FI122962B - Method and arrangement for the feeding and milking of animals in a dairy farm production building - Google Patents

Method and arrangement for the feeding and milking of animals in a dairy farm production building Download PDF

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Publication number
FI122962B
FI122962B FI20075193A FI20075193A FI122962B FI 122962 B FI122962 B FI 122962B FI 20075193 A FI20075193 A FI 20075193A FI 20075193 A FI20075193 A FI 20075193A FI 122962 B FI122962 B FI 122962B
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Finland
Prior art keywords
sleeping
milking
3b
3a
animals
Prior art date
Application number
FI20075193A
Other languages
Finnish (fi)
Swedish (sv)
Other versions
FI20075193A (en
FI20075193A0 (en
Inventor
Christer Forsstroem
Original Assignee
Nhk Keskus Oy
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Filing date
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Priority to FI20075193A priority Critical patent/FI122962B/en
Priority to FI20075193 priority
Publication of FI20075193A0 publication Critical patent/FI20075193A0/en
Publication of FI20075193A publication Critical patent/FI20075193A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of FI122962B publication Critical patent/FI122962B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0041Rotary, round or circular animal barns
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/12Milking stations

Description

METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR ANIMAL FEEDING AND LYPSYBOX IN A FARM LIVING FACILITY

The invention relates to a method as described in the preamble of claim 1 and to an arrangement as described in the preamble of claim 4 for feeding and milking animals in a farm production building equipped with a milking robot.

The present invention relates primarily to the structural and furnishing arrangement of production buildings for dairy cattle, such as barns and yards, and to a method for guiding animals in a production building so that feeding and milking the animals is flexible and easy to produce and advantageously productive. Usually cows lie on their flocks most of their time. The sleeping time is about 16-18 hours a day. Eating and drinking a cow usually only goes when he is hungry or thirsty. This usually occurs 6-8 times a day. Vas-20 similarly, the dairy cow visits the milking robot 2-3 times a day.

The structure of the production buildings and the internal furnishings of the livestock buildings must be such as to enable the livestock to be easily fed and maintained and, in addition, to ensure efficient milking operations. In this case, especially as cvi larger cattle units increase and the number of cows per unit increases, the heaviest work in the barn, such as g cow milking and feeding wherever possible, is automatic.

Lf} 30 to play. Milking has been developed for example. milking robots, which allow cows to kind of milk themselves by going to the cc robot each in turn. Milking shifts are usually born 05 in accordance with the cow's own order of value. The system implemented by the dairy robots creates special requirements for the cows to be comfortable, to keep the cvj clean, to move as freely as possible and to use the dairy robots efficiently.

2

Conventionally constructed and functional production buildings of the prior art are, for example, as shown in Fig. 1, substantially rectangular elongated buildings having a plurality of parallel sleeping rows 100-103 and between and separating the longitudinal passages 200-202 of the production building. For example, sleeping beams 100-103 are located at one end of an elongated production building 10, while at the other end of the building there is a milking robot 500 into which milking animals are independently guided to pass through a first passageway 100 for milking.

For example, the first longitudinal row of bunks 15 of the production building 100 is on one wall of the production building, for example. Immediately in front of the open ends of the sleeper row 100 there is a first passageway 200 in the direction of the sleeper row 100, followed by, for example, a second row of sleeper beds 101 facing the center of the production building. Further going in the same direction on the other side of the second row of sleeping rows 101 is a third row of sleeping rows 102 parallel to the aforementioned sleeping rows 100, 101, which ^ for this 201.

i

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cp 30 A longitudinal passage from the first passageway 200 to the second passageway 201 which is substantially transverse to the longitudinal direction of the production building is provided by the transverse passageways 300, which are substantially interconnected by the passageways 300, and 201 to each other. In connection with the second walkway c120, there is a feeding table 400 substantially parallel to the walkway, where, for example, a belt conveyor-like apparatus 3 provides feed for animals in the production building. The second wall of the production building may have at least one additional row of sleeping lounges 103, for example for young cattle. These sleeping quarters may not be connected to 5 milking robots 500.

