EP0888098A4 - Trial wedges with magnetic attachments - Google Patents

Trial wedges with magnetic attachments

Info

Publication number
EP0888098A4
EP0888098A4 EP97915841A EP97915841A EP0888098A4 EP 0888098 A4 EP0888098 A4 EP 0888098A4 EP 97915841 A EP97915841 A EP 97915841A EP 97915841 A EP97915841 A EP 97915841A EP 0888098 A4 EP0888098 A4 EP 0888098A4
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
trial
joint replacement
wedges
body
orthopaedic joint
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP97915841A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0888098A1 (en
Inventor
Thomas A Carls
Jennifer J Lackey
Dave Kelman
Todd Martens
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Smith and Nephew Inc
Original Assignee
Smith and Nephew Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US1203096P priority Critical
Priority to US12030P priority
Application filed by Smith and Nephew Inc filed Critical Smith and Nephew Inc
Priority to PCT/US1997/002805 priority patent/WO1997030661A1/en
Publication of EP0888098A1 publication Critical patent/EP0888098A1/en
Publication of EP0888098A4 publication Critical patent/EP0888098A4/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1662Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1664Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the hip
    • A61B17/1668Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the hip for the upper femur
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1659Surgical rasps, files, planes, or scrapers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/1662Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1675Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans for particular parts of the body for the knee
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/17Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires
    • A61B17/1735Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires for rasps or chisels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/17Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires
    • A61B17/1739Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1764Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the knee
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30721Accessories
    • A61F2/30734Modular inserts, sleeves or augments, e.g. placed on proximal part of stem for fixation purposes or wedges for bridging a bone defect
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/46Special tools or methods for implanting or extracting artificial joints, accessories, bone grafts or substitutes, or particular adaptations therefor
    • A61F2/4684Trial or dummy prostheses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B2017/0046Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets with a releasable handle; with handle and operating part separable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3662Femoral shafts
    • A61F2/367Proximal or metaphyseal parts of shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2/3859Femoral components
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/38Joints for elbows or knees
    • A61F2/389Tibial components
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30003Material related properties of the prosthesis or of a coating on the prosthesis
    • A61F2002/3006Properties of materials and coating materials
    • A61F2002/30079Properties of materials and coating materials magnetic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30329Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2002/30331Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementarily-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit
    • A61F2002/3038Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementarily-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit made by pushing a key or a peg into a mating slot or hole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2002/30001Additional features of subject-matter classified in A61F2/28, A61F2/30 and subgroups thereof
    • A61F2002/30316The prosthesis having different structural features at different locations within the same prosthesis; Connections between prosthetic parts; Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30535Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for
    • A61F2002/30604Special structural features of bone or joint prostheses not otherwise provided for modular
    • A61F2002/30616Sets comprising a plurality of prosthetic parts of different sizes or orientations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/30721Accessories
    • A61F2/30734Modular inserts, sleeves or augments, e.g. placed on proximal part of stem for fixation purposes or wedges for bridging a bone defect
    • A61F2002/30736Augments or augmentation pieces, e.g. wedges or blocks for bridging a bone defect
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3625Necks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/30Joints
    • A61F2/32Joints for the hip
    • A61F2/36Femoral heads ; Femoral endoprostheses
    • A61F2/3609Femoral heads or necks; Connections of endoprosthetic heads or necks to endoprosthetic femoral shafts
    • A61F2002/3652Connections of necks to shafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2210/00Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2210/009Particular material properties of prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof magnetic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2220/00Fixations or connections for prostheses classified in groups A61F2/00 - A61F2/26 or A61F2/82 or A61F9/00 or A61F11/00 or subgroups thereof
    • A61F2220/0025Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements
    • A61F2220/0033Connections or couplings between prosthetic parts, e.g. between modular parts; Connecting elements made by longitudinally pushing a protrusion into a complementary-shaped recess, e.g. held by friction fit

Abstract

An orthopaedic surgical trial instrument for use in joint remplacement (e.g., knee, hip, shoulder) surgery includes a trial body (11) of selected size and shape that can receive trial shims or wedges (20) of differing size and shape so that a surgeon can construct a trial during surgery that closely fits a patient's anatomy. Magnetic members (29) aid in holding a selected wedge to a selected trial. Corresponding projections (27, 11B) and recesses (11A, 28) prevent rotation of wedges (20) with respect to the selected trial (11).

Description

PATENT APPLICATION

TITLE OF THE INVENTION

"TRIAL WEDGES WITH MAGNETIC ATTACHMENTS "

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

Priority of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/013,030, filed February 21, 1996, incoφorated herein by reference, is hereby claimed. STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

Not applicable REFERENCE TO A "MICROFICHE APPENDIX"

Not applicable BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTΠON 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to orthopaedic surgical instruments such as surgical trials, and more particularly a surgical trial instrument for use in joint replacement surgery (e.g., knee, hip, shoulder), wherein an improved trial wedge includes a magnetic member inserted into the trial wedge so that it can securely yet removably be attached to another part such as a trial femoral or tibial component, a cutting block, or like orthopaedic instruments.

