JP2006125107A - Solar cell panel installing structure - Google Patents

Solar cell panel installing structure Download PDF

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JP2006125107A
JP2006125107A JP2004316864A JP2004316864A JP2006125107A JP 2006125107 A JP2006125107 A JP 2006125107A JP 2004316864 A JP2004316864 A JP 2004316864A JP 2004316864 A JP2004316864 A JP 2004316864A JP 2006125107 A JP2006125107 A JP 2006125107A
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solar cell
roof
panel
cell panel
vertical
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Japanese (ja)
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Takahide Fujiwara
貴英 藤原
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Sekisui Chem Co Ltd
積水化学工業株式会社
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Priority to JP2004316864A priority Critical patent/JP2006125107A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/35Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles by means of profiles with a cross-section defining separate supporting portions for adjacent modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S2020/10Solar modules layout; Modular arrangements
    • F24S2020/13Overlaying arrangements similar to roof tiles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a solar cell panel installing structure by which the solar cell panels are fitted to a roof surface at a low cost without spoiling the appearance of the whole roof. <P>SOLUTION: In the solar cell panel installing structure, the solar cell panels 5 are fitted onto the roof surface of a building, and a plurality of roof materials (plain tiles 6) are positioned around the solar cell panels 5 and are arranged vertically, laterally and side by side on the roof surface. In the solar cell panel installing structure, at least a pair of panel supporting rails 4, 4 parallel to each other are fitted onto the roof surface in a lateral or vertical direction at intervals. The edge parts positioned at both ends of the solar cell panels 5 in a vertical or lateral direction are held by the pair of panel supporting rails 4, 4, respectively. Further, the vertical and lateral lengths of the solar cell panels 5 are set to be substantially the same as those of the roof materials (plain tiles 6) or to be several times as long as those of the roof materials (the plain tiles 6). The edge parts of the solar cell panels 5 and the roof materials (the plain tiles 6) are placed vertically and laterally, and are drawn up in order. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

この発明は、複数の屋根材及び太陽電池パネルを屋根面に設置する太陽電池パネル設置構造に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a solar cell panel installation structure in which a plurality of roof materials and solar cell panels are installed on a roof surface.

従来、太陽電池パネルを住宅等の建物の傾斜する屋根上に設置して、太陽エネルギーを利用することが行われている。この太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法としては、太陽電池パネルの長さに合わせた支持レールを複数設けて、この複数の支持レールを屋根面の傾斜方向に向けると共に傾斜方向と交差する横方向に等ピッチで配列した状態で屋根面に取り付け、この複数の支持レールに太陽電池パネルを取り付ける方法が知られている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。   Conventionally, a solar cell panel is installed on a sloping roof of a building such as a house and solar energy is used. As a method of attaching this solar cell panel to the roof surface, a plurality of support rails are provided in accordance with the length of the solar cell panel, and the plurality of support rails are directed in the inclination direction of the roof surface and transversely intersecting the inclination direction. A method of attaching the solar cell panel to the plurality of support rails and arranging the solar cell panels on the roof surface in a state of being arranged at equal pitches is known (for example, see Patent Document 1).

また、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法としては、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に所定の角度を付けて取り付けるようにするために、太陽電池パネルの上縁及び下縁に上方又は下方への折曲部を設けて、この折曲部を利用して太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法が知られている(例えば、特許文献2,3参照)。
特許第3302663号公報特許第3108579号公報特許第3258942号公報
また、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法としては、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に所定の角度を付けて取り付けるようにするために、太陽電池パネルの上縁及び下縁に上方又は下方への折曲部を設けて、この折曲部を利用して太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法が知られている(例えば、特許文献2,3参照)。
特許第3302663号公報特許第3108579号公報特許第3258942号公報
また、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法としては、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に所定の角度を付けて取り付けるようにするために、太陽電池パネルの上縁及び下縁に上方又は下方への折曲部を設けて、この折曲部を利用して太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法が知られている(例えば、特許文献2,3参照)。
特許第3302663号公報特許第3108579号公報特許第3258942号公報
また、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法としては、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に所定の角度を付けて取り付けるようにするために、太陽電池パネルの上縁及び下縁に上方又は下方への折曲部を設けて、この折曲部を利用して太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法が知られている(例えば、特許文献2,3参照)。
特許第3302663号公報特許第3108579号公報特許第3258942号公報
In addition, as a method of attaching the solar cell panel to the roof surface, in order to attach the solar cell panel at a predetermined angle to the roof surface, the upper and lower edges of the solar cell panel are folded upward or downward. A method of attaching a solar cell panel to a roof surface using a bent portion by providing a bent portion is known (for example, see Patent Documents 2 and 3). In addition, as a method of attaching the solar cell panel to the roof surface, in order to attach the solar cell panel at a predetermined angle to the roof surface, the upper and lower edges of the solar cell panel are folded upward or downward. A method of attaching a solar cell panel to a roof surface using a bent portion by providing a bent portion is known (for example, see Patent Documents 2 and 3).
Japanese Patent No. 3302663 Japanese Patent No. 3302663 Japanese Patent No. 3108579 Japanese Patent No. 3108579 Japanese Patent No. 32582942 Japanese Patent No. 32582942

しかしながら、支持レールを用いて太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付ける方法では、屋根面に施工される瓦等の屋根材と太陽電池パネルの横方向の長さを合わせていないため、屋根材の施工箇所と太陽電池パネルの施工箇所で大きく外観が異なり、屋根全体の外観を損なうものであった。   However, in the method of attaching the solar cell panel to the roof surface using the support rail, the roof material such as tiles to be constructed on the roof surface does not match the horizontal length of the solar cell panel. And the appearance of the solar panel greatly differed, and the appearance of the entire roof was damaged.

