US20030065397A1 - Prosthetic implant support structure - Google Patents

Prosthetic implant support structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US20030065397A1
US20030065397A1 US10225774 US22577402A US2003065397A1 US 20030065397 A1 US20030065397 A1 US 20030065397A1 US 10225774 US10225774 US 10225774 US 22577402 A US22577402 A US 22577402A US 2003065397 A1 US2003065397 A1 US 2003065397A1
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Prior art keywords
bone
support structure
end
cavity
sleeve
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Abandoned
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US10225774
Inventor
Arlen Hanssen
David Lewallen
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Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
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Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00179Ceramics or ceramic-like structures
    • A61F2310/00185Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides
    • A61F2310/00203Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides containing alumina or aluminium oxide
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2310/00Prostheses classified in A61F2/28 or A61F2/30 - A61F2/44 being constructed from or coated with a particular material
    • A61F2310/00005The prosthesis being constructed from a particular material
    • A61F2310/00179Ceramics or ceramic-like structures
    • A61F2310/00185Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides
    • A61F2310/00239Ceramics or ceramic-like structures based on metal oxides containing zirconia or zirconium oxide ZrO2

Abstract

A prosthetic system that includes a prosthetic implant and a support structure secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone is disclosed. The support structure defines a channel that extends through the length of the support structure. The prosthetic implant is received in the channel, and a portion of the prosthetic implant is secured to an inner surface of the channel by an adhesive. The stem of the prosthesis beyond the channel may be cemented or uncemented. The support structure may have an approximately funnel shape. The support structure may be a hollow porous cylindrical sleeve. The support structure may comprise a pair of partially hemispherical components arranged in spaced apart relationship thereby defining a channel between the pair of components. The support structure may comprise a plurality of pedestals secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE To RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Patent Application No. 60/315,148 filed Aug. 27, 2001.[0001]
  • STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH
  • Not Applicable. [0002]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • 1. Field of the Invention [0003]
  • This invention relates to prosthetic devices for implantation within a bone, and more particularly to support structures that are affixed to a bone and that support prosthetic implants. [0004]
  • 2. Description of the Related Art [0005]
  • The replacement of joints, such as the shoulder, hip, knee, ankle and wrist, with prosthetic implants has become widespread. One problem commonly encountered by surgeons replacing joints is the loss of strong bone stock near the joint being replaced. Defects in a bone adjacent a joint, such as the hip or knee, can occur due to wear and arthritis of the joint, congenital deformity, and following the removal of a failed prosthetic implant. Defects can be of a cavitary contained type or segmental and uncontained. Because such bone defects are quite common, various methods have been proposed for minimizing the adverse effects of such bone defects on joint replacement procedures. [0006]
  • It is known to use bone graft to prepare a support surface for a prosthesis, either with or without the use of cement. A bone grafting procedure is often used where there is an appreciable loss of strong bone stock, as is often the case in revision surgery where a previously implanted prosthesis is replaced with a new prosthesis. The support surface prepared with bone graft may be made up entirely of bone graft to substantially surround a prosthesis, or the support surface may be made up of bone graft and the natural bone at the implantation site (for instance, where bone graft is used to fill a relatively small void in the natural bone where the bone is otherwise intact). Bone graft typically includes crushed bone (cancellous and cortical), or a combination of these and synthetic biocompatible materials. Bone graft of this type is intended to stimulate growth of healthy bone. Examples of bone graft materials and related materials can be found in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,972,368, 5,788,976, 5,531,791, 5,510,396, 5,356,629, 4,789,663 and 4,678,470. Bone graft may be positioned in a bone cavity by various methods such as those described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,142,998, 6,013,080 and 5,910,172. The use of bone graft to prepare a support surface for a prosthesis does have certain disadvantages as bone graft may not be readily available in all areas and the devices used to deliver bone graft can be quite cumbersome. [0007]
  • In the presence of bone deficiency, stemmed components are also often used as a method to augment prosthesis fixation during complex primary or revision knee and hip arthroplasty. These stems may be cemented or uncemented; however, the most common method of fixation during revision knee arthroplasty is the use of an uncemented stem combined with cement fixation of the prosthesis in the metaphyseal region. However, due to the large variation of bone quality, interdigitation of bone cement into the metaphyseal region is often suboptimal such that cement fixation of the stem in the bone cavity is necessary. While cement fixation of the stem provides for improved prosthesis fixation, it does have disadvantages. For example, one recognized problem with the use of a cemented stem is that the transfer of stress from the implant to the bone is abnormal. Instead of a normal loading of the bone primarily at the end of the bone near the joint surface, the bone is loaded more distally where the stem of the implant is affixed to the bone. This results in the well known phenomenon called “stress shielding” in which the load (i.e., stress) bypasses or “unloads” the end of the joint surface portion of the bone. [0008]
  • In the presence of severe bone deficiency, the diaphyseal region of the bone is often deficient or absent and requires the use of bone graft or unique prosthetic designs to achieve adequate prosthesis fixation during complex primary or revision knee and hip arthroplasty. The use of large structural allografts to restore bone stock requires a sophisticated bone banking system and is associated with the potential transmission of viral or bacterial pathogens. Furthermore, the difficulties with sizing and bone graft preparation are cumbersome and inexact. [0009]
  • When the bone deficiency occurs at the end surface of a bone, prosthetic implant augmentation devices are also often used. Typically, these devices comprise an implant body and a spacer that is attached to the implant body to form a bearing surface on the implant. The implant is affixed to the bone with the bearing surface resting on the end of the bone, essentially acting as a replacement for lost bone. U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,480,445, 5,387,241, 5,152,797 and 5,019,103 show examples of such devices. While these types of implant augmentation devices provide one solution to the problems associated with the implantation of a prosthesis in the end surface of a bone with inadequate bone stock, these implant augmentation devices can only be used with specific implants available from selected implant manufacturers. [0010]
  • In the context of hip arthroplasty, oversized acetabular components and morselized bone grafts have been used to restore bone deficiencies, but larger defects have in the past been associated with a high failure rate despite efforts at reconstruction using large solid structural allografts or custom acetabular components. These devices gain support against the residual bone of the pelvis but often lack adequate bony support for long term mechanical durability. [0011]
  • Therefore, there is a need for alternative prosthetic implant support structures that do not rely on the use of large amounts of bone graft or cumbersome bone graft delivery devices. There is also a need for prosthetic implant support structures that can eliminate the need to cement the distal portion of the stem of an implant to the inner surface of a bone cavity. In addition, there is a need for prosthetic implant support structures that can be used with a wide variety of prosthetic implants obtained from any number of different implant manufacturers. Furthermore, there is a need for a prosthetic implant system that optimizes implant support on intact host bone with minimal removal of residual host bone and that encourages bone ingrowth and attachment over as large a surface area as possible. [0012]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The foregoing needs are met by a prosthetic system according to the invention that is implanted in a cavity in an end of a bone. The prosthetic system includes a prosthetic implant and a support structure secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone. The support structure defines an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure. The prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure, and a portion of the prosthetic implant is secured to an inner surface of the channel of the support structure by an adhesive. [0013]
  • In one version of the invention, the support structure comprises a hollow sleeve having a sloped outer surface such that the length of a first perimeter of one end of the sleeve is greater than the length of a second perimeter at an opposite end of the sleeve. Such a support structure may have an approximately funnel shape. At the junction of the metaphysis and diaphysis of a bone such as the femur or tibia, the bone defect is often funnel shaped. Accordingly, a funnel shaped support structure in accordance with the invention can be impacted into the distal femur or proximal tibia so that the external geometry of the funnel shaped support structure is firmly wedged in the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction of the bone. The internal portion of the funnel shaped support structure provides an access channel that allows passage of the stem extending from a traditional prosthesis of any prosthetic design or manufacturer. The stem of the prosthesis is cemented to the inner surface of the access channel using bone cement, and the stem extension beyond the funnel shaped support structure may be cemented or uncemented. [0014]