2. General Background of the Invention

During total knee replacement surgery, the surgeon prepares the patient s proximal tibia to receive a tibial implant. The surgeon also prepares the patients distal femur of the patient with surgical cuts so that it can receive a femoral component. It is often desirable to first attach the femoral component to the patient s distal femur before placing the tibial prosthesis component. One of the reasons for placing the tibial component after the femoral component is that the tibial prosthesis uses a polymeric liner for articulating with a smooth polished metallic surface on the femoral component.

Before placing the actual final tibial prosthesis and femoral prosthesis, the surgeon generally uses a number of trial prostheses of different sizes and configurations as well as different polymeric liner inserts in a search for the best fit. When trial prostheses are used, trial wedges are sometimes also used to evaluate the amount of augmentation necessary in the final femoral and tibial prosthesis components. Trial wedges are also used to help stabilize the cutting blocks and the femoral and tibial trial prostheses as well as o her instruments used during the total knee replacement surgery. Presently, trial wedges are attached to trial components and the cutting blocks with bone wax, screws or snap rings. However, other than the bone wax, these other attachments limit the placement options of the trial wedge. The use of bone wax presents problems of its own in that it can be somewhat difficult to work with and needs to be removed prior to implantation of the final prosthesis. U.S. Patent 5,425,763 discloses a magnet arrangement for fastening prostheses, in particular epitheses, such as for example artificial ears and the like. In a magnet arrangement for the fastening of prostheses, in which a magnet can be inserted into a prosthesis and a magnet to be implanted or to be fastened on an implant are provided. There is also provided, to achieve a more reliable mounting during a displacement movement of the prosthesis, a guide by which the two magnets are guided one on the other in such a manner that they are displaceable telescopically relative to one another in the holding direction of the prosthesis.

An artificial joint with magnetic attraction or repulsion is the subject of U.S. Patent 4,024,588. The 588 patent discloses an artificial joint for implantation into the living body. It comprises a head portion adapted to be anchored in one bone of the body and a socket portion adapted to be anchored in another bone. One of the head and socket portions includes a permanent magnet and the other portion ei her a magnetizable element or another permanent magnet. The two interacting magnetic elements may be polarized for either attraction or 5 repulsion. The head and socket portions are shaped to permit translatory movement relative to each other in addition to rotary movements of the head portion about at least one axis of rotation. BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention solves these problems and short comings by o providing a trial prosthesis body that can be augmented with trial wedges or shims that have at least one magnet inserted into the wedge so that it can be magnetically attached to selected trial components, a broach or like orthopaedic instrumentation. At least one magnet can be placed into the trial wedge. The magnet type, size and location can be determined by the size and shape of the trial wedge. A pair of 5 magnets can be inserted on respective sides of a wedge so that a wedge can be flipped over for use medially or laterally.

Thus, the present invention provides a magnetic orthopaedic trial apparatus that enables trial wedges to be easily attached to trial components (e.g., femoral components, tibial components, hip replacement components), cutting blocks or 0 other instruments that are used during total knee or total hip replacement surgery.

The present invention provides a surgical orthopaedic joint replacement trial instrument that includes a trial body having a stem portion that fits a patients intramedullary canal. A plurality of trial wedges removably attach to the trial body enabling a surgeon to vary the size and shape of the trial body such as during 5 the fitting of a trial to a patients femur or tibia tissue.

At least some of the trial wedges have opposed surfaces that are generally parallel to one another. A magnetic member holds a selected of the trial wedges and the trial body together.

In the preferred embodiment, the magnetic member is a magnet that is o embedded within each trial wedge. In the preferred embodiment, at least some of the trial wedges have opposed surfaces that define an acute angle.

The trial body preferably has at least one flat surface that receives a correspondingly flat surface of a trial wedge. The trial body can have two spaced apart surfaces that enable a surgeon to attach two trial wedges simultaneously to the respective spaced apart surfaces of the trial body.

Each of the spaced apart surfaces is preferably flat. At least some of the wedges are shaped to stack one upon the other. In this fashion, the surgeon can place a first wedge on one of the flat surfaces of the trial body. The surgeon can then place another trial wedge on a second flat surface of the trial body. Alternatively, the surgeon can place an additional trial wedge on top of one of the previously placed trial wedges so that at least two of the trial wedges are stacked one upon the other at one of the flat surfaces of the trial body. In the preferred embodiment, the trial body and at least some of the wedges are embossed with correspondingly shaped embossed surfaces to prevent rotation once a wedge is attached to a trial body.

