JP2003236496A - Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue - Google Patents

Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue

Info

Publication number
JP2003236496A
JP2003236496A JP2002035648A JP2002035648A JP2003236496A JP 2003236496 A JP2003236496 A JP 2003236496A JP 2002035648 A JP2002035648 A JP 2002035648A JP 2002035648 A JP2002035648 A JP 2002035648A JP 2003236496 A JP2003236496 A JP 2003236496A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
furnace
livestock
ash
ceramic
tile
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002035648A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Ryoichi Fujita
Toru Ko
Mikio Kusaka
Tadaaki Mori
Hirokazu Nagatomi
幹生 日下
忠明 森
裕和 永富
良一 藤田
亨 高
Original Assignee
Kunugiza:Kk
Mori Plant:Kk
Nichinan Engineering Kk
Oshima Shipbuilding Co Ltd
日南エンジニヤリング株式会社
株式会社クヌギザ
株式会社モリプラント
株式会社大島造船所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kunugiza:Kk, Mori Plant:Kk, Nichinan Engineering Kk, Oshima Shipbuilding Co Ltd, 日南エンジニヤリング株式会社, 株式会社クヌギザ, 株式会社モリプラント, 株式会社大島造船所 filed Critical Kunugiza:Kk
Priority to JP2002035648A priority Critical patent/JP2003236496A/en
Publication of JP2003236496A publication Critical patent/JP2003236496A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To incinerate a livestock byproduct including an animal dead body in an environmental pollution-free state and to effectively utilize the residual ash thereof. <P>SOLUTION: Matter to be incinerated such as the livestock byproduct is first crushed and the oils and fats component thereof is subsequently separated. The residual solid of the matter to be incinerated is charged into a swirl incinerator and incinerated using the separated oils and fats component as fuel. Further, incineration ash remaining in the incinerator or a bag filter is mixed with glass cullet to form a ceramic material for a tile, a brick, or the like, and this ceramic material is molded into an appropriate shape. By this method, a consistent system for manufacturing the tile, the brick, or the like, is constituted. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、畜産副生物、例え
ば狂牛病(牛海綿状脳症、BSEとも略称される。)で
屠殺され、或いは斃死した牛馬、豚、鶏等の動物の死
体、骨、BSEに感染する可能性の高い危険部位等、お
よびそれらの糞尿を効率よく処理するシステムに関す
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a carcass of an animal such as a cow, a pig, or a chicken which has been killed or dead due to a livestock by-product, for example, mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE). The present invention relates to a system for efficiently treating bones, dangerous sites that are highly likely to be infected with BSE, and their excrement.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】斃死し或いは狂牛病で屠殺された牛等の
動物は燃焼炉の底部に設けたストーカーや炉床上に置
き、主として補助バーナーなどにより加熱して水分を蒸
発させて乾燥状態にし、それを焼却するに至るという方
法がとられている。
2. Description of the Related Art Animals such as cows dying or slaughtered by mad cow disease are placed on a stalker or a hearth provided at the bottom of a combustion furnace, and heated mainly by an auxiliary burner to evaporate water to a dry state. , The method is taken to incinerate it.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、殆どの動物の
体は水分率が80〜90%であることから、その焼却能
率は極めて悪い。特に、疫病などにより牛馬が大量に斃
死した場合などにおいては焼却能力が需要に応じきれ
ず、焼却までの間、死体を保管するに適した場所を確保
しなければならないという問題があった。
However, since most animals have a water content of 80 to 90%, their incineration efficiency is extremely poor. In particular, when a large number of cattle and horses die due to epidemics, the incineration capacity cannot meet the demand, and there is a problem that a suitable place for storing the carcass must be secured until the incineration.

【0004】更には、燃焼炉からの排気ガスに含まれる
臭気並びに異常プリオンの完全無臭、無害化或いは焼却
灰の安全な最終処分が必要である。
Furthermore, the odor contained in the exhaust gas from the combustion furnace and the abnormal prion are completely odorless, detoxified, or the safe final disposal of incineration ash is required.

【0005】[0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は、上記の課題を
解決するために次の手段をとったものである。
The present invention employs the following means in order to solve the above problems.

【0006】請求項1に係る発明においては、畜産副生
物や動物の死体等の被処理物を破砕する破砕機と、破砕
機から得られた破砕物を減圧下で乾燥するクッカーと、
該クッカーが発生する排スチームから熱を取り出す熱交
換器および該脱水後の残留物から油脂分を分離する圧搾
機と、油脂分分離後の脱脂残留物および該熱交換器から
排出する水分を焼却する旋回燃焼炉と、その旋回燃焼炉
から発生した排ガス中の焼却灰を捕捉するバグフィルタ
ーと、前記分離された油脂分を燃料とする陶器焼成炉と
からなる畜産副生物の焼却処理システムを構築した。
[0006] In the invention according to claim 1, a crusher for crushing an object to be treated such as a livestock by-product or a carcass of an animal, and a cooker for drying the crushed material obtained from the crusher under reduced pressure,
A heat exchanger that extracts heat from the exhaust steam generated by the cooker and a compressor that separates oils and fats from the residue after dehydration, and a degreasing residue after separation of oils and fats and the water discharged from the heat exchanger are incinerated. Established an incineration system for livestock by-products, consisting of a swirl combustion furnace that operates, a bag filter that captures incineration ash in the exhaust gas generated from the swirl combustion furnace, and a pottery baking furnace that uses the separated oil and fat as fuel. did.

