GB2427209A - Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building - Google Patents

Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2427209A
GB2427209A GB0512351A GB0512351A GB2427209A GB 2427209 A GB2427209 A GB 2427209A GB 0512351 A GB0512351 A GB 0512351A GB 0512351 A GB0512351 A GB 0512351A GB 2427209 A GB2427209 A GB 2427209A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
solar panels
building
panels
system
solar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
GB0512351A
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GB0512351D0 (en )
Inventor
David Andrew Johnston
Kevin Roger Johnston
Christopher Michael Johnston
Original Assignee
David Andrew Johnston
Kevin Roger Johnston
Christopher Michael Johnston
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/66Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of facade constructions, e.g. wall constructions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F10/00Sunshades, e.g. Florentine blinds or jalousies; Outside screens; Awnings or baldachins
    • E04F10/005Rigidly-arranged sunshade roofs with coherent surfaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/67Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of roof constructions
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

Solar panels are mounted on a building at each storey, at a level between the windows of adjacent storeys, and on the building roof. The panels may be photovoltaic and produce electricity for use in the building or distribution exterior of the building. The panels may heat an air stream which provides heating for rooms. Hot water may be produced in the panels, for use in central heating or for hot water consumption. Hybrid solar panels may be used which combine the above features. The panels may be positioned at a sloping angle to the building. Advantageously, in use the panels may provide shade to the building windows to reduce the solar radiation incident thereon.

Description

SOLAR PANELS INSTALLED ON BUILDINGS TO

EMULATE THE TRADITIONAL CHINESE

ARCHICHTURAL STYLE

This invention relates to a system of solar panels, installed onto a building or buildings, such that the resulting morphology resembles the traditional style of Chinese architecture, i.e., roofing (hereinafter referred to as eaves) mounted on the outer wall of each storey, in addition to the roof on the top of the building.

Solar energy has a potential to make a significant contribution to energy demand in China, and in other countries. Building integrated solar energy systems collect solar energy close to the point of use, thus reducing the losses due to distribution or transport of energy. The primary uses of energy in buildings include space heating, water heating (for end use of hot water) and air conditioning. Solar air heating panels provide hot air for space heating. Solar water heating panels provide hot water, either for direct use, or for space heating via central heating radiators.

Air conditioning systems require an electricity supply. One source of this electrical energy is solar photovoltaic panels. During periods of high outdoor temperatures, solar gain, due to solar radiation passing through windows, increases the indoor temperature, and therefore increases the load on the air conditioning system(s). Shading structures would reduce solar gain, and hence the air conditioning load.

According to the present invention, solar panels are mounted to the walls of the building, at each storey, at a level between the windows of adjacent storeys. Where solar panels form only part of the eaves at each storey, additional roofing may additionally be installed to complete the eaves.

In addition, solar panels are mounted on the top of the building, forming all or part of the roof.

These solar panels are tilted at an angle, which presents a large collecting area to the incident solar radiation, at certain times during the day. The addition of panels to the building, as described above, results in a building which resembles a traditional style of Chinese architecture - specifically one with roofing (eaves) at each storey, in addition to the roof on the top of the building.

The system of solar panels described herein, installed in the configuration described herein, confers a number of advantages, in addition to those provided by solar energy systems generally.

1. The solar panels, installed as eaves at each storey, provide additional solar collecting area, in addition to the panels installed as the roof at the top of the building. This increases the total solar energy, which can be collected by the solar energy system of the building.

2. The distribution of solar panels as eaves, installed at each storey, results in energy collection, which is distributed over the vertical extent of the building. This reduces the requirement for vertical energy transfer, and therefore reduces the total distance, over which energy must be transferred. This has the potential to reduce the energy losses associated with such transfer of energy.

3. The solar panels, installed at each storey, at a level between the windows of adjacent storeys, provide shading for the underlying windows. This reduces the solar gain through these windows, which reduces the temperature increase due to solar gain, and therefore reduces the load on air conditioning systems.

Provision is made for connection to systems for distribution of electricity, hot water and hot air throughout the building. Provision is also made for connection to systems supplying electricity, hot water and hot air, from external sources, and/or from internal non-solar systems.

A specific embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which - Figure 1 shows the building with solar panels installed on the walls as eaves, and solar panels installed on the roof.

Figure 2 shows the shading of underlying windows by wall-mounted solar panels, installed as eaves.

