EP1099135A1 - Spectacles frame - Google PatentsSpectacles frame
- Publication number
- EP1099135A1 EP1099135A1 EP99963132A EP99963132A EP1099135A1 EP 1099135 A1 EP1099135 A1 EP 1099135A1 EP 99963132 A EP99963132 A EP 99963132A EP 99963132 A EP99963132 A EP 99963132A EP 1099135 A1 EP1099135 A1 EP 1099135A1
- European Patent Office
- Prior art keywords
- support elements
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 210000003128 Head Anatomy 0 abstract claims description 19
- 239000011521 glass Substances 0 claims description 44
- 239000000969 carrier Substances 0 claims description 18
- 239000004033 plastic Substances 0 claims description 14
- 229920003023 plastics Polymers 0 claims description 14
- 230000000284 resting Effects 0 abstract description 5
- 210000004709 Eyebrows Anatomy 0 claims description 4
- 239000000463 materials Substances 0 claims description 4
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0 claims description 4
- 229910052751 metals Inorganic materials 0 claims description 4
- 229920001971 elastomers Polymers 0 claims description 2
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0 description 7
- 210000000887 Face Anatomy 0 description 4
- 238000009740 moulding (composite fabrication) Methods 0 description 3
- 241000282414 Homo sapiens Species 0 description 2
- 230000018109 developmental process Effects 0 description 2
- 239000000499 gels Substances 0 description 2
- 230000001965 increased Effects 0 description 2
- 208000008313 Contusions Diseases 0 description 1
- 210000000613 Ear Canal Anatomy 0 description 1
- 229920002430 Fibre-reinforced plastic Polymers 0 description 1
- 206010040880 Skin irritation Diseases 0 description 1
- 210000003625 Skull Anatomy 0 description 1
- 210000003484 anatomy Anatomy 0 description 1
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0 description 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0 description 1
- 239000011151 fibre-reinforced plastic Substances 0 description 1
- 238000003780 insertion Methods 0 description 1
- 239000011133 lead Substances 0 description 1
- 238000005365 production Methods 0 description 1
- 231100000475 skin irritation Toxicity 0 description 1
- 230000036556 skin irritation Effects 0 description 1
- 230000002123 temporal effects Effects 0 description 1
- G02C—SPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
- G02C5/00—Constructions of non-optical parts
- G02C5/02—Bridges; Browbars; Intermediate bars
- G02C5/06—Bridges; Browbars; Intermediate bars with resilient means
- G02C—SPECTACLES; SUNGLASSES OR GOGGLES INSOFAR AS THEY HAVE THE SAME FEATURES AS SPECTACLES; CONTACT LENSES
- G02C3/00—Special supporting arrangements for lens assemblies or monocles
- G02C5/00—Constructions of non-optical parts
- G02C5/02—Bridges; Browbars; Intermediate bars
- G02C5/08—Bridges; Browbars; Intermediate bars foldable
The invention relates to glasses having at least one lens, at least one support surface for the nose of a wearer and two laterally disposed pivotable support elements.
There are known various types of glasses. They consist of a usually provided with ears ironing supporting frame made of metal and / or plastic and two interconnected by a socket or by fittings lenses. In version glasses, the lenses are fitted into the provided with a Triangular frame rims. These are in turn connected by a saddle or at a side web glasses by a non-surface mounted bridge resting on the side of the nose, the movable side strips in a saddle bridge glasses. Also saddle bridge spectacles are known in which the lenses are formed integrally and the seat is formed by a bulge of the spectacle lens in the region of the nose. The resting on the temple piece pivotally attached to the socket edges by joints.
In rimless spectacles, the glasses are pierced at the attachment points of the bridge and the bracket and are held there by a respective bracket and screw.
There have been some efforts to increase the comfort for glasses by a special configuration of the eyeglass frame. Thus 0825475 AI glasses with ears pivotally mounted ironing known with a spring mechanism, from EP, which makes it possible to pivot the earpieces from a normal, open position, in use, against the spring force auseinanderzu-. This makes it possible for a wearer, the glasses pull away with a lateral movement of the head, rather than always having to take off in the direction of the field from the head.
