EP1968715B1 - Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance - Google Patents

Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1968715B1
EP1968715B1 EP06830847A EP06830847A EP1968715B1 EP 1968715 B1 EP1968715 B1 EP 1968715B1 EP 06830847 A EP06830847 A EP 06830847A EP 06830847 A EP06830847 A EP 06830847A EP 1968715 B1 EP1968715 B1 EP 1968715B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
fire
compressed gas
pressure
extinguishing
valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP06830847A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1968715A1 (en
Inventor
Frank Felten
Karl Bermes
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Luxembourg Patent Co SA
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Luxembourg Patent Co SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP06100013A priority Critical patent/EP1803488A1/en
Application filed by Luxembourg Patent Co SA filed Critical Luxembourg Patent Co SA
Priority to PCT/EP2006/070259 priority patent/WO2007077195A1/en
Priority to EP06830847A priority patent/EP1968715B1/en
Publication of EP1968715A1 publication Critical patent/EP1968715A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1968715B1 publication Critical patent/EP1968715B1/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C13/00Portable extinguishers which are permanently pressurised or pressurised immediately before use
    • A62C13/66Portable extinguishers which are permanently pressurised or pressurised immediately before use with extinguishing material and pressure gas being stored in separate containers
    • A62C13/72Portable extinguishers which are permanently pressurised or pressurised immediately before use with extinguishing material and pressure gas being stored in separate containers characterised by releasing means operating essentially simultaneously on both containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C35/00Permanently-installed equipment
    • A62C35/02Permanently-installed equipment with containers for delivering the extinguishing substance
    • A62C35/023Permanently-installed equipment with containers for delivering the extinguishing substance the extinguishing material being expelled by compressed gas, taken from storage tanks, or by generating a pressure gas

Abstract

A fire extinguisher (50, 50’, 50’) comprises a container (10, 10’) that holds a fire-extinguishing substance and that has a container jacket (12, 12’) closed at both ends, and a piston (20, 20’) which is axially displaceable in the container jacket and which separates a space (22, 22’) for fire-extinguishing substance from an expansion space (24, 24’) in the container. According to the invention, an inner compressed-gas chamber (26, 26’) provided in the container (10, 10’) is spatially separate from the expansion space and serves for controlled pressurizing of the expansion space (24, 24’). The piston (20, 20’) is arranged such that it can be displaced along the compressed-gas chamber (26, 26’).

Description

    Technical area
  • The present invention relates to a fire extinguishing device with an extinguishing agent container.
  • State of the art
  • A variety of different types of fire extinguishers or fire extinguishers with extinguishing agent containers are known. In principle, a distinction can be made between portable fire extinguishers and stationary or mobile fire extinguishing devices. The former are particularly suitable for manual use, whereas the latter are often used in automatic fire extinguishing systems or car use.
  • Many fire extinguishers, especially portable, have the disadvantage that they can not be used reliably in any spatial orientation. Namely, the extinguishing agent can not be completely applied in every orientation:
    • This problem can be avoided if a solid piston or a flexible membrane is movably arranged in the extinguishing agent container and separates an extinguishing agent space from a propellant space, which at the same time serves as an expansion space. Such extinguishing agent containers are known in particular in connection with automatic fire extinguishing systems. These have over the fire extinguishers described above in particular the advantage that a complete expulsion of the extinguishing agent is ensured even with any spatial orientation of the extinguishing agent container. They are therefore already used in permanently installed in vehicles, automatic fire extinguishing systems, where it can come to an arbitrary orientation of the extinguishing agent container by an accident.
  • A fire extinguishing device with an extinguishing agent container with piston is in the WO 96/36398 described. This is particularly suitable for closed rooms, such as passenger compartments or engine compartments, and includes an extinguishing agent container with a cylindrical, sealed on both sides of the container casing and a piston axially displaceable in the container jacket. The piston, in the extinguishing agent container, separates an extinguishing agent space containing an extinguishing agent from a propellant space containing a pressurized propellant gas. The extinguishing agent space is provided at an exit for the extinguishing agent with a trigger valve. Upon actuation of the trigger valve, the propellant gas, by displacement of the piston into the extinguishing agent space inside, drive the extinguishing agent from the extinguishing agent container.
  • A fire extinguishing device with an extinguishing agent container according to WO 96/36398 However, in particular has the disadvantage that the extinguishing agent pressure during the discharge of the extinguishing agent is not constant. To ensure complete discharge, a considerable expansion of the volume of propellant gas is required. This brings during the expulsion of the extinguishing agent (at unchanged temperature), however, a strong pressure drop of the propellant gas and consequently also the extinguishing agent with it. As a result, the throughput of extinguishing agent falls over the deletion. Furthermore, as extraction progresses, the matching of extinguishant pressure to commonly connected atomizer nozzles for the extinguishant of such equipment degrades.
  • A further fire-extinguishing device with a piston which can be displaced axially in the extinguishing agent container and which separates an extinguishing agent space from an expansion space in the extinguishing agent container is known from US Pat US 6,371,213 known. In contrast to the devices mentioned above is in the device according to US 6,371,213 the extinguishing agent pyrotechnic, ie by the explosive force of a propellant discharged. The propellant charge acts on the expansion space and, via a coaxially arranged in the container Beipassrohr, also the extinguishing agent to foam the latter before its exit. The device according to US 6,371,213 has the advantage that the extinguishing agent container is not permanently under nominal pressure. The disadvantage, however, is that the pyrotechnic pressure generated by the propellant charge is difficult to control and decreases during the expulsion of the extinguishing agent, so that even in this device, the extinguishing agent throughput drops during the deletion process. In addition, pyrotechnic discharge entails additional risks, not least in the event of fire.
  • Object of the invention
  • Object of the present invention is therefore to propose a fire extinguishing device which is functional in any spatial orientation and ensures increased reliability.
  • General description of the invention
  • This object is achieved by a fire extinguishing device comprising an extinguishing agent container with a sealed on both sides of the container casing and an axially displaceable in the container casing piston which separates an extinguishing agent space in the extinguishing agent from an expansion space. According to the invention, an internal compressed gas reservoir is provided in the extinguishing agent container. The compressed gas storage forms a spatially separated from the expansion chamber pressure gas chamber. The compressed gas chamber is used to store a propellant gas at high storage pressure and for controlled pressurization of the expansion space with reduced extinguishing pressure. In this case, the piston is arranged displaceably along the pressure gas chamber.