The trial body and at least some of the wedges have corresponding interlocking portions such as, for example, a cylindrically-shaped socket on the trial body and a correspondingly shaped cylindrical projection on the trial wedge.

The interlocking portions can include interlocking socket and projecting portions that are correspondingly shaped.

In the preferred embodiment, a collection of trial wedges are provided having differing thicknesses and differing shapes. The trial body can have an articulating surface portion for articulating with a corresponding articulating surface of another orthopaedic prosthetic component.

In one embodiment, the surgical orthopaedic joint replacement trial is in the foπn of a tibial trial having a stem, a tibial tray, and trial wedges that are fixed to distal surfaces of the tray portion of the trial body. In another embodiment, the trial instrument is in the form of a femoral trial component having trial wedges that affix to distal non-articulating surfaces of the trial body and to the posterior condylar non-articulating surface portions of the trial body. Further, some trial wedges can be sized and shaped to provided surfaces that simultaneously abut both the distal non-articulating surface and the condylar non-articulating surface of the trial body- Yet another embodiment provides a broach that is in the shape of a trial hip prosthesis that is sized and shaped to fit the patients proximal femur during hip joint replacement surgery.

The trial hip replacement prosthesis is in the form of a broach having a proximal end that removably accepts a trial neck member wherein a plurality of the removable trial members provide different neck geometry, enabling the surgeon to vary the configuration of a trial that fits the patients proximal femur during hip joint replacement surgery.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a further understanding of the nature, objects, and advantages of the present invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description, read in conjunction with the following drawings, wherein like reference numerals denote like elements and wherein:

For a further understanding of the nature and objects of the present invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like parts are given like numerals, and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a partial side view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing a trial femoral component; FIGURE 2 is a partial side view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing a trial femoral component with a trial wedge attached;

FIGURE 3 is a partial side view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing a trial femoral component with a pair of stacked trial wedges attached; -6-

FIGURE 4 is a partial side view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing a trial femoral component with a pair of stacked trial wedges attached;

FIGURE 5 is a perspective exploded view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing the stacking tray portion thereof;

FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention; FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary top view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating a trial wedge that can be attached to the femoral trial body of Figures 1-4;

FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary elevational view taken along lines 9-9 of Figure 8; FIGURE 10 is a sectional view taken along lines 10-10 of Figure 8;

FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary top view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating a trial wedge that can be attached to the trial body of Figures 1-4;

FIGURE 12 is a side elevational view taken along lines 12-12 of Figure 11; FIGURE 13 is an end, elevational view taken along lines 13-13 of Figure

11;

FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary top view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating a trial wedge that can be attached to the femoral trial body of Figures 1-4; FIGURE 15 is an end, elevational view taken along lines 15-15 of Figure

14;

FIGURE 15A is a fragmentary end view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating a trial wedge that can be attached to the femoral trial body of Figures 1-4; FIGURE 16 is a top view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention iUtLStrating a trial wedge that can be attached to the femoral trial body of Figures 1-4;

FIGURE 17 is a partial perspective view of the first embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating the attachment of trial wedges thereto at the posterior mount articulating surfaces thereof;

FIGURE 18 is a perspective exploded view of a second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention in the form of a tibial trial;

FIGURE 19 is a fragmentary perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention showing the tibial tray; FIGURE 20 is a fragmentary view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating the distal surface of the tibial trial body;

FIGURE 21 is an end view taken along lines 21-21 of Figure 20;

FIGURE 22 is an end view taken along lines 22-22 of Figure 20; FIGURE 23 is a fragmentary top view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating one of the trial wedge portions thereof;

FIGURE 24 is an end view taken along lines 24-24 of Figure 23;

FIGURE 25 is a side view taken along lines 25-25 of Figure 23; FIGURE 25 A is a side view of a trial wedge portion of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 26 is a sectional view taken along lines 26-26 of Figure 23;

FIGURE 27 is a fragmentary top view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating one of the trial wedge portions thereof;

FIGURE 28 is an end view taken along lines 28-28 of Figure 27;

FIGURE 28A is an end view of a trial wedge portion of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 29 is a side taken along lines 29-29 of Figure 27; FIGURE 30 is a plane, fragmentary top view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating one of the trial wedge portions thereof;

FIGURE 31 is an end view taken along lines 31-31 of Figure 30;

FIGURE 32 is an elevational view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 33 is an elevational view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 34 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating its use with a tibial wedge cutting block;

FIGURE 35 is a partial perspective view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention illustrating the tibial wedge cutting block portion thereof and its handle;

