JP2004171924A - Multiple-directional slide switch - Google Patents

Multiple-directional slide switch Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2004171924A
JP2004171924A JP2002336423A JP2002336423A JP2004171924A JP 2004171924 A JP2004171924 A JP 2004171924A JP 2002336423 A JP2002336423 A JP 2002336423A JP 2002336423 A JP2002336423 A JP 2002336423A JP 2004171924 A JP2004171924 A JP 2004171924A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
case
contact
portion
bottom surface
slide switch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2002336423A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4089397B2 (en
Inventor
Kenji Nishimura
Tamotsu Yamamoto
保 山本
健司 西村
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd, 松下電器産業株式会社 filed Critical Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP2002336423A priority Critical patent/JP4089397B2/en
Publication of JP2004171924A publication Critical patent/JP2004171924A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4089397B2 publication Critical patent/JP4089397B2/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H25/00Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part
    • H01H25/002Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part having an operating member rectilinearly slidable in different directions
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H25/00Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part
    • H01H25/002Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part having an operating member rectilinearly slidable in different directions
    • H01H2025/004Switches with compound movement of handle or other operating part having an operating member rectilinearly slidable in different directions the operating member being depressable perpendicular to the other directions

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a multi-directional slide switch used for an input operation in electronics apparatuses which makes its height dimension small as well as make the number of parts small and further make its assembly easy. <P>SOLUTION: In this multi-directional slide switch, when a drive element 36 held in a square housing 21 is moved to a predetermined direction by sliding operation of an operating lever 39 with the transition of the drive element 36; an elastic leg is one of elastic legs 34B, 34C, 35B, and 35C formed in two movable contacts 34 and 35 with a nearly M shape, moves in the direction corresponding to the moving direction of the drive element 36, and is made to slide elastically in contact with along one inner surface of the side walls 22A-22D of a case 21. Consequently, the elastic leg is contacted with or separated from a corresponding one in stationary contact points 23A-23D. Accordingly, the multi-directional slide switch is capable of making its height dimension small as well as making the number of parts small, and further makes its assembly easy. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

[0001]
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a multi-directional slide switch used for input operation of various electronic devices and performing a scroll operation of double-sided display contents by a slide operation of an operation lever.
[0002]
[Prior art]
The contents of this type of conventional slide switch will be described with reference to FIGS.
[0003]
10 is a front sectional view of a conventional multi-directional slide switch, FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective view, FIG. 12 is a plan view of a case, and FIG. 13 is a partial sectional plan view for explaining an assembled state of a first slide member. FIG. 14 is a partial cross-sectional plan view illustrating an assembled state of the second slide member.
[0004]
As shown in FIGS. 10 to 12, four fixed contacts 2 </ b> A to 2 </ b> D and four ground patterns 2 </ b> E are arranged along a side wall of a rectangular inner bottom surface in a box-shaped case 1 made of resin. A first slide member 3 and a second slide member 4 that are slidably guided in the X-axis or Y-axis direction in parallel with the opposing side walls are accommodated therein, and the upper opening is covered with a cover 5. ing.
[0005]
An operation lever 6 is provided on the upper surface of the first slide member 3 and protrudes upward from the insertion hole 5A of the cover 5, and a movable contact 7 formed of an elastic metal sheet is attached to the lower surface. At the center of the second slide member 4, a through hole 4A into which the operation lever 6 is loosely fitted is provided.
[0006]
Further, a portion for guiding the first slide member 3 and the second slide member 4 to slide in the X-axis or Y-axis direction is provided on the upper surface of the first slide member 3 as shown in FIGS. The pair of first engagement portions 3A engage with a pair of first guide portions 4B provided on the lower surface of the second slide member 4 to have the same length as this, and a pair of second engagement members on the upper surface of the second slide member 4. The joining portion 4C is configured to engage with a pair of second guide portions 5B provided on the lower surface of the cover 5 to have the same length.
[0007]
A pair of first return springs 8 and a second return spring 9 are provided near both ends of the first guide portion 4B on the lower surface of the second slide member 4 and near both ends of the second guide portion 5B on the lower surface of the cover 5, respectively. The coil portions 8A and 9A are positioned and opposed to each other with the pair of protrusions 4D and 5C, and in the non-operation state, the respective arm portions 8B and 9B engage with the first guide portion 4B in the first engagement. The first engaging portion 3A and the second engaging portion 4C, that is, the first sliding member 3 and the second sliding member are elastically contacted with both ends of the portion 3A and both ends of the second guide portion 5B and the second engaging portion 4C. 4 is stopped at the neutral position.
