EP2255937B1 - Manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board - Google Patents

Manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP2255937B1
EP2255937B1 EP09172995.4A EP09172995A EP2255937B1 EP 2255937 B1 EP2255937 B1 EP 2255937B1 EP 09172995 A EP09172995 A EP 09172995A EP 2255937 B1 EP2255937 B1 EP 2255937B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
profiles
wood
floor board
solid wood
moisture content
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP09172995.4A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2255937A1 (en
Inventor
Dengyun Tu
Yuezhong Ni
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Shiyou Timber Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Shiyou Timber Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN 200910099265 priority Critical patent/CN101603623B/en
Application filed by Zhejiang Shiyou Timber Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Shiyou Timber Co Ltd
Publication of EP2255937A1 publication Critical patent/EP2255937A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP2255937B1 publication Critical patent/EP2255937B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/02Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by compressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/04Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of flooring elements, e.g. parqueting blocks

Description

    Field of Invention
  • The present invention relates to the technical field of wood processing, in particular to a manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board
  • Related Art
  • The hardwood products are popular for most consumers, especially the hardwood furniture and flooring. However, because of the slowly growing hardwood trees, the difficulty to obtain required amount of woods in short term, the forest protection, and the tree-felling ban in many countries, leading to the shortage of raw materials, it is difficult for those hardwood furniture plants and flooring plants to provide sufficient hardwood products for the consumers. Under the situation of the continuously decreasing natural forest resources and the wood supply almost depending upon the fast-growing and high-yielding artificial production forest, the current research focuses on the solution of improving the mechanical strength and processability of the woods obtained from the artificial forest by means of the densification processing method so as to substitute the hardwoods.
  • The Chinese patent application, whose publication number is CN1282654A , discloses a patent technology titled "An Manufacturing Method for Reinforced Solid Wood Floor Board of Composite Tongue-and-groove Type" by Mr. Yang Zhiliang, characterized in that the board core is made from pine wood or fast-growing forest wood, surface layer thereof is affixed to a wood-grain decorative layer and an aluminum oxide (Al2O3) wearable layer, as well as a melamine fire-retardant layer, periphery thereof is tongued-and-grooved to produce flooring. The produced flooring by means of this technology is of multi-layer composite type without more intense pressure and more glue applied, so the strength of such flooring is just at normal level. Furthermore, another Chinese patent, whose publication number is CN1195611C , discloses a patent technology titled "Preparing Method for Base Materials of Reinforced Wood Floor Board" by the Wuhan Rongde Industry Co., Ltd. The sawdust is used as the raw material which is glued and pressed into the base material of flooring. Although the technology makes use of the wood waste, the mechanical strength of it is worse than the log fiber when the sawdust is used as raw material. Therefore, it can be seen that all these two patents provide low-strength flooring, but such flooring are not popular for most consumers who prefer solid wood products.
  • As most properties of the solid wood profiles, such as hardness, wear resistance, bending strength and dimension stability, are mostly dependent upon the surface, the surface of the timber is densified to a certain depth to increase the density and harden the surface. After the densification, interior density of the timber would not change or would be increased slightly, but the physical and mechanical properties of the timber would be improved, leading to saved cost and decreased loss of timber volume. Therefore, the densification is an ideal method for improving the properties of the soft timber obtained from the artificial forest.
  • There are also other available technologies which can improve the density and hardness of the timber surface. Technical solution for these technologies is as follows, making organics, such as organic resin, and inorganic metallic elements permeate through the timber's surface layer to a certain depth so as to densify the timber surface. The phenolic resin, urea-formaldehyde resin, modified melamine resin, isocyanate resin, etc. may cross linked with the timber to improve hardness of the timber surface, but such densified timber is greatly pollution hazardous.
  • Someone even further compresses the resin-impregnated timber to a certain degree, acquiring higher degree of densification. Furthermore, the resin can better fix the compressive deformation. But there are still some shortcomings such as pollution and process complexity.
