method for manufacturing the semiconductor light emitting device of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional explanatory view of an embodiment of a method for manufacturing a semiconductor light emitting device of the present invention, and FIGS. 2 to 4 are cross-sectional explanatory views of examples of a semiconductor light emitting device manufactured by the manufacturing method of the present invention.
[0023]
First, as shown in FIG. 1A, a low temperature buffer layer 2 and a high temperature buffer layer 3 made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer are grown on the surface of a semiconductor single crystal substrate 1 by MOCVD.
[0024]
As the semiconductor single crystal substrate 1, for example, a GaAs single crystal substrate, a GaP single crystal substrate, an InP single crystal substrate, or a Si single crystal substrate each having a (111) crystal plane can be used. The reason why the semiconductor single crystal substrate having a crystal face of (111) is used is the crystal quality of the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer. In addition, the use of the above-mentioned semiconductor single crystal substrate such as GaAs is relatively close to the gallium nitride compound semiconductor and the lattice constant compared to other materials, and the strain applied to the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer can be reduced. Because.
[0025]
In order to grow a semiconductor layer by the MOCVD method, a substrate is disposed in a reaction furnace, and a source gas for vapor phase growth, for example, an Al x Ga y In 1-xy N layer is grown by using a carrier gas. In H 2 , TMA, which is an organometallic gas, is used as a source gas of Al, TMG, which is an organometallic gas, is used as a source gas of Ga, TMI, which is an organometallic gas, and NH 3 is desired as a source gas of N It introduce | transduces at each flow volume so that it may become a ratio, and is made to react in a furnace. When growing semiconductor layers having different compositions, a semiconductor layer having a desired composition can be grown by changing the introduction ratio or introducing a necessary source gas to the element having the composition and reacting them.
[0026]
The growth temperature at the time of growing a gallium nitride compound semiconductor is to grow by reacting at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. to grow a single crystal. However, when growing directly on a substrate of a different material having a different lattice constant or the like. In the meantime, since the crystal directions of the single crystals do not completely coincide with each other, a low temperature buffer layer 2 for growing as a polycrystalline film at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C. is interposed by about 0.01 to 0.2 μm, and 700 to 1200 ° C. thereon. It is preferable to grow the high temperature buffer layer 3 of about 50 to 200 μm at a high temperature. When the high temperature buffer layer 3 is grown, the low temperature buffer layer 2 grown as a polycrystalline film at a low temperature is also monocrystallized and aligned with the high temperature buffer layer 3.
[0027]
Next, as shown in FIG. 1B, mechanical polishing or chemical polishing is performed from the back side of the semiconductor single crystal substrate 1 to remove the semiconductor crystal substrate 1 and the low-temperature buffer layer 2. This mechanical polishing is performed by, for example, a polishing apparatus using diamond powder, and chemical polishing is performed by, for example, a mixed solution of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide.
[0028]
Next, as shown in FIG. 1C, the remaining high-temperature buffer layer (gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer) 3 made of the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer is disposed in the reactor as a new substrate. The low temperature buffer layer 4 made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor is provided in an amount of about 0.01 to 0.2 [mu] m and the high temperature buffer layer 5 is provided in an amount of about 1 to 40 [mu] m by the same method as described above. Since the substrate on which the gallium nitride compound semiconductor is grown is the same kind of gallium nitride single crystal layer, gallium nitride is used directly as the next cladding layer or active layer without providing the low temperature buffer layer 4 and the high temperature buffer layer 5. Although a compound compound semiconductor single crystal may be grown, the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate 3 as a new substrate here is formed on a different kind of semiconductor crystal substrate 1, and is a crystal based on lattice mismatch. Defects and dislocations may have occurred, and in that case, crystal defects and dislocations may also progress to the gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer formed thereon. Therefore, it is preferable to provide the low temperature buffer layer 4 and the high temperature buffer layer 5 again. The growth method and effects of the low temperature buffer layer 4 and the high temperature buffer layer 5 are the same as those of the low temperature buffer layer 2 and the high temperature buffer layer (gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate) 3 in FIG.
