JP2009226645A - Method for manufacturing decorative plate - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing decorative plate Download PDF

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JP2009226645A
JP2009226645A JP2008072360A JP2008072360A JP2009226645A JP 2009226645 A JP2009226645 A JP 2009226645A JP 2008072360 A JP2008072360 A JP 2008072360A JP 2008072360 A JP2008072360 A JP 2008072360A JP 2009226645 A JP2009226645 A JP 2009226645A
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decorative
grain
unit
pattern
units
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Jun Mori
潤 森
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Pal Co Ltd
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Pal Co Ltd
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<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for easily manufacturing, at a low cost, a high-design property decorative plate having vertical and horizontal grains excellent in quality, long durability, product yield and manufacturing work efficiency, such as a non-daylighting or daylighting decorative plate with vertical and horizontal grains arranged with good balance so as to deal with small-lot production and special order production. <P>SOLUTION: The method includes the steps of: preparing a wooden base material and a decorative material; cutting the decorative material into predetermined shapes and sizes to form a plurality of units; sorting the units into a vertical grain unit where a longitudinal direction and a grain direction are parallel to each other, a horizontal grain unit where a longitudinal direction and a grain direction are perpendicular to each other, and a square unit; combining and arranging the units of at least one type or more among the vertical, horizontal and square units according to patterns on the wooden base material with an adhesive; bonding the units to the wooden base material so that a design pattern as a whole appears; and applying surface finish painting or joined locking part working of the side butt end of the decorative plate when necessary. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2010,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は開き戸、引き戸、折戸等の建具扉の表面化粧板、又は、収納家具、玄関収納、厨房家具等の扉の表面化粧板、又は、内装壁材、内装床材等の表面化粧板等の製造方法に関する。   The present invention is a decorative sheet for doors such as hinged doors, sliding doors and folding doors, or a decorative sheet for doors such as storage furniture, entrance storage, and kitchen furniture, or a decorative sheet for interior walls, interior flooring, etc. It relates to the manufacturing method.

従来、建具扉や収納家具、厨房家具などの表面扉の表面化粧板、又は、内装壁材や内装床材等の表面化粧板等に用いられる化粧材として、単色柄や抽象柄を意匠とした樹脂化粧板や化粧紙貼り化粧板等の他に、天然銘木からなる突板や単板、天然銘木の木目の印刷を施した合成樹脂化粧シートや化粧紙などのように木目を意匠とした化粧材を表面に貼着した化粧板が多く用いられてきた。   Conventionally, monochromatic patterns and abstract patterns have been designed as decorative materials used for surface decorative plates for surface doors such as joinery doors, storage furniture, and kitchen furniture, or surface decorative plates such as interior wall materials and interior flooring materials. In addition to resin decorative panels and decorative sheets with decorative paper, decorative materials with a grain design such as veneer and veneer made of natural famous wood, synthetic resin decorative sheets and decorative paper printed with natural fine wood grain, etc. A decorative board having a surface attached to the surface has been often used.

すなわち、木目意匠柄の場合であっても、天然銘木の突板や単板を貼着して作製された化粧板の他に、合成樹脂シートの表面や薄葉紙などの紙の表面に木目柄を印刷して仕上げられた樹脂化粧シート貼りの化粧板や化粧紙貼りの化粧板など多種多様な化粧板があり、その用途、コストなどから適宜選定されていた。   That is, even in the case of a wood grain design pattern, in addition to a decorative board made by sticking a natural veneer veneer or veneer, a wood grain pattern is printed on the surface of a synthetic resin sheet or paper such as thin paper. There are a wide variety of decorative panels such as a decorative sheet with a resin decorative sheet and a decorative sheet with a decorative paper, which are appropriately selected from the application, cost, and the like.

前記木目については、板目、追柾、柾目、杢など天然木目ゆえ、さまざまな木目がその目的に応じて使われてきた。   As for the wood grain, various wood grain has been used according to its purpose because it is a natural grain such as a plank, a memorial, a birch, and an oak.

また、化粧板の長手方向と木目方向(木繊維方向)とが略平行な縦目デザインの化粧板が主流であるが、それ以外に化粧板の長手方向と木目方向(木繊維方向)とが略直角な横目デザインの化粧板も目的とするデザインによっては用いられることが多々あった。   The mainstream is a decorative board with a longitudinal design in which the longitudinal direction of the decorative board and the grain direction (wood fiber direction) are substantially parallel, but the longitudinal direction of the decorative board and the grain direction (wood fiber direction) are also the mainstream. A decorative board with a substantially right-angled horizontal design was often used depending on the intended design.

また、下記に述べる框組ドアの場合、縦框と横框とで木目が略直交する意匠が必要となるが、従来は、縦木目部材のみで間に合わせていた。すなわち、例えば、木目柄を用いた框組のドアなどの場合、縦框は縦木目の部材を縦方向に用い、横框の場合も縦木目の部材を横方向にして用いれば横方向の木目意匠となり、縦框と横框を框組し、その開口部に鏡板を取り付ければ、框組ドアが出来上がる。   Moreover, in the case of the braid door described below, a design in which the wood grain is substantially orthogonal to the vertical wall and the horizontal wall is necessary, but conventionally, only the vertical grain member was used. That is, for example, in the case of a fence door using a grain pattern, the vertical fence uses a vertical grain member in the vertical direction, and in the case of a horizontal fence, if the vertical grain member is used in the horizontal direction, the horizontal grain If it becomes a design, a vertical fence and a horizontal fence are assembled, and a mirror plate is attached to the opening, then the assembled door is completed.

このように、框組ドアの場合であっても縦木目の部材のみで間に合わせていた。すなわち、縦木目意匠からなる縦框と縦木目意匠からなる横框を縦と横方向に用い、縦がち突き合わせ加工方式(縦框の上下端部に横框の左右端縁を当接させる加工方式)又は、留め加工方式(縦框と横框それぞれの両端部を45度に切断し該切断面どうしを当接させる加工方式)にて框組し、接続箇所は木ダボ等でジョイントして作製し、縦框で縦木目を現出させ、同じ縦木目意匠からなる横框を横方向に用いることによって横木目を現出していた。特に框組ドアの縦框と横框の木目意匠においては、なるべく通直な柾目が好んで用いられてきた。   In this way, even in the case of a awning door, only the members of the vertical wood were used. In other words, vertical warp processing method (processing method in which the left and right edges of the horizontal bar are in contact with the upper and lower ends of the vertical bar) ) Or a fastening process method (a process method in which both ends of the vertical and horizontal planes are cut at 45 degrees and the cut surfaces are brought into contact with each other), and the connection points are produced by jointing with wooden dowels or the like. However, the vertical grain was made to appear with the vertical gutter, and the horizontal grain was made to appear by using a horizontal gutter made of the same vertical grain design in the horizontal direction. In particular, in the vertical gutter and horizontal gutter design of the glazed door, a straight gutter as much as possible has been used.

また、木材の木口を輪切りにして作製された年輪木目を有する木材薄板を用意し、該薄板上に木の葉からなるシート状象嵌材をアクリル系粘着剤等で張り付け、さらに、象嵌模様を形成した金型を用いて、前記張り付けられた象嵌材を木材薄板の木繊維方向に押圧して象嵌材を木材薄板の木口面に埋め込む方式の象嵌装飾体の製造方法についての記載がある。(例えば、特許文献1参照)。   In addition, a wood thin plate having an annual ring grain produced by cutting the end of the wood is prepared, and a sheet-like inlay material made of leaves is attached to the thin plate with an acrylic adhesive or the like, and a gold inlaid pattern is formed. There is a description of a method for manufacturing an inlaying decorative body using a mold and pressing the pasted inlaying material in the direction of the wood fiber of the wood thin plate to embed the inlaying material in the mouth of the wood thin plate. (For example, refer to Patent Document 1).

特開平7−314996号公報(第1−5頁、第1−4図)。JP-A-7-314996 (page 1-5, FIG. 1-4).

また、材質、色調、柄などの異なる素地シートを用意し、ベースとなる素地シートを機械裁断によって、その一部を切り取り開口部を設け、該開口部と合同な形状と寸法を有する他方の素地シートを切り取り、象嵌素型を作製し、該象嵌素型を前記開口部に隙間なく嵌め込ませて作製された段差のない象嵌によるインレイ化粧材の記載がある。(例えば、特許文献2参照)。   Also, prepare a base sheet with different materials, colors, patterns, etc., cut the base base sheet by mechanical cutting, and provide an opening, the other base having the same shape and dimensions as the opening. There is a description of an inlay decorative material by inlaying with no step produced by cutting out a sheet, producing an inlaying die mold, and fitting the inlaying die mold into the opening without any gap. (For example, refer to Patent Document 2).

特開平10−217416号公報(第1−7頁、第1−13図)。JP-A-10-217416 (page 1-7, FIG. 1-13).

しかしながら、上記従来技術においては、建具扉、家具扉、壁材、床材などの表面化粧材として、木質基材表面に単色柄や抽象柄の意匠柄を印刷した化粧シートを貼着して作製された樹脂化粧シート貼りの化粧板や化粧紙貼りの化粧板などの場合、天然銘木の木目柄の意匠を好むユーザーにとっては物足らず、木目意匠を有する化粧板が望まれる。   However, in the above-mentioned conventional technology, as a surface decorative material such as joinery doors, furniture doors, wall materials, flooring materials, etc., a decorative sheet printed with a monochromatic pattern or an abstract design pattern is attached to the surface of a wooden substrate. In the case of a decorative board with a resin decorative sheet and a decorative board with a decorative paper, a user who prefers a design of a natural wood grain pattern is not satisfactory, and a decorative board having a wood grain design is desired.

また、木目意匠柄の場合であっても、天然銘木の突板や単板を貼着して作製された化粧板の他に、合成樹脂シートの表面や薄葉紙などの紙の表面に木目柄を印刷して仕上げられた樹脂化粧シートや化粧紙を用意し、それらを木質基材表面に貼着して作製された樹脂化粧シート貼り化粧板や化粧紙貼り化粧板など、多種多様な化粧板があるが、縦木目のみからなる化粧板、又は横木目のみからなる化粧板の場合は意匠が比較的単純になりがちで、高意匠を望むユーザーにとっては物足りないといった問題点があった。   In addition, even in the case of a wood grain design pattern, in addition to a decorative board made by sticking a natural veneer veneer or veneer, a wood grain pattern is printed on the surface of a synthetic resin sheet or paper such as thin paper. There are a wide variety of decorative boards such as decorative sheets with decorative resin sheets and decorative sheets with decorative paper made by preparing resin decorative sheets and decorative papers that have been finished and sticking them to the surface of a wooden substrate. However, in the case of a decorative board made only of vertical grain or a decorative board made only of horizontal grain, the design tends to be relatively simple, which is unsatisfactory for users who desire a high design.

