EP2483026B1 - Semi-autonomously working jigsaw - Google Patents

Semi-autonomously working jigsaw Download PDF

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Publication number
EP2483026B1
EP2483026B1 EP10737581.8A EP10737581A EP2483026B1 EP 2483026 B1 EP2483026 B1 EP 2483026B1 EP 10737581 A EP10737581 A EP 10737581A EP 2483026 B1 EP2483026 B1 EP 2483026B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
saw blade
jigsaw
working
semi
machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
EP10737581.8A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2483026A1 (en
Inventor
Thilo Koeder
Joachim Platzer
Ulli Hoffmann
Jan Koegel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robert Bosch GmbH
Original Assignee
Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE200910045235 priority Critical patent/DE102009045235A1/en
Application filed by Robert Bosch GmbH filed Critical Robert Bosch GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2010/061175 priority patent/WO2011038953A1/en
Publication of EP2483026A1 publication Critical patent/EP2483026A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2483026B1 publication Critical patent/EP2483026B1/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F5/00Details or components of portable power-driven tools not particularly related to the operations performed and not otherwise provided for

Description

  • The invention relates to a semi-autonomously working jigsaw according to the preamble of claim 1 and a method for operating a semi-autonomously working jigsaw.
  • State of the art
  • Such a jigsaw, for example, goes from the DE 102006 052 808 A1 out.
  • Machine tools, especially in the form of hand-held and / or hand-held machine tools, often offer a variety of uses, combined with a variety of user-side adjustment options. This often requires user knowledge, even with good manuals. Especially with only sporadic use of such machine tools, this often results in incorrect operation.
  • In principle, this also does not change if the machine tools are equipped with machine-side aids for the user, for example in jigsaws with guide aids, which are intended to support the user in the pursuit of prescribed working lines, in particular computer-aided, for example by guide messages displayed on a display.
  • An optional additional mechanical support in the management of a Werzeugzeugmaschine is from the DE 10 2006 052 808 A1 known in which a jigsaw is provided as a machine tool and the user is thereby assisted mechanically in the leadership of the machine that the tool in the form of a liftable driven saw blade is rotatable about its stroke axis and is aligned by machine to the respective working line.
  • The tools used here are machine-side-provided sensors, in particular, for example, a camera, via which the respective predetermined working line is detected, so that on the basis of the results of a downstream evaluation and arithmetic unit The saw blade can be aligned in its rotational position on the working line via an adjusting device. Although such a semi-autonomous operation makes it easier for the user to guide and avoid guide errors, but in order to achieve a good quality of work, special attention in the tool selection and adaptation to respective workpiece-side conditions.
  • Related to such hand-held machine tools in the form of circular saws, jigsaws, angle grinders or drills it is from the US 2006/0159533 A1 known to provide different known detection means for a respective placement tool associated identification features. For example, in connection with jigsaws sensors as optical detection means for provided on the respective saw blade identification features in the form of geometric structures, such as holes, knobs or the like. It is also known in connection with drilling machines for measuring the axial distance between the drill and acted upon by the drill workpiece, so for detecting the position of the drill to be acted upon by the drill workpiece bearing features known to work with sensors in the form of distance sensors. The values recorded in each case are used, inter alia, linked to the machine control, in order to achieve optimized work results with as little tool wear as possible by coordination between the machine tool and the tool.
  • Relative to hand-held machine tools, especially drills, it is further from the DE 10 2006 061 581 A1 it is known to detect dependent on a machine side provided sensors from the workpiece to be machined and / or the position of the machine tool to the workpiece dependent features and / or sizes, such as the material type of the workpiece or the distance of the machine tool to the workpiece. To detect the type of material, for example, a spectral evaluation of a signal emitted by the sensor or a phase evaluation is made. The detection of the distance and thus the position of the machine tool to the workpiece, for example, by the evaluation of a signal from a unit of the sensor emitted high-frequency signal, in particular a radar signal. The results obtained in this way also serve to coordinate the working conditions between machine tool and tool for optimizing the work result, for example by minimizing tool wear, by machining the workpiece as gently as possible and / or by using the machine tool as user-friendly as possible.
  • Disclosure of the invention
  • The invention has for its object to further improve a machine tool of the type mentioned in terms of assistance provided to the user on the machine side in the handling and use of the machine.
