JP2012012195A - Article storage facility - Google Patents

Article storage facility Download PDF

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JP2012012195A
JP2012012195A JP2010152159A JP2010152159A JP2012012195A JP 2012012195 A JP2012012195 A JP 2012012195A JP 2010152159 A JP2010152159 A JP 2010152159A JP 2010152159 A JP2010152159 A JP 2010152159A JP 2012012195 A JP2012012195 A JP 2012012195A
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article
support
storage
supported
transfer means
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JP5578350B2 (en
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Chikao Okura
規勇 大倉
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Daifuku Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an article storage facility which allows an article transfer means to move more rapidly.SOLUTION: The article storage facility includes an article storage shelf 1 with a plurality of storage sections S juxtaposed vertically and horizontally to put and support a columnar or cylindrical article B in a horizontally laid position where a shaft center direction of the article faces a depth direction and an article transfer means M which transfers the article B to any of the storage sections S. The article transfer means M is configured to have an article support 17A capable of freely putting and supporting the article B in such a way that the support freely reciprocates between a retracted state and a projected state and freely moves up and down and to execute scoop processing for fetching the article B put and supported in the storage section S and unload processing for housing the article B put and supported on the article support 17A in the storage section S, wherein the article transfer means M is further equipped with an article receiver 30 for receiving the side of the article B put and supported on the article support 17A put in the retracted state in a directional vision along the article support 17A in a reciprocating direction.

Description

本発明は、円柱状又は円筒状の物品をその軸心方向を奥行き方向に向けた横倒れ姿勢で載置支持する複数の収納部が縦横に並設された物品保管棚と、前記物品保管棚の前面側の物品搬送用空間内を縦横に移動されて、前記収納部に対して物品を移載する物品移載手段とが設けられ、前記物品移載手段が、物品を載置支持自在な物品支持体を、前記物品搬送用空間内に位置する引退状態と前記収納部内に突出する突出状態とに出退自在で且つ昇降自在に備えて、この物品支持体の出退作動並びに昇降作動によって、前記収納部に載置支持されている物品を取り出す掬い処理、及び、前記物品支持体に載置支持した物品を前記収納部に収納する降ろし処理を行うように構成され、前記収納部が、前記突出状態の前記物品支持体が上下に通過自在な物品支持体通過用開口の両側に位置する左右一対の物品載置部分を備えて、それら一対の物品載置部分の間に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成され、前記物品支持体が、その出退方向に沿う方向視にて、中央側が外方側よりも下位となる凹状に形成された物品載置部を備えて、その物品載置部に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成された物品保管設備に関する。   The present invention provides an article storage shelf in which a plurality of storage units for placing and supporting a columnar or cylindrical article in a laterally inclined posture with its axial direction oriented in the depth direction, and the article storage shelf There is provided article transfer means for moving the article in a vertical and horizontal direction in the article transfer space on the front surface side of the article, and transferring the article to the storage unit. The article transfer means is capable of placing and supporting the article. The article support is provided in a retracted state positioned in the article transport space and a protruding state protruding into the storage portion and is movable up and down, and can be moved up and down. , A scooping process for taking out the article placed and supported in the storage part, and a lowering process for storing the article placed and supported on the article support in the storage part, wherein the storage part is The protruding article support can freely pass up and down. A pair of left and right article placement portions located on both sides of the article support passage opening are provided, and the article is placed and supported in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article is inserted between the pair of article placement portions. The article support is provided with an article placement section formed in a concave shape in which the center side is lower than the outer side in a direction view along the withdrawal / retraction direction. The present invention relates to an article storage facility configured to place and support an article in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article is inserted.

かかる物品保管設備は、ロール状物品等の円柱状又は円筒状の物品を保管するのに使用されるものである。
そして、収納部に載置支持されている物品を取り出す掬い処理を行うときには、物品支持体を、収納部における左右一対の物品載置部分に載置支持されている物品の下方側箇所に向けて突出させたのち、物品支持体通過用開口を通過させながら物品支持体を上昇させることにより、左右一対の物品載置部分に載置支持されている物品を、物品支持体の載置面に載置支持し、その後、物品支持体を引退状態に引退させることになる。
Such an article storage facility is used to store a columnar or cylindrical article such as a roll article.
And when performing the scooping process which takes out the articles mounted and supported in the storage section, the article support is directed toward the lower side of the articles mounted and supported on the pair of left and right article mounting portions in the storage section. After projecting, the article support is raised while passing through the article support passage opening, so that the article placed and supported on the pair of left and right article placement portions is placed on the placement surface of the article support. Then, the article support is retired to the retreated state.

また、物品支持体に載置支持した物品を収納部に収納する降ろし処理を行うときには、物品支持体に載置支持した物品を収納部における左右一対の物品載置部分の上方箇所に位置させるように、物品支持体を突出状態に突出させたのち、物品支持体通過用開口を通過させながら物品支持体を下降させることにより、物品支持体にて載置支持している物品を左右一対の物品載置部分に載置させ、その後、物品支持体を引退状態に引退させることになる。   Further, when performing the lowering process for storing the article placed and supported on the article support in the storage unit, the article placed and supported on the article support is positioned above the pair of left and right article placement parts in the storage unit. Then, after the article support is protruded in a protruding state, the article support is lowered while passing through the opening for passing the article support, whereby the article placed and supported by the article support is paired with the left and right articles. It is made to mount in a mounting part, and an article support body is withdrawn in a retirement state after that.

このような物品保管設備の従来例として、上述した掬い処理を行うことによって物品支持体に載置支持した物品を、単に、物品支持体にて転動抑制状態に載置支持するように構成したものがある(例えば、特許文献1(明細書の段落〔0015〕及び〔0016〕並びに図10〜13)参照。)。   As a conventional example of such an article storage facility, an article placed and supported on an article support by performing the above-described scooping process is simply placed and supported in a rolling restrained state by the article support. (See, for example, Patent Document 1 (paragraphs [0015] and [0016] and FIGS. 10 to 13 of the specification).)

