GB2322935A - Controlling air conditining systems of vehicles - Google Patents

Controlling air conditining systems of vehicles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2322935A
GB2322935A GB9810962A GB9810962A GB2322935A GB 2322935 A GB2322935 A GB 2322935A GB 9810962 A GB9810962 A GB 9810962A GB 9810962 A GB9810962 A GB 9810962A GB 2322935 A GB2322935 A GB 2322935A
Authority
GB
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
air
system
control unit
vehicle
predetermined level
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB9810962A
Other versions
GB2322935B (en )
GB9810962D0 (en )
Inventor
Krysztof Edward Dziama
John Tipping
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MG Rover Group Ltd
Original Assignee
MG Rover Group Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00642Control systems or circuits, control members or indication devices for heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00814Control systems or circuits characterised by their output, for controlling particular components of the heating, cooling or ventilating installation
    • B60H1/00821Control systems or circuits characterised by their output, for controlling particular components of the heating, cooling or ventilating installation the components being ventilating, air admitting or air distributing devices
    • B60H1/00828Ventilators, e.g. speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00642Control systems or circuits, control members or indication devices for heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00735Control systems or circuits characterised by their input, i.e. by the detection, measurement or calculation of particular conditions, e.g. signal treatment, dynamic models
    • B60H1/00764Control systems or circuits characterised by their input, i.e. by the detection, measurement or calculation of particular conditions, e.g. signal treatment, dynamic models the input being a vehicle driving condition, e.g. speed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OR ADAPTATIONS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING, OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00642Control systems or circuits, control members or indication devices for heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00814Control systems or circuits characterised by their output, for controlling particular components of the heating, cooling or ventilating installation
    • B60H1/00821Control systems or circuits characterised by their output, for controlling particular components of the heating, cooling or ventilating installation the components being ventilating, air admitting or air distributing devices
    • B60H1/00835Damper doors, e.g. position control
    • B60H1/00849Damper doors, e.g. position control for selectively commanding the induction of outside or inside air

Abstract

A system for providing a supply of air to the passenger compartment (14) of a vehicle (10), the system comprising ducting (30, 40, 52, 56, 58, 60) for supplying air to a vehicle passenger compartment, a blower (34) for propelling air through the ducting, a heat supply (12) for supplying heat to the air, an evaporator (42) for cooling the air, a vehicle speed detector (76), and a control unit (70) for controlling the speed of the blower, and an engine sensor (94) which produces a signal indicative of whether the vehicle engine is running, wherein the control unit (70) is arranged to limit the blower speed to a predetermined level if the blower has been operating for a predetermined period while the vehicle speed is below a predetermined level, and to control the system in various other ways. The control unit also monitors the voltages of battery 90 and shuts down the the loads if the voltage falls below a predetermined level.

Description

A system for Providing Heating. Air Conditioning and Ventilation for a Vehicle The present invention relates to a system for providing a supply of air for the passenger compartment of a vehicle which may be heated or cooled, and for providing other heating functions such as windscreen heating. The invention provides improved controls for such a system to improve its functioning and at the same time conserve the power used.

In accordance with the present invention there is provided a system for providing a supply of air to the passenger compartment of a vehicle, the vehicle having a battery which is used to power the system, the system comprising ducting for supplying air to a vehicle passenger compartment, a blower for propelling air through the ducting, a heat supply for supplying heat to the air, a cooler for cooling the air, and a control unit for controlling the speed of the blower and at least one other load, wherein the control unit is arranged to monitor the voltage of the battery and, if the voltage falls below a predetermined level, shut down the loads which it controls.

The control unit may be further arranged to shut down part of its own functionality if the voltage falls below said predetermined level.

Preferably the control unit is arranged to monitor the battery voltage after it has fallen below said predetermined level, and to return power to at least some of the loads it controls when the voltage rises above a further predetermined level, which may be higher than said predetermined level.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of an air conditioning system for a vehicle according to the present invent ion, Figure 2 is a graph illustrating part of the operation of the system of Figure 1.

Referring to Figure 1, a vehicle 10 has- an engine 12 and a passenger compartment 14 and an air conditioning system 16 for supplying heated or cooled air or ventilation to the passenger compartment. The air conditioning system comprises a right fresh air inlet duct 18, for taking in air from outside the vehicle, and a right recirculatibn inlet duct 22 for taking in air from the passenger compartment. These lead to a right inlet valve 26 which is operable to select whether the fresh air or recirculation inlet is used. Ducting 30 from the inlet valve 26 leads via a right blower 34 to a heat exchanger 38. Left inlet ducts 20 and 24, a left inlet valve 28, ducting 32 and a ~left blower 36 are arranged in corresponding manner on the opposite side of the vehicle 10. A heat exchanger outlet duct 40 leads from the heat exchanger 38 to an air cooler in the form of an evaporator 42. A right bypass duct 44 leads from the ducting 30 between the right blower 34 and the heat exchanger 38 to the heat exchanger outlet duct 40. A right bypass valve 48 controls the flow of air from the right blower to either pass through or bypass the heat exchanger. A left bypass duct 46 and bypass valve 50 are arranged in corresponding manner on the left side of the vehicle. An evaporator outlet duct 52 leads from the evaporator to an outlet valve system 5 which controls the proportion of air flowing to each of three outlet ducts 56, 58, 60 which supply the air to the passenger compartment in directions towards the windscreen, passengers' feet, and passengers' face respectively.