The problem with these state-of-the-art production buildings is that the animal feeding and milking traffic is not arranged in a proper manner for the animals. In the aforementioned elongated building, the cows are required to travel from their wilderness for feeding and drinking to 100 to 102 feeders 400 transversely to the longitudinal direction of the building and to the walkways 200 to 202. Most cows at the same time pass through transverse corridors 300 15. These feeding pathways are shown in Figure 1 with arrows 1a. In an elongated building, the feeding space can be very far from the milking robot 500, up to several tens of meters, so that the cow does not necessarily have any sight or hearing on the feeder to the milking robot 500. In this case, the milking robot does not stimulate the cow to milk at the same time.

However, a cow usually starts milking at the latest when its udders are filled with milk. The cow then leaves 25 milking robots 500 along one of the longitudinal walkways 200-202 to a milking robot at the other end of the compartment, whereby the milking traffic is formed mainly longitudinally of the building and is thus transverse to the feeder. Milking lanes

Lo 30 tit is shown in Fig. 1 by arrows Ib. The transverse directions cc of the milking Ib cj and the feeding la 1a cause congestion and prevent sensitive animals from entering the lyp-05 syrobot 500 because large and scary cows may fall on their path.

o 3 5

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The object of the present invention is to eliminate the above drawbacks and to provide a practical, efficient and advantageous method and arrangement in a farm production building, allowing the animals to move freely and allowing the cows to milk themselves by means of milking robots or similar devices at their own pace.

The method according to the invention is characterized in what is stated in the characterizing part of claim 1. Correspondingly, the arrangement according to the invention is characterized by what is stated in the characterizing part of claim 4. Other embodiments of the invention are characterized by what is set forth in the other claims.

In the following, the method and arrangement of the invention will also be referred to as a shorter generic term, the solution of the invention. An advantage of the solution according to the invention is that with this solution the production building is inexpensive and easy to construct, furnish and equip with functions that allow the animals to move freely. One advantage is that the production building implementing the solution according to the invention is particularly well suited for use as a yard and can be easily equipped with milking robots, in which the cows can move independently at their own pace. In addition, no cow is too long for any cow, and even the most daring ones dare to go there at their own pace, since milking and feeding traffic do not interfere with one another and there are no scary places that cannot be easily circulated. Similarly, animal feeding can be easily automated. A common benefit to all functions is that all distances to different offices and devices are relatively short. There is also the advantage of easy t / 3 30 variability. The space can then be divided into intermediate booms and

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at different gates, for example, into different sectors,

IX

It is easy and inexpensive to carry out various activities, such as training of heifers. Animals can be divided into different groups, which include animals that can be easily guided to different locations, such as, for example, out to pasture, as needed throughout the building, whereby pastures can be easily varied. It also has the advantage of being easy to expand.

5

With suitably selected furniture, the expansion can be done mainly within one production building, or a larger extension can be made by building a new, substantially circular production building adjacent to the previous building.

In the following, the invention will be explained in more detail by way of one embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 shows a top view and simplified view of a prior art farm building and Figure 2 shows a view of a farm building according to the invention.

The prior art production building shown in Figure 1 has already been described above. Figure 2 is a plan view, simplified and schematically, of a farm production building according to the invention, such as a cattle barn or a pi-hat, with the roof removed. The roof structures of the building rest on a circular circumference concentric and substantially spaced from the support columns 2, the building itself being substantially circular except for the straight sections between the short support pillars of the exterior walls. The roof beams are located at substantially equal angles to each other cd and extend from the center of the building radially over said support posts 2. For example, the roof beams are spaced at 18 ° intervals, so that there are a total of 20 of them in the building, as well as the support posts 2. Immediately within the exterior wall is a first or outermost region of the parsley 3a disposed centrally parallel to the circumferential circumference le, or shorter the sleeping ridge 3a having

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a substantially solid parsley portion. The next inner periphery has a first or outer circular passageway 4 forming a lattice-like substrate, within which there is an inner, i.e. in this embodiment, a second region of couches 3a coaxially disposed parallel to the circular circumference, or shorter sleeping parlor 3b. Further, the inner circumference of the sleeping parlor 3b has an inner, i.e. second circular passageway 5, forming a ridge-like substrate, the inside of which, as it moves towards the center of the building, has a substantially circular feeder 8 with feeds. The feeding apparatus 8 has water points 10 for watering the animals and, for example, a feed rail for feeding the animals, which is arranged in a substantially concentric circular path with the sleeping rails 3a-3c. Filling of the feeding apparatus 8 is effected, for example, by a filling conveyor 12, from which the feed is distributed at a convenient position-15 to the feeding trolley of the feeding apparatus 8.