【0007】請求項2に係る発明においては、畜産副生
物や動物の死体の被処理物を破砕し、旋回燃焼炉で焼却
し、その燃焼排ガスからバグフィルターを介して得られ
る焼却灰とガラスカレットを主原料とするタイルまたは
煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料を製造することにより該畜
産副生物などの有効利用を図ったものである。
In the invention according to claim 2, the incineration ash and the glass cullet obtained by crushing the object to be treated of a livestock by-product or animal carcass, incinerating it in a swirl combustion furnace, and obtaining it from the combustion exhaust gas through a bag filter It is intended to effectively utilize the by-product of livestock production by producing a ceramic material represented by tile or brick whose main raw material is.

【0008】請求項3に係る発明においては、タイルま
たは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料の主成分である焼却灰
は動物のみならずその糞尿、鶏糞等を焼却して得られる
残存灰を含むものとして焼却灰の有効利用を図った。
In the invention according to claim 3, the incinerated ash which is the main component of the ceramic material represented by tiles or bricks includes residual ash obtained by incinerating not only animals but also its manure, chicken manure and the like. As a result, the incineration ash was effectively used.

【0009】[0009]

【作用】畜産副生物や動物など被処理物を破砕して後、
減圧クッカーで脱水し、次いでスクリュープレスなどに
より圧縮して脂肪分が抽出され、その残留物(以後、肉
骨粉と称す。)と分離される。この工程を経た被処理物
はおよそ90%の水分が絞り出されることになりそのボ
リュームは大幅に減少する。この肉骨粉を燃焼炉に投入
して焼却するもので、前記の疫病などによる大量斃死が
ありバッチ処理が必要な場合においてもこの圧搾工程を
経ておけば大きな貯蔵庫を必要としないというメリット
がある。
[Operation] After crushing the processed products such as livestock by-products and animals,
It is dehydrated by a vacuum cooker, then compressed by a screw press or the like to extract a fat content, and separated from its residue (hereinafter referred to as meat-and-bone meal). About 90% of water is squeezed out from the object to be processed after this step, and its volume is greatly reduced. This meat-and-bone meal is put into a combustion furnace and incinerated, and even if there is a large amount of death due to the aforementioned plague and batch processing is required, there is an advantage that a large storage is not required if this pressing step is performed.

【0010】次に、前記被処理物のクッカー行程で発生
した廃ガス(蒸気)は熱交換器で水分とガスに分離さ
れ、この臭気を含んだ水分とガスは油水分離装置を経て
前記の燃焼炉に導入され燃焼される。従って、たとえ水
分中に異常プリオンが残存していたとしても高温度にて
完全に燃焼される。また、スクリュープレスなどにより
加圧して絞り出した油脂分は前記の旋回燃焼炉の補助燃
料として、または後記の陶器焼成炉の補助燃料として使
用されるので外部に飛散漏洩させることはない。
Next, the waste gas (steam) generated in the cooker stroke of the object to be treated is separated into moisture and gas by a heat exchanger, and the moisture and gas containing the odor are burned through the oil-water separator. It is introduced into the furnace and burned. Therefore, even if abnormal prions remain in the water, they are completely burned at high temperature. Further, the oil and fat which is pressurized and squeezed out by a screw press or the like is used as an auxiliary fuel for the above-mentioned swirl combustion furnace or as an auxiliary fuel for a pottery firing furnace, which will be described later, and therefore is not scattered and leaked outside.

【0011】燃焼炉から排出する焼却灰はガラスカレッ
トと混合されてタイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材
料に用いられ、焼成される。この陶器焼成炉の燃料とし
て前記の脂肪分が使用されるので畜産副生物はそのすべ
てが有効に利用されることになる。
The incineration ash discharged from the combustion furnace is mixed with glass cullet, used as a ceramic material represented by tiles or bricks, and fired. Since the above-mentioned fat content is used as a fuel for this pottery firing furnace, all of the livestock by-products can be effectively used.

【0012】[0012]

【発明の実施の形態】上記の構成になる本発明の実施の
形態を図を参照して詳細に説明する。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention having the above structure will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

【0013】図1は、本発明に係る畜産副生物の処理お
よびタイル製造システムの概要図である。その構成を説
明すると破砕機1のホッパー1aから被処理物(畜産副
生物)を投入すると小片に圧し潰される。その破砕物は
クッカー2の投入口2aから蒸気等により加熱されたク
ッカー2に投入されて攪拌、乾燥される。しかも、その
容器内は真空ポンプにより減圧されているので被処理物
の水分は水蒸気となってサイクロン3を経て熱交換器4
に至る。この熱交換器4で冷却された水蒸気はドレンタ
ンク5に集められ、ガスと水になって後記の旋回燃焼炉
7に導入されて高温度で焼却される。
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a livestock by-product treatment and tile manufacturing system according to the present invention. The structure will be described. When an object to be treated (livestock by-product) is introduced from the hopper 1a of the crusher 1, it is pressed into small pieces and crushed. The crushed material is charged into the cooker 2 heated by steam or the like from the charging port 2a of the cooker 2, and is stirred and dried. Moreover, since the inside of the container is decompressed by the vacuum pump, the water content of the object to be treated becomes water vapor, and the water passes through the cyclone 3 and then the heat exchanger 4
Leading to. The steam cooled by the heat exchanger 4 is collected in the drain tank 5, becomes gas and water, is introduced into the swirl combustion furnace 7 described later, and is incinerated at a high temperature.

