JP2009185933A - Constant velocity joint, and method and apparatus for manufacturing outer ring of constant velocity joint - Google Patents

Constant velocity joint, and method and apparatus for manufacturing outer ring of constant velocity joint Download PDF

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JP2009185933A
JP2009185933A JP2008027443A JP2008027443A JP2009185933A JP 2009185933 A JP2009185933 A JP 2009185933A JP 2008027443 A JP2008027443 A JP 2008027443A JP 2008027443 A JP2008027443 A JP 2008027443A JP 2009185933 A JP2009185933 A JP 2009185933A
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outer ring
track
cup
chamfer
inlet chamfer
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JP5322452B2 (en
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Koji Masuoka
Akira Sera
昌 世良
晃次 増岡
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Ntn Corp
Ntn株式会社
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<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a constant velocity joint reduced in manhour for machining by reducing post-machining after forging, capable of being produced at an enhanced yield, having an outer ring securing rigidity and feasible in terms of material, and a method and an apparatus for manufacturing an outer ring of a constant velocity joint. <P>SOLUTION: The outer ring 1 has a track groove 3, a cup inlet chamfer 11, a track inlet chamfer 12, and a track inlet chamfer 13 on the inner surface of a cup portion 1a. The outer ring 1 is made of carbon steel for machine structural use having a carbon content of 0.37 to 0.61 wt.%. The track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamber 13 are finished by cold forging. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint, a constant velocity joint outer ring, and a manufacturing apparatus therefor, and relates to a technique for reducing the manufacturing cost by processing the outer ring by cold forging using carbon steel for machine structure.

  As constant velocity joints, outer ring with track groove formed on spherical inner surface, inner ring with track groove formed on spherical outer surface, torque transmission ball built between track grooves of inner and outer ring, and holding these torque transmission balls Some of them consist of cages. A cup inlet chamfer is provided at the opening edge of the outer ring so that the opening edge of the outer ring does not interfere with the shaft on which the inner ring is mounted when the inner and outer rings are bent.

  In constant velocity joints for automobiles and the like, carbon steel for mechanical structures having a carbon amount higher than that of bare-hardened steel is used as the material of the outer ring in order to ensure rigidity. The carbon steel for machine structure used for the outer ring of the constant velocity joint is a material that is difficult to cold forge due to its hardness. In other words, in cold forging processed at room temperature or the like, the deformability of the material is greatly reduced and the deformation resistance is very high as compared with hot forging, so that the material that can be forged is limited. The “deformation resistance” is a stress necessary to deform a material. When this deformation resistance is large, the working force increases and the stress acting on the mold increases, so that the mold is likely to be worn, deformed, or broken. The “deformability” is a property that can be deformed without breaking, and is evaluated by the limit of crack generation during forging, that is, the rate of processing or strain.

  The outer ring is a part that requires machine accuracy. For this reason, there is a technical common sense that conventional cold forging is impossible for the outer ring, which is a mechanical element, and there is no idea of cold forging, and the material obtained by hot forging is close to the product. It was manufactured by turning into a shape and grinding after heat treatment. Specifically, the spherical inner surface, the cup inlet chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer are cut, and after the heat treatment, the track grooves and the spherical inner surface are ground. Conventionally, cutting and grinding have been frequently used as a post-process for forging as described above, so that the number of post-process steps is increased and the manufacturing cost is increased.

Against this background, proposals have been made to adopt cold forging and reduce the machining process. However, these proposals are improved under the technical common sense that cold forging is impossible, and only cold-forging is performed on only parts that are easy to work. Stop forging. Proposals have been made to cold forge the majority of the constant velocity joint outer ring (for example, Patent Document 1).
JP 2002-346688 A

  However, in the proposed example in which most of the above-described constant velocity joint outer ring is cold forged, no consideration is made from the material aspect. If cold forging is a soft material from the viewpoint of deformation resistance and deformability, it can be finished to the shape of the final product, and it has been put into practical use, but the constant velocity joint outer ring is as described above. It is necessary to ensure rigidity, and it is necessary to use a hard material, and the entire cold forging is very difficult. If the material is considered and the rigidity cannot be secured, it is difficult to realize the entire cold forging.

  The purpose of this invention is to reduce post-processing after forging, reduce the number of processing steps, improve the yield, and ensure the rigidity of the constant velocity joint outer ring. It is to provide a method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint, a constant velocity joint outer ring, and a manufacturing apparatus thereof.

The constant velocity joint of the present invention includes an outer ring in which track grooves along the axial direction are formed on the inner surface of the cup portion, an inner ring in which track grooves of the same number as the track grooves of the outer ring are formed on a spherical outer surface, and a track of the inner and outer rings. In a constant velocity joint having a torque transmission ball assembled between the grooves, and a cage for holding the torque transmission ball guided by the inner spherical surface of the outer ring and the spherical outer surface of the inner ring,
The outer ring is formed on the inner surface of the cup portion along the track groove, a cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire periphery of the opening edge of the outer ring, and a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface and the track groove. And a track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer,
The outer ring is made of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The cup groove including the track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer is cooled. It is characterized by being finished by inter-forging. The carbon steel for machine structural use whose carbon component is 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less is a range of so-called tempered steel, and corresponds to S40C to S58C defined in Japanese Industrial Standard, JIS G4051. .

According to this configuration, since the inner surface of the cup portion including the track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer of the outer ring is finished by cold forging, cutting work after conventional cold forging and Grinding and the like can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced.
Moreover, since the inner surface of the said cup part is finished by cold forging, it becomes possible to raise the intensity | strength of a product compared with the conventional one. Since the outer ring is forged from a carbon steel for machine structural use having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and a large amount of carbon, the inner surface of the cup portion can have a desired hard surface hardness. As a result, the product life can be extended. Since the upper limit of the carbon component of the structural structural carbon steel is 0.61 wt% or less, cold forging is possible without being too hard to be processed. Further, even if a hard material is not used, since it is formed by cold forging, the hardness of the outer diameter portion of the cup portion of the outer ring is increased by work hardening, resulting in a high-strength outer ring having high rigidity. Since the inner surface of the cup portion can be integrally finished by cold forging, the dimensional accuracy of the track grooves and chamfers on the inner surface can be further increased. Further, the difference in dimensions of these track grooves, chamfers, etc. can be reduced as compared with the conventional one.

  The outer ring has an inner spherical surface inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the cup inlet chamfer and the inner spherical surface, and the inner surface of the cup part including the inner spherical surface inlet chamfer is finished by cold forging. May be. In this case, it is possible to improve the yield and reduce the manufacturing cost by omitting the turning and grinding of the inner diameter spherical inlet chamfer and reducing the number of processing steps.

