EP0855440A1 - Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions - Google Patents

Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0855440A1
EP0855440A1 EP19970870119 EP97870119A EP0855440A1 EP 0855440 A1 EP0855440 A1 EP 0855440A1 EP 19970870119 EP19970870119 EP 19970870119 EP 97870119 A EP97870119 A EP 97870119A EP 0855440 A1 EP0855440 A1 EP 0855440A1
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preferably
weight
composition
sulfonate
carbon atoms
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German (de)
French (fr)
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Nikipad Aryana
Michael Jakob Reynen
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Procter and Gamble Co
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Procter and Gamble Co
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/48Medical, disinfecting agents, disinfecting, antibacterial, germicidal or antimicrobial compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/86Ternary Mixtures of anionic, cationic, and non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • C11D1/94Mixtures with anionic, cationic, or non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2006Monohydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2034Monohydric alcohols aromatic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2006Monohydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2037Terpenes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/34Organic compounds containing sulfur
    • C11D3/3418Toluene -, xylene -, cumene -, benzene - or naphthalene sulfonates or sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/29Sulfates of polyoxyalkylene ethers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/52Carboxylic amides, alkylolamides or imides or their condensation products with alkylene oxides
    • C11D1/525Carboxylic amides (R1-CO-NR2R3), where R1, R2 or R3 contain two or more hydroxy groups per alkyl group, e.g. R3 being a reducing sugar rest
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/662Carbohydrates or derivatives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/75Amino oxides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/88Ampholytes; Electroneutral compounds
    • C11D1/90Betaines

Abstract

Liquid dishwashing compositions are disclosed, which have antibacterial properties. The compositions comprise a surfactant or hydrotrope from selected classes and an unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivative.

Description

Technical Field

The invention relates to liquid dishwashing detergent compositions. The compositions have antibacterial properties.

Background

Liquid dishwashing compositions are much desired by consumers and can be used neat or diluted. In diluted mode, a composition is diluted in water to form a wash liquor in which the dishes to be cleaned are immersed. In neat mode, a composition is directly applied neat onto dishes, and in this mode a dish implement is often use. Specifically, the composition is applied onto the implement, usually a sponge or a dishcloth, which is in turn contacted with the dishes to be cleaned.

A problem arises that dish implements are left humid most of the time, and so they provide a good medium for bacterial growth. The contaminated implement which is used to clean dishes will in turn contaminate those dishes.

We have now found that certain dishwashing compositions can fulfill the further purpose of reducing or eliminating bacterial growth on dish implements.

Summary of the Invention

The compositions of the present invention are liquid dishwashing compositions comprising :

  • a surfactant,
  • a hydrotrope selected from the group consisting of salts of cumene sulfonate, toluene sulfonate, xylene sulfonate, benzene sulfonate or mixtures thereof; and
  • an unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivative.

The invention further encompasses a method of washing dishes with these compositions. Without wishing to be bound by theory, it is believed that the anti bacterial efficacy of said formulations is mainly driven by a synergy between the hydrotrope(s) and the unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol(s) or derivative.

Detailed Description of the Invention

The compositions of the invention are aqueous liquid compositions. They typically comprise from 30% to 90% by weight of the total composition of water, preferably 40% to 85%.

The compositions herein are liquid and so they typically have a viscosity of from 5 cps to 2000 cps, preferably 5 cps to 400 cps, most preferably 5 cps to 350 cops, measured with a Brookfield Viscometer, with a No. 18 spindle, at 20°C.

Surfactants

The compositions of the present invention comprise, as an essential ingredient, one or several of the following surfactants. Suitable for use herein are amine oxides according to the formula :

Figure 00020001
wherein R2 represents a straight or branched alkyl or alkenyl group having 10 to 16 carbon atoms, and R3 and R4 represent a C1 to C4 hydrocarbon chain, preferably a methyl group or an ethyl group. Generally, when the number of carbon atoms in R2 is less than 10, the detergency of the composition is lowered, while if it exceeds 16, the stability of the composition at low temperatures deteriorates.

Also suitable for use herein are alkyl alkoxylated sulfates of the formula R1O(A)nSO3M, wherein R1 is an alkyl or alkenyl group having 9 to 15 carbon atoms, A is an alkoxy group, preferably ethoxy or propoxy, most preferably ethoxy, n represents 0.5 to 7 of real number in average, and M is an alkalimetal, alkali earth metal, ammonium or alkanolammonium group.

