JP3968088B2 - Eaves ceiling - Google Patents

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JP3968088B2
JP3968088B2 JP2004133987A JP2004133987A JP3968088B2 JP 3968088 B2 JP3968088 B2 JP 3968088B2 JP 2004133987 A JP2004133987 A JP 2004133987A JP 2004133987 A JP2004133987 A JP 2004133987A JP 3968088 B2 JP3968088 B2 JP 3968088B2
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eaves
eaves ceiling
gap
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panel
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JP2005314958A (en
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達也 加茂
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パナホーム株式会社
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本発明は、軒天井に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an eaves ceiling.
従来から、集合住宅の共有廊下には建物の軒先に配置する外廊下が採用されることが多いのであるが、この場合、上階の廊下の下方には下階の廊下が位置することが多く、下階の廊下から上方を見上げた際の見栄えを良くするために、上階の廊下の床の下方には軒天井を設けるのが一般的である。そして、この軒天井は良好な施工性を期して複数の軒天井パネルを建物の軒先に沿わせて並べることで形成されていることが多い。   Conventionally, an external corridor placed at the eaves of a building has often been adopted as a shared corridor in an apartment house. In this case, the lower corridor is often located below the upper corridor. In order to improve the appearance when looking upward from the corridor on the lower floor, it is common to provide an eaves ceiling below the floor of the upper corridor. The eaves ceiling is often formed by arranging a plurality of eaves ceiling panels along the eaves of the building for good workability.
軒天井パネル4にて形成した軒天井1の例としては図13のようなものがある(たとえば、特許文献1参照)。この軒天井パネル4は平板部5の周縁に立上板部6を立設して主体が形成されおり、軒天井パネル4の側方の立上板部6には水平スリット状の挿通孔7が穿孔されており、軒天井1を形成するべく軒天井パネル4を側方に並設した際には、隣接する軒天井パネル4の挿通孔7同士が連通されるようになっている。ここで側方は軒先に沿う方向を言う。建物の外壁3の屋外位置には外廊下の構造材となる軒先梁2が軒先に沿った方向に配設されており、上記軒天井パネル4を軒先梁2と外壁3との間に架け渡すように取り付けることで軒天井1を形成している。詳しくは、軒天井パネル4を軒先梁2と外壁3との間に架設させるにあたって、各軒天井パネル4の屋外側端部を軒先梁2に固定するには固定具8が用いられている(図9参照)。この固定具8には軒先に沿う方向に略水平な嵌込突片9が設けられており、固定具8は隣接した軒天井パネル4間に対応した各々の位置の軒先梁2に固定し、隣接した軒天井パネル4の連通状態にある挿通孔7にこの嵌込突片9を挿通させることで、隣接した軒天井パネル4同士を連結状態で軒先梁2に固定させるのである。つまり、この固定具8を用いると、隣接した軒天井パネル4同士を連結状態にして軒先梁2に固定することができるのであり、その施工作業も、まず隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を固定具8の嵌込突片9にその内側から嵌め込み、次に隣接する他方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を固定具8の嵌込突片9にその外側から嵌め込むといった作業で順々に軒天井パネル4を並設していくことができることから、軒天井1の形成施工に良好な施工性が確保されているのである(図10参照)。   An example of the eaves ceiling 1 formed by the eaves ceiling panel 4 is as shown in FIG. 13 (see, for example, Patent Document 1). The eaves ceiling panel 4 is mainly formed by erecting an upright plate portion 6 on the periphery of the flat plate portion 5, and a horizontal slit-like insertion hole 7 is formed in the upright plate portion 6 on the side of the eaves ceiling panel 4. When the eaves ceiling panels 4 are arranged side by side so as to form the eaves ceiling 1, the insertion holes 7 of the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 are communicated with each other. Here, the side refers to the direction along the eaves. An eaves beam 2 serving as a structural material of the outer corridor is arranged in the direction along the eaves at the outdoor position of the outer wall 3 of the building, and the eaves ceiling panel 4 is bridged between the eaves beam 2 and the outer wall 3. The eaves ceiling 1 is formed by attaching so. Specifically, when the eaves ceiling panel 4 is installed between the eaves beam 2 and the outer wall 3, a fixture 8 is used to fix the outdoor side end of each eaves ceiling panel 4 to the eaves beam 2 ( (See FIG. 9). The fixture 8 is provided with a substantially horizontal fitting protrusion 9 in the direction along the eaves, and the fixture 8 is fixed to the eaves beam 2 at each position corresponding to the space between adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4. By inserting the fitting protrusions 9 into the insertion holes 7 in the communication state of the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4, the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 are fixed to the eaves beam 2 in a connected state. That is, when this fixture 8 is used, the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 can be connected to each other and fixed to the eaves beam 2. The insertion hole 7 of the upper plate 6 is fitted into the fitting protrusion 9 of the fixture 8 from the inside, and the insertion hole 7 of the upright plate 6 of the other adjacent eaves ceiling panel 4 is then fitted to the fixture 8. Since the eaves ceiling panels 4 can be arranged side by side in order to fit into the bayonet protrusions 9 from the outside, good workability is ensured for the formation of the eaves ceiling 1 ( (See FIG. 10).
しかしながら、このように形成された軒天井1にあって、軒天井1を構成する複数の軒天井パネル4のうちの1つの軒天井パネル4に、破損や汚れの付着などが生じて取り替えの必要が生じた場合には、各固定具8の嵌込突片9によって隣接する軒天井パネル4同士が連続して連結されており、つまり隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4のみを固定具8から取り外すことはできないことから、軒天井1を形成する全ての軒天井パネル4を一旦取り外さなければならない場合があり、その施工作業が煩雑である、といった問題があった。
特開2002−201755号公報
However, in the eaves ceiling 1 formed in this way, one eaves ceiling panel 4 of the eaves ceiling panels 4 constituting the eaves ceiling 1 is damaged or attached with dirt and needs to be replaced. When this occurs, the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 are continuously connected to each other by the fitting protrusions 9 of each fixture 8, that is, only one adjacent eaves ceiling panel 4 is removed from the fixture 8. Since it cannot be performed, all the eaves ceiling panels 4 forming the eaves ceiling 1 may have to be removed once, and there is a problem that the construction work is complicated.