  • Currently, the method for densifying the timber by hot pressing has been reported, for example, the Chinese patent by the Zhejiang Forestry University, whose publication number is CN101007415A , discloses a manufacturing process for surface-strengthened flooring, it consisting of (1) a step of primarily processing raw materials, in which Chinese fir wood or the like, that is a thinning wood of the fast-growing forest, pine wood and aspen wood, as well as the logs with oven-dry density less than 600kg/m3 are processed into coarse boards; (2) a step of drying, in which the coarse boards are dried based on the available drying schedule, controlling the final water content within 4%-10%, preferably within 5%-8%; (3) a step of rough planning, in which four sides of the coarse boards are roughly planed using the quadrilateral planing machine; (4) a step of heating, in which the coarse boards are heated in the drying kiln to the temperature of 100-150° C for 10-60 minutes; (5) a step of resin dipping, in which the coarse boards are thrown into the normal-temperature resin pool immediately after being taken out from the drying kiln by means of hot and cold dipping method to dip the board for 2-25 minutes, wherein the solid content is 20%-40% and the thermosetting resins, such as phenolic resin or urea-formaldehyde resin are used; (6) a step of hot pressing, in which the board materials are hot pressed using the normal multilayer thermal press or the continuous thermal press, with the ratio of compression controlled within 5%-20%, the temperature within 100-190°C and the time of hot pressing within 200-2800s; wherein the time of hot pressing changes correspondingly with different woods, different resins and temperatures; (7) a step of aging, in which the hot pressed board materials are aged for 4-48h at the normal temperature so as to eliminate the internal stress and stabilize the dimension; (8) a step of fine machining, in which the final products for consumers are obtained by planing, sharpening, sand grinding and painting. The surface strength of the board obtained using the above-mentioned method is higher. To achieve an ideal surface densification effect when radially or chordwisely compressing the board along the cross striation, however, the following conditions shall be satisfied firstly, high temperature and humidity and sufficient softening of the surface layer of the board, low temperature and non-softening of partial intermediate layer, at the same time to control the low ratio of compression or compression rate. The possibility of non-compressed under higher compression rate even the intermediate layer has not been softened is little, in particular when radially compressing the board, it is easy to compress and deform the spring wood cell as the cell wall is thin. Therefore, the process method of densifying the surface layer of the board through compression requires high temperature but short time. To avoid the compression failure of the surface layer after the compression, normally the hot pressed board shall be impregnated into the resin for a period. In addition, the board shall be surface grooved, before the hot pressing, and then put into the water to improve the moisture content of the board. Therefore, the process is comparatively complicated and not environmentally friendly.
  • US 3591448 A , which is considered to be the closest prior art document and refers to "Wood with a densified surface layer and method of making same", relates to a method of densifying the surface of natural wood which consists of the steps of:
    • selecting wood having a substantial difference in the density of the spring wood and the summer wood and whose moisture content is above about 6%,
    • heating a flat plate to a temperature above about 121 degrees C (250 degrees F),
    • inserting the heated plate between the wood and a cold press platen,
    • quickly applying pressure on the wood and increasing the pressure rapidly while heat passes from the plate into the wood until the spring wood collapses,
    • maintaining pressure on the wood during the time interval in which the heat continues to flow into the wood, the maximum temperature has been reached, the direction of the heat flow is reversed, and the temperature of the crushed wood fibers has fallen well below 100 degrees C (212 degrees F),
    • then releasing the pressure and removing the wood from the press.
    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • An object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board. The method is convenient, simple and environmentally friendly, which solves the technical problems of being complicated and severe pollution of the available processes.
  • The said technical objects are achieved by a manufacturing method according to claim 1.
  • The present invention is suitable for a variety of woods, such as Chinese fir wood, pine wood, cotton wood, Manchuran-tree wood, paulownia wood, birch wood and basswood. These woods can all be processed using the said method.
  • As the moisture content differs for different woods, the log profiles are to be dried first. The moisture content of the dried log profiles are controlled within 7-16%, more preferably within 7-13%. If moisture content is too low, the possibility of log profiles being fractured is substantially increased due to the compression in the subsequent stage, and also the rebound degree after the compression is strengthened. It is shown by test that if the moisture content is excessively high, and then uniform moisture distribution is created inside the wood, the wood easily deforms after the compression, meanwhile, the interior will crack, even the surface. In addition, dimension of the wood decreases due to drop of the moisture inside the wood after the compression, leading to difficulty to acquire compressed wood with required dimension:
    • As a preference of the above-mentioned technical solution, the moisture content of the log profiles after drying are controlled within 8-10%, preferably within 8-9%. As another preference, the moisture content of the log profiles after drying are controlled within 10-14%, preferably within 10-12%.
  • As a preference for the present invention, the surfaces of the log profiles dried are to be polished. If the surface is not polished, the compression will be non-uniform due to the protuberances on the wood profiles, leading to insufficiently level surface of the compressed part after the partial recovery. Furthermore, compression of the protuberances may greatly damage texture of the wood profiles resulting in decrease of the mechanical properties of the wood profiles. Meanwhile, the said polishing can make the hot press quickly heat the log profiles so as to realize fast compression.