The use of alkyl alkoxylated sulfates with lower values for n, on an equal weight basis, typically when n is below 1.0, improves the performance of the composition on grease removal and sudsing due to the corresponding increase in moles of anionic but results in an increase in the total amount of unalkoxylated alkyl sulphate, and this seems to make the low temperature instability issue more acute. If different alkyl alkoxylated sulfates are used which have different n values, the resulting average n value of the alkyl alkoxylated sulfate in the composition will be the weighted molar average n value of the individual n values of the different alkyl alkoxylated sulfates used in the composition.

If the average n value is less than 0.5, the stimulus to skin increases and this is not desirable. On the other hand, if the average n value is more than 3, the detergency deteriorates.

Concerning R1, if the average number of carbon atoms in R1 is less than 9, the detergency is insufficient, while if it is more than 16, the stability at low temperature deteriorates.

Suitable alkyl alkoxylated material for use herein can be straight or branched materials. By branched material, it is meant that R1 is branched, while the position of the branching, and the length of the branched group is as determined by the position of the CH2-OH functional group in the parent alcohol. The increase in the proportion of branched material can improve the physical stability of the composition at low temperature.

In this respect, it is important that the branched alkyl alkoxylated sulfate material should not represent more than 60%, by weight, of the total alkyl alkoxylated sulfate (branched plus linear), otherwise the sudsing performance of the product deteriorates unacceptably. At the other end of the range, there should be enough branched alkyl alkoxylated sulfate to achieve a suitable low temperature stability. This minimum value depends on the specific needs, and can be evaluated by plotting the stability of a given matrix at the desired temperature, as a function of the proportion of branched material. Generally, branched alkyl alkoxylated sulfates should be present in amounts of up to 60%, preferably from 10% to 55%, most preferably 10% to 50%.

Alkyl alkoxylated sulfates are commercially available with a variety of chain lengths, degrees of alkoxylation and degrees of branching under the trade names Empicol® ESA 70 (AE1S) or Empicol® ESB 70 (AE2S) by Albright & Wilson, with C12/14 carbon chain length distribution which are derived from natural alcohols and are 100% linear, Empimin® KSL68/A - AE1S and Empimin® KSN70/LA - AE3S by Albright & Wilson with C12/13 chain length distribution and about 60% branching, Dobanol® 23 ethoxylated sulphates from Shell with C12/13 chain length distribution and about 18% branching, Lial® 123 ethoxylated sulphates from Condea Augusta with C12/13 chain length distribution and about 60% branching and Isalchem® 123 alkoxylated sulphates with C12/13 chain length distribution and about 95% branching.

Also, suitable alkyl alkoxylated sulfates can be prepared by alkoxylating and sulfating the appropriate alcohols, as described in "Surfactants in Consumer Products" by J.Falbe and "Fatty oxo-alcohols : Relation between their alkyl chain structure and the performance of the derived AE,AS,AES" submitted to the 4th World Surfactants, Barcelona, 3-7 VI 1996 Congress by Condea Augusta. Commercial oxo-alcohols are a mixture of primary alcohols containing several isomers and homologues. Industrial processes allow one to separate these isomers hence resulting in alcohols with linear isomer content ranging from 5-10% to upto 95%. Examples of available alcohols for alkoxylation and sulfation are Lial® alcohols by Condea Augusta (60% branched), Isalchem® alcohols by Condea Augusta (95% branched), Dobanol® alcohols by Shell (18% linear).

Other suitable surfactants for use herein are :

  • Alkyl benzene sulfonates in which the alkyl group contains from 9 to 15 carbon atoms, preferably 11 to 40 carbon atoms in straight chain or branched chain configuration. An especially preferred linear alkyl benzene sulfonate contains about 12 carbon atoms. U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,220,099 and 2,477,383 describe these surfactants in detail.
  • Alkyl sulfates obtained by sulfating an alcohol having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms. The alkyl sulfates have the formula ROSO3 -M+ where R is the C8-22 alkyl group and M is a mono- and/or divalent cation.
  • Paraffin sulfonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, in the alkyl moiety. These surfactants are commercially available as Hostapur SAS from Hoechst Celanese.
  • Olefin sufonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms. U.S. Pat. No. 3,332,880 contains a description of suitable olefin sulfonates.
  • Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, in the alkyl moiety.
  • Fatty acid ester sulfonates of the formula : R1 - CH(SO3 -M+)CO2R2 wherein R1 is straight or branched alkyl from about C8 to C18, preferably C12 to C16, and R2 is straight or branched alkyl from about C1 to C6, preferably primarily C1, and M+ represents a mono- or divalent cation.
  • Secondary alcohol sulfates having 6 to 18, preferably 8 to 16 carbon atoms.