Inside the second circular passageway 5 is the innermost, i.e., in this embodiment, the third region of the couches 3c co-located parallel to the circular circumference, i.e. the ly-20 colder couchage 3c, which also has a substantially fixed parser portion. Further, the inner circumference of the sleeping curb 3c has a lattice-forming innermost, i.e. third circular passageway 6, further within which, while further toward the center of the building, is concentric with the aforementioned sleeping frames, corridors, and other circular portions the lowest being, for example, a sludge tank operating as a collection pool and an office or a similar space located above a suitably courtyard floor structure g. Preferably, there are still further uses above the office

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storage space. x

X

CL

Between the various sleeping areas 3a-3c and the circular passageways 4-6, ιλ is provided by means of radial gateways 13, 14 substantially relative to the building, which are located at suitable locations to cut off the sleeping gangs 3a-3c. In addition, gateway location 13 locations are selected for feeding and milking traffic so that congestion is minimized, cross-traffic is minimized and there is always an easy detour to the desired location if one route is blocked for another reason.

The interior of the production building is divided, if necessary by one or more intervals, into 15 suitably sized sector countries or other spaces 17-19, such as, for example, 10 sleeping beams and other necessary equipment and functions for different groups of animals. In the building of Fig. 2, the milking cows in their compartment are in the enclosure 17 enclosed by the filling conveyor 12 and clockwise by the first partition 15, respectively. The enclosed space 15 includes the enclosed animals 18 and the other half of the building, FIG. who are not yet milking. Through various sectors, animals are also routed to different locations outside the building 20

Below the circular passageways 4, 5 and 6 are located substantially circular manure passages, on the basis of which the collecting ducts are led to a sludge tank in the middle of the building, from which the sludge is further directed for storage and handling in some known manner.

cm One or more milking robots 11 are disposed at a carefully selected location substantially relative to the milking and milking traffic of the animals in a milking area substantially in the middle of the production building 30 such that the milking robot c11 is located substantially at least two outer, adjacent to the area formed by the concentric sleeping portions, i.e., the first circumferential sleeping area 3a and the second circumferential sleeping area 3b, p 35. Preferably, the milking robot 11 is positioned

CM

as a radius of the building, between the second and third circular passageways 5 and 6, to cut off the inner region of the bunks 3c disposed centrally in a circular circumference. Thus, the area of the inner sleeping quarters 3c does not form a fully enclosing circular ring, but at the same time the milking area leaves a passage in front of the milking robot 11, through which the animals can return from the milking robot to their sleeping area. Preferably, the milking area 11 is located at the main entrance 16 of the animal shelter building, which has direct access to the additional building 9, which includes other care and nursing facilities. The additional building 9 has at least, for example, a milk tank 1010. In addition, the annexe has facilities 20, for example for sick animals, which also have access to the milking robot 11 from facilities 20.

In the solution according to the invention, the compartment 17 of the milking cows is three-row, according to the nesting cages 3a-3c. Most of the sleepers are the outermost sleepers 3a, whereby the cows lie mainly in the area of the outermost sleepers 3a. When a cow wants to drink or eat, it moves from its sleeping bay toward the inner circles and gangways 4, 5, and 6, since at least several radial gateways 13, 14 lead from the outermost sleeping bay area 3a toward the center of the building. in addition to the gateways 13 at the side ends of the sleeping cage 3b and 3c milking robot 25 11, at one end of the sector space 18 of the second sleeping cage 3b there is at least one gateway 14 leading from the first circle 4 to the second

Lo 30 is a gateway 14 disposed at a carefully selected location at the end of a second Lie at the ends of the second sleeping cage 3b. In addition, the innermost sleeping curb 3c has, in addition to the gateway 13 at the end of the milking robot 11, a gateway o 35 14 leading from the gateway 5 to the gateway 6, positioned at a similarly spaced position substantially adjacent the ends of the sleeping with the aforementioned gateway 14 leading to the circular corridor 5. Hereby, a substantially direct connection is provided through these two gateways 14 from the outermost sleeping ridge 3a to the innermost circular passageway 6.

