GB1232173A - - Google Patents

Info

Publication number
GB1232173A
GB1232173A GB1232173DA GB1232173A GB 1232173 A GB1232173 A GB 1232173A GB 1232173D A GB1232173D A GB 1232173DA GB 1232173 A GB1232173 A GB 1232173A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
catalyst
feed
support
bed
out
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed filed Critical
Priority to GB5635669 priority Critical
Publication of GB1232173A publication Critical patent/GB1232173A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/02Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds
    • B01J8/0207Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds the fluid flow within the bed being predominantly horizontal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G45/00Refining of hydrocarbon oils using hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds
    • C10G45/02Refining of hydrocarbon oils using hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds to eliminate hetero atoms without changing the skeleton of the hydrocarbon involved and without cracking into lower boiling hydrocarbons; Hydrofinishing
    • C10G45/22Refining of hydrocarbon oils using hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds to eliminate hetero atoms without changing the skeleton of the hydrocarbon involved and without cracking into lower boiling hydrocarbons; Hydrofinishing with hydrogen dissolved or suspended in the oil
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G49/00Treatment of hydrocarbon oils in the presence of hydrogen or hydrogen-generating compounds, not provided for in a single one of the groups C10G45/02, C10G45/32, C10G45/44, C10G45/58 or C10G47/00
    • C10G49/002Apparatus for fixed bed hydrotreatment processes

Abstract

1,232,173. Hydrodesulphurization. SHELL INTERNATIONALE RESEARCH MAATSCHAPPIJ N.V. 18 Nov., 1969, No. 56356/69. Heading C5E. Residual oils are hydrodesulphurized while substantially in the liquid phase and containing dissolved hydrogen by radial flow through a fixed bed of catalyst. The reaction is carried out at 350-475‹ C. and 50-350 kg./cm.<SP>2</SP> using a catalyst such as Ni and/or Co together with W or Mo as the metals, oxides or sulphides on an oxidic support, e.g. alumina which can contain boron phosphate, phosphorus, F or Cl, or on a support of zeolite Y. Suitable feeds are atmospheric or vacuum residues which can have been deasphalted or catalytically hydrofined, black oils, visbreaker effluents and tar sand oil. 5-30 volumes of the desulphurized product containing 0À05-2À5 wt. per cent H 2 S can be recycled per volume of fresh feed. The cylindrical radial flow reactor 35 comprises a perforated catalyst support 45 through which the liquid feed from the inlet 36a passes into the catalyst bed 47. The feed passes from the catalyst bed into the perforated central tube 39 and out of the exit 37a. The spaces 53 and 54 can be filled with ceramic or aluminium balls, glass beads and/or marble chips and space 53 serves to dissolve the hydrogen in the liquid feed. Alternatively the feed can be passed through the bed from the central tube 39 and out through the catalyst support 45 and the passage 36a.
GB1232173D 1969-11-18 1969-11-18 Expired GB1232173A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB5635669 1969-11-18

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1232173A true GB1232173A (en) 1971-05-19

Family

ID=10476415

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1232173D Expired GB1232173A (en) 1969-11-18 1969-11-18

Country Status (1)

Country Link
GB (1) GB1232173A (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998059019A1 (en) * 1997-06-24 1998-12-30 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
WO2000018854A1 (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-04-06 Canadian Environmental Equipment & Engineering Technologies, Inc. Process for treating crude oil using hydrogen in a special unit
WO2003091363A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-11-06 Bp Oil International Limited Purification process
EP1394237A1 (en) * 1997-06-24 2004-03-03 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
WO2005061669A3 (en) * 2003-12-19 2006-01-05 Shell Oil Co Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
WO2006021822A1 (en) * 2004-08-23 2006-03-02 Thalesnano Zrt. A cartridge reactor for a flow-type laboratory hydrogenation apparatus
US7291257B2 (en) 1997-06-24 2007-11-06 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
WO2009013971A1 (en) * 2007-07-24 2009-01-29 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Hydrorefining method for hydrocarbon oil
US7569136B2 (en) 1997-06-24 2009-08-04 Ackerson Michael D Control system method and apparatus for two phase hydroprocessing
US7648625B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-01-19 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7678264B2 (en) 2005-04-11 2010-03-16 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7745369B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-06-29 Shell Oil Company Method and catalyst for producing a crude product with minimal hydrogen uptake
US7749374B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2010-07-06 Shell Oil Company Methods for producing a crude product
US7918992B2 (en) 2005-04-11 2011-04-05 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8137536B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2012-03-20 Shell Oil Company Method for producing a crude product
US20120103868A1 (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
US8608938B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-12-17 Shell Oil Company Crude product composition
US9096804B2 (en) 2011-01-19 2015-08-04 P.D. Technology Development, Llc Process for hydroprocessing of non-petroleum feedstocks
US9139782B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2015-09-22 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Targeted pretreatment and selective ring opening in liquid-full reactors
RU2575120C2 (en) * 2010-10-28 2016-02-10 Е.И. Дюпон Де Немур Энд Компани Hydraulic treatment of heavy raw hydrocarbon deposits in liquid-filled reactors