  • This is achieved with the features of claim 1 and the features of claim 7. The dependent claims indicate expedient developments.
  • By identifying the respective placement tool, an automated adaptation of the working parameters of the jigsaw, ie an automated setting of the saw parameters, becomes possible. This is in semi-autonomous jigsaws, which are equipped with an imaging sensor, in particular in the form of a camera for detecting conditions in the working environment of the placement tool to realize almost no additional effort and thus allows errors in the assignment of placement tool and suitable for the placement tool Working parameters to avoid, as well as the conversion into appropriate machine information.
  • It is particularly advantageous in the context of the invention, when the machine tool is additionally provided with means for detecting the type of material of each workpiece to be machined, since then based on the type of material of the respective workpiece and a suitable selection of the placement tool the user can at least be displayed, so that an optimization of the working conditions is ensured by the correct allocation of material type, placement tool and working parameters of the machine tool.
  • On the part of the placement tool corresponding identification features can also be formed by design features of the tool itself, such as saw blades by the nature of their teeth, their length or the like. However, corresponding identification features can also be formed by codes provided on the placement tool, in particular in barcode-like form, by imprints or the like.
  • Due to the configuration of the placement tool with correspondingly identifying features and the design of the machine tool with means for detecting and processing information about the placement tool, possibly also the type of material, in the form of a tool, or tool and material detection unit and a downstream control unit all prerequisites are created to properly select and control the machine-side drive and setting parameters for the placement tool for semi-autonomous machine tools without user intervention. In this way, procedurally an optimized working operation can be ensured, which excludes user errors at least with regard to the material type oriented choice of placement tool and related to this placement tool proper adjustment of the working parameters of the machine and thus especially for inexperienced each correct use of the machine tool facilitated.
  • Further details and features of the invention will become apparent from the claims, the description and the drawings. These show:
  • Fig. 1
    as an example of a hand-held machine tool a schematic representation of a jigsaw,
    Fig. 2
    a selection of different saw blades as mounting tools for the jigsaw, and
    Fig. 3
    to a jigsaw designed according to the invention in a block diagram, the means for detecting and processing of the respective placement tool identifying features and for implementation in control commands for the drive of the placement tool.
  • As a machine tool 1, a jigsaw 2 is illustrated. This has a housing 3 which is slidably supported on the surface 27 of a workpiece 5 via a base plate 4. The jigsaw 2 has a saw blade 8 as a placement tool 7 held in a tool holder 9. The saw blade 8 is driven in a liftable manner in the direction of the arrow 10 and about its axis of rotation corresponding rotation axis 12, as indicated by the arrow 11, rotatable. About the rotational position 12 of the saw blade 8, the respective sawing direction is specified as the working direction. The indicated by the arrow 6 working direction corresponds to the straight-ahead working direction of the jigsaw 2, which coincides with untwisted saw blade 8 in the extension with the plane of the saw blade 8.
  • Illustrated are thus in Fig. 1 a Regelarbeitsstellung that corresponds to the straight ahead direction of arrow 6; Furthermore, an operation of the jigsaw 2 as a so-called "scrolling Jigsaw" in which the jigsaw 2 operates in one of the determined by the respective rotational position of the saw blade 8 working direction in semi-autonomous mode of operation. In this mode of operation, the saw blade 8 is machine aligned to a given, straight or crooked working line and follows this, wherein the user essentially only supports the resulting from the working operation reaction forces and the feed of the jigsaw 2 takes over.
  • In Fig. 1 Furthermore, the use of the jigsaw 2 is illustrated in a so-called pendulum stroke, in which the saw blade 8 via a pendulum drive 13 is displaced in the direction of its saw blade plane superimposed to the lifting drive pendulum.
  • These different operating modes can be adjusted by the user via a switching device 15. The switching on and off of the jigsaw 2 via a provided in the grip region of the housing 3 switching arrangement 14th
  • According to the respective work requirements, for example coarse or fine cut, and the respective material type and / or condition of the respective workpiece 5 to be machined, the jigsaw 2 is replaceable to be equipped with different saw blades 8. Various embodiments of such saw blades 8 are in Fig. 2 shown and illustrate that sometimes even by the respective design of the saw blade 8, it is possible by the shape, by the length and / or the type and shape of the teeth, a distinction and identification. Furthermore, the saw blades 8, as illustrated by way of example for a saw blade 28, may have additional identification features 29, which may be provided in barcode-like form, for example on one or both saw blade surfaces, in particular incorporated therein. Corresponding marking options, for example, also offers the saw blade back, for example, by a corresponding screening.