JP 2002-201755 A
本発明は上記の従来の問題点に鑑みて発明したものであって、軒天井を構成する軒天井パネルの1つに取替の必要が生じた場合にも、簡単な施工作業で対処できるようにした軒天井を提供することを課題とするものである。   The present invention has been invented in view of the above-described conventional problems, and can be dealt with by a simple construction work even when one of the eaves ceiling panels constituting the eaves ceiling needs to be replaced. It is an object to provide a simplified eaves ceiling.
上記課題を解決するために本発明に係る軒天井は、軒先に沿わせて軒先梁2を配設し、軒先梁2と外壁3との間に架け渡すように軒天井パネル4を軒先に沿う方向に複数並設し、軒天井パネル4の平板部5の周縁に立上板部6を立設すると共に軒天井パネル4の並設方向に位置する立上板部6に挿通孔7を穿孔し、隣接した軒天井パネル4における隣接した各立上板部6の挿通孔7同士を連通させ、隣接する軒天井パネル4間に対応した位置の軒先梁2に固定具8を取り付け、固定具8から軒天井パネル4の並設方向の一方向に突設した嵌込突片9を上記連通状態にある各挿通孔7に嵌め込むことで隣接する軒天井パネル4同士を連結してなる軒天井1であって、任意の隣接する軒天井パネル4を軒先に沿う方向に隙間Sを隔てて配置し、この隙間Sに対応した軒先梁2の位置に上記隙間S幅と略同幅の隙間用固定具10を取り付け、隙間用固定具10の幅方向両端部から軒天井パネル4の並設方向の一方向に嵌込突片11をそれぞれ突設し、隙間Sを隔てて隣接する軒天井パネル4の各挿通孔7に対応する各嵌込突片11をそれぞれ嵌め込むことで隙間Sを隔てて隣接する軒天井パネル4同士を連結し、この隙間Sを覆う隙間用軒天井パネル12を軒先梁2と外壁3との間に架け渡すように配設したことを特徴とする。 In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the eaves ceiling according to the present invention is provided with the eaves beam 2 along the eaves and extends along the eaves ceiling panel 4 so as to be bridged between the eaves beam 2 and the outer wall 3. A plurality of juxtaposed in the direction, the upright plate portion 6 is erected on the periphery of the flat plate portion 5 of the eaves ceiling panel 4, and the insertion hole 7 is drilled in the upright plate portion 6 positioned in the juxtaposed direction of the eave ceiling panel 4 Then, the insertion holes 7 of the adjacent upright plate portions 6 in the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 are communicated with each other, and the fixtures 8 are attached to the eaves beams 2 at positions corresponding to the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4. Eaves formed by connecting the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 by fitting the insertion protrusions 9 projecting from the eaves ceiling panel 4 in one direction of the eaves ceiling panel 4 into the respective insertion holes 7 in the above communication state. Arrange any adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 with a gap S in the direction along the eaves edge. Replacing the gap S wide substantially fixture 10 for clearance of the width at the position of the eaves beam 2 corresponding to the gap S, the arrangement direction of the unidirectional eaves ceiling panel 4 from the both widthwise end portions of the gap fixture 10 The projecting projections 11 are respectively provided in the projecting parts 11 and the respective projecting projecting pieces 11 corresponding to the respective insertion holes 7 of the eaves ceiling panel 4 that are adjacent to each other with the gap S therebetween are fitted into each other with the gap S therebetween. The eaves ceiling panels 4 are connected to each other, and a gap eaves ceiling panel 12 covering the gap S is arranged so as to be bridged between the eaves end beam 2 and the outer wall 3.
これによると、軒天井1を形成する場合には、軒天井パネル4の挿通孔7に固定具8や隙間用固定具10の嵌込突片9,11を嵌め込んで隣接した軒天井パネル4同士を連続して連結させるといった一貫した施工作業で行わせることができるのであって、つまり軒天井1の形成施工に良好な施工性を確保できるのであり、また、軒天井1を形成する複数の軒天井パネル4の1つに取替の必要が生じた場合には、取替の必要がある軒天井パネル4を挟んで位置した一対の隙間用軒天井パネル12間に位置する軒天井パネル4を取り外せばよいのであって、つまり軒天井1を形成する全ての軒天井パネル4を取り外す必要など無く、簡単な施工作業で対処することができるのである。   According to this, when the eave ceiling 1 is formed, the eaves ceiling panel 4 adjacent to the eaves ceiling panel 4 by fitting the fitting protrusions 9 and 11 of the fixture 8 and the gap fixture 10 into the insertion hole 7 of the eaves ceiling panel 4. It is possible to carry out by a consistent construction work such as connecting them continuously, that is, it is possible to ensure good workability for the formation construction of the eaves ceiling 1, and a plurality of the eaves ceiling 1 are formed. When one of the eaves ceiling panels 4 needs to be replaced, the eaves ceiling panels 4 positioned between the pair of eaves ceiling panels 12 for gaps located between the eaves ceiling panels 4 that need to be replaced. That is, there is no need to remove all the eaves ceiling panels 4 forming the eaves ceiling 1, and it can be dealt with by a simple construction work.
