EP0785140B1 - Collapsible container - Google Patents

Collapsible container Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0785140B1
EP0785140B1 EP19960118097 EP96118097A EP0785140B1 EP 0785140 B1 EP0785140 B1 EP 0785140B1 EP 19960118097 EP19960118097 EP 19960118097 EP 96118097 A EP96118097 A EP 96118097A EP 0785140 B1 EP0785140 B1 EP 0785140B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
side wall
characterised
collapsible container
projections
container according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19960118097
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0785140A3 (en
EP0785140A2 (en
Inventor
Peter Schmitt
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Perstorp Plastic Systems AB
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Perstorp Plastic Systems AB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19601678 priority Critical
Priority to DE19601678 priority
Priority to DE1996115885 priority patent/DE19615885A1/en
Priority to DE19615885 priority
Application filed by Perstorp Plastic Systems AB filed Critical Perstorp Plastic Systems AB
Publication of EP0785140A2 publication Critical patent/EP0785140A2/en
Publication of EP0785140A3 publication Critical patent/EP0785140A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0785140B1 publication Critical patent/EP0785140B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D11/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material
    • B65D11/18Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected
    • B65D11/1833Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of plastics material collapsible, i.e. with walls hinged together or detachably connected whereby all side walls are hingedly connected to the base panel

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft einen Klappbehälter mit vier senkrechten Seitenwänden, die an einer Bodenplatte angelenkt und jeweils nach innen hin in eine waagerechte Lage schwenkbar sind, wobei zwei einander gegenüberliegende Seitenwände in ihrer waagerechten Lage einander teilweise überdecken (GB-A-2063220). The invention relates to a folding container having four vertical side walls which are articulated to a base plate and in each case towards the inside are pivotable in a horizontal position, wherein two mutually opposite side walls in its horizontal position overlap each other partially (GB-A-2063220).

Es ist bekannt, die zwei senkrechten Seitenwände an den Schmalseiten eines Klappbehälters um die untere waagerechte Anlenkachse nach innen zu klappen, bis sie auf der Bodenplatte aufliegen. It is known to fold the two vertical side walls on the narrow sides of a folding container about the lower horizontal pivotal axis inwards, until they rest on the bottom plate. Danach werden die zwei Seitenwände der Längsseiten nach innen darübergeklappt. Thereafter, the two side walls of the longitudinal sides are also folded inward. Im aufgerichteten Zustand liegen die Seitenwände der Schmalseiten an einer senkrechten Anschlagleiste am Rand der anderen Seitenwände an, wobei diese Anschlagleiste nach innen vorspringt und nach dem Hochklappen der Seitenwände der Längsseiten die Seitenwände der Schmalseiten an der Anschlagleiste formschlüssig anliegen. In the erected condition the side walls of the narrow sides lie on a vertical stop bar on the edge of the other side walls, said stop bar projecting inwardly of the longitudinal sides lie form-fitting manner after the folding of the side walls, the side walls of the narrow sides on the stop strip.

Die zwei Seitenwände der Längsseiten weisen meist eine Höhe auf, die größer ist als die halbe Breite der Bodenplatte, so daß sie übereinander liegen und hierdurch die Gesamthöhe des Behälters im zusammengeklappten Zustand erhöhen. The two side walls of the longitudinal sides usually have a height which is greater, so that they lie than half the width of the base plate one above the other and thereby increase the total height of the tank in the collapsed state.

Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es, einen Klappbehälter der eingangs genannten Art so zu verbessern, daß bei einfacher Konstruktion, geringem Materialverbrauch und geringen Abmessungen die Höhe der aufeinanderliegenden Seitenwände im überlappenden Bereich gering ist, ohne die Stabilität der Seitenwände wesentlich zu verringern. The object of the invention is to improve a folding container of the type mentioned such that with a simple construction, low material consumption and small dimensions, the height of the superimposed side walls in the overlapping area is small, without the stability of the side walls to substantially reduce.

