CN104411910B - Having tracks on both shutters blinds - Google Patents

Having tracks on both shutters blinds Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104411910B
CN104411910B CN201280074404.4A CN201280074404A CN104411910B CN 104411910 B CN104411910 B CN 104411910B CN 201280074404 A CN201280074404 A CN 201280074404A CN 104411910 B CN104411910 B CN 104411910B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shutters
lower
louver
rail
upper
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CN201280074404.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104411910A (en
Inventor
马里奥·M·马罗科
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马科斯码股份有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CA2012/000636 priority Critical patent/WO2014000078A1/en
Publication of CN104411910A publication Critical patent/CN104411910A/en
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Publication of CN104411910B publication Critical patent/CN104411910B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • E06B9/42Parts or details of roller blinds, e.g. suspension devices, blind boxes
    • E06B9/50Bearings specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/262Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with flexibly-interconnected horizontal or vertical strips; Concertina blinds, i.e. upwardly folding flexible screens
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/28Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with horizontal lamellae, e.g. non-liftable
    • E06B9/30Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds with horizontal lamellae, e.g. non-liftable liftable
    • E06B9/32Operating, guiding, or securing devices therefor
    • E06B9/323Structure or support of upper box
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B2009/2405Areas of differing opacity for light transmission control
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B2009/2423Combinations of at least two screens
    • E06B2009/2447Parallel screens
    • E06B2009/2452Parallel screens moving independently
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/40Roller blinds
    • E06B2009/405Two rollers

Abstract

一种百叶窗,其具有带上区域和下区域的上轨(12),并且具有上百叶窗卷轮(30)、下百叶窗附接件(32)、在所述上百叶窗卷轮(30)上的上百叶窗(18)、在所述下百叶窗附接件(32)上的下百叶窗(16)、以及上下百叶窗控制机构(62、64),其中,所述上百叶窗(18)可操作地在所述下百叶窗附接件(32)的预定侧旁边垂下来,并且所述下百叶窗(16)可操作地与所述上百叶窗(18)并排垂下来并且与所述上百叶窗(18)间隔隔开,从而提供轮廓纤细且美观的上轨。 One kind of blinds, having an upper rail (12) and lower regions of the band, and has an upper louver reel (30), the louver attachment member (32), the shutters on the reel (30) shutters (18), the attachment louvered blinds (16) (32), and the vertical blind control means (62, 64) of the lower, wherein said shutters (18) being operable to next to the predetermined side of said louver attachment member (32) hanging down, and the lower shutters (16) operatively associated with the shutters (18) of the hanging side by side and spaced louvers (18) on said spacer , thereby providing a slim and aesthetic profile rail.

Description

具有两个百叶窗上轨的百叶窗 Having tracks on both shutters blinds

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及用于窗户的百叶窗,其中,至少有两个独立的百叶窗材料板,这两个百叶窗材料板可以是一个悬挂在另一个的后面或者单独地悬挂。 [0001] The present invention relates to blinds for windows, wherein at least two independent louver plate material, the two shutters may be a sheet of material hanging behind the other or separately suspended. 可以调节这两个板以实现各种光影效果,并且,若需要,可以提供基本上完全的遮光效果,或者,可以拉至上轨。 Two plates may be adjusted to achieve various lighting effects, and, if desired, may provide substantially complete shielding effect or may pull oriented track.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]过去,窗户用的传统百叶窗通常是带有横条的威尼斯风格的百叶窗或者是所谓的垂直百叶窗。 [0002] In the past, traditional window blinds are generally used with Venetian blinds or the bar is a so-called vertical blinds. 这些百叶窗可以具有使百叶窗条可以在关闭与打开位置之间转动的机构。 These shutters may be louver has a closed and an open position between the rotational means. 然而,在打开位置中,光透射到房间中,还失去了隐私。 However, in the open position, the light transmission into the room, also lost his privacy. 在关闭位置中,光被挡住,但是却未将光完全阻挡在外。 In the closed position, the light is blocked, but failed to completely block out the light.

[0003]已知的还有其他百叶窗,简单由厚的柔性材料板构成,卷绕到上轨中的卷轮上。 [0003] There are other known blinds, composed of a simple sheet of flexible material is thick, wound onto the reel on the rail. 出于隐私和挡光,该材料可被拉下来,也可以将该材料升起使光透进来,但却损失了隐私。 For privacy and light blocking, the material can be pulled down, the light may be raised in through the material, but loss of privacy.

[0004]百叶窗设计的最新发展已经发现,消费者对获得具有更多种光影效果但不会损失隐私的百叶窗感兴趣。 [0004] blinds designed recent development has found that consumers are interested in having the blinds more lighting effects without loss of privacy to get.

[0005]为此,可以提供连续的百叶窗材料片,该百叶窗材料片双层地从窗口上悬挂下来并且形成回路。 [0005] For this purpose, can provide a continuous sheet material shutters, blinds the suspended material is double from the window and down to form a loop. 这种百叶窗材料片优选地是稍微透明的并且容纳在上轨中的卷轮上。 Such sheet material is preferably louver somewhat transparent and accommodated in the upper rail of the reel. 百叶窗材料片的自由端固定在上轨中,并且百叶窗材料片的其他端附接至在上轨中的卷轮。 The free end of the sheet material is fixed to the shutter rail, and the other end of the shutter sheet material attached to the reel on the rail. 这种材料是透光的,但同时也提供了隐私。 This material is opaque, but it also provides privacy. 例如,该材料可以具有交替的由多少透明的材料制成的窗杆或窗条。 For example, the material may have a window or window section how many bars transparent material alternating. 当悬挂在回路中时,该材料使更多的光通过更透明的更明亮的窗条,更少的光通过不太透明的更暗的窗条。 When suspended in the loop, the more light through the material more transparent window brighter bar, less light passes through darker less transparent window section. 通过调节回路,可以使更多的光进入空间中。 By adjusting the loop, so that more light can enter the space.

[0006]通过稍稍重先调整回路从而使更暗的窗条重合,可以减少空间中的光。 [0006] weight to slightly darker regulating circuit so that the coincidence of the window bar, light space can be reduced.

[0007]百叶窗可以含有下轨,该下轨被加重以保持回路悬挂下来。 [0007] shutters may contain lower rail, the lower rail is weighted to maintain the loop is suspended. 自由行进的导轮可以包含在下轨中。 Free travel guide wheel may comprise the lower rail. 回路围绕导轮在下轨中自由地行进。 Loop travel freely around the guide rail in the next round. 这样,材料可以被调节或者可以完全缩回到上轨中。 Thus, the material may be adjusted or may be fully retracted to the rail.

[0008]在另一实施例中,第二百叶窗板容纳在上轨中并且由不透明的遮光材料形成。 [0008] In another embodiment, the receiving and the second louver formed of an opaque light-shielding material on the rail. 当要求将光完全阻挡在外时,可以将第二窗板降下来。 When required to completely block out the light, the second window panel may be down.

[0009]在本实施例中,百叶窗板均容纳在相同的上轨中,位于独立的卷轮上。 [0009] In the present embodiment, the louvers are housed on the same track, in a separate reel.

[0010]提供了用于操纵两个这类窗板的两个卷轮,可以实现第一窗板的一部分与另一部分之间的相对移动,并且还提供了用于第二窗板的第二卷轮。 [0010] Providing two reels for operating such two louver, relative movement between the first portion and another portion of the window plate can be achieved, and also provide a second window for the second plate reel. 这种百叶窗上轨的设计存在许多问题。 There are many problems on this track blinds design. 首先,上轨必须是紧凑的并且美观的。 Firstly, the rail must be compact and aesthetically pleasing. 理想的情况是,百叶窗上轨所占用的窗口顶部的空间不应该比先前已知的百叶窗更大或者仅略大于先前已知的百叶窗。 Ideally, the greater the space occupied by the top rail of the blinds on the window blinds should not previously known or only slightly larger than previously known shutters. 独立百叶窗板的操作必须简单,并且能够通过手动控制来操作,或者,在更加复杂的设计中,能够借由功率控制甚至远程功率控制来操作。 It operates independently louvers must be simple, and can be operated by manual control, or, in a more complex design, it is possible to control the operation of the remote power control even by means of power.