[0008]
At this time, the tip portions of the four elastic legs 7A to 7D of the movable contact 7 attached to the lower surface of the first slide member 3 are respectively connected to the inner bottom surface of the case 1 as shown by a two-dot chain line in FIG. It is in elastic contact with a position between the four fixed contacts 2A to 2D and the four ground patterns 2E.
[0009]
Reference numeral 10 provided at the center of the inner bottom surface of the case 1 is a pressing switch, and the dome-shaped movable contact 12 is elastically pressed by pressing a pressing rod 11 provided through the center of the operating lever 6. It operates by deforming.
[0010]
When the operation lever 6 is pressed rightward and slid in the X-axis direction from the non-operation state shown in FIG. 13 with respect to the conventional multidirectional slide switch configured as described above, as shown in FIG. The first slide member 3 moves in the X-axis direction while one end of the engagement portion 3A pushes the corresponding arm portion 8B of the first return spring 8 on the right side to elastically deform the coil portion 8A. Then, the tip of the elastic leg 7A of the movable contact 7 shown in FIG. 12 contacts the fixed contact 2A, and the tip of the elastic leg 7B contacts the ground pattern 2E, and the signal is transmitted from the terminal on the outer periphery of the case 1 to the outside.
[0011]
Thereafter, when the pressing force applied to the operation lever 6 is removed, the first engagement portion 3A, that is, the first slide member 3 is pushed back to the original state of FIG. 13 by the elastic restoring force of the first return spring 8.
[0012]
Similarly, in the non-operation state shown in FIG. 14, when the operation lever 6 is pressed backward and slid in the Y-axis direction, as shown in FIG. The second slide member 4 moves in the Y-axis direction while elastically deforming the second return spring 9, and the ends of the elastic legs 7C and 7D of the movable contact 7 contact the fixed contact 2C and the ground pattern 2E.
[0013]
As prior art document information related to the invention of this application, for example, Patent Document 1 is known.
[0014]
[Patent Document 1]
JP 2001-307599 A
[0015]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
However, the conventional multi-directional slide switch has a large number of components and requires much time for assembling, so that the cost is high and the height dimension is large because the first slide member 3 and the second slide member 4 are overlapped. There were challenges.
[0016]
An object of the present invention is to solve such a conventional problem, and an object of the present invention is to provide a multidirectional slide switch having a small number of constituent members, easy to assemble, and a small height.
[0017]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention has the following configuration.
[0018]
The invention according to claim 1 of the present invention provides a box-shaped case in which fixed contacts are arranged on the inner side surface of the side wall that stands upright from the four sides of the outer periphery of the square bottom surface or on the bottom surface in the vicinity thereof; A movable contact arranged in the case so that one end of the elastic arm whose movement is restricted is in contact with or separated from one of the fixed contacts, and a main body portion provided with an operation lever protruding upward, In a non-operating state, the main body is a multi-directional slide switch composed of a driving body that is biased by the elastic arms of the respective movable contacts and is positioned at the center of the case when the case is movably accommodated in the case. When the driving body is slid via the operation lever, any one of the movable contacts arranged on the moving direction side of the driving body is pushed by the main body of the driving body as the main body of the driving body moves. And respond Effect that a predetermined signal can be obtained by coming into contact with or separating from any of the fixed contacts arranged in a horizontal direction, and the number of components is small, assembly is easy, and a multidirectional slide switch with a small height dimension can be realized. Having.
[0019]
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, a restricting portion is provided on the main body of the driving body, and a guide portion is provided at a corner of the case, and when the driving body is slid, the driving body is moved. The restricting portion is movable in a predetermined direction in the case while being guided by the guide portion to regulate the direction. In addition to the operation according to the invention according to claim 1, the moving direction of the driving body during operation is changed. There is an operational effect that the control can be performed with a simple structure and a control signal can be obtained by operating only in a preset slide operation direction by the control portion.