  • Fig. 2 can be further seen that the head parts of the saw blades 8 provide sufficient opportunities for coding, especially for a mechanically detectable coding that tapped in the tool holder 9 and further processed in corresponding control commands for working parameters of the jigsaw 2, in particular stroke number of the saw blade 8 and pendulum number of the pendulum drive 13, can be implemented. Corresponding processing and control devices are integrated into the jigsaw 2 received by the housing 3 and in the illustration according to Fig. 1 schematically symbolized on the front side 16 of the jigsaw 2, wherein at 21 a computing unit is shown, which responds in conjunction with a control unit 22 corresponding adjusting devices 23.
  • For the purpose of identifying the respective saw blade 8 in the context of the invention, optical detection means 30, as they are described in FIG Fig. 1 offset in the front region 16 of the housing 3 to the front provided for saw blade 8 and aligned on the saw blade 8 and the working area of the saw blade 8 are illustrated.
  • By aligning the working area of the saw blade 8, the detection of an approximately predetermined working line and derived therefrom the rotational position alignment of the saw blade 8, for the operation of the jigsaw as scrolling Jigsaw possible, and are accordingly in this mode to operate jigsaws 2 already with a optical detection device 30 is provided on the optionally also other user-relevant information from the work area of the saw blade 8 can be used and made usable for the user, for example by representation in a likewise provided in the front panel display 20. These hints can also references to the respective saw blade Count 8 as mounting tool 7. In particular, however, such instructions are processed and implemented in control commands for the drive of the saw blade 8.
  • In view of the different requirements with respect to the saw blade detection on the one hand and the observation of the working range of the saw blade 8 on the other hand, the optical detection unit 30 according to the invention for the purposes mentioned on different sensors, a sensor 18 for observation of the work area and detection of a working line and a sensor 24 for the Saw blade detection, both sensor systems 18, 24 may be formed in the form of a camera and may differ only in terms of their orientation. Optionally, the sensor systems 18, 24 can also overlap in the detection area, so that under certain circumstances they can be used redundantly.
  • Based on the saw blade detection, it may prove to be appropriate for the respective detection a rotational and / or stroke position of the saw blade 8, in which the saw blade 8 is spent for better observation. For this purpose, for example, the saw blade 8 are rotated in a transverse position to the straight-ahead working direction. Furthermore, in particular, the upper stroke position of the saw blade 8 proves to be useful for detection and identification position, especially in this position, especially with appropriate rotation of the saw blade 8, the physical design of the saw blade 8 is particularly well recognized and any coding such as recesses and Wells and / or barcode-like markings are in a favorable observation area.
  • Fig. 3 schematically illustrates the detection of the identification features of a saw blade 8 used as a mounting tool 7 via the sensor 24 in the form of a camera and the subsequent processing of the information thus obtained in a saw blade identifier 31, for example by image comparison or by processing the coding signals, wherein the saw blade identifier 31 part of the computing unit 21 can be. If the saw blade 8 is detected, the control unit 22 sets the values associated with the saw blade 8 as drive parameters, in particular for the number of strokes 32 and pendulum number 33, and converts them into control commands for the actuating and drive devices 13, 23.
  • In Fig. 1 illustrates that the detection of the assembly tool 7 according to the invention is expediently combined with a recognition of the material type of the workpiece 5. This makes it possible to modify the drive parameters resulting from the saw blade recognition in consideration of the respective type of material and to control correspondingly modified drive values for the saw blade 8 in terms of stroke and pendulum number.
  • The material identification is in Fig. 1 symbolically illustrated by the sensor 26, which is preferably provided in the front region of the foot plate 4 can be placed on the workpiece surface 27, which can be used for the detection of the material on known technologies.
  • By capturing the respective placement tool 7 and taking into account the most favorable for the respective placement tool 7 work values on an automated basis, the requirements are significantly reduced to the user and in particular erroneous assignments with respect to interdependent working parameters avoided. Supplemented by a material type identification for the respective workpiece, a further improvement in the quality of work can be achieved while at the same time reducing the demands on the user.

