GB2126096A - Improvements in prosthesis - Google Patents

Improvements in prosthesis Download PDF

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Publication number
GB2126096A
GB2126096A GB8225496A GB8225496A GB2126096A GB 2126096 A GB2126096 A GB 2126096A GB 8225496 A GB8225496 A GB 8225496A GB 8225496 A GB8225496 A GB 8225496A GB 2126096 A GB2126096 A GB 2126096A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
prosthesis
member
resilient element
formed
parts
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GB8225496A
Inventor
George Kenneth Mckee
Lionel Ivor Alfred Taylor
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George Kenneth Mckee
Lionel Ivor Alfred Taylor
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30721Accessories
    • A61F2/30724Spacers for centering an implant in a bone cavity, e.g. in a cement-receiving cavity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2/30965Reinforcing the prosthesis by embedding particles or fibres during moulding or dipping
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/30069Properties of materials and coating materials elastomeric
    • A61F2002/3007Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of elastic material, e.g. of elastomer
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    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30476Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements locked by an additional locking mechanism
    • A61F2002/30477Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements locked by an additional locking mechanism using sharp protrusions, e.g. spikes, for anchoring into connecting prosthetic part
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    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
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    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30476Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements locked by an additional locking mechanism
    • A61F2002/30485Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements locked by an additional locking mechanism plastically deformable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30563Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for having elastic means or damping means, different from springs, e.g. including an elastomeric core or shock absorbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2/30771Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves
    • A61F2002/30878Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth applied in original prostheses, e.g. holes, grooves with non-sharp protrusions, for instance contacting the bone for anchoring, e.g. keels, pegs, pins, posts, shanks, stems, struts
    • A61F2002/30891Plurality of protrusions
    • A61F2002/30894Plurality of protrusions inclined obliquely with respect to each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30767Special external and/or bone-contacting surfaces, e.g. coating for improving bone ingrowth
    • A61F2002/30934Special articulating surfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
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    • A61F2002/30971Laminates, i.e. layered products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/3094Designing or manufacturing processes
    • A61F2002/30971Laminates, i.e. layered products
    • A61F2002/30973Two joined adjacent layers having complementary interlocking protrusions and recesses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • A61F2002/3412Acetabular cups with pins or protrusions, e.g. non-sharp pins or protrusions projecting from a shell surface
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    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
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    • A61F2/34Acetabular cups
    • A61F2002/3445Acetabular cups having a number of shells different from two
    • A61F2002/3448Multiple cups made of three or more concentric shells fitted or nested into one another
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
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    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3611Heads or epiphyseal parts of femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2002/4631Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor the prosthesis being specially adapted for being cemented
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
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    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00011Metals or alloys
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00389The prosthesis being coated or covered with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00592Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of ceramics or of ceramic-like compounds
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    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00389The prosthesis being coated or covered with a particular material
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    • A61F2310/00598Coating or prosthesis-covering structure made of compounds based on metal oxides or hydroxides
    • A61F2310/00604Coating made of aluminium oxide or hydroxides

Abstract

A prosthesis for replacing a joint between two bones in which a pair of members are adapted for securing to respective bones and one of the members comprises a resilient element for absorbing or reducing the effect of shocks applied to the joint. In the case of a hip joint, the resilient element is preferably comprised in a member adapted for securing to the acetabulum. The surface of each member which contacts a surface of the other member is preferably formed by a coating of a ceramic material on a metal part. <IMAGE>

Description

SPECIFICATION Improvements in prostheses This invention relates to prostheses for replacing hip joints.

In a total hip prosthesis which has an all-metal, all-ceramic, or partly metal and partly ceramic construction, the lack of any significant natural resilience in these materials can give rise to problems. This is particularly the case for younger, more active patients.

In each type of construction, violent jarring of the joint may result in a breaking or loosening of the bond between the bone and an acrylic cement which secures part of the prosthesis thereto, or of the bond between the cement and the part of the prosthesis.

According to the invention a hip prosthesis comprises a first member which is formed with a stem for fitting into a femur and with a partspherical head, and a second member which is adapted for securing to an acetabulum and is formed with a part-spherical cavity for receiving the head of the first member, contacting surfaces of the head and the cavity serving as bearing surfaces during relative movement between the members wherein one of the members comprises a resilient element for absorbing or reducing the effect of shocks applied to the prosthesis.

Preferably, the second member comprises the resilient element.

The second member may then comprise two parts each formed as a generally hemispherical shell, and the said resilient element, which is located between the two parts.