  • In another version of the invention, the support structure comprises a hollow porous cylindrical sleeve. The sleeve can be inserted into a large cavernous diaphyseal bone defect or can be used as a replacement for segmental or complete diaphyseal bone deficiency. The sleeve can be a number of different sizes and lengths so that a surgeon can pick the appropriate sized sleeve for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. The sleeve can accommodate any number of prosthetic designs and can achieve fixation to remaining host tissue by soft tissue or bone ingrowth. A stem of a prosthesis is fixed within the sleeve by use of bone cement, and the stem of the prosthesis beyond the sleeve may be cemented or uncemented. [0015]
  • In yet another version of the invention, the support structure comprises a pair of components arranged in spaced apart relationship thereby defining a channel between the pair of components. The support structure may be based on hemispherical shapes (such as a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere) which are provided in a range of sizes for the creation of a prosthetic foundation for support of standard tibial, femoral, or acetabular components. While this support structure is particularly useful in the acetabulum and hip, the support structure is appropriate for all joints undergoing prosthetic replacement with a wide range of shapes and sizes necessary for management of defects in different locations. The support structure is compatible with a range of standard implant designs currently available from a variety of manufacturers. The interface between the pair of components and the prosthetic implant is cemented with bone cement. All surfaces against host bone may be uncemented and are available for bone ingrowth into porous materials used for the components. Optionally, morselized cancellous bone may be placed into fenestrations in the pair of components and supplemental screw fixation of the pair of components to bone may be used to encourage bone ingrowth and secure fixation to host bone over the long term. [0016]
  • In still another version of the invention, the support structure comprises a plurality of pedestals secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone. Each pedestal comprises a flat body section and a stem section extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section. The stem section of each pedestal is secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone, and the flat body sections of the pedestals are secured to a portion of a bearing surface of the prosthetic implant. The support structure may further comprise bone graft material surrounding the plurality of pedestals. In one form, the pedestals and the bone graft material are arranged in a circular arrangement whereby the channel that extends through the length of the support structure is circular. A stem of a prosthesis is fixed within the channel by use of bone cement, and the stem of the prosthesis beyond the channel may be cemented or uncemented. [0017]
  • It is therefore an advantage of the present invention to provide prosthetic implant support structures that do not rely on the use of large amounts of bone graft or cumbersome bone graft delivery devices. [0018]
  • It is another advantage of the present invention to provide prosthetic implant support structures that can eliminate the need to cement the distal portion of the stem of an implant to the inner surface of a bone cavity. [0019]
  • It is a further advantage of the present invention to provide prosthetic implant support structures that can be used with a wide variety of prosthetic implants obtained from any number of different implant manufacturers. [0020]
  • It is yet another advantage of the present invention to provide a prosthetic implant system that optimizes implant support on intact host bone with minimal removal of residual host bone and that encourages bone ingrowth and attachment over as large a surface area as possible. [0021]
  • These and other features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become better understood upon consideration of the following detailed description, drawings, and appended claims.[0022]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of one embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention being placed in a tibia; [0023]
  • FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 1 as placed in a tibia; [0024]
  • FIG. 3 is a side view of a prosthetic implant being placed in the prosthetic implant support structure in the tibia as shown in FIG. 2; [0025]
  • FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the prosthetic implant as placed in the prosthetic support structure in the tibia as shown in FIG. 3; [0026]
  • FIG. 5 is a side view of another embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention; [0027]
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 5 taken along line [0028] 6-6 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 7 is another cross-sectional view of the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 5 taken along line [0029] 7-7 of FIG. 5;
  • FIG. 8 is cross-sectional view of the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 5 being placed in a femur; [0030]
  • FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the prosthetic support structure of FIG. 5 as placed in the femur as shown in FIG. 8; [0031]
  • FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a prosthetic implant being placed in the prosthetic support structure of FIG. 5 as placed in the femur as shown in FIG. 9; [0032]
  • FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of a prosthetic implant placed in the prosthetic support structure of FIG. 5 as placed in the femur as shown in FIG. 9; [0033]
  • FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of yet another embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention being placed in a tibia; [0034]
  • FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 12 as placed in a tibia; [0035]
  • FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view of a prosthetic implant being placed in the prosthetic support structure of FIG. 12 as placed in the tibia as shown in FIG. 13; [0036]
  • FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a prosthetic implant placed in the prosthetic support structure of FIG. 12 as placed in the tibia as shown in FIG. 13; [0037]
  • FIG. 16 is cross-sectional view of a prosthetic implant placed in the prosthetic support structure as placed in the tibia taken along line [0038] 16-16 of FIG. 15;
  • FIG. 17 is an exploded perspective view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis being placed in still another embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention secured in the acetabular cavity of a hip; [0039]
  • FIG. 18 is an exploded perspective view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis being placed in a further embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention secured in the acetabular cavity of a hip; [0040]
  • FIG. 19 is an exploded perspective view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis being placed in yet another embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention secured in the acetabular cavity of a hip; [0041]
  • FIG. 20 is an exploded perspective view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis being placed in still another embodiment of a prosthetic implant support structure according to the invention secured in the acetabular cavity of a hip; [0042]
  • FIG. 21 is a cross-sectional view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis placed in the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 19 taken along line [0043] 21-21 of FIG. 19;
  • FIG. 22 is a cross-sectional view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis placed in the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 20 taken along line [0044] 22-22 of FIG. 20;
  • FIG. 23 is a cross-sectional view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis placed in the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 18 taken along line [0045] 23-23 of FIG. 18; and
  • FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view of an acetabular cup of a hip prosthesis placed in the prosthetic implant support structure of FIG. 17 taken along line [0046] 24-24 of FIG. 17.
  • It should be understood that the drawings are not necessarily to scale and that the embodiments are sometimes illustrated by diagrammatic representations and fragmentary views. In certain instances, details which are not necessary for an understanding of the present invention or which render other details difficult to perceive may have been omitted. It should be understood, of course, that the invention is not necessarily limited to the specific embodiments illustrated herein. [0047]
  • Like reference numerals will be used to refer to like or similar parts from Figure to Figure in the following description of the drawings.[0048]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to a prosthetic system that includes a prosthetic implant and a support structure secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone. The prosthetic system and the methods for its use are illustrated and described herein with reference to the replacement of a hip joint or a knee joint. However, it should be understood that the methods and prosthetic systems according to the invention can be used in the repair of any bone or in connection with the implantation of prosthetic devices at or in any bone in the body, adjacent to or remote from any joint, including without limitation the hip, knee and spinal joints. Further, the methods and prosthetic systems according to the invention can be used in primary surgery, in which a prosthesis is being used to reconstruct a joint for the first time, as well as in revision surgery, in which a previously-implanted prosthesis is being replaced with another prosthesis. Press fit, cement or other fixation techniques can be employed in conjunction with the methods and prosthetic systems according to the invention. [0049]
  • Looking first at FIGS. [0050] 1 to 4, there is shown a prosthetic system that includes a tibial implant 20 and a funnel shaped sleeve 40 that is secured to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of a tibia 2. The tibial implant 20, which is best shown in FIG. 3, has a body portion 21 and a stem 24 which extends outward from the body portion 21. The body portion 21 includes a bearing surface 22 that is typically affixed to the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia. The outer limits of the bearing surface 22 define a perimeter 23. The stem 24 of the tibial implant 20 has a distal portion 25 and an outer surface 26. The tibial implant 20 is of conventional design and articulates with a femoral knee prosthesis (not shown) as is well known in the art.
  • Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown the tibia [0051] 2 and the funnel shaped sleeve 40 that supports the tibial implant 20 as will be described below. From FIG. 1, it can be seen that at the junction of the metaphysis and diaphysis of the tibia 2, there is a funnel shaped bone defect 7 which can be fashioned to provide a large surface area of bone. The funnel shaped sleeve 40 is impacted into the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 so that the external geometry of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is firmly wedged into the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction as shown in FIG. 2.
  • The funnel shaped sleeve [0052] 40 defines an axial access channel 46 that extends through the length of the funnel shaped sleeve 40. The funnel shaped sleeve 40 has a top end surface 41, an outer surface 42, and an inner surface 47 of the access channel 46. In the version of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 shown, the outer surface 42 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is sloped such that the length of a top end perimeter 43 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is greater than the length of a bottom end perimeter 44 at an opposite end of the funnel shaped sleeve 40. The inner surface 47 of the access channel 46 may be similarly sloped if desired. The funnel shaped sleeve 40 may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is formed from a metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0053] 42 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 may be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between the funnel shaped sleeve 40 and the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 within which the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is implanted. The inner surface 47 of the access channel 46 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 41 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. The funnel shaped sleeve 40 may have a variety of shapes and sizes, which vary by height, width and depth. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the height, width and depth of the funnel shaped sleeve 40.
  • The prosthetic system shown in FIGS. [0054] 1 to 4 may be implanted in a bone as follows. First, the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 or the bone defect 7 (if any). Once the medullary canal (cavity) 3 and the bone defect 7 have been prepared, the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is impacted into the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 so that the external geometry of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is firmly wedged into the tibia 2. If desired, conventional bone cement such as an acrylic cement (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate) may be used to secure the outer surface 42 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of a tibia 2. Next, the stem 24 of the tibial implant 20 is moved into the access channel 46 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40. As shown in FIG. 4, at least a portion of the outer surface 26 of the stem 24 of the tibial implant 20 is secured to the inner surface 47 of the access channel 46 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). Optionally, the distal portion 25 of the tibial implant 20 (which extends beyond the length of the funnel shaped sleeve 40) may be secured to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the tibia 2 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate).
  • Looking at FIG. 4 (which shows the tibial implant [0055] 20 and the funnel shaped sleeve 40 implanted in the tibia 2), several aspects of the invention can be described. For example, it can be seen that a portion of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 is secured by cement 38 to the top end surface 41 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 adjacent the end portion 5 of the tibia 2. The top end surface 41 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 provides a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement and provides an attachment surface for the tibial implant 20 where bone stock has been lost. Also, the region near the perimeter 23 of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 is secured by cement 38 to the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2. This provides for additional support for the tibial implant 20. The simultaneous attachment of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 to the top end surface 41 of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 and to the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 is possible because the funnel shaped sleeve 40 is positioned in the cavity 3 of the tibia 2 such that the funnel shaped sleeve 40 does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2.
  • Because the funnel shaped sleeve [0056] 40 is not an integral component of the tibial implant 20, the funnel shaped sleeve 40 can be used with any stemmed prosthesis regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 1 to 4 relates to use of the funnel shaped sleeve 40 in the proximal tibia; however, another common site where the funnel shaped sleeve 40 would be frequently used is the distal femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • In the presence of severe bone deficiency, the diaphyseal region of a bone is often deficient or absent and often requires the use of bone graft or unique prosthetic designs to achieve adequate prosthesis fixation during complex primary or revision knee and hip arthroplasty. As detailed above, the use of large structural allografts to restore bone stock requires a sophisticated bone banking system and is associated with the potential transmission of viral or bacterial pathogens. Furthermore, the difficulties with sizing and bone graft preparation are cumbersome and inexact. The advantages of minimizing disease transmission by minimizing use of allograft material and reduced operative times can be achieved with another prosthetic system according to the invention as shown in FIGS. [0057] 5 to 11. The prosthetic system allows for the insertion of a cylindrical porous sleeve into a large cavernous diaphyseal bone defect and also allows for the replacement of a segmental or complete diaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Referring now to FIGS. [0058] 5 to 11, there is shown a prosthetic system that includes a femoral implant 28 and a cylindrically shaped sleeve 50 that is secured to the inner surface 10 of the medullary canal (cavity) 9 of a femur 8. The femoral implant 28, which is best shown in FIG. 10, has a body portion 29 and a stem 32 which extends outward from the body portion 29. The body portion 29 includes a bearing surface 30 that is typically affixed to the end surface 12 of the end portion 11 of the femur 8. The outer limits of the bearing surface 30 define a perimeter 31. The stem 32 of the femoral implant 28 has a distal portion 33 and an outer surface 34. The femoral implant 28 is of conventional design and is secured for movement within an acetabular cup (not shown) as is well known in the hip replacement art.
  • Referring to FIG. 8, there is shown the femur [0059] 8 and the cylindrical sleeve 50 that supports the femoral implant 28 as will be described below. From FIG. 8, it can be seen that at the diaphyseal region 13 of the femur 8, there is a bone defect. The cylindrical sleeve 50 is impacted into the cavity 9 of the femur 8 so that the external geometry of the cylindrical sleeve 50 is firmly wedged into the diaphyseal region 13 of the femur as shown in FIG. 9.
  • The cylindrical sleeve [0060] 50 defines an axial access channel 57 that extends through the length of the cylindrical sleeve 50. The cylindrical sleeve 50 has a top end surface 52, an outer surface 54, and an inner surface 58 of the access channel 57. The cylindrical sleeve 50 has a cylindrical upper section 51 having a first outside diameter and a cylindrical lower section 55 having a second outside diameter less than the first outside diameter. The access channel 57 may be cylindrical or optionally, the access channel 57 may be configured to accept various implant stem designs. For example, it can be seen from FIG. 6 that the access channel 57 in the upper section 51 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 has an approximately oval cross-section and from FIG. 7 that the access channel 57 in the lower section 55 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 has an approximately circular cross-section. The cylindrical sleeve 50 may be formed from a porous metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable porous ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable porous polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or porous composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, the cylindrical sleeve 50 is formed from a porous metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0061] 54 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 may also be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between the cylindrical sleeve 50 and the inner surface 10 of the medullary canal (cavity) 9 of the femur 8 within which the cylindrical sleeve 50 is implanted. The inner surface 58 of the access channel 57 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 52 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. The cylindrical sleeve 50 may comprise any number of different sizes and lengths so that a surgeon is able to pick the appropriate sized sleeve for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the length and width of the cylindrical sleeve 50.
