JP2006231329A - Garbage disposer - Google Patents

Garbage disposer Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2006231329A
JP2006231329A JP2006042532A JP2006042532A JP2006231329A JP 2006231329 A JP2006231329 A JP 2006231329A JP 2006042532 A JP2006042532 A JP 2006042532A JP 2006042532 A JP2006042532 A JP 2006042532A JP 2006231329 A JP2006231329 A JP 2006231329A
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Prior art keywords
garbage
decomposition tank
tank
decomposition
stirring
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JP2006042532A
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Japanese (ja)
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Unbyon No
ウンビョン ノ
Dongun Kim
ドングン キム
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SINKPIA CO Ltd
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SINKPIA CO Ltd
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Priority to KR20-2005-0004751U priority Critical patent/KR200384812Y1/en
Application filed by SINKPIA CO Ltd filed Critical SINKPIA CO Ltd
Publication of JP2006231329A publication Critical patent/JP2006231329A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/12Plumbing installations for waste water; Basins or fountains connected thereto; Sinks
    • E03C1/26Object-catching inserts or similar devices for waste pipes or outlets
    • E03C1/266Arrangement of disintegrating apparatus in waste pipes or outlets; Disintegrating apparatus specially adapted for installation in waste pipes or outlets
    • E03C1/2665Disintegrating apparatus specially adapted for installation in waste pipes or outlets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
    • C12M27/06Stirrer or mobile mixing elements with horizontal or inclined stirrer shaft or axis
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/12Plumbing installations for waste water; Basins or fountains connected thereto; Sinks
    • E03C1/28Odour seals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a garbage disposer connected to the lower part of a sink table and agitating garbage and decomposing with microorganisms at the same time, to leave no residue. <P>SOLUTION: This garbage disposer is connected to the lower part of the sink table, and includes a garbage charge port; a decomposition tank formed at the lower part of the charge port, serving as a space for decomposing garbage with microorganisms while agitating garbage with an agitation means; a water supply means provided at one side of the decomposition tank and supplying water to the decomposition tank; a drain tank formed at the lower part of the decomposition tank, temporarily storing water flowing from the decomposition tank and draining to the outside; an outer casing forming a contour of the decomposition tank and drain tank; and a control panel provided at one side of the outer casing and formed by installing a lot of parts like a circuit board controlling the agitation means and water supply means. The drain tank can be substituted with a septic tank filtering and cleaning up water flowing in from the decomposition tank. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は生ごみ処理器に関するもので、より詳しくは、シンク台の下部に連結されて生ごみを撹拌すると同時に微生物で分解させて残留物が残らないようにする生ごみ処理器に関する。   The present invention relates to a garbage disposal device, and more particularly, to a garbage disposal device that is connected to a lower part of a sink stand and stirs the garbage at the same time as it is decomposed by microorganisms so that no residue remains.

一般的に家庭あるいは飲食店で排出される生ごみは水分を多量含む場合が大部分であり、一般の食べ物と一緒にゴミ箱に排出するので生活下水及び土壌を汚染させるなど環境汚染に悪い影響を及ぼすようになる。従って最近、一般ごみと生ごみ及びその他リサイクルが可能なごみなどに分別回収する生ごみ処理法が制定され、一般家庭や飲食店などではいちいち生ごみを浸出水がない状態でごみ袋に入れ、排出することが慣行されている。   Generally, most of the garbage discharged at home or restaurants contains a large amount of water, and it is discharged into the trash box together with general food, so it has a negative impact on environmental pollution such as contaminating domestic sewage and soil. It will be affected. Therefore, recently, the Garbage Disposal Law has been enacted to separate and collect general garbage, garbage and other recyclable garbage, and ordinary households and restaurants put garbage in garbage bags without any leachable water and discharge it. It is customary to do.

一方、生ごみは水気が多いのでごみ用ビニール袋に入れて完全に包装すると言っても浸出水がごみ袋間から排出されるとか、ごみ袋が衝撃に弱く、裂けるようになると生ごみが外部に露出する場合が頻繁に発生する。これによって夏季のような暑い季節には生ごみの袋周りに蝿等が集まるとか、かびなどのような細菌が繁殖する環境を提供するので環境保護に反する問題が発生している。   On the other hand, since garbage is wet, even if it is said that it will be completely packed in a plastic bag for garbage, the leachate will be discharged from between the garbage bags, or if the garbage bag is vulnerable to impact and it becomes torn, It often occurs when exposed to. As a result, in hot seasons such as the summer, potatoes gather around the garbage bags and provide an environment in which bacteria such as fungi grow.

このような問題点を勘案して市中には生ごみの水分をとり除く脱水装置や生ごみを分解して処理する処理装置が市販されている。このような生ごみ処理装置を利用すれば生ごみの容積を減らして処理するようになることで環境汚染を防止して、生ごみの処理費用を節減することができる利点がある。   In consideration of such problems, there are commercially available dewatering devices for removing moisture from garbage and treatment devices for decomposing and treating garbage. If such a garbage processing apparatus is used, there is an advantage that it is possible to reduce the volume of garbage and treat it, thereby preventing environmental pollution and reducing the cost of treating garbage.

しかしながら、このような生ごみ処理装置は大きくて高価なので、一般家庭で使うにはふさわしくないという問題点がある。特に、このような大規模生ごみ処理装置は生ごみを集めて生ごみ処理装置に投入しなければならないので、少量の生ごみが発生される一般家庭で使用するには非常に不便であるという問題点がある。   However, there is a problem that such a garbage disposal apparatus is large and expensive and is not suitable for use in a general household. In particular, such a large-scale garbage processing apparatus must collect garbage and put it into the garbage processing apparatus, which is very inconvenient for use in a general household where a small amount of garbage is generated. There is a problem.

