GB2203297A - High voltage connector - Google Patents

High voltage connector Download PDF

Info

Publication number
GB2203297A
GB2203297A GB08707864A GB8707864A GB2203297A GB 2203297 A GB2203297 A GB 2203297A GB 08707864 A GB08707864 A GB 08707864A GB 8707864 A GB8707864 A GB 8707864A GB 2203297 A GB2203297 A GB 2203297A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
plug
socket
high voltage
portion
min
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB08707864A
Other versions
GB2203297B (en
GB8707864D0 (en
Inventor
Trevor Armistead
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oxley Developments Co Ltd
OXLEY DEV CO Ltd
Original Assignee
Oxley Developments Co Ltd
OXLEY DEV CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Oxley Developments Co Ltd, OXLEY DEV CO Ltd filed Critical Oxley Developments Co Ltd
Priority to GB8707864A priority Critical patent/GB2203297B/en
Publication of GB8707864D0 publication Critical patent/GB8707864D0/en
Publication of GB2203297A publication Critical patent/GB2203297A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of GB2203297B publication Critical patent/GB2203297B/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/53Bases or cases for heavy duty; Bases or cases for high voltage with means for preventing corona or arcing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R2101/00One pole

Abstract

A high voltage electrical connector has a male plug body (10) and a female socket body (10 min ), wherein the electrical connection between the plug and socket is made between metallic male (48 min ) and female (18a) plug and socket portions which are housed respectively within a portion (38 min ) of the socket body (10 min ) and within a portion (14) of the plug body. Latch (36) is retained by catch (42) when the plug and socket are mated. An insulating ring (28, 28 min ) is carried between a cable (26, 26 min ) and a stud (18, 18 min ) to which the core (22, 22') of the cable is attached. An insert (30,30 min ) snap fits in the body (10, 10 min ) to retain the cable (26, 26 min ) and ring (28, 28 min ), and thereby the stud (18, 18 min ). <IMAGE>

Description

High Voltage Connector The present invention is concerned with plug and socket type connectors for use with relatively high voltages, in the kilovolt range.

It is a basic requirement of a high voltage connector that it must provide satisfactory electrical isolation of the metallic connecting parts from the external parts of the connector which may have to be handled when the connector is in operational use.

Such devices therefore tend normally to be bulky in order to provide the long electrical breakdown paths necessary to achieve isolation.

A particular problem is involved in the case of connectors of the type involving male and female plug and socket pairs, where special provision must be made to shield the interengaging male and female portions during actual interconnection of these parts, when they may be in a more exposed condition than when the interengagement between them is complete.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a high voltage connector in which the aforegoing problems are mitigated.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a high voltage electrical connector having a male plug component and a female socket component, wherein the electrical connection between the plug and socket components is made between metallic male and female plug and socket portions which are housed respectively within a female socket portion of electrically insulating material on the socket component and within a male plug portion of electrically insultating material on the plug component.

By this construction the components making the electrical connection are fully shielded during insertion of the plug component into the socket component and are isolated by particularly long breakdown paths in the fully connected condition.

Advantageously, the plug portion of electrically insulating material has a tapered projection in its forward end which is adapted to be received with a snap fit connection within a correspondingly shaped recess in the socket portion of electrically insulating material, for holding the plug and socket components together in their coupled condition.

Preferably, the metallic male and female socket portions are formed on the one ends of respective metal studs whose opposite ends contain recesses for receiving the bared ends of respective insulated cables, the cables being arranged to be held in position by respective tapered sleeves received within internal bores of the plug and socket components with a snap fit connection therebetween.

The invention is described further hereinafter, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Figures la and lb are longitudinal sections through plug and socket components, respectively, of the embodiment of a connector in accordance with the present invention, two components being shown in their operational condition connected to respective cables.

The plug component of the connector shown in Fig. la comprises a hollow tubular body 10, preferably made of p.t.f.e., having at its one end a radially inwardly projecting lip 12 and at its other end an axially projecting boss portion 14 containing an axial bore 16 which communicates coaxially with the hollow interior of the main body 10.

