JP2013053470A - Lock device - Google Patents

Lock device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2013053470A
JP2013053470A JP2011192987A JP2011192987A JP2013053470A JP 2013053470 A JP2013053470 A JP 2013053470A JP 2011192987 A JP2011192987 A JP 2011192987A JP 2011192987 A JP2011192987 A JP 2011192987A JP 2013053470 A JP2013053470 A JP 2013053470A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
cover
connector
holding
locking
engaging
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Pending
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JP2011192987A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masashi Kakizaki
雅志 柿崎
Susumu Sasaki
将 佐々木
Original Assignee
Tokai Rika Co Ltd
株式会社東海理化電機製作所
Toyota Motor Corp
トヨタ自動車株式会社
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Application filed by Tokai Rika Co Ltd, 株式会社東海理化電機製作所, Toyota Motor Corp, トヨタ自動車株式会社 filed Critical Tokai Rika Co Ltd
Priority to JP2011192987A priority Critical patent/JP2013053470A/en
Publication of JP2013053470A publication Critical patent/JP2013053470A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/639Additional means for holding or locking coupling parts together, after engagement, e.g. separate keylock, retainer strap
    • H01R13/6397Additional means for holding or locking coupling parts together, after engagement, e.g. separate keylock, retainer strap with means for preventing unauthorised use
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/16Connectors, e.g. plugs or sockets, specially adapted for charging electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2270/00Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for
    • B60L2270/30Preventing theft during charging
    • B60L2270/32Preventing theft during charging of electricity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2270/00Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for
    • B60L2270/40Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for related to technical updates when adding new parts or software
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/627Snap or like fastening
    • H01R13/6275Latching arms not integral with the housing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a lock device capable of preventing the theft of an engaging member.SOLUTION: A power feeding connector 1 as the engaging member has an engaging claw 17 for engaging with a protruded part 20 of a power receiving connector 2. With the engaging claw 17 engaging with the protruded part 20, the power feeding connector 1 is held in the condition of being connected to the power receiving connector 2. When, in linkage with the operation of an operation part 18, the engaging claw 17 is moved to a position to cancel the engagement with the protruded part 20, the power feeding connector 1 can be pulled off. A lock device 4 comprises: a cover member 6 for oscillating to a position to cover the operation part 18 and to a position not to cover the operation part 18 on the basis of the application of outer force; and a mounted member 5 to be mounted on the power feeding connector 1. When the cover member 6 is moved to the position to cover the operation part 18, the cover member 6 is held at that position. When a key cylinder 60 is operated by a mechanical key 61, the holding of the cover member 6 is cancelled.

Description

本発明は、被係合部材からの係合部材の抜き取りを規制するロック装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a lock device that regulates extraction of an engaging member from an engaged member.
周知のように、電気自動車やハイブリッド自動車では、動力源もしくは補助動力源として電動モータが用いられている。また、電動モータの動力源としては、複数の電池モジュールが直列に接続された構造からなる電池パック(バッテリ)が用いられることが多い。このため、電気自動車やハイブリッド自動車では、バッテリの電池残量が少なくなる度にその充電を行う必要がある。そして従来、車載バッテリを充電するためのシステムとしては、例えば特許文献1に記載のシステムが知られている。特許文献1に記載の充電システムでは、例えば家庭の商用電源や電気スタンドなどの外部電源に接続可能な給電コネクタを車両のオーナが所持する。また、給電コネクタの接続先となる受電コネクタを車両に設けるようにしている。そして、オーナが給電コネクタの一方の端部を外部電源に接続した後に、給電コネクタの他方の端部を車両の受電コネクタに接続すると、外部電源から各コネクタを介して車載バッテリへの給電が行われ、車載バッテリが充電される。このような構成によれば、オーナは給電コネクタを車両の受電コネクタに接続するだけで車載バッテリを充電することができるため、利便性が向上するようになる。   As is well known, an electric motor or a hybrid vehicle uses an electric motor as a power source or an auxiliary power source. Further, as a power source for the electric motor, a battery pack (battery) having a structure in which a plurality of battery modules are connected in series is often used. For this reason, in an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle, it is necessary to charge the battery whenever the remaining battery level of the battery decreases. Conventionally, for example, a system disclosed in Patent Document 1 is known as a system for charging an in-vehicle battery. In the charging system described in Patent Document 1, for example, a vehicle owner has a power supply connector that can be connected to an external power source such as a household commercial power source or a desk lamp. In addition, a power receiving connector that is a connection destination of the power feeding connector is provided in the vehicle. Then, after the owner connects one end of the power supply connector to the external power supply, when the other end of the power supply connector is connected to the power receiving connector of the vehicle, power is supplied from the external power supply to the in-vehicle battery via each connector. In-vehicle battery is charged. According to such a configuration, since the owner can charge the vehicle-mounted battery simply by connecting the power feeding connector to the power receiving connector of the vehicle, the convenience is improved.
特開平9−161898号公報JP-A-9-161898
ところで、このような車載バッテリの充電には、外部電源からの充電の場合、数〜十数時間を要する。このため、多くの場合、オーナは車両から離れることとなるため、給電コネクタ自体が第三者によって盗難されるおそれがある。   By the way, charging such an in-vehicle battery requires several to tens of hours in the case of charging from an external power source. For this reason, in many cases, since the owner is separated from the vehicle, the power supply connector itself may be stolen by a third party.
なお、このような課題は、車載バッテリの充電の際に用いられる給電コネクタに限らず、操作部の操作に基づき被係合部材からの抜き取りが可能となる各種係合部材において共通する課題である。   Such a problem is not limited to the power supply connector used when charging the in-vehicle battery, but is a problem common to various engaging members that can be extracted from the engaged member based on the operation of the operation unit. .
本発明は、こうした実情に鑑みてなされたものであり、その目的は、係合部材の盗難を防止することのできるロック装置を提供することにある。   The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a lock device capable of preventing the engagement member from being stolen.
上記課題を解決するために、請求項1に記載の発明は、被係合部材に係合される係合部を有し、該係合部と前記被係合部材との係合により前記被係合部材に接続された状態で保持される一方、操作部の操作に連動して前記係合部が前記被係合部材との係合が解除される位置に移動することにより前記被係合部材からの抜き取りが可能となる係合部材にあって、前記被係合部材からの前記係合部材の抜き取りを規制するロック装置であって、前記係合部材に設けられて、外力の印加に基づき前記操作部を覆う位置、及び前記操作部を覆わない位置に移動するカバー部材と、前記カバー部材を前記操作部を覆う位置で保持する保持手段と、認証の成立に基づいて前記保持手段による保持を解除する認証手段とを備えることを要旨とする。   In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the invention according to claim 1 has an engaging portion engaged with the engaged member, and the engaged portion is engaged with the engaged member. While being held connected to the engaging member, the engaged portion is moved to a position where the engagement with the engaged member is released in conjunction with the operation of the operating portion. An engagement member that can be extracted from a member, and is a lock device that regulates extraction of the engagement member from the engaged member, and is provided on the engagement member to apply an external force. A cover member that moves to a position that covers the operation unit based on the position, and a position that does not cover the operation unit; a holding unit that holds the cover member at a position that covers the operation unit; and The gist of the present invention is to provide authentication means for releasing the holding.
