JP2008083731A - Semiconductor device - Google Patents

Semiconductor device Download PDF

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JP2008083731A
JP2008083731A JP2007315909A JP2007315909A JP2008083731A JP 2008083731 A JP2008083731 A JP 2008083731A JP 2007315909 A JP2007315909 A JP 2007315909A JP 2007315909 A JP2007315909 A JP 2007315909A JP 2008083731 A JP2008083731 A JP 2008083731A
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wiring
insulating film
island
gate
semiconductor layer
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JP2007315909A
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Japanese (ja)
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Jun Koyama
Shunpei Yamazaki
潤 小山
舜平 山崎
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Semiconductor Energy Lab Co Ltd
株式会社半導体エネルギー研究所
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Application filed by Semiconductor Energy Lab Co Ltd, 株式会社半導体エネルギー研究所 filed Critical Semiconductor Energy Lab Co Ltd
Priority to JP2007315909A priority patent/JP2008083731A/en
Publication of JP2008083731A publication Critical patent/JP2008083731A/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a semiconductor device which has excellent characteristics and high reliability. <P>SOLUTION: The semiconductor device has an island shape source wiring provided in level with a gate wiring and a connection electrode electrically connected to the island shape source wiring and a semiconductor layer, where the island source wiring is disposed for each pixel and one island shape source wiring and an island shape source wiring of an adjacent pixel are electrically connected by the connection electrode. The connection electrode is formed using a metallic film, a capacitor wiring has a portion disposed in parallel to a gate wiring, and the capacitor wiring and a pixel electrode overlap with each other at the portion where they are disposed in parallel. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a semiconductor device having a circuit formed of a thin film transistor (hereinafter referred to as TFT) and a manufacturing method thereof. For example, the present invention relates to an electro-optical device typified by a liquid crystal display panel and an electronic apparatus in which such an electro-optical device is mounted as a component.

  Note that in this specification, a semiconductor device refers to all devices that can function by utilizing semiconductor characteristics, and an electro-optical device, a semiconductor circuit, and an electronic device are all semiconductor devices.

  In recent years, a technique for forming a thin film transistor (TFT) using a semiconductor thin film (having a thickness of about several to several hundred nm) formed on a substrate having an insulating surface has attracted attention. Thin film transistors are widely applied to electronic devices such as ICs and electro-optical devices. In particular, development of thin film transistors as switching elements for liquid crystal display devices is urgently required.

  In a liquid crystal display device, in order to obtain a high-quality image, an active matrix type liquid crystal display device in which pixel electrodes are arranged in a matrix and a TFT is used as a switching element connected to each pixel electrode has attracted attention.

  Active matrix liquid crystal display devices are roughly classified into two types, a transmission type and a reflection type.

  In particular, the reflective liquid crystal display device has the advantage that it consumes less power because it does not use a backlight as compared with the transmissive liquid crystal display device, and is a direct-view display for mobile computers and video cameras. Demand for displays is increasing.

  The reflective liquid crystal display device uses the optical modulation action of liquid crystal to select the state in which incident light is reflected by the pixel electrode and output to the outside of the device, and the state in which incident light is not output to the outside of the device. Then, bright and dark display is performed, and an image is displayed by combining them. In general, a pixel electrode in a reflective liquid crystal display device is made of a metal material having a high light reflectance such as aluminum, and is electrically connected to a switching element such as a thin film transistor.

  In a pixel structure in a conventional reflective liquid crystal display device, three gate wirings (scanning lines), source wirings (signal lines), and capacitor wirings are patterned and formed in a linear shape. Further, the source wiring is arranged in the row direction and the gate wiring is arranged in the column direction. In order to insulate the wirings from each other, an interlayer insulating film is provided between the gate wiring and the source wiring. Further, it is a conventional feature that the source wiring and the gate wiring partially intersect, and the TFT is arranged in the vicinity of the intersection.

  Conventionally, the pixel electrode is further provided with an interlayer insulating film that covers the source wiring, and is formed on the interlayer insulating film. In this structure, when the number of layers is increased, the number of processes is increased, leading to an increase in cost.

  Further, as another conventional structure, it is known that the pixel electrode is formed at the same time as the source wiring and between the source wirings. In the case of this structure, it is necessary to block light between the source wiring and the pixel electrode with a black matrix.

  Conventionally, light shielding of TFTs and light shielding between pixels has been performed by a black matrix obtained by patterning a metal film formed of chromium or the like into a desired shape. However, in order to sufficiently shield the light with the black matrix, it is necessary to provide an interlayer insulating film between the black matrix and the pixel electrode for insulation. When the number of interlayer insulating films increases in this way, the number of processes increases, leading to an increase in cost. Moreover, it has been disadvantageous in securing interlayer insulation. Furthermore, conventionally, the number of processes and masks for forming the black matrix itself has increased.

  In addition, from the viewpoint of display performance, the pixel is required to have a large storage capacity and to have a high aperture ratio. Since each pixel has a high aperture ratio, light utilization efficiency is improved, and power saving and downsizing of the display device can be achieved.

  In recent years, pixel size has been miniaturized, and higher definition images have been demanded. Miniaturization of the pixel size increases the formation area of TFTs and wirings that occupy one pixel and reduces the pixel aperture ratio.

  Therefore, in order to obtain a high aperture ratio of each pixel within a specified pixel size, it is essential to efficiently lay out circuit elements necessary for the circuit configuration of the pixel.

  As described above, in order to realize a reflective liquid crystal display device having a high pixel aperture ratio with a small number of masks, a completely new pixel configuration which has not been conventionally required is required.

  An object of the present invention is to meet such a demand and to provide a reflective liquid crystal display device having a pixel structure that realizes a high aperture ratio without increasing the number of masks and the number of processes.

  In order to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the following measures were taken.

  The present invention is characterized by a pixel structure that shields light between TFTs and pixels without using a black matrix. In order to shield between pixels, the gate wiring and the source wiring are formed on the same insulating film (first insulating film), and the pixel electrode is overlapped with the gate wiring or the source wiring with the insulating film (second insulating film) interposed therebetween. Arrange. In addition, in order to shield the TFT, a color filter (a red color filter or a laminated film of a red color filter and a blue color filter) is disposed on the counter substrate as a light shielding film so as to overlap the TFT of the element substrate.

As shown in FIG. 1 as an example, the structure of the invention disclosed in this specification includes a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, and the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer. A first insulating film; a gate wiring overlying the first semiconductor layer on the first insulating film; a capacitor wiring over the first insulating film located above the second semiconductor layer; An island-shaped source wiring on the first insulating film; a second insulating film covering the gate wiring, the capacitor wiring, and the island-shaped source wiring; and the island-shaped source on the second insulating film. A connection electrode connected to the wiring and the first semiconductor layer; and a pixel electrode connected to the first semiconductor layer on the second insulating film, wherein the pixel electrode includes the second insulating film A semiconductor device, wherein the semiconductor device overlaps with the island-shaped source wiring with a gap in between The

  In the above structure, a plurality of the island-shaped source wirings are arranged for each pixel, and the island-shaped source wirings are connected by the connection electrodes to form source wirings. The pixel electrode may overlap the gate wiring with the second insulating film interposed therebetween.

  Another aspect of the invention is a semiconductor device in which liquid crystal is held between a first substrate, a second substrate, and a substrate in which the first substrate and the second substrate are bonded to each other. A pixel portion having a thin film transistor and a driver circuit are provided on the first substrate, and the pixel portion includes a semiconductor layer, a first insulating film that covers the semiconductor layer, and a first insulating film on the first insulating film. A wiring, a second insulating film covering the wiring, and an electrode on the second insulating film; and on the second substrate, red, blue, and green corresponding to each pixel of the pixel portion The laminated film of the red color filter and the blue color filter on the second substrate is a light shielding film that overlaps with the thin film transistor on the first substrate. It is a semiconductor device.

In the above structure, the wiring is a gate wiring, an island-shaped source wiring, and a capacitor wiring. In addition, a storage capacitor using the first insulating film as a dielectric is formed in a region where the capacitor wiring and the semiconductor layer overlap with the first insulating film interposed therebetween.
The electrodes are a pixel electrode connected to the semiconductor layer and a connection electrode connected to the island-shaped source wiring.

  In the above structure, the distance between the first substrate and the second substrate is held by a spacer made of a laminated film of the red color filter, the blue color filter, and the green color filter. It is characterized by.

  Another example of the structure of the invention is that, as shown in FIG. 10, the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer are formed on the insulating surface, and the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer are formed on the insulating surface. A first insulating film; a first electrode that overlaps the first semiconductor layer on the first insulating film; a second electrode that overlaps the second semiconductor layer on the first insulating film; A source wiring on one insulating film; a second insulating film covering the first electrode and the source wiring; a gate wiring connected to the first electrode on the second insulating film; A connection electrode connected to the first semiconductor layer; and a pixel electrode connected to the first semiconductor layer on the second insulating film, the pixel electrode sandwiching the second insulating film A semiconductor device is characterized in that the semiconductor device overlaps with the source wiring.

  In the above structure, the first electrode overlapping with the first semiconductor layer is a gate electrode. Further, a storage capacitor is formed by using the first insulating film as a dielectric, the second semiconductor layer connected to the pixel electrode, and the second electrode connected to a gate wiring of an adjacent pixel. Yes.

  Moreover, although the said structure showed the example using the storage capacitor which used the said 1st insulating film as the dielectric material, this invention is not limited to the structure of a storage capacitor.

  According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, a first insulating film covering the semiconductor layer, a source wiring on the first insulating film, and a first insulating film on the first insulating film. A gate electrode overlapping the semiconductor layer, a second insulating film covering the gate electrode and the source wiring, a gate wiring connected to the gate electrode on the second insulating film, and the second insulating film The semiconductor device further includes a pixel electrode connected to the semiconductor layer.

In each of the above structures, the gate wiring is mainly composed of an element selected from poly-Si, W, WSi x , Al, Cu, Ta, Cr, or Mo doped with an impurity element imparting one conductivity type. It is characterized by comprising a component film, an alloy film, or a laminated film thereof.