  • The prosthetic system shown in FIGS. [0062] 5 to 11 may be implanted in a bone as follows. First, the cavity 9 of the femur 8 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the medullary canal (cavity) 9 or the bone defect (if any). Once the medullary canal (cavity) 9 and the bone defect have been prepared, the cylindrical sleeve 50 is impacted into the femur 2 so that the external geometry of the cylindrical sleeve 50 is firmly wedged into the femur 8. If desired, conventional bone cement such as an acrylic cement (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate) may be used to secure the outer surface 54 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 to the inner surface 10 of the medullary canal (cavity) 9 of the femur 8. Next, the stem 32 of the femoral implant 28 is moved into the access channel 57 of the cylindrical sleeve 50. As shown in FIG. 11, at least a portion of the outer surface 34 of the stem 32 of the femoral implant 28 is secured to the inner surface 58 of the access channel 57 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). Implant fixation within the sleeve 50 is achieved by cement interdigitation into the rough or corrugated surface finish of the inner surface 58 of the access channel 57 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 or into the porous structure of the sleeve. Optionally, the distal portion 33 of the femoral implant 28 (which extends beyond the length of the cylindrical sleeve 50) may be secured to the inner surface 10 of the medullary canal (cavity) 9 of the femur 8 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate).
  • Looking at FIG. 11 (which shows the femoral implant [0063] 28 and the cylindrical sleeve 50 implanted in the femur 8), several aspects of the invention can be described. For example, it can be seen that a portion of the bearing surface 30 of the femoral implant 28 is secured by cement 38 to the top end surface 12 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 adjacent the end portion 11 of the femur 8. The top end surface 52 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 provides a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement and provides an attachment surface for the femoral implant 28 where bone stock has been lost. Also, the region near the perimeter 31 of the bearing surface 30 of the femoral implant 28 is secured by cement 38 to the end surface 12 of the end portion 11 of the femur 8. This provides for additional support for the femoral implant 28. The simultaneous attachment of the bearing surface 30 of the femoral implant 28 to the top end surface 52 of the cylindrical sleeve 50 and to the end surface 12 of the end portion 11 of the femur 8 is possible because the cylindrical sleeve 50 is positioned in the cavity 9 of the femur 8 such that the cylindrical sleeve 50 does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 12 of the end portion 11 of the femur 8.
  • Because the cylindrical sleeve [0064] 50 is not an integral component of the femoral implant 28, the cylindrical sleeve 50 can be used with any stemmed prosthesis regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. The sleeve can accommodate any number of prosthetic designs and achieves fixation to remaining host tissue by soft tissue or bone ingrowth. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 5 to 11 relates to use of the cylindrical sleeve 50 in the proximal femur; however, another common site where the cylindrical sleeve 50 would be frequently used is the proximal tibia. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant diaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Turning now to FIGS. [0065] 12 to 16, there is shown a yet another prosthetic system according to the invention that includes a tibial implant 20 and a periprosthetic support structure, indicated generally at 80, that is secured to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of a tibia 2. The tibial implant 20, which is shown in FIGS. 14 to 16, is identical to the tibial implant 20 that was described above with reference to FIGS. 1 to 4 and therefore will not be described again.
  • Referring to FIG. 12, there is shown the tibia [0066] 2 and the periprosthetic support structure 80 that supports the tibial implant 20 as will be described below. From FIG. 12, it can be seen that at the junction of the metaphysis and diaphysis of the tibia 2, there is a funnel shaped bone defect 7 which can be fashioned to provide a large surface area of bone. The components of the periprosthetic support structure 80 are impacted into the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 so that the components of the periprosthetic support structure 80 are firmly wedged into the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction as shown in FIG. 13.
  • The periprosthetic support structure [0067] 80 comprises a plurality of pedestals 81 that are impacted into or cemented to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of a tibia 2. Each pedestal 81 includes a flat disk shaped body section 82 having a top surface 83 and a stem section 84 extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section 82. The stem section 84 optionally includes a pointed end section 85 that facilitates impaction into the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the end portion 5 of a tibia 2. Each pedestal 81 may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, each pedestal 81 is formed from a metal alloy. The outer surfaces of each pedestal 81 (including the top surface 83) may be provided with a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. The body section 82 of each pedestal 80 may have a variety of shapes and sizes as long as there exists a generally flat portion on part of the top surface. The stem section 84 of each pedestal 81 may also have various lengths and widths. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the dimensions of each pedestal 81.
  • The pedestals [0068] 81 may be implanted in a bone as follows to form the periprosthetic support structure 80. First, the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 or the bone defect 7 (if any). Once the medullary canal (cavity) 3 and the bone defect 7 have been prepared, the stem section 84 of each pedestal 81 is impacted into or cemented onto the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 to form the periprosthetic support structure 80. The pedestals 81 may be arranged in any configuration; however, it is preferred that the pedestals 81 are arranged in the circular arrangement shown in FIGS. 13 and 14. The circular arrangement of the pedestals 81 creates an access channel that extends through the length of the periprosthetic support structure 80. Optionally, the periprosthetic support structure 80 may include bone graft material 39 that is placed around the pedestals 81 to form an access channel 86 having an inner surface 87 as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14. The bone graft material 39 may selected from known bone graft materials and may include crushed bone (cancellous and cortical), or a combination of these and synthetic biocompatible materials. As used herein, “bone graft” shall mean materials made up entirely of natural materials, entirely of synthetic biocompatible materials, or any combination of these materials.
  • After the periprosthetic support structure [0069] 80 is formed in a bone, the stem 24 of the tibial implant 20 may be moved into the access channel 86 of the periprosthetic support structure 80. As shown in FIG. 16, at least a portion of the outer surface 26 of the stem 24 of the tibial implant 20 is secured to the inner surface 87 of the access channel 86 of the periprosthetic support structure 80 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). Optionally, the distal portion 25 of the tibial implant 20 (which extends beyond the length of the periprosthetic support structure 80) may be secured to the inner surface 4 of the medullary canal (cavity) 3 of the tibia 2 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate).
  • Looking at FIGS. 15 and 16 (which show the tibial implant [0070] 20 and the periprosthetic support structure 80 implanted in the tibia 2), several aspects of the invention can be described. For example, it can be seen that a portion of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 is secured by cement 38 to the top surface 83 of each pedestal 81 of the periprosthetic support structure 80 adjacent the end portion 5 of the tibia 2. The top end surface 83 of each pedestal 81 of the periprosthetic support structure 80 provides a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement and provides an attachment surface for the tibial implant 20 where bone stock has been lost. Also, the region near the perimeter 23 of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 is secured by cement 38 to the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2. This provides for additional support for the tibial implant 20. The simultaneous attachment of the bearing surface 22 of the tibial implant 20 to the top end surface 83 of each pedestal 81 of the periprosthetic support structure 80 and to the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2 is possible because the periprosthetic support structure 80 is positioned in the cavity 3 of the tibia 2 such that the periprosthetic support structure 80 does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 6 of the end portion 5 of the tibia 2.
  • Because the periprosthetic support structure [0071] 80 is not an integral component of the tibial implant 20, the periprosthetic support structure 80 can be used with any stemmed prosthesis regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 12 to 16 relates to use of the periprosthetic support structure 80 in the proximal tibia; however, another common site where the periprosthetic support structure 80 would be frequently used is the distal femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 17 and 24, there is shown another prosthetic system according to the invention that includes an acetabular cup implant [0072] 36 having an outer surface 37 and a periprosthetic support structure, indicated generally at 60 c, that is secured to the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14. The periprosthetic support structure 60 c comprises two support components 61 c having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere. The support components 61 c of the periprosthetic support structure 60 c are impacted, screwed or cemented into the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 in a spaced apart relationship.
  • Each support component [0073] 61 c may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, each support component 61 c is formed from a metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0074] 63 c of each support component 61 c may also be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between each support component 61 c and the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 within which each support component 61 c is implanted. The inner surface 64 c of each support component 61 c has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 62 c of each support component 61 c has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Each support component 61 c also has fenestrations 65 c which can be filled with bone graft material (e.g., morselized cancellous bone).