At least one of the two parts may be formed with spikes, studs or the like projections which are embedded in the resilient element. At least one of the two parts may be formed with grooves or the like indentations, material of the resilient element extending into the said grooves or the like indentations when the prosthesis is in use.

The combination in a prosthesis of a ceramic ball with a ceramic cup provides a very low coefficient of friction between the ball and cup, exceptionally good wearing properties and chemical inertness with respect to body tissues.

The drawback to an otherwise satisfactory artificial joint is the brittleness and lack of resilience of the ceramic material. In a preferred form of hip prosthesis according to the invention, this limitation is overcome by incorporating a resilient, shock absorbing element in the acetabular member.

With a normal ceramic cup, the wall thickness necessary to avoid fracture, or cracking and consequent catastrophic failure of the joint, may preclude the incorporation of a resilient or shock absorbing element, since the overall diameter of the cup would then become too great to be fitted into the acetabulum without removing an unacceptably large volume of bone. To produce an equivalent of a ceramic cup with a sufficient thin wall, the technique of high temperature ceramic coating may then be used to produce a thin coating of a ceramic material on an inner surface of a thin metal cup. This metal cup is then bonded to a resilient element, which in turn is bonded to an outer metal shell which is cemented into the acetabulum.

The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figures 1, 2 and 3 are schematic diagrams of parts of prostheses according to the invention.

Referring to Figure 1 of the drawings, a first embodiment of the invention is a total hip prosthesis made up of a first member (not shown) which, in use, is secured to the patient's femur and a second member 10 for securing to the acetabulum.

The first member includes a metal stem and a head or ball of metal or ceramic material. The metal stem is elongated and curved and, in use, is fitted into an upper end of the femur and secured therein by cement. A part-spherical outer surface of the head or ball is designed to contact an inner concave surface of the second member. In the case of a metal head or ball, the part-spherical surface is coated with a ceramic material.

The second member 10 is generally hemispherical and includes an inner part 11, an outer part 13 and a resilient element 12 which is sandwiched between the parts 1 1 and 13.

The outer part 13 is a hemispherical metal shell having a radial thickness of 1.5 to 4 mms. A series of studs 14 is formed at spaced intervals on an outer surface of the part 13, the studs serving as keys which assist in cementing the part 13 to the patient's acetabulum.

Bonded to an inner surface of the part 13 is the resilient element 12, which is made of silicone rubber, polyurethane, impregnated woven carbon fibre or any other resilient material having sufficient strength to withstand the loadings applied in use and suitable for implantation in human tissues without toxic effect. Suitably, the element 12 has a radial thickness of 2 to 4 mms.

The inner part 11 is a second hemispherical metal shell which has a radial thickness of 2 to 3 mms. and is bonded to an inner surface of the element 12. A thin coating 15 of aluminium oxide (Al2O3) is bonded to an inner concave surface of the part 11 by means of a known high temperature spraying process. The coating 15 is ground and highly polished to match the partspherical surface of the head or ball on the first member.

For bonding the element 12 to the parts 1 1 and 13, a bonding agent which is compatible with the material of the element and is not attacked by body fluids is employed.

In use, any shocks sustained by the limb are absorbed or greatly reduced by compression of the resilient element 12.

Figure 2 shows a second embodiment of the invention having a second member 20 formed of a part 21 and a resilient element 26. In this second embodiment the part 21 is a hemispherical metal shell having a concave inner surface coated with a ceramic layer 25.

The part 21 is fitted into the element 26, which is a generally hemispherical shell of resilient material, such as silicone rubber, polyurethane, reinforced woven carbon fibre or other resilient plastics or rubber compound suitable for implantation in human tissues. The element 26 is sufficiently resilient to provide shock absorbing properties but sufficiently rigid to enable the element to be firmly cemented into the acetabulum.

An outer surface of the element 26 is formed with grooves 27 which are cut in one or more directions and provide a key for cement used in securing the element to the acetabulum.

Alternatively, an outer surface of the element 26 is formed with studs.

In use, shocks sustained by the limb are absorbed or greatly reduced by the resilient element 26.

Referring to Figure 3 of the drawings, a third embodiment of the invention is similar and the first embodiment in that a second member 30 of the prosthesis has a resilient element 32 sandwiched between an inner part 31 and an outer part 33.

In this third embodiment, the inner and outer parts 31 and 33, respectively, are again formed as hemispherical metal shells and there are again studs 34 on an outer surface of the part 33 and a coating 35 of aluminium oxide or on an inner surface of the part 31. In addition, a series of sharp-edged grooves 36 or other indentations is formed on an inner surface of the part 33 and a series of projections in the form of spikes or studs 37 is formed on an outer surface of the part 31.

