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EP2975107A1 - Hand dishwashing composition with improved foaming properties - Google Patents

Hand dishwashing composition with improved foaming properties Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2975107A1
EP2975107A1 EP20140002454 EP14002454A EP2975107A1 EP 2975107 A1 EP2975107 A1 EP 2975107A1 EP 20140002454 EP20140002454 EP 20140002454 EP 14002454 A EP14002454 A EP 14002454A EP 2975107 A1 EP2975107 A1 EP 2975107A1
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EP
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
foam
dishwashing
height
hand
present
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20140002454
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Fikret Koc
Ahmet Ergun
Murat Uzumcu
Serdar Soylemez
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAYAT KIMYA SANAYI AS
Original Assignee
HAYAT KIMYA SANAYI ANONIM SIRKETI
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • C11D1/94Mixtures with anionic, cationic, or non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/0005Other compounding ingredients characterised by their effect
    • C11D3/0094High foaming compositions

Abstract

The present invention relates to liquid hand dishwashing compositons. Particularly the present invention relates to hand dishwashing compositions with improved foaming properties. The foam produced by applying compositions of the present invention has long lasting duration which is desirable by the user. Moreover in the present invention persistency of foam is existent in oil containing soil dishwashings which is a desirable property by the user. The compositions of the present invention are high concentrated and economically favourable. This task has been accomplished by the present inventor by developing new, unique compositions specifically designed for fullfilling said requirements. More specifically the present invention is about compositions comprising sodium lauryl ether sulfonate, amineoxide compounds, betain compounds and organic solvent in specific ranges. The present invention provide high concentrated and economically feasable liquid hand dishwashing compositions with high foam duration thus fullfilling the need in the field.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • [0001]
    The field of the present invention is liquid hand dishwashing compositions.
  • [0002]
    This application relates to dishwashing compositions with high foam duration capabilities. This application relates to liquid hand dishwashing compositions with high foaming height in presence of oil.
  • [0003]
    This application relates to liquid hand dishwashing compositions with high active agent content.
  • [0004]
    This application relates to effective and economically feasable liquid hand dish washing compositions.
  • [0005]
    Particularly this application relates to the specific compositions to fullfill all the said requirements and fullfill the need in this particular field.
  • [0006]
    To the present invention related compositions are more effective thus appealing more to the costumer due to desired long lasting foaming power and economic feasibility.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • [0007]
    Dishes are washed in many parts of the world still manually due to convenience or mostly economical reasons and this fact seems not to be changed in the near future.
  • [0008]
    Aids for hand dishwashing are detergents of gel or mostly liquid form.
  • [0009]
    Hand dishwashing detergents remove food soils, hold soil in suspension and provide long lasting suds that indicate how much cleaning power is left in the wash water.
  • [0010]
    High foaming capacity of hand dishwashing detergents is a desired propertiy. Foaming is an indication of cleaning strength. High foaming properties show that detergent composition has still its cleaning capabilities especially with regard to soil and oil removing.
  • [0011]
    Another aspect of the foaming capability is the duration of the foam which influence cleaning effectiveness as well. Long duration of foam provides enhanced cleaning strength of the hand dishwashing cleaning composition.
  • [0012]
    Commercially available classical hand dishwashing compositions are containing linear alkyl benzene sulphonic acid sodium salt; LABSA. These compositions create big bubbles but they perish after short periode of time which is not desirable by the costumer.
  • [0013]
    Several hand dishwashing compositions are known in the prior art targeting the subject matter such as,
    CA2237694 Amway teaches us liquid dishwashing detergent composition comprising using various surfactant in presence of a hydrotrope. Said hydrotropes are fatty acid and its esters. Alcohols are intentionally avoided due to specific drawbacks like flammability among others. US5990065 Procter and Gamble teaches us hand dishwashing detergent compositions having provided by using various type of surfactants used inpresence of earth alkaline metals and diamine. These compositions have accordingly improved grease removal performance and benefits in sudsing. But diamine compounds potential hazardousness seem to be an apparent drawback.
  • [0014]
    WO9404640 Burdon Allan teaches use of high concentration of high loaded ethoxylated alkyl ether sulphonate which further comprise earth alkaline salts and alcohol. Very high content of actives is desadvantageous for aimed hand dishwashing compositions of present inventions.
  • [0015]
    None of the in prior art literature mentioned compositions meet the by costumer desired hand dishwashing product owing high foam durability and high load properties.
  • [0016]
    Conclusively, there is a need and desire to have hand dishwashing compositions with improved foaming behaviour and use comfort.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS:
  • [0017]
    • FIGURE 1: Foam Duration Tests Diagram of Example 1, Example 2, Example 3 and Comparative Example 1. (0.4 gram of cleaning composition is mixed with 500 ml of water, 50 ml of this mixture is stirred in Kruss DFA Device cylinder for 120 sec and stopped and waited. Diagrams are showing foam heights corresponding to respective time passed).