  • Temperature of the log profiles in the hot press is very crucial, and temperature of the said hot press is the temperature of the pressing plate of the hot press. It is shown by test that the higher the hot pressing temperature, under certain conditions within hot pressing time, the smaller the rebounded rate of the compression of the profiles. Take the cryptomeria for example, it will be compressed for 7 days, the recovery rate of compression thereof, when the hot pressing temperature is 60°C, is 83%, while the recovery rate of compression thereof, when the hot pressing temperature is 100°C, is 58%. So controlling the hot pressing temperature for the present invention can achieve suitable recovery rate of compression. Excessively high hot pressing temperature largely affects the mechanical properties of the wood profiles, as degradation of the wood fiber, under over-high temperature, becomes severe. Furthermore, over-high hot pressing temperature makes it difficult to realize the cross link among fibers, leading to largely decreased mechanical properties of the profiles. As the preference of the above-mentioned scheme, the temperature of the hot press is kept within 220°C-250°C. The optimum scheme is to keep the temperature within 230°C-250°C.
  • As the preference of the present invention, the compression rates of the said log profiles are controlled within 15%-25% when being compressed, preferably within 16%-20%. Over-high compression rate results in over-long compression time and overweight profiles, meanwhile severely affects the recovery rate of compression and mechanical properties of the profiles. Over-low compression rate dissatisfies the requirements for surface mechanical properties. Meanwhile the interior of the profiles may swell once the water penetrates through the surface layer in a humid environment, since over-low compression rate results in thinner surface-strengthened layer that provides weak obstruction to the outer environment. As the preference of the above-mentioned solution, the said compression rate is controlled within 17-23%.
  • To better control the recovery rate of compression, the said log profiles that has been compressed needs to be kept warm for a certain period. Also, over-long warm-keeping period may damage the mechanical properties of the profiles. Temperature for the said warm-keeping may be same with the hot pressing temperature, or 10°C-80°C lower than the hot pressing temperature, which almost does not affect properties of the profiles. Period for the said warm-keeping is preferably within 20-40 minutes. The said warm-keeping shall be generally conducted under the condition that the wood profiles is subject to the applied stress from the hot pres.
  • Under the temperature of 210°C-220°C, the warm-keeping effect is better if the warm-keeping period is within 50-60 minutes, and the compressed profiles has higher dimension stability, color of the surface thereof is not dark.
  • As a further preference of the present invention, the said warm-keeping lasts for 20-40 minutes. As another preference of the present invention, the said warm-keeping lasts for 35-40 minutes. These two different solutions differ in the color and the dimension stability of the compressed profiles.
  • When the log profiles are compressed, the compressing speed obviously affects the properties of the profiles other than the hot pressing temperature and compression rate. In one embodiment, the said speed at which the hot press compresses log profiles is within 4mm/s-10mm/s, the surface strength of the profiles improves greatly. One further preferable embodiment is to control the compressing speed of the hot press within 4mm/s-6mm/s, another still preferable embodiment is to control the compressing speed of the hot press within 8mm/s-9mm/s, and the most preferable embodiment is to control the compressing speed of the hot press within 7mm/s-8mm/s.
  • Another important factor to obtain the said profiles of the present invention is the moisture content of the profiles. Inside the profiles, there are a number of pores, which provides the profiles with water-absorption function. Once the moisture content is suitable and the exterior of the profiles is sealed, the profiles can adapt for largely changing humidity environment, having no water absorbed or dehydrated. After the warm-keeping, the moisture content of the profiles is adjusted to 6-9%, ensuring that the profiles does not deform even after long-term use in diversified climate conditions. The method for controlling the moisture content after the warm-keeping and cooling is diversified, for example, controlling the moisture content in the balance room where the temperature and humidity are adjustable, the drying kiln or under atmospheric conditions.
  • As preference of the present invention, the moisture contents of the profiles are adjusted to 6-7% after the warm-keeping. As another preference of the above-mentioned embodiment, the moisture content of the profiles is adjusted to 7-8% after the warm-keeping.
  • As preference of the present invention, control of the said moisture content is realized by placing the log profiles, which has been cooled, in the moisture control room, the temperature thereof is 40°C-65°C, the relative humidity of it is 75%-95%. After the moisture content of the profiles achieves the required level, it will be taken out from the moisture control room. Over-high temperature results in rebound of the compressed part of the surface layer, instead of strengthening the surface, while over-low temperature results in excessively long term placing and thereby affects the production efficiency.
  • The present invention uses high temperature so as to dry the wood in a high-temperature and compression condition. In addition, the high temperature degrades the hydrophilic group in the process of the hemicellulose and lignin degradation and greatly decreases the hygroscopicity of the wood. These two actions fix the compression of the surface layer of the wood so as to eliminate the rebound of the surface compression.