そのため、一般家庭では少量に発生される生ごみを処理するために粉砕機を利用したりする場合がある。このような粉砕機はシンク台の排水口に設置されて生ごみを粉砕することで下水口を通じて排出させるので、環境汚染を誘発させる問題点もある。従って、一般家庭で手軽く使うことができ、環境汚染を防止することができる生ごみ処理器が必要になっている。   For this reason, in general households, a grinder may be used to process garbage generated in a small amount. Since such a pulverizer is installed at the drain outlet of the sink stand and pulverizes the garbage to discharge it through the sewage outlet, there is a problem of inducing environmental pollution. Therefore, there is a need for a garbage disposal device that can be easily used in ordinary households and can prevent environmental pollution.

米国特許第5,772,905号明細書US Pat. No. 5,772,905 米国特許第6,518,189号明細書US Pat. No. 6,518,189

そこで、本発明はこのような問題点に鑑みてなされたもので、その目的とするところは、シンク台の下部に連結されて生ごみを撹拌と同時に微生物で分解させて残留物が残らないようにする生ごみ処理器を提供することにある。   Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of such problems, and the object of the present invention is to be connected to the lower part of the sink stand so that the garbage is decomposed by microorganisms simultaneously with stirring so that no residue remains. It is to provide a garbage disposal device.

前記のような目的を果たすため、本発明に係る第1の生ごみ処理器は、シンク台下部に連結され、生ごみが投入される投入部と、前記投入部の下部に形成され、生ごみを撹拌手段で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する空間である分解槽と、前記分解槽の一方側に具備されて、分解槽に水を供給する給水手段と、前記分解槽の下部に形成され、分解槽から流入する水を一時保存して外部で排出させる排水槽と、前記分解槽と排水槽の外形を形成する外部ケースと、前記外部ケースの一方側に具備されて、前記撹拌手段と給水手段を制御する回路基板など多数の部品が設置される制御パネルを備えることを特徴とする。   In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the first garbage processing device according to the present invention is connected to the lower part of the sink base, and is formed at the input part where the garbage is input, and at the lower part of the input part. A decomposition tank that is a space that is decomposed by microorganisms while being stirred by a stirring means, a water supply means that is provided on one side of the decomposition tank and supplies water to the decomposition tank, and is formed at a lower portion of the decomposition tank. A drainage tank for temporarily storing the water flowing in from the tank and discharging it to the outside; an external case forming the outer shape of the decomposition tank and the drainage tank; and the stirring means and the water supply means provided on one side of the external case It is characterized by comprising a control panel on which a large number of components such as a circuit board for controlling the above are installed.

また、本発明に係る第2の生ゴミ処理器は、シンク台の下部に連結されて、生ごみが投入される投入部と、前記投入部の下部に形成されて、生ごみを撹拌手段で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する空間である分解槽と、前記分解槽の一方側に具備されて、分解槽に水を供給する給水手段と、前記分解槽の下部に形成され、分解槽から流入する水を濾過及び浄化させる浄化槽と、前記分解槽と浄化槽の外形を形成する外部ケースと、前記外部ケースの一方側に具備されて、前記撹拌手段と給水手段を制御する回路基板など多数の部品が設置される制御パネルを備えることを特徴とする。   The second garbage disposal apparatus according to the present invention is connected to the lower part of the sink table and is formed at the input part where the garbage is input, and at the lower part of the input part. A decomposition tank that is a space that is decomposed by microorganisms while being stirred, a water supply means that is provided on one side of the decomposition tank, and supplies water to the decomposition tank, and is formed in the lower part of the decomposition tank and flows from the decomposition tank A septic tank that filters and purifies water, an outer case that forms the outer shape of the decomposition tank and the septic tank, and a number of components such as a circuit board that is provided on one side of the outer case and controls the agitation means and the water supply means. A control panel to be installed is provided.

さらに、前記投入部は、シンク台の下部に結合されて、生ごみが投入される円筒状の投入口と前記投入口の外形を形成して、投入口を支持する上板と、前記投入口の内側に具備されて、生ごみを一時保存する保存桶と、前記保存桶の下部に形成されて、保存桶の生ごみが前記分解槽に投入されるように案内するガイド板と、前記ガイド板の一方側に形成されて、前記分解槽で発生するにおいの逆流を防止するように流動するにおい逆流防止板を備えることを特徴とする。   Further, the charging unit is coupled to a lower part of the sink base, forms a cylindrical charging port into which raw garbage is charged, an outer shape of the charging port, and supports the charging port, and the charging port A storage basket for temporarily storing garbage, a guide plate formed at a lower part of the storage basket for guiding the storage garbage into the decomposition tank, and the guide It is characterized by comprising an odor backflow prevention plate formed on one side of the plate and flowing so as to prevent the odor backflow generated in the decomposition tank.

また、前記分解槽には微生物が旺盛に培養されることができるように空間を提供する微生物培養器(巣)を備えることを特徴とし、前記撹拌手段は、前記分解槽の空間を横切って回転する回転軸と、前記回転軸の一方側に多数個に結合され、生ごみと微生物培養器を撹拌させる撹拌羽と、前記撹拌羽の端部に結合され、前記分解槽の内周面と接触を強化させるパドルを含むことを特徴とする。   The decomposition tank includes a microorganism incubator (nest) for providing a space so that microorganisms can be vigorously cultured, and the agitation unit rotates across the space of the decomposition tank. A rotating shaft which is coupled to a plurality of rotating shafts on one side of the rotating shaft, which stirs the garbage and the microorganism incubator, and which is coupled to an end of the stirring blade and is in contact with the inner peripheral surface of the decomposition tank It is characterized by including a paddle for strengthening.

さらに、前記制御パネルには前記撹拌手段が回転するように回転動力を提供する撹拌モータと、前記浄化槽には前記分解槽から流入される水を浄化させて排出する浄化手段を備えることを特徴とする。   Further, the control panel includes a stirring motor that provides rotational power so that the stirring unit rotates, and the purification tank includes a purification unit that purifies and discharges water flowing from the decomposition tank. To do.