同構成によれば、外力の印加に基づきカバー部材が操作部を覆う位置に移動すると、カバー部材は保持手段によりその位置が保持される。また、保持手段によってカバー部材が保持された場合には、認証手段による認証が成立するまで、その保持を解除することができない。すなわち、認証手段による認証が成立するまで操作部がカバー部材により覆われるため、操作部の操作を規制することができる。このため、ユーザは、被係合部材に係合部材を接続したとき、カバー部材に外力を印加してこれを操作部を覆う位置まで操作すれば、第三者による操作部の操作を防止することができる。これにより、第三者が操作部を操作して係合部と被係合部材との係合を解除するような不正行為を未然に防止することができるため、係合部材の盗難を防止することができるようになる。   According to this configuration, when the cover member moves to a position that covers the operation unit based on application of external force, the position of the cover member is held by the holding means. Further, when the cover member is held by the holding means, the holding cannot be released until the authentication by the authentication means is established. That is, since the operation unit is covered with the cover member until authentication by the authentication unit is established, the operation of the operation unit can be restricted. For this reason, when the user connects the engaging member to the engaged member, if the user applies an external force to the cover member and operates the cover member to a position covering the operating portion, the operation of the operating portion by a third party is prevented. be able to. As a result, it is possible to prevent an unauthorized act such that a third party operates the operation portion to release the engagement between the engagement portion and the engaged member, thereby preventing the engagement member from being stolen. Will be able to.
請求項2に記載の発明は、請求項1に記載のロック装置において、前記カバー部材が取り付けられるとともに前記係合部材に脱着可能に装着される装着部材を更に備え、前記カバー部材及び前記装着部材に、前記認証手段及び前記保持手段が設けられてなることを要旨とする。   The invention according to claim 2 is the locking device according to claim 1, further comprising a mounting member to which the cover member is attached and detachably mounted to the engaging member, the cover member and the mounting member The gist of the present invention is that the authentication means and the holding means are provided.
同構成によれば、係合部材に装着部材を装着するだけで、上述したロック装置を既存の係合部材に後付けで取り付けることができる。このため、利便性が向上するようになる。
請求項3に記載の発明は、請求項2に記載のロック装置において、前記装着部材は、前記カバー部材が取り付けられる第1挟持部材と、該第1挟持部材との協働により前記係合部材を挟持する第2挟持部材と、前記第1挟持部材及び前記第2挟持部材を互いに連結する連結部材とを備えることを要旨とする。
According to this configuration, the above-described locking device can be attached to the existing engagement member by simply attaching the attachment member to the engagement member. For this reason, convenience comes to be improved.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the locking device according to the second aspect, the mounting member is a first clamping member to which the cover member is attached and the engagement member by cooperation of the first clamping member. And a connecting member that connects the first holding member and the second holding member to each other.
同構成によれば、係合部材を第1挟持部材及び第2挟持部材によって挟持した後に、これら2つの部材を連結部材により連結することで、係合部材が第1挟持部材及び第2挟持部材によって挟持された状態を維持することができる。これにより、係合部材に装着部材をより確実に固定することができるため、装着部材の位置ずれを抑制することができる。このため、例えば第三者がロック装置に外力を印加するなどして装着部材の位置をずらすことにより、操作部を覆わない位置までカバー部材を移動させるような不正行為を未然に防止することができる。よって、係合部材の盗難をより確実に防止することができるようになる。   According to this configuration, after the engaging member is sandwiched by the first sandwiching member and the second sandwiching member, the two members are coupled by the coupling member, so that the engaging member becomes the first sandwiching member and the second sandwiching member. The state clamped by can be maintained. Thereby, since a mounting member can be more reliably fixed to an engaging member, the position shift of a mounting member can be suppressed. For this reason, for example, a third party applies an external force to the locking device to shift the position of the mounting member, thereby preventing an illegal act such as moving the cover member to a position where the operation unit is not covered. it can. Therefore, it is possible to more reliably prevent the engagement member from being stolen.
請求項4に記載の発明は、請求項3に記載のロック装置において、前記連結部材は、外力が印加される連結部操作部を含み、該連結部操作部に印加される外力に基づいて前記第1挟持部材及び前記第2挟持部材の連結及び連結の解除を行うものであり、前記連結部操作部は、前記カバー部材が前記操作部を覆う位置に移動したとき、同カバー部材によって覆われる位置に配置されてなることを要旨とする。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the locking device according to the third aspect, the connecting member includes a connecting portion operating portion to which an external force is applied, and the connecting member operating portion is based on the external force applied to the connecting portion operating portion. The first holding member and the second holding member are connected and released, and the connecting portion operation portion is covered by the cover member when the cover member moves to a position covering the operation portion. The gist is that it is arranged at a position.
同構成によれば、連結部操作部に外力を印加するだけで、第1挟持部材及び第2挟持部材を連結したり、その連結を解除することができる。これにより、連結部操作部を操作するだけで係合部材にロック装置を装着したり、係合部材からロック装置を取り外すことができるため、利便性が向上するようになる。また、カバー部材が操作部を覆う位置に移動したときに連結部操作部がカバー部材によって覆われるため、第三者による連結部操作部の操作を防止することができる。これにより、連結部操作部を操作して係合部材から装着部材を取り外した後に係合部材の操作部を操作するような不正行為を未然に防止することができる。このため、連結部操作部を設けてロック装置の脱着の利便性を高めつつも、第三者による係合部材の盗難を的確に防止することができるようになる。   According to this configuration, the first clamping member and the second clamping member can be connected or released simply by applying an external force to the connecting part operation unit. As a result, it is possible to attach the locking device to the engaging member or to remove the locking device from the engaging member simply by operating the connecting portion operating portion, so that convenience is improved. In addition, since the connecting portion operating portion is covered with the cover member when the cover member moves to a position covering the operating portion, the operation of the connecting portion operating portion by a third party can be prevented. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent an illegal act such as operating the operation portion of the engagement member after the connecting portion operation portion is operated to remove the mounting member from the engagement member. For this reason, it is possible to accurately prevent the engagement member from being stolen by a third party while providing the connecting portion operation portion to enhance the convenience of attaching and detaching the lock device.
本発明にかかるロック装置によれば、係合部材の盗難を防止することができるようになる。   According to the lock device according to the present invention, it is possible to prevent the engagement member from being stolen.
車両の充電システムの概要を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the outline | summary of the charging system of a vehicle. 給電コネクタの側面構造を示す側面図。The side view which shows the side structure of an electric power feeding connector. 給電コネクタの動作例を示す側面図。The side view which shows the operation example of an electric power feeding connector. 本実施形態にかかるロック装置の一実施形態についてその側面構造を示す側面図。The side view which shows the side structure about one Embodiment of the locking device concerning this embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置についてその正面構造を示す正面図。The front view which shows the front structure about the locking device of the embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置についてその斜視構造を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the perspective structure about the locking device of the embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置についてその動作例を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows the operation example about the locking device of the embodiment. 図5のB−B線に沿った断面構造を示す断面図。Sectional drawing which shows the cross-section along a BB line of FIG. 図4のA−A線に沿った断面構造を示す断面図。Sectional drawing which shows the cross-section along the AA line of FIG. 図9のC−C線に沿った断面構造を示す断面図。Sectional drawing which shows the cross-section along the CC line | wire of FIG. (a),(b)は、同実施形態のロック装置についてその動作例をそれぞれ示す側面図及び断面図。(A), (b) is the side view and sectional drawing which respectively show the operation example about the locking device of the embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置について給電コネクタに装着される様子を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows a mode that the electric power supply connector is mounted | worn about the locking device of the embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置について給電コネクタに装着された状態を示す正面図。The front view which shows the state with which the power supply connector was mounted | worn about the locking device of the embodiment. 同実施形態のロック装置についてその動作例を示す側面図。The side view which shows the operation example about the locking device of the embodiment. 本実施形態にかかるロック装置の他の例についてその断面構造を示す断面図。Sectional drawing which shows the cross-sectional structure about the other example of the locking device concerning this embodiment.