Other suitable co-surfactants herein are

  • Fatty acid amide surfactants having the formula :
    Figure 00060001
    wherein R6 is an alkyl group containing from 7 to 21, preferably from 9 to 17, carbon atoms and each R7 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, and -(C2H4O)xH where x varies from 1 to about 3.
  • Polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the structural formula :
    Figure 00060002
    wherein R1 is H, C1-C4 hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, 2-hydroxy propyl, or a mixture thereof, preferably C1-C4 alkyl, more preferably C1 or C2 alkyl, most preferably C1 alkyl (i.e., methyl); and R2 is a C5-C31 hydrocarbyl, preferably straight chain C7-C19 alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight chain C9-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, most preferably straight chain C11-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, or mixtures thereof; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or an alkoxylated derivative (preferably ethoxylated or propoxylated) thereof. Z preferably will be derived from a reducing sugar in a reductive amination reaction; more preferably Z is a glycityl. Suitable reducing sugars include glucose, fructose, maltose, lactose, galactose, mannose, and xylose. Z preferably will be selected from the group consisting of -CH2-(CHOH)n-CH2OH, -CH(CH2OH)-(CHOH)n-1-CH2OH, -CH2-(CHOH)2(CHOR')(CHOH)-CH2OH, where n is an integer from 3 to 5, inclusive, and R' is H or a cyclic or aliphatic monosaccharide, and alkoxylated derivatives thereof. Most preferred are glycityls wherein n is 4, particularly -CH2-(CHOH)4-CH2OH. In formula (I), R1 can be, for example, N-methyl, N-ethyl, N-propyl, N-isopropyl, N-butyl, N-2-hydroxy ethyl, or N-2-hydroxy propyl.R2-CO-N< can be, for example, cocamide, stearamide, oleamide, lauramide, myristamide, capricamide, palmitamide, tallowamide, etc.Z can be 1-deoxyglucityl, 2-deoxyfructityl, 1-deoxymaltityl, 1-deoxylactityl, 1-deoxygalactityl, 1-deoxymannityl, 1-deoxymaltotriotityl, etc.
  • Betaine detergent surfactants having the general formula : R - N(+)(R1)2 - R2COO(-) wherein R is a hydrophobic group selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups containing from 10 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably from 12 to 18 carbon atoms, alkyl aryl and aryl alkyl groups containing a similar number of carbon atoms with a benzene ring being treated as equivalent to about 2 carbon atoms, and similar structures interrupted by amide or ether linkages; each R1 is an alkyl group containing from 1 to about 3 carbon atoms; and R2 is an alkylene group containing from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms.
  • Ethylene oxide condensates, which can be broadly defined as compounds produced by the condensation of ethylene oxide groups (hydrophilic in nature) with an organic hydrophobic compound, which can be aliphatic or alkyl aromatic in nature. The length of the hydrophilic or polyoxyalkylene radical which is condensed with any particular hydrophobic group can be readily adjusted to yield a water-soluble compound having the desired balance between hydrophilic and hydrophobic elements. Examples of such ethylene oxide condensates suitable as suds stabilizers are the condensation products of aliphatic alcohols with ethylene oxide. The alkyl chain of the aliphatic alcohol can either be straight or branched and generally contains from about 8 to about 18, preferably from about 8 to about 14, carbon atoms for best performance as suds stabilizers, the ethylene oxide being present in amounts of from about 8 moles to about 30, preferably from about 8 to about 14 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.
  • Cationic quaternary ammonium surfactants of the formula : [R1(OR2)y][R3(OR2)y]2R4N+X- or amine surfactants of the formula : [R1(OR2)y][R3(OR2)y]R4N wherein R1 is an alkyl or alkyl benzyl group having from about 6 to about 16 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain; each R2 is selected from the group consisting of -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH(CH3)-, -CH2CH(CH2OH)-, -CH2CH2CH2-, and mixtures thereof; each R3 is selected from the group consisting of C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, benzyl, and hydrogen when y is not 0; R4 is the same as R3 or is an alkyl chain wherein the total number of carbon atoms of R1 plus R4 is from about 8 to about 16, each y is from about 0 to about 10, and the sum of the y values is from about 0 to about 15; and X is any compatible anion. The compositions herein typically comprise from 10% to 60% by weight of the total composition of a surfactant, or mixtures thereof, preferably from 10% to 55%, most preferably from 10% to 50%.
Hydrotropes