In assembling the member 30, the element 32 is bonded to each of the parts 31 and 33.

Additionally, pressure is applied between the parts 31 and 33 so that the resilient element 32 tends to flow into the grooves 36 and the spikes or studs 37 became embedded in the element 32.

Engagement of the element 32 with the grooves 36 and the spikes or studs 37 assists the bonding material in preventing relative rotational movement between the element 32 and the parts 31 and 33.

The embodiment of Figure 3 can be modified by replacing the grooves 36 by studs or spikes and/or replacing the studs or spikes 37 by grooves or other indentations.

In a further modification of the embodiment of Figure 3 the resilient element 32 is preformed and is not bonded to either of the parts 31 and 33.

Relative rotational movement between the element 32 and the parts 31 and 33 is then prevented by engagement between the element and the studs or spikes and the grooves or indentations on each of the parts. In the event of some failure of the prosthesis the inner part 31 and the resilient element 32 are then readily removed and replaced, if necessary, without any need to disturb the cement between the part 33 and the acetabulum. it will be appreciated that the part 33 is usually the most difficult part to remove without causing damage to what is frequently a fragile and barely adequate bone structure.

In a further embodiment of the invention, not shown in the drawings, a resilient element is included in a first member adapted for securing to a femur and formed of a stem and a partspherical head. The second member may then be a a rigid member or it may also include a resilient element.

In this further embodiment, the resilient element in the first member suitably takes the form of a part-spherical shell sandwiched between an inner, part-spherical metal part and an outer part-spherical metal shell.

Claims (9)

Claims
1. A hip prosthesis comprising a first member which is formed with a stem for fitting into a femur and with a part-spherical head, and a second member which is adapted for securing to an acetabulum and is formed with a partspherical cavity for receiving the head of the first member, contacting surfaces of the head and the cavity serving as bearing surfaces during relative movement between the members, wherein one of the members comprises a resilient element for absorbing or reducing the effect of shocks applied to the prosthesis.
2. A prosthesis as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the resilient element is comprised in the second of the members.
3. A prosthesis as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the second member comprises two parts, each formed as a generally hemispherical shell, and the said resilient element, which is located between the two parts.
4. A prosthesis as claimed in Claim 3, wherein at least one of the two parts is formed with spikes, studs or the like projections which are embedded in the resilient element
5. A prosthesis as claimed in Claim 3 or 4, wherein at least one of the two parts is formed with grooves or the like indentations, material of the resilient element extending into the said grooves or the like indentations when the prosthesis is in use.
6. A prosthesis as claimed in any one of Claims 3 to 5, wherein the resilient element is bonded to at least one of the two parts of the second member.
7. A prosthesis as claimed in Claim 2, wherein the second member comprises the resilient element, which is generally hemispherical and adapted for securing to an acetabulum, and a generally hemispherical part fitted into the resilient to element.
8. A prosthesis as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein each of the bearing surfaces is formed by a coating of a ceramic material.
9. A prosthesis constructed arranged and adapted to operate substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to, and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
GB8225496A 1982-06-22 1982-09-07 Improvements in prosthesis Withdrawn GB2126096A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8218054 1982-06-22
GB8225496A GB2126096A (en) 1982-06-22 1982-09-07 Improvements in prosthesis

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB8225496A GB2126096A (en) 1982-06-22 1982-09-07 Improvements in prosthesis

Publications (1)

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GB2126096A true true GB2126096A (en) 1984-03-21