  The cup inlet chamfer may be conical. In this case, it is possible to prevent the opening edge of the outer ring from interfering with the shaft on which the inner ring is mounted when the inner and outer rings are bent. Since such a conical surface cup inlet chamfer is finished by cold forging, turning of the cup inlet chamfer or the like can be omitted, and the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost can be reliably reduced.

  High frequency heat treatment may be applied to the inner spherical surface and the track groove. Since the carbon steel for machine structure has a larger amount of carbon than the case-hardened steel, this induction heat treatment can be adopted. As a result, the heat treatment time can be shortened and the quenching depth can be increased.

The constant velocity joint outer ring manufacturing method of the present invention has a cup portion and a shaft portion extending in the axial direction from the bottom portion of the cup portion, and the cup portion has a spherical inner surface and a track groove along the axial direction. Is a manufacturing method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring formed in a plurality in the circumferential direction,
An outer ring that forms a cup-shaped outer ring-shaped material having a spread toward the open end by hot forging or warm forging of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The front material forming process, the outer ring front material is subjected to cold forging, the track groove on the inner surface of the cup portion of the outer ring, the cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the outer ring opening edge, and the outer ring A cold chamfering process for simultaneously forming a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface and the track groove, and a track inlet chamfer formed along the boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer; It is characterized by having.

  According to this configuration, in the process of forming the material before the outer ring, in particular, the carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less is subjected to hot forging or warm forging to form a cup-shaped outer ring. Mold the former material. Thereafter, in the cold forging process, the material before the outer ring is subjected to cold forging, and the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer are simultaneously formed. For this reason, a plurality of processing steps such as cutting after conventional cold forging can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the outer ring can be reduced.

The apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring according to the present invention performs hot forging or warm forging on carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less, and spreads toward the opening end. A cup-shaped outer ring material having a cup and a cup part, and a shaft part extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup part. The cup part is a track along the axial direction on a spherical inner surface. A plurality of grooves in the circumferential direction, a cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the opening edge of the cup part, a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner diameter spherical surface of the cup part and the track groove, and A manufacturing apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring having a track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer,
The track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, the track inlet chamfer, the track groove forming part having a shape along the finished shape of the inner spherical surface, the cup inlet chamfer forming part, the track chamfer forming part, the track inlet chamfer forming part, and the inner diameter, respectively. A punch set in which divided punches in which spherical molded portions are integrally formed are arranged in a circle around the punch base via a circumferential gap;
With each molding part of this punch set inserted into the inside of the cup portion of the outer ring front material, a narrowing die for narrowing the outer diameter of the outer ring front material,
In the punch set, the arrangement diameter of the divided punches can be reduced by moving the punch base from the divided punch arrangement to the base end side in the axial direction.

According to this configuration, hot forging or warm forging is performed on a carbon steel for machine structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less, and the cup-shaped outer ring material is used as a raw material. A constant velocity joint outer ring having an axial portion extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup portion is manufactured.
The cup portion is formed with a plurality of track grooves in the circumferential direction along the axial direction on the spherical inner surface. The cup portion also has a cup inlet chamfer, a track chamfer, and a track inlet chamfer.
Inside the cup portion of the outer ring front material, a track groove forming portion, a cup inlet chamfer forming portion, a track chamfer forming portion, a track inlet chamfer forming portion, and an inner diameter spherical shape forming portion integrally formed with the divided punch of the punch set are provided. insert. The plurality of divided punches are arranged in a circle around the punch base via a circumferential clearance.
In this inserted state, the narrowing die is moved relative to the punch set. As a result, the outer diameter of the outer ring front material is reduced inward in the radial direction due to the narrowing action of the narrowing die. At the time of narrowing down, the surface of the track groove is constrained by the track groove forming portion, the track groove is plastically deformed by the track groove forming portion, and the inner spherical surface is plastically deformed by the inner spherical surface molded portion. The bottom of the cup portion is plastically deformed by the umbrella punch of the punch set. Thereby, it is finished in a predetermined shape and size. Other effects and effects similar to those of the first aspect are achieved.

The constant velocity joint of the present invention includes an outer ring in which track grooves along the axial direction are formed on the inner surface of the cup portion, an inner ring in which track grooves of the same number as the track grooves of the outer ring are formed on a spherical outer surface, and a track of the inner and outer rings. In a constant velocity joint having a torque transmission ball assembled between the grooves, and a cage for holding the torque transmission ball guided by the inner spherical surface of the outer ring and the spherical outer surface of the inner ring,
The outer ring is formed on the inner surface of the cup portion along the track groove, a cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire periphery of the opening edge of the outer ring, and a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface and the track groove. And a track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer,
The outer ring is made of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The cup groove including the track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer is cooled. Since it is finished by intermediate forging, it can reduce the post-processing after forging, reduce the number of processing steps, improve the yield, and ensure the rigidity of the constant velocity joint outer ring. Can also be put to practical use.

The constant velocity joint outer ring manufacturing method of the present invention has a cup portion and a shaft portion extending in the axial direction from the bottom portion of the cup portion, and the cup portion has a spherical inner surface and a track groove along the axial direction. Is a manufacturing method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring formed in a plurality in the circumferential direction,
An outer ring that forms a cup-shaped outer ring-shaped material having a spread toward the open end by hot forging or warm forging of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The front material forming process, the outer ring front material is subjected to cold forging, the track groove on the inner surface of the cup portion of the outer ring, the cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the outer ring opening edge, and the outer ring A cold chamfering process for simultaneously forming a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface and the track groove, and a track inlet chamfer formed along the boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer; Therefore, it is possible to reduce post-processing after forging and reduce the number of processing steps, improve yield, and ensure the rigidity of the constant velocity joint outer ring. Practical use is possible from the material surface.

The apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring according to the present invention performs hot forging or warm forging on carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less, and spreads toward the opening end. A cup-shaped outer ring material having a cup and a cup part, and a shaft part extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup part. The cup part is a track along the axial direction on a spherical inner surface. A plurality of grooves in the circumferential direction, a cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the opening edge of the cup part, a track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner diameter spherical surface of the cup part and the track groove, and A manufacturing apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring having a track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer,
Each of the track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, the track inlet chamfer, the track groove forming portion having a shape that follows the finished shape of the inner spherical surface, the cup inlet chamfer forming portion, the track chamfer forming portion, and the track inlet chamfer forming portion. And a punch set in which divided punches integrally formed with the inner spherical surface molded portion are arranged in a circle around the punch base via a circumferential gap,
With each molding part of this punch set inserted into the inside of the cup portion of the outer ring front material, a narrowing die for narrowing the outer diameter of the outer ring front material,
The punch set moves the punch base from the divided punch arrangement to the base end side in the axial direction, thereby enabling the arrangement diameter of the divided punches to be reduced. In addition to the reduction, the yield can be improved and the rigidity of the constant velocity joint outer ring can be secured, so that it can be put into practical use from the viewpoint of material.