[0029]
Next, as shown in FIG. 1D, an n-type cladding layer 6, an undoped or n-type or p-type active layer 7, a p-type cladding layer 8, and a cap layer 9 are sequentially formed. The clad layers 6 and 8 are usually formed to a thickness of about 0.1 to 2 μm, and the active layer 7 is formed to a thickness of about 0.05 to 0.1 μm. The active layer 7 is formed very thin to the extent that crystal defects and dislocations cannot occur, but the cladding layer has a limit in making it thin. The thick layer together with the high temperature buffer layer 5 is preferably formed of a material having the same composition.
[0030]
In order to make the semiconductor layer such as the above-described cladding layer an n-type layer, Si, Ge, and Sn are obtained by mixing them in the reaction gas as a gas such as SiH 4 , GeH 4 , and SnH 4 . In order to form the p-type layer, the p-type layer can be formed by mixing Mg or Zn into the source gas as an organic metal gas of Cp 2 Mg or DMZn. This p-type layer is provided with a protective film made of SiO 2 or the like on the cap layer 9 and annealed at 400 to 800 ° C., or H combined with Mg by irradiation with an electron beam (as a carrier gas) H 2 and the H of the NH 3 gas that is a reaction gas are separated to make Mg easy to move and lower resistance.
[0031]
In this example, the active layer 7 has a double heterojunction structure in which both sides of the p-type layer and the n-type clad layer 6 and 8 are sandwiched between the active layer 7 and the clad layers 6 and 8 have a band gap larger than the band gap energy of the active layer 7. It consists of a material with energy. In order to increase the band gap energy with the aforementioned Al x Ga y In 1-xy N material, x can be increased and 1-xy can be decreased. By adopting a sandwich structure with the clad layers 6 and 8 having such band gap energy, carriers injected into the active layer are confined by an energy barrier that can be formed between the active layer and the clad layer as the light emitting layer. The establishment of luminescence recombination is significantly improved and the luminous efficiency is higher than a homojunction structure in which a pn junction is made of the same material. However, the manufacturing method of the present invention is not limited to such a double heterojunction structure, and can be similarly applied only by changing the composition of a semiconductor layer grown even in a homojunction or a heterojunction pn junction. Also, a semiconductor light emitting device having a refractive index waveguide structure can be manufactured in the same manner by forming a stripe groove with a semiconductor laser. The cap layer 9 is for reducing the contact resistance with the electrode metal 10 and is formed to a thickness of about 0.2 μm or less.
[0032]
Next, as described above, a protective film such as SiO 2 , Si 3 N 4 , or Al 2 O 3 is provided on the surface of the semiconductor layer and annealed at 400 to 800 ° C. for about 20 to 60 minutes, or protection is performed. Without providing a film, electron beam irradiation is performed directly from the surface with an acceleration voltage of about 3 to 20 kV. As a result, the junction between Mg and H, which are dopants in the p-type layer, is cut, activation is achieved, and the resistance of the p-type layer is reduced.
[0033]
Next, an electrode material such as Au or Al is formed by vapor deposition or sputtering, and a lower (n-side) electrode 11 is formed on the entire surface on the back side, and a light emitting area is secured on the front side in the case of an LED. In order to control the current injection region in the case of a semiconductor laser, the upper (p-side) electrode 10 is formed by patterning so as to remain only in the central portion, and then cleaved into each chip. A semiconductor light emitting element chip is formed as shown in a perspective view in FIG.
[0034]
Place this semiconductor light-emitting element chip on the lead frame, wire bond and mold with epoxy resin, then place the chip on the stem, wire bond and seal with cap to complete the laser diode To do.
[0035]
According to the present invention, after a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer is grown on a semiconductor single crystal substrate, the semiconductor single crystal substrate is removed, and the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer is used as a new substrate and an operating layer thereon. Since the single crystal layer of gallium nitride compound semiconductor is grown, the lattice constant and the thermal expansion coefficient are very close, and lattice defects and dislocations are hardly generated.
[0036]
On the other hand, a gallium nitride compound semiconductor used as a new substrate due to a lattice mismatch between the semiconductor single crystal substrate and the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer used as a new substrate grown on the semiconductor single crystal substrate. There is a concern that a crystal defect occurs in the layer, and that the crystal defect spreads to the gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer as the operation layer, causing dislocations and crystal defects. This can be effectively prevented by providing a low temperature buffer layer and a high temperature buffer layer.