以下、本発明にかかるロック装置を車両の充電システムの給電コネクタに適用した一実施形態について図1〜図14を参照して説明する。はじめに、図1を参照して、車両の充電システムの概要について説明する。なお、この充電システムは、例えば電気自動車やハイブリッド車両など、電動モータを動力源とする車両に利用されるものである。   Hereinafter, an embodiment in which a locking device according to the present invention is applied to a power supply connector of a charging system for a vehicle will be described with reference to FIGS. First, an outline of a vehicle charging system will be described with reference to FIG. This charging system is used for a vehicle using an electric motor as a power source, such as an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle.
図1に示すように、この充電システムでは、給電コネクタ1にケーブル10を介してプラグ11が設けられている。そしてこの給電コネクタ1が車両のオーナによって所持される。また、車両には、給電コネクタ1の接続先となる受電コネクタ2が設けられている。そして、オーナが電気スタンドなどの外部電源3にプラグ11を差し込んだ後、給電コネクタ1を受電コネクタ2に差し込むと、外部電源3から各コネクタ1,2を介して車両に交流電力が供給される。車両に供給された交流電力は、車両に搭載されたコンバータ(図示略)により直流電力に変換され、変換された直流電力が電力モータの動力源となる車載バッテリ(図示略)に充電される。   As shown in FIG. 1, in this charging system, a plug 11 is provided on the power supply connector 1 via a cable 10. The power supply connector 1 is carried by the owner of the vehicle. Further, the vehicle is provided with a power receiving connector 2 to which the power feeding connector 1 is connected. When the owner inserts the plug 11 into the external power source 3 such as a desk lamp, and then inserts the power supply connector 1 into the power receiving connector 2, AC power is supplied from the external power source 3 to the vehicle via the connectors 1 and 2. . The AC power supplied to the vehicle is converted into DC power by a converter (not shown) mounted on the vehicle, and the converted DC power is charged into an in-vehicle battery (not shown) serving as a power source for the power motor.
次に、図2及び図3を参照して、給電コネクタ1の構造について説明する。
図2に示すように、給電コネクタ1の先端面12には、受電コネクタ2の内部に挿入されるコネクタガイド13が突出形成されている。コネクタガイド13の内部には、例えば電力の電送経路となるパワー端子や、各種制御指令の通信経路となる制御端子などからなるオス端子14が導出されている。すなわち、コネクタガイド13が受電コネクタ2に挿入されると、オス端子14が受電コネクタ2側のメス端子に挿入されて、給電コネクタ1と受電コネクタ2とが電気的に接続される。
Next, the structure of the power feeding connector 1 will be described with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3.
As shown in FIG. 2, a connector guide 13 that is inserted into the power receiving connector 2 is formed on the distal end surface 12 of the power feeding connector 1 so as to protrude. Inside the connector guide 13, for example, a male terminal 14 including a power terminal serving as a power transmission path and a control terminal serving as a communication path for various control commands is led out. That is, when the connector guide 13 is inserted into the power receiving connector 2, the male terminal 14 is inserted into the female terminal on the power receiving connector 2 side, and the power feeding connector 1 and the power receiving connector 2 are electrically connected.
また、給電コネクタ1の内部には、軸部15により矢印a1,a2で示す方向に回動可能に支持されたロックアーム16が設けられている。このロックアーム16の一方の端部には、先端面12から導出されて受電コネクタ2に形成された突出部20に係合する係合爪17が形成されている。これに対し、その他方の端部には、給電コネクタ1の背面から露出する態様にて操作部18が形成されている。また、ロックアーム16は、給電コネクタ1の内部に設けられたスプリング19によって矢印a2で示す方向に付勢されている。これにより、操作部18が給電コネクタ1の上壁に接触した状態で保持されて、ロックアーム16が図中の位置で保持されている。そして、ロックアーム16は、上記コネクタガイド13が受電コネクタ2に挿入されるとき、次のように動作する。まず、係合爪17が突出部20に接触すると、その傾斜面20aに沿って係合爪17が上方に変位するため、ロックアーム16はスプリング19の付勢力に抗して矢印a1で示す方向に回動する。そして、コネクタガイド13が受電コネクタ2に完挿されると、係合爪17が傾斜面20aを登り切るため、ロックアーム16はスプリング19の付勢力により図中の矢印a2で示す方向に回動する。これにより、図3に示すように、係合爪17が突出部20に引っ掛かり、給電コネクタ1が受電コネクタ2に接続された状態で保持される。このように、本実施形態では、給電コネクタ1が係合部材となるとともに、受電コネクタ2が被係合部材となっている。また、係合爪17が係合部となっている。一方、このように給電コネクタ1が受電コネクタ2に保持されている状態において、オーナが操作部18を図中の二点鎖線の位置まで押し込むと、操作部18に印加された操作力によってロックアーム16がスプリング19の付勢力に抗して矢印a1で示す方向に回動する。これにより、係合爪17と突出部20との間の係合が解除されるため、給電コネクタ1の抜き取りが可能となる。   In addition, a lock arm 16 is provided inside the power supply connector 1 and is supported by the shaft portion 15 so as to be rotatable in directions indicated by arrows a1 and a2. At one end of the lock arm 16, an engaging claw 17 is formed that engages with a protruding portion 20 that is led out from the distal end surface 12 and formed on the power receiving connector 2. On the other hand, the operation part 18 is formed in the other end part in such a manner as to be exposed from the back surface of the power supply connector 1. Further, the lock arm 16 is urged in a direction indicated by an arrow a <b> 2 by a spring 19 provided inside the power supply connector 1. Thereby, the operation part 18 is hold | maintained in the state which contacted the upper wall of the electric power feeding connector 1, and the lock arm 16 is hold | maintained in the position in a figure. The lock arm 16 operates as follows when the connector guide 13 is inserted into the power receiving connector 2. First, when the engaging claw 17 comes into contact with the protrusion 20, the engaging claw 17 is displaced upward along the inclined surface 20 a, so that the lock arm 16 resists the urging force of the spring 19 and is indicated by an arrow a 1. To turn. When the connector guide 13 is completely inserted into the power receiving connector 2, the engagement claw 17 climbs up the inclined surface 20 a, so that the lock arm 16 rotates in the direction indicated by the arrow a <b> 2 in the drawing by the urging force of the spring 19. . Thereby, as shown in FIG. 3, the engaging claw 17 is caught by the protruding portion 20, and the power feeding connector 1 is held in a state of being connected to the power receiving connector 2. Thus, in this embodiment, while the power feeding connector 1 becomes an engaging member, the power receiving connector 2 becomes an engaged member. Further, the engaging claw 17 is an engaging portion. On the other hand, when the owner pushes the operation unit 18 to the position of the two-dot chain line in the figure in the state where the power supply connector 1 is held by the power reception connector 2 in this way, the lock arm is applied by the operation force applied to the operation unit 18. 16 rotates against the biasing force of the spring 19 in the direction indicated by the arrow a1. Thereby, since the engagement between the engaging claw 17 and the protrusion part 20 is cancelled | released, the electric power feeding connector 1 can be extracted.