  Hereinafter, a plurality of embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the following description, the same reference numerals are given to portions corresponding to the matters described in the preceding forms in each embodiment, and overlapping description may be omitted. When only a part of the configuration is described, the other parts of the configuration are the same as those described in the preceding section. Not only the combination of the parts specifically described in each embodiment, but also the embodiments can be partially combined as long as the combination does not hinder.

An embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
Hereinafter, the overall configuration, the component parts, the outer ring molding die, and the outer ring molding method of the constant velocity joint will be sequentially described.
FIG. 1 shows a constant velocity joint. This constant velocity joint is provided at the fixed side end of the drive shaft of the automobile. In this constant velocity joint, a plurality of track grooves 3 along the axial direction are formed on the spherical inner surface 2 of the outer ring 1, and the same number of track grooves 6 as the track grooves 3 are provided on the spherical outer surface 5 of the inner ring 4. A torque transmission ball 7 incorporated between the track grooves 3 and 6 of 1 and 4 is held by a cage 8 incorporated between the wheels 1 and 4. The number of track grooves 3 and 6 is six in the illustrated example, but may be eight or other numbers. The spherical inner surface 2 of the outer ring 1 is divided into a plurality of spherical inner surface portions 2 a (corresponding to an inner spherical surface) arranged in the circumferential direction by the track groove 3.
The cage 8 has spherical surfaces 9 a and 9 b that are in contact with each other by the spherical inner surface portion 2 a of the outer ring 1 and the spherical outer surface 5 of the inner ring 4. The outer ring 1 has a cup portion 1a and a shaft portion 1b extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup portion 1a. A cup inlet chamfer 11 is formed along the opening edge of the cup portion 1a.

The track groove 3 of the outer ring 1 has a curved shape with a circular cross section along the groove bottom. Center O 1 and the center O 2 of the track grooves 6 of the inner ring 4 of the track groove 3 of the outer ring 1 is offset to the left and right with respect to the joint angle center O 0. Here, the angle center O 0 of the joint coincides with the spherical centers of the spherical inner surface 2 of the outer ring 1 and the spherical outer surface 5 of the inner ring 4.

2A and 2B show an enlarged part of the outer ring 1. The cup inlet chamfer 11 is provided on the entire periphery of the opening edge of the outer ring 1. The cup inlet chamfer 11 is provided from the spherical inner surface 2 of the outer ring 1 to a radial position corresponding to the groove bottom of the track groove 3, and has a conical surface shape inclined by a predetermined angle β (see FIG. 1) with respect to the outer ring axial direction La. Has been. The predetermined angle β is about 50 °, for example. The cup inlet chamfer 11 is represented as shown in FIGS. 2B and 4 when viewed from the front of the outer ring 1, that is, from one side in the outer ring axial direction.
Further, as shown in FIG. 2A, the effective depth H 1 of the track groove 3 of the outer ring 1 is the outer depth of the outer ring by an angle αs with respect to a straight line perpendicular to the axis of the outer ring 1 and including the spherical center of the spherical inner surface 2. The depth is uniform over a range from the position (i) biased to the side to the outer ring opening end.

  The outer ring 1 is made of carbon steel for mechanical structure, and its carbon component is preferably 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less, more preferably 0.50 wt% or more and 0.58 wt% or less. As this carbon steel for machine structure, S40C to S58C, preferably S53C to S55C defined by Japanese Industrial Standards, abbreviated JIS: Japanese Industrial Standards are applied. For example, S53C is a medium carbon steel containing 0.50 wt% or more and 0.56 wt% or less of carbon. As shown in FIGS. 2 (B) and 4, the spherical inner surface portion 2a, the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 of the outer ring 1 are, for example, 0 ° C. or higher and 50 ° C. or lower. Finished by cold forging. However, the temperature range of this cold forging is not necessarily limited to 0 ° C. or more and 50 ° C. or less.

The track chamfer 12 is formed along the boundary between the spherical inner surface portion 2a and the track groove 3, and the cross section is a convex curve such as an arc. The track inlet chamfer 13 is formed along the boundary between the track groove 3 and the cup inlet chamfer 11 and has a cross section of a convex curve such as an arc.
In the present embodiment, since the spherical inner surface portion 2a of the outer ring 1 is finished only by cold forging, the number of grinding processes can be reduced and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced. However, the required accuracy of the spherical inner surface portion 2a may be severe, and in this case, only the spherical inner surface portion 2a is ground.

  Since the track entrance chamfer 13 needs to secure an effective range in which the torque transmission ball 7 operates, the track entrance chamfer 13 is set to have an arcuate cross section of, for example, R2.5 mm or less, preferably about R1.5 mm. By forming the track entrance chamfer 13 at such a set value, the effective range in which the torque transmission ball 7 operates can be easily secured.

  As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, a plurality of slit grooves Sm along the axial direction are formed on the spherical inner surface 2 of the outer ring 1 at regular intervals in the circumferential direction so as to be positioned between the track grooves 3 (in the present embodiment). Case 6) formed. However, the slit groove Sm is not limited to six. For example, 8 may be used. That is, a slit groove Sm that is continuous with the spherical inner surface portion 2 a of the outer ring 1, the cup inlet chamfer 11, and the cup end surface 15 is formed. The width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm is set to 5% to 30% with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a between the track grooves 3 and 3 adjacent in the circumferential direction. The slit groove Sm is provided so that a surplus of the outer ring front material 1M (see FIGS. 14 and 15) does not enter a gap δ1 between divided punches described later.

  As will be described later, as shown in FIG. 15, in the outer ring front material forming process, the width dimension S3 of the outer ring front material slit groove Sma is set to 10% to 40% with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a. . For this reason, the width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm after cold forging can be set to 5% or more and 30% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a, as shown in FIGS. . Thereby, at the time of cold forging, it is possible to prevent excess material of the material 1M before the outer ring from entering the gap δ1 between the divided punches divided in the circumferential direction, that is, the circumferential gap δ1.

  In the constant velocity joint according to the present embodiment, when the number of the torque transmission balls 7 is 6, the maximum width dimension S2 is a width dimension in the vicinity of the middle in the longitudinal direction of the spherical inner surface 2, that is, in the vicinity of the middle in the axial direction. However, depending on the form of the constant velocity joint and the number of balls, the “maximum width dimension” may not be near the middle in the axial direction of the spherical inner surface 2.