    • FIGURE 2: Foam Height in Presence of Oil Tests Diagram of Example 1, Example 2, Example 3 and Comparative Example 1. (4 gram of cleaning composition in 500ml water mixed, 40ml taken, 0.25 ml IKW oil part is added *, 120 sec in KRUSS DFA Device stirred, stopped, 60 sec waited and foam height measured).
    *(Corresponding to 3.215 ml of IKW Standard oil/500 ml water. For Standard oil content and details see in Tests chapter 2: Foam height test in presence of oil). DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
  • [0018]
    The present invention relates to new dishwashing compositions which are superior to commercially available products on the market with regard to foaming potentcy.
  • [0019]
    By the search of favourable compositions, the present inventor encountered unexpectedly with compositions which have improved foaming properties.
  • [0020]
    More precisely the present inventor have found liquid hand dishwashing compositions having foam of high duration.
  • [0021]
    Commercially available liquid hand dishwashing products are containing predominantly LABSA as main active agent. LABSA is the synonymous for Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid. This compound is used as its alkali metal salt prefferably as its sodium salt, belonging to the group of anionic surfactants with regard to its functionality and structure. It has good foaming capability with big bubbles. But their duration is of short period of time.
  • [0022]
    The customer of hand dishwasher preffer the presence of foam during the whole periode of dishwashing process. This imply to the costumer the existence of washing strength. Lack of foam appear as water without active agent. Therefore long lasting foam presence, preferably until the end of the dishwashing process is desired.
  • [0023]
    By the search of compositions with improved foaming properties there appeared to be necessary to apply not lone actives for this purpose but combinations of the ingredients.
  • [0024]
    The present inventor surprisingly found that anionic surfactant, foam booster compound, amphotheric surfactant, organic solvent and water comprising compositions show the desired long lasting foaming behaviour.
  • [0025]
    Particularly the present inventor found that sodium lauryl sulfate as anionic surfactant, amine oxide compound as foam booster, betain compound as amphotheric surfactant, alcohol as organic solvent and water comprising compositions show the desired long lasting foaming behaviour.
  • [0026]
    More particularly the present inventor found that sodium lauryl sulfate ether containing one ethoxy group, cocodimethyl amine oxide, cocoamido propyl betaine, ethanol and water comprising compositions show the desired long lasting foaming behaviour.
  • [0027]
    The by the present inventor found composition is unique, good working and superior to the marketed products with respect to foam durability.
  • [0028]
    Additionally, this compositions are superior to the existing LABSA or LAS, Long Alkyl Sulfonate containing marketed products with respect to skin compatibility. LABSA and LAS are known skin irritants. They are replaced in the present invention with sodium lauryl sulphate ether which is less irritant. Additionally added cocoamido propyl betaine contribute to the dermatological improvement of the composition and decrease irritation. Additionally to that the combination of SLES with cocoamido propyl betaine decrease the amount of SLES necessary for the present invention which contributes to skin compatability additionally.
  • [0029]
    Using less SLES contribute to a possible high effective composition with less active agent. Therefore this combination of composition is unique, good working and effective in many aspects.
  • [0030]
    In a hand dishwashing liquid certain characteristics are important namely, lasting suds, effective cleaning performance, pleasant fragrance and appearance. To meet these criteria following basic ingredients are used.
  • [0031]
    Surfactants are primary ingredients in a liquid hand dishwashing detergent. Often a combination of surfactants is used to produce good grease cutting capability, soil suspension and stable sud levels.
  • [0032]
    Stability and dispensing aids are added to keep the product homogeneous under varying storage conditions. Hydrotropes and salts are often used.
  • [0033]
    Preservatives are added if needed in small amounts to help prevent any microbiological growth in the product.
  • [0034]
    An important difference in the quantity of liquid hand dishwashing detergent required is the concentration of the surfactants versus water in a product. More concentrated products are more efficient and may be more economical to use than the more dilute ones. Concentrated products are more economical with respect to packaging, transport, production and storage.
  • [0035]
    Suds generation is an important signal to the costumer that a hand dishwashing detergent is effective in removing soils and in particular, greasy oily residues.
  • [0036]
    As cleaning demand on the surfactant system increases in hand dishwashing, the suds level drops due to antifoam effect of particulates and grease. To mitigate this sudsing loss, weakly cationically charged polymers were investigated to stabilize and boost suds via interacting with greasy soils, thereby reducing soil anti-foam effects. But most of these polymers had several significant compatibility issues with liquid hand dishwashing detergents.