  • Each support component [0075] 61 c may comprise any number of different heights, widths and depths so that a surgeon is able to pick the appropriate sized support component for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the size of each support component 61 c. The size, position and orientation of each support component 61 c and the use of supplemental screw fixation for each support component 61 c is dependent on the size and location of the defects in the host bone as well as the quality of the bone that remains.
  • The support components [0076] 61 c may be implanted in a bone as follows to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 c. First, the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the acetabular cavity 15. Once the acetabular cavity 15 has been prepared, each support component 61 c is impacted into or cemented onto the end portion 17 of the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 in spaced apart relationship to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 c. Preferably, each support component 61 c is not cemented to the hip bone and therefore is available for bone ingrowth into the textured outer surface 63 c of the support component 61 c. The support components 61c shown in FIGS. 17 and 24 are also screwed into the hip bone 14 using screws 67 (shown in phantom in FIG. 24). The support components 61 c may be arranged in any configuration that creates an access channel 68 c that extends through the length of the periprosthetic support structure 60 c. Preferably, the support components 61 c are arranged to form a substantially hemispherical support structure. It can be seen that placement of the support components 61 c precedes placement of any prosthetic joint components.
  • After the periprosthetic support structure [0077] 60 c is constructed in a bone, the acetabular cup implant 36 may be placed into the access channel 68 c of the periprosthetic support structure 60 c. Placement can occur either during the same operative procedure as support component 61 c placement or can be performed later once bone union to the support components 61 c has occurred. In either instance, the acetabular cup implant 36 would be placed only after the acetabulum had been reconstructed using the support structure 60 c. As shown in FIG. 24, at least a portion of the outer surface 37 of the acetabular cup implant 36 is secured to the inner surface 64 c (shown in phantom) of the access channel 68 c of the periprosthetic support structure 60 c with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). It can be seen that the periprosthetic support structure 60 c does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 18 of the end portion 17 of the hip bone 14.
  • Because the periprosthetic support structure [0078] 60 c is not an integral component of the acetabular cup implant 36, the periprosthetic support structure 60 c can be used with any acetabular cup implant 36 regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 17 and 24 relates to use of the periprosthetic support structure 60 c in the acetabular cavity of a hip bone; however, other common sites where the periprosthetic support structure 60 c would be frequently used include the tibia and femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 18 and 23, there is shown yet another prosthetic system according to the invention that includes an acetabular cup implant [0079] 36 having an outer surface 37 and a periprosthetic support structure, indicated generally at 60 b, that is secured to the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14. The periprosthetic support structure 60 b comprises two support components 61 b having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere. The support components 61 b of the periprosthetic support structure 60 b are impacted and/or cemented into the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 in a spaced apart relationship.
  • Each support component [0080] 61 b may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, each support component 61 b is formed from a metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0081] 63 b of each support component 61 b may also be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between each support component 61 b and the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 within which each support component 61 b is implanted. The inner surface 64 b of each support component 61 b has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 62 b of each support component 61 b has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Each support component 61 b also has fenestrations 65 b which can be filled with bone graft material (e.g., morselized cancellous bone).
  • Each support component [0082] 61 b may comprise any number of different heights, widths and depths so that a surgeon is able to pick the appropriate sized support component for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the size of each support component 61 b. The size, position and orientation of each support component 61 b is dependent on the size and location of the defects in the host bone as well as the quality of the bone that remains.
  • The support components [0083] 61 b may be implanted in a bone as follows to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 b. First, the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the acetabular cavity 15. Once the acetabular cavity 15 has been prepared, each support component 61 b is impacted into or cemented onto the end portion 17 of the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 in spaced apart relationship to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 b. Preferably, each support component 61 b is not cemented to the hip bone and therefore is available for bone ingrowth into the textured outer surface 63 b of the support component 61 b. The support components 61 b may be arranged in any configuration that creates an access channel 68 b that extends through the length of the periprosthetic support structure 60 b. Preferably, the support components 61 b are arranged to form a substantially hemispherical support structure. It can be seen that placement of the support components 61 b precedes placement of any prosthetic joint components.
  • After the periprosthetic support structure [0084] 60 b is constructed in a bone, the acetabular cup implant 36 may be placed into the access channel 68 b of the periprosthetic support structure 60 b. Placement can occur either during the same operative procedure as support component 61 b placement or can be performed later once bone union to the support components 61 b has occurred. In either instance, the acetabular cup implant 36 would be placed only after the acetabulum had been reconstructed using the support structure 60 b. As shown in FIG. 23, at least a portion of the outer surface 37 of the acetabular cup implant 36 is secured to the inner surface 64 b (shown in phantom) of the access channel 68 b of the periprosthetic support structure 60 b with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). It can be seen that the periprosthetic support structure 60 b does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 18 of the end portion 17 of the hip bone 14.
  • Because the periprosthetic support structure [0085] 60 b is not an integral component of the acetabular cup implant 36, the periprosthetic support structure 60 b can be used with any acetabular cup implant 36 regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 18 and 23 relates to use of the periprosthetic support structure 60 b in the acetabular cavity of a hip bone; however, other common sites where the periprosthetic support structure 60 b would be frequently used include the tibia and femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 19 and 21, there is shown yet another prosthetic system according to the invention that includes an acetabular cup implant [0086] 36 having an outer surface 37 and a periprosthetic support structure, indicated generally at 60 a, that is secured to the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14. The periprosthetic support structure 60 a comprises two support components 61 a having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere. The support components 61 a of the periprosthetic support structure 60 a are impacted and/or cemented into the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 in a spaced apart relationship.
  • Each support component [0087] 61 a may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, each support component 61 a is formed from a metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0088] 63 a of each support component 61 a may also be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between each support component 61 a and the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 within which each support component 61 a is implanted. The inner surface 64 a of each support component 61 a has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 62 a of each support component 61 a has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement.
  • Each support component [0089] 61 a may comprise any number of different heights, widths and depths so that a surgeon is able to pick the appropriate sized support component for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the size of each support component 61 a. The size, position and orientation of each support component 61 a is dependent on the size and location of the defects in the host bone as well as the quality of the bone that remains.
  • The support components [0090] 61 a may be implanted in a bone as follows to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 a. First, the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the acetabular cavity 15. Once the acetabular cavity 15 has been prepared, each support component 61 a is impacted into or cemented onto the end portion 17 of the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 in spaced apart relationship to form the periprosthetic support structure 60 a. Preferably, each support component 61 a is not cemented to the hip bone and therefore is available for bone ingrowth into the textured outer surface 63 a of the support component 61 a. The support components 61 a may be arranged in any configuration that creates an access channel 68 a that extends through the length of the periprosthetic support structure 60 a. Preferably, the support components 61 a are arranged to form a substantially hemispherical support structure. It can be seen that placement of the support components 61 a precedes placement of any prosthetic joint components.
  • After the periprosthetic support structure [0091] 60 a is constructed in a bone, the acetabular cup implant 36 may be placed into the access channel 68 a of the periprosthetic support structure 60 a. Placement can occur either during the same operative procedure as support component 61 a placement or can be performed later once bone union to the support components 61 a has occurred. In either instance, the acetabular cup implant 36 would be placed only after the acetabulum had been reconstructed using the support structure 60 a. As shown in FIG. 21, at least a portion of the outer surface 37 of the acetabular cup implant 36 is secured to the inner surface 64 a (shown in phantom) of the access channel 68 a of the periprosthetic support structure 60 a with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). It can be seen that the periprosthetic support structure 60 a does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 18 of the end portion 17 of the hip bone 14.