  In each of the above configurations, in order to reduce parasitic capacitance, the second insulating film includes a first insulating layer mainly composed of silicon and a second insulating layer made of an organic resin material. Yes.

    According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a semiconductor including a TFT including a semiconductor layer formed on an insulating surface, an insulating film formed on the semiconductor layer, and a gate electrode formed on the insulating film. In the device, the gate electrode has a first conductive layer having a tapered end as a lower layer, a second conductive layer having a narrower width than the first conductive layer as an upper layer, and the semiconductor layer includes the semiconductor layer A channel formation region overlapping with the second conductive layer with an insulating film interposed therebetween, a third impurity region formed in contact with the channel formation region, and a first impurity region formed in contact with the third impurity region A semiconductor device comprising: two impurity regions; and a first impurity region formed in contact with the second impurity region.

Further, an angle formed by a side slope of the first conductive layer with a horizontal plane (also referred to as a taper angle).
Is smaller than the angle formed by the side slope of the second conductive layer and the horizontal plane. Further, in this specification, for convenience, a side slope having a taper angle is referred to as a taper shape, and a portion having the taper shape is referred to as a taper portion. The tapered portion also has an effect of blocking light from entering the channel formation region.

  In the above structure, the third impurity region overlaps the first conductive layer with the insulating film interposed therebetween. The third impurity region is formed by doping by adding an impurity element to the semiconductor layer through the first conductive layer having a tapered portion at the end and the insulating film. In doping, the deeper the material layer located on the semiconductor layer, the smaller the ion implantation depth. Accordingly, the concentration of the impurity element added to the semiconductor layer also changes due to the influence of the thickness of the conductive layer having a tapered shape. As the thickness of the first conductive layer increases, the impurity concentration in the semiconductor layer decreases, and as the thickness decreases, the concentration increases.

  In the above structure, the first impurity region is a source region or a drain region.

  In the above structure, a region of the insulating film that overlaps with the second impurity region includes a tapered portion. The second impurity region is formed by doping by adding an impurity element to the semiconductor layer through the insulating film. Therefore, the distribution of the impurity concentration in the second impurity region changes due to the influence of the tapered portion of the insulating film. As the thickness of the insulating film increases, the impurity concentration in the second impurity region decreases, and as the thickness decreases, the concentration increases. Note that the second impurity region is formed by the same doping as the third impurity region, but does not overlap with the first conductive layer. Therefore, the impurity concentration of the second impurity region is the same as that of the third impurity region. Higher than impurity concentration. In addition, the width of the second impurity region in the channel length direction is the same as the width of the third impurity region or wider than the width of the third impurity region.

  In the above structure, the TFT is an n-channel TFT or a p-channel TFT. In the present invention, a pixel TFT is formed using an n-channel TFT. In addition, a drive circuit including a CMOS circuit using these n-channel TFT and p-channel TFT is formed.

  In the above structure, the semiconductor device is a reflective liquid crystal display device.

  Further, the structure of the invention in the manufacturing process for realizing the above structure includes a first step of forming a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer made of a crystalline semiconductor film over an insulating surface, and the first semiconductor layer. And a second step of forming a first insulating film on the second semiconductor layer, a gate wiring overlying the first semiconductor layer on the first insulating film, and a position above the second semiconductor layer A third step of forming a capacitor wiring on the first insulating film and an island-shaped source wiring on the first insulating film; and covering the gate wiring, the capacitor wiring, and the island-shaped source wiring. A fourth step of forming a second insulating film; a connection electrode connecting the island-shaped source wiring and the first semiconductor layer on the second insulating film; and a pixel electrode overlapping the island-shaped source wiring And a fifth step of forming the semiconductor device. This is a manufacturing method of the device.

  In addition, another structure of the invention in a manufacturing process for realizing the above structure is a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device in which a liquid crystal is sandwiched between a pair of substrates, the first substrate including a crystalline semiconductor film on a first substrate. A first step of forming a semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer; a second step of forming a first insulating film on the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer; and on the first insulating film. A gate wiring overlapping with the first semiconductor layer, a capacitor wiring on the first insulating film located above the second semiconductor layer, and an island-shaped source wiring on the first insulating film are formed. A third step, a fourth step of forming a second insulating film covering the gate wiring, the capacitor wiring, and the island-shaped source wiring; and the island-shaped source wiring and the first on the second insulating film A connection electrode for connecting the semiconductor layer, and the island-like source wiring Forming a pixel electrode on the second substrate, and forming red, blue, and green color filters corresponding to each pixel electrode on the second substrate, and at least overlapping with the first semiconductor layer, A sixth step of forming a light-shielding film made of a laminated film of a red color filter and the blue color filter; and a seventh step of bonding the first substrate and the second substrate. This is a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device.

  According to another invention of the manufacturing process for realizing the above structure, a first process of forming a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer made of a crystalline semiconductor film on an insulating surface; A second step of forming a first insulating film on the semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer; a first electrode overlapping the first semiconductor layer on the first insulating film; and the second semiconductor layer A third step of forming a second electrode overlapping with the source line, a fourth step of forming a second insulating film covering the first electrode, the second electrode, and the source line, A fifth step of forming a gate wiring connected to the first electrode, a connection electrode connecting the first semiconductor layer and the source wiring, and a pixel electrode overlapping the source wiring on the second insulating film. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device.

  In the above structure, the second semiconductor layer connected to the pixel electrode is overlapped with the second electrode connected to the gate wiring of an adjacent pixel and the first insulating film interposed therebetween. It is a feature.

  In addition, another structure of the invention in a manufacturing process for realizing the above structure is a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device in which a liquid crystal is sandwiched between a pair of substrates, the first substrate including a crystalline semiconductor film on a first substrate. A first step of forming a semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer; a second step of forming a first insulating film on the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer; and on the first insulating film. A third step of forming a first electrode that overlaps the first semiconductor layer, a second electrode that overlaps the second semiconductor layer, and a source wiring; the first electrode; the second electrode; And a fourth step of forming a second insulating film covering the source wiring, a gate wiring connected to the first electrode on the second insulating film, the first semiconductor layer, and the source wiring. A connection electrode to be connected and a pixel electrode overlapping with the source wiring are formed. And forming a red, blue, and green color filter corresponding to each pixel electrode on the second substrate, and at least simultaneously overlapping the first semiconductor layer with the red color filter and the blue color. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising: a sixth step of forming a light-shielding film formed of a laminated film with a filter; and a seventh step of bonding the first substrate and the second substrate. .

  In addition, the structure of another invention in the manufacturing process for realizing the above structure includes a step of forming a semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, a step of forming an insulating film on the semiconductor layer, and a first step on the insulating film. A step of forming a conductive layer and a second conductive layer; and a step of forming a first impurity region by adding an impurity element imparting one conductivity type using the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer as a mask. Etching the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer to form a first conductive layer having a tapered portion and a second conductive layer; passing through the insulating film and passing through the insulating film; Impurity imparting one conductivity type to the semiconductor layer by adding an impurity element imparting one conductivity type to the semiconductor layer to form a second impurity region and simultaneously passing through the tapered portion of the first conductive layer Element is added and is not directed toward the edge of the semiconductor layer. Forming a third impurity region things concentration increases, a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device having a.

  In addition, the structure of another invention in the manufacturing process for realizing the above structure includes a step of forming a semiconductor layer on an insulating surface, a step of forming an insulating film on the semiconductor layer, and a first step on the insulating film. A step of forming a conductive layer and a second conductive layer; and a step of forming a first impurity region by adding an impurity element imparting one conductivity type using the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer as a mask. And etching the first conductive layer, the second conductive layer, and the insulating film to form a first conductive layer having a tapered portion, a second conductive layer, and the insulating portion having a tapered portion. Forming a film; and adding an impurity element imparting one conductivity type to the semiconductor layer through an insulating film having a part of the tapered portion to form a second impurity region, and at the same time, forming the first impurity region The semiconductor layer passes through a tapered portion of the conductive layer. Adding an impurity element imparting one conductivity type, and forming a third impurity region to increase the impurity concentration toward the end of the semiconductor layer, a method for manufacturing a semiconductor device having a.

According to the present invention, a reflective display device having a pixel structure that realizes a high aperture ratio can be realized without increasing the number of masks and the number of processes.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below.

  The reflective display device of the present invention includes, as a basic configuration, an element substrate and a counter substrate that are bonded to each other with a predetermined gap therebetween, and an electro-optical substance (liquid crystal material or the like) held in the gap. ing.

Embodiment Mode 1 A specific example of a pixel structure of the present invention is shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the element substrate includes gate wirings 140 and capacitor wirings 137 arranged in the row direction, source wirings arranged in the column direction, and pixel TFTs in the vicinity of the intersection of the gate wiring and the source wiring. It includes a pixel portion and a driver circuit having an n-channel TFT or a p-channel TFT.

  However, the source wiring in FIG. 1 indicates a connection between the island-shaped source wiring 139 arranged in the column direction and the connection electrode 165. Note that the island-shaped source wiring 139 is formed in contact with the gate insulating film in the same manner as the gate wiring 140 (including the gate electrode 136) and the capacitor wiring 137. Similarly to the pixel electrodes 167 and 160, the connection electrode 165 is formed on the interlayer insulating film.

  With such a configuration, light shielding can be performed between the pixels by mainly overlapping the end portions of the pixel electrode 160 with the island-shaped source wiring 139 and the gate wiring 140.

  In order to shield the TFT on the element substrate, a red color filter, or a laminated film of a red color filter and a blue color filter, or a laminated film of a red color filter, a blue color filter, and a green color filter is used. A pattern patterned in accordance with a predetermined position (the position of the TFT on the element substrate) is provided on the counter substrate.

  With such a structure, the TFT of the element substrate mainly includes a color filter (a red color filter, a laminated film of a red color filter and a blue color filter, or a red color filter) provided on the counter substrate. And a blue color filter and a green color filter).

  In addition, the storage capacitor of the pixel electrode 160 is formed of the second semiconductor layer 202 connected to the pixel electrode 160 and the capacitor wiring 203 using an insulating film covering the second semiconductor layer 202 as a dielectric.