[0037]
Furthermore, by making the composition of the semiconductor single crystal layer of the buffer layer and the clad layer thicker than 1 μm the same, a clean cleaved surface can be obtained and a mirror surface can be easily obtained.
[0038]
Next, the production method of the present invention will be described in detail with more specific light-emitting elements.
[0039]
【Example】
Example 1
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional explanatory view of a gallium nitride double heterojunction LED manufactured by the manufacturing method of the present invention. Al x Ga y In 1-xy N (0 ≦ x <1, 0 <y ≦ 1, 0 <x + y ≦ 1) is used as the gallium nitride compound semiconductor, and doubled by changing the ratio of Al, Ga, and In. A heterojunction is formed.
[0040]
First, a gallium nitride system formed as a new substrate made of an n-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N semiconductor layer formed to a thickness of 50 to 200 μm as shown in FIG. N-type Al v Ga w In 1 -vw N (0 ≦ v <1, 0 <w ≦ 1, 0 <v + w ≦ 1, v ≦ x, 1 at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C. on the surface of the compound semiconductor layer substrate 3. -X-y ≦ 1-vw) is grown by a MOCVD method of about 0.01 to 0.2 μm, and then the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate 3 is formed at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. A high-temperature buffer layer 5 made of n-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N having the same composition was provided to a thickness of about 1 to 40 μm. Further, an n-type cladding layer 6 made of n-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N is provided at a thickness of about 0.1 to 2 μm at 700 to 1200 ° C., and non-doped Al p Ga q In 1 -pq N (0 ≦ p <1, 0 <q ≦ 1, 0 <p + q ≦ 1, p <x, 1-pq> 1-xy), and the active layer 7 has a thickness of about 0.05 to 0.1 μm. Further, a p - type cladding layer 8 made of p-type Al x Ga y In 1-xy N was grown by 1 to 2 μm. A cap made of Al r Ga s In 1-rs N (0 ≦ r <1, 0 <s ≦ 1, 0 <r + s ≦ 1, r ≦ x, 1-xy ≦ 1- rs ). The layer 9 is provided with a thickness of about 0.2 μm.
[0041]
In the above structure, both the cladding layers 6 and 8 have the same composition, and these layers have a band gap energy larger than that of the active layer 7. That is, by increasing the amount of Al and decreasing the amount of In, a material having a large band gap energy is obtained, and the cladding layers 6 and 8 made of a material having a large band gap energy are made of a material having a small band gap energy. The structure is such that the active layer 7 is sandwiched, and carriers injected into the active layer are confined by an energy barrier to increase luminous efficiency.
[0042]
After that, as described above, the resistance of the p-type layer was reduced by electron beam irradiation, and an electrode was formed and cleaved to obtain a double heterojunction blue LED having a luminance of about 0.5 candela (cd). .
[0043]
According to this embodiment, since the active layer made of a material having a small band gap energy is a double heterojunction having a sandwich structure, the light emission efficiency can be improved and the thick semiconductor layers such as the cladding layer and the buffer layer are the same. Since the semiconductor layers having different compositions are formed so as not to cause crystal defects, a semiconductor layer having a defect-free film quality is obtained and cleavage is further facilitated.
[0044]
Example 2
This example is an example of a semiconductor laser type light emitting device, and is formed in the same manner as Example 1 until the formation of each layer and the electrode, and the cap layer 9 and the p-type cladding layer on both sides of the upper electrode 11 after the electrode formation. 8 is etched into a mesa shape. With such a structure, the current can be concentrated only in the central portion of the active layer, and the end face is mirror-finished by cleavage, so that it can be reflected and oscillated by the end face, and the output is 0. A blue semiconductor laser type light emitting element of about 2 mW was obtained.