5

The milking robot 11 is located in the middle of the inner ring 3c, so that the cow always gets milking stimuli when it comes to eating and drinking. Because of the short distances, the cow has good visual and auditory access to the milking robot 11, which stimulates the milk-thorn-10 moon and causes the cow to milk more frequently. Due to the solution according to the invention, the cow has a very short distance to the milking robot from every part of the building interior, usually always about ten meters. The sectorial structure of the different compartments also follows the natural space requirements of cows 15, since the area where the cow needs the most space for the sleeping cows has the most space per animal due to the sector structure, followed by the feeding area and the milking robot 11.

The animals have complete freedom of passage and passage within the building, where they pass, according to their own will and schedule, through circular gratings 4, 5 and 6 and radial gateways 13, 14 from their forehead to the milking robots 11, feeder 8 and back. The gateways 13 are located in the vicinity of the milking robot 11 at the truncated end of the two inner milking cages 3b, 3c facing the milking robot 11, and the gateways 14 are located at suitable locations for feeding and milking. , 3c, and thus to open the LO 30 passages between all the sleeping compartments 3a-3c.

CM

in carefully selected locations. All distances are cc set as short as possible so that the free passage is lucky- ££ well, and even the saddest animals don't feel left behind, for example, due to long distance, dare to move freely and always find some easy loop. Intact arrows Ia representing the animal paths, intact feeds representing the feeding traffic and 10 dashed lines representing the milking traffic Drawn arrows Ib clearly indicate that the prior art does not easily solve the problems of congestion and crossing in the prior art, but the animals a short route to eat and drink and milking.

For example, the cows are guided by at least one, preferably two outermost sleeping areas 3a, 3b to a feeding device 8, substantially at least to the center of the circular passageways 4, 5 and at least to the center of the circular passageways 4, 5. 15 by means of gateways 13, 14 which are substantially radial to the building, circularly connecting 4 and 5. At the same time, the cows are guided substantially closer to their sleeping bot 11. during their feeding passage, at least at some point in the feeding passage. At the 11-sided end there are gateways 13 connecting all 25 sleeping cages 3a-3c and all the circular passageways 4-6, whereby the cow returning from feeder 8 to its sleeping part is preferably guided to rotate its part at the end of the second and / or third sleeping cage 3b, 3c co. gateway

Lf} 30 through 13.

c \ j x

X

The method of the invention further directs the cows in the ££ milking traffic as quickly as possible by means of the second corridors 14 to the third circular passageway 6 and further to the milking robot 11 via the second corridors 14 and away from the second roundabout at the earliest possible stage, which may have more simultaneous feeding traffic.

It will be apparent to one skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the above embodiment, but may vary within the scope of the following claims. Thus, for example, the number of circular sleeping rows may differ from the above three and may, for example, be only two or four or even greater.

It will also be apparent to one skilled in the art that the structural details of the production building may differ from the above. However, the essential point is the connection between the milking robot placement 15 and the cow paths, where the milking robot is located in the middle of the building where all cows have a short and easy path and where the cow often has to pass the milking robot, for example after eating or drinking.

20

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Claims (7)