【0014】前記のクッカー2において脱水した被処理
物はスクリュープレス等の圧搾機構を有する圧搾機6に
投入されて肉骨粉と油脂分が分離される。この油脂分は
油脂槽11に集められて旋回燃焼炉7の補助燃料として
使用され、或いは後記の陶器焼成炉13の燃料とされ
る。
The object to be processed dehydrated in the cooker 2 is put into a press 6 having a pressing mechanism such as a screw press to separate meat-and-bone meal and fats and oils. This oil and fat component is collected in the oil and fat tank 11 and used as an auxiliary fuel for the swirl combustion furnace 7 or as a fuel for the pottery firing furnace 13 described later.

【0015】前記の旋回燃焼炉7には圧搾機6によって
油脂分が絞り出された残渣すなわち、動物等の肉骨粉が
その炉口から投入される。これらの被処理物はその90
%近くが水分と油脂分であり、従って、その残渣は10
〜20%程度で決して多くはない。これらの肉骨粉が旋
回燃焼炉7中で完全に燃焼される。このような旋回燃焼
炉7による焼却において煤煙(飛灰)は非常に細かいも
のとなる。その排煙筒7aから誘引送風機15により吸
引された炉内ガスは熱交換器8およびバグフィルター9
を経て気体は大気中に排出される。この気体には臭気が
殆ど含まれていない。
The swirl combustion furnace 7 is charged with the residue from which the oil and fat has been squeezed out by the compressor 6, that is, the meat-and-bone meal of animals or the like, through its furnace port. 90 of these processed materials
Moisture and fats are close to 100%, so the residue is 10
It is about 20%, and not many. These meat-and-bone meals are completely burned in the swirl combustion furnace 7. Soot (fly ash) becomes very fine in the incineration by the swirl combustion furnace 7. The in-furnace gas sucked from the smoke exhaust 7a by the induction blower 15 is the heat exchanger 8 and the bag filter 9.
The gas is discharged into the atmosphere via the. This gas contains almost no odor.

【0016】また、このバグフィルター9から取り出さ
れる焼却灰はカルシウム成分が豊富な微粒子である。本
発明においてはこの微粒子をタイルや煉瓦の主原料とし
て再利用を図るものである。
The incineration ash taken out from the bag filter 9 is fine particles rich in calcium component. In the present invention, these fine particles are reused as a main raw material for tiles and bricks.

【0017】一般の固定床炉やストカー炉、或いはロー
タリーキルンで焼却されたものや溶融されたものは粉砕
工程、再結晶化工程を経てタイルや煉瓦の主原料として
再利用されている。また、被処理物の燃焼に流動床炉な
どの流動媒体を使用したものはその媒体との分離工程が
更に必要となるが、本発明の如く旋回燃焼炉を用いて焼
却処理したものは前記の処理や分離工程を必要としない
利点がある。
The materials incinerated or melted in a general fixed bed furnace, a stoker furnace, or a rotary kiln are reused as a main raw material for tiles and bricks through a crushing process and a recrystallization process. Further, although a fluidized medium such as a fluidized bed furnace is used for burning the object to be treated, a separation step from the medium is further required. There is an advantage that no treatment or separation step is required.

【0018】一方、ガラスの製造工場や加工工場、鏡加
工工場その他から排出される廃棄ガラスや廃棄されたガ
ラス瓶などは破砕されてガラス粉となる(このガラス粉
を以後、ガラスカレットと称する)。このガラスカレッ
トと前記のバグフィルター9から回収された焼却灰が適
量混合されてタイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料
となる。これを成形機12により所定の形状に成形し、
次いで陶器焼成炉13によって焼成される。この陶器焼
成炉13から排気されるガスはパイプ13aを経由して
前記旋回燃焼炉7における旋回流形成用エアとしても使
用される。
On the other hand, waste glass discharged from glass manufacturing factories, processing factories, mirror processing factories and the like, and discarded glass bottles are crushed into glass powder (this glass powder is hereinafter referred to as glass cullet). An appropriate amount of this glass cullet and the incinerated ash collected from the bag filter 9 are mixed into a ceramic material represented by tiles or bricks. This is molded into a predetermined shape by the molding machine 12,
Then, it is fired in the pottery firing furnace 13. The gas exhausted from the pottery firing furnace 13 is also used as swirling flow forming air in the swirling combustion furnace 7 via the pipe 13a.

【0019】以上が本発明に係る畜産副生物の処理およ
びタイル製造システムの内容であり、次にそのタイル、
煉瓦などの製造について説明する。
The above is the contents of the livestock by-product treatment and tile manufacturing system according to the present invention.
The manufacturing of bricks will be described.