しかも、屋根材と太陽電池パネルの横方向の長さが異なるため、屋根材と太陽電池パネルを横方向において合わせて接合することができず、屋根材と太陽電池パネルの合わさる部分は板金等で間仕切りする必要があった。   Moreover, since the lateral lengths of the roofing material and the solar cell panel are different, the roofing material and the solar cell panel cannot be joined together in the lateral direction, and the portion where the roofing material and the solar cell panel are combined is made of sheet metal or the like. There was a need to partition.

また、太陽電池パネルの上縁及び下縁に折曲部を設けた構造では、構造が複雑であると共に、高価になるという問題があった。   Moreover, in the structure which provided the bending part in the upper edge and lower edge of the solar cell panel, there existed a problem that a structure was complicated and became expensive.

そこで、この発明は、太陽電池パネルを屋根全体の外観を損なうことなく且つ安価に屋根面に取り付けることができる太陽電池パネル設置構造を提供することを目的とするものである。   Then, this invention aims at providing the solar cell panel installation structure which can attach a solar cell panel to a roof surface cheaply without impairing the external appearance of the whole roof.

この目的を達成するため、請求項1の発明は、建物の屋根面上に太陽電池パネルを取り付けると共に、複数の屋根材を前記太陽電池パネルの周囲に位置させて縦横に前記屋根面上に並設した太陽電池パネル設置構造において、互いに平行な少なくとも一対のパネル支持レールを縦方向又は横方向に間隔をおいて前記屋根面上に取り付け、前記太陽電池パネルの縦方向両端又は横方向両端に位置する縁部を前記一対のパネル支持レールにそれぞれ保持させると共に、前記太陽電池パネルの縦横の長さを前記屋根材の縦横の長さと略同じか数倍に設定して、前記太陽電池パネルと前記屋根材の縁部を縦横において整列させた太陽電池パネル設置構造としたことを特徴とする。   In order to achieve this object, the invention of claim 1 attaches a solar cell panel on a roof surface of a building, and arranges a plurality of roof materials around the solar cell panel in a vertical and horizontal manner on the roof surface. In the installed solar cell panel structure, at least a pair of panel support rails parallel to each other are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction or the horizontal direction, and positioned at both the vertical direction ends or the horizontal direction ends of the solar cell panel. And the vertical and horizontal lengths of the solar cell panels are set to be approximately the same or several times the vertical and horizontal lengths of the roof material, and the solar cell panels and the The solar cell panel installation structure is characterized in that the edges of the roofing material are aligned vertically and horizontally.

また、請求項2の発明は、前記パネル支持レールは長さが前記屋根材の縁部の長さと同じものから数倍のものを複数用意しておいて、これらの複数の異なる長さのパネル支持レールを組み合わせて前記太陽電池パネルを前記屋根面に取り付けたことを特徴とする。   Further, in the invention of claim 2, a plurality of panel support rails having a length that is the same as the length of the edge of the roof material or several times as many are prepared, and the panels having a plurality of different lengths are prepared. The solar battery panel is attached to the roof surface in combination with support rails.

更に、請求項3の発明は、互いに対向して長手方向に延びるパネル保持溝を前記一対のパネル支持レールにそれぞれ設け、前記対向するパネル保持溝に前記太陽電池パネルの前記縁部をそれぞれ嵌合保持させことを特徴とする。   Further, in the invention of claim 3, panel holding grooves extending in the longitudinal direction so as to face each other are provided in the pair of panel support rails, and the edge portions of the solar cell panels are fitted into the opposing panel holding grooves, respectively. It is made to hold | maintain.

また、請求項4の発明は、前記パネル支持レールは横方向に向けられると共に縦方向に間隔をおいて複数本前記屋根面上に取り付けられ、前記パネル保持溝は前記各パネル支持レールに形成され且つ前記建物の棟側に開口させられた棟側開口パネル保持溝及び前記建物の軒側に開口させられた軒側開口パネル保持溝であるとともに、前記棟側開口パネル保持溝及び軒側開口パネル保持溝は上下に位置させられていることを特徴とする。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, a plurality of the panel support rails are oriented in the lateral direction, and a plurality of panel support rails are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction, and the panel holding grooves are formed in the panel support rails. And a ridge-side opening panel holding groove opened on the ridge side of the building and an eaves-side opening panel holding groove opened on the eave side of the building, and the ridge-side opening panel holding groove and the eaves-side opening panel The holding groove is characterized by being positioned up and down.

上述した請求項1の発明によれば、パネル支持レールを用いて太陽電池パネルを屋根面に取り付けているので、太陽電池パネルを安価に屋根面に取り付けることができる。しかも、前記太陽電池パネルの縦横の長さを前記屋根材の縦横の長さと略同じか数倍に設定して、前記太陽電池パネルと前記屋根材の縁部を縦横において整列させているので、太陽電池パネルを屋根全体の外観を損なうことなく屋根面に取り付けることができる。   According to invention of Claim 1 mentioned above, since the solar cell panel is attached to the roof surface using the panel support rail, the solar cell panel can be attached to the roof surface at low cost. In addition, the vertical and horizontal lengths of the solar cell panels are set to be approximately the same or several times the vertical and horizontal lengths of the roof material, and the edges of the solar cell panels and the roof material are aligned vertically and horizontally. The solar cell panel can be attached to the roof surface without deteriorating the appearance of the entire roof.