  Further, the number of masks necessary for forming an element substrate having a pixel portion having a pixel structure shown in FIG. 1 and a driver circuit can be five. That is, the first sheet is a mask for patterning the first semiconductor layer 201 and the second semiconductor layer 202, and the second sheet is a gate wiring 140, 204, a capacitor wiring 137, 203, and an island-shaped source wiring 139, Masks for patterning 206 and 207, and a third mask for covering an n-channel TFT when an impurity element imparting p-type is added to form a p-channel TFT of a drive circuit. Is a mask for forming contact holes reaching the first semiconductor layer, the second semiconductor layer, and the island-like source wiring, and the fifth is for patterning the connection electrodes 165 and 205 and the pixel electrodes 160 and 167. It is a mask.

  As described above, when the pixel structure shown in FIG. 1 is used, a reflective liquid crystal display device with a high pixel aperture ratio can be realized with a small number of masks.

[Embodiment Mode 2] FIG. 10 shows a specific example of a pixel structure of the present invention.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the element substrate includes gate wirings 1002 and 1012 arranged in the row direction, source wirings 1004 arranged in the column direction, and pixels having pixel TFTs in the vicinity of the intersection of the gate wiring and the source wiring. And a driving circuit having an n-channel TFT and a p-channel TFT.

  Note that the gate wiring in FIG. 10 indicates a connection between an island-shaped gate electrode 1001 and an island-shaped capacitor electrode 1008 arranged in the column direction. Note that the island-shaped gate electrode 1001 is formed in contact with the gate insulating film in the same manner as the source wiring 1004 and the capacitor electrode 1008. The gate wirings 1002 and 1012 are formed on the interlayer insulating film in the same manner as the pixel electrodes 1006 and 1007 and the connection electrode 1005.

  With such a structure, light shielding can be performed between the pixels by mainly overlapping the end portion of the pixel electrode 1006 with the source wiring 1004.

  In the same manner as in the first embodiment, the TFT of the element substrate mainly includes a color filter (a red color filter, a stacked film of a red color filter and a blue color filter, or a red color filter provided on a counter substrate). The color filter, the blue color filter, and the green color filter) are shielded from light. Further, in the pixel structure of FIG. 10, since it is necessary to shield the gap between the gate wiring and the pixel electrode, this portion may be shielded similarly by using a color filter provided on the counter substrate.

  Further, the storage capacitor of the pixel electrode 1006 includes an insulating film that covers the second semiconductor layer as a dielectric, a second semiconductor layer connected to the pixel electrode 1006, and a capacitor electrode 1008 connected to the gate wiring 1012. Forming.

  Further, similarly to FIG. 1, the number of masks necessary for forming an element substrate having a pixel portion having the pixel structure shown in FIG. 10 and a driver circuit can be set to five. That is, the first sheet is a mask for patterning the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer, the second sheet is a mask for patterning the gate electrode 1001, the capacitor electrode 1008, and the source wiring 1004, and the third sheet is A mask for covering an n-channel TFT when an impurity element imparting p-type conductivity is added to form a p-channel TFT of a driver circuit. The fourth is a first semiconductor layer and a second semiconductor layer. The fifth mask is a mask for patterning the connection electrode 1005, the gate wirings 1002, 1012, and the pixel electrodes 1006, 1007.

  As described above, with the pixel structure shown in FIG. 10, a reflective liquid crystal display device with a high pixel aperture ratio can be realized with a small number of masks.

  The present invention having the above-described configuration will be described in more detail with the following examples.

  In this embodiment, a method for simultaneously manufacturing a pixel portion and TFTs (n-channel TFT and p-channel TFT) of a driver circuit provided around the pixel portion on the same substrate will be described in detail.

First, as shown in FIG. 2A, a silicon oxide film on a substrate 100 made of glass such as barium borosilicate glass represented by Corning # 7059 glass or # 1737 glass, or aluminoborosilicate glass, A base film 101 made of an insulating film such as a silicon nitride film or a silicon oxynitride film is formed. For example, a silicon oxynitride film 102a made of SiH 4 , NH 3 , and N 2 O is formed by plasma CVD method to a thickness of 10 to 200 nm (preferably 50 to 100 nm), and similarly, made of SiH 4 and N 2 O. The silicon oxynitride silicon film 101b is stacked to a thickness of 50 to 200 nm (preferably 100 to 150 nm). Although the base film 101 is shown as a two-layer structure in this embodiment, it may be formed as a single layer film of the insulating film or a structure in which two or more layers are stacked.

The island-shaped semiconductor layers 102 to 106 are formed using a crystalline semiconductor film in which a semiconductor film having an amorphous structure is formed using a laser crystallization method or a known thermal crystallization method. The thickness of the island-like semiconductor layers 102 to 106 is 25 to 80 nm (preferably 30 to 60 nm).
The thickness is formed. There is no limitation on the material of the crystalline semiconductor film, but the crystalline semiconductor film is preferably formed of silicon or a silicon germanium (SiGe) alloy.

In order to manufacture a crystalline semiconductor film by a laser crystallization method, a pulse oscillation type or continuous emission type excimer laser, YAG laser, or YVO 4 laser is used. When these lasers are used, it is preferable to use a method in which laser light emitted from a laser oscillator is linearly collected by an optical system and irradiated onto a semiconductor film. Crystallization conditions are appropriately selected by the practitioner. When an excimer laser is used, the pulse oscillation frequency is 30 Hz, and the laser energy density is 100 to 400 mJ / cm 2 (typically 200 to 300 mJ / cm 2). ). In the case of using a YAG laser, the second harmonic is used and the pulse oscillation frequency is set to 1 to 10 kHz, and the laser energy density is set to 300 to 600 mJ / cm 2 (typically 350 to 500 mJ / cm 2 ).
Then, a laser beam condensed linearly with a width of 100 to 1000 μm, for example 400 μm, is irradiated over the entire surface of the substrate, and the superposition rate (overlap rate) of the linear laser beam at this time is 80 to 98%.

Next, a gate insulating film 107 that covers the island-shaped semiconductor layers 102 to 106 is formed.
The gate insulating film 107 is formed of an insulating film containing silicon with a thickness of 40 to 150 nm by using a plasma CVD method or a sputtering method. In this embodiment, a silicon oxynitride film is formed with a thickness of 120 nm. Needless to say, the gate insulating film is not limited to such a silicon oxynitride film, and another insulating film containing silicon may be used as a single layer or a stacked structure. For example, in the case of using a silicon oxide film, TEOS (Tetraethyl Orthosilicate) and O 2 are mixed by a plasma CVD method to a reaction pressure of 40 Pa, a substrate temperature of 300 to 400 ° C., and a high frequency (13.56 MHz) power density of 0. It can be formed by discharging at 5 to 0.8 W / cm 2 . The silicon oxide film thus manufactured can obtain good characteristics as a gate insulating film by subsequent thermal annealing at 400 to 500 ° C.

  Then, a first conductive film 108 and a second conductive film 109 for forming a gate electrode are formed over the gate insulating film 107. In this embodiment, the first conductive film 108 is formed with Ta to a thickness of 50 to 100 nm, and the second conductive film is formed with W to a thickness of 100 to 300 nm.

  The Ta film is formed by sputtering, and a Ta target is sputtered with Ar. In this case, when an appropriate amount of Xe or Kr is added to Ar, the internal stress of the Ta film can be relieved and peeling of the film can be prevented. The resistivity of the α-phase Ta film is about 20 μΩcm and can be used for the gate electrode, but the resistivity of the β-phase Ta film is about 180 μΩcm and is not suitable for the gate electrode. In order to form an α-phase Ta film, tantalum nitride having a crystal structure close to Ta's α-phase is formed on a Ta base with a thickness of about 10 to 50 nm, so that an α-phase Ta film can be easily obtained. be able to.

When forming a W film, it is formed by sputtering using W as a target. In addition, it can be formed by a thermal CVD method using tungsten hexafluoride (WF 6 ). In any case, in order to use as a gate electrode, it is necessary to reduce the resistance, and the resistivity of the W film is desirably 20 μΩcm or less. The resistivity of the W film can be reduced by increasing the crystal grains. However, when there are many impurity elements such as oxygen in W, crystallization is hindered and the resistance is increased. Therefore, when sputtering is used, a W film having a purity of 99.9999% or 99.99% is used, and a W film is formed with sufficient consideration so that impurities are not mixed in the vapor phase during film formation. Thus, a resistivity of 9 to 20 μΩcm can be realized.

  In this embodiment, Ta is used for the first conductive film 108 and W is used for the second conductive film. However, the present invention is not particularly limited, and any element selected from Ta, W, Ti, Mo, Al, and Cu. Alternatively, an alloy material or a compound material containing the above element as a main component may be used. Alternatively, a semiconductor film typified by a polycrystalline silicon film doped with an impurity element such as phosphorus may be used. An example of another combination other than the present embodiment is a combination in which the first conductive film is formed of tantalum nitride (TaN), the second conductive film is W, and the first conductive film is formed of tantalum nitride (TaN). Preferably, the second conductive film is formed using a combination of Al, the first conductive film is formed using tantalum nitride (TaN), and the second conductive film is formed using a combination of Cu.

Next, resist masks 110 to 117 are formed, and a first etching process for forming electrodes and wirings is performed. In this embodiment, an ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma) etching method is used, CF 4 and Cl 2 are mixed in an etching gas, and 500 W of RF (13.56 MHz) power is applied to a coil type electrode at a pressure of 1 Pa. To generate plasma. 100 W RF (13.56 MHz) power is also applied to the substrate side (sample stage), and a substantially negative self-bias voltage is applied. When CF 4 and Cl 2 are mixed, the W film and the Ta film are etched to the same extent.