すなわち、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板などの高意匠性化粧板を用いた扉、壁材、床材などを安価に入手することが望まれていた。   In other words, it is desirable to obtain inexpensively doors, wall materials, flooring materials, etc. that use highly decorative decorative boards such as design decorative boards that have a design pattern in which vertical and horizontal grain are arranged in a well-balanced manner. It was.

このように、縦木目と横木目とをデザインされた所定形状寸法を有する意匠パターンに従ってバランス良く配置し意匠性を向上させた木目柄のデザイン化粧板を作製する方法としては、従来は次に示すような方法で作製されていた。   As described above, as a method of producing a design decorative board with a wood grain pattern in which the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are arranged in a well-balanced manner according to the design pattern having a predetermined shape and dimension, the design is improved as follows. It was produced by such a method.

すなわち、化粧材が天然銘木からなる突板や単板である場合は、作製する意匠パターンに従って所定の形状と寸法を有する木材無垢からなる木材ブロックを必要個数用意し、それらを寄せ木方式で積層接着する。このとき接着剤は湿気硬化型ウレタン樹脂系接着剤が用いられる。1〜2日常温で圧締養生した後、積層プレス機から取り出し、スライサーにて厚みが約0.2〜1.0mm程度の極薄板にスライスして高意匠性デザイン突板を製造していた。   In other words, if the decorative material is a veneer or veneer made of natural wood, prepare the required number of solid wood blocks with a predetermined shape and dimensions according to the design pattern to be produced, and laminate and bond them in a parquet method . At this time, a moisture-curing urethane resin adhesive is used as the adhesive. After press-curing for 1 to 2 days at room temperature, it was taken out from the laminating press and sliced into a very thin plate having a thickness of about 0.2 to 1.0 mm with a slicer to produce a high-design design veneer.

しかしながら、上記積層スライス方式ではスライス時において木材ブロックの木繊維方向とスライサーの刃物の切削方向とが順目方向である必要があり、逆に、逆目方向の木材ブロックが間違って1個でも混入して積層した場合、スライス工程でその箇所の突板が逆目によって破損することが多々あった。そのため、製品歩留まりが低下し、製品品質が低下しコスト的にも高価につくといった問題点があった。   However, in the above-mentioned laminated slicing method, the wood fiber direction of the wood block and the cutting direction of the slicer blade need to be in the normal direction at the time of slicing, and conversely even one wood block in the reverse eye direction is mixed by mistake. In the case of stacking, the protruding plate at that location was often damaged by the reverse eye in the slicing step. For this reason, there is a problem that the product yield is lowered, the product quality is lowered, and the cost is high.

製造技術的にも難しく木材樹種によっては逆目が生じ易く積層スライスが困難なものがあり使用できる樹種の範囲が限定される。さらに、あまり細かなパターンは木材ブロックを所定形状に切削することが極めて難しく、従って、デザインやパターンにおいても限定されたものとなるといった問題点があった。   It is difficult in terms of manufacturing technology, and depending on the wood tree species, there are some that are prone to reverse stitching and difficult to laminate slices, and the range of tree species that can be used is limited. Furthermore, a very fine pattern has a problem that it is extremely difficult to cut a wood block into a predetermined shape, so that the design and pattern are limited.

また、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、あらかじめ印刷の版構成をそのような意匠パターンに沿って作製し印刷を施すことが考えられ、このような方法であると化粧シートを木質基材表面に貼着するだけであるので極めて簡単に製造できる。   In addition, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet with wood grain printing or decorative paper with wood grain printing, it is considered that a printing plate configuration is prepared and printed according to such a design pattern in advance. In such a method, since the decorative sheet is simply stuck on the surface of the wooden substrate, it can be manufactured very easily.

しかし、木目柄として縦木目と横木目とがバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンであったとしても、前記縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、所詮、印刷ゆえ、いかに精巧に印刷版を構成したとしても、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされているといった感覚はぬぐえない。   However, even if it is a design pattern in which the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are arranged in a balanced manner as the wood grain pattern, the printing plate is precisely how it is printed at the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain face each other. Even if it is configured, the feeling that the printed wood grain is being faced is not wiped out.

そのため、木目意匠を有し縦木目と横木目とを所定の意匠パターンに従って配置して得られる高意匠性デザイン化粧板、すなわち、デザイン化粧板の製造方法で、化粧材が天然銘木突板の場合は、逆目が発生せず、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少なく、製造技術的にも易しく安価な製造方法が望まれていた。   Therefore, if the decorative material is a natural wood veneer with a high design design decorative board that has a wood grain design and is obtained by arranging vertical and horizontal wood according to a predetermined design pattern, i.e. Therefore, there has been a demand for an inexpensive manufacturing method that is easy in terms of manufacturing technology and has no restrictions on the color pattern, design, or pattern of the grain used, which does not cause reverse stitching, has a high product yield, is excellent in quality.

さらに、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、前記縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされているといった感覚でなく、いかにも本物感があって、しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少なく、製造技術的にも易しく安価な製造方法が望まれていた。   Furthermore, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet subjected to wood grain printing or decorative paper subjected to wood grain printing, the printed wood grain is abutted at the location where the vertical grain and the transverse grain are abutted. It is not a sensation, it has a real feeling, it has a high product yield, excellent quality, and there are few restrictions on the color pattern, design and pattern of the grain used. It was.

また、框組ドアの場合、縦木目からなる縦框部材2本と、縦木目からなる横框部材2本と、ドアの中央部に用いる鏡板1枚の計3種類の部材を用意し、それらを突き合わせ加工、又は、留め加工で框組しドアを作製していた。このため製造工程が複雑でしかも部材点数も増え、製造コスト的にも高価についていた。それのみならず、縦框と横框との接続箇所でしっかりと接続固定しないと長期間の使用中に框の接続箇所からゆがみや破損が生じるといった問題点があった。   In addition, in the case of a braided door, three types of members are prepared in total: two vertical rod members made of vertical wood, two horizontal rod members made of vertical wood, and one end plate used for the central part of the door. The doors were produced by bracing the two pieces together or by fastening. For this reason, the manufacturing process is complicated, the number of members increases, and the manufacturing cost is high. Not only that, but there is a problem that distortion or breakage occurs at the connecting part of the kite during long-term use unless the connection is fixed firmly at the connecting part of the vertical kite and the horizontal kite.

すなわち、木目意匠を有する框組デザイン意匠を有するドア用化粧板の製造方法で、長期耐久性能に優れ、安価な製造方法が望まれていた。   That is, there has been a demand for an inexpensive manufacturing method that is excellent in long-term durability and is a method for manufacturing a decorative panel for doors having a wooden design having a wood grain design.

また、上記特開平7−314996号公報に記載の象嵌装飾体からなる化粧板の場合、木材木口面からなる薄板上に象嵌材を粘着剤で張り付け象嵌模様を形成した金型を用いて、象嵌材を木材薄板の木繊維方向に押圧して象嵌材を埋め込む方式ゆえ、金型コストが高くつき、しかも、金型を用いるので小ロット他品種生産や特注生産には対応仕切れず、さらに、製造作業工程も複雑で作業効率も低く、象嵌材を押圧する際に木材木口面の薄板が破損する恐れがあり、製品歩留まりも悪く、高価なものにつくといった問題点があった。   Further, in the case of a decorative board made of an inlaid decorative body described in JP-A-7-314996, an inlaying is performed using a mold in which an inlaying material is pasted with an adhesive on a thin plate made of a wood end and formed with an inlaying pattern. The method of embedding the inlay material by pressing the material in the direction of the wood fiber of the wood sheet increases the cost of the mold, and because the mold is used, it is not compatible with small lot production of other varieties or custom production, and further manufacturing The work process is complicated and the work efficiency is low, and there is a possibility that the thin plate of the wood end face may be damaged when pressing the inlaying material, the product yield is poor, and the product is expensive.

また、上記特開平10−217416号公報に記載のインレイ化粧材の場合、材質、色調、柄などの異なる素地シートを用意し、ベースとなる素地シートを機械裁断によって、その一部を切り取り開口部を設け、該開口部と合同な形状と寸法を有する他方の素地シートを切り取り、象嵌素型を作製し、該象嵌素型を開口部に隙間なく嵌め込ませて作製するので、製造工程が複雑で工数も多く、製造作業性に劣り、高価なものにつくといった問題点があった。   Further, in the case of the inlay decorative material described in JP-A-10-217416, a base sheet having different materials, colors, patterns, etc. is prepared, and a part of the base sheet is cut out by mechanical cutting. The other base sheet having the same shape and dimensions as the opening is cut out to produce an inlaying element mold, and the inlaying element mold is fitted into the opening without any gaps, so that the manufacturing process is complicated. There are problems such as many man-hours, inferior manufacturing workability, and high cost.

そこで、木目意匠を有する高意匠性デザイン化粧板の製造方法で、製造作業性に優れ、製品歩留まりや品質に優れ、安価な製造方法が望まれていた。   Thus, there has been a demand for a manufacturing method of a high-design design decorative board having a wood grain design, which is excellent in manufacturing workability, excellent in product yield and quality, and inexpensive.

本発明の目的は、木目意匠を有する高意匠性デザイン化粧板の製造方法で、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板、又は、その採光化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に、小ロット生産や特注生産にも対応可能な化粧板を製造する方法を提供することを目的とする。   An object of the present invention is a method for producing a highly-designed decorative decorative board having a wood grain design, which is used for a design decorative board and a wooden design door that show a design pattern in which vertical and horizontal grain are arranged in a balanced manner. Highly decorative decorative boards made of vertical and horizontal wood with excellent quality, long-term durability, product yield, and manufacturing workability can be easily manufactured with assembled decorative boards, inlaid decorative boards with inlaid design, and daylighting decorative boards. It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for manufacturing a decorative board that can be used for small lot production and custom production at low cost.

上記目的を達成するためになされた本発明の請求項1に記載の化粧板の製造方法は、複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴としている。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法に切断し、複数個のユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目ユニットと、正方形ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
6.前記縦木目ユニットと横木目ユニット及び正方形ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上のユニットを接着剤付き木質基材表面上でパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
7.接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着し、
8.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
9.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
In order to achieve the above object, a decorative board manufacturing method according to claim 1 of the present invention is characterized in that a decorative material divided into a plurality of units is disposed at a predetermined position on the surface of a wooden substrate, A method for producing a decorative board that displays a design pattern, characterized in that it is produced by the following procedure.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size to produce a plurality of units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are approximately parallel to the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit whose longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially perpendicular, and a square unit.
5. Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
6). One or more units selected from the vertical grain unit, the horizontal grain unit, and the square unit are combined and arranged according to the pattern on the surface of the wood substrate with an adhesive so that the design pattern as a whole is revealed. ,
7). Adhering each unit to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive,
8). Apply surface finish if necessary,
9. If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.

