EP2867434B1 - Blind with two blind head rail - Google Patents

Blind with two blind head rail Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2867434B1
EP2867434B1 EP12880017.4A EP12880017A EP2867434B1 EP 2867434 B1 EP2867434 B1 EP 2867434B1 EP 12880017 A EP12880017 A EP 12880017A EP 2867434 B1 EP2867434 B1 EP 2867434B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
blind
lower
upper
head rail
panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP12880017.4A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2867434A4 (en
EP2867434A1 (en
Inventor
Mario M. MAROCCO
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Maxxmar Inc
Original Assignee
Maxxmar Inc
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Maxxmar Inc filed Critical Maxxmar Inc
Priority to PCT/CA2012/000636 priority Critical patent/WO2014000078A1/en
Publication of EP2867434A1 publication Critical patent/EP2867434A1/en
Publication of EP2867434A4 publication Critical patent/EP2867434A4/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2867434B1 publication Critical patent/EP2867434B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • E06B9/42Parts or details of roller blinds, e.g. suspension devices, blind boxes
    • E06B9/50Bearings specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/262Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with flexibly-interconnected horizontal or vertical strips; Concertina blinds, i.e. upwardly folding flexible screens
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/28Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with horizontal lamellae, e.g. non-liftable
    • E06B9/30Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with horizontal lamellae, e.g. non-liftable liftable
    • E06B9/32Operating, guiding, or securing devices therefor
    • E06B9/323Structure or support of upper box
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B2009/2405Areas of differing opacity for light transmission control
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B2009/2423Combinations of at least two screens
    • E06B2009/2447Parallel screens
    • E06B2009/2452Parallel screens moving independently
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • E06B2009/405Two rollers

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to blinds for windows, in which there are at least two separate panels of blind material, which may hang one behind the other or singly. The panels can be adjusted for various light and shade effects , and can provide substantially complete black out if required, or can be drawn up to the headrail.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • In the past, conventional blinds for windows have typically been either venetian style blinds with transverse strips, or so called vertical blinds. These blinds could have a mechanism whereby the strips could be rotated between closed and open positions. However in the open position, in which light is transmitted into the room, there was also a loss of privacy. In the closed position, the light was obscured, but never completely excluded.
  • Other blinds are known which simply consist of a panel of thick flexible material, wound onto a roller in a headrail. The material can be pulled down for privacy, and to obscure the light, or raised, to allow passage of light, but with loss of privacy.
  • Recent developments in blind design have found that consumers are interested in obtaining blinds with a greater variety of light and shade effects, but which none the less provide for privacy.
  • For this purpose , a continuous sheet of blind material may be provided, which hangs down double, over the window opening, and forms a loop. The sheet is preferably somewhat translucent and is stored on a roller in the head rail. The free end of the sheet is fixed up in the head rail , and the other end of the sheet is attached to the roller in the head rail. This material is light permeable, but provides privacy. For example the material may have alternating bars or strips of more and less translucent material. When hanging in a loop the material will allow more light through the more translucent lighter strips and less through the less translucent darker strips.. By adjusting the loop it is possible to allow more light into the space.
  • By slightly readjusting the loop so as to bring the darker strips into registration, it is possible to reduce the light in the space..
  • The blind may incorporate a bottom rail which is weighted to keep the loop hanging down. A free running guide roller may be incorporated in the bottom rail.. The loop runs freely, in the bottom rail, around the guide roller. In this way the material can be adjusted, or can be retracted right up into the head rail.
  • In another embodiment a second blind panel is stored in the head rail and is formed of opaque blackout material. When complete light exclusion is required this second panel can be lowered.
  • In this embodiment both blind panels are stored in the same head rail, on separate rollers.
  • The design of a blind header rail providing two rollers, for handling two such panels, and which may provide for relative movement between one portion of the first panel and another portion , and also the provision of the second roller for the second panel, presents numerous problems. In the first place the head rail must be compact and aesthetically pleasing. Desirably the blind head rail shall occupy no more space, or only slightly more space at the top of the window opening than previously known blinds. The operation of the separate blind panels must be simple and capable of being operated by either manual controls, or in the case of more complex designs by means of power controls, and even remotely operated power controls.
