FR2750480A1 - Comprehensive domestic heating, refrigeration and water system - Google Patents

Comprehensive domestic heating, refrigeration and water system Download PDF

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Publication number
FR2750480A1
FR2750480A1 FR9608364A FR9608364A FR2750480A1 FR 2750480 A1 FR2750480 A1 FR 2750480A1 FR 9608364 A FR9608364 A FR 9608364A FR 9608364 A FR9608364 A FR 9608364A FR 2750480 A1 FR2750480 A1 FR 2750480A1
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Prior art keywords
water
heating
hot water
generator
degrees
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FR2750480B1 (en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B29/00Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously
    • F25B29/003Combined heating and refrigeration systems, e.g. operating alternately or simultaneously of the compression type system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D5/00Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems
    • F24D5/12Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems using heat pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/13Hot air central heating systems using heat pumps

Abstract

A well (1) is bored, producing at least 51 water per sq.m. floor area. This provides house and garden raw water and hot water requirements, and supplies working fluid for a reversible heat-pump (2) delivering hot water at 45-50 degrees C and chilled water at 3-6 degrees C. The latter is applied to air conditioning, cold storage (9) and wine cellar (8) purposes; the former to domestic space and water heating, and to swimming pool heating (3). The space heating system includes room heater/air conditioners (6), with circulating fans, and/or floor and wall heating coils (7). The various applications rely extensively on automatic controls to maintain set conditions with optimum energy conservation. Optionally, these systems include remote operation and alarms.

Description

La présente invention est destinée à fournir tout ou partie de l'énergie chaude et froide, d'une maison individuelle ou un quelconque local, à partir d'un seul et unique générateur. The present invention is intended to supply all or part of the hot and cold energy, of a detached house or any local, from a single generator.

Ce générateur électrique thermodynamique permet d'assurer à lui seul, ETE comme HIVER, les besoins suivants: - le chauffage de toutes les pièces. This thermodynamic electric generator alone ensures the following needs, SUMMER and WINTER: - heating of all rooms.

- le rafraîchissement de toutes les pièces.- the cooling of all the rooms.

- la production de l'eau chaude sanitaire à 450C. - production of domestic hot water at 450C.

- l'eau froide nécessaire à l'arrosage et les besoins d'eau autres qu' alimentaires.- cold water necessary for watering and water needs other than food.

- le chauffage d'une piscine extérieure.- heating of an outdoor swimming pool.

- le maintien en température et hygrométrie d'une cave à vin incorporée ou non dans la construction à une TOC de 130C et 50% de HR.- maintaining the temperature and humidity of a wine cellar incorporated or not in the construction at a TOC of 130C and 50% RH.

- le maintien à une température de 6/8"C d'une chambre froide thermiquement isolée par 7 cm de polystyrène sur toutes les parois.- maintaining at a temperature of 6/8 "C a cold room thermally insulated with 7 cm of polystyrene on all the walls.

Tous les besoins précités sont traditionnellement satisfaits par plusieurs générateurs individuels à des coûts d'exploitation supérieurs, quels que soient les énergies ou réseaux utilisés, tels - générateur chaud pour le chauffage. All the aforementioned needs are traditionally satisfied by several individual generators at higher operating costs, whatever the energies or networks used, such - hot generator for heating.

- générateur froid pour le rafraîchissement.- cold generator for cooling.

- générateurs parfois réversibles chaud/froid mais n'assurant que ces 2 fonctions.- generators sometimes reversible hot / cold but ensuring only these 2 functions.

- chauffe eau.- water heater.

- réchauffeur de piscine.- pool heater.

- climatiseur de cave.- cellar air conditioner.

- distribution publique d'eau - réfrigérateur.- public water supply - refrigerator.

L'invention comprend : - 1 capteur - 1 générateur - plusieurs émetteurs. The invention includes: - 1 sensor - 1 generator - several transmitters.

Elle permet à partir de ces trois composants de fournir, distribuer et utiliser de l'eau brute, de l'eau chaude et de lleau glacée pour les différents besoins d'une maison individuelle ou de locaux ayant des besoins identiques.It allows from these three components to supply, distribute and use raw water, hot water and iced water for the different needs of a single house or premises with identical needs.

