GB2131916A - A self-centering torque transmission assembly - Google Patents

A self-centering torque transmission assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2131916A
GB2131916A GB8332866A GB8332866A GB2131916A GB 2131916 A GB2131916 A GB 2131916A GB 8332866 A GB8332866 A GB 8332866A GB 8332866 A GB8332866 A GB 8332866A GB 2131916 A GB2131916 A GB 2131916A
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GB
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
ring
teeth
part
device according
anyone
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
GB8332866A
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GB2131916B (en )
GB8332866D0 (en )
Inventor
Michel Alexandre Orain
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GKN Automotive GmbH
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GKN Automotive GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C19/00Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C19/02Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows
    • F16C19/14Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load
    • F16C19/18Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls
    • F16C19/181Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact
    • F16C19/183Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact with two rows at opposite angles
    • F16C19/184Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact with two rows at opposite angles in O-arrangement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B27/00Hubs
    • B60B27/0005Hubs with ball bearings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C35/00Rigid support of bearing units; Housings, e.g. caps, covers
    • F16C35/04Rigid support of bearing units; Housings, e.g. caps, covers in the case of ball or roller bearings
    • F16C35/06Mounting or dismounting of ball or roller bearings; Fixing them onto shaft or in housing
    • F16C35/063Fixing them on the shaft
    • F16C35/0635Fixing them on the shaft the bore of the inner ring being of special non-cylindrical shape which co-operates with a complementary shape on the shaft, e.g. teeth, polygonal sections
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C35/00Rigid support of bearing units; Housings, e.g. caps, covers
    • F16C35/04Rigid support of bearing units; Housings, e.g. caps, covers in the case of ball or roller bearings
    • F16C35/06Mounting or dismounting of ball or roller bearings; Fixing them onto shaft or in housing
    • F16C35/07Fixing them on the shaft or housing with interposition of an element
    • F16C35/073Fixing them on the shaft or housing with interposition of an element between shaft and inner race ring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D1/00Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements
    • F16D1/06Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end
    • F16D1/064Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end non-disconnectable
    • F16D1/072Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end non-disconnectable involving plastic deformation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D1/00Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements
    • F16D1/06Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end
    • F16D1/08Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end with clamping hub; with hub and longitudinal key
    • F16D1/09Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end with clamping hub; with hub and longitudinal key with radial clamping due to axial loading of at least one pair of conical surfaces
    • F16D1/093Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end with clamping hub; with hub and longitudinal key with radial clamping due to axial loading of at least one pair of conical surfaces using one or more elastic segmented conical rings forming at least one of the conical surfaces, the rings being expanded or contracted to effect clamping
    • F16D1/095Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end with clamping hub; with hub and longitudinal key with radial clamping due to axial loading of at least one pair of conical surfaces using one or more elastic segmented conical rings forming at least one of the conical surfaces, the rings being expanded or contracted to effect clamping with clamping effected by ring contraction only
    • F16D1/096Couplings for rigidly connecting two coaxial shafts or other movable machine elements for attachment of a member on a shaft or on a shaft-end with clamping hub; with hub and longitudinal key with radial clamping due to axial loading of at least one pair of conical surfaces using one or more elastic segmented conical rings forming at least one of the conical surfaces, the rings being expanded or contracted to effect clamping with clamping effected by ring contraction only the ring or rings being located between the shaft and the hub
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B27/00Hubs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B27/00Hubs
    • B60B27/0015Hubs for driven wheels
    • B60B27/0036Hubs for driven wheels comprising homokinetic joints
    • B60B27/0042Hubs for driven wheels comprising homokinetic joints characterised by the fixation of the homokinetic joint to the hub
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/40Clamping arrangements where clamping parts are received in recesses of elements to be connected
    • F16B2200/403Threaded clamping parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/40Clamping arrangements where clamping parts are received in recesses of elements to be connected
    • F16B2200/406Clamping parts being collars, bushings or wedges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C19/00Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement
    • F16C19/02Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows
    • F16C19/14Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load
    • F16C19/18Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls
    • F16C19/181Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact
    • F16C19/183Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact with two rows at opposite angles
    • F16C19/184Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact with two rows at opposite angles in O-arrangement
    • F16C19/187Bearings with rolling contact, for exclusively rotary movement with bearing balls essentially of the same size in one or more circular rows for both radial and axial load with two or more rows of balls with angular contact with two rows at opposite angles in O-arrangement with all four raceways integrated on parts other than race rings, e.g. fourth generation hubs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2226/00Joining parts; Fastening; Assembling or mounting parts
    • F16C2226/10Force connections, e.g. clamping
    • F16C2226/16Force connections, e.g. clamping by wedge action, e.g. by tapered or conical parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16CSHAFTS; FLEXIBLE SHAFTS; ELEMENTS OR CRANKSHAFT MECHANISMS; ROTARY BODIES OTHER THAN GEARING ELEMENTS; BEARINGS
    • F16C2326/00Articles relating to transporting
    • F16C2326/01Parts of vehicles in general
    • F16C2326/02Wheel hubs or castors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7026Longitudinally splined or fluted rod
    • Y10T403/7035Specific angle or shape of rib, key, groove, or shoulder
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7047Radially interposed shim or bushing
    • Y10T403/7051Wedging or camming
    • Y10T403/7052Engaged by axial movement
    • Y10T403/7056Threaded actuator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2164Cranks and pedals