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7291257B2 (en) 1997-06-24 2007-11-06 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
US7569136B2 (en) 1997-06-24 2009-08-04 Ackerson Michael D Control system method and apparatus for two phase hydroprocessing
US6123835A (en) * 1997-06-24 2000-09-26 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
EP1394237A1 (en) * 1997-06-24 2004-03-03 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
US6881326B2 (en) 1997-06-24 2005-04-19 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
WO1998059019A1 (en) * 1997-06-24 1998-12-30 Process Dynamics, Inc. Two phase hydroprocessing
WO2000018854A1 (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-04-06 Canadian Environmental Equipment & Engineering Technologies, Inc. Process for treating crude oil using hydrogen in a special unit
WO2003091363A1 (en) * 2002-04-23 2003-11-06 Bp Oil International Limited Purification process
US8475651B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-07-02 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8764972B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2014-07-01 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8613851B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-12-24 Shell Oil Company Crude product composition
US7648625B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-01-19 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7674368B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-03-09 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7674370B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-03-09 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8663453B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2014-03-04 Shell Oil Company Crude product composition
US7736490B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-06-15 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7745369B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-06-29 Shell Oil Company Method and catalyst for producing a crude product with minimal hydrogen uptake
US8608938B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-12-17 Shell Oil Company Crude product composition
US7780844B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-08-24 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7807046B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-10-05 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7837863B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2010-11-23 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8608946B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-12-17 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7955499B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2011-06-07 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
WO2005061669A3 (en) * 2003-12-19 2006-01-05 Shell Oil Co Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8025794B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2011-09-27 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8070937B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2011-12-06 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8137536B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2012-03-20 Shell Oil Company Method for producing a crude product
US8506794B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2013-08-13 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8241489B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2012-08-14 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7959796B2 (en) 2003-12-19 2011-06-14 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
WO2006021822A1 (en) * 2004-08-23 2006-03-02 Thalesnano Zrt. A cartridge reactor for a flow-type laboratory hydrogenation apparatus
US7678264B2 (en) 2005-04-11 2010-03-16 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US8481450B2 (en) 2005-04-11 2013-07-09 Shell Oil Company Catalysts for producing a crude product
US7918992B2 (en) 2005-04-11 2011-04-05 Shell Oil Company Systems, methods, and catalysts for producing a crude product
US7749374B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2010-07-06 Shell Oil Company Methods for producing a crude product
WO2009013971A1 (en) * 2007-07-24 2009-01-29 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Hydrorefining method for hydrocarbon oil
WO2012058396A3 (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-10-11 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
KR20140000255A (en) * 2010-10-28 2014-01-02 이 아이 듀폰 디 네모아 앤드 캄파니 Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
US10144882B2 (en) 2010-10-28 2018-12-04 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
US20120103868A1 (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-03 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
CN103189476B (en) * 2010-10-28 2016-12-07 纳幕尔杜邦公司 The hydrotreating of heavy hydrocarbon feedstocks in full liquid reactor
CN103189476A (en) * 2010-10-28 2013-07-03 纳幕尔杜邦公司 Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
RU2575120C2 (en) * 2010-10-28 2016-02-10 Е.И. Дюпон Де Немур Энд Компани Hydraulic treatment of heavy raw hydrocarbon deposits in liquid-filled reactors
KR101939854B1 (en) 2010-10-28 2019-01-17 이 아이 듀폰 디 네모아 앤드 캄파니 Hydroprocessing of heavy hydrocarbon feeds in liquid-full reactors
US9096804B2 (en) 2011-01-19 2015-08-04 P.D. Technology Development, Llc Process for hydroprocessing of non-petroleum feedstocks
US9828552B1 (en) 2011-01-19 2017-11-28 Duke Technologies, Llc Process for hydroprocessing of non-petroleum feedstocks
US9139782B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2015-09-22 E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company Targeted pretreatment and selective ring opening in liquid-full reactors

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6060524A (en) Process and apparatus for operation of a slurry bubble column with application to the fischer-tropsch synthesis
EP1155738B1 (en) Retrofit reactor including gas/liquid ejector and monolith catalyst
US3823088A (en) Polluted water purification
US3423176A (en) Process for carrying out catalytic hydrogenation reactions in the presence of suspension catalysts
US4764498A (en) Silica-containing shaped articles and a process for their preparation
US3425810A (en) Hydrotreating apparatus
GB1146016A (en) Method and apparatus for the gasification and combustion of liquid fuel
GB1049949A (en) Hydrocarbon conversion process and apparatus
FI70398C (en) Foerfarande at framstaellning of vaeteperoxid
US4493906A (en) Catalyst for the selective hydrogenation of acetylenes
CA1164630A (en) Dry bed scavenging hydrogen sulfide from gas
US2455419A (en) Synthesis of hydrocarbons and regeneration of synthesis catalyst
EP0342898A1 (en) Method of removing mercury from hydrocarbon oils
US4025604A (en) Method of removing nitrogen oxides from exhaust gas by reduction
Morita et al. Mass transfer and contacting efficiency in a trickle-bed reactor
GB1277287A (en) Apparatus for contacting a liquid vapour mixture with a bed of particulate solids
SU509206A3 (en) Catalyst for the oxidation of ethylene and ethylene oxide
AU599813B2 (en) Dehydrogenation catalyst
US3795730A (en) Carbon adsorption-reduction process for nitric oxides
Turek et al. Mass transfer in trickle-bed reactors at low Reynolds number
US2304128A (en) Fluid catalyst process and apparatus
EP0327356A1 (en) High efficiency silver catalysts for the production of ethylene oxide via ethylene oxidation
SU1032999A3 (en) Acrylic acid production method
GB1494806A (en) Dealkynation of hydrocarbon streams
GB1349912A (en) Apparatus for catalytic cracking of three separate streams of hydrocarbon oil

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
CSNS Application of which complete specification have been accepted and published, but patent is not sealed