また、請求項2の発明によれば、前記パネル支持レールは長さが前記屋根材の縁部の長さと同じものから数倍のものを複数用意しておいて、これらの複数の異なる長さのパネル支持レールを組み合わせて前記太陽電池パネルを前記屋根面に取り付けるようにしているので、屋根面にパネル支持レールを取り付ける施工時においてパネル支持レールのカット作業を無くすことができる。   According to the invention of claim 2, a plurality of panel support rails having a length that is the same as the length of the edge of the roof material or several times as many are prepared, and the plurality of different lengths are prepared. Since the solar cell panel is attached to the roof surface by combining the panel support rails, the cutting work of the panel support rail can be eliminated at the time of construction for attaching the panel support rail to the roof surface.

更に、請求項3の発明によれば、パネル支持レールに設けたパネル保持溝に太陽電池パネルの縁部を嵌合保持させているので、太陽電池パネルを簡易に取り付けることができる。   Further, according to the invention of claim 3, since the edge of the solar cell panel is fitted and held in the panel holding groove provided in the panel support rail, the solar cell panel can be easily attached.

また、請求項4の発明によれば、前記棟側開口パネル保持溝及び軒側開口パネル保持溝の上下位置を予め屋根材の棟側及び軒側の取り付け高さに調整しておくことで、太陽電池パネルを屋根面に対して屋根材と同じ角度で取り付けることができるので、太陽電池パネルを屋根全体の外観を損なうことなく屋根面に取り付けることができる。   Moreover, according to the invention of claim 4, by adjusting the vertical position of the ridge side opening panel holding groove and the eaves side opening panel holding groove in advance to the ridge side and eaves side mounting height of the roof material, Since the solar cell panel can be attached to the roof surface at the same angle as the roof material, the solar cell panel can be attached to the roof surface without impairing the appearance of the entire roof.

以下、この発明の実施の形態を図面に基づいて説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

図1において、1は住宅等の建物、2は建物1の屋根である。この屋根2は、図4,図7に示した傾斜する野地板3と、図4,図5に示したように野地板3上に配設された複数のパネル支持レール4及び複数の太陽電池パネル5を有する。この太陽電池パネル5の上縁部及び下縁部には図5に示したように上下縁部及び端面に跨る断面コ字状のシール材5a,5bがそれぞれ取り付けられている。   In FIG. 1, 1 is a building such as a house, and 2 is a roof of the building 1. The roof 2 includes an inclined base plate 3 shown in FIGS. 4 and 7, and a plurality of panel support rails 4 and a plurality of solar cells arranged on the base plate 3 as shown in FIGS. A panel 5 is provided. As shown in FIG. 5, sealing members 5a and 5b having a U-shaped cross-section extending over the upper and lower edges and the end face are attached to the upper and lower edges of the solar cell panel 5, respectively.

また、屋根2は、野地板3の屋根面3a上に図7の様に配設された屋根材としての平瓦(図1,図6参照)6を有する。   Moreover, the roof 2 has a flat tile (see FIGS. 1 and 6) 6 as a roofing material disposed on the roof surface 3a of the field board 3 as shown in FIG.

そして、複数の平瓦6は、図6に示したように縦横に配列されていると共に、横方向に
おいてずれた状態で配列されている。しかも、縦方向に配列された複数の平瓦6は、上縁部に上側の平瓦6の下縁部が載せられ、且つ下縁部が下側の平瓦6の上縁部上に載せられている。これにより、平瓦6は野地板3の屋根面3aに対して所定角度αを為している。この状態で各平瓦6は野地板3上に取り付けられている。
The plurality of flat roof tiles 6 are arranged vertically and horizontally as shown in FIG. 6 and are arranged in a shifted state in the lateral direction. Moreover, the plurality of flat roof tiles 6 arranged in the vertical direction have the lower edge of the upper flat roof tile 6 placed on the upper edge and the lower edge placed on the upper edge of the lower flat roof tile 6. It has been. Thereby, the flat tile 6 makes a predetermined angle α with respect to the roof surface 3a of the base plate 3. In this state, each flat roof tile 6 is attached on the field plate 3.

尚、図示は省略したが野地板3上には防水下地材が設けられる。また、複数のパネル支持レール4は、横方向に向けて配設されていると共に、縦方向(野地板3の傾斜方向)に間隔をおいて配設されている。   Although not shown, a waterproof base material is provided on the base plate 3. In addition, the plurality of panel support rails 4 are arranged in the horizontal direction and are arranged at intervals in the vertical direction (inclination direction of the base plate 3).

パネル支持レール4は、図5に示したように、野地板3上に図示しない木ねじ又は釘等の固定手段で固定されたベース板部4aと、このベース板部4aの幅方向中央から鉛直方向に向けて上方に突出する起立板部4bと、この起立板部4bの中間部の一側面に突設された上下一対の保持板部4c,4dを有する。尚、ベース板部4aと起立板部4bは予め傾斜した状態で形成されている。   As shown in FIG. 5, the panel support rail 4 includes a base plate portion 4a fixed on the base plate 3 by fixing means such as wood screws or nails (not shown), and a vertical direction from the center in the width direction of the base plate portion 4a. And a pair of upper and lower holding plate portions 4c and 4d projecting from one side surface of the intermediate portion of the upright plate portion 4b. The base plate portion 4a and the upright plate portion 4b are formed in an inclined state in advance.

