GB2485754A - A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system - Google Patents

A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2485754A
GB2485754A GB201205572A GB201205572A GB2485754A GB 2485754 A GB2485754 A GB 2485754A GB 201205572 A GB201205572 A GB 201205572A GB 201205572 A GB201205572 A GB 201205572A GB 2485754 A GB2485754 A GB 2485754A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
heat transfer
heat exchanger
flow
reactor system
nuclear fission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB201205572A
Other versions
GB201205572D0 (en
Inventor
Jon D Mcwhirter
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Searete LLC
Original Assignee
Searete LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US12/586,741 priority Critical patent/US20110075786A1/en
Priority to US12/653,656 priority patent/US9275760B2/en
Priority to US12/653,653 priority patent/US20110075787A1/en
Application filed by Searete LLC filed Critical Searete LLC
Priority to PCT/US2010/002602 priority patent/WO2011078870A2/en
Publication of GB201205572D0 publication Critical patent/GB201205572D0/en
Publication of GB2485754A publication Critical patent/GB2485754A/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K3/00Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators, or intermediate steam heaters, therein
    • F01K3/18Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators, or intermediate steam heaters, therein having heaters
    • F01K3/181Plants characterised by the use of steam or heat accumulators, or intermediate steam heaters, therein having heaters using nuclear heat
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/0206Heat exchangers immersed in a large body of liquid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F1/00Tubular elements; Assemblies of tubular elements
    • F28F1/02Tubular elements of cross-section which is non-circular
    • F28F1/04Tubular elements of cross-section which is non-circular polygonal, e.g. rectangular
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F13/00Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing
    • F28F13/06Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F13/00Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing
    • F28F13/06Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media
    • F28F13/08Arrangements for modifying heat-transfer, e.g. increasing, decreasing by affecting the pattern of flow of the heat-exchange media by varying the cross-section of the flow channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • F28F9/026Header boxes; End plates with static flow control means, e.g. with means for uniformly distributing heat exchange media into conduits
    • F28F9/0282Header boxes; End plates with static flow control means, e.g. with means for uniformly distributing heat exchange media into conduits by varying the geometry of conduit ends, e.g. by using inserts or attachments for modifying the pattern of flow at the conduit inlet or outlet
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C1/00Reactor types
    • G21C1/02Fast fission reactors, i.e. reactors not using a moderator ; Metal cooled reactors; Fast breeders
    • G21C1/03Fast fission reactors, i.e. reactors not using a moderator ; Metal cooled reactors; Fast breeders cooled by a coolant not essentially pressurised, e.g. pool-type reactors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C1/00Reactor types
    • G21C1/32Integral reactors, i.e. reactors wherein parts functionally associated with the reactor but not essential to the reaction, e.g. heat exchangers, are disposed inside the enclosure with the core
    • G21C1/326Integral reactors, i.e. reactors wherein parts functionally associated with the reactor but not essential to the reaction, e.g. heat exchangers, are disposed inside the enclosure with the core wherein the heat exchanger is disposed next to or beside the core
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C15/00Cooling arrangements within the pressure vessel containing the core; Selection of specific coolants
    • G21C15/24Promoting flow of the coolant
    • G21C15/243Promoting flow of the coolant for liquids
    • G21C15/247Promoting flow of the coolant for liquids for liquid metals
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D21/00Heat-exchange apparatus not covered by any of the groups F28D1/00 - F28D20/00
    • F28D2021/0019Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for
    • F28D2021/0054Other heat exchangers for particular applications; Heat exchange systems not otherwise provided for for nuclear applications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C1/00Reactor types
    • G21C1/02Fast fission reactors, i.e. reactors not using a moderator ; Metal cooled reactors; Fast breeders
    • G21C1/022Fast fission reactors, i.e. reactors not using a moderator ; Metal cooled reactors; Fast breeders characterised by the design or properties of the core
    • G21C1/026Reactors not needing refueling, i.e. reactors of the type breed-and-burn, e.g. travelling or deflagration wave reactors or seed-blanket reactors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/30Nuclear fission reactors
    • Y02E30/34Fast breeder reactors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/30Nuclear fission reactors
    • Y02E30/35Liquid metal reactors

Abstract

A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system. The heat exchanger comprises a heat exchanger body defining an exit plenum chamber therein shaped for uniform flow of a hot primary heat transfer fluid through the chamber. A plurality of adjacent heat transfer members are connected to the heat exchanger body and spaced apart by a predetermined distance for defining a plurality of flow passages between the heat transfer members. The flow passages open into the exit plenum chamber. Spacing of the heat transfer members by the predetermined distance evenly distributes flow of the primary heat transfer fluid through the flow passages, across the surfaces of the heat transfer members and into the exit plenum chamber. Each heat transfer member defines a flow channel therethrough for flow of a cooler secondary heat transfer fluid.
GB201205572A 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system Withdrawn GB2485754A (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/586,741 US20110075786A1 (en) 2009-09-25 2009-09-25 Heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system
US12/653,656 US9275760B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2009-12-15 Heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system
US12/653,653 US20110075787A1 (en) 2009-09-25 2009-12-15 Heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system
PCT/US2010/002602 WO2011078870A2 (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB201205572D0 GB201205572D0 (en) 2012-05-16
GB2485754A true GB2485754A (en) 2012-05-23