All such glasses have in common that the cross behind the ear hook can be annoying at times, can lead to particular pressure points or skin irritation.
A clipless side web glasses with resiliently compressing the bridge is known as eyeglasses. These glasses are merely fixed on the nose. The forces acting on the nose spring forces are high so that pressure points can arise here, among which the comfort suffers considerably. The invention is therefore based on the object of designing an eyeglass which does not have the aforementioned disadvantages.
This object is achieved in that the glasses according to the invention comprises two lenses, at least one support surface for the nose of a wearer, two laterally arranged at the lenses carrier elements, one disposed between the lenses joint as well as a valve disposed in the area of this joint spring-elastic element. Because of the joint, the glasses to a carrying position and a rest position substantially superimposed glasses.
The support elements include a fixed angle with the respective adjacent glass, wherein the angle is preferably between 60 ° and 120 °. The length of the support elements is dimensioned such that its support members when it is worn by a wearer, does not protrude beyond the temples of the spectacle wearer. The support elements have on their head to the wearer facing side support elements. The arranged between the lenses resilient element presses the supporting elements in the region of the support elements to the temples of the wearer, so that the carrier elements hold-positively on the head of the wearer. Total ER itself is a particularly secure hold of the glasses by the frictional engagement between support elements and the temples of the wearer, as well as the support surface with the wearer's nose.
the maintenance of the inventive glasses, resulting from the pressure exerted by the resilient element on the temples of the spectacle wearer force when the laterally disposed support members are formed as rigid as possible, in particular have a very low flexibility is supported. This can be realized for example by means of metallic support elements with a suitable cross-section. A comparable effect can also be achieved by means of a suitable plastic, in particular a fiber-reinforced plastic.
A particularly advantageous effect is obtained if the joint and the resilient element are combined in one component, said one component has both a hinging action as well as a spring effect. Such an element may for example be realized by a web connecting the lenses to each other, in particular, for example, by a nose bridge, made of an elastically deformable metal.
The resilient element can also consist of an elastically deformable plastic. In particular, it is possible to realize a component made of a plastic such, showing both a hinging action as well as a spring effect.
A particularly advantageous effect is obtained when such a plastic is chosen for the resilient element, which can be deformed elastically and has a high internal damping, so that the resilient element under the action of external forces can be deformed relatively quickly, and the resilient element without the action of external forces moves relatively slowly in its initial position. It is particularly advantageous if the return movement of the resilient member at least five seconds, preferably 15 seconds takes to complete.
The support elements may be formed by rubber-elastic, substantially spherical elements which are arranged in particular at the ends of the carrier elements. In the use of such supporting elements, a particularly firm fit of the spectacles can be obtained when the length of the supporting elements is chosen such that the spherical bearing elements are positioned approximately in the temple region ends of the eyebrow arches of the wearer when the spectacles on the nose of the spectacle wearer sits ,
Even without spherical bearing elements a particularly secure seat of the support elements to the temple ends of the eyebrow arches of the wearer can be achieved by suitable choice of the length of the support elements and the position of the fixed support elements on their insides. This may be particularly achieved when the length of the support elements is between 1, 5 cm and 4.5 cm.
In a further advantageous embodiment, the axis of rotation of the joint, which is arranged between the lenses forms an angle of less than 90 °, preferably less than 80 °, in particular smaller than 70 ° with that straight line passing through the two highest points of the glasses , Is particularly advantageous here if the rotation axis of the hinge extends substantially in the plane which is defined by the spectacle lenses or a plane parallel thereto. Such an orientation of the rotation axis of the hinge causes the support elements of the spectacles in the position of rest, which is characterized by superimposed glasses do not come to lie directly above one another, but next to each other. By a suitable choice of the angle of the axis of rotation with the said straight line can be achieved in that the support elements come to lie entirely in the rest position adjacent to one another.
Furthermore, it is advantageous, when the spectacles are locked in said rest position. This may be achieved, for example, by a force-locking or form-fit interlocking of the support elements and / or the support elements. this is particularly low, an embodiment of spectacles with a non-perpendicular arrangement of the axis of rotation of the joint to the straight line passing through the two highest points of the glasses.