このように、給電コネクタ1は、受電コネクタ2に接続されたときに車両に対して一応は固定される。ただし、第三者によって操作部18が操作されると、受電コネクタ2から給電コネクタ1を簡単に抜き取ることができるため、給電コネクタ1自体が盗難されるおそれがある。   In this way, the power supply connector 1 is temporarily fixed to the vehicle when connected to the power reception connector 2. However, when the operation unit 18 is operated by a third party, the power supply connector 1 can be easily extracted from the power reception connector 2, and thus the power supply connector 1 itself may be stolen.
そこで本実施形態では、図4に示すように、第三者による操作部18の操作を規制するためのロック装置4を給電コネクタ1に後付けで取り付けるようにしている。以下、ロック装置4について詳述する。   Therefore, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4, the lock device 4 for restricting the operation of the operation unit 18 by a third party is attached to the power supply connector 1 later. Hereinafter, the locking device 4 will be described in detail.
図4に示すように、ロック装置4は、給電コネクタ1に対して操作部18の付近に装着される。このロック装置4は、大きくは、図中の軸線mに沿って筒状をなす装着部材5と、その上方を覆うようにして設けられたカバー部材6とからなる。   As shown in FIG. 4, the locking device 4 is attached to the power supply connector 1 in the vicinity of the operation unit 18. The locking device 4 is mainly composed of a mounting member 5 having a cylindrical shape along an axis m in the drawing, and a cover member 6 provided so as to cover the upper part thereof.
ロック装置4の正面構造を図5に示すように、装着部材5は、軸線mに直交する断面がU字状をなす第1挟持部材50と、その下方の開口部分を閉塞する第2挟持部材51とからなる。そして、第1挟持部材50の一端部と、第2挟持部材51の一端部とが、ヒンジ部52によって回動可能に連結されている。また、ロック装置4の斜視構造を図6に示すように、第1挟持部材50の他端部には、第2挟持部材51の他端部を保持したり、その保持を解除するためのバックル部53が設けられている。このバックル部53は、図中に拡大して示すように、第1挟持部材50に固定された軸部55により回動可能に支持された連結部操作部53aと、同連結部操作部53aに回動可能に支持されたリング部53bとからなる。そして、図中に示すように、リング部53bが第2挟持部材51に形成された爪部54に係合して且つ、連結部操作部53aが図中の位置に位置している場合、バックル部53は図中の状態で維持される。これにより、第1挟持部材50の他端部と第2挟持部材51の他端部とが互いに当接した状態でロックされる。一方、この状態で連結部操作部53aに矢印cで示す方向の外力が印加されると、連結部操作部53aが軸部55を中心に矢印cで示す方向に回動するため、図7に示すように、爪部54とリング部53bとの係合が解除される。これにより、第2挟持部材51をヒンジ部52を中心に回動させることで、第1挟持部材50の下方部分を開口させることができる。   As shown in FIG. 5 for the front structure of the locking device 4, the mounting member 5 includes a first clamping member 50 whose section perpendicular to the axis m is U-shaped, and a second clamping member that closes the opening portion below the first clamping member 50. 51. And the one end part of the 1st clamping member 50 and the one end part of the 2nd clamping member 51 are connected by the hinge part 52 so that rotation is possible. Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the perspective structure of the locking device 4 is a buckle for holding or releasing the other end of the second holding member 51 at the other end of the first holding member 50. A portion 53 is provided. As shown in the enlarged view in the drawing, the buckle portion 53 includes a connecting portion operating portion 53a rotatably supported by a shaft portion 55 fixed to the first clamping member 50, and a connecting portion operating portion 53a. The ring portion 53b is supported so as to be rotatable. As shown in the drawing, when the ring portion 53b is engaged with the claw portion 54 formed in the second clamping member 51 and the connecting portion operation portion 53a is located at the position in the drawing, the buckle The part 53 is maintained in the state shown in the figure. Thereby, the other end part of the 1st clamping member 50 and the other end part of the 2nd clamping member 51 are locked in the state which mutually contact | abutted. On the other hand, when an external force in the direction indicated by the arrow c is applied to the connecting portion operating portion 53a in this state, the connecting portion operating portion 53a rotates about the shaft portion 55 in the direction indicated by the arrow c. As shown, the engagement between the claw portion 54 and the ring portion 53b is released. Thereby, the lower part of the 1st clamping member 50 can be opened by rotating the 2nd clamping member 51 centering on the hinge part 52. As shown in FIG.
一方、先の図5に示すように、カバー部材6の下端部は、第1挟持部材50に形成された2つの軸部56,57により回動可能に支持されている。すなわち、カバー部材6は、先の図4に示すように、軸部56,57を中心に矢印b1,b2で示す方向に揺動する。図5のB−B線に沿った断面構造を図8に示すように、カバー部材6の上部において、背面6aから中央部に至る部分には、第1挟持部材50の上面から間隙SCを隔ててこれを取り囲む薄肉部6cが形成されている。また、前面6bの部分には、キーシリンダ60が埋め込まれた厚肉部6dが形成されている。キーシリンダ60は、メカニカルキー61のキー溝に基づいて機械的な認証を行うものであって、キー61が挿入されるキー穴60aの開口部分がカバー部材6の上面から外部に露出している。また、先の図4のA−A線に沿った断面構造を図9に示すように、キーシリンダ60の側面には、カバー部材6の内部に形成された貫通孔64を通じて軸部56まで伸びるワイヤ62が設けられている。そして、キー穴60aに正規のメカニカルキー61が挿入されてこれが所定の方向に回動操作されると、キーシリンダ60がワイヤ62をキーシリンダ60側に引っ張るように動作する。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 5, the lower end portion of the cover member 6 is rotatably supported by two shaft portions 56 and 57 formed on the first holding member 50. That is, the cover member 6 swings in the directions indicated by the arrows b1 and b2 around the shaft portions 56 and 57 as shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 8, the cross-sectional structure taken along line B-B in FIG. 5 is spaced from the upper surface of the first clamping member 50 by a gap SC in the upper part of the cover member 6 from the back surface 6 a to the center portion. A thin-walled portion 6c is formed to surround this. A thick portion 6d in which the key cylinder 60 is embedded is formed in the front surface 6b. The key cylinder 60 performs mechanical authentication based on the key groove of the mechanical key 61, and the opening portion of the key hole 60 a into which the key 61 is inserted is exposed to the outside from the upper surface of the cover member 6. . Further, as shown in FIG. 9, the cross-sectional structure taken along the line AA in FIG. 4 is extended to the shaft portion 56 through the through hole 64 formed in the cover member 6 on the side surface of the key cylinder 60. A wire 62 is provided. When a regular mechanical key 61 is inserted into the key hole 60a and is rotated in a predetermined direction, the key cylinder 60 operates to pull the wire 62 toward the key cylinder 60 side.