Auch ist es Aufgabe der Erfindung, an den einander überlappenden Seitenwänden den oberen waagerechten Stapelrand, auf dem der daraufstehende Behälter aufliegt, mit einer genügend großen, insbesondere durchgehend verlaufenden Auflagenfläche zu versehen. it is an object of the invention also, at the overlapping side walls of the upper horizontal stacking edge on which the container rests standing thereon, to be provided with a sufficiently large, in particular by continuously running support surface.

Diese Aufgaben werden erfindungsgemäß dadurch gelöst, daß der überdeckte Bereich der darunterliegenden Seitenwand auf seiner Oberseite Vor- und Rücksprünge aufweist und der überdeckende Bereich der darüberliegenden Seitenwand an seiner Unterseite entsprechend derart geformt ist, daß die beiden einander überdeckenden Bereiche in ihrer Gesamtdicke der Dicke einer Seitenwand entsprechen. These objects are inventively achieved in that the covered region of the underlying side wall has on its upper side projections and recesses and the covering area of ​​the overlying side wall is formed on its underside, corresponding in such a way that the two mutually overlapping regions in their total thickness of the thickness of a side wall correspond.

Hierdurch wird im überlappenden Bereich eine Gesamthöhe beider übereinander liegender Seitenwände erzielt, die gleich der Höhe bzw. Dicke einer Seitenwand ist oder nur unwesentlich höher bzw. dicker. In this way, an overall height is in the overlapping area obtained both superimposed side walls equal to the height or thickness of a side wall or only slightly higher or thicker. Dabei bleibt die Stabilität der Seitenwände erhalten und dem oben daraufstehenden Behälter wird eine genügend große Auflagefläche geboten. The stability of the side walls is maintained and the top of it standing container is offered a sufficiently large contact surface.

Eine besonders hohe Stabilität und eine geringe Höhe werden erreicht, wenn die beiden Bereiche formschlüssig ineinander liegen. A particularly high stability and a low height can be achieved if the two ranges are positively interengaging.

Besonders vorteilhaft ist es, wenn die Vorsprünge leistenfömig sind und in taschenförmigen und/oder schlitzförmigen Rücksprüngen, insbesondere Ausnehmungen der andern Seitenwand einliegen. It is particularly advantageous when the projections are leistenfömig and einliegen in pocket-shaped and / or slot-shaped recesses, particularly recesses in the other side wall. Hierbei können bei senkrecht aufgestellter Seitenwand die Vorspünge an dem oberen waagerechten (stirnseitigen) Rand (25) der Seitenwand waagerechte Auflageflächen für einen darüberstehenden Behälter bilden. Here, the Vorspünge can on the upper horizontal (end face) edge (25) of the side wall horizontal bearing surfaces for a higher level in the vessel form at right angles capped sidewall.

Hierdurch ist ein durchgehender Stapelrand möglich. This makes a continuous stacking edge is possible. Der Behälterrand ist so ausgestaltet, daß die untenliegende Seitenwand im Bereich des Oberrandes um eine Wandstärke zurückgenommen wurde und innerhalb des Einstapelrandes taschenförmig, zum Behälterboden zeigend, eine durchgehende Ausnehmung besitzt, in der partiell Stützrippen eingebracht sind, die den Stapelrand abstützen. The edge of the container is designed so that the underlying side wall was reduced by a wall thickness in the region of the upper edge and pocket-shaped within the stacking rim, showing the container bottom, a continuous recess possesses support ribs are inserted into the partially which support the stacking edge.