Referring to the drawing, the system of solar panels consists of a set of solar panels, which comprises part or all of the roof 1, and solar panels which comprise part or all of the roofing (eaves) 2, installed at each storey, at a level between the windows 3 of adjacent storeys, as shown in Figure 1. The eaves may include corner structures, which may include solar panels, or may have a solely aesthetic function.

The set of solar panels, forming the eaves at a given storey, has connection to systems providing for the delivery of the collected energy to the rooms and energy distributing and consuming systems of that storey, and additionally has connection to systems providing for the delivery of the collected energy to the rooms and energy distributing and consuming systems of other storeys.

The solar panels, installed as roofing (eaves) 2, installed at each storey, at a level between the windows 3 of adjacent storeys, provides total or partial shading of the underlying windows 3, as shown in Figure 2. For solar radiation 4 incident at the angle shown in Figure 2, the shaded region 5 includes all of the underlying window 3.

Claims (9)

1. A system of solar panels, installed onto a building or buildings, mounted on the outer wall of each storey, at a level between the windows of adjacent storeys, in addition to the roof on the top of the building, such that the resulting morphology resembles the traditional style of Chinese'architecture, i.e., roofing (hereinafter referred to as eaves) at each storey, in addition to the roof on the top of the building.
2. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim I, wherein the solar panels are photovoltaic panels, which generate electricity for provision of electrical demand or demands within the building.
3. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1 and Claim 2, wherein the photovoltaic panels may additionally provide electrical energy to circuits and loads exterior to the building.
4. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the solar panels heat an air stream, passing through, under and/or over the solar panels, for the purpose of providing space heating for rooms within the building.
5. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the solar panels heat a water stream, passing through pipes or channels within, or attached to, the solar panels, for the purpose of providing space heating for rooms within the building.
6. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the solar panels heat a water stream, passing through pipes or channels within, or attached to, the solar panels, for the purpose of providing hot water for use by the occupants.
7. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1, consisting of solar panels as described in some or all of Claim 2, Claim 3, Claim 4, Claim 5 and Claim 6, and combining some or all of the functions describe in those Claims.
8. A system of solar panels, as claimed in Claim 1, wherein some or all of the solar panels are multi-function solar panels, wherein some or all of the structures and functions described in Claim 2, Claim 3, Claim 4, Claim 5 and Claim 6 are combined in each such multi-function solar panel.
9. A system of solar panels substantially as described herein with reference to Figures 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawing.
GB0512351A 2005-06-17 2005-06-17 Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building Withdrawn GB2427209A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0512351A GB2427209A (en) 2005-06-17 2005-06-17 Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0512351A GB2427209A (en) 2005-06-17 2005-06-17 Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB0512351D0 true GB0512351D0 (en) 2005-07-27
GB2427209A true true GB2427209A (en) 2006-12-20

Family

ID=34855701

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB0512351A Withdrawn GB2427209A (en) 2005-06-17 2005-06-17 Solar panels positioned at multiple levels on a building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2427209A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4137098A (en) * 1977-10-20 1979-01-30 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Solar energy window
JPH11173021A (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-06-29 Raito Kenchiku Jimusho:Kk New installation place for solar light power generation panel
DE19815850A1 (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-10-21 Fraunhofer Ges Forschung Solar radiation protection system for buildings
DE10054253A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-09-26 Joerg Erhardt Combined water, electricity and heating or air-conditioning supply unit, has all components housed within container provided on its outside with photovoltaic elements
US20040055633A1 (en) * 2001-04-17 2004-03-25 Jacques Lambey Photocurrent-generating fabric and support for such a fabric
EP1451507A2 (en) * 2001-10-01 2004-09-01 Futura Solar, Inc. Structurally integrated solar collector

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4137098A (en) * 1977-10-20 1979-01-30 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Solar energy window
JPH11173021A (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-06-29 Raito Kenchiku Jimusho:Kk New installation place for solar light power generation panel
DE19815850A1 (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-10-21 Fraunhofer Ges Forschung Solar radiation protection system for buildings
DE10054253A1 (en) * 2000-11-02 2002-09-26 Joerg Erhardt Combined water, electricity and heating or air-conditioning supply unit, has all components housed within container provided on its outside with photovoltaic elements
US20040055633A1 (en) * 2001-04-17 2004-03-25 Jacques Lambey Photocurrent-generating fabric and support for such a fabric
EP1451507A2 (en) * 2001-10-01 2004-09-01 Futura Solar, Inc. Structurally integrated solar collector

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB0512351D0 (en) 2005-07-27 application

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WAP Application withdrawn, taken to be withdrawn or refused ** after publication under section 16(1)