この起立板部4b及び保持板部4c,4dはベース板部4aの両端まで延びている。そして、保持板部4c,4d間には、軒側に向けて開口し且つ保持板部4c,4dの長手方向両端まで延びるパネル保持溝(軒側開口パネル保持溝)7が形成されている。   The upright plate portion 4b and the holding plate portions 4c and 4d extend to both ends of the base plate portion 4a. Between the holding plate portions 4c and 4d, panel holding grooves (eave-side opening panel holding grooves) 7 that open toward the eaves side and extend to both longitudinal ends of the holding plate portions 4c and 4d are formed.

また、パネル支持レール4は、起立板部4bの上端部に保持板部4c,4dと同方向に向けて折曲することにより形成された保持板部4eと、保持板部4eの先端から上方に向けて折曲された当て板部4fと、当て板部4fの上端から保持板部4eとは反対側に向けて折曲された保持板部4gを有する。この保持板部4e,4g間には、棟側に向けて開口し且つ保持板部4e,4gの両端まで延びるパネル保持溝(棟側開口パネル保持溝)8が形成されている。   The panel support rail 4 includes a holding plate portion 4e formed by bending the upper end portion of the upright plate portion 4b in the same direction as the holding plate portions 4c and 4d, and an upper side from the tip of the holding plate portion 4e. And the holding plate portion 4g bent toward the opposite side of the holding plate portion 4e from the upper end of the holding plate portion 4f. Between the holding plate portions 4e and 4g, a panel holding groove (ridge-side opening panel holding groove) 8 that opens toward the ridge side and extends to both ends of the holding plate portions 4e and 4g is formed.

このように各パネル支持レール4には、棟側に開口するパネル保持溝8及び軒側に開口するパネル保持溝7が上下に間隔を置いて形成されている。そして、パネル支持レール4,4間に配設された各太陽電池パネル5は、上縁部のシール材5aが上側のパネル支持レール4のパネル保持溝7に長手方向にスライド調整可能に嵌合保持され、下縁部のシール材5bが下側のパネル支持レール4のパネル保持溝8に長手方向にスライド調整可能に嵌合保持されている。これにより、太陽電池パネル5は、屋根面3aに対して所定角度αをなすようにパネル支持レール4,4に保持されている。   As described above, each panel support rail 4 is formed with a panel holding groove 8 that opens to the ridge side and a panel holding groove 7 that opens to the eaves side with a space in the vertical direction. And each solar cell panel 5 arrange | positioned between the panel support rails 4 and 4 fits the sealing material 5a of an upper edge part to the panel holding groove 7 of the upper panel support rail 4 so that a slide adjustment is possible to a longitudinal direction. The sealing material 5b at the lower edge is fitted and held in the panel holding groove 8 of the lower panel support rail 4 so as to be slidable in the longitudinal direction. Thereby, the solar cell panel 5 is hold | maintained at the panel support rails 4 and 4 so that the predetermined angle (alpha) may be made with respect to the roof surface 3a.

また、図8に示したように、パネル支持レール4,4の取り付けピッチ(野地板3の傾斜方向の取り付け間隔)aは、平瓦6の縦方向(傾斜方向)の長さ(寸法)bと同じ長さに形成されている。しかも、パネル支持レール4,4の横方向の両端部間には、隣接する平瓦6が太陽電池パネル5に端部に傾斜方向で略一致するように配設されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 8, the mounting pitch of panel support rails 4 and 4 (the mounting interval in the inclination direction of the base plate 3) a is the length (dimension) b in the vertical direction (inclination direction) of the flat roof tile 6. Are formed to the same length. Moreover, adjacent flat roof tiles 6 are arranged between the both ends of the panel support rails 4, 4 so as to substantially coincide with the solar cell panel 5 in the inclined direction.

従って、隣接する平瓦6と太陽電池パネル5の対向端部の合わせが容易で、この合わせ部の防水処理も容易となる。しかも、太陽電池パネル5の縦方向(屋根面3aの傾斜方向)における外観を平瓦6の縦方向の外観に似せることができる。   Therefore, it is easy to match the opposed end portions of the adjacent flat roof tile 6 and the solar cell panel 5, and the waterproof treatment of the mating portion is also easy. And the external appearance in the vertical direction (inclination direction of the roof surface 3a) of the solar cell panel 5 can be made to resemble the external appearance of the flat tile 6 in the vertical direction.

この場合、平瓦(屋根材)6及び太陽電池パネル5の傾斜角度を同じ傾斜角度αにして、隣接する平瓦6及び太陽電池パネル5の対向端部同士を互いに化粧材を介して接合することにより、隣接する平瓦(屋根材)6及び太陽電池パネル5の対向端部同士の合わせ及び防水処理が容易となる。   In this case, the flat tile (roof material) 6 and the solar cell panel 5 have the same inclination angle α, and the adjacent flat tiles 6 and the opposite end portions of the solar cell panel 5 are joined to each other via a decorative material. By this, the adjacent flat tile (roof material) 6 and the opposing end parts of the solar cell panel 5 can be easily aligned and waterproofed.

