GB737092A - Fuels and lubricants for internal combustion engines - Google Patents

Fuels and lubricants for internal combustion engines

Info

Publication number
GB737092A
GB737092A GB15732/52A GB1573252A GB737092A GB 737092 A GB737092 A GB 737092A GB 15732/52 A GB15732/52 A GB 15732/52A GB 1573252 A GB1573252 A GB 1573252A GB 737092 A GB737092 A GB 737092A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
tri
ethyl
esters
diol
pentane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB15732/52A
Inventor
John Henry Beynon
Robert Glover Jackson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shell Refining and Marketing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shell Refining and Marketing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shell Refining and Marketing Co Ltd filed Critical Shell Refining and Marketing Co Ltd
Priority to GB322254X priority Critical
Publication of GB737092A publication Critical patent/GB737092A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/30Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes)
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
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    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M1/00Liquid compositions essentially based on mineral lubricating oils or fatty oils; Their use as lubricants
    • C10M1/08Liquid compositions essentially based on mineral lubricating oils or fatty oils; Their use as lubricants with additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/26Organic compounds containing phosphorus
    • C10L1/2633Organic compounds containing phosphorus phosphorus bond to oxygen (no P. C. bond)
    • C10L1/2641Organic compounds containing phosphorus phosphorus bond to oxygen (no P. C. bond) oxygen bonds only
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    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/28Organic compounds containing silicon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/30Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes)
    • C10L1/301Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes) derived from metals
    • C10L1/303Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes) derived from metals boron compounds
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    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10L1/10Liquid carbonaceous fuels containing additives
    • C10L1/14Organic compounds
    • C10L1/30Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes)
    • C10L1/305Organic compounds compounds not mentioned before (complexes) organo-metallic compounds (containing a metal to carbon bond)
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    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/02Hydroxy compounds
    • C10M2207/023Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/121Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/123Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms polycarboxylic
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/125Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of eight up to twenty-nine carbon atoms, i.e. fatty acids
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/129Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of thirty or more carbon atoms
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/142Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings polycarboxylic
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/16Naphthenic acids
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/22Acids obtained from polymerised unsaturated acids
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    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/28Esters
    • C10M2207/287Partial esters
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    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/28Esters
    • C10M2207/287Partial esters
    • C10M2207/289Partial esters containing free hydroxy groups
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    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/02Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines
    • C10M2215/04Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2215/042Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms containing hydroxy groups; Alkoxylated derivatives thereof
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    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/02Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines
    • C10M2215/06Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
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    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/02Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines
    • C10M2215/06Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2215/062Amines, e.g. polyalkylene polyamines; Quaternary amines having amino groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings containing hydroxy groups bound to the aromatic ring
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    • C10M2227/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2203/00, C10M2207/00, C10M2211/00, C10M2215/00, C10M2219/00 or C10M2223/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2227/08Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2203/00, C10M2207/00, C10M2211/00, C10M2215/00, C10M2219/00 or C10M2223/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions having metal-to-carbon bonds
    • C10M2227/081Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2203/00, C10M2207/00, C10M2211/00, C10M2215/00, C10M2219/00 or C10M2223/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions having metal-to-carbon bonds with a metal carbon bond belonging to a ring, e.g. ferocene
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    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2010/00Metal present as such or in compounds
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    • C10N2010/00Metal present as such or in compounds
    • C10N2010/14Group 7
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    • C10N2040/00Specified use or application for which the lubricating composition is intended
    • C10N2040/04Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives
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    • C10N2040/00Specified use or application for which the lubricating composition is intended
    • C10N2040/04Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives
    • C10N2040/042Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives for automatic transmissions
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    • C10N2040/00Specified use or application for which the lubricating composition is intended
    • C10N2040/04Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives
    • C10N2040/044Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives for manual transmissions
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    • C10N2040/00Specified use or application for which the lubricating composition is intended
    • C10N2040/04Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives
    • C10N2040/046Oil-bath; Gear-boxes; Automatic transmissions; Traction drives for traction drives