このような製造手順に従った請求項1に記載の発明によれば、前記縦木目ユニットと、横木目ユニット、及び、正方形ユニットを接着剤を塗布した木質基材上でパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the invention of claim 1 according to such a manufacturing procedure, the vertical wood unit, the cross wood unit, and the square unit are combined and arranged according to a pattern on a wood base material to which an adhesive is applied, Design makeup that reveals the design pattern as a whole and presents the design pattern in which the vertical and horizontal grain are arranged in a balanced manner due to the method of sticking each unit to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive. Highly decorative decorative boards made of vertical and horizontal wood that are excellent in quality, long-term durability, product yield, and manufacturing workability. It can be manufactured at a low cost with a simple manufacturing process.

すなわち、化粧材が天然の突板の場合、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、単板の逆目や破損が発生せず、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、製造技術的にも易しく、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   That is, in the case where the decorative material is a natural veneer, in the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted, and in the place of the inlaying decorative material, the reverse of the single plate and breakage do not occur, the product yield is high, A high-design decorative veneer made of vertical and horizontal grain that is excellent in quality and has few restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

また、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされた印刷パターンであるといった感覚でなく、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、象嵌模様が印刷されたパターンであるといった感覚でなく、いかにも本物感があって、しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。さらに、接着剤付き木質基材上で所定の意匠パターンに従って、各ユニットを直接組み合わせ配置するとともに木質基材に貼着する方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   In addition, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet with wood grain printing or decorative paper with wood grain printing, it is a printing pattern in which the printing wood grain is abutted at the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted. It is not a sense that there is, and it is not a sense that the inlaid pattern is a printed pattern in the place of the inlaid decorative material, it has a real feeling, and the product yield is high, the quality is excellent, and the grain of the wood used A highly-designed decorative board composed of vertical and horizontal grain with few restrictions on color, design, and pattern can be easily manufactured at low cost. Furthermore, because of the method in which the units are directly combined and disposed on the wood substrate with adhesive according to a predetermined design pattern, the unit can be easily manufactured with excellent workability.

本発明の請求項2に記載の化粧板の製造方法は、複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴としている。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法に切断し、複数個のユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目ユニットと、正方形ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.前記縦木目ユニットと横木目ユニット及び正方形ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上のユニットを組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
6.ユニット固定手段によって各ユニットの相互配置位置を固定し所定パターンの仕組み化粧材を作製し、
7.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
8.接着剤を介して前記仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着し、
9.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
10.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a decorative board manufacturing method in which a decorative material divided into a plurality of units is arranged at a predetermined position on the surface of a wooden substrate, and a decorative pattern as a whole appears. The manufacturing method is characterized in that it is manufactured by the following procedure.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size to produce a plurality of units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are approximately parallel to the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit whose longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially perpendicular, and a square unit.
5. Arranging and arranging at least any one or more units selected from the vertical grain unit, the horizontal grain unit, and the square unit, and revealing the design pattern as a whole,
6). By fixing the mutual arrangement position of each unit by unit fixing means, make a mechanism decorative material of a predetermined pattern,
7). Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
8). Adhering the mechanism cosmetic material to the wooden substrate surface via an adhesive,
9. Apply surface finish if necessary,
10. If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.

このような製造手順に従った請求項2に記載の発明によれば、前記縦木目ユニットと、横木目ユニット、及び、正方形ユニットを組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、ユニット固定手段によって各ユニットの相互配置位置を固定し、所定の意匠パターンの仕組み化粧材を作製し、接着剤を介して仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the invention described in claim 2 according to such a manufacturing procedure, the vertical wood grain unit, the transverse wood grain unit, and the square unit are arranged in combination, and a design pattern as a whole is revealed to fix the unit. By fixing the mutual arrangement position of each unit by means, creating a structured decorative material with a predetermined design pattern, and sticking the structured decorative material to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive, the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are Design veneer that displays a well-balanced design pattern, glazed veneer used for glazed design doors, inlaid veneer with inlaid design, etc. for quality, long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability An excellent high-design decorative board made of vertical and horizontal grain can be manufactured at a low cost by a simple manufacturing process.

すなわち、化粧材が天然の突板の場合、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、単板の逆目や破損が発生せず、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、製造技術的にも易しく、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   That is, in the case where the decorative material is a natural veneer, in the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted, and in the place of the inlaying decorative material, the reverse of the single plate and breakage do not occur, the product yield is high, A high-design decorative veneer made of vertical and horizontal grain that is excellent in quality and has few restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

また、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされた印刷パターンであるといった感覚でなく、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、象嵌模様が印刷されたパターンであるといった感覚でなく、いかにも本物感があって、しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。   In addition, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet with wood grain printing or decorative paper with wood grain printing, it is a printing pattern in which the printing wood grain is abutted at the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted. It is not a sense that there is, and it is not a sense that the inlaid pattern is a printed pattern in the place of the inlaid decorative material, it has a real feeling, and the product yield is high, the quality is excellent, and the grain of the wood used A highly-designed decorative board composed of vertical and horizontal grain with few restrictions on color, design, and pattern can be easily manufactured at low cost.

さらに、あらかじめ意匠パターンに従って組み合わせ配置してユニット固定手段で固定して作製された仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着する製造方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   Furthermore, because of the manufacturing method in which the structural decorative material prepared by combining and arranging in advance according to the design pattern and fixed by the unit fixing means is adhered to the surface of the wooden base material, it can be manufactured easily with extremely good workability.

本発明の請求項3に記載の化粧板の製造方法は、複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴としている。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法にマージン(余分の裁断代)を加えた形状、寸法に切断し、複数個の粗ユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目粗ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目粗ユニットと、正方形粗ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
6.前記複数個の縦木目粗ユニットと横木目粗ユニット及び正方形粗ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上の粗ユニットを接着剤付き木質基材表面上で、それぞれのマージンどうしを重ねるようにしてパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
7.化粧材の重なり部を設けるようにして仮接着し、
8.隣接する各粗ユニットの重なり部の範囲内で所定の形状、寸法のユニットに切断し、
9.重なり部の余分な化粧端材を除去し、
10.接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着し、
11.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
12.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for manufacturing a decorative board, wherein the decorative material divided into a plurality of units is arranged at a predetermined position on the surface of the wooden substrate, and a decorative pattern as a whole is revealed. The manufacturing method is characterized in that it is manufactured by the following procedure.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size with a margin (excess cutting allowance) added to the shape and size to produce a plurality of coarse units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are separated into either a vertical grain coarse unit, a horizontal grain coarse unit whose longitudinal direction and grain direction are substantially perpendicular, or a square coarse unit,
5. Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
6). At least one or more types of coarse units selected from the plurality of vertical grain coarse units, horizontal grain coarse units, and square coarse units are overlapped with each other on the surface of the wood substrate with adhesive. In combination according to the pattern, the design pattern as a whole appears,
7). Temporarily bond with the overlapping part of the decorative material,
8). Cut into units of a predetermined shape and size within the range of the overlap between adjacent coarse units,
9. Remove the excess makeup edges from the overlap,
10. Adhering each unit to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive,
11. Apply surface finish if necessary,
12 If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.

このような製造手順に従った請求項3に記載の発明によれば、余分にマージン部分を加えた大きめの形状と寸法の縦横木目化粧材を用意し、接着剤を塗布した木質基材上で、それぞれのマージンどうしを重ねるようにしてパターンに従って縦横組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、化粧材の重なり部を設けるようにして仮接着し、隣接する化粧材の重なり部の範囲内で切断し、重なり部の余分な化粧端材を除去し、接着剤を介して化粧材の各ユニットを木質基材表面上に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the invention described in claim 3 in accordance with such a manufacturing procedure, on the wood base material to which a large-sized vertical and horizontal grain decorative material having an extra margin portion is prepared and an adhesive is applied. , The vertical and horizontal combinations are arranged according to the pattern so that the margins overlap each other, the overall design pattern is revealed, the temporary overlap is made so as to provide the overlapping portion of the decorative material, and the range of the overlapping portion of the adjacent decorative material Cut the inside, remove the excess makeup edge material of the overlap, and stick each unit of makeup material on the surface of the wooden substrate via adhesive, so the vertical grain and horizontal grain are arranged in a good balance Designed decorative boards that showcased design patterns, wooden decorative panels used for wooden design doors, and inlaid decorative boards with inlaid designs that are superior in quality, long-term durability, product yield, and manufacturing workability. And a high design property decorative plate made of vertical and horizontal wood, a simple manufacturing process, moreover, can be manufactured at low cost.

すなわち、化粧材どうしのマージン部どうしを重ね貼りすると共に仮接着し、該マージン部の範囲内において、所定のパターンに従って、刃物で切断するので、化粧材が天然の突板であっても、又、木目印刷が施された樹脂化粧シートや化粧紙の場合であっても、化粧材の破損の無いことは勿論のこと、意匠パターンそのものを印刷によって現出せしめたといった感覚でなく、化粧材ユニットそれぞれを所定位置に配置して得られた意匠パターンが可能となる。   That is, the margin portions of the decorative materials are overlapped and temporarily adhered, and the cut portion is cut according to a predetermined pattern within the margin portion, so that the decorative material is a natural veneer, Even in the case of resin decorative sheets and decorative paper that have been subjected to wood grain printing, the decorative material unit is not a feeling that the decorative pattern has been revealed by printing, not to mention that the decorative material is not damaged. The design pattern obtained by arranging the at a predetermined position becomes possible.

すなわち、いかにも本物感にあふれる意匠性が得られる。しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。   That is, a design with a real feeling can be obtained. In addition, a high-design decorative board made of vertical and horizontal grain that has a high product yield, excellent quality, and little restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

さらに、あらかじめ接着剤が塗布された木質基材上で、前記したように、化粧材の粗ユニットどうしのマージン部を重ね貼りして、該重ね貼り部分の箇所で所定形状寸法に切断して所定の意匠パターンを得る方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   Further, as described above, the margin part of the rough units of the decorative material is overlaid on the wooden base material to which the adhesive has been applied in advance, and cut into a predetermined shape and dimension at the position of the overlaid part. Because of this method of obtaining a design pattern, it can be manufactured easily with extremely good workability.

また、前記マージン部分の範囲で刃物で切断する際に単なる切断だけでなく、溝加工を同時にNCルーター等で加工することも応用技術として考えられる。従って、よりいっそう立体感のある本物感のある化粧材が可能となる。   Further, when cutting with a blade within the margin portion, not only mere cutting but also simultaneous grooving with an NC router or the like can be considered as applied technology. Accordingly, a real cosmetic material with a more three-dimensional effect is possible.

また、重ね貼り部を切断して意匠パターンを得る方法ゆえ、細かなパターンも可能で、金型等も不要でコスト的にも安価につく。さらに、いかなるパターンであっても製造可能で、NCルーター又は手作業で切断すればよく、小ロット他品種生産や特注生産にも十分対応可能である。   In addition, since the design pattern is obtained by cutting the overlapped portion, a fine pattern is possible, a mold or the like is unnecessary, and the cost is low. In addition, any pattern can be manufactured, and it can be cut by an NC router or manually, and can sufficiently handle small lots and other kinds of production and custom production.