Family

ID=44196378

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB201205569A Withdrawn GB2485752A (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system
GB201205572A Withdrawn GB2485754A (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system
GB201205571A Withdrawn GB2485753A (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB201205569A Withdrawn GB2485752A (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB201205571A Withdrawn GB2485753A (en) 2009-09-25 2010-09-22 A heat exchanger, methods therefor and a nuclear fission reactor system

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (3) EP2481053A4 (en)
JP (3) JP2013506131A (en)
KR (3) KR20120083433A (en)
CN (3) CN102667955A (en)
GB (3) GB2485752A (en)
RU (3) RU2012113145A (en)
WO (3) WO2011078871A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103426486B (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-12-30 华北电力大学 Natural circulation lift apparatus Multigas
CN103839600B (en) * 2014-03-18 2016-03-02 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 A kind of flow measurement device for pool natural circulation reactor and measuring method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4737337A (en) * 1985-05-09 1988-04-12 Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation Nuclear reactor having double tube helical coil heat exchanger
US4983353A (en) * 1989-03-13 1991-01-08 General Electric Company Novel passive approach to protecting the primary containment barrier formed by the intermediate heat exchanger from the effects of an uncontrolled sodium water reaction
US5499277A (en) * 1994-08-19 1996-03-12 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for enhancing reactor air-cooling system performance
US20040247067A1 (en) * 2001-07-10 2004-12-09 Sadao Hattori Nuclear reactor
US6916430B1 (en) * 1996-10-25 2005-07-12 New Qu Energy Ltd. Superconducting heat transfer medium
US7258844B1 (en) * 1999-11-10 2007-08-21 Chart Industries, Inc. Heat exchanger

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1322221A (en) * 1970-02-06 1973-07-04 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Valves self closable in the event of reverse flow particularly for fast-fission liquid metal cooled fast reactors
FR2350566B1 (en) * 1976-05-04 1980-05-30 Commissariat Energie Atomique
FR2524687B1 (en) * 1982-04-01 1988-03-18 Commissariat Energie Atomique Nuclear reactor to fast neutrons
JPS5935782A (en) * 1982-08-20 1984-02-27 Toshiba Corp Heat exchanger for fast nuclear reactor
US4560533A (en) * 1984-08-30 1985-12-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Fast reactor power plant design having heat pipe heat exchanger
EP0667623A1 (en) * 1994-02-14 1995-08-16 FINMECCANICA S.p.A. AZIENDA ANSALDO A system for passively dissipating heat from the interior of a nuclear reactor containment structure
IL129448A (en) * 1996-10-25 2003-05-29 Yuzhi Qu Superconducting heat transfer medium
US7278474B2 (en) * 2001-10-09 2007-10-09 Mikros Manufacturing, Inc. Heat exchanger
US9734922B2 (en) * 2006-11-28 2017-08-15 Terrapower, Llc System and method for operating a modular nuclear fission deflagration wave reactor
CN100578683C (en) * 2007-11-09 2010-01-06 中国核动力研究设计院 Non-kinetic inherently safe tube-pool type reactor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4737337A (en) * 1985-05-09 1988-04-12 Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation Nuclear reactor having double tube helical coil heat exchanger
US4983353A (en) * 1989-03-13 1991-01-08 General Electric Company Novel passive approach to protecting the primary containment barrier formed by the intermediate heat exchanger from the effects of an uncontrolled sodium water reaction
US5499277A (en) * 1994-08-19 1996-03-12 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for enhancing reactor air-cooling system performance
US6916430B1 (en) * 1996-10-25 2005-07-12 New Qu Energy Ltd. Superconducting heat transfer medium
US7258844B1 (en) * 1999-11-10 2007-08-21 Chart Industries, Inc. Heat exchanger
US20040247067A1 (en) * 2001-07-10 2004-12-09 Sadao Hattori Nuclear reactor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2012113143A (en) 2013-10-27
WO2011078871A2 (en) 2011-06-30
EP2481053A4 (en) 2013-02-27
WO2011078870A2 (en) 2011-06-30
JP2013506132A (en) 2013-02-21
EP2481055A2 (en) 2012-08-01
KR20120083434A (en) 2012-07-25
GB2485753A (en) 2012-05-23
GB201205569D0 (en) 2012-05-16
EP2481054A2 (en) 2012-08-01
EP2481053A2 (en) 2012-08-01
GB2485752A (en) 2012-05-23
KR20120083433A (en) 2012-07-25
JP2013506130A (en) 2013-02-21
RU2012113142A (en) 2013-10-27
GB201205572D0 (en) 2012-05-16
WO2011078872A3 (en) 2011-08-18
CN102667954A (en) 2012-09-12
KR20120083432A (en) 2012-07-25
CN102667955A (en) 2012-09-12
GB201205571D0 (en) 2012-05-16
WO2011078871A3 (en) 2011-08-18
RU2012113145A (en) 2013-10-27
WO2011078870A3 (en) 2011-08-18
JP2013506131A (en) 2013-02-21
CN102667953A (en) 2012-09-12
WO2011078872A2 (en) 2011-06-30

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732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)

Free format text: REGISTERED BETWEEN 20140619 AND 20140625

WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)