FIGURE 36 is a side elevational view of the second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention shown attached to a tibial wedge cutting guide and its handle;

FIGURE 37 is a side view of a third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 38 is an exploded side view of the third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;

FIGURE 39 is a side view of the third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention with the removable neck portion removed;

FIGURE 40 is a partial perspective view of the third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention; FIGURE 41 is a sectional view taken along lines 41-41 of Figure 37;

FIGURE 42 is a sectional view taken along lines 42-42 of Figure 37;

FIGURE 43 is a perspective view of a fourth embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention; and

FIGURE 44 is a side view of the fourth embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENΗON

Figures 1-4 show generally the preferred embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention designated by the numeral 10A in Figures 2-4, 5, and 7.

Femoral trial prosthesis 10A includes a trial body 11 that is generally of a size and shape that corresponds to the shape of a final femoral prosthesis. A surgeon can use one or more such trials to obtain a correct fit Using the apparatus of the present invention and the method of the present invention, wedges can be added to the trial body 11 in order to compensate for bone loss and/or bone defect.

Trial body 11 includes a distal articulating surface 12, an anterior articulating surface 13, and a posterior articulating surface 14 in the form of a pair of space-apart condylar portions. A plurality of five non-articulating surfaces are also provided on trial body 11 including flat non-articulating surfaces 15, 16, 17, 18, and 19. These five surfaces 15-19 correspond in size, shape, and positioning to surgical cuts that are made by a surgeon on a patients distal femur. Trial body 11 has sockets HA, 1 IB that are receptive of projecting portions of trial wedges 20, 30.

The method and apparatus of the present invention provides a plurality of trial wedges, each of a different size and shape that can be added to the trial body 11 depending upon the amount of bone tissue loss that the surgeon finds on a particular patient during knee joint replacement surgical procedure. In Figures 2, 3, 5, 7, and 11-13, trial wedge 20 is shown. Figure 2 shows an addition of trial wedge 20 to trial body 11 wherein the trial wedge 20 mates with flat non- surticulating surfaces 16, 17, 18 of trial body 11. In Figures 11-13, trial wedge 20 is shown more particularly. Trial wedge 20 has a flat proximal surface 21 , beveled surfaces 22, 24 and flat distal surface 23. A pair of side walls 25, 26 are provided that extend between the distal surface 23 and proximal surface 21. A cylindrical boss or projection 27 is provided on distal surface 23. The cylindrical projection 27 mates with a correspondingly-shaped cylindrical recess or socket 11 A, 1 IB on trial body 11. A cylindrical opening 28 in wedge 20 accepts a correspondingly-shaped magnetic member 29 and adhesive. This magnetic member 29 enables trial wedge 20 to form a connection with trial body 11. The trial body 11 can be of steel, enabling magnetic member 29 to attach thereto. Alternatively, a steel bushing can be embedded in trial body 11 if the trial body 11 is a casting of plastic or a metal alloy that is not ferromagnetic.

In Figure 3, two trial wedges 20 illustrate that further thickness can be provided to trial body 11 by stacking the two wedges 20 as shown. In Figure 4, two differing wedges 20 and 30 are shown stacked upon the non-articulating surfaces 16, 17, 18, 19. The wedge 20 receives trial wedge 30, stacked thereon as shown in Figure 4.

The construction of trial wedge 30 is shown more particularly in Figures 8- 10. The trial wedge 30 includes a flat distal surface 31 and a flat posterior surface 32. A pair of spaced apart side walls 33 A, 34A extend from flat distal surface 31 to flat proximal surface 38. The trial wedge 30 has an anterior end 35 that is somewhat pointed, being defined by angled side walls 33 and 34 and beveled distal surface 36 and proximal surface 38. Flat surface 39 is provided on trial wedge 30 intersecting surface 38 at right angles. The surface 32 registers against a posterior non-articulating surface 19 of trial body 11 as shown in Figure 4. Socket 28 can receive a projecting portion of another trial wedge such as the projecting portion 37 of trial wedge 30 (see Figure 4).

In Figures 5-7, an additional stacking member is shown in the form of stacking tray 100. The tray 100 has a stem portion 101 with a threaded end 102. This enables modular stem extensions to be threadably attached to the stacking tray 100 at threaded end 102. The tray 100 has a distal surface 104 that carries a pair of spaced apart cylindrically-shaped projections 105, 106. These projections 105, 106 register in correspondingly-shaped sockets 11 A, 1 IB of femoral trial 11.

The tray 100 has an inclined plate 103 that forms an obtuse angle with a pair of spaced apart distal 107, 108. The distal plates 107, 108 register against the flat non-articulating surface 17 of trial body 11. The inclined plate 103 registers against flat non-articulating surface 16 of trial body 11. This configuration can be seen in Figures 5 and 7.