A further advantageous development is obtained when the glasses comprises a resilient element at least that presses the support elements to the head of the wearer, so that the carrier elements hold-positively on the head of the wearer. In such a spectacle earpieces is not necessary. It is sufficient if the support elements cover part of the temples of the eyeglass wearer. In this region, the carrier elements are fixed by the contact pressure of the resilient member so that the bearing on the nasal cannula is adequately secured against slipping. Since the voltage applied to the top surface of the support member relative to the support surface when Kneifer is big, bruising can be substantially avoided. In a preferred embodiment, the glasses on two lenses which are connected to each other via the resilient element. The resilient member may be composed for example of a resilient strap made of plastic, wherein the gene in a rest position the lenses to each other Lie, the lenses can be folded out against a spring force. Also a coil spring can be used as the resilient element, the ends of which are optionally connected by an articulated coupled together webs each having a spectacle lens.
The support elements can be arranged on the glasses so that they can be pivoted from a position substantially parallel to the lenses to a position in which the glasses can be placed by the spectacle wearer. These glasses are special when folded small because the lenses are superimposed and the folded support elements over the edge of the glasses - if at all - only slightly protrude.
However, the support elements can also be fixedly connected with the glasses, wherein they are then pivoted together with the glasses.
In a particular aspect of this embodiment, the lenses are connected by two webs, wherein the resilient element is disposed between the webs, and each web is provided in the region of the resilient element to a lever arm, wherein the lever arms enclose an angle in a collapsed state of the spectacles and abut in an unfolded state of the glasses to each other. The lever arms can be used for opening the glasses by being pressed toward each other against the spring force.
The resilient member may be formed as a spiral spring, the ends of which is connected to the lever arms.
In another advantageous embodiment of the invention, the carrier elements are connected via resilient elements with the spectacle lens. This has the advantage that the nose clip can be freely designed without a resilient element must be taken into account.
It is advantageous if the side facing the head of the wearer faces of the carrier elements are provided with a resilient surface. In this way, the shape of the support element can be adapted to the head shape so that the contact area between the carrier element and head is as large as possible and thus the frictional forces are as high as possible. Such a flexible surface can be formed for example by a gel pad.
it is also to increase the friction forces of advantage if the side facing the head of the wearer faces of the carrier elements have a surface with a high coefficient of friction. Thus, the surface may preferably be made from a neoprene-type material.
In the following the invention is explained with reference to the illustration of a preferred embodiment.
Figure 1 is a front view of a first embodiment, Figure 2 is a plan view of the first embodiment, Figure 3 is an enlarged rear view of the nosepiece of this first embodiment Figure 4 is an enlarged rear view of the nosepiece of a second embodiment, Figure 4 is an enlarged rear view of the nosepiece of the second embodiment in rest position of the spectacles, FIG 6 is a front view of a third embodiment, Figure 7 is a plan view of the third embodiment, Figure 8 is a front view of a fourth embodiment, Figure 9 is a plan view of an inventive glasses in the rest position.
The embodiment of the glasses according to the invention shown has, as can be seen in particular in Figure 1, a first and a second spectacle lens 1, 2, which are enclosed in frames 3, 4, wherein the frame via a nose bracket 5 with a support surface 6 for the nose of a wearer are joined. With the outer sides of the frame support members 7, 8 are fixedly connected.
The nose clip 5 has two webs forming a saddle 9, 10 which - as shown in Figure 2, are connected by a hinge 11 with an axis 12 pivoted to each other. In the area of the joint 1, 1 with the webs extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of lever arms 13, 14 are provided.