[0020]
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, a point symmetrical position with respect to the center of the bottom surface is provided on the inner side surface of the side wall erecting from four sides of the outer periphery of the square bottom surface or on the bottom surface in the vicinity thereof. A box-shaped case having fixed contacts and an elastic metal thin plate having a predetermined width are formed by bending into a substantially M-shape, and the center of the M-shape is fixed on one diagonal line of the inner bottom surface of the case. The two elastic members connect the M-shaped central portion and the root portions of the two elastic legs, while the distal ends of the elastic legs are in elastic contact with the two inner surfaces which are line-symmetric with respect to one diagonal of the side walls. The arm is supported from the inside so as to be at a line symmetric position with respect to one diagonal line, and two movable contacts respectively arranged at line symmetric positions with respect to the other diagonal line on the inner bottom surface of the case, and provided at the case. The guide part The two ends of the main body are restricted to move linearly by a predetermined amount in a direction parallel to the two pairs of opposing side walls of the main body. A drive having an operation lever protruding outward from an opening on the upper surface of the case while being accommodated in the case so as to be located at the center position of the case by being brought into contact with the vicinity of the connecting portion between the two elastic arms and the elastic legs. It is a multi-directional slide switch consisting of a body, and when the operating lever is pressed in parallel with the bottom of the case and slid in any of four directions parallel to the two pairs of side walls facing the case, the entire driving body is The distal end portion of the elastic leg elastically contacts by moving linearly along the guide portion, and the contact portion of the driving body corresponding to the moving direction pushes the vicinity of the connecting portion of the elastic arm of the contacting movable contact. Case Separated contact with the fixed contacts corresponding slides on the inner surface of the side wall has the effect that those predetermined signal is obtained can be realized.
[0021]
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, a pressing switch portion is disposed at the center of the inner bottom surface of the case, and a pressing rod disposed to be vertically movable through the operating lever is pressed down. In addition to the signal obtained by sliding the operation lever, a multidirectional slide switch that can obtain another signal by depressing the pressing rod can be realized.
[0022]
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the invention of the fourth aspect, the upper opening of the case is closed with a flat cover, and the operation lever is projected from a hole provided at the center thereof, and the knob attached to the operation lever is provided. The outer peripheral lower end of the cover is brought into contact with the outer side of the hole of the cover, and the pressing rod can be pushed down from a through hole provided in the center of the knob. When the operation lever is slid via the, it is difficult to cause cracks and the like due to the inclination of the driving body, it can be operated smoothly, and the appearance of the cover is improved by closing the hole of the cover to improve dustproofness. It has the effect of being able to.
[0023]
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the fourth aspect of the present invention, the operation lever is independently and vertically movably engaged with the main body of the driving body and also serves as a pressing rod. The slide switch can be operated, and the operation switch can be operated by pushing down the operation lever. This has the effect of realizing a multi-directional slide switch with a small number of components.
[0024]
According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in the fourth aspect of the present invention, a wall surrounding the push switch is provided at the center of the bottom surface of the case, and is located above the upper end of the wall by a predetermined dimension in a non-operation state. A large-diameter portion having a gap smaller than the moving amount of the driving body at the time of the sliding operation is provided at the lower end of the pressing rod with respect to the inner periphery of the wall, and the pressing rod is pushed down in the non-operation state. The pressing switch can be operated, but when the pressing rod moves together with the driving body during the sliding operation of the operation lever, the large diameter portion of the pressing rod partially moves on the wall, and the pressing rod cannot be pressed down. This has an operational effect that a multidirectional slide switch in which a malfunction of the press switch unit during a slide operation is unlikely to occur can be realized.
[0025]
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
[0026]
(Embodiment)
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a multi-directional slide switch according to an embodiment of the present invention without a cover, FIG. 2 is a front sectional view, FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view, and FIG. 4 is a plan view of a case.
[0027]
In the figure, reference numeral 21 denotes a box-shaped case made of resin. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, on the inner side surfaces of four side walls 22A to 22D which stand upright from four outer sides of a rectangular bottom surface 21A, Plate-shaped fixed contacts 23A to 23D are disposed in an exposed state at point-symmetric positions with respect to the center of the bottom surface 21A, and terminals 24A to 24D that are electrically connected to the fixed contacts 23A to 23D protrude from the outer periphery of the side walls 22A to 22D. ing.
[0028]
On the bottom surface 21A, on one diagonal line passing between the two fixed contacts 23A and 23B and between the two fixed contacts 23C and 23D, trapezoidal support portions 25 and 26 project from a top view, and the side walls 22A to 22D. Connection contacts 27 and 28 are provided on the side surface opposite to the corner portions 21B and 21C, and terminals 27A and 28A that are electrically connected to the connection contacts 27 and 28 also protrude from the outer periphery of the side walls 22A and 22C.
[0029]
The fixed contacts 23A to 23D, the connection contacts 27 and 28, and the conductive terminals 24A to 24D and 27A and 28A are for a slide switch unit.