In FIG. 1, the outer diameter portion 16 of the cold forged outer ring 1 is not subjected to heat treatment such as quenching in order to increase torsional strength, and the product strength is increased by work hardening by this cold forging.
The said outer diameter part 16 says the whole outer peripheral surface over the base end 16k connected from the front end 16s by the side of cup opening to the bottom part among the surrounding wall parts of the cup part 1a. On the other hand, if the hardness of the outer diameter portion 16 is too high, the turning tool may become short when turning the outer diameter surface edge 16a (see FIG. 16) on the cup opening side of the outer diameter portion 16 and the boot groove 16b. This may cause a lifespan. For this reason, the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface edge 16a and the boot groove 16b vicinity in the outer diameter portion 16 of the outer ring 1 is regulated to 250 HV or more and 350 HV or less.

According to the Vickers hardness test specified in JIS Z 2244, the surface hardness of the outer peripheral surface edge 16a and the outer periphery of the boot groove 16b, for example, at a plurality of locations in the circumferential direction is measured, and whether or not it is within the specified range. You can check that. However, the measurement location may be one location. The outer peripheral surface edge 16a and the vicinity of the boot groove 16b include the outer peripheral surface edge 16a itself and the boot groove 16b itself.
By defining the outer diameter surface edge 16a and the vicinity of the boot groove 16b in the outer diameter portion 16 of the outer ring 1 to the surface hardness within the specified range, the torsional strength of the outer ring 1 can be increased, and It is possible to facilitate turning of the diameter portion 16 and prolong the tool life.

As shown in FIG. 3, a spline SP is formed from the base end portion to the vicinity of the middle in the longitudinal direction in the shaft portion 1b of the outer ring 1, and a male screw 17 is formed at the distal end portion of the shaft portion 1b.
Of the cup portion 1a of the cold forged outer ring 1, the spherical inner surface portion 2a and the track groove 3 are subjected to high-frequency heat treatment. Thereby, the strength of the outer ring contact surface with which the torque transmission ball 7 and the cage 8 come into contact is increased, and the durability of the outer ring 1 is improved.

An outer ring mold as an apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring will be described with reference to FIGS.
6 and 7 show a punch set 18 and a narrowing die 19 as outer ring molding dies. The punch set 18 includes a punch set main body 20, a punch holder 21, a plurality of divided punches 22, a punch base 23, an umbrella punch 24, and a spring 25. In this punch set 18, a punch holder 21 is fixed to the upper surface of the punch set main body 20 with a bolt or the like not shown.

  The punch set main body 20 is formed in a bottomed cylindrical shape that opens upward, and a hole 20aa that accommodates the base end portion of the umbrella punch 24 is formed at the center of the bottom surface of the cylindrical hole 20a. In a state where a projecting portion 23a provided at the lower end of the punch base 23 enters the cylindrical hole 20a and the end portion 23aa of the projecting portion 23a is in contact with the bottom surface, the flange portion 21a of the punch holder 21 is in the punch set main body 20. It is fixed to the peripheral edge of the upper surface.

The punch holder 21 is formed in a tapered cylindrical shape, and the inner diameter hole is formed in a tapered hole 21b that decreases in diameter toward the upper side. The tapered hole 21b is provided with a plurality of divided punches 22, punch bases 23, etc. corresponding to the tapered shape. The punch base 23 has a plurality of divided punches 22 arranged at regular intervals in the circumferential direction. As shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B, the punch base 23 has a punch base main body 23b in which the divided punches 22 are arranged, and the protruding portion 23a connected to the lower end of the punch base main body 23b. A plurality of (six in this example) split mold partitioning pieces 26 are provided to project radially from the tapered outer periphery 23ba of the punch base body 23b. The tapered outer periphery 23ba is formed to have a taper degree corresponding to the taper hole of the punch holder 21.
As shown in FIG. 13 (A), each split-type partition piece 26 has a trapezoidal or triangular taper in cross section, and as shown in FIG. It has a tapered side surface shape whose tip is narrowed to the upper end side. Each split punch 22 is interposed between the split mold partition pieces 25.

  As shown in FIGS. 10 to 12, the divided punch 22 has a substantially fan-shaped cross section, and has an inner spherical surface forming portion 27, a track groove forming portion 28, a track chamfer forming portion 29, and a cup inlet chamfer forming portion 30. , And a track entrance chamfer molding part 31, and these molding parts 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 are integrally formed.

  A track groove forming portion 28 protrudes in the center in the circumferential direction on the substantially fan-shaped outer peripheral side surface of the divided punch 22, and inner spherical surface forming portions 27 are provided on both sides of the track groove forming portion 28. The inner spherical surface forming portion 27 is a portion for forming the spherical inner surface portion 2a of the outer ring 1, and is formed substantially corresponding to the substantially fan-shaped arc. Further, as shown in FIG. 12 in particular, the inner spherical surface molded portion 27 is formed in a curved shape that gradually protrudes outward in the radial direction from the upper and lower ends toward the middle in the height direction. The track groove forming portion 28 is a portion for forming the track groove 3 of the outer ring 1, and the cross sectional shape protruding outward in the radial direction from the inner spherical surface forming portion 27 is formed as an arc-shaped protrusion.

  The track chamfer molding part 29 is a part for molding the track chamfer 12 of the outer ring 1. The track chamfer molding part 29 is formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface molding part 27 and the track groove molding part 28, and has a cross-sectional shape extending from the upper end to the lower end as an arc-shaped protrusion.

  The cup inlet chamfer molding part 30 is a part for molding the cup inlet chamfer 11 of the outer ring 1. The cup inlet chamfer forming part 30 is surrounded by the lower ends of the inner spherical surface forming part 27, the track groove forming part 28, and the track chamfer forming part 31, and the upper end of the annular body 22a of the divided punch 22. The body portion 22a forms an annular portion by arranging the divided punches 22 on the circumference.

  Further, the cup inlet chamfer molding part 30 is formed in a taper shape that is inclined downward as it goes outward in the radial direction, and the tapered cup inlet chamfer molding part 30 forms a predetermined angle β of the cup inlet chamfer 11 of the outer ring 1. (FIG. 1) is realized. The track inlet chamfer molding part 31 is a part for molding the track inlet chamfer 13 of the outer ring 1 and is formed along the boundary between the cup inlet chamfer molding part 30 and the track groove molding part 28.