As a second essential ingredient, the compositions herein comprise a hydrotrope selected from the group consisting of salts of cumene sulfonate, toluene sulfonate, xylene sulfonate, benzene sulfonate or mixtures thereof. Preferred salts are ammonium and sodium salts.

The compositions herein typically comprise from 1% to 15% by weight of the total composition of said hydrotropes, preferably 1% to 10%, most preferably 2% to 6%.

Unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivative

As a third essential ingredient, the compositions herein comprise an unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivates thereof (i.e unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohols where the alcohol group is functionalized, e.g. into acetate, formate, propionate, or the like) or mixtures thereof. Suitable such alcohols or derivatives for use herein include geraniol, nerol, citronellol, linalool, citronellyl acetate, geranyl acetate, linalyl acetate, citronellyl formate, geranyl formate, linalyl formate, citronellyl propionate, geranyl propionate and linalyl propionate.

Most preferred for use herein is geraniol.

The compositions herein typically comprise from 0.1% to 3% by weight of the total composition of said unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol, preferably 0.2% to 2.5%, most preferably 0.4% to 2%.

Optionals

The compositions herein can comprise a number of other, optional ingredients, as follows :

A first optional, but preferred ingredient is a phenolic compound according to the formula

Figure 00090001
wherein R, R1, R2, R3, R4 are independently H, a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10, more preferably from 1 to 4, an alkoxylated hydrocarbon chain according to the formula Ra(A)n wherein Ra is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10, more preferably from 1 to 4, wherein A is butoxy, propoxy and/or ethoxy, and n is an integer of 1 to 4, preferably from 1 to 3, or an aryl chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10 and more preferably from 1 to 4, or mixtures thereof. Highly preferred from that class of ingredients are Eugenol and Thymol.

The compositions herein can comprise from 0.1% to 4%, preferably from 0.2% to 1.5% by weight of the total composition of such a phenolic compound or mixtures thereof.

Magnesium ions :

The compositions herein preferably comprise from 0% to 2.0%, preferably 0.1% to 1.5%, most preferably from 0.2% to 1% by weight of the composition, of magnesium ions which may be added to the liquid detergent compositions of the invention for improved product stability, as well as improved sudsing and skin mildness.

It is preferred that the magnesium ions are introduced by neutalization of the acid form of alkylethoxy surfactants with a magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide slurry in water. Normally, this method is limited by the amount of anionic surfactants in the composition. An alternative method is to use MgCl2, MgSO4 or other inorganic Mg salts. These materials are less desirable because they can cause corrosivity problems (chloride salts), decrease the solubility of the formulations, or cause formulatibility/stability problems in the compositions. It is desirable for these reasons to iimit the addition of inorganic salts to less than 2%, preferably less than 1% by weight of the anionic inorganic counterion.

Anti-gelling polymer :

As another optional component, the compositions of the invention comprise an anti-gelling polymer which improves the compositions' resistance to gelling. Suitable polymers for use herein have a molecular weight of at least 500, preferably from 500 to 20000, more preferably 1000 to 5000, most preferably 1000 to 3000.

The required amount of anti-gelling polymer can easily be determined by trial and error, but generally, the compositions herein comprise from 0.5% to 6% by weight of the total composition of an anti-gelling polymer, or mixtures thereof, preferably 0.5% to 4%, most preferably 1.5% to 3%.