About the axis 12 of the joint 11 around (see Figure 3) whose free ends engage in each case one lever arm 13, 14 a helical spring 15 is arranged (not shown). Thereby, the abutting in an unfolded state of the spectacles lever arms 13, 14 are forced apart so that the lenses 3, 4 and the carrier elements 7, 8 are pivoted toward one another about the hinge axis 12. If the glasses worn, therefore, the support members 7, 8 pressed onto the head of the wearer and fixed. In particular, the spherical elastomeric bearing elements 16, 17 are pressed. In Figure 4, a nose piece 5 a further embodiment is shown in magnification. The spectacle is in carrying position. In the first web 9 a recess is provided, into which a second web 10 is engaged with a pin. This pin is supported by a shaft 12 rotatably in the recess of the first web. 9 In this manner the joint 1 1 is formed. The angle of rotation of the joint 1, 1 is limited by an abutment-forming surface on the back of the recess in the first web 9 to which the pin of the second web 10 abuts. This is also clear from Figure 5, showing the nose clip of this embodiment, in the rest position of the spectacles. Here, the second bridge is pivoted about the axis 12 of the joint 1 1 against the first web 9 10th Thus the abutment-forming surface is visible. This is covered with an elastic member 15 is elastically deformed in carrying position of the spectacles. Due to the restoring action of the resilient member 15 is of this, a contact pressure of the carrier elements and particularly the support elements 16, 17 exerted against the temples of the spectacle wearer. If the glasses detached, so it is reset under the influence of the restoring effect of the spring-elastic element in the rest position.
Such a resilient element can be made of a foam-like plastic 3M, for example, as it is known for the production of ear plugs for insertion into the human ear canal. Such a plastic has a high elasticity and can be heavily compressed. If no external forces are applied more, the plastic relaxes to its initial position, this relaxation of more than 15 seconds is due to the strong internal damping of the plastic slowly, in particular over a period of more than five, preferably. A third embodiment is shown in FIG. 6 This includes the essential chen another embodiment of the joint 1, 1 and the resilient element 15. Both elements are combined in one component 19th In this embodiment, the component is made of a plastic or metal section, which is mounted between the part webs 9 and 10 in the nose clip. 5 This device combines the action of the hinge joint 1 1, with the spring action of the resilient element 15. For example, it has a rest position, as seen in plan view in FIG. 7 Is a pair of spectacles according to this embodiment is placed on a wearer, so the distance between the bearing surfaces 18 increases, whereby the member 19 is elastically deformed. In this way provides a restoring force, 7 and 8 securely fixed to the bearing surfaces 18 and thus the support elements positively on the temples of the spectacle wearer.
in a further advantageous embodiment, the element 19 can be designed much more angled so that in the starting position of the construction part 19, the rest position of the spectacles, characterized by substantially superimposed glasses 1, 2, ingested. Comparable is of course to realize with other spring-elastic elements 15 and joints. 11 The rest position of an eyeglass with hinge 1 1 and a separate resilient element 15 can be taken from FIG. 9
In an advantageous development of the spectacles are fixed in the rest position, in particular by a positive or non-positive interlocking of the support members 7, 8 and / or the support elements 16, 17. This can be achieved in particular in that the rotary axis of the hinge 15 at an angle of is smaller than 90 °, preferably less than 80 °, in particular smaller than 70 ° with the straight line passing through the two highest points 20 of the glasses 1 and 2. FIG. This is shown in FIG. 8 In such an embodiment of the overall Lenk's 15, the rest position of the glasses is characterized in that the lenses 1, 2 does not completely come into coincidence. In particular, the support members 7, 8 does not come into coincidence. By suitable choice of the angle α can be achieved in that the carrier elements 7, 8 lying side by side come. In this way, can be achieved without any additional measures that the carrier elements 7, 8 and / or the support members 16, 17 force-locking or form-locking hook, and thus fix the glasses in the rest position. Furthermore, additional formations on the support members 7, 8 and / or the support elements 16, 17 may be provided, which preferably positively caught in the rest position of the spectacles.
An increased wear comfort at most secure fit is obtained if the supporting elements 16, 17 abut on the temporal side ends of the eyebrow arches, when the spectacles are worn by a wearer. In this region, the anatomy of the human skull on wells in which particular spherical support elements 16, 17 particularly safe hold. Through which here devoted additional form-locking the check can compressive force exerted by the resilient element 15 can be kept particularly low, resulting in an increased wearing comfort.