  Since the inner diameter spherical surface forming portion 27, the track groove forming portion 28, the track chamfer forming portion 29, the cup inlet chamfer forming portion 30, and the track inlet chamfer forming portion 31 are all formed in the integral divided punch 22, for example, a cup inlet chamfer forming portion. Compared to the one formed separately from the split punch, etc., it is possible to increase the dimensional accuracy of each molded part and to reduce the dimensional difference between them. Thereby, while improving the dimensional accuracy of the spherical inner surface part 2a of the outer ring 1, the track groove 3, the track chamfer 12, the cup inlet chamfer 11, and the track inlet chamfer 13, it is possible to reduce the dimensional difference between them.

  Each of the divided punches 22 is inclined so that the ridge line portion 22b on the fan-shaped center side is along the tapered portion of the punch base body 23b. Each divided punch 22 is supported so as to be movable in the vertical direction along the tapered portion of the punch base body 23b. The upward movement of each divided punch 22 is restrained by the umbrella punch 24.

  The umbrella punch 24 is provided across the small diameter hole 23 c of the punch base 23, the spring accommodation hole 23 d for accommodating the spring 25, and the hole portion 32 a of the support member 32. The small diameter hole 23c, the spring accommodating hole 23d, and the hole portion 32a are formed at concentric positions. The small-diameter hole 23c is formed in the upper part of the punch base body 23b, and the spring accommodating hole 23d is formed to have a slightly larger diameter than the small-diameter hole 23c, and is formed across the middle, lower and projecting portions 23a in the longitudinal direction of the punch base body 23b. . The support member 32 is fitted in the hole 20aa of the punch set body 20. The spring 25 is interposed between the upper end portion of the support member 32 and the upper end surface of the spring accommodating hole 23d. The umbrella punch 24 is elastically biased by the spring 25 and receives the upper end surface of each divided punch 22 at the widened portion 24a at the upper end.

  As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the narrowing die 19 has a through-hole portion 19 a having an inner diameter corresponding to the outer diameter surface and the bottom end surface of the outer ring 1. A lower end opening of the through-hole portion 19a is formed on a tapered surface 19aa that opens to the opening end side. A jig 33 that forms a cylindrical straight surface 19ab from the upper end of the through-hole portion 19a to the middle stage and supports the front material 1M through the outer ring is configured to be insertable.

The outer ring forming method using the punch set 18 and the drawing die 19 will be described with reference to FIGS. 6, 7, 14, 15 and the like. After the outer ring material forming process, a cold forging process is performed to manufacture the desired outer ring 1.
As shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, the outer ring front material 1M is formed into a cup shape by plastic working by warm forging, hot forging, or sub-hot forging, and the peripheral wall portion in the vicinity of the opening is formed at the opening end. The same number of track grooves 3M as the divided punches 22 (FIG. 10) are formed on the inner periphery. A shaft portion 1b protrudes from the center of the bottom outer surface of the outer ring front material 1M. A cup inlet chamfer 11M is formed in an approximate shape on the opening end face of the cup portion 1a of the outer ring front material 1M.

  As shown in FIG. 15, an outer ring front material slit groove Sma is formed along the axial direction on the inner spherical surface of the outer ring front material 1M. The width dimension S3 of the outer ring front material slit groove Sma is set to 10% or more and 40% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the inner spherical surface between the track grooves 3M and 3M adjacent in the circumferential direction. For this reason, the width dimension S1 (FIG. 5) of the slit groove Sm after the following cold forging process can be 5% or more and 30% or less. Thereby, at the time of cold forging, it is possible to prevent the surplus of the outer ring front material 1M from entering the gap δ1 between the divided punches 22 and 22 divided in the circumferential direction.

The cold forging process will be described.
As shown in FIG. 6, the outer ring front material 1 </ b> M is provided in the jig 33 and then inserted into the through hole portion 19 a of the narrowing die 19. Thereafter, when the punch set 18 is moved relative to the narrowing die 19, the umbrella punch 24 comes into contact with the bottom of the spherical surface on the inner surface of the outer ring front material cup portion 1a, and the divided punch 22 fits into the track groove on the inner surface. To do.

  In this state, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 9, the punch set 18 is further moved relative to each other, so that the cup portion 1 a of the outer ring front material 1 </ b> M is subjected to a narrowing action by the narrowing die 19 and contracts radially inward. Diameter. At the time of narrowing down, the surface of the track groove is constrained by the track groove forming portion 28 of the divided punch 22, and the track groove 3, the spherical inner surface portion 2a of the cup portion 1a, and the track chamfer 12 are respectively connected to the track groove forming portion 28, It is plastically deformed by the inner spherical surface molding part 27 and the track chamfer molding part 29. At the same time, the cup inlet chamfer 11 and the track inlet chamfer 13 are plastically deformed by the cup inlet chamfer molding portion 30 and the track inlet chamfer molding portion 31 during the narrowing.

When the punch set main body 20 is relatively separated from the narrowing die 19 after forming the outer ring front material 1M, the umbrella punch 24 rises with respect to the punch holder 21 by the restoring force of the spring 25. The divided punch 22 slightly slips in the axial direction along the taper portion of the punch base 23 against the restoring force of the spring 25, and the circular arrangement of the plurality of divided punches 22 is reduced in diameter. As a result, the divided punch 22 is disengaged from the track groove 3 of the cup portion 1 a, and the leading end portions of the divided punch 22 and the umbrella punch 24 are pulled out from the outer ring 1.
Thereby, each of the track groove 3, the spherical inner surface portion 2a, the track chamfer 12, the cup inlet chamfer 11, and the track inlet chamfer 13 of the cup portion 1a of the outer ring 1 is finished to a predetermined shape and size.

According to the constant velocity joint described above, the outer ring 1 has the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 on the inner surface of the cup portion 1a. The entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 is finished by cold forging.
The outer ring 1 is not made of carburized steel or the like but is particularly made of carbon steel for machine structure, and the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the truck inlet chamfer 13 of the outer ring 1 is formed. Since it is finished by cold forging, cutting and grinding after conventional cold forging as shown in the left column of FIG. 16 can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced.

  Moreover, since the whole inner surface of the cup part 1a is finished by cold forging, the strength of the product can be increased as compared with the conventional one. Since the outer ring 1 is forged from a carbon steel for machine structural use having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and a large amount of carbon, the inner and outer surfaces of the cup portion 1a can have a desired hard surface hardness. As a result, the product life can be extended. Since the upper limit of the carbon component of the structural structural carbon steel is 0.61 wt% or less, cold forging is possible without being too hard to be processed. Further, even if a hard material is not used, it is formed by cold forging, so that the hardness of the outer diameter portion of the cup portion 1a of the outer ring 1 is increased by work hardening, and the outer ring 1 having high rigidity and high strength is obtained. Since the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a can be integrally finished by cold forging, the dimensional accuracy of the track grooves 3 and chamfers on the inner surface can be further increased. Further, the difference in dimensions of the track grooves 3, chamfers, etc. can be reduced as compared with the conventional one.