本発明は、軒天井を形成する場合には、軒天井パネルの挿通孔に固定具や隙間用固定具の嵌込突片を嵌め込んで隣接した軒天井パネル同士を連続して連結させるといった一貫した施工作業で行わせることができるのであって、つまり軒天井の形成施工に良好な施工性を確保できるといった効果を有するのであり、また、軒天井を形成する複数の軒天井パネルの1つに取替の必要が生じた場合には、取替の必要がある軒天井パネルを挟んで位置した一対の隙間用軒天井パネル間に位置する軒天井パネルを取り外せばよいのであって、つまり軒天井を形成する全ての軒天井パネルを取り外す必要など無く、簡単な施工作業で対処することができるといった効果を有している。   In the present invention, when forming an eaves ceiling, the fitting eaves of the eaves ceiling panel are fitted into the insertion hole of the eaves ceiling panel and the adjacent eaves ceiling panels are continuously connected to each other. In other words, it has the effect of ensuring good workability in the eaves ceiling forming construction, and it is one of the multiple eaves ceiling panels that form the eaves ceiling. If a replacement is required, the eaves ceiling panel located between the pair of eaves ceiling panels located between the eaves ceiling panels that need replacement may be removed. There is no need to remove all of the eaves ceiling panels that form the door, and it is possible to cope with simple construction work.
図1〜図12には本発明の実施の形態の例を示す。この例は、集合住宅における外廊下部分に軒天井1を形成した例であり、具体的には、図2,3(a)のように上階の外廊下の床13の下方に下階の軒天井1が形成されている。上階の外廊下は、建物の屋外側に軒先に沿って所定の間隔をあけて軒柱14を立設し、この軒柱14の間に軒先に沿って軒先梁2を架設し、この軒先梁2に対向する建物側に床梁15を配設し、軒先梁2と床梁15との間に複数の廊下継ぎ梁16を軒先に沿って所定の間隔をあけて略水平に架設し、この複数の廊下継ぎ梁16の上に架け渡すように床パネル17を敷設して外廊下の床13が形成されている。本例では、軒先梁2は屋外側に開口する断面コ字枠状の型枠材で構成されており、床梁15は断面I字枠状の型枠材で構成されている。軒先梁2には外廊下の腰壁及び手摺となる縦パネル状の腰壁手摺パネル18が立設支持されており、床梁15は下階の外壁3を構成する外壁パネル3aに受け枠40を介して載設され、この床梁15の上に上階の床41及び外廊下の床パネル17が載設されている。詳しくは、この腰壁手摺パネル18の下端と下階の外壁パネル3aの上端とは略同じ高さ位置にあるように設定されている。なお、腰壁手摺パネル18の下端の屋外側には水切り部材としての見切り材19が取付けられている。また、下階の外壁パネル3aの上端部位には水平に亘って軒天取付枠材20が取り付けられている。詳しくは、この軒天取付枠材20は縦片部20aと横片部20bとでなる縦断面逆L字状の型枠材であり、縦片部20aを外壁3の表面に沿わせて取付けて横片部20bを外壁3から屋外側に水平に突出するようにしてある。   1 to 12 show examples of embodiments of the present invention. In this example, the eaves ceiling 1 is formed in the outer corridor portion of the apartment house. Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 (a), the lower floor is below the floor 13 of the upper corridor. An eaves ceiling 1 is formed. In the outer corridor on the upper floor, eave pillars 14 are erected on the outdoor side of the building along the eaves at predetermined intervals, and eaves beams 2 are installed along the eaves between the eaves pillars 14. A floor beam 15 is disposed on the building side facing the beam 2, and a plurality of hallway joint beams 16 are installed between the eaves beam 2 and the floor beam 15 approximately horizontally along the eaves at predetermined intervals. A floor panel 17 is laid over the plurality of corridor joints 16 to form a floor 13 of the outer corridor. In the present example, the eaves beam 2 is made of a frame material having a U-shaped cross section that opens to the outdoor side, and the floor beam 15 is made of a frame material having a I-shaped cross section. The eaves beam 2 is vertically supported by a waist wall handrail panel 18 in the form of a vertical panel as a waist wall and a handrail in the outer corridor, and the floor beam 15 is received by a receiving frame 40 on the outer wall panel 3a constituting the outer wall 3 on the lower floor. The floor 41 on the upper floor and the floor panel 17 on the outer corridor are placed on the floor beam 15. Specifically, the lower end of the waist wall handrail panel 18 and the upper end of the outer wall panel 3a on the lower floor are set at substantially the same height. A parting material 19 as a draining member is attached to the outdoor side of the lower end of the waist wall handrail panel 18. Moreover, the eaves top attachment frame material 20 is attached horizontally to the upper end part of the outer wall panel 3a of the lower floor. Specifically, the eaves-top mounting frame member 20 is a frame member having an inverted L-shaped vertical section composed of a vertical piece 20a and a horizontal piece 20b, and is attached along the surface of the outer wall 3 with the vertical piece 20a. The horizontal piece 20b is projected horizontally from the outer wall 3 to the outdoor side.
下階の軒天井1は、同じ高さ位置にある下階の外壁パネル3aの上端及び腰壁手摺りパネル18の下端との間に渡すように水平に形成されている。本例の軒天井1は、外壁3と軒先梁2との間に架け渡すように、軒先に沿って軒天井パネル4を並設すると共に任意の軒天井パネル4の間に隙間用軒天井パネル12を配設することで形成されている。   The eaves ceiling 1 on the lower floor is formed horizontally so as to pass between the upper end of the outer wall panel 3a on the lower floor and the lower end of the waist wall handrail panel 18 at the same height. The eaves ceiling 1 of this example has an eaves ceiling panel 4 arranged side by side along the eaves so as to be bridged between the outer wall 3 and the eaves beam 2, and a clearance eaves ceiling panel between any eaves ceiling panels 4. 12 is provided.