Les documents joints en annexe représentent - Figure 1 : le schéma de principe de l'invention. The attached documents represent - Figure 1: the block diagram of the invention.

- Figure 2 : le dessin d'une réalisation en perspective avec l'ensemble du matériel installé.- Figure 2: the drawing of a perspective realization with all the equipment installed.

- Figure 3 : le plan du manifold d'inversion de cycle
ETE/HIVER.
- Figure 3: the plan of the cycle reversal manifold
SUMMER WINTER.

Capteur (Repère 1) : I1 s'agit d'un forage récupérant l'veau dfune nappe aquifère à une température constante variant selon les régions de 12 à 14"C. Les besoins en eau sont de 5 litres/m2 de surface à chauffer ou rafraîchir. Ce peut, aussi, être des capteurs enterrés dans le sol dans lesquels circule un fluide caloporteur (de l'eau glycolée) à basse température (de +10 à -10 C). Ces capteurs récupèrent llénergie du sol entre 0,5 et 3 ml de profondeur. Sensor (Reference 1): It is a borehole recovering calf from an aquifer at a constant temperature varying according to the regions from 12 to 14 "C. The water requirements are 5 liters / m2 of surface to be heated or cool. It can also be sensors buried in the ground in which circulates a heat transfer fluid (glycol water) at low temperature (from +10 to -10 C). These sensors recover energy from the ground between 0, 5 and 3 ml deep.

Générateur (Repère 2) : C'est un groupe d'eau glacée eau/eau à fluide frigorigène quelconque fournissant simultanément - de l'eau chaude à 45/50"C.  Generator (Item 2): It is a group of chilled water water / water with any refrigerant simultaneously supplying - hot water at 45/50 "C.

- de l'veau glacée à 3/6"C. - 3/6 "C glazed veal.

Les différences de T"C étant obtenues par modifications manuelles ou automatiques des débits à l'entrée du condenseur et de l'évaporateur du générateur repère 2. The differences in T "C being obtained by manual or automatic modifications of the flow rates at the inlet of the condenser and of the evaporator of the generator reference 2.

L'eau fournie par les 2 organes du générateur (évaporateur ou condenseur) est utilisée ou non en fonction des besoins et de la saison. Ainsi le chauffage de la piscine sera assuré gratuitement, lorsqu'il sera nécessaire de rafraîchir les locaux. L'eau chaude pourra être fournie à 45"C toute l'année quels que soient les besoins chaud ou froid des locaux à partir du ballon repère 3. The water supplied by the two generator organs (evaporator or condenser) is used or not depending on the needs and the season. Thus the heating of the swimming pool will be provided free of charge, when it is necessary to cool the premises. Hot water can be supplied at 45 "C all year round, whatever the hot or cold needs of the premises from the reference tank 3.

La puissance du générateur est la suivante
Pour 1 kWh consommé ; il produit - 3,5 kWh chaud - 2,5 kWh froid soit 6 kWh fournit pour 1 kWh consommé.
The generator power is as follows
For 1 kWh consumed; it produces - 3.5 kWh hot - 2.5 kWh cold or 6 kWh provides for 1 kWh consumed.

La puissance installée est de 25W/m2 (+ ou - 20% selon les sites et le degré d'isolation thermique) pour le générateur.The installed power is 25W / m2 (+ or - 20% depending on the sites and the degree of thermal insulation) for the generator.

La régulation du générateur s'effectue en fonction des besoins et de la saison sur le retour de l'eau chaude ou de l'eau glacée Ainsi en ETE, la régulation est prioritaire sur le froid, les vannes repère 4 sont ouvertes et les vannes repère 5 sont fermées. En HIVER, la régulation est prioritaire sur le chaud, les vannes repère 4 sont fermées, les vannes repère 5 sont ouvertes. The regulation of the generator is carried out according to the needs and the season on the return of hot water or chilled water. Thus in SUMMER, the regulation has priority over the cold, the valves reference 4 are open and the valves item 5 are closed. In WINTER, regulation takes priority over heating, the valves reference 4 are closed, the valves reference 5 are open.

La distribution d'eau brute peu se faire générateur en marche.The distribution of raw water can be a generator running.