  As shown in FIG. 2B, the outer ring 1 has an inner diameter spherical inlet chamfer 34 formed along the boundary between the cup inlet chamfer 11 and the spherical inner surface portion 2a, and includes the inner diameter spherical inlet chamfer 34. The entire inner surface of the cup portion may be finished by cold forging. In this case, it is possible to improve the yield and reduce the manufacturing cost by omitting the turning and grinding of the inner diameter spherical inlet chamfer 34 and reducing the number of processing steps.

The cup inlet chamfer 11 has a conical surface shape. For this reason, it is possible to prevent the opening edge of the outer ring 1 from interfering with the shaft 35 on which the inner ring 4 is mounted when the inner and outer rings 4 and 1 are bent. Since such a conical cup-shaped chamfer chamfer 11 is finished by cold forging, it is possible to omit turning of the cup chamfer chamfer 11 and improve the yield and reduce the manufacturing cost.
After the cold forging, the spherical inner surface portion 2a and the track groove 3 may be subjected to induction heat treatment. Since the carbon steel for machine structure has more carbon than carburized steel, this induction heat treatment can be adopted. As a result, the heat treatment time can be shortened and the quenching depth can be increased.

  According to the method of manufacturing the constant velocity joint outer ring according to the present embodiment, hot forging or warm forging is performed on the carbon steel for machine structure to form the cup-shaped outer ring front material 1M having a spread toward the open end. It is formed along the entire circumference of the track groove 3 and the opening edge of the outer ring 1 on the inner surface of the cup portion 1a of the outer ring 1 by cold forging the outer ring front material forming process and the outer ring front material 1M. The cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12 formed along the boundary between the spherical inner surface portion 2 a of the outer ring 1 and the track groove 3, and the boundary formed between the track groove 3 and the cup inlet chamfer 11. A cold forging process for simultaneously forming the track entrance chamfer 13 to be formed.

  According to this configuration, in the outer ring front material forming process, the carbon steel for machine structure is subjected to hot forging or warm forging to form the cup-shaped outer ring front material 1M. Thereafter, in the cold forging process, the fore ring front material 1M is cold forged, and the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 are simultaneously formed. For this reason, a plurality of processing steps such as cutting after conventional cold forging can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the outer ring can be reduced.

  In the constant velocity joint outer ring manufacturing apparatus according to the present embodiment, the track groove forming portion 28, the cup inlet chamfer forming portion 30, the track chamfer forming portion 29, the track inlet chamfer forming portion 31, and the inner diameter spherical shape forming portion 27 are integrally formed. The punch set 18 in which the divided punches 22 are arranged in a circle and the cup-shaped outer ring front material 1M which is subjected to hot forging or warm forging on the carbon steel for machine structure and expands toward the opening end are formed. A narrowing die 19 is provided for narrowing the outer diameter of the outer ring front material 1M in a state where the portion is inserted inside the cup portion 1a of the outer ring front material 1M.

  According to this structure, hot forging or warm forging is performed on the carbon steel for machine structure to form the cup-shaped outer ring front material 1M. Inside the cup portion 1a of the outer ring front material 1M, on the inner side of the divided punch 22, a track groove forming portion 28, a cup inlet chamfer forming portion 30, a track chamfer forming portion 29, a track inlet chamfer forming portion 31, an inner diameter spherical shape forming portion 27, And the track groove forming part 28 is inserted. In this inserted state, the narrowing die 19 is moved relative to the punch set 18.

  As a result, the outer diameter of the outer ring front material 1M is reduced inward in the radial direction due to the narrowing action of the narrowing die 19. At the time of narrowing down, the surface of the track groove 3 is constrained by the track groove forming portion 28, the track groove 3 is plastically deformed by the track groove forming portion 28, and the spherical inner surface portion 2 a is plastically deformed by the inner diameter spherical shape forming portion 27. Thereby, it is finished in a predetermined shape and size.

A constant velocity joint according to another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
In the constant velocity joint, as shown in the right column of FIG. 16, the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a excluding the outer diameter surface edge 16a and the boot groove 16b is finished by cold forging. The “outer diameter surface” means the outer diameter surface edge 16a on the cup opening side and the end of the boot in the entire outer peripheral surface extending from the tip 16s on the cup opening side to the base end 16k in the peripheral wall portion of the cup portion 1a. This is the remaining part excluding the boot groove 16b that holds the part. The other configuration is the same as that of the embodiment shown in FIG.

According to the constant velocity joint according to the other embodiment, the outer ring 1 is not made of carburized steel or the like but particularly made of carbon steel for machine structure. The outer ring 1 has a track groove 3, a spherical inner surface portion 2a, a cup inlet chamfer 11, a track chamfer. 12 and the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track inlet chamfer 13 are finished by cold forging. Furthermore, since the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a excluding the boot groove 16b and the like is finished by cold forging, a lot of machining such as cutting and grinding after conventional cold forging can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced.
Further, since the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a excluding the boot groove 16b is finished by cold forging, the hardness of the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a can be increased, and the torsional strength can be increased. This can reduce the manufacturing cost.

A constant velocity joint according to still another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
This constant velocity joint
As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 (B), the spherical inner surface portion 2a of the outer ring 1 is finished by grinding or quenching steel cutting after cold forging,
As shown in the right column of FIG. 16, the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a excluding the outer diameter surface edge 16a and the boot groove 16b is finished by cold forging. The other configuration is the same as that of the embodiment shown in FIG.

  According to this configuration, the outer ring 1 is made of carbon steel for machine structure, and the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 of the outer ring 1 is formed. Finished by cold forging. Furthermore, since the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a excluding the boot groove 16b and the like is finished by cold forging, a lot of machining such as cutting and grinding after conventional cold forging can be omitted. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced.

  Further, since the spherical inner surface portion 2a is finished by grinding or hardened steel cutting, it is possible to meet the strict required accuracy of the spherical inner surface portion 2a. By grinding or cutting hardened steel on the spherical inner surface portion 2a, a highly accurate guide surface of the cage 8 can be realized, and a smooth operation can be obtained. Thus, by grinding only the spherical inner surface portion 2a that requires particularly severe precision, it is possible to achieve both excellent functions and productivity while minimizing machining.

  As shown in the upper right column of FIG. 16, the boot groove 16b is finished by cutting the track groove 3 from the radially inner side. Since the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track grooves 3 and the like can be integrally finished by cold forging, the dimensional accuracy of the track grooves 3 and the like can be further increased. The track groove 3 with improved dimensional accuracy is chucked or supported from the radially inner side, and as shown in the lower right column of FIG. Since the surface edge 16a is cut, the dimensional accuracy of the boot groove 16b can be increased.