The proximal surface 109 of tray 100 has a pair of spaced apart sockets 110, 111. The sockets 110, 111 receive the projecting cylindrically-shaped portion found on the distal surface of each trial wedge 20, 30. The proximal surface 109 of tray 100 has receptacle portions 113, 114 that are sized and shaped to receive a selected trial wedge 20 or 30. This enables a selected trial wedge 20 or 30 to be nested upon the proximal 109 surface of tray 100 as shown in Figure 7, while the tray 100 simultaneously nests upon the trial body 11.

In Figures 14-17, additional trial wedges are shown that can be attached to the posterior non-articulating surface 19 of femoral trial 11. These include trial wedge 115 that is of a first thickness as shown in Figure 15. A wedge 115 can be thicker as shown by the trial wedge 115A of Figure 15 A. Further, the trial wedge 115 can be shortened as shown in Figure 16, the shorter trial wedge being designated by the numeral 116. Each of the trial wedges 115, 115 A, 116, have upper and lower generally opposed, parallel surfaces 117, 118. The surface 117 carries a projecting peg 119 that registers in a socket 120 on trial body 11 at non-articulating flat surface 19. A magnetic member 29 is embedded within each trial wedge 115, 115 A, 116 as shown in Figures 14-16. Thus, the overall shape and configuration of each of the trial wedges 115, 115A, and 116 are substantially the same, the difference being in the increased thickness of the wedge 115A compared to the wedge 115 and the increased length of the wedge 115 when compared to the wedge 116.

A magnetic bushing 121 can be attached to each of the receptacles 113, 114 of tray 100. Similarly, magnetic bushings can be embedded in the femoral tiial 11. This embedding of a magnetic member within the trial 11, or tray 100, or a selected other trial or instrument body enables the present invention to be used when the receiving part, trial, or instrument body is of plastic, an alloy, or other material that is not ferromagnetic.

Figures 18-19 show a second embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention designated generally by the numeral 10B in Figure 18. The embodiment of Figures 18 and 19 shows a tibial trial. The tibial trial includes a trial body tray 41 having a flat distal surface 42 that includes spaced apart flat surface areas 43, 44 to which magnetic trial wedges can be attached. A flat proximal surface 45 is provided that can receive a polymeric liner 52 (see Figures 32, 33). Stem 46 extends from distal surface 42 at angles thereto. The stem 46 can have a threaded portion 47 for attaching a modular stem extension thereto when the surgeon is attempting to obtain a proper fit with the patients proximal tibia during knee joint replacement surgery.

Trial body 41 has a curved peripheral portion 48 that includes a socket 49 for receiving instrumentation such as cutting block 93 and its handle 94 (see Figures 34-36). Peripheral wall portions 50, 51 can be used to form attachments with polymeric liner 52 such as by means of a dovetailed-type connection. A plurality of projecting portions 53, 54 are provided respectively to the surface areas 43, 44 that will receive trial wedges during use. V-shaped slot 55 can be used to accommodate other orthopaedic surgical instrumentation such as a V- shaped punch.

Trial wedges 56 and 56A (see Figures 23-25A) can be attached to either selected surface 43 or 44. The trial wedges 56 and 56A are configured so that the same trial wedge 56 or 56A can be placed on either the medial or lateral side of tray 41 by simply turning the trial wedge 56 or 56A over.

Trial wedges 56 and 56A are shown more particularly in Figures 23-25, and 25A. The difference between the trial wedges 56 and 56A is the thickness, as shown in comparison in Figures 25 and 25A, the wedge 56A being thinner. Wedge 56 has a proximal surface 57 and a distal surface 58. A plurality of recesses 59 are sized and shaped to fit on and conform to the projections 53, 54 of trial body 51 upon alignment. This provides a mechanical connection that prevents rotation between a selected trial wedge such as 56 or 56A and the tray 41. Cutouts 60, 61 are provided for forming a connection with a raised wall portion 42A at the periphery of flat distal surface 42 of tray 41. The recess 60 is defined by intersecting shoulders 62 and 63. The cutout 61 is defined by intersecting shoulders 64 and 65. Each wedge 56, 56A has a peripheral curved surface 66 and a flat surface 67. Cutout 68 accommodates slot 55 as shown in Figures 18 and 20. The trial wedges 56 and 56A have flat surfaces 57, 58 that are opposed and generally parallel. This differs from the trial wedges 5 69, 69A of Figures 27-29 and 28A and the trial wedge 84 of Figures 30-31 that have opposed surfaces forming an acute angle.