Suitable polymers for use herein include :

  • polyalkylene glycols, preferably polyethylene glycol and polypropylene glycol;
  • polyamines; Particularly suitable polyamine polymer for use herein are alkoxylated or polyalkoxylated polyamines. Such materials can conveniently be represented as molecules of the empirical structures with repeating units :
    Figure 00110001
    wherein R is a hydrocarbyl group, usually of 2-6 carbon atoms; R1 may be a C1-C20 hydrocarbon; the alkoxy groups are ethoxy, propoxy, and the like, and y is 2-30, most preferably from 10-20; n is an integer of at least 2, preferably from 2-20, most preferably 3-5; and X- is an anion such as halide or methylsulfate, resulting from the quaternization reaction. The most highly preferred polyamines for use herein are the so-called ethoxylated polyethylene amines, i.e., the polymerized reaction product of ethylene oxide with ethyleneimine, having the general formula :
    Figure 00110002
    when y = 2-30. Particularly preferred for use herein is an ethoxylated polyethylene amine, in particular ethoxylated tetraethylenepentamine, and quaternized ethoxylated hexamethylene diamine.
  • Terephtalate-based polymers; Suitable terephtalate polymers for use herein include polymers having the formula :
    Figure 00120001
    wherein each R1 is a 1,4-phenylene moiety; the R2 are essentially 1,2-propylene moieties; the R3 are esssntially the polyoxyethylene moiety - (CH2H2O)q-CH2-CH2-; each X is ethyl or preferably methyl; each n is from about 12 to about 45; q is from about 12 to about 90; the average value of u is from about 5 to about 20; the average value of v is from about 1 to about 10; the average value of u+v is from about 6 to about 30; the ratio u to v is from about 1 to about 6.

Hihgly preferred polymers for use herein are polymers of the formula :

Figure 00120002
in which X can be any suitable capping group, with each X being selected from the group consisting of H, and alkyl or acyl groups containing from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 2 carbon atoms, most preferably alkyl. Furthermore, the alkyl group may contain anionic, cationic or nonionic substituents such as sulphonate, sulphato, ammonium, hydroxy etc. groups. n is selected for water solubility and is a range of values which generally averages from about 10 to about 50, preferably from about 10 to about 25. There should be very little material, preferably less than about 10 mol %, more preferably less than 5 mol %, most preferably less than 1 mol %, in which u is greater than 5. Furthermore there should be at least 20 mol %, preferably at least 40 mol %, of material in which u ranges from 3 to 5.

The R1 moieties are essentially 1,4-phenylene moieties. As used herein, the term "the R1 moieties are essentially 1,4-phenylene moieties" refers to compounds where the R1 moieties consist entirely of 1,4-phenylene moieties, or are partially substituted with other arylene or alkarylene moieties, alkylene moieties, alkenylene moieties, or mixtures thereof. Arylene and alkarylene moieties which can be partially substituted for 1,4-phenylene include 1,3-phenylene, 1,2-phenylene, 1,8-naphthylene, 1,4-naphthylene, 2,2-biphenylene, 4,4'-biphenylene and mixtures thereof. Alkylene and alkenylene moieties which can be partially substituted include ethylene, 1,2-propylene, 1,4-butylene, 1,5-pentylene, 1,6-hexamethylene, 1,7-heptamethylene, 1,8-octamethylene, 1,4-cyclohexylene, and mixtures thereof.

Preferably, the R1 moieties consist entirely of (i.e., comprise 100%) 1,4-phenylene moieties, i.e. each R1 moiety is 1,4-phenylene.

For the R2 moieties, suitable ethylene or substituted ethylene moieties include ethylene, 1,2-propylene, 1,2-butylene, 1,2-hexylene, 3-methoxy-1,2-propylene and mixtures thereof. Preferably, the R2 moieties are essentially ethylene moieties, or, preferably, 1,2-propylene moieties or mixtures thereof. Preferably, from about 75% to about 100%, more preferably from about 90% to about 100% of the R2 moieties are 1,2-propylene moieties.

The value for n averages at least about 10, but a distribution of n values is present. The value of each n usually ranges from about 10 to about 50 Preferably, the value for each n averages in the range of from about 10 to about 25.

The most preferred polymers for use herein are polymers according to the formula :

Figure 00140001
wherein X is methyl, n is 16, R1 is 1,4-phenylene moiety, R2 is 1,2-propylene moiety and u is essentially between 3 and 5.

Solvent :

As another optional component, the compositions of the invention can comprise a solvent in an effective amount so as to reach the desired viscosity.

Suitable solvents for use herein include low molecular weight alcohols such as C1-C10, preferably C1-C4 mono- and dihydric alcohols, preferably ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, propylene glycol and hexylene glycol.