  • The rollers will preferably be arranged as upper and lower rollers. Each roller would carry a blind panel.
  • The upper blind , on the upper roller, will be guided to pass around the lower roller, and separate from the lower blind on the lower roller.
  • Where the lower blind is a double panel , with a weighted bottom rail, the lower blind passes around a free running guide roller within the bottom rail. When the lower blind is retracted up, the material continues to roll freely around the guide roller in the bottom rail.
  • In addition, it is also desirable to provide control mechanism for the upper roller and control mechanism for the lower roller in the blind head rail by means which either or both of lower and upper panels can be operated up or down and by which both can be raised up out of the window opening, so as to leave the window opening clear and free of the blind all together, if desired.
  • The blind controls are usually chains or cords, hanging down from the headrail, and controlling the rollers.
  • One of the problems experienced with such cords is that some space must be allowed for the cord loops to hang beside one edge of the blind panels.
  • This space along one vertical edge of the blind panels , then allows some light in, and the blind fails to obscure all light.
  • Another problem is that when an operator manipulates the cords, the edges of the panels gradually become damaged. The appearance, and life, of the blind is therefor impaired.
  • Another problem occurs from possible friction within the head rail.
  • Since there are two blind panels, and two blind panel rollers, in the head rail, it is desirable to lead one blind panel in a path which minimises contact with the other blind panel. Any such contact between the two blind panels, may cause friction between them, when either panel is adjusted.
  • Such friction in some cases may result in some degree of damage to one or other of the panels.
  • In some cases a certain degree of friction may be inevitable, and may be acceptable in lower cost blinds, or may be reduced by the use of materials which generate less friction.
  • Similar problems arise when a blind has an upper roller with a black out shade, and where the lower blind is for example an accordion pleat blind, or a venetian or vertical type blind , and where a lower blind attachment is of the type where the lower blind is not mounted on a roller but is drawn up or lowered by control cords, or is simply drawn to one side as in the case of vertical blinds.
  • The documents CN 2 495 783 Y , US 2 280 358 A and WO 2007/004852 A1 show known blinds for a building opening with a head rail attachable to the opening and defining upper and lower regions with an upper blind roller, and a lower blind roller, respectively.
  • BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • With a view to achieving the foregoing desirable features, the invention provides a blind for a building opening, and having a head rail, attachable adjacent the building opening, according to claim 1. The lower blind attachment may be a linear elongate member or a lower roller, depending on the type of the lower blind. In one embodiment the lower blind is a panel formed into a loop of material, and a lower blind bottom rail is provided, and having a free running roller, and in which the loop of the lower blind panel passes around the free running roller in the bottom rail. In one embodiment the invention may provide such a blind in which the lower blind panel has a free end secured in the head rail , and a second end attached to the lower blind roller in the head rail. Transverse blind strips , alternating between light permeable or translucent strips, and less permeable or dark strips, are formed in the lower blind panel , at spaced intervals there across. The bottom rail provides a mass weight to hold the loop of the lower blind panel in position.
  • Blind panel control mechanism in the head rail enables the lower blind panel to be adjusted so that one portion of the loop moves relative to the other. During such adjustment the blind panel material passes freely around the free running guide roller in the bottom rail In this way the alternating blind strips can be adjusted between open and closed positions.
  • Preferably the free end of the lower panel is attached within the head rail in a position such that contact between the two portions of the looped blind panel are kept to a minimum as far as possible.
  • An attachment wall may be incorporated in the head rail for holding the free end of the lower panel, free from contact with either the lower blind or the upper blind. Preferably the bottom rail has a hollow channel shaped roller housing, defining an upwardly directed open mouth, and a free running roller located in said housing , said free running roller having a diameter greater than the width of said channel open mouth whereby to trap said roller within said housing.
  • In order to support the lower blind , a lower blind attachment may be in the form of a support wall which is secured to the front of the head rail, and extends partially towards the rear, with the lower blind secured to the support wall.
  • A space at the rear of the head rail permits the upper blind to depend freely down behind the lower blind..
  • The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with more particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its use, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which there are illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the invention.