Engine cooling air is circulated from the engine 12 to the heat exchanger 38 and back to the engine in piping 62.

This provides the heat input to the heat exchanger.

A control unit 70 controls the operation of the inlet valves 26, 28, the blowers 34, 36, the bypass valves 48, 50, the evaporator 42 and the outlet valve system 54. The control lines are only shown for the right side of the vehicle for the sake of clarity. A heater core sensor 72 mounted on the piping 62 sends a signal to the control unit 70 indicative of the temperature of the engine 12.

The control unit also receives inputs from a control panel 74 in the passenger compartment, a vehicle speed sensor 76 which comprises part of an A.B.S. system, an external temperature sensor 78 which senses the temperature outside the vehicle, an internal temperature sensor 80 which senses the temperature inside the passenger compartment, and a solar radiation sensor 82 which senses the direction and intensity of solar radiation which causes heating of the passenger compartment.

The vehicle also has a heater 84 for the front screen which is turned on or off from the control panel 74 via the control unit. The control unit can therefore monitor whether the front screen heater 84 is on or off.

The vehicle has a battery 90 which provides power for the system if there is insufficient power produced by the alternator 94-. The control unit 70 monitors the voltage of the battery via line 92.

The control unit 70 also monitors whether or not the engine 12 is running by monitoring the output from the alternator 94. In this sense the alternatbr acts as an engine sensor because it only produces a current when the engine is running.

The control panel has a manual control for the blower speed 75, a control 77 for the distribution of air between the outlet ducts56, 58, 60, and a temperature control 79.

It also has an air conditioning switch 81 which turns the evaporator on and off. There is an automatic setting switch 83 which allows the temperature to be set and leaves the control of the unit 70 to set the blower speeds and the air -distribution to achieve that temperature taking into account he temperature inside and outside the vehicle, the direction and intensity of the solar radiation and the vehicle speed. There is a switch 85 for selecting whether fresh air or recirculated air is taken into the system, and a switch 87 for selecting an automatic demist/defrost function.

Under normal operation the driver or passenger can select the blower speed, the temperature of the air and the proportion of air supplied to each of the outlets 56, 58, 60. If the air conditioning is turned on then temperatures below the external ambient temperature can be provided. If the air conditioning is not turned on and temperatures below the external ambient temperature are selected, a warning light 89 is lit.

Because all the controls are carried out via the control unit 70, the control unit can override the manual controls in certain circumstances, and determine the details of the operation of the system.

One of the requirements of the system is that it be arranged to conserve battery power if there is a possibility of the battery 90 being drained so that the voltage it can supply drops. One of the times when this is likely to occur is if the engine speed is low, for example because the engine is only idling, and the load on the battery is high because the blowers are set to a high speed. The control unit is therefore arranged to detect engine idle by detecting that the engine is running and that the vehicle speed is below 5 mph, and if the engine is idling for more than 20 minutes with the blower speed set above a predetermined speed, the control unit will reduce the blower speed to that predetermined speed. The reduction in speed of the blowers may be stepped with further set time periods between the steps. If the vehicle speed increases above 5 mph the control unit returns the blower speed to the original level. A predetermined period of increased vehicle speed, for example between 30 and 60 seconds, can be required before the blowers are returned to their original speed.

The control unit 70 is also arranged to monitor the battery voltage continuously. The standard voltage is 12V.

If the voltage drops below a first predetermined level, in this example 11.25V, and the heated front screen is on, the control unit turns off the power to the front screen heater 84. This is because this is the highest individual load on the battery. If the voltage increases to a second, higher predetermined level, in this case 11.75V and remains above that level for a predetermined period, e.g.

between 30 and 60 seconds, the control unit returns power to the heater 84. If the voltage drops below a third predetermined level, lower than the first, in this example 10V, the control unit shuts off the power to all of the remaining loads it controls, i.e. in this case the blowers, 48, 50, and the evaporator 42. It also shuts down part of its own functionality, i.e. circuits within the control unit which monitor signal inputs and control various functions of the system. The control unit 70 then runs at a lower level performing less functions than it would normally-do. The main function which it does still perform, and preferably the only one, is to monitor the battery voltage. When the voltage increases to a fourth predetermined value, between the first and third predetermined values, and in this example 10.5V, the system resumes its normal functionality.