Auf der Seitenwand, die als zweites eingeklappt wird, ist die Tasche entsprechend nach außen geformt (nahc oben zeigend) und mit nach innen gerichteten bzw. nach unten zeigenden Stützrippen der Stapelrand abgestützt. On the side wall, which is folded as the second, the bag is shaped in accordance to the outside (nahc pointing up) and is supported with inward or downward facing support ribs of the stacking edge. Es tauchen nun die Stapelränder in die jeweiligen Taschen ein. It now immerse the stack edges in the respective pockets. Die Stützrippen tauchen in entsprechende Ausnehmungen im Stapelrand und den Stapelbegrenzungen ein. The supporting ribs dive into corresponding recesses in a stacking edge and stack limits. Somit wird erreicht, daß ein Stapelrand mit seitlicher Begrenzung über annähernd die gesamte Wandtiefe ausgebildet werden kann und ein Überlappen von Seitenwänden trotzdem möglich ist. Thus, it is achieved that a stacking edge with lateral limiting wall the entire depth can be formed over approximately and an overlap of side walls is nevertheless possible.

Damit wird auch vorgeschlagen, daß zwischen den Vorsprüngen quer zu diesen verlaufende Stützrippen (26) angeordnet sind, die bei aufeinanderliegenden Seitenwänden in Schlitze eintauchen, die in die Vorsprünge, insbesondere den Leisten der anderen Seitenwand eingebracht sind. This also suggested that are arranged between the projections transversely thereto extending supporting ribs (26) which are immersed in superimposed side walls in slots which are introduced into the projections, in particular the strips of the other side wall.

Damit im heruntergeklappten Zustand die vorstehenden seitlichen Anschlagleisten der Seitenwände die Höhe nicht vergrößern, wird vorgeschlagen, daß am senkrechten Rand einer aufgerichteten Seitenwand eine senkrechte Anschlagleiste nach innen vorspringt, an deren Innenseite der senkrechte Außenrand der benachbarten Seitenwand zur Anlage gelangt und daß die Anschlagleiste gegenüber dem senkrechten Rand derart versetzt angeordnet ist, daß die Anschlagleiste zum senkrechten Rand einen Abstand bildet, der mindestens der Wandstärke der Anschlagleiste entspricht. Thus, in the folded-down state, the projecting side ledges of the side walls does not increase the height, it is proposed that the vertical edge of an erected side wall a vertical stop strip projects inwards, is applied to the inside of the vertical outer edge of the adjacent side wall to the plant and that the stop bar against the vertical edge is arranged offset in such a way that the stop bar for the vertical edge of which forms a distance which at least corresponds to the wall thickness of the stop strip. Hierbei kann in dem von der Anschlagleiste gebildeten Abstand eine Anschlagleiste der gegenüberliegenden Seitenwand im heruntergeklappten Zustand einliegen. Here, in the space formed by the stop strip distance a stop strip of the opposite side wall in the folded-down state can einliegen. Auch sollte die Bodenplatte Ausnehmungen für die Anschlagleiste(n) im heruntergeklappten Zustand aufweisen. Also, the bottom plate recesses for the stop strip (s) should have in the folded-down state.

Ausführungsbeispiele der Erfindung sind in den Zeichnungen ausschnittweise dargestellt und werden im folgenden näher beschrieben. Embodiments of the invention are illustrated in the drawings fragmentary and are described in detail below. Es zeigen: Show it:

Figur 1: Figure 1:
die Oberseite der oben liegenden Seitenwand, the top of the side wall located at the top,
Figur 2: Figure 2:
ie Oberseite der unten liegenden Seitenwand, he upper side of the side wall located at the bottom,
Figur 3: Figure 3:
die Unterseite der oben liegenden Seitenwand, the underside of the side wall located at the top,
Figur 4: Figure 4:
die Unterseite der unten liegenden Seitenwand, the underside of the side wall located at the bottom,
Figur 5: Figure 5:
einen Schnitt durch die oben liegende Seitenwand im überlappenden Bereich, a section through the upper-side wall in the overlapping area,
Figur 6: Figure 6:
einen Schnitt durch die unten liegende Seitenwand im überlappenden Bereich, a section through the underlying side wall in the overlapping area,
Figur 7: Figure 7:
einen Schnitt durch beide aufeinanderliegenden Seitenwände im überlappenden Bereich, a section through both superimposed side walls in the overlapping region,
Figur 8: Figure 8:
den Ausschnitt X in Figur 7 in vergrößerter Darstellung, the detail X in Figure 7 in an enlarged scale;
Figur 9: Figure 9:
einen senkrechten Schnitt durch ein zweites Ausführungsbeispiel mit teilweise heruntergeklappten Seitenwänden, a vertical section through a second embodiment with a partially folded down side walls,
Figur 10: Figure 10:
das Ausführungsbeispiel nach Figur 9 mit Seitenwänden kurz vor der waagerechten Lage beider Wände, the embodiment of Figure 9 with side walls just before the horizontal position of both walls,
Figur 11: Figure 11:
das Ausführungsbeispiel nach Figur 9 mit waagerecht aufeinanderliegenden Seitenwänden. the embodiment of Figure 9 with horizontal superposed side walls.

Der Klappbehälter weist eine Bodenplatte auf mit einer Schmalseite und einer Längsseite. The folding container has a bottom plate with one narrow side and one longitudinal side. An allen vier Seiten ist jeweils eine Seitenwand mit ihrem unteren waagerechten Rand derart angelenkt, daß sie nach innen auf die Bodenplatte 1 klappbar ist. On all four sides, a side wall is in each case articulated by its lower horizontal edge such that they can be folded onto the base plate 1 to the inside. Hierbei werden die Seitenwände der Schmalseite zuerst nach unten geklappt und danach über diese die Seitenwände 3 der Längsseite. Here, the side walls of the narrow side to be folded down first, and then this, the side walls 3 of the long side. Beim Aufklappen des Behälters werden dann in umgekehrter Reihenfolge zuerst die Seitenwände 3 der Längsseiten hochgeklappt und danach die Seitenwände der Schmalseite. When opening the container, the side walls are then in the reverse order first folded 3 of the longitudinal sides, and thereafter the side walls of the narrow side. Beim Hochklappen der Seitenwände der Schmalseite gelangen die senkrechten Seitenränder dieser Seitenwände in ihrer senkrechten Stellung in die Anlage an senkrechte Anschlagleisten 4, die an den senkrechten Rändern der Seitenwände 3 nach innen vorstehen. When folding up the side walls of the narrow side of the vertical side edges of these side walls come into its vertical position in the system to stop vertical strips 4, projecting from the vertical edges of the side walls 3 inside. Hierbei liegt ein senkrechter Randbereich der Seitenwand 2 an der Anschlagleiste 4 der Seitenwand 3 an. In this case, a vertical edge region of the side wall 2 bears against the stop bar 4 of the side wall. 3

Damit die Seitenwände aneinander einen festen Halt finden, stehen an der Anschlagleiste 4 Vorsprünge 6 waagerecht vor, die in Ausnehmungen des Randbereichs der anderen Seitenwand hineinreichen und umgekehrt weist der Randbereich Vorsprünge auf, die in Ausnehmungen 7 der Anschlagleiste 4 hineinreichen. In order that the side walls to each other to find a firm grip, standing at the stop bar 4 projections 6 horizontally in front of which extend in recesses in the edge region of the other side wall, and vice versa, the edge portion projections which extend into recesses 7 of the stop bar. 4 Hierbei sind die Vorsprünge und Ausnehmungen von gleicher Form und Größe beim Randbereich wie bei der Anschlagleiste 4. Here, the projections and recesses of the same shape and size on the edge region as the stop strip. 4

Im heruntergeklappten Zustand überdecken sich die beiden Seitenwände 3a, 3b der Längsseiten zu einem Teil. In the folded-down state, the two side walls 3a, 3b of the longitudinal sides of a cover part. Diese einander überdeckenden Bereiche 3c, 3d sind so gestaltet, daß die überdeckenden Bereiche 3c, 3d ineinandergreifen und eine Gesamthöhe H ergeben, die nicht oder nur wenig größer ist als die Dicke einer Seitenwand. These mutually overlapping portions 3c, 3d are designed so that the overlapping portions 3c, 3d mesh and a total height H result, which is not or only slightly larger than the thickness of a side wall.