Emetteurs (repères 6, 7, 8 et 9) : Ils sont de 4 types: - Repère 6 : Ventilo-convecteurs à simples batteries chaud/froid régulés individuellement par thermostat ou sonde d'ambiance avec ou sans régulateurs, pour les pièces de vie de l'habitation ou du local. Transmitters (marks 6, 7, 8 and 9): They are of 4 types: - Mark 6: Fan coil units with simple hot / cold batteries individually regulated by thermostat or room sensor with or without regulators, for living rooms of the house or room.

- Repère 7 : Plancher chauffant/rafraîchissant en polyéthylène réticulé noyé dans la dalle représentant une puissance de - 25 W/ml en chaud pour de l'eau à 30"C - 10 W/ml en froid pour de l'eau à 15"C. - Reference 7: Heating / cooling floor in crosslinked polyethylene embedded in the slab representing a power of - 25 W / ml in hot for water at 30 "C - 10 W / ml in cold for water at 15" vs.

Le plancher est régulé par vanne 4 voies asservie à la TOC extérieure.The floor is regulated by a 4-way valve controlled by the external TOC.

- Repère 8 : Ventilo-convecteur double batterie chaud/froid avec humidificateur régulé par double vanne 3 voies, sonde de T"C et sonde de HR.- Reference 8: Fan coil double hot / cold coil with humidifier regulated by double 3-way valve, T "C probe and HR probe.

- Repère 9 : Echangeur par serpentin dito plancher en polyéthylène réticulé ou cuivre écroui sur le sol et les parois verticales, à raison de 1 ml de tube pour 30 W de puissance froid à fournir pour une T"C de distribution de +4/+60C, avec possibilité d'abaissement à +3/+5"C. - Reference 9: Exchanger by serpentine dito floor in crosslinked polyethylene or copper hardened on the ground and vertical walls, at the rate of 1 ml of tube for 30 W of cold power to be supplied for a T "C of distribution of + 4 / + 60C, with the possibility of lowering to + 3 / + 5 "C.

La chambre froide est munie d'un syphon de sol pour l'évacuation des condensats.The cold room is fitted with a floor siphon for condensate drainage.

L'invention peut s'appliquer dans des locaux neufs et existants. Les faibles besoins en eau font qu'il peut s'appliquer pratiquement partout. I1 peut fonctionner avec de l'eau de surface, cours d'eau, lac, étang et également sur de l'eau de mer avec un échangeur intermédiaire. Toutes les entreprises spécialisées en chauffage et climatisation peuvent le mettre en place. On peut lui associer tous les systèmes de domotique possibles tels - télécommande de l'arrosage. The invention can be applied in new and existing premises. The low water requirements mean that it can be applied almost everywhere. It can operate on surface water, watercourses, lakes, ponds and also on sea water with an intermediate exchanger. All companies specialized in heating and air conditioning can set it up. We can associate it with all possible home automation systems such as watering remote control.

- démarrage automatique à distance.- automatic remote start.

- optimisation des consommations.- optimization of consumption.

- télé alarme.- remote alarm.

- etc... - etc ...

Claims (3)

REVENDICATIONS 1 ) Systèe de chauffage et refroidissement d'un local et de production d'eau brute caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte un générateur thermodynamique réversible, un captage d'eau et différents émetteurs afin de produire simultanément : de l'eau chaude, de l'eau glacée et de l'eau brute à température quelconque. 1) Heating and cooling system of a room and production of raw water characterized in that it comprises a reversible thermodynamic generator, a water intake and different emitters in order to simultaneously produce: hot water, chilled water and raw water at any temperature. 2") Système selon la revendication 1 caractérisé en e que le capteur est constitué d'un forage aquifère dont le débit est de minimum 5 litres d'eau par m2 de local à traiter. 2 ") System according to claim 1 characterized in that the sensor consists of an aquifer drilling with a flow rate of at least 5 liters of water per m2 of room to be treated. 4 ) Système selon la revendication 1 ou 2 ou 3 caractérisé en ce que les émetteurs comprennent des ventiloconvecteurs avec régulation individuelle par vannes 2 ou 3 voies. 4) System according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 characterized in that the transmitters comprise fan coil units with individual regulation by 2 or 3-way valves. 3 ) Système selon la revendication 1 ou 2 caractérisé en ce que le générateur est constitué d'une centrale thermodynamique fournissant simultanément de l'eau chaude entre 45 et 5o0C et de l'eau glacée entre +3 et +60cl  3) System according to claim 1 or 2 characterized in that the generator consists of a thermodynamic power station simultaneously supplying hot water between 45 and 5o0C and chilled water between +3 and + 60cl 5 ) Système selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes caractérisé en ce que les émetteurs comprennent un plancher chauffant rafraîchissant utilisant de l'eau dont la température est de 30 C ou 150C.  5) System according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the emitters comprise a cooling heating floor using water whose temperature is 30 C or 150C.
FR9608364A 1996-07-01 1996-07-01 SYSTEM FOR HEATING AND COOLING A PREMISES AND PRODUCING DOMESTIC HOT WATER AND RAW WATER Expired - Fee Related FR2750480B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9608364A FR2750480B1 (en) 1996-07-01 1996-07-01 SYSTEM FOR HEATING AND COOLING A PREMISES AND PRODUCING DOMESTIC HOT WATER AND RAW WATER