特開平8−73011号公報JP-A-8-73011

従来の物品保管設備においては、掬い処理を行うことによって物品支持体に載置支持した物品を、単に、物品支持体にて転動抑制状態に載置支持するものであるため、物品移載手段が、物品保管棚の前面側の物品搬送用空間内を縦横に移動されるときに、物品が物品支持体から外れるように転動して落下する虞があり、物品移載手段の移動を高速化し難い問題があった。   In the conventional article storage facility, the article placed and supported on the article support by performing the scooping process is simply placed and supported in a rolling restrained state by the article support, so that the article transfer means However, when the article is moved vertically and horizontally in the article transport space on the front side of the article storage shelf, the article may roll and fall off the article support so that the article transfer means can move at high speed. There was a problem that was difficult to convert.

すなわち、物品移載手段の移動は、停止状態から定常移動速度に増速し、定常移動速度で移動したのち、その定常移動速度から停止用のクリープ速度に減速し、目標停止位置にて停止する形態で行われることになるが、物品が物品支持体から外れるように転動して落下することを回避するために、停止状態から定常移動速度への増速や、定常移動速度からクリープ速度への減速を、単位時間当たりの速度変化量を十分に小さくする状態で行うことになり、物品の搬送効率の向上のために物品移載手段の移動の高速化が望まれるものの、物品移載手段の移動を高速化し難いものとなっていた。   That is, the movement of the article transfer means increases from the stopped state to the steady movement speed, moves at the steady movement speed, then decelerates from the steady movement speed to the stop creep speed, and stops at the target stop position. In order to prevent the article from rolling and falling off the article support, it is increased from the stationary state to the steady movement speed, or from the steady movement speed to the creep speed. The speed of the movement of the article transfer means is increased in order to improve the conveyance efficiency of the article. It was difficult to increase the speed of movement.

本発明は、上記実情に鑑みて為されたものであって、物品移載手段の移動を高速化することが可能な物品保管設備を提供する点にある。   This invention is made in view of the said situation, Comprising: It exists in the point which provides the article storage equipment which can speed up the movement of an article transfer means.

本発明の物品保管設備は、円柱状又は円筒状の物品をその軸心方向を奥行き方向に向けた横倒れ姿勢で載置支持する複数の収納部が並設された物品保管棚と、前記物品保管棚の前面側の物品搬送用空間内を縦横に移動されて、前記収納部に対して物品を移載する物品移載手段とが設けられ、
前記物品移載手段が、物品を載置支持自在な物品支持体を、前記物品搬送用空間内に位置する引退状態と前記収納部内に突出する突出状態とに出退自在で且つ昇降自在に備えて、この物品支持体の出退作動並びに昇降作動によって、前記収納部に載置支持されている物品を取り出す掬い処理、及び、前記物品支持体に載置支持した物品を前記収納部に収納する降ろし処理を行うように構成され、
前記収納部が、前記突出状態の前記物品支持体が上下に通過自在な物品支持体通過用開口の両側に位置する左右一対の物品載置部分を備えて、それら一対の物品載置部分の間に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成され、
前記物品支持体が、その出退方向に沿う方向視にて、中央側が外方側よりも下位となる凹状に形成された物品載置部を備えて、その物品載置部に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成されたものであって、その第1特徴構成は、
前記物品移載手段が、前記物品支持体の出退方向に沿う方向視にて、前記引退状態の前記物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品の側部を受け止める物品受け止め体を備えている点を特徴とする。
The article storage facility according to the present invention includes an article storage shelf in which a plurality of storage units for mounting and supporting a columnar or cylindrical article in a sideways posture in which the axial direction of the article is directed in the depth direction, and the article There is provided article transfer means that is moved vertically and horizontally in the article transfer space on the front side of the storage shelf and transfers articles to the storage unit,
The article transfer means includes an article support body on which an article can be placed and supported in a retractable state positioned in the article transporting space and a protruding state protruding into the storage portion, and can be moved up and down. The article support is moved out and raised and moved up and down to remove the article placed and supported on the storage unit, and the article placed and supported on the article support is stored in the storage unit. Configured to perform the unloading process,
The storage portion includes a pair of left and right article placement portions located on both sides of an opening for passing the article support body through which the article support in the protruding state can pass vertically, and between the pair of article placement portions. Is configured to place and support the article in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article has entered.
The article support includes an article placement portion formed in a concave shape whose central side is lower than the outer side in a direction view along the direction of withdrawal, and the bottom of the article is provided on the article placement portion. It is configured to place and support the article in a rolling restrained state, and its first characteristic configuration is:
The article transfer means includes an article receiving body that receives a side portion of an article that is placed and supported by the article support in the retracted state as viewed in a direction along the direction of the article support. It is characterized by that.

すなわち、引退状態の物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品が転動しても、物品受け止め体にて受け止められて、物品が物品支持体から落下するトラブルが生じることを阻止できる。
このように、引退状態の物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品を物品受け止め体にて受け止めて、物品が物品支持体から落下するトラブルが生じることを阻止できるため、物品移載手段を移動させる際に、停止状態から定常移動速度に増速することや、定常移動速度からクリープ速度に減速することを、単位時間当たりの速度変化量を大きくする状態で行うことが可能となり、物品移載手段の移動の高速化を図ることができるものとなる。
That is, even if the article placed and supported by the retired article support rolls, it can be prevented that the article is received by the article receiving body and the trouble that the article falls from the article support.
In this way, it is possible to prevent an article from being dropped from the article support by receiving the article placed and supported by the retired article support by the article receiving body, so that the article transfer means is provided. When moving, it is possible to increase the speed from the stationary state to the steady movement speed, or decelerate from the steady movement speed to the creep speed, while increasing the amount of speed change per unit time. The speed of movement of the mounting means can be increased.