[0030]
On the other hand, in the circular wall 21D surrounding the center of the bottom surface 21A of the case 21, a fixed contact for the pressing switch portion including the center contact 29 and a pair of side contacts 30 sandwiching the center contact 29 is provided, and the terminal is in conduction with each. 29A and 30A also protrude from the outer periphery of the side walls 22B and 22D.
[0031]
Then, as shown in FIG. 2, a dome-shaped movable contact 31 obtained by drawing an elastic metal thin plate into a bowl shape is placed on the fixed contact for the press switch portion, and the lower end of the outer periphery is placed on the side contact 30 and the top is placed on the top. The lower surface is disposed so as to face the center contact 29 at a predetermined interval, thereby forming a pressing switch portion.
[0032]
Guide portions 32 and 33 are provided at the other corner of the bottom surface 21A of the case 21.
[0033]
The guide portions 32 and 33 are configured by providing recesses in directions parallel to the opposing wall portions 22A, 22C and 22B, 22D in a cross shape.
[0034]
Note that the configuration of the guide portion is not limited to the configuration in which the bottom surface 21A of the case 21 is depressed in a cross shape as described above, and a protrusion is provided on the case wall portions 22A, 22C and 22B, 22D, and at least the cross shape is provided. It is only necessary that the outer side of is configured.
[0035]
Next, 34 and 35 are movable contacts formed by bending an elastic metal thin plate having a predetermined width into a substantially M-shape as shown in FIG. 3, and as shown in FIG. And 35A are press-fitted and fixed between the connection contact 27 of the support portion 25 of the case 21 and the corner portion 21B and between the connection contact 28 of the support portion 26 and the corner portion 21C, respectively, and are electrically connected to the connection contacts 27 and 28. are doing.
[0036]
The distal ends 34D, 34E and 35D, 35E of the elastic legs 34B, 34C and 35B, 35C at both ends of the M-shaped movable contacts 34, 35 are located near the fixed contacts 23A, 23B on the side walls 22A, 22B of the case 21. In the vicinity of the fixed contacts 23C and 23D on the side walls 22C and 22D, they are in elastic contact with the fixed contacts at a predetermined interval.
[0037]
As shown in FIG. 1, two elastic arms 34F, 34G and 35F, 35G connecting the central portions of the movable contacts 34 and 35 and the roots of the two elastic legs 34B, 34C and 35B, 35C, respectively. The intermediate portions are elastically contacted with the corner portions 25A, 25B and 26A, 26B at the symmetric positions of the support portions 25 and 26, and are supported so as to be symmetric with respect to the diagonal line connecting the corner portions 21B and 21C of the case 21. Has been position regulated.
[0038]
Reference numeral 36 denotes a driving body formed of resin, and as shown by dotted lines in FIG. 1, columnar portions 37A and 37B provided on the lower surfaces of the protruding portions symmetrical with respect to the center at both ends of the long main body portion 36A. Is located at the center of the cross-shaped guides 32 and 33 on the bottom surface 21A of the case 21 so that the can move linearly by a predetermined amount in a direction parallel to the opposing walls 22A, 22C and 22B, 22D of the case 21. The four side contact portions 38A to 38D of the rectangular portion 38 projecting from the lower surface of the main body portion 36A are connected to the elastic legs 34F, 34G and 35F, 35G of the movable contacts 34 and 35, respectively. It is housed in the case 21 so as to maintain the neutral position by contacting the vicinity of the part.
[0039]
Note that the columnar portions 37A and 37B provided on the driving body 36 function as regulating portions of the driving body 36.
[0040]
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, an operation lever 39 is integrally provided at the center of the upper surface of the main body 36 </ b> A of the driving body 36, and a cover coupled to the case 21 so as to close the upper opening of the case 21. 40 protrudes outward from a central hole 40A.
[0041]
Further, a push rod 41 for driving a push switch is disposed in a through hole 39A at the center of the operation lever 39 so as to be able to move up and down, and a lower end projection 41A is provided on the top surface of the top of the dome-shaped movable contact 31 of the push switch. Is in contact with
[0042]
As will be described in detail later, a large diameter flange portion 41B is provided at the lower end of the pressing rod 41, and a lower end projection 41A is provided on the lower surface of the flange portion 41B.
[0043]
The multidirectional slide switch according to the present embodiment is configured as described above, and the operation thereof will be described next.
[0044]
First, the operation of the slide switch unit will be described. In the non-operation state shown in FIG. 1, none of the distal ends of the elastic legs of the movable contacts 34 and 35 of the slide switch unit are in the OFF state where they do not contact the fixed contacts 23A to 23D. .