しかも、平瓦6の傾斜方向の長さaと支持レール4,4の取り付けピッチを同じにして、横方向において隣接する平瓦6と太陽電池パネル5の側部同士を合わせることで、太陽
電池パネル5の外観と平瓦6の外観を更に似せることができる。
In addition, the length a of the flat tile 6 in the inclination direction and the mounting pitch of the support rails 4 and 4 are made the same, and the side portions of the flat tile 6 and the solar cell panel 5 that are adjacent in the horizontal direction are aligned with each other, The external appearance of the panel 5 and the external appearance of the flat roof tile 6 can be made more similar.

また、太陽電池パネル5の屋根面3aに対する傾斜角度を平瓦6の屋根面3aに対する傾斜角度と同じ所定角度αにすることで、太陽電池パネル5の外観と平瓦6の外観をより更に似せることができる。 Moreover, the external appearance of the solar cell panel 5 and the external appearance of the flat tile 6 are made more similar by making the inclination angle with respect to the roof surface 3a of the solar cell panel 5 the same predetermined angle α as the inclination angle with respect to the roof surface 3a of the flat tile 6. be able to.

尚、太陽電池パネル5の横行方向の長さ(寸法)は、平瓦6の横方向の長さ(寸法)の略2倍の長さに形成されている。
[変形例]

上述した実施例では、太陽電池パネル5の横方向の長さを平瓦6の横方向の長さの2倍とした例を示したが、必ずしもこれに限定されるものではない。 In the above-described embodiment, an example is shown in which the lateral length of the solar cell panel 5 is twice the lateral length of the flat roof tile 6, but the present invention is not necessarily limited to this. 例えば、図9に示したように太陽電池パネル5の横方向の長さは、平瓦6の横方向の長さと同じ長さ又は2倍の長さに形成しても良いし、また3倍以上の長さに形成することもできる。 For example, as shown in FIG. 9, the lateral length of the solar cell panel 5 may be formed to be the same as or twice as long as the lateral length of the flat roof tile 6, or may be tripled. It can also be formed to the above length. この場合、屋根材としての平瓦6と太陽電池パネル5の横方向の端部を化粧材で覆うことで、横方向についても平瓦(屋根材)6に近い外観にできる。 In this case, by covering the flat roof tile 6 as the roofing material and the lateral end of the solar cell panel 5 with a decorative material, the appearance similar to that of the flat roof tile (roofing material) 6 can be obtained in the horizontal direction. In addition, the length (dimension) of the horizontal direction of the solar cell panel 5 is formed in the length (dimension) of the horizontal direction of the flat roof tile 6 about twice. In addition, the length (dimension) of the horizontal direction of the solar cell panel 5 is formed in the length (dimension) of the horizontal direction of the flat roof tile 6 about twice.
[Modification] [Modification]
In the above-described embodiment, the example in which the lateral length of the solar cell panel 5 is twice the lateral length of the flat roof tile 6 is shown, but the embodiment is not necessarily limited thereto. For example, as shown in FIG. 9, the horizontal length of the solar cell panel 5 may be the same as or twice the horizontal length of the flat roof tile 6, or three times as long. It can also be formed in the above length. In this case, by covering the flat tile 6 as the roofing material and the lateral ends of the solar cell panel 5 with the decorative material, the appearance in the horizontal direction can be made close to the flat tile (roofing material) 6. In the above-described embodiment, the example in which the lateral length of the solar cell panel 5 is twice the lateral length of the flat roof tile 6 is shown, but the embodiment is not necessarily limited thereof. For example, as shown in FIG. 9, the horizontal length of the solar cell panel 5 may be the same as or twice the horizontal length of the flat roof tile 6, or three times as long. It can also be formed in the above length. In this case, by covering the flat tile 6 as the roofing material and the lateral ends of the solar cell panel 5 with the decorative material, the appearance in the horizontal direction can be made close to the flat tile (roofing material) 6.

また、端部防水処理の為、平瓦(屋根材)6との嵌合部より太陽電池パネル5側に端部を持ってくる場合には、支持レール4の全長をその分短くする。   Further, when the end portion is brought closer to the solar cell panel 5 than the fitting portion with the flat tile (roof material) 6 for the end waterproofing process, the entire length of the support rail 4 is shortened accordingly.

更に、パネル支持レール4の長さは、平瓦6の横方向の長さと同じものから数倍の長さのものを複数用意しておくことで、特に2倍,4倍等偶数倍の長さのものを複数用意しておくことで、太陽電池パネル5を屋根面3aに取り付ける施工時に、パネル支持レール4のカット作業を無くすことができる。   Furthermore, the length of the panel support rail 4 is several times as long as the horizontal length of the flat roof tile 6 and several times as long as it is prepared. By preparing a plurality of such things, it is possible to eliminate the cutting work of the panel support rail 4 at the time of construction for attaching the solar battery panel 5 to the roof surface 3a.