Trial wedge 69 has a proximal surface 70, a distal surface 71, and a curved surface 79. A plurality of recesses 72 conform to the projecting portions 53, 54 of trial body 41. These recesses 72 in combination with the projections 53, 54 o form a non-rotational connection between the selected trial wedge 69 or 69 A and the trial body 41. Rotation is also discouraged between the wedges 69 and 69 A with respect to the trial body 41 in the foπn of cutouts 73, 74. The cutout 73 is defined by shoulder 75, 76. The cutout 73 is defined by shoulders 77, 78. The trial wedges 69 and 69A are reversible, being applicable to either the medial or 5 lateral side of trial body 41 by simply turning the trial wedge 69 or 69A over.

A peripheral wall portion 42A on the distal surface 42 of trial body tray 41 connects with a cutout 73 or 74 upon assembly of the selected trial wedge 69 or 69A to the trial tray 41 as shown in Figure 18. Flat surface 80 extends along one side of each trial wedge 69, 69A. Cutout 81 accommodates slot 55. Curved arrow 0 82 in Figure 28 defines an angle formed by proximal surface 70 and distal surface 71. In Figure 28 , curved arrow 83 defines the angle between surfaces 70 and 71. The angles 82 and 83 can differ so that the surgeon is provided with multiple trial wedges having differing angular orientations between the proximal 70 and distal 71 surfaces. 5 In Figures 30-31, yet another trial wedge is shown, designated by the numeral 84. Trial wedge 84 has a proximal surface 85, a distal surface 86, a peripheral curved surface 90, and a flat surface 91. A plurality of recesses 87 are provided that are sized and shaped to conform to the projecting protions 53 and 54 of trial body 41. Cutouts 88 and 89 register with the raised wall portion 42 A of o flat distal surface 42. The combination of the engagement of a selected cutout 88 or 89 with raised wall 42A and the connection between projecting portion 53 and 54 with recesses 87 forms a non-rotational connection between trial wedge 84 and trial body 11. Flat surface 91 forms one side of trial wedge 84 that is opposite curved surface 90. Trial wedge 84 is much smaller than the trial wedges 56, 56A, 5 69, 69A.

In each of the trial wedges of Figures 23-25, 25A, 26-29 28A, 30-31, a pair of opposed magnetic members M are embedded in the trial wedge at both the proximal and distal surfaces thereof as shown in the drawings. This enables the magnetic member to form a connection with tray 41 notwithstanding that the trial o wedge is placed on either the medial or lateral side of the trial tray 41. The trial tray 41 is preferably of a steel construction so that magnetics M attach the selected trial wedge thereto with magnetism.

In Figures 32 and 33, trial wedges of differing configuration are shown attached to the trial body 41. In Figure 32, trial wedges 69 and 69A are shown 5 attached to the distal surface 42 of trial body 41. In Figure 33, trial wedges 56 and 56A are shown attached to the distal surface 42 of trial body 41.

Figures 34-36 show the attachment of a cutting block 93 to trial body tray 41 at its socket opening 49. A handle 94 forms a connection with cutting block 93. An extreme end portion 95 of handle 94 has a detent locking member 99 that o forms a connection with a correspondingly shaped recess that is inside of socket opening 49. A release button 98 can be used to attach or disengage handle 94 from trial body 41. The cutting block 93 provides a pair of opposed cutting surfaces 96, 96A, 97, and 97A that enable a surgeon to guide a flat cutting blade or cutting saw by engaging the selected surface 96, 96A, 97, or 97A with such a saw or blade. 5 This enables the surgeon to first place the trial body 41 on the patients proximal tibia and then make cuts using the surfaces 96, 96A, 97, or 97A that correspond to the shape of a particular trial wedge such as 56, 56 A, 69, or 69A.

In Figures 37-42, a third embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention is shown, designated generally by the numeral IOC. Hip joint 0 replacement trial 10C includes a broach member 130 having a proximal end 131 and a tapered distal end 133. The tapered distal end 133 communicates with a generally conically-shaped stem 132. The stem 132 communicates with a broach or rasp section 134.

Removable neck trial member 135 has a frustoconical ball connector 136 that can receive a prosthetic femoral head ball forming, for example, a taper lock or morse taper connection therewith. A magnetic member (or members) can be used to attached a femoral head trial to a removable neck trial member 135. In such a case, the connector 136 free end could carry a magnetic member as could the correspondingly shaped socket of a trial femoral head. Removable neck member 135 has a socket 137 that receives a projecting portion 138 of broach member 130. The projecting portion 138 can also form a connection with a broach handle. Removable neck member 135 also has a rectangular section 143 that corresponds in size and shape to the rectangular slot 139 at proximal end 131 of broach member 130. Upon assembly, the rectangular section 143 of removable neck section 135 fits into and closely conforms to slot 139 of broach member 130. Simultaneously, the projecting portion 138 of broach member 130 conforms to and occupies cylindrically-shaped socket 137 of removable neck section 135. This connection is illustrated by the arrows 144 in Figure 38. The rectangular slot 139 has a flat surface portion 142 that forms a magnetic connection with magnet 140 that is embedded in socket 141 of removable neck section 135. In order to form a magnetic connection between the removable neck section 135 and broach member 130, the magnetic member 140 that is permanently attached to removable neck member 135 at opening 141 is placed in connection with broach 130, as shown by arrows 144. The broach 130 can be of a metallic construction such as surgical steel. Alternatively, the flat surface 142 of slot 139 can carry an embedded steel bushing if the broach 130 is not of a steel construction.