  • [0037]
    Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, SLS and Linear Alkyl Sulfate, LAS are primary surfactants added to classical dishwashing compositions but with decrease of foam height consequences. Exemplarly LABSA containing compositions foam decrease according to the tests of inventor within less than 1 minute considerably, which is not desireable by the hand diswashing user. In comparison present invention compositions foam do not deflate before 3 minutes.
  • [0038]
    In the present invention modification of the formula by replacing LAS with SLES preferably containing 1 ethoxy group, showing an improvement in the foam stability by measured foam height.
  • [0039]
    In the present invention modification of in classical hand dishwashing compositions used lauramine oxide by replacing with cocamidopropyl betaine the initial foam height remained almost the same. Corresponding lauramine oxide containing compositions foam height is decreasing with time. That means cocoamidopropyl betaine is a better secondary surfactant in a SLES formula than lauramine oxide. SLES gives better foam stability than LAS as well.
  • [0040]
    The present invention may contain following ingredients;
  • [0041]
    Anionic surfactants used in the dishwashing compositions of the present invention comprise sulfate surfactants, sulfosuccinate surfactants, alpha olefin sulfonate surfactants, sulfonate surfactants and mixtures thereof.
  • [0042]
    Preferably anionic surfactant of the present invention is comprising sodium lauryl ether sulfate, sodium alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonate, alcohol ether sulfate, alkyl ethoxy sulfonate.
  • [0043]
    More preferably anionic surfactant of the present invention is comprising of alkyl ethoxy sulfonate surfactants having average ethoxylation degree from 0.01 to 10, preferably from 0.02 to 4 and more preferably from 0.03 to 3.
  • [0044]
    Most preferably anionic surfactant of the present invention is selected from sodium lauryl ether sulfonate with 1-6 ethoxy groups, more preferably with 1 ethoxy group.
  • [0045]
    Compositions of the present invention comprise 10% to %30 preferably 12% to %24 of anionic surfactant.
  • [0046]
    Amphoteric surfactants used in the liquid hand dishwashing compositions of the present invention comprise alkyl dimethyl betaine, alkyl carbo betaine, alkyl sulfo betaine, alkyl hydroxysulfobetaine, alkylamideamine-type betaine and alkylimidazoline-type betaine.
  • [0047]
    Preferably amphoteric surfactant of the present invention is comprising alkyl amidopropylbetaine, N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine, alkylamidepropyl-N,Ndimethyl-2-hydroxypropylsulfobetaine, alkylamidepropyl N, N-dimethylpropylsulfobetaine, lauramide propyl- N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine, myristamidepropyl-N, N-dimethylacetic acid betaine, Cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine and the like.
  • [0048]
    Most prefered amphoteric surfactant of the present invention is cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine.
  • [0049]
    Said betaines are particularly preferable in terms of detergency, foam producing ability and rinsing property.
  • [0050]
    In the present invention, the above-mentioned amidobetaine-type amphoteric surfactants can be used singly or in combination of two or more. They are incorporated in amounts of 1% -15% by weight. When the amount of amidobetaine type amphoteric surfactant is less than 1%, sufficient detergency cannot be obtained. On the other hand, amounts exceeding 15% are not economical, because the effects of the amphoteric surfactants are saturated and cannot be enhanced any more.
  • [0051]
    Compositions of the present invention comprise 1% to %15 prefferably 1% to %8 of said betaine compound(s).
  • [0052]
    Foam boosting compounds used in the present invention comprise amine oxide such as alkyl- or alkenyl- amine oxides having a linear or branched alkyl or alkenyl group having 1 to 24 carbon atoms.
  • [0053]
    Preferably amine oxide compounds used in the present invention is comprising, lauryl amido propyl amine oxide, myristal amido propyl amine oxide, lauryl dimethyl amine oxide, alkyl dimethyl amine oxides, cocodimethyl amine oxide, alkyl dihydroxyethyl amine oxide, coconut allyl dimethyl amine oxide, cocoamidopropyl amine oxide and cocoamide diethanolamide.
  • [0054]
    Most preferably used foam boosting compound of the present invention is cocodimethyl amine oxide.
  • [0055]
    Said compounds add foam enhancement and stability, emulsification and viscosity building properties to the compositions of present invention.
  • [0056]
    Compositions of the present invention comprise 1% to %15 prefferably 2% to %12 of amine oxide compound.
  • [0057]
    Solvents are needed for preventing phasing out the composition and to dissolve some ingredients. Additionally by hand dishwashing compositions they add to the rinsing properties of the composition by dripping out the water from surface of dishes, avoiding water and mineral stains on dishes and providing short drying times.