Disposed within the bore 16 and the hollow interior of the main body 10 is an assembly comprising a metallic stud 18 having formed at its one end a slotted cylindrical socket portion 18a lying within the bore 16 and at its other end a blind bore 20 into which is soldered, or otherwise attached, the bared end 22 of of a multi-strand insulated cable 24. Disposed between the end of the stud 18 containing the blind bore 20 and the end of the cable sheathing 26 is an annular disc 28 made of a hard, electrical insulating material, preferably a hard plastics material.

The above-described assembly is firmly held in its illustrated, operational position by means of a tapered sleeve 30 which is forced through the hole defined by the inner periphery of the lip 12 so that one end engages against the hard disc 28 and a shoulder 32 adjacent its other end engages behind the lip 12. An inwardly directed annular projection 34 at the forward end of the sleeve 30 grips the end region of the insulation 26 to add to the stability of the assembly. Further displacement of the stud 18 to the left of the position illustrated in Fig 1 is prevented by interengagement of annular shoulders on the studs with respective shoulders on the internal bore of the body 10 and boss portion 14. The inner end of the boss portion 14 carries an outwardly flared projection 36 for engaging a correspondingly shaped recess in the socket component as described hereinafter.

The left-hand half of the socket component of the connector as viewed in Fig. lb is of identical construction to the right-hand half of the plug component, as viewed in Fig. la. Corresponding portions are therefore not described in detail again but are marked in Fig. lb with the same reference numerals as Fig. la, but primed.

In contrast to the plug component, the body 10' of the socket component is formed with a tubular extension 38 defining a cylindrical cavity 40 whose diameter is just greater than the external diameter of the boss portion 14 of the plug component.

The outer end of this cylindrical cavity 40 has a tapered annular groove 42 dimensioned to snugly receive the annular projection 36 on the plug component. The lengths of the boss portion 14 of the plug component and the cylindrical recess of the socket component are chosen such that, when the boss portion is introduced into the recess 40, the projection snap fits into the recess 42 when the end wall 44 of the socket is engaged by the shoulder 46 on the plug, thereby to hold the plug and socket components together.

The stud member 18' of the socket component is formed at one end with an axially projecting pin 48 which is adapted to be received within the slotted cylindrical socket portion 18a of the plug component whereby to complete the electrical connection between the cables 24 and 24' when the plug and socket components are joined together.

It will be appreciated that an unusual feature of this construction is that the electrical connection in the plug component of the connector is actually achieved by means of a socket portion (socket portion 18a of the stud 18) which is itself mounted within a plug portion (boss portion 14) of the plug component. Likewise the electrical connection in the socket component is achieved by means of a plug portion (pin 48) which is itself mounted within a socket portion (tubular portion 38) of the socket component. By this means, it is ensured that the mating electrical portions of the connector are shielded at all times during insertion of the plug component into the socket component and that the completed electrical connection exhibits a particularly long electrical breakdown path in relation to the exterior of the connector. The connector therefore has the advantage that its overall size can be smaller for a given length of breakdown path than has been achieved hitherto in this kind of connector.

The scraping action of the projection 36 on the surface of the internal cavity 40 of the socket component when the components are separated performs self-cleaninq of the latter surface 40.

The invention is not restricted to the use of the particular materials mentioned above although the quoted materials are presently preferred.

Advantageously, the interface at 40' in Fig. ib when the connector is mated should have minimal or zero air gap to prevent possible corona at high voltages. One way in which this can be achieved is for the boss 14 and the bore 40 in which it is received to be tapered, so that on mating there is intimate (air free) contact of the two tapered surfaces.

Also with a view to preventing corona within the connector, the present construction enables the use of grease or high viscosity dielectric oil to fill air gaps in the electrical breakdown paths. For example, if grease is provided at the mating interface 40, it is sealed in by the mated snap-in flange/recess 36, 42 and the interference of parts 18 and 18' in the parts 10 and 10', respectively.