  • The compressed gas chamber according to the invention, which is integrated into the container by the compressed gas storage device, is independent of the expansion space, and thus also of the variable volume of the expansion space used to receive the propellant. This makes it possible on the one hand avoid using suitable switching means that the expansion space and the extinguishing agent in the idle state are under operating pressure, on the other hand allows this arrangement, under Use of suitable pressure control means, a controlled pressurization of the expansion space, in particular with a relatively constant low pressure over the entire duration of the Löschmittelaustrags. The propellant pressure in the expansion space and consequently also the extinguishing (medium) pressure in the construction according to the invention is not only essentially constant over the duration of the extinguishing agent discharge but can be freely selected in absolute value and thus adaptable for various applications. Furthermore, a compact, space-saving design of the fire extinguishing device is achieved, which unites extinguishing agent tank and pressure medium source in one unit. As a result, this fire-extinguishing device is of particular interest for use in goods and passenger transport vehicles. A line overhead as it arises when using separate, external pressure vessels as a pressure medium source largely eliminated, resulting in addition to cost reduction, an increase in safety and reliability.
  • In a structurally advantageous construction of the container shell is cylindrical and the pressure gas chamber is arranged in the extinguishing agent container coaxial with the container shell. An annular piston suitable for coaxial pressure gas chamber has e.g. a circular cylindrical outer shape and is provided with a coaxial circular cylindrical guide opening.
  • In a first possible embodiment of the fire-extinguishing device, a compressed-gas cylinder with an at least partially cylindrical outer wall provided in the extinguishing agent container is provided as the compressed-gas reservoir. Here, the piston is designed as an annular piston and slidably guided along the cylindrical part of the outer wall of the compressed gas cylinder. In this embodiment, the pressure gas chamber is formed by a, preferably specially processed, compressed gas cylinder so that the piston on the bottle itself can be slidably mounted, whereby an additional guide is saved.
  • In a second possible embodiment, the fire extinguishing device comprises a cylindrical guide casing which is located inside the extinguishing agent container, and the pressurized gas reservoir is a pressurized gas cylinder which is located inside the cylinder cylindrical guide sheath is arranged, provided. Here, the piston is configured as an annular piston and guided displaceably along the cylindrical guide shell. The essential difference from the first embodiment is that a conventional compressed gas cylinder as a compressed gas storage, ie for the provision of the compressed gas chamber, used and can be integrated into the extinguishing agent container. However, this requires the use of a separate guide for the piston.
  • It is further preferably provided a switching valve for controlled pressurization of the expansion space, which is connected on the input side to the compressed gas chamber and the output side to the expansion space to feed the expansion space by opening the switching valve with compressed gas. With the switching valve, the fire extinguishing device advantageously further comprises a pressure control valve for controlled pressurization of the expansion space, which is connected to the input or to the output of the switching valve to urge the expansion space with compressed gas at a predetermined, substantially constant pressure during the deletion process. To control the switching valve is provided in a preferred embodiment, that the switching valve has at least one pneumatic control port, and a temperature-sensitive, pressure-loaded detector line is present, which is connected to the pneumatic control port of the switching valve to open the pressure drop in the detector line, the switching valve. As a result, an automatic release of the fire extinguishing device is possible in a simple and reliable way if necessary.
  • In one possible embodiment, the fire extinguishing device comprises a switching valve having a first and a second pneumatic control connection, a first pressure control valve, and a connection for a detector line, wherein the first pressure control valve is connected directly to the input side of the pressure gas chamber and the output side to the input of the switching valve, wherein the Connection for the detector line to the first control port and the output of the first pressure control valve is additionally connected to the second control port, and wherein the switching valve output side is connected to the expansion space. This embodiment is particularly suitable for expelling extinguishing agent at an average pressure which coincides with that in the detector line.
  • In a further possible embodiment, the fire extinguishing device additionally comprises a second pressure regulating valve which is connected on the input side to the output of the first pressure regulating valve and on the output side at the input of the switching valve or on the input side of the output of the switching valve and on the output side of the expansion chamber. This embodiment is particularly suitable for expelling extinguishing agent at a low pressure, which is lower than that in the detector line.
  • In another possible embodiment, the fire extinguishing device additionally comprises a second pressure regulating valve which is connected on the input side to the first control connection and on the output side to the connection for the detector line. This embodiment is particularly suitable for expelling extinguishing agent at a high pressure, which is greater than that in the detector line.
  • Preferably, the fire extinguishing device further comprises a compensation line for compensating leaks in the detector line, which is connected to the output of the first pressure regulating valve and connected to the terminal for the detector line, wherein in the compensation line a check valve is arranged, which at excessive pressure loss in the detector line an excessive Loss of propellant over the compensation line prevented.
  • Preferably, the fire extinguishing device further comprises a creeping gas safety device, which is connected to the output of the switching valve to prevent a creeping pressure build-up in the expansion space.
  • In a particularly compact and robust design, the fire extinguishing device further comprises a compressed gas cylinder inside the extinguishing agent container, the compressed gas cylinder comprising the pressure chamber and having a thickened bottle bottom, which at least the switching valve, the first pressure control valve and possibly the second pressure control valve receives. It is advantageous if the connecting line, which leads via the switching valve, the first pressure control valve and optionally the second pressure control valve from the pressure chamber to the expansion chamber is formed by holes in the dashboard. In this design, the fire extinguishing device is even more compact, leak-proof, and robust.
  • When using a pressure cylinder inside the extinguishing agent, a dimensioning in which the compressed gas cylinder occupies 10% to 35% of the effective volume of the extinguishing agent container, has proved to be preferred.
  • In contrast to the prior art, the proposed herein design of the extinguishing agent container allows the extinguishing agent container to a lower (erase) pressure, for. ≤ 90 bar, although the propellant gas is at a significantly higher storage pressure, e.g. > 150bar is stored in the separate compressed gas storage.
  • In order to accommodate the largest possible extinguishing agent volume in the container, it is advantageous if the piston comprises an inner guide bushing for guiding the cylindrical part of the compressed gas cylinder or on the guide casing and an outer guide shirt for guiding the container casing and wherein the guide bushing has a smaller axial extent than the guide shirt. As a result, the piston can be acted upon in the stop from the center of the vessel with propellant.
  • The piston is preferably guided on the basis of a, corresponding to the cross section of the pressure gas chamber recess at this, so that it surrounds the pressure gas chamber. It is also possible to arrange pistons and pressure gas chamber with complementary cross sections in the container casing so that the piston does not surround the pressure gas chamber.
  • Regardless of the fire extinguishing device, a specially developed compressed gas cylinder and in particular its manufacturing method is disclosed. Without being limited to this application, the use of such a special compressed gas cylinder in the fire extinguishing device according to the invention is particularly advantageous.
  • in manufacturing processes for such a compressed gas cylinder, includes the following steps:
    • ■ backward extrusion of a blank to a blank, which comprises a bottle bottom and a cylindrical bottle jacket, wherein the bottle jacket is closed on one side of the bottle bottom;
    • ■ processing of the molded article to a compressed gas cylinder blank by forming the cylindrical bottle jacket to a bottle neck in the end region which is opposite to the bottom of the bottle;
    • ■ Processing the compressed gas cylinder blank into a compressed gas cylinder. The manufacturing process is characterized in that
    • ■ the Rückwärtsfließpressen is carried out such that the bottle bottom is designed as a solid, thickened bottom plate and
    • ■ the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank to a compressed gas cylinder comprises at least making a receiving bore for a valve in the solid, thickened bottom plate.
