JP2980152B2 - Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall - Google Patents

Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall

Info

Publication number
JP2980152B2
JP2980152B2 JP6023741A JP2374194A JP2980152B2 JP 2980152 B2 JP2980152 B2 JP 2980152B2 JP 6023741 A JP6023741 A JP 6023741A JP 2374194 A JP2374194 A JP 2374194A JP 2980152 B2 JP2980152 B2 JP 2980152B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
wall
ventilation
waterproof
waterproof hood
hood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP6023741A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPH07207903A (en
Inventor
誠 木曾
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kubota Corp
Original Assignee
Kubota Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kubota Corp filed Critical Kubota Corp
Priority to JP6023741A priority Critical patent/JP2980152B2/en
Publication of JPH07207903A publication Critical patent/JPH07207903A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP2980152B2 publication Critical patent/JP2980152B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】この発明は外壁への換気口取付構
造に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a structure for attaching a ventilation port to an outer wall.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】寒冷地における住宅等の外壁構造は、寒
冷期室内温度が外気温度に影響されないよう、内壁材と
外壁材の間に断熱用マットや防水シートあるいは断熱空
間などを組み込んだ断熱構造とされるのが通常である。
ところで、これらの外壁構造は断熱性が高いと同時に室
内の気密性も高くなるため、室内容積の規模に応じて一
又は二以上の換気口を設けることが必要とされる。
2. Description of the Related Art An outer wall structure of a house or the like in a cold region is a heat insulating structure in which a heat insulating mat, a waterproof sheet, a heat insulating space, or the like is incorporated between an inner wall material and an outer wall material so that a room temperature in a cold season is not affected by an outside air temperature. It is usually said that.
By the way, since these outer wall structures have high heat insulation and high airtightness in the room, it is necessary to provide one or two or more ventilation ports according to the size of the room volume.

【0003】この外壁材への換気口取付構造として、従
来では図5に示すように、内壁材W1,防湿シートW2,断
熱マットW3,断熱ボードW4,防湿シートW5,通気空間W
6,及び外壁材W7,などからなる断熱壁Wに室内より室外
に至る貫通孔Hを設け、ここに耐腐食性の通気筒P、例
えば合成樹脂製の丸筒あるいは角筒Pを貫通配置して固
定し、この通気筒Pの室外側に、基部外周にフランジ部
1 及び基部内面に挿口管F2 を有する防水フードFを
嵌合し、フランジ部F1 と外壁材W7 との間をシール材
Sでシールし、室内側には例えば換気ファンMを必要に
応じて設けた構造とされている。
Conventionally, as shown in FIG. 5, as a structure for attaching a ventilation port to the outer wall material, as shown in FIG. 5, an inner wall material W 1 , a moisture-proof sheet W 2 , a heat-insulating mat W 3 , a heat-insulating board W 4 , a moisture-proof sheet W 5 , a ventilation space W
6 , and an outer wall material W 7 , a heat insulating wall W is provided with a through hole H extending from the room to the outside, and a corrosion-resistant ventilation tube P, for example, a round tube or a square tube P made of synthetic resin is disposed therethrough. and to fixed, the outdoor side of the ventilation tube P, fitted waterproof hood F with inserted pipe F 2 to the flange portion F 1 and the base inner surface to the base periphery, the flange portion F 1 and the outer wall member W 7 Is sealed with a sealing material S, and a ventilation fan M is provided on the indoor side as required, for example.