[0011 ]卷轮优选地布置为上卷轮和下卷轮。 [0011] The reel is preferably arranged on the reel and a lower reel. 各个卷轮可支承百叶窗板。 Individual reels can be supported by the louvers.

[0012]在上卷轮上的上百叶窗被引导围绕下卷轮通过,并且与在下卷轮上的下百叶窗分开。 [0012] shutters upper reel is guided around the reel by, and separated from the lower shutters on the lower reel.

[0013]当下百叶窗为双层窗板并且下轨被加重时,下百叶窗在下轨内围绕自由行进的导轮通过。 [0013] When the shutters of the lower double rail window panel is increased and the lower, the lower free travel around the louver in the lower rail by guide rollers. 当下百叶窗缩回时,该材料在下轨中继续围绕导轮自由卷绕。 When the lower louver is retracted, the material continues around the lower rail in the guide wheel freespooling.

[0014]此外,还理想的情况是,在百叶窗上轨中提供用于上卷轮的控制机构和用于下卷轮的控制机构,借由这些控制机构,上窗板和下窗板其一或两者均可以上下操作并且均可以上升到窗口外,从而使窗口无百叶窗(若需要)。 [0014] Also, ideally, the shutters rail mechanism provided for controlling the reels and means for controlling the reel, and by means of these control means, the window panel and one lower window panel or both may be up and down and the operation can be raised to the outer window, so that no window blinds (if necessary).

[0015]百叶窗控制通常是链条或绳索,从上轨悬挂下来,并且对卷轮进行控制。 [0015] blind control is usually a chain or cable, hung down from the upper rail, and the volume control wheel.

[0016]具有这类绳索所存在的其中一个问题是必须为绳索回路预留某些空间以悬挂在百叶窗板的一个边缘旁边。 [0016] One problem with this type of rope is present must reserve some space for the rope loop to hang next to one edge of the slat.

[0017] 然后,该空间沿着百叶窗板的一个垂直边缘,使某些光线透进来,并且,百叶窗不能将所有光阻挡在外。 [0017] Then, the space along the vertical edge of a slat, so that some of the light coming through, and all the shutters will not block out the light.

[0018]另一问题是当操作者操纵绳索时,会逐渐损坏窗板的边缘。 [0018] Another problem is that when the operator manipulates the rope, will gradually damage the edge of the window plate. 因此,有损百叶窗的外观和使用寿命。 Therefore, to the detriment of the appearance of blinds and life.

[0019]另一问题是由于上轨内可能存在的摩擦。 [0019] Another problem is possible because the upper rail friction.

[0020]由于在上轨中存在两个百叶窗板和两个百叶窗板卷轮,理想的情况是在与另一百叶窗板尽量少接触的路径中引导一个百叶窗板。 [0020] Since there are two louvers and louver two reels on the rail, ideally a louver in the guide path to minimize contact with the other of the louvers. 当调节其中一个窗板时,两个百叶窗板之间的任何这类接触都可以在其间产生摩擦。 When adjusting the louver wherein a, any such contact between the two louvers can produce friction therebetween.

[0021]在某些情况下,这类摩擦可以在一定程度上损坏一个窗板或另一窗板。 [0021] In some cases, such friction can damage the window panel or a window panel to another to a certain extent.

[0022]在某些情况下,一定程度的摩擦可能是不可避免的,并且在低成本的百叶窗中是可以接受的,或者可以通过使用产生少摩擦的材料来减少摩擦。 [0022] In some cases, a certain degree of friction may be unavoidable, and is acceptable in cost blinds, or may be reduced by the use of friction-generating material of low friction.

[0023]当百叶窗具有带遮光帘的上卷轮时、在下百叶窗例如是伸缩式暗褶百叶窗或威尼斯风格或垂直式百叶窗的情况下、以及在下百叶窗附接件是下百叶窗不安装在卷轮上而是通过控制绳上升或下降或者仅仅拉至一侧的类型的情况下(如在垂直百叶窗的情况下),出现了相似的问题。 [0023] when the shutter has an upper reel tape shade, the lower the blinds for example the telescopic dark pleated blinds or Venetian or a case of vertical blinds, and a lower louver attachment is a louver is not mounted on the reel but by controlling the cord simply pulled up or down or to the side of the case type (as in the case of vertical blinds), a similar problem occurs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0024]为了实现上面理想的特征,本发明提供了一种用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,并且具有可与所述建筑物开口相邻附接的上轨,所述上轨限定出了上区域和下区域,并且具有:位于所述上轨的所述上区域中的上百叶窗卷轮、位于所述上轨的所述下区域中的下百叶窗附接件、容纳在所述上百叶窗卷轮上的上百叶窗、容纳在所述下百叶窗附接件上的下百叶窗、可操作地升降所述上百叶窗的上百叶窗控制机构、可操作地操作所述下百叶窗并且使所述下百叶窗升降的下百叶窗控制机构,其中,所述上百叶窗卷轮位于沿着所述上轨中的上平面的上轴上,而所述下百叶窗附接件位于沿着所述上轨内的下平面的下轴上,所述轴彼此垂直位移,以及其中,所述上百叶窗可操作地在所述下百叶窗附接件的预定侧旁边垂下了,以及其中,所述下百叶窗可操作地与所述上百叶 [0024] To achieve the above desirable features, the present invention provides a method for building shutters opening and having an opening adjacent to the building can be attached to the upper rail, the upper rail defining a region and a lower region, and comprising: a region located on the upper rail of the upper reel blinds, shutters located in the region of the attachment of the lower rail on the receiving reel shutters the louvers accommodated in the case the louvers louver attachment operable to lift the blind control mechanism of the shutters and shutters operable to operate the lower and the lower the lower lifting the shutters blind control means, wherein said shutters positioned along the reel shaft of the upper rail in the upper plane and said lower louver attachment shaft located in the plane of the upper rail along the inner , the vertical displacement of said shaft to each other, and wherein the shutters operably alongside the lower side of a predetermined blinds hanging the attachment member, and wherein said lower shutters operatively associated with said upper louvers 窗并排并且与所述上百叶窗间隔隔开,从而提供轮廓纤细且美观的上轨。 Windows side by side and spaced apart from the upper louver, thereby providing aesthetic and slim profile rail.

[0025]将提供控制元件,用于操作下百叶窗和上百叶窗,并且,上轨中的引导件引导元件悬挂,无下上百叶窗。 [0025] to provide a control element for operating blinds and shutters, and the upper guide rail the guide element is suspended, without the shutters. 优选地,所述上百叶窗是不透明的遮光百叶窗,并且所述下百叶窗是半透明的百叶窗,从而,当所述上百叶窗升起并且所述下百叶窗降下时,某些光会透进来,以及其中,当所述上百叶窗降下时,将光基本上阻挡在外。 Preferably, the opaque light-shielding shutters blinds, shutters and the lower shutter is translucent, so that, when the upper and the lower lifting shutters blinds down, some of the light will come through, and wherein when the shutters lowered substantially block out the light.

[0026]所述上卷轮位于在所述上轨的上区域中,并且,可以是线性细长构件或下卷轮(取决于下百叶窗的类型)的所述下百叶窗附接件位于上轨的垂直间隔隔开的下区域中。 Located on the rail louver attachment [0026] The reel is located on the upper rail in the upper region, and may be a linear or a lower elongated member reel (depending on the type of the louver) of the lower the lower vertically spaced apart areas.

[0027]在一个实施例中,下百叶窗是形成在材料回路中的窗板,并且,提供了下百叶窗下轨,该下轨具有自由行进的卷轮,以及其中,下百叶窗板的所述回路围绕在下轨中的自由行进的卷轮通过。 [0027] In one embodiment, the louvers are formed in louver loop material, and is provided at the lower rail blinds, the bottom rail having a free travel of the reel, and wherein the loop of the lower louvers around the lower rail travel freely through the reel.

[0028]在一个实施例中,本发明可以提供如下百叶窗:下百叶窗板具有固定在上轨中的自由端和附接至位于上轨中的下百叶窗卷轮的第二端。 [0028] In one embodiment, the present invention may provide shutters: the louvers having a free end fixed to the rail is positioned on and attached to the second end of the lower rail of the louver reel. 百叶窗横条间隔形成在下百叶窗板中,交替在透光或不透明窗条与不太透光或暗窗条之间。 Lower louvers are formed in louver bar intervals, alternating between the translucent or opaque and less translucent window strip or dark strips window. 下轨的重量较大以将下百叶窗板的回路保持就位。 Lower rail under the weight of large louvers to loop held in place.