そして、前記浄化槽の一方側には前記浄化手段で濾過されることができなかった水を再び前記分解槽に循環されるように案内する循環配管と、前記循環配管の一方側に具備されて、前記分解槽で水が循環されるように吸入力を提供する循環ポンプをもっと備えることを特徴とする。   And on one side of the septic tank, provided on one side of the circulation pipe, a circulation pipe for guiding the water that could not be filtered by the purification means to be circulated again to the decomposition tank, The apparatus further comprises a circulation pump for providing a suction force so that water is circulated in the decomposition tank.

このような構成を持つ本発明によると、一般家庭で手軽く使うことができ、環境汚染を防止することができる利点がある。   According to the present invention having such a configuration, there is an advantage that it can be easily used in a general household and can prevent environmental pollution.

本発明による生ごみ処理器では、シンク台の下部に結合されて生ごみを撹拌と同時に分解させて残留物が残らないように構成される。従って、一般家庭で手軽く使うことができ、環境汚染を防止することができる効果がある。そして、生ごみが投入される投入部ににおい逆流防止板が設置されて分解槽の生ごみから発生するにおいが投入部に逆流されないので使用者の不満を解消することができる効果がある。また、分解槽の下部に浄化槽を設置して浄化された水を外部に排出されるようにすると共に、浄化槽で浄化されなかった汚水は再び循環配管を通じて分解槽に供給することによって水質汚染を防止すると共に生ごみに使われる水を節約できる効果もある。   The garbage processor according to the present invention is coupled to the lower part of the sink stand so that the garbage is decomposed simultaneously with stirring and no residue remains. Therefore, it can be easily used in ordinary households and can prevent environmental pollution. In addition, since an odor backflow prevention plate is installed in the input portion where the garbage is input, and the odor generated from the garbage in the decomposition tank is not returned to the input portion, it is possible to eliminate the user's dissatisfaction. In addition, a septic tank is installed at the bottom of the decomposition tank so that the purified water is discharged to the outside, and sewage that has not been purified in the septic tank is supplied again to the decomposition tank through the circulation pipe to prevent water pollution. In addition, it has the effect of saving water used for garbage.

以下に添付図面を参照しながら、本発明による生ごみ処理器の望ましい実施例について詳細に説明する。   Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of a garbage disposal according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

図1は本発明による生ごみ処理器の一実施例による斜視図であり、図2は本発明による生ごみ処理器の他の実施例による概略的な構成図が図示されていて、図3は図1の分解斜視図が図示されている。   FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a garbage disposal device according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of another embodiment of the garbage disposal device according to the present invention, and FIG. An exploded perspective view of FIG. 1 is shown.

そして、図4には本発明による生ごみ処理器の投入部の底面を現わした斜視図が図示されているし、図5には本発明による生ごみ処理器で分解槽の内部を現わした部分斜視図が図示されている。   FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the bottom of the input portion of the garbage processor according to the present invention, and FIG. 5 shows the inside of the decomposition tank with the garbage processor according to the present invention. A partial perspective view is shown.

これら図面によれば、本発明による生ごみ処理器は大きく生ごみが投入される投入部(200)と、前記投入部(200)の下部に形成されて生ごみを撹拌手段(400)で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する分解槽(300)が具備される外部ケース(100)と、前記外部ケース(100)の側面に具備されて生ごみ処理器を制御する回路基板(520)などが設置される制御パネル(500)などで構成される。   According to these drawings, the garbage processing apparatus according to the present invention is formed at the input part (200) into which the garbage is largely charged, and at the lower part of the input part (200), the garbage is agitated by the agitating means (400). An external case (100) provided with a decomposition tank (300) for decomposing with microorganisms, and a circuit board (520) provided on a side surface of the external case (100) for controlling the garbage processor. Control panel (500).

前記投入部(200)の上端には一般家庭の台所に設置されるシンク台(図示せず)下部に結合される投入口(220)が形成される。前記投入口(220)はほぼ円形の長い筒の形状で、生ごみが投入されて前記分解槽(300)に流入されるように分解槽と連動して形成される。   A charging port 220 is formed at the upper end of the charging unit 200 to be coupled to a lower part of a sink table (not shown) installed in a general household kitchen. The inlet (220) has a substantially circular long cylinder shape and is formed in conjunction with the decomposition tank so that garbage is input and flows into the decomposition tank (300).

前記投入口(220)の外部一方側には投入口(220)に投入される生ごみに含まれている水分を排出するように案内する第1排出口(222)が形成され、前記第1排出口(222)の下端には四角板形状に成形される上板(240)が形成される。前記上板(240)は前記投入口(220)を支持して前記分解槽(300)の外形を形成する外部ケース(100)の上面を遮蔽する役割をして、周囲には外部ケース(100)と結合されるようにスクリュー(Screw)が締結されるケース結合穴(242)が多数形成される。   A first discharge port (222) for guiding the moisture contained in the garbage input to the input port (220) to be discharged is formed on one outer side of the input port (220). An upper plate (240) formed in a square plate shape is formed at the lower end of the discharge port (222). The upper plate (240) serves to shield the upper surface of the outer case (100) that supports the charging port (220) and forms the outer shape of the decomposition tank (300). A plurality of case coupling holes (242) to which the screws (Screw) are fastened are formed.