【0004】[0004]

【従来技術の問題点】しかしながら、上記外壁材への換
気口取付構造の場合、室内暖気が外壁材W7 裏面の通気
空間W6 へ漏出し、この部分に内外気温差による内部結
露が生じ外壁材W7 の凍害現象が生じるといった問題が
あった。即ち、上記外壁材への換気口取付構造の場合、
図6に示すように通気筒Pの室外側外面と外壁材W7
の間R1 及び通気筒P内面と防水フードFの挿口管F2
外面との間R2 のシールが完全に行い難く、防水フード
F内に設けた防虫ネットNなどが塵埃類で目詰まりを起
こすと排気性が悪くなり、強制ファンMなどによる圧力
で室内の湿気を帯びた空気が矢印で示すように隙間R2,
1 を通じて通気空間W6 へ漏出し、外壁材W7 内面に
結露するのである。
BACKGROUND Problems of the Related Art However, in the case of vent structure for mounting the exterior wall material, leak indoor warm air to the outer walls W 7 rear surface of the ventilation space W 6, the outer wall occurs inside condensation by internal and external temperature difference in this part frost damage phenomenon of wood W 7 there is a problem occurs. That is, in the case of the ventilation port mounting structure to the outer wall material,
Figure between R 1 and the vent pipe P inner surface and the waterproof hood F of the outdoor side outer surface and the exterior wall member W 7 of the vent tube P as shown in 6 inserted pipe F 2
Outer surface seals R 2 is hardly completely performed between the waterproofing like hood F in the provided the insect net N is deteriorated exhaust property and clogged with dust such, moisture chamber at a pressure such as by forcing the fan M As shown by the arrows, the air bearing the gap R 2 ,
Leak into the ventilation space W 6 through R 1, it is to condense on the outer wall member W 7 inner surface.

【0005】このような問題は隙間R2,R1 にシール材
を充填すれば予防し得るのであるが、通気筒Pの取付け
工事は外壁の完成後に行われ、しかも防水フードFは通
気筒Pの取付け工事終了後に実施されるのが普通である
から、上記隙間R2,R1 はフランジ部F1 で覆い隠さ
れ、例え十分な量のシール材を盛りつけて嵌合させても
隙間R2 1 を完全に充填しているかどうかは確認でき
ない。このため、シールの不完全な場合が往々にして生
ずるのである。
[0005] Such a problem can be prevented by filling the gaps R 2 and R 1 with a sealing material. However, the installation work of the ventilation tube P is performed after the outer wall is completed, and the waterproof hood F is connected to the ventilation tube P. Is usually carried out after completion of the mounting work, the gaps R 2 and R 1 are covered and covered by the flange portion F 1 , and even if a sufficient amount of sealing material is provided and fitted, the gap R 2 I can not be sure whether you are completely filled with R 1. Thus, incomplete sealing often occurs.

【0006】[0006]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】この発明は上記問題点
に鑑み、断熱壁を貫通して設けられる換気口より断熱空
間への室内空気の漏洩を生ずることがなく、しかもこれ
ら必要箇所のシール材充填及びその確認も容易にできる
外壁材への換気口取付構造を提供することを目的として
なされたものである。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In view of the above problems, the present invention does not cause leakage of room air from a ventilation opening provided through a heat insulating wall to a heat insulating space, and furthermore, a sealing material for these necessary parts. An object of the present invention is to provide a structure for attaching a ventilation port to an outer wall material in which filling and confirmation thereof can be easily performed.

【0007】[0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】即ち、この発明の外壁へ
の換気口取付構造は、外壁1を貫通する通気筒2が、外
壁1に穿設した貫通孔1Aに挿入され、該通気筒2の室
外側端に取付けられる防水フード3がその基部3Aを前
記通気筒2外面に外嵌されて取付けられ、防水フード3
の基部3Aに設けられたフランジ3Bが、外壁板1B内
面の断熱層1D外面に防水層4を介して固定され、防水
フード3内面と前記通気筒2との隙間にシール環5が圧
入されていると共に前記外壁板1Bに穿設された貫通孔
1Aと前記防水フード3外面との隙間にシーリング材6
が充填されてなることを特徴とするものである。
That is, according to the ventilation port mounting structure for an outer wall of the present invention, a ventilation tube 2 penetrating the outer wall 1 is inserted into a through hole 1A formed in the outer wall 1, and the ventilation tube 2 is provided. A waterproof hood 3 attached to the outdoor end of the hood 3 has its base 3A externally fitted to the outer surface of the ventilation tube 2 and attached.
The flange 3B provided on the base 3A is fixed to the outer surface of the heat insulating layer 1D on the inner surface of the outer wall plate 1B via the waterproof layer 4, and the seal ring 5 is pressed into the gap between the inner surface of the waterproof hood 3 and the ventilation tube 2. The sealing material 6 is provided in a gap between the through hole 1A formed in the outer wall plate 1B and the outer surface of the waterproof hood 3.
Is filled.