ここで、軒天井パネル4は、図6のように、屋内外方向に長く且つ軒先に沿う方向に短い平面視矩形状の平板部5を有し、この平板部5の周縁に亘って立上板部6を立設させて形成されている。詳しくは、立上板部6は水平な平板部5から垂直に立ち上がる縦片部6aを有して構成されている。また、屋内側の立上板部6にあっては縦片部6aの上端から外方に突出するフランジ縁部6bを有している。また、軒先に沿う方向の両側の立上板部6にあっては、その屋外側の部位に縦片部6aを軒先に沿う方向に貫通する水平スリット状の挿通孔7がそれぞれ穿設されている。   Here, as shown in FIG. 6, the eaves ceiling panel 4 has a flat plate portion 5 having a rectangular shape in plan view that is long in the indoor / outdoor direction and short in the direction along the eaves edge, and rises over the periphery of the flat plate portion 5. The plate portion 6 is formed upright. Specifically, the rising plate portion 6 has a vertical piece portion 6a that rises vertically from the horizontal flat plate portion 5. Further, the upright plate portion 6 on the indoor side has a flange edge portion 6b protruding outward from the upper end of the vertical piece portion 6a. Moreover, in the upright board part 6 of the both sides of the direction along an eaves edge, the horizontal slit-shaped insertion hole 7 which penetrates the vertical piece part 6a in the direction along an eave edge is drilled in the part of the outdoor side, respectively. Yes.
また、隙間用軒天井パネル12は、図1のように、屋内外方向に長く且つ軒先に沿う方向に短い平面視矩形状の平板部21を有し、平板部21の軒先に沿う方向の両縁に位置決め片部22を上方に突設すると共に側外方に連結片部23を延設し、平板部5の屋外側の端部に取付ブロック24を上方に突設し、平板部21の屋内側の端部に取付片部25を上方に突設して形成されている。詳しくは、取付片部25は水平な平板部21から垂直に立ち上がる縦片部25aと縦片部25aの上端から外方に水平に突出するフランジ縁部25bとで形成されており、また、位置決め片部22の屋外側の部位には図4,図5(b)のように後述する隙間用固定具10の嵌込突片11の当接を回避する切欠22aが設けられている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the gap eaves ceiling panel 12 includes a flat plate portion 21 that is long in the indoor and outdoor directions and short in the direction along the eaves, and is short in a plan view. The positioning piece portion 22 protrudes upward at the edge and the connecting piece portion 23 extends outwardly from the side, and the mounting block 24 protrudes upward at the outdoor end of the flat plate portion 5. An attachment piece 25 is formed so as to protrude upward at an end portion on the indoor side. Specifically, the mounting piece 25 is formed by a vertical piece 25a that rises vertically from the horizontal flat plate portion 21 and a flange edge 25b that protrudes outward from the upper end of the vertical piece 25a. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5B, a cutout 22 a that avoids abutment of the fitting protrusion 11 of the gap fixture 10, which will be described later, is provided at a site on the outdoor side of the piece 22.
上記軒天井パネル4及び隙間用軒天井パネル12を用いて軒天井1を形成するには、基本的には軒先に沿う方向に軒天井パネル4を順々に並設し、これら軒天井パネル4のうちの任意の隣接する軒天井パネル4を軒先に沿う方向に隙間Sを隔てて配置し、この隙間Sを埋めるべく隙間用軒天井パネル12を軒天井パネル4に連続するように配設することで行われている。   In order to form the eaves ceiling 1 by using the eaves ceiling panel 4 and the eaves ceiling panel 12 for the gap, basically, the eaves ceiling panels 4 are sequentially arranged in the direction along the eaves, and these eaves ceiling panels 4 are arranged. Any adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 are arranged with a gap S in the direction along the eaves edge, and the eaves ceiling panel 12 for gaps is arranged to be continuous with the eaves ceiling panel 4 so as to fill the gap S. It is done by that.
ここで、軒天井パネル4の外壁3側への固定は、図3(c)や図8のように、外壁3に固定した軒天取付枠材20の横片部20bの下面に軒天井パネル4の屋内側に位置する立上板部6のフランジ縁部6bを沿わせ、下方から釘やビスなどの固着具26を打設することで行われる。一方、軒天井パネル4の軒先梁2側への固定は、隙間無く軒天井パネル4同士を隣接配置する箇所においては図3(b)や図6のように固定具8を用いて行われ、隙間Sを隔てて軒天井パネル4が配置される箇所においては図1のように隙間用固定具10を用いて行われる。   Here, the eaves ceiling panel 4 is fixed to the outer wall 3 side as shown in FIG. 3C and FIG. 8 on the lower surface of the horizontal piece 20b of the eave ceiling mounting frame member 20 fixed to the outer wall 3. 4 along the flange edge portion 6b of the rising plate portion 6 located on the indoor side, and a fixing tool 26 such as a nail or a screw is driven from below. On the other hand, the eaves ceiling panel 4 is fixed to the eaves beam 2 side by using the fixture 8 as shown in FIG. In places where the eaves ceiling panel 4 is arranged with the gap S therebetween, the gap fixing tool 10 is used as shown in FIG.