そして、前記投入口(220)の内部にはシンク台から投入される生ごみが一時保存される貯蔵筒(260)が具備される。前記貯蔵筒(260)は図2に図示されたように前記投入口(220)の形状と同一のように成形されて、前記投入口(220)に収容できるように投入口の大きさより少し小さく形成され、生ごみに含まれている水分が前記第1排出口(222)で排出されるようにその外形を櫛歯形状で構成される。   In addition, a storage cylinder (260) for temporarily storing garbage thrown in from the sink is provided in the insertion port (220). As shown in FIG. 2, the storage cylinder 260 is formed to have the same shape as the charging port 220, and is slightly smaller than the size of the charging port so that it can be accommodated in the charging port 220. The outer shape is formed in a comb-like shape so that the moisture that is formed and contained in the garbage is discharged from the first discharge port (222).

前記貯蔵筒(260)の下部には図4に図示されたように前記投入口(220)に投入される生ごみを前記分解槽(300)で案内するガイド板(280)が形成される。前記ガイド板(280)は前記投入口(220)を基準で所定の角度で傾くように設置されて生ごみが前記投入口(220)を通じて前記分解槽(300)にうまく投入されることができるようにし、このようなガイド板(280)は前記上板(240)の底面とスクリュー(Screw、S)と結合されるガイド支持板(282)によって支持される。   As shown in FIG. 4, a guide plate (280) for guiding the garbage to be introduced into the introduction port (220) with the decomposition tank (300) is formed at the lower part of the storage cylinder (260). The guide plate (280) is installed to be inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to the charging port (220), so that garbage can be successfully charged into the decomposition tank (300) through the charging port (220). In this way, the guide plate 280 is supported by a guide support plate 282 that is coupled to the bottom surface of the upper plate 240 and the screws S.

前記ガイド板(280)の側方(傍)には前記分解槽(300)から発生するにおいの逆流を防止するにおい逆流防止板(290)が形成される。前記におい逆流防止板(290)は前記投入口(220)の内面にヒンジ結合されて生ごみの重さで回動する。即ち、前記投入口(220)に投入される生ごみは前記ガイド板(280)によって案内されて前記におい逆流防止板(290)を側方に回動させながら前記分解槽(300)に投入され、このように前記分解槽(300)で生ごみが投入された後には側方に回動された前記におい逆流防止板(290)が重力によって前記ガイド板(280)側に回動復帰され、前記投入口との貫通を遮断することで前記分解槽から発生するにおいの逆流を防止するようになる。   On the side (side) of the guide plate (280), an odor backflow prevention plate (290) for preventing the backflow of the odor generated from the decomposition tank (300) is formed. The odor backflow prevention plate (290) is hinged to the inner surface of the charging port (220) and rotates with the weight of garbage. That is, the garbage thrown into the charging port (220) is guided by the guide plate (280), and is thrown into the decomposition tank (300) while rotating the odor backflow prevention plate (290) to the side. In this way, after the garbage is put in the decomposition tank (300), the odor backflow prevention plate (290) turned to the side is turned back to the guide plate (280) side by gravity, By blocking the penetration with the charging port, the reverse flow of the odor generated from the decomposition tank is prevented.

前記投入部(200)の下部には生ごみを撹拌手段(400)で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する空間である分解槽(300)が具備される外部ケース(100)が形成される。前記外部ケース(100)は上面が開口されたほぼ四角筒状に形成されて、わく上面には前記ケース結合穴(242)とスクリュー結合される上板結合穴(102)が多数成形されて、その内部には前記分解槽が形成される。前記分解槽は前記外部ケース(100)と等しい形状の四角筒状で形成されて、下端部に一定の大きさのホール(H)が多数貫通される打穴網(310)が下側でラウンド形状に構成されて結合されている。   An outer case (100) including a decomposition tank (300), which is a space where the garbage is decomposed by microorganisms while being stirred by the stirring means (400), is formed at a lower portion of the charging unit (200). The outer case (100) is formed in a substantially square cylindrical shape with an upper surface opened, and a plurality of upper plate coupling holes (102) screwed to the case coupling hole (242) are formed on the upper surface, The decomposition tank is formed therein. The decomposition tank is formed in a square cylinder shape having the same shape as the outer case (100), and a perforated net (310) in which a large number of holes (H) of a certain size are penetrated at the lower end rounds on the lower side. Constructed and connected in shape.

前記分解槽(300)の内部には生ごみと共に投入される微生物が旺盛に培養されることができる空間を提供する微生物培養器(又は巣)(320)が具備される。前記微生物培養器(320)は花模様の形状が螺旋形状で成り立った形態を持って、このような微生物培養器(320)に微生物が棲息して培養されることで,以下に説明する給水手段(340)に供給される水の渦流にも微生物が流されないようになる。   The decomposition tank 300 is provided with a microorganism incubator (or nest) 320 that provides a space where microorganisms to be introduced together with garbage can be vigorously cultured. The microorganism incubator (320) has a form in which a flower pattern is formed in a spiral shape, and microorganisms are inhaled and cultured in such a microorganism incubator (320), so that water supply means described below is provided. Microorganisms are prevented from flowing in the swirl of water supplied to (340).

前記分解槽(300)の一方側上端には分解槽に水を供給する給水手段(340)が設置される。前記給水手段は第1ノズル(342)と第2ノズル(344)で構成されて前記分解槽の一側の上端両側に具備される。このように前記給水手段(340)が二つのノズル(342、344)で構成される理由は前記分解槽(300)に投入される生ごみの撹拌をうまくすることと同時に前記微生物培養器(320)で繁殖される微生物に適当な培養条件を提供して前記分解槽をきれいに掃除をするためである。   A water supply means (340) for supplying water to the decomposition tank is installed at the upper end of one side of the decomposition tank (300). The water supply means includes a first nozzle (342) and a second nozzle (344) and is provided on both upper ends of one side of the decomposition tank. The reason why the water supply means (340) is composed of the two nozzles (342, 344) is that the garbage injecting into the decomposition tank (300) is stirred well and at the same time the microorganism incubator (320). This is to provide appropriate culture conditions for the microorganisms propagated in (1) to clean the decomposition tank cleanly.