[0045]
In this state, when a sliding force is applied to the operation lever 39 to the right as shown by an arrow in the plan view with the cover removed during the slide operation in FIG. The two columnar portions 37A, 37B provided on the lower surface of the protruding portion are guided to the right recessed positions in the cross-shaped guide portions 32, 33 on the bottom surface 21A of the case 21 as shown by small arrows in FIG. The driving body 36 moves to the right as a whole, the side contact portion 38C of the rectangular portion 38 on the lower surface of the main body portion 36A is separated from the elastic arm 35F of the movable contact 35, and the side contact portions 38B and 38D correspond to the elastic contact of the movable contact 34, respectively. The arm 34G moves rightward while being in contact with the vicinity of the connecting portion between the elastic leg 34C and the movable contact 35 and the vicinity of the connecting portion of the elastic arm 35G with the elastic leg 35C.
[0046]
Then, the side contact portion 38A of the square portion 38 on the lower surface of the driving body 36 main body portion 36A pushes the tip of the elastic arm 34F of the movable contact 34 in contact with the rightward direction, and the pushed elastic arm 34F is at the root thereof. Rotating around the connection leg 34A, which is a fixed portion, the intermediate portion moves away from the corner 25A of the support portion 25 of the case 21 and the root of the elastic leg 34B approaches the side wall 22A of the case 21. As a result, the distal end portion 34D elastically contacts and slides on the inner side surface of the side wall 22A to contact the fixed contact 23A.
[0047]
Thereby, conduction between the connection contact 27 and the fixed contact 23A, that is, between the terminals 27A and 24A, is conducted via the movable contact 34, and the signal is transmitted to the outside.
[0048]
At this time, the elastic arms 34G of the movable contact 34 and the elastic arms 35F and 35G of the movable contact 35 are in contact with the corners 25B of the support 25 and the corners 26A and 26B of the support 26 of the case 21 and do not move. .
[0049]
Thereafter, when the pressing force applied to the operation lever 39 is removed, the elastic restoring force of the movable contact 34 causes the elastic arm 34F to push the side contact portion 38A of the rectangular portion 38 of the driving body 36 toward the center of the case 21. While the two columnar portions 37A and 37B of the driving body 36 are guided by the guide portions 32 and 33, the original non-operating state of FIG. The movable contact 34 returns to the stable neutral state in which the distal end 34D of the elastic leg 34B of the movable contact 34 is separated from the fixed contact 23A.
[0050]
Similarly, in the non-operation state shown in FIG. 1, by pushing the operation lever 39 leftward, backward, or forward, between the connection contact 28 and the fixed contact 23C, or between the connection contact 27 and the fixed contact 23B or the connection contact 28. And the fixed contact 23D can be brought into contact with and separated from each other.
[0051]
As described above, according to the present embodiment, the movement of the columnar portions 37A, 37B serving as the restricting portions of the driving body 36 having a simple configuration is regulated by the guide portions 32, 33, so that the sliding operation direction can be changed to the left, right, and rear. Alternatively, the contact is restricted to only four directions in the front direction, and the contact arrangement is such that a predetermined signal is obtained when operated in any of the operation directions.
[0052]
Further, according to the present embodiment, since the number of constituent members is small, the assembly is easy, and the height dimension is low.
[0053]
In the above description, the movable contacts 34 and 35 are formed by bending an elastic metal thin plate into a substantially M-shape, and the elastic arms 34F are symmetrical with respect to a center line passing through the M-shaped central portion serving as a fixed portion. , 34G and the elastic legs 34B, 34C and the elastic arms 35F, 35G and the elastic legs 35B, 35C are integrally formed, but this is divided into two at the center of the M-shape, and each of the divided parts is separated. It may be fixed to the corners 21B and 21C of the case 21.
[0054]
By doing so, each of the fixed contacts 23A to 23D can be an electrically independent switch.
[0055]
Further, in the above description, when the slide operation is performed by applying a lateral pressing force to the operation lever 39, the distal ends 34D, 34E of the elastic legs of the substantially M-shaped movable contacts 34 and 35 of the slide switch unit are provided. Although 35D and 35E elastically contact and slide on the inner surfaces of the side walls 22A to 22D of the case 21 in a direction approaching the respective M-shaped central portions, the movable portions 35D and 35E are moved in a direction away from the M-shaped central portion. The direction of each elastic leg 34B, 34C and 35B, 35C may be changed.
[0056]
The slide switch unit is in the OFF state in the non-operation state, and the predetermined terminal is electrically connected by the slide operation. However, the slide switch unit is in the conductive state in the non-operation state, and the predetermined terminal is connected by the slide operation. May be turned off.