Furthermore, where the cable is connected to both the plug and socket, grease can advantageously be used between the parts 30, 30' and 10 and 10', respectively, such grease being sealed in by the interference of the parts 32 and 32' with parts 30 and 30', respectively.

Claims (7)

1. A high voltage electrical connector having a male plug component and a female socket component, wherein the electrical connection between the plug and socket components is made between metallic male and female plug and socket portions which are housed respectively within a female socket portion of electrically insulating material on the socket component and within a male plug portion of electrically insulating material on the plug component.
2. A high voltage electrical connector as claimed in claim 1, wherein the plug portion of electrically insulating material carries a tapered projection which is adapted to be received with a snap fit connection within a correspondingly shaped recess in the socket portion of electrically insulating material, for holding the plug and socket components together in their coupled conditior.
3. A high voltage connector as claimed in claim 2, wherein said tapered projection is located on the rearward end of the plug portion of insulating material and said recess is located in the forward end of the socket portion.
4. A high voltage electrical connector as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the male and female socket portions of electrically insulating material are both of correspondingly tapered configuration so as to form a close fit one within the other when the latter male portion is introduced into the latter female portion.
5. A high voltage connector as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3 or 4, wherein the metallic male and female socket portions are formed on the one ends of respective metal studs whose opposite ends contain recesses for receiving the bared ends of respective insulated cables, the cables being arranged to be held in position by respective tapered sleeves received within internal bores of the plug and socket components with a snap fit connection therebetween.
6. A high voltage electrical connector as claimed in claim 5, wherein there is disposed between each of said metal studs and the respective ends of the associated electrical cables an annular disc made of a hard, electrically insulating material.
7. A high voltage electrical connector, substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
GB8707864A 1987-04-02 1987-04-02 High voltage connector Expired - Fee Related GB2203297B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8707864A GB2203297B (en) 1987-04-02 1987-04-02 High voltage connector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8707864A GB2203297B (en) 1987-04-02 1987-04-02 High voltage connector

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8707864D0 GB8707864D0 (en) 1987-05-07
GB2203297A true GB2203297A (en) 1988-10-12
GB2203297B GB2203297B (en) 1991-01-16

Family

ID=10615099

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8707864A Expired - Fee Related GB2203297B (en) 1987-04-02 1987-04-02 High voltage connector

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2203297B (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2265499A (en) * 1992-03-27 1993-09-29 Nicholas Rodney Bullingham Three terminal coaxial mains plug and socket outlet
FR2699332A1 (en) * 1992-12-11 1994-06-17 Alcatel Cable Electrical connector for medium to very high voltage power cable - has rigid coupling with annular shoulder meeting complementary coupling with annular groove and connected electrically by elastic ring
GB2308753A (en) * 1995-12-25 1997-07-02 Yazaki Corp Cap type connector assembly for high voltage cable
WO2005078865A2 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-25 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Protective boot and universal cap
CN102820584A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 中国电子科技集团公司第四十研究所 Circular high-voltage connector in threaded connection

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1000584A (en) * 1963-04-05 1965-08-04 Empire Prod Inc Cable connector assembly
US3960429A (en) * 1974-08-29 1976-06-01 Hughes Aircraft Company Connector assembly with axially operable engagement means
US4082404A (en) * 1976-11-03 1978-04-04 Rte Corporation Nose shield for a gas actuated high voltage bushing
GB1544598A (en) * 1976-10-12 1979-04-19 Amp Inc Electrical connector and housing therefor
US4417736A (en) * 1978-01-16 1983-11-29 Amp Incorporated High voltage rack and panel connector
GB2130026A (en) * 1982-11-09 1984-05-23 Labinal Electric connector
EP0135299A2 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-03-27 Whittaker Corporation Improved weatherproof positive lock connector
US4597627A (en) * 1980-03-28 1986-07-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Multiple plug