ワイヤ62の先端部には、貫通孔64に摺動可能に挿入されたピン63が取り付けられている。また、ピン63は、スプリング65によって軸部56側に付勢されている。これにより、図9のC−C線に沿った断面構造を図10に示すように、ピン63は、軸部56の外周面に当接するとともに、カバー部材6が矢印b1,b2で示す方向に揺動するとき、軸部56の外周面を摺動しながらカバー部材6と一体となって移動する。   A pin 63 slidably inserted into the through hole 64 is attached to the tip of the wire 62. Further, the pin 63 is urged toward the shaft portion 56 by a spring 65. As a result, as shown in FIG. 10, the cross-sectional structure along the line CC in FIG. 9 is such that the pin 63 contacts the outer peripheral surface of the shaft portion 56 and the cover member 6 is in the direction indicated by the arrows b1 and b2. When swinging, it moves integrally with the cover member 6 while sliding on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft portion 56.
また、図10に示すように、軸部56の外周面には、ピン63が図中の位置から矢印b1で示す方向に所定角度だけ回転したときにこれが挿入される挿入穴56aが形成されている。すなわち、図11(a)に示すように、カバー部材6が図中の実線の位置まで揺動すると、図11(b)に示すようにピン63が挿入穴56aに挿入される。これにより、カバー部材6の揺動がピン63によって規制されるため、カバー部材6が図11(a)に示す位置で保持される。なおこのとき、バックル部53の連結部操作部53aがカバー部材6によって覆われるため、連結部操作部53aの操作が防止される。一方、図11(b)に示すように挿入穴56aにピン63が挿入されている状態では、キーシリンダ60の動作に伴いワイヤ62がキーシリンダ60側に引っ張られると、挿入穴56aからピン63が抜き出される。これにより、ピン63による規制が解除されるため、カバー部材6を揺動させることができるようになる。   Further, as shown in FIG. 10, an insertion hole 56a is formed on the outer peripheral surface of the shaft portion 56, into which the pin 63 is inserted when rotated by a predetermined angle in the direction indicated by the arrow b1 from the position in the drawing. Yes. That is, as shown in FIG. 11A, when the cover member 6 swings to the position of the solid line in the drawing, the pin 63 is inserted into the insertion hole 56a as shown in FIG. 11B. As a result, the swing of the cover member 6 is regulated by the pin 63, so that the cover member 6 is held at the position shown in FIG. At this time, since the connecting portion operating portion 53a of the buckle portion 53 is covered with the cover member 6, the operation of the connecting portion operating portion 53a is prevented. On the other hand, in the state where the pin 63 is inserted into the insertion hole 56a as shown in FIG. 11B, when the wire 62 is pulled toward the key cylinder 60 with the operation of the key cylinder 60, the pin 63 extends from the insertion hole 56a. Is extracted. Thereby, since the restriction | limiting by the pin 63 is cancelled | released, the cover member 6 can be rock | fluctuated here now.
次に、先の図4を含め、図12〜図14を参照して、本実施形態にかかるロック装置の動作(作用)について説明する。なお、上記メカニカルキー61は、車両のオーナによって所持されているとする。   Next, the operation (action) of the locking device according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 12 to 14 including FIG. It is assumed that the mechanical key 61 is carried by the owner of the vehicle.
図12に示すように、ロック装置4を給電コネクタ1に装着する際には、はじめに、バックル部53のロックを解除して第1挟持部材50を開口させる。そして、図中に矢印で示すように、第1挟持部材50の内部に給電コネクタ1の部位Aを上方側から挿入した後、バックル部53によって第2挟持部材51をロックすると、先の図4に示すようにロック装置4が給電コネクタ1に装着される。このとき、図13に示すように、第1挟持部材50の内面に給電コネクタ1の上半分が接触するとともに、第2挟持部材51の内面に給電コネクタ1の下部が接触するため、これらの部材により給電コネクタ1が挟持される。これにより、先の図4に示すようにロック装置4が給電コネクタ1に固定される。そして、ロック装置4が給電コネクタ1に一旦固定されれば、車両のオーナは給電コネクタ1とは別にロック装置4を持ち歩く必要がなくなるため、ロック装置4を持ち歩く煩わしさが解消される。なお、同図4に示すように、給電コネクタ1は、装着部材5の装着部分から先端面12に向かう部分が拡径されている。また、装着部材5の装着部分からケーブル10に向かう部分が大きく湾曲している。本実施形態では、給電コネクタ1のこのような形状を利用することで、装着部材5の位置ずれが抑制されている。   As shown in FIG. 12, when the locking device 4 is attached to the power supply connector 1, first, the buckle portion 53 is unlocked and the first clamping member 50 is opened. Then, as shown by the arrows in the figure, after the portion A of the power supply connector 1 is inserted into the first holding member 50 from the upper side, the second holding member 51 is locked by the buckle portion 53. As shown in FIG. 2, the locking device 4 is attached to the power feeding connector 1. At this time, as shown in FIG. 13, the upper half of the power supply connector 1 is in contact with the inner surface of the first holding member 50 and the lower portion of the power supply connector 1 is in contact with the inner surface of the second holding member 51. Thus, the power supply connector 1 is clamped. As a result, the locking device 4 is fixed to the power supply connector 1 as shown in FIG. Then, once the lock device 4 is fixed to the power supply connector 1, the owner of the vehicle does not need to carry the lock device 4 separately from the power supply connector 1, thereby eliminating the troublesomeness of carrying the lock device 4. As shown in FIG. 4, the power supply connector 1 has a diameter enlarged from the mounting portion of the mounting member 5 toward the distal end surface 12. Further, the portion from the mounting portion of the mounting member 5 toward the cable 10 is greatly curved. In this embodiment, the position shift of the mounting member 5 is suppressed by using such a shape of the power supply connector 1.