したがって、本発明の第1特徴構成によれば、物品の搬送効率の向上のために、物品移載手段の移動の高速化を図ることができる物品保管設備を提供するに至った。   Therefore, according to the 1st characteristic structure of this invention, it came to provide the article storage equipment which can aim at the speeding-up of the movement of an article transfer means in order to improve the conveyance efficiency of an article.

本発明の物品保管設備における第2特徴構成は、上記第1特徴構成に加えて、
前記物品受け止め体が、物品が自重によって前記載置面の中央側に復帰移動する位置にて物品を受け止めるように配設されている点を特徴とする。
In addition to the first feature configuration, the second feature configuration in the article storage facility of the present invention,
The article receiver is arranged to receive the article at a position where the article returns to the center side of the placement surface by its own weight.

すなわち、引退状態の物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品が転動して、物品受け止め体にて受け止められると、その物品が、自重によって物品支持体における載置面の中央側に復帰移動することになる。
このように、引退状態の物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品が、転動して物品受け止め体にて受け止められる状態が発生しても、その物品が、物品支持体における載置面に適正に載置される状態に自動的に復帰するものとなるから、物品支持体に載置されている物品を適正な載置状態に戻すようにするための特別な作業を行う必要がなくなる。
That is, when the article placed and supported by the retreated article support rolls and is received by the article receiver, the article returns to the center side of the placement surface of the article support by its own weight. Will move.
Thus, even if the article placed and supported on the article support in the retreated state rolls and is received on the article receiver, the article is placed on the article support. Therefore, it is not necessary to perform a special operation for returning the article placed on the article support to the proper placement state. .

したがって、本発明の第2特徴構成によれば、物品支持体に載置されている物品を適正な載置状態に戻すようにするための特別な作業を行うことなく、物品を物品支持体にて適正に載置することができる物品保管設備を提供するに至った。   Therefore, according to the second characteristic configuration of the present invention, the article is placed on the article support without performing a special operation for returning the article placed on the article support to an appropriate placement state. Has led to the provision of an article storage facility that can be placed properly.

本発明の物品保管設備における第3特徴構成は、上記した第1又は第2特徴構成に加えて、
前記物品載置体の出退に連動して、前記物品受け止め体を前記左右一対の物品載置部分の上方箇所に対して出退させる出退連動手段が設けられている点を特徴とする。
In addition to the first or second characteristic configuration described above, the third characteristic configuration in the article storage facility of the present invention is:
In conjunction with the withdrawal / retraction of the article placement body, there is provided a withdrawal / retraction interlocking means for withdrawing / retreating the article receiving body relative to an upper portion of the pair of left and right article placement portions.

すなわち、物品受け止め体が、物品載置体の出退に連動して、物品載置部の左右一対の物品載置部分の上方箇所に対して出退されるものであるから、物品支持体が突出状態で物品を載置支持するときにも、物品が転動して物品支持体から落下することを抑制できるものとなる。   That is, since the article receiving body is withdrawn with respect to the upper part of the pair of left and right article placement portions of the article placement section in conjunction with the withdrawal of the article placement body, the article support is Even when the article is placed and supported in the protruding state, the article can be prevented from rolling and falling from the article support.

したがって、本発明の第3特徴構成によれば、第1又は第2特徴構成による作用効果に加えて、突出状態の物品支持体にて物品を載置支持するときにも、物品が転動して物品支持体から落下することを抑制できるため、収納部に対する物品の移載を良好に行うことが可能となる物品保管設備を提供するに至った。   Therefore, according to the third characteristic configuration of the present invention, in addition to the operational effects of the first or second characteristic configuration, the article rolls even when the article is placed and supported by the protruding article support. Therefore, the present invention has provided an article storage facility that can satisfactorily transfer the article to the storage unit.

物品保管設備の概略平面図Schematic plan view of goods storage facility スタッカークレーンの一部省略側面図Partially omitted side view of stacker crane 物品移載状態の側面図Side view of the product transfer state 物品移載状態の側面図Side view of the product transfer state 物品移載状態の側面図Side view of the product transfer state 物品移載状態の側面図Side view of the product transfer state 物品移載状態の正面図Front view of the product transfer state 物品移載状態の正面図Front view of the product transfer state 出退駆動構造を示す側面図Side view showing exit / exit drive structure

本発明の物品保管設備の実施形態を図面に基づいて説明する。
図1に示すように、円柱状又は円筒状の物品Bをその軸心方向を奥行き方向に向けた横倒れ姿勢で載置支持する複数の収納部Sが縦横に並設された一対の物品保管棚1が、物品出し入れ側の前面を向かい合わせた状態で設置され、それら物品保管棚1の間の物品搬送用空間F内を走行するスタッカークレーンKが設けられて、スタッカークレーンKにて物品Bの入庫作業及び出庫作業を行う物品保管設備が構成されている。
An embodiment of an article storage facility of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
As shown in FIG. 1, a pair of article storages in which a plurality of storage units S for placing and supporting a columnar or cylindrical article B in a laterally inclined posture with its axial direction oriented in the depth direction are arranged side by side. The shelf 1 is installed with the front side of the article storage side facing each other, and a stacker crane K that travels in the article transport space F between the article storage shelves 1 is provided. The article storage facility for performing the warehousing work and the warehousing work is configured.