    12
  1. A method of feeding and milking animals in a farm production building equipped with a milking robot (11) having at least one outer region (3a) of couches (3a) arranged centrally in a substantially circular circumference, forming a lattice-like substrate within the region of the couch (3a). a circular walkway (4), one inner region of couches (3b) disposed centrally parallel to the substantially circular 10 periphery, a substantially circular walkway (5) forming a lattice base within the area of the sleeping quarters (3b), and feeding means (8) and gateways (13, 14) substantially radial to the building, interconnecting at least passageways (4) and (5) and interrupting sleeping rails, wherein the animals are guided by at least one, preferably two, outermost sleeping area ela (3a, 3b) to the feeder (8) by means of feeder traffic substantially at least towards the middle of the production building, characterized in that the feeder (8), when returning to its sleeping compartment, is guided to rotate its sleeping compartment through a gateway (13) 25
  2. Method according to Claim 1, characterized in that, when returning from their feeding apparatus (8), the animals are guided to rotate their sleeping partners at the end of the second and / or third sleeping ring (3b, 3c) in the gateway (13) near the milking robot (11). through. c \ j x cc
  3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the animals are guided in the milking traffic by means of gateways (14) in the middle of the second and third sleeping rounds (3b, 3c) in the middle of the second and third sleeping rams (3b, 3c). 13 and further along the milking robot (11).
  4. Arrangement for feeding and milking animals in a farm production building with a milking robot (11) located substantially in the central area of the milking parlor, having at least one outer area of the upper (3a) Inside a grille-like substrate, a substantially circular walkway (4), one inner region of couches (3b) centrally disposed in a substantially circular circumference, within a region of a grate-like substrate, within a region of 5, and at least within the interior of the inner sleeping area (3b), the feeding means (8) and gateways (13, 14) which are radially connected to the gangway, connecting the gangways (4) and (5) and interrupting the sleeping girth, characterized in that part (13) of the radial gateways is located in the vicinity of the milking robot (11), and part (14) of the radial gateways (13) are located further away from the milking robot (11) to interrupt the sleeping lugs. c \ i
  5. Arrangement according to Claim 4, characterized in that the milking robot (11) is disposed substantially at least at the two outermost circular sleeping area (3a), which is disposed centrally on the periphery 30, i.e. the first CM circumferential sleeping area (3a) and inside the second circumferential DC sleeping area (3b), co O)
  6. Arrangement according to Claim 5, characterized in that a third region (3c) of couches lying centrally disposed parallel to the circular circumference is located inside the second circular passage (5), and that the milking robot (11) is disposed in the radial direction of the second and third between the aisle (5 and 6) to break the third sleeping area (3c).
  7. Arrangement according to Claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the feeding apparatus (8) is disposed in the radial direction of the production building, inside at least two outer sleeping area (3a and 3b) and said sleeping area (3a and 3b) and the milking robot (11). ). 10 CM δ CM CD O ID CM X cc CL CD σ> δ Is- o CM 15
FI20075193A 2007-03-23 2007-03-23 Method and arrangement for the feeding and milking of animals in a dairy farm production building FI122962B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20075193A FI122962B (en) 2007-03-23 2007-03-23 Method and arrangement for the feeding and milking of animals in a dairy farm production building
FI20075193 2007-03-23

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FI20075193A FI122962B (en) 2007-03-23 2007-03-23 Method and arrangement for the feeding and milking of animals in a dairy farm production building
PCT/FI2008/050133 WO2008116969A1 (en) 2007-03-23 2008-03-25 Method and arrangement for feedind and milking of animals in a farm production building equipped with a milking robot

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
FI20075193A0 FI20075193A0 (en) 2007-03-23
FI20075193A FI20075193A (en) 2008-09-24
FI122962B true FI122962B (en) 2012-09-14

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WO (1) WO2008116969A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102011101089A1 (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-11-15 Antonius Winkelmann Barn for rearing pigs, has lying area that is provided surrounding surface of other lying area, while feeding space area is formed surrounding surface of lying area
CN104521791B (en) * 2014-12-24 2017-02-22 百绿国际草业(北京)有限公司 Corridor for guiding livestock

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1030774A (en) * 1963-05-31 1966-05-25 Franco Cremaschini Cattle stall assembly
US3261324A (en) * 1964-12-10 1966-07-19 William J Conover Livestock raising building
CH433690A (en) * 1965-09-16 1967-04-15 Schluep Ulrich Building plant for cattle breeding, fattening and / or dairy farming
DE19508595A1 (en) * 1995-03-13 1996-09-19 Katrin Kirchberger Stable system for dairy cows
NL1001457C2 (en) * 1995-10-20 1997-04-22 Maasland Nv A method of automatically milking animals and apparatus in which this method can be used.
DE10332418A1 (en) * 2003-07-16 2005-02-10 Westfaliasurge Gmbh Barn arrangement and stable facility for dairy cattle husbandry

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Publication number Publication date
FI122962B1 (en)
WO2008116969A1 (en) 2008-10-02
FI20075193A (en) 2008-09-24
FI20075193D0 (en)
FI20075193A0 (en) 2007-03-23

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