JP2011046526A - Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device - Google Patents

Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2011046526A
JP2011046526A JP2009213709A JP2009213709A JP2011046526A JP 2011046526 A JP2011046526 A JP 2011046526A JP 2009213709 A JP2009213709 A JP 2009213709A JP 2009213709 A JP2009213709 A JP 2009213709A JP 2011046526 A JP2011046526 A JP 2011046526A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
container
guide
contents
lifting
lifting platform
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Pending
Application number
JP2009213709A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Mikio Otani
幹夫 大谷
Original Assignee
Hattori Shuzo
Mikio Otani
幹夫 大谷
服部 修藏
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Application filed by Hattori Shuzo, Mikio Otani, 幹夫 大谷, 服部 修藏 filed Critical Hattori Shuzo
Priority to JP2009213709A priority Critical patent/JP2011046526A/en
Publication of JP2011046526A publication Critical patent/JP2011046526A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: The present invention lifts and reverses an agricultural container containing contents such as harvested items to a certain height, takes out the contents, and automatically discharges empty containers after the contents are taken out, and continuously By taking out the contents in the agricultural container, the burden on the body of taking out the contents with the conventional hand is reduced.
SOLUTION: Agricultural containers containing crops and the like are placed on a container stand 5 and lifted by a lifting motor 6 along a guide rail 2 arranged in a straight line in a vertical direction and a guide rail 3 with a 90-degree radius. Thus, the agricultural container 20a containing the contents is inverted, the contents in the container are taken out, and the empty container is tilted and discharged by the guide bar 13 and the guide bearing 14 attached to the guide rail 2 while descending. After discharging, the container stand 5 returns to a fixed position, and the next container is set. By repeating this, the contents contained in the agricultural container can be taken out continuously.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to an industrial machine that lifts and reverses an agricultural container, discharges the contents in the container, and then automatically discharges the container while returning.
  When removing contents such as agricultural products contained in the container during sorting, storage, packing, etc. during post-harvest work such as farm work, etc., the container is turned over by hand and the contents inside are taken out. .
In the post-harvest work such as farm work, when the contents contained in the container are taken out, the work is carried out by turning the container upside down by hand. Repeating this work puts a heavy burden on the body, and it is quite hard work for elderly people. Further, in the operation of sorting and storage, it is necessary to lift to the height of the sorting table and storage container.
With the agricultural container reversing discharge lifting device of the present invention, the container is lifted upside down and reversed, the contents in the container are taken out, the empty container is automatically discharged, and this series of operations is performed continuously. Therefore, it is intended to solve the above-mentioned burden on the body.
  The present invention rotates a container containing contents such as harvested items up and down at different positions with respect to the horizontal direction of the gantry to the gantry with a lifting device with an electric motor in post-harvest operations such as farming Provide two possible guide rollers, attach the guide rails in the vertical direction of each guide roller, place the guide rail in the direction you want to tilt the container, bend it at 90 degrees so that the guide roller does not get caught, One guide rail is arranged in a straight line, and when the lifting platform is lifted, each guide roller moves along each guide rail, so that the lifting platform tilts in the direction of the guide rail bent at 90 degrees, and the lifting platform The problem is that you can flip the container containing the contents set on the upper container stand and take out the contents in the container The have solved.
  Also, in order to be able to continuously take out containers containing contents such as harvested items, guide rails can be discharged so that empty containers can be discharged after being lifted and inverted and taken out of contents. By installing a guide bar on the top and a guide bearing on the lifting platform, when the lifting platform is raised, the guide bearing rises without interfering with the guide bar, and when the lifting platform is lowered The guide bearing descends along the guide bar, the lifting bar that fixes the guide bearing lifts around the fulcrum, lifts and tilts the container platform installed on the lifting platform, and the empty space on the container platform The container is automatically discharged.
  In order to carry out continuous work, place a plurality of containers containing the contents on a transport conveyor such as a roller, place a stopper between the container to be lifted and inverted and the next container, and the contents will enter the container stand When the new container is set and when the stopper is activated during the lifting and reversing operation, the next container stops at the spot, and when the contents are lifted and reversed and then lowered, the guide bar and the guide bearing described above are used. The empty container is automatically ejected, the stopper is released when the container frame returns to the fixed position, the next container is sent to the container frame, and the contents of the container are continuously taken out by repeating these operations. Can do.
  As described above, the agricultural container reversing discharge lifting and lowering apparatus of the present invention arranges containers containing contents such as harvested items on a transport conveyor such as a roller having a stopper in post-harvest operations such as agricultural work, Lift up to the height of a pre-set selection table or storage container, turn it over, take out the contents inside, remove the empty container automatically while descending, and release the stopper when the container stand returns to the fixed position Then, the container containing the contents such as the next harvest is set on the container stand, and again rises and repeats a series of operations, so that the container containing the contents that have been hand-held so far is turned over, and the contents The work that has been taken out is mechanized and the burden on the body is reduced.