  • Because the periprosthetic support structure [0092] 60 a is not an integral component of the acetabular cup implant 36, the periprosthetic support structure 60 a can be used with any acetabular cup implant 36 regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 19 and 21 relates to use of the periprosthetic support structure 60 a in the acetabular cavity of a hip bone; however, other common sites where the periprosthetic support structure 60 a would be frequently used include the tibia and femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Referring now to FIGS. 20 and 22, there is shown yet another prosthetic system according to the invention that includes an acetabular cup implant [0093] 36 having an outer surface 37 and a periprosthetic support structure, indicated generally at 70, that is secured to the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14. The periprosthetic support structure 70 comprises two support components 71 having a configuration approximating a boomerang shape. The support components 71 of the periprosthetic support structure 70 are impacted, screwed and/or cemented into the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 in a spaced apart relationship.
  • Each support component [0094] 71 may be formed from a metal alloy such as titanium alloys (e.g., titanium-6-aluminum-4-vanadium), cobalt-chromium alloys, stainless steel alloys and tantalum alloys; nonresorbable ceramics such as aluminum oxide and zirconia; nonresorbable polymeric materials such as polyethylene; or composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (e.g., polysulfone). Preferably, each support component 71 is formed from a metal alloy.
  • The outer surface [0095] 73 of each support component 71 may also be provided with a metallic texture coating which provides a textured surface so as to attain the desired fixation (by way of tissue ingrowth) between each support component 71 and the inner surface 16 of the acetabular cavity 15 of a hip bone 14 within which each support component 71 is implanted. The inner surface 74 of each support component 71 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Likewise, the top end surface 72 of each support component 71 has a rough or corrugated surface finish to facilitate the interdigitation of bone cement. Each support component 71 may comprise any number of different heights, widths and depths so that a surgeon is able to pick the appropriate sized support component for the patient after intraoperative assessment and thereby avoid difficulties of size mismatch and bone graft contouring. A surgeon can use conventional measurement tools to select the size of each support component 71.
  • The support components [0096] 71 may be implanted in a bone as follows to form the periprosthetic support structure 70. First, the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 is inspected and tools (such as a reamer) may be used to clean material out of the acetabular cavity 15. Once the acetabular cavity 15 has been prepared, each support component 71 is placed into, impacted into, or cemented onto the end portion 17 of the acetabular cavity 15 of the hip bone 14 in spaced apart relationship to form the periprosthetic support structure 70. The support components 71 shown in FIGS. 20 and 22 are screwed into the hip bone 14 using screws 67 (shown in phantom in FIG. 22). The support components 71 may be arranged in any configuration that creates an access channel 77 that extends through the length of the periprosthetic support structure 70. The size, position and orientation of each support component 71 is dependent on the size and location of the defects in the host bone as well as the quality of the bone that remains.
  • After the periprosthetic support structure [0097] 70 is constructed in a bone, the acetabular cup implant 36 may be placed into the access channel 77 of the periprosthetic support structure 70. Placement can occur either during the same operative procedure as support component 71 placement or can be performed later once bone union to the support components 71 has occurred. In either instance, the acetabular cup implant 36 would be placed only after the acetabulum had been reconstructed using the support structure 70. As shown in FIG. 22, at least a portion of the outer surface 37 of the acetabular cup implant 36 is secured to the inner surface 74 (shown in phantom) of the access channel 77 of the periprosthetic support structure 70 with a suitable adhesive such as bone cement 38 (e.g., polymethyl methacrylate). It can be seen that the periprosthetic support structure 70 does not extend beyond a plane defined by the end surface 18 of the end portion 17 of the hip bone 14.
  • Because the periprosthetic support structure [0098] 70 is not an integral component of the acetabular cup implant 36, the periprosthetic support structure 70 can be used with any acetabular cup implant 36 regardless of manufacturer or prosthetic design. Further, it should be noted that the example given in FIGS. 20 and 22 relates to use of the periprosthetic support structure 70 in the acetabular cavity of a hip bone; however, other common sites where the periprosthetic support structure 70 would be frequently used include the tibia and femur. Still other anatomic sites would include any joint that undergoes prosthetic arthroplasty when there is a significant metaphyseal bone deficiency.
  • Therefore, the present invention provides prosthetic implant support structures that solve the problems associated with the loss of strong bone stock near a joint being replaced with a prosthesis. The described prosthetic implant support structures do not rely on the use of large amounts of bone graft or cumbersome bone graft delivery devices. The prosthetic implant support structures can eliminate the need to cement the distal portion of the stem of an implant to the inner surface of a bone cavity and can be used with a wide variety of prosthetic implants obtained from any number of different implant manufacturers. Furthermore, the described prosthetic implant system can optimize implant support on intact host bone with minimal removal of residual host bone and encourages bone ingrowth and attachment over as large a surface area as possible. [0099]
  • While the implantation of tibial, femoral, and acetabular prostheses has been illustrated and described herein, one skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention can be practiced by other than the described embodiments, which have been presented for purposes of illustration and not of limitation. For instance, the methods and prostheses according to the invention can be used in the repair of any bone or in connection with the implantation of prosthetic devices at or in any bone in the body. Accordingly, the scope of the appended claims should not be limited to the description of the embodiments contained herein. [0100]

Claims (75)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A prosthetic system for implantation in a cavity in an end of a bone, the prosthetic system comprising;
    a prosthetic implant; and
    a support structure secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone, the support structure having an inner surface defining an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure,
    wherein the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure, and a portion of the prosthetic implant is secured to the inner surface of the channel of the support structure by an adhesive.
  2. 2. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein:
    the support structure has an end surface which surrounds the channel at the end of the bone, and
    a portion of the prosthetic implant is secured to the end surface of the support structure by an adhesive.
  3. 3. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein:
    the prosthetic implant has a body and an attached stem extending away from the body, and
    at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by the adhesive.
  4. 4. The prosthetic system of claim 3 wherein:
    at least a portion of the outer surface of the stem adjacent a distal end of the stem of the prosthetic implant is secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.
  5. 5. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein:
    at least a portion of the inner surface of the channel is textured.
  6. 6. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein:
    at least a portion of an end surface of the support structure adjacent the end of the bone is textured.
  7. 7. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein:
    a perimeter region of a bearing surface of the prosthetic implant is secured to an end surface of the bone.
  8. 8. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein the support structure comprises:
    a hollow sleeve having a sloped outer surface such that the length of a first perimeter of one end of the sleeve is greater than the length of a second perimeter at an opposite end of the sleeve.
  9. 9. The prosthetic system of claim 8 wherein:
    the prosthetic implant has a body and a stem extending away from the body, and
    at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by the adhesive.
  10. 10. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein the support structure comprises:
    a pair of components arranged in spaced apart relationship thereby defining the channel between the pair of components, each component having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere.
  11. 11. The prosthetic system of claim 10 wherein:
    each component has at least one opening.
  12. 12. The prosthetic system of claim 11 wherein:
    each opening is filled with bone graft material.
  13. 13. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein the support structure comprises:
    a hollow porous cylindrical sleeve.
  14. 14. The prosthetic system of claim 13 wherein:
    the sleeve includes two sections, one of the sections having a smaller outside diameter.
  15. 15. The prosthetic system of claim 13 wherein:
    the prosthetic implant has a body and a stem extending away from the body, and
    at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by the adhesive.
  16. 16. The prosthetic system of claim 1 wherein the support structure comprises:
    a plurality of pedestals, each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.