その後、給電コネクタ1を受電コネクタ2に接続すべく、給電コネクタ1の係合爪17を受電コネクタ2の突出部20に係合させて、車載バッテリへの給電を開始したとする。このとき、図14に示すように、カバー部材6に矢印b1で示す方向の外力を印加してこれを図中の位置まで移動させると、操作部18がカバー部材6の間隙SCに挿入されてカバー部材6により覆われるとともに、カバー部材6が図中の位置で保持される。この状態では、メカニカルキー61を用いてキーシリンダ60を操作しなければカバー部材6をそれ以上動かすことができない。すなわち、メカニカルキー61を所持していない第三者はカバー部材6を動かすことができないため、操作部18を操作することが不可能となる。これにより、第三者が操作部18を操作して係合爪17及び突出部20の係合を不正に解除するような行為を未然に防止することができるため、給電コネクタ1の盗難を防止することができる。また、バックル部53の連結部操作部53aがカバー部材6によって覆われるため、第三者がバックル部53を操作して給電コネクタ1からロック装置4を外すような不正行為を防止することができる。さらに、上述のように、装着部材5の位置ずれが抑制されているため、第三者がロック装置4に外力を印加するなどして装着部材5の位置をずらすことにより、操作部18を覆わない位置までカバー部材6を移動させるような不正行為を未然に防止することもできる。   Thereafter, in order to connect the power feeding connector 1 to the power receiving connector 2, it is assumed that the engagement claw 17 of the power feeding connector 1 is engaged with the protruding portion 20 of the power receiving connector 2 to start power feeding to the in-vehicle battery. At this time, as shown in FIG. 14, when an external force in the direction indicated by the arrow b <b> 1 is applied to the cover member 6 to move it to the position in the figure, the operation portion 18 is inserted into the gap SC of the cover member 6. The cover member 6 is covered and the cover member 6 is held at the position in the figure. In this state, the cover member 6 cannot be moved any further unless the key cylinder 60 is operated using the mechanical key 61. That is, since a third party who does not have the mechanical key 61 cannot move the cover member 6, the operation unit 18 cannot be operated. As a result, it is possible to prevent the third person from operating the operation unit 18 and illegally releasing the engagement of the engaging claw 17 and the protruding portion 20, thereby preventing the feeding connector 1 from being stolen. can do. Moreover, since the connection part operation part 53a of the buckle part 53 is covered with the cover member 6, the illegal action which a third party operates the buckle part 53 and removes the locking device 4 from the electric power feeding connector 1 can be prevented. . Furthermore, since the displacement of the mounting member 5 is suppressed as described above, the operation unit 18 is covered by a third party shifting the position of the mounting member 5 by applying an external force to the locking device 4 or the like. It is also possible to prevent an unauthorized act such as moving the cover member 6 to a position where it does not exist.
なお、車両のオーナは、キーシリンダ60にメカニカルキー61を挿入してこれを操作すれば、カバー部材6の保持を解除することができる。このため、操作部18が露出する位置までカバー部材6を移動させた後、操作部18を操作すれば、受電コネクタ2から給電コネクタ1を抜き取ることができる。   The owner of the vehicle can release the holding of the cover member 6 by inserting the mechanical key 61 into the key cylinder 60 and operating it. For this reason, the power supply connector 1 can be extracted from the power receiving connector 2 by operating the operation unit 18 after moving the cover member 6 to a position where the operation unit 18 is exposed.
以上説明したように、本実施形態にかかるロック装置4によれば、以下のような効果が得られるようになる。
(1)ロック装置4には、外力の印加に基づいて、操作部18を覆う位置、及び操作部18を覆わない位置に移動するカバー部材6を設けることとした。そして、ロック装置4では、カバー部材6が操作部18を覆う位置まで移動したときにピン63と軸部56との協働によってカバー部材6を保持することとした。また、カバー部材6にキーシリンダ60を設けた上で、メカニカルキー61によるキーシリンダ60の操作に基づいてカバー部材6の保持を解除することとした。これにより、カバー部材6によって操作部18を覆えば、第三者による操作部18の操作を防止することができるため、給電コネクタ1の盗難を防止することができるようになる。
As described above, according to the locking device 4 according to the present embodiment, the following effects can be obtained.
(1) The lock device 4 is provided with a cover member 6 that moves to a position that covers the operation unit 18 and a position that does not cover the operation unit 18 based on the application of external force. In the locking device 4, the cover member 6 is held by the cooperation of the pin 63 and the shaft portion 56 when the cover member 6 moves to a position that covers the operation unit 18. Further, after the key cylinder 60 is provided on the cover member 6, the holding of the cover member 6 is released based on the operation of the key cylinder 60 by the mechanical key 61. Thereby, if the operation part 18 is covered with the cover member 6, the operation of the operation part 18 by a third party can be prevented, so that the power supply connector 1 can be prevented from being stolen.
(2)ロック装置4には、カバー部材6が取り付けられるとともに給電コネクタ1に脱着可能に装着される装着部材5を設けることとした。これにより、ロック装置4を既存の給電コネクタ1に後付けで取り付けることができる。このため、利便性が向上するようになる。   (2) The lock device 4 is provided with a mounting member 5 to which the cover member 6 is attached and which is detachably mounted to the power supply connector 1. Thereby, the locking device 4 can be attached to the existing power supply connector 1 later. For this reason, convenience comes to be improved.
(3)装着部材5を、カバー部材6が取り付けられた第1挟持部材50と、同第1挟持部材50との協働により給電コネクタ1を挟持する第2挟持部材51とにより構成することとした。そして、第1挟持部材50と第2挟持部材51とをヒンジ部52及びバックル部53により互いに連結することとした。これにより、バックル部53を操作するだけでロック装置4の脱着を行うことができるため、利便性が向上するようになる。また、給電コネクタ1にロック装置4を装着した際には、装着部材5が給電コネクタ1に確実に固定される。よって、第三者がロック装置4に外力を印加するなどして装着部材5の位置をずらすことにより、操作部18を覆わない位置までカバー部材6を移動させるような不正行為を未然に防止することができる。このため、給電コネクタ1の盗難をより確実に防止することができるようになる。   (3) The mounting member 5 includes a first holding member 50 to which the cover member 6 is attached and a second holding member 51 that holds the power supply connector 1 in cooperation with the first holding member 50. did. The first clamping member 50 and the second clamping member 51 are connected to each other by the hinge portion 52 and the buckle portion 53. As a result, the lock device 4 can be attached and detached simply by operating the buckle portion 53, so that convenience is improved. Further, when the lock device 4 is attached to the power supply connector 1, the mounting member 5 is securely fixed to the power supply connector 1. Therefore, a third party can prevent an illegal act such as moving the cover member 6 to a position where the operation unit 18 is not covered by shifting the position of the mounting member 5 by applying an external force to the lock device 4 or the like. be able to. For this reason, the power supply connector 1 can be more reliably prevented from being stolen.
(4)カバー部材6が操作部18を覆う位置まで移動したとき、カバー部材6によってバックル部53の連結部操作部53aを覆うようにした。これにより、第三者がバックル部53を操作して給電コネクタ1からロック装置4を外すような不正行為を防止することができるため、バックル部53を設けてロック装置4の脱着の利便性を高めつつも、第三者による給電コネクタ1の盗難を的確に防止することができるようになる。   (4) When the cover member 6 moves to a position that covers the operation unit 18, the cover member 6 covers the connecting portion operation unit 53 a of the buckle unit 53. Thereby, since a third party can operate the buckle portion 53 to prevent an illegal act of removing the lock device 4 from the power supply connector 1, the buckle portion 53 is provided and the convenience of attaching and detaching the lock device 4 is improved. While being increased, it is possible to accurately prevent the power supply connector 1 from being stolen by a third party.
(5)カバー部材6には、一体となって移動するピン63を設けることとした。また、装着部材5の軸部56には、ピン63が挿入される挿入穴56aを形成することとした。これにより、簡素な構造でありながらも、カバー部材6の位置を保持したり、その保持を解除することができるようになる。   (5) The cover member 6 is provided with a pin 63 that moves integrally. In addition, the shaft portion 56 of the mounting member 5 is formed with an insertion hole 56a into which the pin 63 is inserted. Thereby, although it is a simple structure, the position of the cover member 6 can be hold | maintained and the holding | maintenance can be cancelled | released now.