本発明の請求項4に記載の化粧板の製造方法は、請求項1〜請求項3のいずれかに記載の化粧板の製造方法において、前記各ユニットが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目どうしが作る角度が略直角であることを特徴としている。   The manufacturing method of the decorative board according to claim 4 of the present invention is the manufacturing method of the decorative board according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein at least one place where the units are adjacent to each other. The feature is that the angle formed by adjacent wood grains is substantially a right angle.

このような製造手順に従った請求項4に記載の発明によれば、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、縦横木目の象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に、小ロット生産や特注生産にも十分対応して製造できる。   According to the invention according to claim 4 in accordance with such a manufacturing procedure, the design decorative board in which the design pattern in which the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are arranged in a well-balanced manner, and the braided makeup used for the braided design door Highly-designed decorative boards made of vertical and horizontal wood with excellent quality, long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability, etc., with simple manufacturing processes and low cost. In addition, small lot production and custom-made production can be fully supported.

本発明の請求項5に記載の化粧板の製造方法は、請求項1〜請求項4のいずれかに記載の化粧板の製造方法において、前記ユニットのうち、少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニット、及び、少なくとも1個以上の透光板で化粧材が構成されていることを特徴としている。   The method for manufacturing a decorative board according to claim 5 of the present invention is the method for manufacturing a decorative board according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein at least one of the units is used as a decorative material. A decorative material is composed of a unit and at least one light transmitting plate.

このような製造手順に従った請求項5に記載の発明によれば、前記ユニットのうち、少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニット、及び、少なくとも1個以上の透光板で化粧材が構成されているので、採光タイプのデザイン化粧板、採光タイプの框組化粧板、採光タイプの象嵌化粧板などの縦横木目からなる採光タイプの高意匠性化粧板で、品質、製品歩留まり、製造作業性に優れ、しかも、安価な採光化粧板が可能となる。   According to the invention described in claim 5 according to such a manufacturing procedure, a cosmetic material is constituted by at least one or more types of cosmetic material units and at least one light transmitting plate among the units. As a result, it is a highly decorative decorative board of daylighting type consisting of vertical and horizontal grain, such as daylighting type design decorative board, daylighting type glazed decorative board, daylighting type inlaid decorative board, quality, product yield, manufacturing workability In addition, an inexpensive daylighting decorative board is possible.

請求項1に記載の発明によれば、前記縦木目ユニットと、横木目ユニット、及び、正方形ユニットを接着剤を塗布した木質基材上でパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit, and the square unit are arranged and combined according to the pattern on the wood base material to which the adhesive is applied, and the design pattern as a whole appears. Because it is a method of sticking each unit to the surface of the wood base material with caulking, it is used for a design decorative board and a kite design door in which a design pattern in which vertical grain and horizontal grain are arranged in a balanced manner is displayed. A highly-designed decorative board made of vertical and horizontal wood that is excellent in quality, long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability, etc., in a simple manufacturing process. It can be manufactured at low cost.

すなわち、化粧材が天然の突板の場合、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、単板の逆目や破損が発生せず、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、製造技術的にも易しく、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   That is, in the case where the decorative material is a natural veneer, in the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted, and in the place of the inlaying decorative material, the reverse of the single plate and breakage do not occur, the product yield is high, A high-design decorative veneer made of vertical and horizontal grain that is excellent in quality and has few restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

また、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされた印刷パターンであるといった感覚でなく、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、象嵌模様が印刷されたパターンであるといった感覚でなく、いかにも本物感があって、しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。さらに、接着剤付き木質基材上で所定の意匠パターンに従って、各ユニットを直接組み合わせ配置するとともに木質基材に貼着する方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   In addition, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet with wood grain printing or decorative paper with wood grain printing, it is a printing pattern in which the printing wood grain is abutted at the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted. It is not a sense that there is, and it is not a sense that the inlaid pattern is a printed pattern in the place of the inlaid decorative material, it has a real feeling, and the product yield is high, the quality is excellent, and the grain of the wood used A highly-designed decorative board composed of vertical and horizontal grain with few restrictions on color, design, and pattern can be easily manufactured at low cost. Furthermore, because of the method in which the units are directly combined and disposed on the wood substrate with adhesive according to a predetermined design pattern, the unit can be easily manufactured with excellent workability.

請求項2に記載の発明によれば、前記縦木目ユニットと横木目ユニット及び正方形ユニットを組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、ユニット固定手段によって各ユニットの相互配置位置を固定し、所定の意匠パターンの仕組み化粧材を作製し、接着剤を介して仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit, and the square unit are arranged in combination, the design pattern as a whole appears, and the mutual arrangement position of each unit is fixed by the unit fixing means. Because it is a method of creating a structured decorative material with a predetermined design pattern and sticking the structured decorative material to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive, a design pattern in which the vertical grain and horizontal grain are arranged in a balanced manner is revealed. Designed decorative panels, glazed decorative panels used for glazed design doors, inlaid decorative panels with inlaid design, etc., and high design makeup consisting of vertical and horizontal grain with excellent quality, long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability The plate can be manufactured at a low cost by a simple manufacturing process.

すなわち、化粧材が天然の突板の場合、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、単板の逆目や破損が発生せず、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、製造技術的にも易しく、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   That is, in the case where the decorative material is a natural veneer, in the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted, and in the place of the inlaying decorative material, the reverse of the single plate and breakage do not occur, the product yield is high, A high-design decorative veneer made of vertical and horizontal grain that is excellent in quality and has few restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

また、化粧材が木目印刷を施した樹脂化粧シートや木目印刷を施した化粧紙などである場合は、縦木目と横木目とが突き合わされる箇所において、印刷木目どうしが突き合わされた印刷パターンであるといった感覚でなく、また、象嵌化粧材の箇所において、象嵌模様が印刷されたパターンであるといった感覚でなく、各ユニットを所定の位置に配置して得られたパターンであるといった、いかにも本物感にあふれる意匠性が得られる。しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。   In addition, when the decorative material is a resin decorative sheet with wood grain printing or decorative paper with wood grain printing, it is a printing pattern in which the printing wood grain is abutted at the place where the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are abutted. It is not a sense that there is, and it is not a sense that the inlaid pattern is a printed pattern at the place of the inlaid decorative material, but it is a pattern obtained by arranging each unit at a predetermined position, it is a real feeling A design that overflows with In addition, a high-design decorative board made of vertical and horizontal grain that has a high product yield, excellent quality, and little restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

さらに、あらかじめ意匠パターンに従って組み合わせ配置してユニット固定手段で固定して作製された仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着する製造方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   Furthermore, because of the manufacturing method in which the structural decorative material prepared by combining and arranging in advance according to the design pattern and fixed by the unit fixing means is adhered to the surface of the wooden base material, it can be manufactured easily with extremely good workability.

請求項3に記載の発明によれば、余分にマージン部分を加えた大きめの形状と寸法の縦横木目化粧材を用意し、接着剤を塗布した木質基材上で、それぞれのマージンどうしを重ねるようにしてパターンに従って縦横組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、化粧材の重なり部を設けるようにして仮接着し、隣接する化粧材の重なり部の範囲内で切断し、重なり部の余分な化粧端材を除去し、接着剤を介して化粧材の各ユニットを木質基材表面上に貼着する方法ゆえ、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた、縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に製造することができる。   According to the third aspect of the present invention, a vertical and horizontal wood grain decorative material having a large shape and size with an extra margin added thereto is prepared, and the respective margins are overlapped on the wood base material to which the adhesive is applied. In accordance with the pattern, the vertical and horizontal combinations are arranged to reveal the design pattern as a whole, temporarily bonded so as to provide an overlapping portion of the decorative material, cut within the overlapping portion of the adjacent decorative material, The design pattern in which the vertical grain and the horizontal grain were arranged in a balanced manner was revealed because of the method of removing the extra decorative edge material and sticking each unit of cosmetic material on the surface of the wooden substrate via adhesive. Designed veneer, braided veneer used for doors, and inlaid veneer with inlay design, etc., with high quality and long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability. Sex veneer, a simple manufacturing process, moreover, can be manufactured at low cost.

すなわち、化粧材どうしのマージン部どうしを重ね貼りすると共に仮接着し、該マージン部の範囲内において、所定のパターンに従って、刃物で切断するので、化粧材が天然の突板であっても、又、木目印刷が施された樹脂化粧シートや化粧紙の場合であっても、化粧材の破損の無いことは勿論のこと、意匠パターンそのものを印刷によって現出せしめたといった感覚でなく、化粧材ユニットそれぞれを所定位置に配置して得られた意匠パターンが可能となる。すなわち、いかにも本物感にあふれる意匠性が得られる。しかも、製品歩留まりが高く、品質に優れ、用いる木目の色柄やデザインやパターンにも制限が少ない縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を製造技術的にも易しく安価に製造することができる。   That is, the margin portions of the decorative materials are overlapped and temporarily adhered, and the cut portion is cut according to a predetermined pattern within the margin portion, so that the decorative material is a natural veneer, Even in the case of resin decorative sheets and decorative paper that have been subjected to wood grain printing, the decorative material unit is not a feeling that the decorative pattern has been revealed by printing, not to mention that the decorative material is not damaged. The design pattern obtained by arranging the at a predetermined position becomes possible. That is, a design with a real feeling can be obtained. In addition, a high-design decorative board made of vertical and horizontal grain that has a high product yield, excellent quality, and little restrictions on the color pattern, design, and pattern of the grain used can be easily manufactured at low cost.

さらに、あらかじめ接着剤が塗布された木質基材上で、前記したように、化粧材の粗ユニットどうしのマージン部を重ね貼りして、該重ね貼り部分の箇所で所定形状寸法に切断して所定の意匠パターンを得る方法ゆえ、極めて作業性良く、簡単に製造できる。   Further, as described above, the margin part of the rough units of the decorative material is overlaid on the wooden base material to which the adhesive has been applied in advance, and cut into a predetermined shape and dimension at the position of the overlaid part. Because of this method of obtaining a design pattern, it can be manufactured easily with extremely good workability.

また、前記マージン部分の範囲で刃物で切断する際に単なる切断だけでなく、溝加工を同時にNCルーター等で加工することも応用技術として考えられる。従って、よりいっそう立体感のある本物感のある化粧材が可能となる。   Further, when cutting with a blade within the margin portion, not only mere cutting but also simultaneous grooving with an NC router or the like can be considered as applied technology. Accordingly, a real cosmetic material with a more three-dimensional effect is possible.