ここで前記給水手段(340)が設置される分解槽(300)の他の側面には給水手段に供給される水の円滑な排出のために多数の通孔(図示せず)が形成されることが望ましい。   Here, a number of through holes (not shown) are formed on the other side surface of the decomposition tank (300) where the water supply means (340) is installed in order to smoothly discharge the water supplied to the water supply means. It is desirable.

また、前記分解槽(300)には生ごみを撹拌させる撹拌手段(400)が具備される。前記撹拌手段(400)は前記分解槽(300)の空間を横切って設置されて回転する回転軸(420)と、前記回転軸(420)の一側に多数個結合されて生ごみと微生物培養器(320)を撹拌させる撹拌羽(440)と、前記撹拌羽(440)の端部に結合されて前記分解槽(300)の内周面と接触を強化させるパドル(460)で構成される。   Further, the decomposition tank (300) is provided with a stirring means (400) for stirring the garbage. The agitation means (400) is installed across the space of the decomposition tank (300) and rotates, and a plurality of the agitation means (400) are coupled to one side of the rotation shaft (420) to dispose garbage and microorganism culture. A stirring blade (440) for stirring the vessel (320) and a paddle (460) coupled to the end of the stirring blade (440) to enhance contact with the inner peripheral surface of the decomposition vessel (300) .

前記回転軸(420)は以下に説明する制御パネル(500)に設置されて回転力を提供する撹拌モーター(540)と結合されて回転することになり、このように回転軸(420)に前記撹拌羽(440)が多数個、より詳細には前記分解槽(300)の空間を勘案して3個が設置されることが望ましい。   The rotating shaft 420 is connected to a stirring motor 540 that is installed in a control panel 500 that will be described below and provides a rotational force. Thus, the rotating shaft 420 is connected to the rotating shaft 420. It is desirable to install a large number of stirring blades (440), more specifically, three considering the space of the decomposition tank (300).

前記撹拌羽(440)は前記分解槽(300)の内部空間を横切って設置される回転軸(420)と垂直に結合されて回転して、前記分解槽(300)の内周面と接触される端部が所定の面積を持って広く形成される杓子形状に形成される。そして、前記撹拌羽(440)の端部すなわち前記分解槽(300)の内周面と接触される端部にはフレキシブルなパドル(460)がもっと具備され結合される。   The agitating blade (440) is connected to the inner peripheral surface of the decomposition vessel (300) by rotating vertically coupled to a rotating shaft (420) installed across the internal space of the decomposition vessel (300). The end portion is formed in an insulator shape that is widely formed with a predetermined area. Further, a flexible paddle (460) is further provided and coupled to the end of the stirring blade (440), that is, the end contacting the inner peripheral surface of the decomposition vessel (300).

前記パドル(460)は前記撹拌羽(440)の端部に挟まれてスクリュー(5)に結合されて、前記撹拌羽(440)と微生物培養集(320)の接触で微生物培養器(320)の破損を防止することと同時に前記分解槽(300)の内周面との接触を強化させて生ごみと微生物培養器(320)がよくまじるようにする役割をする。   The paddle (460) is sandwiched between ends of the stirring blade (440) and coupled to the screw (5), and the microorganism incubator (320) is brought into contact with the stirring blade (440) and the microorganism culture collection (320). It prevents the breakage of the wastewater and at the same time enhances the contact with the inner peripheral surface of the decomposition tank (300) so that the garbage and the microorganism incubator (320) can be well mixed.

前記分解槽(300)の下部には分解槽から流出する水を一時貯蔵して外部で排出する排水槽(360)が形成される。前記排水槽(360)は前記分解槽の下端部の広さと等しい大きさに成形され、一方側には一時貯蔵される水が外部に排出されるように案内する第2排出口(362)が連通されて形成される。   A drainage tank (360) for temporarily storing the water flowing out from the decomposition tank and discharging it outside is formed in the lower part of the decomposition tank (300). The drain tank 360 is formed to have a size equal to the width of the lower end of the decomposition tank, and a second discharge port 362 that guides the temporarily stored water to be discharged to the outside on one side. Formed by communication.

この時前記排水槽(360)の下端部は前記第2排出口(362)が形成される方向と反対方向が所定の角度で高く傾くように成形されて前記排水槽(360)に貯蔵される水がうまく第2排出口(362)で排出されることができるように構成されることが望ましい。一方、前記分解槽(300)と排水槽(360)が形成される外部ケース(100)の側面には前記撹拌手段(400)と給水手段(340)及び生ごみ処理器の作動を制御する回路基板(520)等が設置される制御パネル(500)が具備される。   At this time, the lower end of the drainage tank 360 is formed so that the direction opposite to the direction in which the second discharge port 362 is formed is inclined at a predetermined angle and stored in the drainage tank 360. It is desirable to be configured so that water can be successfully discharged at the second outlet (362). On the other hand, on the side surface of the outer case (100) where the decomposition tank (300) and the drain tank (360) are formed, a circuit for controlling the operation of the stirring means (400), the water supply means (340) and the garbage disposal device. A control panel (500) on which a substrate (520) and the like are installed is provided.

前記制御パネル(500)は大略四角板の形状に形成されて、背面には生ごみの動作のための前記回路基板(520)など多数の部品が設置される。即ち、前記回路基板の側傍には前記撹拌手段(400)の回転軸(420)と結合されて回転動力を提供する撹拌モーター(540)が設置されて、前記撹拌モーター(540)の側傍には前記給水手段(340)と繋がれて前記分解槽(300)内部に水を供給するように動作される給水ポンプ(560)などが具備される。   The control panel 500 is generally formed in a square plate shape, and a large number of components such as the circuit board 520 for garbage operation are installed on the back surface. That is, a stirring motor (540) that is connected to a rotating shaft (420) of the stirring means (400) and provides rotational power is installed on the side of the circuit board, and on the side of the stirring motor (540). Includes a water supply pump (560) connected to the water supply means (340) and operated to supply water into the decomposition tank (300).