  • [0058]
    Organic solvents are the main solvents used for this purpose and comprise for the present invention ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, butoxy propoxy propanol, butoxy propanol, butoxy ethanol, , butyl diglycoether, benzyl alcohol, propoxy propoxy propanol, polypropylene glycol, ethers and diethers, alkoxylated glycols, C6-C16 glycol ethers, aliphatic branched alcohols, alkoxylated aliphatic alcohols, alkoxylated linear C1-C5 alcohols, linear C1-C5 alcohols and mixtures thereof.
  • [0059]
    Preffered solvents of the present invention are ethanol, isopropanol, glycol, glycerin, polyethylene glycol, most prefferable ethanol.
  • [0060]
    Used solvent amounts in the present invention may vary between 0.01% to 25% prefferably 1% to 10%.
  • [0061]
    Surfactants interact with skin by binding to skin protein and causing swelling. An example is sodium lauryl sulfate SLS which is limiting its use by hand dishwashing detergents. A solution to this problem constitute use of mild surfactants, use of ethoxylated alcohols and skin compatibility agents which is provided by the present invention.
  • [0062]
    Preservatives which can be optionally used in the present invention compositions at a concentration of 0 % to 3 % weight percentage comprise benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, sodium benzoate, 5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3 dioxane, 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1, 3-diol, alkyl trimethyl ammonium bromide; N- (hydroxymethyl)-N- (1, 3-dihydroxy methyl-2, 5-dioxo-4-imidaxolidinyl-N'- (hydroxy methyl) urea; 1-3-dimethyol- 5, 5-dimethyl hydantoin; formaldehyde; iodopropynl butyl carbamate, butyl paraben; ethyl paraben; methyl paraben; propyl paraben, mixture of methyl isothiazolinone/methyl-chloroisothiazoline; mixture of phenoxythanol/butyl paraben/methyl paraben/propylparaben; 2-phenoxyethanol; tris- hydroxyethyl-hexahydrotriazine; methylisothiazolinone; 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazol- 3-one; 2-methyl-4-isothiazol- 3-one ; 1,2-dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane and mixtures thereof.
  • [0063]
    Prefered preservative of the present invention is mixture of 5-chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazol-3-one and 2-methyl-4-isothiazol- 3-one.
  • [0064]
    Further, compositions of the present invention may contain builder which act as a complexation agent as well, such as ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) and its salts. Prefered salts are alkali salts most prefered tetrasodium salt of EDTA. Polycarboxylated organic acids like citric acid and its salts may be used for complexation purposes as well beside polyphosphate and polyacrylate among others.
  • [0065]
    PH adjusting agents of basic nature such as sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, alkali metal hydroxide, alkali metal carbonate, bicarbonate may be added to the present invention compositions.
  • [0066]
    PH adjusting agents of of acidic nature, organic acids such as citric acid, fumaric acid, inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid may be added to the present invention compositions.
  • [0067]
    Further, salts may be added to the compositions of the present invention. Said salts may be organic or inorganic nature such as sodium chloride, magnesium sulfate, calcium chloride, sodium citrate, sodium sulfate among others.
  • [0068]
    Furthermore fragrance, perfume, hydrotropes, dye, thickening agents among others may be added to the present invention compositions.
  • [0069]
    The following examples are given by way of illustration and therefore should not be construed to limit the scope of the present invention.
  • COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE 1
  • [0070]
    Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid Sodium Salt (LABSA) 16.8
    Sud Caustic (49% aq. NaOH) 4.2%
    Magnesium sulfate 0.6%
    Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfonate (SLES, 2 Ethoxy) 5%
    Cocodimethylamine oxide 0.0%
    Cocoamidopropyl betaine 0.0%
    *Parmetol A-28 S (Preservative) 0.1
    Ethylalcohol 0.0%
    NaCl 1%
    Water 73%
  • EXAMPLE 1
  • [0071]
    Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfonate (SLES, 1 Ethoxy) 20%
    Cocodimethylamine oxide 7.2%
    Cocoamidopropyl betaine 4.2%
    *Parmetol A-28 S (Preservative) 0.1%
    Ethyl alcohol 3%
    NaCl 0.25%
    Na4EDTA 0.1%
    Water 64%
    *Parmetol A-28 S: mixture of 5-Chloro-2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one and 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one
  • [0072]
    Ingredients are added in the order listed with continuous mixing until a clear, smooth and homogenous batch is obtained that is free of lumps and particles. pH is adjusted with sodium hydroxide and or sodium citrate to 8.5 +/- 0.5.