As mentioned above, in order to reduce the formation of condensation on the windscreen the control unit 70 monitors the position of the outlet valve system 54 and the inlet valves 26, 28. If more than a predetermined proportion of the air is being directed at the windscreen and the inlet valves are causing the air in the system to recirculate, then the control unit switches the intake valves 26, 28 so that fresh air is taken into the system instead. The critical proportion of air will depend on what proportions are possible in the system. If the supply to each of the outlets 56, 58, 60 can only essentially be turned on or off, the critical proportion could be approximately zero, i.e. if any air is being directed towards the screen, the system will take in fresh air. If the supply to the outlets can be more accurately controlled, then the critical proportion could be such as would suggest that clearing the windscreen was required, for example 20% or 30%.

The control unit 70 also monitors the external ambient temperature using the external temperature sensor 78. If the external temperature is above a predetermined level, in this example 370C; the control unit operates the intake valves 26, 28 so that air is recirculated through the system. This is so that the evaporator 42 is only trying to cool the air in the system to the desired temperature, and not a continuous supply of hot air from outside the vehicle. This assumes that, for air temperatures above 37"C, the driver will be asking the system to cool the air. It is also possible to have the automatic switch to recirculation only of the controls on the control panel 74 are set such that cooling of the air is required.

Alternatively the critical external temperature, instead of being a set value, could vary with the temperature required by the setting of the controls on the control panel, for example being a fixed amount higher.

The control unit also controls the power to the blowers 34, 36 when they are turned on from the control panel 74.

The voltage applied to the blowers is ramped up at a steady rate from zero to the required level over a predetermined period of, for example, 15 seconds. This has two advantages. Firstly, the air which was in the system may be at an undesirably low or high temperature, and this feature reduces the discomfort that can be caused to the passengers if that air is blown at them suddenly. Also, the evaporator does not become fully operational immediately and this feature enables it to reach its full operating condition before the demand on it is too great.

When the automatic demist/defrost setting is selected the outlet valve system 54 is set to direct air at the windscreen through the first outlet duct 56 and the bypass valves 48, 50 direct all the air through the heat exchanger 38. The blower speed is controlled as shown in Figure 2, and varies with the temperature of the engine as indicated by the heater core sensor 72. When the engine temperature is below a first temperature, in this case 10 C, the voltage supplied to the blowers is 6V. Then between the first temperature and a second, higher temperature, in this case 30"C, the voltage increases to 12V. Above the second temperature the voltage remains at 12V. This arrangement has been found to produce effective defrosting of the screen, because it avoids directing large quantities of cold air at the screen before the heat supplied to the heat exchanger from the engine is sufficient to warm it.

Claims (4)

1. A system for providing a supply of air to the passenger compartment of a vehicle, the vehicle having a battery which can be used to power the system, the system comprising ducting for supplying air to a vehicle passenger compartment, a blower for propelling air through the ducting, a heat supply for supplying heat to the air,- an evaporator for cooling the air, a control unit for controlling the speed of the blower, wherein the control unit is arranged to monitor the voltage of the battery and, if the voltage falls below a predetermined level, shut down the loads which it controls.
2. A system according to Claim 1, wherein the control unit is further arranged to shut down part of its own functionality if the voltage falls below said predetermined level.
3. A system according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein the control unit is arranged to monitor the battery voltage after it has fallen below said predetermined level, and to return power to at least one of the loads it controls when the voltage rises above a further predetermined level, which may be higher than said predetermined level.
4. A system substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
GB9810962A 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle Expired - Fee Related GB2322935B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9415417A GB9415417D0 (en) 1994-07-30 1994-07-30 A system for providing heating, air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle
GB9514686A GB2293003B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating, air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle
GB9810962A GB2322935B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB9810962A GB2322935B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB9810962D0 GB9810962D0 (en) 1998-07-22
GB2322935A true true GB2322935A (en) 1998-09-09
GB2322935B GB2322935B (en) 1998-12-09

Family

ID=26305371

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9810964A Expired - Fee Related GB2322936B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation
GB9810962A Expired - Fee Related GB2322935B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation for a vehicle

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB9810964A Expired - Fee Related GB2322936B (en) 1994-07-30 1995-07-18 A system for providing heating air conditioning and ventilation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (2) GB2322936B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1449689A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-25 Renault s.a.s. Method and system for controlling the temperature of the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10226008B4 (en) * 2002-06-12 2006-02-02 Daimlerchrysler Ag Air supply device for a vehicle seat