また、重ね貼り部を切断して意匠パターンを得る方法ゆえ、細かなパターンも可能で、金型等も不要でコスト的にも安価につく。さらに、いかなるパターンであっても製造可能で、NCルーター又は手作業で切断すればよく、小ロット他品種生産や特注生産にも十分対応可能である。   In addition, since the design pattern is obtained by cutting the overlapped portion, a fine pattern is possible, a mold or the like is unnecessary, and the cost is low. In addition, any pattern can be manufactured, and it can be cut by an NC router or manually, and can sufficiently handle small lots and other kinds of production and custom production.

請求項4に記載の発明によれば、前記各ユニットが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目どうしが作る角度が略直角であるので、縦木目と横木目がバランス良く配置されたデザインパターンを現出せしめたデザイン化粧板、框組デザインドアに用いる框組化粧板、縦横木目の象嵌デザインを有する象嵌化粧板などで、品質や長期耐久性や製品歩留まりや製造作業性に優れた縦横木目からなる高意匠性化粧板を、簡単な製造工程で、しかも、安価に、小ロット生産や特注生産にも十分対応して製造できる。   According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the vertical grain and the horizontal grain are arranged in a well-balanced manner because the angle formed by the adjacent wood grain is substantially a right angle in at least one place where the units are adjacent to each other. Designed decorative boards that show the designed patterns, glazed decorative boards used for glazed design doors, inlaid decorative boards with inlaid design of vertical and horizontal grain, etc. for quality, long-term durability, product yield and manufacturing workability Highly-designed decorative boards made of excellent vertical and horizontal grain can be manufactured with a simple manufacturing process, at low cost, and with sufficient support for small lot production and custom production.

請求項5に記載の発明によれば、前記ユニットのうち、少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニット、及び、少なくとも1個以上の透光板で化粧材が構成されているので、採光タイプのデザイン化粧板、採光タイプの框組化粧板、採光タイプの象嵌化粧板などの縦横木目からなる採光タイプの高意匠性化粧板で、品質、製品歩留まり、製造作業性に優れ、しかも、安価な採光化粧板が可能となる。   According to the invention described in claim 5, since the decorative material is constituted by at least one of the cosmetic material units and at least one light transmitting plate among the units, A highly decorative decorative board of lighting type consisting of vertical and horizontal wood, such as a design decorative board, a lighting type glazed decorative board, and a lighting type inlaying decorative board, with excellent quality, product yield, manufacturing workability, and inexpensive lighting. A decorative board becomes possible.

本発明の詳細を図面に従って説明する。図1は本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板の一例を示す正面図である。図2は本発明の化粧板の製造方法の説明図で、第一、第二実施形態のユニット作製工程を示す。図3は第一、第二実施形態のユニット組み合わせ工程を示す。図4は第二実施形態の仕組み工程を示す。図5は第一、第二実施形態の貼着工程を示す。図6は第三実施形態の粗ユニット作製工程を示す。図7の(イ)は第三実施形態の重ね貼り工程を示す。(ロ)は第三実施形態の重ね貼りの説明図である。図8は本発明の採光タイプの化粧板の一例を示す正面図である。図中に示す符号は、1は本発明の化粧板、1aは非採光タイプ化粧板、1bは採光タイプ化粧板、2は木質基材、3は化粧材、4は仕組み化粧材、5は仕上げ塗装膜、6は透光板、Uは化粧材ユニット、U1は縦木目ユニット、U2は横木目ユニット、U3は正方形ユニット、Pは木目方向、Sは接着剤、Tはユニット固定手段、Rは粗ユニット、R1は縦木目粗ユニット、R2は横木目粗ユニット、R3は正方形粗ユニット、Mは化粧材ユニットのマージン、Kは化粧材の重なり部、Lは所定の切断線を示す。   Details of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a front view showing an example of a non-lighting type decorative board of the present invention. FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram of the method for manufacturing a decorative board according to the present invention, and shows the unit manufacturing steps of the first and second embodiments. FIG. 3 shows the unit combination process of the first and second embodiments. FIG. 4 shows a mechanism process of the second embodiment. FIG. 5 shows the attaching process of the first and second embodiments. FIG. 6 shows a rough unit manufacturing process of the third embodiment. FIG. 7 (a) shows the overlapping bonding process of the third embodiment. (B) is an explanatory view of the overlapping bonding of the third embodiment. FIG. 8 is a front view showing an example of a daylighting type decorative board of the present invention. In the figure, 1 is a decorative board of the present invention, 1a is a non-lighting type decorative board, 1b is a daylighting type decorative board, 2 is a wooden substrate, 3 is a decorative material, 4 is a mechanism decorative material, and 5 is a finish. Paint film, 6 is a translucent plate, U is a decorative material unit, U1 is a vertical grain unit, U2 is a horizontal grain unit, U3 is a square unit, P is a grain direction, S is an adhesive, T is a unit fixing means, R is Coarse unit, R1 is a vertical grain coarse unit, R2 is a horizontal grain coarse unit, R3 is a square coarse unit, M is a margin of the decorative material unit, K is an overlapping portion of the decorative material, and L is a predetermined cutting line.

図1において、本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aについて説明する。木質基材2の表面側に化粧材3を貼着するための接着剤Sが塗布されており、その上に本発明の化粧材3が貼着されている。本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aを構成する化粧材3は複数枚のユニットUに分割されており、該化粧材ユニットUが所定位置に配置され、全体として非採光タイプの意匠パターンを現出している。   In FIG. 1, the non-lighting type decorative board 1a of the present invention will be described. An adhesive S for adhering the decorative material 3 is applied to the surface side of the wooden substrate 2, and the decorative material 3 of the present invention is applied thereon. The decorative material 3 constituting the non-lighting type decorative board 1a of the present invention is divided into a plurality of units U, and the decorative material unit U is arranged at a predetermined position to display a non-lighting type design pattern as a whole. I'm out.

木質基材2としては、合板、中比重繊維板、パーティクルボード、LVL(単板積層材)、OSB(配向性ストランドボード)、集成材、ハードボード等を好適な材料として例示できる。これらのなかで、合板、中比重繊維板が性能、製造し易さ、材料の入手し易さ、コスト等を考慮すると最も好適である。材料の厚みは、その使用目的によって、薄い方で約3mm程度から厚い方で約30mm程度まで、さまざまある。しかしこれらに限定されるものではない。これらのなかで化粧板としては、約3mm〜15mm程度が最も好適である。   Examples of suitable wood base material 2 include plywood, medium specific gravity fiber board, particle board, LVL (single plate laminate), OSB (oriented strand board), laminated material, and hard board. Among these, a plywood and a medium specific gravity fiber board are most suitable in consideration of performance, ease of manufacture, availability of materials, cost, and the like. The thickness of the material varies from about 3 mm for the thinner one to about 30 mm for the thicker one depending on the purpose of use. However, it is not limited to these. Of these, the decorative plate is most preferably about 3 mm to 15 mm.

化粧材3としては、厚みが約0.2mm〜約3mm程度の天然銘木の突板、単板が好適のものの1つとして例示できるが、厚みはこれに限定されるものではない。この他に、厚みが約0.1mm〜3.0mm程度の塩ビ樹脂シートやオレフィン樹脂シートに天然銘木の木目が印刷された木目柄の樹脂化粧シートを好適なものとして例示できる。厚みはこれらに限定されるものではない。この他に、薄葉紙に天然銘木の木目が印刷された木目柄の化粧紙を好適なものとして例示できる。   As the decorative material 3, a veneer or veneer of a natural name wood having a thickness of about 0.2 mm to about 3 mm can be exemplified as one suitable one, but the thickness is not limited to this. In addition, a resin decorative sheet having a grain pattern in which a natural grain is printed on a vinyl chloride resin sheet or an olefin resin sheet having a thickness of about 0.1 mm to 3.0 mm can be exemplified as a preferable example. The thickness is not limited to these. In addition to this, a decorative paper having a grain pattern in which the grain of a natural name tree is printed on thin paper can be exemplified as a suitable one.

木目柄は柾目、板目、追柾目、杢、又はそれらが複合された木目柄がさまざま考えられる。いずれの木目柄であってもよいものとする。しかし、これらの木目柄のなかで、柾目、又は、高意匠性板目柄が好適である。ここで言う高意匠性板目柄とは、幅細の板目を真ん中としその両側に柾目が自然に表現された木目柄を言う。本例では柾目柄を例にとって詳述する。   As the wood grain pattern, various patterns such as a grain pattern, a plate pattern, a memorial pattern, a collar pattern, or a combination of these patterns are conceivable. Any wood grain pattern may be used. However, among these grain patterns, a square pattern or a highly designed board pattern is suitable. The high-design board pattern as used herein refers to a wood grain pattern in which a narrow board is in the middle and the squares are naturally expressed on both sides. This example will be described in detail by taking a grid pattern as an example.

化粧材貼り用接着剤Sとしては、天然の木質単板や化粧紙等の場合、ユリア樹脂系接着剤、メラミン樹脂系接着剤、ユリアメラミン共縮合樹脂系接着剤、酢酸ビニル樹脂系接着剤及びこれらのブレンドタイプの接着剤が好適なものとして例示できる。これらの他にアクリル樹脂系接着剤やウレタン樹脂系接着剤等も好適なものとして例示できる。また、塩ビ樹脂化粧シートやオレフィン樹脂化粧シートなどの場合は、酢酸ビニル樹脂系接着剤や、その他のビニル樹脂系接着剤等を好適なものとして例示できる。勿論これら以外の接着剤であってもよいものとする。接着条件はそれぞれの接着剤に適した接着条件を採用する必要がある。   As the adhesive S for decorative material, in the case of natural wood veneer or decorative paper, a urea resin adhesive, a melamine resin adhesive, a urea melamine cocondensation resin adhesive, a vinyl acetate resin adhesive, These blend type adhesives can be exemplified as suitable ones. In addition to these, acrylic resin-based adhesives, urethane resin-based adhesives, and the like can be exemplified as suitable ones. Moreover, in the case of a vinyl chloride resin decorative sheet, an olefin resin decorative sheet, etc., a vinyl acetate resin-type adhesive, other vinyl resin-type adhesives, etc. can be illustrated as a suitable thing. Of course, other adhesives may be used. It is necessary to adopt an adhesive condition suitable for each adhesive.

先ず、作製しようとする非採光タイプの化粧板1aの木目意匠パターンをデザインし決定する。その場合、木目柄意匠とし、本例では柾目柄の例で説明する。さらに、本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aは、従来の化粧板のように、木目柄の木目方向Pが縦又は横の1方向のみからなるものでなく、縦木目と横木目とが混在し、バランスよく配置され、全体として意匠パターンを現出するように構成されている。   First, the grain design pattern of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a to be produced is designed and determined. In this case, a wood grain design is used, and in this example, an example of a wood pattern is described. Furthermore, the non-lighting type decorative board 1a according to the present invention is not a single-direction in which the wood grain direction P of the wood grain pattern is a vertical or horizontal direction as in a conventional decorative board. However, they are arranged in a well-balanced manner so that a design pattern appears as a whole.