  • Preferably, in the method, the solid, thickened bottom plate is designed as a cylindrical solid body, which has the same radius as the cylindrical bottle jacket after the backward extrusion.
  • Herein, the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank to a compressed gas cylinder, preferably the making at least one housing and valve seat bore as a receiving bore for a valve.
  • To connect the valve or valves to be integrated in the bottom of the bottle, the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank to a compressed gas cylinder advantageously comprises making at least one connecting bore from the receiving bore to the interior of the compressed gas cylinder and at least one outlet bore from the receiving bore to the outside in the thickened, solid bottom plate.
  • In order to allow a complete installation of the necessary fittings, the backward extrusion is advantageously carried out in the method that the Base plate has an extension in the longitudinal direction of the compressed gas cylinder, which is 5 to 15 times the wall thickness of the bottle jacket or at least 50mm.
  • In particular for the production of a compressed gas cylinder for more complex applications, the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank into a compressed gas cylinder further preferably comprises the following steps:
    • ■ making a plurality of housing and valve seat bores, at least one communication bore from a first housing and valve seat bore to the interior of the pressurized gas cylinder, and at least one communication bore from another housing and valve seat bore to the outside, all housing and valve seat bores being disposed in the thickened, solid bottom plate ; and
    • ■ making at least one communication bore between the first housing and valve seat bore and another housing and valve seat bore, the communication bore in the thickened, solid bottom plate extending obliquely relative to the longitudinal axis of the pressurized gas cylinder.
  • As a result, all the required processing steps of the valve block can be carried out from the front side of the bottle bottom. A spanning of the workpiece is unnecessary. It is possible in a simple way, the integration of the connecting lines between the fittings in the designed as a dashboard bottle bottom.
  • In intended utilization of the compressed gas cylinder as a guide for a piston in an extinguishing agent container according to the invention, the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank to a compressed gas cylinder further preferably, the machining of the outer surface of the bottle jacket as a cylindrical guide by cutting forming.
  • piece placement
  • In the following, some embodiments of the invention will be described with reference to FIGS enclosed, illustrative figures described in more detail. In the figures, the same or prime reference characters are used for the same or similar components throughout. Show it:
  • Fig. 1:
    a first longitudinal section through an extinguishing agent container;
    Fig. 2:
    a second longitudinal section through an extinguishing agent container;
    3:
    a schematic representation of a first fire extinguishing device for low extinguishing medium pressure with a extinguishing agent tank;
    4:
    a schematic representation of a second extinguisher device for medium extinguishing medium pressure with a extinguishing medium container;
    Fig. 5:
    a schematic representation of a third fire extinguishing device for high extinguishing medium pressure with an extinguishing agent container;
    Fig. 6:
    a side view of the extinguishing agent container according Fig.2 ;
    Fig. 7:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to section plane VII-VII in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 8:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to section plane VIII-VIII in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 9:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to sectional plane IX-IX in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 10:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to sectional plane XX in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 11:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to the sectional plane XI-XI in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 12:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to sectional plane XII-XII in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 13:
    a partial longitudinal section of the extinguishing agent container according to the sectional plane XIII-XIII in Figure 3 ;
    Fig. 14:
    a longitudinal section of a compressed gas cylinder blank for use in an extinguishing agent according to Fig.2 ;
    Fig. 15:
    a longitudinal section of a processed, alternative compressed gas cylinder blank for use in a an extinguishing agent container according to Fig.2 ;
    Description of preferred embodiments of the invention with reference to the figures
  • Fig.1 shows an extinguishing agent container, which is generally designated by reference numeral 10 '. The extinguishing agent container 10 'comprises a cylindrical container casing 12', which is closed on both sides by a first closure 14 'and a second closure 16' leak-proof. The closures 14 ', 16' are screwed by means of internal threads on external thread of the container casing 12 'and sealed by means of sealing rings. A cylindrical guide casing 18 'is arranged in the extinguishing agent container 10' coaxial with the container casing 12 '. A piston 20 'surrounds the guide casing 18' and is axially displaceably mounted in the extinguishing agent container 10 'by the latter and the inner surface of the container casing 12'. The piston 20 'is designed as an annular piston with a central guide bushing. The piston 20 'separates an extinguishing agent space 22' from an expansion space 24 'in the extinguishing agent container 10'. A coaxial pressure gas chamber 26 'lying inside the extinguishing agent container is again spatially separated from the extinguishing agent space 22' and from the expansion space 24 'by a compressed gas cylinder 28' of conventional design. The compressed gas cylinder 28 'and the pressure gas chamber 26' are located within the guide casing 18 ', so that the piston 20' on the guide casing 18 'along the pressure gas chamber 26' is displaceable. Thus, at least in the displacement region of the piston 20 ', both guide casing 18', the container casing 12 'as well as the piston 20' as a cylindrical body in the geometric sense (ie not necessarily circular cylindrical) are formed.
  • In the execution according to Fig.1 is on the connection thread in the bottleneck of the compressed gas cylinder 28 'is a valve block 30' screwed. The Fittings in the armature block 30 '(described in detail below) serve, inter alia, the controlled pressurization of the expansion space 24' with propellant gas from the compressed gas cylinder 28 '. How to continue Fig.1 can be seen, both the guide sheath 18 ', the compressed gas cylinder 28' as well as the fitting block 30 ', held by appropriate shaping of the closures 14', 16 'and a holder 29' in the extinguishing agent container 10 'and protected against damage. By the arrangement described above, a compact, space-saving design is achieved, which requires without significant additional design volume, it makes it possible to combine a piston extinguishing agent container with a separate pressure accumulator. In fact, it should be noted that, for example, in the illustrated construction, the defined by the guide casing 18 'internal volume, including compressed gas cylinder 28' and valve block 30 ', only about 25% of the total useful volume of the extinguishing agent container 10' makes. The separate pressure gas chamber 26 'makes it possible to keep the volume required in the standby state for the propellant gas comparable or even lower than in prior art piston extinguishing agent containers.
  • By means of suitable seals, the inner volume delimited by the guide casing 18 'is sealed off from the outside and the extinguishing agent space 22'. The piston 20 'is equipped with known O-ring seals on the inner surface of the container shell 12' and on the guide casing 18 ', which in the longer term penetration of extinguishing agent in the expansion space 24' and penetration of propellant gas in the extinguishing agent space 22 ' reliably prevent, however, without adversely affecting the displaceability of the piston 20 '.