Under the above etching conditions, by making the shape of the resist mask suitable, the end portions of the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are tapered due to the effect of the bias voltage applied to the substrate side. The angle of the tapered portion is 15 to 45 °.
In order to perform etching without leaving a residue on the gate insulating film, it is preferable to increase the etching time at a rate of about 10 to 20%. Since the selection ratio of the silicon oxynitride film to the W film is 2 to 4 (typically 3), the surface where the silicon oxynitride film is exposed is etched by about 20 to 50 nm by the over-etching process. Thus, the first shape conductive layers 119 to 126 (first conductive layers 119 a to 126 a and second conductive layers 119 b to 126 b) composed of the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer by the first etching treatment. Form. Reference numeral 118 denotes a gate insulating film, and a region that is not covered with the first shape conductive layers 119 to 126 is etched and thinned by about 20 to 50 nm.

  In the present embodiment, the first shape conductive layers 119 to 126 are formed by one etching, but it goes without saying that they may be formed by a plurality of etchings.

Then, an impurity element imparting n-type is added by performing a first doping process.
(FIG. 2B) The doping method may be an ion doping method or an ion implantation method. The conditions of the ion doping method are a dose amount of 1 × 10 13 to 5 × 10 14 atoms / cm 2 and an acceleration voltage of 60 to 100 keV. As an impurity element imparting n-type, an element belonging to Group 15, typically phosphorus (P) or arsenic (As), is used here, but phosphorus (P) is used. In this case, the conductive layers 119 to 123 serve as a mask for the impurity element imparting n-type, and the first impurity regions 127 to 131 are formed in a self-aligning manner. An impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is added to the first impurity regions 127 to 131 in a concentration range of 1 × 10 20 to 1 × 10 21 atomic / cm 3 .

Next, a second etching process is performed as shown in FIG. Similarly, using the ICP etching method, CF 4 , Cl 2 and O 2 are mixed in the etching gas, and 500 W of RF power (13.56 MHz) is supplied to the coil-type electrode at a pressure of 1 Pa to generate plasma. Do. 50 W RF (13.56 MHz) power is applied to the substrate side (sample stage), and a lower self-bias voltage is applied than in the first etching process. Under such conditions, the W film is anisotropically etched, and Ta, which is the first conductive layer, is anisotropically etched at a slower etching rate to form the second shape conductive layers 133 to 140 (first Conductive layers 133a to 140a and second conductive layers 133b to 140b) are formed. Reference numeral 132 denotes a gate insulating film, and a region not covered with the second shape conductive layers 133 to 137 is further etched by about 20 to 50 nm to form a thinned region.

In this embodiment, the second shape conductive layers 133 to 140 shown in FIG. 2C are formed by one etching, but it goes without saying that the conductive layers 133 to 140 may be formed by a plurality of etchings. For example, after etching using a mixed gas of CF 4 and Cl 2 , etching using a mixed gas of CF 4 , Cl 2 and O 2 may be performed.

The etching reaction of the W film or Ta film with the mixed gas of CF 4 and Cl 2 can be estimated from the generated radical or ion species and the vapor pressure of the reaction product. When the vapor pressures of W and Ta fluorides and chlorides are compared, WF 6 which is a fluoride of W is extremely high, and other WCl 5 , TaF 5 and TaCl 5 are similar. Therefore, both the W film and the Ta film are etched with a mixed gas of CF 4 and Cl 2 . However, when an appropriate amount of O 2 is added to this mixed gas, CF 4 and O 2 react to form CO and F, and a large amount of F radicals or F ions are generated. As a result, the etching rate of the W film having a high fluoride vapor pressure is increased. On the other hand, the increase in etching rate of Ta is relatively small even when F increases. Further, since Ta is more easily oxidized than W, the surface of Ta is oxidized by adding O 2 . Since the Ta oxide does not react with fluorine or chlorine, the etching rate of the Ta film further decreases. Therefore, it is possible to make a difference in the etching rate between the W film and the Ta film, and the etching rate of the W film can be made larger than that of the Ta film.

Then, a second doping process is performed as shown in FIG. In this case, an impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is doped as a condition of a high acceleration voltage by lowering the dose than in the first doping process. For example, the acceleration voltage is set to 70 to 120 keV and the dose is 1 × 10 13 / cm 2. A new impurity region is formed inside the first impurity region formed in the island-shaped semiconductor layer in FIG. Form. Doping is performed using the second conductive layers 133b to 137b as masks against the impurity elements so that the impurity elements are also added to the regions below the first conductive layers 133a to 137a. Thus, third impurity regions 141 to 145 overlapping with the first conductive layers 133a to 137a and second impurity regions 146 to 150 between the first impurity region and the third impurity region are formed. The impurity element imparting n-type has a concentration of 1 × 10 17 to 1 × 10 19 atoms / cm 3 in the second impurity region, and 1 × 10 16 to 1 × 10 18 in the third impurity region. The concentration is atoms / cm 3 .

  Although the example in which the second doping process is performed while the resist mask is left as it is is shown here, the second doping process may be performed after the resist mask is removed.

Then, as shown in FIG. 3B, fourth impurity regions 154 to 156 in which an impurity element having a conductivity type opposite to the one conductivity type is added to the island-like semiconductor layer 104 forming the p-channel TFT are formed. Form. Using the second conductive layer 134 as a mask for the impurity element, an impurity region is formed in a self-aligning manner. At this time, the island-like semiconductor layers 103, 105, and 106 forming the n-channel TFT are covered with resist masks 151 to 153 over the entire surface. Phosphorus is added to the impurity regions 154 to 156 at different concentrations. The impurity regions 154 to 156 are formed by ion doping using diborane (B 2 H 6 ), and the impurity concentration in each region is 2 × 10 20 to It is set to 2 × 10 21 atoms / cm 3 . Actually, boron contained in the fourth impurity region is affected by the thickness of the conductive layer or the insulating film having a tapered shape located on the semiconductor layer as in the second doping process, and the fourth The concentration of the impurity element added to the impurity region in the region changes.

  Through the above steps, impurity regions are formed in each island-like semiconductor layer. The second conductive layers 133 to 136 overlapping with the island-shaped semiconductor layers function as gate electrodes. Further, 139 functions as an island-shaped source wiring, 140 functions as a gate wiring, and 137 functions as a capacitor wiring.

  Thus, for the purpose of controlling the conductivity type, as shown in FIG. 3C, a step of activating the impurity element added to each island-like semiconductor layer is performed. This step is performed by a thermal annealing method using a furnace annealing furnace. In addition, a laser annealing method or a rapid thermal annealing method (RTA method) can be applied. In the thermal annealing method, the oxygen concentration is 1 ppm or less, preferably 0.1 ppm or less in a nitrogen atmosphere at 400 to 700 ° C., typically 500 to 600 ° C. In this example, the temperature is 500 ° C. for 4 hours. Heat treatment is performed. However, when the wiring material used for 133 to 140 is weak against heat, activation is preferably performed after an interlayer insulating film (mainly composed of silicon) is formed in order to protect the wiring and the like.

  Further, a heat treatment is performed at 300 to 450 ° C. for 1 to 12 hours in an atmosphere containing 3 to 100% hydrogen to perform a step of hydrogenating the island-shaped semiconductor layer. This step is a step of terminating dangling bonds in the semiconductor layer with thermally excited hydrogen. As another means of hydrogenation, plasma hydrogenation (using hydrogen excited by plasma) may be performed.

  Next, the first interlayer insulating film 157 is formed with a thickness of 100 to 200 nm from a silicon oxynitride film. A second interlayer insulating film 158 made of an organic insulating material is formed thereon. Next, an etching process for forming a contact hole is performed.

  Then, source wirings 159 to 161 that form contacts with the source region of the island-shaped semiconductor layer and drain wirings 162 to 164 that form contacts with the drain region are formed in the driver circuit 406. In the pixel portion 407, pixel electrodes 166 and 167 and a connection electrode 165 are formed. (FIG. 4) By this connection electrode 165, the island-shaped source wiring 139 is electrically connected to the adjacent island-shaped source wiring 207 and the pixel TFT 404. The pixel electrode 160 includes an island-shaped semiconductor layer (corresponding to the first semiconductor layer 201 in FIG. 1) corresponding to the active layer of the pixel TFT and an island-shaped semiconductor layer (second semiconductor in FIG. 1) forming a storage capacitor. Corresponding to layer 202) and an electrical connection respectively. Note that the pixel electrode 167 is of an adjacent pixel.

  As described above, the driver circuit 406 including the n-channel TFT 401, the p-channel TFT 402, and the n-channel TFT 403, and the pixel portion 407 including the pixel TFT 404 and the storage capacitor 405 can be formed over the same substrate. In this specification, such a substrate is referred to as an active matrix substrate for convenience.

  The n-channel TFT 401 of the driver circuit 406 includes a channel formation region 168, a third impurity region 146 (GOLD region) overlapping the second conductive layer 133 that forms the gate electrode, and a second impurity formed outside the gate electrode. A region 141 (LDD region) and a first impurity region 127 functioning as a source region or a drain region are included. The p-channel TFT 402 includes a channel formation region 169, a fourth impurity region 156 that overlaps with the second conductive layer 134 that forms a gate electrode, a fourth impurity region 155 that is formed outside the gate electrode, a source region or a drain A fourth impurity region 154 which functions as a region is provided. In the n-channel TFT 403, a channel formation region 170, a third impurity region 148 (GOLD region) overlapping with the second conductive layer 135 forming the gate electrode, and a second impurity region 143 (outside of the gate electrode) ( LDD region) and a first impurity region 129 functioning as a source region or a drain region.

  The pixel TFT 404 in the pixel portion includes a channel formation region 171, a third impurity region 149 (GOLD region) overlapping with the second conductive layer 136 forming the gate electrode, and a second impurity region 144 formed outside the gate electrode. (LDD region) and a first impurity region 130 which functions as a source region or a drain region. The semiconductor layer 131 functioning as one electrode of the storage capacitor 405 has the same concentration as the first impurity region, the semiconductor layer 145 has the same concentration as the third impurity region, and the semiconductor layer 150 has the second concentration. An impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is added at the same concentration as the impurity region, and the capacitor wiring 137 and the insulating layer therebetween (the same layer as the gate insulating film) form a storage capacitor. An impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is added. Note that a storage capacitor 405 illustrated in FIG. 4 indicates a storage capacitor of an adjacent pixel.