本発明の化粧材3は複数枚の各ユニットUが木質基材2の上で所定位置に配置されることで意匠パターンが現出される構成である。前記化粧材ユニットUは、縦木目ユニットU1、横木目ユニットU2、正方形ユニットU3の3種類がある。縦木目ユニットU1とは、ユニットUの長手方向と木目方向Pとが略平行なものを言う。又、横木目ユニットU2とは、ユニットUの長手方向と木目方向Pとが略直角なものを言う。又、正方形ユニットU3とは、ユニットUの形状そのものが正方形からなるものを言う。   The decorative material 3 of the present invention has a configuration in which a design pattern appears by arranging a plurality of units U at predetermined positions on the wood substrate 2. The decorative material unit U has three types, a vertical grain unit U1, a transverse grain unit U2, and a square unit U3. The vertical grain unit U1 is a unit in which the longitudinal direction of the unit U and the grain direction P are substantially parallel. Further, the transverse grain unit U2 is a unit in which the longitudinal direction of the unit U and the grain direction P are substantially perpendicular. Moreover, the square unit U3 means that the shape of the unit U itself is a square.

本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aは、前記各化粧材ユニットU、すなわち、縦木目ユニットU1、横木目ユニットU2、正方形ユニットU3のいずれか1種以上で構成されている。図1の例では縦木目ユニットU1と横木目ユニットU2の2種類から構成されている。また、本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aは各ユニットUが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目どうしが作る角度が略直角となるように各ユニットUが配置されて縦横木目からなる意匠パターンが現出されている。すなわち、隣接する各ユニットUの木目方向Pどうしが作る角度が略直角となるように配置構成されている。   The non-lighting type decorative board 1a of the present invention is composed of any one or more of the decorative material units U, that is, the vertical grain unit U1, the horizontal grain unit U2, and the square unit U3. In the example of FIG. 1, it is comprised from two types, the vertical grain unit U1 and the horizontal grain unit U2. Further, in the non-lighting type decorative board 1a of the present invention, each unit U is arranged so that the angle formed by the adjacent wood grains is substantially a right angle at at least one place where the units U are adjacent to each other. A design pattern consisting of vertical and horizontal grain appears. That is, they are arranged and configured such that the angles formed by the grain directions P of adjacent units U are substantially perpendicular.

縦木目ユニットU1の1種類で構成する場合は、図示しないが、縦木目ユニットU1を縦方向に配置して木目方向Pを縦とし、他の縦木目ユニットU1を横方向に配置して木目方向Pを横とし、このようにして縦木目ユニットU1のみで縦横木目からなる意匠パターンを構成することができる。また、横木目ユニットU2のみで構成する場合も同様である。   When configured with one type of vertical grain unit U1, although not shown, the vertical grain unit U1 is arranged in the vertical direction, the grain direction P is set to the vertical, and the other vertical grain unit U1 is arranged in the horizontal direction to set the grain direction. In this way, a design pattern composed of vertical and horizontal grain can be formed only by the vertical grain unit U1. The same applies to the case of only the cross grain unit U2.

また、正方形ユニットU3のみで構成する場合は、隣接する正方形ユニットU3どうしの木目方向Pを縦方向と横方向とに略直角になるように配置すればよい。しかし、縦木目ユニットU1と横木目ユニットU2と正方形ユニットU3のうち、なるべく多くの種類のユニットUを配置した方が意匠パターンのバリエーションが豊富に構成可能となる。   In the case where only the square unit U3 is used, the grain direction P between adjacent square units U3 may be arranged so as to be substantially perpendicular to the vertical direction and the horizontal direction. However, among the vertical grain unit U1, the lateral grain unit U2, and the square unit U3, the arrangement of as many types of units U as possible allows a greater variety of design pattern variations.

図2〜図7に従って、本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板1aの製造方法について詳述する。先ず、図2〜図5において、第一及び第二実施形態について述べる。   The manufacturing method of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. First, the first and second embodiments will be described with reference to FIGS.

図2において、第一、第二実施形態のユニット作製工程について述べる。先ず、事前に木質基材2、化粧材3、接着剤Sなどの材料を用意し、所定の意匠パターンをデザインしておく。該意匠パターンに従って、化粧材3を複数枚の化粧材ユニットUに分割する。このとき、分割された各化粧材ユニットUを集合させ組み合わせ配置した際、所定の意匠パターンになるように、所定の形状、寸法に切断する。このとき、長手方向と木目方向が略平行をなす縦木目ユニットU1と、長手方向と木目方向が略直角をなす横木目ユニットU2と、正方形ユニットU3のいずれか1種以上で構成されるように、必要とする化粧材ユニットUを作製しておく。   In FIG. 2, the unit production process of the first and second embodiments will be described. First, materials such as the wooden substrate 2, the decorative material 3, and the adhesive S are prepared in advance, and a predetermined design pattern is designed. The decorative material 3 is divided into a plurality of decorative material units U according to the design pattern. At this time, when the divided cosmetic material units U are assembled and combined and arranged, they are cut into a predetermined shape and size so as to form a predetermined design pattern. At this time, the vertical grain unit U1 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially parallel, the transverse grain unit U2 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially perpendicular, and one or more of the square units U3 are configured. A necessary cosmetic material unit U is prepared.

図3において、第一、第二実施形態のユニット組み合わせ工程について述べる。前工程で所定の形状と寸法に切断して得られた各化粧材ユニットUを縦木目ユニットU1、横木目ユニットU2、正方形ユニットU3のいずれかに分別しておく。続いて、前記縦木目ユニットU1と横木目ユニットU2及び正方形ユニットU3のうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニットUを組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出させ構成する。さらに、各隣接する前記化粧材ユニットUの、縦木目ユニットU1と横木目ユニットU2と正方形ユニットU3の少なくともいずれか1種以上が木質基材2の表面上の所定位置に配置されたとき、各化粧材ユニットUどうしが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目方向Pどうしが作る角度が略直角となるように各化粧材ユニットUの配置に注意する。   In FIG. 3, the unit combination process of 1st, 2nd embodiment is described. Each cosmetic material unit U obtained by cutting into a predetermined shape and size in the previous process is sorted into one of a vertical grain unit U1, a transverse grain unit U2, and a square unit U3. Subsequently, at least one or more types of decorative material units U selected from the vertical grain unit U1, the transverse grain unit U2, and the square unit U3 are arranged in combination, and a design pattern as a whole is revealed and configured. . Furthermore, when at least any one of the vertical grain unit U1, the transverse grain unit U2, and the square unit U3 of each adjacent decorative material unit U is disposed at a predetermined position on the surface of the wooden substrate 2, Pay attention to the arrangement of each cosmetic material unit U so that the angle formed by the adjacent wood grain directions P is substantially a right angle at at least one of the locations where the decorative material units U are adjacent to each other.

このとき、本発明の第一実施形態においては、木質基材2表面に接着剤Sをあらかじめ塗布しておき、各化粧材ユニットUを接着剤付き木質基材2上で、所定の意匠パターンに従って組み合わせ配置する。続いて熱圧プレス又は常温プレスで貼着する。   At this time, in 1st embodiment of this invention, the adhesive agent S is beforehand apply | coated to the wooden base material 2 surface, and each cosmetic material unit U is followed on the wooden base material 2 with an adhesive according to a predetermined design pattern. Arrange in combination. Then, it sticks with a hot press or normal temperature press.

図4において、本発明の第二実施形態における化粧材の仕組み工程について述べる。本発明の第二実施形態においては、下記に詳述するように、化粧材ユニットUを木質基材2の表面に貼着する前に、前工程で各化粧材ユニットUを所定の意匠パターンに従って配置し、それをテープ等で固定し仕組み化粧材4を作製しておいて、それを木質基材2に貼着する。   In FIG. 4, the mechanism process of the cosmetic material in 2nd embodiment of this invention is described. In the second embodiment of the present invention, as described in detail below, before adhering the decorative material unit U to the surface of the wooden substrate 2, each decorative material unit U is subjected to a predetermined design pattern in the previous step. It arrange | positions, it is fixed with a tape etc., the mechanism cosmetics 4 is produced, and it is affixed on the wooden base material 2. FIG.

上記したように、前工程で各化粧材ユニットUをデザインされた意匠パターンに従って所定位置に組み合わせ配置された各化粧材ユニットUを仕組み固定する。すなわち、各化粧材ユニットUの相互配置位置に注意して、各化粧材ユニットUをユニット固定手段Tによって固定し、所定パターンの仕組み化粧材4を作製する。このとき、用いるユニット固定手段Tとしては、接着テープ、ホットメルト系接着剤等を好適なものとして例示できる。接着テープとしては仕組み化粧材4を木質基材2表面に貼着した後、表面塗装前に研磨して除去できる程度に接着力が比較的小さいものを選び、表面研磨後、接着テープあとが残らないように注意する必要がある。薄手の紙を基材とした接着テープ等を好適なものとして例示できる。ホットメルト系接着剤についても同様の注意を払う必要がある。   As described above, each cosmetic material unit U arranged and combined at a predetermined position according to the design pattern designed for each cosmetic material unit U in the previous process is fixed in a structured manner. That is, paying attention to the mutual arrangement position of each decorative material unit U, each decorative material unit U is fixed by the unit fixing means T, and the structured decorative material 4 having a predetermined pattern is produced. At this time, as the unit fixing means T to be used, an adhesive tape, a hot-melt adhesive, or the like can be exemplified as a suitable one. Adhesive tape is selected so that it has a relatively low adhesive strength to the extent that it can be removed by polishing before surface coating after the structural decorative material 4 is adhered to the surface of the wooden substrate 2, and after the surface polishing, the adhesive tape remains. Care must be taken not to. A suitable example is an adhesive tape based on thin paper. Similar attention should be paid to hot melt adhesives.

図5において、第一、第二実施形態の貼着工程について述べる。第一実施形態では、前工程で作製された各化粧材ユニットUを意匠パターンに従って直接、接着剤付き木質基材2の表面に貼着する。また、第二実施形態では、貼着工程前にあらかじめ作製された仕組み化粧材4を木質基材表面に接着剤Sによって貼着する。使用する木質基材2や接着剤Sなどの材料は上記したとおりである。熱圧締での接着、又は、常温圧締での接着によって貼着する。接着条件は化粧材3や接着剤Sの種類によって異なる。それぞれに合った条件を選定する。その後、必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装膜5を表面に設ける。さらに、必要に応じて非採光タイプ化粧板1aの側面木口に接合係止部(図示せず)を加工する。非採光タイプの化粧板1aの製造方法の第一、第二実施形態は、以上の各工程に従って行われる。   In FIG. 5, the sticking process of 1st, 2nd embodiment is described. In 1st embodiment, each cosmetic material unit U produced at the previous process is stuck on the surface of the wood base material 2 with an adhesive directly according to the design pattern. Moreover, in 2nd embodiment, the mechanism cosmetics 4 produced beforehand before the sticking process are stuck on the surface of a wooden base material with the adhesive agent S. FIG. The materials such as the wooden substrate 2 and the adhesive S used are as described above. Adhering by hot pressing or normal temperature pressing. The bonding conditions vary depending on the type of the decorative material 3 and the adhesive S. Select a condition that suits each. Thereafter, a surface finish coating film 5 is provided on the surface as necessary. Furthermore, a joining latching | locking part (not shown) is processed into the side face end of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a as needed. 1st and 2nd embodiment of the manufacturing method of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a is performed according to the above each process.