  • The operating principle of the extinguishing agent container 10 'can be summarized as follows. In operational readiness, the extinguishant space 22 'is filled with an extinguishing agent, such as water mixed with an additive. Neither the extinguishing agent space 22 'nor the expansion space 24' are initially under pressure, ie, the permanent extinguishing agent pressure in the standby state can be, for example, at atmospheric pressure. In fact, the expansion space 24 'is ready for operation by a switching valve 32' in the dashboard 30 'isolated from the compressed gas cylinder 28'. If necessary, the switching valve 32 'is triggered, for example, by a detector device explained below, so that only when triggered the propellant gas from the pressure gas chamber 26' in the expansion space 24 'flows (only from this point on the expansion space serves as a "propellant space" for recording the blowing agent from the pressure gas chamber similar to that of the WO 96/36398 known device). The propellant gas is in this case preferably by a pressure control valve or a pressure reducer in the fitting block 30 '(not in Fig.1 imaged) down to a predetermined extinguishing pressure, eg 4bar, 15bar or 90bar. Under the action of the propellant gas, the piston 20 'is displaced in the direction of the arrow 34' into the original extinguishing agent space 22 'at a constant extinguishing pressure. Upon reaching a predetermined pressure, the extinguishing agent is driven by a space membrane or a pressure relief valve 36 'from the extinguishing agent container 10' and passed in a known manner by means of connection 38 'to the point to be extinguished. In this case, the piston, via the guide casing 18 ', moves along the pressure gas chamber 26' of closure 16 '(as in FIG Fig.1 ) to the closure 14 '(not shown) and reaches the latter when the extinguishing agent is completely discharged. Of course, the compressed gas cylinder 28 'is filled with propellant gas under adequately dimensioned accumulator pressure, so that even with smaller leaks a complete expulsion of the entire extinguishing agent is made possible.
  • Fig.2 shows in longitudinal cross section an extinguishing agent container 10 according to a second, further developed embodiment. Similar to the first embodiment, the extinguishing agent container 10 comprises a container shell 12, which is closed on both sides by means of a first and a second closure 14, 16. A piston 20 is axially displaceable in the container casing 12, and arranged there separates an extinguishing agent space 22 from an expansion space 24. A in the extinguishing agent container 10 internal pressure gas chamber 26 is arranged for controlled pressurization of the expansion space 24, coaxial with the container shell 12 in the extinguishing agent container 10. The piston 20 is designed as an annular piston and slidably disposed along the pressure gas chamber 26. How out Fig.2 can be seen, in contrast to the first embodiment, the compressed gas chamber 26 is not spatially separated by means of an additional guide casing from the extinguishing agent space 22 and the expansion space 24, but integrally and exclusively by a novel, cylindrical compressed gas cylinder 28 is formed. Furthermore, the embodiment differs according to Fig.2 , in that in the novel compressed gas cylinder 28, more precisely in its massive, thickened compared to conventional compressed gas cylinders, bottle bottom housing and valve seats for almost all fittings required are incorporated as holes. In other words, the bottle bottom of the compressed gas cylinder 28 itself forms a valve block 30, so that several valves, space-saving and protected against damage, can be accommodated in the bottom of the compressed gas cylinder 28. Said fittings are explained in detail below.
  • It turns out Fig.2 in that the piston 20 is mounted so as to be axially displaceable directly on the outer surface of the compressed gas cylinder 28 according to arrows 34. It may be advantageous that this outer surface is machined to fit exactly, but this is not absolutely necessary with a sufficiently small manufacturing tolerance. Out Fig.2 It can also be seen that the piston 20 comprises an inner guide bush 40 for guiding on the pressure gas chamber 26, ie the compressed gas cylinder 28, and an outer guide shirt 42 for guiding on the container casing 12. In this case, the guide bush 40 has a smaller axial extent than the guide shirt 42. When the piston is moved to the first closure 14, the extinguishing agent is driven via a pressure relief valve 36 (or a space membrane) from the extinguishing agent container 10. At port 38, an extinguishant line is generally connected to direct the extinguishing agent to the desired location. It can, as in Fig.2 shown, several terminals 38 may be provided, for example, for feeding a plurality of extinguishing agent lines leading to different locations.
  • Before the second, further developed version according to Fig.2 will be described in more detail, some variants of a fire extinguishing device according to the invention and their operation will be explained first. Both the extinguishing agent container 10 'according to the first embodiment, as well as the extinguishing agent container 10 according to the second embodiment are suitable for fire extinguishing devices described below, but reference is made to the second embodiment for simplicity.
  • Figure 3 shows a first fire extinguishing device 50 for low extinguishant pressure (eg 4bar) in a simplified, schematic representation. The fire extinguishing device 50 comprises the extinguishing agent container 10 with axially displaceable piston 20, which separates the extinguishing agent space 22 from the expansion space 24. According to the invention, the pressure vessel 28 with the compressed gas chamber 26 is arranged in the extinguishing agent container 10. It should be noted that for the sake of clarity, in the 3 to 5 , the compressed gas chamber 26 and the compressed gas cylinder 28, not integrated in the extinguishing agent container 10, but is shown separately. The valve block 30 connects the interior of the compressed gas cylinder 28, inter alia, with the expansion space 24 via various fittings.
  • Connected directly to the outlet of the compressed gas cylinder 28 is a first pressure regulating valve 52, which reduces a storage pressure p1 (eg 200 bar) of the propellant in the compressed gas cylinder 28 to a first intermediate pressure p2 (eg 15 bar). At the output of the pressure regulating valve 52, a switching valve 32 is connected. The switching valve 32 is, for example, a 2/2-way valve with blocking in the counterflow direction, which has pneumatic control connections 56, 58. The output of the switching valve 32 is connected to a second pressure regulating valve 60, which reduces the intermediate pressure p2 to a driving pressure or extinguishing pressure p3 (eg 4bar) for the expansion space 24. Alternatively, the pressure regulating valve 60 could also be arranged directly upstream of the switching valve 32. The output of the second pressure regulating valve 60 is connected to the expansion space 24 of the extinguishing agent container 10 via a spring-loaded pressure relief valve 62 (or a place diaphragm). The relief valve 62 is set to a certain minimum pressure (less than p3) which must be applied to fill the expansion space. Furthermore, the output of the switching valve 32 is guided via a creeping gas fuse 64 to the outside. The non-ideal long-term sealing of the switching valve 32 is counteracted by means of a preferably equally non-ideal, or worse, long-term sealing of the creeping gas safety device 64 Externally compensated. In this way, together with a suitable bias on the check valve 62, a creeping pressure build-up in the expansion space 24 is prevented. However, short-term pressure changes are not reduced by the creeping gas fuse 64.