固定具8は、図9のように、軒先梁2に固定する縦板状の固定片27を有し、この固定片27の軒先に沿う方向の一端部から屋内側に向けて側片28を突設し、側片28の突出先端の下端部を側片28に対して直交する一方向に突出させて軒先に沿う方向の一方向に突出する水平板状の嵌込突片9を形成させた金属製部材である。ここで、水平な嵌込突片9と固定片27との間には隙間が形成してあり、固定片27の上部には位置決め用突起29が突設されている。また、本例では、固定片27の一端部と嵌込突片9の突出方向とは軒先に沿う方向のうち相反する方向に設定されている。詳しくは、図3(a)や図6のように、固定片27を軒先梁2の屋内側の面に沿わせて位置させ、軒先梁2の下面に位置決め用突起29を当接して軒先梁2に対する固定具8の上下方向の位置決めを行い、固定片27の上部を軒先梁2に釘やネジ等の固着具30にて固定すると共に、固定片27の下端部を腰壁手摺パネル18の下端部に釘やネジ等の固着具31にて固定することで、固定具8は軒先梁2に固定される。隙間無く隣接配置された軒天井パネル4にあっては隣接した各立上板部6の挿通孔7同士が連通状態にされるのであるが、隣接する軒天井パネル4間に対応した位置の軒先梁2に取付けた固定具8によると、図10のように、固定具8の嵌込突片9を上記連通状態にある各挿通孔7に嵌め込むことで、隣接する軒天井パネル4同士を連結状態にして軒先梁2に固定させるのである。   As shown in FIG. 9, the fixture 8 has a vertical plate-like fixing piece 27 that is fixed to the eaves beam 2, and the side piece 28 is directed from one end portion along the eaves of the fixing piece 27 toward the indoor side. Protruding and projecting the lower end of the protruding tip of the side piece 28 in one direction perpendicular to the side piece 28 to form a horizontal plate-like fitting protrusion piece 9 protruding in one direction along the eaves. It is a metal member. Here, a gap is formed between the horizontal fitting protrusion piece 9 and the fixed piece 27, and a positioning protrusion 29 is provided on the upper portion of the fixed piece 27. Moreover, in this example, the one end part of the fixed piece 27 and the protrusion direction of the fitting protrusion piece 9 are set to the opposite directions among the directions along the eaves. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 3A and FIG. 6, the fixing piece 27 is positioned along the indoor side surface of the eaves beam 2, and the positioning projection 29 is brought into contact with the lower surface of the eaves beam 2 to eaves beam. The fixing member 8 is vertically positioned with respect to 2 and the upper part of the fixing piece 27 is fixed to the eaves beam 2 with a fixing tool 30 such as a nail or a screw, and the lower end portion of the fixing piece 27 is fixed to the waist wall handrail panel 18. The fixing tool 8 is fixed to the eaves beam 2 by fixing to the lower end portion with a fixing tool 31 such as a nail or a screw. In the eaves ceiling panel 4 arranged adjacent to each other without a gap, the insertion holes 7 of the adjacent upright plate portions 6 are in communication with each other, but the eaves are located at positions corresponding to the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4. According to the fixture 8 attached to the beam 2, as shown in FIG. 10, by fitting the fitting protrusions 9 of the fixture 8 into the respective insertion holes 7 in the communication state, the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4 can be connected to each other. It is connected and fixed to the eaves beam 2.
隙間用固定具10は、図7のように、軒先梁2側(本例では軒柱14)に固定する縦板状の固定片32を有し、この固定片32の下端から屋内側に向けて水平片33を略水平に突設し、水平片33の先端部位の軒先に沿う方向の一端部から垂下片34を垂設すると共に、垂下片34の下端部を垂下片34に対して直交する一方向に突出させて軒先に沿う方向の一方向に向けて突出する水平板状の嵌込突片11を形成させており、また、水平片33の先端部位の軒先に沿う方向の他端部には水平片33の下面に上記嵌込突片11の突出方向と同方向に開口せるコ字枠材39を溶接により取付け、このコ字枠材39の下横片部を嵌込突片11として構成させた金属製部材である。つまり、隙間用固定具10には、軒先に沿う方向のうちの同方向を向いて突出する一対の嵌込突片11,11が備えられており、少なくとも水平片33の下方に位置する嵌込突片11は水平片33の幅寸法よりも小さい突出寸法を有している。この隙間用固定具10は任意の軒天井パネル4間に形成した隙間Sに対応した軒先梁2の位置に取付けられるのであり、本例では図7のように軒柱14に取付けられる。本例の軒天井1にあっては、図2のように、軒天井パネル4を6枚または8枚並設させる間隔をあけて軒柱14が立設されており、軒先に沿う方向における軒柱14の位置で軒天井パネル4が隙間Sを隔てて配置されると共に軒柱14に隙間用固定具10が取付けられている。そして、隙間用固定具10の水平片33の軒先に沿う方向の一端部には屋外側に突出する位置決め用突起35が形成され、この位置決め用突起35を軒柱14の軒先に沿う方向に面する柱面に当接して位置決めし、固定片32を軒柱14の屋内側の面に沿わせて屋内側から釘やビスなどの固着具36を打設することで、軒柱14に位置決め固定されるようにされている。なお、このとき隙間用固定具10は各嵌込突片11の突出方向が上記固定具8の嵌込突片9の突出方向と同方向に向いた状態にされる。隙間Sを隔てて配置された一対の軒天井パネル4における各立上板部6の挿通孔7同士は隙間Sを隔てて対向した状態とされているが、隙間用固定具10によると、図5(a)や図11のように、隙間Sを隔てて隣接する軒天井パネル4の各挿通孔7に対応する隙間用固定具10の各嵌込突片11をそれぞれ嵌め込むことで、隙間Sを隔てて隣接する軒天井パネル4同士を連結状態にして軒先梁2側に固定させるのである。   As shown in FIG. 7, the clearance fixture 10 has a vertical plate-like fixing piece 32 that is fixed to the eaves beam 2 side (in this example, the eaves pillar 14), and the lower end of the fixing piece 32 faces the indoor side. The horizontal piece 33 protrudes substantially horizontally, the hanging piece 34 is suspended from one end portion in the direction along the eaves of the tip portion of the horizontal piece 33, and the lower end portion of the hanging piece 34 is orthogonal to the hanging piece 34. A horizontal plate-like fitting protrusion 11 is formed that protrudes in one direction and protrudes in one direction along the eaves, and the other end in the direction along the eaves of the tip portion of the horizontal piece 33 A U-shaped frame member 39 that opens in the same direction as the protruding direction of the fitting protrusion 11 is attached to the lower surface of the horizontal piece 33 by welding, and the lower horizontal piece of the U-shaped frame member 39 is fitted into the protruding protrusion. 