The compositions herein typically comprise from 3% to 20% by weight of the total composition of an alcohol, or mixtures thereof, preferably 3% to 15%, most preferably 5% to 10%.

Preferably, the compositions herein are formulated as clear liquid compositions. By "clear" it is meant isotropic, stable and transparent. In order to achieve isotropic compositions, the use of solvents and hydrotropes is well known to those familiar with the art of dishwashing formulations. Those clear compositions are preferably packaged in transparent containers, which can typically be made out of plastic or glass.

In addition to the optional ingredients described hereinbefore, the compositions can contain other optional components suitable for use in liquid dishwashing compositions such as perfume, dye, opacifiers, enzymes, builders and chelants and pH buffering means so that the compositions herein generally have a pH of from 5 to 11, preferably 6.0 to 10.0, most preferably 7 to 9 measured at a 10% solution in water.

Method :

In the method aspect of this invention, soiled dishes are contacted with an effective amount, typically from about 0.5 ml. to about 20 ml. (per 25 dishes being treated), preferably from about 3 ml. to about 10 ml., of the detergent composition of the present invention. The actual amount of liquid detergent composition used will be based on the judgement of user, and will typically depend upon factors such as the particular product formulation of the composition, including the concentration of active ingredients in the compositon, the number of soiled dishes to be cleaned, the degree of soiling on the dishes, and the like.

The particular product formulation, in turn, will depend upon a number of factors, such as the intended market (i.e., U.S., Europe, Japan, etc.) for the composition product.

In the method herein, the soiled dishes are preferably immersed into a water bath with or without a liquid dishwashing detergent as described herein. A dish implement, i.e. a device suitable for absorbing a liquid dishwashing detergent such as a sponge or a dishcloth, is placed directly onto or contacted with a separate quantity of undiluted liquid dishwashing composition as described herein for a period of time typically ranging from about 3 to about 10 seconds. The absorbing device, and consequently the undiluted liquid dishwashing composition, is then contacted individually to the surface of each of the soiled dishes to remove said soiling. The absorbing device is typically contacted with each dish surface for a period of time ranging from about 5 to about 30 seconds, although the actual time of application will be dependent upon factors such as the degree of soiling of the dish. The contacting of the absorbing device to the dish surface is preferably accompanied by concurrent scrubbing.

After all the dishes to be cleaned have been cleaned, the dish implement is preferably contacted, e.g. soaked with neat product and left to dry. There is little or no bacterial growth in the dish implements used according to the method herein even over extended usage, and contaminated dish implements (i.e. dish implements contaminated by previous uses with other compositions) also recover after one or several uses in a method according to the present invention.

Examples

The following compositions, which illustrate the invention, are made by mixing together the listed ingredients in the listed proportions.