図1及び図2に示すように、物品搬送用空間Fの床面部及び天井部に、スタッカークレーンKを案内する走行レール2及び天井レール3が、物品保管棚1の長手方向に沿って設置されている。
スタッカークレーンKは、走行台車4、その走行台車4から立設した前後一対のポスト5、及び、それらポスト5の上端部同士を接続する接続枠6を備えるものであって、走行台車4が走行レール2に沿って走行自在に構成され、前後一対のポスト5の上端部が、天井レール3にて案内されるように構成されている。
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a traveling rail 2 and a ceiling rail 3 that guide the stacker crane K are installed along the longitudinal direction of the article storage shelf 1 on the floor and ceiling of the article transport space F. ing.
The stacker crane K includes a traveling carriage 4, a pair of front and rear posts 5 erected from the traveling carriage 4, and a connection frame 6 that connects upper ends of the posts 5, and the traveling carriage 4 travels. The upper and lower ends of the pair of front and rear posts 5 are configured to be guided by the ceiling rail 3.

前後一対のポスト5に沿って昇降自在な昇降台7が設けられ、この昇降台7に、物品保管棚1の収納部Sに対して物品Bを移載する物品移載手段Mが設けられている。
したがって、物品移載手段Mは、スタッカークレーンKの走行及び昇降台7の昇降によって、物品搬送用空間F内を、物品保管棚1の収納部Sの並び方向に沿って縦横に移動されて、移載対象箇所の収納部Sに対応する位置や入出庫ステーション(図示せず)に対応する位置に移動するように構成されている。
A lifting platform 7 that can be moved up and down along a pair of front and rear posts 5 is provided, and on this lifting platform 7, an article transfer means M that transfers an article B to a storage portion S of the article storage shelf 1 is provided. Yes.
Accordingly, the article transfer means M is moved vertically and horizontally along the direction in which the storage sections S of the article storage shelves 1 are arranged in the article transport space F by running the stacker crane K and raising and lowering the lifting platform 7. It is comprised so that it may move to the position corresponding to the accommodating part S of the transfer object location, and the position corresponding to the loading / unloading station (not shown).

昇降台7は、スタッカークレーンKの前後方向に相当する前後の両端部の夫々が、昇降用ワイヤ8にて吊下げ支持されている。
昇降用ワイヤ8は、上方側従動プーリ9、走行台車側従動プーリ10、および、駆動プーリ11に巻き掛けられている。
そして、駆動プーリ11を駆動回転させる昇降用電動モータ12が設けられ、その昇降用電動モータ12にて駆動プーリ11を正逆に駆動させることにより、昇降用ワイヤ8をその長手方向に移動操作して、昇降台7を昇降させるように構成されている。
In the lifting platform 7, both front and rear end portions corresponding to the front-rear direction of the stacker crane K are suspended and supported by lifting wires 8.
The elevating wire 8 is wound around the upper driven pulley 9, the traveling cart side driven pulley 10, and the driving pulley 11.
An elevating electric motor 12 for driving and rotating the drive pulley 11 is provided, and the elevating wire 8 is moved in the longitudinal direction by driving the driving pulley 11 forward and backward by the elevating electric motor 12. Thus, the elevator 7 is configured to move up and down.

走行台車4には、走行レール2上を走行自在な前後二つの走行輪13A、13Bが設けられている。そして、それら二つの走行輪13A、13Bのうち、車体前後方向の一端側の走行輪13Aが、走行用電動モータ14にて駆動されるように構成され、車体前後方向の他端側の走行輪13Bが、遊転自在に構成されている。   The traveling carriage 4 is provided with two front and rear traveling wheels 13A and 13B that can travel on the traveling rail 2. Of the two traveling wheels 13A and 13B, the traveling wheel 13A on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body is configured to be driven by the electric motor 14 for traveling, and the traveling wheel on the other end side in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body. 13B is configured to be freely rotatable.

物品移載手段Mは、図9に示すように、昇降台12に固定された固定フォーク15と、その固定フォーク15に対して出退されるセカンダリーフォーク16と、そのセカンダリーフォーク16に対して出退されるプライマリーフォーク17とからなる三段式のフォーク装置として構成され、そして、プライマリーフォーク17の上部に、物品を載置支持する物品支持体17Aを備えている。
ちなみに、図7に示すように、出退方向に沿う方向視において、固定フォーク15が、U字状に形成され、セカンダリーフォーク16が、左右の主体を板状の接続枠にて接続する状態に形成されて、固定フォーク15の内部に出退自在に装備され、プライマリーフォーク17が、左右の主体を板状の接続枠にて接続する状態に形成されて、セカンダリーフォーク16の左右の主体の間に相当する箇所に出退自在に装備されている。
As shown in FIG. 9, the article transfer means M includes a fixed fork 15 fixed to the lifting platform 12, a secondary fork 16 retracted from the fixed fork 15, and an output from the secondary fork 16. It is configured as a three-stage fork device including the retracted primary fork 17, and an article support 17 </ b> A for placing and supporting an article is provided on the upper portion of the primary fork 17.
Incidentally, as shown in FIG. 7, the fixed fork 15 is formed in a U-shape and the secondary fork 16 is connected in a state where the left and right main bodies are connected to each other by a plate-like connection frame when viewed in the direction along the exit / retreat direction. Formed so as to be freely retractable inside the fixed fork 15, and the primary fork 17 is formed in a state in which the left and right main bodies are connected to each other by a plate-like connection frame, between the left and right main bodies of the secondary fork 16. Equipped with the ability to withdraw at the location corresponding to.

そして、セカンダリーフォーク16に固定されたラックギア18に噛み合う一対のピニオンギア19と、一対のピニオンギア19に咬合する駆動ギア20と、その駆動ギア20を回転駆動する出退駆動用電動モータ21とが設けられている。
また、固定フォーク15の一端部とプライマリーフォーク17の一端部とを連結しかつセカンダリーフォーク部16の他端部の遊転プーリ22aにて折り返し状態に巻回される出退操作用のチェーン23a、及び、固定フォーク15の他端部とプライマリーフォーク17の他端部とを連結しかつセカンダリーフォーク部16の一端部の遊転プーリ22bにて折り返し状態に巻回される出退操作用のチェーン23bが設けられている。
A pair of pinion gears 19 that mesh with a rack gear 18 fixed to the secondary fork 16, a drive gear 20 that meshes with the pair of pinion gears 19, and a retractable drive electric motor 21 that rotationally drives the drive gear 20. Is provided.
Further, a chain 23a for an exit / retreat operation that connects one end of the fixed fork 15 and one end of the primary fork 17 and is wound in a folded state by an idle pulley 22a at the other end of the secondary fork 16. And the other end part of the fixed fork 15 and the other end part of the primary fork 17 are connected to the other end part of the secondary fork part 16, and the chain 23b for retreating operation is wound around the idle pulley 22b at one end part of the secondary fork part 16. Is provided.