Dies wird dadurch erreicht, daß die Oberseite des überdeckenden Bereichs 3c der Seitenwand 3a abwechselnd in regelmäßigen Abständen Vorsprünge 21 und Ausnehmungen 22, insbesondere in Wellenform aufweist. This is achieved in that the top side of the overlapping portion 3c of the side wall 3a having alternately at regular intervals projections 21 and recesses 22, in particular in wave shape. Entsprechend aber umgekehrt ist die Unterseite des überdeckenden Bereichs 3d der Seitenwand 3b geformt, so daß sie sich in die Oberseite der unteren Wand 3a insbesondere formschlüssig einfügt. Accordingly, vice versa, the underside of the overlapping region is formed 3d of the side wall 3b so that it fits in particular form-fitting manner in the top of the bottom wall 3a. Hierbei können die Vorsprünge 21 und Ausnehmungen 22, insbesondere die Wellen gerundet oder eckig abgewinkelt geformt sein. Here, the projections 21 and recesses 22, in particular the waves may be rounded or square shaped angled.

Damit die Anschlagleiste 4 der oberen Seitenwand 3b nicht gegen die Anschlagleiste 4 der unteren Seitenwand 3c stößt, ist die Anschlagleiste 4 der unteren Seitenwand 3c nach innen versetzt um den Betrag g angeordnet. In order for the stop strip 4 of the upper side wall 3b not the lower side wall 3c abuts against the stop strip 4, the stop bar 4 is the lower side wall 3c offset inward by the amount disposed g. Dieses Maß g entspricht im Ausführungsbeispiel etwa der Dicke der Wandung der Leiste 4. This dimension g corresponds approximately to the thickness in the exemplary embodiment the wall of the bar. 4

Auch weist hierzu die Bodenplatte Ausnehmungen auf, in die die Anschlagleisten 4 der Seitenwände 3 eindringen können, so daß die Seitenwände 3 genügend tief heruntergeklappt werden können. Also for this purpose, the base plate recesses, the side walls 3 can penetrate in the stop strips 4 so that the side walls 3 can be folded down deep enough.

Das Ausführungsbeispiel nach Figur 9-11 unterscheidet sich von dem vorangegangenen ua dadurch, daß die Vor-21 und Rücksprünge 22 nicht oder nur teilweise wellenförmig sind und daß der obere waagerechte Stapelrand 25 der Seitenwand eine große, insbesondere durchgehend verlaufende Auflagefläche für einen darüberstehenden zweiten Behälter bildet. The embodiment of Figure 9-11 is different from the foregoing, inter alia, in that the pre-21 and recesses 22 are not or only partially wavy and in that the upper horizontal stacking edge 25 of the side wall of a large, in particular continuously extending support surface for a higher level in the second container forms.

Die Vorsprünge 21 haben die Form von Leisten, die in taschenförmigen und/oder schlitzfömigen Rücksprüngen/Ausnehmungen 22 der anderen Seitenwand einliegen. The projections 21 have the form of strips, which einliegen 22 of the other side wall in the pocket-shaped and / or schlitzfömigen recesses / recesses. Hierbei bilden die Vorsprünge die obere Auflagefläche für einen darüberstehenden Behälter. Here, the projections form the upper bearing surface for a higher level in the container. Zwischen den Vorsprüngen sind quer zu diesen verlaufende Stützrippen 26 angeordnet, die bei aufeinanderliegenden Seitenwänden in Schlitze eintauchen, die in die Vorsprünge, insbesondere den Leisten der anderen Seitenwand eingebracht sind. Between the projections are disposed transversely to these extending support ribs 26 which are immersed in superimposed side walls into slots of the other side wall are formed in the projections, in particular the strips. Mit 27 sind Stapelbegrenzungen gekennzeichnet. 27 stack boundaries are marked.