A method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring according to still another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
This manufacturing method includes a process for forming a front outer ring material 1M that forms a cup-shaped front outer ring material 1M having a spread toward an opening end by subjecting carbon steel for machine structure to hot forging or warm forging. The material 1M is subjected to cold forging, and has a cold forging process in which the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a of the outer ring 1 is regulated to 250 HV or more and 350 HV or less.

  According to this configuration, in the outer ring front material forming process, the carbon steel for machine structure is subjected to hot forging or warm forging to form the cup-shaped outer ring front material 1M. Thereafter, in the cold forging process, the outer ring front material 1M is cold forged, and the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a is regulated to 250 HV or more and 350 HV or less. Since the outer ring 1 is forged from a carbon steel for machine structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and a large amount of carbon, the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a can be increased. Thereby, the torsional strength of the product can be increased.

  Since the upper limit of the carbon component of the carbon steel for mechanical structure used as a raw material is 0.61 wt% or less and the upper limit value of the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface is 350 HV, it is not too hard to be machined, It becomes easy to post-process part of the radial surface. As a result, the life of the cutting tool can be extended, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced accordingly. Since the upper limit value of the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface is set to 350 HV, it becomes easy to post-process a part of the outer diameter surface, that is, the outer diameter surface edge 16a and the boot groove 16b shown in the right column of FIG. As a result, the life of the cutting tool can be extended, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced accordingly.

When a part of the outer diameter surface of the cup part 1a is cut and the part after the machining is chucked to process the shaft part 1b or the like, the deflection accuracy is kept high, and the machining accuracy is increased. It becomes possible to improve accuracy.
In particular, the material 1M before the outer ring is carbon steel for machine structure, not carburized steel or the like, and the outer diameter surface in the cup portion 1a is finished by cold forging. Reduction can be achieved and strength can be improved by work hardening. By reducing the processing man-hours, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint outer ring can be reduced.

In the configuration that defines the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface, the outer diameter surface of the cup portion 1a is provided with a non-heat-treated portion that is not subjected to heat treatment, and the cold-forged spherical inner surface portion 2a and the track groove 3 include A heat treatment portion for performing high frequency heat treatment may be provided.
Since the carbon steel for machine structure has more carbon than carburized steel, this induction heat treatment can be adopted. Thereby, while shortening time of heat processing, the hardening depth with respect to the spherical inner surface part 2a and the track groove 3 can be made deep.

  In the configuration that defines the surface hardness of the outer diameter surface, the spherical inner surface portion 2a subjected to high-frequency heat treatment may be finished by grinding. Since the track groove 3, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13 on the inner surface of the cup portion 1a are not ground, the number of processing steps can be reduced. Since the spherical inner surface portion 2a is ground, the strict required accuracy of the spherical inner surface portion 2a can be met.

A constant velocity joint according to still another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
As shown in FIG. 5, in this constant velocity joint, the width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm is 5% or more and 30% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a.
The outer ring 1 of the constant velocity joint is made of carbon steel for machine structure, and includes the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the track groove 3, the spherical inner surface portion 2a, the cup inlet chamfer 11, the track chamfer 12, and the track inlet chamfer 13. Is finished by cold forging, forming a slit groove Sm along the axial direction in the spherical inner surface portion 2a, and with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a between the track grooves 3, 3 adjacent in the circumferential direction, The width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm is set to 5% to 30%.

  According to this configuration, the outer ring 1 is not made of carburized steel or the like, but particularly made of carbon steel for machine structure. The outer ring 1 has a track groove 3, a spherical inner surface portion 2a, a cup inlet chamfer 11, a track chamfer 12, and a truck inlet chamfer 13. Since the entire inner surface of the cup portion 1a including the surface is finished by cold forging, it is possible to omit cutting and grinding after the conventional cold forging. Therefore, the yield can be improved and the manufacturing cost of the constant velocity joint can be reduced.

  Further, since the width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm is 5% or more and 30% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a, so-called divided punches 22 and 22 divided in the circumferential direction during the cold forging. The extra space of the outer ring front material 1M does not enter the gap δ1 between them, and a desired shape accuracy can be obtained for the spherical inner surface portion 2a. In particular, since the lower limit value is set to 5% or more, after the forging process using these divided punches 22, the arrangement of the circular diameters of the plurality of divided punches 22 can be reduced, and these divided punches 22 can be smoothly pulled out from the outer ring 1. it can. Since the upper limit is set to the maximum width dimension of 30% or less, the necessary area of the inner spherical surface of the constant velocity joint outer ring can be secured, and the problem of insufficient strength can be solved. Further, since the protruding portion generated in the gap δ1 between the divided punches 22 and 22 can be prevented in advance, post-processing for removing the protruding portion is unnecessary, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced correspondingly.

  In the configuration defining the width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm, the spherical inner surface portion 2a may be finished by grinding or quenching steel cutting. In this case, it is possible to meet the strict required accuracy of the spherical inner surface portion 2a. After the cold forging, before the grinding of the spherical inner surface portion 2a or the quenching steel cutting, the spherical inner surface portion 2a and the track groove 3 may be subjected to a heat treatment process in which induction heat treatment is performed.

A front material of a constant velocity joint outer ring according to still another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
As shown in FIG. 15, in the outer ring front material 1M, the outer ring front material slit groove Sma has a width dimension S3 of 10% or more and 40% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a. It is said. For this reason, the width dimension S1 of the slit groove Sm after cold forging can be set to 5% or more and 30% or less with respect to the maximum width dimension S2 of the spherical inner surface portion 2a, as shown in FIGS. . Thereby, at the time of cold forging, it is possible to prevent excess material of the material 1M before the outer ring from entering the gap δ1 between the divided punches divided in the circumferential direction, that is, the circumferential gap δ1.