Abstract

In a torque transmitting assembly including a driven member and a driving member, one having teeth thereon extending parallel to the rotational axis and the other having teeth thereon extending obliquely to the rotational axis, an annular member is interposed which also has teeth which are parallel to the rotational axis and oblique to the rotational axis for engaging with the corresponding teeth of the driving and driven members in order to place them in torque transmitting engagement with each other. The annular member is formed from a deformable metallic material and the obliquely extending teeth extend relative to the parallel teeth at an angle of between 15 DEG and 45 DEG .

Description

1

SPECIFICATION

A device for transmitting torque The invention relates to a device fortransmitting 70 torque from a driving part to an at least approximately coaxial driven part, comprising on one of the two parts a cylindrical area provided with circumferentially spaced teeth extending parallel to the axis of this part, and on the other part an area in the form of a truncated 75 cone provided with teeth whose imagined extensions intersectthe axis of this part atthe apex of the cone, said areas defining an annular recess of at least approximately triangular shape in cross section, a ring of which at least part has a cross-section cornplementaryto that of said recess and which on its innerface or bore and on its outerface hasteeth which are respectively complementaryto and interengage with theteeth on said cylindrical and truncated conical areas respectively and againstwhich ring a retaining 85 means such as a nut and bolt may betightened axially.

Adevice of this kind has already been described in the European Patent Application 59 339 which, forthe purpose of transmitting torque from a driving part to a driven part, recognisesthe importance of using a ring 90 whose configuration in cross-section is approximate lytriangular and which, both at its outer and inner faces is provided with teeth. Such ring is retained fixed in the axial direction by a nut which produces inter-engagement of complementary teeth on the ring 95 and on the driving and the driven parts of the device.

Theform of the already proposed ring does not, however, permit centring of the driving and parts to be established nor does it ensure tensioning in the axial direction. It is the object of the present invention to 100 provide both for torque transmission and centering as well as for producing axial pre-load.

In accordance with the invention, the objective is achieved by providing a metal ring, which is at least elastically deformable underthe action of pressure applying retaining means, and wherein the toothed outerface is inclined to the axis of the ring at an angle in the range Wto 45'. Preferably the angle is approximately 300.

Advantageously the device may be applied to a motor vehicle wherein the driven part is a hub memberfor ca rrying the wheel of the motorvehicle and the driving member is the output member of a constant velocity universal joint.

According to a furtherfeatu re of the invention the teeth on the inner and outerfaces of the ring may be pointedteeth.

Yet a furtherfeature of the invention is thatthe teeth on the innerface of the ring may be offset relative to the teeth on the outerface of the ring in such a waythat 120 the point of each tooth of one of these sets of teeth and each tooth trough of the other of these sets of teeth are in each case in one plane.

Afurtherfeature of the invention is that between the innerface of the ring and the teeth on the cylindrical 125 area, there may exist, before application of pressure from the retaining means, a radial clearance of approximately 0.05 mm to 0.2 mm.

The ring including its teeth is preferably produced by precision forming, especially cold forming. 130 GB 2 131 916 A 1 The invention has a numberof advantages:

In view of the carefully selected geometric configuration of thetooth ring cross-section in the form of a wedge, tightening nut and bolt does not only ensure the transmission of torque from a driving to a driven member, but also accurate and clearance-free centering of these components as well as clamping of a bearing, for example, a multi-row rolling element bearing arranged between the driving and the driven part. The wedging effect of thetoothed ring is enhanced particularly bythe value of the wedge angle of Wto 45', preferably 30' because this angular range is within the range of self-retention.

The wedging effect and clearance-free radial positioning and centering are contributed to both by the use of pointed teeth and, by the offset arrangement of the innerteeth relative to the outerteeth. It has also proved to be highly advantageousto provide adequate clearance, in the untightened condition, between the innerteeth of the ring and the complementary teeth on the cylindrical area such clearance, during the tightening process, being reduced to zero.