[0029]上轨中的百叶窗板控制机构使下百叶窗板能够被调节,从而使回路的一部分相对于另一部分移动。 [0029] The upper rail of the lower louvers louver control means can be adjusted such that a portion of the circuit to the other parts of the mobile. 在这类调节期间,百叶窗板材料围绕在所述下轨中的自由行进的导轮自由通过。 During such adjustment, the louvers in the lower rail material surrounding the free travel of the guide wheels freely. 这样,可以在打开与关闭位置之间调节交替的百叶窗条。 Thus, alternating louvers can be adjusted between open and closed positions.

[0030]优选地,下百叶窗的自由端附接在上轨内使在回路百叶窗板的两个部分之间的接触尽可能保持最小的位置中。 [0030] Preferably, the free end of the shutter attaching the contact portion of the circuit between the two louvers are held on the rail as a minimum position.

[0031 ]附接壁可以包含在上轨中,以便保持下窗板的自由端与下百叶窗或上百叶窗不接触。 [0031] attachment may be included in the wall rail, so as to maintain the free end of the lower window panel is not in contact with the lower blinds or shutters.

[0032]优选地,下轨具有限定出了向上定向的敞开口的中空通道形状的卷轮壳体和位于壳体中的自由行进的卷轮,该自由行进的滚轮的直径大于通道敞开口的宽度从而使卷轮陷在壳体内。 [0032] Preferably, the bottom rail having a housing defining a reel directed upwardly open channel-shaped opening and a hollow reel located in the housing of the free travel of the free travel of roller diameter larger than the open mouth of the channel the width of the reel so that trapped inside the housing.

[0033]为了支撑下百叶窗,下百叶窗附接件可以是固定至所述上轨的前方并且部分地朝着后部延伸的形式,其中,下百叶窗固定至支撑壁。 [0033] In order to support the shutters, the shutters attachment member may be secured to the upper rail and the front part extending towards the rear of the form, wherein the louver is fixed to the support wall.

[0034]在上轨的后部处的空间使上百叶窗在下百叶窗后面自由地垂下来。 [0034] in the space at the rear of the upper rail of the upper hanging freely shutters blinds behind the next.

[0035]在所附的并且构成本公开的一部分的权利要求书中更加具体地指出了本发明的各种新型特征,这些特征描述了本发明的特性。 [0035] in the appended claim and constitute a part of this disclosure is more particularly pointed out in the claims the various novel features of the invention, such features characteristic of the invention is described. 为了更好地理解本发明、其操作优点及其使用所达到的特定目的,应该参考图示和图示并且描述了本发明优选实施例的说明内容。 For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and the specific purpose achieved, reference should be shown and illustrated and described a preferred embodiment of the described contents of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0036]图1是图示了本发明并且示出了第一回路百叶窗板的典型百叶窗的整体透视图,具有交替的明暗百叶窗横条、第二不透明百叶窗板和上轨。 [0036] FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating the present invention and shows an overall perspective view of a typical louver louver of a first circuit, having alternating light and dark bar shutters, the second upper rail and the opaque louvers.

[0037]图2是沿着图1的线2-2的截面; [0037] FIG. 2 is a section along line 2-2 of FIG 1;

[0038]图3是沿着图1的线3-3的截面; [0038] FIG. 3 is a section along line 3-3 of FIG 1;

[0039]图4是上轨的一端的分解透视图; [0039] FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of one end of the upper rail;

[0040]图5是与示出了另一实施例的图2相对应的截面; [0040] FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a cross section corresponding to FIG. 2 according to another embodiment;

[0041]图6是另一实施例的透视图; [0041] FIG. 6 is a perspective view of another embodiment;

[0042]图6A是替代遮光板的截面; [0042] FIG 6A is a cross section of an alternative visor;

[0043]图7是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了作为前窗板的垂直条百叶窗和作为第二窗板的阴暗效果材料; [0043] FIG. 7 is a side view of another embodiment, shown as a vertical bar and the front window plate shutters as dark effect of the material of the second louver;

[0044]图8是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了作为前窗板的收缩式材料和作为第二窗板的阴暗效果材料; [0044] FIG. 8 is a side view of another embodiment, showing a collapsible material of the front window plate and the second louver dark effect of the material;

[0045]图9是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了作为卷绕到卷轮上的材料的第一窗板和第二窗板; [0045] FIG. 9 is a side view of another embodiment, as shown to the material wound on the reel of the first louver and the second louver;

[0046]图10是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了适用于与单个百叶窗板一起使用的先前实施例的上轨,其中,控制元件悬挂在百叶窗板的前方; [0046] FIG. 10 is a side view of another embodiment, shown suitable for use with a single upper rail louvers previous embodiment, wherein the control element is suspended in front of the louvers;

[0047]图11示出了另一实施例的侧视图,示出了由两片透明材料形成的前百叶窗板,其中,横条在两片透明材料之间延伸,并且示出了第二暗百叶窗板; [0047] FIG. 11 shows a side view of another embodiment, showing the front louver is formed from two pieces of transparent material, wherein the bar extends between the two sheets of transparent material, and shows a second dark louvers;

[0048]图12是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了形成在回路中并且围绕在下轨中的卷轮通过的前百叶窗板; [0048] FIG. 12 is a side view of another embodiment illustrating the louvers formed in the front circuit and surrounds the lower rail through the reel;

[0049]图13是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板,其中,其自由端固定在上轨中位于弯曲壁上; [0049] FIG. 13 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver, wherein its free end is fixed on the curved wall of the rail;

[0050]图14是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板,其中,其自由端附接至上轨的后壁; [0050] FIG. 14 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver, wherein its free end attached to the upper rail of the rear wall;

[0051]图15是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板,其中,其自由端附接至上轨的前壁; [0051] FIG. 15 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver, wherein its free end attached to the upper rail of the front wall;

[0052]图16是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板,其中,其自由端固定至上轨的顶壁。 [0052] FIG. 16 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver, wherein its free end fixed to the upper rail of the top wall.

具体实施例 Specific Example

[0053]将看出,百叶窗(一般图示为(10))包括上轨(12)和下轨(14)。 [0053] It will be seen, the louver (generally illustrated as (10)) comprises an upper rail (12) and lower rail (14). 百叶窗通常位于建筑物开口(诸如,窗户)之上。 Opening shutters typically located in a building (such as windows) above.

[0054]在本第一实施例中,百叶窗提供了第一或下回路透明百叶窗板(16)和第二或上不透明百叶窗板(8)。 [0054] In the first embodiment, the louver is provided at a first circuit or a transparent louver (16) and a second or opaque louvers (8). 将看出,第一和第二百叶窗板被支撑从而垂直悬挂。 It will be seen, the first and second louver is supported to hang vertically. 第二窗板(8)具有平常的下轨。 A second window plate (8) having a common lower rail.

[0055]第一或下百叶窗位于上轨的下区域中,并且是下百叶窗或前百叶窗。 [0055] positioned on the first or lower rail in the louver area, and is a front shutters or blinds.

[0056]第二百叶窗板位于上轨的上区域中,并且是上百叶窗或后百叶窗。 [0056] positioned on the second louver rail region, and after the shutters or blinds.

[0057]第一百叶窗板(16)是围绕在下轨(14)中的下轨卷轮(20)通过的连续窗条,并且,自由端固定在上轨(将在后文描述)中,从而将回路板保持就位。 [0057] The first louver (16) around the lower rail track reel (14) (20) continuous strip through the window, and, on the free end of the fixed rail (will be described later) in , so that the circuit board is held in place.

[0058]如图所示,在本实施例中的前百叶窗板是回路,从而使其两个部分实际上形成垂下来的两个窗板部,一个窗板部隔开位于前面而另一个位于后面。 [0058] As shown, the front louvers in the present embodiment is a circuit, such that it is actually formed of two parts two louver portions hanging down, and a portion spaced from the window plate located in front of the other Behind.

[0059]两个窗板部可以视为是前窗板部和中间窗板部。 [0059] The two portions may be regarded as the window panel is a front window plate and the intermediate portion louver portion.

[0060]作为上窗板的第二百叶窗板在前窗板部和中间窗板部后面向后悬挂。 [0060] As the second louver on the window panel is suspended rearward portion behind the front window plate and the intermediate louver portion.