Claims (9)

  1. A collapsible container having four vertical side walls (2, 3) which are articulated to a base plate (1) and can each be pivoted inwards into a horizontal position, wherein two opposite side walls (3) partially cover one another in their horizontal position, characterised in that the top side of the covered zone (3c) of the subjacent side wall (3a) is formed with projections and recesses (21, 22) and the underside of the covering zone (3d) of the superjacent side wall (3b) is correspondingly so shaped that the total thickness of the two registering zones corresponds to the thickness of one side wall.
  2. A collapsible container according to claim 1, characterised in that the two zones (3c, 3d) fit positively into one another.
  3. A collapsible container according to claims 1 or 2, characterised in that the projections are strip-shaped and fit into pocket-shaped and/or slot-shaped re-entrants, more particularly recesses in the other side wall.
  4. A collapsible container according to claim 3, characterised in that with the side wall raised vertically the projections on the upper horizontal (end face) edge (25) of the side wall form horizontal bearing surfaces for a container located thereabove.
  5. A collapsible container according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that disposed between the projections are supporting ribs (26) which extend transversely thereof and which when the side walls are lying on one another enter slots with which the projections, more particularly the strips of the other side wall are formed.
  6. A collapsible container according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the projections and/or reentrants/recesses (21, 22) are wave-shaped.
  7. A collapsible container according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that on the vertical edge of an erected side wall (3) a vertical stop strip (4) projects inwards against whose inner side the vertical outside edge of the adjacent side wall comes to bear, and the stop strip (4) is so disposed offset in relation to the vertical edge that the stop strip (4) forms with the vertical edge a spacing (g) corresponding to at least the walled thickness of the stop strip.
  8. A collapsible container according to claim 7, characterised in that in the downwardly hinged state a stop strip (4) of the opposite side wall fits into the spacing (g) formed by the stop strip (4).
  9. A collapsible container according to claims 7 or 8, characterised in that the base plate is formed with recesses for the stop strip(s) (4) in the downwardly hinged state.
EP19960118097 1996-01-18 1996-11-12 Collapsible container Expired - Lifetime EP0785140B1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19601678 1996-01-18
DE19601678 1996-01-18
DE1996115885 DE19615885A1 (en) 1996-01-18 1996-04-22 folding containers
DE19615885 1996-04-22

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0785140A2 EP0785140A2 (en) 1997-07-23
EP0785140A3 EP0785140A3 (en) 1997-07-30
EP0785140B1 true EP0785140B1 (en) 1999-02-10

Family

ID=26022142

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19960118097 Expired - Lifetime EP0785140B1 (en) 1996-01-18 1996-11-12 Collapsible container

Country Status (10)

Country Link
US (1) US5975324A (en)
EP (1) EP0785140B1 (en)
AT (1) AT176648T (en)
AU (1) AU1541597A (en)
BR (1) BR9707023A (en)
ES (1) ES2128138T3 (en)
IL (1) IL125299D0 (en)
NO (1) NO983236L (en)
NZ (1) NZ326766A (en)
WO (1) WO1997026193A1 (en)

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Also Published As

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NO983236L (en) 1998-09-11
BR9707023A (en) 1999-12-28
US5975324A (en) 1999-11-02
WO1997026193A1 (en) 1997-07-24
AT176648T (en) 1999-02-15
EP0785140A3 (en) 1997-07-30
AU1541597A (en) 1997-08-11
IL125299D0 (en) 1999-03-12
EP0785140A2 (en) 1997-07-23
NZ326766A (en) 1999-08-30
NO983236D0 (en) 1998-07-14
ES2128138T3 (en) 1999-05-01

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