Contribution to the effectiveness of the centering is a careful selection of material forthe toothed ring which, while the retaining means e.g. a nut is being tightened on a screwthreaded portion of one of the parts of the device, produces a stress giving rise to elastic deformation, and which may, if appropriate, be continued into the plastic deformation range. Furthermore, the selection of material is importantfrom a production point of view because the ring, including itsteeth, is intended to be produced by precision forming, especially cold forming. As is well known, such a method of production hasthe advantage of high precision while avoiding any subsequent machining, and it also hasthe advantage of being relatively cost-effective. Suitable materials forthe toothed ring are, for example, soft iron, bronze or brass, when the parts with which it engages are of steel.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings wherein:- Figure 1 shows in longitudinal cross-section one embodiment of a wheel hub driving device in accord- ance with the invention; Figure 2 is a view similarto that of Figure 1 of the another embodiment; Figure 3 is a frontview of a ring used in the embodiment of Figure 1 or 2; Figure 4 is a vertical section through the ring of Figure 3 along line 111-111; Figure 5 shows tools for producing the ring of Figures 3 and 4 by cold forming.

The device illustrated in Figure 1 isfortransmitting torque from a driving part namelythe output member 10 of a rotary constant velocity universal joint of a motorvehicleto a wheel hub 1, provided at one end with a flange 2 to which a wheel (not illustrated) may be secured. The wheel hub 1 has a cylindrical projection 3 on which is mounted two parts of the inner bearing race 4 of a roller bearing. Rolling members 5 such as balls are seated in grooves of the outer bearing race 6 in a way known in itself. The carrier 7 of the wheel bearing is secured to a suitable part of the motor vehicle (not illustrated). The bore 8 of 2 GB 2 131916 A 2 the projection 3 contains a journal portion 9 of thejoint output member 10. The journal portion 9, at its end awayfrom the rotary constant velocity joint, has a cylindrical surface area provided with longitudinal teeth 9a. These teeth are engaged by complementary 70 teeth 11 of a ring 12. The hub 1 which forms the driven part of the device has an area formed with a face of truncated conical form on which teeth 1 a extend towards the apex of the cone which would lie on the rotational axis of the part 1. Thetruncated conical area 75 and the cylindrical area of the part 9together define an annular recess of wedge (triangular) shape in cross section. The ring has a complementary wedge-shaped cross section; the wedge angle ((x) being in the range 150to 450, but is preferably 30'or approximately so. In 80 an unstressed condition,there is a radial clearance of approximately 0.05 mm to 0.2 mm between theteeth 9a of thejournal portion 9 and theteeth 11 of the ring 12. The ring has outerteeth 13 complementaryto those of, and interengaging with, the teeth 1 a ofthe 85 wheel hub 1. Retaining meansfor applying axial pressure to the ring conveniently comprises a nut 15 which is screwed onto a thread 14 of theiournal portion 9 of the driving part 10. When tightened, it exerts axial pressure onto the ring 12- By selecting a 90 suitable metallic material the ring 12 can be elastically deformed. Deformation mayeven enterthe plastic range. Notonly doesthis ensure a fixedtorque transmitting connection, butalso a completely clear ance-free connection between thejournal 9 and the 95 wheel hub 1. When tightening the nut 15, there is an additional advantage in having a wedge-shaped ring 12 in thatthe wheel hub 1 including its cylindrical projection 3, are moved axiallytowards the rotary constant velocity joint to an extentsuch that the 100 shoulder clamps the innerbearing race parts4 against shoulder 10a of the outerjoint member 10 and, in the process, causing theseto become stressed but without causing anyjamming of the bearing races 4.

The action of wedging the ring 12 againstthe wheel 105 hub 1 on the one hand and thejournal 9 on the other hand is promoted byforming theteeth 9a/1 1 and lall 3 as pointed teeth. The innerteeth 11 of the ring 12 are offset relative to the outerteeth 13 in such a waythat the point of a tooth of the one set of teeth andthe tooth 110 trough between two teeth of the other setof teeth are in each case in one plane.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 2, a drive shaft 16forms the driving part instead of this being the output member of a rotary constant velocity 115 joint. In this embodiment, too, axial pressure is exerted on the ring 12 by a nut 15. However, in contrast to the embodiment of Figure 1, the nut 15 has an external thread 17 which cooperates with an internal thread 16a of the drive shaft 16.

Figures 3 and 4 illustrate the ring 12 as an individual component. The bore 18 is formed with the internal teeth 11, and the inclined outerface has the teeth 13. Thetruncated conical outerface with itsteeth 13, and the inner teeth 11 parallel to the axis of rotation, define 125 an included angle (p) in the range of 15Pto 450, but preferably 30'or approximately so. The end face 19 serves as an abutment or pressure receiving face for the nut 15 to receivethe axial pressure produced during tightening.