  • Further shows Figure 3 a spring-loaded pressure relief valve 66 connected to the expansion space 24, which ensures a maximum propellant pressure, with a value higher than p3, in the expansion space 24 in the event of a defect, for example on one of the pressure control valves 52, 60. As a result, possible damage, such as an explosion of the pressure medium container 10, for humans and equipment is avoided. A manual venting valve 68, simplifies the filling of the extinguishing agent container 10, more precisely the extinguishing agent space 22 with extinguishing agent, by the counterpressure generated in the expansion space 24 can be reduced. Figure 3 also shows the spring-loaded pressure relief valve 36 at the outlet of the extinguishing agent container 10, which can only emerge the extinguishing agent when a set by bias, predetermined pressure (with a value less than p3). As a result, an unwanted escape of extinguishing agent, for example, temperature-induced change in volume, prevented. It follows from the above explanations that a design of the extinguishing agent container to a pressure which only slightly exceeds the pressure p3 is sufficient.
  • Out Figure 3 is also a connected to the valve block 30 ball valve 70 can be seen, which is connected on the one hand with the first control port 56 of the switching valve 32 and additionally via a check valve 72 to the output of the first pressure control valve 52, and on the other hand with a detector line 74. In the ready state, the ball valve 70 is opened so that the detector line 70 is directly connected to the first control port 56 of the switching valve 32. Among other things, the ball valve 70 serves to replace the detector line 74 after use. The detector line 74 comprises a special hose, which is pressurized with gaseous pressure medium. This pressurized special hose is placed above a potentially fire hazard site 76. It consists of a specially developed, age-resistant and diffusion-proof polymer material and is designed so that the tube wall, for example, bursts at a temperature between 100 and 110 ° C and the gaseous pressure medium escape. Furthermore, as in Figure 3 a pressure gauge 78 for control purposes, and a fill port 80 for initial pressurization connected to the detector line 74. The check valve 72 is located in a compensation line which, by means of a small diameter line, compensates for a potential long-term pressure drop, for example by Nichtideale tightness of the ball valve 70, the filling port 80 or other microleaks, by means of propellant gas from the pressurized gas container 28. The check valve 72 in this case prevents loss of propellant via the compensation line in the event of a response of the detector line 74. The mode of action is similar to that of the creeping gas safety 64th
  • The operation of the fire extinguishing device 50 with the detector line 74 will be briefly described below. In the ready state, the pressure in the detector line 74 is set to p 2, ie equal to the pressure at the outlet of the first pressure regulating valve 52. As soon as the pressure in the detector line 74 drops, a pressure difference arises between the control terminals 56, 58, whereby the switching valve 32 opens without external energy. Of course, a pressure drop in the detector line 74 arises when, in the event of a fire, the detector line 74 bursts at any point, in particular at the vulnerable point 76 to be protected, under the influence of heat. When the switching valve 32 is open, the expansion space 24 is fed from the compressed gas cylinder 28 via both pressure control valves 52, 60 with propellant at a constant pressure p3. As a result, the piston 20 is moved against the extinguishing agent space 24, so that the latter is continuously reduced, and the extinguishing agent is driven via the pressure relief valve 36 from the extinguishing agent container 10. It will be noted that, due to the described arrangement, the extinguishing agent will be expelled throughout the duration of discharge at constant rate and pressure p3. About an extinguishing agent line 82, the extinguishing agent is passed to atomizing nozzles 84 of known type, to which the pressure p3 of the extinguishing agent over the entire extinguishing process is optimally tuned. About the atomizer nozzles 84 is on the endangered area, the extinguishing agent discharged, which fights the fire.
  • Figure 4 shows a second embodiment of the second fire extinguishing device 50 "substantially corresponds to that of the first fire extinguishing device 50. The fire extinguishing device 50" differs only in that no second As a result, the extinguishing agent pressure during the extinguishing process corresponds to the pressure p2 (eg 15 bar) at the outlet of the first pressure regulating valve 52 and in the detector line 74. This variant with single-stage pressure reduction is thus suitable, for example, for extinguishing agents and in particular for extinguishing agent nozzles 80, which at medium Since, apart from the different extinguishing pressure and the correspondingly modified armature block 30 ", operation and structure of the fire extinguisher 50" are substantially the same as those explained above, here is a repetition waived.
  • Figure 5 shows a fire extinguishing device 50 '' according to a third variant for high extinguishant pressure (eg 90bar) in a simplified, schematic representation. In contrast to the first and second variant, in the third variant, a second pressure control valve 60 '"between the ball valve 70 and the check valve 72nd , before the tap for the first control terminal 56, arranged. This makes it possible to select the pressure p2 at the outlet of the first pressure regulating valve 52 substantially higher (eg 90 bar) while maintaining a mean pressure p4 (eg 15 bar) in the detector line 72 with reference to the second pressure regulating valve 60 "' Figure 5 can be seen, in this variant, the pressure p2 corresponds to the extinguishing pressure during the deletion process. This variant is thus particularly suitable for extinguishing agents and extinguishing agent nozzles, which are to be used at relatively high pressure p2. Incidentally, since the operation and the structure are the same as those described above, unnecessary repetition is omitted.
  • Based on Fig.2 as well as the Figures 6-15 Below is the structure of the Extinguishing agent container 10 and in particular the compressed gas cylinder 28 and its integrated dashboard 30 explained in more detail. It should be noted that extinguishing agent container 10 and valve block 30 in these figures in the structure of the schematic representation according to Figure 3 Thus, the first fire extinguishing device 50 for relatively low extinguishing pressure (eg 4bar) correspond. However, those skilled in the art will readily be able to make the necessary adjustments according to the second and third variants for medium or high extinguishing pressure.
  • Fig.2 shows in cross section the first pressure control valve 52, which is arranged as a first pressure reducing stage with a correspondingly shaped, multi-stage housing and valve seat bore 89 in the thickened bottom of the compressed gas cylinder 28. Fig.2 also shows a bursting disc device 88, which ensures the maximum internal pressure of the compressed gas cylinder 28, for example, in case of fire to avoid an explosion due to excessive heating. For both valves, the thickened bottom plate, which forms the main body of the valve block 30, serves as a housing and, for the pressure regulating valve 52, also as a valve seat. Out Fig.2 it can be seen that the pressure regulating valve 52 is connected via a connecting bore 91 directly to the interior of the compressed gas cylinder 28. The rupture disc device 88 also includes a multi-stage bore and is connected by means of a connecting bore 93 with the interior. In the bottleneck of the compressed gas cylinder 28, a filling or test port 86 is provided, via which the compressed gas cylinder 28 can be refilled or checked.
  • Figure 6 shows the extinguishing agent container 10 in side view from the side of the second shutter 16. In addition to the various cutting planes of Fig.2 and 7-13 , shows Figure 6 the externally accessible fittings in the fitting block 30, namely first and second pressure regulating valve 52, 60; Creeping gas fuse 64; Ball valve 70; Rupture disc device 88; and a high pressure gauge 94 for inspecting the internal pressure of the pressure fals 28.