【0008】[0008]

【実施例】次に、この発明の実施例を説明する。図1は
この発明の実施例の断面図、図2は実施例の要部拡大断
面図、図3は他の実施例の要部拡大断面図、図4は実施
例の室外側から見た正面図である。
Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a main part of the embodiment, FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a main part of another embodiment, and FIG. FIG.

【0009】この発明の外壁材への換気口取付構造は、
外壁1を貫通する通気筒2が、外壁1に穿設した貫通孔
1Aに挿入され、該通気筒2の室外側端に取付けられる
防水フード3がその基部3Aを前記通気筒2外面に外嵌
されて取付けられ、防水フード3の基部3Aに設けられ
たフランジ3Bが、外壁板1B内面の断熱層1D外面に
防水層4を介して固定され、防水フード3内面と前記通
気筒2との隙間にシール環5が圧入されていると共に前
記外壁板1Bに穿設された貫通孔1Aと前記防水フード
3外面との隙間にシーリング材6が充填されて構成され
ている。
The structure for attaching a ventilation port to an outer wall material according to the present invention is as follows.
A ventilation tube 2 penetrating the outer wall 1 is inserted into a through hole 1A formed in the outer wall 1, and a waterproof hood 3 attached to the outdoor end of the ventilation tube 2 fits its base 3A to the outer surface of the ventilation tube 2. The flange 3B provided on the base 3A of the waterproof hood 3 is fixed to the outer surface of the heat insulating layer 1D on the inner surface of the outer wall plate 1B via the waterproof layer 4, and the gap between the inner surface of the waterproof hood 3 and the ventilation tube 2 is provided. The seal ring 5 is press-fitted, and a sealing material 6 is filled in a gap between a through hole 1A formed in the outer wall plate 1B and the outer surface of the waterproof hood 3.

【0010】上記実施例において、外壁1は、外壁板1
B、通気空間1C、断熱板1D、断熱マット1E及び内
装壁板1F等から構成され、防水フード3の基部3Aは
上記の外壁板1Bの内面に位置する断熱板1Dなどに固
定される。また、通気筒2は耐腐食性材料、例えば塩化
ビニル樹脂などの合成樹脂製等とされる。
In the above embodiment, the outer wall 1 is the outer wall plate 1
B, a ventilation space 1C, a heat insulating plate 1D, a heat insulating mat 1E, an interior wall plate 1F, and the like. The base 3A of the waterproof hood 3 is fixed to the heat insulating plate 1D located on the inner surface of the outer wall plate 1B. The ventilation tube 2 is made of a corrosion-resistant material, for example, a synthetic resin such as a vinyl chloride resin.

【0011】防水フード3の基部と断熱板1Dとの固定
を行う防水層4は例えば防水性を有する強力な両面粘着
テープあるいはこれと固着釘、ビスなどの併用により固
定される。防水フード3の基部3A内面には、図2に図
示のように通気筒2の端部の位置決めを行う突起3Cを
設け、シール環5をこの突起3Cと通気筒2の端面の間
に介挿される構成としても良く、また図3に示すように
通気筒2外面と防水フード3の基部3A内面との間に介
挿する構成としても良い。シール環5は上記隙間に圧縮
介挿される厚さの、ゴム状弾性を有するシールパッキン
などが使用される。
The waterproof layer 4 for fixing the base of the waterproof hood 3 to the heat insulating plate 1D is fixed by, for example, a strong double-sided adhesive tape having a waterproof property or a combination thereof with a fixing nail or a screw. A projection 3C for positioning the end of the ventilation tube 2 is provided on the inner surface of the base 3A of the waterproof hood 3 as shown in FIG. 2, and a seal ring 5 is inserted between the projection 3C and the end surface of the ventilation tube 2. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 3, a configuration may be adopted in which the ventilation tube 2 is inserted between the outer surface and the inner surface of the base 3 </ b> A of the waterproof hood 3. As the seal ring 5, a seal packing or the like having a rubber-like elasticity and having a thickness to be compression-inserted into the gap is used.