[0061]第一和第二百叶窗板彼此间隔隔开。 [0061] The first and second louver spaced apart from each other.

[0062]在本实施例中,第一百叶窗板由透光材料(至少部分透明)形成,从而,甚至是在第一窗板降下来时,也可以使光透过并且使至少某些光进入建筑物内部中。 [0062] In the present embodiment, a first louver formed of a translucent material (at least partially transparent), so that, even when the first window panel down, may cause at least some of the light transmission and the light into the building interior.

[0063]为了实现各种光照效果,即更多或更少地将光阻挡在外,第一百叶窗板(6)设有更暗的百叶窗横条(22)。 [0063] In order to achieve various lighting effects, i.e. more or less blocking out the light, a first louver (6) is provided with louvers darker bar (22). 窗条(22)由更厚或更暗的材料形成,从而,相较于百叶窗板的结构,窗条至少是不太透光的。 Window strip (22) is formed from thicker or darker material, whereby, compared to the structure of the louver, window article is at least less transparent. 窗条(22)的位置间隔隔开。 Window strip (22) spaced apart positions. 在窗条(22)之间,具有第一窗板(16)结构的空间或窗条(24)更加透光,由此实现交替的明暗窗条。 Between the window strip (22) having a first window panel (16) or window space bar structure (24) is more transmissive, thereby enabling alternating light and dark bars window.

[0064]如图所示,第一窗板在回路中悬挂下来。 [0064] As shown, the window panel is suspended in the first circuit. 在第一窗板的下端,第一窗板自由地穿进和穿出下轨(14),后文待述。 In the lower end of the first window panel, a first window plate freely penetrate into and out of a lower rail (14), to be described later. 在轨(14)内,自由行进的卷轮或窗杆(20)引导并控制第一百叶窗材料。 The inner rail (14), the free travel of the reel windows or a rod (20) and controls the first guide louver material. 通过调节回路,可以使回路的两个部分中的暗条(22)彼此对齐,由此使明条(24)彼此对齐。 By adjusting the loop portion of the circuit can be made of two dark stripes (22) aligned with one another, whereby the next article (24) aligned with one another. 这将使光从更明亮的窗条透进来。 This will allow more light coming through from the bright window bars. 通过稍微调节回路,可以使在回路的一部分中的暗条(22)与在回路的另一部分中的明条(24)对齐或重合,从而提供更多的隐私和更少的光。 By slightly adjusting the loop, the filament can be made in a portion of the loop (22) and another portion of the circuit in the next strip (24) is aligned or coincident, thereby providing more light and less privacy.

[0065]可以通过合适的机构(后文待述)来调节第一和第二百叶窗板,第一和第二百叶窗板可以升降并且还可以向上缩回到上轨(12)中,以便在建筑物开口或窗户中提供完全开放的区域。 [0065] The first and second may be adjusted by suitable louver mechanism (to be described later), the first and second louver can lift up and may also be retracted to the upper rail (12) in order to provide a completely open area in the building or opening windows. 为了实现这些功能,上轨(12)支承位于上轨的上区域中的上第二窗板卷轮(30)和下百叶窗附接件,在这种情况下下,卷轮(32)位于上轨的下区域中。 To implement these functions, the upper rail (12) is supported on the upper rail is located on the second region of the reel window panel (30) and a lower louver attachment, at this case, the reel (32) located on the rails in the lower region.

[0066] 两个卷轮限定出了平行且彼此垂直间隔隔开的轴。 [0066] defines the two reels parallel and spaced apart from each other perpendicular to the axis. 卷轮(32)位于卷轮(30)下方。 Reel (32) located in the reel (30) below.

[0067]要注意,下百叶窗从其卷轮的后侧悬挂下来。 [0067] It is noted that the louver is suspended from the rear side of the reel.

[0068]相似地,上百叶窗从其卷轮后部悬挂下来。 [0068] Similarly, the shutters are suspended from the rear reel. 因此,两个百叶窗悬挂在各自的卷轮的同一侧上,这使得上轨的轮廓更加紧凑和美观。 Thus, two louvers hung on a respective same side of the reel, making it more compact profile of the upper rail and appearance.

[0069]在本实施例中,两个卷轮可由控制元件操作,在这种情况下,控制元件包括各自的第一和第二控制绳、链条(34)和(36)等。 [0069] In the present embodiment, two reels may be controlled by operating elements, in this case, the control element comprises a respective first and second control rope, a chain (34) and (36) or the like. 上轨(12)包括细长的横向通道,该通道优选地由诸如热塑材料等合适的材料或通过金属挤压形成,并且具有形成在其中的螺丝接收模具 Upper rail (12) comprises an elongated lateral channel which is preferably made of a suitable material such as a thermoplastic material or the like is formed by pressing a metal, and a mold having formed therein receiving the screw

(40)。 (40).

[0070]上轨(12)限定出了前覆盖壁(42)、顶壁(44)和后壁(46)。 [0070] The upper rail (12) defines a front covering wall (42), a top wall (44) and a rear wall (46). 用于将百叶窗固定至建筑物的合适安装装置(未示出)可以固定至后壁或顶壁,这取决于其待附接的建筑物的结构。 Suitable for mounting the louver means (not shown) may be secured to the rear wall or the top wall secured to the building, depending on its structure to be attached to the building.

[0071]在上轨(12)的各端处存在端帽(48),该端帽(48)优选地由热塑性塑料形成。 [0071] The presence of the end cap (48) at each end of the upper rail (12), said end cap (48) is preferably formed from a thermoplastic.

[0072]端帽(48)限定出了平坦的平面外部。 [0072] The end cap (48) defining an outer planar surface.

[0073] 螺丝可以通过端帽并且固定在上轨(12)中的螺丝模具(40)中。 [0073] The screw may be secured to the rail and screw die (12) (40) through the end cap.

[0074]端帽(48)包括形成有一体式上下轮毂轴承(54)和(56)的主体(50),用于支承各自的卷轮(30)和(32)的端部。 [0074] The end cap (48) comprises an integral formed with the upper and lower bearing hub (54) and body (56) (50) for supporting a respective reel (30) and (32) of the end portion.

[0075]上短柱套筒(58)可转动地安装在上轮毂轴承(54)中。 [0075] studs sleeve (58) rotatably mounted on the upper bearing hub (54). 下短柱套筒(60)可转动地安装在下轮毂轴承(56)中。 The studs of the sleeve (60) rotatably mounted on the lower bearing hub (56).

[0076]安装在轮毂(54)上的上传动齿轮(62)连接至上短柱套筒(58)。 A transmission gear (62) [0076] mounted on a hub (54) is connected to the upper sleeve studs (58).

[0077]安装在轮毂(56)上的下传动齿轮(64)连接至下短柱套筒(60)。 The transmission gear (64) [0077] mounted on a hub (56) is connected to the lower sleeve studs (60).

[0078] 盖板(66)具有适配在套筒(58)和(60)之上的开口,并且固定至主体(50)。 [0078] The cover plate (66) having a fitting sleeve (58) and over an opening (60), and fixed to the body (50).

[0079]传动齿轮接收各自的控制元件(在这种情况下是相应的上控制绳(34)和下控制绳 [0079] The drive gear receiving a respective control element (in this case the corresponding control cable (34) and a lower control ropes

(36))0 (36)) 0

[0080]众所周知,这类绳索在循环的回路中垂下来,并且,一个或其他的回路部可以被抓住或下拉,以操作相应的百叶窗。 [0080] It is well known in this type of ropes hanging loop in the circuit, and a loop or other portion may be caught up or down, to operate the respective shutters.

[0081]在这种情况下,绳索是通常的金属链绳,具有由布线链路连接在一起的金属球,如本领域众所周知的。 [0081] In this case, the rope is typically tether metal, metal balls having a wiring connected to link together, as known in the art. 这些金属球通常也由不同颜色的热塑性塑料制成。 These metal balls are generally also made of thermoplastic of different colors.

[0082]其他设计的绳索是已知的并且可以使用。 [0082] Other cable designs are known and may be used. 所有这类绳索或者是任何其他类型的绳索在本文中均指控制元件或绳索,无论是否使用了这类词语,并且视为包括所有这类链条、绳索、和任何类型等。 All such cable or any other type of ropes used herein refer to a control element or cable, regardless of the use of such words, and is deemed to include all such chains, ropes, or any other type.