  • Figure 7 shows the extinguishing agent tank 10 in partial longitudinal section in the area of the valve block 30. The switching valve 32 is provided with a corresponding multi-stage Housing and valve seat bore 95 arranged in the dashboard 30. The switching valve 32 comprises an inner, axially displaceable control piston 96, which by means of the control terminals 56, 58 (58 is in Figure 9 shown) is held or moved in position. At the first control connection 56, the ball valve 70 is connected to a connection nipple for the detector line. Out Figure 7 is also the preferred embodiment of the check valve 72 can be seen. The check valve 72 is used as a blocking element for and together with a central, multi-stage through-bore (see Figure 10 ) housed in the control piston 96. Figure 7 The connection between the output of the switching valve 32 and the second pressure regulating valve 60 is ensured by a connecting hole 99, which lies obliquely with respect to the longitudinal axis of the pressurized gas cylinder 28. The second pressure regulating valve 60 and the housing and valve seat bore 97 are shown in FIG.
  • Figure 8 shows next to another view of the switching valve 32 and the bursting disc device 88, the pressure relief valve 66 and the vent valve 68, which are screwed in the second closure and connected directly to the expansion space 24.
  • Figure 9 shows a further view of the switching valve 32 and the first pressure regulating valve 52nd Figure 9 shows in particular the connection between the output of the first pressure regulating valve 52 and the input of the switching valve 32, which is ensured by a corresponding connecting hole 101 in the thickened bottle bottom, the latter with respect to the longitudinal axis of the compressed gas cylinder 28 is inclined. How out Figure 9 As can be seen, the input of the switching valve 32 coincides with the control connection 58. Figure 9 also shows a valve insert 98, which forms the first pressure regulating valve 52 together with the housing and valve seat bore 89.
  • Out Figure 10 the operation and structure of the switching valve 32 are more clearly apparent. The control piston 96 is axially displaceably guided in a precisely fitting axial blind hole 103 in a valve insert 104 of the switching valve 32. A transverse bore 105 in the valve insert 104 forms the switchable connection between the input and the output of the switching valve 32nd Die Rest and initial position of the control piston 96 is set to "closed", ie in the stop at the closed end of the blind hole 103. This is achieved by means of appropriately selected pressure cross-sections on the control piston 96 of the control valve 32. If a positive pressure difference arises between the first control connection 56 and the second control connection 58, ie the pressure at the control connection 56 is lower than at the control connection 58, then the control piston 96 is shifted into the "open" position toward the first control connection 56. Characterized a passage from the input of the control valve 32 (which coincides with the second control port) via the transverse bore 105 to the output of the control valve, ie the second pressure control valve 60 is released. Figure 10 also shows the creeping gas fuse 64, which via an inclined connecting hole 107, gradually escaping pressure builds up to the outside. The creeping gas fuse 64 is according to Figure 10 designed as a correspondingly designed check valve.
  • Zig. 11 shows the second pressure regulating valve 60 and the high pressure gauge 94 in longitudinal cross section. In addition to the housing and valve seat bore 97 for the second pressure control valve 60, shows Figure 11 in the fitting block 30 is a multi-stage receiving bore 109 for the high-pressure gauge 94. The receiving bore 109 opens axially into a connecting hole 111 which connects the high-pressure gauge 94 with the interior of the compressed gas cylinder 28. Figure 11 further shows a valve core 102 which, together with the housing and valve seat bore 97, forms the second pressure control valve 60.
  • Figure 12 and Figure 13 FIG. 3 shows further cross-sections of the fitting block 30 in the bottom of the pressurized gas cylinder 28. An outlet bore 113 connects the second pressure regulating valve 60 to the outside to allow pressure reduction, as in FIG Figure 12 shown. By venting the spring chamber of the pressure regulating valve 60 to the atmosphere, the outlet bore 113 ensures a pressure difference on both sides of the valve piston. Out Figure 13 are the second pressure control valve 60, the creeping gas fuse 64 and the bursting disc device 88 again visible. In particular, in Figure 13 a guided out to the longitudinal axis of the compressed gas cylinder 28 outlet bore 115 in the dashboard 30. The Outlet bore 115 opens on the one hand into the outlet of the second pressure control valve 60 and on the other hand into the expansion space 24 and forms the outlet opening of the compressed gas cylinder 28, ie the compressed gas chamber 26 for controlled pressurization of the expansion space 24. By the above-mentioned, shorter axial extent of the guide bush 40 of the piston 20th the mouth of the outlet bore 115 always remains exposed in the expansion space 24. Figure 13 also shows the receiving bores 117, 119 for creeping gas safety 64 and for the rupture disk device 88.
  • The preparation of the novel compressed gas cylinder 28 according to Fig.2 The following is based on Fig.14 and Fig.15 explained. A manufacturing method for such a compressed gas cylinder 28 comprises the following steps:
    • Providing a blank suitable for material (preferably aluminum) and mold (preferably that of a solid cylindrical body) for a reverse extrusion forming process;
    • Rückwärtsfließpressen of the blank by means of appropriate tools to a molding, such that a remaining portion of the blank forms a bottle bottom, and by the Rückwärtsfließpressen a cylindrical bottle jacket is formed, which is unilaterally completed by the bottom of the bottle;
    • Producing a compressed gas cylinder blank 200 by forming the molding, more precisely the cylindrical bottle jacket 204 to a bottleneck 206 in the end region, which is opposite to the bottle bottom 202;
    • Processing the compressed gas cylinder blank 200 to a compressed gas cylinder.
  • The method is characterized in that on the one hand the backward extrusion is carried out such that the bottle bottom is designed as a solid, thickened bottom plate 202, ie as a solid body, and on the other hand, the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank 200 to a compressed gas cylinder at least making a receiving bore for a valve in the solid, thickened bottom plate 202 includes.
  • Figure 14 shows a possible produced in this process gas cylinder blank 200 with a massive, thickened bottom plate 202 as the bottom of the bottle, a subsequent bottle jacket 204 and a bottleneck 206. Before further processing, the massive, thickened bottom plate 202 forms a cylindrical solid body with the same radius as the Bottle jacket 204. The numbers in brackets below refer to examples from the Fig.2 as well as 6 to 13.