The rasp section 135 can cany a plurality of teeth for cutting and rasping the intramedullary canal of a patients proximal femur during hip replacement surgery. Because the removable neck section 135 can be separated from broach 130, this allows the surgeon to mix broach members 130 of different sizes and/or different configurations with removable neck members 135 of different sizes and/or of different configurations.

Figures 43-44 illustrate a fourth embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention, designated generally by the numeral 10D. Cutting block 10D is a femoral cutting block that includes block body 145 having anterior flange 148, distal surface 146, and posterior paddles 149, 150. Trial wedges as shown in

Figures 8-16 can be added to the cutting block body 145 at distal surface 146 or at the posterior surface 147 of either paddle 149, 150. This enables a surgeon to use any of the aforedescribed trial wedges (such as wedges 20, 115 shown in

Figures 43-44) to be added to the trial body to custom fit a patients distal femur.

The following is a list of suitable parts and materials for the various elements of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

PARTS LIST Part Number Description

F femur

M magnetic member

10A femoral trial prosthesis

10B tibial trial prosthesis 10C hip joint trial prosthesis

10D cutting block

11 trial body

11 A socket

1 IB socket 12 distal articulating surface

13 anterior articulating surface

14 posterior articulating surface

15 flat non-articulating surface

16 flat non-articulating surface 17 flat non-articulating surface 18 flat non-articulating surface

19 flat non-articulating surface

20 trial wedge

21 proximal flat surface 5 22 beveled surface

23 distal flat surface

24 beveled surface

25 side wall

26 side wall

10 27 cylindrical projection

28 cylindrical opening

29 magnetic member

30 trial wedge

31 flat distal surface 15 32 flat posterior surface

33 angled side wall 33A side wall

34 angled side wall 34A side wall

20 35 anterior end

36 beveled distal surface

37 projecting portion

38 flat proximal surface

39 flat surface 25 40 socket

41 trial body tray

42 flat distal surface 42A raised wall

43 flat surface area 30 44 flat surface area 45 flat proximal surface

46 stem

47 threaded portion

48 curved portion 49 socket

50 peripheral wall

51 peripheral wall

52 polymeric liner

53 projecting portion 54 projecting portion

55 V-shaped slot

56 trial wedge 56A trial wedge

57 proximal surface 58 distal surface

59 recess

60 cutout

61 cutout

62 shoulder 63 shoulder

64 shoulder

65 shoulder

66 curved surface

67 flat surface 68 cutout

69 tiial wedge 69A trial wedge

70 proximal surface

71 distal surface 72 recess 73 cutout

74 cutout

75 shoulder

76 shoulder 77 shoulder

78 shoulder

79 curved surface

80 flat surface

81 cutout 82 curved aπow

83 curved aπow

84 trial wedge

85 proximal surface

86 distal surface 87 recess

88 cutout

89 cutout

90 curved surface

91 flat surface 92 cutout

93 cutting block

94 handle

95 connecting end portion

96 cutting guide surface 96A cutting guide surface

97 cutting guide surface 97A cutting guide surface

98 release button

99 openings 100 tray 101 stem

102 threaded portion

103 inclined plate

104 distal surface 105 projection

106 projection

107 distal plate

108 distal plate

109 proximal surface 110 socket

111 socket

112 proximal inclined surface

113 receptacle

114 receptacle 115 trial wedge

115A trial wedge

116 trial wedge

117 surface

118 surface 119 peg

120 socket

130 broach

131 proximal end

132 conical stem 133 tapered distal end

134 rasp section

135 removable neck member

136 frustoconical ball connector

137 socket 138 projecting portion 139 rectangular slot

140 magnetic member

141 socket

142 flat surface 143 rectangular section

144 aπow

145 cutting block

146 distal surface

147 posterior condylar surface 148 anterior flange

149 paddle

150 paddle

Because many varying and different embodiments may be made within the scope of the inventive concept herein taught, and because many modifications may be made in the embodiments herein detailed in accordance with the descriptive requirement of the law, it is to be understood that the details herein are to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Claims