そして、出退駆動用電動モータ21にて駆動ギア20を正逆に駆動回転させて、一対のピニオンギア19を正逆に駆動回転させると、一対のピニオンギア19とラックギア18との噛み合いにより、セカンダリーフォーク16が固定フォーク15に対して正逆に出退され、そのセカンダリーフォーク16の出退に伴って遊転プーリ22a、22bが移動することにより、プライマリーフォーク17が、出退操作用のチェーン23a、23bによりセカンダリーフォーク16に対して出退されるように構成されている。   Then, when the drive gear 20 is driven to rotate forward and backward by the electric motor 21 for moving in and out, and the pair of pinion gears 19 are driven to rotate forward and reverse, the meshing between the pair of pinion gears 19 and the rack gear 18 results in The secondary fork 16 is moved forward and backward with respect to the fixed fork 15, and the idle pulleys 22 a and 22 b move with the movement of the secondary fork 16. 23a and 23b are configured to be withdrawn from and retracted from the secondary fork 16.

つまり、物品移載手段Mは、物品Bを載置支持自在な物品支持体17Aを、物品搬送用空間F内に位置する引退状態と物品保管棚1の収納部S内に突出する突出状態とに出退自在に備え、また、物品支持体17Aを、昇降台7の昇降により、昇降させるように構成されている。
そして、物品移載手段Mは、収納部Sのうちの物品移載対象の収納部Sに対応する位置に位置された状態において、物品支持体17Aの出退作動並びに昇降作動によって、収納部Sに載置支持されている物品Bを取り出す掬い処理、及び、物品支持体15に載置支持した物品Bを収納部Sに収納する降ろし処理を行うように構成されている。
That is, the article transfer means M has a retracted state in which the article support 17A, on which the article B can be placed and supported, is positioned in the article transporting space F, and a protruding state in which the article supporting body 17A projects into the storage portion S of the article storage shelf 1. In addition, the article support 17 </ b> A is configured to be raised and lowered by raising and lowering the lifting platform 7.
Then, in the state where the article transfer means M is located at a position corresponding to the storage section S to be transferred in the storage section S, the storage section S is moved by the withdrawal / retraction operation and the lifting / lowering operation of the article support 17A. The scooping process for taking out the article B placed and supported on the article support and the lowering process for accommodating the article B placed and supported on the article support 15 in the storage section S are performed.

ちなみに、物品移載手段Mは、入出庫ステーションに対応する位置に位置された状態においても、昇降台7の昇降による自らの昇降作動及び物品支持体17Aの出退作動によって、入出庫ステーションに載置支持されている物品Bを搬入するための掬い処理、及び、プライマリーフォーク17に載置支持した物品Bを入出庫ステーションに搬出するための降ろし処理を行うことになる。   Incidentally, even when the article transfer means M is located at a position corresponding to the loading / unloading station, the article transfer means M is loaded on the loading / unloading station by its own lifting operation and lifting / lowering operation of the article support 17A. A scooping process for carrying in the article B that is placed and supported, and a lowering process for carrying out the article B placed and supported on the primary fork 17 to the loading / unloading station are performed.

また、物品支持体17Aは、図7及び図8に示すように、その出退方向に沿う方向視にて、中央側が外方側よりも下位となる凹状に形成された物品載置部Dを備えており、この物品載置部Dに物品Bの底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品Bを載置支持するように構成されている。
つまり、物品支持体17Aは、図1に示すように、プライマリーフォーク17の出退方向に沿って長く且つ断面形状が4角状の長尺状に形成されて、プライマリーフォーク17の上部に設けられている。そして、その上面が、物品載置部Dとして、中央側が外方側よりも下位となる凹状に形成されて、その上面に物品Bの底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品Bを転動抑制状態で載置支持するように構成されている。
As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the article support 17 </ b> A includes an article placement portion D formed in a concave shape whose central side is lower than the outer side in a direction view along the withdrawal / retreat direction. And the article B is placed and supported in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article B is inserted into the article placing portion D.
That is, as shown in FIG. 1, the article support 17 </ b> A is formed in an elongated shape that is long along the direction of the primary fork 17 and has a quadrangular cross section, and is provided on the upper portion of the primary fork 17. ing. The upper surface of the article B is formed in a concave shape with the center side being lower than the outer side as the article placement portion D, and the article B is rolled in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom portion of the article B enters the upper surface. It is comprised so that it may mount and support in the suppression state.

物品保管棚1は、図1、図3及び図7に示すように、棚前後幅方向(奥行き方向)に間隔を隔てて並ぶ状態で立設される支柱25の組を、棚横幅方向に間隔を隔てて複数設け、棚横幅方向に隣接する支柱25の組同士の間に、上下方向に複数段の収納部Sを形成するように構成されている。
尚、図中、25aは、棚横幅方向に隣接する支柱25同士を接続する補強枠である。
As shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 7, the article storage shelf 1 includes a set of support columns 25 that are erected in a state of being spaced apart in the front-rear width direction (depth direction). A plurality of storage portions S are formed in the vertical direction between pairs of columns 25 adjacent to each other in the shelf width direction.
In addition, in the figure, 25a is a reinforcement frame which connects the support | pillars 25 adjacent in the shelf width direction.