  In the top view of the pixel portion of the active matrix substrate manufactured in this embodiment, AA ′ in FIG. 4 corresponds to the AA ′ line shown in FIG. That is, the island-shaped source wiring 139, connection electrode 165, pixel electrodes 160 and 167, gate wiring 140, gate electrode 136, and capacitor wiring 137 shown in FIG. 4 are the same as those shown in FIG.

  Thus, in the active matrix substrate having the pixel structure of the present invention, the source wiring and the connection electrode are formed in different layers, and the pixel electrode having a large area can be arranged by using the pixel structure as shown in FIG. The aperture ratio can be improved.

  In addition, the pixel structure of the present invention is arranged so that the end portion of the pixel electrode overlaps with the source wiring and the gate wiring so that the gap between the pixel electrodes can be shielded without using a black matrix.

  Further, according to the steps shown in this embodiment, the number of photomasks necessary for the production of the active matrix substrate is five (island-like semiconductor layer pattern, first wiring pattern (gate wiring, island-like source wiring, capacitor wiring) ), An n channel region mask pattern, a contact hole pattern, and a second wiring pattern (including pixel electrodes and connection electrodes). As a result, the process can be shortened, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced and the yield can be improved.

In this embodiment, a process for manufacturing an active matrix liquid crystal display device from the active matrix substrate manufactured in Embodiment 1 will be described below. FIG. 5 is used for the description.

  First, after obtaining the active matrix substrate in the state of FIG. 4 according to Example 1, an alignment film 567 is formed on the active matrix substrate of FIG. 4 and a rubbing process is performed.

  On the other hand, a counter substrate 569 is prepared. Color filter layers 570 and 571 and an overcoat layer 573 are formed on the counter substrate 569. The color filter layer is formed by overlapping a red color filter layer 570 and a blue color filter layer 571 above the TFT to serve as a light shielding film. When the substrate of Example 1 is used, at least the TFT and between the connection electrode and the pixel electrode need to be shielded from light. Therefore, a red color filter and a blue color filter are overlapped so as to shield the positions thereof. It is preferable to arrange.

  In addition, a red color filter layer 570, a blue color filter layer 571, and a green color filter layer 572 are overlapped with the connection electrode 165 to form a spacer. Each color filter is formed by mixing a pigment with an acrylic resin and having a thickness of 1 to 3 μm. This can be formed in a predetermined pattern using a photosensitive material and a mask. The height of the spacer can be set to 2 to 7 μm, preferably 4 to 6 μm in consideration of the thickness of the overcoat layer of 1 to 4 μm. When the active matrix substrate and the counter substrate are bonded to each other by this height, Forming a gap. The overcoat layer is formed of a photo-curing or thermosetting organic resin material, and for example, polyimide or acrylic resin is used.

  The arrangement of the spacers may be arbitrarily determined. For example, as shown in FIG. 5, the spacers may be arranged on the counter substrate so as to be positioned on the connection electrodes. In addition, a spacer may be arranged on the counter substrate with its position aligned on the TFT of the driving circuit. This spacer may be disposed over the entire surface of the drive circuit portion, or may be disposed so as to cover the source line and the drain line.

  After the overcoat layer 573 is formed, the counter electrode 576 is formed by patterning, and after the alignment film 574 is formed, a rubbing process is performed.

  Then, the active matrix substrate on which the pixel portion and the driver circuit are formed and the counter substrate are bonded together with a sealant 568. A filler is mixed in the sealant 568, and two substrates are bonded to each other with a uniform interval by the filler and the spacer. Thereafter, a liquid crystal material is injected between both substrates and completely sealed with a sealant (not shown). A known liquid crystal material may be used as the liquid crystal material. Thus, the active matrix type liquid crystal display device shown in FIG. 5 is completed.

  In the first embodiment, an example in which the gate wiring, the island-shaped source wiring, and the capacitor wiring are formed at the same time is shown. However, in this embodiment, a process of forming a gate electrode by increasing one mask, a gate wiring, a source wiring, 6 and 7 show examples in which an active matrix substrate is manufactured separately from the process of forming the capacitor wiring.

  The gate electrode of the TFT shown in Embodiment 1 has a two-layer structure. Each of the first layer and the second layer is formed of an element selected from Ta, W, Ti, Mo, Al, and Cu, or an alloy material or a compound material containing the element as a main component. Alternatively, the first layer is formed of a semiconductor film typified by a polycrystalline silicon film doped with an impurity element such as phosphorus.

  The same applies to the case where a semiconductor film is used for the first layer of the gate electrode. However, an element selected from Ta, W, Ti, and Mo, or an alloy material or a compound material containing the element as a main component has an area resistance of about A value of 10Ω or more is not necessarily suitable for manufacturing a display device having a screen size of 4 inches class or more. This is because, as the screen size increases, the length of wiring on the substrate inevitably increases, and the problem of signal delay time due to the influence of wiring resistance cannot be ignored. Further, if the width of the wiring is increased for the purpose of reducing the wiring resistance, the area of the peripheral region other than the pixel portion is increased, and the appearance of the display device is significantly impaired.

  Therefore, in this embodiment, the gate wiring and the capacitor wiring are formed of a material mainly composed of aluminum (Al) or copper (Cu) that lowers the sheet resistance value. That is, in this embodiment, the gate wiring is formed of a material different from that of the gate electrode.

  A contact portion between the gate wiring 602 and the gate electrode 601 is provided outside the semiconductor layer as shown in FIG. Since Al may leak into the gate insulating film due to electromigration or the like, it is not appropriate to provide a gate wiring on the semiconductor layer. This contact does not require a contact hole and is formed by overlapping the gate electrode and the gate wiring.

  A manufacturing process is simply shown below.

  First, according to Example 1, the same steps are used until activation and hydrotreatment. However, in Example 1, the electrodes and wirings indicated by 133 to 137 were produced at the same time, but in this example, only the gate electrode 601 of each TFT is formed. Note that an impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is added to the second semiconductor layers 600 and 612 serving as one electrode of the storage capacitor at the same concentration as the first impurity region.

  After the activation step, gate wirings 602 and 614, island-shaped source wirings 604, 616, and 617, capacitor wirings 603 and 613, and a driving circuit wiring 608 are formed using a low-resistance conductive material. The low-resistance conductive material is mainly composed of Al or Cu, and the gate wiring is formed using such a material. In this embodiment, an example using Al is shown, and an Al film containing 0.1 to 2% by weight of Ti is formed on the entire surface as a low resistance conductive layer (not shown). The thickness is 200 to 400 nm (preferably 250 to 350 nm). Then, a predetermined resist pattern is formed and etched to form gate wirings 602 and 614, island-shaped source wirings 604, 616 and 617, capacitor wirings 603 and 613, and a driving circuit wiring 608. When the wiring is etched by wet etching using a phosphoric acid-based etching solution, it can be formed while maintaining selective processability with the base.

Next, in accordance with Embodiment 1, a first interlayer insulating film and a second interlayer insulating film are formed.
Then, in the driver circuit 706, a source wiring that forms a contact with the source region of the island-shaped semiconductor layer and a drain wiring that forms a contact with the drain region are formed. In the pixel portion 707, pixel electrodes 606 and 607 and connection electrodes 605 and 615 are formed. (FIG. 7) By this connection electrode 605, the island-shaped source wiring 604 is electrically connected to the adjacent island-shaped source wiring 617 and the pixel TFT 704. Note that the storage capacitor 705 and the pixel electrode 607 are of adjacent pixels. Further, an impurity element imparting n-type conductivity is added to the second semiconductor layer 600 functioning as one electrode of the storage capacitor 705 at the same concentration as the first impurity region, and the capacitor wiring 603 and the insulating layer therebetween (The same layer as the gate insulating film) forms a storage capacitor.

  As described above, the driver circuit 706 including the n-channel TFT 701, the p-channel TFT 702, and the n-channel TFT 703, and the pixel portion 707 including the pixel TFT 704 and the storage capacitor 705 can be formed over the same substrate.

  FIG. 6 is a top view of the pixel portion of the active matrix substrate manufactured in this embodiment, and a cross-sectional view cut along a dotted line BB ′ in FIG. 6 corresponds to BB ′ shown in FIG.

  According to this embodiment, the gate wirings 602 and 614, the island-shaped source wirings 604, 616 and 617, and the capacitor wirings 603 and 613 are formed of a low-resistance conductive material, so that the wiring resistance can be sufficiently reduced. When combined with 2, an excellent display device having a pixel portion (screen size) of the 4-inch class or more can be realized.

  In this embodiment, another example in which the TFT structure of the active matrix substrate is different from that in Embodiment 3 will be described with reference to FIG.

The active matrix substrate shown in FIG. 8 includes a driving circuit 857 having a logic circuit portion 855 having a first p-channel TFT 850 and a second n-channel TFT 851, and a sampling circuit portion 856 having a second n-channel TFT 852. In addition, a pixel TFT 853 and a pixel portion 858 having a storage capacitor 854 are formed. The TFT of the logic circuit portion 855 of the driver circuit 857 forms a shift register circuit, a buffer circuit, and the like, and the TFT of the sampling circuit 856 is basically formed of an analog switch.

  These TFTs are formed by providing channel formation regions, source regions, drain regions, LDD regions, and the like in island-like semiconductor layers 803 to 806 on a base film 802 formed on a substrate 801. The base film and the island-shaped semiconductor layer are formed in the same manner as in Example 1. The gate electrodes 809 to 812 formed over the gate insulating film 808 are characterized in that end portions are tapered, and an LDD region is formed using this portion. Similar to the first embodiment, such a tapered shape can be formed by an anisotropic etching technique for a W film using an ICP etching apparatus.

  The LDD region formed by using the tapered portion is provided in order to improve the reliability of the n-channel TFT, thereby preventing on-current deterioration due to the hot carrier effect. In this LDD region, ions of the impurity element are accelerated by an electric field by an ion doping method, and added to the semiconductor film through the end portion of the gate electrode and the gate insulating film in the vicinity of the end portion.