[0057]
Further, the fixed contacts 23A to 23D are arranged on the inner side surfaces of the side walls 22A to 22D which stand upright from the four sides of the outer periphery of the bottom surface 21A of the case 21, but are provided on the bottom surface 21A near the side walls 22A to 22D. The distal ends of the elastic legs 34B, 34C and 35B, 35C of the movable contacts 34 and 35 may be configured to come into contact with and separate from the fixed contacts on the bottom surface 21A.
[0058]
Next, the operation of the press switch unit will be described. In the non-operation state shown in FIG. 2, the press switch unit is in the OFF state, that is, there is no conduction between the connection terminals 29A and 30A shown in FIG.
[0059]
In this state, when a pressing operation is performed by applying a downward pressing force to the pressing rod 41 disposed at the center of the operation lever 39 as indicated by an arrow in the front sectional view at the time of the pressing operation in FIG. The top of the dome-shaped movable contact 31 with which the lower end protrusion 41 </ b> A comes into contact is pushed downward to be elastically deformed, and the lower surface of the top is brought into contact with the center contact 29.
[0060]
Thus, conduction between the center contact 29 and the side contact 30, that is, between the terminals 29A and 30A (see FIG. 4) is conducted via the dome-shaped movable contact 31, and the signal is transmitted to the outside.
[0061]
Thereafter, when the pressing force applied to the pressing rod 41 is removed, the pressing rod 41 is pushed back upward by the elastic restoring force of the dome-shaped movable contact 31 and returns to the original state of FIG. The lower surface moves away from the center contact 29.
[0062]
The pressing switch section is configured to operate only when the driving body 36 is in the non-operating state, and the contents will be described below.
[0063]
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, a large diameter flange portion 41B is provided at a lower end portion of the pressing rod 41, and a lower end projection 41A is formed at the center thereof.
[0064]
As shown in FIG. 2, the flange portion 41B is smaller than the upper end of the circular wall portion 21D provided on the bottom surface 21A of the case 21 so as to surround the press switch portion, and is smaller than the operation stroke of the press switch portion. And the outer diameter of the flange portion 41B has a gap smaller than the moving amount of the operating lever 39, that is, the pressing rod 41 during the sliding operation with respect to the inner periphery of the circular wall portion 21D of the case 21. It has become.
[0065]
Therefore, as shown by a two-dot chain line in the plan view excluding the cover and the driving body in FIG. 7, when the operating lever 39 is slid and the pressing rod 41 moves in the horizontal direction together with the operating lever 39, the flange 41B is moved. A part thereof overlaps the upper end of the circular wall 21D of the case 21, and in this state, the pressing rod 41 can move downward only by the difference in height between the flange 41B and the upper end of the circular wall 21D.
[0066]
That is, when the operation lever 39 is slid, the pressing switch unit does not operate.
[0067]
The flange portion 41B also serves to prevent the pressing rod 41 from falling out of the through hole 39A of the operation lever 39.
[0068]
In the above description, the state in which the knob is not mounted on the operation lever portion of the multi-directional slide switch has been described. FIG. 8 is a front cross-sectional view of an example in which the knob is mounted.
[0069]
In the figure, an operation knob 42 is put on the tip of the operation lever 39, and a push button 43 is inserted into the center through hole 42A so as to be independently movable up and down.
[0070]
The lower end of the knob 42 is a large diameter portion 42B, and the lower end of the outer periphery is in contact with the outer flat portion of the hole 40A of the cover 40 that covers the upper opening of the case 21.
[0071]
With the knob 42 having such a configuration, when a sliding operation is performed by applying a lateral pressing force to the knob 42, it is unlikely that the driving body 36 is tilted, and a smooth operation can be performed. By closing the hole 40A of the cover 40, the appearance can be improved and dustproofness can be improved. Further, the push switch 43 can be operated by pushing the push button 43.
[0072]
FIG. 9 is a front cross-sectional view of the above-described multidirectional slide switch in which the configuration of the driving body 36 is changed.
[0073]
As shown in the figure, an operation lever 45 is independently and vertically movably engaged with a central hole 44A of a driving body 44, and a lower end projection 45A thereof is provided on the top surface of the top of the dome-shaped movable contact 31 of the pressing switch portion. Is in contact with
[0074]
The knob 46 over the distal end of the operation lever 45 has a gap between the lower surface and the cover 40 that is slightly larger than the operation stroke of the pressing switch.