[0083]用于上卷轮的绳索悬挂在第一和第二百叶窗板(16)和(18)的边缘的正前方。 [0083] A suspension rope reel on the first and second louver (16) and the front edge (18).

[0084]用于下卷轮的绳索悬挂在第一和第二百叶窗板的边缘的前方。 [0084] for the rope reel is suspended in front of the first and second edges of the louver.

[0085]端帽(48)的主体(50)形成有上绳导肋(70)、中间导肋(72)和下导肋(74)。 Body [0085] The end cap (48) (50) is formed on the rope guide ribs (70), the intermediate guide ribs (72) and a lower guide ribs (74).

[0086] 这些肋(70)、(72)和(74)在其间限定出了用于上绳的绳索路径或通道。 [0086] The ribs (70), (72) and (74) defining therebetween a passageway for the rope path or rope. 因此,这些肋向下引导上绳索回路,并且在下套筒(60)和齿轮(64)的周围和前方按呈弧线延伸。 Thus, the ribs down the guide rope loop and surrounding the lower sleeve (60) and the gear (64) and the front by an arc shape extends.

[0087]这样,用于上轮毂轴的绳索回路悬挂在第一和第二百叶窗板(6)和(18)的边缘的正前方。 [0087] Thus, for upper hub axle suspension rope loop in the first and second louver (6) and the front edge (18).

[0088]下绳索回路围绕下传动齿轮(64)延伸并且由肋(74)和(76)包围,该肋(74)和(76)形成用于下绳索的绳索引导路径或通道。 [0088] the cable loop extends around the lower drive gear (64) and (76) surrounded by the rib (74) and the rib (74) and (76) form a rope guide path or channel for the next rope.

[0089]下肋(76)是中空且圆的,并且朝着下肋(56)的轴延伸或延伸超过下肋(56)的轴。 [0089] The lower rib (76) is circular and hollow, and extends toward the axis of the lower ribs (56) or a rib extends over the shaft (56). 因此,下肋(78)引导下绳索回路从而使其也悬挂在第一和第二百叶窗板的边缘的前方。 Thus, the lower rib (78) guided so that it can hang the rope loop in the front edge of the first and second louver.

[0090]在本示例中,虽然导肋与主体一体形成,但是,这些导肋也可以单独形成并且可以按照各种方式附接或保持就位。 [0090] In the present example, although the guide ribs integrally formed with the body, however, these guide ribs may be formed separately and may be attached or held in place in various ways.

[0091]上百叶窗卷轮(32)摩擦适配在各端的套筒(58)上。 (58) [0091] shutters reel (32) a friction fit at each end of the sleeve.

[0092 ]下百叶窗卷轮(30)摩擦适配在各端的套筒(60)上。 On [0092] the louver reel (30) a friction fit at each end of the sleeve (60).

[0093]各个百叶窗卷轮具有凹槽(79),相应的百叶窗板的边缘固定在该凹槽(79)中。 [0093] each louver reel has a groove (79), the edge of the respective louvers is fixed in the recess (79) in.

[0094]中间回路紧固壁(82)固定在位于上轨(12)的前壁(42)内部的凹槽(80)中,该中间回路紧固壁(82)在这种情况下通过例如挤压金属形成,但是,也可以通过其他方式形成。 [0094] The intermediate loop fastening wall (82) fixed to the front wall (42) on the rail (12) inside the recess (80), the intermediate loop fastening wall (82) in this case by e.g. extruding metal, but may also be formed by other means.

[0095] 在这种情况下,壁(82)可通过滑出凹槽而被移除。 [0095] In this case, the wall (82) may be removed by sliding out of the groove. 然而,壁可以永久地紧固至上轨,也可以与上轨一体形成。 However, the wall may be permanently fastened to the upper rail, it may be formed integrally with the upper rail.

[0096]紧固壁(82)在上下卷轮(30)与(32)之间延伸并且在与后壁(46)相邻处停止,但却与后壁(46)间隔隔开。 [0096] Retaining wall (82) extending in the vertical reel (30) between (32) and the rear wall (46) adjacent the stop, but (46) and a rear wall spaced apart. 第一百叶窗板回路紧固凹槽(84)沿着壁(82)的自由边缘形成。 The first louver loop fastening groove (84) formed along the free edge of the wall (82). 在本实施例中,前回路百叶窗板(16)的自由端固定在凹槽(84)中。 In the present embodiment, the front circuit louvers (16) fixed to the free end of the groove (84).

[0097]在操作中,可以降下第一或前窗板(16),而第二窗板(18)保持缩回。 [0097] In operation, the front window can be lowered or the first plate (16), and a second window panel (18) remains retracted.

[0098]随着前窗板(6)降下来,其将围绕在下轨(14)中的卷轮(20)行进。 [0098] As the front window plate (6) down which the reel around the lower rail (14) (20) travels. 然后,如果需要光,可以调节前或下窗板,因此使暗条(22)彼此对齐。 Then, if light is needed, or may be adjusted before the window panel, so that the filament (22) aligned with one another. 这将使光从中间明条(24)透进来。 This will light (24) coming through out from the intermediate strip.

[0099]如果需要更少量的光或者更多的隐私,可以调节前窗板从而使暗条与更明亮的中间条对齐。 [0099] If a more amount of light or more privacy, the front pane may be adjusted so that the filaments are aligned brighter central strip.

[0100]将看出,前窗板或下窗板实际上形成两个窗板部,即彼此间隔隔开的前部和中间部。 [0100] It will be seen, the front window panel or the window panel is actually formed at two louver portions, i.e., the front portion and the intermediate portion spaced apart from each other. 前部和中间部相对于彼此的调节改变了建筑物空间内部的光照效果。 The front portion and the intermediate portion relative to each other to change the lighting effect of adjusting the internal space of the building.

[0101]为了将光基本上完全阻挡在外,将第二或上百叶窗板(8)降下来。 [0101] In order to substantially completely block out the light, or the second louver (8) down. 然而,可以使第一窗板保持垂下来并且提供美观的装饰效果。 However, the first hanging and holding window panel provide an aesthetically pleasing decorative effect.

[0102]第一或下百叶窗板从下卷轮(32)的后侧悬挂下来,无控制绳。 [0102] The first or lower louvers at the rear side is suspended from the reel (32), without control strings.

[0103]第二或上百叶窗从上卷轮(30)的后侧向下悬挂,同样无控制绳。 [0103] The second or upper louvers hung down from the rear side of the reel (30), also without control strings.

[0104]通过该布置,可以尽可能地保持上轨的纤细轮廓,由此提供美观的外表,不会卷入到建筑物内部中。 [0104] With this arrangement, the upper rail can be kept as the slim profile, thereby providing an attractive appearance, is not involved in the building interior. 此外,由于百叶窗本身的目标就是控制进入建筑物空间中的光,所以,将上下百叶窗均保持至上轨的后部的结果确保了尽可能地阻止光进入围绕两个窗板的边缘。 In addition, because the blinds itself the goal is to control the light entering the building space, therefore, the vertical blinds are kept track of results-oriented rear ensures that as much as possible to prevent light from entering around the edges of two window panels. 换言之,该布置使两个百叶窗尽可能地靠近实际窗户。 In other words, the arrangement of the two as close to the actual window blinds. 可以在两个百叶窗板的前方管理通过绳索对百叶窗板的操作和绳索的操纵,不接触百叶窗板的边缘。 By manipulation of the ropes and the rope operation of the louvers, does not contact the front edge of louvers in the management of two louvers.

[0105]此外,通过将绳索回路引导为向前悬挂,百叶窗板可以填满建筑物开口或窗户的全宽,由此提供最大化的隐私并且将光阻挡在外。 [0105] Further, the guide is suspended by the rope loop is forward, louvers or window opening of a building can fill the full width, thereby to provide maximum privacy and light blocking out.

[0106]在图5中示出了稍微有所简化的实施例。 [0106] FIG. 5 shows a slightly simplified embodiment.

[0107]在这种情况下,前百叶窗板(90)是单片。 [0107] In this case, the front louver (90) is monolithic. 无回路。 No loop.

[0108]下端附接至下轨(92)。 [0108] is attached to the lower end of the lower rail (92).