  In the first n-channel TFT 851, a first LDD region 835, a second LDD region 834, and a source or drain region 833 are formed outside the channel formation region 832, and the first LDD region 835 is connected to the gate electrode 810. It is formed to overlap. In addition, the n-type impurity element contained in the first LDD region 835 and the second LDD region 834 is higher in the second LDD region 834 due to a difference in film thickness of the upper gate insulating film and the gate electrode. It has become. The second n-channel TFT 852 has a similar structure and includes a channel formation region 836, a first LDD region 839 overlapping with the gate electrode, a second LDD region 838, and a source or drain region 837. On the other hand, the p-channel TFT 850 has a single drain structure, and impurity regions 829 to 831 to which a p-type impurity is added are formed outside the channel formation region 828.

  In the pixel portion 858, a pixel TFT formed using an n-channel TFT is formed with a multi-gate structure for the purpose of reducing off-current, and the first LDD region 843 and the second LDD region 843 that overlap with the gate electrode outside the channel formation region 840 The LDD region 842 and the source or drain region 841 are provided. In addition, the storage capacitor 854 includes an insulating layer formed using the same layer as the island-shaped semiconductor layer 807 and the gate insulating film 808 and a capacitor wiring 815. An n-type impurity is added to the island-shaped semiconductor layer 807, and the voltage applied to the capacitor wiring can be reduced because the resistivity is low.

  The interlayer insulating film is made of an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, or silicon oxynitride, and has a first interlayer insulating film 816 having a thickness of 50 to 500 nm, polyimide, acrylic, polyimide amide, BCB (benzocyclobutene). And a second interlayer insulating film 817 made of an organic insulating material such as Thus, the surface can be satisfactorily flattened by forming the second interlayer insulating film with an organic insulating material. In addition, since the organic resin material generally has a low dielectric constant, parasitic capacitance can be reduced. However, it is hygroscopic and is not suitable as a protective film, and thus is preferably formed in combination with the first interlayer insulating film 816.

Thereafter, a resist mask having a predetermined pattern is formed, and contact holes reaching the source region or the drain region formed in each island-like semiconductor layer are formed. Contact holes are formed by dry etching. In this case, an interlayer insulating film made of an organic resin material is first etched using a mixed gas of CF 4 , O 2 , and He as an etching gas, and then the protective insulating film 146 is etched using the etching gas as CF 4 and O 2. To do. Furthermore, in order to increase the selectivity with respect to the island-shaped semiconductor layer, the contact hole can be satisfactorily formed by switching the etching gas to CHF 3 and etching the gate insulating film.

  Then, a conductive metal film is formed by sputtering or vacuum deposition, a resist mask pattern is formed, and source and drain wirings 818 to 823, pixel electrodes 826 and 827, and connection electrodes 825 are formed by etching. In this manner, an active matrix substrate having a pixel portion having a pixel configuration as shown in FIG. 1 can be formed. Further, even when the active matrix substrate of this embodiment is used, the active matrix liquid crystal display device shown in Embodiment 2 can be manufactured.

  In this embodiment, another example in which the TFT structure of the active matrix substrate is different from that in Embodiment 3 will be described with reference to FIG.

  The active matrix substrate shown in FIG. 9 includes a drive circuit 957 having a logic circuit portion 955 having a first p-channel TFT 950 and a second n-channel TFT 951, and a sampling circuit portion 956 made of a second n-channel TFT 952. In addition, a pixel TFT 953 and a pixel portion 958 having a storage capacitor 954 are formed. The TFT of the logic circuit portion 955 of the driver circuit 957 forms a shift register circuit, a buffer circuit, and the like, and the TFT of the sampling circuit 956 is basically formed of an analog switch.

In the active matrix substrate shown in this embodiment, a base film 902 is first formed on a substrate 901 with a thickness of 50 to 200 nm using a silicon oxide film, a silicon oxynitride film, or the like. Thereafter, island-shaped semiconductor layers 903 to 907 are formed from a crystalline semiconductor film manufactured by a laser crystallization method or a thermal crystallization method. A gate insulating film 908 is formed thereon. The island-shaped semiconductor layers 904 and 905 forming the n-channel TFT and the island-shaped semiconductor layer 907 forming the storage capacitor are represented by phosphorus (P) at a concentration of 1 × 10 16 to 1 × 10 19 / cm 3. An impurity element imparting n-type is selectively added.

Then, gate electrodes 909 to 912, a gate wiring 914, a capacitor wiring 915, and a source wiring 913 are formed using a material containing W or Ta as a component. The gate wiring, the capacitor wiring, and the source wiring may be separately formed of a material having a low resistivity such as Al as in the third embodiment. Then, an n-type typified by phosphorus (P) is applied at a concentration of 1 × 10 19 to 1 × 10 21 / cm 3 in regions outside the island-shaped semiconductor layers 903 to 907 gate electrodes 909 to 912 and the capacitor wiring 915. An impurity element to be added is selectively added. Thus, channel formation regions 931 and 934, LDD regions 933 and 936, and source or drain regions 932 and 935 are formed in the first n-channel TFT 951 and the second n-channel TFT 952, respectively. The LDD region 939 of the pixel TFT 953 is formed in a self-aligned manner using the gate electrode 912 and is formed outside the channel formation region 937, and the source or drain region 938. It is formed in the same manner as the first and second n-channel TFTs.

  As in the third embodiment, the interlayer insulating film includes a first interlayer insulating film 916 made of an inorganic material such as silicon oxide, silicon nitride, or silicon oxynitride, polyimide, acrylic, polyimide amide, BCB (benzocyclobutene), or the like. And a second interlayer insulating film 917 made of the organic insulating material. Thereafter, a resist mask having a predetermined pattern is formed, and contact holes reaching the source region or the drain region formed in each island-like semiconductor layer are formed. Then, a conductive metal film is formed by a sputtering method or a vacuum deposition method, and source and drain wirings 918 to 923, pixel electrodes 926 and 927, and a connection electrode 925 are formed. In this manner, an active matrix substrate having a pixel portion having a pixel structure as shown in FIG. 1 can be formed. Further, even when the active matrix substrate of this embodiment is used, the active matrix liquid crystal display device shown in Embodiment 2 can be manufactured.

  The first n-channel TFT 951 of the logic circuit 955 has a structure in which a GOLD region overlapping with the gate electrode is formed on the drain side. By this GOLD region, a high electric field region generated in the vicinity of the drain region can be relaxed to prevent the generation of hot carriers and to prevent the deterioration of the TFT. An n-channel TFT having such a structure is suitable for a buffer circuit or a shift register circuit. On the other hand, the second n-channel TFT 952 of the sampling circuit 956 has a structure in which a GOLD region and an LDD region are provided on the source side and the drain side, and prevents deterioration due to hot carriers in an analog switch that operates by inverting the polarity. The structure aims to reduce the current. The pixel TFT 953 has an LDD structure, is formed using a multi-gate, and has a structure for the purpose of reducing off-state current. On the other hand, the p-channel TFT is formed with a single drain structure, and impurity regions 929 and 930 to which a p-type impurity element is added are formed outside the channel formation region 928.

  As described above, the active matrix substrate shown in FIG. 9 specifically considers that the TFTs constituting each circuit are optimized according to the specifications required by the pixel portion and the drive circuit, and that the operation characteristics and reliability of each circuit are improved. It has become the composition.

  In this embodiment, another example in which the pixel structure of the active matrix substrate is different will be described with reference to FIGS.

  In the present embodiment, an active matrix substrate having the pixel structure shown in FIGS. 10 and 11 can be obtained by changing only the mask pattern from the first embodiment.

  The manufacturing process of this example is almost the same as that of Example 1.

  According to Embodiment 1, the layers are formed up to the state shown in FIG. Next, the mask of Example 1 is changed, and the gate electrode 1001, the capacitor electrode 1008, and the source wiring 1004 are formed by patterning.

  Subsequent processes are performed up to the state shown in FIG. Next, the mask of Example 1 is changed, and an impurity element imparting p-type conductivity is added not only to the p-channel TFT of the driver circuit but also to the semiconductor layer serving as one electrode of the storage capacitor.

  Next, activation and formation of a first interlayer insulating film and a second interlayer insulating film are performed according to the first embodiment. Next, the mask of Example 1 is changed and each contact hole is formed. Next, the mask of Example 1 is changed, and the connection electrode 1005, the gate wirings 1002, 1012, and the pixel electrodes 1006, 1007 are formed by patterning.

  Thus, the pixel structure shown in FIG. 10 is obtained. The gate wiring in FIG. 10 indicates a connection between an island-shaped gate electrode 1001 and an island-shaped capacitor electrode 1008 arranged in the column direction. A cross-sectional view taken along the dotted line C-C ′ in FIG. 10 corresponds to the dotted line C-C ′ in FIG. 11. Further, a cross-sectional view taken along the dotted line D-D ′ in FIG. 10 corresponds to the dotted line D-D ′ in FIG. 11.

  In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, an island-shaped gate electrode 1001 is formed on and in contact with the gate insulating film simultaneously with the source wiring 1004 and the capacitor electrode 1008. The gate wirings 1002 and 1012 are formed on the interlayer insulating film in the same manner as the pixel electrodes 1006 and 1007 and the connection electrode 1005.

  With such a structure, light shielding can be performed between the pixels by mainly overlapping the end portion of the pixel electrode 1006 with the source wiring 1004.

  Further, the storage capacitor of the pixel electrode 1006 includes an insulating film that covers the second semiconductor layer as a dielectric, a second semiconductor layer connected to the pixel electrode 1006, and a capacitor electrode 1008 connected to the gate wiring 1012. Forming. This embodiment is particularly effective for a panel having a small pixel size because it is not necessary to provide a capacitor wiring as in the first embodiment and the aperture ratio can be increased.

  In the case where such a storage capacitor is formed, an impurity element imparting p-type conductivity is preferably added to the second semiconductor layer.

  Note that this embodiment can be combined with the second embodiment.

  The structure of the active matrix liquid crystal display device (FIG. 5) obtained by using Example 2 will be described with reference to the top view of FIG. In addition, the same code | symbol was used for the part corresponding to FIG.