  • The profiles of the present invention can be further processed according to demand after the step of controlling of the moisture content is finished. For example, if the profiles are to be manufactured into solid wood floor board, it is required to tongue and groove the profiles and later to conduct the surface sanding and finishing. Such solid wood floor board, the recovery rate of compression thereof is low and the hardness of the paint film is high, can be used in most climate conditions, and can be widely used in humid and dry conditions. No keel and nailing are required when installing such floor board, which greatly reduces the installation cost and the damages to the houses. Meanwhile the comparatively simple process reduces the manufacture cost and generates low pollution.
  • Surface strengthened solid wood floor boards are manufactured, wherein the density of it is 300-580Kg/m3, thickness of the reinforced surface is 1-5mm, hardness of the paint film on the reinforced surface is 2H-8H and overall moisture content of the profiles is 6-9%.
  • The said solid wood floor boards contain no impurities of organic resin and inorganic metal elements, which is of "pure" solid wood type and almost pollution-free. The overall density of it is low and the hardness of the paint film of the reinforced surface is relatively high.
  • Log for the said surface reinforced solid wood floor boards are relatively soft, such as pine wood, Chinese fir wood, cottonwood and paulownia wood. Normally, density of the log is 250-480Kg/m3, which is not ideal for the manufacture of the flooring requiring high hardness. The said floor boards have higher hardness of the paint film on the strengthened surface, more stable overall moisture content compared with other solid wood floor boards with same density, therefore, they are more suitable for the wider range of climate conditions.
  • Preferably, the present invention is made using the log with smaller density, about 250-420Kg/m3, so the surface reinforced solid wood profiles with smaller density of 300-500Kg/m3 can be made.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • This embodiment only explains the present invention, but not limits the present invention. The person skilled in the field can make modifications that have no creative contribution on this embodiment according to demands after reading this Description, and these modifications are protected by the patent law if they are within the scope of the claims of the present invention.
  • Example 1: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses Populus ussuriensis as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The Populus ussuriensis wood is subsequently cut into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 8%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 25mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 220°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 4mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 21mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 25MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 40 minutes, 40 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.01mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for four days, the relative humidity thereof is around 90% and the temperature thereof is 50°C. After controlling the moisture, the moisture content is within 6-7%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood floor board. Hardness of the 2-3mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the floor board obtained in this embodiment is within 6-7%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood floor board is 466kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 5-6H. Two sides of the solid wood flooring in this embodiment are tongued-and-grooved, the upper surface thereof is the strengthened surface, and thickness, of the strengthened layer is H = 2-3mm, the lower surface of the solid wood floor board is not strengthened, which not only saves the wood but also prevents the lower surface from swelling due to wetting. Chamfers of the strengthened layer of the solid wood floor board are coated with the seal paint, which penetrates through the interior of the strengthened layer, thereby effectively preventing the chamfers from absorbing water and consequently avoiding swelling.
  • Example 2: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses paulownia as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The cut paulownia wood is formed into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 7%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 30mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 250°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 10mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 24mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 20MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 20 minutes, 20 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.01 mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for six days, the relative humidity thereof is around 85% and the temperature thereof is 50°C. After controlling the moisture , the moisture content is within 7-8%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood floor board. Hardness of the 3-4mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the flooring obtained in this embodiment is within 7-8%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood floor board is 350kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 2-3H.
  • Example 3: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses basswood as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The cut basswood wood is formed into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 12%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 25mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 210°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 6mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 21mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 20MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 60 minutes, 60 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.1mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for eight days, the relative humidity thereof is around 85% and the temperature thereof is 55°C. After controlling the moisture, the moisture content is within 8-9%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood flooring. Hardness of the 2.5-3mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the floor board obtained in this embodiment is within 8-9%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood flooring is 422kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 3-4H.