【0020】[0020]

【実施例】先ず、畜産副生物や斃死牛等を破砕機1によ
って圧し潰し、これをクッカー2に導入して加熱、乾燥
し、同時にパイプ10aに接続された真空ポンプなどの
減圧機10によって該クッカー2の容器内を徐々に減圧
した。これによって水蒸気がパイプ2cを通りサイクロ
ン3および熱交換器4へと吸引され、この熱交換器4に
よって熱エネルギーが回収され、その後、該水蒸気はド
レンタンク5に入って水分とガスとに分離された。この
ガスと水分は未だ獣脂状の悪臭が残存しているのでその
ままでは投棄できない。そこで、その水分はパイプ5a
を経て旋回燃焼炉の火中に滴下し、高温で焼却してその
臭気を消滅させた。また、真空ポンプ10からのガスは
パイプ10aを経て旋回燃焼炉7内に吹き込み、炉内の
旋回流形成用空気とした。従って、この空気も高温にさ
らされて臭気が消滅することになった。
EXAMPLES First, livestock by-products, dead cattle, etc. are crushed by a crusher 1 and introduced into a cooker 2 to be heated and dried, and at the same time, a decompressor 10 such as a vacuum pump connected to a pipe 10a is used. The pressure inside the cooker 2 container was gradually reduced. As a result, the water vapor is sucked into the cyclone 3 and the heat exchanger 4 through the pipe 2c, the heat energy is recovered by the heat exchanger 4, and then the water vapor enters the drain tank 5 and is separated into water and gas. It was This gas and water cannot be discarded as they are, because they still have a foul-smelling odor. Therefore, the water content is pipe 5a.
Then, it was dropped into the fire of the swirl combustion furnace and incinerated at a high temperature to eliminate the odor. Further, the gas from the vacuum pump 10 was blown into the swirl combustion furnace 7 through the pipe 10a to form swirl flow forming air in the furnace. Therefore, this air is also exposed to the high temperature, and the odor disappears.

【0021】前記のクッカー2内の被処理物は水分が蒸
発し、油脂分と固形分の混合物は排出口2bから排出し
て圧搾機6に投入した。その固形分は該圧搾機6により
加圧されて残存の油脂分が抽出され、これも前記の油脂
タンク11に蓄えられる。圧搾機6で圧搾された絞りか
す、すなわち肉骨粉は排出口6aから排出されて旋回燃
焼炉に少量ずつ投入した。
Water was evaporated from the object to be treated in the cooker 2, and the mixture of fat and oil and solid was discharged from the discharge port 2b and charged into the press 6. The solid content is pressurized by the squeezing machine 6 to extract the residual oil and fat, which is also stored in the oil and fat tank 11. The squeezed powder compressed by the compression machine 6, that is, the meat-and-bone meal was discharged from the discharge port 6a and charged into the swirl combustion furnace little by little.

【0022】この旋回燃焼炉7は炉の内周壁が円形でそ
の中心に円筒体7aが炉底を貫通して炉の天井近くまで
に立設されており、炉外から炉壁を貫通するように設置
した助然用バーナー7bからの火炎がその円筒体と内周
壁の間の円筒状空間内に吹き込まれ、同じく炉外から炉
壁を通して炉内壁の接線方向に装着されたエアノズルか
らのエアによって生ずる旋回流に乗って燃焼するもので
ある。この助然用バーナーに供給する燃料に前記の油脂
タンク11に蓄えられた油脂分が使用される。この旋回
燃焼炉に投入された前記の肉骨粉は該炉中を旋回流に乗
って燃焼する。この燃焼によって生ずる高温の排ガスに
は肉骨粉の焼却灰が混入しており、誘引送風機15に吸
引されて前記の円筒体7aを通り、熱交換器8に至って
熱エネルギーを、次いでバグフィルター9で焼却灰を回
収した。
In this swirl combustion furnace 7, the inner peripheral wall of the furnace is circular, and a cylindrical body 7a is erected at the center of the inner wall of the furnace up to the ceiling of the furnace so as to penetrate the furnace wall from the outside of the furnace. The flame from the auxiliary burner 7b installed in the furnace is blown into the cylindrical space between the cylinder and the inner peripheral wall, and the air from the air nozzle tangentially attached to the inner wall of the furnace also passes through the furnace wall from the outside of the furnace. It burns on the swirling flow that occurs. The oil and fat stored in the oil and fat tank 11 is used as the fuel supplied to the auxiliary burner. The meat-and-bone meal introduced into the swirl combustion furnace burns in the swirl flow in the furnace. The incineration ash of meat-and-bone meal is mixed in the high-temperature exhaust gas generated by this combustion, and is sucked by the induced air blower 15 to pass through the cylindrical body 7a, reach the heat exchanger 8, and then heat energy, and then the bag filter 9. The incinerated ash was collected.

【0023】このように旋回燃焼炉によって肉骨粉を焼
却し、バグフィルターで回収した焼却灰には砂等の異物
が混入することがなく、その成分はCaOが50〜70
%、KOが5〜10%、Pが10〜20%、C
lが1〜2%、Naが1〜2%およびその他の成分であ
り、粒径も平均で5〜7μmとほぼ均質なものであっ
た。
As described above, the meat-and-bone meal is incinerated by the swirling combustion furnace, and the incineration ash collected by the bag filter is free from inclusion of foreign matters such as sand.
%, K 2 O is 5 to 10%, P 2 O 5 is 10 to 20%, C
1 was 1 to 2%, Na was 1 to 2%, and other components, and the particle diameter was 5 to 7 μm on average, which was almost homogeneous.