11 is a metal member configured as 11. That is, the gap fixture 10 is provided with a pair of fitting protrusions 11 and 11 that protrude in the same direction among the directions along the eaves, and are fitted at least below the horizontal piece 33. The protruding piece 11 has a protruding dimension smaller than the width dimension of the horizontal piece 33. This gap fixture 10 is attached at the position of the eaves beam 2 corresponding to the gap S formed between the arbitrary eaves ceiling panels 4, and in this example is attached to the eaves pillar 14 as shown in FIG. In the eaves ceiling 1 of this example, as shown in FIG. 2, eaves pillars 14 are erected with an interval for arranging 6 or 8 eaves ceiling panels 4 side by side. The eaves ceiling panel 4 is disposed at the position of the pillar 14 with a gap S therebetween, and the gap fixture 10 is attached to the eaves pillar 14. And the positioning protrusion 35 which protrudes to the outdoor side is formed in the one end part of the direction along the eaves of the horizontal piece 33 of the fixing tool 10 for gap | intervals, and this positioning protrusion 35 is surfaced in the direction along the eaves of the eaves pillar 14 The fixed piece 32 is positioned along the indoor side surface of the eaves pillar 14 and a fixing tool 36 such as a nail or a screw is driven from the indoor side to fix the positioning to the eaves pillar 14. Has been to be. At this time, the gap fixture 10 is in a state in which the protruding direction of each fitting protrusion 11 is directed in the same direction as the protruding direction of the fitting protrusion 9 of the fixing tool 8. The insertion holes 7 of the upright plate portions 6 in the pair of eaves ceiling panels 4 arranged with a gap S therebetween are in a state of being opposed to each other with the gap S therebetween. As shown in FIG. 5A and FIG. 11, the fitting protrusions 11 of the gap fixing tool 10 corresponding to the insertion holes 7 of the eaves ceiling panel 4 that are adjacent to each other with the gap S therebetween are fitted. The eaves ceiling panels 4 that are adjacent to each other with the S therebetween are connected to each other and fixed to the eaves beam 2 side.
また、隙間用軒天井パネル12の外壁3側への固定は、図1のように、外壁3に固定した軒天取付枠材20の横片部20bの下面に隙間用軒天井パネル12の取付片部25のフランジ縁部25bを沿わせ、下方から釘やビスなどの固着具37を打設することで行われる。一方、隙間用軒天井パネル12の軒先梁2側への固定は、隙間用軒天井パネル12の取付ブロック24の上面を隙間用固定具10の水平片33の下面に沿わせ、下方から釘やビスなどの固着具38を打設することで行われる。なお、このときには、図5(b)のように、隙間用軒天井パネル12の位置決め片部22を隙間S内に挿入して隙間用軒天井パネル12の隙間Sへの位置決めが為されるのであり、隙間用軒天井パネル12の一対の連結片部23を隣接する両軒天井パネル4の平板部5の下面に沿わせて隙間用軒天井パネル12と隣接する軒天井パネル4とに連続性をもたせて良好な外観が現出可能にされている。   The clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 is fixed to the outer wall 3 side as shown in FIG. 1 by attaching the clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 to the lower surface of the horizontal piece 20b of the eave ceiling mounting frame member 20 fixed to the outer wall 3. Along with the flange edge 25b of the piece 25, a fixing tool 37 such as a nail or a screw is driven from below. On the other hand, the clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 is fixed to the eaves end beam 2 side by placing the upper surface of the mounting block 24 of the clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 along the lower surface of the horizontal piece 33 of the clearance fixture 10 and This is done by driving a fixing tool 38 such as a screw. At this time, as shown in FIG. 5B, the positioning piece 22 of the clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 is inserted into the clearance S so that the clearance eaves ceiling panel 12 is positioned in the clearance S. There is a continuity between the eaves ceiling panel 12 adjacent to the eaves ceiling panel 12 and the eaves ceiling panel 4 adjacent to the eaves ceiling panel 12 along the lower surface of the flat plate part 5 of the adjacent eaves ceiling panel 4. A good appearance can be made visible.