Claims (8)

  1. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) having a tool receptacle (9) for interchangeably fitting with a saw blade (8) which is driven in a reciprocating manner and is mechanically rotatable about its stroke axis, wherein the jigsaw (2) is intended to work in a semi-autonomous mode of operation in a working direction determined by the respective rotational position of the saw blade (8) and to orient the saw blade (8) mechanically with a working line provided in each case on the workpiece side and to follow said working line, wherein a user undertakes substantially only to support the reaction forces resulting from the working operation and to feed the jigsaw (2), and having detection means, characterized in that the detection means have a first sensor system (24) for detecting identification features (29) of the saw blade (8), the jigsaw (2) has means for processing the detected features, and the detection means have a second sensor system (18) for monitoring a working region and for detecting the predetermined working line and, derived therefrom, an orientation of the rotary position of the saw blade (8), wherein the sensor systems (18, 24) are formed by an optical detection unit (30) that detects the identification and position features.
  2. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) according to Claim 1, characterized in that a rotary and/or stroke position of the jigsaw (8), into which the saw blade (8) is moved for better monitoring, is provided for the respective detection.
  3. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) according to Claim 2, characterized in that the saw blade (8) is rotated into a transverse position with respect to a straight-on working direction.
  4. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the optical detection means are formed by a camera.
  5. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the jigsaw (2) is provided with means for detecting the type of material of the workpiece (5) to be machined in each case.
  6. Semi-autonomously working jigsaw (2) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the means for detecting the respective saw blade (8) and the type of material of the workpiece (5) to be machined in each case have a tool and material identification unit and a downstream control unit via which the machine-side drive and/or actuating parameters for the saw blade (8) are input.
  7. Method for operating a semi-autonomously guided jigsaw (2), wherein a saw blade (8) with which the jigsaw (2) is fitted in each case is rotatable mechanically about its stroke axis and is detected optically via a first sensor system (24) of a machine-side detection unit (30), and the optical detection unit (30) is oriented with a working region of a saw blade (8), wherein the jigsaw (2) works in a semi-autonomous mode of operation in a working direction determined by the respective rotational position of the saw blade (8) and orients the saw blade (8) mechanically with the working line provided in each case on the workpiece side and follows said working line, and wherein a user undertakes substantially only to support the reaction forces resulting from the working operation and to feed the jigsaw (2), wherein the predefined working line is detected by means of a second sensor system (18) of the optical detection unit (30) and the detected values are converted by a machine-side control unit into control commands for the drive and the orientation of the saw blade (8).
  8. Method according to Claim 7, characterized in that the type of material of the workpiece (5) to be machined is detected optically via the machine-side detection unit (30) and the detected values are converted via the machine-side control unit into control commands for the drive and the orientation of the saw blade (8).
EP10737581.8A 2009-10-01 2010-08-02 Semi-autonomously working jigsaw Expired - Fee Related EP2483026B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200910045235 DE102009045235A1 (en) 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 Machine tool, in particular hand-held machine tool
PCT/EP2010/061175 WO2011038953A1 (en) 2009-10-01 2010-08-02 Machine tool, in particular a hand-held machine tool

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2483026A1 EP2483026A1 (en) 2012-08-08
EP2483026B1 true EP2483026B1 (en) 2014-07-23

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ID=43067052

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP10737581.8A Expired - Fee Related EP2483026B1 (en) 2009-10-01 2010-08-02 Semi-autonomously working jigsaw

Country Status (3)

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EP (1) EP2483026B1 (en)
DE (1) DE102009045235A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2011038953A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2883664A1 (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-17 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Tool
DE102016207883A1 (en) * 2016-05-09 2017-11-09 Robert Bosch Gmbh Coded tool and coded tool sleeve for programming an assembly tool

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102006052808A1 (en) * 2006-11-09 2008-05-15 Robert Bosch Gmbh hand-held jigsaw

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE19960824C2 (en) * 1999-12-16 2003-08-21 Hilti Ag Method and device for examining and identifying the type of subsurface
DE10026357C2 (en) * 2000-05-27 2002-09-12 Martin Argast Optoelectronic device
US7369916B2 (en) * 2002-04-18 2008-05-06 Black & Decker Inc. Drill press
US7243440B2 (en) * 2004-10-06 2007-07-17 Black & Decker Inc. Gauge for use with power tools
WO2006066259A2 (en) * 2004-12-17 2006-06-22 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Smart acessories for power tools
DE102006061581A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-03 Robert Bosch Gmbh Electric power tool e.g. drilling hammer, device for use during processing of e.g. wall, has coupling unit coupling sensor unit to tool base, where sensor unit determines characteristic and has sensor component for detecting characteristic

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102006052808A1 (en) * 2006-11-09 2008-05-15 Robert Bosch Gmbh hand-held jigsaw

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Publication number Publication date
EP2483026A1 (en) 2012-08-08
WO2011038953A1 (en) 2011-04-07
DE102009045235A1 (en) 2011-04-28

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