Example 1 Example 2
Alcoholethoxylate (2.2) sulfate 22 Alcoholethoxylate (2.2) sulfate 22
Amine oxide 3 Amine oxide 3
Nonionic 7 Nonionic 7
Glucose amide 5 Glucose amide 5
Betaine 2 Betaine 2
Mg++ 0.5 Mg++ 0.5
Ethanol 7 Ethanol 7
Sodium cumene sulfonate 5 Sodium toluene sulfonate 5
Polypropylene glycol (2000) 2.00 Polypropylene glycol (2000) 2.00
Propylene glycol 1.00 Propylene glycol 1.00
Geraniol 0.60 Geraniol 0.25
Water balance Thymol 0.25
Eugenol 0.25
Water balance
pH (10% water) 7.8 pH (10% water) 7.8
Example 3 Example 4
Alcoholethoxylate (3.0) sulfate 19 Alcoholethoxylate (3.0) sulfate 11
Alcyl polyglycoside 2 Nonionic 6
Nonionic 13 Amide 2 DEA
Amide 2 DEA Amine oxide 7
Amine oxide 6 Mg++ 0.04
Mg++ 0.02 Sodium toluene sulfonate 8.00
Ethanol 3 Geraniol 0.30
Sodium toluene sulfonate 5 Thymol 0.30
Nacitrate 3 Eugenol 0.30
Geraniol 0.60 Water balance
Water balance
pH (10% water) 6.4 pH (10% water) 6.8
Example 5 Example 6
Alcoholethoxylate (0.6) sulfate 26 Alcoholethoxylate (0.6) sulfate 26
Amine oxide 2 Amine oxide 2
Betaine 2 Betaine 2
Glucose amide 1.5 Glucose amide 1.5
Nonionic 5 Nonionic 5
Mg++ 0.50 Mg++ 0.50
Ethanol 7 Ethanol 7
Sodium cumene sulfonate 3 Sodium xylene sulfonate 5
Geraniol 0.60 Geraniol 0.20
Water balance Thymol 0.20
Eugenol 0.20
Water balance
pH (10% water) 7.8 pH (10% water) 7.8
Example 7 Example 8
Alcoholethoxylate (2.2) sulfate 27 Sodium parafinesulfate 7
Amine oxide 6 Alcoholethoxylate (2.0) sulfate 22
Nonionic 4 Nonionic 0.50
GS-base 6 Amide 0.3 DEA
Ethanol 6 Betaine 0.50
Calcium xylene sulfonate 4 Ethanol 0.60
Geraniol 0.60 Sodium toluene sulfonate 5
Triclosan 0.25 Water balance
Water balance
pH (10% water) 7.80 pH (10% water) 6.30
Example 9 Example 10
Alcoholethoxylate (0.6) sulfate 13 Alcoholethoxylate (0.6) sulfate 13
Amine oxide 0.8 Amine oxide 0.8
Betaine 0.8 Betaine 0.8
Glucose Amide 0.6 Glucose Amide 0.6
Nonionic 2 Nonionic 2
Magnesium 0.2 Magnesium 0.2
SCS -Sodium Cumen Sulfonate 2.5 SCS -Sodium Cumen Sulfonate 2.0
PEG 4000 - PEG 4000 -
Geraniol 0.6 Geraniol 2.0
BHT 0.02 BHT 0.02
Ethanol - Ethanol -
Viscosity (cps) 280 Viscosity (cps) 380
pH (10% water) 7.0 pH (10% water) 7.8
Example 11
Alcoholethoxylate (0.6) sulfate 13
Amine oxide 0.8
Betaine 0.8
Glucose Amide 0.6
Nonionic 2
Magnesium 0.2
SCS -Sodium Cumen Sulfonate 6.0
PEG 4000 -
Geraniol 0.6
BHT 0.02
Ethanol -
Viscosity (cps) 5
pH (10% water) 7-7.8

Claims (9)

  1. An aqueous liquid dishwashing composition comprising
    a surfactant,
    a hydrotropic selected from the group consisting of salts of cumene sulfonate, toluene sulfonate, xylene sulfonate, benzene sulfonate or mixtures thereof; and
    an unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivative.
  2. A composition according to claim 1 which comprises from 10% to 60% by weight of the total composition of said surfactant, from 1% to 15% by weight of the total composition of said hydrotrope, and from 0.1% to 3% by weight of the total composition of said unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol or derivative.
  3. A composition according to claim 2 which comprises from 10% to 55% by weight of the total composition of said surfactant, from 1% to 10% by weight of the total composition of said hydrotrope, and from 0.2% to 2.5% by weight of the total composition of said unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol.
  4. A composition according to the preceding claims wherein said salts of cumene sulfonate, toluene sulfonate, xylene sulfonate and benzene sulfonate is the sodium salt.
  5. A composition according to the preceding claims wherein said unsaturated aliphatic terpene alcohol is geraniol.
  6. A composition according to the preceding claims which additionally comprises a phenolic compound of the formula
    Figure 00190001
    wherein R, R1, R2, R3, R4 are independently H, a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10, more preferably from 1 to 4, an alkoxylated hydrocarbon chain according to the formula Ra(A)n wherein Ra is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10, more preferably from 1 to 4, wherein A is butoxy, propoxy and/or ethoxy, and n is an integer of 1 to 4, preferably from 1 to 3, or an aryl chain having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, preferably from 1 to 10 and more preferably from 1 to 4, or mixtures thereof.
  7. A composition according to claim 6, wherein said phenolic compound is eugenol or thymol, or mixtures thereof.
  8. A composition according to claims 6 and 7 which comprises from 0.1% to 4% by weight of the total composition of said phenolic compound, or mixtures thereof.
  9. A method of washing dishes, wherein an effective amount of the composition according to claims 1-8 is applied onto a dish implement, and said dish implement is then contacted with dishes to be cleaned.
EP19970870119 1997-01-24 1997-08-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions Withdrawn EP0855440A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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EP19970870006 EP0855439A1 (en) 1997-01-24 1997-01-24 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
EP97870006 1997-01-24
EP19970870119 EP0855440A1 (en) 1997-01-24 1997-08-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