(6)ユーザの認証を行う認証手段として、メカニカルキー61のキー溝に基づいて機械的な認証を行うキーシリンダ60を用いることとした。これにより、例えば認証手段としてダイヤル式の認証装置を用いる場合と比較すると、ロック装置4の小型化が図られるようになる。   (6) The key cylinder 60 that performs mechanical authentication based on the keyway of the mechanical key 61 is used as an authentication unit that performs user authentication. Thereby, compared with the case where a dial type authentication apparatus is used as an authentication means, for example, size reduction of the locking device 4 comes to be achieved.
なお、上記実施形態は、これを適宜変更した以下の形態にて実施することもできる。
・装着部材5の形状は、各種給電コネクタの形状に合わせて適宜変更してもよい。これにより、本実施形態にかかるロック装置4を各種給電コネクタに装着することが可能となるため、汎用性が向上するようになる。
In addition, the said embodiment can also be implemented with the following forms which changed this suitably.
The shape of the mounting member 5 may be appropriately changed according to the shape of various power supply connectors. As a result, the locking device 4 according to the present embodiment can be attached to various power supply connectors, so that versatility is improved.
・ロック装置4には、カバー部材6を先の図4の位置で保持する節度構造を設けてもよい。具体的には、先の図10に対応する図として図15を示すように、ピン63の先端部を丸角に形成する。また、軸部56においてピン63の当接部分には断面三角形状の溝56bを形成する。これにより、溝56bにピン63の先端部が当接することによってカバー部材6の位置が保持される。また、カバー部材6に矢印b1,b2で示す方向の外力が印加された場合には、ピン63が溝56bの傾斜面に沿って変位し、スプリング65の付勢力に抗してワイヤ62に側に移動する。これにより、ピン63が溝56bから外れるため、カバー部材6を矢印b1,b2で示す方向に移動させることが可能となる。このような節度構造を設ければ、オーナがロック装置4を持ち歩く際にカバー部材6が回転するようなことがなくなるため、ロック装置4を持ち運び易くなる。   The locking device 4 may be provided with a moderation structure that holds the cover member 6 at the position shown in FIG. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 15 as a diagram corresponding to FIG. 10, the tip of the pin 63 is formed in a rounded corner. Further, a groove 56b having a triangular cross section is formed in the contact portion of the pin 63 in the shaft portion 56. Thereby, the position of the cover member 6 is held by the tip of the pin 63 coming into contact with the groove 56b. When an external force in the direction indicated by the arrows b 1 and b 2 is applied to the cover member 6, the pin 63 is displaced along the inclined surface of the groove 56 b, and the wire 62 is opposed to the wire 62 against the urging force of the spring 65. Move to. Thereby, since the pin 63 comes off from the groove 56b, the cover member 6 can be moved in the directions indicated by the arrows b1 and b2. If such a moderation structure is provided, the cover member 6 does not rotate when the owner carries the lock device 4, so that the lock device 4 can be easily carried.
・上記実施形態では、装着部材5の軸部56,57によってカバー部材6を揺動可能に支持することとした。これに代えて、ロック装置4が装着される給電コネクタの形状によっては、例えば装着部材5によってカバー部材6をスライド移動可能に支持してもよい。   In the above embodiment, the cover member 6 is swingably supported by the shaft portions 56 and 57 of the mounting member 5. Instead of this, the cover member 6 may be slidably supported by the mounting member 5, for example, depending on the shape of the power supply connector to which the locking device 4 is mounted.
・第1挟持部材50には、先の図1に例示した給電コネクタ1のねじ穴1aに挿入される突出部を形成してもよい。これにより、装着部材5の位置ずれをより確実に防止することができるようになる。   -The 1st clamping member 50 may form the protrusion part inserted in the screw hole 1a of the electric power feeding connector 1 illustrated in previous FIG. As a result, the displacement of the mounting member 5 can be more reliably prevented.
・上記実施形態では、ユーザの認証を行う認証手段としてキーシリンダ60を用いることとしたが、これに代えて、例えばダイヤル式の認証装置などを用いてもよい。また、例えば車両のオーナが所持する携帯機の識別コード(IDコード)に基づいて電子的な認証を行う認証装置などを用いることも可能である。   In the above embodiment, the key cylinder 60 is used as an authentication unit for authenticating a user. However, instead of this, for example, a dial type authentication device or the like may be used. In addition, for example, an authentication device that performs electronic authentication based on an identification code (ID code) of a portable device possessed by the owner of the vehicle can be used.
・上記実施形態では、カバー部材6の位置を保持するとともに、その解除の可能な保持手段として、ピン63及び挿入穴56aからなる構造を採用することとしたが、これについては任意の構造を採用することが可能である。   In the above embodiment, the structure of the pin 63 and the insertion hole 56a is adopted as the holding means that holds the position of the cover member 6 and can be released, but any structure is adopted for this. Is possible.
・上記実施形態では、第1挟持部材50と第2挟持部材51とを連結したり、その連結を解除することが可能な連結部材としてバックル部53を用いることとしたが、各種の留め金を用いることができる。   In the above embodiment, the buckle portion 53 is used as a connecting member that can connect the first holding member 50 and the second holding member 51 or can release the connection. Can be used.
・上記軸部56,57を給電コネクタ1に形成した上で、給電コネクタ1にカバー部材6を直接取り付けてもよい。これにより、装着部材5が不要となるため、構造の簡素化が図られるようになる。   The cover member 6 may be directly attached to the power supply connector 1 after the shaft portions 56 and 57 are formed on the power supply connector 1. This eliminates the need for the mounting member 5 and simplifies the structure.
・上記実施形態では、本発明にかかるロック装置を、車両の充電システムに用いられる給電コネクタに適用することとしたが、操作部の操作に基づき被係合部材からの抜き取りが可能となる各種係合部材に適用することが可能である。   In the above embodiment, the locking device according to the present invention is applied to the power supply connector used in the charging system of the vehicle. However, various types of members that can be removed from the engaged member based on the operation of the operation unit. It is possible to apply to a joint member.
<付記>
次に、上記実施形態及びその変形例から把握できる技術的思想について追記する。
(イ)請求項1〜4のいずれか一項に記載のロック装置において、前記保持手段は、前記カバー部材と一体となって移動するピンと、前記装着部材に固定されて前記カバー部材が前記操作部を覆う位置に移動したときに前記ピンが挿入される挿入穴が形成された部材とからなり、前記カバー部材の保持が、前記挿入穴に前記ピンが挿入されることで行われるとともに、前記カバー部材の保持の解除が、前記挿入穴から前記ピンが抜き出されることで行われることを特徴とするロック装置。同構成によれば、保持手段は、ピンと、挿入穴が形成された部材とを備えるといった極めて簡素な構造からなるため、請求項1〜4に記載の発明を容易に実現することができるようになる。
<Appendix>
Next, a technical idea that can be grasped from the above embodiment and its modifications will be additionally described.
(A) In the locking device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, the holding means includes a pin that moves integrally with the cover member, and a fixing member that is fixed to the mounting member so that the cover member is operated as described above. A member formed with an insertion hole into which the pin is inserted when moved to a position covering the portion, and holding the cover member is performed by inserting the pin into the insertion hole, Release of holding of the cover member is performed by extracting the pin from the insertion hole. According to this configuration, since the holding means has a very simple structure including a pin and a member in which an insertion hole is formed, the inventions according to claims 1 to 4 can be easily realized. Become.