【0024】こうした焼却灰、或いは他の焼却方法によ
る粉砕、再結晶化処理をし、メッシュを揃えた焼却灰1
00重量部に対して廃棄ガラスであるカレット50〜1
50重量部を混合してタイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶
器質材料とし、これに水を加えて成形機12によりタイ
ルおよび煉瓦の形状に成形した。そしてこれを乾燥養生
し、その後陶器焼成炉13によって焼成した。この場合
の焼成温度は850〜950℃で焼成時間を1〜2時間
とした。前記の斃死などの牛が異常プリオンに冒されて
いたとしても焼却灰をこのような高温で長時間焼成する
ことによって完全に死滅することになり、タイル自体は
全く安全なものとなった。
[0024] Such incinerated ash, or incinerated ash obtained by crushing and recrystallizing by another incineration method and arranging a mesh 1
50 to 1 parts of cullet which is waste glass with respect to 00 parts by weight
50 parts by weight were mixed to obtain a ceramic material typified by tiles or bricks, and water was added to the mixture to mold it into a tile or brick shape by a molding machine 12. Then, this was dried and cured, and then fired in a pottery firing furnace 13. In this case, the firing temperature was 850 to 950 ° C. and the firing time was 1 to 2 hours. Even if the cattle such as the above-mentioned deaths were affected by abnormal prions, the incineration ash was completely killed by burning for a long time at such a high temperature, and the tile itself became completely safe.

【0025】次に、畜産副産物としての鶏糞について本
発明装置を適用し、処理をした。この鶏糞には水分が比
較的少ないことによりクッカーを使用せずに直接旋回燃
焼炉7で焼却した。この焼却によって鶏糞中に含まれる
無機物類は円筒状燃焼空間の底部に落下するが、バグフ
ィルターによって捕捉される焼却灰はCaOが30〜4
0%,KOが20〜30%、Pが15〜25
%,SOが5〜10%、およびその他の成分であっ
た。
Next, chicken manure as a livestock by-product was treated by applying the apparatus of the present invention. Since this chicken dung has a relatively low water content, it was directly incinerated in the swirling combustion furnace 7 without using a cooker. By this incineration, the inorganic substances contained in the chicken manure fall to the bottom of the cylindrical combustion space, but the incineration ash captured by the bag filter has CaO of 30-4.
0%, K 2 O is 20 to 30%, P 2 O 5 is 15 to 25
%, SO 3 was 5 to 10%, and other components.

【0026】この焼却灰100重量部に対してガラスカ
レット50〜150重量部を混合し、これに水を加えて
タイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料とし、これを
所定の形状に成形して前記と同様に養生後、焼成した。
50 to 150 parts by weight of glass cullet is mixed with 100 parts by weight of this incinerated ash, and water is added to this to make a ceramic material typified by tiles or bricks, which is molded into a predetermined shape. After curing in the same manner as above, it was baked.

【0027】また、別個にこの旋回燃焼炉7によって籾
殻を焼却し、バグフィルターによって回収した焼却灰1
00重量部を前記の鶏糞焼却灰100重量部に加え、更
に高炉水滓の磨砕物60〜100重量部を混合し、これ
に水を加えてタイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料
とし、所定形状に成形した。その後の養生を経て160
℃前後のオートクレーブにて2〜3時間熱水反応を行わ
せた。
Incinerator ash 1 obtained by separately incinerating rice husks in the swirl combustion furnace 7 and collecting the bag husks by a bag filter
100 parts by weight of the above-mentioned chicken manure incinerated ash (100 parts by weight) is further mixed with 60-100 parts by weight of ground blast furnace slag, and water is added to the mixture to prepare a ceramic material typified by tiles or bricks. It was molded into a shape. 160 after subsequent curing
The hydrothermal reaction was carried out for 2 to 3 hours in an autoclave at around ℃.

【0028】以上により得られたタイルの諸物性を表
1、表2に示す。なお、表中のタイルは肉骨粉焼却灰
の粒子径が7μmより小さいものをカレットと混合して
成形後に焼成したもの、タイルは肉骨粉焼却灰の粒子
径が7μmより大きいものをカレットと混合して成形後
に焼成したもの、タイルは鶏糞焼却灰にカレットを混
合して成形後に焼成したもの、タイルは鶏糞焼却灰と
籾殻焼却灰に高炉滓を混合して成形後にオートクレーブ
したものである。
Various physical properties of the tile obtained as described above are shown in Tables 1 and 2. In addition, the tiles in the table are those in which the particle size of the incinerated ash of meat-and-bone meal is smaller than 7 μm and the mixture is molded and fired. The tile is made by mixing cullet with chicken dung incinerated ash and then baked, and the tile is made by mixing chicken dung incinerated ash and rice husk incinerated ash with blast furnace slag and autoclaving after forming.