  • IN THE DRAWINGS
    • Figure 1 is a general perspective of a typical blind illustrating the invention and showing a first looped blind panel, with alternating light and dark transverse blind strips, and a second opaque blind panel , and a head rail;
    • Figure 2 is a section along line 2-2 of fig 1;
    • Figure 3 is a section along line 3-3 of Fig 1;
    • Figure 4 is an exploded perspective of one end of the headrail;
    • Figure 5 is a section corresponding to Fig 2 showing another embodiment;
    • Figure 6 is a perspective of another embodiment;
    • Figure 6A is a section of an alternate light baffle;
    • Figure 7 is a side elevation of another embodiment; showing a vertical strip blind as the front panel, and a dark effect material as the second panel;.
    • Figure 8 is a side elevation of another embodiment showing a concertina material as the front panel and a dark effect material as the second panel;
    • Figure 9 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing both first and second panels as being material wound onto rollers;
    • Figure 10 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing the head rail of the previous embodiment adapted for use with a single blind panel, with control elements hanging forwardly of the blind panel;
    • Figure 11 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel formed of two sheets of translucent material, with transverse strips extending between the two sheets , and showing a second dark blind panel;
    • Figure 12 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel, formed into a loop and passing around a roller in the bottom rail;
    • Figure 13 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel in the form of a loop with its free end secured in the head rail, on a curved wall;
    • Figure 14 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel in the form of a loop, with its free end attached to a rear wall of the head rail ;
    • Figure 15 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel in the form of a loop with its free end attached to a front wall of the head rail;
    • Figure 16 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel in the form of a loop with its free end secured to the top wall of the head rail.
    DESCRIPTION OF A SPECIFIC EMBODIMENT
  • It will be seen that the blind illustrated generally as (10), comprises a head rail (12) and a bottom rail (14). The blind is typically located over a building opening such as a window.
  • The blind , in this first embodiment, provides a first or lower looped translucent blind panel (16) and a second or upper opaque blind panel (18). It will be seen that the first and second blind panels are supported so as to hang vertically. The second panel (18) has the usual bottom rail.
  • The first or lower blind is located in a lower region of the head rail, and is the lower or front blind.
  • The second blind panel is located in an upper region of the head rail, and is the upper or rear blind.
  • First blind panel (16) is a continuous strip which passes around a bottom rail roller (20) in the bottom rail (14), and the free end is secured back up in the head rail (to be described below), so as to hold the looped panel in position.
  • As shown the front blind panel in this embodiment is a loop, so that its two portions form in effect two panel portions hanging down , one panel portion being spaced in front and the other behind.
  • The two panel portions can be considered as a front panel portion and an intermediate panel portion.
  • The second blind panel, which is the upper panel, hangs rearwardly behind the front and intermediate panel portions.
  • The first and second blind panels are spaced apart from one another.
  • The first blind panel, in this embodiment, is formed of light permeable material, which is at least partly translucent, so that light can pass through and permit at least some light to pass into the interior of the building, even when the first panel is lowered.
  • In order to provide for a variable lighting effect, namely a greater or lesser exclusion of light, first blind panel (16) is provided with transverse darker blind strips (22). Strips (22) are formed of thicker or darker material such that it is at least less light permeable, than the fabric of the blind panel. The strips (22) are located at spaced intervals. Between the strips (22), spaces or strips (24) of the fabric of the first panel (16) are more light permeable., thus providing alternating light and dark strips.
  • As shown, the first panel hangs down in a loop. At its lower end it passes freely into and out of bottom rail (14), described below. Within rail (14), the free running roller or rod (20), guides and controls the first blind material. By adjusting the loop it is possible to either align the dark strips (22) in the two parts of the loop with each other, and thus align the light strips (24) with each other. This will provide passage of light through the lighter strips. By adjusting the loop slightly, the dark strips (22) in one part of the loop can be made to align or register with the light strips (24) in the other part of the loop , providing more privacy and less light.
  • By suitable mechanism (described below) the first and second blind panels can be adjusted, and raised or lowered, and can also be retracted back up into the head rail (12) in order to provide a completely open area in the building opening or window.