しかして、本例の軒天井1を形成するにあって、隙間無く軒天井パネル4を隣接配置させる部位では、図10のように、まず隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を固定具8の嵌込突片9にその内側から嵌め込み、次に隣接する他方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を固定具8の嵌込突片9にその外側から嵌め込むといった作業で、順々に軒天井パネル4を施工性良く連結状態で並設していくことができるのであり、また、隙間Sを隔てて軒天井パネル4を隣接配置させる部位でも、図11のように、まず隙間Sを隔てて隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を隙間用固定具10の一方の嵌込突片11にその内側から嵌め込み、次に隙間Sを隔てて隣接する他方の軒天井パネル4の立上板部6の挿通孔7を隙間用固定具10の他方の嵌込突片11にその外側から嵌め込むといった作業で、軒天井パネル4を施工性良く隙間Sを隔てた連結状態で並設することができるのであり、つまり、軒天井1を形成する場合には、軒天井パネル4の挿通孔7に固定具8や隙間用固定具10の嵌込突片9,11を嵌め込んで隣接した軒天井パネル4同士を連続して連結させるといった一貫した施工作業で行わせることができるのであって、従来同様に良好な施工性が確保されているのである。また、隣接した軒天井パネル4の間に形成した隙間Sには隙間用軒天井パネル12が被着されるが、この隙間用軒天井パネル12の隙間Sへの配置は位置決め片部22にて位置決めが為されると共に、外壁3側及び軒先梁2側への固定はいずれも下方からの固着具37,38の打設にて行われるので、良好な施工性が確保されている。   Thus, in forming the eaves ceiling 1 of this example, at the site where the eaves ceiling panels 4 are arranged adjacent to each other without a gap, first, as shown in FIG. Is inserted into the fitting projection piece 9 of the fixture 8 from the inside thereof, and then the insertion hole 7 of the rising plate portion 6 of the other eaves ceiling panel 4 is inserted into the fitting projection piece 9 of the fixture 8. The eaves ceiling panels 4 can be arranged side by side in a connected state with good workability, and the eaves ceiling panels 4 are arranged adjacent to each other with a gap S therebetween. As shown in FIG. 11, the insertion hole 7 of the upright plate portion 6 of one eaves ceiling panel 4 that is adjacent to each other with the gap S first is inserted into one fitting protrusion 11 of the gap fixture 10. And then inserting the upright plate portion 6 of the other eaves ceiling panel 4 adjacent to each other with a gap S therebetween. The eaves ceiling panel 4 can be arranged side by side in a connected state with a good workability by fitting the hole 7 into the other fitting protrusion 11 of the gap fixture 10 from the outside. That is, when the eaves ceiling 1 is formed, the eaves ceiling panels 4 adjacent to each other by fitting the fitting protrusions 9 and 11 of the fixture 8 or the gap fixture 10 into the insertion hole 7 of the eaves ceiling panel 4. Can be performed by a consistent construction work such as connecting them continuously, and good workability is ensured as in the prior art. Further, the gap eaves ceiling panel 12 is attached to the gap S formed between the adjacent eaves ceiling panels 4, and the arrangement of the gap eaves ceiling panel 12 in the gap S is performed by the positioning piece 22. Positioning is performed, and fixing to the outer wall 3 side and the eaves beam 2 side is performed by placing the fixing tools 37 and 38 from below, so that good workability is ensured.
ところで、上記構成を有する本例の軒天井1にあっては、軒天井1を形成する複数の軒天井パネル4の1つに取替の必要が生じた場合に、簡単な施工作業で対処することができるといった大きな利点を有している。すなわち、従来技術で挙げた固定具8のみを用いて軒天井パネル4を連続並設してなる軒天井1にあっては、固定具8の嵌込突片9が隣接する軒天井パネル4の連通状態にある各挿通孔7に嵌め込まれ、つまり隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4のみを固定具8から取り外すことはできないことから、軒天井1を形成する複数の軒天井パネル4の1つに取替の必要が生じた場合には、軒天井パネル4を軒先に沿う方向の端部のものから順々に取り外していかねばならない恐れがある。これに対し、本例の軒天井1にあっては、隙間Sを介して隣接する軒天井パネル4の各挿通孔7が隙間用固定具10の対応する各嵌込突片11にそれぞれ嵌め込まれ、つまり図12のように隣接する一方の軒天井パネル4のみを隙間用固定具10から取り外すことができることから、軒天井1を形成する複数の軒天井パネル4の1つに取替の必要が生じた場合には、取替の必要がある軒天井パネル4を挟んで位置した一対の隙間用軒天井パネル12間に位置する軒天井パネル4を取り外せばよいのである。つまり、本例の軒天井1では、従来技術の軒天井1のように軒天井1を形成する全ての軒天井パネル4を取り外す必要などは無く、簡単な施工作業で対処することができるのである。   By the way, in the eaves ceiling 1 of this example which has the said structure, when replacement | exchange needs to one of the some eaves ceiling panels 4 which form the eaves ceiling 1, it copes with simple construction work. Has the great advantage of being able to. That is, in the eaves ceiling 1 in which the eaves ceiling panels 4 are continuously arranged using only the fixtures 8 described in the related art, the fitting protrusions 9 of the fixtures 8 are adjacent to the eaves ceiling panels 4. Since it is inserted into each insertion hole 7 in a communicating state, that is, only one adjacent eaves ceiling panel 4 cannot be removed from the fixture 8, the eaves ceiling panel 4 is formed into one of the plurality of eaves ceiling panels 4. When replacement is necessary, the eaves ceiling panel 4 may have to be removed sequentially from the end of the eaves ceiling panel 4 in the direction along the eaves edge. On the other hand, in the eaves ceiling 1 of this example, each insertion hole 7 of the eaves ceiling panel 4 adjacent through the gap S is fitted into the corresponding fitting protrusion 11 of the gap fixture 10. That is, as shown in FIG. 12, only one of the eaves ceiling panels 4 adjacent to each other can be removed from the gap fixture 10, so that it is necessary to replace one of the plurality of eaves ceiling panels 4 forming the eaves ceiling 1. When this occurs, the eaves ceiling panel 4 located between the pair of eaves ceiling panels 12 for gaps located between the eaves ceiling panels 4 that need to be replaced may be removed. That is, in the eaves ceiling 1 of this example, it is not necessary to remove all eaves ceiling panels 4 forming the eaves ceiling 1 unlike the eaves ceiling 1 of the prior art, and can be dealt with by a simple construction work. .
なお、本例では軒天井パネル4間に形成する隙間Sを軒柱14に対応する位置に設けると共に、この隙間Sに配置する隙間用固定具10を軒柱14に固定した例を例示したが、この隙間Sは任意の軒天井パネル4間に形成させることができるのであり、この場合、隙間Sに配置する隙間用固定具10にあってはその固定片32の縦寸法を長くしたり、位置決め用突起35を切除したりして、隙間用固定具10を軒先梁2の任意位置に固定するようにしてもよいのは、言うまでもない。   In this example, the gap S formed between the eaves ceiling panels 4 is provided at a position corresponding to the eaves pillar 14, and the example in which the gap fixture 10 disposed in the gap S is fixed to the eaves pillar 14 is illustrated. The gap S can be formed between any eaves ceiling panels 4. In this case, in the gap fixture 10 disposed in the gap S, the vertical dimension of the fixing piece 32 is increased, It goes without saying that the positioning projection 35 may be cut off to fix the gap fixture 10 at an arbitrary position of the eaves beam 2.