1. A surgical orthopaedic joint replacement trial instrument comprising: a) a trial body that fits an end portion of a patients leg bone; b) a plurality of trial wedge elements that removably affix to the trial body, enabling a surgeon to vary the size and shape of the trial body; c) at least some of the trial wedges having opposed surfaces that are generally parallel; and d) a magnetic member mat holds a selected trial wedge and the trial body together.
2. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the magnetic member is a magnet embedded within each trial wedge.
3. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein at least some of the trial wedges have opposed surfaces that define an acute angle.
4. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body has a flat surface that receives the trial wedges.
5. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body has two spaced apart surfaces that enable a surgeon to attach two trial wedges to the respective spaced apart surfaces.
6. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 5 wherein each of the spaced apart surfaces is generally flat.
7. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein at least some of the wedges are shaped to stack one upon another. 8. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body and at least some wedges are embossed to prevent rotation once a wedge is attached to the trial body.
9. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body and at least some wedges have corresponding interlocking portions.
10. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 9 wherein the interlocking portions comprise interlocking socket and projecting portions.
11. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial wedges have differing thicknesses.
12. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body has an articulating surface portion for articulating with an articulating surface of another orthopaedic prosthetic component.
13. A surgical orthopaedic joint replacement trial comprising: a) a trial body having a stem portion that fits a patients intramedullary canal, the trial body having a pair of spaced apart, flat non- articulating surface portions; b) a plurality of trial wedges that removably affix to the trial body enabling a surgeon to vary the size and shape of the trial body; c) at least some of the trial wedges having opposed surfaces; and d) a magnetic member that enables a selected trial wedge to be secured to the trial body and for holding stacked wedges together.
14. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the magnetic member includes a magnet embedded within each trial wedge. 15. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein at least some of the trial wedges have opposed surfaces that define an acute angle.
16. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial body has a flat non-articulating surface that receives the trial wedges.
17. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial body has two spaced apart surfaces that enable a surgeon to attach two trial wedges to the respective spaced apart surfaces, and wherein wedges can be stacked upon either of the spaced apart surfaces.
18. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 17 wherein each of the spaced apart surfaces is generally flat.
19. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein at least some of the wedges are shaped with opposed, parallel surfaces to enable one to stack upon another.
20. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial body and at least some wedges are embossed to prevent rotation after a wedge is attached to the trial body.
21. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial body and at least some wedges have corresponding interlocking portions.
22. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 21 wherein the interlocking portions comprise interlocking socket and projecting portions.
23. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial wedges have differing thicknesses. 24. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 13 wherein the trial body has an articulating surface portion for articulating with an articulating surface of another orthopaedic prosthetic component.
25. A surgical orthopaedic hip joint replacement trial instrument comprising: a) a trial body having proximal and distal end portions and that fits an end portion of a patients proximal femur; b) a plurality of trial neck elements that removably affix to the trial body, enabling a surgeon to vary the size and shape of the trial body at the proximal end thereof; c) at least some of the neck elements having different configurations; and d) a magnetic member that holds a selected neck element and the trial body together.
26. The surgical orthopaedic hip joint replacement of claim 25 wherein the magnetic member is a magnet embedded within each neck element.
27. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 1 wherein the trial body has a rasping surface thereon.
28. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein the trial body has a flat surface that receives a selected one of the neck elements.
29. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein the t ial body has a projecting portion and the neck element has a socket that receives the projecting portion upon assembly. 30. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein there are a plurahty of trial bodies of different size and a plurality of neck elements that each fit a trial body.
31. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein at least some of the neck elements have a connection portion for receiving a femoral head.
32. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein the trial body and neck element have spaced apart interlocking portions to prevent rotation once a neck element is attached to the trial body.
33. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 25 wherein the trial body and at least some neck elements have corresponding rectangular slot and projecting interlocking portions.
34. The surgical orthopaedic joint replacement of claim 33 wherein the interlocking portions comprise interlocking rectangular socket and rectangular projecting portions.
EP97915841A 1996-02-21 1997-02-21 Trial wedges with magnetic attachments Withdrawn EP0888098A4 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1203096P true 1996-02-21 1996-02-21
US12030P 1996-02-21
PCT/US1997/002805 WO1997030661A1 (en) 1996-02-21 1997-02-21 Trial wedges with magnetic attachments

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EP0888098A1 EP0888098A1 (en) 1999-01-07
EP0888098A4 true EP0888098A4 (en) 2000-03-01

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AU (1) AU2316697A (en)
WO (1) WO1997030661A1 (en)

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JP2001503283A (en) 2001-03-13
EP0888098A1 (en) 1999-01-07
AU2316697A (en) 1997-09-10

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