It is a general view which shows the Example of the agricultural container inversion discharge raising / lowering apparatus of this invention. It is a position figure of the guide rail and guide roller of this container reversal discharge raising and lowering device for agriculture. It is a position figure which shows the state of the raising stand and the container in the middle of the lifting of this agricultural container inversion discharge raising / lowering apparatus. It is a position figure which shows the state of the raising stand and container when the container reverse discharge raising / lowering apparatus for agriculture is inverted. It is a side view which shows the state of the raising stand and container stand when the container reverse discharge raising / lowering apparatus for agriculture is lifted. It is a side view which shows the state of a raising stand and a container stand when this agricultural container inversion discharge raising / lowering apparatus descends.
  Two guide rollers that can be rotated up and down at different positions with respect to the horizontal direction of the platform are provided on the lifting platform with the lifting device in the electric motor, and guide rails are attached in the vertical direction of each guide roller, and the container is tilted The guide rail in the desired direction is bent and arranged at 90 degrees so that the guide roller does not get caught, and the other guide rail is arranged in a straight line, and each guide roller moves to the respective guide rail when the lifting platform is lifted , The lifting platform tilts in the direction of the guide rail bent at 90 degrees, reverses the container containing the contents set on the container mounting on the lifting platform, and the contents in the container Can be taken out.
  In order to be able to continuously take out containers containing contents such as harvested items, it is on the guide rail so that empty containers can be discharged after the contents have been lifted and turned upside down. A guide bar is provided on the elevator, and a guide bearing is provided on the lifting platform. When the lifting platform is raised, the guide bearing rises without interfering with the guide bar, and when the lifting platform is lowered, a guide is provided. An empty container that rides on the container mount, with the bearing descending along the guide bar, the lifting bar that fixes the guide bearing lifts around the fulcrum, lifts and tilts the container mount installed on the lift mount Is automatically discharged.
When containers with contents are placed side by side on a transport conveyor such as a roller, a stopper is provided between the container to be lifted and inverted and the next container, and a container with contents is set on the container stand During the lifting and reversing operation, the stopper works and the next container comes to rest on the spot. When the contents are lifted and reversed and then lowered, the empty container is automatically ejected by the guide bar and guide bearing. When the container frame returns to the fixed position, the stopper is released and the next container is fed into the container frame. By repeating these operations, the contents of the container can be taken out continuously.
    Embodiments will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the general view showing the embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a main body base of the container reverse discharge lifting / lowering apparatus, and reference numerals 2 and 3 denote reverse guide rails fixed to the main body base 1. The guide rail 2 is arranged in a straight line in the vertical direction, and the guide rail 3 in the direction in which the container is desired to be tilted is bent so that the guide roller 11 is not caught, and is bent at 90 degrees in the direction in which it is desired to be tilted. 4 is an elevating frame, and 5 container frames are movably connected by 17 hinges. In addition, the transport conveyor 24 is arranged at a position where it does not interfere even when the lifting platform 4 moves up and down so that a plurality of containers containing the contents can be placed so that continuous work can be performed. A container stopper 25 is attached between 20a and the next container 20b. The container stopper 25 functions to stop the container 20b on the transport conveyor 24 when the container 20a is set on the container mount 5 and until the reverse discharge lifting operation is finished and the container mount 5 comes to a fixed position. When the lifting platform 4 after discharging the container 20a from which the contents are taken out returns to the home position, the container stopper 25 is lowered and the next container 20b is slid down and set on the container platform 5. In order to make it easy for containers containing contents to enter the container mount 5, the lift mount 4 and the container mount 5 are arranged at an angle, and a plurality of transport rollers 27 containing bearings are attached to the upper portion of the container mount 5. It is. As shown in the position diagram of the guide rail and guide roller in FIG. 2, a guide roller 10 and a guide roller 11 that can be rotated up and down at different positions with respect to the horizontal direction are fixed to the lifting platform 4, and the container is discharged. The guide roller 11 in the desired direction is disposed on the upper side, and the other guide roller 10 is disposed on the lower side. A chain 9 for raising and lowering the lifting platform 4 is fixed to the guide roller 10, and is connected to a lifting motor 6 attached to the main body base 1 with a chain 7 and chain gears 8 a and 8 b. The elevator 4 is lifted when it rotates forward, and descends when it rotates backward. The chain 9 is provided with a limit contact bracket 22 whose position can be changed. By hitting a limit switch 23a mounted on the upper side of the guide rail 2, the lifting motor 6 is stopped, and the container containing the contents The angle at which 20a is inverted can be arbitrarily adjusted. After the container is inverted, the lifting motor 6 rotates in the reverse direction, the lifting platform 4 descends, and when the bottom of the lifting platform 4 hits the lower limit switch 23b, the lifting motor 6 stops.