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9608364A FR2750480B1 (en) 1996-07-01 1996-07-01 SYSTEM FOR HEATING AND COOLING A PREMISES AND PRODUCING DOMESTIC HOT WATER AND RAW WATER

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FR2750480A1 true FR2750480A1 (en) 1998-01-02
FR2750480B1 FR2750480B1 (en) 1998-08-21

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002014754A1 (en) * 2000-08-18 2002-02-21 Shengheng Xu Well water type liquid cooling and heating resource system
WO2003069240A1 (en) * 2002-02-15 2003-08-21 Thermonetics Limited A combined heating and cooling circuit
GB2475243A (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-18 Smith S Environmental Products Ltd Heating installation having a heat pump and one or more fan convector heating units
CN102425882A (en) * 2011-10-17 2012-04-25 广东美的电器股份有限公司 Heat recovery multiple heat pump air-conditioning hot water machine and floor heating system
CN103673387A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 秦文选 Multi-source household type tap water and central air-conditioning hot water quadruple combined system
CN113932477A (en) * 2021-10-29 2022-01-14 杭州正行能源科技有限公司 Wide-temperature heat pump combined energy utilization system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1983003133A1 (en) * 1982-03-05 1983-09-15 Fisher, Ralph, H. Reversible cycle heating and cooling system
US4718248A (en) * 1986-05-05 1988-01-12 Stephen Fisher Four element refrigeration heat pump and geothermal control systems
WO1989004443A1 (en) * 1987-11-03 1989-05-18 Dittell Edward W Heat energy storage and transfer apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1983003133A1 (en) * 1982-03-05 1983-09-15 Fisher, Ralph, H. Reversible cycle heating and cooling system
US4718248A (en) * 1986-05-05 1988-01-12 Stephen Fisher Four element refrigeration heat pump and geothermal control systems
WO1989004443A1 (en) * 1987-11-03 1989-05-18 Dittell Edward W Heat energy storage and transfer apparatus

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002014754A1 (en) * 2000-08-18 2002-02-21 Shengheng Xu Well water type liquid cooling and heating resource system
US6925830B2 (en) 2000-08-18 2005-08-09 Shengheng Xu Well-water-type liquid cooling and heating resource system
WO2003069240A1 (en) * 2002-02-15 2003-08-21 Thermonetics Limited A combined heating and cooling circuit
GB2475243A (en) * 2009-11-10 2011-05-18 Smith S Environmental Products Ltd Heating installation having a heat pump and one or more fan convector heating units
CN102425882A (en) * 2011-10-17 2012-04-25 广东美的电器股份有限公司 Heat recovery multiple heat pump air-conditioning hot water machine and floor heating system
CN103673387A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 秦文选 Multi-source household type tap water and central air-conditioning hot water quadruple combined system
CN113932477A (en) * 2021-10-29 2022-01-14 杭州正行能源科技有限公司 Wide-temperature heat pump combined energy utilization system
CN113932477B (en) * 2021-10-29 2023-02-17 杭州正行能源科技有限公司 Wide-temperature heat pump combined energy utilization system

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