  17. 17. The prosthetic system of claim 16 wherein:
    each pedestal includes an end surface adjacent the end of the bone, and the end surface of each pedestal is secured to a portion of a bearing surface of the prosthetic implant.
  18. 18. The prosthetic system of claim 16 wherein:
    the pedestals are arranged in a circular arrangement whereby the channel is circular.
  19. 19. The prosthetic system of claim 16 wherein the support structure further comprises:
    bone graft material surrounding the plurality of pedestals, the bone graft material defining the channel.
  20. 20. The prosthetic system of claim 16 wherein:
    each pedestal comprises a flat body section and a stem section extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section, the stem section of each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone, and the flat body sections of the pedestals are secured to a portion of a bearing surface of the prosthetic implant.
  21. 21. A prosthetic system for implantation in a cavity in an end of a bone, the prosthetic system comprising:
    a prosthetic implant having a body which forms part of a mechanical joint and an attached stem extending away from the body; and
    a hollow sleeve having an outer surface shaped to fit in the cavity and an inner surface which defines an axial channel that extends through the length of the sleeve, the sleeve being secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone,
    wherein at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the sleeve and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by an adhesive.
  22. 22. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    a portion of the body of the prosthetic implant is secured to an end surface of the sleeve adjacent the end of the bone by an adhesive.
  23. 23. The prosthetic system of claim 22 wherein:
    a perimeter region of a bearing surface of the body of the prosthetic implant is secured to an end surface of the bone.
  24. 24. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    at least a portion of the outer surface of the stem adjacent a distal end of the stem of the prosthetic implant is secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.
  25. 25. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    at least a portion of the inner surface of the channel is textured, and at least a portion of an end surface of the sleeve adjacent the end of the bone is textured.
  26. 26. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    the sleeve is positioned in the cavity such that the sleeve does not extend beyond a plane defined by an outer surface of the end of the bone.
  27. 27. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    the sleeve has a sloped outer surface such that the length of a first perimeter of one end of the sleeve is greater than the length of a second perimeter at an opposite end of the sleeve.
  28. 28. The prosthetic system of claim 21 wherein:
    the sleeve is a porous cylindrical sleeve.
  29. 29. The prosthetic system of claim 28 wherein:
    the sleeve includes two sections, one of the sections having a smaller outside diameter.
  30. 30. The prosthetic system of claim 28 wherein:
    the cavity in the bone extends into the diaphyseal region of the bone, and a portion of the sleeve is secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the diaphyseal region of the bone.
  31. 31. A prosthetic system for implantation in a cavity in an end of a bone, the prosthetic system comprising:
    a prosthetic implant; and
    a support structure having an outer surface which is secured to the inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone and an inner surface which defines an axial channel extending the length of the support structure, the support structure being formed by a plurality of components arranged in spaced apart relationship,
    wherein at least a portion of an outer surface of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by an adhesive.
  32. 32. The prosthetic system of claim 31 wherein:
    the plurality of components comprises a pair of components, each component having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere.
  33. 33. The prosthetic system of claim 31 wherein:
    each component has at least one opening.
  34. 34. The prosthetic system of claim 33 wherein:
    each opening is filled with bone graft material.
  35. 35. The prosthetic system of claim 34 wherein:
    the prosthetic implant is an acetabular cup, and the bone is a hip bone.
  36. 36. The prosthetic system of claim 31 wherein:
    the support structure is positioned in the cavity such that the support structure does not extend beyond a plane defined by an outer surface of the end of the bone.
  37. 37. A prosthetic system for implantation in a cavity in an end of a bone, the prosthetic system comprising:
    a prosthetic implant having a body which forms part of a mechanical joint and an attached stem extending away from the body; and
    a support structure secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone and having an inner surface defining an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure, the support structure including a plurality of pedestals,
    wherein at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthetic implant is received in the channel of the support structure and is secured to the inner surface of the channel by an adhesive.
  38. 38. The prosthetic system of claim 37 wherein:
    each pedestal includes an end surface adjacent the end of the bone, and the end surface of each pedestal is secured to a portion of the body of the prosthetic implant.
  39. 39. The prosthetic system of claim 37 wherein:
    the pedestals are arranged in a circular arrangement whereby the channel is circular.
  40. 40. The prosthetic system of claim 37 wherein the support structure further comprises:
    bone graft material surrounding the plurality of pedestals, the bone graft material defining the channel.
  41. 41. The prosthetic system of claim 37 wherein:
    each pedestal comprises a flat body section and a stem section extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section, the stem section of each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone, and the flat body sections of the pedestals are secured to a portion of the body of the prosthetic implant.
  42. 42. A support structure for anchoring at least a portion of a prosthetic implant in a cavity in an end of a bone, the support structure comprising:
    a hollow sleeve having an outer surface shaped to fit in the cavity and engage the bone and having an inner surface which defines an axial channel that extends through the length of the sleeve, the axial channel being dimensioned to receive the portion of the prosthetic implant,
    wherein at least a portion of the inner surface of the channel is textured.
  43. 43. The support structure of claim 42 wherein:
    at least a portion of an end surface of the sleeve is textured.
  44. 44. The support structure of claim 42 wherein:
    the sleeve is dimensioned such that when the sleeve is positioned in the cavity, the sleeve does not extend beyond a plane defined by an outer surface of the end of the bone.
  45. 45. The support structure of claim 42 wherein:
    the sleeve has a sloped outer surface such that the length of a first perimeter of one end of the sleeve is greater than the length of a second perimeter at an opposite end of the sleeve.
  46. 46. The support structure of claim 42 wherein:
    the sleeve is a porous cylindrical sleeve.
  47. 47. The support structure of claim 46 wherein:
    the sleeve includes two sections, one of the sections having a smaller outside diameter.
  48. 48. A support structure for anchoring at least a portion of a prosthetic implant in a cavity in an end of a bone, the support structure comprising:
    a plurality of components arranged in spaced apart relationship, the components defining an outer surface of the support structure shaped to fit in the cavity and engage the bone and defining an inner surface which defines an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure, the axial channel being dimensioned to receive the portion of the prosthetic implant.
  49. 49. The support structure of claim 48 wherein:
    the plurality of components comprises a pair of components, each component having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere.
  50. 50. The support structure of claim 48 wherein:
    each component has at least one opening.
  51. 51. The support structure of claim 50 wherein:
    each opening is filled with bone graft material.
  52. 52. The support structure of claim 48 wherein:
    the components are dimensioned and arranged such that when the components are positioned in the cavity, the components do not extend beyond a plane defined by an outer surface of the end of the bone.
  53. 53. A support structure for anchoring at least a portion of a prosthetic implant in a cavity in an end of a bone, the support structure comprising:
    a plurality of pedestals, each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone, the pedestals being arranged in spaced apart relationship, the pedestals defining an inner surface which defines an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure, the axial channel being dimensioned to receive the portion of the prosthetic implant.
  54. 54. The support structure of claim 53 wherein:
    each pedestal includes an end surface adjacent the end of the bone, and
    the end surfaces of each pedestal define a mounting surface for a portion of a body of the prosthetic implant.
  55. 55. The support structure of claim 53 wherein:
    the pedestals are arranged in a circular arrangement whereby the channel is circular.
  56. 56. The support structure of claim 53 wherein the support structure further comprises:
    bone graft material surrounding the plurality of pedestals, the bone graft material defining the channel.
  57. 57. The support structure of claim 53 wherein:
    each pedestal comprises a flat body section and a stem section extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section, the stem section of each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.