前記制御パネル(500)の正面上端には前記回路基板(520)と繋がれて生ごみ処理器の作動のための作動ボタン(580)と動作及びエラーを表示する表示ランプ(590)がもっと具備されて、下端部には前記外部ケース(100)のパネル結合突起(104)と結合されてスクリュー締結されるパネル結合穴(502)が貫通形成される。   The control panel 500 has a front upper end connected to the circuit board 520 and an operation button 580 for operating the garbage processor and a display lamp 590 for displaying operations and errors. In addition, a panel coupling hole (502) that is coupled to the panel coupling protrusion (104) of the outer case (100) and is screwed is formed through the lower end portion.

そして、本発明による生ごみ処理器は図2に図示されたように構成することもできる。即ち、前記分解槽(300)の下部に形成される排水槽(360)を取り替えて分解槽(300)から流出される水を一時貯蔵しながら濾過及び浄化させる浄化槽(380)を構成することができる。   The garbage disposal device according to the present invention can be configured as shown in FIG. That is, the drainage tank (360) formed in the lower part of the decomposition tank (300) may be replaced to constitute a purification tank (380) for filtering and purifying while temporarily storing water flowing out of the decomposition tank (300). it can.

前記浄化槽(380)の内部には多数個のフィルター(Filter)で構成される浄化手段(382)が具備されて前記浄化槽(380)に流入される生ごみの水を浄化させてきれいな水を前記第2排出口(388)を通じて外部に排出することができるようになる。また、前記浄化槽(380)の一方側には前記浄化手段(382)で濾過されることができなかった水を再び前記分解槽(300)に循環されるように案内する循環配管(384)が具備されて繋がれて、このような循環配管(384)の他側は前記分解槽(300)の給水手段(340)で繋がれて、前記循環配管(384)の一方側には前記分解槽(300)で浄化槽(380)の水が循環されるように吸入力を提供する循環ポンプ(386)が具備される。   The septic tank (380) is provided with a purification means (382) composed of a number of filters to purify the waste water flowing into the septic tank (380) to obtain clean water. It becomes possible to discharge to the outside through the second discharge port (388). A circulation pipe (384) for guiding water that could not be filtered by the purification means (382) to be circulated again to the decomposition tank (300) is provided on one side of the purification tank (380). The other side of the circulation pipe (384) is connected by a water supply means (340) of the decomposition tank (300), and the one side of the circulation pipe (384) is connected to the decomposition tank. A circulation pump (386) is provided that provides suction input so that the water in the septic tank (380) is circulated at (300).

従って、前記循環ポンプ(386)の吸入力で前記浄化槽(380)の水が前記分解槽(300)の給水手段(340)を通じて再び分解槽(300)に供給されて撹拌作用に提供されるし、前記分解槽から撹拌作用を経った水は再び前記浄化槽に流入され、浄化されて外部に排出されるようにずっと循環が可能になるようにする。   Therefore, the water in the septic tank (380) is supplied again to the decomposition tank (300) through the water supply means (340) of the decomposition tank (300) by the suction input of the circulation pump (386) and provided for the stirring action. The water that has undergone the stirring action from the decomposition tank is again flowed into the septic tank, purified and discharged to the outside so that it can be circulated.

以下前記のような構成の本発明による生ごみ処理器の作用を詳しく見ると、前記投入部(200)の貯蔵筒(260)に生ごみが満たされるようになれば前記貯蔵筒(260)を覆して前記投入口(220)に生ごみを投入するようになる。この時前記投入口(220)に投入される生ごみは前記ガイド板(280)に滑りながら案内されて前記におい逆流防止板(290)を回動させて前記分解槽(300)に投入される。   Hereinafter, the operation of the garbage disposal device according to the present invention having the above-described configuration will be described in detail. When the storage cylinder (260) of the charging unit (200) is filled with the garbage, the storage cylinder (260) is removed. Then, the garbage is put into the charging port (220). At this time, the garbage thrown into the loading port (220) is guided while sliding on the guide plate (280), and is turned into the decomposition tank (300) by rotating the odor backflow prevention plate (290). .

このように前記分解槽(300)に生ごみが投入されてから前記におい逆流防止板(290)が重力によってもとの場所に回動されて前記分解槽(300)の生ごみから発生するにおいの逆流を防止するようになる。前記のように前記分解槽に生ごみが投入されてある程度(例えば1日分量)満たされるようになれば前記微生物培養器(320)と微生物を一定量投入するようになる。そして前記制御パネル(500)の作動ボタン(580)を押せば生ごみ処理器が作動するようになる。   In this way, after the garbage is put into the decomposition tank (300), the odor backflow prevention plate (290) is rotated to the original place by gravity and smell generated from the garbage in the decomposition tank (300). To prevent backflow. As described above, when the garbage is introduced into the decomposition tank and is filled to a certain extent (for example, the amount for one day), the microorganism incubator (320) and a certain amount of microorganisms are introduced. When the operation button (580) of the control panel (500) is pressed, the garbage processor is activated.