  • In order to provide for these functions the head rail (12) carries an upper second panel roller (30) located in an upper region of the head rail , and a lower blind attachment, in this case a lower roller (32) which is located in a lower region of the head rail.
  • The two rollers define axes which are parallel, but spaced vertically apart from one another. Roller (32) is located below the roller (30).
  • It will be noted that the lower blind hangs from the rearward side of its roller.
  • Similarly the upper blind hangs rearwardly from its roller. Both blinds therefor hang on the same side of their respective rollers, which makes for a more compact aesthetically please profile for the head rail.
  • The two rollers are operable, in this embodiment by control elements which in this case comprise respective first and second control cords , chains or the like , (34) and (36). Head rail (12) comprises an elongated transverse channel , preferably formed of suitable material such as thermoplastic material , or a metal extrusion, and having screw receiving mouldings (40) formed therein.
  • Head rail (12) defines a front cover wall (42), a top wall (44) and a back wall (46). Suitable mounting devices (not shown), for securing the blind to a building, can be secured to the back wall or top wall, depending on the fabric of the building to which it is to be attached.
  • At each end of head rail (12) there is an end cap (48), preferably formed of thermoplastic.
  • The end cap (48) defines a flat planar exterior.
  • Screws can be passed through the end cap and secured in screw mouldings (40) in head rail (12).
  • End cap (48) comprises a main body (50) formed with integral upper and lower hub bearings (54) and (56), for carrying ends of respective rollers (30) and (32) ..
  • An upper stub sleeve (58) is rotatably mounted in upper hub bearing (54) A lower stub sleeve (60) is rotatably mounted in lower hub bearing (56).
  • An upper drive gear (62), mounted on hub (54) is connected to the upper stub sleeve (58),
    A lower drive gear (64) mounted on hub (56) is connected to the lower stub sleeve (60).
  • Cover plate (66) has openings which fit over the sleeves (58) and (60) and is secured to main body (50).
  • The drive gears receive respective control elements, in this case respective upper and lower control cords (34) and (36).
  • Such cords, as is well known, hang down in endless loops, and one or other of the loop portions can be grasped and drawn down, to operate the respective blinds.
  • The cords, in this case , are the typical metal chain cord, having metal spheres connected together by wire links, such as are well known in the art. The spheres are also commonly made of thermoplastic, in a variety of colours.
  • Cords of other designs are known and could be used. All such cords, whether chains, or cords of any other type are referred to herein as control elements or cords, wherever these words are used, and are deemed to include all such chains, cords, and the like of whatever type.
  • The cord for the upper roller hangs well forward of the edges of the first and second blind panels (16) and (18).
  • The cord for the lower roller hangs forward of the edges of the first and second blind panels.
  • The main body (50) of the end cap (48) is formed with an upper cord guide rib (70) and an intermediate guide rib (72), and a lower guide rib (74).
  • The ribs (70) and (72) and (74) define between them cord paths or channels for the upper cord. The ribs thus guide the upper cord loop downwardly and extend in an arc around and forward of the lower sleeve (60), and gear (64).
  • In this way the cord loop for the upper hub shaft will hang well forward of the edges of the first and second blind panels (16) and (18).
  • The lower cord loop extends around lower drive gear (64) and is enclosed by ribs (74) and (76) forming a cord guide path or channel, for the lower cords.
  • Lower rib (76) is hollow and rounded and extends at (78) forward to, or beyond , the axis of lower hub (56). Lower rib (78) thus guides the lower cord loop so that it too hangs forward of the edges of the first and second blind panels.
  • While the guide ribs are formed integrally with the main body, in this example, they could be formed separately, and attached, or held in position, in various ways.
  • Upper blind roller (32) makes a friction fit on sleeves (58), at each end.
  • Lower blind roller (30) makes a friction fit on sleeves (60) at each end.
  • Each blind roller has a groove (79) in which edges of the respective blind panels are secured.
  • An intermediate loop fastening wall (82) which in this case is formed of extruded metal for example, but could be formed in other ways, is secured in a groove (80) inside the front wall (42) of the head rail (12).
  • The wall (82) is, in this case , removable, by sliding out of the groove. However, the wall could be permanently fastened to the head rail, or could be formed integrally with the head rail.