[0075]
With such a configuration, the slide switch unit is operated by applying a pressing force in the lateral direction to one of the knobs 46, and the slide switch unit is operated by applying a downward pressing force to operate the pressing switch unit. Therefore, the shapes of the operation lever 45 and the knob 46 are simple, and the number of components can be reduced.
[0076]
【The invention's effect】
As described above, according to the present invention, when the driving body accommodated in the case is moved in a predetermined direction by sliding the operation lever, the driving body moves with the predetermined movable contact with the movement of the driving body. Is pressed and resiliently slid to make contact with and separate from the fixed contact. This has the advantage of being able to realize a multi-directional slide switch with a small number of components and easy assembly, and a small height. can get.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a multi-directional slide switch without a cover according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a front sectional view of the same.
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the same.
FIG. 4 is a plan view of a case that is a main part of the same.
FIG. 5 is a plan view without the cover during the slide operation.
FIG. 6 is a front sectional view at the time of the pressing operation.
FIG. 7 is a plan view excluding the cover and the driving body.
FIG. 8 is a front sectional view showing a state where the knob is attached.
FIG. 9 is a front sectional view of a multi-directional slide switch having another configuration.
FIG. 10 is a front sectional view of a conventional multidirectional slide switch.
FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective view of the same.
FIG. 12 is a plan view of a case which is a main part of the same.
FIG. 13 is a partial cross-sectional plan view illustrating an assembled state of a first slide member, which is the main part.
FIG. 14 is a partial cross-sectional plan view illustrating an assembled state of a second slide member that is the main part.
FIG. 15 is a plan view illustrating a state when the operation lever is slid in the X-axis direction.
FIG. 16 is a plan view illustrating a state when the operation lever is slid in the Y-axis direction.
[Explanation of symbols]
21 cases
21A bottom
21B, 21C corner
21D circular wall
22A-22D Side wall
23A-23D fixed contact
24A to 24D, 27A, 28A, 29A, 30A terminals
25,26 support
25A, 25B, 26A, 26B corners
27, 28 connection contact
29 Center contact
30 Side contact
31 Dome-shaped movable contact
32,33 Guide part
34,35 movable contact
34A, 35A connection leg
34B, 34C, 35B, 35C elastic legs
34D, 34E, 35D, 35E Tip
34F, 34G, 35F, 35G elastic arm
36,44 Driver
36A main body
37A, 37B Pillar
38 square part
38A-38D Side contact part
39, 45 Operation lever
39A, 42A Through hole
40 cover
40A hole
41 Push rod
41A, 45A Lower end protrusion
41B flange
42, 46 knob
42B Large diameter part
43 push button
44A Central hole

Claims (7)

  1. A box-shaped case in which fixed contacts are arranged on the inner side surface of the side wall erecting from the four sides of the outer periphery of the square bottom surface or on the bottom surface in the vicinity thereof, and an elasticity whose movement is restricted toward the center of the case A movable contact arranged in the case such that one end of the arm is in contact with or separated from any of the fixed contacts, and a main body having an operation lever protruding upward are housed movably in the case. In the non-operation state, the main body portion is constituted by a driving body which is biased by the elastic arms of the respective movable contacts and is positioned at the center position of the case, and slides the driving body via the operation lever. At this time, with the movement of the main body of the driving body, any one of the movable contacts disposed on the moving direction side of the driving body is pushed by the main body, and the fixed contact correspondingly disposed. of Multi-directional slide switch in contact with or displaced.
  2. Along with providing a regulating portion on the main body of the driving body, a guide portion is provided at a corner of the case, and when the driving body is slid, while the regulating portion of the driving body is guided by the guide portion and the direction is regulated, The multi-directional slide switch according to claim 1, wherein the switch is movable in a predetermined direction in the case.