前記作動ボタン(580)の操作で前記制御パネル(500)の表示ランプ(590)が発光すると前記分解槽(300)の給水手段(340)で水が供給されて前記制御パネル(500)の撹拌モーター(540)が回転して前記撹拌手段(400)が動作することで前記分解槽(300)に投入された生ごみと微生物培養器(320)及び微生物がお互いに混ぜながら撹拌される。ここで前記給水手段(340)は前記回路基板(520)の回路構成によって決まった間隔(例えば30分に一回ずつ30秒間)に供給されることができるように調節することができるし、前記撹拌手段(400)も決まった時間(例えば30分に一回ずつ30秒間)に回転させるように調節することができる。   When the operation lamp (580) is operated and the display lamp (590) of the control panel (500) emits light, water is supplied by the water supply means (340) of the decomposition tank (300) and the control panel (500) is stirred. By rotating the motor (540) and operating the stirring means (400), the garbage, the microorganism incubator (320), and the microorganisms charged in the decomposition tank (300) are stirred while being mixed with each other. Here, the water supply means (340) can be adjusted so that it can be supplied at intervals determined by the circuit configuration of the circuit board (520) (for example, once every 30 minutes for 30 seconds). The stirring means (400) can also be adjusted to rotate at a fixed time (for example, once every 30 minutes for 30 seconds).

このように構成される回路基板(520)の制御によって前記分解槽(300)で撹拌されることと同時に前記微生物培養器(320)で培養される微生物によって分解される生ごみは約1日に2kg程度になる。そして、前記分解槽(300)で撹拌されるうちに流出される水は前記排水槽(360)に流入されて一時貯蔵されて、この一時貯蔵された水は前記排水槽(360)の第2排出口(362)を通じて案内されて外部に排出されることになる。   Garbage decomposed by the microorganisms cultivated in the microorganism incubator (320) at the same time as being stirred in the decomposition tank (300) by controlling the circuit board (520) thus configured is about one day. It becomes about 2kg. Then, the water that flows out while being stirred in the decomposition tank (300) flows into the drain tank (360) and is temporarily stored, and the temporarily stored water is the second of the drain tank (360). It is guided through the discharge port (362) and discharged to the outside.

一方、図2に図示されるように浄化槽(380)が具備される生ごみ処理器の作用を見れば、前記分解槽(300)の撹拌作用で分解槽(300)から流出される水が前記浄化槽(380)に貯蔵される。このようになれば前記浄化槽(380)の浄化手段(382)を通じて浄化された水は前記第2排出口(388)を通じて外部に排出され、前記浄化手段(382)で浄化されることができなかった汚水は前記循環ポンプ(386)の吸入力に吸入されて前記循環配管(384)を経由して前記給水手段(340)を通じて前記分解槽(300)に供給される。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 2, when the operation of the garbage disposal device including the septic tank (380) is seen, the water flowing out from the decomposition tank (300) by the stirring action of the decomposition tank (300) It is stored in the septic tank (380). If it becomes like this, the water purified through the purification means (382) of the purification tank (380) will be discharged to the outside through the second outlet (388) and cannot be purified by the purification means (382). The sewage is sucked into the suction input of the circulation pump (386) and supplied to the decomposition tank (300) through the water supply means (340) through the circulation pipe (384).

前記分解槽(300)に供給された汚水は分解槽の撹拌作用によって再び前記浄化槽(380)に流入し、このように流入した汚水は前記浄化手段(382)によって浄化されて外部に排出され、この過程でも浄化できなかった汚水は再び前記循環配管(384)を経由して前記分解槽(300)に供給される過程を繰り返すようになる。   The sewage supplied to the decomposition tank (300) again flows into the septic tank (380) by the stirring action of the decomposition tank, and the sewage flowing in this way is purified by the purification means (382) and discharged to the outside. The sewage that could not be purified in this process repeats the process of being supplied to the decomposition tank (300) via the circulation pipe (384) again.

以上、本発明を具体的な実施例を取り上げて詳しく説明したが、これは本発明を具体的に説明するためであって、本発明による生ごみ処理器はこの実施例によって限定されない。また、本発明の範囲内で当業者はその変形や改良が可能である事は当然である。   The present invention has been described in detail with reference to a specific embodiment. However, this is for the purpose of specifically explaining the present invention, and the garbage processor according to the present invention is not limited to this embodiment. Of course, those skilled in the art can make modifications and improvements within the scope of the present invention.

本発明の生ごみ処理器の一実施例による斜視図。The perspective view by one Example of the garbage processor of this invention. 本発明の生ごみ処理器の他の実試例による概略的な構成図。The schematic block diagram by the other actual example of the garbage processor of this invention. 図1の分解斜視図。The exploded perspective view of FIG. 本発明の生ごみ処理器で投入部の底面を現わした斜視図。The perspective view which showed the bottom face of the input part with the garbage processing device of this invention. 本発明の生ごみ処理器で分解槽の内部を現わした部分斜視図。The fragmentary perspective view which showed the inside of the decomposition | disassembly tank with the garbage processor of this invention.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

100 外部ケース 102 上板結合穴
104 パンネル結合突起200 投入部
220 投入口 222 第1排出口
240 上板 242 ケース結合穴
260 貯蔵筒 280 ガイド板
282 ガイド支持板 290 におい逆流防止板
300 分解槽 310 打穴網
320 微生物培養器 340 給水手段
342 第1ノズル 344 第2ノズル
360 排水槽 362、388 第2排出口
380 浄化槽 382 浄化手段
384 循環配管 386 循環ポンプ
400 撹拌手段 420 回転軸
440 撹拌翼 460 パドル
500 制御パネル 502 パネル結合穴
520 回路基板 540 撹拌モーター
560 給水ポンプ 580 作動ボタン
590 表示ランプ H ホール
S スクリュー
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 100 Outer case 102 Upper plate coupling hole 104 Pannel coupling protrusion 200 Throwing part 220 Throwing port 222 First discharge port 240 Upper plate 242 Case coupling hole 260 Storage cylinder 280 Guide plate 282 Guide support plate 290 Odor backflow prevention plate 300 Decomposition tank 310 Strike Hole network 320 Microorganism incubator 340 Water supply means 342 First nozzle 344 Second nozzle 360 Drain tank 362, 388 Second discharge port 380 Septic tank 382 Purification means 384 Circulation piping 386 Circulation pump 400 Stirring means 420 Rotating shaft 440 Stirring blade 460 Paddle 500 Control panel 502 Panel connection hole 520 Circuit board 540 Stirring motor 560 Water supply pump 580 Operation button 590 Display lamp H Hole S Screw