Abstract

A minor proportion of an organometallic compound of formula MR2, where M is iron, nickel or ruthenium and R is a substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl radical is added either to the fuel for an internal-combustion engine or to a lubricating oil. Substituents mentioned are hydroxyl, amino, cyano, mercapto, ether, thioether, acyl, keto, carbalkoxy, carboxylic acid and sulphonic acid groups and hydrocarbon groups such as alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkaryl, and aralkyl. Compounds referred to are dicyclopentadienyl iron, diethyl-, dipropyl-, and dibutyl-cyclo-pentadienyl iron, di-(acetylcyclopentadienyl) iron, and dicyclopentadienyl iron carboxylic acid and its salts, esters, amides and cyano compounds. Oil-soluble organic compounds of boron, phosphorus, arsenic or silicon may be added as scavengers. Boron compounds specified are organic esters of boric acids such as triethyl, tripropyl and tributyl borates, esters of boric acid and diisopropyl carbinol and methyl isobutyl carbinol, di-(methyl isobutyl carbinyl) methylboronate, cyclic esters of boric acid and 2,4-pentane diol, pinacol, 2,4-dimethyl-pentane-2,4-diol and 2,4-dimethyl-hexane-2,4-diol, the cyclic ester of methylboronic acid and 2,4-pentane diol, ethyl 2,4-dimethyl-hexane-2,4-diol borate, ethyl pentane-2,4-diol borate, ethyl 2,4-dimethyl-pentane-2,4-diol borate, ethyl pinacol borate and p ethyl 2-methyl-pentane-2,4-diol borate. Phosphorus-containing scavengers referred to are esters of oxyacids of phosphorus, for example trimethyl, triethyl, tripropyl and tributyl phosphates and phosphites, triphenyl, tricresyl, tri - (4 - ethylphenyl), tri - (4 - tertiary butyl phenyl), trixylenyl, tri-2-naphthyl, tri-(4-isopropyl-1-naphthyl), tribenzyl, triphenyl ethyl, tricyclohexyl, tri-(trichlorophenyl) and tri - (4 - chlorobenzyl) orthophosphates, diisoamyl cyclohexyl, dibutyl phenyl and 2-naphthyl diphenyl orthophosphate and triphenyl phosphite. Arsenic compounds analagous to the phosphorus compounds may be used, for example tricresyl arsenite and diethyl phenylarsonate. Silicon-containing scavengers mentioned are esters of silicic acid such as tetramethyl, tetraethyl, tetrapropyl, tetrabutyl, tetraphenyl, tetracresyl, tetraxylenyl silicates, di- and tri-ethyl silicates, di- and tri-cresyl silicates, polymers made by the autocondensation of the partial esters, alkoxyamino silanes, e.g. di - tert. - butoxydiaminosilane and methoxy - tert. - butoxydiaminosilane, and tetrahydrocarbyl silicanes, e.g. ethyl propylbenzylphenylsilicane. The fuels may contain other additives such as 2,4-dimethyl-6-tertiary-butyl phenol, hydroquinone, 2,6 - ditertiary - butyl - 4 - methyl phenol, N-phenyl-a -naphthylamine and N,N1 - dibutyl - p - phenylene diamine; and anti-knock additives such as iron carbonyl, tetraethyl lead, ethyltrimethyl lead, diethyldimethyl lead, triethylmethyl lead and tetramethyl lead, halohydrocarbons being also generally present when lead anti-knock agents are used. Fuels specified are straight-run, thermally or catalytically cracked or reformed gasolines, benzene, toluene, alcohols or ethers. Lubricating oils referred to are mineral or synthetic oils; the lubricating compositions may also contain antioxidants, e.g. aromatic amines, alkylated phenols and aminophenols, corrosion inhibitors, e.g. partial fatty acid esters of polyhydric alcohols and alkyl substituted succinic acids, detergents, e.g. metal soaps of fatty acids, naphthenic acids or hydroxy aromatic carboxylic acids, pour-point depressants, anti-foam agents and V.I. improvers. Specifications 722,538, 737,109, 737,110, [all in Group IV (b)], and 737,124 are referred to. The Provisional Specifications refer also to polyvalent and heavy metal derivatives of cyclopentadiene.
GB15732/52A 1952-11-10 1952-06-23 Fuels and lubricants for internal combustion engines Expired GB737092A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB322254X 1952-11-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB737092A true GB737092A (en) 1955-09-21

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ID=10335253

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB15732/52A Expired GB737092A (en) 1952-11-10 1952-06-23 Fuels and lubricants for internal combustion engines

Country Status (6)

Country Link
BE (1) BE520886A (en)
CH (2) CH325085A (en)
DE (1) DE961916C (en)
FR (1) FR1082934A (en)
GB (1) GB737092A (en)
NL (1) NL83069C (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1101853B (en) * 1957-07-12 1961-03-09 Ethyl Corp fuel
WO2001016257A1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-03-08 The Associated Octel Company Limited Fuel additive for the prevention of valve seat recession
EP1954788A1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2008-08-13 Ferox, Inc. Combustion catalyst carriers and methods of using the same
WO2016012491A1 (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-01-28 Total Marketing Services Lubricating composition comprising an anti-knock compound

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1039683B (en) * 1954-12-07 1958-09-25 Iashellia Res Ltd Lubricating oil
DE1126053B (en) * 1958-01-15 1962-03-22 Exxon Research Engineering Co Heating oil or diesel oil
DE1218794B (en) * 1959-05-02 1966-06-08 Basf Ag Anti-knock, tetraethyl-containing fuels
DE3809307A1 (en) * 1988-03-19 1989-09-28 Veba Oel Ag ENGINE LUBRICANE FOR DIESEL ENGINES AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A DIESEL ENGINE

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1101853B (en) * 1957-07-12 1961-03-09 Ethyl Corp fuel
WO2001016257A1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-03-08 The Associated Octel Company Limited Fuel additive for the prevention of valve seat recession
AU773552B2 (en) * 1999-09-01 2004-05-27 Innospec Limited Fuel additive for the prevention of valve seat recession
EP1954788A1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2008-08-13 Ferox, Inc. Combustion catalyst carriers and methods of using the same
EP1954788A4 (en) * 2005-11-18 2010-08-11 Ferox Inc Combustion catalyst carriers and methods of using the same
AU2006318235B2 (en) * 2005-11-18 2011-05-12 Ferox, Inc. Combustion catalyst carriers and methods of using the same
US7959693B2 (en) 2005-11-18 2011-06-14 Ferox, LLC Combustion catalyst carriers and methods of using the same
WO2016012491A1 (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-01-28 Total Marketing Services Lubricating composition comprising an anti-knock compound

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE961916C (en) 1957-04-11
CH325085A (en) 1957-10-31
NL83069C (en) 1956-10-15
BE520886A (en) 1955-07-22
FR1082934A (en) 1955-01-04
CH322254A (en) 1957-06-15

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