Further advantages are obtained with a pair of eyeglasses having at least one spectacle lens 1, 2, at least one supporting surface 6 for the nose of a wearer and two laterally arranged, pivotal support members 7, 8, wherein the glasses comprises at least one resilient element, which the support elements 7, 8 presses to the head of the wearer, so that the carrier elements 7 8 hold-positively on the head of the wearer. In particular, two lenses 1, 2 to be interconnected via the resilient element. Further advantages arise when the lenses 1, 2 via two webs 9, 10 are connected to each other, wherein the resilient element is arranged between the webs 9, 10 and each web 9, 10 in the region of the resilient element to a lever arm 13, 14 is provided, wherein the lever arms 13, 14 form an angle in a collapsed state of the spectacles and abut each other in an unfolded state of the spectacles. In this embodiment the resilient element is advantageously realized by means of a helical spring 15 whose ends are connected to the lever arms 13, 14th
An advantageous effect can also be achieved in that the carrier elements 7, 8 are connected via resilient elements with the or the lenses 1; 2.
In all embodiments, it is advantageous if the side facing the head of the wearer faces of the support elements (7, 8) are provided with a resilient surface. In particular, the elastic surface may be formed by a gel pad. Overall, it is advantageous if the side facing the head of the wearer faces of the support elements (7, 8) have a surface with a high coefficient of friction. This can be realized for example by a surface made of a neoprene-type material.
Priority Applications (3)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|DE1998132521 DE19832521A1 (en)||1998-07-20||1998-07-20||Spectacles with spring element that presses the support elements to the top of the spectacle support|
|PCT/DE1999/002173 WO2000005617A1 (en)||1998-07-20||1999-07-14||Spectacles frame|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|EP1099135A1 true EP1099135A1 (en)||2001-05-16|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|EP99963132A Withdrawn EP1099135A1 (en)||1998-07-20||1999-07-14||Spectacles frame|
Country Status (8)
|US (1)||US6540349B1 (en)|
|EP (1)||EP1099135A1 (en)|
|JP (1)||JP2002521716A (en)|
|AU (1)||AU5967699A (en)|
|BR (1)||BR9912308A (en)|
|CA (1)||CA2337651A1 (en)|
|DE (1)||DE19832521A1 (en)|
|WO (1)||WO2000005617A1 (en)|
Families Citing this family (9)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|GB0016218D0 (en) *||2000-06-30||2000-08-23||Noul Laudis||Frame-less,automatically folding lenses|
|GB2437552A (en) *||2006-04-24||2007-10-31||John Allaway||Automatically folding spectacles with hinges, springs, arms, padding and holes|
|CN101419343A (en) *||2008-11-24||2009-04-29||周蓓华||Auto-opening folding glasses|
|US9134544B2 (en) *||2013-06-24||2015-09-15||Mac Technologies Limited||Eyeglasses and frames therefor|
|US10137028B2 (en)||2013-12-20||2018-11-27||James D. Castillo||Eyewear system for securing lens on a user's nose and dilating user's nose|
|US10137027B2 (en)||2013-12-20||2018-11-27||James D. Castillo||Nasal applique and related applicator for applying applique to a nose of a wearer|
|USD752679S1 (en) *||2014-09-15||2016-03-29||Michele W. Smith||Eyeglasses|
|USD793085S1 (en) *||2015-05-29||2017-08-01||Binoptics, Sociéte Privée À Responsabilité Limitée||Pince-nez case|
|US20180039094A1 (en) *||2016-08-08||2018-02-08||James D. Castillo||Stemless mounting system for an eyewear lens|
Family Cites Families (16)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US1230555A (en) *||1914-07-27||1917-06-19||Herman J Brennecke||Goggle-hinge.|