  • EXAMPLE 2
  • [0073]
    Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfonate (SLES, 2 Ethoxy) 10%
    Cocodimethylamine oxide 0.0%
    Cocoamidopropyl betaine 5.75%
    *Parmetol A-28 S (Preservative) 0.1%
    Ethyl alcohol 0.0%
    NaCl 0.25%
    Na4EDTA 0.1%
    Water 84%
  • EXAMPLE 3
  • [0074]
    Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfonate (SLES, 2 Ethoxy) 18%
    Cocodimethylamine oxide 7%
    Cocoamidopropyl betaine 4.2%
    *Parmetol A-28 S (Preservative) 0.1%
    Ethyl alcohol 0.0%
    NaCl 1%
    Na4EDTA 0.2%
    Water 69%
  • TEST METHODS: 1: FOAM HEIGHT TEST
  • [0075]
    Foam height of aqueous solution of respective hand dishwashing compositions are indicative for improved foaming properties thereby for improved cleaning capabilities.
  • [0076]
    For determination of foam height, tests with KRUSS DFA 100 equipment are performed.
  • [0077]
    Thereby, 0.4 gram of cleaning composition is mixed with 500ml of tap water of 22 FR of water hardness, whereby 1 FR is corresponding to 10mg Ca in 1 LT water. 50 ml of this mixture is taken and placed into holding cylinder of KRUSS DFA 100 device. Holding cylinder has the dimensions of 250mm height and 40mm diameter with a propeller at the bottom of the cylinder. This test mixture is stirred 120 seconds with 4000 rpm , stopped, waited 60 seconds and foam height is measured via light transmittance.
  • RESULTS OF FOAM HEIGHT TESTS:
  • [0078]
    Table 1 : Foam heights are measured in mm after stopping stirring and waiting for 60 seconds.
    Example 1 63mm
    Example 2 44mm
    Example 3 62mm
    Comparative Example 1 57mm
  • [0079]
    As can be seen Example 1 which is the prefered composition of present invention ,has highest foam height which is indicative for foaming strength.
  • [0080]
    Example 2 lacks of amine oxide compound which is responsable for foam enhancement therefore resulting as low foam height.
  • [0081]
    Example 3 lacks of organic solvent, apart from that very similar to Ex 1. Considering very similar foam height, organic solvents, in this case ethanol seems not to have an impact on foam height in absence of oil.
  • [0082]
    Comparative Example 1 comprising LABSA which is a good foaming agent but its foam has big bubbles with low duration. This agent is an irritant as well which makes it less desirable.
  • [0083]
    Conclusively composition of present invention has high foam height compared to prior art compositions. With regard to foam height which is related to cleaning strength as well, presence of amine oxide compounds seems to be the most crucial.
  • 2: FOAM HEIGHT TEST IN PRESENCE OF OIL (Foam height against oil containing soil)
  • [0084]
    For determination of foam height in presence of oil tests with KRUSS DFA 100 equipment is performed.
  • [0085]
    Thereby, 4 grams of cleaning composition is mixed with 500ml of tap water of 22 FR of water hardness, whereby 1 FR is corresponding to 10mg Ca in 1 LT water. 40 ml of this mixture is taken and placed into holding cylinder of KRUSS DFA 100 device. 0.25 ml of IKW (Industrieverband Körperpflege und Waschmittel) Standard oil, which is consisting of margarineoil, olive oil, animal fat, butter, korn oil, sunflower oil in equal amounts, is added into this mixture (Corresponding to 3.125 ml of IKW Standard oil / 500ml tap water) .This test mixture is stirred for 120 seconds with 4000 rpm, stopped, waited for 60 seconds and foam height is measured via light transmittance.
  • RESULTS OF FOAM HEIGHT TESTS IN PRESENCE OF OIL:
  • [0086]
    Table 2 : Foam heights measured in mm after stopping stirring and waiting for 60 seconds.
    Example 1 84mm
    Example 2 55mm
    Example 3 65mm
    Comparative Example 1 46mm
  • [0087]
    (See Figure 2 for respective diagrams)
  • [0088]
    As can be seen Example 1 which is the prefered composition of present invention ,has greatest foam height which is indicative for foaming strength in dishwashings with oil presence.
  • [0089]
    Example 2 lacks of amine oxide compound which is responsable for reduced foam, therefore resulting as low foam height in dishwashings with oil presence.
  • [0090]
    Example 3 lacks of organic solvent, apart from that very similar to Ex 1 composition. Considering low foam height,organic solvents, in this case ethanol seems to have a positive impact in dishwashings with oil prersence with regard to foam height consequently foam strength.
  • [0091]
    Comparative Example 1 comprising LABSA which is a good foaming agent but its foam has big bubbles with short duration in case of dishwashings with oil presence as well.
  • [0092]
    Conclusively compositions of present invention has elevated foam height compared to prior art compositions in dishwashings containing oil. Amine oxide has crucial share on foaming performance. Additionally organic solvent addition has a positive impact on foaming capability in presence of oily soil.
  • 3: FOAM BREAKING POINT TEST
  • [0093]
    For determination of foam breaking point which is indicative for foam resistance, tests with KRUSS DFA 100 equipment is performed.