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1000584A (en) * 1963-04-05 1965-08-04 Empire Prod Inc Cable connector assembly
US3960429A (en) * 1974-08-29 1976-06-01 Hughes Aircraft Company Connector assembly with axially operable engagement means
GB1544598A (en) * 1976-10-12 1979-04-19 Amp Inc Electrical connector and housing therefor
US4082404A (en) * 1976-11-03 1978-04-04 Rte Corporation Nose shield for a gas actuated high voltage bushing
US4417736A (en) * 1978-01-16 1983-11-29 Amp Incorporated High voltage rack and panel connector
US4597627A (en) * 1980-03-28 1986-07-01 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Multiple plug
GB2130026A (en) * 1982-11-09 1984-05-23 Labinal Electric connector
EP0135299A2 (en) * 1983-07-22 1985-03-27 Whittaker Corporation Improved weatherproof positive lock connector

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2265499A (en) * 1992-03-27 1993-09-29 Nicholas Rodney Bullingham Three terminal coaxial mains plug and socket outlet
GB2265499B (en) * 1992-03-27 1994-05-04 Nicholas Rodney Bullingham Three terminal single pin plug top and socket outlet
FR2699332A1 (en) * 1992-12-11 1994-06-17 Alcatel Cable Electrical connector for medium to very high voltage power cable - has rigid coupling with annular shoulder meeting complementary coupling with annular groove and connected electrically by elastic ring
GB2308753A (en) * 1995-12-25 1997-07-02 Yazaki Corp Cap type connector assembly for high voltage cable
US5766030A (en) * 1995-12-25 1998-06-16 Yazaki Corporation Cap type connector assembly for high-voltage cable
GB2308753B (en) * 1995-12-25 2000-05-24 Yazaki Corp Cap type connector assembly for high-voltage cable
WO2005078865A3 (en) * 2004-02-09 2006-04-20 Adc Telecommunications Inc Protective boot and universal cap
WO2005078865A2 (en) * 2004-02-09 2005-08-25 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Protective boot and universal cap
US7090516B2 (en) 2004-02-09 2006-08-15 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Protective boot and universal cap
US7226300B2 (en) 2004-02-09 2007-06-05 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Protective boot and universal cap
US7674121B2 (en) 2004-02-09 2010-03-09 Adc Telecommunications, Inc. Protective boot and universal cap
CN1918750B (en) * 2004-02-09 2010-09-01 Adc电信公司 Protective boot and universal cap
CN102820584A (en) * 2012-08-31 2012-12-12 中国电子科技集团公司第四十研究所 Circular high-voltage connector in threaded connection
CN102820584B (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-12-03 中国电子科技集团公司第四十研究所 Circular high-voltage connector in threaded connection

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB2203297B (en) 1991-01-16
GB8707864D0 (en) 1987-05-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10348042B2 (en) High frequency miniature connectors with canted coil springs and related methods
US5611707A (en) Microminiature coaxial connector which locks by snap-fastening
US5169323A (en) Multiplepole electrical connector
EP0875081B1 (en) Coaxial cable connector
EP0135299B1 (en) Improved weatherproof positive lock connector
US4426127A (en) Coaxial connector assembly
US2881406A (en) Moisture seal for connectors
US3390374A (en) Coaxial connector with cable locking means
US4310213A (en) Electrical connector kit
US5580266A (en) High voltage low current connector interface
US6655991B2 (en) Coaxial cable quick connect/disconnect connector
US7241172B2 (en) Coaxial cable connector
DE10109719C1 (en) Connectors
US4412717A (en) Coaxial connector plug
US7530843B1 (en) Sealed electrical terminal
US3245027A (en) Coaxial connector
EP0608813B1 (en) Two piece shell for a connector
US4734050A (en) Universal connection unit
USRE39380E1 (en) Electrical connector with protection for electrical contacts
CA1074414A (en) Submersible pipe electrical cable assembly
US6848922B2 (en) Socket contact with integrally formed arc arresting portion
US3641479A (en) Underwater disconnectible connector
US5785557A (en) Electrical connector with protection for electrical contacts
US7241164B2 (en) Termination assembly for mini-coaxial cable having color-coded insulator
US5401175A (en) Magnetic coaxial connector

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19930402