  The top view shown in FIG. 12A is a pixel portion, a driving circuit, an external input terminal 1103 to which an FPC (Flexible Printed Circuit Board: Flexible Printed Circuit) is pasted, and wiring that connects the external input terminal to the input portion of each circuit. An active matrix substrate 1101 formed with 1104 and the like and a counter substrate 1102 formed with a color filter and the like are attached to each other with a sealant 568 interposed therebetween.

  On the upper surface of the gate wiring side driving circuit 1105 and the source wiring side driving circuit 1106, a light shielding film 1107 in which a red color filter or red and blue color filters are laminated is formed on the counter substrate side. The color filter 1108 formed on the counter substrate side of the pixel portion 407 is provided with a color filter layer of each color of red (R), green (G), and blue (B) corresponding to each pixel. In actual display, a color display is formed with three colors of a red (R) color filter, a green (G) color filter, and a blue (B) color filter. The arrangement of the color filters of these colors is arbitrary. Shall.

  FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of the external input terminal 1103 shown in FIG. The external input terminal is formed on the active matrix substrate side, and the interlayer insulating film 1110 is sandwiched between the wiring 1109 formed in the same layer as the pixel electrode in order to reduce interlayer capacitance and wiring resistance and prevent defects due to disconnection. A wiring 1111 formed in the same layer as the gate wiring is connected.

  Further, an FPC including a base film 1112 and wiring 1113 is bonded to the external input terminal with an anisotropic conductive resin 1114. Further, the reinforcing plate 1115 increases the mechanical strength.

  FIG. 13B shows a detailed view thereof, and shows a cross-sectional view of the external input terminal shown in FIG. An external input terminal provided on the active matrix substrate side is formed of a wiring 1111 formed of the same layer as the gate wiring and a wiring 1109 formed of the same layer as the pixel electrode. Of course, this is only an example of the configuration of the terminal portion, and it may be formed with only one of the wirings. For example, when the wiring 1111 is formed using the same layer as the gate wiring, it is necessary to remove the interlayer insulating film formed thereover. The wiring 1109 formed of the same layer as the pixel electrode has a three-layer structure of a Ti film 1109a, an Al film 1109b, and an Sn film 1109c according to the configuration shown in the first embodiment. The FPC is formed of a base film 1112 and a wiring 1113, and the wiring 1109 formed of the same layer as the pixel electrode includes a thermosetting adhesive 1114 and conductive particles 1116 dispersed therein. Are bonded together with an anisotropic conductive adhesive consisting of: to form an electrical connection structure.

  On the other hand, FIG. 12B shows a cross-sectional view of the external input terminal 1103 shown in FIG. Since the outer diameter of the conductive particles 1116 is smaller than the pitch of the wiring 1109, if the amount dispersed in the adhesive 1114 is appropriate, it is electrically connected to the corresponding wiring on the FPC side without short-circuiting with the adjacent wiring. Can be formed.

  The active matrix liquid crystal display device manufactured as described above can be used as a display portion of various electronic devices.

  This embodiment can be freely combined with any one of Embodiments 3 to 6.

  In this embodiment, another method for manufacturing a crystalline semiconductor layer for forming a semiconductor layer of a TFT of the active matrix substrate described in Embodiment 1 will be described. In this embodiment, a crystallization method using a catalytic element disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 7-130652 can also be applied. An example in that case will be described below.

  In the same manner as in Example 1, a base film and an amorphous semiconductor layer are formed on a glass substrate with a thickness of 25 to 80 nm. For example, an amorphous silicon film is formed with a thickness of 55 nm. Then, an aqueous solution containing 10 ppm of the catalyst element in terms of weight is applied by a spin coating method to form a layer containing the catalyst element. Catalyst elements include nickel (Ni), germanium (Ge), iron (Fe), palladium (Pd), tin (Sn), lead (Pb), cobalt (Co), platinum (Pt), copper (Cu), gold (Au). For the layer 170 containing the catalyst element, the layer of the catalyst element may be formed to a thickness of 1 to 5 nm by a sputtering method or a vacuum deposition method in addition to the spin coating method.

  In the crystallization step, first, heat treatment is performed at 400 to 500 ° C. for about 1 hour, so that the hydrogen content of the amorphous silicon film is 5 atom% or less. Then, thermal annealing is performed at 550 to 600 ° C. for 1 to 8 hours in a nitrogen atmosphere using a furnace annealing furnace. Through the above steps, a crystalline semiconductor layer made of a crystalline silicon film can be obtained.

If an island-like semiconductor layer is produced from the crystalline semiconductor layer thus produced, an active matrix substrate can be completed in the same manner as in Example 1. However, when a catalyst element that promotes crystallization of silicon is used in the crystallization process, a small amount (about 1 × 10 17 to 1 × 10 19 atoms / cm 3 ) of the catalyst element remains in the island-like semiconductor layer. To do. Of course, it is possible to complete the TFT even in such a state, but it is more preferable to remove at least the remaining catalyst element from the channel formation region. One means for removing this catalytic element is a means that utilizes the gettering action of phosphorus (P).

The gettering process using phosphorus (P) for this purpose can be performed simultaneously in the activation process described with reference to FIG. The concentration of phosphorus (P) necessary for gettering may be approximately the same as the impurity concentration of the high-concentration n-type impurity region, and the catalyst from the channel formation region of the n-channel TFT and the p-channel TFT is formed by thermal annealing in the activation process. The element can be segregated to an impurity region containing phosphorus (P) at that concentration. As a result, about 1 × 10 17 to 1 × 10 19 atoms / cm 3 of catalytic elements segregated in the impurity region. The TFT manufactured in this manner has a low off-current value and good crystallinity, so that high field-effect mobility can be obtained and good characteristics can be achieved.

  Note that this embodiment can be freely combined with any one of Embodiments 1 to 7.

  The CMOS circuit and the pixel portion formed by implementing the present invention can be used for various electro-optical devices (active matrix liquid crystal display, active matrix EC display). That is, the present invention can be implemented in all electronic devices in which these electro-optical devices are incorporated in the display unit.

Such electronic devices include video cameras, digital cameras, projectors (rear type or front type), head mounted displays (goggles type displays), car navigation systems, car stereos, personal computers, personal digital assistants (mobile computers, mobile phones) Or an electronic book). Examples of these are shown in FIGS.

  FIG. 14A illustrates a personal computer, which includes a main body 2001, an image input portion 2002, a display portion 2003, a keyboard 2004, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the image input unit 2002, the display unit 2003, and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 14B illustrates a video camera, which includes a main body 2101, a display portion 2102, an audio input portion 2103, operation switches 2104, a battery 2105, an image receiving portion 2106, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2102 and other driver circuits.

  FIG. 14C illustrates a mobile computer, which includes a main body 2201, a camera unit 2202, an image receiving unit 2203, operation switches 2204, a display unit 2205, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2205 and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 14D shows a part (right side) of a head-mounted display, which includes a main body 2301, a signal cable 2302, a head fixing band 2303, a display portion 2304, an optical system 2305, a display device 2306, and the like. The present invention can be used for the display device 2306.

FIG. 14E shows a player using a recording medium (hereinafter referred to as a recording medium) on which a program is recorded, and includes a main body 2401, a display portion 2402, a speaker portion 2403, a recording medium 2404, an operation switch 2405, and the like. This player uses a DVD (Digital Versatile Disc), CD, or the like as a recording medium, and can perform music appreciation, movie appreciation, games, and the Internet.
The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2402 and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 14F illustrates a digital camera, which includes a main body 2501, a display portion 2502, an eyepiece portion 2503, an operation switch 2504, an image receiving portion (not shown), and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2502 and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 15A illustrates a mobile phone, which includes a main body 2901, an audio output portion 2902, an audio input portion 2903, a display portion 2904, operation switches 2905, an antenna 2906, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 2904 and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 15B illustrates a portable book (electronic book), which includes a main body 3001, display portions 3002 and 3003, a storage medium 3004, operation switches 3005, an antenna 3006, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portions 3002 and 3003 and other driving circuits.

  FIG. 15C illustrates a display, which includes a main body 3101, a support base 3102, a display portion 3103, and the like. The present invention can be applied to the display portion 3103. The display of the present invention is particularly advantageous when the screen is enlarged, and is advantageous for displays having a diagonal of 10 inches or more (particularly 30 inches or more).

  As described above, the application range of the present invention is extremely wide and can be applied to electronic devices in various fields. Moreover, the electronic apparatus of a present Example is realizable even if it uses the structure which consists of what combination of Examples 1-8.

  In the first embodiment, the first etching process for forming the first shape conductive layer is performed under one etching condition. However, in order to improve the film thickness reduction and the shape uniformity of the insulating film, the etching is performed a plurality of times. It may be performed under conditions. In this embodiment, an example is shown in which a first shape conductive layer is formed under the first etching process under two etching conditions.

  Further, in the present invention, a tapered shape is formed on both sides of the gate electrode, and an LDD region is formed on both sides of the channel formation region. This embodiment shows an enlarged cross-sectional view of one side in the vicinity of the gate electrode in the manufacturing process. This will be described with reference to FIG. For simplicity, the base film and the substrate are not shown.

  First, according to the first embodiment, the same state as in FIG. However, although Ta was used as the first conductive film in Example 1, TaN having very high heat resistance was used as the first conductive film in this example. The first conductive film may have a thickness of 20 to 100 nm, and the second conductive film may have a thickness of 100 to 400 nm. In this embodiment, the first conductive film and the film made of TaN with a thickness of 30 nm are used. A second conductive film made of W having a thickness of 370 nm was stacked.

Next, a first shape mask 1205a made of resist is formed, and etching is performed by an ICP method to form a second conductive layer 1204a having the first shape. Here, since a mixed gas composed of CF 4 , Cl 2, and O 2 is used as an etching gas having a high selectivity with TaN, the state shown in FIG. 16A can be obtained. Table 1 shows the relationship between various etching conditions and the etching rate of the second conductive layer (W), the etching rate of the first conductive layer (TaN), or the taper angle of the second conductive layer (W).

  Note that in this specification, the taper angle refers to an angle formed by the horizontal plane and the side surface of the material layer, as shown in the upper right view of FIG.