  • The fastening wall (82) extends between the upper and lower rollers (30) and (32), and terminates adjacent to but spaced from the back wall (46). A first blind panel loop fastening groove (84) is formed along the free edge of wall (82). The free end of front looped blind panel (16) is secured in groove (84), in this embodiment.
  • In operation the first or front panel (16) can be lowered, while the second panel (18) remains retracted.
  • As front panel (16) is lowered it will run around roller (20) in the bottom rail (14).
  • If light is required then the front or lower panel can be adjusted so the dark strips (22) align with each other. This will allow passage of light through the intervening light strips. (24)
  • If less light is required, or for greater privacy, the front panel can be adjusted so that the dark strips line up with the lighter intervening strips..
  • It will be seen that the front or lower panel forms in effect two panel portions, namely a front portion and an intermediate portion, spaced from one another. Adjustment of the front and intermediate portions relative to one another, changes the lighting effect inside the building space.
  • For substantially complete light exclusion the second or upper blind panel (18) is lowered. However the first panel may be allowed to remain hanging down and provides a pleasing aesthetic decorative effect.
  • The first or lower blind panel hangs down from the rearward side of lower roller (32), clear of the control cords.
  • The second or upper blind hangs downwardly from the rearward side of upper roller (30), keeping it also clear of the cords.
  • By this arrangement the profile of the head rail can be maintained as slim as possible, and thus provide an aesthetic appearance, without obtruding into the building interior. In addition since the object of the blind itself is to control the light entering the building space, the result of keeping both lower and upper blinds to the rear of the head rail, ensures that as far as possible, light is prevented from entering , around the edges of the two panels. In other words, this arrangement keeps both blinds as close as possible to the actual window. The operation of the blind panels by the cords and the manipulation of the cords, can be managed forwardly of the two blind panels, and without contacting their edges.
  • In addition by guiding the cord loops to hang forwardly, the blind panels can fill the full width of the building opening or window, and thus provide maximum privacy, and exclusion of light.
  • A somewhat simplified embodiment is shown in Fig 5.
  • In this case the front blind panel (90) is a single sheet. There is no loop.
  • The lower end is attached to a bottom rail (92).
  • The fastening wall extrusion (82) of Fig 2 has been removed as it is not required. There is no dead end of the front panel (90) to be secured, in the head rail.
  • The second or dark panel (94) is similar to the second panel of Fig 2.
  • The control cords and guides are the same as in Fig 2, and have the same reference numbers.
  • The cords are guided, as before, forwardly of the edges of the first and second panels Another possible variation is shown in Fig 6.
  • In this case the front blind panel control cord (96) is shown located at one end of the head rail, and the control cord (98) for the second panel is located at the opposite end of the head rail.
  • In this case the end caps (100) are the same as in Fig 2 , and both sets of control cords are guided forwardly of the edges of the two blind panels.
  • In some cases , it may be desirable to add an edge channel (102), by attaching it directly to the building fabric down each side of the opening. The edges of the second, dark panel (94) are received in the channels.
  • In this way light which might otherwise find its way around the edges of the dark panel (94), is eliminated..
  • The channels (102) could be replaced by simple L-shaped baffles (104), Fig 6A, where the building fabric provides a suitable portion to which it may be bonded It is possible that the same headrail can be used for a simpler blind with only a single blind panel. In such a case there would be only one cord loop (not shown), but it would still be guided by the appropriate ribs and hang forwardly of the blind panel, so as to avoid damage to the edge of the panel, and also to avoid the need for allowing space for the cords, which might permit light to enter..
  • The use of the forward guiding of the control cords thus has the result of permitting the blind panel, or panels, to be made to the full width of the window opening, and so provide for more effective light exclusion, when required.
  • The head rail can be adapted for use with a variety of different types of blind designs.
  • Fig 7 shows the head rail (120), modified somewhat to support a typical vertical blind. Thus head rail (120) has a front wall extension (122) formed integrally.
  • Extension (122) is of generally L-shaped section, having a horizontal support wall (124) and a vertical front wall (126).