  • [0094]
    Thereby, 0.4 gram of cleaning composition is mixed with 500ml of tap water of 22 FR of water hardness, whereby 1 FR is corresponding to 10mg Ca in 1 LT water. 50 ml of this mixture is taken and placed into holding cylinder of KRUSS DFA 100 device. This test mixture is stirred 120 seconds with 4000 rpm , stopped, and waited until a drop in foam height occurs which is observable from time -foam height curve as the sustained line becomes a curve downwards.
  • RESULTS OF FOAM BREAKING POINT TESTS:
  • [0095]
    Table 3 : Measured time between stopping stirring and beginning of foam breaking.
    Example 1 170 sec
    Example 2 50 sec
    Example 3 100 sec
    Comparative Example 1 73 sec
    (See FIGURE 1 for breaking point observations)
  • [0096]
    As can be seen Example 1 which is the prefered composition of present invention ,has longest foam resistance which is indicative for foaming strength.
  • [0097]
    Example 2 lacks of amine oxide compound which is responsable for foam enhancement therefore resulting as short foam resistance.
  • [0098]
    Example 3 lacks of organic solvent apart from that very similar to Ex 1 composition. Considering moderately lower foam resistance with regard to ethanol comprising Ex 1 composition ,organic solvents, in this case ethanol seems to have a positive impact with regard to foam resistance.
  • [0099]
    Comparative Example 1 comprising LABSA as a good foaming agent but with low duration, additionally lacking of amine oxide seems to lead to decreased foam resistance.
  • [0100]
    Conclusively, compositions of present invention has late foam breaking point which is indicative for foam resistance and high cleaning performance.
  • 4: FOAM DURATION TEST
  • [0101]
    For determination of foam duration, tests with KRUSS DFA 100 equipment is performed.
  • [0102]
    Thereby, 0.4 gramm of cleaning composition is mixed with 500ml of tap water of 22 FR of water hardness, whereby 1 FR is corresponding to 10mg Ca in 1 LT water. 50 ml of this mixture is taken and placed into holding cylinder of KRUSS DFA 100 device. This test mixture is stirred 120 seconds with 4000 rpm , stopped, waited for 10 seconds and foam height is measured against time via light transmittance.
  • RESULTS OF FOAM DURATION TESTS :
  • [0103]
    Table 4: Measured heights at 130 sec. and 250 sec after begin of test and corresponding height decrease in %
    Foam Height Foam Height Decrease of Foam
    after 130 sec. after 250 sec. Height in Percentage
    Example 1: 62.5mm 61.5mm 1.6%
    Example 2: 44.2mm 25.3mm 42%
    Example 3: 63.6mm 51.8mm 18.5%
    Comparative Example 1: 57.8 mm 43.4 mm 24.9%
  • [0104]
    (See FIGURE 1 for respective diagrams)
  • [0105]
    Foam height decrease is calculated as
  • [0106]
    Foam height decrease in % : 130 sec height - 250 sec height/ 130 second height x 100
  • [0107]
    130 sec is corresponding to 120 sec stirring+ 10 sec waiting
  • [0108]
    250 sec is corresponding to 120 sec waiting after 120 sec stirring +10 sec waiting
  • [0109]
    As can be seen Example 1,which is the prefered composition of the present invention , has the most persistent foam height. With %1.6 foam height decrease it is by far the best composition with respect of foam duration which is indicative for better cleaning performance as well.
  • [0110]
    Example 2 lacks of amine oxide compound which is responsable for foam enhancement therefore resulting as short foam resistance and drop of %42 height vs time.
  • [0111]
    Example 3 lacks of organic solvent apart from that very similar to Ex 1 composition. Considering moderate foam duration with regard to ethanol comprising Ex 1 composition ,organic solvents, in this case ethanol seems to have a positive impact with regard to foam duration.
  • [0112]
    Comparative Example 1 comprising LABSA as a good foaming agent but with low duration, additionally lacking of amine oxide seems to lead to decreased foam duration.
  • [0113]
    Conclusively, compositions of present invention has better foam duration properties in comparison with prior art compositions. Especially LABSA containing prior art compositions has low foam duration. Especially in present invention used amine oxides can be considered as essential for foam duration. Presence of organic solvent has a moderate influence for foam duration.
  • [0114]
    By adding oil to the above test composition after stirring, an emulsion is created which is consistent and not breaking for a long time independend type of cleaning composition. Therefore foam duration tests in presence of oil could not be applied.