【0029】[0029]

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0030】[0030]

【表2】 [Table 2]

【0031】[0031]

【発明の効果】本発明に係る畜産副生物の処理およびタ
イル製造システムは、臭気が発生するなど、しばしば公
害を伴う畜産副生物の処理について、先ず、油脂分を分
離し、残存物はその油脂分を助燃剤として焼却し、焼却
灰、飛灰などの回収物を有効に使用する一貫したシステ
ムとしたもので省資源、省エネルギーの観点から有効な
ものである。
EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION The livestock by-product treatment and tile manufacturing system according to the present invention is applied to the livestock by-product treatment which often causes pollution such as generation of odor. It is an effective system from the viewpoint of resource saving and energy saving because it is an integrated system that uses the recovered materials such as incineration ash and fly ash effectively by incinerating the components as a combustion improver.

【0032】このシステムから得られたタイルまたは煉
瓦に代表される陶器質材料においては、使用する焼却灰
の粒度を、また、ガラスカレットの含有量を適宜選定す
ることによって吸水性、透水性等の性質を付与すること
ができ、また、釉薬を使用することによって耐水性タイ
ルとすることも可能であり、用途は広い。しかも、タイ
ル、煉瓦は最終製品で使用後、そのまま投棄しても無
害、かつ、安定で合理的な処理法といえる。
In a ceramic material represented by tiles or bricks obtained from this system, the particle size of incinerated ash to be used and the content of glass cullet can be appropriately selected to obtain water absorption, water permeability, etc. It can be imparted with properties and can be made into a water resistant tile by using a glaze, so that it has a wide range of uses. Moreover, tiles and bricks can be said to be a harmless, stable and rational treatment method even if they are discarded as they are after they are used as final products.

【0033】畜産副生物の処理およびタイル製造システ
ムにおいては、伝染病などにより斃死が多発して焼却処
理能力を上回った時において、前記のクッカー2および
圧搾機6により水分および油脂分を固形分から分離した
状態でそれぞれを別個に保管することが可能であり、こ
れにより保管に必要な場所を小さくすることができる。
In the livestock by-product treatment and tile manufacturing system, when mortality frequently occurs due to an infectious disease or the like and the incineration capacity is exceeded, the cooker 2 and the press 6 separate water and fat from solids. It is possible to store each of them separately in this state, which can reduce the space required for storage.

【0034】上記の説明で明らかなように、動物などの
畜産副生物を処理した場合、そのすべてが焼却されてタ
イル或いは煉瓦等に使用されることになり公害防止はも
とより資源の有効利用になる。
As is clear from the above description, when livestock by-products such as animals are treated, all of them are incinerated and used for tiles or bricks, which not only prevents pollution but also effectively uses resources. .

【0035】動物の死体を含む畜産副生物の焼却処理中
に生じる悪臭と病原菌を含んだガスが、炉内の旋回流形
成のために必要なエアとして吹き込まれるので結果的に
該悪臭と病原菌が高温燃焼によって無菌化、無臭化され
る。これが旋回燃焼炉をこのシステムに組み込んだこと
の最大のメリットである。
Gas containing malodor and pathogens generated during incineration of livestock by-products including animal carcasses is blown as air necessary for swirling flow formation in the furnace, resulting in the malodor and pathogens. Sterilized and deodorized by high temperature combustion. This is the greatest merit of incorporating a swirl furnace in this system.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】図1は、本発明に係る畜産副生物の処理および
タイル製造システムである。
FIG. 1 is a livestock by-product treatment and tile manufacturing system according to the present invention.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 破砕機 2 クッカー 3 サイクロン 4 熱交換器 5 ドレンタンク 6 スクリュープレス等の圧搾機構を有する圧搾機 7 旋回燃焼炉 8 熱交換器 9 バグフィルター 10 真空ポンプ 11 油脂タンク 12 成形機 13 陶器焼成炉 14 押込送風機 15 誘引送風機 16 油水分離器 17 真空タンク 1 crusher 2 cookers 3 cyclones 4 heat exchanger 5 drain tank 6 Pressing machine with pressing mechanism such as screw press 7 Swirl combustion furnace 8 heat exchanger 9 Bug filter 10 vacuum pump 11 oil tank 12 molding machine 13 Pottery firing furnace 14 Push blower 15 induction blower 16 Oil-water separator 17 Vacuum tank