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB918811A (en) * 1960-03-18 1963-02-20 Daimler Benz Ag Improvements relating to electrical supply systems comprising electric batteries
US4902956A (en) * 1986-12-12 1990-02-20 Sloan Jeffrey M Safety device to prevent excessive battery drain
US4911257A (en) * 1987-11-20 1990-03-27 Mazda Motor Corporation Vehicle having a solar battery system
GB2229328A (en) * 1989-03-14 1990-09-19 Plantron Ab Heating arrangement for a seat
US5055825A (en) * 1989-09-06 1991-10-08 Hanil Industrial Co., Ltd. Method and circuit for self-checking troubles of a heating system
US5305613A (en) * 1991-11-27 1994-04-26 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Air conditioning system suitable for use in a electric vehicle

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1186763B (en) * 1960-07-27 1965-02-04 Daimler Benz Ag System for heating, cooling and ventilation of vehicles, in particular passenger cars
DE1405880A1 (en) * 1960-07-27 1968-12-12 Daimler Benz Ag Air conditioning for vehicles, especially for passenger cars
GB1278202A (en) * 1970-01-29 1972-06-21 Rolls Royce Vehicle air conditioning system
US4222435A (en) * 1977-04-19 1980-09-16 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Air conditioning display system for vehicles
JPS6248777B2 (en) * 1980-03-31 1987-10-15 Diesel Kiki Co
US4538760A (en) * 1982-08-27 1985-09-03 Nissan Shatai Company, Limited Air conditioner control arrangement for automotive vehicle or the like
JPS6248616B2 (en) * 1982-09-10 1987-10-14 Nissan Shatai Co
JPH0380644B2 (en) * 1986-06-18 1991-12-25 Matsuda Kk

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB918811A (en) * 1960-03-18 1963-02-20 Daimler Benz Ag Improvements relating to electrical supply systems comprising electric batteries
US4902956A (en) * 1986-12-12 1990-02-20 Sloan Jeffrey M Safety device to prevent excessive battery drain
US4911257A (en) * 1987-11-20 1990-03-27 Mazda Motor Corporation Vehicle having a solar battery system
GB2229328A (en) * 1989-03-14 1990-09-19 Plantron Ab Heating arrangement for a seat
US5055825A (en) * 1989-09-06 1991-10-08 Hanil Industrial Co., Ltd. Method and circuit for self-checking troubles of a heating system
US5305613A (en) * 1991-11-27 1994-04-26 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Air conditioning system suitable for use in a electric vehicle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1449689A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-25 Renault s.a.s. Method and system for controlling the temperature of the passenger compartment of a motor vehicle
FR2851501A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-27 Renault Sa Method and control system of the temperature of the interior of a motor vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB2322936A (en) 1998-09-09 application
GB2322935B (en) 1998-12-09 grant
GB2322936B (en) 1998-12-09 grant
GB9810964D0 (en) 1998-07-22 grant
GB9810962D0 (en) 1998-07-22 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7259469B2 (en) Vehicle auxiliary power unit, assembly, and related methods
US5299431A (en) Automotive air conditioner having condenser and evaporator provided within air duct
US5305613A (en) Air conditioning system suitable for use in a electric vehicle
US6293339B1 (en) Vehicle air-conditioning system with independent left/right temperature control during maximum cooling
US6481230B2 (en) Vehicle battery cooling apparatus
US8442752B2 (en) Climate control head with fuel economy indicator
US4681153A (en) Automotive air conditioning system with independent temperature control for dual air flows
US5782102A (en) Automotive air conditioner having condenser and evaporator provided within air duct
US5156204A (en) Air conditioner system with defrost door modulation as a function of ambient temperature
US4665971A (en) Air conditioner system for automobiles
US20010049943A1 (en) Air-conditioning system for vehicles
US6640890B1 (en) Multiple zone automatic HVAC control system and method
US5330385A (en) Air conditioning system suitable for use in an electric vehicle
US5725052A (en) Dual zone air-conditioning system for motor vehicles with improved air flow rate
US4783970A (en) Air conditioning system for vehicles
US5355689A (en) Heat pump type air conditioner for automotive vehicle
US5027611A (en) Air conditioner for use in an automotive vehicle
US5316074A (en) Automotive hair conditioner
US5419149A (en) Heat pump type air conditioner for vehicle
US20040168455A1 (en) Vehicle air conditioner with regenerative electric power
US6192698B1 (en) Vehicle-air-conditioning system with cooling degree estimator for left/right temperature control
US5465589A (en) Idle automated A/C system
US5284025A (en) Air conditioning apparatus for an electrically-powered motor vehicle
US4730662A (en) Automotive automatic air conditioning system with variable temperature DEMIST mode
US20110067422A1 (en) Air-conditioning device for vehicle

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
746 Register noted 'licences of right' (sect. 46/1977)

Effective date: 20050719

732E Amendments to the register in respect of changes of name or changes affecting rights (sect. 32/1977)
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20090718