図6、図7において、非採光タイプの化粧板1aの製造方法の第三実施形態について述べる。   6 and 7, a third embodiment of the method for manufacturing the non-lighting type decorative board 1a will be described.

図6において、粗ユニット作製工程について述べる。先ず、はじめに、事前に木質基材2、化粧材3、接着剤Sなどの材料を用意し、所定の意匠パターンをデザインしておく。該意匠パターンに従って、化粧材3を複数枚の化粧材ユニットUに分割する。このとき、前記化粧材3を所定の形状、寸法にマージンM(余分の裁断代)を加えた大きめの形状、寸法に切断し、複数個の粗ユニットRを作製する。すなわち、化粧材ユニットUの所定の切断線Lをまたいで、所定の形状、寸法にマージンM(切断余裕部分)を加えた大きめの形状と寸法に切断する。続いて、切断された各化粧材の粗ユニットRを種類別に分別する。すなわち、粗ユニットRの長手方向と木目方向Pが略平行な縦木目粗ユニットR1と、長手方向と木目方向Pが略直角な横木目粗ユニットR2と、正方形粗ユニットR3のいずれかに分別する。   In FIG. 6, the rough unit manufacturing process will be described. First, materials such as the wooden base material 2, the decorative material 3, and the adhesive S are prepared in advance, and a predetermined design pattern is designed. The decorative material 3 is divided into a plurality of decorative material units U according to the design pattern. At this time, the decorative material 3 is cut into a large shape and size obtained by adding a margin M (excess cutting allowance) to a predetermined shape and size to produce a plurality of coarse units R. That is, it cuts into a larger shape and size obtained by adding a margin M (cutting margin portion) to a predetermined shape and size across a predetermined cutting line L of the decorative material unit U. Subsequently, the coarse unit R of each cut decorative material is sorted by type. That is, the coarse grain unit R is classified into any one of the vertical grain coarse unit R1 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction P are substantially parallel, the horizontal grain coarse unit R2 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction P are substantially perpendicular, and the square coarse unit R3. .

図7の(イ)及び(ロ)において、第三実施形態における重ね貼り工程について述べる。前工程で木質基材2の表面に接着剤Sを塗布しておく。次に、前工程で作製した複数個の縦木目粗ユニットR1と横木目粗ユニットR2及び正方形粗ユニットR3のうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上の粗ユニットRを接着剤Sが塗布された木質基材2の表面上で、それぞれのマージンMどうしを重ねるようにして所定の意匠パターンに従って、組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出させる。このとき、各隣接する前記化粧材の粗ユニットRの、縦木目ユニットR1と横木目ユニットR2と正方形粗ユニットR3の少なくともいずれか1種以上が、木質基材2の表面上の所定位置に配置されたとき、各化粧材の粗ユニットRどうしが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目方向Pどうしが作る角度が略直角となるように各化粧材の粗ユニットRの配置に注意する。   In FIGS. 7A and 7B, the overlapping bonding process in the third embodiment will be described. The adhesive S is applied to the surface of the wooden substrate 2 in the previous step. Next, the adhesive S is applied to at least one kind of coarse unit R selected from the plurality of vertical grain coarse units R1, horizontal grain coarse units R2, and square coarse units R3 prepared in the previous step. On the surface of the wood substrate 2, the respective margins M are overlapped and arranged according to a predetermined design pattern, so that the overall design pattern appears. At this time, at least one of the longitudinal grain unit R1, the transverse grain unit R2, and the square coarse unit R3 of each of the adjacent coarse units R of the decorative material is disposed at a predetermined position on the surface of the wooden substrate 2. When the rough units R of the decorative materials are arranged, the coarse units R of the decorative materials R are arranged so that the angles formed by the adjacent wood grain directions P are at substantially right angles at at least one place where the rough units R of the decorative materials are adjacent to each other. Be careful.

このようにして、各化粧材の粗ユニットRの重なり部Kを設けるようにする。この状態で各粗ユニットRを木質基材2の表面に仮接着する。続いて、隣接する各粗ユニットRの重なり部Kの範囲内で所定の形状、寸法のユニットUに切断し、重なり部Kの余分な化粧端材を除去する。接着剤Sを介して前記各ユニットUを木質基材2の表面に貼着する。前記マージンMの箇所に於ける化粧材の切断方法は、最も簡単で且つ正確な方法としては、定規とカッター刃を用いた人手による切断加工である。しかし、加工能率を上げるためには、コンピュータープログラムで制御されたNCルーターや切断加工機などを用いるとよい。   In this way, an overlapping portion K of the coarse units R of the respective decorative materials is provided. In this state, each coarse unit R is temporarily bonded to the surface of the wooden substrate 2. Then, it cut | disconnects to the unit U of a predetermined | prescribed shape and a dimension within the range of the overlapping part K of each adjacent rough unit R, and the excess makeup | decoration edge material of the overlapping part K is removed. Each unit U is attached to the surface of the wooden substrate 2 via the adhesive S. The simplest and most accurate method for cutting the decorative material at the margin M is manual cutting using a ruler and a cutter blade. However, in order to increase the machining efficiency, it is preferable to use an NC router or a cutting machine controlled by a computer program.

化粧材3の貼着方法は、熱圧締接着、又は、常温圧締接着で貼着する。接着条件は化粧材3や接着剤Sの種類によって異なる。それぞれに合った条件を選定する。その後、必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装膜5を表面に設ける。さらに、必要に応じて非採光タイプ化粧板1aの側面木口に接合係止部(図示せず)を加工する。非採光タイプの化粧板1aの製造方法の第三実施形態は、以上の各工程に従って行われる。使用される、木質基材2、化粧材3、接着剤Sなどは上記したとおりである。   The decorative material 3 is attached by hot pressing adhesion or normal temperature pressing adhesion. The bonding conditions vary depending on the type of the decorative material 3 and the adhesive S. Select a condition that suits each. Thereafter, a surface finish coating film 5 is provided on the surface as necessary. Furthermore, a joining latching | locking part (not shown) is processed into the side face end of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a as needed. 3rd embodiment of the manufacturing method of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a is performed according to the above each process. The wooden base material 2, the decorative material 3, the adhesive agent S, etc. used are as described above.

図8において、本発明の採光タイプの化粧板1bについて述べる。木質基材2の表面側に化粧材3を貼着するための接着剤Sが塗布されており、その上に本発明の化粧材3が貼着されている。本発明の採光タイプの化粧板1bを構成する化粧材3は、前記縦木目ユニットU1と横木目ユニットU2及び正方形ユニットU3のうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニットU、及び、少なくとも1個以上の透光板6とで構成されている。前記縦木目ユニットU1、横木目ユニットU2、正方形ユニットU3のうちの少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニットU及び透光板6とが所定位置に配置されており、全体として採光タイプの意匠パターンを現出して本発明の採光タイプの化粧板1bが構成されている。   In FIG. 8, the daylighting type decorative board 1b of the present invention will be described. An adhesive S for adhering the decorative material 3 is applied to the surface side of the wooden substrate 2, and the decorative material 3 of the present invention is applied thereon. The decorative material 3 constituting the daylighting type decorative board 1b of the present invention includes at least one decorative material unit U selected from the vertical wood unit U1, the horizontal wood unit U2, and the square unit U3, and And at least one translucent plate 6. At least one of the vertical grain unit U1, the transverse grain unit U2, and the square unit U3 is arranged at a predetermined position with at least one of the decorative material unit U and the translucent plate 6, and as a whole, a lighting type design pattern And the daylighting type decorative board 1b of the present invention is constructed.

従って、透光板6以外は非採光タイプ化粧板1aと同様である。すなわち、長手方向と木目方向Pとが略平行な縦木目ユニットU1と、長手方向と木目方向Pとが略直角な横木目ユニットU2と、ユニットUの形状そのものが正方形からなる正方形ユニットU3とのうち少なくとも1種以上の化粧材ユニットU、及び、透光板6とで化粧材3が構成されている。   Therefore, except the translucent board 6, it is the same as that of the non-lighting type decorative board 1a. That is, a longitudinal grain unit U1 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction P are substantially parallel, a transverse grain unit U2 in which the longitudinal direction and the grain direction P are substantially perpendicular, and a square unit U3 in which the shape of the unit U itself is a square. Of these, at least one type of decorative material unit U and the translucent plate 6 constitute the decorative material 3.

木質基材2は非採光タイプ化粧板1aと同様のものでよい。また、透光板6を除く各化粧材ユニットUを貼着するための接着剤Sも同様のものでよい。   The wooden substrate 2 may be the same as the non-lighting type decorative board 1a. Moreover, the adhesive agent S for sticking each cosmetic material unit U except the translucent board 6 may be the same.

透光板6としては、例えば、着色透明又は無色透明のアクリル樹脂成型体、着色半透明又は無色半透明のアクリル樹脂成型体、着色透明又は無色透明の硝子体、着色半透明又は無色半透明の硝子体等を好適なものとして例示できる。この他に、着色又は無色の透光性を有するABS樹脂成型体、ポリエステル樹脂成型体、硬質塩ビ樹脂成型体、ポリカーボネート樹脂成型体等を好適なものとして例示できる。   As the translucent plate 6, for example, a colored transparent or colorless transparent acrylic resin molded body, a colored translucent or colorless translucent acrylic resin molded body, a colored transparent or colorless transparent glass body, a colored translucent or colorless translucent A vitreous body etc. can be illustrated as a suitable thing. In addition, a colored or colorless translucent ABS resin molded body, a polyester resin molded body, a hard PVC resin molded body, a polycarbonate resin molded body, and the like can be exemplified as suitable ones.

扉の例で、採光タイプの化粧板1bを用いた採光扉について詳述する。先ず、非採光タイプの化粧板1aを用いて作製された非採光タイプの扉の所定の位置に透光板6を取り付けた構成とする。先ず、非採光タイプの化粧板1aを扉の表面と裏面用として2枚作製する。このときの製造方法は上述したとおりである。一方、扉の芯組材としてフラッシュ構造の芯組材(図示せず)を作製する。この芯組材はフラッシュ構造の芯組材の代わりに密実構造の芯材であっても、勿論、よいものとする。   As an example of a door, a daylighting door using a daylighting type decorative board 1b will be described in detail. First, it is set as the structure which attached the translucent board 6 to the predetermined position of the non-lighting type door produced using the non-lighting type decorative board 1a. First, two non-lighting type decorative plates 1a are prepared for the front and back surfaces of the door. The manufacturing method at this time is as described above. On the other hand, a flash cored material (not shown) is produced as a door cored material. Of course, the core material may be a solid core material instead of the flash core material.