Claims (9)

Figure 5 shows a pressing tool assembly, for producing, in a non-chip forming way, i.e. without metal removal, the ring 12 including its teeth 1 land 13. The ring 12 is produced by precision forming, especially cold forming. In un-formed condition the ring is seen at 22 whereasthe pressing die having teeth 11 and 13 on respective die parts 11 a, 13a, is indicated at 21. Die member 21 forces the blank 22 into the die cavity with the parts 11 a, 13a held in or moved into the position shown by tool part 20. CLAIMS
1. A device fortransmitting torque from a driving part to an at least approximately coaxial driven part, comprising on one of the two parts a cylindrical area provided with circumferentially spaced teeth extending parallel to the axis of this part, and on the other part an area in the form of a truncated cone provided with teeth of which the imagined extensions intersect the axis of this part atthe apex of the cone, said areas defining an annular recess of at least approximately triangular shape in cross-section, and a metal ring of which at least part has a cross-section complementary to that of said recessand which on its innerface or bore and on its outerface hasteeth which are respectively complementaryto and interengagewith the teeth on said cylindrical andtruncated conical areas respectively, under pressure from pressure applying retaining means capable of producing at least elastic deformation of the ring, and wherein the toothed outerface of the ring is inclined to the axis of the ring at an angle in the range 15'to 4Y.
2. A device according to claim 1 wherein the driven part is a hub memberfor carrying the wheel of a motor vehicle and the driving member is a drive shaft orthe output member of a constant velocity universal joint.
3. A device according to either of claims land 2 wherein the angle of inclination of the toothed outer face of the ring is 30' approximately.
4. A device according to anyone of the preceding claims wherein the teeth on the inner and outer faces of the ring are pointedteeth.
5. A device according to anyone of the preceding claims wherein the teeth on the innerface of the ring are offset relative to the teeth on the outer face of the ring in such a waythatthe point of each tooth of one of these sets of teeth and each tooth trough of the other one of these sets ofteeth are in each case in one plane.
6. A device according to anyone of the preceding claims wherein between the teeth on the innerface of the ring and the teeth on the cylindrical area there exists, before application of pressurefrom the retaining means a radial clearance of 0.05 mm to 0.2 mm.
7. A device according to anyone of the preceding claims wherein the ring including its teeth is produced 120 by cold-forming.
8. A device according to anyone of the preceding claims wherein the retaining means produces plastic deformation of the ring.
9. A torque transmitting device substantially as herein before described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Printed for Her Majosty'sStationery Office by The Tweeddale Press Ltd., Berwick-upon-Tweed, 1984. Published atthe PatentOffice, 25 Southampton Buildings, London WC2A lAY, frornwhich copies maybe obtained.
1 ',
GB8332866A 1982-12-14 1983-12-09 A self-centering torque transmission assembly Expired GB2131916B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19823246233 DE3246233C2 (en) 1982-12-14 1982-12-14

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB8332866D0 true GB8332866D0 (en) 1984-01-18
GB2131916A true true GB2131916A (en) 1984-06-27
GB2131916B GB2131916B (en) 1985-10-30

Family

ID=6180626

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB8332866A Expired GB2131916B (en) 1982-12-14 1983-12-09 A self-centering torque transmission assembly

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US4576503A (en)
JP (1) JPH0454091B2 (en)
DE (1) DE3246233C2 (en)
ES (1) ES274635Y (en)
FR (1) FR2537678B1 (en)
GB (1) GB2131916B (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0246416A1 (en) * 1986-05-17 1987-11-25 Dr.Ing.h.c. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Device for rigidly connecting a component part on a shaft
FR2681656A1 (en) * 1991-09-25 1993-03-26 Turbomeca rotational coupling device of two bodies.
BE1005059A3 (en) * 1990-08-27 1993-04-06 Outboard Marine Corp Monolevier control.
EP0586935A2 (en) * 1992-09-11 1994-03-16 Litton Precision Products International, Inc. Clamping joint
GB2475839A (en) * 2009-12-01 2011-06-08 Rolls Royce Plc Bearing clamping assembly

Families Citing this family (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3435853C2 (en) * 1984-09-29 1993-09-02 Skf Gmbh, 8720 Schweinfurt, De
JPH01215601A (en) * 1988-02-22 1989-08-29 Kiyouhou Sangyo Kk Tire wheel disc
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPS59110922A (en) 1984-06-27 application
JPH0454091B2 (en) 1992-08-28 grant
DE3246233C2 (en) 1988-01-28 grant
GB2131916B (en) 1985-10-30 grant
US4576503A (en) 1986-03-18 grant
GB8332866D0 (en) 1984-01-18 application
DE3246233A1 (en) 1984-06-14 application
ES274635U (en) 1984-01-16 application
ES274635Y (en) 1984-08-16 grant
FR2537678A1 (en) 1984-06-15 application
FR2537678B1 (en) 1989-07-28 grant

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Effective date: 19941209