  • Any suitable trim strip (128) can be supported in vertical wall (126) in known manner. A lower blind attachment, in this case a transverse elongated linear blind track (130), of known design can be simply secured to the underside of support wall (124). Trolleys (132) on track (130) carry vertical strips (134), in known manner Such vertical blinds can be operated by cords, or by wands, in known manner.
  • Within head rail (120) a single upper roller (136) carries a second upper blind panel (138). This is formed of opaque dark effect material.
  • Suitable cords (not shown) are provided for operation of roller (136), being guided forwardly of the edge of panel (138) by guides such as shown in Figs 1 to 6 .
  • Thus the vertical strips forming the first blind panel can be deployed to provide some privacy, and some light exclusion, as desired.
  • By this arrangement the upper or second blind panel can hang freely down in the rear area of the head rail, without interference from the lower blind carried on the support wall (124)
  • When darkness is required the upper or second panel (138) can be lowered. Figure 8 shows another embodiment. In this case the front or first panel is of concertina type blind material (140), typically made from semi translucent material.. In this case the head rail (142) has a single roller (144) for the second or upper panel (146), similar to Fig 7, being formed from opaque dark effect material. The front or lower panel is supported by a lower blind attachment, in this case by a horizontal support wall (148).
  • Wall (148) is attachable to front wall of head rail (142), by a slide flange (149) fitting in a channel (150) formed in head rail (142).
  • The support wall (148) defines two ridges (152), and a rectangular tubular blind housing (154) is slideably attached to the ridges. In this way the attachment of the lower concertina type blind leaves the rear area of head rail (142) clear of obstruction, and the upper blind panel can hang down freely.
  • Suitable control cords (not shown) are provided (not shown), similar to Fig 7.
  • Another embodiment is shown in Fig 9 .
  • In this case the head rail (160) is similar to Figs 1 to 5, with guides for the control cords, as already described.
  • In this case the front panel (162) is a simple single panel of semi translucent material, which may , for example be of natural origin, such as bamboo, or other semi translucent fabrics such as are well known.
  • The second panel (166) is of dark effect opaque material , as before.
  • Suitable controls operate the respective first and second panels., as before.
  • Fig 10 shows essentially the same embodiment as Fig 9, but in this case only the one blind panel (168) is shown, on a single roller (170). The head rail is of the same design as Fig 9, but the space for the front roller, of Fig 9, is simply unused.
  • Another embodiment is shown in Fig 11.
  • This appears to be similar to the Fig 2 embodiment.
  • However in this case the front or first panel (180) consists of two separte sheets of semi translucent material (182) and (184). The two sheets hang from the same roller (186). The two sheets are in fact adapted to be wound up, or lowered from the one roller (186).
  • Between the two sheets there are a plurality of transverse strips (188) of generally S-shaped configuration. The strips (188) are bonded or joined in other ways, to respective sheets (182) and (184).
  • The roller control mechanism is of a type known per se, and permits the two sheets to be arranged to hang as shown in Fig 11, so that they are separated from each other, with one sheet wound up on one side of the roller, and the other sheet wound up on the other side of the roller.
  • When in this configuration the transverse strips are displaced apart from each other as shown in Fig 11 .
  • This permits a greater amount of light to pass through the two sheets , into the interior of the building.
  • By manipulation of the roller, the two sheets (182) and (184) can be displaced relative to one another, so that they will hang from the same side of the roller. This will cause the strips (188) to become rearranged so that they lie in more or less a vertical arrangement. The edges of the strips will register or overlap. This will block passage of more light, giving greater privacy.
  • Channels (190) and (192) are formed in roller (186) and receive the edges of respective sheets (182) and (184).
  • The second panel (194) .hangs from upper roller (196), and is formed from opaque dark effect material. In this way the front panel can be manipulated, to provide more or less light, and gives a decorative appearance.
  • Panel (194) can be lowered when light exclusion is required.
  • Figure 12 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel (200), formed into a loop and passing around a roller (202) in the bottom rail (204)
  • The bottom rail has two semi cylindrical walls (206) defining a semi-cylindrical channel (208), with an upwardly directed open mouth (210). The panel (200) fits around roller (202), and is trapped between walls (206), but is free to rotate with roller (202) within channel (208).
