GB1255016A - Heat-reflective fabrics - Google Patents

Heat-reflective fabrics

Info

Publication number
GB1255016A
GB1255016A GB47246/68A GB4724668A GB1255016A GB 1255016 A GB1255016 A GB 1255016A GB 47246/68 A GB47246/68 A GB 47246/68A GB 4724668 A GB4724668 A GB 4724668A GB 1255016 A GB1255016 A GB 1255016A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
layer
fabric
flake
flakes
sheet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB47246/68A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
3M Co
Original Assignee
3M Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US67407067A priority Critical
Application filed by 3M Co filed Critical 3M Co
Publication of GB1255016A publication Critical patent/GB1255016A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06QDECORATING TEXTILES
    • D06Q1/00Decorating textiles
    • D06Q1/04Decorating textiles by metallising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D31/00Materials specially adapted for outerwear
    • A41D31/04Materials specially adapted for outerwear characterised by special function or use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C8/00Hand tools or accessories specially adapted for fire-fighting, e.g. tool boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/92Fire or heat protection feature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/25Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component and including a second component containing structurally defined particles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/25Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component and including a second component containing structurally defined particles
    • Y10T428/256Heavy metal or aluminum or compound thereof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31511Of epoxy ether
    • Y10T428/31515As intermediate layer
    • Y10T428/31522Next to metal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]
    • Y10T442/654Including a free metal or alloy constituent
    • Y10T442/658Particulate free metal or alloy constituent

Abstract

1,255,016. Heat reflective laminate. MINNESOTA MINING & MFG. CO. 4 Oct., 1968 [6 Oct., 1967], No. 47246/68. Heading B5N. [Also in Division B2] A heat-reflective sheet material for adhesive application to fabric to adapt the fabric for incorporation in a durable, heat-reflective, supple garment comprises a self-supporting base sheet and a continuous layer of partially overlapping heat-reflective flakes disposed flat against and adhered to one surface of the base sheet, the base sheet including (1) a flakebinding layer comprising elastomeric material and (2) a fabric-adhesive layer comprising an initially thermosoftening and flowable material which penetrates the fabric during application of the sheet material. The sheet material may also include a removable cover sheet over the layer of heat reflective flakes. The base sheet may consist of a single layer of elastomeric material comprising a heat-curable elastomeric material only partially advanced so that it will soften when the sheet material is applied to fabric. As shown in Fig. 1 the sheet material includes a thin base sheet 11 that includes an elastomeric flake-binding layer 12 and a fabricadhesive layer 13. Highly heat-reflective flakes 14 such as flakes of aluminium are adhered over the outside surface of the flake-binding layer 12. The base sheet is carried on a removable carrier sheet 16 and the metal layer is covered by a removable cover sheet 17. The flake-binding layer 12 may be separated from the fabric-adhesive layer 13 by a barrier layer. The sheet material is made by coating the layer 13 on a release paper that serves as the carrier sheet 16, coating the layer 12 over the layer 13, cascading flakes 14 on the surface of the layer 12, brushing to remove the excess flakes and orient the remaining flakes, passing the thus prepared assembly through nip rolls that further orient the flakes and finally coating a releasable film over the layer 15 of flakes 14. The layers may finally be heated to dry or cure them. To apply the sheet material to the fabric, the carrier sheet 16. is first removed and the outside surface of the layer 13 laid against the fabric and then with a vacuum drawn underneath the fabric the sheet material and the fabric are heated to 250 to 300‹ F. The material of the flake-binding layer may be a cross-linked or heat-cured material which is substantially infusible and insoluble after application to the base fabric, e.g. an epoxy resin. The fabricadhesive layer material should be at least initially thermo-softenable and flowable, preferably thermoplastic. In an alternative method, the elastomeric layer is attached by directly coating on to the fabric, and reflective flakes are then cascaded on the wet, coated continuous layer, oriented and the fabric then heated to cure the flake-binding layer. In Example (1) a fabric-adhesive layer is coated from a solution containing vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate resin and aluminium pigment on to silicone-treated release paper, and a flake-binding layer then coated over the first-coated layer using a solution containing diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A, tris(2,4,6-dimethyl amino methyl) phenol catalyst, poly(tetramethyleneoxide)amine, N(5- amino ethyl-gamma-amino propyl-trimethoxy silane) coupling agent, methyl siloxane oil flow agent, aluminium flake. The same aluminium flake included in the flake-binding layer is then cascaded on to the tacky surface of the flakebinding layer, excess of flake brushed off and the remaining flakes oriented by hand brushing. The assembly is then placed in a 200‹ F. oven and dried. A cover sheet is then coated over the layer flakes from a solution containing cellulose acetate resin, diethyl phthalate. A length of the resulting sheet material is laminated to a flameproof cotton twill fabric using a vacuum and at a temperature of 325‹ F. The cellulose acetate cover sheet is then stripped away. In the other Examples: the fabric-adhesive layer comprises in (2) thermoplastic polyester resin formed from terephthalic acid, ethylene glycol and neopentyl glycol, tri(dichloropropyl) phosphate flame retardant, in (3) a thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer and O,O-diethyl-n, n-bis(2-hydroxy ethyl) amino methyl phosphate flame retardant; the flake-binding layer comprises in (2) chlorosulphonated polyethylene, antimony trioxide flame retardant, curing agents, accelerators, diglycydyl ether bisphenol A, aluminium pigment, in (3) as in (2) with the exception that the aluminium pigment is replaced by copper flakes; and the heat-reflective flakes are in (2) aluminium, (3) copper. In Example- (4) the sheet material includes a single-layer base sheet coated on silicone-treated release paper using a solution containing chlorosulphonated polyethylene, flame retardant, curing agent, accelerators, diglycydyl ether of bisphenol. A, and aluminium pigment and aluminium flake is cascaded on to the coated layer, oriented and the assembly dried and heated to partially cure the single layer before application of a cellulose acetate cover sheet. The resulting material is applied to fabric as described in (1). In Example (5) a fabric woven from nylon monofilaments is soaked in a solution in acetone of N-perfluorooctane sulphonamide of diethylenetriamine, the fabric dried and the flake-binding solution of (1) coated thereon. Aluminium flake is then cascaded on to the surface of the coating, oriented and the assembly cured for 30 minutes at 250‹ F.
GB47246/68A 1967-10-06 1968-10-04 Heat-reflective fabrics Expired GB1255016A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US67407067A true 1967-10-06 1967-10-06