  • The preparation of a receiving bore for a valve when processing the compressed gas cylinder blank 200 to a compressed gas cylinder 28 comprises, for example, at least one housing and valve seat bore (89, 95, 97), and generally at least one connecting bore (91, 93) to the interior of the Compressed gas cylinder and at least one outlet bore (115) to the outside in the thickened, solid bottom plate 202. By such receiving and connecting bores formed from the originally massive, thickened bottle bottom 202, a valve block 30, in which the required for the application of the compressed gas cylinder 28 valves and fittings can be completely installed. A variant of a compressed gas cylinder 280, which is generated in this way is in Fig. 15 displayed. Although preferred receiving bore are provided, which perform the dual function of valve seat and valve housing, it is also conceivable to provide receiving bores, which merely serve as a receptacle for conventional valves. In the latter variant, however, the advantage is lost that the connection sealing surface of a conventional valve with its own housing is unnecessary if the receiving bore also forms the valve seat.
  • It will be noted that by such a manufacturing method, a compressed gas cylinder 28, 280 is generated, in which a valve block 30 is an integral part of the compressed gas cylinder 28, 280. This is made possible in particular by the massive, thickened bottom plate 202 which is produced during the reverse extrusion, which forms the bottom of the bottle and as the main body for the valve block 30 produced in the further process is used.
  • In order to accommodate the valves and fittings, the expansion of the solid, thickened bottom plate 202 after Rückwärtsfließpressen preferably at least 50mm and can be 5 to 15 times the wall thickness of the bottle jacket.
  • Of course, a plurality of housing and valve seat bores (89, 95, 97) can be accommodated in the solid, thickened bottom plate 202. The conduit connections between the valves incorporated later herein are preferably formed by connection bores (99, 101, 107) in the thickened, solid bottom plate 202, which run obliquely with respect to the longitudinal axis of the compressed gas cylinder. This makes it possible to make the processing of the compressed gas cylinder blank 200 as far as possible from the end face of the bottom plate 202. Like from the Fig.2 and 7-13 As can be seen, the housing and valve seat bores (89, 95, 97) are multi-step bores corresponding to the components to be accommodated.
  • In particular, with respect to a compressed gas cylinder 280 as in Figure 15 shown, which for installation in an extinguishing agent container 10 according to the second embodiment in Fig.2 is suitable, the manufacturing method preferably further comprises one or more of the following steps:
    • Attaching a port in the bottleneck 206, such as a filling or test port (86), or leak-proof closing of the bottleneck 206;
    • Dimensionally accurate and precise machining of the outer surface of the bottle jacket 204 as a cylindrical guide for an annular piston (20), for example by a cutting turning tool;
    • Making one or more receiving bores (109, 117, 119) for valves (64, 88, 94), which have no valve function, and optionally, corresponding one or more connecting holes (93, 111) to the pressure gas chamber 26 of the compressed gas cylinder 280 or one or several connection holes (107) to a housing and valve seat bore (89; 95; 97).
    • Dimensionally accurate grinding of the housing and valve seat bore (s) (89; 95; 97) and / or the receiving bore (s) (109, 117, 119) in the bottom plate 202 for fitting corresponding valve inserts (98, 102, 104 );
    • Making internal threads in the housing and valve seat bore (s) (89; 95; 97) and / or in the receiving bore (s) (109, 117, 119) within the thickened bottom plate 202 such that valve inserts (98, 102 , 104) or fittings (64, 88, 94) with corresponding external threads can be screwed;
    • Installation of valve inserts (98, 102, 104) and, if necessary, other fittings (64, 88, 94) into the corresponding housing and valve seat bore (s) (89, 95, 97) and / or into the mounting hole (s) (109 , 117, 119)
    • (optional) making an outer circumferential retaining groove (see Fig.2 ) in the region of the bottleneck 206 and / or a retaining groove 210 in the region of the base plate 202, which cooperate for holding the compressed gas cylinder 28 in an extinguishing agent container 10 with corresponding closures 14, 16.
  • Of course, not all of these steps are necessary for the production of a compressed gas cylinder with integrated valves and valves in the bottom of the bottle. Important advantages of such a compressed gas cylinder 28, 280 are, for example:
    • improved protection of valves and fittings against damage by the fact that the valves and fittings can be installed protected in the bottom of the bottle;
    • improved tightness by avoiding the usual sealing surface on the bottle neck;
    • compact, space-saving design, by integrating the valves / fittings in the bottom of the bottle.
  • It should be noted that such a novel gas cylinder certainly in other applications may prove advantageous. In particular, by avoiding potential damage or shearing the valves / fittings during transport of the compressed gas cylinder, this is interesting for safety-relevant applications, in addition to the fire fighting equipment, for example in the medical field, for example for emergency breathing apparatus. Even in other areas in which small bottle systems are used, such as in beverage technology for the carbonization of beverages, the compact and safe design of such a compressed gas cylinder is advantageous.
  • Finally, some of the various advantages of both versions of the extinguishing agent container according to Fig.1 and Fig.2 be mentioned. An important advantage is that by the separation of the expansion space 24; 24 'from the pressure gas chamber 26; 26 'is a controlled pressurization of the expansion space 24; 24 'is enabled. It can be a switching valve 32; 32 'arranged for controlled pressurization of the expansion space, so that both extinguishing agent space 22; 22 'and expansion space 24; 24 'are not under operating pressure during the operational idle state. This reduces on the one hand the susceptibility to leaks and on the other hand, the design requirements of the extinguishing agent container 10; 10 '. By the separate pressure gas chamber 26; 26 'is also the placement of a pressure control valve 52 (not in Fig.1 shown). The Duckregelventil 52 prevents the unwanted drop from the extinguishing agent pressure in the extinguishing agent space 22; 22 'and thus the drop in the extinguishing agent throughput during the deletion process. This results in the improvement of the coordination between extinguishant pressure and atomizer nozzles 80 usually connected to the outlet of the extinguishing agent container. As a result, the piston 20; 20 'around the pressure gas chamber 26; 26 'is arranged axially displaceable, the advantages of a piston extinguishing agent container are maintained in a space-saving manner, and in particular allows the above advantages without additional external pressure vessel. The extinguishing agent container 10; 10 'can be through this design as a compact module together with pressure vessel 28; 28 'and install fittings, remove and replace if necessary, for example, for statutory maintenance purposes.
  • The second embodiment according to Fig.2 gives further advantages. On the one hand, this extinguishing agent container 10 is designed to save space, since special holders for the compressed gas cylinder 28 omitted, and the valves are largely installed in the built-in pressure cylinder 28 dash block 30. The latter also protects the fittings against damage eg during transport or improper use. Furthermore, the storage of the propellant gas is improved with regard to its safety against leaks, in that at least one sealing surface to be sealed between bottle neck and fittings is eliminated.
  • Finally, it will be noted that each of the fire extinguishing devices 50, 50 ", 50 '" constitutes an automatic protection device operating without external energy which triggers automatically in the event of a fire.