【0012】また、図中7は防水フード3内に設けられ
る防虫ネットを示し、目詰まりを起こしにくくする観点
より、防虫可能で出来るだけ目の荒いものが使用され
る。なお、この防水フード3の下面には、通気筒内の結
露水滴あるいは防水フード内に吹き込んだ雨水の水滴が
外壁板1Bを伝って流れるのを防止するため、水滴案内
板3Eを設けることが望ましい。
In the drawing, reference numeral 7 denotes an insect-proof net provided in the waterproof hood 3, and from the viewpoint of preventing clogging, an insect-proof and coarse-grained one is used. In addition, it is desirable to provide a water droplet guide plate 3E on the lower surface of the waterproof hood 3 in order to prevent the condensation water droplets in the ventilation tube or the rain water droplets blown into the waterproof hood from flowing along the outer wall plate 1B. .

【0013】[0013]

【作用】この発明の外壁材への換気口取付構造は、通気
筒2の開口部が防水フード3で覆われ、かつこの防水フ
ード3の基部は断熱壁の通気空間1Cを横断してその内
層の断熱層1D表面に防水層を介して固定されているの
で通気筒2内の湿気を帯びた室内空気が通気空間1Cへ
侵入するのが防止される。また、防水フード3の基部内
面と通気筒2外面との間はシール環5でシールされるた
め、結露水が通気筒2と防水フード3との接触界面に沿
って侵入していくのも防止される。また、この発明の外
壁への換気口取付構造の施工は、外壁板1Bの内層とな
る断熱層1Dに確実に固定した後外壁を後付けする順序
で施工するので、外壁板1Bを取付け施工する段階で
は、外壁板1Bと防水フード3との間にある隙間さえシ
ールすれば通気空間1Cの防水等が図れる。
According to the structure of the present invention, the opening of the ventilation tube 2 is covered with the waterproof hood 3, and the base of the waterproof hood 3 crosses the ventilation space 1C of the heat insulating wall and its inner layer. Is fixed to the surface of the heat insulating layer 1D via the waterproof layer, so that the humid indoor air in the ventilation tube 2 is prevented from entering the ventilation space 1C. Further, since the seal ring 5 seals between the inner surface of the base of the waterproof hood 3 and the outer surface of the ventilation tube 2, it also prevents dew condensation water from entering along the contact interface between the ventilation tube 2 and the waterproof hood 3. Is done. Further, the construction of the ventilation port mounting structure to the outer wall according to the present invention is performed in the order of fixing the heat insulating layer 1D which is the inner layer of the outer wall plate 1B and then attaching the outer wall later. In this case, if only the gap between the outer wall plate 1B and the waterproof hood 3 is sealed, the ventilation space 1C can be waterproofed.