収納部Sは、図7及び図8に示すように、突出状態の物品支持体17Aが上下に通過自在な物品支持体通過用開口Wの両側に位置する左右一対の物品載置部分Uを備えて、それら一対の物品載置部分Uの間に物品Bの底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品Bを載置支持するように構成されている。
すなわち、左右一対の物品載置部分Uの夫々は、本実施形態においては、平面視形状コの字状の腕木26を、前後に並ぶ支柱25にて両端を支持する状態で設け(図1参照)、その腕木26の上部に、物品支持体17Aの出退方向に沿う方向視にて、山形状の物品受け材27を設けて、物品受け材27にて物品Bを載置支持するように構成されている。
尚、物品受け材27における物品Bとの接当箇所には、緩衝材28が設けられている。
As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the storage portion S includes a pair of left and right article placement portions U positioned on both sides of an article support passage opening W through which an article support 17A in a protruding state can pass vertically. Thus, the article B is placed and supported in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article B is inserted between the pair of article placing portions U.
That is, each of the pair of left and right article placement portions U is provided with a U-shaped arm 26 having a U-shape in plan view in a state where both ends are supported by columns 25 arranged in front and rear (see FIG. 1). ), A mountain-shaped article receiving material 27 is provided on the upper portion of the arm 26 in a direction view along the direction in which the article supporting body 17A moves out, and the article B is placed and supported by the article receiving material 27. It is configured.
A cushioning material 28 is provided at a place where the article receiving material 27 contacts the article B.

したがって、物品移載手段Mによる収納部Sに収納されている物品Bを取り出す掬い処理は、次の手順にて行われることになる。
引退状態の物品支持体17Aを移載対象箇所の収納部Sに対応する位置に停止させた状態において(図3参照)、物品支持体17Aを左右一対の物品載置部分Uにて載置支持されている物品Bの下方側箇所に向けて突出させる(図4及び図7参照)。
その後、物品支持体通過用開口Wを通過させながら物品支持体17Aを上昇させることにより、左右一対の物品載置部分Uに載置支持されている物品Bを、物品支持体物品支持体17Aの物品載置部Dに載置支持し(図5及び図8参照)、次に、物品支持体17Aを引退状態に引退させることになる(図6参照)。
Therefore, the scooping process for taking out the article B stored in the storage section S by the article transfer means M is performed in the following procedure.
In a state where the retired article support 17A is stopped at a position corresponding to the storage portion S of the transfer target location (see FIG. 3), the article support 17A is placed and supported by a pair of left and right article placement portions U. It is made to project toward the lower part of the article B being used (see FIGS. 4 and 7).
Thereafter, the article support 17A is raised while passing through the article support passage opening W, whereby the article B placed and supported on the pair of left and right article placement portions U is changed to the article support article support 17A. The article is placed on and supported by the article placement portion D (see FIGS. 5 and 8), and then the article support 17A is withdrawn to a retracted state (see FIG. 6).

また、物品支持体17Aに載置支持した物品Bを収納部Sに収納する降ろし処理は、次の手順にて行われることになる。
引退状態の物品支持体17Aを移載対象箇所の収納部Sに対応する位置に停止させた状態において(図6参照)、物品支持体17Aに載置支持した物品Bを左右一対の物品載置部分Uの上方側箇所に位置させるように、物品支持体17Aを突出状態に突出させる(図5及び図8参照)。
その後、物品支持体通過用開口Wを通過させながら物品支持体17Aを下降させることにより、物品支持体17Aの物品載置部Dに載置支持している物品Bを、収納部Sの物品載置部分Uに載置支持させ(図4及び図7参照)、次に、物品支持体17Aを引退状態に引退させることになる(図3参照)。
Further, the lowering process for storing the article B placed and supported on the article support 17A in the storage section S is performed according to the following procedure.
In a state where the retired article support 17A is stopped at a position corresponding to the storage portion S of the transfer target location (see FIG. 6), the article B placed and supported on the article support 17A is placed on a pair of left and right articles. The article support 17A is protruded in a protruding state so as to be positioned above the portion U (see FIGS. 5 and 8).
Thereafter, the article support 17A is lowered while passing through the article support passage opening W, whereby the article B placed and supported on the article placement portion D of the article support 17A is placed on the article placement in the storage portion S. The mounting portion U is placed and supported (see FIGS. 4 and 7), and then the article support 17A is retracted to the retracted state (see FIG. 3).

ちなみに、本実施形態においては、詳細な説明は省略するが、スタッカークレーンKには運転を制御する制御手段が装備され、その制御手段が、走行台車4の走行、昇降台7の昇降、及び、物品移載手段Mの移載作動を制御することによって、物品Bの掬い処理や降ろし処理が行われることになる。   Incidentally, in this embodiment, although detailed explanation is omitted, the stacker crane K is equipped with control means for controlling the operation, and the control means includes traveling of the traveling carriage 4, raising and lowering of the lifting platform 7, and By controlling the transfer operation of the article transfer means M, the scooping process and the unloading process of the article B are performed.

物品移載手段Mが、図2及び図3に示すように、物品支持体17Aの出退方向に沿う方向視にて、引退状態の物品支持体17Aにて載置支持されている物品Bの側部を受け止める左右一対の物品受け止め体30を備えている。
本実施形態においては、物品受け止め体30は、丸棒材にて構成され、そして、図6に示すように、物品Bの軸心方向の長さよりも少し長い状態に形成されている。
また、図8に示すように、物品受け止め体30が、物品Bが自重によって物品載置部Dの中央側に復帰移動する位置にて物品Bを受け止めるように配設されている。
したがって、物品Bが転動して物品受け止め体30にて受け止められたとき、物品Bが物品載置部Dにて載置支持される状態に自動的に復帰するように構成されている。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the article transfer means M of the article B that is placed and supported on the article support 17A in the retracted state as viewed in the direction of withdrawal of the article support 17A. A pair of left and right article receiving bodies 30 for receiving the side portions are provided.
In the present embodiment, the article receiving body 30 is made of a round bar, and is formed in a state slightly longer than the length of the article B in the axial direction as shown in FIG.
Further, as shown in FIG. 8, the article receiving body 30 is disposed so as to receive the article B at a position where the article B returns to the center side of the article placing portion D by its own weight.
Therefore, when the article B rolls and is received by the article receiving body 30, the article B is automatically returned to the state where it is placed and supported by the article placing portion D.