以上説明したように、この発明の実施の形態の太陽電池パネル設置構造においては、建物1の屋根面3a上に太陽電池パネル5を取り付けると共に、複数の屋根材(平瓦6)を前記太陽電池パネル5の周囲に位置させて縦横に前記屋根面3a上に並設している。しかも、太陽電池パネル設置構造においては、互いに平行な少なくとも一対のパネル支持レール4,4を縦方向又は横方向に間隔をおいて前記屋根面3a上に取り付け、前記太陽電池パネル5の縦方向両端又は横方向両端に位置する縁部を前記一対のパネル支持レール4,4にそれぞれ保持させている。更に、前記太陽電池パネル5の縦横の長さを前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縦横の長さと略同じか数倍に設定して、前記太陽電池パネル5と前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縁部を縦横において整列させている。   As described above, in the solar cell panel installation structure according to the embodiment of the present invention, the solar cell panel 5 is attached on the roof surface 3a of the building 1 and a plurality of roof materials (flat roof tiles 6) are attached to the solar cell. It is located around the panel 5 and is arranged side by side on the roof surface 3a vertically and horizontally. Moreover, in the solar cell panel installation structure, at least a pair of panel support rails 4, 4 parallel to each other are attached on the roof surface 3 a with an interval in the vertical direction or the horizontal direction, and both ends in the vertical direction of the solar cell panel 5. Or the edge part located in the both ends of a horizontal direction is hold | maintained at said pair of panel support rails 4 and 4, respectively. Furthermore, the vertical and horizontal lengths of the solar cell panel 5 are set to be substantially the same as or several times the vertical and horizontal lengths of the roof material (flat tile 6), and the solar cell panel 5 and the roof material (flat tile 6) are set. The edges are aligned in the vertical and horizontal directions.

尚、上述した実施例では複数のパネル支持レール4を横方向に向けると共に縦方向に等ピッチ(平瓦6の縦方向寸法に略一致)で配列しているが、パネル支持レール4を縦方向に向けると共に横方向に等ピッチ(平瓦6の横方向寸法に略一致)で配列することもできる。   In the above-described embodiment, the plurality of panel support rails 4 are oriented in the horizontal direction and arranged in the vertical direction at an equal pitch (substantially coincident with the vertical dimension of the flat roof tile 6). And can be arranged at an equal pitch in the horizontal direction (substantially coincides with the horizontal dimension of the flat roof tile 6).

このような構成によれば、パネル支持レール4を用いて太陽電池パネル5を屋根面3aに取り付けているので、太陽電池パネル5を安価に屋根面3aに取り付けることができる。しかも、前記太陽電池パネル5の縦横の長さを前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縦横の長さと略同じか数倍に設定して、前記太陽電池パネル5と前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縁部を縦横において整列させているので、太陽電池パネル5を屋根全体の外観を損なうことなく屋根面3aに取り付けることができる。   According to such a structure, since the solar cell panel 5 is attached to the roof surface 3a using the panel support rail 4, the solar cell panel 5 can be attached to the roof surface 3a at low cost. Moreover, the length and width of the solar cell panel 5 are set to be substantially the same as or several times the length and width of the roof material (flat tile 6), and the solar cell panel 5 and the roof material (flat tile 6). Since the edges are aligned in the vertical and horizontal directions, the solar cell panel 5 can be attached to the roof surface 3a without impairing the appearance of the entire roof.

また、この発明の実施の形態の太陽電池パネル設置構造においては、前記パネル支持レール4は長さが前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縁部の長さと同じものから数倍のものを複数用意しておいて、これらの複数の異なる長さのパネル支持レール4を組み合わせて前記太陽電池パネルを前記屋根面に取り付けている。   Moreover, in the solar cell panel installation structure of the embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of panel support rails 4 having the same length as the edge length of the roofing material (flat roof tile 6) to several times as many are prepared. The solar cell panel is attached to the roof surface by combining the panel support rails 4 having a plurality of different lengths.

この構成によれば、前記パネル支持レール4は長さが前記屋根材(平瓦6)の縁部の長さと同じものから数倍のものを複数用意しておいて、これらの複数の異なる長さのパネル支持レール4を組み合わせて前記太陽電池パネル5を前記屋根面3aに取り付けるようにしているので、屋根面3aにパネル支持レール4を取り付ける施工時においてパネル支持レールのカット作業を無くすことができる。   According to this configuration, a plurality of panel support rails 4 having a length that is the same as the length of the edge of the roofing material (flat tile 6) to several times as many are prepared, and the plurality of different lengths are prepared. Since the solar panel 5 is attached to the roof surface 3a in combination with the panel support rail 4, the cutting work of the panel support rail can be eliminated when the panel support rail 4 is attached to the roof surface 3a. it can.

更に、この発明の実施の形態の太陽電池パネル設置構造においては、互いに対向して長手方向に延びるパネル保持溝7,8を前記一対のパネル支持レール4,4にそれぞれ設け、前記対向するパネル保持溝7,8に前記太陽電池パネル5の前記縁部をそれぞれ嵌合保持させている。   Furthermore, in the solar cell panel installation structure according to the embodiment of the present invention, the pair of panel support rails 4, 4 are provided with panel holding grooves 7, 8 facing each other and extending in the longitudinal direction, respectively, so The edges of the solar cell panel 5 are fitted and held in the grooves 7 and 8, respectively.

この構成によれば、パネル支持レール4,4に設けたパネル保持溝7,8に太陽電池パネル5の縁部を嵌合保持させているので、太陽電池パネル5を簡易に取り付けることができる。   According to this configuration, since the edge of the solar cell panel 5 is fitted and held in the panel holding grooves 7 and 8 provided in the panel support rails 4 and 4, the solar cell panel 5 can be easily attached.