Claims (15)

  1. A fire-extinguishing device (50, 50', 50") comprising a fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10') with a container shell (12, 12') closed at both ends and a piston (20, 20') displaceable axially in the container shell, which piston separates a fire-extinguishing substance compartment (22, 22') from an expansion compartment (24, 24') in the fire-extinguishing substance container,
    characterized by
    a compressed gas reservoir (28, 28') located inside the fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10'), which reservoir comprises a compressed gas chamber (26, 26'), separated spatially from the expansion compartment, for storing a propellant gas at high storage pressure and for controlled pressurization of the expansion compartment (24, 24') with reduced extinguishing pressure, the piston (20, 20') being arranged to be displaceable along the compressed gas chamber (26, 26').
  2. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 1, wherein the container shell (12, 12') is of cylindrical construction and the compressed gas chamber (26, 26') is arranged in the fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10') coaxially with the container shell.
  3. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the compressed gas reservoir takes the form of a compressed gas cylinder (28) located inside the fire-extinguishing substance container (10) and having an at least partially cylindrical outer wall, and wherein the piston takes the form of an annular piston (20) which is guided displaceably along the cylindrical part of the outer wall of the compressed gas cylinder.
  4. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising a cylindrical guide shell (18') located inside the fire-extinguishing substance container, the compressed gas reservoir taking the form of a compressed gas cylinder (28') arranged within the cylindrical guide shell (18'), and the piston taking the form of an annular piston (20') guided displaceably along the cylindrical guide shell (18).
  5. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a switching valve (32, 32') for controlled pressurization of the expansion compartment (24, 24'), which valve is connected on the inlet side to the compressed gas chamber (26, 26') and on the outlet side to the expansion compartment (24, 24'), in order to supply compressed gas to the expansion compartment through opening of the switching valve.
  6. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 5, further comprising a pressure control valve (52) for controlled pressurization of the expansion compartment (24, 24'), which is connected to the inlet or to the outlet of the switching valve (32, 32') in order to pressurize the expansion compartment (24, 24') with compressed gas at a reduced, substantially constant extinguishing pressure during the extinguishing process.
  7. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 5 or claim 6, wherein the switching valve (32, 32') comprises at least one pneumatic control port (56), further comprising a temperature-sensitive, pressurized detector line (74), which is connected to the pneumatic control port (56) of the switching valve (32, 32') in order to open the switching valve (32, 32') in the event of a drop in pressure in the detector line (74).
  8. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of claims 5 to 7, comprising a switching valve (32, 32') with a first and a second pneumatic control port (56, 58), a first pressure control valve (52), and a port (70) for a detector line, the first pressure control valve (52) being connected on the inlet side directly to the compressed gas chamber (26, 26') and on the outlet side to the inlet of the switching valve (32, 32'), the port for the detector line (70) being connected to the first control port (56) and the outlet of the first pressure control valve (52) additionally being connected to the second control port (58), and the switching valve (32, 32') being connected on the outlet side to the expansion compartment (24, 24').
  9. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 8, further comprising:
    a second pressure control valve (60), which is connected on the inlet side to the outlet of the first pressure control valve (52) and on the outlet side to the inlet of the switching valve (32, 32') or on the inlet side to the outlet of the switching valve (32, 32') and on the outlet side to the expansion compartment (24, 24'), or
    a second pressure control valve (60""), which is connected on the intlet side to the first control port (56) and on the outlet side to the port (70) for the detector line.
  10. A fire-extinguishing device according to claim 8 or claim 9, further comprising an equalizing line for compensating leaks in the detector line, which equalizing line is connected to the outlet of the first pressure control valve (52) and to the port (70) for the detector line, a non-return valve (72) being arranged in the equalizing line and preventing an excessive loss of propellant via the equalizing line in the event of a significant pressure loss in the detector line (74).
  11. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of claims 5 to 10, further comprising a creeping gas safety device (64), which is connected to the outlet of the switching valve (32, 32') to prevent a creeping pressure build-up in the expansion compartment (24, 24').
  12. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of claims 5-11, further comprising a compressed gas cylinder (28) located inside the fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10'), wherein the compressed gas cylinder comprises the compressed gas chamber (26) and a thickened cylinder bottom (202), which as a fittings block (30) accommodates at least the switching valve (32, 32'), the first pressure control valve (52) and, if applicable, the second pressure control valve (60) and wherein the connecting line, which leads via the switching valve (32, 32'), the first pressure control valve (52) and optionally the second pressure control valve (60) from the compressed gas chamber (26) to the expansion compartment (24), is formed of bores in the fittings block (30).
  13. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a compressed gas cylinder (28, 28') located inside the fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10'), the compressed gas cylinder occupying 10% to 35% of the useful volume of the fire-extinguishing substance container.
  14. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the piston (20, 20') comprises an inner guide bush (40) for guidance against the cylindrical part of the compressed gas cylinder (28) or against the guide shell (18') and an outer guide skirt (42) for guidance against the container shell (10, 10') and wherein the guide bush (40) extends axially less far than the guide skirt (42).
  15. A fire-extinguishing device according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the compressed gas reservoir (28, 28') is designed for a storage pressure (p1) of > 150 bar, and the fire-extinguishing substance container (10, 10') is designed for an extinguishing pressure (p2, p3) of ≤ 90 bar.
EP06830847A 2006-01-02 2006-12-28 Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance Active EP1968715B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP06100013A EP1803488A1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-01-02 Fire fighting device with tank and corresponding pressurized gas bottle
PCT/EP2006/070259 WO2007077195A1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-12-28 Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance, and corresponding compressed-gas cylinder
EP06830847A EP1968715B1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-12-28 Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP06830847A EP1968715B1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-12-28 Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance

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EP1968715A1 EP1968715A1 (en) 2008-09-17
EP1968715B1 true EP1968715B1 (en) 2011-07-20

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EP06100013A Withdrawn EP1803488A1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-01-02 Fire fighting device with tank and corresponding pressurized gas bottle
EP06830847A Active EP1968715B1 (en) 2006-01-02 2006-12-28 Fire extinguisher with a container holding a fire-extinguishing substance

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US (1) US8083003B2 (en)
EP (2) EP1803488A1 (en)
CN (1) CN101351244B (en)
AT (1) AT516855T (en)
CA (1) CA2638173C (en)
NO (1) NO340163B1 (en)
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WO (1) WO2007077195A1 (en)

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CA2638173C (en) 2014-11-18
NO340163B1 (en) 2017-03-20
AT516855T (en) 2011-08-15
EP1968715A1 (en) 2008-09-17
NO20083302L (en) 2008-09-19
CN101351244B (en) 2012-09-26
US20100116515A1 (en) 2010-05-13
EP1803488A1 (en) 2007-07-04
WO2007077195A1 (en) 2007-07-12
US8083003B2 (en) 2011-12-27
CN101351244A (en) 2009-01-21
CA2638173A1 (en) 2007-07-12
RU2008131499A (en) 2010-02-10
RU2407570C2 (en) 2010-12-27

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