[0109]由于不需要紧固壁挤压,所以已经移除了图2的紧固壁挤压(82)。 [0109] Since no tightening wall extrusion, it has been removed in FIG. 2 is pressed tightening wall (82).

[0110]在上轨中,不存在固定的前窗板(90)的死端。 [0110] On the track, there is no dead-end fixed front window plate (90).

[0111]第二或暗窗板(94)与图2的第二窗板相似。 [0111] The second or dark window panel (94) is similar to Figure 2 of the second louver.

[0112]控制绳和引导件与图2中相同,并且具有相同的附图标记。 [0112] Control cord and the guide member in FIG. 2 the same, and have the same reference numerals.

[0113]如之前所述的,在第一和第二窗板的边缘的前方引导绳索。 [0113] As described previously, the front edge of the first louver and the second guide rope. 在图6中示出了另一可能的变型。 In FIG. 6 shows another possible variant.

[0114]在这种情况下,示出的前百叶窗板控制绳(96)位于上轨的一端,并且用于第二窗板的控制绳(98)位于上轨的相对端。 [0114] In this case, the illustrated louver front control ropes (96) located at one end on the track, and for controlling the second louver of the cord (98) located on opposite ends of the rail.

[0115]在这种情况下,端帽(100)与图2中相同,并且均在两个百叶窗板的边缘的前方引导两组控制绳。 [0115] In this case, the end cap (100) the same as in FIG. 2, both the guide and control groups of two rope front edge of louvers.

[0116]在某些情况下,可能理想的情况是添加边缘通道(102),将其直接附接至在开口各侧下方的建筑物结构。 [0116] In some cases, it may be desirable to add is that the edge channel (102), which is directly attached to an opening in a building structure below each side. 第二暗窗板(94)的边缘容置在通道中。 Dark edge of the second louver (94) is housed in the channel.

[0117]这样,消除了围绕暗窗板(94)的边缘可能发现透入路线的光。 [0117] Thus, eliminating the dark edge around the window plate (94) may find the light penetration route.

[0118]通道(102)可以由简单的L形挡板(104)替代,在图6A中,建筑物结构提供了其可以键合的合适部分。 [0118] channel (102) may be replaced by a simple L-shaped baffle (104), in FIG. 6A, the building structure is provided which can be bonded to a suitable portion.

[0119]可能的是,相同的上轨可以用于更简单的仅具有单个百叶窗板的百叶窗。 [0119] It is possible that the same may be used for simpler track only a single louver slat. 在这种情况下,将仅存在一个绳索回路(未示出),但其仍将由合适的肋来引导并且在百叶窗板的前方悬挂,从而避免损坏窗板的边缘,并且还避免需要用于绳索的空间,该空间可能会使光透进来。 In this case, there is only one cord loop (not shown), but it will be guided by the ribs in the front and right louvers suspension, so as to avoid damaging the edges of the window plate, and also avoids a need for the rope the space, which may cause the light coming through.

[0120]因此,使用控制绳进行向前引导的结果是:使百叶窗板或窗板制成窗口的全宽,因此实现更有效的挡光(若需要)。 [0120] Thus, using the results of the control cable is guided forward: that the louvers or louver made of full width window, thus blocking the light more effective (if necessary).

[0121]上轨可以适用于与多种不同类型的百叶窗设计一起使用。 [0121] applied to the upper rail can be used with a variety of different types of louver designs. 图7示出了上轨(120),对该上轨进行了稍稍修改以支撑通常的垂直百叶窗。 FIG 7 shows an upper rail (120), has been slightly modified to support a generally upper rail of the vertical blinds. 因此,上轨(20)具有一体形成的前壁延伸(122)。 Thus, the upper rail (20) having a front wall extension (122) is integrally formed.

[0122] 延伸(122)是大体上呈L形的截面,具有水平支撑壁(124)和垂直前壁(126)。 [0122] extension (122) is substantially L-shaped cross section, having a horizontal support wall (124) and a vertical front wall (126).

[0123]可以按照已知的方式将任何合适的压条(128)支撑在垂直壁(126)中。 [0123] may be any suitable bead (128) supported on the vertical wall (126) in a known manner. 已知设计的下百叶窗附接件(在这种情况下是横向细长的线性百叶窗横向迹线(130))可以简单地固定至支撑壁(124)的下侧。 Under known design louver attachment (in this case a transversely elongated linear traces lateral louvers (130)) may simply be fixed to the support wall (124) of the lower side.

[0124]在迹线(130)上的滚轮(132)按照已知的方式支持垂直条(134)。 [0124] roller (132) in the track (130) in a known manner to support the vertical bar (134).

[0125]这类垂直百叶窗可以按照已知的方式通过绳索或伸长杆操作。 [0125] Such vertical blinds can be operated by the lever or rope elongation in a known manner.

[0126]在上轨(120)内,单个上卷轮(136)支承第二上百叶窗板(138)。 [0126] In the upper rail (120), a single reel (136) supporting the second upper louver (138). 这由不透明的阴暗效果材料形成。 This effect is formed of an opaque dark material.

[0127]提供合适的绳索(未示出)用于操作卷轮(136),该卷轮(136)通过引导件被引导在窗板(138)的边缘的前方,诸如在图1至图6所示的。 [0127] providing a suitable cable (not shown) for operating the reel (136), the reel (136) is guided in the front edge of the window plate (138) by the guide, such as in FIGS. 1 to 6 It is shown.

[0128]因此,若需要,形成第一百叶窗板的垂直条可以配置为提供一定的隐私并且阻挡一定的光。 [0128] Thus, if desired, forming a vertical bar of the first louver may be configured to provide a constant light blocking and privacy.

[0129]通过该布置,上或第二百叶窗板可以在上轨的后部区域中自由地悬挂下来,不与支持在支撑壁(124)上的下百叶窗发生干扰。 [0129] With this arrangement, or the second louver can be freely suspended on a rail in the rear region, the louvered support wall (124) on the support does not interfere.

[0130]当需要阴暗时,可以使上窗板或第二窗板(138)降下来。 [0130] When needed dark, the upper window panel or can be a second window panel (138) down.

[0131]图8图示了另一实施例。 [0131] FIG. 8 illustrates another embodiment. 在这种情况下,前窗板或第一窗板是收缩式百叶窗材料(140),通常由半透明的材料制成。 In this case, the front pane or the window panel is a first collapsible blinds material (140), typically made of translucent material. 在这种情况下,上轨(142)具有用于第二窗板或上窗板(146)的单个卷轮(144),与图7相似,第二窗板或上窗板(146)由不透明的阴暗效果材料形成。 In this case, the upper rail (142) having a single reel (144) for a second or upper window panel window panel (146), similar to FIG. 7, the second or upper window panel window panel (146) by a effect of dark opaque material. 上窗板或下窗板由下百叶窗附接件支撑(在这种情况下,由水平支撑壁(148)支撑)。 The window panel or the window panel by the lower louver attachment support (in this case, is supported by a horizontal wall (148) is supported).

[0132] 壁(148)可通过适配在形成在上轨(142)内的通道(150)中的滑动法兰(149)附接至上轨(142)的前壁。 [0132] wall (148) can slide channel flange (150) in (149) attached to the upper front wall rail (142) in the upper rail (142) is formed by adapting.

[0133]支撑壁(148)限定出了两个脊(152),并且矩形管状百叶窗壳体(154)可滑动地附接至这两个脊。 [0133] The support wall (148) defining the two ridges (152), and the rectangular tubular housing louver (154) slidably attached to the these two ridges. 这样,下收缩式百叶窗的附接件使上轨(142)的后方区域无障碍,从而上百叶窗板可以自由地悬挂下来。 Thus, the retractable blind attachment of the upper rail (142) in the rear area accessible to the louvers may be freely suspended.

[0134]提供了合适的控制绳(未示出),与图7相似。 [0134] Providing a suitable control cable (not shown), similar to FIG.

[〇135]图9不出了另一实施例。 [〇135] FIG. 9 another embodiment no.

[0136]在这种情况下,上轨(160)与图1至图5相似,具有用于控制绳的引导件,如已经描述的。 [0136] In this case, similar to the upper rail 5 (160) in FIG. 1 to FIG, the guide member having a cord for controlling, as already described.