[0045]
Example 3
This embodiment is an embodiment of a pn junction LED. A gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate 3 is provided with a low-temperature buffer layer 4 made of n-type GaN of about 0.01 to 0.2 μm and a high-temperature buffer layer made of n-type GaN. 5 is grown under the same conditions as in Example 1 by a thickness of about 1 to 40 μm, and then an n - type layer 12 made of n-type Al t Ga 1-t N (0 ≦ t <1) is about 1 to 2 μm. The p-type layer 13 made of p-type In u Ga 1-u N (0 ≦ u <1) is formed to a thickness of about 0.1 to 0.3 μm, respectively, and then p-type Al z Ga 1-z N (0 ≦ z <1) is formed, and the p-type layer 13 is irradiated with an electron beam at an acceleration voltage of about 3 to 20 kV and annealed, and then the lower (n-side) electrode 11 and the upper ( A p-side) electrode 10 was formed to manufacture a heterojunction pn junction LED. With this heterojunction structure, the luminous efficiency increased, and a blue LED with a luminance of about 0.2 candela (cd) was obtained.
[0046]
【The invention's effect】
According to the present invention, since the substrate is not an insulating substrate, the lower electrode may be formed on the back surface of the substrate, and the electrode is formed by etching from the upper surface side to expose the lower conductive type layer as in the prior art. There is no need. This eliminates the need for a dry etching process, simplifies the structural process, and does not cause characteristic deterioration due to resistance that is likely to occur during etching.
[0047]
Furthermore, since the substrate is made of the same gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer as a thick layer such as a clad layer, the same kind of crystals are aligned and can be easily cleaved, and a mirror surface can be easily obtained. As a result, a blue semiconductor laser can be easily obtained.
[0048]
Further, since the substrate is also made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer, it is a semiconductor layer of the same type as the operation layer, and lattice matching is achieved by matching the lattice constant and the like, so that generation of crystal defects and dislocations can be prevented. As a result, the quality of the semiconductor layer is improved, and the light emission efficiency and lifetime of the element are improved.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a manufacturing process of an embodiment of a method for manufacturing a semiconductor light emitting device of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an explanatory cross-sectional view of an LED manufactured according to an embodiment of the manufacturing method of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional explanatory view of a semiconductor laser manufactured by another embodiment of the manufacturing method of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is an explanatory cross-sectional view of an LED manufactured by still another embodiment of the manufacturing method of the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional explanatory diagram of a conventional GaN-based LED.
FIG. 6 is a diagram for explaining a state of dislocations generated in a buffer layer formed on a conventional sapphire substrate.
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Semiconductor single crystal substrate 3 Gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer substrate 4 Low-temperature buffer layer 5 High-temperature buffer layer 6 n-type cladding layer 7 active layer 8 p-type cladding layer

Claims (4)

  1. (A) At least one semiconductor selected from the group consisting of GaAs, GaP, InP and Si, and gallium nitride at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C. on a semiconductor single crystal substrate having a crystal plane of (111) plane Forming a gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer by MOCVD at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. after forming a low-temperature buffer layer comprising a compound compound semiconductor layer;
    (B) removing the semiconductor single crystal substrate and the low-temperature buffer layer by polishing; and (c) removing the semiconductor crystal substrate and the low-temperature buffer layer to remove the remaining gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor layer. A method for producing a semiconductor light emitting device, comprising a step of further growing a gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer including at least an n-type layer and a p-type layer as a substrate.
  2. Before the growth of the gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer in the step (c), a low temperature buffer layer made of a gallium nitride compound semiconductor is formed at a low temperature of 400 to 700 ° C., and further at a high temperature of 700 to 1200 ° C. forming a high-temperature buffer layer composed of a gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor, manufacturing method of the semiconductor light emitting device according to claim 1 Symbol placement Thereafter growing the gallium nitride-based compound semiconductor single crystal layer.
  3. The gallium nitride compound semiconductor single crystal layer including at least the n-type layer and the p-type layer has a sandwich structure of an n-type clad layer, an active layer, and a p-type clad layer, and each layer of the sandwich structure is composed of the active layer. The n-type cladding layer, the p-type cladding layer, the high-temperature buffer layer, and the gallium nitride compound semiconductor layer are made of a semiconductor material whose band gap energy is smaller than the band gap energy of the n-type and p-type cladding layers. The method for producing a semiconductor light emitting device according to claim 2 , wherein the substrate is formed of a semiconductor material having the same composition.
  4. Preparation of a semiconductor light emitting device according to claim 1 or 3, wherein into chips by cleaving a semiconductor wafer in which the gallium nitride based compound semiconductor single crystal layer is formed.
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