  Moreover, the angle (taper angle α1) formed by the horizontal plane and the side surface of the second conductive layer (W) is set by setting the first etching condition to any one of the conditions 4 to 15 in Table 1, for example. It can be freely set within a range of 19 degrees to 70 degrees. Note that the practitioner may set the etching time as appropriate.

  In FIG. 16A, reference numeral 1201 denotes a semiconductor layer, 1202 denotes an insulating film, and 1203 denotes a first conductive film.

Next, etching is performed under the second etching condition with the mask 1205a left as it is, so that the first conductive layer 1203a having the first shape is formed. Note that when the etching is performed under the second etching condition, the insulating film 1202 is also slightly etched to be the first shape insulating film 1202a. Here, a mixed gas composed of CF 4 and Cl 2 was used as an etching gas for the second etching condition. For example, any one of Conditions 1 to 3 in Table 1 may be used as the second etching condition. As described above, by performing the first etching process under the etching conditions twice, the decrease in the thickness of the insulating film 1202 can be suppressed.

  Next, a first doping process is performed. An impurity element imparting one conductivity type to the semiconductor, here, phosphorus imparting n-type conductivity is ion-doped, and the first shape first conductive layer 1203a and the first shape second conductive layer 1204a are used. Is added to the semiconductor layer 1201 as a mask. Note that in FIG. 16B, when the etching under the second etching condition is performed in FIG. 16B, the second conductive layer 1204a having the first shape is slightly etched but is very small. It is illustrated as the same shape as FIG.

Next, a second etching process is performed with the mask 1205a left as it is, and the state shown in FIG. 16C is obtained. In this embodiment, as the second etching process, after etching is performed under the first etching condition using a mixed gas composed of CF 4 and Cl 2 , a mixed gas composed of CF 4 , Cl 2 and O 2 is further added. Etching was performed under the second etching conditions used. These etching conditions may be any one of the conditions in Table 1, and the etching time may be set appropriately. In addition, the width of each conductive layer in the channel length direction can be freely set according to the etching conditions. By this second etching process, the second shape mask 1205b, the second shape first conductive layer 1203b, the second shape second conductive layer 1204b, and the second shape insulating film 1202b are formed. It is formed.

  The second shape second conductive layer 1204b forms a taper angle α2 larger than the taper angle α1, and the second shape first conductive layer 1203b forms a very small taper angle β. Note that the first conductive layer 1203b having the second shape can prevent deterioration of TFT characteristics due to intrusion of external light into the channel formation region. This is particularly effective in the case of a reflective type in which most of the light is reflected by the pixel electrodes as in this embodiment, but the light applied to the gaps between the pixel electrodes may also be applied to the semiconductor layer. It is. Also, the taper angle γ is partially formed in the second shape insulating film.

  Next, after removing the mask 1205b, a second doping process is performed. (FIG. 16D) In the second doping process, doping is performed at a lower concentration than in the first doping process. Here, phosphorus that imparts n-type conductivity is added to the semiconductor layer 1201 by an ion doping method using the second conductive layer 1204b having the second shape as a mask.

  Impurity regions 1201a to 1201c are formed by the second doping process. Further, the semiconductor layer overlapping with the second conductive layer with the insulating film and the first conductive layer interposed therebetween serves as a channel formation region. Although not shown, impurity regions 1201a to 1201c are formed symmetrically on both sides of the channel formation region.

  In doping, the deeper the material layer located on the semiconductor layer, the smaller the ion implantation depth. Therefore, the impurity region 1201c that overlaps with the first conductive layer with the insulating film interposed therebetween, that is, the third impurity region (GOLD region) is affected by the tapered portion having the side surface with the taper angle β in the semiconductor layer. The concentration of the impurity element added to is changed. As the film thickness increases, the impurity concentration decreases, and as the film thickness decreases, the impurity concentration increases.

  Similarly, the impurity region 1201b, that is, the second impurity region (LDD region) is affected by the thickness of the second shape insulating film 1202b, and the concentration of the impurity element added to the semiconductor layer changes. . That is, the concentration of the impurity element added to the semiconductor layer changes due to the influence of the film thickness of the tapered portion having the side surface with the taper angle γ and other tapered portions. Note that the impurity region 1201b which does not overlap with the first conductive layer has a higher concentration than the impurity region 1201c. Further, the width of the impurity region 1201b in the channel length direction is approximately the same as that of the impurity region 1201c or wider than the impurity region 1201c.

  In addition to the impurity concentration added by the first doping process, the impurity region 1201a, that is, the first impurity region is further added by the second doping process to become a high-concentration impurity region, and serves as a source region or a drain region. Function.

  In the subsequent steps, an active matrix substrate may be manufactured in accordance with the steps after FIG.

  By the above method, the TFT of the pixel portion and the TFT of the driving circuit are formed.

  Moreover, a present Example can be freely combined with any one of Examples 1-3, 6-9.

Further, when a mixed gas of SF 6 and Cl 2 is used instead of the etching gas (CF 4 and Cl 2 mixed gas) in this embodiment, or a mixed gas of CF 4 , Cl 2 and O 2 is used. When a mixed gas of SF 6 , Cl 2, and O 2 is used, the selectivity with respect to the insulating film 1202 is very high, so that film loss can be further suppressed.

The figure which shows the pixel part top view of this invention. Example 1 10A and 10B illustrate a manufacturing process of an active matrix substrate. Example 1 10A and 10B illustrate a manufacturing process of an active matrix substrate. Example 1 10A and 10B illustrate a manufacturing process of an active matrix substrate. Example 1 FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional structure diagram of an active matrix liquid crystal display device. (Example 2) The figure which shows the pixel part top view of this invention. (Example 3) The figure which shows sectional drawing of an active matrix substrate. (Example 3) The figure which shows sectional drawing of an active matrix substrate. Example 4 The figure which shows sectional drawing of an active matrix substrate. (Example 5) The figure which shows the pixel part top view of this invention. (Example 6) The figure which shows pixel part sectional drawing of this invention. (Example 6) 2A and 2B are a top view and a cross-sectional view of an active matrix liquid crystal display device. (Example 7) FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of an active matrix liquid crystal display device. (Example 7) FIG. 14 illustrates an example of an electronic device. Example 9 FIG. 14 illustrates an example of an electronic device. Example 9 FIG. 9 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a manufacturing process of an active matrix substrate.

Claims (10)

  1. A gate wiring including a gate electrode;
    A semiconductor layer provided close to the gate electrode;
    An island-shaped source wiring provided on the same plane as the gate wiring;
    An insulating film covering the gate wiring and the island-shaped source wiring;
    A connection electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the island-shaped source wiring and the semiconductor layer;
    A pixel electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
    Capacitive wiring,
    Have
    The connection electrode is formed using a metal film,
    The capacitor wiring has a portion arranged in parallel with the gate wiring, and the capacitor wiring and the pixel electrode partially overlap in the portion arranged in parallel. .
  2. A gate wiring including a gate electrode;
    A semiconductor layer provided close to the gate electrode;
    An island-shaped source wiring provided on the same plane as the gate wiring;
    An insulating film covering the gate wiring and the island-shaped source wiring;
    A connection electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the island-shaped source wiring and the semiconductor layer;
    A pixel electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
    Capacitive wiring,
    Have
    The island-shaped source wiring is arranged for each pixel, and one island-shaped source wiring and an island-shaped source wiring of an adjacent pixel are electrically connected by the connection electrode,
    The connection electrode is formed using a metal film,
    The capacitor wiring has a portion arranged in parallel with the gate wiring, and the capacitor wiring and the pixel electrode partially overlap in the portion arranged in parallel. .
  3. A gate wiring including a gate electrode;
    A semiconductor layer provided close to the gate electrode;
    An island-shaped source wiring provided on the same plane as the gate wiring;
    An insulating film covering the gate wiring and the island-shaped source wiring;
    A connection electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the island-shaped source wiring and the semiconductor layer;
    A pixel electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
    Capacitive wiring,
    A color filter provided on the counter substrate;
    Have
    The connection electrode is formed using a metal film,
    The capacitor wiring has a portion arranged in parallel with the gate wiring, and the capacitor wiring and the pixel electrode partially overlap in the portion arranged in parallel.
    The color filter has a portion where color filters of different colors are stacked.
  4. A gate wiring including a gate electrode;
    A semiconductor layer provided close to the gate electrode;
    An island-shaped source wiring provided on the same plane as the gate wiring;
    An insulating film covering the gate wiring and the island-shaped source wiring;
    A connection electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the island-shaped source wiring and the semiconductor layer;
    A pixel electrode provided above the insulating film and electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
    Capacitive wiring,
    A color filter provided on the counter substrate;
    Have
    The island-shaped source wiring is arranged for each pixel, and one island-shaped source wiring and an island-shaped source wiring of an adjacent pixel are electrically connected by the connection electrode,
    The connection electrode is formed using a metal film,
    The capacitor wiring has a portion arranged in parallel with the gate wiring, and the capacitor wiring and the pixel electrode partially overlap in the portion arranged in parallel.
    The color filter has a portion where color filters of different colors are stacked.
  5. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 4,
    The semiconductor device, wherein the pixel electrode overlaps the gate wiring with the insulating film interposed therebetween.
  6. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 5,
    A part of the pixel electrode overlaps with the island-shaped source wiring with the insulating film interposed therebetween.
  7. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 6,
    The gate wiring is formed using an element selected from Ta, W, Ti, Mo, Al, and Cu, an alloy material or a compound material containing the element as a main component, or polycrystalline silicon doped with an impurity element. A semiconductor device that is characterized in that:
  8. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 7,
    2. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the gate electrode has a lower conductive layer whose end is tapered and an upper conductive layer having a width narrower than the lower conductive layer.
  9. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 8,
    The semiconductor device, wherein the insulating film includes silicon oxide, silicon nitride, or silicon oxynitride.
  10. In any one of Claims 1 thru | or 9,
    The semiconductor device is a personal computer, a video camera, a mobile computer, a mobile phone, an electronic book, a head-mounted display, a player using a recording medium storing a program, a digital camera, or a display. .
JP2007315909A 2000-01-26 2007-12-06 Semiconductor device Withdrawn JP2008083731A (en)

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