[0137]在这种情况下,前板(162)是由半透明材料制成的单个简单窗板,该半透明材料可以是例如自然产生的,诸如竹子或诸如其他已知的半透明结构。 [0137] In this case, the front plate (162) is a simple single window plate made of a translucent material, the translucent material may be, for example, naturally-occurring, such as bamboo, or other known semi-transparent structure.

[0138]第二窗板(166)由阴暗效果的不透明材料制成,如前面所述的。 [0138] The second window plate (166) made of an opaque material, dark effect, as described earlier.

[0139]合适的控制件对相应的第一板和第二板进行操作,如前面所述的。 [0139] Suitable controls the operation of the respective first and second plates, as previously described.

[0140]图10示出了与图9本质上相同的实施例,但是,在这种情况下,在单个卷轮(170)上仅示出了一个百叶窗板(168)。 [0140] FIG. 10 shows the same embodiment with essentially the embodiment in FIG. 9, but, in this case, on a single reel (170) shows only a louver (168). 上轨与图9的设计相同,但是,仅未使用图9的前卷轮的空间。 9 with the upper rail of the same design, however, the space before the reel of FIG. 9 only unused.

[0141]图11示出了另一实施例。 [0141] FIG. 11 shows another embodiment.

[0142]其与图2的实施例相似。 [0142] which is similar to the embodiment of FIG. 2.

[0143]然而,在这种情况下,前窗板或第一窗板(180)由两片单独的半透明材料(182)和(184)组成。 [0143] However, in this case, a first or front pane window panel (180) consists of two separate translucent material (182) and (184) components. 这两片半透明材料悬挂在相同的卷轮(86)。 Two pieces of the same translucent material suspended in the reel (86). 这两片半透明材料实际上适用于绕一个卷轮(186)卷起或者降下。 Two sheets of a translucent material actually applied to a wound reel (186) wound up or lowered.

[0144]在这两片半透明材料之间存在基本上呈S形配置的多根横条(188)。 [0144] present between the two sheets a plurality of substantially translucent material bar (188) S-shaped configuration. 横条(188)按照其他方式粘结或连接至相应的片(182)和(184)。 Bar (188) in accordance with the bonding or otherwise connected to the respective sheet (182) and (184).

[0145]卷轮控制机构是已知的类型,并且使两片半透明材料布置为如图11所示的悬挂,从而使其彼此分开,其中,一片半透明材料在卷轮的一侧卷起,而另一片半透明材料在卷轮的另一侧卷起。 [0145] The reel control mechanism of a known type, and the two suspension translucent material arranged as shown in FIG. 11, so that it separated from each other, wherein a translucent material is wound up on one side of the reel , a translucent material rolled sheet and the other on the other side of the reel.

[0146]当在该配置中时,横条彼此位移,如图11所示。 [0146] When in this configuration, bar displaced from each other, as shown in FIG.

[0147]这使更多的光透过两片半透明材料,进入建筑物的内部。 [0147] This allows more light to pass through two translucent material into the interior of the building.

[0148]通过卷轮的操纵,两片(182)和(184)可以相对于彼此位移,从而使其悬挂在卷轮的相同侧。 [0148] By manipulating the reel, the two (182) and (184) can be displaced relative to one another, so that it is suspended on the same side of the reel. 这将使横条(88)重新设置,从而使其或多或少地位于垂直布置中。 This will bar (88) reset, so that it more or less in a vertical arrangement. 横条的边缘重合或重叠。 Bar edges coincide or overlap. 这会阻碍更多的光透进来,从而提供更多的隐私。 This will hinder more light coming through, so as to provide more privacy.

[0149] 通道(190)和(192)形成在卷轮(186)中并且容置相应片(182)和(184)的边缘。 [0149] channel (190) and (192) are formed in the reel (186) and housed in a respective sheet (182) and the edge (184).

[0150]第二窗板(194)悬挂在上卷轮(196)上,并且由不透明的阴暗效果材料形成。 [0150] The second window panel (194) is suspended from the upper reel (196), and is formed of an opaque material dark effect. 这样,可以操纵上窗板,以提供更多或更少的光,并且给出装饰性外观。 Thus, the window panel may be manipulated to provide more or less light and gives a decorative appearance.

[0151]当需要将光阻挡在外时,可以将窗板(194)降下。 [0151] When it is desired to block out light, may be the window plate (194) is lowered.

[0152]图12是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了形成在回路中并且围绕在下轨(204)中的卷轮(202)通过的前百叶窗板(200)。 [0152] FIG. 12 is a side view of another embodiment, showing the front louver is formed (200) in the loop around the lower rail and the reel (202) (204) passes.

[0153]下轨具有限定出半圆柱通道(208)的两个半圆柱壁(206),具有向上定向的开口(210)。 [0153] defining a lower rail having a semi-cylindrical channel (208) of the two semi-cylindrical wall (206) having an opening (210) directed upwards. 窗板(200)围绕卷轮(202)适配,并且陷在壁(206)之间,但是,在通道(208)内与卷轮(202) —起自由转动。 Window panel (200) (202) adapted and trapped between the wall (206) around the reel, however, within the channel (208) and the spool (202) - from free rotation.

[0154]图13是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板(22),其中,其自由端(214)在凹槽(213)中固定至由金属或挤压热塑性塑料形成的弯曲支撑壁(216)。 [0154] FIG. 13 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver (22), wherein its free end (214) in the recess (213) or fixed to a metal extrusion curved support wall (216) formed of a thermoplastic. 壁固定至位于上轨的后部的内部的凹槽(217)。 Fixed to the inside wall of the recess at the back of the upper rail (217). 其形状使其能够环绕上卷轮和暗百叶窗(218),但不接触。 Which can be shaped to surround the reel and dark louvers (218), but not in contact.

[0155]图14是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板(220),其中,其自由端(222)直接附接至在上轨的后壁中的凹槽(223)。 [0155] FIG. 14 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver (220), wherein its free end (222) attached directly to the rear wall of the recess in the upper rail (223).

[0156]在本实施例中,窗板(220)实际上将接触在上卷轮上的暗百叶窗板(224)和在下卷轮上的前窗板(220)。 [0156] In the present embodiment, the window plate (220) is actually in contact with the upper reel dark louvers (224) and a front window plate on the lower reel (220). 如果经常调节窗板,这可能会产生一定的磨损,但是在某些情况下,可以令人满意。 If you frequently adjust the shutters, which may have some wear and tear, but in some cases, can be satisfactory.

[0157]图15是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板(226),其中,其自由端(228)附接至在上轨的前壁中的凹槽(229)。 [0157] FIG. 15 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver (226), wherein its free end (228) attached to the groove on the front wall of the rail ( 229).

[0158]在这种情况下,前窗板将与自身接触,其中自由端围绕下卷轮(230)行进,但不会接触到在上卷轮上的暗窗板。 [0158] In this case, the front window plate in contact with itself, wherein the free end of the lower reel (230) to travel around, but does not touch the window panel in the dark on the reels.

[0159]图16是另一实施例的侧视图,示出了呈回路形式的前百叶窗板(232),其中,其自由端(234)固定至在上轨的顶壁中的凹槽(236)。 [0159] FIG. 16 is a side view of another embodiment showing a form of a loop as a front louver (232), wherein its free end (234) fixed to the upper rail groove top wall (236 ). 在这种情况下,在自由端(234)与在上卷轮上的两个暗窗板之间存在某些轻微的接触,其中,前窗板在下卷轮上。 In this case, the free end (234) with some light contact exists between the two window panels on a dark upper reel, on which the front window panel next reel. 然而,由于这两个接触面积较小,所以磨损会很轻微。 However, since both the contact area is small, so wear will be very slight.