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EP19970870119 EP0855440A1 (en) 1997-01-24 1997-08-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
KR19997006475A KR20000070247A (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
JP53202998A JP2002511110A (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antimicrobial liquid dishwashing detergent composition
US09355080 US6152152A (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
CN 98801998 CN1255156A (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
EP19980902537 EP0971995A4 (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
PCT/US1998/000695 WO1998032821A1 (en) 1997-01-24 1998-01-14 Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions

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Cited By (10)

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WO1999025800A1 (en) * 1997-11-17 1999-05-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
WO2000065012A1 (en) * 1999-04-22 2000-11-02 Cognis Deutschland Gmbh Cleaning agents for hard surfaces
WO2000078275A2 (en) * 1999-06-23 2000-12-28 The Dial Corporation Antibacterial compositions
US6451748B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-09-17 The Dial Corporation Compositions containing a high percent saturation concentration of antibacterial agent
WO2003080786A1 (en) * 2002-03-21 2003-10-02 Colgate-Palmolive Company Antibacterial liquid dish cleaning compositions
US6861397B2 (en) 1999-06-23 2005-03-01 The Dial Corporation Compositions having enhanced deposition of a topically active compound on a surface
WO2013068134A1 (en) * 2011-11-09 2013-05-16 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Dishwashing detergents comprising emulsifiers
US20130172194A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2013-07-04 Syngenta Crop Protection Llc Formulation
WO2017144677A1 (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-08-31 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Stabilized cleaning compositions
WO2017157995A1 (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Amine-oxide-containing cleaning compositions

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GB2179054A (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-02-25 Unilever Plc Detergent gel compositions
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EP0106266A2 (en) * 1980-05-27 1984-04-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Terpene-solvent mixture useful for making liquid detergent compositions
EP0049546A1 (en) * 1980-10-02 1982-04-14 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Liquid detergent composition
GB2179054A (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-02-25 Unilever Plc Detergent gel compositions
EP0368146A2 (en) * 1988-11-07 1990-05-16 Colgate-Palmolive Company Stable microemulsion cleaning composition
WO1996016548A1 (en) * 1994-11-30 1996-06-06 Action Pin Disinfecting or antiseptic composition including at least one terpene alcohol and at least one bactericidal acidic surfactant, and use thereof

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999025800A1 (en) * 1997-11-17 1999-05-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Antibacterial liquid dishwashing detergent compositions
WO2000065012A1 (en) * 1999-04-22 2000-11-02 Cognis Deutschland Gmbh Cleaning agents for hard surfaces
WO2000078275A2 (en) * 1999-06-23 2000-12-28 The Dial Corporation Antibacterial compositions
WO2000078275A3 (en) * 1999-06-23 2001-09-27 Dial Corp Antibacterial compositions
US6451748B1 (en) 1999-06-23 2002-09-17 The Dial Corporation Compositions containing a high percent saturation concentration of antibacterial agent
US6861397B2 (en) 1999-06-23 2005-03-01 The Dial Corporation Compositions having enhanced deposition of a topically active compound on a surface
WO2003080786A1 (en) * 2002-03-21 2003-10-02 Colgate-Palmolive Company Antibacterial liquid dish cleaning compositions
US20130172194A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2013-07-04 Syngenta Crop Protection Llc Formulation
US8809235B2 (en) * 2003-08-06 2014-08-19 Syngenta Limited Formulation
WO2013068134A1 (en) * 2011-11-09 2013-05-16 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Dishwashing detergents comprising emulsifiers
WO2017144677A1 (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-08-31 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Stabilized cleaning compositions
WO2017157995A1 (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-21 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Amine-oxide-containing cleaning compositions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0971995A1 (en) 2000-01-19 application
CN1255156A (en) 2000-05-31 application
KR20000070247A (en) 2000-11-25 application
EP0971995A4 (en) 2000-11-02 application
WO1998032821A1 (en) 1998-07-30 application
JP2002511110A (en) 2002-04-09 application

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