  3. A box-shaped case having fixed contacts at point-symmetric positions with respect to the center of the bottom surface, and a box-shaped case having an elastic metal thin plate having a predetermined width, on the inner side surface of the side wall erecting from the outer four sides of the rectangular bottom surface or on the vicinity of the bottom surface. The M-shaped central portion is fixed on one diagonal line of the inner bottom surface of the case, and the distal ends of the two elastic legs at both ends of the M-shape are connected to the one diagonal line of the side wall. On the other hand, the two elastic arms respectively contacting the two inner surfaces located at the line symmetric positions and connecting the M-shaped central portion and the root portions of the two elastic legs are located at the line symmetric positions with respect to the one diagonal. Two movable contacts, each of which is disposed at an axisymmetric position with respect to the other diagonal line of the inner bottom surface of the case, and two sets of opposing surfaces of the case by a guide portion provided in the case. ~ side The movement of both ends of the main body is restricted so that the main body can move linearly by a predetermined amount in a direction parallel to each of the two movable contacts. By being brought into contact with the vicinity of the connecting portion between the arm and the elastic legs, the driver is housed in the case so as to be at the center position of the case, and has an operation lever protruding outward from the upper opening of the case. When the operation lever is pressed in parallel with the bottom surface of the case and slid in a direction parallel to one of the two sets of opposed side walls of the case, the entire driving body linearly moves along the guide portion. Pushing the vicinity of the connecting portion of the elastic arm of the movable contact with which the contact portion in the moving direction is in contact, and slides on the inner surface of the side wall of the case elastically contacting the distal end of the elastic leg. thing Thus, apart contact with the fixed contact on the inner or bottom surface of the side wall, multi-directional slide switch according to claim 1, wherein the predetermined signal is obtained.
  4. The multi-directional slide switch according to claim 1, wherein a push switch portion is provided at the center of the inner bottom surface of the case, and the push switch portion is operated by pushing down a push bar that is vertically movable through the operation lever.
  5. The top opening of the case is closed with a flat cover, the operating lever is projected from the hole provided in the center of the case, and the outer peripheral lower end of the knob attached to this operating lever is brought into contact with the outside of the cover hole. 5. The multi-directional slide switch according to claim 4, wherein the pressing rod can be pushed down from a through hole provided in the center of the knob.
  6. 5. The multidirectional slide switch according to claim 4, wherein the operation lever is independently and vertically movably engaged with the main body of the driving body and also serves as a pressing rod.
  7. A wall surrounding the press switch is provided at the center of the bottom surface of the case, and is located above the upper end of the wall by a predetermined dimension in a non-operating state. 5. The multi-directional slide switch according to claim 4, wherein a large diameter portion having a gap smaller than the moving amount is provided at a lower end of the pressing rod.
JP2002336423A 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Multi-directional slide switch Expired - Fee Related JP4089397B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002336423A JP4089397B2 (en) 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Multi-directional slide switch

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002336423A JP4089397B2 (en) 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Multi-directional slide switch
US10/693,964 US6906269B2 (en) 2002-11-20 2003-10-28 Multi-directional slide switch
CN 200310116189 CN1267945C (en) 2002-11-20 2003-11-19 Multi-direction slide switch

Publications (2)

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JP2004171924A true JP2004171924A (en) 2004-06-17
JP4089397B2 JP4089397B2 (en) 2008-05-28

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Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US6906269B2 (en)
JP (1) JP4089397B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1267945C (en)

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JP2006331698A (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-12-07 Teikoku Tsushin Kogyo Co Ltd Slide-type electronic component with push switch
US7301111B2 (en) 2005-11-02 2007-11-27 Hosiden Corporation Slide switch
WO2008010155A1 (en) 2006-07-19 2008-01-24 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus with multidirectional key for cursor control
WO2008010170A2 (en) 2006-07-19 2008-01-24 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Simple multidirectional key for cursor control
JP2015076290A (en) * 2013-10-09 2015-04-20 アルプス電気株式会社 Kinesthetic sense giving multidirectional input device

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CN201000845Y (en) * 2006-07-14 2008-01-02 富士康(昆山)电脑接插件有限公司 Polydirectional switch
KR100810314B1 (en) * 2006-10-11 2008-03-04 삼성전자주식회사 Key input apparatus for portable communication device
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JP2006331698A (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-12-07 Teikoku Tsushin Kogyo Co Ltd Slide-type electronic component with push switch
JP4619196B2 (en) * 2005-05-23 2011-01-26 帝国通信工業株式会社 Sliding electronic parts with pressure switch
US7301111B2 (en) 2005-11-02 2007-11-27 Hosiden Corporation Slide switch
WO2008010155A1 (en) 2006-07-19 2008-01-24 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus with multidirectional key for cursor control
WO2008010170A2 (en) 2006-07-19 2008-01-24 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Simple multidirectional key for cursor control
JP2015076290A (en) * 2013-10-09 2015-04-20 アルプス電気株式会社 Kinesthetic sense giving multidirectional input device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US6906269B2 (en) 2005-06-14
CN1503292A (en) 2004-06-09
US20050000783A1 (en) 2005-01-06
CN1267945C (en) 2006-08-02
JP4089397B2 (en) 2008-05-28

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