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0169978A1 (en) * 1984-07-16 1986-02-05 Gebrüder Sulzer Aktiengesellschaft Endoprosthesis with an interior and exterior part for a hip joint cup
FR2582934A1 (en) * 1985-06-10 1986-12-12 Moulin Jacques Total hip prosthesis long-acting prohibiting dislocation
FR2598609A1 (en) * 1986-05-16 1987-11-20 Courtois Serge Hip prosthesis
EP0253941A1 (en) * 1986-07-09 1988-01-27 CHENIL CONT S.p.A. Weight-bearing joint prosthesis with shock absorber
US4822369A (en) * 1986-06-10 1989-04-18 Gerard Oueveau Bone joint prosthesis
FR2649005A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-04 Fischer Louis Acetabular prosthesis made of plastic
EP0461019A1 (en) * 1990-06-06 1991-12-11 Jean-Claude Bouvet Prosthesis ball joint
EP0554214A1 (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-04 SULZER Medizinaltechnik AG Process for making an implantable acetabular cup
FR2700686A1 (en) * 1993-01-22 1994-07-29 Voydeville Gilles Hip prosthesis acetabulum
EP0656199A2 (en) * 1993-11-06 1995-06-07 CERASIV GmbH INNOVATIVES KERAMIK-ENGINEERING Spherical hip joint acetabular cup
EP0698382A2 (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-02-28 Howmedica International Inc. Prosthetic bearing element and process for making such an element
US5549700A (en) * 1993-09-07 1996-08-27 Ortho Development Corporation Segmented prosthetic articulation
EP0955958A2 (en) * 1995-09-04 1999-11-17 Limber Ltd. Joint prostheses
WO2000045749A1 (en) * 1999-02-04 2000-08-10 Ceramtec Ag Innovative Ceramic Engineering Hip socket prosthesis with a coupling element between the socket housing and the socket insert
WO2002000140A2 (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-01-03 University College London Replacement of bearing surfaces for hip prosthesis
US6368354B2 (en) * 1999-10-07 2002-04-09 Exactech, Inc. Acetabular bearing assembly for total hip joints
WO2003047469A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-12 Societe Chirurgicale D'aide A La Recherche Et Aux Realisations Acetabular cup for hip prosthesis ball-socket or the like
EP1421918A1 (en) * 2002-11-19 2004-05-26 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Prosthetic device and method of making the same
GB2443797A (en) * 2006-11-16 2008-05-21 Biomet Uk Ltd Prosthesis
EP2098193A2 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-09 Finsbury (Development) Limited Prosthesis
EP2145604A1 (en) 2001-12-04 2010-01-20 Active Implants Corporation Cushion bearing implants for load bearing applications
US7758653B2 (en) 2002-05-23 2010-07-20 Active Implants Corporation Implants
US7803193B2 (en) 1995-09-04 2010-09-28 Active Implants Corporation Knee prosthesis having a deformable articulation surface
US8679187B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Acetabular cup assembly for multiple bearing materials
EP2008619B1 (en) * 2007-06-26 2016-11-02 Finsbury (Development) Limited Prosthesis

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GB1409123A (en) * 1972-02-01 1975-10-08 Sulzer Ag Artificial acetabulum
GB1469567A (en) * 1975-10-13 1977-04-06 English T Prosthesis
GB1476786A (en) * 1973-08-31 1977-06-16 Oscobal Ag Hip joint prosthesis
GB1483938A (en) * 1973-10-02 1977-08-24 Rosenthal Technik Ag Artificial joint socket
GB1504055A (en) * 1975-06-02 1978-03-15 English T Femoral prosthesis
GB1573608A (en) * 1976-12-22 1980-08-28 Howse & Co Ltd D Prosthetic hip cup assembly
GB2069338A (en) * 1980-01-24 1981-08-26 Schuett & Grundei Med Tech Hip joint prosthesis
GB2078523A (en) * 1980-06-25 1982-01-13 Lord Corp Hip joint prosthesis

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GB1409123A (en) * 1972-02-01 1975-10-08 Sulzer Ag Artificial acetabulum
GB1476786A (en) * 1973-08-31 1977-06-16 Oscobal Ag Hip joint prosthesis
GB1483938A (en) * 1973-10-02 1977-08-24 Rosenthal Technik Ag Artificial joint socket
GB1504055A (en) * 1975-06-02 1978-03-15 English T Femoral prosthesis
GB1469567A (en) * 1975-10-13 1977-04-06 English T Prosthesis
GB1573608A (en) * 1976-12-22 1980-08-28 Howse & Co Ltd D Prosthetic hip cup assembly
GB2069338A (en) * 1980-01-24 1981-08-26 Schuett & Grundei Med Tech Hip joint prosthesis
GB2078523A (en) * 1980-06-25 1982-01-13 Lord Corp Hip joint prosthesis