  The container inversion operation will be described. In the position diagram showing the state in the middle of lifting of the container reversing discharge lifting device in FIG. 3, when the lifting motor 6 is rotated forward, the rotatable guide roller 10 fixed to the lifting platform 4 rises, and the lifting platform 4 and the container platform are raised. 5 goes up. The guide roller 10 travels in the guide rail 2 arranged in a straight line in the vertical direction, and a rotatable guide roller 11 fixed on the up-and-down frame 4 on the upper side at a position different from the guide roller 10 with respect to the horizontal direction is bent 90 degrees. It advances in the guide rail 3 arrange | positioned. When the guide roller 11 is below the 90 ° bent portion of the guide rail 3, the lifting platform 4 and the container mount 5 are lifted in the same posture, but when the 90 ° bent portion is passed, the guide roller 11 moves to the guide roller 3. Proceeding in the direction bent 90 degrees, the lifting platform 4 and the container platform 5 begin to tilt. In the position diagram showing the state of the lifting platform and the container when the container reversing discharge lifting / lowering apparatus in FIG. 4 is reversed, the guide roller 10 and the lifting / lowering until the limit hitting metal fitting 22 hits the limit switch 23a at the position to reverse the container 20a. The gantry 4 and the container gantry 5 are raised and stopped. A container stopper plate 12 is attached to the container pedestal 5 so that the container 20a does not slide off the tilted container pedestal 5 during the reversing operation and when the reversal is stopped. The container stopper plate 12 has a thickness that does not hinder the contents contained in the container 20a from sliding down. The time for maintaining the inverted state (the time for the contents to slide down) can be arbitrarily set by a timer in the electric control panel 26, and when the time set by the timer is exceeded, the elevating motor 6 reversely rotates and the elevating stand 4 And the container mount 5 descends along the guide rail 2 and the guide rail 3 until the bottom part of the lifting mount 4 hits the lower limit switch 23b while returning the inclination reversely to the reversing operation. If the bottom part of the lifting platform 4 hits the lower limit switch 23b, the lifting motor 6 stops.
  FIG. 5 is a side view showing the state of the lifting platform and the container platform when the container reversing discharge lifting device of FIG. 5 is lifted up, in order to automatically discharge the empty container 20a that is inverted and takes out the contents for continuous work. This will be described with reference to the drawings. In FIG. 1A, a guide bar 13 that is rotatable about 19 guide bar fulcrums is attached to the guide rail 2, and a lifting arm 16 that is rotatable about 18 lifting arm fulcrums is attached to the lifting platform 4. ing. The lifting arm 16 has an inverted V shape, and a rotatable guide bearing 14 is attached to the tip of the guide rail 2 side. A spring 21 is attached to the guide bar 13 at a position where it does not interfere when the guide bearing 14 passes, and the lower side of the guide bar 13 is always open, and the lower side of the guide rail 2 and the lower side of the guide bar 13 is opened. The gap is larger than the outer diameter of the guide bearing 14. The lift frame 4 and the container frame 5 are connected by 17 container frame hinges. A lifting pin 15 is attached to the container frame 5 at a position where the end of the lifting arm 16 opposite to the direction where the guide bearing 14 is attached. ing. As shown in FIG. 4B, when the lifting platform 4 is raised, the guide bearing 14 is raised along the guide rail 2 and passes through the gap between the guide rail 2 and the guide bar 13. The guide bar 13 rotates about 19 guide bar fulcrums, and the guide bearing 14 and the lifting arm 16 are lifted as they are. When the guide bearing 14 passes through the guide bar 13 as shown in FIG. 10C, the guide bearing 14 is pulled by the spring 21 attached to the guide bar 13, and returns to the original position with the 19 guide bar fulcrums as the center. In the above-described operation, the container pedestal 5 connected by the container pedestal hinges of the elevating pedestals 4 and 17 rises in the initially set posture during the ascent.
  The state of discharging the empty container 20a after the contents are taken out will be described with reference to a side view showing the state of the lifting platform and the container mounting when the container reversing discharge lifting device of FIG. 6 is lowered. When the lifting platform 4 is lowered in the state shown in FIG. (A), the guide bearing 14 is lowered along the right side of the guide bar 13 as shown in FIG. (B), so that the lifting arm 16 rotates around the 18 lifting arm fulcrums. The lift pin 15 is lifted and fixed to the container frame hinge 5 connected to the lifting frame 4 by the container frame hinge 17. The container frame 5 is tilted about the 17 container frame hinges and is mounted on the container frame 5. The empty container 20a after taking out the object can be slid down and discharged. After discharging, when the guide bearing 14 passes the guide bar fulcrum 19 as shown in FIG. 3C, the lifting pin 15 fixed to the container frame 5 by the weight of the container frame 5 presses the lifting arm 16, and the lifting arm 16 A force for returning to the direction of the guide rail 2 is applied around the 18 lifting arm fulcrums, and the guide bar 13 rotates in the direction of the guide rails 2 around the 19 guide bar fulcrums. When the guide bearing 14 passes the guide bar 13, the guide bar 13, the lifting platform 4 and the container platform 5 return to the state before ascending as shown in FIG.
  Because the container containing the contents can be lifted, inverted, and discharged continuously, the size of the container mount, the torque of the lift motor, and the strength of the mount can be increased in addition to agricultural containers. It can also be used for lifting, reversing and discharging large containers in the field.
1 Body base 2 Guide rail (1)
3 Guide rail (2)
4 Lifting platform 5 Container platform 6 Lifting motor 7 Chain 8a, 8b Chain gear 9 Chain 10 Guide roller (1)
11 Guide roller (2)
12 Container stopper plate 13 Guide bar 14 Guide bearing 15 Lifting pin 16 Lifting arm 17 Container mount hinge 18 Lifting arm fulcrum 19 Guide bar fulcrum 20a, 20b, 20c Container 21 Spring 22 Limit fittings 23a, 23b Limit switch 24 Container transport conveyor 25 Container stopper 26 Electric control panel 27 Transport roller