【0014】[0014]

【発明の効果】この発明は以上説明したように、換気経
路から湿気の漏出する恐れのある接続部を外壁板1Bの
内層である断熱層1D外面とし、しかも防水フード3と
通気筒2との接触界面はシール環5でシールした構造と
したので、外壁1を構成する通気空間1Cへの通気遮断
及び防水が確実に達成でき、しかも換気口のシール施工
も外壁板1B張付け施工後外部から容易に観察可能な状
態で実施できるのでシール性も確実に確保できるなど種
々の効果を有する。
As described above, according to the present invention, the connection part where moisture may leak from the ventilation path is formed on the outer surface of the heat insulating layer 1D which is the inner layer of the outer wall plate 1B. The contact interface is sealed by the seal ring 5, so that the ventilation to the ventilation space 1C constituting the outer wall 1 and the waterproofing can be surely achieved, and the sealing of the ventilation port can be easily performed from the outside after the outer wall plate 1B is attached. Since it can be carried out in a state that can be observed in a short time, it has various effects such as ensuring the sealing property.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】この発明の実施例の断面図である。FIG. 1 is a sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】実施例の要部拡大断面図である。FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of a main part of the embodiment.

【図3】他の実施例の要部拡大断面図である。FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of a main part of another embodiment.

【図4】実施例の室外側から見た正面図である。FIG. 4 is a front view of the embodiment as viewed from the outdoor side.

【図5】従来例の断面図である。FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a conventional example.

【図6】従来例の要部拡大断面図である。FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view of a main part of a conventional example.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1…外壁 1A…貫通孔 1B…外壁板 1D…断熱層 2…通気筒 3…防水フード 3A…防水フードの基部 3B…フランジ 4…防水層 5…シール環 6…シーリング材 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Outer wall 1A ... Through-hole 1B ... Outer wall board 1D ... Heat insulation layer 2 ... Ventilation cylinder 3 ... Waterproof hood 3A ... Base of waterproof hood 3B ... Flange 4 ... Waterproof layer 5 ... Seal ring 6 ... Sealing material

Claims (1)

(57)【特許請求の範囲】(57) [Claims] 【請求項1】 外壁1を貫通する通気筒2が、外壁1に
穿設した貫通孔1Aに挿入され、該通気筒2の室外側端
に取付けられる防水フード3がその基部3Aを前記通気
筒2外面に外嵌されて取付けられ、防水フード3の基部
3Aに設けられたフランジ3Bが、外壁板1B内面の断
熱層1D外面に防水層4を介して固定され、防水フード
3内面と前記通気筒2との隙間にシール環5が圧入され
ていると共に前記外壁板1Bに穿設された貫通孔1Aと
前記防水フード3外面との隙間にシーリング材6が充填
されてなることを特徴とする外壁への換気口取付構造。
1. A ventilation tube 2 penetrating an outer wall 1 is inserted into a through hole 1A formed in the outer wall 1, and a waterproof hood 3 attached to the outdoor end of the ventilation tube 2 has its base 3A connected to the ventilation tube. 2, a flange 3B provided on the base 3A of the waterproof hood 3 is fixed to the outer surface of the heat insulating layer 1D on the inner surface of the outer wall plate 1B via the waterproof layer 4, and the inner surface of the waterproof hood 3 A seal ring 5 is press-fitted into a gap between the cylinder 2 and a sealing material 6 is filled in a gap between a through hole 1A formed in the outer wall plate 1B and an outer surface of the waterproof hood 3. Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall.
JP6023741A 1994-01-25 1994-01-25 Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall Expired - Fee Related JP2980152B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6023741A JP2980152B2 (en) 1994-01-25 1994-01-25 Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP6023741A JP2980152B2 (en) 1994-01-25 1994-01-25 Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH07207903A JPH07207903A (en) 1995-08-08
JP2980152B2 true JP2980152B2 (en) 1999-11-22

Family

ID=12118741

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP6023741A Expired - Fee Related JP2980152B2 (en) 1994-01-25 1994-01-25 Ventilation port mounting structure to outer wall

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2980152B2 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4695984B2 (en) * 2006-01-16 2011-06-08 三菱電機株式会社 Ventilation opening parts and ventilation equipment
CN106049745B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-03-09 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and L-shaped wall method of construction
CN105926837B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-01-23 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard
CN107834742B (en) * 2017-10-10 2023-11-28 珠海凯邦电机制造有限公司 Waterproof cover and motor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH07207903A (en) 1995-08-08

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