Claims (8)

シンク台の下部に連結され、生ごみが投入される投入部と、
前記投入部の下部に形成され、生ごみを撹拌手段で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する空間である分解槽と、
前記分解槽の一方側に具備され、分解槽に水を供給する給水手段と、
前記分解槽の下部に形成され、分解槽から流入する水を一時保存して外部に排出させる排水槽と、
前記分解槽と排水槽の外形を形成する外部ケースと、
前記外部ケースの一方側に具備されて、前記撹拌手段と給水手段を制御する回路基板など多数の部品が設置される制御パネルを備えてなることを特徴とする生ごみ処理器。
An input unit that is connected to the bottom of the sink and into which food waste is input,
A decomposition tank that is formed in the lower part of the charging part and is a space where the garbage is decomposed by microorganisms while being stirred by a stirring means;
A water supply means provided on one side of the decomposition tank, for supplying water to the decomposition tank;
A drainage tank that is formed at the bottom of the decomposition tank, and temporarily stores the water flowing in from the decomposition tank and discharges it to the outside.
An outer case forming the outer shape of the decomposition tank and drainage tank;
A garbage disposal device comprising a control panel provided on one side of the outer case and provided with a number of components such as a circuit board for controlling the stirring means and the water supply means.
シンク台の下部に連結され、生ごみが投入される投入部と、
前記投入部の下部に形成され、生ごみを撹拌手段で撹拌させながら微生物で分解する空間である分解槽と、
前記分解槽の一方側に具備されて、前記分解槽に水を供給する給水手段と、
前記分解槽の下部に形成され、前記分解槽から流入する水を濾過及び浄化させる浄化槽と、
前記分解槽と浄化槽の外形を形成する外部ケースと、
前記外部ケースの一方側に具備されて、前記撹拌手段と給水手段を制御する回路基板など多数の部品が設置される制御パネルを備えてなることを特徴とする生ごみ処理器。
An input unit that is connected to the bottom of the sink and into which food waste is input,
A decomposition tank that is formed in the lower part of the charging part and is a space where the garbage is decomposed by microorganisms while being stirred by a stirring means;
A water supply means provided on one side of the decomposition tank, for supplying water to the decomposition tank;
A septic tank formed at a lower portion of the decomposition tank and filtering and purifying water flowing from the decomposition tank;
An outer case forming the outer shape of the decomposition tank and the septic tank;
A garbage disposal device comprising a control panel provided on one side of the outer case and provided with a number of components such as a circuit board for controlling the stirring means and the water supply means.
前記投入部は、シンク台の下部に連結され、生ごみが投入される円筒状の投入口と前記投入口の外形を形成し、投入口を支持する上板と、前記投入口の内側に具備され、生ごみを一時保存する保存桶と、前記保存桶の下部に形成されて、保存桶の生ごみが前記分解槽に投入されるように案内するガイド板と、前記ガイド板の一方側に形成されて、前記分解槽で発生するにおいの逆流を防止するように流動するにおい逆流防止板を備えることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の生ごみ処理器。   The charging unit is connected to a lower part of the sink base, forms a cylindrical charging port into which raw garbage is charged, an outer shape of the charging port, and includes an upper plate that supports the charging port, and an inner side of the charging port. A storage basket for temporarily storing the garbage, a guide plate formed at a lower portion of the storage basket for guiding the garbage of the storage basket to be put into the decomposition tank, and a guide plate on one side of the guide plate The garbage processing device according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising an odor backflow prevention plate that is formed and flows to prevent the odor backflow generated in the decomposition tank. 前記分解槽には微生物が旺盛に培養されることができるように空間を提供する微生物培養器を備えることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の生ごみ処理器。   The garbage processing device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the decomposition tank includes a microorganism incubator that provides a space so that microorganisms can be vigorously cultured. 前記撹拌手段は、前記分解槽の空間を横切って回転する回転軸と、前記回転軸の一方側に多数個に結合され、生ごみと微生物培養器を撹拌させる撹拌羽と、前記撹拌羽の端部に結合され、前記分解槽の内周面と接触を強化させるパドルを含んでなることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の生ごみ処理器。   The stirring means includes a rotating shaft that rotates across the space of the decomposition tank, a plurality of stirring blades coupled to one side of the rotating shaft, and stirring the garbage and the microorganism incubator, and an end of the stirring blade The garbage processing device according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a paddle coupled to a portion to reinforce contact with an inner peripheral surface of the decomposition tank. 前記制御パネルには前記撹拌手段が回転するように回転力を提供する撹拌モータを備えることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の生ごみ処理器。   The garbage processor according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the control panel is provided with a stirring motor that provides a rotational force so that the stirring means rotates. 前記浄化槽には前記分解槽から流入する水を浄化させて排出する浄化手段を備えることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の生ごみ処理器。   The garbage processor according to claim 2, wherein the septic tank is provided with a purification means for purifying and discharging water flowing from the decomposition tank. 前記浄化槽の一方側には前記浄化手段で濾過されることができなかった水を再び前記分解槽に循環されるように案内する循環配管と、前記循環配管の一方側に具備されて、前記分解槽で水が循環されるように吸入力を提供する循環ポンプをもっと備えることを特徴とする請求項7に記載の生ごみ処理器。
One side of the septic tank is provided with a circulation pipe for guiding water that could not be filtered by the purification means to be circulated again to the decomposition tank, and one side of the circulation pipe is provided with the decomposition The garbage processing device according to claim 7, further comprising a circulation pump for providing a suction input so that water is circulated in the tank.
JP2006042532A 2005-02-23 2006-02-20 Garbage disposer Pending JP2006231329A (en)

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