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.7 識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) F23G 5/033 F23G 7/00 C 5/32 7/05 N 7/00 F26B 5/04 7/05 B09B 3/00 303Z // F26B 5/04 ZABZ (71)出願人 000247535 株式会社モリプラント 大阪市阿倍野区昭和町2丁目3番3号 (72)発明者 日下 幹生 大阪市港区福崎3丁目1番201号株式会社 大島造船所内 (72)発明者 永富 裕和 大阪市港区福崎3丁目1番201号株式会社 大島造船所内 (72)発明者 藤田 良一 大阪市生野区巽南5丁目2番41号株式会社 クヌギザ内 (72)発明者 高 亨 大阪府泉北郡忠岡町新浜2丁目5番8号日 南エンジニヤリング株式会社内 (72)発明者 森 忠明 大阪市阿倍野区昭和町2丁目3番3号株式 会社モリプラント内 Fターム(参考) 3K061 LA02 LA06 LA11 3K065 AA23 AB03 AC11 BA05 BA10 3L113 AA06 AC23 AC68 BA02 BA38 DA06 DA26 4D004 AA04 AA18 AA37 AB01 BA02 BA03 CA03 CA04 CA13 CA14 CA28 CB13 CB15 CB28 CB31 CB43 ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of front page (51) Int.Cl. 7 Identification code FI theme code (reference) F23G 5/033 F23G 7/00 C 5/32 7/05 N 7/00 F26B 5/04 7/05 B09B 3/00 303Z // F26B 5/04 ZABZ (71) Applicant 000247535 Mori Plant Co., Ltd. 2-3-3 Showa-cho, Abeno-ku, Osaka (72) Inventor Mikio Kusaka 3-1-1 Fukusaki, Minato-ku, Osaka No. 201 Inside Oshima Shipyard Co., Ltd. (72) Hirokazu Nagatomi 3-1-1 Fukusaki Minato-ku, Osaka City No. 201 Inside Oshima Shipyard Co., Ltd. (72) Ryoichi Fujita 5-2-141 Tatsunan, Ikuno-ku, Osaka Within Kunugiza (72) Inventor Takatoru 2-5-8 Niihama, Tamaoka-cho, Senboku-gun, Osaka Nichinan Engineering Co., Ltd. (72) Inventor Tadaaki Mori 2-chome, Showa-cho, Abeno-ku, Osaka Ban No. 3 stock company Mori plant in the F-term (reference) 3K061 LA02 LA06 LA11 3K065 AA23 AB03 AC11 BA05 BA10 3L113 AA06 AC23 AC68 BA02 BA38 DA06 DA26 4D004 AA04 AA18 AA37 AB01 BA02 BA03 CA03 CA04 CA13 CA14 CA28 CB13 CB15 CB28 CB31 CB43

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】畜産副生物や動物の死体を破砕する破砕機
    と、破砕機から得られた破砕物を減圧下で乾燥するクッ
    カーと、該クッカーからの排スチームから熱を取り出す
    熱交換器および該クッカーにより水分を蒸発せしめた残
    留脱水物から油脂分を分離する圧搾機と、油脂分分離後
    の脱脂残留物および該熱交換器から排出する水分を焼却
    する旋回燃焼炉と、その旋回燃焼炉から発生した排ガス
    中の焼却灰を捕捉するバグフィルターと、前記分離され
    た油脂分を補助燃料とする陶器焼成炉とからなる畜産副
    生物の処理システム。
    1. A crusher for crushing livestock by-products and animal carcasses, a cooker for drying the crushed material obtained from the crusher under reduced pressure, a heat exchanger for extracting heat from steam discharged from the cooker, and A compressor that separates oil and fat from the residual dehydrated product obtained by evaporating water by the cooker, a swirl combustion furnace that incinerates the degreasing residue after separation of oil and fat and the water discharged from the heat exchanger, and the swirl combustion furnace A system for treating livestock by-products, comprising a bag filter for capturing incinerated ash in exhaust gas generated from the above, and a pottery firing furnace using the separated oil and fat as an auxiliary fuel.
  2. 【請求項2】畜産副生物や動物の死体を破砕し、旋回燃
    焼炉で焼却し、その燃焼排煙からバグフィルターを介し
    て得られる焼却灰およびガラスカレットを主原料とする
    ことを特徴とするタイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質
    材料。
    2. An incinerator ash and glass cullet obtained by crushing livestock by-products and animal carcasses, incinerating them in a swirling combustion furnace, and passing through a bag filter from the combustion flue gas are the main raw materials. Ceramic materials represented by tiles or bricks.
  3. 【請求項3】タイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料
    の主成分である焼却灰は、動物または鶏糞を燃焼させた
    焼却炉の残存灰であることを特徴とする請求項2記載の
    タイルまたは煉瓦に代表される陶器質材料。
    3. The tile according to claim 2, wherein the incineration ash that is the main component of the ceramic material typified by tile or brick is residual ash of an incinerator that burns animal or chicken manure. Ceramic materials represented by bricks.
JP2002035648A 2002-02-13 2002-02-13 Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue Pending JP2003236496A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002035648A JP2003236496A (en) 2002-02-13 2002-02-13 Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002035648A JP2003236496A (en) 2002-02-13 2002-02-13 Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003236496A true JP2003236496A (en) 2003-08-26

Family

ID=27777777

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2002035648A Pending JP2003236496A (en) 2002-02-13 2002-02-13 Treatment system for livestock byproduct and ceramic material comprising treated residue