  • Figure 13 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel (212) in the form of a loop with its free end (214) secured in a groove (213) to a curved support wall (216), formed of metal, or extruded thermoplastic. The wall is secured to a groove (217) on the interior of a rear portion of the head rail.. Its shape enables it to encircle the upper roller and dark blind (218), without contact.
  • Figure 14 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel (220) in the form of a loop, with its free end (222) attached directly to a groove (223) in the rear wall of the head rail
  • in this embodiment the panel (220) will actually contact the dark blind panel (224) on upper roller and also the front panel (220) on the lower roller. This may result in some wear, if the panels are adjusted frequently, but may be satisfactory for some circumstances.
  • Figure 15 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel (226) in the form of a loop with its free end (228) attached to a groove (229) in the front wall of the head rail.
  • In this case the front panel will be in contact with itself, where the free end runs around lower roller (230), but will not contact the dark panel on the upper roller..
  • Figure 16 is a side elevation of another embodiment, showing a front blind panel (232) in the form of a loop with its free end (234) secured to a groove (236) in the top wall of the head rail. In this case there will be some slight contact between the free end (234) and both the dark blind on the upper roller, and with the front panel on the lower roller. However since the two contact areas are relatively small, the wear will be slight.

Claims (12)

  1. A blind for a building opening, and having a head rail (12), attachable adjacent the building opening, said head rail (12) defining upper and lower regions, and comprising:
    an upper blind roller (30), located in said upper region of said head rail (12),
    a lower blind attachment (32) located in said lower region of said head rail (12),
    an upper blind (18) stored on said upper blind roller (30),
    a lower blind (16) stored on said lower blind attachment (32),
    upper blind control mechanism (62) operable to lower and raise said upper blind (18),
    lower blind control mechanism (64) operable to operate said lower blind (16) wherein said upper blind roller (30) is located with an upper axis along an upper plane in said head rail (12) and said lower blind attachment (32) is located on a lower axis along a lower plane within said head rail (12), said axes being displaced vertically from one another, and wherein said upper blind (18) is operable to depend down beside a predetermined side of said lower blind attachment (32), and wherein said lower blind (16) is operable to depend down alongside but spaced from said upper blind (18), to provide a head rail having a slim, aesthetically pleasing profile, wherein said upper and lower control mechanisms (62, 64) include blind panel control elements (36, 34) for each of said blinds (18, 16) whereby the same can be stored in the head rail (12), characterized in that said upper blind (18) is an opaque black out blind, and said lower blind (16) is a semi translucent blind, whereby when said upper blind (18) is raised and said lower blind (16) is deployed, some light will pass in, and wherein when said upper blind (18) is lowered light is substantially excluded, and in that the blind further includes blind control guide ribs (70,72,74) for guiding said control elements (36,34) and locating said control elements (36,34) forward of the edges of said upper and lower blinds (16, 18).
  2. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the lower blind panel (16) comprises translucent material with transverse dark blind strips (22) at spaced intervals there across.
  3. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 2 and further characterised by including a bottom rail (14) defining a hollow channel, and a lower panel guide roller (20) in said bottom rail (14), and wherein said lower blind panel (16) runs around said guide roller (20).
  4. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 1 and further characterised in that said head rail (12) defines a front wall (42), a top wall (44), and a back wall (46).
  5. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 4 and further characterised by including a curved lower blind support wall (216) secured to said rear wall (46) of said head rail (12), and extending around said upper roller (30), and a lower blind panel attachment (213) on said support wall engaging a free end (214) of said lower panel (212).
  6. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 5 and further characterised by including a groove formed in said rear wall (46) of said head rail (12) for attachment of said support wall (216).
  7. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 1 and further characterised in that said lower panel (212) defines a loop with a free end (228), and in that a groove is included in said head rail (12) for securing said free end (228) in said head rail (12).
  8. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 4, and further characterised in that a groove on said top wall (44) of said head rail (12) secures a free end (214), the free end (214) passes around and contacts said upper blind (18).
  9. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 7, and further characterised in that said lower panel (212) defines a free end (214) and a groove is provided in said rear wall (46) of said head rail (12), and said free end (214) is secured in the groove and passes around and contacts said upper blind (18) and said lower blind (16).