  • Example 4: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses Populus ussuriensis as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The cut Populus ussuriensis wood is formed into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 12%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 28mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 230°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 8mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 23mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 25MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 35 minutes, 35 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.01mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for four days, the relative humidity thereof is around 95% and the temperature thereof is 55°C. After controlling the moisture, the moisture content is within 8-9%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood floor board. Hardness of the 3-5mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the floor board obtained in this embodiment is within 8-9%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood flooring is 477kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 6-8H.
  • Example 5: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses Populus ussuriensis as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The cut Populus ussuriensis wood is formed into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 10%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 27mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 240°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 6mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 23mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 25MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 35 minutes, 35 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.01mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for five days, the relative humidity thereof is around 85% and the temperature thereof is 65°C. After controlling the moisture, the moisture content is within 6-7%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood flooring. Hardness of the 2-3mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the floor board obtained in this embodiment is within 7-8%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood floor board is 460kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 2-3H.
  • Example 6: a method for manufacturing the surface reinforced solid wood flooring uses Populus ussuriensis as the log. It comprises the steps of cutting the dried wood in a reasonable way according to the size of the solid wood to be manufactured to obtain a certain batch of same-sized sawed woods so as to perform subsequent drying and processing. The cut Populus ussuriensis wood is formed into blocks and they can be stacked, and then heavy object is put on the top of the stack, conveying the stack by fork into the drying kiln for drying, which is steam-heating head wind type, and controlling the moisture content at about 9%. Polish surface of the block-shaped wood that has been dried with WEINIG four-side planer (manufactured by the German WEINIG GROUP, mode: U23 EL), select one of the polished surfaces as the surface to be strengthened, make the selected polished surface parallel to the fiber direction of the wood, put the 27mm thick polished wood profiles into the hydraulic three-layer hot press, make the hot pressing plate of the said hot press face the surface to be strengthened, adjust the temperature of the said hot pressing plate to 225°C, control the pressing speed of the hot pressing plate to 9mm/s, press the wood profiles being compressed in the hot press to 22mm thickness, pressure of the hot press when pressing is 25MPa. After finishing the pressing, maintain pressure and keep warm the wood profiles for 45 minutes, 45 minutes later slowly release the pressure by controlling the releasing speed to 0.01mm/s, place the wood profiles indoors for natural cooling. Put the cooled profiles in the moisture control room for four days, the relative humidity thereof is around 95% and the temperature thereof is 65°C. After controlling the moisture, the moisture content is within 7-8%. Store the profiles for a certain period, after which perform tongue-and-groove, surface sanding and surface finishing to acquire a solid wood floor board. Hardness of the 2-3mm thick upper part of the compressed surface of the floor board of the present invention is obviously strengthened, and moisture content of the floor board obtained in this embodiment is within 7-8%, which stays stable in all climate conditions. Density of the said solid wood flooring is 468kg/m3, and hardness of the paint film of the strengthened surface is 2-3H.
  • In the present invention, the moisture content of the wood uncompressed is determined according to the GB 1931-91 Method for determination of the moisture content of wood. The moisture content of the finished floor board is determined according to the Profiles 4.3 of the GB/T 17657 - 1999 Test methods of evaluating the properties of wood-based panels and surface decorated wood-based panels. The hardness of the paint film of the finished floor board is determined according to the GB/T6739 - 1996 Determination of film hardness by pencil test. The density of the wood uncompressed is determined according to the GB 1933 - 91 Method for determination of the density of wood. The density of the floor board compressed is determined according to the Profiles 4.2 of the GB/T 17657- 1999 Test methods of evaluating the properties of wood-based panels and surface decorated wood-based panels. The abrasion resistance of the surface of the paint film of the floor board is determined according to the GB/T 15036.2-2001 Solid wood flooring-Examination and test methods.