|DE483609C (en) *||1927-11-19||1929-10-02||Justus Junkers||Plug-glasses, in which the versions of the two glasses are connected by a web with a resilient hinge|
|US1733235A (en) *||1928-01-28||1929-10-29||Obrig Jacob A Theodore||Spectacles|
|US2975426A (en) *||1959-12-09||1961-03-21||Rabb Lionel||Integral one-piece folding optical frame|
|US3361514A (en)||1964-04-02||1968-01-02||Davis Jeannette||Folding eyeglass assembly with extensible bow members for gripping wearer's head|
|US3586425A (en) *||1969-06-11||1971-06-22||Donald L Gilman||Spectacles having spring-biased hinges|
|US4848861A (en) *||1988-06-14||1989-07-18||Mcculley William S||Earpiece cushion apparatus for eyeglasses|
|US5028126A (en) *||1990-03-29||1991-07-02||Tamaki Optical Co., Ltd.||Foldable spectacle frame|
|GB2253712A (en)||1991-03-12||1992-09-16||David Huang||Collapsible eyeglasses|
|DE9105449U1 (en) *||1991-05-02||1992-02-27||Huang, David, Taipeh/T'ai-Pei, Tw|
|US5745209A (en)||1996-08-22||1998-04-28||California Design Studio Inc.||Double piston spring hinge for hingeably connecting temples to an eyeglass frame|
|DE69734979D1 (en)||1997-04-07||2006-02-02||Polaris Inter Ab Boden||Glasses|
|DE29720594U1 (en) *||1997-11-20||1998-01-15||Meyer Goetz Heinrich||glasses essay|
|US5929966A (en) *||1998-03-24||1999-07-27||Conner; William A.||Folding eye glass frames with length adjustable temples|
- 1998-07-20 DE DE1998132521 patent/DE19832521A1/en not_active Ceased
- 1999-07-14 JP JP2000561530A patent/JP2002521716A/en active Pending
- 1999-07-14 US US09/744,316 patent/US6540349B1/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
- 1999-07-14 BR BR9912308-8A patent/BR9912308A/en not_active Application Discontinuation
- 1999-07-14 EP EP99963132A patent/EP1099135A1/en not_active Withdrawn
- 1999-07-14 WO PCT/DE1999/002173 patent/WO2000005617A1/en not_active Application Discontinuation
- 1999-07-14 AU AU59676/99A patent/AU5967699A/en not_active Withdrawn
- 1999-07-14 CA CA 2337651 patent/CA2337651A1/en not_active Abandoned
Non-Patent Citations (1)
|See references of WO0005617A1 *|
Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date|
|CN1038878C (en)||Hinge system for glasses|
|CA2045145C (en)||Eyewear traction device|
|AU625399B2 (en)||Eye and hearing protection|
|US7175270B2 (en)||Flexible frame assembly for eyeglasses|
|US5631718A (en)||Temple for eyewear|
|TWI224692B (en)||Eyeglass temple, eyeglass frame, and method for fabricating eyeglass temples of memory plastic|
|US20020021405A1 (en)||Frame for eyeglasses|
|US4886349A (en)||Temples-less eyeglass frame|
|US4902119A (en)||Eyeglasses frame with articulated resilient nose piece|
|AU719220B2 (en)||Spring temple for eyewear|
|TWI297086B (en)||Eyewear with replaceable lens|
|EP0666491A1 (en)||Nose pad particularly for spectacle frames|
|JP2001518205A (en)||Ultra-flat expandable hinge|
|KR100731854B1 (en)||Protective sideshield with comfort safety wing|
|US5828436A (en)||Eyeglass frame formed from a non-cylindrical material having resilient, deformable bellows|
|US4924245A (en)||Resilient nose pad for spectacles|
|DE60104565T2 (en)||Bored glass with lens stability|
|JP3110736B1 (en)||Rimless glasses frame and rimless glasses|
|US5748280A (en)||Rimless eyeglasses having a single wire bridge and removable lenses|
|US4605293A (en)||Spectacle frame with resilient hinges|
|US7748843B2 (en)||Watchband eyeglasses|
|US2280666A (en)||Frame for spectacles|
|17P||Request for examination filed||
Effective date: 20010220
|AK||Designated contracting states:||
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE
|17Q||First examination report||
Effective date: 20011120
|18D||Deemed to be withdrawn||
Effective date: 20040301