前記フラッシュ構造の芯組材又は密実構造の芯材の表裏両面に非採光タイプの化粧板1aを張り付けて非採光タイプの扉を作製する。次に、透光板6の取り付け予定箇所において、扉に開口部(図示せず)を設ける。該開口部に透光板6を取り付けて採光扉が完成する。   A non-lighting type decorative board 1a is attached to both the front and back surfaces of the flash-structured core structure or the solid structure core material to produce a non-lighting type door. Next, an opening (not shown) is provided in the door at a location where the translucent plate 6 is to be attached. A translucent plate 6 is attached to the opening to complete the daylighting door.

フラッシュ構造の芯組材である場合は、前記開口部周縁には芯材を必ず設けるようにする必要がある。密実構造の芯材の場合はこのような注意は不要である。   In the case of a flash structure core material, it is necessary to always provide a core material at the periphery of the opening. Such attention is not necessary in the case of a solid core material.

扉の開口部に透光板6を取り付ける方法は、接着剤で固着させるか、開口部周縁に透光板取り付け用の額縁を設け、該額縁に透光板6を取り付け係止させる方法等がある。透光板6を取り付けた後の仕上がり性、意匠性、取り付け作業性、製造コスト等を考慮して取り付け方法を決定する。これで採光タイプの化粧板1bが完成する。   The method of attaching the translucent plate 6 to the opening of the door includes a method of fixing the translucent plate 6 with an adhesive, or providing a frame for attaching the translucent plate on the periphery of the opening, and attaching and locking the translucent plate 6 to the frame. is there. The attachment method is determined in consideration of the finish, design, attachment workability, manufacturing cost, and the like after the light-transmitting plate 6 is attached. This completes the daylighting type decorative board 1b.

本発明の非採光タイプの化粧板の一例を示す正面図。The front view which shows an example of the non-lighting type decorative board of this invention. 化粧板製造方法の説明図で第一、第二実施形態のユニット作製工程を示す。The unit manufacture process of 1st, 2nd embodiment is shown with the explanatory drawing of a decorative board manufacturing method. 第一、第二実施形態のユニット組み合わせ工程を示す。The unit combination process of 1st, 2nd embodiment is shown. 第二実施形態の仕組み工程を示す。The mechanism process of 2nd embodiment is shown. 第一、第二実施形態の貼着工程を示す。The sticking process of 1st and 2nd embodiment is shown. 第三実施形態の粗ユニット作製工程を示す。The coarse unit production process of 3rd embodiment is shown. (イ)第三実施形態の重ね貼り工程。(ロ)第三実施形態の重ね貼り説明図。(A) Overlaying step of the third embodiment. (B) Overlaying explanatory diagram of the third embodiment. 本発明の採光タイプの化粧板の一例を示す正面図。The front view which shows an example of the lighting type decorative board of this invention.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 本発明の化粧板
1a 非採光タイプ化粧板
1b 採光タイプ化粧板
2 木質基材
3 化粧材
4 仕組み化粧材
5 仕上げ塗装膜
6 透光板
U 化粧材ユニット
U1 縦木目ユニット
U2 横木目ユニット
U3 正方形ユニット
P 木目方向
S 接着剤
T ユニット固定手段
R 粗ユニット
R1 縦木目粗ユニット
R2 横木目粗ユニット
R3 正方形粗ユニット
M 化粧材ユニットのマージン
K 化粧材の重なり部
L 所定の切断線
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Decorative plate of the present invention 1a Non-lighting type decorative plate 1b Daylighting type decorative plate 2 Wood base material 3 Cosmetic material 4 Mechanism decorative material 5 Finish coating film 6 Translucent plate U Cosmetic material unit U1 Vertical grain unit U2 Horizontal grain unit U3 Square Unit P Grain direction S Adhesive T Unit fixing means R Coarse unit R1 Vertical grain coarse unit R2 Horizontal grain coarse unit R3 Square coarse unit M Margin of cosmetic material unit K Overlapping part of cosmetic material L Predetermined cutting line

Claims (5)

複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴とする化粧板の製造方法。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法に切断し、複数個のユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目ユニットと、正方形ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
6.前記縦木目ユニットと横木目ユニット及び正方形ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上のユニットを接着剤付き木質基材表面上でパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
7.接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着し、
8.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
9.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
A method for manufacturing a decorative board in which a decorative material divided into a plurality of units is arranged at a predetermined position on the surface of a wooden base material and a design pattern as a whole is revealed, characterized in that it is produced by the following procedure. A method for manufacturing a decorative board.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size to produce a plurality of units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are approximately parallel to the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit whose longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially perpendicular, and a square unit.
5. Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
6). One or more units selected from the vertical grain unit, the horizontal grain unit, and the square unit are combined and arranged according to the pattern on the surface of the wood substrate with an adhesive so that the design pattern as a whole is revealed. ,
7). Adhering each unit to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive,
8). Apply surface finish if necessary,
9. If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.
複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴とする化粧板の製造方法。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法に切断し、複数個のユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目ユニットと、正方形ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.前記縦木目ユニットと横木目ユニット及び正方形ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上のユニットを組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
6.ユニット固定手段によって各ユニットの相互配置位置を固定し所定パターンの仕組み化粧材を作製し、
7.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
8.接着剤を介して前記仕組み化粧材を木質基材表面に貼着し、
9.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
10.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
A method for manufacturing a decorative board in which a decorative material divided into a plurality of units is arranged at a predetermined position on the surface of a wooden base material and a design pattern as a whole is revealed, characterized in that it is produced by the following procedure. A method for manufacturing a decorative board.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size to produce a plurality of units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are approximately parallel to the vertical grain unit, the transverse grain unit whose longitudinal direction and the grain direction are substantially perpendicular, and a square unit.
5. Arranging and arranging at least any one or more units selected from the vertical grain unit, the horizontal grain unit, and the square unit, and revealing the design pattern as a whole,
6). By fixing the mutual arrangement position of each unit by unit fixing means, make a mechanism decorative material of a predetermined pattern,
7). Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
8). Adhering the mechanism cosmetic material to the wooden substrate surface via an adhesive,
9. Apply surface finish if necessary,
10. If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.
複数個のユニットに分割された化粧材を木質基材表面の所定位置に配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出してなる化粧板の製造方法であって、下記手順で作製することを特徴とする化粧板の製造方法。
1.木質基材を用意し、
2.木目を有する薄板又はシートからなる化粧材を用意し、
3.前記化粧材を所定の形状、寸法にマージン(余分の裁断代)を加えた形状、寸法に切断し、複数個の粗ユニットを作製し、
4.切断された化粧材の長手方向と木目方向が略平行な縦木目粗ユニットと、長手方向と木目方向が略直角な横木目粗ユニットと、正方形粗ユニットのいずれかに分別し、
5.木質基材表面に接着剤を塗布し、
6.前記複数個の縦木目粗ユニットと横木目粗ユニット及び正方形粗ユニットのうちから選択された少なくともいずれか1種以上の粗ユニットを接着剤付き木質基材表面上で、それぞれのマージンどうしを重ねるようにしてパターンに従って組み合わせ配置し、全体としての意匠パターンを現出せしめ、
7.化粧材の重なり部を設けるようにして仮接着し、
8.隣接する各粗ユニットの重なり部の範囲内で所定の形状、寸法のユニットに切断し、
9.重なり部の余分な化粧端材を除去し、
10.接着剤を介して前記各ユニットを木質基材表面に貼着し、
11.必要に応じて表面仕上げ塗装し、
12.必要に応じて化粧板の側面木口に接合係止部を加工する。
A method for manufacturing a decorative board in which a decorative material divided into a plurality of units is arranged at a predetermined position on the surface of a wooden base material and a design pattern as a whole is revealed, characterized in that it is produced by the following procedure. A method for manufacturing a decorative board.
1. Prepare a wooden substrate,
2. Prepare a decorative material consisting of thin plates or sheets with grain,
3. The decorative material is cut into a predetermined shape and size with a margin (excess cutting allowance) added to the shape and size to produce a plurality of coarse units,
4). The longitudinal direction and the grain direction of the cut decorative material are separated into either a vertical grain coarse unit, a horizontal grain coarse unit whose longitudinal direction and grain direction are substantially perpendicular, or a square coarse unit,
5. Apply adhesive to the surface of the wooden substrate,
6). At least one or more types of coarse units selected from the plurality of vertical grain coarse units, horizontal grain coarse units, and square coarse units are overlapped with each other on the surface of the wood substrate with adhesive. In combination according to the pattern, the design pattern as a whole appears,
7). Temporarily bond with the overlapping part of the decorative material,
8). Cut into units of a predetermined shape and size within the range of the overlap between adjacent coarse units,
9. Remove the excess makeup edges from the overlap,
10. Adhering each unit to the surface of the wooden substrate via an adhesive,
11. Apply surface finish if necessary,
12 If necessary, the joint locking portion is processed at the side end of the decorative board.
前記各ユニットが隣接する箇所の少なくとも一箇所以上の箇所で、隣接する木目どうしが作る角度が略直角であることを特徴とする請求項1〜請求項3のいずれかに記載の化粧板の製造方法。 The decorative board production according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein an angle formed by adjacent wood grains is substantially a right angle at at least one of the locations where each of the units is adjacent. Method. 前記ユニットのうち、少なくともいずれか1種以上の化粧材ユニット、及び、少なくとも1個以上の透光板で化粧材が構成されていることを特徴とする請求項1〜請求項4のいずれかに記載の化粧板の製造方法。 The cosmetic material is comprised by at least any 1 type or more of cosmetic material units among the said units, and at least 1 or more translucent board, The claim 1 characterized by the above-mentioned. The manufacturing method of the decorative board of description.
JP2008072360A 2008-03-19 2008-03-19 Method for manufacturing decorative plate Pending JP2009226645A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104487214A (en) * 2012-09-14 2015-04-01 株式会社安川电机 Hand, robot, and processing system
CN104742210A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-01 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Manufacturing process of solid wood composite door
CN104760108A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-08 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Manufacturing process of raw wood door
JP2015157414A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-09-03 朝雄 島崎 Method for producing woody decorative veneer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104487214A (en) * 2012-09-14 2015-04-01 株式会社安川电机 Hand, robot, and processing system
JP2015157414A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-09-03 朝雄 島崎 Method for producing woody decorative veneer
CN104742210A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-01 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Manufacturing process of solid wood composite door
CN104760108A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-07-08 江苏肯帝亚木业有限公司 Manufacturing process of raw wood door

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