Claims (8)

  1. A manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board wherein the density of it is 300 ∼ 580Kg/m3, the thickness of the reinforced surface is 1 ∼ 5mm, the hardness of a paint film on the reinforced surface according to the Standard GB/T6739-1996 is 2H ∼ 8H and overall moisture content of the profiles is 6 ∼ 9%, comprising the following steps:
    ( 1 ) Drying log profiles, the moisture content of the dried wood profiles being controlled within 7 ∼ 16%;
    ( 2 ) Compressing the log profiles by the hot press within 210°C-250°C, the pressing speed of the hot press being within 4mm/s ∼ 10mm/s;
    ( 3 ) Keeping warm the profiles obtained after the compression for 20-60 minutes by keeping the temperature of the hot press at the temperature of step (2) or 10°C-80°C. lower than the hot pressing temperature of step (2) and maintaining pressure;
    ( 4 ) Controlling the moisture content of the profiles within 6-9%;
    ( 5 ) Tonguing and grooving the profiles;
    ( 6 ) Surface sanding and finishing,
  2. The manufacturing method for the surface strengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that during the said step of drying log profiles, moisture content of the dried wood profiles are controlled within 7-13%.
  3. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that surface of the wood profiles are polished after drying log profiles.
  4. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the temperature of the hot press in step (2) is controlled within 230°C-250°C.
  5. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the compression ratio of the log profiles in step (2) is within 15%-25%.
  6. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the said compressed log profiles are kept warm for 20-40 minutes.
  7. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the moisture content of the profiles in step (4) is controlled within 7-8%.
  8. The manufacturing method for the surface stengthened solid wood floor board as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that controlling moisture content of the profiles within 6-9% in step (4) is achieved by the step of putting the profiles in the moisture control room, whose temperature is 40°C-65°C and relative humidity is 75%-95%.
EP09172995.4A 2009-05-29 2009-10-14 Manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board Active EP2255937B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910099265 CN101603623B (en) 2009-05-29 2009-05-29 Surface reinforced solid wood section material, floor board and manufacturing method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2255937A1 EP2255937A1 (en) 2010-12-01
EP2255937B1 true EP2255937B1 (en) 2015-06-03