また、物品受け止め体30を支持する杆状の支持体31が、図3〜図9に示すように、物品移載手段Mにおけるセカンダリーフォーク16の上部、つまり、セカンダリーフォーク16における左右の主体の上面部に取り付けられている。
したがって、物品受け止め体30は、物品支持体17Aの出退に連動して、収納部Sにおける左右一対の物品載置部分Uの上方箇所に対して出退されて、図4及び図5に示すように、物品支持体17Aの突出状態においても、物品Bを受け止める作用を発揮するように構成されている。
ちなみに、本実施形態においては、セカンダリーフォーク16に取り付けられる杆状の支持体31が、物品支持体17Aの出退に連動して、収納部Sにおける左右一対の物品載置部分Uの上方箇所に対して出退させる出退連動手段Rを構成することになる。
Further, as shown in FIGS. 3 to 9, the bowl-shaped support body 31 that supports the article receiving body 30 is an upper part of the secondary fork 16 in the article transfer means M, that is, the upper surfaces of the left and right main bodies in the secondary fork 16. It is attached to the part.
Accordingly, the article receiving body 30 is moved out of and with respect to the upper part of the pair of left and right article placement portions U in the storage section S in conjunction with the withdrawal and withdrawal of the article support 17A, and is shown in FIGS. As described above, even in the protruding state of the article support 17A, the article B is configured to exhibit an action of receiving the article B.
Incidentally, in this embodiment, the hook-shaped support body 31 attached to the secondary fork 16 is linked to the upper and lower positions of the pair of left and right article placement portions U in the storage section S in conjunction with the withdrawal and withdrawal of the article support body 17A. On the other hand, exit / exit interlocking means R for exiting and exiting is configured.

〔別実施形態〕
以下、別実施形態を列記する。
(イ)上記実施形態では、物品移載手段が、スタッカークレーンの昇降台に装備されて、昇降台の昇降により、物品支持体を昇降させる場合を例示したが、例えば、昇降台に対して物品移載手段を昇降させることによって、物品支持体を昇降させる形態で実施してもよい。
[Another embodiment]
Hereinafter, other embodiments are listed.
(A) In the above embodiment, the case where the article transfer means is mounted on the lifting platform of the stacker crane and the article support is lifted by lifting the lifting platform is exemplified. You may implement with the form which raises / lowers a goods support body by raising / lowering a transfer means.

(ロ)物品移載手段は、上記実施形態の如く、スタッカークレーンに装備するに代えて、物品保管棚の横幅方向に沿って伸びる長尺状の枠体を、昇降自在に設けて、その枠体に、物品移載手段を枠体の長手方向に移動自在に装備する形態で実施してもよい。
この形態の場合、物品支持体の昇降は、枠体の昇降を利用することができるが、枠体に対して物品移載手段を昇降させることによって、物品支持体を昇降させる形態で実施してもよい。
(B) The article transfer means is provided with a long frame extending in the widthwise direction of the article storage shelf so as to be movable up and down, instead of being mounted on the stacker crane as in the above embodiment. You may implement in the form which equips a body with an article transfer means so that a movement in the longitudinal direction of a frame is possible.
In the case of this form, the lifting / lowering of the article support can be performed using the lifting / lowering of the frame, but the article support is lifted / lowered by raising / lowering the article transfer means relative to the frame. Also good.

(ハ)上記実施形態では、物品支持体の物品載置部として、物品支持体の上面を凹入状に形成する場合を例示したが、例えば、物品支持体を、左右一対の支持部分を間隔を隔てて設けて構成し、それら左右一対の支持部分の上部側部分にて、中央が外方側より下位となる凹状の物品載置部を構成してもよい。 (C) In the above embodiment, the case where the upper surface of the article support is formed in a recessed shape as the article placement portion of the article support is illustrated. For example, the article support is spaced between a pair of left and right support portions And a concave article placement portion whose center is lower than the outer side at the upper side portion of the pair of left and right support portions.

(ニ)上記実施形態では、物品支持体の出退に連動して、物品受け止め体を左右一対の物品載置部分の上方箇所に対して出退させる出退連動手段を、物品受け止め体の支持体を、物品移載手段におけるセカンダリーフォークに取り付けて構成する場合を例示したが、出退連動手段としては、種々の構成を採用できるものである。
例えば、上記実施形態において、物品受け止め体を出退移動自在に昇降台に支持し、物品受け止め体を出退操作する駆動手段を設けて、その駆動手段を、物品支持体の出退に同調して作動させることによって、物品受け止め体を物品支持体の出退に連動して出退させるように構成することができる。
そして、この構成の場合において、物品受け止め体を出退駆動する駆動手段として、物品支持体を出退操作する出退操作用電動モータを用いるようにしてもよい。
(D) In the above embodiment, in conjunction with the withdrawal / retraction of the article support, the exit / retraction interlocking means for moving the article reception body with respect to the upper part of the pair of left and right article placement portions is supported by the article reception body. Although the case where the body is configured by being attached to the secondary fork in the article transfer means is exemplified, various structures can be adopted as the exit / retreat interlocking means.
For example, in the above-described embodiment, the article receiving body is supported on the lifting platform so as to be movable in and out, and driving means for moving the article receiving body in and out is provided, and the driving means is synchronized with the withdrawal and withdrawal of the article support body. By actuating, the article receiving body can be configured to be withdrawn / withdrawn in conjunction with the withdrawal / withdrawal of the article support.
In this configuration, an exit / retreat operation electric motor for retracting / moving the article support may be used as drive means for driving the article receiving body to retract / retreat.