It is sectional drawing of the constant velocity joint which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. (A) is sectional drawing of the principal part of the outer ring | wheel of an equivalent speed joint, (B) is a side view which expands and shows the principal part of this outer ring | wheel. It is sectional drawing which fractures | ruptures and represents the cold forging shape of the outer ring | wheel partially. FIG. 4 is a side view of FIG. 3. It is a perspective view showing the maximum dimension etc. of the inner diameter spherical surface width in the outer ring. It is a vertical side view showing the relationship between the outer ring mold and the outer ring material. It is a vertical side view showing the state at the time of molding of the outer ring mold. It is the top view which looked at the punch set of the outer ring molding die from one axial direction. It is sectional drawing showing the state at the time of the process of the punch set. It is a perspective view of the principal part of each division | segmentation punch of the punch set. It is a top view of the division | segmentation punch. It is a side view of the division | segmentation punch. (A) is a plan view of the punch base of the outer ring mold, and (B) is a cross-sectional view of the punch base. It is sectional drawing which fractures | ruptures and represents the outer ring front material of the same outer ring. FIG. 15 is a side view of FIG. 14. It is a figure explaining the difference of the processing process of a prior art example and an example of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Outer ring 1a ... Cup part 1b ... Shaft part 1M ... Outer ring front material 2a ... Inner diameter spherical surface 3, 6 ... Track groove 4 ... Inner ring 7 ... Torque transmission ball 8 ... Cage 11 ... Cup inlet chamfer 12 ... Track chamfer 13 ... Track inlet Chamfer 14 ... Center hole 18 ... Punch set 19 ... Drawing die 27 ... Inner diameter spherical molding part 28 ... Track groove molding part 29 ... Track chamfer molding part 30 ... Cup inlet chamfer molding part 31 ... Track inlet chamfer molding part 34 ... Inner diameter spherical inlet Chanfa

Claims (6)

  1. Torque transmission built in between the outer ring with the track groove formed along the axial direction on the inner surface of the cup part, the inner ring with the same number of track grooves as the track groove of the outer ring on the spherical outer surface, and the track groove of the inner and outer rings In a constant velocity joint having a ball and a cage for holding the torque transmitting ball guided by the inner spherical surface of the outer ring and the spherical outer surface of the inner ring,
    The outer ring is on the inner surface of the cup part,
    The track groove,
    Cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the opening edge of the outer ring,
    A track chamfer formed along a boundary between the inner spherical surface and the track groove; and
    A track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer;
    The outer ring is made of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The cup groove including the track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, and the track inlet chamfer is cooled. A constant velocity joint that is finished by hot forging.
  2.   2. The outer ring according to claim 1, wherein the outer ring has an inner spherical surface inlet chamfer formed along a boundary portion between the cup inlet chamfer and the inner spherical surface, and the cup portion including the inner spherical surface inlet chamfer is finished by cold forging. Constant velocity joint.
  3.   3. The constant velocity joint according to claim 1, wherein the cup inlet chamfer is a conical surface.
  4.   4. The constant velocity joint according to claim 1, wherein the inner spherical surface and the track groove are subjected to induction heat treatment. 5.
  5. A constant velocity joint outer ring having a cup portion and a shaft portion extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup portion, wherein the cup portion has a spherical inner surface and a plurality of track grooves along the axial direction are formed in the circumferential direction. A manufacturing method for manufacturing
    An outer ring that forms a cup-shaped outer ring-shaped material having a spread toward the open end by hot forging or warm forging of carbon steel for mechanical structure having a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less. The former material molding process,
    Cold forging the material before the outer ring, on the inner surface of the cup portion of the outer ring,
    The track groove,
    Cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the opening edge of the outer ring,
    A track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface of the outer ring and the track groove; and
    A track inlet chamfer formed along a boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer;
    Cold forging process to form simultaneously,
    A method for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring.
  6. Machined carbon steel with a carbon component of 0.37 wt% or more and 0.61 wt% or less is subjected to hot forging or warm forging to make the material before the outer ring that has a cup shape spreading toward the open end. A cup portion and a shaft portion extending in the axial direction from the bottom of the cup portion, wherein the cup portion has a spherical inner surface, and a plurality of track grooves along the axial direction are formed in the circumferential direction. Cup inlet chamfer formed along the entire circumference of the opening edge of the track, track chamfer formed along the boundary between the inner spherical surface of the cup portion and the track groove, and the boundary between the track groove and the cup inlet chamfer A manufacturing apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring having a track inlet chamfer formed along
    The track groove, the cup inlet chamfer, the track chamfer, the track inlet chamfer, the track groove forming part having a shape along the finished shape of the inner spherical surface, the cup inlet chamfer forming part, the track chamfer forming part, the track inlet chamfer forming part, and the inner diameter, respectively. A punch set in which divided punches in which spherical molded portions are integrally formed are arranged in a circle around the punch base via a circumferential gap;
    In the state where each molding part of this punch set is inserted inside the cup portion of the outer ring front material, a narrowing die for narrowing the outer diameter of the outer ring front material,
    Have
    The punch set is an apparatus for manufacturing a constant velocity joint outer ring in which the arrangement diameter of the divided punches can be reduced by moving the punch base from the divided punch arrangement to the proximal side in the axial direction.
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WO2011125491A1 (en) 2010-04-02 2011-10-13 Ntn株式会社 Constant velocity universal joint
JP2011220352A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-11-04 Ntn Corp Constant velocity universal joint
JP2011237018A (en) * 2010-05-13 2011-11-24 Ntn Corp Fixed constant velocity universal joint
JP2012072865A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-12 Ntn Corp Fixed constant velocity universal joint
JP2014233782A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-12-15 Ntn株式会社 Manufacturing method for machine element and chuck device
WO2015076051A1 (en) 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Ntn株式会社 Stationary constant velocity universal joint

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JPH08121492A (en) * 1994-10-26 1996-05-14 Ntn Corp Outer ring for constant speed ball joint
JPH10148216A (en) * 1996-11-18 1998-06-02 Ntn Corp Isokinetic universal joint
JPH11101256A (en) * 1997-09-29 1999-04-13 Ntn Corp Constant velocity joint
JPH11236925A (en) * 1997-12-19 1999-08-31 Honda Motor Co Ltd Constant velocity joint and manufacture thereof
JP2001280360A (en) * 2000-03-29 2001-10-10 Ntn Corp Outer joint member of constant velocity universal joint
JP2002346688A (en) * 2001-05-18 2002-12-03 Ntn Corp Method for manufacturing outer ring of constant speed adjustable joint

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JP2011190903A (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-29 Ntn Corp Outer joint member of constant velocity universal joint, constant velocity universal joint, and joint assembly
WO2011125491A1 (en) 2010-04-02 2011-10-13 Ntn株式会社 Constant velocity universal joint
JP2011220352A (en) * 2010-04-02 2011-11-04 Ntn Corp Constant velocity universal joint
US8684850B2 (en) 2010-04-02 2014-04-01 Ntn Corporation Constant velocity universal joint
JP2011237018A (en) * 2010-05-13 2011-11-24 Ntn Corp Fixed constant velocity universal joint
JP2012072865A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-12 Ntn Corp Fixed constant velocity universal joint
JP2014233782A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-12-15 Ntn株式会社 Manufacturing method for machine element and chuck device
WO2015076051A1 (en) 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Ntn株式会社 Stationary constant velocity universal joint

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