Claims (22)

  1. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration comprising,
    a)from 3% to 30% by weight of anionic surfactant
    b)from 1% to 15% by weight of foam booster compound
    c)from 1% to 15% by weight of betaine compound
    d)water
  2. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration according to claim 1, comprising
    a)from 8% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 2% to 10 % by weight of betaine compound
    d) from 1% to 20 % by weight of organic solvent or organic solvents or mixture thereof
    e) water
  3. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration according to claim 1, comprising
    a)from 3% to 30% by weight of anionic surfactant
    b)from 1% to 15% by weight of foam booster compound
    c)from 1% to 15% by weight of betaine compound
    d)water
    whereby foam duration has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam height produced with 0.4 gram of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water decreases not more than 10% within 120 seconds after 10 seconds of stopping the stirring.
  4. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration according to claim 3, comprising
    a)from 5% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 2% to 12% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 1% to 10 % by weight of betaine compound
    d) water
    whereby foam duration has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam height produced with 0.4 gram of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water decreases not more than 10% within 120 seconds after 10 seconds of stopping the stirring.
  5. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration according to claim 2, comprising
    a)from 8% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 2% to 10 % by weight of betaine compound
    d) from 1% to 15 % by weight of organic solvent or organic solvents or mixture thereof
    e) water
    whereby foam duration has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam height produced with 0.4 gram of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water decreases not more than 10% within 120 seconds after 10 seconds of stopping the stirring.
  6. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with high foam duration according to claim 5, comprising
    a)from 12% to 24% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate containing 1 ethoxy group
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of cocodimethyl amine oxide
    c)from 2% to 8 % by weight of cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid
    d) from 1% to 12% by weight of Ethanol
    e) water
    whereby foam duration has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam height produced with 0.4 gram of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water decreases not more than 10% within 120 seconds after 10 seconds of stopping the stirring.
  7. A liquid hand dishwashing composition comprising
    a)%20 Sodium lauryl ether sulfate containing 1 ethoxy group
    b) %7 Cocodimethyl amine oxide
    c)%4 Cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid
    d) %3 Ethanol
    e) water
  8. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils comprising,
    a)from 3% to 30% by weight of anionic surfactant
    b)from 1% to 15% by weight of foam booster compound
    c)from 1% to 15% by weight of betaine compound
    d)water
  9. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils according to claim 8, comprising
    a)from 8% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 2% to 10% by weight of betaine compound
    d) from 1% to 20 % by weight of organic solvent or organic solvents or mixture thereof
    e) water
  10. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils according to claim 8, comprising
    a)from 3% to 30% by weight of anionic surfactant
    b)from 1% to 15% by weight of foam booster compound
    c)from 1% to 15% by weight of betaine compound
    d)water
    whereby foam height against oil containing soils has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam produced with 4 grams of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water and 3.125 ml of standard oil, which is containing margarineoil, olive oil, butter, korn oil, animal fat and sunflower oil in equal amounts
    having foam height of at least 60 mm,
    whereby said test mixture is stirred for 120 seconds and foam height is measured after 60 seconds after stopping the stirring.
  11. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils according to claim 10, comprising
    a)from 5% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 2% to 12% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 1% to 10 % by weight of betaine compound
    d) water
    whereby foam height against oil containing soils has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam produced with 4 grams of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water and 3.125 ml of standard oil, which is containing margarineoil, olive oil, butter, korn oil, animal fat and sunflower oil in equal amounts
    having foam height of at least 60 mm,
    whereby said test mixture is stirred for 120 seconds and foam height is measured after 60 seconds after stopping the stirring.
  12. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils according to claim 10, comprising
    a)from 8% to 25% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of amine oxide compound
    c)from 2% to 10 % by weight of betaine compound
    d) from 1% to 15 % by weight of organic solvent or organic solvents or mixture thereof
    e) water
    whereby foam height against oil containing soils has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam produced with 4 grams of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water and 3.125 ml of standard oil, which is containing margarineoil, olive oil, butter, korn oil, animal fat and sunflower oil in equal amounts
    having foam height of at least 60 mm,
    whereby said test mixture is stirred for 120 seconds and foam height is measured after 60 seconds after stopping the stirring.
  13. A liquid hand dishwashing composition with elevated foam height against oil containing soils according to claim 12, comprising
    a)from 12% to 24% by weight of sodium lauryl ether sulfate containing 1 ethoxy group
    b) from 3% to 10% by weight of cocodimethyl amine oxide
    c)from 2% to 8 % by weight of cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid
    d) from 1% to 12% by weight of Ethanol
    e) water
    whereby foam height against oil containing soils has to be determined according to the test method as described in the specification,
    characterized in that,
    foam produced with 4 grams of said hand dishwashing composition mixed with 500ml of tap water and 3.125 ml of standard oil, which is containing margarineoil, olive oil, butter, korn oil, animal fat and sunflower oil in equal amounts
    having foam height of at least 60 mm,
    whereby said test mixture is stirred for 120 seconds and foam height is measured after 60 seconds after stopping the stirring.