  58. 58. A method for implanting a prosthesis having a body and an attached stem extending away from the body into a bone, the method comprising:
    locating or creating a cavity in the end of the bone;
    securing a sleeve having an axial channel that extends through the length of the sleeve to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone;
    inserting the stem of the prosthesis into the axial channel; and
    securing at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem of the prosthesis to the inner surface of the channel with an adhesive.
  59. 59. The method of claim 58 further comprising:
    securing a portion of the body of the prosthesis to an end surface of the sleeve adjacent an end of the bone with an adhesive.
  60. 60. The method of claim 59 further comprising:
    securing a perimeter region of a surface of the body of the prosthesis to an end surface of the bone.
  61. 61. The method of claim 58 further comprising:
    securing at least a portion of the outer surface of the stem adjacent a distal end of the stem of the prosthesis to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone.
  62. 62. The method of claim 58 further comprising:
    positioning the sleeve in the cavity such that the sleeve does not extend beyond a plane defined by the outer surface of an end of the bone.
  63. 63. The method of claim 58 wherein:
    the sleeve has a sloped outer surface such that the length of a first perimeter of one end of the sleeve is greater than the length of a second perimeter at an opposite end of the sleeve.
  64. 64. The method of claim 58 wherein:
    the sleeve is a porous cylindrical sleeve, the cavity in the bone extends into the diaphyseal region of the bone, and a portion of the sleeve is secured to an inner surface of the cavity in the diaphyseal region of the bone.
  65. 65. A method for implanting a prosthesis into a bone, the method comprising:
    locating or creating a cavity in the end of the bone;
    securing a plurality of support components to an inner surface of the cavity in the end of the bone in spaced apart relationship thereby defining a support structure having an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure;
    inserting a portion of the prosthesis into the channel; and
    securing the portion of the prosthesis to the inner surface of the channel with an adhesive.
  66. 66. The method of claim 65 wherein:
    the plurality of components comprises a pair of components, each component having a configuration approximating a quarter of a sphere.
  67. 67. The method of claim 66 wherein:
    each component has at least one opening.
  68. 68. The method of claim 67 further comprising:
    filling each opening with bone graft material.
  69. 69. The method of claim 65 wherein:
    the prosthesis is an acetabular cup, and the bone is a hip bone.
  70. 70. The method of claim 65 wherein:
    the support components are positioned in the cavity such that the support components do not extend beyond a plane defined by the outer surface of an end of the bone.
  71. 71. A method for implanting a prosthesis having a body and an attached stem extending away from the body into a bone, the method comprising:
    locating or creating a cavity in the end of the bone;
    securing a plurality of pedestals to an inner surface of the cavity in the bone in spaced apart relationship to thereby define a support structure having an axial channel that extends through the length of the support structure;
    inserting the stem of the prosthesis into the axial channel; and
    securing at least a portion of an outer surface of the stem to the inner surface of the channel with an adhesive.
  72. 72. The method of claim 71 wherein:
    each pedestal includes an end surface, the pedestals are secured to the inner surface of the cavity such that each end surface is positioned adjacent the end of the bone, and
    the end surface of each pedestal is secured to a portion of the body of the prosthesis.
  73. 73. The method of claim 71 wherein:
    the pedestals are arranged in a circular arrangement whereby the channel is circular.
  74. 74. The method of claim 71 further comprising:
    surrounding the plurality of pedestals with bone graft material whereby the bone graft material defines the channel.
  75. 75. The method of claim 71 wherein:
    each pedestal comprises a flat body section and a stem section extending substantially perpendicularly from the body section, the stem section of each pedestal being secured to the inner surface of the cavity of the bone, and
    the flat body sections of the pedestals are secured to a portion of the body of the prosthesis.
US10225774 2001-08-27 2002-08-22 Prosthetic implant support structure Abandoned US20030065397A1 (en)

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US31514801 true 2001-08-27 2001-08-27
US10225774 US20030065397A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2002-08-22 Prosthetic implant support structure

Applications Claiming Priority (25)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10225774 US20030065397A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2002-08-22 Prosthetic implant support structure
US10780378 US20040162619A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-02-17 Tibial augments for use with knee joint prostheses, method of implanting the tibial augment, and associated tools
US10794721 US7892288B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-03-05 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
CA 2473633 CA2473633C (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-09 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
EP20040254352 EP1570812A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-21 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
AU2004203348A AU2004203348B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-22 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
JP2004216179A JP4494898B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-07-23 For use with an artificial knee joint, the femoral augment a set of implant system and femoral augments
US11560276 US20070088443A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2006-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12702861 US20100145452A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-02-09 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12886297 US8506645B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-09-20 Tibial augments for use with knee joint prostheses
US12946132 US8728168B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US29379094 USD684693S1 (en) 2002-08-22 2010-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13007225 US9044326B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2011-01-14 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
US13205163 US8535385B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2011-08-08 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619091 US10098743B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619190 US20130018478A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619134 US10092404B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13944441 US9265614B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2013-07-17 Method of implanting the tibial augment
US14085040 US9539096B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2013-11-20 Methods for supporting a prosthetic implant in a patient
US14278916 US20140249637A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2014-05-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US14722701 US9713532B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2015-05-27 Method for augmenting femoral components of knee joint prosthesis
US14936929 US9907664B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2015-11-10 Methods for augmenting a tibial component of a knee joint prosthesis
US15285689 US10085841B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2016-10-05 Femoral implant systems
US15839363 US20180098856A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2017-12-12 Tibial augments for use with knee joint prostheses, method of implanting the tibial augment, and associated tools
US15978686 US20180256337A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2018-05-14 Prosthetic implant support structure

Related Child Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10780378 Continuation-In-Part US20040162619A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-02-17 Tibial augments for use with knee joint prostheses, method of implanting the tibial augment, and associated tools
US10794721 Continuation-In-Part US7892288B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2004-03-05 Femoral augments for use with knee joint prosthesis
US11560276 Division US20070088443A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2006-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure

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US20030065397A1 true true US20030065397A1 (en) 2003-04-03

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US10225774 Abandoned US20030065397A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2002-08-22 Prosthetic implant support structure
US11560276 Pending US20070088443A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2006-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12702861 Abandoned US20100145452A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-02-09 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12946132 Active US8728168B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13205163 Active 2022-12-08 US8535385B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2011-08-08 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619190 Pending US20130018478A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619091 Active 2023-05-07 US10098743B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619134 Active US10092404B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US14085040 Active 2022-09-29 US9539096B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2013-11-20 Methods for supporting a prosthetic implant in a patient
US14278916 Pending US20140249637A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2014-05-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US15978686 Pending US20180256337A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2018-05-14 Prosthetic implant support structure

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US11560276 Pending US20070088443A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2006-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12702861 Abandoned US20100145452A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-02-09 Prosthetic implant support structure
US12946132 Active US8728168B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2010-11-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13205163 Active 2022-12-08 US8535385B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2011-08-08 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619190 Pending US20130018478A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619091 Active 2023-05-07 US10098743B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US13619134 Active US10092404B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2012-09-14 Prosthetic implant support structure
US14085040 Active 2022-09-29 US9539096B2 (en) 2001-08-27 2013-11-20 Methods for supporting a prosthetic implant in a patient
US14278916 Pending US20140249637A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2014-05-15 Prosthetic implant support structure
US15978686 Pending US20180256337A1 (en) 2001-08-27 2018-05-14 Prosthetic implant support structure

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US20140081418A1 (en) 2014-03-20 application
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US20140249637A1 (en) 2014-09-04 application
US10098743B2 (en) 2018-10-16 grant

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