Family

ID=41469468

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09172995.4A Active EP2255937B1 (en) 2009-05-29 2009-10-14 Manufacturing method for a surface-strengthened solid wood floor board

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2255937B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101603623B (en)

Families Citing this family (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102107447B (en) * 2009-12-26 2013-07-24 浙江世友木业有限公司 Wood sectional material and manufacturing method thereof
CN102107446B (en) 2009-12-26 2013-09-25 浙江世友木业有限公司 Surface-enhanced solid wood sectional material and manufacturing method thereof
CN101886456B (en) * 2010-08-05 2011-11-23 浙江贝亚克木业有限公司 Method for manufacturing anti-cracking solid wood blue-white porcelain floor
CN102554992B (en) * 2010-12-30 2014-09-17 广州好莱客创意家居股份有限公司 Surface enhanced type wood section bar and manufacturing method thereof
CN102626941B (en) * 2011-02-07 2016-03-30 福建秦朝木业科技有限公司 A kind of fast growing wood surface enhanced manufacture method and section bar thereof
CN102626940B (en) * 2011-02-07 2016-03-30 刘锡丽 A kind of solid wood profile modification method and section bar thereof
CN102862201A (en) * 2011-07-06 2013-01-09 潘平 Fast growing wood flame retardant enhanced solid wood section material and its manufacturing method
CN102407548B (en) * 2011-09-09 2014-07-23 南京林业大学 Method for manufacturing solid wood floorings by utilizing densified fast growing woods
CN102423889B (en) * 2011-12-09 2014-07-30 南京林业大学 Spray evaporation cooling hot press, and single-sided compressed wooden plate and production method thereof
CN103624850A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-12 北京林业大学 Manufacturing method of flame retardant timber
CN103624851A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-03-12 北京林业大学 Flame retardant timber and preparation method thereof
CN104708695A (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-17 北京林业大学 Preparation method of flame retardant wood
CN103640071A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-19 北京林业大学 Production method of flame retardant wood
CN106217566B (en) * 2016-08-18 2019-08-20 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 A kind of progressive production method thickened of timber surface layer compression layer
PL419499A1 (en) * 2016-11-17 2018-05-21 Versal Spółka Z Ograniczoną Odpowiedzialnością Method for thermo-mechanical compaction of multi-layered poplar plywood and the multi-layered plywood
CN109262790A (en) * 2018-09-14 2019-01-25 简木(广东)定制家居有限公司 A kind of wood surface treatment process and the timber using technique production

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB193191A (en) 1921-12-09 1923-02-22 John Beardsell Broadhead Improvements in relief valves
GB193391A (en) 1922-02-16 1924-03-13 Robert Morse Withycombe Improvements in tooth or massage brushes
US2827935A (en) * 1956-10-10 1958-03-25 Gen Plywood Corp Method for treating wood surfaces
US3292676A (en) * 1960-02-02 1966-12-20 Hoover Ball & Bearing Co Apparatus for case hardening wood
US3591448A (en) * 1966-08-15 1971-07-06 Armin Elmendorf Wood with a densified surface layer and method of making same
FR2751579B1 (en) * 1996-07-26 1998-10-16 N O W New Option Wood Wood processing process with glass transition stage
JPH10100108A (en) * 1996-09-26 1998-04-21 Noda Corp Compressed wooden material and its production
CN1282654A (en) 1999-08-03 2001-02-07 杨智良 Technology for manufacturing reinforced wood floor with compound groove and tongue
FI114997B (en) * 2000-03-16 2005-02-15 Ilvolankoski Oy A solid wood flooring element and a method and apparatus for making a flooring element
CN1195611C (en) 2002-01-31 2005-04-06 武汉荣德实业有限公司 Reiforced wood floor base material and its preparation method
FR2883788B1 (en) * 2005-04-04 2011-08-19 Edmond Pierre Picard Method for thermally treating wood, installation for carrying out the process, and thermally treated wood
CN101007415B (en) * 2007-01-26 2012-12-19 浙江林学院 Production method of soft material solid-wood reinforced board
WO2009094792A1 (en) * 2008-01-30 2009-08-06 Steinemann Technology Ag Method for working surfaces