Claims (18)

1.一种用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,并且具有可与所述建筑物开口相邻附接的上轨,所述上轨限定出了上区域和下区域,其特征在于: 位于所述上轨的所述上区域中的上百叶窗卷轮, 位于所述上轨的所述下区域中的下百叶窗附接件, 容纳在所述上百叶窗卷轮上的上百叶窗, 容纳在所述下百叶窗附接件上的下百叶窗, 可操作地使所述上百叶窗升降的上百叶窗控制机构,可操作地操作所述下百叶窗并且使所述下百叶窗开闭的下百叶窗控制机构,其中,所述上百叶窗卷轮位于沿着所述上轨中的上平面的上轴上,而所述下百叶窗附接件位于沿着所述上轨内的下平面的下轴上,所述轴彼此垂直位移,以及其中,所述上百叶窗可操作地在所述下百叶窗附接件的预定侧旁边垂下来,以及其中,所述下百叶窗可操作地与所述上百叶窗并排垂下来并且与所述上百叶窗 An opening for the louver structure, and having a building adjacent to the opening of the upper rail attached to the upper rail defines upper and lower regions, wherein: said located on said rail on the upper region of reel blinds, shutters located on the lower region of the attachment member in the lower rail, the louvers accommodated in the shutters on the reel accommodated in said lower shutters the louvers attachment member operable to cause the blind control means elevating the shutters, the shutters operable to operate the blinds and the lower opening and closing the shutters of the control means, wherein said upper shutters reel shaft is located along the upper rail in the upper plane and said lower shutters positioned along the attachment shaft of the lower plane of the upper rail in the vertical axis displaced from each other, and wherein the shutters operably hanging at the side next to the predetermined attachment of shutters, and wherein said lower shutters operably coupled to said shutters hanging side by side and with the shutters 隔隔开,从而提供轮廓纤细且美观的上轨,所述上下百叶窗控制机构包括用于所述上下百叶窗的柔性百叶窗板控制元件,借由所述柔性百叶窗板控制元件,所述百叶窗可以向上升起并且容纳在上轨中,以及,所述上下百叶窗控制机构进一步包括用于引导所述柔性百叶窗板控制元件并且将所述柔性百叶窗板控制元件定位在所述上下百叶窗的边缘的前方的百叶窗控制元件引导肋。 Separator spaced to provide a slim and aesthetic profile rail, the vertical blind control means includes upper and lower shutters for the flexible louver control element, the control element by means of a flexible louver, the louvers can be increased to starting and accommodated on rail, and the vertical blind control means further comprises means for guiding the flexible louver element and the flexible control louver blind control control element is positioned in front of the upper and lower edges of the blind element guide ribs.
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中,所述上百叶窗是不透明的遮光百叶窗,并且所述下百叶窗是半透明的百叶窗,从而,当所述上百叶窗升起并且所述下百叶窗降下时,某些光会透进来,以及其中,当所述上百叶窗降下时,将光阻挡在外。 The louver of claim 1 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the opaque light-shielding shutters blinds, shutters and the lower shutter is translucent, so that, when the the upper and the lower lifting shutters blinds down, some of the light will come through, and wherein, when the shutters lowered, blocking out the light.
3.根据权利要求1所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 下百叶窗板包括透明材料,该透明材料具有间隔隔开的横向暗百叶窗条从中穿过。 The building according to claim 1 louver opening, further characterized in that: wherein the louvers comprises a transparent material, the transparent material having spaced apart lateral louvers dark pass therethrough.
4.根据权利要求3所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于包括限定出中空通道的下轨和在所述下轨中的下板导轮,以及其中,所述下百叶窗板围绕所述下板导轮延伸。 The louver of claim 3 for a building opening as claimed in claim, characterized in further comprising defining a hollow channel and a lower plate under the rail of the lower wheel guide rail, and wherein the lower louvers the lower plate extending around the guide wheel.
5.根据权利要求1所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述上轨限定出前壁、顶壁和后壁。 The louver of claim 1 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the rail defines a front wall, a top wall and a rear wall.
6.根据权利要求5所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于包括: 弯曲的下百叶窗支撑壁,其固定至所述上轨的所述后壁并且围绕所述上百叶窗卷轮延伸;以及,在所述支撑壁上与下板的自由端接合的下百叶窗板附接件。 The louver of claim 5 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in comprising: a louver curved lower support wall, which is fixed to the upper rail and the rear wall around said reel shutters extension; and, louvers at the supporting wall engaged with the free end of the lower attachment plate.
7.根据权利要求6所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于包括凹槽, 其形成在所述上轨的所述后壁中,用于附接所述支撑壁。 The louver of claim 6 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in comprising a groove formed in the rear wall of the upper rail, a support for attaching the wall.
8.根据权利要求7所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述下板限定出具有自由端的回路,并且包括在所述上轨中的凹槽用于将所述自由端固定在所述上轨中。 The louver of claim 7 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the lower plate defining a loop having a free end, and the upper rail includes a groove for the said free end fixed to the rail.
9.根据权利要求6所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:包括凹槽,其中, 所述凹槽在所述上轨的所述顶壁上,并且自由端围绕所述上百叶窗通过并且与所述上百叶窗接触。 9. The shutter for a building opening as claimed in claim 6, claim, further characterized in that: a recess, wherein said recess in said top wall of said upper rail, and the free end around the shutters and the shutters by the contact.
10.根据权利要求8所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述下板限定出自由端,并且,凹槽在所述上轨的所述后壁中;以及,所述自由端在固定在其中,并且围绕所述上百叶窗和所述下百叶窗通过并且与所述上百叶窗和所述下百叶窗接触。 10. The louver of claim 8 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the lower plate defines a free end, and the rear wall of the recess in the upper rail; and the free end is fixed therein, and surrounding the upper and lower shutters and the shutters by the lower and upper shutters blinds contacts.
11.根据权利要求6所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:包括凹槽,其中, 所述凹槽在所述上轨的所述前壁上,并且,所述自由端围绕所述下百叶窗通过并且与所述下百叶窗接触。 11. The louver of claim 6 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: a recess, wherein said recess on said front wall of said rail, and said free end around the lower shutters and blinds by contact with the lower.
12.根据权利要求1所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述下百叶窗附接件包括附接至所述上轨的大体上呈线性的细长构件,所述下百叶窗固定至所述细长构件。 12. The louver of claim 1 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the louver attachment member comprises a lower rail of generally linear elongate member is attached to the upper, the said elongated member is fixed to said lower shutters.
13.根据权利要求12所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述下百叶窗是伸缩式半透明的百叶窗材料。 13. A louver 12 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein said lower telescopic shutters blinds translucent material.
14.根据权利要求13所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述上轨限定出前壁,并且包括固定至所述上轨的所述前壁的水平支撑壁,以及其中,所述细长构件固定至所述水平支撑壁,并且所述下百叶窗包括垂直的百叶窗板条。 14. The louver of claim 13 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein said upper rail defining a front wall, and includes both fixed to the upper horizontal rail of the front wall of the support wall, and wherein said elongated member is secured to the horizontal support wall, and the lower shutter blinds comprising vertical slats.
15.根据权利要求14所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于包括形成在所述上轨的位于所述上百叶窗卷轮下方的所述前壁中的附接通道和形成在所述水平支撑壁上的附接法兰,并且,所述附接法兰适配在所述附接通道中。 15. The louver 14 for a building opening as claimed in claim, characterized in that further comprises forming the upper rail is located below the front wall of the reel louver connection channels are formed in the upper and the horizontal support wall attachment flange, and the attachment of the attachment flange adapted channel.
16.根据权利要求1所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于包括边缘遮光板,其沿着各侧固定至建筑物结构并且重叠上板的边缘。 16. The louver of claim 1 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that the shading plate comprises an edge, along which each side is fixed to the building structure and the overlapping edges of the upper plate.
17.根据权利要求16所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于;其中,所述边缘遮光板包括通道。 17. The shutter for a building opening as claimed in claim claim 16, further characterized in that; wherein said shielding plate includes a channel edge.
18.根据权利要求2所述的用于建筑物开口的百叶窗,其特征进一步在于:其中, 所述下百叶窗包括两个窗板和在所述两个窗板之间延伸的横条。 18. The louver of claim 2 for a building opening as claimed in claim, further characterized in that: wherein the window panel comprises two lower shutters and the bar between the two window panels extend.
CN201280074404.4A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Having tracks on both shutters blinds CN104411910B (en)

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CN104411910A (en) 2015-03-11
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IL236512D0 (en) 2015-02-26
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EP2867434A4 (en) 2016-05-25
EP2867434B1 (en) 2017-10-04
AU2012384331A1 (en) 2015-01-22
BR112014031127A2 (en) 2017-06-27
AU2012384331B2 (en) 2017-10-19
JP2015521699A (en) 2015-07-30
EP2867434A1 (en) 2015-05-06
MX2014015208A (en) 2015-08-20
WO2014000078A1 (en) 2014-01-03
JP6228973B2 (en) 2017-11-08

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