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2003236496A (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101227593B1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2013-01-29 주식회사 가이아 Crushing and Drying Apparatus
CN103264038A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-28 浙江布莱蒙农业科技股份有限公司 Processing apparatus of livestock died of epidemic diseases
CN103264037A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-28 浙江布莱蒙农业科技股份有限公司 Treatment process of livestock died of epidemic diseases
CN103464444A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 临海市多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Full intelligent processor for harmless chemicalization of livestock and poultry waste
JP2014504206A (en) * 2011-04-07 2014-02-20 ビューティフル エンヴァイロメンタル コンストラクション カンパニー リミテッド System and method for stabilizing livestock landfill by in situ oxidation (combustion)
CN103817135A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 临海市多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Livestock and poultry harmless intelligent processor
CN104772323A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-15 湖南盛路人防科技有限责任公司 Animal harmless treatment device and harmless treatment method using same
CN104858201A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-08-26 江苏绿汇宿动实业有限公司 Harmless treatment device of livestock and poultry died from diseases
CN104998893A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-10-28 浙江多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Harmless treatment technological process for dead poultry and livestock and treatment system
CN107525076A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-12-29 王海森 A kind of livestock-raising field animals died of illness corpse harmless treatment device
CN107952788A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-04-24 贵州德科科技有限公司 A kind of equipment for handling dead poultry in the mixed consumer waste of city
CN109340755A (en) * 2018-09-23 2019-02-15 赵洁 A kind of pan feeding addition composite structure of environmental debris environmental protection power generation processing
CN110394225A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-11-01 源创环境科技有限公司 A kind of mixed separation joint disposal technique of building refuse brick
CN110394225B (en) * 2019-07-19 2021-01-29 源创环境科技有限公司 Brick-concrete separation comprehensive disposal process for construction waste

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101227593B1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2013-01-29 주식회사 가이아 Crushing and Drying Apparatus
JP2014504206A (en) * 2011-04-07 2014-02-20 ビューティフル エンヴァイロメンタル コンストラクション カンパニー リミテッド System and method for stabilizing livestock landfill by in situ oxidation (combustion)
CN103264038A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-28 浙江布莱蒙农业科技股份有限公司 Processing apparatus of livestock died of epidemic diseases
CN103264037A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-08-28 浙江布莱蒙农业科技股份有限公司 Treatment process of livestock died of epidemic diseases
CN103464444A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-25 临海市多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Full intelligent processor for harmless chemicalization of livestock and poultry waste
CN104858201A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-08-26 江苏绿汇宿动实业有限公司 Harmless treatment device of livestock and poultry died from diseases
CN103817135A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 临海市多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Livestock and poultry harmless intelligent processor
CN104772323A (en) * 2015-04-08 2015-07-15 湖南盛路人防科技有限责任公司 Animal harmless treatment device and harmless treatment method using same
CN104998893A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-10-28 浙江多宝田自动化设备有限公司 Harmless treatment technological process for dead poultry and livestock and treatment system
CN107525076A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-12-29 王海森 A kind of livestock-raising field animals died of illness corpse harmless treatment device
CN107952788A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-04-24 贵州德科科技有限公司 A kind of equipment for handling dead poultry in the mixed consumer waste of city
CN109340755A (en) * 2018-09-23 2019-02-15 赵洁 A kind of pan feeding addition composite structure of environmental debris environmental protection power generation processing
CN109340755B (en) * 2018-09-23 2020-06-19 新昌县益旭龙机械科技有限公司 Feeding adding combined structure for environment-friendly power generation treatment of environmental garbage
CN110394225A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-11-01 源创环境科技有限公司 A kind of mixed separation joint disposal technique of building refuse brick
CN110394225B (en) * 2019-07-19 2021-01-29 源创环境科技有限公司 Brick-concrete separation comprehensive disposal process for construction waste

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7685737B2 (en) Process and system for drying and heat treating materials
US4081285A (en) Portland cement manufacture
CA2042843C (en) Process for the emission-free drying of a substance in a drying drum
US7434332B2 (en) Method and apparatus for drying wet bio-solids using excess heat from a cement clinker cooler
US20110212239A1 (en) Process and system for drying and heat treating materials
CA2570278C (en) Method and apparatus for drying wet bio-solids using excess heat recovered from cement manufacturing process equipment
CN101528614B (en) Method of disposing of organic waste of high water content and disposal apparatus therefor
US20050066860A1 (en) Use of organic waste/mineral by-product mixtures in cement manufacturing processes
CN103254916B (en) Carbonization treatment process and device thereof of animals died of illness
JP4472380B2 (en) Method and apparatus for producing biomass semi-carbonized fuel
CN1195688C (en) City domestic garbage treating process
JP2004123513A (en) Method of treating waste containing organic material
US4022630A (en) Portland cement-making and municipal refuse conversion
CN102476907B (en) Method of high-efficiency high-speed environmentally-friendly energy-saving sludge treatment system
CN201368461Y (en) Harmless incineration treatment system of household garbage
CN101975388B (en) Biomass boiler system capable of saving energy and reducing emission
KR101067012B1 (en) Movable-type treating apparatus of dead livestock
CN102211845B (en) Sludge treatment and disposal system and method
JP2005125234A (en) Dust collecting apparatus and dust collecting method of cement production facility
CN105948459A (en) Method using drying and incineration to treat sludge
CN100556835C (en) Sludge drying, incineration treatment method and integrating device
CN103084379A (en) Environment-friendly comprehensive treatment method for kitchen garbage and waste oil
CN102322642A (en) Sludge drying and incinerating system on basis of incineration of waste grate furnace and treatment method thereof
JP3522274B2 (en) Cement clinker manufacturing method and manufacturing plant apparatus
KR100527041B1 (en) Method and device for producing fuel from food wastes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20050209

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20070130

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20080212

A02 Decision of refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02

Effective date: 20080617