Claims (3)

  1.   Two guide rollers that can be rotated up and down at different positions with respect to the horizontal direction of the platform are provided on the lifting platform with the lifting device in the electric motor, and guide rails are attached in the vertical direction of each guide roller, and the container is tilted The guide rail in the desired direction is bent and arranged at 90 degrees so that the guide roller does not get caught, and the other guide rail is arranged in a straight line, and each guide roller moves to the respective guide rail when the lifting platform is lifted , The lifting platform tilts in the direction of the guide rail bent at 90 degrees, reverses the container containing the contents set on the container mounting on the lifting platform, and the contents in the container Container reverse discharge lifting and lowering device that can take out
  2.   A guide bar is provided on the guide rail, and a guide bearing is provided on the lifting platform. When the lifting platform is raised, the guide bearing rises without interfering with the guide bar, and the lifting platform is lowered. When the guide bearing descends along the guide bar, the lifting bar that fixes the guide bearing lifts around the fulcrum, lifts and tilts the container platform installed on the lifting platform and rides on the container platform Agricultural container reversing discharge lifting device that can automatically discharge empty containers
  3.   When containers with contents are placed side by side on a transport conveyor such as a roller, a stopper is provided between the container to be lifted and inverted and the next container, and a container with contents is set on the container stand During the lifting and reversing operation, the stopper works and the next container comes to rest on the spot.When the contents are lifted and reversed, the empty container is automatically ejected when descending, and the container stand returns to the fixed position. At this stage, the stopper is released, the next container is sent to the container base, and the container contents can be taken out continuously by repeating these operations.
JP2009213709A 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device Pending JP2011046526A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009213709A JP2011046526A (en) 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009213709A JP2011046526A (en) 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device

Publications (1)

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JP2011046526A true JP2011046526A (en) 2011-03-10

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JP2009213709A Pending JP2011046526A (en) 2009-08-25 2009-08-25 Agriculture container reversal discharging and lifting device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434854A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-11 无锡虹业自动化工程有限公司 Blanking lifting turnover mechanism
CN103738721A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-23 大连佳林设备制造有限公司 Lifting turnover machine
CN105110245A (en) * 2015-09-12 2015-12-02 江阴市联业生物科技有限公司 Lifting and overturning machine and lifting and overturning method thereof
WO2018205190A1 (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-15 江苏海建股份有限公司 Small tip angle drum elevator
CN110528410A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-12-03 中交第二航务工程局有限公司 The prefabricated equipment for supporting patient with burn of prefabricated assembled box culvert and installation method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103434854A (en) * 2013-09-09 2013-12-11 无锡虹业自动化工程有限公司 Blanking lifting turnover mechanism
CN103434854B (en) * 2013-09-09 2015-06-17 无锡虹业自动化工程有限公司 Blanking lifting turnover mechanism
CN103738721A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-23 大连佳林设备制造有限公司 Lifting turnover machine
CN105110245A (en) * 2015-09-12 2015-12-02 江阴市联业生物科技有限公司 Lifting and overturning machine and lifting and overturning method thereof
WO2018205190A1 (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-15 江苏海建股份有限公司 Small tip angle drum elevator
CN110528410A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-12-03 中交第二航务工程局有限公司 The prefabricated equipment for supporting patient with burn of prefabricated assembled box culvert and installation method

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