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2255937A1 (en) 2010-12-01
CN101603623A (en) 2009-12-16
CN101603623B (en) 2013-09-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP3823094B2 (en) Wood floor material having laminated wood and synthetic resin layer using symmetrical structure, and method for producing the same
EP1233041B1 (en) Decorative panel and/or moulding, its use and process for its production
CN103991113B (en) Utilize the method that fast growing wood prepares high intensity engineering structure glued board
US6129871A (en) Manufacturing method for a wood board
CN104608228B (en) A kind of antibacterial and mouldproof aroma type oriented wood chipboard and preparation technology thereof
US7647957B2 (en) Method for making plywood and dimensional lumber from Arundo donax L. or bamboo
US7183339B2 (en) Method for making dimensionally stable composite products from lignocelluloses
Nugroho et al. Development of structural composite products made from bamboo I: fundamental properties of bamboo zephyr board
CN101115599B (en) Process for the manufacture of a veneer
EP2517851B1 (en) Preparation method for a wood section
US8747987B2 (en) Ultra thick bamboo-wood composite panel, ultra thick solid wood composite panel and manufacturing methods thereof
KR100679815B1 (en) Wood flooring with laminated wood and hdf using symmetric structure and process for manufacturing the same
AU2006219949B2 (en) Method for producing wood-base materials
CN103158188B (en) Method for manufacturing environment-friendly anti-deformation board with low carbon
CN101544008B (en) Method for preparing wood bamboo composite floor
WO2009127092A1 (en) A recombined bamboo section material and its manufacturing method
CN101524857B (en) Aldehyde-free veneer and producing method thereof
US8221660B2 (en) Type of surface-reinforced solid wood section material and its manufacturing method
CN100487218C (en) Four-layer solid wood composite floor with skin layer having horizontal-longitudinal split joint structure and method for making same
EP2344309B1 (en) Manufactured wood product and methods for producing the same
CN106079007B (en) A kind of processing method using Solid Door of the sassafras manufacture with anaglyph
CN1205026C (en) Antiwear composite wood floor and its making method
CN103991116A (en) Method for making fast-growing wood into strengthened solid wood planks through multi-effect compound modification treatment
CN103817764A (en) Method for manufacturing redwood furniture
EP2206588B1 (en) Method for manufacturing laminated bamboo strips lumber

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to:

Extension state: AL BA RS

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20110517

17Q First examination report despatched

Effective date: 20121207

RIC1 Information provided on ipc code assigned before grant

Ipc: B27M 1/02 20060101AFI20141128BHEP

Ipc: B27M 3/04 20060101ALI20141128BHEP

INTG Intention to grant announced

Effective date: 20150106

AX Request for extension of the european patent to:

Extension state: AL BA RS

AK Designated contracting states

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK SM TR

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: GB

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: EP

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: REF

Ref document number: 729679

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20150715

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: FG4D

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R096

Ref document number: 602009031522

Country of ref document: DE

Effective date: 20150716

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: AT

Ref legal event code: MK05

Ref document number: 729679

Country of ref document: AT

Kind code of ref document: T

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: NO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150903

Ref country code: LT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: HR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 7

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: NL

Ref legal event code: MP

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: LT

Ref legal event code: MG4D

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LV

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: AT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: BG

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150903

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150904

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: EE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IS

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151003

Ref country code: PL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: SK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: CZ

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: PT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151006

Ref country code: RO

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: DE

Ref legal event code: R097

Ref document number: 602009031522

Country of ref document: DE

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

26N No opposition filed

Effective date: 20160304

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: CH

Ref legal event code: PL

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20151014

Ref country code: SI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MC

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: IE

Ref legal event code: MM4A

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: LI

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20151031

Ref country code: CH

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20151031

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 8

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: IE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20151014

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: HU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT; INVALID AB INITIO

Effective date: 20091014

Ref country code: SM

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: SE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: CY

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: TR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

Ref country code: MT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 9

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state [announced via postgrant information from national office to epo]

Ref country code: MK

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 20150603

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: PLFP

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20190910

Year of fee payment: 11

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20190910

Year of fee payment: 11

PGFP Annual fee paid to national office [announced from national office to epo]

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20190820

Year of fee payment: 11