また、この発明の実施の形態の太陽電池パネル設置構造においては、前記パネル支持レール4は横方向に向けられると共に縦方向に間隔をおいて複数本前記屋根面3a上に取り付けられ、前記パネル保持溝7,8は前記各パネル支持レール4に形成され且つ前記建物1の棟側に開口させられた棟側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝8)及び前記建物1の軒側に開口させられた軒側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝7)であるとともに、前記棟側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝8)及び軒側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝7)は上下に位置させられている。   In the solar cell panel installation structure according to the embodiment of the present invention, the panel support rails 4 are oriented in the horizontal direction and are mounted on the roof surface 3a at intervals in the vertical direction to hold the panel. Grooves 7 and 8 are formed in each panel support rail 4 and are opened on the building side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 8) opened on the building side of the building 1 and on the eave side of the building 1. The eaves side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 7), and the ridge side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 8) and the eaves side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 7) are positioned vertically. .

この構成によれば、前記棟側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝8)及び軒側開口パネル保持溝(パネル保持溝7)の上下位置を予め屋根材(平瓦6)の棟側及び軒側の取り付け高さに調整しておくことで、太陽電池パネル5を屋根面3aに対して屋根材(平瓦6)と同じ角度(α)で取り付けることができるので、太陽電池パネル5を屋根全体の外観を損なうことなく屋根面3aに取り付けることができる。   According to this configuration, the vertical positions of the ridge side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 8) and the eaves side opening panel holding groove (panel holding groove 7) are set in advance on the ridge side and the eave side of the roofing material (flat roof tile 6). Since the solar cell panel 5 can be attached to the roof surface 3a at the same angle (α) as the roofing material (flat tile 6) by adjusting the mounting height of the solar cell panel 5, the solar cell panel 5 is attached to the entire roof. It can be attached to the roof surface 3a without impairing the appearance of.

以上、図面を参照して、本発明の実施の形態を詳述してきたが、具体的な構成は、この実施の形態に限らず、本発明の要旨を逸脱しない程度の設計的変更は、本発明に含まれる。   The embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above with reference to the drawings. However, the specific configuration is not limited to this embodiment, and design changes that do not depart from the gist of the present invention are not limited to this embodiment. Included in the invention.

この発明に係る太陽電池パネル設置構造を有する建物の概略説明用の斜視図である。 It is a perspective view for outline explanation of a building which has a solar cell panel installation structure concerning this invention. 図1の要部拡大図である。 It is a principal part enlarged view of FIG. 図2に示したパネル支持レールと太陽電池パネルとの関係を示す斜視図である。 It is a perspective view which shows the relationship between the panel support rail shown in FIG. 2, and a solar cell panel. 図2のA1−A1線に沿う拡大模式図である。 FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view taken along line A1-A1 of FIG. 図4の部分拡大図である。 It is the elements on larger scale of FIG. 図1の屋根材(平瓦)の部分拡大図である。 It is the elements on larger scale of the roofing material (flat tile) of FIG. 図6のA2−A2線に沿う拡大模式図である。 It is an expansion schematic diagram in alignment with the A2-A2 line of FIG. 図2の太陽電池パネルと屋根材(平瓦)の関係を示す説明図である。 It is explanatory drawing which shows the relationship between the solar cell panel of FIG. 2, and a roofing material (flat tile). この発明に係る太陽電池パネルと屋根材との関係の他の例を示す模式図である。 It is a schematic diagram which shows the other example of the relationship between the solar cell panel and roof material which concern on this invention.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1…建物3a…屋根面4…パネル支持レール5…太陽電池パネル6…平瓦(屋根材)
7…パネル保持溝(軒側開口パネル保持溝) 7 ... Panel holding groove (eaves side opening panel holding groove)
8…パネル保持溝(棟側開口パネル保持溝) 8 ... Panel holding groove (building side opening panel holding groove)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Building 3a ... Roof surface 4 ... Panel support rail 5 ... Solar cell panel 6 ... Flat roof tile (roof material) Description OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Building 3a ... Roof surface 4 ... Panel support rail 5 ... Solar cell panel 6 ... Flat roof tile (roof material)
7. Panel holding groove (eave side opening panel holding groove) 7. Panel holding groove (eave side opening panel holding groove)
8 ... Panel holding groove (ridge side opening panel holding groove) 8 ... Panel holding groove (ridge side opening panel holding groove)

Claims (4)