(ロ)請求項1〜4、及び付記イのいずれか一項に記載のロック装置において、前記認証手段は、メカニカルキーのキー溝に基づいて機械的な認証を行うキーシリンダからなることを特徴とするロック装置。同構成によるように、認証手段としてキーシリンダを用いることとすれば、例えばダイヤル式の認証機構を用いる場合と比較すると、小型化が図られるようになる。   (B) In the locking device according to any one of claims 1 to 4 and appendix i, the authenticating means includes a key cylinder that performs mechanical authentication based on a key groove of a mechanical key. A locking device. If the key cylinder is used as the authentication means as in the same configuration, for example, the size can be reduced as compared with the case where a dial type authentication mechanism is used.
(ハ)請求項1〜4、付記イ、及び付記ロのいずれか一項に記載のロック装置において、前記被係合部材は、車両に設けられた受電コネクタであるとともに、前記係合部材は、前記受電コネクタに接続される給電コネクタであることを特徴とするロック装置。上述のように、車載バッテリの充電の際にはオーナが車両から離れることが多いため、給電コネクタの盗難のおそれがある。このため、このような給電コネクタに本発明にかかるロック装置を適用することの意義は大きい。   (C) In the locking device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, appendix i, and appendix b, the engaged member is a power receiving connector provided in a vehicle, and the engaging member is The locking device is a power supply connector connected to the power receiving connector. As described above, when the vehicle-mounted battery is charged, the owner often leaves the vehicle, and thus the power feeding connector may be stolen. For this reason, it is significant to apply the locking device according to the present invention to such a power supply connector.
SC…間隙、1…給電コネクタ、1a…ねじ穴、2…受電コネクタ、3…外部電源、4…ロック装置、5…装着部材、6…カバー部材、6a…背面、6b…前面、6c…薄肉部、6d…厚肉部、10…ケーブル、11…プラグ、12…先端面、13…コネクタガイド、14…オス端子、15…軸部、16…ロックアーム、17…係合爪、18…操作部、19…スプリング、20…突出部、20a…傾斜面、50…第1挟持部材、51…第2挟持部材、52…ヒンジ部、53…バックル部、53a…連結部操作部、53b…リング部、54…爪部、55,56,57…軸部、56a…挿入穴、56b…溝、60…キーシリンダ、60a…キー穴、61…メカニカルキー、62…ワイヤ、63…ピン、64…貫通孔、65…スプリング。   SC ... Gap, 1 ... Power connector, 1a ... Screw hole, 2 ... Receiving connector, 3 ... External power supply, 4 ... Lock device, 5 ... Mounting member, 6 ... Cover member, 6a ... Back, 6b ... Front, 6c ... Thin wall Part, 6d ... thick part, 10 ... cable, 11 ... plug, 12 ... tip surface, 13 ... connector guide, 14 ... male terminal, 15 ... shaft part, 16 ... lock arm, 17 ... engagement claw, 18 ... operation , 19 ... Spring, 20 ... Projection, 20a ... Inclined surface, 50 ... First clamping member, 51 ... Second clamping member, 52 ... Hinge part, 53 ... Buckle part, 53a ... Connection part operation part, 53b ... Ring 54, claw, 55, 56, 57 ... shaft, 56a ... insertion hole, 56b ... groove, 60 ... key cylinder, 60a ... key hole, 61 ... mechanical key, 62 ... wire, 63 ... pin, 64 ... Through hole, 65 ... spring.

Claims (4)

  1. 被係合部材に係合される係合部を有し、該係合部と前記被係合部材との係合により前記被係合部材に接続された状態で保持される一方、操作部の操作に連動して前記係合部が前記被係合部材との係合が解除される位置に移動することにより前記被係合部材からの抜き取りが可能となる係合部材にあって、前記被係合部材からの前記係合部材の抜き取りを規制するロック装置であって、
    前記係合部材に設けられて、外力の印加に基づき前記操作部を覆う位置、及び前記操作部を覆わない位置に移動するカバー部材と、前記カバー部材を前記操作部を覆う位置で保持する保持手段と、認証の成立に基づいて前記保持手段による保持を解除する認証手段とを備える
    ことを特徴とするロック装置。
    An engaging portion engaged with the engaged member, and held in a state of being connected to the engaged member by engagement of the engaging portion and the engaged member; An engagement member that can be removed from the engaged member by moving the engagement portion to a position where the engagement with the engaged member is released in conjunction with an operation. A locking device for restricting extraction of the engaging member from the engaging member,
    Provided on the engaging member, a cover member that moves to a position that covers the operation portion based on the application of external force and a position that does not cover the operation portion, and a holding that holds the cover member at a position that covers the operation portion A locking device comprising: means and authentication means for releasing the holding by the holding means based on the establishment of authentication.
  2. 請求項1に記載のロック装置において、
    前記カバー部材が取り付けられるとともに前記係合部材に脱着可能に装着される装着部材を更に備え、前記カバー部材及び前記装着部材に、前記認証手段及び前記保持手段が設けられてなる
    ことを特徴とするロック装置。
    The locking device according to claim 1,
    The cover member is attached and further includes a mounting member that is detachably mounted on the engaging member, and the authentication member and the holding unit are provided on the cover member and the mounting member. Locking device.
  3. 前記装着部材は、前記カバー部材が取り付けられる第1挟持部材と、該第1挟持部材との協働により前記係合部材を挟持する第2挟持部材と、前記第1挟持部材及び前記第2挟持部材を互いに連結する連結部材とを備える
    請求項2に記載のロック装置。
    The mounting member includes a first holding member to which the cover member is attached, a second holding member that holds the engaging member in cooperation with the first holding member, the first holding member, and the second holding member. The locking device according to claim 2, further comprising a connecting member that connects the members to each other.
  4. 前記連結部材は、外力が印加される連結部操作部を含み、該連結部操作部に印加される外力に基づいて前記第1挟持部材及び前記第2挟持部材の連結及び連結の解除を行うものであり、前記連結部操作部は、前記カバー部材が前記操作部を覆う位置に移動したとき、同カバー部材によって覆われる位置に配置されてなる
    請求項3に記載のロック装置。
    The connecting member includes a connecting portion operation unit to which an external force is applied, and performs connection and release of the first holding member and the second holding member based on the external force applied to the connecting portion operation unit. The locking device according to claim 3, wherein the connecting portion operation portion is arranged at a position covered by the cover member when the cover member moves to a position covering the operation portion.
JP2011192987A 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Lock device Pending JP2013053470A (en)

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JP2011192987A JP2013053470A (en) 2011-09-05 2011-09-05 Lock device
US14/342,134 US20140329400A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2012-08-01 Lock device
EP20120748063 EP2753488A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2012-08-01 Lock device
CN201280042833.3A CN103764437B (en) 2011-09-05 2012-08-01 Blocking device
PCT/JP2012/004878 WO2013035240A1 (en) 2011-09-05 2012-08-01 Lock device

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EP2753488A1 (en) 2014-07-16
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US20140329400A1 (en) 2014-11-06
CN103764437B (en) 2016-02-03

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