(ホ)上記実施形態では、物品移載手段を構成するフォーク装置のプライマリーフォークやセカンダリーフォークの横幅が、物品支持体通過用開口の横幅よりも大きく形成し、物品支持体をプライマリーフォークの上部から上方に伸びる形態に構成する場合を例示したが、例えば、プライマリーフォークやセカンダリーフォークの横幅を、物品支持体通過用開口の横幅よりも小さく形成し、物品支持体をプライマリーフォークの上部にて形成する形態で実施することができる。
この形態の場合には、プライマリーフォークやセカンダリーフォークが、物品支持体とともに、物品支持体通過用開口を通過することになる。
(E) In the above embodiment, the lateral width of the primary fork and secondary fork of the fork device constituting the article transfer means is formed larger than the lateral width of the article support passage opening, and the article support is formed from the upper part of the primary fork. Although the case of configuring in a form extending upward has been illustrated, for example, the width of the primary fork or the secondary fork is formed smaller than the width of the article support passage opening, and the article support is formed at the upper part of the primary fork. It can be implemented in the form.
In the case of this form, the primary fork and the secondary fork pass through the opening for passing the article support together with the article support.

1 物品保管棚
17A 物品支持体
30 物品受け止め体
B 物品
D 物品載置部
F 物品搬送用空間
M 物品移載手段
R 出退連動手段
S 収納部
U 物品載置部分
W 物品支持体通過用開口
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Goods storage shelf 17A Goods support 30 Goods receiving body B Goods D Goods placement part F Goods conveyance space M Goods transfer means R Exit / retraction interlocking means S Storage part U Goods placement part W Goods support passage opening

Claims (3)

円柱状又は円筒状の物品をその軸心方向を奥行き方向に向けた横倒れ姿勢で載置支持する複数の収納部が縦横に並設された物品保管棚と、前記物品保管棚の前面側の物品搬送用空間内を縦横に移動されて、前記収納部に対して物品を移載する物品移載手段とが設けられ、
前記物品移載手段が、物品を載置支持自在な物品支持体を、前記物品搬送用空間内に位置する引退状態と前記収納部内に突出する突出状態とに出退自在で且つ昇降自在に備えて、この物品支持体の出退作動並びに昇降作動によって、前記収納部に載置支持されている物品を取り出す掬い処理、及び、前記物品支持体に載置支持した物品を前記収納部に収納する降ろし処理を行うように構成され、
前記収納部が、前記突出状態の前記物品支持体が上下に通過自在な物品支持体通過用開口の両側に位置する左右一対の物品載置部分を備えて、それら一対の物品載置部分の間に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成され、
前記物品支持体が、その出退方向に沿う方向視にて、中央側が外方側よりも下位となる凹状に形成された物品載置部を備えて、その物品載置部に物品の底部を入り込ませた転動抑制状態で物品を載置支持するように構成された物品保管設備であって、
前記物品移載手段が、前記物品支持体の出退方向に沿う方向視にて、前記引退状態の前記物品支持体にて載置支持されている物品の側部を受け止める物品受け止め体を備えている物品保管設備。
An article storage shelf in which a plurality of storage units for mounting and supporting a columnar or cylindrical article in a laterally inclined posture with its axial direction oriented in the depth direction, and a front side of the article storage shelf An article transfer means that is moved vertically and horizontally in the article transport space and transfers articles to the storage unit;
The article transfer means includes an article support body on which an article can be placed and supported in a retractable state positioned in the article transporting space and a protruding state protruding into the storage portion, and can be moved up and down. The article support is moved out and raised and moved up and down to remove the article placed and supported on the storage unit, and the article placed and supported on the article support is stored in the storage unit. Configured to perform the unloading process,
The storage portion includes a pair of left and right article placement portions located on both sides of an opening for passing the article support body through which the article support in the protruding state can pass vertically, and between the pair of article placement portions. Is configured to place and support the article in a rolling restrained state in which the bottom of the article has entered.
The article support includes an article placement portion formed in a concave shape whose central side is lower than the outer side in a direction view along the direction of withdrawal, and the bottom of the article is provided on the article placement portion. An article storage facility configured to place and support an article in a rolling restrained state,
The article transfer means includes an article receiving body that receives a side portion of an article that is placed and supported by the article support in the retracted state as viewed in a direction along the direction of the article support. Goods storage facility.
前記物品受け止め体が、物品が自重によって前記物品載置部の中央側に復帰移動する位置にて物品を受け止めるように配設されている請求項1記載の物品保管設備。   The article storage facility according to claim 1, wherein the article receiving body is disposed so as to receive the article at a position where the article returns to the center side of the article placing portion by its own weight. 前記物品支持体の出退に連動して、前記物品受け止め体を前記左右一対の物品載置部分の上方箇所に対して出退させる出退連動手段が設けられている請求項1又は2記載の物品保管設備。   The exit / exit interlocking means for retracting and retracting the article receiving body with respect to the upper part of the pair of left and right article placement portions in conjunction with the withdrawal and withdrawal of the article support is provided. Goods storage facility.
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ITUA20164760A1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-12-29 Automha S P A Storage facility for high longitudinal extension buildings.
CN110451151A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-15 长沙长泰智能装备有限公司 Cylindric material solid stocking system

Families Citing this family (1)

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KR102658024B1 (en) 2021-05-07 2024-04-15 삼성에스디에스 주식회사 Cylindrical material storing device and method thereof

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ITUA20164760A1 (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-12-29 Automha S P A Storage facility for high longitudinal extension buildings.
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CN110451151A (en) * 2019-09-04 2019-11-15 长沙长泰智能装备有限公司 Cylindric material solid stocking system

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