  1. 建物の屋根面上に太陽電池パネルを取り付けると共に、複数の屋根材を前記太陽電池パネルの周囲に位置させて縦横に前記屋根面上に並設した太陽電池パネル設置構造において、
    互いに平行な少なくとも一対のパネル支持レールを縦方向又は横方向に間隔をおいて前記屋根面上に取り付け、前記太陽電池パネルの縦方向両端又は横方向両端に位置する縁部を前記一対のパネル支持レールにそれぞれ保持させると共に、前記太陽電池パネルの縦横の長さを前記屋根材の縦横の長さと略同じか数倍に設定して、前記太陽電池パネルと前記屋根材の縁部を縦横において整列させたことを特徴とする太陽電池パネル設置構造。 At least a pair of panel support rails parallel to each other are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical or horizontal direction, and the edges located at both vertical or horizontal ends of the solar cell panel support the pair of panels. The length and width of the solar cell panel are set to be substantially the same as or several times the length and width of the roofing material, and the solar cell panel and the edge of the roofing material are aligned vertically and horizontally. The solar panel installation structure is characterized by the fact that it has been made to work. In the solar cell panel installation structure in which a solar cell panel is attached on the roof surface of the building, and a plurality of roof materials are positioned around the solar cell panel and arranged side by side on the roof surface vertically and horizontally. In the solar cell panel installation structure in which a solar cell panel is attached on the roof surface of the building, and a plurality of roof materials are positioned around the solar cell panel and arranged side by side on the roof surface vertically and horizontally.
    At least a pair of panel support rails parallel to each other are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction or the horizontal direction, and edges positioned at both the vertical direction ends or the horizontal direction ends of the solar cell panel are supported by the pair of panel supports. The vertical and horizontal lengths of the solar cell panels are set to be approximately the same or several times the vertical and horizontal lengths of the roof material, and the edges of the solar cell panels and the roof material are aligned in the vertical and horizontal directions. A solar panel installation structure characterized by having been made. At least a pair of panel support rails parallel to each other are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction or the horizontal direction, and edges positioned at both the vertical direction ends or the horizontal direction ends of the solar cell panel are supported by the pair of panel supports. The vertical and horizontal lengths of the solar cell panels are set to be approximately the same or several times the vertical and horizontal lengths of the roof material, and the edges of the solar cell panels and the roof material are A solar panel installation structure characterized by having been made. A solar panel installation structure characterized by having been made.
  2. 前記パネル支持レールは長さが前記屋根材の縁部の長さと同じものから数倍のものを複数用意しておいて、これらの複数の異なる長さのパネル支持レールを組み合わせて前記太陽電池パネルを前記屋根面に取り付けたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の太陽電池パネル設置構造。   A plurality of panel support rails having the same length as the edge length of the roofing material are prepared, and a plurality of panel support rails having a plurality of different lengths are combined. The solar cell panel installation structure according to claim 1, wherein: is attached to the roof surface.
  3. 互いに対向して長手方向に延びるパネル保持溝を前記一対のパネル支持レールにそれぞれ設け、前記対向するパネル保持溝に前記太陽電池パネルの前記縁部をそれぞれ嵌合保持させたことを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の太陽電池パネル設置構造。   Panel holding grooves extending in the longitudinal direction opposite to each other are provided in the pair of panel support rails, respectively, and the edge portions of the solar cell panels are fitted and held in the opposed panel holding grooves, respectively. Item 3. The solar cell panel installation structure according to Item 1 or 2.
  4. 前記パネル支持レールは横方向に向けられると共に縦方向に間隔をおいて複数本前記屋根面上に取り付けられ、前記パネル保持溝は前記各パネル支持レールに形成され且つ前記建物の棟側に開口させられた棟側開口パネル保持溝及び前記建物の軒側に開口させられた軒側開口パネル保持溝であるとともに、前記棟側開口パネル保持溝及び軒側開口パネル保持溝は上下に位置させられていることを特徴とする請求項3に記載の太陽電池パネル設置構造。
    The panel support rails are oriented in the horizontal direction and are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction, and the panel holding grooves are formed in the panel support rails and open to the ridge side of the building. The ridge side opening panel holding groove and the eave side opening panel holding groove opened to the eave side of the building, and the ridge side opening panel holding groove and the eave side opening panel holding groove are positioned vertically. The solar cell panel installation structure according to claim 3, wherein: The panel support rails are oriented in the horizontal direction and are mounted on the roof surface at intervals in the vertical direction, and the panel holding grooves are formed in the panel support rails and open to the ridge side of the building. The ridge side opening panel holding groove and the eave side opening panel holding groove opened to the eave side of the building, and the ridge side opening panel holding groove and the eave side opening panel holding groove are positioned vertically. The solar cell panel installation structure according to claim 3 , wherein:
JP2004316864A 2004-10-29 2004-10-29 Solar cell panel installing structure Pending JP2006125107A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008095281A (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-24 Yane Gijutsu Kenkyusho:Kk Fixing member and fixing structure of solar-cell module
FR2944304A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-15 Saint Gobain Solar modules i.e. glass substrates, fixation unit for solar roof of building, has support surfaces comprising seal packings and arranged at level of side ends of each of cores to form U-shaped sections for receiving respective substrates
FR2963089A1 (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-01-27 Evasol Structure for maintaining photovoltaic panels in position with respect to frame i.e. roof framing, in cover of building, has lower transverse housing prolonged in outer side by cupping surface prolonged under upper panel
JP2012154101A (en) * 2011-01-26 2012-08-16 Asahi Kasei Homes Co Frame, connection frame, and support device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008095281A (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-24 Yane Gijutsu Kenkyusho:Kk Fixing member and fixing structure of solar-cell module
JP4679482B2 (en) * 2006-10-06 2011-04-27 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Solar cell module fixing member and solar cell module fixing structure
FR2944304A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-15 Saint Gobain Solar modules i.e. glass substrates, fixation unit for solar roof of building, has support surfaces comprising seal packings and arranged at level of side ends of each of cores to form U-shaped sections for receiving respective substrates
FR2963089A1 (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-01-27 Evasol Structure for maintaining photovoltaic panels in position with respect to frame i.e. roof framing, in cover of building, has lower transverse housing prolonged in outer side by cupping surface prolonged under upper panel
JP2012154101A (en) * 2011-01-26 2012-08-16 Asahi Kasei Homes Co Frame, connection frame, and support device

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