本発明の実施の形態の例の軒天井における一部透視した要部の分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view of the principal part seen through partially in the eaves ceiling of the example of embodiment of this invention. 同上の軒天井の平面図である。It is a top view of an eaves ceiling same as the above. (a)は図2のA部分の縦断面図であり、(b)は図3(a)のD部拡大図であり、(c)は図3(a)のE部拡大図である。(A) is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of a portion A in FIG. 2, (b) is an enlarged view of a portion D in FIG. 3 (a), and (c) is an enlarged view of an portion E in FIG. 3 (a). 図2のB部分の縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of B part of FIG. (a)は図1のX−X断面線の断面図であり、(b)は図1のY−Y断面線の断面図である。(A) is sectional drawing of the XX sectional line of FIG. 1, (b) is sectional drawing of the YY sectional line of FIG. 図2のA部分における軒天井の形成施工を説明する斜視図である。It is a perspective view explaining the construction construction of the eaves ceiling in A part of FIG. 図2のB部分における軒天井の形成施工を説明する斜視図である。It is a perspective view explaining the construction construction of the eaves ceiling in the B section of FIG. 図2のC部分における軒天井の形成施工を説明する斜視図である。It is a perspective view explaining the construction construction of the eaves ceiling in the C section of FIG. 同上の固定具の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of a fixing tool same as the above. (a)(b)は同上の軒天井形成施工を順に説明する断面図である。(A) (b) is sectional drawing explaining the eaves ceiling formation construction same as the above in order. 同上の軒天井形成施工を説明する断面図である。It is sectional drawing explaining eaves ceiling formation construction same as the above. 同上の隙間用固定具から1つの軒天井パネルを取外す作業を説明する断面図である。It is sectional drawing explaining the operation | work which removes one eaves ceiling panel from the fixing tool for gaps same as the above. 背景技術の軒天井の縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the eaves ceiling of background art.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 軒天井
2 軒先梁
3 外壁
4 軒天井パネル
5 平板部
6 立上板部
7 挿通孔
8 固定具
9 嵌込突片
10 隙間用固定具
11 嵌込突片
12 隙間用軒天井パネル
14 軒柱
S 隙間
1 eave ceiling 2 eaves beam 3 outer wall 4 eaves ceiling panel 5 flat plate portion 6 upright plate portion 7 insertion hole 8 fixing tool 9 fitting protrusion 10 fixing tool for gap 11 fitting protrusion piece 12 eaves ceiling panel for gap 14 eaves column S clearance

Claims (1)

  1. 軒先に沿わせて軒先梁を配設し、軒先梁と外壁との間に架け渡すように軒天井パネルを軒先に沿う方向に複数並設し、軒天井パネルの平板部の周縁に立上板部を立設すると共に軒天井パネルの並設方向に位置する立上板部に挿通孔を穿孔し、隣接した軒天井パネルにおける隣接した各立上板部の挿通孔同士を連通させ、隣接する軒天井パネル間に対応した位置の軒先梁に固定具を取り付け、固定具から軒天井パネルの並設方向の一方向に突設した嵌込突片を上記連通状態にある各挿通孔に嵌め込むことで隣接する軒天井パネル同士を連結してなる軒天井であって、任意の隣接する軒天井パネルを軒先に沿う方向に隙間を隔てて配置し、この隙間に対応した軒先梁の位置に上記隙間幅と略同幅の隙間用固定具を取り付け、隙間用固定具の幅方向両端部から軒天井パネルの並設方向の一方向に嵌込突片をそれぞれ突設し、隙間を隔てて隣接する軒天井パネルの各挿通孔に対応する各嵌込突片をそれぞれ嵌め込むことで隙間を隔てて隣接する軒天井パネル同士を連結し、この隙間を覆う隙間用軒天井パネルを軒先梁と外壁との間に架け渡すように配設したことを特徴とする軒天井。 Eaves eaves beams are arranged along the eaves, and a plurality of eaves ceiling panels are juxtaposed along the eaves so as to span between the eaves eaves and the outer wall. And pierced through holes in the upright plate part located in the direction in which the eaves ceiling panels are juxtaposed to allow the insertion holes of adjacent upright plate parts in the adjacent eaves ceiling panels to communicate with each other. Attach a fixture to the eaves beam at a position corresponding to between the eaves ceiling panels, and insert the fitting protrusions that project from the fixture in one direction of the eaves ceiling panel in the parallel direction into each insertion hole in the above communication state. The eaves ceiling is formed by connecting adjacent eaves ceiling panels, and any adjacent eaves ceiling panels are arranged with a gap in the direction along the eaves, and the eaves ceiling panel corresponding to this gap is positioned above. Attach a gap fixture that is approximately the same width as the gap width, and the width direction of the gap fixture Each projecting the fitting protrusion in one direction arrangement direction of the eaves ceiling panel from the end, it is fitted into each of the fitting protrusion corresponding to the insertion holes of the eaves ceiling panel adjacent across a gap The eaves ceiling is characterized in that the eaves ceiling panels adjacent to each other with a gap are connected to each other, and the eaves ceiling panel for covering the gap is disposed between the eaves end beam and the outer wall.
JP2004133987A 2004-04-28 2004-04-28 Eaves ceiling Active JP3968088B2 (en)

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