  10. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 1 and further characterised in that said lower blind (16) is of concertina type semi translucent blind material (140).
  11. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 1, and further characterised in that said head rail (12) defines a front wall, and including a horizontal support wall (124) secured to said front wall of said head rail (12), and wherein an elongated linear member (132) is secured to a support wall (124), and said lower blind comprises vertical blind slats (134).
  12. A blind for a building opening as claimed in Claim 11, and further characterised by including an attachment channel (150) formed in said front wall of said head rail (12) beneath said upper roller (140), and an attachment flange (149) formed on said horizontal support wall (124), and being inter fitted in an attachment channel (150).
EP12880017.4A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Blind with two blind head rail Active EP2867434B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/CA2012/000636 WO2014000078A1 (en) 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Blind with two blind head rail

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2867434A1 EP2867434A1 (en) 2015-05-06
EP2867434A4 EP2867434A4 (en) 2016-05-25
EP2867434B1 true EP2867434B1 (en) 2017-10-04

Family

ID=49781980

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP12880017.4A Active EP2867434B1 (en) 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Blind with two blind head rail

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2867434B1 (en)
JP (1) JP6228973B2 (en)
CN (1) CN104411910B (en)
AU (1) AU2012384331B2 (en)
BR (1) BR112014031127A2 (en)
IL (1) IL236512D0 (en)
MX (1) MX354296B (en)
WO (1) WO2014000078A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9062493B2 (en) 2011-05-16 2015-06-23 Maxxmar Inc. Blind assembly with two blind head rail
JP2015218430A (en) * 2014-05-13 2015-12-07 立川ブラインド工業株式会社 Blind operation device

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JP2005351006A (en) * 2004-06-11 2005-12-22 Tachikawa Blind Mfg Co Ltd Blocking material operation device of sunlight blocking apparatus

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US2280358A (en) * 1939-08-09 1942-04-21 Tietig Chester Window shade or the like
US4151871A (en) * 1978-05-22 1979-05-01 Ryan J Michael Extendable retractable insulative enclosure for a window and the like of a building
US4453584A (en) * 1981-05-22 1984-06-12 Steele Richard S Sealing system for movable insulation
DE3341485A1 (en) * 1983-11-17 1985-05-30 Weiblen Rolf Diether Waermedaemmendes window
JPH0486896U (en) * 1990-11-30 1992-07-28
US5647421A (en) * 1995-06-06 1997-07-15 Hunter Douglas Inc. Dual shape assembly
US5664613A (en) * 1996-06-03 1997-09-09 Verosol Usa Inc. Light control window covering
JP2000110462A (en) * 1998-10-09 2000-04-18 Seiki Juko Kk Screen device
CN2495783Y (en) * 2001-05-30 2002-06-19 深圳市中延实业有限公司 Double layered and horizontally placed rolling door device
US6941996B2 (en) * 2003-05-21 2005-09-13 Springs Window Fashions Lp Double shade with modular end caps and method of assembling same
KR200365028Y1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2004-10-19 변태웅 A Height And Blight Control Type Blind
WO2007004852A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-11 Wintec Korea Inc. Multiple choice shade system
GB2481846B (en) * 2010-07-09 2012-08-29 Intaview Ltd A window unit

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JP2005351006A (en) * 2004-06-11 2005-12-22 Tachikawa Blind Mfg Co Ltd Blocking material operation device of sunlight blocking apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
MX354296B (en) 2018-02-23
CN104411910B (en) 2016-06-15
CN104411910A (en) 2015-03-11
KR20150031313A (en) 2015-03-23
IL236512D0 (en) 2015-02-26
AU2012384331A2 (en) 2015-02-05
EP2867434A4 (en) 2016-05-25
AU2012384331A1 (en) 2015-01-22
BR112014031127A2 (en) 2017-06-27
AU2012384331B2 (en) 2017-10-19
JP2015521699A (en) 2015-07-30
EP2867434A1 (en) 2015-05-06
MX2014015208A (en) 2015-08-20
WO2014000078A1 (en) 2014-01-03
JP6228973B2 (en) 2017-11-08

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