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1255016A true GB1255016A (en) 1971-11-24

Family

ID=24705191

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB47246/68A Expired GB1255016A (en) 1967-10-06 1968-10-04 Heat-reflective fabrics

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3591400A (en)
JP (1) JPS5120747B1 (en)
DE (1) DE1785443A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1585749A (en)
GB (1) GB1255016A (en)
SE (1) SE344180B (en)

Families Citing this family (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3691564A (en) * 1970-11-04 1972-09-19 American Optical Corp Protective garment
US3766565A (en) * 1970-11-06 1973-10-23 Ray Ban Solarscreen Inc Head covering having metallic reflecting surface
US3732061A (en) * 1971-06-03 1973-05-08 Champion Int Corp Reinforced page and method of printing on same
US3934285A (en) * 1971-08-16 1976-01-27 Burlington Industries, Inc. Fire-resistant fabrics
US5104700A (en) * 1976-07-22 1992-04-14 Peterson Roger L Fire protective device
SE405267B (en) * 1977-02-16 1978-11-27 Koos Tibor Sandwich elements for veggbeklednad
CH629389A5 (en) * 1978-04-25 1982-04-30 Werner Knecht TOOLS for preventing, contain and extinguish fires, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME.
US4251928A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-02-24 Asten Group Inc. Metal impregnated dryer fabric
US4500593A (en) * 1980-12-01 1985-02-19 Weber John W Protective fabric and fire curtain with a metallic laminate
US4400420A (en) * 1982-06-01 1983-08-23 The Boeing Company Drip shield and thermal insulation cover
JPH027198B2 (en) * 1982-11-06 1990-02-15 Inax Corp
US4582734A (en) * 1983-02-04 1986-04-15 The Garrett Corporation Radiant heat reflective inflatable structure and methods for making same
US4671975A (en) * 1983-02-04 1987-06-09 The Garrett Corporation Radiant heat reflective inflatable structure
US4654098A (en) * 1983-02-04 1987-03-31 The Garrett Corporation Radiant heat reflective inflatable structure and methods for making same
US4621012A (en) * 1984-11-15 1986-11-04 Gunter Pusch Camouflage net having a semiconductive layer
US4776142A (en) * 1986-01-21 1988-10-11 Hardesty George R Method of installing a radiant barrier
US5021293A (en) * 1986-02-21 1991-06-04 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Composite material containing microwave susceptor material
US4719138A (en) * 1986-05-27 1988-01-12 The B. F. Goodrich Company Radiant heat resistant stencilible inflatable fabric and method
US5164263A (en) * 1986-09-04 1992-11-17 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours & Co. Aluminum nitride flakes and spheres
US4892782A (en) * 1987-04-13 1990-01-09 E. I. Dupont De Nemours And Company Fibrous microwave susceptor packaging material
US4813160A (en) * 1987-10-13 1989-03-21 Lawrence Kuznetz Ventilated and insulated athletic shoe
US4900608A (en) * 1988-04-04 1990-02-13 Gencorp Inc. Flexible epoxy-coated fabric
GB8828214D0 (en) * 1988-12-02 1989-01-05 Textilver Sa Improvements in & relating to flexible tubes
US6089194A (en) * 1998-05-29 2000-07-18 Labelle; Judy Reversible heat-reflective pet garment
JP4113762B2 (en) * 2002-11-07 2008-07-09 株式会社ト−ヨ Molten metal protective clothing
AU2003300129A1 (en) * 2003-01-04 2004-08-10 3M Innovative Properties Company A vehicle battery pack insulator
US20070292218A1 (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-12-20 Robert John Suchey Dynamic blower system, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
US20080134413A1 (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-12 Yixin Guo Pyramid cap with intensity magnetic field
DE202007005259U1 (en) * 2007-04-10 2007-06-28 X-Technology Swiss Gmbh Garment to be worn by jogger, cyclist or skater, comprises outer and inner surface made of different but interconnected material
JP5186353B2 (en) * 2007-12-28 2013-04-17 ヤマハ発動機株式会社 Decorative sheet, decorative molded product, decorative sheet manufacturing method, and decorative molded product manufacturing method
US9437851B2 (en) * 2009-10-29 2016-09-06 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Electric storage battery support apparatus
US20130291270A1 (en) * 2012-05-07 2013-11-07 Kevin D. Fialko Wet suit material with heat-reflective layer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR1585749A (en) 1970-01-30
US3591400A (en) 1971-07-06
SE344180B (en) 1972-04-04
JPS5120747B1 (en) 1976-06-28
DE1785443A1 (en) 1971-10-28

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