  14. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to preceding claims, wherein sodium lauryl ether sulfate contain 1-6 ethoxy groups, preferably 1-3 ethoxy groups, more preferably 1 ethoxy group.
  15. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to preceding claims, wherein amine oxide compound comprises lauryl amido propyl amine oxide, myristal amido propyl amine oxide, lauryl dimethyl amine oxide, alkyl dimethyl amine oxides, cocodimethyl amine oxide, alkyl dihydroxyethyl amine oxides, cocoamidopropyl amine oxide and cocoamide diethanolamide; preferably cocodimethylamine oxide.
  16. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to preceding claims, wherein betaine compound comprises alkylamidepropyl-N,N-dimethyl-2-hydroxypropylsulfobetaine; alkylamidepropyl N, N-dimethylpropylsulfobetaine; lauramidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine; myristamidepropyl-N, N-dimethylacetic acid betaine; alkylhydroxy sulfobetaine; alkylamideamine-type betaine; alkylimidazoline-type betaine; cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid betaine; cocamidepropyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid; preferably cocamide propyl-N,N-dimethylacetic acid.
  17. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to preceding claims, wherein organic solvents used are alcohol, polyalcohol, keton, ether, polyether or mixtures thereof
  18. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to claim 17, wherein prefered organic solvents are ethanol, isopropanol, ethyleneglycol and glycerin, more preferably ethanol.
  19. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to preceding claims, wherein the composition further comprises complexation agent, antibacterial agent, salt, buffering agent, builder and fragrance.
  20. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to claim 19, wherein complexation agent comprises polycarboxylated organic acids, citric acid and its salts, polyphosphate, polyacrylate, EDTA and its salts, preferably EDTA and its salts.
  21. A liquid hand dishwashing composition according to claim 19, wherein antibacterial agent comprises benzalkonium chloride, ethyl paraben, methyl paraben, propyl paraben, benzethonium chloride a thiazol compound or mixtures thereof, methylisothiazolinone, 5-Chloro-2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one and 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one, preferably antibacterial agent is a mixture of 5-Chloro-2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one and 2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one.
  22. Use of liquid hand dishwashing compositions according to preceding claims for removing stains preferably stains with oil.
EP20140002454 2014-07-16 2014-07-16 Hand dishwashing composition with improved foaming properties Withdrawn EP2975107A1 (en)

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EP20140002454 EP2975107A1 (en) 2014-07-16 2014-07-16 Hand dishwashing composition with improved foaming properties
PCT/TR2015/000286 WO2016010501A1 (en) 2014-07-14 2015-07-24 Hand dishwashing composition with improved foaming properties

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WO2017140472A1 (en) * 2016-02-17 2017-08-24 Unilever N.V. Dishwash composition comprising rinse-activatable antifoam

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994004640A1 (en) 1992-08-21 1994-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Concentrated liquid detergent composition comprising an alkyl ether sulphate and a process for making the composition
CA2237694A1 (en) 1995-11-16 1997-05-22 Amway Corporation Liquid dishwashing detergent
US5990065A (en) 1996-12-20 1999-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Dishwashing detergent compositions containing organic diamines for improved grease cleaning, sudsing, low temperature stability and dissolution
US20040005991A1 (en) * 2000-11-29 2004-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Hand dishwashing composition containing a suds suppresser and a method of use therefor
US20040029757A1 (en) * 2002-08-08 2004-02-12 Ecolab Inc. Hand dishwashing detergent composition and methods for manufacturing and using
DE102009005791A1 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-29 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Hand dishwashing detergents with antibacterial effect
EP2420558A1 (en) * 2010-08-17 2012-02-22 The Procter and Gamble Company Stable sustainable hand dish-washing detergents

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994004640A1 (en) 1992-08-21 1994-03-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Concentrated liquid detergent composition comprising an alkyl ether sulphate and a process for making the composition
CA2237694A1 (en) 1995-11-16 1997-05-22 Amway Corporation Liquid dishwashing detergent
US5990065A (en) 1996-12-20 1999-11-23 The Procter & Gamble Company Dishwashing detergent compositions containing organic diamines for improved grease cleaning, sudsing, low temperature stability and dissolution
US20040005991A1 (en) * 2000-11-29 2004-01-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Hand dishwashing composition containing a suds suppresser and a method of use therefor
US20040029757A1 (en) * 2002-08-08 2004-02-12 Ecolab Inc. Hand dishwashing detergent composition and methods for manufacturing and using
DE102009005791A1 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-29 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Hand dishwashing detergents with antibacterial effect
EP2420558A1 (en) * 2010-08-17 2012-02-22 The Procter and Gamble Company Stable sustainable hand dish-washing detergents

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