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0169978A1 (en) * 1984-07-16 1986-02-05 Gebrüder Sulzer Aktiengesellschaft Endoprosthesis with an interior and exterior part for a hip joint cup
FR2582934A1 (en) * 1985-06-10 1986-12-12 Moulin Jacques Total hip prosthesis long-acting prohibiting dislocation
EP0208578A1 (en) * 1985-06-10 1987-01-14 Jacques François René Moulin Complete prosthetic joint such as a hip joint
FR2598609A1 (en) * 1986-05-16 1987-11-20 Courtois Serge Hip prosthesis
US4822369A (en) * 1986-06-10 1989-04-18 Gerard Oueveau Bone joint prosthesis
EP0253941A1 (en) * 1986-07-09 1988-01-27 CHENIL CONT S.p.A. Weight-bearing joint prosthesis with shock absorber
FR2649005A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-04 Fischer Louis Acetabular prosthesis made of plastic
EP0461019A1 (en) * 1990-06-06 1991-12-11 Jean-Claude Bouvet Prosthesis ball joint
FR2662930A1 (en) * 1990-06-06 1991-12-13 Bouvet Jean Claude Kit for prosthesis.
EP0726066A2 (en) * 1992-01-31 1996-08-14 SULZER Medizinaltechnik AG Implantable acetabular cup
EP0726066A3 (en) * 1992-01-31 1996-08-28 Sulzer Medizinaltechnik Ag
EP0554214A1 (en) * 1992-01-31 1993-08-04 SULZER Medizinaltechnik AG Process for making an implantable acetabular cup
FR2700686A1 (en) * 1993-01-22 1994-07-29 Voydeville Gilles Hip prosthesis acetabulum
US5549700A (en) * 1993-09-07 1996-08-27 Ortho Development Corporation Segmented prosthetic articulation
EP0656199A3 (en) * 1993-11-06 1996-03-20 Cerasiv Gmbh Spherical hip joint acetabular cup.
EP0656199A2 (en) * 1993-11-06 1995-06-07 CERASIV GmbH INNOVATIVES KERAMIK-ENGINEERING Spherical hip joint acetabular cup
EP0698382A2 (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-02-28 Howmedica International Inc. Prosthetic bearing element and process for making such an element
EP0698382A3 (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-09-18 Howmedica Prosthetic bearing element and process for making such an element
US5879387A (en) * 1994-08-25 1999-03-09 Howmedica International Inc. Prosthetic bearing element and method of manufacture
EP1508315A2 (en) * 1995-09-04 2005-02-23 Discure Ltd Joint prosthesis
EP0955958A4 (en) * 1995-09-04 2000-03-29 Limber Ltd Joint prostheses
EP0955958A2 (en) * 1995-09-04 1999-11-17 Limber Ltd. Joint prostheses
US7803193B2 (en) 1995-09-04 2010-09-28 Active Implants Corporation Knee prosthesis having a deformable articulation surface
EP1508315A3 (en) * 1995-09-04 2009-01-21 Active Implants Corporation Joint prosthesis
WO2000045749A1 (en) * 1999-02-04 2000-08-10 Ceramtec Ag Innovative Ceramic Engineering Hip socket prosthesis with a coupling element between the socket housing and the socket insert
US6368354B2 (en) * 1999-10-07 2002-04-09 Exactech, Inc. Acetabular bearing assembly for total hip joints
GB2367496A (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-04-10 Univ London Hip replacement prosthesis
WO2002000140A2 (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-01-03 University College London Replacement of bearing surfaces for hip prosthesis
GB2367496B (en) * 2000-06-28 2004-05-05 Univ London Replacement of bearing surfaces for hip prosthesis
WO2002000140A3 (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-05-16 Gordon William Blunn Replacement of bearing surfaces for hip prosthesis
EP2145604A1 (en) 2001-12-04 2010-01-20 Active Implants Corporation Cushion bearing implants for load bearing applications
US8814946B2 (en) 2001-12-04 2014-08-26 Active Implants Corporation Cushion bearing implants for load bearing applications
WO2003047469A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-12 Societe Chirurgicale D'aide A La Recherche Et Aux Realisations Acetabular cup for hip prosthesis ball-socket or the like
FR2833155A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-13 Chirurgicale D Aide A La Rech For spherical acetabular hip prosthesis or the like
US7758653B2 (en) 2002-05-23 2010-07-20 Active Implants Corporation Implants
US6976999B2 (en) 2002-11-19 2005-12-20 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Prosthetic device and method of making the same
EP1421918A1 (en) * 2002-11-19 2004-05-26 Zimmer Technology, Inc. Prosthetic device and method of making the same
US8679187B2 (en) 2006-03-20 2014-03-25 Smith & Nephew, Inc. Acetabular cup assembly for multiple bearing materials
GB2443797A (en) * 2006-11-16 2008-05-21 Biomet Uk Ltd Prosthesis
EP2008619B1 (en) * 2007-06-26 2016-11-02 Finsbury (Development) Limited Prosthesis
EP2098193A2 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-09-09 Finsbury (Development) Limited Prosthesis
EP2098193A3 (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-10-14 Finsbury (Development) Limited Prosthesis

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